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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Danionidae: [ 592 ] records


absconditus, Danio Kullander [S. O.] & Britz [R.] 2015:238, Figs. 6-7 [Zootaxa 3948 (no. 2); ref. 33764] Comepyo Chaung, 17°40'57"N, 94°38'25"E and Mway Tway Chaung, 17°38'53"N, 94°36'35"E, Myanmar. Holotype: BMNH 2011.3.24.29. Paratypes: BMNH 2015.3.3.129-136 (8), BMNH 2015.3.3.137, BMNH 2011.3.24.30-43 (14), NRM. •Valid as Danio absconditus Kullander & Britz 2015. Current status: Valid as Danio absconditus Kullander & Britz 2015. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

acanthopterus, Opsarius McClelland [J.] 1839:422 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Assam, India. No types known. Not available, same as Opsarius latipinnatus McClelland 1839. •Alternative name (erratum) for Opsarius latipinnus Hamilton 1822 -- (Kottelat 2013:131 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Opsarius barna (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae.

acinaces, Leuciscus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:347 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 17; ref. 1010] Mysore, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3952. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:85 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Salmostoma acinaces (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Bănărescu 1971:16 [ref. 20612], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:321 [ref. 20764], Easa & Shaji 1996:305 [ref. 24977], Menon 1999:24 [ref. 24904], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Yadav 2003:6 [ref. 27711], Shrestha 2008:87 [ref. 29923], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172] as Salmophasia, Bleher 2018:772 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Salmostoma acinaces (Valenciennes 1844). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Nepal, India and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

acrostomus, Danio Fang [F.] & Kottelat [M.] 1999:287, Fig. 4 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 10 (no. 3); ref. 24228] Nam Leuk, about 500 meters upstream of Tad Leuk waterfall, 18°23'51"N, 103°04'18"E, Mekong basin, Vientiane, Laos. Holotype: NRM 41281. Paratypes: CMK 13298 (35), 13306 (54); DFV uncat. (15); NRM 41282 (20); ZRC 43055-64 (10). •Valid as Danio acrostomus Fang & Kottelat 1999 -- (Kottelat 2001:47 [ref. 25780], Sanger & McCune 2002:531 [ref. 26219], Nguyen et al. 2010:66 [ref. 32043]). •Valid as Devario acrostomus (Fang & Kottelat 1999) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Pramod et al. 2010:40 [ref. 30874], Kottelat 2013:98 [ref. 32989], Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120], Kottelat 2020:282 [ref. 37829]). Current status: Valid as Devario acrostomus (Fang & Kottelat 1999). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: South Asia: Mekong basin, Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

acuticephala, Danio (Brachydanio) Hora [S. L.] 1921:193, Fig. 4 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 22 (pt 3, no. 19); ref. 2202] On Ukjhang sang Road, 1 mile from Yaribuk, Manipur, Assam, India. Holotype: ZSI F9981/1 or 9986/1. Paratypes: ZMA 115793 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:107 [ref. 20743], Nijssen et al. 1982:28 [ref. 19236]. See Das 2003:355 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Danio acuticephala Hora 1921 -- (Barman 1991:21 [ref. 22192], Fang 2000:25 [ref. 24479] as acuticephalus, Menon 1999:38 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Brachydanio acuticephala (Hora 1921) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:356 [ref. 20764], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662], Sen 2007:27 [ref. 29657]). •Valid as Devario acuticephala (Hora 1921) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Kottelat 2013:98 [ref. 32989], Ramananda & Vishwanath 2014:84 [ref. 33388], Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120], Bleher 2018:428 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Devario acuticephala (Hora 1921). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Manipur valley and Naga Hills, India. Habitat: freshwater.

adisi, Rasbora Sudasinghe [H.], Pethiyagoda [R.], Hettiarachchige [R.], Ranasinghe [T.], Raghavan [R.], Dahanukar [N.] & Meegaskumbura [M.] 2020:18, Figs. 7a-b, 8a-b, 9, 10a [Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research = Zeitschrift für zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung v. 58 (no. 4); ref. 37702] Gal Oya basin, Kotagama, Sri Lanka, 7°07'54"N, 81°10'54"E, elevation 289 meters. Holotype: NMSL 2020.04.01. Paratypes: DZ, NMSL, WHT. •Valid as Rasbora adisi Sudasinghe, Pethiyagoda, Hettiarachchige, Ranasinghe, Raghavan, Dahanukar & Meegaskumbura 2020. Current status: Valid as Rasbora adisi Sudasinghe, Pethiyagoda, Hettiarachchige, Ranasinghe, Raghavan et al. 2020. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Gal Oya, Kumbukkan Oya and Menik Ganga basins, eastern Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

aequipinnatus, Perilampus McClelland [J.] 1839:393, Pl. 60 (fig. 1) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Assam, India. Syntypes: ?NMW 78785 (3). •Valid as Danio aequipinnatus (McClelland 1839) -- (Chu 1981:148 [ref. 5248], Kuang in Chu & Chen 1989:12 [ref. 13584], Ataur Rahman 1989:102 [ref. 24860], Jayaram 1991:109 [ref. 20014], Pethiyagoda 1991:64 [ref. 20075], Barman 1991:22 [ref. 22192], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:364 [ref. 20764], Indra 1991:235 [ref. 24005], Singh & Yazdani 1993:198 [ref. 24022], Indra 1993:182 [ref. 24009], Rema Devi 1993:195 [ref. 24010], Indra 1994:411 [ref. 24015], Sen 1995:529 [ref. 23778], Zhu 1995:23 [ref. 25213], Rainboth 1996:73 [ref. 22772], Zacharias et al. 1996:40 [ref. 25526], Fang 1997:289 [ref. 22769], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 1998:2 [ref. 24126] as acquipinnatus, Chen & Chu in Chen et al. 1998:21 [ref. 23878], Manimekalan 1998:438 [ref. 24989], Fang & Kottelat 1999:294 [ref. 24228], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:149 [ref. 24759], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:166 [ref. 24760], Menon 1999:39 [ref. 24904], Raju Thomas et al. 2000:444 [ref. 25319], Kundu 2000:95 [ref. 25663], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662], Arunachalam et al. 2001:128 [ref. 25692], Sanger & McCune 2002:531 [ref. 26219], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Yadav 2003:8 [ref. 27711], Ataur Rahman 2003:119 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:98 [ref. 29923]). •Valid as Devario aequipinnatus (McClelland 1839) -- (Fang 2001:16 [ref. 25285], Conway et al. 2009:53 [ref. 30224], Gurung et al. 2013:4482 [ref. 32969], Kottelat 2013:98 [ref. 32989], Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120], Batuwita et al. 2017:176 [ref. 35544], Kullander et al. 2017:11 [ref. 35685], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172], Bleher 2018:430 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Devario aequipinnatus (McClelland 1839). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Ganga-Brahmaputra-Meghna basin, northern India, Bhutan, Nepal and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

aesculapii, Danio Kullander [S. O.] & Fang [F.] 2009:42, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa No. 2164; ref. 30285] Thande, Kananmae Chaung, near Leldee village, by foot 45 minutes from Gwechaung village at kilometer 18 on road Thandwe-Taunggok, 18°35'39"N, 94°22'45"E, Rakhine State, Myanmar. Holotype: NRM 44490. Paratypes: BMNH 2009.5.5.1 (1), 2009.5.5.1-18 (18), NRM 40804 (38), 40812 (78), 40826 (31), 40851 (3), 41269 (5), 44907 (19), 45662 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Brachdanio aesculapii (Kullander & Fang 2009) -- (Kottelat 2013:83 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Danio aesculapii Kullander & Fang 2009 -- (Kullander & Fang 2009:223 [ref. 30706], Kullander 2012:245 [ref. 32309], Kullander & Britz 2015:246 [ref. 33764]). Current status: Valid as Danio aesculapii Kullander & Fang 2009. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Small streams on western slope of Rakhine Yoma, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

affinis, Pelecus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:326 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Mysore and part of Carnatic, southern India. No types known. •Synonym of Salmostoma clupeoides (Bloch 1795) -- (Menon 1999:27 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Salmostoma balookee (Sykes 1839) -- (Kottelat 2013:158 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Salmostoma balookee (Sykes 1839). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

affinis, Perilampus Blyth [E.] 1860:163 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Tenasserim, Myanmar. No types known. •Synonym of Danio aequipinnatus (McClelland 1839) -- (Barman 1991:23 [ref. 22192], Menon 1999:39 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Devario affinis (Blyth 1860) -- (Fang 2001:16 [ref. 25285], Fang & Kullander 2009:33 [ref. 30284], Kottelat 2013:98 [ref. 32989], Ramananda & Vishwanath 2014:84 [ref. 33388], Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120], Kullander et al. 2017:29 [ref. 35685]). Current status: Valid as Devario affinis (Blyth 1860). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

agilis, Rasbora Ahl [E.] in Schreitmüller 1936:245, Fig. [Nachrichtenblatt für Aquarien- und Terrarien-Vereine 1936 (Nr. 18); ref. 33641] Sumatra (?) [Malayisches Archipelago]. Lectotype: ZMB 20869. Paralectotypes: ZMB 32041 (1). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:91 [ref. 21847]. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1991:178 [ref. 13597]. Appeared later in Ahl 1937 [ref. 15261]. •Valid as Rasbora agilis Ahl 1936 -- (Brittan 1972:192-25 [ref. 12245] dated 1937, Roberts 1989:66 [ref. 6439] dated 1937). •Synonym of Rasbora pauciperforata Weber & de Beaufort 1916 -- (Kottelat 1991:178 [ref. 13597]). •Synonym of Trigonopoma pauciperforatum (Weber & de Beaufort 1916) -- (Kottelat 2013:170 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Trigonopoma pauciperforatum (Weber & de Beaufort 1916). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

ahli, Esomus Hora [S. L.] & Mukerji [D. D.] 1928:47, Fig. 3 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 30; ref. 15857] Rangoon, Myanmar. Syntypes: ZSI F10794/1 (22). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:108 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:357 [ref. 27706] dated to 1929. •Valid as Esomus ahli Hora & Mukerji 1928 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:374 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2013:101 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Esomus ahli Hora & Mukerji 1928. Danionidae: Esominae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

albolineata, Nuria Blyth [E.] 1860:163 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Tenasserim, Myanmar. Syntypes or possible syntypes: AMS B.7646 (1) Myanmar, B.7744 (1) Myanmar. See Fang & Kottelat 1999:292 [ref. 24228] for remarks on types and locality. •Valid as Brachydanio albolineatus (Blyth 1860) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:357 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1/993:33 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:71 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:4 [ref. 22832], Freyhof et al. 2000:94 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:47 [ref. 25780], Sen 2007:27 [ref. 29657], Kottelat 2013:83 [ref. 32989] as albolineata). •Valid as Danio albolineatus (Blyth 1860) -- (Barman 1991:27 [ref. 22192], Fang & Kottelat 1999:292 [ref. 24228], Fang & Kottelat 2000:149 [ref. 24438], Fang 2000:25 [ref. 24479], Fang 2000:219 [ref. 25107], Fang 2001:16 [ref. 25285], Sanger & McCune 2002:531 [ref. 26219], Fang 2003:717 [ref. 27255], Sen 2007:27 [ref. 29657], Fang et al. 2009:16 [ref. 29983], Kullander & Fang 2009:47 [ref. 30285], Kullander & Fang 2009:223 [ref. 30706], Kullander 2012:245 [ref. 32309], Kullander et al. 2015:64 [ref. 33907], Zhang et al. 2016:49 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Danio albolineatus (Blyth 1860). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Myanmar and Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

albulus, Opsarius McClelland [J.] 1839:296, 416, Pl. 48 (fig. 10) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Northwestern Bengal. No types known. •Synonym of Salmostoma phulo (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:29 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Synonym of Salmostoma phulo (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

alburna, Chela Heckel [J. J.] 1844:390, Fig. [Fische Kaschmir's; ref. 18255] Kashmir. Appeared first as name only in Heckel 1843:1034 [44] [ref. 2066]. Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

alburnus, Barilius Günther [A.] 1868:289 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Himalayas. Syntypes: (at least 9) 1845.1.9.859 (1) Nepal, 1845.1.12.587-588 (2) Nepal, 1852.8.12.33-34 (2) India, 1860.3.19.778 (1) India House Coll., 1860.3.19.801 (1) Sikkim. •Synonym of Barilius vagra (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:21 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Synonym of Barilius vagra (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

alestes, Mearnsella Seale [A.] & Bean [B. A.] 1907:231, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 33 (no. 1568); ref. 4002] Zamboanga, western Mindanao, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 57841. Paratypes: USNM 61151 (1). •Valid as Nematabramis alestes (Seale & Bean 1907) -- (Bănărescu 1971:109 [ref. 20618], Kottelat et al. 1993:38 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:8 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2013:126 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Nematabramis alestes (Seale & Bean 1907). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

alexandrinus, Alburnus Steindachner [F.] 1893:152 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 30 (no. 14) (for 18 May 1893); ref. 20494] Mahmudie Canal near Alexandria, Egypt. Syntypes: (several) NMW (not yet found in 1995). Species illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1893:240, Pl. 3 (fig. 3) [ref. 14536]. •Synonym of Leptocypris niloticus (Joannis 1835) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:324 [ref. 6186]). Current status: Synonym of Leptocypris niloticus (Joannis 1835). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

alkootee, Chela Sykes [W. H.] 1839:161 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1838 (pt 6) (for 27 Nov. 1838); ref. 18720] Deccan, India. Appeared first as above, then in Sykes 1839:58 [ref. 4306]; more complete treatment in Sykes 1841:362 [ref. 18868]. Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

allos, Rasbora lateristriata Lin [S.-Y.] 1931:67 [Carps and carp-like fishes; ref. 4019] Kwangchow, Kwangtung, China. Also appeared in Lingnan Sci. J., v. 13:237, fig. 2 in 1934. •Synonym of Rasbora lateristriata (Bleeker 1854), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Yang & Hwang 1964:37 [ref. 13497], Ye & Song in Pan et al. 1991:70 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:25 [ref. 25213]). •Synonym of Rasbora steineri Nichols & Pope 1927 -- (Brittan 1954:47 [ref. 646], Zheng et al. 1989:73 [ref. 21202], Chen & Chu in Chen et al. 1998:34 [ref. 23878], Kottelat 2013:155 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:51 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora steineri Nichols & Pope 1927. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

alpar, Chela Gray [J. E.] 1834:no page number, Pl. 96 (fig. 2) [Illustrations of Indian zoology; ref. 1878] Not available; apparently an incorrect subsequent spelling of Cyprinus atpar Hamilton 1822. Misspelling. Danionidae: Danioninae.

alta, Nuria Blyth [E.] 1860:162 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Tenasserim, Myanmar. Syntypes: ZSI F [ex Asic. Soc. Bengal No. 832] (2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:109 [ref. 20743]. •Valid as Esomus altus (Blyth 1860) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:375 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2013:101 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Esomus altus (Blyth 1860). Danionidae: Esominae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

altus, Barilius ubangensis forma Pappenheim [P.] 1911:518 [Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 14797] Bimfille River and Nkolentangan. Syntypes: ZMB (not found). Described as "forma" altus. •Synonym of Opsaridium ubangiense (Pellegrin 1901) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:329 [ref. 6186] as ubangense). Current status: Synonym of Opsaridium ubangiense (Pellegrin 1901). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

amplistriga, Rasbora Kottelat [M.] 2000:50, Fig. 18 [Journal of South Asian Natural History v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 25040] Nam Vi at ford down-river (1.5 kilometers NW) of Ban Kasang-Kan, 15°17'55"N, 106°54'10"E, Xekong Province, Laos. Holotype: ZRC 45313. Paratypes: CMK 15665 (5), 15740 (10); LARRI uncat. (5); NRM 44887 (5); ZRC 45314 (5). •Valid as Rasbora amplistriga Kottelat 2000 -- (Kottelat 2001:76 [ref. 25780], Liao et al. 2009:[12] [ref. 30521], Lumbantobing 2010:645 [ref. 31097], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:151 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora amplistriga Kottelat 2000. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

analipunctatus, Danio Boulenger [G. A.] in Arnold 1911:474, Fig. [Wochenschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 8 (no. 33); ref. 20839] Rangoon, Myanmar. Holotype: BMNH 1911.7.10.1. Also appeared in Arnold 1911:545 [ref. 14774]. •Synonym of Brachydanio nigrofasciatus (Day 1870) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:359 [ref. 20764], Kottelat 2013:83 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Danio nigrofasciatus (Day 1870) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285]). Current status: Synonym of Danio nigrofasciatus (Day 1870). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

anastoma, Leuciscus (Chela) Swainson [W.] 1839:285 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] No types kmown. Based on Gray 1834:259, Indian Zoology. •Synonym of Chela cachius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:35 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:87 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Chela cachius (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

anisocheilus, Opsarius McClelland [J.] 1839:298, 422, Pl. 48 (fig. 8) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Northern Bengal. No types known. •Synonym of Barilius barila (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:13 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:821 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barilius barila (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

anjana, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:328, 391 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Nathpur, Puraniya District [Purnia District of Bihar State], India. No types known. Information on type locality see Britz 2019:46 [ref. 37532]. Hamilton's original, unpublished illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 198 [ref. 37532]. •Synonym of Rasbora daniconius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Brittan 1954:136 [ref. 646] with question). •Synonym of Parluciosoma daniconius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:50 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Rasbora daniconius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:152 [ref. 32989] with question). •Mention -- (Silva et al. 2010:48 [ref. 30779]). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora daniconius (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

annandalei, Danio Chaudhuri [B. L.] 1908:125 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 2 (pt 2) (art. 14); ref. 14316] Jungle stream near Kawkareik, base of Dawna Hills, Amherst District of Tenasserim, Myanmar. Syntypes: ZSI F1599/1 (2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:107 [ref. 20743]. •Valid as Danio annandalei Chaudhuri 1908 -- (Barman 1991:30 [ref. 22192], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:366 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Fang & Kottelat 1999:293 [ref. 24228]). •Valid as Devario annandalei (Chaudhuri 1908) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Fang & Kullander 2009:33 [ref. 30284], Pramod et al. 2010:40 [ref. 30874], Kottelat 2013:98 [ref. 32989], Ramananda & Vishwanath 2014:84 [ref. 33388], Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120]). Current status: Valid as Devario annandalei (Chaudhuri 1908). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

annnataliae, Devario Batuwita [S.], de Silva [M.] & Udugampala [S.] 2017:173, Fig. 8 [FishTaxa v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 35544] Gin River, Brahmana Ella falls in Sinharaja World Heritage Site, near Lankagama, Sri Lanka, 06°22'29.1"N, 80°27'11.7"E. Holotype: NMSL 2017.29.01.NH [ex WHT 9811]. Paratypes: NMSL 2017.30.01.NH (9) [ex WHT 9812 (11)]. Plus additional non-type material. See Sudasinghe & Pethiyagoda 2019:427 [ref. 36449] for comments on the types. •Valid as Devario annnataliae Batuwita, de Silva & Udugampala 2017. •Uncertain -- (Sudasinghe & Pethiyagoda 2019:427 [ref. 36449]). •Synonym of Devario micronema (Bleeker 1863) -- (Sudasinghe et al. 2020:[12] [ref. 37530]). Current status: Synonym of Devario micronema (Bleeker 1863). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

annulosus, Danio Kullander [S. O.], Rahman [Md. M.], Norén [M.] & Mollah [A. R.] 2015:56, Figs. 1, 2a [Zootaxa 3994 (no. 1); ref. 33907] Chittagong Division, Rangamati District, Borokal, pool at bottom of Shuvolong Waterfall, Bangladesh. Holotype: DU 50001. Paratypes: NRM 66255 (1), 67114 (4); DU 60001 (4). •Valid as Danio annulosus Kullander, Rahman, Norén & Mollah 2015 -- (Bleher 2018:388 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Danio annulosus Kullander, Rahman, Norén & Mollah 2015. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Shuvolong Falls, Bangladesh and possibly Meghalaya, India. Habitat: freshwater.

anomalus, Devario Conway [K. W.], Mayden [R. L.] & Tang [K. L.] 2009:50, Figs. 1-2, 4 [Zootaxa No. 2136; ref. 30224] Stream crossing highway at market southeast of Cox's Bazar, 21°21'18.40"N, 92°01'29.90"E, Chittagong Division, Bamgladesh. Holotype: UF 174139. Paratypes: UF 172447 (1). •Valid as Devario anomalus Conway, Mayden & Tang 2009 -- (Fang & Kullander 2009:39 [ref. 30284], Ahmed et al. 2013:285 [ref. 32872], Kullander et al. 2017:18 [ref. 35685]). Current status: Valid as Devario anomalus Conway, Mayden & Tang 2009. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Chittagong Division, Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

ansorgii, Barilius Boulenger [G. A.] 1910:555 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 6 (no. 36); ref. 577] Quanza River at Dondo, Angola. Syntypes: (numerous) ANSP 37923-25 (3), BMNH 1911.6.1.93-98 (6), ZMB 18225 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:68 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Raiamas ansorgii (Boulenger 1910) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:332 [ref. 6186], Manda et al. 2018:361 [ref. 36210], Skelton 2019:233 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Raiamas ansorgii (Boulenger 1910). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

api, Rasbora Lumbantobing [D. N.] 2010:650, 5A, 6A, 7A [Copeia 2010 (no. 4); ref. 31097] Irrigation canal of Aek Pinangsori River, tributary to Batang Lumut River, on road between Sibolga and Batangtoru, 1°33'59"N, 98°54'52"[or 62]E, Kabupaten Tapanuli Tengah, Province of Sumatra Utara, Sumatra, Indonesia, elevation about 46 meters. Holotype: MZB 16457. Paratypes: AMNH, MZB, UF, USNM. Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Rasbora api Lumbantobing 2010 -- (Lumbantobing 2014:22 [ref. 33163], Kottelat 2013:151 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora api Lumbantobing 2010. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Northwestern Sumatra. Habitat: freshwater.

apiatus, Cyprinus Valenciennes [A.] in Jacquemont 1838:no p., Pl. 15 (fig. 3, 3a-b) [Voyage dans l'Inde pendant les années 1828 à 1832; ref. 17872] India. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3904 (1), B-2616 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:68-69 [ref. 19574]. Type information: Daget 1984:511 [ref. 23265]. Plate probably dates to 1838, see Britz et al. 2017:540 [ref. 35498]. Even if Bertin & Estève 1948:68 [ref. 19574] are correct in dating this plate to 1841, this predates Leuciscus apiatus Valenciennes 1844. •Synonym of Barilius bendelisis (Hamilton 1807) -- (Menon 1999:15 [ref. 24904] as bendilisis). Current status: Synonym of Opsarius bendelisis (Hamilton 1807). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

apiatus, Leuciscus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:351, Pl. 510 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 17; ref. 1010] See Cyprinus apiatus Valenciennes 1838. Same as Cyprinus apiatus Valenciennes 1838. •In the synonymy of Opsarius bendelisis (Hamilton 1807). Current status: Synonym of Opsarius bendelisis (Hamilton 1807). Danionidae: Chedrinae.

apogon, Danio Chu [X.-L.] 1981:150, Fig. 1 [Zoological Research v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 5248] Jiucheng, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: KIZ 764394. Paratypes: KIZ (12). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:346 [ref. 32939]. •Valid as Danio apogon Chu 1981 -- (Kuang in Chu & Chen 1989:16 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:24 [ref. 25213], Fang 1997:42 [ref. 22873], Chen in Chen 1998:95 [ref. 23556], Chen & Chu in Chen et al. 1998:25 [ref. 23878], Fang & Kottelat 1999:294 [ref. 24228], Fang 2000:22 [ref. 24479], Fang 2000:220 [ref. 25107], Wang & He 2002:253 [ref. 26245], Nguyen et al. 2010:66 [ref. 32043]). •Valid as Devario apogon (Chu 1981) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Fang 2003:717 [ref. 27255], Fang et al. 2009:17 [ref. 29983], Kottelat 2013:98 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:49 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Devario apogon (Chu 1981). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

apopyris, Danio Fang [F.] & Kottelat [M.] 1999:282, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 10 (no. 3); ref. 24228] Stream near Ban Nakbon, 4 kilometers east-southeast of Muang Sing, 21°10'47"N, 101°10'50"E, Nam Youan watershed, Mekong basin, Namtha Province, Louang, Laos. Holotype: NRM 41278. Paratypes: CMK 14316 (6), DFV uncat. (3), NRM 41242 (4), ZRC 43052-54 (3). •Valid as Danio apopyris Fang & Kottelat 1999 -- (Fang 2000:13 [ref. 24479], Kottelat 2001:47 [ref. 25780], Nguyen et al. 2010:66 [ref. 32043]). •Valid as Devario apopyris (Fang & Kottelat 1999) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Kottelat 2013:98 [ref. 32989], Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120]). Current status: Valid as Devario apopyris (Fang & Kottelat 1999). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

aprotaenia, Rasbora Hubbs [C. L.] & Brittan [M. R.] in Brittan 1954:50, Fig. 5 [Monographs of the Institute of Science and Technology, Manila Monograph 3; ref. 646] Tjilowaeng River, Java, Indonesia. Holotype: UMMZ 157126. Paratypes: UMMZ 157156 (6 or 17). •Valid as Rasbora aprotaenia Hubbs & Brittan 1954 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:44 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat & Tan 2011:218 [ref. 31695], Kottelat 2013:151 [ref. 32989], Hubert et al. 2019:9 [ref. 36547], Sholihah et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37317]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora aprotaenia Hubbs & Brittan 1954. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: western Java (Indonesia). Habitat: freshwater.

ardens, Barilius Knight [J. D. M.], Rai [A.], d'Souza [R. K. P.] & Vijaykrishnan [B.] 2015:397, Figs. 1-2, 3A [Zootaxa 3926 (no. 3); ref. 33702] Swarna River, Karnataka, India, 13°20’02"N, 74°54’46"E. Holotype: ZSI/SRC F.8812. Paratypes: ZSI/SRC, MKC. •Valid as Barilius ardens Knight, Rai, d'Souza & Vijaykrishnan 2015 -- (Bleher 2018:340 [ref. 36647], Plamoottil & Vineeth 2020:5394 [ref. 37919]). •Valid as Opsarius ardens (Knight, Rai, d'Souza & Vijaykrishnan 2015) -- (Qin et al. 2019:590 [ref. 36784]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius ardens (Knight, Rai, d'Souza & Vijaykrishnan 2015). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Sita-Swarna River system, Western Ghats, India. Habitat: freshwater.

argentea, Neobola Pellegrin [J.] 1904:184 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 29 (no. 8); ref. 14735] Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Syntypes: (16) BMNH 1905.2.28.2-3 [ex MNHN] (2) Kavirondo Bay; MNHN 1904-0237 to 0240 (4?). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:70 [ref. 19574]. Also appeared in Pellegrin 1905:178 [ref. 22191]. •Valid as Rastrineobola argentea (Pellegrin 1904) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:335 [ref. 6186] as Rastineobola, Poll & Gosse 1995:171 [ref. 24781] as Rastineobola, Seegers et al. 2003:35 [ref. 28087], Ahnelt et al. 2006:309 [ref. 30308]). Current status: Valid as Rastrineobola argentea (Pellegrin 1904). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria drainage. Habitat: freshwater.

argyrotaenia, Leuciscus Bleeker [P.] 1849:21 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 23 (no. 12); ref. 16883] Banjumas, Gombong, Purworedjo, Surabaya, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: BMNH 1866.5.2.152 (1), ?NMV 46548-53 (6); RMNH 7036 (some). •Valid as Rasbora argyrotaenia (Bleeker 1849) -- (Brittan 1954:107 [ref. 646], Roberts 1989:67 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:44 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:233 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Siebert & Richardson 1997:92 [ref. 22887], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:583 [ref. 23647], Parenti & Lim 2005:184 [ref. 28285], Tan 2009:508 [ref. 30389], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2012:81 [ref. 31848], Kottelat 2013:151 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:29 [ref. 35802], Hubert et al. 2019:9 [ref. 36547], Sholihah et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37317]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora argyrotaenia (Bleeker 1849). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Java and Sumatra (Indonesia), Borneo and Malay Peninsula. Habitat: freshwater.

