Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Citharidae: [ 13 ] records


axillaris, Brachypleurops Fowler [H. W.] 1934:341, Fig. 95 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Balayan Bay and Verde Island Passage, Philippines, Albatross station D.5117, depth 118 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 93080. Additional non-type material: USNM 93545-47 (2, 4, 1). •Synonym of Citharoides macrolepidotus Hubbs 1915 -- (Lindberg & Fedorov 1993:15 [ref. 21500], Li & Wang 1995:106 [ref. 16193]). Current status: Synonym of Citharoides macrolepidotus Hubbs 1915. Citharidae. Habitat: marine.

chitarus, Pleuronectes Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 121 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Not available, Chiereghini name mentioned in synonymy. Nomen Nudum. Citharidae.

cithara, Solea Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:14, 52 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Citharus linguatula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti 2019:117 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Citharus linguatula (Linnaeus 1758). Citharidae. Habitat: marine.

citharus, Pleuronectes Spinola [M.] 1807:374 [Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 10; ref. 18741] Gulf of Genoa, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Desoutter et al. 2001:335 [ref. 25922]. •Synonym of Citharus macrolepidotus (Bloch 1787) -- (Nielsen 1973:615 [ref. 6885]). •Synonym of Citharus linguatula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Nielsen 1990:1025 [ref. 16246], Kottelat 1997:181 [ref. 22952], Desoutter et al. 2001:335 [ref. 25922]). Current status: Synonym of Citharus linguatula (Linnaeus 1758). Citharidae. Habitat: marine.

linguatula, Pleuronectes Linnaeus [C.] 1758:270 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European seas [Mediterranean Sea]. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.128-129 [Gronovius coll.] (2, skins). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:243 [ref. 13434]. •Synonym of Citharus macrolepidotus (Bloch 1787) -- (Nielsen 1973:615 [ref. 6885], Evseenko 1996:744 [ref. 24666]). •Valid as Citharus linguatula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Nielsen in Whitehead et al. 1986:1286 [ref. 13677], Klausewitz 1989:261 [ref. 13650], Nielsen 1990:1025 [ref. 16246], Kottelat 1997:181 [ref. 22952], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:147 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:62 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:113 [ref. 29533], Fricke 2008:57 [ref. 30182], Bañon et al. 2010:23 [ref. 31029], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:71 [ref. 36649], Wirtz et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32972], Munroe in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2952 [ref. 34618], Martins & Carneiro 2018:81 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:560 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:186 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:101 [ref. 36864], Reiner 2019:289 [ref. 38139], Bariche & Fricke 2020:100 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:27 [ref. 37519], Bañón & Maño 2021:95 [ref. 38887], Golani 2021:84 [ref. 38303], Kovačić et al. 2021:47 [ref. 39014], Fermon et al. 2022:230 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Citharus linguatula (Linnaeus 1758). Citharidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; eastern Atlantic: Galicia (Spain) south to Angola, including Madeira, Canary Islands, and São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

macrolepidotus, Citharoides Hubbs [C. L.] 1915:453, Pl. 25 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 48 (no. 2082); ref. 2224] Eastern channel of the Korean Strait, Albatross station 4874, depth 66 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 75670. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22527 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:139 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Citharoides macrolepis (Gilchrist 1904) -- (Kim & Youn 1994:105 [ref. 22286]). •Valid as Citharoides macrolepidotus Hubbs 1915 -- (Amaoka 1969:81 [ref. 105], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:346 [ref. 6441], Matsuura in Okamura et al. 1985:607, 733 [ref. 8056], Lindberg & Fedorov 1993:14 [ref. 21500], Li & Wang 1995:106 [ref. 16193], Evseenko 1996:735 [ref. 24666], Chen et al. 1997:174 [ref. 26476], Hoshino 2000:321 [ref. 25114], Amaoka in Randall & Lim 2000:644 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1354 [ref. 25182], Hensley 2001:3798 [ref. 26310], Shinohara et al. 2001:333 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1354 [ref. 26193], Shinohara et al. 2005:441 [ref. 28370], Hoese & Bray 2006:1808 [ref. 29000], Shinohara et al. 2011:55 [ref. 31715], Ohashi & Motomura 2011:76 [ref. 32413], Shinohara et al. 2014:274 [ref. 33330], Kim et al. 2020:187 [ref. 39118], Sonoyama et al. 2020:114 [ref. 37637], Tashiro 2022:83 [ref. 39012]). Current status: Valid as Citharoides macrolepidotus Hubbs 1915. Citharidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