armitagei, Rasbora Silva [A.], Maduwage [K.] & Pethiyagoda [R.] 2010:28, Figs. 12-13 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 21 (no. 1); ref. 30779] Kalu River basin at Weralugahamulla, near Rakwana, 6°30'N, 80°36'E, Sri Lanka. Holotype: WHT 7661. Paratypes: WHT 7662 (3), 7816 (1), 7843 (2 c&s). •Valid as Rasbora armitagei Silva, Maduwage & Pethiyagoda 2010 -- (Sudasinghe et al. 2020:22 [ref. 37702]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora armitagei Silva, Maduwage & Pethiyagoda 2010. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Kalu River basin, Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

arunachalensis, Barilius Nath [P.], Dam [D.] & Kumar [A.] 2010:19, Figs. 5-9 [Records of the Zoological Survey of India 110 (Part 3); ref. 33488] Agari River mouth, D'Ering Memorial Wildlife Sanctuary, near Pasighat, East Siang District, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Holotype: APFS/ZSI/P-502. Paratypes: APFS/ZSI/P-503 (11). •Valid as Barilius arunachalensis Nath, Dam & Kumar 2010 -- (Bleher 2018:342 [ref. 36647]). •Valid as Opsarius arunachalensis (Nath, Dam & Kumar 2010) -- (Qin et al. 2019:590 [ref. 36784], Moyon & Arunkumar 2019:5 [ref. 37054], Kumari et al. 2019:14813 [ref. 37140]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius arunachalensis (Nath, Dam & Kumar 2010). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Upper Brahmaputra basin, Arunachal Pradesh, India and Bhutan. Habitat: freshwater.

arundinata, Rasbora Lumbantobing [D. N.] 2014:6, Figs. 2A, 4A & C, 7A [Zootaxa 3764 (no. 1); ref. 33163] Sumatra, Province of Nanggroe Aceh Drussalam, Kabupaten Aceh Singkil, road from Subulussalam to Singkil, Lae Petal River, 2°31'76"N, 98°02'64"E, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 17811 (e USNM 390034). Paratypes: MZB, USNM. Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Rasbora arundinata Lumbantobing 2014. Current status: Valid as Rasbora arundinata Lumbantobing 2014. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Tripa Java, Kluet and Alas rivers flowing into the Indian Ocean. Habitat: freshwater.

assamensis, Danio (Danio) Barman [R. P.] 1984:163, Fig. 1; Pl. 7 [Bulletin of the Zoological Survey of India v. 6 (nos 1-3); ref. 8182] Streamlets near Tangla, Darrang District, Assam, India. Holotype: ZSI FF1861. Paratypes: ZSI FF1862 (2). •Valid as Danio assamensis Barman 1984 -- (Barman 1991:33 [ref. 22192]). •Synonym of Danio regina Fowler 1934 -- (Menon 1999:45 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Devario assamensis (Barman 1984) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Ahmed et al. 2013:285 [ref. 32872], Bleher 2018:432 [ref. 36647]). •Possibly a synonym of Devario aequipinnatus (McClelland 1839) -- (Kullander et al. 2017:31 [ref. 35685]). Current status: Uncertain as Devario aequipinnatus (McClelland 1839). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Assam and Bengal, northern India (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

assamila, Danio Kullander [S. O.] 2015:362, Figs. 1c-d [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 25 (no. 4); ref. 33743] Assam, Brahmaputra River drainage, tributary of Dibru River, 2 km north of Digholtrang, Amguri, India, about 27°37'48"N, 95°23'43"E. Holotype: NRM 65571. Paratypes: CMK, NRM. •Valid as Danio assamila Kullander 2015 -- (Kullander & Britz 2015:246 [ref. 33764], Kullander et al. 2015:64 [ref. 33907], Bleher 2018:390 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Danio assamila Kullander 2015. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Upper Brahmaputra basin, India. Habitat: freshwater.

ataenia, Rasbora Plamoottil [M.] 2016:21, Figs. 1-3 [International Journal of Innovative Studies in Aquatic Biology and Fisheries v. 2 (no. 5); ref. 34948] Small freshwater stream at Alappuzha, Kerala, India, 9.4981°N, 76.3388°E. Holotype: ERS/ZSI 4055 [as V/F/NERC/ 4055]. Paratypes: ERS/ZSI. Misspelled ataeina on page 21, spelled 14 times ataenia. •Valid as Rasbora ataenia Plamoottil 2016. Current status: Valid as Rasbora ataenia Plamoottil 2016. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Kerala, India. Habitat: freshwater.

atkinsonii, Mola Blyth [E.] 1860:164 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Tenasserim, Myanmar. Possible syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7865 (1). •Valid as Amblypharyngodon atkinsonii (Blyth 1860) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:335 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:3 [ref. 22832] as atkinsoni, Kottelat 2013:73 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Amblypharyngodon atkinsonii (Blyth 1860). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: India and Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

atpar, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:259, 384 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Brahmaputra and Yamuna rivers, North Bengal, India. No types known. Hamilton's original, unpublished illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 145 [ref. 37532]. •Synonym of Chela cachius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:35 [ref. 24904], Mirza 2003:3 [ref. 27265], Ataur Rahman 2003:100 [ref. 31338], Kottelat 2013:87 [ref. 32989] with question, Knight & Remi Devi 2014:159 [ref. 33513]). •Valid as Chela atpar (Hamilton 1822) -- (Bleher 2018:374 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Synonym of Chela cachius (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

atranus, Rasbora Kottelat [M.] & Tan [H. H.] 2011:215, Figs. 1-3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 22 (no. 3) [for Sept.]; ref. 31695] Mahakam River drainage, tributary of Sungai Hajuq, about 1 km south of Northeastern Lampunut camp, 0°03.92'S, 114°55.34'E, Long Iram subdistrict, Kalimantan Timur, Borneo. Holotype: MZB 10975. Paratypes: CMK 16911 (15), MZB 10976 (15), ZRC 51186 (138). •Valid as Rasbora atranus Kottelat & Tan 2011 -- (Kottelat & Tan 2012:42 [ref. 32065], Kottelat 2013:151 [ref. 32989], Wilkinson & Tan 2018:606 [ref. 36226]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora atranus Kottelat & Tan 2011. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Upper Mahakam drainage, Kalimantan Tengah and Kalimantan Timur, Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

atridorsalis, Rasbora Kottelat [M.] & Chu [X.-L.] 1988:313, Fig. 1 [Spixiana (München) v. 10 (no. 3) [1987]; ref. 13493] Manzhuang village, Xishuangbanna, Yunnan Province, China, 21°25'N, 101°46'E. Holotype: KIZ 74159. Paratypes: KIZ 745164-68 (5). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:346 [ref. 32939]. •Valid as Rasbora atridorsalis Kottelat & Chu 1988 -- (Zhu 1995:25 [ref. 25213], Kottelat 1998:50 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 2001:76 [ref. 25780], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:151 [ref. 32989] dated to 1988, Kottelat 2015:43 [ref. 33971], Zhang et al. 2016:51 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora atridorsalis Kottelat & Chu 1988. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: China and Xe Bangfai, Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

atukorali, Horadandia Deraniyagala [P. E. P.] 1943:158 [1], Fig. 1 [Journal of the Ceylon Branch R. Asiatic Society v. 35 (no. 96, pt 4); ref. 1118] Attidiya, Colombo, Gampaha, Veyangoda, and Puttalam, Sri Lanka. Holotype: NMSL (not found). Paratypes: ZSI (lost). Type information: Pethiyagoda 1991:335 [ref. 20075]. On p. 1 of separate. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Valid as Horadandia atukorali Deraniyagala 1943 -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:79 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:379 [ref. 20764], Rema Devi et al. 1996:131 [ref. 24021], Rema Devi 1996:303 [ref. 24976], Rema Devi et al. 1999:155 [ref. 24758], Menon 1999:49 [ref. 24904], Liao et al. 2009:[4] [ref. 30521], Botuwita et al. 2013:134 [ref. 33007], Bleher 2018:552 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Horadandia atukorali Deraniyagala 1943. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Sri Lanka and Tamil Nadu, India. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

aurolineatus, Perilampus Day [F.] 1865:306 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1865 (pt 1); ref. 5295] Rivers and stagnant tanks, Cochin, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7834 or B.7835 (1, syntype); BMNH 1865.7.17.19-20 (2) Malabar, 1866.5.2.88 (1) Malabar, Bleeker coll.; RMNH 8710 (1), 8723 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:294-295 [ref. 25110]. Appeared as Paradanio aurolineatus in Day 1865:219, Pl. 17 (fig. 2) [ref. 1074]. •Synonym of Danio malabaricus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Menon 1999:43 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Devario malabaricus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Fang 2001:16 [ref. 25285], Batuwita et al. 2017:158 [ref. 35544]). Current status: Synonym of Devario malabaricus (Jerdon 1849). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

auropurpureus, Barilius Annandale [N.] 1918:51, Pls. 2 (fig. 4), 4 (figs. 11-12) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 14; ref. 127] Inlé Lake basin, South Shan States, Myanmar. Holotype: ZSI F9432/1. Paratypes: ?FAKU P.1163 (3). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:106 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:354 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Devario auropurpureus (Annandale 1918) -- (Fang et al. 2009:7, 17 [ref. 29983], Fang & Kullander 2009:33 [ref. 30284], Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120]). •Valid as Inlecypris auropurpureus (Annandale 1918) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:318 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:6 [ref. 22832], Fang 2003:719 [ref. 27255], Nath et al. 2010:31 [ref. 33488], Kottelat 2013:113 [ref. 32989], Kano et al. 2016:9 [ref. 34887], Fuke et al. 2021:[3] [ref. 38221]). Current status: Valid as Inlecypris auropurpureus (Annandale 1918). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: South Asia: Thanlwin basin (Myanmar). Habitat: freshwater.

aurotaenia, Rasbora Tirant [G.] 1885:174 [Excursions et Reconnaissances: Cochinchine française v. 10; ref. 17923] Cochinchine [? southern Vietnam]. Lectotype: MHNL 4200-0261. Paralectotypes: MHNL 4200-0262-64 (7, 5, 8), 4200-0052 [3581] (18); MNHN 1937-0059 (1). Type catalog: Chevey 1937:249 [ref. 31779], Bertin & Estève 1948:71 [ref. 19574]. On p. 141 of reprint in Chevey 1929 [ref. 16215]. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1987:15 [ref. 11434]. •Synonym of Rasbora sumatrana (Bleeker 1852) -- (Brittan 1954:53 [ref. 646]). •Valid as Rasbora aurotaenia Tirant 1885 -- (Kottelat 1987:16, 21 [ref. 11434], Kottelat 1991:187 [ref. 13597], Rainboth 1996:75 [ref. 22772], Freyhof et al. 2000:95 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2000:86 [ref. 25486], Kottelat 2001:76 [ref. 25780], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:151 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora aurotaenia Tirant 1885. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

bacaila, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:265, 384, Pl. 8 (fig. 76) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Rivers of India. No types known. Hamilton's original illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 150 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Oxygaster bacaila (Hamilton 1822) -- (Shrestha 1978:36 [ref. 15970], Banik & Choudhury 1996:579 [ref. 24736]). •Valid as Salmophasia bacaila (Hamilton 1822) -- (Mirza 2003:4 [ref. 27265]). •Valid as Salmostoma bacaila (Hamilton 1822) -- (Coad 1981:12 [ref. 22348], Ataur Rahman 1989:81 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:321 [ref. 20764], Indra 1993:181 [ref. 24009], Sen 1995:57 [ref. 31338], Ataur Rahman 2003:97 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:87 [ref. 29923], Ahmed et al. 2013:286 [ref. 32872], Suresh et al. 2018:112 [ref. 36495], Bleher 2018:774 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Salmostoma bacaila (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Asia: Pakistan, India, Nepal and Bangladesh; ? Thailand. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

bakeri, Barilius Day [F.] 1865:305 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1865 (pt 1); ref. 5295] Mundikyum, Cochin, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7916 (1, non-type); BMNH 1889.2.1.1108-9 (2) Canara, 1889.2.1.1109 (1) Cottayan; NMW 50980 (1); ZSI F2417 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:295 [ref. 25110]. Also appeared in Day 1865:218, Pl. 18 [ref. 1074]. •Valid as Barilius bakeri Day 1865 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:343 [ref. 20764], Zacharias et al. 1996:40 [ref. 25526], Menon 1999:12 [ref. 24904], Raju Thomas et al. 2000:444 [ref. 25319], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Remi Devi et al. 2005:124 [ref. 28532], Nath et al. 2010:24 [ref. 33488], Knight et al. 2015:405 [ref. 33702], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172], Bleher 2018:344 [ref. 36647], Plamoottil & Vineeth 2020:5394 [ref. 37919]). •Valid as Opsarius bakeri (Day 1865) -- (Qin et al. 2019:590 [ref. 36784]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius bakeri (Day 1865). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Western Ghats, southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

balaena, Pectenocypris Roberts [T. R.] 1989:58, Fig. 42 [Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences No. 14; ref. 6439] Danau Piam near Ketungau, 38 kilometers north-northeast of Sintang, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 4006. Paratypes: (28) BMNH 1982.3.29.107-108 (2); CAS 49307 (7, 2 c&s); MZB 3422 (1), 3423; USNM 230238 (6); ZMA 116531. •Valid as Pectenocypris balaena Roberts 1989 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:42 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:10 [ref. 22832], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:153 [ref. 28284], Tan & Kottelat 2009:47 [ref. 30261], Kottelat 2013:140 [ref. 32989], Wibowo et al. 2016:138 [ref. 34796], Ahnelt et al. 2019:7 [ref. 37025]). Current status: Valid as Pectenocypris balaena Roberts 1989. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

balibhola, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] in McClelland 1839:417 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] •Not available, name in synonymy -- (Kottelat 2013:131 [ref. 32989]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Opsarius barna (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae.

balibola, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] in McClelland 1839:220 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Not available, name only from unpublished drawing. •In the synonymy of Opsarius barna (Hamilton 1822), also named Cyprinus balibhola. Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Opsarius barna (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae.

baliensis, Rasbora Hubbs [C. L.] & Brittan [M. R.] in Brittan 1954:45, Fig. 3 [Monographs of the Institute of Science and Technology, Manila Monograph 3; ref. 646] Lake at Danau Bratan, Bali, Indonesia, elevation 1231 meters. Holotype: UMMZ 157146. Paratypes: UMMZ 157127 (3). •Valid as Rasbora baliensis Hubbs & Brittan 1954 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:45 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:151 [ref. 32989], Hubert et al. 2019:9 [ref. 36547]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora baliensis Hubbs & Brittan 1954. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Eastern Java, Bali, Lombok and Sumbawa, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

balookee, Chela Sykes [W. H.] 1839:160 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1838 (pt 6) (for 27 Nov. 1838); ref. 18720] Indian Ocean [original Deccan, India]. Neotype: ZMB 3425. Appeared first as above, then in Sykes 1839:57 [ref. 4306]; more complete treatment in Sykes 1841:360 [ref. 18868]. Neotype designated by Kottelat 1996:61 [ref. 22468]; Kottelat as first reviser selects balookee as having priority over teekanee Sykes in same work. •Valid as Salmostoma balookee (Sykes 1839) -- (Kottelat 1996:61 [ref. 22468], Menon 1999:27 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:158 [ref. 32989] as balooke). Current status: Valid as Salmostoma balookee (Sykes 1839). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: India and Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

bankanensis, Leuciscus Bleeker [P.] 1853:192 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 16902] Marawang, Bangka, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1866.5.2.160. Type catalog: Alfred 1963:129 [ref. 20554]. •Valid as Rasbora bankanensis (Bleeker 1853) -- (Brittan 1954:96 [ref. 646], Roberts 1989:70 [ref. 6439], Lim et al. 1990:35 [ref. 16753], Kottelat et al. 1993:45 [ref. 23448], Kottelat 1995:60 [ref. 21728], Kottelat & Lim 1995:233 [ref. 23210], Siebert & Guiry 1996:401 [ref. 22751], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Siebert 1997:35 [ref. 23918], Ng & Tan 1999:354 [ref. 24159], Kottelat 2000:50 [ref. 25040], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:154 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:184 [ref. 28285], Liao et al. 2009:[12] [ref. 30521], Lumbantobing 2010:645 [ref. 31097], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Lumbantobing 2014:22 [ref. 33163], Kottelat 2013:151 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2019:526 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora bankanensis (Bleeker 1853). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Malaya (Malaysia), Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

barbatus, Leuciscus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:322 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Rivers in Mysore and Carnatic, southern India. No types known. •Valid as Esomus barbatus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Tilak & Jain 1990:409 [ref. 20186], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:376 [ref. 20764], Indra 1993:182 [ref. 24009], Rema Devi 1993:354 [ref. 24007], Rema Devi & Ilango 1993:244 [ref. 24017], Indra 1994:411 [ref. 24015], Manimekalan 1998:438 [ref. 24989], Bleher 2018:460 [ref. 36647], Bhakat & Sinha 2020:48 [ref. 37263]). •Synonym of Esomus thermoicos (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Menon 1999:49 [ref. 24904], Sudasinghe et al. 2019:355 [ref. 37047]). Current status: Synonym of Esomus thermoicos (Valenciennes 1842). Danionidae: Esominae. Habitat: freshwater.

barila, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:267, 384 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Roopgunga, Northern Bengal, India. No types known. Information on type locality see Britz 2019:44 [ref. 37532]. Hamilton's original, unpublished illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 151 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Opsarius barila (Hamilton 1822) -- (Moyon & Arunkumar 2019:5 [ref. 37054]). •Valid as Barilius barila (Hamilton 1822) -- (Shrestha 1978:34 [ref. 15970], Kuang in Chu & Chen 1989:21 [ref. 13584], Ataur Rahman 1989:95 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:343 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:524 [ref. 23778], Zhu 1995:24 [ref. 25213], Chen & Chu in Chen et al. 1998:29 [ref. 23878], Menon 1999:13 [ref. 24904], Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 2000:248 [ref. 25167], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662], Selim & Vishwanath 2002:267 [ref. 26593], Ataur Rahman 2003:112 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:94 [ref. 29923], Nath et al. 2010:24 [ref. 33488] with author as Hamilton-Buchanan, Conway et al. 2011:1755 [ref. 31594], Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2012:2363 [ref. 31817], Tejavej 2012:158 [ref. 32353], Kottelat 2013:81 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al.2016:48 [ref. 34477], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172] as barana, Bleher 2018:346 [ref. 36647], Kumari et al. 2019:14812 [ref. 37140]). Current status: Valid as Barilius barila (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Eastern Himalaya Foothills, Nepal, India, China, Myanmar and Pakistan. Habitat: freshwater.

barna, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:268, 384 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Brahmaputra River, at Gualpara [Goalpara], Assam, India. No types known. Misspelled borna in early literature. Information on type locality see Britz 2019:44 [ref. 37532]. Hamilton's original, unpublished illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 152 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Barilius barna (Hamilton 1822) -- (Shrestha 1978:34 [ref. 15970], Ataur Rahman 1989:96 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:344 [ref. 20764], Husain et al. 1993:91 [ref. 24019], Sen 1995:525 [ref. 23778], Menon 1999:13 [ref. 24904], Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 2000:248 [ref. 25167], Kundu 2000:95 [ref. 25663], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662], Selim & Vishwanath 2002:269 [ref. 26593], Yadav 2003:7 [ref. 27711], Ataur Rahman 2003:113 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:94 [ref. 29923], Nath et al. 2010:24 [ref. 33488], Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2012:2363 [ref. 31817], Ahmed et al. 2013:285 [ref. 32872], Knight et al. 2015:406 [ref. 33702]). •Valid as Opsarius barna (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kullander et al. 1999:152 [ref. 23689], Conway et al. 2011:1755 [ref. 31594], Kottelat 2013:131 [ref. 32989], Bleher 2018:612 [ref. 36647], Moyon & Arunkumar 2019:5 [ref. 37054]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius barna (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Himalaya Foothills, Nepal, Bhutan, India, Myanmar and Pakistan. Habitat: freshwater.

barnoides, Barilius Vinciguerra [D.] 1890:307, Pl. 9 (fig. 9) [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 9; ref. 4520] Irrawaddy drainage, Katchin state, upper Myanmar. Syntypes: BMNH 1893.2.16.40 (1), MSNG 17136 (orig. 4, now 3). Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:185-186 [ref. 10343]. •Synonym of Barilius barila (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kuang in Chu & Chen 1989:21 [ref. 13584], Chen & Chu in Chen et al. 1998:29 [ref. 23878], Vishwanath & Monojkumar 2002:89 [ref. 26360]). •Valid as Barilius barnoides Vinciguerra 1890 -- (Kottelat 1984:796 [ref. 11440], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:345 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:3 [ref. 22832], Nath et al. 2010:24 [ref. 33488]). •Valid as Opsarius barnoides (Vinciguerra 1890) -- (Kottelat 2013:131 [ref. 32989], Arunkumar & Moyon 2017:168 [ref. 35774], Bleher 2018:619 [ref. 36647], Moyon & Arunkumar 2019:5 [ref. 37054]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius barnoides (Vinciguerra 1890). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Myanmar and Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

batesii, Barilius Boulenger [G. A.] 1914:384 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 14 (no. 83) (art. 28); ref. 14145] Ja River, southern Cameroon. Syntypes: BMNH 1920.5.17.8-9 (2). •Valid as Raiamas batesii (Boulenger 1914) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:332 [ref. 6186], De Weirdt et al. 2007:567 [ref. 30024], Manda et al. 2018:359 [ref. 36210]). Current status: Valid as Raiamas batesii (Boulenger 1914). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Western and central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

beauforti, Rasbora Hardenberg [J. D. F.] 1937:10 [Treubia, Buitenzorg v. 16 (pt 1); ref. 15278] Kotawaringin drainage, Sungei Karang Enyir, near Karang Panjang village, southwestern Borneo, Indonesia [Kumai River, southwestern Borneo]. Neotype: ZRC 52443. Syntypes: (many) not found. Nerotype selected by Kottelat & Tan 2012:323 [ref. 31753]. •Valid as Rasbora beauforti Hardenberg 1937 -- (Brittan 1954:173 [ref. 646], Roberts 1989:71 [ref. 6439], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Lumbantobing 2010:645 [ref. 31097]). •See also Rainboth 1996:76 [ref. 22772]. •Synonym of Rasbora cephalotaenia (Bleeker 1852) -- (Kottelat & Tan 2012:319 [ref. 31753], Kottelat 2013:152 [ref. 32989], Tan & Kottelat 2020:757 [ref. 37794]). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora cephalotaenia (Bleeker 1852). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

belachi, Salmostoma Jayaraj [E. G.], Krishna Rao [D. S.], Ravichandra Reddy [S.], Shakuntala [K.] & Devaraj [K. V.] 1999:113, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 96 (pt 1); ref. 24918] Nelligudda reservoir, 35 kilometers from Bangalore, southern India. Holotype: no details provided. Paratypes: (9) no details provided (at ZSI and Mus. Dept. Zool. Bangalore Univ.). •Valid as Salmostoma belachi Jayaraj, Krishna Rao, Ravichandra Reddy, Shakuntala & Devaraj 1999. •Genus apparently should be Salmophasia. Current status: Valid as Salmostoma belachi Jayaraj, Krishna Rao, Ravichandra Reddy, Shakuntala & Devaraj 1999. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater.

bendelisis, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1807:345, Pl. 32 [A journey from Madras through the countries of Mysore, Canara, and Malabar v. 3; ref. 18859] Cedawáti [Vedawati] stream, headwaters of Krishna River near Heriuru, Mysore, India. No types known. Sometimes seen as bendilisis, but spelled bendelisis by McClelland 1839:297 and most subsequent authors. Hamilton's original illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 154 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Barilius bendelisis (Hamilton 1807) -- (Shrestha 1978:34 [ref. 15970], Ataur Rahman 1989:97 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:346 [ref. 20764], Husain et al. 1993:103 [ref. 24019] as bendilisis, Rema Devi 1993:354 [ref. 24007], Singh & Yazdani 1993:198 [ref. 24022], Indra 1994:410 [ref. 24015], Sen 1995:525 [ref. 23778], Rema Devi et al. 1996:131 [ref. 24021], Easa & Shaji 1996:305 [ref. 24977], Zacharias et al. 1996:40 [ref. 25526], Manimekalan 1998:437 [ref. 24989], Raju Thomas et al. 1998:520 [ref. 25291], Aijthkumar et al. 1999:248 [ref. 24211], Sen 1999:195 [ref. 24750], Menon 1999:14 [ref. 24904], Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 2000:249 [ref. 25167], Rafique 2000:323 [ref. 25220], Kundu 2000:95 [ref. 25663], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Selim & Vishwanath 2002:267 [ref. 26593], Mirza 2003:4 [ref. 27265], Yadav 2003:8 [ref. 27711], Ataur Rahman 2003:114 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:94 [ref. 29923], Conway et al. 2011:1755 [ref. 31594], Nath et al. 2010:23 [ref. 33488], Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2012:2363 [ref. 31817], Ahmed et al. 2013:285 [ref. 32872] as bendelisis, Gurung et al. 2013:4882 [ref. 32969] spelled bendelisis, Knight et al. 2015:406 [ref. 33702], Barman et al. 2011:31 [ref. 34019], Narasimhaiah et al. 2016:69 [ref. 34975] as Barilies, Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172], Bleher 2018:348 [ref. 36647], Plamoottil & Vineeth 2020:5394 [ref. 37919]). •Valid as Opsarius bendelisis (Hamilton 1807) -- (Kottelat 2013:130 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius bendelisis (Hamilton 1807). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: South Asia and Southeast Asia: Himalaya Foothills, Nepal, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Pakistan and Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

bengalensis, Esomus Bhakat [S.] & Sinha [A. K.] 2020:45, Fig. 1 [International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies v. 8 (no. 1); ref. 37263] Tilpara barrage, Mayurakshi River, Suri, Birbhum district, West Bengal, India, 23°55'00"N, 87°32'00"E. Holotype: FFM 14. VII. 2019. Paratype: FFM (1). •Valid as Esomus bengalensis Bhakat & Sinha 2020. Current status: Valid as Esomus bengalensis Bhakat & Sinha 2020. Danionidae: Esominae. Distribution: Mayurakshi River drainage, West Bengal, India. Habitat: freshwater.

bernatziki, Barilius Koumans [F. P.] 1937:61, Fig. 1 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 20; ref. 15284] Kapa, northwestern peninsular Thailand. Holotype (unique): NMBA 5155. Type catalog: Kottelat & Sutter 1988:53 [ref. 13796]. •Mention -- (Kottelat 1984:797 [ref. 11440]). •Valid as Barilius bernatziki Koumans 1937 -- (Doi 1997:3 [ref. 22832], Tejavej 2012:140 [ref. 32328]). •Valid os Opsarius bernatski (Koumans 1937) -- (Kottelat 2013:131 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius bernatziki (Koumans 1937). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

bibie, Leuciscus Joannis [L. de] 1835:no page number, Pl. 4 [Magasin de Zoologie 1835 (5 anneé); ref. 2355] Nile River at Thebes, Egypt. No types known. Originally as bibié. •Valid as Chelaethiops bibie (Joannis 1835) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:299 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:271 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367], Seegers et al. 2003:33 [ref. 28087], Neumann et al. 2016:303 [ref. 35036]). Current status: Valid as Chelaethiops bibie (Joannis 1835). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: East Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

bicirratus, Opsarius McClelland [J.] 1842:582 [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 2 (no. 8); ref. 2926] Khyber Pass and Cabul River at Jellalabad [Jalalabad], Afghanistan. No types known. Original genus misspelled Opsarus on p. 582. •Synonym of Barilius vagra (Hamilton 1822) -- (Coad 1981:9 [ref. 22348]). Current status: Synonym of Barilius vagra (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bindumatoga, Rasbora Lumbantobing [D. N.] 2014:14, 2D, 6A.& C. 10C [Zootaxa 3764 (no. 1); ref. 33163] Sumatra, Province of Sumatera Utara (North Sumatra), Kapupaten Tapanuli Selatan, Batang Angkola River, 1°09'90"N, 99°24'83"E, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 17889. Paratypes: MZB, USNM, ZRC. •Valid as Rasbora bindumatoga Lumbantobing 2014. Current status: Valid as Rasbora bindumatoga Lumbantobing 2014. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Sumatra, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

bleekeri, Barilius (Pachystomus) Day [F.] 1872:5 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 41 (pt 2, nos 1-4); ref. 14133] Tributary at Gangrete which joins the Beeas in the Sub-Himalayan range. Syntypes: (6) AMS B.7827 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:295 [ref. 25110]. •Synonym of Barilius vagra (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:21 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Synonym of Barilius vagra (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bleekeri, Luciosoma Steindachner [F.] 1878:391 [15] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 78 (1. Abth.); ref. 4226] Meinam River near Bangkok, Thailand. Syntypes: (several) NMW 50799 (4). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:9 [ref. 25088]. On p. 15 of separate. •Valid as Luciosoma bleekeri Steindachner 1878 -- (Bănărescu 1991:34 [ref. 20021], Rainboth 1996:75 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:7 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2001:59 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:122 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Luciosoma bleekeri Steindachner 1878. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Mekong and Mae Khlong river systems, southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

bola, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:274, 385 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Brahmaputra River, at Gualpara [Goalpara], Assam, India. No types known. Hamilton's original, unpblished illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 158 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Bola bola (Hamilton 1822) -- (Shrestha 1978:34 [ref. 15970]). •Valid as Barilius bola (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:91 [ref. 24860]). •Valid as Raiamas bola (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:384 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:532 [ref. 23778], Menon 1999:22 [ref. 24904], Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 2000:248 [ref. 25167], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662], Ataur Rahman 2003:101 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:101 [ref. 29923], Conway et al. 2011:1755 [ref. 31594], Gurung et al. 2013:4882 [ref. 32969], Kottelat 2013:149 [ref. 32989], Bleher 2018:740 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Raiamas bola (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Himalaya Foothills, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, India and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

bonarensis, Barilius Chaudhuri [B. L.] 1912:440, Pl. 39 (figs. 4, 4a-b) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 7 (pt. 5) (art. 35); ref. 14837] Bonar, Gharwal, Uttar Pradesh, western Himalayas, India. Syntypes: (3) ZSI. •Valid as Barilius bonarensis Chaudhuri 1912 -- (Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662], Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2012:2363 [ref. 31817]). •Synonym of Barilius barila (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:343 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:13 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:82 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barilius barila (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater.

boopis, Chela Day [F.] 1874:708 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1873 (pt 3) (art. 6) (for 4 Nov. 1873); ref. 18825] South Canara, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7820 (1, syntype); BMNH 1889.2.1.1411-12 (2); NMW 52124 (1); RMNH 8747 [?=2703] (1); ZSI 2542 (1), 2625 (1), A.937 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:295 [ref. 25110]. •Valid as Salmostoma boopis (Day 1874) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:322 [ref. 20764], Indra 1994:409 [ref. 24015] as boopsis, Rema Devi et al. 1996:130 [ref. 24021], Menon 1999:26 [ref. 24904], Raju Thomas et al. 2000:444 [ref. 25319], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Yadav 2003:7 [ref. 27711], Bleher 2018:776 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Salmostoma boopis (Day 1874). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

borapetensis, Rasbora Smith [H. M.] 1934:302 [Journal of the Siam Society, Natural History Supplement v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 4052] Bung Borapet, Nakorn-Sawan, central Thailand. Holotype: KUMF 0163 [ex USNM 108127]. Paratypes: USNM 108127 (5). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:5 [ref. 23217]. •Valid as Rasbora borapetensis Smith 1934 -- (Brittan 1954:174 [ref. 646], Rainboth & Kottelat 1987:419 [ref. 9123], Rainboth 1996:76 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Donoso-Büchner & Schmidt 1997:93 [ref. 23479], Kottelat 1998:50 [ref. 23436], Freyhof et al. 2000:95 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:76 [ref. 25780], Liao et al. 2009:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:151 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:43 [ref. 33971], Ng et al. 2019:526 [ref. 36606], Sholihah et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37317]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora borapetensis Smith 1934. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

borneensis, Barilius Roberts [T. R.] 1989:30, Fig. 15 [Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences No. 14; ref. 6439] Rocky channel in mainstream of Sungai Pinoh, 37 kilometers south of Nangapinoh, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 3043. Kottelat 2013 says type is apparently erroneous. •Valid as Barilius borneensis Roberts 1989 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:33 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:3 [ref. 22832]). •Questionably a synonym of Opsarius koratensis (Smith 1931) -- (Kottelat 2013:131-132 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Opsarius koratensis (Smith 1931). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Western Borneo (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

borneensis, Nematabramis alestes Inger [R. F.] & Chin [P. K.] 1962:47 [Fieldiana Zoology v. 45; ref. 12303] Kota Belud, Kota Belud District, northern Kalimantan, Malaysia. Holotype: FMNH 44791. Paratypes: FMNH 44792 (orig. 8, now 7); N. Borneo coll. (Fish. Dept. of Sabah) [ex FMNH 44792] (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:60 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Nematabramis evertii Boulenger 1894, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Bănărescu 1971:106 [ref. 20618]). •Valid as Nematabramis borneensis Inger & Chin 1962 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:38 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:231 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:8 [ref. 22832], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:582 [ref. 23647], Kottelat 2013:126 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Nematabramis borneensis Inger & Chin 1962. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Kalimantan, Malaysia. Habitat: freshwater.

borneensis, Rasbora Bleeker [P.] 1860:450 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 7 (art. 2); ref. 380] Banjer River of Duson River, Bandjarmasin, Borneo, Indonesia. Lectotype: BMNH 1866.5.2.155. Paralectotypes: RMNH 7497 (1). Original as borneënsis. Original lists Cypr. Tab. L, fig. 4, which was published in 1863 as Cypr. Pl. 14 (fig. 1). Lectotype selected by Alfred 1963:132 [ref. 20554]. •Possible synonym of Rasbora argyrotaenia (Bleeker 1850) -- (Brittan 1954:108 [ref. 646]). •Valid as Rasbora borneensis Bleeker 1860 -- (Roberts 1989:71 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:45 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Siebert & Richardson 1997:93 [ref. 22887], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:154 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:184 [ref. 28285], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2012:83 [ref. 31848], Kottelat 2013:151 [ref. 32989], Sholihah et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37317]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora borneensis Bleeker 1860. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Borneo (Kalimantan, Indonesia) endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

bottegoi, Neobola Vinciguerra [D.] 1895:57 [37], Pl. 5 (fig. 1) [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 15; ref. 4521] Auata River, tributary of Daua River, Somaliland. Syntypes: MSNG 9090 (4). Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:188 [ref. 10343]. On p. 37 of separate. •Valid as Neobola bottegoi Vinciguerra 1895 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:325 [ref. 6186]). Current status: Valid as Neobola bottegoi Vinciguerra 1895. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

boweni, Barilius Fowler [H. W.] 1930:37, Fig. 8 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 82; ref. 1406] Lulua River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (?): ANSP 51764. Paratypes: ANSP 51765-79 (15). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:70 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Opsaridium zambezense (Peters 1852) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:329 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Opsaridium boweni (Fowler 1930) -- (Skelton 1996:69, 80 [ref. 22213]). Current status: Valid as Opsaridium boweni (Fowler 1930). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

brachialis, Opsarius McClelland [J.] 1839:297, 418, Pl. 48 (fig. 6) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Assam, India. Syntype or holotype: SMF 811 (1). •Synonym of Barilius tileo (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:20 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Opsarius tileo (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:133 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Opsarius tileo (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brachyrhabdotos, Raiamas Manda [B. K.], Snoeks [J.], Manda [A. C.] & Vreven [E. J.] 2018:356, Figs. 3c, 4c, 5c [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 28 (no. 4) [no. IEF-1066]; ref. 36210] Sankuru River at Inkongo, Kasai Province, Democratic Republic of Congo, 4°53'57"S, 23°17'48"E. Holotype: MRAC P-51282. Paratypes: AMNH, MRAC. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Raiamas brachyrhabdotos Manda, Snoeks, Manda & Vreven 2018. Current status: Valid as Raiamas brachyrhabdotos Manda, Snoeks, Manda & Vreven 2018. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Kasai River (Middle Congo) and Kwilu River (Lower Congo) drainages, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

brahmaputraensis, Laubuca Kulabtong [S.], Suksri [S.] & Nonpayom [C.] 2012:94, Fig. 1 [Biodiversity Journal v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 32008] Brahmaputra River, Bangladesh [aquarium collector]. Holotype: NIFI 4532. Paratypes: NIFI 2799 (2). •Synonym of Laubuka laubuca (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:119 [ref. 32989] with question). •Valid as Laubuka brahmaputraensis Kulabtong, Suksri & Nonpayom 2012 -- (Lalramliana et al. 2017:274 [ref. 35204], Bleher 2018:594 [ref. 36647]). •Probably a synonym of Laubuka laubuca (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kullander et al. 2018:119 [ref. 35843]). Current status: Synonym of Laubuka laubuca (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Upper Brahmaputra River basin (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

branchiatus, Leuciscus McClelland [J.] 1839:293, 409, Pl. 42 (fig. 5) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Assam and northern parts of Bengal. Syntypes: SMF 3519 (1). •Synonym of Barilius bendelisis (Hamilton 1807) -- (Menon 1999:15 [ref. 24904] as brachiatus). Current status: Synonym of Opsarius bendelisis (Hamilton 1807). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bredoi, Engraulicypris Poll [M.] 1945:308, Fig. 5 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 38 (nos 3-4); ref. 13150] Kasenyi, Lake Albert [Lake Albert Nyanza], Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 52645. Paratypes: (204) MRAC 52646-744 (99), 52745-850 (106). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:39 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Neobola bredoi (Poll 1945) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:325 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Mesobola bredoi (Poll 1945) -- (Lévèque et al. 1991:142 [ref. 31367]). •Valid as Engraulicypris bredoi Poll 1945 -- (Riddin et al. 2016:133 [ref. 34973]). Current status: Valid as Engraulicypris bredoi Poll 1945. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Lake Albert, eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

brevianalis, Chelaethiops elongatus Daget [J.] 1954:216, Fig. 78 [Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire No. 36; ref. 11989] Upper Niger, Sudan. Syntypes: MNHN 1925-0197 (5) Bamako, 1954-0015 (5) Diafarabé, 1960-0467 (5) Diafarabé, 1960-0468 (18) Diafarabé, 1960-0469 (28) Markala, 1960-0470 (33) Diafarabé. Type catalog: Blanc 1961:268-269 [ref. 20870]. •Valid as Chelaethiops brevianalis Daget 1954 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:299 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Chelaethiops bibie (Joannis 1835) -- (Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:271 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367]). Current status: Synonym of Chelaethiops bibie (Joannis 1835). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brevianalis, Neobola Boulenger [G. A.] 1908:231, Fig. 1 [Annals of the Natal Government Museum v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 14308] Mkuzi River, Zululand, Kwa-Zulu Natal, South Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1907.4.17.90. •Valid as Neobola brevianalis Boulenger 1908 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:326 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Mesobola brevianalis (Boulenger 1908) -- (Howes 1984:169 [ref. 5834], Skelton 1993:119 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:119 [ref. 27406], De Vos et al. 2001:131 [ref. 26059], Marshall 2011:76 [ref. 31755]). •Valid as Engraulicypris brevianalis (Boulenger 1908) -- (Riddin et al. 2016:134 [ref. 34973]). Current status: Valid as Engraulicypris brevianalis (Boulenger 1908). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

brevibarbartus, Esomus danricus Deraniyagala [P. E. P.] 1958:130 [Spolia Zeylanica v. 28 (pt 2); ref. 11990] Diavinna, Balangoda District on road to Velagolla, Sri Lanka. Holotype: NMSL FF726A. Paratypes: NMSL FF727B (11). Type information: Pethiyagoda 1991:335 [ref. 20075]. Also appeared in Deraniyagala 1956:35 [ref. 21809] as brevibarbata. May date to Deraniyagala 1956, if ref. 21809 is published according to the Code. •Status uncertain, in Esomus -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:71 [ref. 20075]). •Synonym of Esomus thermoicos (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Sudasinghe et al. 2019:356 [ref. 37047]). Current status: Synonym of Esomus thermoicos (Valenciennes 1842). Danionidae: Esominae. Habitat: freshwater.

brevirostris, Leptocypris Boulenger [G. A.] 1920:24, Fig. 11 [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 2 (fasc. 4); ref. 587] Stanley [Boyoma] Falls, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: (many) BMNH 1919.9.10.226-231 (6); MRAC 7212-17 (6), 7235-38 (4), 7240 (1). •Synonym of Leptocypris modestus Boulenger 1900 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:324 [ref. 6186]). Current status: Synonym of Leptocypris modestus Boulenger 1900. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brigittae, Rasbora urophthalma Vogt [D.] 1978:155 [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 31 (no. 5); ref. 9009] Bandjarmasin, Borneo, Indonesia. Syntypes: (several) ZSI (not received). •Valid as Rasbora brigittae Vogt 1978 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:45 [ref. 23448]). •Valid as Boraras brigittae (Vogt 1978) -- (Kottelat & Vidthayanon 1993:170 [ref. 20833], Doi 1997:4 [ref. 22832], Liao et al. 2009:[49] [ref. 30521], Conway & Kottelat 2011:45 [ref. 31480], Kottelat 2013:82 [ref. 32989], Petsut et al. 2013:411 [ref. 33424]). Current status: Valid as Boraras brigittae (Vogt 1978). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Borneo, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

brittani, Horadandia atukorali Rema Devi [K.] & Menon [A. G. K.] 1992:175, Figs. 1-2 [Tropical Fish Hobbyist v. 40 (no. 10); ref. 22064] Pond on Pathiramanal Island, Shertallay, Kerala, southern India. Holotype: ZSI F3462. Paratypes: ZSI F3463 (5). •Synonym of Horadandia atukorali Deraniyagala 1943 -- (Rema Devi 1996:304 [ref. 24976], Menon 1999:49 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Horandandia brittani Rema Devi & Menon 1992 -- (Botuwita et al. 2013:135 [ref. 33006], Bleher 2018:554 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Horadandia brittani Rema Devi & Menon 1992. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Kerala, southern India. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

brittani, Rasbora Axelrod [H. R.] 1976:94, Pl. [Tropical Fish Hobbyist v. 24 (no. 6); ref. 7351] Johore River, Segamat, Malaysia. Holotype: USNM 214847. Paratypes: CAS 35615 (7); USNM 214848-49 (1, 6). •Valid as Rasbora brittani Axelrod 1976 -- (Roberts 1989:72 [ref. 6439] [now Rasbora kalbarensis], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2008:305 [ref. 29390], Tan & Kottelat 2009:49 [ref. 30261], Hadiaty & Kottelat 2009:109 [ref. 30422]). •Valid as Kottelatia brittani (Axelrod 1976) -- (Liao et al. 2009:162 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:114 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Kottelatia brittani (Axelrod 1976). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Malay Peninsula and Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

browni, Danio Regan [C. T.] 1907:395 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 1 (pt. 4) (art. 28); ref. 15176] Northern Shan States, upper Myanmar. Syntypes: BMNH 1907.10.22.1-4 (4); ZSI F1872/1 (5). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:107 [ref. 20743]. •Synonym of Danio aequipinnatus (McClelland 1839) -- (Barman 1991:23 [ref. 22192], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:364 [ref. 20764], Chen & Chu in Chen et al. 1998:21 [ref. 23878]). •Valid as Danio browni Regan 1907 -- (Fang 2000:221 [ref. 25107], Sanger & McCune 2002:531 [ref. 26219], Zhang et al. 2016:49 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Devario browni (Regan 1907) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Fang & Kullander 2009:33 [ref. 30284], Kottelat 2013:98 [ref. 32989], Ramananda & Vishwanath 2014:84 [ref. 33388], Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120], Kullander et al. 2017:29 [ref. 35685]). Current status: Valid as Devario browni (Regan 1907). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

buchanani, Devario Bleeker [P.] 1860:283 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 7 (art. 2); ref. 380] Bengal. No types known. Unneeded replacement name for Cyprinus devario Hamilton 1822. •Objective synonym of Danio devario (Hamilton 1822) -- (authors). •Objective synonym of Devario devario (Hamilton 1822) -- (Fang 2001:16 [ref. 25285], Conway et al. 2009:53 [ref. 30224], Kullander et al. 2017:6 [ref. 35685]). Current status: Synonym of Devario devario (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

buchanani, Mola Blyth [E.] 1860:164 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Gangetic provinces. No types known. Unneeded replacement name for Cyprinus mola Hamilton 1822. •Objective synonym of Amblypharyngodon mola (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:73 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Amblypharyngodon mola (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

buchanani, Rasbora Bleeker [P.] 1860:451 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 7 (art. 2); ref. 380] Hooghly River, Calcutta, India. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Specimens from Day: AMS B.7577 (1), B.7888-90 (1, 1, 1). Unneeded new name for Cyprinus rasbora. Original lists Cypr. Tab. L, fig. 3, which was published in 1863 as Cypr. Pl. 14 (fig. 3). •Synonym of Rasbora rasbora (Hamilton 1822) -- (Brittan 1954:42 [ref. 646], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:390 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:54 [ref. 24904], Ataur Rahman 2003:101 [ref. 31338], Silva et al. 2010:48 [ref. 30779], Kottelat 2013:154 [ref. 32989]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Rasbora rasbora (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

buchholzi, Opsaridium Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1876:251, Pl. (fig. 4) [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1876 (for 27 Apr. 1876); ref. 10019] Ogowe River, West Africa. Holotype (unique): ZMB 9332. •Valid as Raiamas buchholzi (Peters 1876) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:332 [ref. 6186], Stiassny et al. 2006:372 [ref. 28790], De Weirdt et al. 2007:567 [ref. 30024], Manda et al. 2018:359 [ref. 36210]). Current status: Valid as Raiamas buchholzi (Peters 1876). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Western and central Africa: Cameroon to Congo basin. Habitat: freshwater.

buddhae, Barilius Fowler [H. W.] 1934:142, Fig. 116 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1417] Foot of Chieng Dao, Chiang Mai Province, northern Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 58912. Paratypes: ANSP 58913-25 (13), 58952 (1), 59001 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:71 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Barilius pulchellus Smith 1931 -- (Kottelat 1984:796 [ref. 11440], Kuang in Chu & Chen 1989:19 [ref. 13584], Chen & Chu in Chen et al. 1998:28 [ref. 23878]). •Synonym of Opsarius pulchellus (Smith 1931) -- (Kottelat 2001:65 [ref. 25780] as bhuddae, Kottelat 2013:132 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Opsarius pulchellus (Smith 1931). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bunguranensis, Rasbora elegans Brittan [M. R.] 1951:3, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the California Zoological Club v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 12413] Bunguran Island, between Borneo and Malaya. Holotype: BMNH 1912.12.10.11. Paratypes: CAS-SU 15328 [ex BMNH 1912.12.10:19-20] (2); BMNH 1912.12.10.12-18 (7) [text says 1912.10.12-18, 17 specimens]. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:37 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Rasbora elegans Volz 1903, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Brittan 1954:73 [ref. 646]). •Valid as Rasbora bunguranensis Brittan 1951 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:45 [ref. 23448], Tan & Lim 2004:109 [ref. 27716], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Lumbantobing 2014:22 [ref. 33163], Kottelat 2013:151 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora bunguranensis Brittan 1951. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Bungaran Island, southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

cachius, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:258, 384 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Sooty, Ganges River system, India. No types known. Information on type locality see Britz 2019:44 [ref. 37532]. Hamilton's original, unpublished illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 144 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Chela cachius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Bănărescu 1968:54 [ref. 215], Ataur Rahman 1989:83 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:313 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:520 [ref. 23778], Rema Devi et al. 1999:153 [ref. 24758], Sen 1999:194 [ref. 24750], Menon 1999:35 [ref. 24904], Rafique 2000:323 [ref. 25220], Mirza 2000:355 [ref. 25207], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662], Arunkumar 2000:121 [ref. 30363], Mirza 2003:3 [ref. 27265], Rafique et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27173], Yadav 2003:6 [ref. 27711] as cashius, Ataur Rahman 2003:100 [ref. 31338], Sado & Kimura 2005:20 [ref. 28197], Shrestha 2008:85 [ref. 29923], Conway et al. 2011:1755 [ref. 31594], Kottelat 2013:87 [ref. 32989], Knight & Remi Devi 2014:159 [ref. 33513], Suresh et al. 2018:95 [ref. 36495], Bleher 2018:377 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Chela cachius (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Asia: Nepal, India, Bangladesh and Pakistan. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

caeruleostigmata, Laubuca Smith [H. M.] 1931:5, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 79 (no. 2873); ref. 4047] Menam Chao Phya River, below Nakhon Sawan [Nakorn-Sawan], central Thailand. Holotype: USNM 90287. Paratypes: (11) USNM 90288 (5), ZSI F11163/1 (1), ZMA 115789 (3, orig. mentions 2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:112 [ref. 20743], Monkolprasit 1969:4 [ref. 25088], Nijssen et al. 1982:30 [ref. 19236], Vilasri et al. 2018:50 [ref. 36451]. •Valid as Chela caeruleostigmata (Smith 1931) -- (Bănărescu 1968:57 [ref. 215], Bănărescu 1971:17 [ref. 20612], Rainboth 1996:72 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:4 [ref. 22832], Le & Nguyen 1999:18 [ref. 25287] as caeruleosigmata, Kottelat 2001:42 [ref. 25780], Sado & Kimura 2005:20 [ref. 28197]). •In genus Laubuca -- (Fang et al. 2009:7 [ref. 29983]). •Valid as Laubuka caeruleostigmata Smith 1931 -- (Kulabtong et al. 2012:93 [ref. 32008], Kulabtong et al. 2012:159 [ref. 32364], Kottelat 2013:119 [ref. 32989], Lalramliana et al. 2017:269 [ref. 35204], Vilasri et al. 2018:50 [ref. 36451]). Current status: Valid as Laubuka caeruleostigmata Smith 1931. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

calliura, Rasbora Boulenger [G. A.] 1894:249 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 13 (no. 75) (art. 26); ref. 535] Senah, Sarawak state, Borneo, East Malaysia. Syntypes: BMNH 1872.8.19.6-7 (2), 1893.3.6.230-231 (2), 1893.3.6.247-248 (2). •Synonym of Rasbora sumatrana (Bleeker 1852) -- (Brittan 1954:54 [ref. 646]). •Possibly valid as Rasbora calliura Boulenger 1894 -- (see Kottelat & Lim 1995:234 [ref. 23210]). •Valid as Rasbora calliura Boulenger 1894 -- (Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Wilkinson & Tan 2018:607 [ref. 36226]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora calliura Boulenger 1894. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Sarawak, Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

canarensis, Opsarius Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:329 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Karnataka [Canara], southern India. No types known. •Valid as Barilius canarensis (Jerdon 1849) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:347 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:16 [ref. 24904], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Remi Devi et al. 2005:123 [ref. 28532], Nath et al. 2010:24 [ref. 33488], Knight et al. 2015:400 [ref. 33702], Bleher 2018:350 [ref. 36647], Plamoottil & Vineeth 2020:5394 [ref. 37919]). •Valid as Opsarius canarensis Jerdon 1849 -- (Qin et al. 2019:590 [ref. 36784]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius canarensis Jerdon 1849. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Netravathi River drainage, Karnataka, southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

canarensis, Perilampus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:325 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Canara, southern India. •Synonym of Danio malabaricus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Menon 1999:43 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Devario malabaricus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Fang 2001:16 [ref. 25285]). •Possibly valid as Devario canarensis (Jerdon 1849) -- ( Batuwita et al. 2017:177 [ref. 35544]). Current status: Synonym of Devario malabaricus (Jerdon 1849). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

catenatus, Danio Kullander [S. O.] 2015:365, Fig. 3a [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 25 (no. 4); ref. 33743] Rakhine State, Kananmae Chaung, near Leldee village, by foot 45 min from Gwechaung village at km 18 on road Thandwe-Taunggok, Myanmar, 18°35'39"N, 94°22'45"E. Holotype: NRM 45661. Paratypes: BMNH 2015.3.3.1-3 (3), BMNH 2015.3.3.4-5 (2), BMNH 2015.3.3.6 (1), NRM. •Valid as Danio catenatus Kullander 2015 -- (Kullander et al. 2015:64 [ref. 33907]). Current status: Valid as Danio catenatus Kullander 2015. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Rakhine, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

caudimaculata, Rasbora Volz [W.] 1903:559 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 26 (no. 703); ref. 4531] Semangka River, tributary of the Musi River, Pelambang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: NMBE 1020707-08 (2). Species illustrated and described in more detail in Volz 1903:403, Pl. 26 (fig. 5) [ref. 21451]. •Valid as Rasbora caudimaculata Volz 1903 -- (Brittan 1954:76 [ref. 646], Roberts 1989:72 [ref. 6439], Lim et al. 1990:35 [ref. 16753], Kottelat et al. 1993:45 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:233 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:76 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Doi et al. 2001:16 [ref. 25691], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:154 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:184 [ref. 28285], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:151 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:29 [ref. 35802], Sholihah et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37317]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora caudimaculata Volz 1903. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

caudiocellatus, Barilius Chu [X.-L.] 1984:98 [English p. 101], Fig. [Zoological Research v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 8241] Mengding, 23°33'N, 99°05'E, Salwin [Salween] drainage, China. Syntypes: KIZ 748230-38 (9), 748240 (1), 748245 (1). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:346 [ref. 32939]. •Valid with question as Opsarius caudocellatus (Chu 1984) -- (Kottelat 2013:131 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Barilius caudiocellatus Chu 1984 -- (Kuang in Chu & Chen 1989:22 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:24 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:97 [ref. 23556], Chen & Chu in Chen et al. 1998:30 [ref. 23878], Tejavej 2012:158 [ref. 32353] with question, Zhang et al. 2016:48 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius caudiocellatus (Chu 1984). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Upper Salween basin, China. Habitat: freshwater.

caudiocellatus, Esomus Ahl [E.] 1924:43 [Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin v. 11 (no. 1); ref. 19932] No locality. Syntypes: (7) ZMB 20669 (5). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:90 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Esomus caudiocellatus Ahl 1923 -- (Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2013:101 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Esomus caudiocellatus Ahl 1924. Danionidae: Esominae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

caverii, Leuciscus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:320 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Kaveri River at Srirangapattana, India [original locality: Cavery River, Karnataka, southern India]. No types known. Neotype selected by Silva et al. 2010:46 [ref. 30779] and is the same neotype for Leuciscus flavus, Leuciscu caveri and Leuciscus xanthogramme; they also established relative precedence as first revisers. •Valid as Rasbora caverii (Jerdon 1849) -- (Brittan 1954:144 [ref. 646], Pethiyagoda 1991:125 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:388 [ref. 20764], Indra 1991:236 [ref. 24005], Rema Devi 1993:354 [ref. 24007], Rema Devi 1993:196 [ref. 24010], Indra 1994:412 [ref. 24015], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:167 [ref. 24760], Rema Devi et al. 1999:154 [ref. 24758], Menon 1999:52 [ref. 24904], Vishwanath & Laisram 2005:429 [ref. 28249], Jadhav & Yadav 2009:243 [ref. 30303], Liao et al. 2009:[4] [ref. 30521], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Plamoottil 2016:24 [ref. 34948], Bleher 2018:744 [ref. 36647]). •Synonym of Rasbora dandia (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Silva et al. 2010:29 [ref. 30779]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora caverii (Jerdon 1849). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: South Asia: southern India and Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

cephalotaenia, Leuciscus Bleeker [P.] 1852:97 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 16831] Tjirutjup River, Biliton [Belitung Barat], Indonesia. Lectotype: BMNH 1866.5.2.151. Paralectotypes: (7) ?NMV A934 (1), RMNH 4982 (5). Lectotype selected by Alfred 1963:130 [ref. 20554]. •Valid as Rasbora cephalotaenia (Bleeker 1852) -- (Brittan 1954:153 [ref. 646], Roberts 1989:72 [ref. 6439], Lim et al. 1990:35 [ref. 16753], Ye & Song in Pan et al. 1991:69 [ref. 23876], Kottelat et al. 1993:45 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:233 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Ng & Tan 1999:354 [ref. 24159], Kottelat 2001:38 [ref. 25482], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:154 [ref. 28284], Tan 2009:508 [ref. 30389], Liao et al. 2009:[10] [ref. 30521], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat & Tan 2012:321 [ref. 31753], Kottelat 2013:151 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:29 [ref. 35802], Ng et al. 2019:526 [ref. 36606], Sholihah et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37317], Tan & Kottelat 2020:756 [ref. 37794]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora cephalotaenia (Bleeker 1852). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Malay Peninsula and southern Borneo, Sumatra, Bangka and Belitung (Indonesia). Habitat: freshwater.