macrolepidotus, Pleuronectes Bloch [M. E.] 1787:34, Pl. 190 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 3; ref. 468] "Brazil" [erroneous, Tranquebar, India]. Remaining syntypes: ZMB 7491 (1, left skin) Type catalog: Paepke 1999:68 [ref. 24282]. See Paepke 1999:68-69 [ref. 24282]; 2 species involved -- figured/described specimen a different species -- probably linguatula Linnaeus, and lost. •Valid as Pleuronectes macrolepidotus Bloch 1787 -- (Nielsen 1973:615 [ref. 6885]). •Valid as Citharus macrolepidotus (Bloch 1787) -- (Evseenko 1996:726 [ref. 24666]). •Specimen in Berlin is a synonym of Cynoglossus arel (Bloch & Schneider 1801) in Cynoglossidae -- (Paepke 1999:68 [ref. 24282]). •Synonym of Citharus linguatula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Nielsen in Whitehead et al. 1986:1286 [ref. 13677], Nielsen 1990:1025 [ref. 16246], Kottelat 1997:181 [ref. 22952], Golani 2005:62 [ref. 37112], Munroe in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2952 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Citharus linguatula (Linnaeus 1758). Citharidae. Habitat: marine.

macrolepis, Arnoglossus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] 1904:12, Pl. 31 [Marine Investigations in South Africa v. 3; ref. 1646] 22 miles north of Tugela River mouth, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 63-73 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1903.9.29.5 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 41 (1); SAM 15344 (2), ?15345 (12). •Valid as Citharoides macrolepis (Gilchrist 1904) -- (Heemstra 1986:853 [ref. 5660], Kim & Youn 1994:105 [ref. 22286], Evseenko 1996:726 [ref. 24666], Choi et al. 2003:429, 679 [ref. 26218], Hoese & Bray 2006:1808 [ref. 29000], Fricke et al. 2018:368 [ref. 35805]). •Valid as Paracitharus macrolepis (Gilchrist 1904) -- (Quéro & Maugé 1989:389 [ref. 19512], Hoshino 2000:326 [ref. 25114], Hoshino 2001:402 [ref. 25785]). Current status: Valid as Paracitharus macrolepis (Gilchrist 1904). Citharidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: off southeastern Africa and Madagascar; Australia. Habitat: marine.

novaezeelandiae, Brachypleura Günther [A.] 1862:419 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 4; ref. 1969] New Zealand [erroneous]. Syntypes: BMNH 1848.3.18.136 (1), 1855.9.19.1234 (1). Originally as novae zeelandiae. Genus Brachypleura Günther 1862 is preoccupied by Brachypleura Angelin 1854 in Trilobita, so Laiopteryx Weber 1913 is the valid genus name for this species. •Valid as Brachypleura novaezeelandiae Günther 1862 -- (Norman 1927:43 [ref. 3217], Norman 1934:400 [ref. 6893], Anderson et al. 1998:28 [ref. 23611], Li & Wang 1995:108 [ref. 16193], Randall 1995:354 [ref. 22896], Evseenko 1996:726 [ref. 24666], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:587 [ref. 27969], Carpenter et al. 1997:228 [ref. 23922], Evseenko 1998:57 [ref. 23643], Hensley 2001:3797 [ref. 26310], Hutchins 2001:46 [ref. 25847], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S122 [ref. 27377], Hoese & Bray 2006:1808 [ref. 29000], Ho et al. 2009:8 [ref. 31461], Kimura 2009:315 [ref. 30426], Larson et al. 2013:222 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:209 [ref. 34464], Voronina et al. 2016:383 [ref. 35064], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2018:287 [ref. 36460], Eagderi et al. 2019:121 [ref. 37020], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 11 [ref. 38321], Psomadakis et al. 2020:582 [ref. 37272]). •Valid as Laiopteryx novaezeelandiae (Günther 1862). Current status: Valid as Laiopteryx novaezeelandiae (Günther 1862). Citharidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf and Maldives east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to northern Vietnam and southern China, south to northern Australia. IUCN (2021): Least concern. Habitat: marine.

ophthalmolepis, Lepidoblepharon Weber [M.] 1913:422, Pl. 6 (fig. 7) [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Near Kei Islands, Arafura Sea, 5°40'S, 132°26'E, Siboga station 254, depth 310 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMA 109386. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:106 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Lepidoblepharon ophthalmolepis Weber 1913 -- (Amaoka 1969:78 [ref. 105], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:346 [ref. 6441], Matsuura in Okamura et al. 1985:609, 734 [ref. 8056], Lindberg & Fedorov 1993:16 [ref. 21500], Li & Wang 1995:111 [ref. 16193], Evseenko 1996:737 [ref. 24666], Amaoka in Randall & Lim 2000:644 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1354 [ref. 25182], Hensley 2001:3798 [ref. 26310], Shinohara et al. 2001:333 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1354 [ref. 26193], Shinohara et al. 2005:441 [ref. 28370], Hoese & Bray 2006:1809 [ref. 29000], Ho et al. 2009:9 [ref. 31461], Ohashi & Motomura 2011:77 [ref. 32413], Yoshida et al. 2013:210 [ref. 34464], Fricke 2015:6 [ref. 33807], Tashiro 2022:83 [ref. 39012]). Current status: Valid as Lepidoblepharon ophthalmolepis Weber 1913. Citharidae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean: north to Sea of Japan. Habitat: marine.

orbitalis, Citharoides Hoshino [K.] 2000:322, Figs. 2-5 [Ichthyological Research v. 47 (no. 4); ref. 25114] Off Western Australia, 26°22.7'S, 112°26.9'E, depth 288 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 57614. Paratypes: AMS I.37997-001 (1), NSMT-P57615 (1). •Valid as Citharoides orbitalis Hoshino 2000 -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1808 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Valid as Citharoides orbitalis Hoshino 2000. Citharidae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

patarachia, Pleuronectes Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 121 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Not available, Chiereghini name mentioned in synonymy. •In the synonymy of Citharus macrolepidotus (Bloch 1787) -- (Nielsen 1973:615 [ref. 6885]). •In the synonymy of Citharus linguatula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Nielsen 1990:1025 [ref. 16246], Kottelat 1997:181 [ref. 22952]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Citharus linguatula (Linnaeus 1758). Citharidae.

xanthosticta, Brachypleura Alcock [A. W.] 1889:281, Pl. 17 (fig. 3) [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 58 (pt 2, no. 3); ref. 85] 28 miles southwest of Puri, Investigator station 37, depth 25 fathoms; 5 miles south of Ganjam, Investigator station 43, depth 25 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1890.11.28.39-40 [ex ZSI] (2), ?1890.11.28.41-42 (2); MNHN 1890-0354 to 0356 [ex ZSI] (3); ZSI F12426-28 (3); USNM 44419 (2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:158 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:44-45 [ref. 22148] as zanthosticta, Stauch & Cadenat 1965:300 [ref. 25925] wrongly as xanthostica. Figured in Alcock 1898: Pl. 22 (fig. 2) [ref. 20534]. •Synonym of Brachypleura novaezeelandiae Günther 1862 -- (Norman 1927:43 [ref. 3217], Norman 1934:400 [ref. 6893]). •Synonym of Laiopteryx novaezeelandiae (Günther 1862). Current status: Synonym of Laiopteryx novaezeelandiae (Günther 1862). Citharidae. Habitat: marine.


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