ceylonensis, Eustira Günther [A.] 1868:331 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Sri Lanka. Syntypes: BMNH 1852.2.19.144 (4). •Synonym of Perilampus malabaricus Jerdon 1849 -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:57 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:370 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Danio malabaricus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Menon 1999:43 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Devario malabaricus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Fang 2001:16 [ref. 25285], Batuwita et al. 2017:158 [ref. 35544]). •Possibly a senior synonym of some Laubuka species from Sri Lanka -- (Kullander et al. 2018:121 [ref. 35843], Sudasinghe et al. 2020:[17] [ref. 37590]). Nomen Dubium. Current status: Uncertain as Devario malabaricus (Jerdon 1849). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

chakaiensis, Amblypharyngodon Babu Rao [M.] & Nair [N. B.] 1978:122, fig'd [Aquatic Biology v. 3; ref. 8754] Chakai, Trivandrum District, Kerala, India. No types known. Original not seen. •Valid as Amblypharyngodon chakaiensis Babu Rao & Nair 1978 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:336 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Amblypharyngodon melettinus (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Menon 1999:32 [ref. 24904], Sudasinghe et al. 2019:44 [ref. 36481]). Current status: Synonym of Amblypharyngodon melettinus (Valenciennes 1844). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

chapalio, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:324, 390 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Bengal. No types known. •Synonym of Danio rerio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Barman 1991:57 [ref. 22192], Menon 1999:45 [ref. 24904], Fang 2001:16 [ref. 25285]). Current status: Synonym of Danio rerio (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

chatricensis, Barilius Selim [K.] & Vishwanath [W.] 2002:267, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 99 (pt 2); ref. 26593] Chatrikong River, Ukhrul District, 150 kilometers from Imphal, Manipur, India. Holotype: MUMF 530/1. Paratypes: MUMF 531/9 (1). •Valid as Barilius chatricensis Selim & Vishwanath 2002 -- (Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2012:2363 [ref. 31817]). •Questionably a synonym of Opsarius barnoides (Vinciguerra 1890) -- (Kottelat 2013:131 [ref. 32989], Bleher 2018:619 [ref. 36647]). •Valid as Opsarius chatricensis (Selim & Vishwanath 2002) -- (Arunkumar & Moyon 2017:167 [ref. 35774], Moyon & Arunkumar 2019:5 [ref. 37054]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius chatricensis (Selim & Vishwanath 2002). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Chatrikong River basin, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

chedra, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:273, 385 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Patgong, India. No types known. Information on type locality see Britz 2019:44 [ref. 37532]. Hamilton's original, unpublished illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 157 [ref. 37532]. •Synonym of Barilius bendelisis (Hamilton 1807) -- (Shrestha 1978:34 [ref. 15970], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:346 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:15 [ref. 24904], Ataur Rahman 2003:114 [ref. 31338], Nath et al. 2010:29 [ref. 33488]). •Synonym of Barilius bendelisis but a valid variety chedra -- (Ataur Rahman 2003:115 [ref. 31338]). •Valid as Barilius chedra (Hamilton 1822) -- (Bleher 2018:352 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Synonym of Opsarius bendelisis (Hamilton 1807). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

chedrio, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:268, 384 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Northern Bengal. No types known. Simultaneous synonym of barila, Bleeker 1853:66 gave precedence to barila. •Synonym of Barilius barila (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:13 [ref. 24904], Ataur Rahman 2003:112 [ref. 31338], Kottelat 2013:81 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barilius barila (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

cheeya, Brevibora Liao [T.-Y.] & Tan [H. H.] 2011:78, Figs. 1-4 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 59 (no. 1); ref. 31184] Terengganu, Rantau Abang, 56 kilometers to Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia. Holotype: ZRC 51965. Paratypes: BMNH 2010.1.11.1-70 (70); CMK 8156 (20); ZRC 24127 (17).40196 (10), 51996 (46). Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Brevibora cheeya Liao & Tan 2011 -- (Kottelat 2013:83 [ref. 32989], Liao & Tan 2014:215 [ref. 33237]). Current status: Valid as Brevibora cheeya Liao & Tan 2011. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra and Banka Island. Habitat: freshwater.

cheroni, Rasbora Fowler [H. W.] 1937:168, Fig. 104 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Pitsanulok, Thailand. Holotype (unique): ANSP 68011 (not USNM 68011). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:14 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:72 [ref. 13621]. See Rasbora paviana for comments on spelling of the species name. •Possible synonym of Rasbora sumatrana (Bleeker 1852) -- (Brittan 1954:54 [ref. 646]). •Possibly a synonym of Rasbora paviei Tirant 1885 -- (Kottelat 1991:185 [ref. 13597]). •Synonym of Rasbora paviei (Tirant 1885) -- (Kottelat 2001:78 [ref. 25780]). •Synonym of Rasbora paviana Tirant 1885 -- (Kottelat 2013:154 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora paviana Tirant 1885. Danionidae: Rasborinae.

chiloangae, Barilius ubangensis var. Boulenger [G. A.] 1912:16, Pl. 17 (fig. 5) [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 2 (fasc. 3); ref. 581] Chiloango basin, Congo. Syntypes: ANSP 38732-33 (2), MRAC 1569-72 (4), ZMB 18814 (3). •Synonym of Opsaridium ubangiense (Pellegrin 1901) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:329 [ref. 6186] as ubangense). Current status: Synonym of Opsaridium ubangiense (Pellegrin 1901). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

chitul, Leuciscus Sykes [W. H.] 1839:161 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1838 (pt 6) (for 27 Nov. 1838); ref. 18720] Inderance River near Chakun, Deccan, India. No types known. Appeared first as above, then in Sykes 1839:58 [ref. 4306]; more complete treatment in Sykes 1841:363 [ref. 18868]. •Questionably a synonym of Amblypharyngodon mola (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:73 [ref. 32989], Sudasinghe et al. 2019:44 [ref. 36481]). Current status: Synonym of Amblypharyngodon mola (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

choprae, Danio (Brachydanio) Hora [S. L.] 1928:39, Fig. 2 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 30 (pt 1); ref. 15856] Small rocky streams about Kamaing and Namma, Myitkyina District, Upper Myanmar. Holotype: ZSI F10811/1. Named for Dr. B. N. Chopra, a man. The spelling choprae is acceptable; early workers almost certainly Latinized the name first, and then added an 'e' (Art. 31.1.1) [WNE, 12 Mar. 2012] -- we suggest using choprae. See Das 2003:355 [ref. 27706] with date as 1929. •Valid as Danio choprae Hora 1928 -- (Barman 1991:36 [ref. 22192], Fang 2000:25 [ref. 24479], Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285]). •Valid as Brachydanio choprai (Hora 1928) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:358 [ref. 20764], Sen 2007:27 [ref. 29657]). •Valid as Celestichthys choprae (Hora 1928) -- (Kottelat 2013:85 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Danio choprae Hora 1928 (also seen as choprai) -- (Fang 1997:42 [ref. 22873], Fang 1998:273 [ref. 23299], Fang et al. 2009:16 [ref. 29983], Kullander & Fang 2009:41 [ref. 30285], Kullander & Fang 2009:223 [ref. 30706], Kullander 2012:245 [ref. 32309], Ahmed et al. 2013:285 [ref. 32872], Kullander & Britz 2015:246 [ref. 33764], Kullander & Norén 2016:544 [ref. 34857]). Current status: Valid as Danio choprae Hora 1928. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Upper Ayeyarwaddy drainage, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

christyi, Barilius Boulenger [G. A.] 1920:25, Fig. 12 [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 2 (fasc. 4); ref. 587] Avakubi and Kinshasa [Leopoldville], Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1919.9.10.232 (1) Leopoldville, MRAC 7155 (1). •Valid as Opsaridium christyi (Boulenger 1920) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:327 [ref. 6186] as chrystyi). •Valid as Raiamas christyi (Boulenger 1920) -- (Stiassny et al. 2006:372 [ref. 28790], Manda et al. 2018:359 [ref. 36210], Skelton 2019:233 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Raiamas christyi (Boulenger 1920). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

chrysotaenia, Rasbora Arnold [J. P.] (ex Ahl) 1936:100, Fig. [Taschenkalender für Aquarien-und Terrarienfreunde v. 29 (1937); ref. 30190] Sumatra (?). Syntypes: (4) ZMB 20874 (1). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:91 [ref. 21847]. Described in more detail by Ahl 1937:114 [ref. 15261]. Arnold made the name available and he (unfortunately) is the author; Ahl suggested the name but did not participate in the act that made the name available. •Valid as Rasbora chrysotaenia Arnold 1936 (often seen as Ahl 1937) -- (Brittan 1954:172 [ref. 646], Kottelat 1991:179 [ref. 13597], Kottelat et al. 1993:45 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:152 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora chrysotaenia Arnold 1936. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Malaysia and Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

chrysotaeniatus, Danio Chu [X.-L.] 1981:151, Fig. 2 [Zoological Research v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 5248] Manzhuo, Mengla County, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: KIZ 736151. Paratypes: KIZ (9). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:346 [ref. 32939]. See Kottelat 1998:28 [ref. 23436]. •Valid as Danio chrysotaeniatus Chu 1981 -- (Zhu 1995:24 [ref. 25213], Chen & Chu in Chen et al. 1998:26 [ref. 23878], Fang & Kottelat 1999:292 [ref. 24228], Fang 2000:224 [ref. 25107], Kottelat 2001:47 [ref. 25780], Wang & He 2002:253 [ref. 26245]). •Valid as Devario chrysotaeniatus (Chu 1981) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Fang 2003:717 [ref. 27255], Fang et al. 2009:17 [ref. 29983], Kottelat 2013:98 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:49 [ref. 34477], Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120], Kottelat 2020:282 [ref. 37829]). Current status: Valid as Devario chrysotaeniatus (Chu 1981). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: South Asia: upper Mekong basin, China and Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

chulabhornae, Amblypharyngodon Vidthayanon [C.] & Kottelat [M.] 1990:47, Fig. [Natural History Bulletin of the Siam Society v. 38 (no. 1); ref. 16755] Amphoe Muang, Nong Tua, commercial village fish pond, 17°52'N, 102°49'E, Nong Khai Province, Thailand. Holotype: KUMF 2993. Paratypes: many at CMK, CUMZ, KUMF, MNHN, NIFI, ZSM. Type catalog: Neumann 2011:254 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Amblypharyngodon chulabhornae Vidthayanon & Kottelat 1990 -- (Rainboth 1996:71 [ref. 22772] as chulabornae, Doi 1997:3 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2001:38 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:73 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:40 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Amblypharyngodon chulabhornae Vidthayanon & Kottelat 1990. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

cirratus, Opsarius McClelland [J.] 1839:296, 416, Pl. 56 (fig. 5) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Kosi River and upper Assam, India. Syntypes: SMF 8831 (1). •Synonym of Barilius shacra (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:19 [ref. 24904] as cirrhatus). Current status: Synonym of Opsarius shacra (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

clupeoides, Cyprinus Bloch [M. E.] 1795:49, Pl. 408 (fig. 2) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 9; ref. 464] Tranquebar, India. Lectotype: ZMB 3425. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:72 [ref. 24282]. On p. 40 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 12 [ref. 21381]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Cyprinus clupeoides Pallas 1776 (Kottelat 1996:61 [ref. 22468]). •Treated as valid as Salmostoma clupeoides (Bloch 1795) -- (Bănărescu 1971:16 [ref. 20612], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:323 [ref. 20764], Indra 1991:235 [ref. 24005], Indra 1993:181 [ref. 24009], Indra 1994:409 [ref. 24015], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:148 [ref. 24759], Rema Devi et al. 1999:153 [ref. 24758], Menon 1999:27 [ref. 24904], Arunachalam et al. 2001:128 [ref. 25692], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Yadav 2003:7 [ref. 27711]). •Objective synonym of Salmostoma balookee (Sykes 1839) -- (Kottelat 1996:61 [ref. 22468] after nomenclatural comments; see also Kottelat 1997:72 [ref. 22952], Kottelat 2013:158 [ref. 32989]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Salmostoma balookee (Sykes 1839). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

clupeoides, Leptocypris Pellegrin [J.] 1922:73 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 47; ref. 5028] Oubanghi River at Bangui, French Congo. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1921-0396. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:72 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Leptocypris modestus Boulenger 1900 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:324 [ref. 6186]). Current status: Synonym of Leptocypris modestus Boulenger 1900. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

cocsa, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:272, 385, Pl. 3 (fig. 77) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Sanashygotta, India. No types known. Information on type locality see Britz 2019:44 [ref. 37532]. Hamilton's original illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 156 [ref. 37532]. •Synonym of Barilius bendelisis (Hamilton 1807) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:346 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:14 [ref. 24904], Ataur Rahman 2003:114 [ref. 31338] as cosca, Nath et al. 2010:29 [ref. 33488]). •Synonym of Barilius bendelisis, but a valid variety cosca [sic] -- (Ataur Rahman 2003:115 [ref. 31338]). •Valid as Opsarius cocsa (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kullander et al. 1999:152 [ref. 23689], Bleher 2018:614 [ref. 36647], Moyon & Arunkumar 2019:5 [ref. 37054]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius cocsa (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Himalaya Foothills, India, Nepal and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

concatenatus, Danio Kullander [S. O.] 2015:367, Fig. 3b [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 25 (no. 4); ref. 33743] Rakhine State, Comepyo Chaung near Gwa, 17°40'57"N, 94°38'25"E, Myanmar. Holotype: BMNH 2011.3.24.50. Paratypes: BMNH 2011.3.24.50 (1), BMNH 2011.3.24.51-57 (7), BMNH 2011.3.24.84-85 (2). •Valid as Danio concatenatus Kullander 2015 -- (Kullander & Britz 2015:246 [ref. 33764], Kullander et al. 2015:64 [ref. 33907]). Current status: Valid as Danio concatenatus Kullander 2015. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Rakhine, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

congicus, Engraulicypris Nichols [J. T.] & Griscom [L.] 1917:703, Fig. 17 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 37 (art. 25); ref. 3185] Poko, Congo. Holotype: AMNH 6294. Paratypes: AMNH 6213 (3), 6276 (1). •Valid as Chelaethiops congicus (Nichols & Griscom 1917) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:299 [ref. 6186], De Vos et al. 2001:131 [ref. 26059] as aff. congicus, Kullander & Roberts 2012:360, 368 [ref. 31751], Kiselkewa et al. 2020:[7] 706 [ref. 38315]). Current status: Valid as Chelaethiops congicus (Nichols & Griscom 1917). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Central Africa: Congo River basin and Lake Tanganyika. Habitat: freshwater.

corbetti, Barilius Tilak [R.] & Husain [A.] 1980:41, Fig. 1 [Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin v. 56 (no. 1); ref. 8651] Patairpani Nala, Corbett National Park, District Pauri Garhwal, Uttar Pradesh, India. Holotype (unique): ZSI/NRS V-1194. See Das 2003:354 [ref. 27706] with second author as Hussain. •Synonym of Raiamas bola (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:385 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:23 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:150 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Raiamas bola (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

coxi, Devario Kullander [S. O.], Rahman [Md. M.], Norén [M.] & Mollah [A. R.] 2017:15, Figs. 4d-e [PLoS ONE v. 12 (no. 11): e0186895; ref. 35685] Majerchora stream, 10 km south of Cox's Bazar, Cox’s Bazar District, Chittagong Division, Bangladesh, 21°23′45″N, [92°E?]. Holotype: LU 9002 [= DU 9002]. Paratypes: CAS, LU, NRM. •Valid as Devario coxi Kullander, Rahman, Norén & Mollah 2017. Current status: Valid as Devario coxi Kullander, Rahman, Norén & Mollah 2017. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Chittagong Division, Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

crassus, Cabdio Lalramliana [no initials], Lalronunga [S.] & Singh [M.] 2019:162, Figs. 2, 4A [Zootaxa 4657 (no. 1); ref. 36904] Kaladan River, in the vicinity of Kawlchaw village, Mizoram, India, 23°28'29"N, 92°23'27"E. Holotype: ZSI FF 8218. Paratypes: PUCMF, ZSI. •Valid as Cabdio crassus Lalramliana, Lalronunga & Singh 2019. Current status: Valid as Cabdio crassus Lalramliana, Lalronunga & Singh 2019. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Kaladan River drainage, Mizoram, India. Habitat: freshwater.

cromiei, Rasbora Fowler [H. W.] 1937:167, Fig. 103 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Me Poon [Mae Poon] River, Chiengmai, Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 68021. Paratypes: ANSP 68022-42 (21), 68046 (1, c&s); CAS-SU 17352 [ex ANSP 68043-45] (3). Additional material (152). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:14 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1953:37 [ref. 12291], Böhlke 1984:74 [ref. 13621]. See Rasbora paviana for comments on spelling of the species name. •Synonym of Rasbora sumatrana (Bleeker 1852) -- (Brittan 1954:54 [ref. 646]). •Synonym of Rasbora paviei (Tirant 1885) -- (Kottelat 1991:185 [ref. 13597] as chromiei, Kottelat 2001:78 [ref. 25780]). •Synonym of Rasbora paviana Tirant 1885 -- (Kottelat 2013:154 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora paviana Tirant 1885. Danionidae: Rasborinae.

crossensis, Leptocypris Howes [G. J.] & Teugels [G. G.] 1989:887, Figs. 8, 13a, e [Journal of Natural History v. 23 (no. 4); ref. 13624] Munaya River, trib of the Cross River, at Akwen bridge, 10 kilometers north of Eyumojok, 5°00'N, 9°00'E, Cameroon Republic. Holotype: BMNH 1985.11.12.482. Paratypes: BMNH 1988.2.1.22-23 (2). Additional material: MNHN 1988-0007 (2). •Valid as Leptocypris crossensis Howes & Teugels 1989 -- (Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:276 [ref. 21589], De Weirdt et al. 2007:563 [ref. 30024]). Current status: Valid as Leptocypris crossensis Howes & Teugels 1989. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

cryptica, Rasbora Kottelat [M.] & Tan [H. H.] 2012:38, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 23 (no. 1); ref. 32065] Serian, stream at 0.25 km towards Kanpung Lanchang, tributary of Sungai Kuhas, 6.9 km left at Tebelu Tebakang turnoff, 5.8 km into right trail, Sarawak, Borneo. Holotype: ZRC 41204. Paratypes: at CMK, ZRC. Plus additional material at CAS. •Valid as Rasbora cryptica Kottelat & Tan 2012 -- (Kottelat 2013:152 [ref. 32989], Wilkinson & Tan 2018:606 [ref. 36226]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora cryptica Kottelat & Tan 2012. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southern Sarawak, Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

cultellus, Leuciscus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:341, Pl. 507 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 17; ref. 1010] Coromandel, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3899. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:84 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Securicula gora (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:329 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:31 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662] as Securicola). Current status: Synonym of Securicula gora (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

cyanochlorus, Barilius Plamoottil [M.] & Vineeth [K.] 2020:5390, Figs. 1-2 [Biodiversitas v. 21 (no. 11); ref. 37919] Water stream (Eramkunnuchaal) at Chully, Kasargod, Kerala, India. Holotype: FBRC/ZSI VS-02. Paratypes: FBRC/ZSI VS-03 (6). •Valid as Opsarius cyanochlorus (Plamoottil & Vineeth 2020). Current status: Valid as Opsarius cyanochlorus (Plamoottil & Vineeth 2020). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Northern Western Ghats, Kerala, western Peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

cyanotaenia, Devario Bleeker [P.] 1860:283 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 7 (art. 2); ref. 380] Assam, Bengal. No types known. Based on McClelland 1839: Pl. 45 [not 56] (fig. 9) [ref. 2923]; figure reproduced in Conway et al. 2009:57 [ref. 30224]. Unneeded replacement name of Perilampus ostreographus McClelland 1839. •Synonym of Danio devario (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:41 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Devario devario (Hamilton 1822) -- (Fang 2001:16 [ref. 25285]). •Synonym of Devario ostreographus (Mcclelland 1839) -- (Conway et al. 2009:55 [ref. 30224]). •Synonym of Devario aequipinnatus (McClelland 1839) -- (Kullander et al. 2017:11 [ref. 35685]). Current status: Synonym of Devario aequipinnatus (Mcclelland 1839). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

cyanotaenia, Leuciscus Bleeker [P.] 1849:21 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 23 (no. 12); ref. 16883] Ambarawa, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 7036 (some). •Synonym of Rasbora argyrotaenia (Bleeker 1849) -- (Brittan 1954:108 [ref. 646], Kottelat 2013:151 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora argyrotaenia (Bleeker 1849). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

cyprinoides, Clupea Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:472 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Tranquebar, India. Lectotype: ZMB 3425. An unneeded replacement name for Cyprinus balookee Sykes 1839. Objectively invalid, preoccupied by Clupea cyprinoides Broussonet 1782. •Synonym of Salmostoma balookee (Sykes 1839) -- (Kottelat 2013:158 [ref. 32989]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Salmostoma balookee (Sykes 1839). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

cyprinoides, Cyprinus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:427 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] India. Holotype (unique): ZMB 3425. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:72 [ref. 24282]. Evidently a new name for Cyprinus clupeoides Bloch 1795. Objective synonym of Cyprinus clupeoides Bloch 1795. •Synonym (as Clupea cyprinoides Schneider 1801) of Salmostoma clupeoides (Bloch 1795) -- (Menon 1999:27 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Salmostoma balookee (Sykes 1839). Current status: Synonym of Salmostoma balookee (Sykes 1839). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

dadiburjori, Laubuca Menon [A. G. K.] 1952:2, Fig. 1 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 49 (pt 1); ref. 12707] Cochin, Kerala, India. Holotype: ZSI F541/2. Paratypes: (5) ZSI F542/2 (4). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:106 [ref. 20743]. Species misspelled dadidurjori (in main species heading); dadiburjori is correct and was selected by anonymous (April 1953) in Water Life and aquaria world v. 8 (no. 2): 85, and by Dadiburjor 1955 [ref. 20606] (also by Bănărescu 1968) and see Kottelat (2013). •Valid as Chela dadiburjori (Menon 1952) -- [sometimes as dadyburjori] (Bănărescu 1968:61 [ref. 215], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:314 [ref. 20764], Rema Devi et al. 1996:130 [ref. 24021], Menon 1999:37 [ref. 24904] as dadiburjori, Arankumar 2000:123 [ref. 30363] as dadyburjori, Sado & Kimura 2005:20 [ref. 28197]). •In genus Laubuca -- (Fang et al. 2009:7 [ref. 29983]). •Valid as Laubuca dadiburjori Menon 1952 -- (Kulabtong et al. 2012:93 [ref. 32008] as dadyburjori, Knight 2015:529 [ref. 33931] as dadyburjori). •Valid as Neochela dadiburjori (Menon 1952) -- (based on placement of the type species by Kottelat 2013, Bleher 2018:608 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Neochela dadiburjori (Menon 1952). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Southern Western Ghats, southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

dandia, Leuciscus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:309 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 17; ref. 1010] Sri Lanka. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-2096 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:71 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Rasbora daniconius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Brittan 1954:136 [ref. 646]). •Synonym of Parluciosoma daniconius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:50 [ref. 24904] as dandria). •Valid as Rasbora dandia (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Silva et al. 2010:29 [ref. 30779], Plamoottil 2016:24 [ref. 34948], Bleher 2018:746 [ref. 36647], Sudasinghe et al. 2020:22 [ref. 37702]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora dandia (Valenciennes 1844). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southern India and Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

dangila, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:321, 390 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Mountain streams of Mongger, Behar [Bihar], India. No types known. Information on type locality see Britz 2019:46 [ref. 37532]. Hamilton's unpublished drawing reproduced in McClellan 1839, Pl. 45; also reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 192 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Danio dangila (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:103 [ref. 24860], Barman 1991:38 [ref. 22192], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:366 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:529 [ref. 23778], Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 1998:2 [ref. 24126], Menon 1999:40 [ref. 24904], Fang 2000:25 [ref. 24479], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662], Fang 2001:16 [ref. 25285], Fang 2003:717 [ref. 27255], Ataur Rahman 2003:120 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:98 [ref. 29923], Fang et al. 2009:16 [ref. 29983], Kullander & Fang 2009:47 [ref. 30285], Pramod et al. 2010:39 [ref. 30874], Ahmed et al. 2013:285 [ref. 32872], Gurung et al. 2013:4882 [ref. 32969], Kottelat 2013:96 [ref. 32989], Kullander 2015:359 [ref. 33743], Kullander & Britz 2015:246 [ref. 33764], Kullander et al. 2015:64 [ref. 33907], Kullander & Norén 2016:544 [ref. 34857], Bleher 2018:392 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Danio dangila (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Ganges River basin, Nepal, Bhutan, India, Bangladesh and Pakistan. Habitat: freshwater.

daniconius, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:327, 391, Pl. 15 (fig. 89) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Southern Bengal, India. No types known. Hamilton's original illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 197 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Parluciosoma daniconius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:382 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:532 [ref. 23778], Manimekalan 1998:438 [ref. 24989], Menon 1999:50 [ref. 24904], Raju Thomas et al. 2000:444 [ref. 25319], Arunachalam et al. 2001:128 [ref. 25692], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Shrestha 2008:100 [ref. 29923]). •Valid as Rasbora daniconius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Brittan 1954:135 [ref. 646], Shrestha 1978:36 [ref. 15970], Rainboth & Kottelat 1987:419 [ref. 9123], Ataur Rahman 1989:89 [ref. 24860], Pethiyagoda 1991:127 [ref. 20075], Kottelat & Pethiyagoda 1991:3109 [ref. 16752], Indra 1991:236 [ref. 24005], Indra 1993:182 [ref. 24009], Rema Devi 1993:196 [ref. 24010], Rema Devi & Ilango 1993:244 [ref. 24017], Singh & Yazdani 1993:198 [ref. 24022], Indra 1994:412 [ref. 24015], Rema Devi et al. 1996:132 [ref. 24021], Rainboth 1996:77 [ref. 22772], Easa & Shaji 1996:305 [ref. 24977], Zacharias et al. 1996:40 [ref. 25526], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:50 [ref. 23436], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:150 [ref. 24759], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:167 [ref. 24760], Rema Devi et al. 1999:155 [ref. 24758], Freyhof et al. 2000:95 [ref. 25184], Rafique 2000:323 [ref. 25220], Karmakar 2000:28 [ref. 25662], Kottelat 2001:76 [ref. 25780], Rafique et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27173], Mirza 2003:5 [ref. 27265], Yadav 2003:8 [ref. 27711], Ataur Rahman 2003:106 [ref. 31338], Vishwanath & Laisram 2005:429 [ref. 28249], Liao et al. 2009:158 [ref. 30521], Silva et al. 2010:27 [ref. 30779], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Ahmed et al. 2013:286 [ref. 32872], Gurung et al. 2013:4882 [ref. 32969], Kottelat 2013:152 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:43 [ref. 33971], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172], Suresh et al. 2018:111 [ref. 36495], Bleher 2018:748 [ref. 36647], Sholihah et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37317]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora daniconius (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: South Asia: India, Bangladesh and Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

danrica, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:325, 390, Pl. 16 (fig. 88) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Bengal. No types known. Spelled danrua on plate. Species name misspelled dantica by Cuvier 1831:203 [ref. 30376]. Hamilton's original illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 194 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1822) (often seen as danricus) -- (Shrestha 1978:35 [ref. 15970], Coad 1981:10 [ref. 22348], Ataur Rahman 1989:82 [ref. 24860], Tilak & Jain 1990:409 [ref. 20186], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:377 [ref. 20764], Indra 1994:411 [ref. 24015], Sen 1995:531 [ref. 23778], Banik & Choudhury 1996:579 [ref. 24736], Rema Devi et al. 1999:154 [ref. 24758], Menon 1999:46 [ref. 24904], Rafique 2000:323 [ref. 25220], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Rafique et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27173], Mirza 2003:5 [ref. 27265], Yadav 2003:8 [ref. 27711], Ataur Rahman 2003:99 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:100 [ref. 29923], Kottelat 2013:102 [ref. 32989], Suresh et al. 2018:98 [ref. 36495], Bleher 2018:462 [ref. 36647], Sudasinghe et al. 2019:14 [ref. 37047], Bhakat & Sinha 2020:48 [ref. 37263]). Current status: Valid as Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Esominae. Distribution: Ganges River basin, Pakistan, India, Nepal and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

deruptotalea, Devario Ramananda [Y.] & Vishwanath [W.] 2014:78, Figs. 1-4 [Zootaxa 3827 (no. 1); ref. 33388] Manipur state, Chandel District, Dutah Stream, a tributary of Yu River (Chindwin drainage), 24°15′03ʺN, 94°14′59ʺE, India, elevation 283 meters. Holotype: MUMF 16001. Paratypes: ZSIFF 5153 (2); MUMF 16002 (1), 16005-14 (11), 16013 (1 diss.), 16014 (1 diss.). •Valid as Devario deruptotalea Ramananda & Vishwanath 2014 -- (Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120]). Current status: Valid as Devario deruptotalea Ramananda & Vishwanath 2014. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Chindwin River drainage, Manipur, India and Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

devario, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:341, 393, Pl. 6 (fig. 94) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Bengal. No types known. Spelled devarid on plate. Hamilton's original illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 208 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Danio devario (Hamilton 1822) -- (Shrestha 1978:35 [ref. 15970], Ataur Rahman 1989:100 [ref. 24860], Coad 1981:10 [ref. 22348], Barman 1991:41 [ref. 22192], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:367 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:530 [ref. 23778], Sen 1999:195 [ref. 24750], Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 1998:3 [ref. 24126], Menon 1999:41 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662], Sanger & McCune 2002:531 [ref. 26219], Rafique et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27173], Ataur Rahman 2003:117 [ref. 31338]). •Valid as Devario devario (Hamilton 1822) -- (Fang 2001:16 [ref. 25285], Fang 2003:721 [ref. 27255], Mirza 2003:5 [ref. 27265], Shrestha 2008:99 [ref. 29923], Fang et al. 2009:17 [ref. 29983], Conway et al. 2009:53 [ref. 30224], Conway et al. 2011:1755 [ref. 31594], Ahmed et al. 2013:285 [ref. 32872], Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120], Kullander et al. 2017:6 [ref. 35685], Bleher 2018:434 [ref. 36647], Sudasinghe et al. 2020:[10] [ref. 37530]). Current status: Valid as Devario devario (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Pakistan, northern and north-eastern India, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Nepal. Habitat: freshwater.

deyi, Danio Sen [N.] in Sen & Dey 1985:61, Fig. 1 [Journal Assam Scientific Society v. 27 (no. 2); ref. 17277] Umroi stream, Khasi Hills, Meghalaya, India. Holotype: ZSI?. Paratypes: (2) ZSI?. Additional material: (12) ZSI? See Das 2003:356 [ref. 27706] with authorship as Sen & Dey. •Synonym of Danio aequipinnatus (McClelleand 1839) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:365 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:40 [ref. 24904] as dayi). •Synonym of Danio dangila (Hamilton 1822) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Kottelat 2013:96 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Danio meghalayensis Sen & Dey 1985 -- (Kullander 2015:372 [ref. 33743], Kullander et al. 2017:29 [ref. 35685]). Current status: Synonym of Danio meghalayensis Sen & Dey 1985. Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

dies, Rasbora Kottelat [M.] 2008:301, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 18 (no. 4) [for 2007]; ref. 29390] Tarakan Island, Kalimantan Timur, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 10980. Paratypes: ZRC 46265 (34). •Valid as Rasbora dies Kottelat 2008 -- (Hadiaty & Kottelat 2009:108 [ref. 30422], Liao et al. 2009:[12] [ref. 30521], Lumbantobing 2010:645 [ref. 31097], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:152 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora dies Kottelat 2008. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Takakan Island, Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

diffusus, Pelecus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:327 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Cavery River, southern India. No types known. •Synonym of Salmostoma acinaces (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Menon 1999:24 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Synonym of Salmostoma acinaces (Valenciennes 1844). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

dimorphicus, Barilius Tilak [R.] & Husain [A.] 1990:102, Figs. 1-4 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 87 (pt 1); ref. 20095] Song River, easatern Doon Valley, Rajaji National Park, District Dehra Doon, Uttar Pradesh, India. Holotype: ZSI/NRS/F-728. Paratypes: ZSI/NRS F729 (5), ZSI/NRS F730 (7), ZSI/NRS F731 (2). See Das 2003:354 [ref. 27706] with second author Hussain. •Valid as Barilius dimorphicus Tilak & Husain 1990 -- (Menon 1999:17 [ref. 24904], Nath et al. 2010:24 [ref. 33488] with author as Husain, Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2012:2363 [ref. 31817]). •Valid as Opsarius dimorphicus (Tilak & Husain 1990) -- (Qin et al. 2019:590 [ref. 36784]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius dimorphicus (Tilak & Husain 1990). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater.

dogarsinghi, Barilius Hora [S. L.] 1921:191, Fig. 3 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 22 (pt 3, no. 19); ref. 2202] Etok stream near Chanderkhong, southern watershed of the Naga Hills, Manipur, Assam, India. Holotype: ZSI F9983/1. Paratypes: ANSP 89754 (1), ZMA 115794 (1), ZSI F9984/1 (9). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:106 [ref. 20743], Nijssen et al. 1982:27 [ref. 19236], Böhlke 1984:75 [ref. 13621]. See Das 2003:354 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Barilius dogarsinghi Hora 1921 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:348 [ref. 20764], Husain et al. 1993:103 [ref. 24019], Menon 1999:17 [ref. 24904], Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 2000:249 [ref. 25167], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662], Vishwanath & Monojkumar 2002:89 [ref. 26360], Selim & Vishwanath 2002:267 [ref. 26593], Nath et al. 2010:24 [ref. 33488], Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2012:2363 [ref. 31817], Tejavei 2012:140 [ref. 32328], Tejavej 2012:140 [ref. 32328]). •Valid as Opsarius dogarsinghi (Hora 1921) -- (Kottelat 2013:131 [ref. 32989], Arunkumar & Moyon 2017:167 [ref. 35774], Bleher 2018:616 [ref. 36647], Moyon & Arunkumar 2019:5 [ref. 37054]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius dogarsinghi (Hora 1921). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Chindwin River basin, Manipur, India and Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

dorsimaculata, Rasbora Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1940:9, Pl. 3 [Bulletin of the Raffles Museum No. 16; ref. 2130] A brook 16 miles east of Kuching, Sarawak, Borneo, East Malaysia, northwest of Borneo Island. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 33021. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:37 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Rasbora caudimaculata Volz 1903 -- (Brittan 1954:77 [ref. 646], Roberts 1989:72 [ref. 6439], Kottelat & Lim 1995:233 [ref. 23210]). •Synonym of Rasbora calliura Boulenger 1894 with question -- (Kottelat 2013:151 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora calliura Boulenger 1894. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

dorsinotata, Rasbora Kottelat [M.] in Kottelat & Chu 1988:315, Fig. 2 [Spixiana (München) v. 10 (no. 3) [1987]; ref. 13493] Mae Nam Huey Bon, kilometer 45 on road from Amphoe Tha Wang Pha to Amphoe Chiang Kham, Chiang Rai Province, Thailand. Holotype: ZSM 26627. Paratypes: CMK 4991 (3). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:256 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Rasbora dorsinotata Kottelat 1988 -- (Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2000:86 [ref. 25486], Kottelat 2001:76 [ref. 25780], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:152 [ref. 32989] dated 1988). Current status: Valid as Rasbora dorsinotata Kottelat 1988. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

dorsiocellata, Rasbora Duncker [G.] 1904:182, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Mitteilungen aus dem Naturhistorischen (Zoologischen) Museum in Hamburg v. 21; ref. 5560] Muar River, Tebinh Tinggi, Johore, Malaysia. Lectotype: ZMH H374. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1913.5.24.13-14 [ex SSMKL] (2); ZMA 103217 (3); ZMH H375 (1), H376 (15), H377 (8); ZRC 2315 (3). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:159 [ref. 19181], Alfred 1963:166 [ref. 20555], Alfred 1970:71 [ref. 23931], Nijssen et al. 1982:33 [ref. 19236], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:403 [ref. 21161] as syntypes. Lectotype designation (if needed): Ladiges et al. 1958:159 [ref. 19181]. •Valid as Rasbora dorsiocellata Duncker 1904 -- (Brittan 1972:84 [ref. 12245], Roberts 1989:73 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:45 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Ng & Tan 1999:354 [ref. 24159], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:154 [ref. 28284]). •Valid as Brevibora dorsiocellata (Duncker 1904) -- (Liao & Tan 2011:77 [ref. 31184], Kottelat 2013:84 [ref. 32989], Liao & Tan 2014:215 [ref. 33237], Ng et al. 2019:526 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Brevibora dorsiocellata (Duncker 1904). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Malaya (Malaysia), Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

dracula, Danionella Britz [R.], Conway [K. W.] & Rüber [L.] 2009:2, Figs. 1-2 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B - Biological Sciences; ref. 30115] Stream at Sha Du Zup between Mogaung and Tanai, Myitkina district, Kachin State, Myanmar. Holotype: BMNH 2008.1.1.1. Paratypes: BMNH 2008.1.2.2-99 (98), 2008.1.1.100-119 (20, c&s). •Valid as Danionella dracula Britz, Conway & Rüber 2009 -- (Britz 2009:53 [ref. 30543], Tang et al. 2010:202 [ref. 31204], Kottelat 2013:97 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Danionella dracula Britz, Conway & Rüber 2009. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Northern Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

dualis, Opsarius Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:330 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Coimbatoor and Palghat, southern India. Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

dusonensis, Leuciscus Bleeker [P.] 1850:14 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 16884] Bandjarmasin, in Duson River or Banjer River, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 7037 (poor condition). Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1866.5.2.154 (1), NMV A965 (1). Type catalog: Alfred 1963:130 [ref. 20554]. •Valid as Rasbora dusonensis (Bleeker 1850) -- (Brittan 1954:122 [ref. 646], Roberts 1989:73 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 1991:187 [ref. 13597], Kottelat et al. 1993:46 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:77 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Siebert & Richardson 1997:93 [ref. 22887], Kottelat 1998:50 [ref. 23436], Ng & Tan 1999:354 [ref. 24159], Kottelat 2000:51 [ref. 25040], Kottelat 2001:78 [ref. 25780], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:155 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:184 [ref. 28285], Tan 2009:508 [ref. 30389], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2012:81 [ref. 31848], Ng & Kottelat 2013:62 [ref. 32565]. Kottelat 2013:152 [ref. 32989], ? Zhang et al. 2016:51 [ref. 34477], Sulaiman et al. 2018:29 [ref. 35802], Ng et al. 2019:526 [ref. 36606], Tan & Kottelat 2020:756 [ref. 37794]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora dusonensis (Bleeker 1850). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Malaya (Malaysia), Sumatra and Borneo (Indonesia). Habitat: freshwater.

dussumieri, Leuciscus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:xx (342), Pl. 508 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 17; ref. 1010] Mysore, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN. As Leuciscus clupeoides on p. 342 but as dussumieri on p. xx and with a correction footnote on the "Pour placer les planches." •Synonym of Salmostoma balookee (Sykes 1839) -- (Kottelat 2013:158 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Salmostoma balookee (Sykes 1839). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

duvaucelii, Chondrostoma Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:403 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 17; ref. 1010] Madras, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3869. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:18 [ref. 19574]. Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

dystomus, Leuciscus McClelland [J.] 1839:292, 406, Pl. 56 (fig. 4) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Ganges River, India. No types known. •Synonym of Rasbora elanga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Brittan 1972:103 [ref. 12245]). •Synonym of Megarasbora elanga (Hamilton 1822). •Synonym of Bengala elanga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:82 [ref. 32989]). •Possibly valid as Bengala dystomus (McClelland 1839) -- (Bleher 2018:367 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Synonym of Bengala elanga (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

einthovenii, Leuciscus Bleeker [P.] 1851:434 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 16897] Sambas, western Borneo, Indonesia. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1866.5.2.158 (1), NMV 46546-47 (1, 1). Species name spelled einthoveni by Maxwell 1921:88 [ref. 30344]. •Valid as Rasbora einthovenii (Bleeker 1851) -- (Brittan 1954:149 [ref. 646], Roberts 1989:73 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:46 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:233 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Ng & Tan 1999:354 [ref. 24159], Tan & Lim 2004:109 [ref. 27716], Grinang & Lim 2004:289 [ref. 28551], Tan 2009:508 [ref. 30389], Liao et al. 2009:[4] [ref. 30521], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat & Tan 2012:321 [ref. 31753], Kottelat 2013:152 [ref. 32989], Lumbantobing 2014:22 [ref. 33163], Sulaiman et al. 2018:29 [ref. 35802], Britz & Tan 2018:343 [ref. 36209], Ng et al. 2019:526 [ref. 36606], Tan & Kottelat 2020:757 [ref. 37794]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora einthovenii (Bleeker 1851). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

elanga, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:281, 386 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Ganges River, Elanga, India. No types known. Hamilton's original, unpublished illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 164 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Rasbora elanga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Brittan 1972:203 [ref. 12245], Shrestha 1978:36 [ref. 15970], Ataur Rahman 1989:88 [ref. 24860]). •Valid as Megarasbora elanga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Mirza 2003:5 [ref. 27265]). •Valid as Bengala elanga (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:354 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:527 [ref. 23778], Menon 1999:34 [ref. 24904], Rafique 2000:323 [ref. 25220], Shrestha 2008:97 [ref. 29923], Silva et al. 2010:48 [ref. 30779], Kottelat 2013:82 [ref. 32989], Bleher 2018:366 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Bengala elanga (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Asia: Nepal, India, Bangladesh and Pakistan. Habitat: freshwater.

elberti, Rasbora Popta [C. M. L.] 1911:10 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 34 (no. 1) (art. 3); ref. 14805] Sembalun, Sadjang and Praya in Lombok, Indonesia. Check spelling -- one or two ii's. Syntypes: RMNH 10505-09 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1), 10510 (3 + 1), 10511 (1); SMF 6487-90 (1, 59, 2, 142). •Possible synonym of Rasbora lateristriata (Bleeker 1854) -- (Brittan 1954:38 [ref. 646]). •Synonym of Rasbora lateristrata Bleeker 1854 -- (Kottelat 2013:153 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora lateristriata (Bleeker 1854). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

elegans, Paradanio Day [F.] 1867:297 [17] [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867 (pt 2) (art. 5); ref. 14043] Bowany River, India. Syntypes: BMNH 1867.7.24.2-3 (2). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762]. On p. 17 of separate. •Synonym of Chela cachius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:35 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:87 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Chela cachius (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

elegans, Rasbora Volz [W.] 1903:558 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 26 (no. 703); ref. 4531] Semangka River, tributary of the Musi River, Pelambang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) NMBE 1023520-26 (7). Species illustrated and described in more detail in Volz 1903:402, Pl. 26 (fig. 4) [ref. 21451]. •Valid as Rasbora elegans Volz 1903 -- (Brittan 1964:64 [ref. 646], Roberts 1989:73 [ref. 6439], Lim et al. 1990:35 [ref. 16753], Kottelat et al. 1993:46 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Ng & Tan 1999:354 [ref. 24159], Tan & Lim 2004:109 [ref. 27716], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat & Tan 2011:217 [ref. 31695], Kottelat 2013:152 [ref. 32989], Lumbantobing 2014:22 [ref. 33163], Wilkinson & Tan 2018:599 [ref. 36226]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora elegans Volz 1903. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

elingulatus, Leuciscus McClelland [J.] 1839:294, 419, Pl. 57 (fig. 4) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Mountain streams at Simla, India. No types known. Same as Perilampus elingulatus, earliest not established. Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

elingulatus, Perilampus McClelland [J.] 1838:947, Pl. 56 (fig. 1) [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 7 (for Nov. 1838); ref. 2924] Mountain streams at Simla, India. See also McClelland 1839:294, Pl. 57 (fig. 4) [ref. 2923] (as Leuciscus elingulatus). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

elongata, Cyprinus (Salmophasia) Swainson [W.] 1839:284 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Based on Gray, Indian Zool, Cyprinus cora -- which is Gray [ref. 1787]. Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

elongatus, Chelaethiops Boulenger [G. A.] 1899:101, Pl. 40 (fig. 5) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 5); ref. 589] Liranga, Congo River, Congo. Holotype (unique): MRAC 878. •Valid as Chelaethiops elongatus Boulenger 1899 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:300 [ref. 6186], Kiselkewa et al. 2020:[7] 706 [ref. 38315]). Current status: Valid as Chelaethiops elongatus Boulenger 1899. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Central Africa: Congo River basin (Democratic Republic of Congo). Habitat: freshwater.

engrauloides, Barilius Nichols [J. T.] 1923:2, Fig. 2 [American Museum Novitates No. 57; ref. 15413] Ubangi River at Bangui, Central African Republic, western Africa. Holotype (unique): AMNH 8107. •Valid as Opsaridium engrauloides (Nichols 1923) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:327 [ref. 6186]). Current status: Valid as Opsaridium engrauloides (Nichols 1923). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Ubangi River drainage, Central African Republic. Habitat: freshwater.

ennealepis, Rasbora Roberts [T. R.] 1989:74, Fig. 51 [Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences No. 14; ref. 6439] Sungai Sekumpai, a small forest tributary of the Sungai Pinoh, 23 kilometerssouth of Nangapinoh, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 3997. Paratypes: BMNH 1982.3.29.81-82 (2); CAS 49288 (4), 49289 (2); MZB 3378 (1), 3379; RMNH 28852 (2); USNM 230230 (4). •Valid as Rasbora ennealepis Roberts 1989 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:46 [ref. 23448], Kottelat 1995:60 [ref. 21728], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Parenti & Lim 2005:184 [ref. 28285], Liao et al. 2009:[12] [ref. 30521], Lumbantobing 2010:645 [ref. 31097], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:152 [ref. 32989], Lumbantobing 2014:22 [ref. 33163], Sholihah et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37317]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora ennealepis Roberts 1989. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

erythromicron, Microrasbora Annandale [N.] 1918:51, Pls. 2 (fig. 5), 4 (fig. 14) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 14; ref. 127] Inlé Lake, Myanmar. Holotype: ZSI F9385/1. Paratypes: (unknown quantity). See Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25288]. See Das 2003:359 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Microrasbora erythromicron Annandale 1918 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:380 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:8 [ref. 22832], Fang 2003:719 [ref. 27255]). •Valid, but genus uncertain -- (Roberts 2007:139 [ref. 29033]). •Valid as Celestichthys erythromicron (Annansale 1918) -- (Kottelat 2013:85 [ref. 32989], Kano et al. 2016:9 [ref. 34887]). •Valid as Danio erythromicron (Annandale 1918) -- (Conway et al. 2008:25 [ref. 29468], Fang et al. 2009:16 [ref. 29983], Kullander & Fang 2009:41 [ref. 30285], Kullander et al. 2009:193 [ref. 30704], Kullander & Fang 2009:223 [ref. 30706], Pramod et al. 2010:40 [ref. 30874], Kullander 2012:245 [ref. 32309], Kullander & Britz 2015:246 [ref. 33764], Kullander & Norén 2016:544 [ref. 34857]). Current status: Valid as Danio erythromicron (Annandale 1918). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Inlé Lake, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

espei, Rasbora heteromorpha Meinken [H.] 1967:14, fig'd [Das Aquarium, Zeitschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienfreunde v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 19858] Thailand (aquarium specimens imported from Bangkok). Syntypes: ZMH (2). •Synonym of Rasbora heteromorpha Duncker 1904 -- (Brittan 1972:192-29 [ref. 12245], but a valid subspecies as described). •Valid as Rasbora espei Meinken 1967 -- (Rainboth & Kottelat 1987:419 [ref. 9123], Rainboth 1996:77 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832]). •Valid as Trigonostigma espei (Meinken 1967) -- (Kottelat & Witte 1999:54 [ref. 23898], Kottelat 2013:170 [ref. 32989], Petsut et al. 2014:471 [ref. 33645], Tan 2020:422 [ref. 37544]). Current status: Valid as Trigonostigma espei (Meinken 1967). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Near Krabi, southwestern Thailand and eastern Thailand to coastal Cambodia and to the Vietnamese island of Phu Quoc. Habitat: freshwater.

everetti, Nematabramis Boulenger [G. A.] 1894:250 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 13 (no. 75) (art. 26); ref. 535] Bongon River, Sarawak state, Borneo, East Malaysia. Lectotype: BMNH 1893.5.30.61 (89 mm). Paralectotypes: BMNH 1892.9.2.41 (1), 1892.9.2.43 (1), 1893.3.6.246 (1), 1893.5.30.62 (1). Lectotype selected by Bănărescu 1971:104 [ref. 20618]. •Valid as Nematabramis everetti Boulenger 1894 -- (Bănărescu 1971:104 [ref. 20618], Kottelat et al. 1993:38 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:231 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:8 [ref. 22832], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:582 [ref. 23647], Kottelat 2013:126 [ref. 32989], Wilkinson & Tan 2018:598 [ref. 36226]). Current status: Valid as Nematabramis everetti Boulenger 1894. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Philippines and Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

everetti, Rasbora Boulenger [G. A.] 1895:187 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 15 (no. 86) (art. 20); ref. 14549] Palawan Island, Philippines. Syntypes: BMNH 1894.6.30.191-192 (2). •Synonym of Rasbora argyrotaenia (Bleeker 1849), but a valid subspecies -- (Brittan 1954:113 [ref. 646]). •Valid as Rasbora everetti Boulenger 1895 -- (Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2012:83 [ref. 31848], Kottelat 2013:152 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora everetti Boulenger 1895. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

evezardi, Barilius Day [F.] 1872:326 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 41 (pt 2, nos 1-4); ref. 14133] Puna, India. Syntypes (3) and/or Day specimens: RMNH 8725 (1) type, AMS B.7895 (1, syntype) Poona, BMNH 1889.2.1.1203 (1), NMW 54871 (1), ZMB 11145 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:297 [ref. 25110]. •Valid as Barilius evezardi Day 1972 -- (Barman 1989:214 [ref. 20118], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:348 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:17 [ref. 24904], Yadav 2000:40 [ref. 25661], Yadav 2003:7 [ref. 27711], Nath et al. 2010:27 [ref. 33488], Knight et al. 2015:406 [ref. 33702], Bleher 2018:358 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Barilius evezardi Day 1872. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Maharashtra and Karnataka, India. Habitat: freshwater.

exilis, Brevibora Liao [T.-Y.] & Tan [H. H.] 2014:209, Figs. 2-3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 24 (no. 3) [for 2013]; ref. 33237] Borneo, Kalimantan Tengah, Kahayan basin, Rungan River, Indonesia Holotype: MZB 17295. Paratypes: CMK 23245 (5), MZB 17206 (5), ZRC 51359 (21, 1 c&s). •Valid as Brevibora exilis Liao & Tan 2014 -- (Sholihah et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37317]). Current status: Valid as Brevibora exilis Liao & Tan 2014. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Rungan River, Borneo (Kalimantan, Indonesia). Habitat: freshwater.

fangae, Devario Kullander [S. O.] 2017:409, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa 4227 (no. 3); ref. 35120] Ayeyarwaddy River drainage, Nan Hto Chaung, in Putao, circa 1 mile from 46th regiment, close to rice mill, Kachin State, Myanmar, 27°19'44"N, 97°22'36"E. Holotype: NRM 45659. Paratypes: NRM. •Valid as Devario fangae Kullander 2017. Current status: Valid as Devario fangae Kullander 2017. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Ayeyarwaddy River drainage, northern Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

fangfangae, Danio Kottelat [M.] 2000:40, Fig. 3 [Journal of South Asian Natural History v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 25040] Nam Phao at waterfall immediately downriver of border post on road from Lak Sao to Vinh (Vietnam), 18°23'00" N, 150°09'20"E, Bolikhamxai Province, Laos. Holotype: NRM 44880. Paratypes: CMK 12668 (6), 12798 (41); LARRI uncat. (3), uncat. (15); NRM 44881 (2); ZRC 45300 (15). •Valid as Danio fangfangae Kottelat 2000 -- (Kottelat 2001:47 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:98 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Devario fangfangae (Kottelat 2000) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Kottelat 2015:41 [ref. 33971], Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120], Kottelat 2020:283 [ref. 37829]). Current status: Valid as Devario fangfangae (Kottelat 2000). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: South Asia: Mekong basin, Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciata, Chela (Allochela) Silas [E. G.] 1958:87, Pl. 2 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 55 (pt 1); ref. 4026] Annamalai River at base of Annamalai Hills, Chittur Taluk, Malabar, Kerala State, India. Holotype: ZSI F744/2. Paratypes: ZSI F.745/2 (2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:106 [ref. 20743]. •Valid as Chela fasciata Silas 1958 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:315 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:38 [ref. 24904] as fasciatus, Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Sado & Kimura 2005:20 [ref. 28197]). •In genus Laubuca -- (Fang et al. 2009:7 [ref. 29983]). •Valid as Laubuka fasciata (Silas 1958) -- (Kulabtong et al. 2012:93 [ref. 32008], Knight 2015:529 [ref. 33931], Lalramliana et al. 2017:275 [ref. 35204], Bleher 2018:596 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Laubuka fasciata (Silas 1958). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Southern Western Ghats, southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciata, Luciosoma Yang [Y.-J.] & Hwang [H.-C.] 1964:53, Fig. 1-41 [The cyprinid fishes of China v. 1; ref. 13497] Yunnan Province, China. Syntypes: (7). •Mention -- (Kottelat 1984:797 [ref. 11440]). •Synonym of Raiamas guttatus (Day 1870) -- (Kuang in Chu & Chen 1989:23 [ref. 13584], Chen & Chu in Chen et al. 1998:32 [ref. 23878], Kottelat 2001:76 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:150 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Raiamas guttatus (Day 1870). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciata, Rasbora volzii var. Popta [C. M. L.] 1905:176 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 25 (no. 4) (art. 15); ref. 3549] Howong, Makhakam drainage, Borneo. Holotype: RMNH 7622. •Synonym of Rasbora volzi [sic] but a valid subspecies -- (Grinang & Lim 2004:289 [ref. 28551]). •Synonym of Rasbora volzii Popta 1905 -- (Brittan 1954:61 [ref. 646] as volzi, Roberts 1989:77 [ref. 6439] as volzi, Kottelat et al. 1993:48 [ref. 23448] as volzi, Kottelat & Tan 2011:219 [ref. 31695], Kottelat & Tan 2012:37 [ref. 32065], Kottelat 2013:156 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora volzii Popta 1905. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciatum, Opsaridium Vaillant [L. L.] in Rivière 1886:18 [La Revue scientifique: revue hebdomadaire illustrée (Revue rose), éd. par Jean Duhem. v. 38 [series 3: v. 23 (no. 1)]; ref. 17852] Not available, no distinguishing featues provided "il ressemble quelque peu à une sardine"; from Africa. Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Chelaethiops. Danionidae: Danioninae.

fasciatus, Opsarius McClelland [J.] 1839:296, 417, Pl. 48 (fig. 9) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Ganges, Brahmaputra and Jumna River. No types known. Apparently an unneeded new name for Cyprinus barna Hamilton 1822. •Objective synonym of Barilius barna (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:13 [ref. 24904]). •Objective synonym of Opsarius barna (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:131 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Opsarius barna (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciolatus, Barilius Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:34, Pl. 9 (fig. 5) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 2 (fasc. 2); ref. 562] Ubangi River at Banzyville, Democratic Republic of Congo, about 4°18'N, 21°11'E. Syntypes: BMNH 1901.12.26.30 (1), MRAC 1173 (1). •Synonym of Opsaridium ubangiense (Pellegrin 1901) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:328 [ref. 6186] as ubangense). Current status: Synonym of Opsaridium ubangiense (Pellegrin 1901). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

feegradei, Danio Hora [S. L.] 1937:325, Fig. 3 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 39 (pt 4); ref. 20745] Roadside drains, Sandoway, Rakhine State, Myanmar. Holotype: ZSI F12477/1. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:108 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:356 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Danio dangila (Hamilton 1822) -- (Barman 1991:38 [ref. 22192], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:367 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:41 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Brachydanio feegradei (Hora 1937) -- (Kottelat 2013:83 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Danio feegradei Hora 1937 -- (Fang 2000:25 [ref. 24479], Fang 2001:16 [ref. 25285], Fang & Kullander 2009:39 [ref. 30284], Kullander & Fang 2009:47 [ref. 30285], Kullander & Fang 2009:223 [ref. 30706], Pramod et al. 2010:39 [ref. 30874], Kullander 2012:245 [ref. 32309], Kullander & Britz 2015:234 [ref. 33764], Kullander et al. 2015:64 [ref. 33907]). Current status: Valid as Danio feegradei Hora 1937. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

flagrans, Danio Kullander [S. O.] 2012:252, Figs. 1c-d, 9 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 23 (no. 3); ref. 32309] Ayeyarwaddy River drainage: Nan Hto Chaung in Putao, about 1 mile from 46th regiment, close to rice mill, Kachin, Myanmar. Holotype: NRM 62257. Paratypes: BMNH 2012.7.23.1-147 (147), 2012.7.23.204-208 (5); NRM 40928 (10), 41270 (9), 41671 (1). •Valid as Celestichthys flagrans (Kullander 2012) -- (Kottelat 2013:85 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Danio flagrans Kullander 2012 -- (Kullander & Britz 2015:246 [ref. 33764], Kullander & Norén 2016:544 [ref. 34857]). Current status: Valid as Danio flagrans Kullander 2012. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Kachin State, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

flavipinnis, Pelecus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:327 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Cavery River, southern India. Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

flavus, Leuciscus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:321 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Kaveri River at Srirangapattana, India [original locality: Carnatic [Karnataka], southern India]. Neotype: WHT 7787. Neotype selected by Silva et al. 2010:46 [ref. 30779] and is the same neotype for Leuciscus flavus, Leuciscu caveri and Leuciscus xanthogramme; they also established relative precedence as first revisers. •Synonym of Rasbora daniconius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Brittan 1954:136 [ref. 646]). •Synonym of Parluciosoma daniconius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:51 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Rasbora dandia (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Silva et al. 2010:30 [ref. 30779]). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora dandia (Valenciennes 1844). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

fluviatilis, Engraulicypris Whitehead [P. J. P.] 1962:98, Fig. 1 [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 73; ref. 5678] Athi River near Kithimani, Kenya. Holotype: BMNH 1961.5.3.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1961.5.3.2-6 (5). •Valid as Neobola fluviatilis (Whitehead 1962) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:326 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:34 [ref. 28087], Bart et al. 2019:542 [ref. 36898]). Current status: Valid as Neobola fluviatilis (Whitehead 1962). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Athi/Galena River basin, Kenya. Habitat: freshwater.

frankei, Brachydanio Meinken [H.] 1963:39, On cover [Aquarien Terrarien v. 10 (no. 4); ref. 4946] India ? [aquarium specimens]. Holotype: MTD F 11893 [ex ULIZ 1/63]. Paratypes: MTD F 11894-96 [ex ULIZ 2/63] (3). Type catalog: Zarske 2003:22 [ref. 27474] •Valid as Danio frankei (Meinken 1963) -- (Fang 1998:276 [ref. 23299]). •Synonym of Danio rerio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285]). Current status: Synonym of Danio rerio (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

fraseri, Danio (Danio) Hora [S. L.] in Hora & Mukerji 1935:378, Figs 2b, 3 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 37 (pt 3); ref. 13888] Deolali, Nasik District, Maharashtra, India. Holotype: ZSI F11791/1. Paratypes: (12). See Das 2003:356 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Danio fraseri Hora 1935 -- (Barman 1991:44 [ref. 22192], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:368 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:42 [ref. 24904], Yadav 2000:40 [ref. 25661]). •Valid as Devario fraseri (Hora 1935) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Yadav 2003:8 [ref. 27711], Kullander 2015:378 [ref. 33743], Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120], Bleher 2018:436 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Devario fraseri (Hora 1935). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Northern Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India. Habitat: freshwater.

fulvescens, Perilampus Blyth [E.] 1860:163 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Tenasserim, Myanmar. Syntypes: ZSI (2). •Synonym of Chela laubuca (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:36 [ref. 24904]). •In genus Laubuca -- (Fang et al. 2009:7 [ref. 29983]). •Synonym of Laubuka laubuca (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:119 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Laubuka laubuca (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

gadigarhi, Amblypharyngodon Malhotra [Y. R.] & Dutta [P. S.] 1975:154, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India. v. 45 (B) (3); ref. 33270] Gadigarh, Jammu, India. Still researching; cited by Talwar & Jhingran 1991:338 [ref. 20764] as appearing in Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. India, v. 45 (B) (3) but does not appear there. •Synonym of Amblypharyngodon mola (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:338 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:34 [ref. 24904] as gardigarhi, Kottelat 2013:73 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Amblypharyngodon mola (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

gariepinus, Engraulicypris Barnard [K. H.] 1943:220 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 36 (pt 2); ref. 13193] South Africa: lower Orange River and Fish River. Syntypes: SAIAB 18722-23 [now at AMG] (2, lost). •Synonym of Neobola brevianalis Boulenger 1908 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:326 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Engraulicypris gariepinus Barnard 1943 -- (Riddin et al. 2016:139 [ref. 34973]). Current status: Valid as Engraulicypris gariepinus Barnard 1943. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Namibia, South Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

gatensis, Leuciscus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:309, Pl. 503 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 17; ref. 1010] Mountains of Gates, India. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-5817 (3). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:69 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barilius gatensis (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:349 [ref. 20764], Rema Devi et al. 1996:131 [ref. 24021], Easa & Shaji 1996:305 [ref. 24977], Zacharias et al. 1996:40 [ref. 25526], Manimekalan 1998:437 [ref. 24989], Menon 1999:18 [ref. 24904], Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 2000:249 [ref. 25167], Raju Thomas et al. 2000:444 [ref. 25319], Yadav 2000:40 [ref. 25661], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Yadav 2003:8 [ref. 27711], Nath et al. 2010:24 [ref. 33488], Knight et al. 2015:406 [ref. 33702], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172], Bleher 2018:354 [ref. 36647], Plamoottil & Vineeth 2020:5394 [ref. 37919]). •Valid as Opsarius gatensis (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Qin et al. 2019:590 [ref. 36784]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius gatensis (Valenciennes 1844). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Southern Western Ghats, south India. Habitat: freshwater.

gatesi, Microrasbora Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1939:159 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 12412] Pond near Judson College, Rangoon, Lower Myanmar. Holotype: CAS-SU 33897. Paratypes: CAS-SU 33898-99 (16, 15). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:33-34 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Microrasbora gatesi Herre 1939 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:380 [ref. 20764], Kottelat & Witte 1999:50 [ref. 23898], Roberts 2007:132 [ref. 29033], Jiang et al. 2008:300 [ref. 29546]). •Valid as Microdevario gatesi (Herre 1939) -- (Fang et al. 2009:11 [ref. 29983], Kottelat 2013:124 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Microdevario gatesi (Herre 1939). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

gerlachi, Rasbora Ahl [E.] 1928:110, Fig. [Das Aquarium: eine Zeitschrift mit Bildern für Liebhaber, Schulen und Naturfreunde, Berlin 1928 (no. 7); ref. 35575] Cameroon [in error]. Syntypes: ZMB 21647 (2). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:91 [ref. 21847]. Described in more detail by Ahl 1928:205 [ref. 15832]. •Valid as Rasbora gerlachi Ahl 1928 -- (Brittan 1954:103 [ref. 646], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521]). •Species inquirenda as Rasbora gerlachi Ahl 1928 -- (Kottelat 2013:150 [ref. 32989]). •In Rasbora trifasciata group -- (Brittan 1954:103 [ref. 646]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora gerlachi Ahl 1928. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Malaya or Indonesia? Habitat: freshwater.

gibber, Danio Kottelat [M.] 2000:40, Fig. 4 [Journal of South Asian Natural History v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 25040] Xe Katam at bridge on road from Attapu to Pakse, about 1 kilometer upriver of Nam Tok Xe Katam-Tok waterfall, 15°07'17"N, 106°37'28"E, Champasak Province, Laos. Holotype: NRM 44883. Paratypes: CMK 15530 (15), LARRI uncat. (8), NRM 44884 (8), ZRC 45301 (8). •Valid as Danio gibber Kottelat 2000 -- (Kottelat 2001:47 [ref. 25780]). •Valid as Devario gibber (Kottelat 2000) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Kottelat 2013:98 [ref. 32989], Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120], Kottelat 2020:283 [ref. 37829]). Current status: Valid as Devario gibber (Kottelat 2000). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: South Asia: Mekong basin, Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

goddardi, Esomus Fowler [H. W.] 1937:170, Fig. 106 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Me Poon [Maepoon, Mae Phun] River, 17°40'N, 99°442'E, Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 68047. Paratypes: ANSP 68048-66 (19), 68067 (1, c&s). Additional material: (601). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:6 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:77 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Esomus longimanus (Lunel 1881) -- (Kottelat 2001:50 [ref. 25780]). Current status: Synonym of Esomus longimanus (Lunel 1881). Danionidae: Esominae. Habitat: freshwater.

goha, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:275, 385 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Kosi, Yamuna and Sou rivers, India. No types known. See Kottelat (2013:149-150) for taxonomic information. Hamilton's original, unpublished illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 159 [ref. 37532]. •Mention under Raiamas bola (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:384 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Raiamas bola (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:22 [ref. 24904], Ataur Rahman 2003:108 [ref. 31338], Kottelat 2013:149 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Raiamas goha (Hamilton 1822) -- (Bleher 2018:742 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Synonym of Raiamas bola (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

gora, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:263, 384 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Brahmaputra River at Gualpara [Goalpara], Assam, India. No types known. Information on type locality see Britz 2019:44 [ref. 37532]. Hamilton's original, unpublished illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 148 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Oxygaster gora (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:79 [ref. 24860]). •Valid as Securicula gora (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:329 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:522 [ref. 23778], Menon 1999:31 [ref. 24904], Rafique 2000:323 [ref. 25220], Mirza 2003:4 [ref. 27265], Ataur Rahman 2003:90 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:88 [ref. 29923], Ahmed et al. 2013:286 [ref. 32872], Bleher 2018:784 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Securicula gora (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Asia: Nepal, India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

gracilis, Opsarius McClelland [J.] 1839:297, 419, Pl. 47 (fig. 1) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers, India. No types known. •Synonym of Raiamas bola (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:22 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:150 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Raiamas bola (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

gracilis, Rasbora Kottelat [M.] 1991:179, Fig. 2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 13597] Sungei Kepayung, 7 kilometers southeast of Anjungan on road to Pontianak, 0°20'N, 109°08'E, Kalimantan Barat, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 5883 (URC 20831 [ex CMK 6664]). Paratypes: : LIPI [ex MZB 15184] (2); MZB uncat. (20); ZRC 4918-4924 (6), CMK 4156 (8), 6664 (76), 6685 (5), 6756 (7), 6782 (5), 6811 (1), 6962 (57), 7022 (4), 7286 (2), 7373 (2); ZSM 26939 (12), 26952 (3), 26968 (9 now 5). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:256 [ref. 31652]. Kottelat 2013:169 [ref. 32989] changed locality to Sungei Kepayung 7.... •Valid as Rasbora gracilis Kottelat 1991 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:46 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Ng & Tan 1999:354 [ref. 24159], Tan & Lim 2004:109 [ref. 27716], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:155 [ref. 28284], Tan 2009:508 [ref. 30389]). •Valid as Trigonopoma gracile (Kottelat 1991) -- (Liao et al. 2009:[10] [ref. 30521], Kottelat & Tan 2012:321 [ref. 31753] Kottelat 2013:169 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2019:527 [ref. 36606], Sholihah et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37317]). Current status: Valid as Trigonopoma gracile (Kottelat 1991). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Malaya (Malaysia), Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

grahami, Nuria danrica var. Chaudhuri [B. L.] 1912:440, Pl. 39 (fig. 3) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 7 (pt. 5) (art. 35); ref. 14837] Kalinadi [Kalinaddi], Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India. Holotype (unique): ZSI F 7701/1. •Synonym of Esomus danricus (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:377 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:47 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:102 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Esominae. Habitat: freshwater.

grandisquamis, Amblypharyngodon Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1917:438, Pl. 44 [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 11 (nos. 3-4) (art. 17); ref. 10668] River at Colombo, Sri Lanka. Holotype: FMNH 58964 [ex CM 8050a]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22868 (8), FMNH 58965 (17). Type catalog: Henn 1928:71 [ref. 12305], Böhlke 1953:30 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:7 [ref. 12367]. •Mention -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:25 [ref. 20075]). •Synonym of Amblypharyngodon melettinus (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:336 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:32 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Amblypharyngodon grandisquamis Jordan & Starks 1917 -- (Sudasinghe et al. 2019:25 [ref. 36481]). Current status: Valid as Amblypharyngodon grandisquamis Jordan & Starks 1917. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Lowland floodplain of Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

guentheri, Barilius Boulenger [G. A.] 1897:920, Pl. 47 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1896 (pt 4) (art. 2); ref. 538] Upper Shiré River, British Central Africa. Syntypes: BMNH 1896.10.25.34-36 (3). •Synonym of Opsaridium microcephalum (Günther 1864) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:328 [ref. 6186]). Current status: Synonym of Opsaridium microcephalum (Günther 1864). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

guineensis, Barilius Daget [J.] 1962:102, Fig. 32; Pl. 10 (fig. 22) [Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire No. 65; ref. 5866] Konkouré, at bridge on road Kindia-Télimélé, Guinea. Syntypes: (50) BMNH 1988.8.2.3 (1); MNHN 1959-0114 (20), 1960-0487 (?). •Valid as Leptocypris guineensis (Daget 1962) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:324 [ref. 6186], Howes & Teugels 1989:901 [ref. 13624], Lévêque et al. 1989:118 [ref. 26480], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:276 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:339 [ref. 26477]). Current status: Valid as Leptocypris guineensis (Daget 1962). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

guttatus, Opsarius Day [F.] 1870:620 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869 (pt 3) (art. 3) (for 9 Dec. 1869); ref. 14093] Irrawaddy River, from Prome to Mandalay, Myanmar. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.8224 (1, syntype) Prome, BMNH 1889.2.1.1157 (1), NMW 54875-76 (1, 1). Syntypes: ZSI A.887, 221 and 227 are lost. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:297 [ref. 25110]. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Valid as Barilius guttatus (Day 1870) -- (Vu & Nguyen 1997:27 [ref. 26438] as Barrilius). •Valid as Raiamas guttatus (Day 1870) -- (Kuang in Chu & Chen 1989:23 [ref. 13584], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:386 [ref. 20764], Zhu 1995:24 [ref. 25213], Rainboth 1996:70 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:49 [ref. 23436], Chen & Chu in Chen et al. 1998:32 [ref. 23878], Menon 1999:24 [ref. 24904], Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 2000:248 [ref. 25167], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662], Kottelat 2001:76 [ref. 25780], Shrestha 2008:101 [ref. 29923], Tan & Kottelat 2009:49 [ref. 30261], Kottelat 2015:43 [ref. 33971], Zhang et al. 2016:51 [ref. 34477], Bleher 2018:743 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Raiamas guttatus (Day 1870). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Asia: Nepal, India, Myanmar, Pakistan, Thailand, Taiwan, Laos and Cambodia. Habitat: freshwater.

guttatus, Perilampus McClelland [J.] 1839:289, 394, Pl. 45 (fig. 4) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Northern Bengal. No types known. Unneeded replacement name for Cyprinus laubuca (Hamilton 1822). •Synonym of Chela laubuca (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:36 [ref. 24904]). •In genus Laubuca -- (Fang et al. 2009:7 [ref. 29983]). •Synonym of Laubuka laubuca (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:119 [ref. 32989], Kullander et al. 2018:119 [ref. 35843]). Current status: Synonym of Laubuka laubuca (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

harengula, Leuciscus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:303, Pl. 500 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 17; ref. 1010] Irrawaddy River, Myanmar. Syntypes: MNHN A-9531 (3), A-9532 (4). •Questionably the same as Amblypharyngodon atkinsonii (Blyth 1860) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:335 [ref. 20764], Kottelat 2013:73 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Amblypharyngodon atkinsonii (Blyth 1860). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

harmandi, Bola Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:231 [21] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3889] Great Lakes, Cambodia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2399. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:70 [ref. 19574]. On p. 21 of separate. •Synonym of Bola guttatus (Day 1870) -- (Kottelat 1984:797 [ref. 11440]). •Synonym of Raiamas guttatus (Day 1870) -- (Menon 1999:24 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2001:76 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:150 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Raiamas guttatus (Day 1870). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

harmandi, Luciosoma Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:231 [21] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3889] Laos. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2398. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:70 [ref. 19574]. On p. 21 of separate. •Synonym of Luciosoma bleekeri Steindachner 1878 -- (Kottelat 1984:803 [ref. 11440], Bănărescu 1991:34 [ref. 20021], Kottelat 2001:59 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:122 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Luciosoma bleekeri Steindachner 1878. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

haru, Rasbora Lumbantobing [D. N.] 2014:10, 2B, 7B [Zootaxa 3764 (no. 1); ref. 33163] Sumatra, Province of Sumatera Utara, Kubupaten Karo, Lau Kawar, 3°11.816'N, 98°23.420'E, Sumatra. Holotype: MZB 17888. Paratypes: MZB, CMK, USNM, ZMA. ZRC. •Valid as Rasbora haru Lumbantobing 2014. Current status: Valid as Rasbora haru Lumbantobing 2014. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Bohorok Rover, flows into Malacca Strait, northeastern Sumatra. Habitat: freshwater.

hema, Laubuka Sudasinghe [H.], Pethiyagoda [R.] & Meegaskumbura [M.] 2020:[17], Figs. 7(1-2), 8 [Systematics and Biodiversity v. 18 (no. 6); ref. 37590] Gal Oya basin, Nilgala, Sri Lanka, 7°13'05"N, 81°21'32"E, elevation 194 meters. Holotype: NMSL 2020.03.01. Paratypes: DZ, NSML. •Valid as Laubuka hema Sudasinghe, Pethiyagoda & Meegaskumbura 2020. Current status: Valid as Laubuka hema Sudasinghe, Pethiyagoda & Meegaskumbura 2020. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Upper Gal basin, eastern Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

hengeli, Rasbora Meinken [H.] 1956:281, Figs. 1-2 [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 9 (no. 11); ref. 12212] Jambi, Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: ZMH H1184 (11 of 13). Type catalog: Wilkens 1977:158 [ref. 22013]. Kottelat (2013:170) changed the locality. •Valid as Rasbora hengeli Meinken 1956 -- (Brittan 1972:192-28 [ref. 12245], Kottelat et al. 1993:46 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832]). •Valid as Trigonostigma hengeli (Meinken 1956) -- (Kottelat & Witte 1999:54 [ref. 23898], Tan & Kottelat 2009:52 [ref. 30261], Kottelat 2013:170 [ref. 32989], Petsut et al. 2014:471 [ref. 33645], Tan 2020:422 [ref. 37544]). Current status: Valid as Trigonostigma hengeli (Meinken 1956). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Batang Hari drainage, central Sumatra, and coastal peat swamps of Kalimantan Barat. Habitat: freshwater.

heteromorpha, Rasbora Duncker [G.] 1904:182, Pl. 1 (fig. 5) [Mitteilungen aus dem Naturhistorischen (Zoologischen) Museum in Hamburg v. 21; ref. 5560] Negri Sembilan, Selangor, Malaysia. Lectotype: ZMH H378. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1905.5.6.2-3 [ex SSMKL] (2); ZMA 103218 (3); ZMH H379 (1), H380 (22), H381 (2); ZRC 2314 (6). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:159 [ref. 19181], Alfred 1963:166 [ref. 20555], Alfred 1970:71 [ref. 23931], Nijssen et al. 1982:33 [ref. 19236], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:403 [ref. 21161] as syntypes. Lectotype selected by Ladiges et al. 1958:159 [ref. 19181]. •Valid as Rasbora heteromorpha Duncker 1904 -- (Brittan 1954:187 [ref. 646], Kottelat et al. 1993:46 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832]). •Valid as Trigonostigma heteromorpha (Duncker 1904) -- (Kottelat & Witte 1999:54 [ref. 23898], Ng & Tan 1999:355 [ref. 24159], Liao et al. 2009:[4] [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:170 [ref. 32989], Petsut et al. 2014:471 [ref. 33645], Ng et al. 2019:527 [ref. 36606] as aff. heteromorpha, Tan 2020:427 [ref. 37544]). Current status: Valid as Trigonostigma heteromorpha (Duncker 1904). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Malay Peninsula, northern Sumatra and Sumatran Islands (Batam, Bintan, Lingga, Bangka and Belitung), Malaysia and Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

hobelmani, Rasbora Kottelat [M.] 1984:718, Fig. 1 a [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 91 (no. 3); ref. 12301] 300 meters north of Ban Na Hwai, 19°38'N, 98°57'E, Chiengmai Province, Thailand. Holotype: MHNG 2160.46. Paratypes: CAS 54534 (2), CMK 4113 (22), KUMF 2871 (2), MHNG 2160.47 (5), NIFI uncat. (2). Type catalog: Weber 1998:6 [ref. 23532]. •Valid as Rasbora hobelmani Kottelat 1984 -- (Rainboth & Kottelat 1987:418 [ref. 9123], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:389 [ref. 20764], Rainboth 1996:78 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Donoso-Büchner & Schmidt 1997:93 [ref. 23479], Kottelat 2000:86 [ref. 25486], Kottelat 2001:78 [ref. 25780], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat & Tan 2011:217 [ref. 31695], Kottelat 2013:152 [ref. 32989], Bleher 2018:753 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora hobelmani Kottelat 1984. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Andaman Islands and Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

horai, Chela Silas [E. G.] 1951:8, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Zoological Society of India v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 12915] Cauvery River, Coorg, Mysore State, India. Holotype: ZSI F635/2. Paratypes: ZSI F636/2 (2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:114 [ref. 20743]. •Valid as Salmostoma horai (Silas 1951) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:323 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:28 [ref. 24904], Bleher 2018:778 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Salmostoma horai (Silas 1951). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

horai, Danio (Brachydanio) Barman [R. P.] 1983:177, Fig. 1 [Current Science v. 52 (no. 4); ref. 8375] Namdapha River, Tirap District, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Holotype: ZSI FF1827. Paratypes: ZSI FF1828 (9). As D. (Brachydarnio) horai in caption to Fig. 1. See Das 2003:355 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Danio horai Barman 1983 -- (Barman 1991:47 [ref. 22192], Menon 1999:42 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Brachydanio acuticephala (Hora 1921) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:356 [ref. 20764]). •Valid as Devario horai (Barman 1983) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Bleher 2018:429 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Devario horai (Barman 1983). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Namdapha River drainage, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Habitat: freshwater.

hosii, Rasbora Boulenger [G. A.] 1895:247 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 15 (no. 87) (art. 31); ref. 14550] Baram River, Sarawak State, Borneo, East Malaysia. Lectotype: BMNH 1894.8.3.65. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1894.8.3.66 (1). Lectotype selected by Tan & Kottelat 2009:51 [ref. 30261]. •Synonym of Rasbora sumatrana (Bleeker 1852) -- (Brittan 1954:54 [ref. 646]). •Possibly valid as Rasbora hosii Boulenger 1895 -- (Kottelat & Lim 1995:234 [ref. 23210]). •Valid as Rasbora hosii Boulenger 1895 -- (Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:155 [ref. 28284], Tan & Kottelat 2009:51 [ref. 30261], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521] as hossi, Kottelat & Tan 2011:217 [ref. 31695], Kottelat 2013:152 [ref. 32989], Lumbantobing 2014:22 [ref. 33163], Sulaiman et al. 2018:29 [ref. 35802], Wilkinson & Tan 2018:606 [ref. 36226]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora hosii Boulenger 1895. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Sarawak, Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

howesi, Barilius Barman [R. P.] 1986:171, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 83 (pt 1); ref. 9169] Stream near Sulkapara, Jalpaiguri District, West Bengal, India. Holotype: ZSI FF2235. Paratypes: ZSI FF2236 (2). See Das 2003:354 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Barilius bendelisis (Hamilton 1807) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:346 [ref. 20764], Husain et al. 1993:103 [ref. 24019], Sen 1999:195 [ref. 24750], Menon 1999:16 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Barilius howesi Barman 1986 -- (Barman et al. 2011:31 [ref. 34019]). •Valid as Opsarius howesi (Barman 1986) -- (Qin et al. 2019:590 [ref. 36784]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius howesi (Barman 1986). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: West Bengal, India. Habitat: freshwater.

howesi, Engraulicypris Riddin [M. A.], Bills [I. R.] & Villet [M. H.] 2016:143, Figs. 6-8 [ZooKeys No. 641; ref. 34973] Olushandja Dam at channel outlet, Kunene River system, Namibia, 17°25'53"S, 14°38'36"E. Holotype: SAIAB 201623. Paratypes: SAIAB. •Valid as Engraulicypris howesi Riddin, Bills & Villet 2016 -- (Skelton 2019:233 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Engraulicypris howesi Riddin, Bills & Villet 2016. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Kunene [Cunene] River system, Namibia and Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

htamanthinus, Danio Kullander [S. O.] & Norén [M.] 2016:536, Fig. 1 [Zootaxa 4178 (no. 4); ref. 34857] Stream outside Htamanthi village, 1 km west of Chindwin River, Sagaing Division, Myanmar, 25°20′4′′N, 95°16′39′′E. Holotype: NRM 69502. Paratypes: NRM. •Valid as Danio htamanthinus Kullander & Norén 2016. Current status: Valid as Danio htamanthinus Kullander & Norén 2016. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Chindwin River, Sagaing Division, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

huahinensis, Barilius Fowler [H. W.] 1934:347, Figs. 9-10 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1418] Ban Thung Luang, southwestern Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 60202. Paratypes: ANSP 60203-29 (27), 60230 (1, c&s), 60231 (missing); USNM 103104 [ex ANSP 60232-33] (2). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:3 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:79 [ref. 13621]. •Mention -- (Kottelat 1984:797 [ref. 11440]). •Valid as Barilius huahinensis Fowler 1934 -- (Doi 1997:3 [ref. 22832]). •Questionably a synonym of Opsarius koratensis (Smith 1931) -- (Kottelat 2001:65 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:131 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Opsarius koratensis (Smith 1931). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

hubbsi, Rasbora Brittan [M. R.] 1954:105, Fig. 21 [Monographs of the Institute of Science and Technology, Manila Monograph 3; ref. 646] Lahad Datu River, North Borneo. Holotype: CAS-SU 17477. Paratypes: CAS-SU 17478 (10), 48304 (17, not 10). Additional material: CAS-SU 15367 (10). •Valid as Rasbora hubbsi Brittan 1954 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:46 [ref. 23448], Siebert & Guiry 1996:401 [ref. 22751], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:583 [ref. 23647], Liao et al. 2009:[4] [ref. 30521], Lumbantobing 2010:645 [ref. 31097], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2012:81 [ref. 31848], Kottelat 2013:152 [ref. 32989], Lumbantobing 2014:22 [ref. 33163], Sulaiman et al. 2018:30 [ref. 35802], Wilkinson & Tan 2018:599 [ref. 36226]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora hubbsi Brittan 1954. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Northern Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

indicus, Rhodeus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:324 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Palghat River, southern India. No types known. •Synonym of Amblypharyngodon melettinus (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Menon 1999:32 [ref. 24904], Sudasinghe et al. 2019:44 [ref. 36481]). Current status: Synonym of Amblypharyngodon melettinus (Valenciennes 1844). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

infrafasciatus, Barilius Fowler [H. W.] 1934:141, Figs. 114-115 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1417] Metang [Maetang] River, 35 miles north of Chieng Mai [Chiengmai] Province, northern Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 58940. Paratypes: ANSP 58941-48 (8), 58949 (1 c&s). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:3 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:79 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Barilius pulchellus Smith 1931 -- (Kottelat 1984:796 [ref. 11440]). •Valid as Barilius infrafasciatus Fowler 1934 -- (Husain et al. 1993:103 [ref. 24019], Tejavej 2012:158 [ref. 32353]). •Valid as Opsarius infrafasciatus (Fowler 1934) -- (Kottelat 2013:131 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius infrafasciatus (Fowler 1934). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

insularis, Laubuca Pethiyagoda [R.], Kottelat [M.], Silva [A.], Maduwage [K.] & Meegaskumbura [M.] 2008:14, Figs. 7-8 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 19 (no. 1); ref. 29714] Kalu Ganga at Pallegama, 7°32'N, 80°49'E, Sri Lanka, elevation 185 meters. Holotype: WHT 7521. Paratypes: CMKK 7077 (11), 7166 (12), 10760 (12); WHT 1531 (8), 1860 (17), 7522 (5), 7523 (4) •Valid as Laubuca insularis Pethiyagoda, Kottelat, Silva, Maduwage & Meegaskumbura 2008 -- (Kulabtong et al. 2012:93 [ref. 32008], Lalramliana et al. 2017:269 [ref. 35204], Kullander et al. 2018:109 [ref. 35843]). •Synonym of Laubuca lankensis (Deraniyagala 1960) -- (Sudasinghe et al. 2020:[11] [ref. 37590]). Current status: Synonym of Laubuka lankensis (Deraniyagala 1960). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

intermedius, Barilius Boulenger [G. A.] 1915:167 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 4 (fasc. 2); ref. 15086] Luapula River at Kasenga, Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): MRAC 11829. Not secondarily preoccupied by Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1836, but replaced by Barbus luapulae Fowler 1958. •Incorrectly valid as Raiamas intermedius (Boulenger 1915) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:333 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus luapulae Fowler 1958 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:262 [ref. 6186] with genus as Barbus). •Valid as Raiamas intermedius (Boulenger 1915) -- (Van Steenberge et al. 2014:333 [ref. 33291], Manda et al. 2018:359 [ref. 36210]). Current status: Valid as Raiamas intermedius (Boulenger 1915). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Lower Luapula, Lake Mweru and Lake Bangweulu, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

interrupta, Barilius Day [F.] 1870:559 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869 (pt 3) (art. 3) (for 25 Nov. 1869); ref. 1077] Hotha, Yunnan Province, China. Lectotype: AMS B.7745. Paralectotypes: (numerous) NMW 54877 (1), ZSI A.880 (59, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:298 [ref. 25110]. Lectotype selected by Fang 2000:18 [ref. 24479]. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Valid as Danio interruptus (Day 1870) -- (Chu 1981:149 [ref. 5248] as interrupta, Kuang in Chu & Chen 1989:15 [ref. 13584] as interrupta, Zhu 1995:24 [ref. 25213] as interrupta, Fang 1997:42 [ref. 22873], Chen & Chu in Chen et al. 1998:23 [ref. 23878] as interrupta, Fang 2000:14 [ref. 24479], Fang 2000:220 [ref. 25107], Nguyen et al. 2010:66 [ref. 32043]). •Valid as Devario interruptus (Day 1870) -- (Fang 2001:16 [ref. 25285], Fang 2003:717 [ref. 27255], Fang & Kullander 2009:39 [ref. 30284], Kottelat 2013:98 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:49 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Devario interruptus (Day 1870). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

isocheilus, Opsarius McClelland [J.] 1839:298, 421, Pl. 56 (fig. 1) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Upper Assam, western Bengal, and Ganges River. No types known. •Synonym of Barilius vagra (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:21 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Synonym of Barilius vagra (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

jabalpurensis, Esomus danricus Rao [V. V.] & Sharma [H. S.] 1972:434, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 69 (pt 2); ref. 22850] Pariat River, near Jabalpur, Jabalpur District, Madhya Pradesh, India. Holotype: CRS-ZSI V.2060. Paratypes: CRS-ZSI V.2061 (1), V.2062 (1), V.2063 (1). See Das 2003:357 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Esomus danricus (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:377 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:48 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:102 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Esominae. Habitat: freshwater.

jacobsoni, Rasbora Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1916:75 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 3; ref. 4604] Kaju tanam; Arau; Lake Singkara; brook near Manindjau; Fort de Kock; Pond Ajertegenang (elevation 1150 meters); Siboga, Sumatra. Syntypes: (many) ZMA 100646 (10), 109265-70 (4, 12, 2, 6, 15, 13), 109276 (5). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:33-34 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Rasbora jacobsoni Weber & de Beaufort 1916 -- (Brittan 1954:160 [ref. 646], Kottelat et al. 1993:46 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Tan 2009:508 [ref. 30389], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:153 [ref. 32989], Lumbantobing 2014:22 [ref. 33163], Sholihah et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37317]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora jacobsoni Weber & de Beaufort 1916. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Sumatra (Indonesia) endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

jaintianensis, Brachydanio Sen [N.] 2007:28, Pl. 1 (fig. A upper, fig. A lower), Pl. 2 (fig. A) [Records of the Zoological Survey of India v. 107 (part 4); ref. 29657] Rangriang Jowai, Jaintia Hills district, Meghalaya, 25°26'11.9"N, 92°11'08.7"E, India, elevation 1234 meters. Holotype: V/A/ERS/1933. Paratypes: V/A/ERS/1934 (15), /1935 (5). •Valid as Danio jaintianensis (Sen 2007) -- (Kullander & Fang 2009:47 [ref. 30285], Kullander et al. 2009:193 [ref. 30704], Kullander 2015:378 [ref. 33743], Kullander & Britz 2015:246 [ref. 33764], Bleher 2018:394 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Danio jaintianensis (Sen 2007). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Meghalaya, northeastern India. Habitat: freshwater.

jalkapoorei, Barilius Shrestha [J.] 1980:34, Fig. 13 [Fishes of Nepal; ref. 22513] Kosi, Indrawati and Bagmati rivers, India/Nepal. Holotype: ZICT. Paratypes: (9) ZICT (1). Appeared first without distinguishing features in Shrestha 1978:34 [ref. 15970]. •Synonym of Raiamas guttatus (Day 1869) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:386 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Raiamas bola (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:23 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:150 [ref. 32989] dated to 1981). Current status: Synonym of Raiamas bola (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

jaya, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:333, 392 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Mainai, Ganges River, northern Bihar, India. No types known. Information on type locality see Britz 2019:46 [ref. 37532]. Hamilton's original, unpublished illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 202 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Aspidoparia jaya (Hamilton 1822) -- (Shrestha 1978:34 [ref. 15970], Coad 1981:9 [ref. 22348], Ataur Rahman 1989:86 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:339 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:10 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662], Selim & Vishwanath 2001:255 [ref. 25882], Yadav 2003:7 [ref. 27711], Ataur Rahman 2003:102 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:90 [ref. 29923], Conway et al. 2011:1755 [ref. 31594]). •Valid as Cabdio jaya (Hamilton 1822) -- (Bleher 2018:370 [ref. 36647], Lalramliana et al. 2019:167 [ref. 36904]). Current status: Valid as Cabdio jaya (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Ganga-Brahmaputra basin, India, Nepal and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

jayarami, Barilius Barman [R. P.] 1985:170, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 82 (no. 1); ref. 8184] Namdapha Wildlife Sanctuary, Tirap District, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Holotype: ZSI FF2150. Paratypes: ZSI FF2151 (2). See Das 2003:354 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Barilius barna (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:345 [ref. 20764], Husain et al. 1993:91 [ref. 24019]). •Synonym of Opsarius barna (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:131 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Opsarius barna (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

jayarami, Danio (Brachydanio) Barman [R. P.] 1985:31, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of the Zoological Survey of India v. 5 (nos 2-3) (1984); ref. 8250] Streams near Mongyai, northern Shan States, Myanmar. Holotype: ZSI FF1805. Paratypes: ZSI FF1806-18 (13). See Das 2003:355 [ref. 27706]. Kottelat (2013) says published in 1985. •Valid as Brachydanio jayarami (Barman 1985) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:361 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:4 [ref. 22832]). •Valid as Devario jayarami (Barman 1985) -- (Fang & Kullander 2009:33 [ref. 30284], Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120]). •Valid as Inlecypris jayarami (Barman 1985) -- (Fang 2001:18 [ref. 25285], Kottelat 2013:113 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Inlecypris jayarami (Barman 1985). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Thanlwin basin, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

jerdonii, Brachygramma Day [F.] 1865:304 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1865 (pt 1); ref. 5295] Cochin, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7871 (1, non-type); BMNH 1865.7.17.3-4 (2), 1865.5.2.56 (1), 1889.2.1.4365 (1, dry); RMNH 8702 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:298 [ref. 25110]. Also appeared in Day 1865:217, Pl. 17, fig. 1 [ref. 1074]. •Synonym of Amblypharyngodon melettinus (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Menon 1999:32 [ref. 24904], Sudasinghe et al. 2019:44 [ref. 36481] as jerdoni). Current status: Synonym of Amblypharyngodon melettinus (Valenciennes 1844). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

jogia, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:326, 391 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Nathpur, Kosi River, India. Simultaneous synonym of Cyprinus danrica Hamilton 1822; Bleeker (1864:325) gives precedence to danrica. Information on type locality see Britz 2019:46 [ref. 37532]. Unpublished figure appeared in McClelland 1839:Pl. 46 (fig. 2); also reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 195 [ref. 37532]. •Synonym of Esomus danricus (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:46 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:102 [ref. 32989]). •Possibly valid as Esomus jogia (Hamilton 1822) -- (Bleher 2018:463 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Synonym of Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Esominae. Habitat: freshwater.

johannae, Rasbora Siebert [D. J.] & Guiry [S.] 1996:397, Fig. 1 [Cybium v. 20 (no. 4); ref. 22751] Tributary of Sungai Busang upstream from Project Barito Ulu basecamp, Barito River drainage, Kalimantan Tengah, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 6094. Paratypes: BMNH 1995.5.3.20-66 (47). •Valid as Rasbora johannae Siebert & Guiry 1996 -- (Liao et al. 2009:[12] [ref. 30521], Lumbantobing 2010:645 [ref. 31097], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:153 [ref. 32989], Lumbantobing 2014:22 [ref. 33163], Sholihah et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37317]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora johannae Siebert & Guiry 1996. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Kalimantan (Indonesia). Habitat: freshwater.

jorah, Chela Sykes [W. H.] 1839:160 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1838 (pt 6) (for 27 Nov. 1838); ref. 18720] Beema River near Pairgaon, Deccan, India. Appeared first as above, then in Sykes 1839:57 [ref. 4306]; more complete treatment in Sykes 1841:361 [ref. 18868]. Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

kachki, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] in McClelland 1839:290 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Not available, name in synonymy. Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Chela cachius (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Danioninae.

kakhienensis, Danio Anderson [J.] 1879:868, Pl. 79 (fig. 2) [Anatomical and zoological researches; ref. 14265] Nampoung [Nampung = Hong Bong He] River, Irrawaddy River drainage, Kakhyen Hills, western Yunnan border, China. Lectotype: BMNH 1875.8.4.3. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1875.8.4.4-6 (3). Lectotype selected by Fang 1997:291. •Valid as Danio kakhienensis Anderson 1879 -- (Yang & Hwang 1964:56 [ref. 13497], Chu 1981:148 [ref. 5248], Kuang in Chu & Chen 1989:14 [ref. 13584], Barman 1991:49 [ref. 22192], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:369 [ref. 20764], Zhu 1995:23 [ref. 25213], Fang 1997:289 [ref. 22769], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Chen & Chu in Chen et al. 1998:22 [ref. 23878], Fang 2000:221 [ref. 25107]). •Valid as Devario kakhienensis (Anderson 1879) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Fang 2003:717 [ref. 27255], Fang et al. 2009:17 [ref. 29983], Fang & Kullander 2009:33 [ref. 30284], Zhang et al. 2016:49 [ref. 34477], Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120]). Current status: Valid as Devario kakhienensis (Anderson 1879). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Border between Myanmar and China. Habitat: freshwater.

kalbarensis, Rasbora Kottelat [M.] 1991:181, Fig. 3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 13597] Inundation swamp near Palai, 15 kilometers from Sosok on road to Tayan, about 0°10'N, 110°08'E, Kalimantan Barat, Borneo. Holotype: CMK [MZB 5881]. Paratypes: MZB uncat. (10); CMK 6717 (24), 6770 (38), 6959 (6), 7023 (1), 7432 (5, c&s). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:256 [ref. 31652]. No types were deposited at ZSM. •Valid as Rasbora kalbarensis Kottelat 1991 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:46 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:155 [ref. 28284], Kottelat 2008:305 [ref. 29390], Hadiaty & Kottelat 2009:109 [ref. 30422], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521] and possible not a Rasbora, Kottelat 2013:153 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora kalbarensis Kottelat 1991. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

kalochroma, Leuciscus Bleeker [P.] 1851:272 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 325] Bandjarmasin, Borneo, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 4983. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1866.5.2.156 (1), ?NMVC 46545 (1), RMNH 9045 (5). Lectotype selected by Alfred 1963:130 [ref. 20554]. •Valid as Rasbora kalochroma (Bleeker 1851) -- (Brittan 1954:191 [ref. 646], Roberts 1989:74 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:47 [ref. 23448], Lim 1995:65 [ref. 21729], Kottelat & Lim 1995:234 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Ng & Tan 1999:354 [ref. 24159], Doi et al. 2001:16 [ref. 25691], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:153 [ref. 32989], Britz & Tan 2018:343 [ref. 36209], Ng et al. 2019:527 [ref. 36606], Sholihah et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37317]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora kalochroma (Bleeker 1851). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

kanaensis, Opsarius Arunkumar [L.] & Moyon [W. A.] 2017:161, Figs. 1-3 [Species v. 18 (no. 61); ref. 35774] Kana River at Sajik-Tampak, Chakpikarong of Chandel, Yu River basin about 43 km towards South from district headquarter, Chandel from Chandel Bazar, Chandel District, Manipur, India, 24.0054°N, 93.9160°E. Holotype: MUMF NH 75. Paratypes: MUMF. •Valid as Opsarius kanaensis Arunkumar & Moyon 2017 -- (Moyon & Arunkumar 2019:5 [ref. 37054]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius kanaensis Arunkumar & Moyon 2017. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Yu River basin, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

kardahiensis, Salmostoma Reddiah [K.] 1980:14, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of the Zoological Survey of India v. 3 (nos 1-2); ref. 8670] Kardahi River, 2 kilometers from Budagarh, Madhya Pradesh, India, 79° 56'E, 23°10'N, elevation 300 meters. Holotype: ZSI 1279-83 (1 of 5) 112 mm. Paratypes: ZSI 1279-83 (4 of 5) See Das 2003:360 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Salmostoma kardahiensis Reddiah 1980 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:324 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Salmostoma clupeoides (Bloch 1795) -- (Menon 1999:27 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Salmostoma balookee (Sykes 1839). Current status: Synonym of Salmostoma balookee (Sykes 1839). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater.

katangae, Chelaethiops Poll [M.] 1948:11, Fig. 3 [Bulletin du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique v. 24 (no. 21); ref. 13069] Kafila River, tributary of Lufira River, Kienge, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: IRSNB 78. Paratypes: IRSNB 79-80 (1, 13); MRAC 78108-09 (2). Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:12 [ref. 20755], Derijst 1991:33 [ref. 21528]. •Synonym of Chelaethiops congicus (Nichols & Griscom 1917) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:299 [ref. 6186]). Current status: Synonym of Chelaethiops congicus (Nichols & Griscom 1917). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

kerri, Danio Smith [H. M.] 1931:6 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 79 (no. 2873); ref. 4047] Pool in hill stream, Koh Yao Yai, Puket, Thailand. Holotype: KUMF 0160 [ex USNM 90289]. Paratypes or additional material: ?KUMF 0161 (2). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:4 [ref. 23217], Monkolprasit 1969:5 [ref. 25088]. •Valid as Brachydanio kerri (Smith 1931) -- (Doi 1997:4 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2013:83 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Danio kerri Smith 1931 -- (Fang 2000:25 [ref. 24479], Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Sanger & McCune 2002:531 [ref. 26219], Fang et al. 2009:16 [ref. 29983], Kullander & Fang 2009:47 [ref. 30285], Kullander & Britz 2015:246 [ref. 33764]). Current status: Valid as Danio kerri Smith 1931. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

kheeli, Raiamas Stiassny [M. L. J.], Schelly [R. C.] & Schliewen [U. K.] 2006:372, Figs. 3C, 5, 6A [Copeia 2006 (no. 3); ref. 28790] Small channel adjacent to main channel rapid, just below Inga intake canal, 5°27.76'S, 13°35.56'E, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: AMNH 236352. Paratypes: AMNH 236353 (3), 236354 (2, 1 c&s); MNHN 2006-0782 (1); MRAC 2006-12-P-01 (1); ZSM 34134 [ex AMNH 236353] (1), 34135 [ex AMNH 236354] (1). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:256 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Raiamas kheeli Stiassny, Schelly & Schliewen 2006 -- (Manda et al. 2018:359 [ref. 36210], Skelton 2019:229 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Raiamas kheeli Stiassny, Schelly & Schliewen 2006. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Lower Congo River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

khujairokensis, Chela Arunkumar [L.] 2000:122, Fig. 1 [Aquacult v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 30363] Khujairok stream, a tributary of the Yu River, at Moreh, near the adjoining borderland areas of Manipur, India and Myanmar. 100 kilometers from Imphal, Manipur, India. Holotype: MUMF 2010/1A. Paratypes: MUMF 2010/13A (1), MZMLC4/A (1). •Synonym of Laubuka laubuka (Hamilton 1922) with question -- (Kottelat 2013:119 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Laubuka khujairokensis (Arunkumar 2000) -- (Lalramliana et al. 2017:274 [ref. 35204]). Current status: Valid as Laubuka khujairokensis (Arunkumar 2000). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Khujairok stream, a tributary of the Yu River, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

kingsleyae, Barilius Boulenger [G. A.] 1899:103 (in key) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 5); ref. 589] Ogowe. Holotype: BMNH 1896.5.5.113. •Synonym of Raiamas buchholzi (Peters 1876) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:332 [ref. 6186]). Current status: Synonym of Raiamas buchholzi (Peters 1876). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

kinondo, Neobola Bart [H. L., Jr.], Schmidt [R. C.], Nyingi [W. D.] & Gathua [J.] 2019:534, Figs. 2, 4, 5, 7 [Zootaxa 4652 (no. 3); ref. 36898] Rojewero River at Kenmare Campsite, Meru National Park, Tana River basin, Kenya. Holotype: NMK FW/4810. Paratypes: NMK, TU. •Valid as Neobola kinondo Bart, Schmidt, Nyingi & Gathua 2019. Current status: Valid as Neobola kinondo Bart, Schmidt, Nyingi & Gathua 2019. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Tana River basin, Kenya. Habitat: freshwater.

kluetensis, Rasbora Lumbantobing [D. N.] 2010:661, Fig. 10B [Copeia 2010 (no. 4); ref. 31097] Irrigation canal of Kluet River, 3°09'14"N, 97°24'43"E, Province of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, Sumatra, Indonesia, elevation about 35 meters. Holotype: MZB 16470. Paratypes: MZB 16469 (1), 16674 (73), 16675 [ex USNM 390218] (4); UF 174134 (10); USNM 390218 (4), 391747 (59). Plus nontype specimens. •Valid as Rasbora kluetensis Lumbantobing 2010 -- (Kottelat 2013:153 [ref. 32989], Lumbantobing 2014:22 [ref. 33163]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora kluetensis Lumbantobing 2010. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Kluet River basin, Sumatra, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

kobonensis, Rasbora rasbora var. Chaudhuri [B. L.] 1913:251, Pl. 8 (figs. 2, 2a-b) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 8 (pt 3); ref. 819] Brahmaputra River, Kobo, Abor Hills, Assam, India, elevation 400 feet. Holotype: ZSI F7796/1. Paratypes: ZSI (3). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:116 [ref. 20743]. •Synonym of Rasbora rasbora (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:390 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Rasbora daniconius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2001:76 [ref. 25780]). •Valid as Rasbora kobonensis Chaudhuri 1913 -- (Brittan 1954:147 [ref. 646], Menon 1999:53 [ref. 24904], Liao et al. 2009:[4] [ref. 30521], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora kobonensis Chaudhuri 1913. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater.

konkoureensis, Leptocypris Howes [G. J.] & Teugels [G. G.] 1989:884, Figs. 6, 13d, 14c [Journal of Natural History v. 23 (no. 4); ref. 13624] Konkouré River at Badi, Guinea. Holotype: MNHN 1988.4. Paratypes: BMNH 1899.2.1.18-19 (2), 1988.2.1.20-21 (2, c&s); MNHN 1988.5 (4). Additional material: BMNH 1988.4.1.2-3 (2); MNHN 1988-0707 (2). •Valid as Leptocypris konkoureensis Howes & Teugels 1989 -- (Lévêque et al. 1989:118 [ref. 26480] as konkourensis dated 1988, Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:274 [ref. 21589]). Current status: Valid as Leptocypris konkoureensis Howes & Teugels 1989. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

koratensis, Barilius Smith [H. M.] 1931:16, Fig. 7 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 79 (no. 2873); ref. 4047] Mun River at Tachang [Ta-Chang], Nakorn-Rajsima, Korat District, eastern Thailand. Holotype (unique): USNM 90298. Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:3 [ref. 25088], Vilasri et al. 2018:43 [ref. 36451]. •Mention -- (Kottelat 1984:797 [ref. 11440]). •Valid as Barilius koratensis Smith 1931 -- (Doi 1997:4 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:25 [ref. 23436], Fang & Kottelat 1999:293 [ref. 24228], Freyhof et al. 2000:94 [ref. 25184]). •Valid as Opsarius koratensis (Smith 1931) -- (Rainboth 1996: [ref. 22772], Kottelat 2001:65 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:131 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:42 [ref. 33971], Vilasri et al. 2018:43 [ref. 36451]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius koratensis (Smith 1931). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Mekong and Chao Phraya basins and Xe Bangfai. Habitat: freshwater.

korthausae, Pectenocypris Kottelat [M.] 1982:421, Fig. 1 e [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 89 (no. 2); ref. 2667] About 50-100 kilometers north of Sampit, Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: MHNG 2073.72. Paratypes: BMNH 1981.5.26.11-14 (4); CAS 50488 [ex MHNG 2073.78] (1); Kottelat coll. CMK 1455-57, MHNG 2073.73-78 (6), 2073.81 (1, c&s), 2073.82 (1); MNHN 1981-0856 (1); USNM 227297 (1). Type catalog: Weber 1998:6 [ref. 23532]. For comments on type locality see Schaller & Kottelat 1989:35 [ref. 13604]. •Valid as Pectenocypris korthausae Kottelat 1982 -- (Roberts 1989:58 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:42 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:10 [ref. 22832], Tan & Kottelat 2009:47 [ref. 30261], Kottelat 2013:140 [ref. 32989], Wibowo et al. 2016:138 [ref. 34796], Ahnelt et al. 2019:7 [ref. 37025], Sholihah et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37317]). Current status: Valid as Pectenocypris korthausae Kottelat 1982. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Sumatra and Borneo (Indonesia). Habitat: freshwater.

kottelati, Rasbora Lim [K. K. P.] 1995:66, Figs. 2-4 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 43 (no. 1); ref. 21729] Ditch 34 kilometers from Jukah, Mukah-Sibu Road, Sarawak state, Borneo, East Malaysia. Holotype: ZRC 37918a. Paratypes: CMK 10935 (10), 10845 (7), 10866 (3), 10958 (9), 10970 (5); Sarawak Mus. (10, 5, 6, 8, 3); ZRC 31791 (2), 37841 (4), 37848 (1), 37856 (3), 37918b (9), 37934 (7), 37949 (10), 37961 (7), 37969 (3), uncat. (2). •Valid as Rasbora kottelati Lim 1995 -- (Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Parenti & Lim 2005:184 [ref. 28285], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:153 [ref. 32989], Lumbantobing 2014:23 [ref. 33163], Sulaiman et al. 2018:30 [ref. 35802], Britz & Tan 2018:343 [ref. 36209]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora kottelati Lim 1995. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

kubotai, Microrasbora Kottelat [M.] & Witte [K.-E.] 1999:51, Figs. 4-5 [Journal of South Asian Natural History v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 23898] Khlong Phrae Sai at Ban Kreo Noi, kilometer 8 on road banching east, 32 kilometers north of Ranong on road from Ranong to Kra Buri (10°09'51"N, 98°41'11'E), Ranong Province, Thailand. Holotype: ZRC 43427. Paratypes: CMK 5339 (4), 5901 (1, c&s), 10730 (8), 12144 (15); NIFI uncat. (10); NRM 43013 (8); ZRC 43428 (14). •Valid as Microrasbora kubotai Kottelat & Witte 1999 -- (Roberts 2007:136 [ref. 29033], Jiang et al. 2008:300 [ref. 29546]). •Valid as Microdevario kubotai (Kullander & Witte 1999) -- (Fang et al. 2009:11 [ref. 29983]). Current status: Valid as Microdevario kubotai (Kottelat & Witte 1999). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

kyathit, Danio Fang [F.] 1998:275, Fig. 2-3, 5a [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 8 (no. 3); ref. 23299] About 16.5 kilometers northwest of Myitkyina, 25°32'08"N, 97°23'02"E, tributary of Ayeyarwaddy River, Hpa Lap Chaung stream, Myanmar. Holotype: NRM 37291. Paratypes: ANSP 93957 (1); NRM 37244 (1), 37252 (1), 37292 (1); ZSI 10957/1 (1). •Valid as Brachydanio kyathit (Fang 1998) -- (Kottelat 2013:83 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Danio kyathit Fang 1998 -- (Fang 2000:25 [ref. 24479], Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Fang et al. 2009:16 [ref. 29983], Kullander & Fang 2009:41 [ref. 30285], Kullander et al. 2009:193 [ref. 30704], Kullander & Fang 2009:223 [ref. 30706], Kullander 2012:245 [ref. 32309], Kullander & Britz 2015:246 [ref. 33764], Kullander et al. 2015:64 [ref. 33907]). Current status: Valid as Danio kyathit Fang 1998. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Northern Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

kysonensis, Danio Nguyen [V. H.], Nguyen [T. H.] & Mua [B. C.] 2010:62 [English 68], 1 Fig. [Tap Chí Sinh Hoc (Journal of Biology) v. 32 (no. 4); ref. 32043] Spring Nam Khien, Nam Can commune, Ky Son District, Nghe, An Province at the basin of Lam River, Vietnam. Holotype: NA.09.01.001. Paratypes: NA.09.01.002-008 (7). •Valid as Devario kysonensis (Nguyen, Nguyen & Mua 2010) -- (Kottelat 2013:99 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2020:556 [ref. 37606], Kottelat 2020:283 [ref. 37829]). Current status: Valid as Devario kysonensis (Nguyen, Nguyen & Mua 2010). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: An Province at the basin of Lam River (Vietnam); upper Nam Chouan (Laos). Habitat: freshwater.

labiosa, Rasbora Mukerji [D. D.] in Hora & Mukerji 1935:376, Figs. 1, 2a [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 37 (pt 3); ref. 13888] Deolali, Nasik District, Maharashtra State, India. Holotype: ZSI F11970/1. Paratypes: (22). See Das 2003:360 [ref. 27706] with authorship as Hora & Mukerji. •Synonym of Rasbora daniconius (Hamilton 1822), but a valid subspecies -- (Brittan 1954:142 [ref. 646]). •Valid as Parluciosoma labiosa (Mukerji 1935) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:383 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:52 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Rasbora labiosa Mukerji 1935 -- (Yadav 2000:40 [ref. 25661], Vishwanath & Laisram 2005:429 [ref. 28249], Liao et al. 2009:[4] [ref. 30521], Silva et al. 2010:47 [ref. 30779], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Plamoottil 2016:24 [ref. 34948], Bleher 2018:750 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora labiosa Mukerji 1935. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Western Ghats, Peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

labuana, Rasbora Whitley [G. P.] 1958:28, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales v. for 1956-57; ref. 4728] Labuan, off Borneo, Malaysia. Holotype: AMS IB.1429. Paratypes: AMS I.32106-001 (1) •Synonym of Rasbora einthovenii (Bleeker 1851) -- (Kottelat 1991:183 [ref. 13597], see Kottelat & Tan 2012:321 [ref. 31753], Kottelat 2013:152 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora einthovenii (Bleeker 1851). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

lacrimula, Rasbora Hadiaty [R. K.] & Kottelat [M.] 2009:106, Figs. 1-4 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 20 (no. 2); ref. 30422] Ulu Belayan, 0°16'57.4"N, 116°18'07.8'E, Mahakam River drainage, Kalimantan Timur, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 16669. Paratypes: CMK 20807 (4); MZB 16538 (5), 16544 (15); ZRC 51719 (2). •Valid as Rasbora lacrimula Hadiaty & Kottelat 2009 -- (Kottelat 2013:153 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora lacrimula Hadiaty & Kottelat 2009. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Mahakam River drainage, Kalimantan Timur, Borneo, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

lairokensis, Barilius Arunkumar [L.] & Tombi Singh [H.] 2000:250, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 97 (pt 2); ref. 25167] Lairok Maru, Moreh, Chandel district, Manipur, India. Holotype: MUMF 3700/1A. Paratypes: MUMF 3700/14A (1). •Valid as Barilius lairokensis Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 2000 -- (Nath et al. 2010:31 [ref. 33488], Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2012:2363 [ref. 31817]). •Species inquirenda in Opsarius -- (Kottelat 2013:131 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Opsarius lairokensis (Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 2000) -- (Arunkumar & Moyon 2017:167 [ref. 35774], Moyon & Arunkumar 2019:5 [ref. 37054]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius lairokensis (Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 2000). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

lankensis, Chela laubuca Deraniyagala [P. E. P.] 1960:17 [Spolia Zeylanica v. 29 (pt 1); ref. 11907] Mahavili River, near Manamptiya, Eastern Province, Sri Lanka. Holotype: NMSL FF743. Paratypes: NMSL FF726B (4). Type information: Pethiyagoda 1991:335 [ref. 20075]. •Synonym of Chela laubuca (Hamilton 1822) -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:59 [ref. 20075]). •Valid as Laubuka lankensis (Deraniyagala 1960) -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2008:12 [ref. 29714], Kulabtong et al. 2012:93 [ref. 32008], Lalramliana et al. 2017:269 [ref. 35204], Sudasinghe et al. 2020:[16] [ref. 37590]). Current status: Valid as Laubuka lankensis (Deraniyagala 1960). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Rivers in the dry zone of Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

laoensis, Parabarilius Pellegrin [J.] & Fang [P.-W.] 1940:118, Fig. 4 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 65; ref. 3418] Ban Nam Khueng, Laos. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1939-0217. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:70 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Parabarilius laoensis Pellegrin & Fang 1940 -- (Doi 1997:9 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:28 [ref. 23436]). •Valid as Danio laoensis (Pellegrin & Fang 1940) -- (Rainboth 1996:73 [ref. 22772], Fang & Kottelat 1999:289 [ref. 24228], Fang 2000:224 [ref. 25107], Kottelat 2001:49 [ref. 25780]). •Valid as Devario laoensis (Pellegrin & Fang 1940) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Kottelat 2013:99 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:49 [ref. 34477], Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120], Kottelat 2020:283 [ref. 37829]). Current status: Valid as Devario laoensis (Pellegrin & Fang 1940). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: South Asia: Mekong basin, Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

latens, Laubuka Knight [J. D. M.] 2015:524, Fig. 1B, 4 [Zootaxa 4000 (no. 5); ref. 33931] Channel, 200 meters downstream of branching from the main river, Cauvery River at Gandehosahalli, Karnataka, India 12°22'46"N, 76°47'24"E. Holotype: ZSI/SRC F.8904. Paratypes: MKC 414 (4), ZSI/SRC F.8905 (3). •Valid as Laubuka latens Knight 2015 -- (Lalramliana et al. 2017:275 [ref. 35204], Bleher 2018:598 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Laubuka latens Knight 2015. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Upper Cauvery River basin, Western Ghats, southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

lateralis, Leuciscus McClelland [J.] 1839:292, 405 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Northern Bengal. No types known. Replacement name for Rasbora anjana Hamilton 1822. •Synonym of Parluciosoma daniconius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:50 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Rasbora daniconius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Brittan 1954:136 [ref. 646] with question, Kottelat 2013:152 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora daniconius (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

lateristriatus, Leuciscus Bleeker [P.] (ex van Hasselt) 1854:94 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 16939] Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 4969. Paralectotypes: (13) BMNH 1866.5.2.153 (1); ?NMV 46544 (1), RMNH 9089 (3), 17486 [ex RMNH 9089] (3); ZMA 103232 (1). Type information: Roberts 1993:21 [ref. 21799] but differing from Alfred 1963. Lectotype selected by Alfred 1963:131 [ref. 20554]; collection mixed. •Valid as Rasbora lateristriata (Bleeker 1854) -- (Brittan 1954:37 [ref. 646], Ye & Song in Pan et al. 1991:70 [ref. 23876] as laternstriata, Roberts 1993:22 [ref. 21799], Kottelat et al. 1993:47 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Liao et al. 2009:[4] [ref. 30521], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:153 [ref. 32989]. Lumbantobing 2014:23 [ref. 33163], Hubert et al. 2019:9 [ref. 36547], Sholihah et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37317]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora lateristriata (Bleeker 1854). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

laticlavia, Rasbora Siebert [D. J.] & Richardson [P. J.] 1997:91, Fig. 1a [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 8 (no. 1); ref. 22887] Small tributary of Sungai Maruwei, about 1 kilometer upstream from Desa Maruwei, 0°21'59"S, 114°44'06"E, Kalimantan Tengah, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 6093. Paratypes: BMNH 1994.7.25.1-4 (4), RMNH 32595 (4). •Valid as Rasbora laticlavia Siebert & Richardson 1997 -- (Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2012:83 [ref. 31848], Kottelat 2013:153 [ref. 32989], Britz & Tan 2018:343 [ref. 36209], Sholihah et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37317]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora laticlavia Siebert & Richardson 1997. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Borneo (Kalimantan Tengah, Indonesia) endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

latipinnatus, Opsarius McClelland [J.] 1839:298 (422), Pl. 48 (fig. 7) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Upper Assam, India. No types known. Description on p. 422 labelled Opsarius acanthopterus with reference to same illustration and same common name as for latipinnatus. •Synonym of Barilius barna (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:14 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Opsarius barna (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:131 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Opsarius barna (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

laubuca, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:260, 342 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Northern Bengal, India. No types known. As loubuca in McClelland 1839:220 [ref. 2923]. Hamilton's original, unpublished illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 146 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Chela laubuca (Hamilton 1822) -- (Bănărescu 1968:54 [ref. 215], Shrestha 1978:35 [ref. 15970], Bănărescu 1971:16 [ref. 20612], Ataur Rahman 1989:84 [ref. 24860], Pethiyagoda 1991:59 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:316 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:33 [ref. 23448], Indra 1994:409 [ref. 24015] as labuca, Sen 1995:520 [ref. 23778], Rainboth 1996:72 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:4 [ref. 22832], Rema Devi et al. 1999:153 [ref. 24758], Menon 1999:36 [ref. 24904], Freyhof et al. 2000:94 [ref. 25184], Rafique 2000:323 [ref. 25220], Nguyen, Le & Nguyen 1999:18 [ref. 25287], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662], Arunkumar 2000:121 [ref. 30363], Kottelat 2001:42 [ref. 25780], , Mirza 2003:3 [ref. 27265], Ataur Rahman 2003:101 [ref. 31338], Sado & Kimura 2005:20 [ref. 28197], Shrestha 2008:86` [ref. 29923]). •In genus Laubuca -- (Fang et al. 2009:7 [ref. 29983]). •Valid as Laubuka laubuca (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kulabtong et al. 2012:93 [ref. 32008], Kulabtong et al. 2012:159 [ref. 32364], Kottelat 2013:119 [ref. 32989], Knight 2015:529 [ref. 33931], Kottelat 2015:42 [ref. 33971], Lalramliana et al. 2017:275 [ref. 35204], Kullander et al. 2018:108 [ref. 35843], Suresh et al. 2018:103 [ref. 36495], Bleher 2018:600 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Laubuka laubuca (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Ganges-Brahmaputra basin: Nepal, India, Bhutan and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

layangi, Rasbora Fowler [H. W.] 1939:66, Fig. 15 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 91; ref. 17188] Waterfall at Trang, Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 68499. Paratypes: ANSP 68500 (1). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:14 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:81 [ref. 13621]. •Possible synonym of Rasbora caudimaculata Volz 1903 -- (Brittan 1954:76 [ref. 646]). •Synonym of Rasbora calliura Boulenger 1894 -- (Kottelat 2013:151 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora calliura Boulenger 1894. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

leleupi, Barilius Matthes [H.] 1965:182, Fig. 2 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 71 (nos 1-2); ref. 9228] Nyundeulu River, tributary of Haute Lualaba, Congo. Holotype: MRAC 140.907. Paratypes: IRSAC (3); MRAC 85991-92 (2), 85993 (1), 88573-84 (12), 88699-701 (3), 124947-72 (26). •Valid as Opsaridium leleupi (Matthes 1965) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:327 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1996:81 [ref. 22213]). Current status: Valid as Opsaridium leleupi (Matthes 1965). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

leptos, Danio Fang [F.] & Kottelat [M.] 1999:284, Fig. 3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 10 (no. 3); ref. 24228] Nam Luang, about 1 kilometer upstream of Ban Nam Luang, 21°09'05"N, 101°20'34"E, Nam Tha watershed, Mekong basin, Louang Namtha Province, Laos. Holotype: NRM 41279. Paratypes: CMK 14209 (1), 14221 (2), 14295 (2); DFV uncat. (1); NRM 41280 (2). •Valid as Danio leptos Fang & Kottelat 1999 -- (Kottelat 2001:49 [ref. 25780]). •Valid as Devario leptos (Fang & Kottelat 1999) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Kottelat 2013:99 [ref. 32989], Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120], Kottelat 2020:283 [ref. 37829]), Current status: Valid as Devario leptos (Fang & Kottelat 1999). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: South Asia: Mekong basin, Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

leptosoma, Leuciscus Bleeker [P.] 1855:269 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 9 (no. 2); ref. 351] Lahat, Palembang Province, Sumatra, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 4981. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1866.5.2.157 (1). Lectotype selected by Alfred 1963:131 [ref. 20554]. •Possibly a senior synonym of Rasbora borneensis Bleeker 1860 -- (Kottelat 2012:83 [ref. 31848]). •Valid as Rasbora leptosoma (Bleeker 1855) -- (Brittan 1954:133 [ref. 646], Kottelat et al. 1993:47 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:234 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:153 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora leptosoma (Bleeker 1855). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Sumatra. Habitat: freshwater.

lerei, Chelaethiops brevianalis Blache [J.] & Miton [F.] 1961:398 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 32 (no. 5) (1960); ref. 7449] Lake Léré at Pont de Zalbi, Mayo Kebbi basin, Chad. Syntypes: MNHN 1959-0296 (4, as "types"); CEPFL (?, as "paratypes"). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:268 [ref. 20870]. •Synonym of Chelaethiops bibie (Joannis 1835) -- (Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:271 [ref. 21589] with question, Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367]). Current status: Synonym of Chelaethiops bibie (Joannis 1835). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

leucerus, Opsarius McClelland [J.] 1839:295, 415, Pl. 47 (fig. 3) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Bengal and Assam, India. •Synonym of Salmostoma bacaila (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:25 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Synonym of Salmostoma bacaila (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

levequei, Raiamas Howes [G. J.] & Teugels [G. G.] 1989:874, Figs. 1, 4a [Journal of Natural History v. 23 (no. 4); ref. 13624] Kakrima River at Kasseri, 10°16'N, 12°28'W, Konkouré River Basin, Guinea. Holotype: MNHN 1988.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1988.2.1.16-17 (2, 1 c&s); MNHN 1988.2 (1). Additional material: BMNH 1988.4.11.4-5 (1, 1), MNHN 1988-0705 (?). •Valid as Raiamas levequei Howes & Teugels 1989 -- (Lévêque et al. 1989:118 [ref. 26480] dated 1988, Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:279 [ref. 21589]). Current status: Valid as Raiamas levequei Howes & Teugels 1989. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Konkouré River Basin, Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

lineatus, Danio Day [F.] 1868:198 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1868 (pt 1); ref. 1076] Ennore, near Madras, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: BMNH 1868.10.27.51-53 (3), 1975.9.30.1 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762]. •Synonym of Danio rerio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Barman 1991:57 [ref. 22192], Menon 1999:45 [ref. 24904], Fang 2001:16 [ref. 25285]). Current status: Synonym of Danio rerio (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

lineatus, Esomus Ahl [E.] 1924:42 [Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin v. 11 (no. 1); ref. 19932] Calcutta, India, and Sri Lanka [the latter questionable]. Syntypes: (10) and literature records of Dunker 1912:266 [ref. 14839]. ZMB 20665 (5), 20667 (1), 20669 (1), 20890 (1), 20892 (2), 22208 (4, poor condition). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:90 [ref. 21847]. •Questionably a synonym of Esomus danricus (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:377 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1922) -- (Kottelat 2013:102 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Esominae. Habitat: freshwater.

lineolatus, Danio Bleeker [P.] 1863:247 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeling Natuurkunde. v. 15; ref. 17011] Ceylon. Syntypes (3), whereabouts unknown. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Devario by Leuciscus lineolatus Blyth 1858. •Synonym of Devario monticola Batuwita, de Silva & Udugampala 2017 -- (Batuwita et al. 2017:170 [ref. 35544], Sudasinghe & Pethiyagoda 2019:423 [ref. 36449]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Devario monticola Batuwita, de Silva & Udugampala 2017. Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

lineolatus, Leuciscus Blyth [E.] 1858:289 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 27 (no. 3); ref. 476] Darjiling [Darjeeing], Sikkim, India. No types known. •Synonym of Danio aequipinnatus McClelland 1839 -- (Barman 1991:23 [ref. 22192], Menon 1999:39 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Devario aequipinnatus (McClelland 1839) -- (Fang 2001:16 [ref. 25285], Kottelat 2013:98 [ref. 32989], Batuwita et al. 2017:176 [ref. 35544], Kullander et al. 2017:11 [ref. 35685]). Current status: Synonym of Devario aequipinnatus (McClelland 1839). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

loati, Barilius Boulenger [G. A.] 1901:80 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 7 (no. 37) (art. 12); ref. 14747] Wady Halfa, Upper Nile. Syntypes: BMNH 1907.12.2.1498-1499 (2) Derr Nubia, 1907.12.2.1500-1502 (3) Ibrim Nubia. •Valid as Raiamas loati (Boulenger 1901) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:333 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Raiamas senegalensis (Steindachner 1870) -- (Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:278 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:142 [ref. 31367], Seegers et al. 2003:35 [ref. 28087]). Current status: Synonym of Raiamas senegalensis (Steindachner 1870). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

longicauda, Salmostoma Srithar [R. T.] & Jayaram [K. C.] 1990:273, Fig. 2 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 87 (pt 2); ref. 20181] Krishna River at Dhom Reservoir, Satara District, Maharashtra, India. Holotype: ZSI Madras. Paratypes: ZSI Madras (10), additional material (18). See Das 2003:360 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Salmostoma novacula (Valenciennes 1838) -- (Menon 1999:28 [ref. 24904] dated 1840). Current status: Synonym of Salmostoma novacula (Valenciennes 1838). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

longimana, Nuria Lunel [G.] 1881:296, Unnum. Pl. (figs. 2-2d) [Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève v. 27 (pt 2); ref. 2849] Gamboja [? Cambodia]; not Mauritius. not researched. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:83 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Esomus longimanus (Lunel 1881) -- (Rainboth 1996:73 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2001:50 [ref. 25780]). Current status: Valid as Esomus longimanus (Lunel 1881). Danionidae: Esominae. Distribution: Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

longirostris, Barilius Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:33, Pl. 9 (fig. 4) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 2 (fasc. 2); ref. 562] Ubangi River at Banzyville, Democratic Republic of Congo, about 4°18'N, 21°11'E. Holotype (unique): MRAC 1216. •Valid as Raiamas longirostris (Boulenger 1902) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:333 [ref. 6186], Howes 1991:163 [ref. 19076], Manda et al. 2018:359 [ref. 36210]). Current status: Valid as Raiamas longirostris (Boulenger 1902). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

loveridgii, Barilius Norman [J. R.] 1922:687 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 9 (no. 54); ref. 15358] Mpanganye, Rufigi River, Tanganyika Territory [Tanzania]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1922.4.18.14. The original spelling loveridgii is acceptable. •Valid as Opsaridium loveridgii (Norman 1922) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:327 [ref. 6186] as loveridgei, Skelton 1996:81 [ref. 22213] as loveridgei). Current status: Valid as Opsaridium loveridgii (Norman 1922). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

loyukula, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] in McClelland 1839:289, 396 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Not available, name in synonymy. Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Chela cachius (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Danioninae.

luapulae, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1958:12 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 310; ref. 1470] Luapula River at Kasenga, Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): MRAC 11829. Unnecessary replacement name for Barilius intermedius Boulenger 1915, preoccupied by Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835. The B was misinterpreted for Barbus instead of Barilius -- (see Van Steenberge et al. 2014:333 [ref. 33291]). •Valid as Barbus luapulae Fowler 1958 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:262 [ref. 6186]). •Objective synonym of Barilius intermediatus (Boulenger 1915) now placed in Raiamus -- (Van Steenberge et al. 2014:333 [ref. 33291]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Raiamas intermedius (Boulenger 1915). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

lujae, Barilius Boulenger [G. A.] 1909:9 [Catalogue des poissons du Congo du Musée d'Histoire naturelle de Luxembourg; ref. 14368] Sankuan River at Kondué, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes (3) and non-types: BMNH 1908.11.26.8 (1), 1909.4.26.18 (1), ?1909.9.10.226-231 (6); MRAC 3387-88 (1, 1). •Valid as Raiamas lujae (Boulenger 1909) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:333 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Leptocypris lujae (Boulenger 1909) -- (Howes & Teugels 1989:901 [ref. 13624], Stiassny et al. 2006:371 [ref. 28790], Kiselkewa et al. 2020:[8] 707 [ref. 38315]). Current status: Valid as Leptocypris lujae (Boulenger 1909). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

luluae, Engraulicypris Fowler [H. W.] 1930:39, Fig. 9 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 82; ref. 1406] Lulua River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: ANSP 51741. Paratypes: ANSP 51742 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:82 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Chelaethiops congicus (Nichols & Griscom 1917) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:299 [ref. 6186]). Current status: Synonym of Chelaethiops congicus (Nichols & Griscom 1917). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

maassi, Eustira Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1912:531 [10], Pl. 11 (fig. 4) [Durch Zentral-Sumatra. Von Alfred Maass... Berlin. v. 2; ref. 14895] Gunung Sahilan on Kiri River, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ZMA 110111. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:28 [ref. 19236]. On p. 10 of separate. •Valid as Chela maassi (Weber & de Beaufort 1912) -- (Bănărescu 1968:59 [ref. 215], Bănărescu 1971:17 [ref. 20612], Roberts 1989:31 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:33 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:4 [ref. 22832], Ng & Tan 1999:353 [ref. 24159], Sado & Kimura 2005:20 [ref. 28197], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:148 [ref. 28284]). •Valid as Malayochela maassi (Weber & de Beaufort 1912) -- (Fang et al. 2009:7 [ref. 29983], Kottelat 2013:122 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2019:526 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Malayochela maassi (Weber & de Beaufort 1912). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Malaya (Malaysia), Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

macclellandi, Devario Bleeker [P.] 1860:283 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 7 (art. 2); ref. 380] Bengal. No types known. Based on McClelland 1839: Pl. 45 [sic 56 on plate] (fig. 8) [ref. 2923]; figure reproduced in Conway et al. 2009:57 [ref. 30224]. •Synonym of Danio devario (Hamilton 1822) -- (Barman 1991:41 [ref. 22192] as mcclellandi, Menon 1999:41 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Devario devario (Hamilton 1822) -- (Fang 2001:16 [ref. 25285] as McClellandi, Conway et al. 2009:54 [ref. 30224], Kullander et al. 2017:6 [ref. 35685]). Current status: Synonym of Devario devario (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

macrocephalus, Rasbora Bleeker [P.] 1863-64:126, Pl. 103 (fig. 10) [Atlas ichthyologique des Indes Orientales Néêrlandaises v. 3; ref. 4859] Krawang, Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 2635. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1866.5.2.150 (1); RMNH 7039 (2), 10458 [ex RMNH 2635] (2). Plate published in 1863, text in 1864. Also appeared in Bleeker 1865:139 [ref. 17032]. Lectotype selected by Alfred 1963:133 [ref. 20554]. •Possible synonym of Rasbora lateristriata (Bleeker 1854) -- (Brittan 1954:38 [ref. 646]). •Synonym of Rasbora lateristrata (Bleeker 1854) -- (Kottelat 2013:153 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora lateristriata (Bleeker 1854). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

macrocephalus, Rhodeus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:324 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Cavery River and in Carnatic, southern India. No types known. •Synonym of Amblypharyngodon mola (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:33 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:73 [ref. 32989], Sudasinghe et al. 2019:44 [ref. 36481]). Current status: Synonym of Amblypharyngodon mola (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

macrolepis, Chela Knight [J. D. M.] & Rema Devi [K.] 2014:160, Figs. 1, 2, 3a [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 25 (no. 2); ref. 33513] Chembarampakkam Lake, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, 13°00'11"N, 80°05'03"E, India. Holotype: ZSI/SRC F.8311. Paratypes: ZSI/SRC F.8312 (9). •Valid as Chela macrolepis Knight & Rema Devi 2014 -- (Bleher 2018:376 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Chela macrolepis Knight & Rema Devi 2014. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Chembarampakkam Lake and Coromandel floodplane, Tamil Nadu, south-eastern India. Habitat: freshwater.

macrolepis, Opsarius Kner [R.] 1866:548 [6] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 53; ref. 2636] Shanghai, China. On p. 6 of separate. Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

macrophthalma, Rasbora dorsiocellata var. Meinken [H.] 1951:119, Figs. 1-2 [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 4 (no. 5); ref. 17634] Malay Archipelago [from aquarium trade]. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Rasbora dorsiocellata Duncker 1904 -- (Brittan 1972:84 [ref. 12245] as macrophthalmus, Liao & Tan 2011:77 [ref. 31184]). •Valid as Rasbora macrophthalma Meinken 1951 -- (Grant 2002:13 [ref. 28726]). •Synonym of Brevibora dorsiocellata (Duncker 1904) -- (Liao & Tan 2011:77 [ref. 31184], Kottelat 2013:84 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Brevibora dorsiocellata (Duncker 1904). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

macropodus, Perilampus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:325 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Cavery River near its source in Coorg, southern India. No types known. •Synonym of Chela cachius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:35 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:87 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Chela cachius (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

macropterus, Daniops Mai [D. Y.] (ex Hao & Hoa) 1978:124, Fig. 53 [Identification of the fresh-water fishes of North Viet Nam v. 1; ref. 13511] Creeks of the Lai-Châu River system, northern Vietnam. ?DVZUT. Apparently unavailable from Hao & Hoa 1969 according to Kottelat 1989:1102 [ref. 14361], but Kottelat 2001 [ref. 25482] reversed this interpretation and dated to Nguyen & Doan [= Hao & Hoa] 1969 as Paradaniops macropterus. See the account of Paradaniops macropterus Nguyen & Doan 1969. •In the synonymy of Opsarius pulchellus (Smith 1931) -- (Kottelat 2001:33 [ref. 25482]). Current status: Synonym of Opsarius pulchellus (Smith 1931). Danionidae: Chedrinae.

macropterus, Paradaniops Nguyen [V. H.] & Doan [L. H.] 1969:123, Fig. 1 [Some data on composition, origin, and distribution of cyprinid species in northern Vietnam; ref. 25483] Sinh Ho, Lai Chau Province, Vietnam. Lectotype: RIAH 1036. Paralectotypes: (4) apparently lost. See Kottelat 2001:113, 117 [ref. 25482] for availability issues. See Nguyen & Doan 2008 [ref. 29793] for an English translation of ref. 25483. Lectotype selected by Roberts & Catania 2008:89 [ref. 29794]. •Possibly a synonym of Opsarius pulchellus (Smith 1931) -- (Kottelat 2001:33 [ref. 25482]). •Probably not a synonym of Opsarius pulchellus (Smith 1931) -- (Roberts & Catania 2008:94 [ref. 29794]). •Synonym of Opsarius pulchelius (Smith 1931) -- (Kottelat 2013:132 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Opsarius pulchellus (Smith 1931). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

macropterus, Perilampus McClelland [J.] 1839:291, Pl. 46 (figs. 3) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] •Unnecessary replacement name for Cyprinus sutiha Hamilton 1822, Current status: Synonym of Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Esominae. Habitat: freshwater.

macrostoma, Barilius Boulenger [G. A.] 1913:51, Pl. 3 (figs. 2-2a) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1913 (pt 1) (art. 3); ref. 14947] Vicinity of Bibianaha, near Dunkwa, between watersheds of Tano and Ankobra rivers, Ghana. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1912.2.15.16. •Valid as Raiamas macrostoma (Boulenger 1913) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:333 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Raiamas senegalensis (Steindachner 1870) -- (Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:278 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:142 [ref. 31367]). Current status: Synonym of Raiamas senegalensis (Steindachner 1870). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

macrourus, Perilampus McClelland [J.] 1839:291, 398, Pl. 46 (fig. 3) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Gurruckpore District, India. Spelled macrouru on p. 398; macrourus in index (p. 471) and erratum. •Synonym of Esomus danricus (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:46 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:102 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Esominae. Habitat: freshwater.

maculata, Rasbora Duncker [G.] 1904:182, Pl. 1 (fig. 6) [Mitteilungen aus dem Naturhistorischen (Zoologischen) Museum in Hamburg v. 21; ref. 5560] Bukit Terah, Bandar Maharani [= Muar], Johore, Malaysia. Lectotype: ZMH H383. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1913.5.24.15-17 [ex SSMKL] (3), ZMA 103216 (5), ZMH H382 (57); ZRC 2313 (6). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:159 [ref. 19181], Alfred 1963:166 [ref. 20555], Alfred 1970:71 [ref. 23931], Nijssen et al. 1982:34 [ref. 19236], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:403 [ref. 21161] as syntypes. Lectotype selected by Ladiges et al. 1958:159 [ref. 19181]. •Valid as Rasbora maculata Duncker 1904 -- (Brittan 1954:194 [ref. 646], Kottelat et al. 1993:47 [ref. 23448]). •Valid as Boraras maculatus (Duncker 1904) -- (Kottelat & Vidthayanon 1993:170 [ref. 20833], Doi 1997:4 [ref. 22832], Conway & Kottelat 2011:45 [ref. 31480], Kottelat 2013:82 [ref. 32989], Petsut et al. 2013:411 [ref. 33424], Ng et al. 2019:526 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Boraras maculatus (Duncker 1904). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

maculatus, Opsarius McClelland [J.] 1839:417 (315), Pl. 47 (fig. 4) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers, India. Syntypes: SMF 5402 (1) Bengal. Spelled maculosus p. 297 and on plate caption (p. 315); but spelled maculatus on p. 417 and in index (p. 470). First reviser apparently Tang et al. 2010:203 giving preferece to maculatus. •Synonym of Opsarius tileo (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:132 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Opsarius maculatus McClelland 1839 -- (Knight et al. 2015:405 [ref. 33702], Bleher 2018:623 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius maculatus McClelland 1839. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Uttar Pradesh, India and possibly Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

maculicauda, Barilius Pellegrin [J.] 1926:40 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 14 (no. 1); ref. 17941] Tshikapa, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: MNHN 1926-0117 (1), MRAC 19700-01 (1, 1). •Valid as Opsaridium maculicauda (Pellegrin 1926) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:328 [ref. 6186]). Current status: Valid as Opsaridium maculicauda (Pellegrin 1926). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

maderaspatensis, Esomus (Nuria) Day [F.] 1867:300 [20] [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867 (pt 2) (art. 5); ref. 14043] Bowany River and Madras [= Chennai], India. Day's specimen: AMS B.7831 (1) ? Madras, probably not a syntype. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:299 [ref. 25110]. On p. 20 of separate. •Synonym of Esomus barbatus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:376 [ref. 20764] as madraspatensis). •Probable synonym of Esomus thermoicos (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Sudasinghe et al. 2019:356 [ref. 37047]). Current status: Synonym of Esomus thermoicos (Valenciennes 1842). Danionidae: Esominae. Habitat: freshwater.

maetaengensis, Danio Fang [F.] 1997:43, Figs. 2-6 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 8 (no. 1); ref. 22873] Nam Mae Taeng River, tributary of Mae Nam Ping River, about 56 kilometers north of Chiang Mai, Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 174721. Paratypes: ANSP 57257 (31), 59292 (9), 89590 (73); NRM 35641-42 (6, 4). •Valid as Danio maetaengensis Fang 1997 -- (Fang 2000:13 [ref. 24479]). •Valid as Devario maetaengensis (Fang 1997) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Fang 2003:717 [ref. 27255], Fang et al. 2009:17 [ref. 29983], Fang & Kullander 2009:39 [ref. 30284]). •Valid as 'Inlecypris' maetaengensis (Fang 1997) -- (Kottelat 2013:113 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Inlecypris maetaengensis (Fang 1997). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Northern Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

malabaricus, Esomus Day [F.] 1867:299 [19] [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867 (pt 2) (art. 5); ref. 14043] Trichoor, Kerala, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7833 (1, possible syntype); BMNH 1975.9.30.11 (1); ZMB 11131 (3) Rangoon; ZSI 2450 (1, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:299 [ref. 25110]. On p. 19 of separate. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Questionably a synonym of Esomus danricus (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:377 [ref. 20764]). •Valid as Esomus malabaricus Day 1867 -- (Menon 1999:48 [ref. 24904], Bleher 2018:464 [ref. 36647]). •Synonym of Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:102 [ref. 32899]). •Synonym of Esomus thermoicos (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Sudasinghe et al. 2019:355 [ref. 37047]). Current status: Synonym of Esomus thermoicos (Valenciennes 1842). Danionidae: Esominae. Habitat: freshwater.

malabaricus, Leuciscus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:320 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Malabar, India. No types known. •Possible synonym of Rasbora daniconius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Brittan 1954:136 [ref. 646]). •Synonym of Parluciosoma daniconius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:50 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Rasbora daniconius (Hamilton 1822) -- (authors). •Synonym of Rasbora dandia (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Silva et al. 2010:30 [ref. 30779]). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora dandia (Valenciennes 1844). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

malabaricus, Opsarius Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:329 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] North Malabar, southern India. No types known. •Synonym of Barilius canarensis (Jerdon 1849) -- (Menon 1999:16 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Barilius bakeri Day 1865 -- (Remi Devi et al. 2005:124 [ref. 28532]). •Valid as Barilius malabaricus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Knight et al. 2015:402 [ref. 33702], Bleher 2018:356 [ref. 36647], Plamoottil & Vineeth 2020:5394 [ref. 37919]). •Valid as Opsarius malabaricus Jerdon 1849 -- (Qin et al. 2019:590 [ref. 36784]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius malabaricus Jerdon 1849. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Southern Western Ghats, Karnataka and Kerala, India. Habitat: freshwater.

malabaricus, Perilampus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:325 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 1) (no. 34) (art. 2); ref. 2346] Chalakudy River, Panamkulam, 26 km from Chalakudy, on road to Valparai, Kerala, India. Neotype [AMS I.46342-001] designated by Batuwita et al. 2017:158 [ref. 35544], invalid, see Kullander et al. 2017:33 [ref. 35685] and Sudasinghe & Pethiyagoda 2019:422 [ref. 36449]. •Synonym of Danio aequipinnatus McClelland 1839 -- (Barman 1991:23 [ref. 22192]). •Valid as Danio malabaricus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Jayaram 1991:109 [ref. 20014], Pethiyagoda 1991:67 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:370 [ref. 20764], Rema Devi et al. 1996:131 [ref. 24021], Menon 1999:43 [ref. 24904], Fuller et al. 1999:70 [ref. 25838], Raju Thomas et al. 2000:444 [ref. 25319], Sanger & McCune 2002:531 [ref. 26219], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Yadav 2003:8 [ref. 27711]). •Valid as Devario malabaricus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Fang 2001:16 [ref. 25285], Fang 2003:717 [ref. 27255], Fang et al. 2009:17 [ref. 29983], Fang & Kullander 2009:39 [ref. 30284] as cf. malabaricus, Ahmed et al. 2013:285 [ref. 32872], Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120], Batuwita et al. 2017:158 [ref. 35544], Kullander et al. 2017:29 [ref. 35685], Bleher 2018:438 [ref. 36647], Sudasinghe et al. 2020:[12] [ref. 37530]). Current status: Valid as Devario malabaricus (Jerdon 1849). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Southern Peninsular India and lowland Sri Lanka; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

malayensis, Esomus Ahl [E.] 1924:43 [Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin v. 11 (no. 1); ref. 19932] Malay Peninsula or Archipelago (?). Syntypes: (11) ZMB 20668 (1). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:90 [ref. 21847]. Junior secondary homonym of Esomus malayensis Matte & Reichelt 1908. •Valid as Esomus malayensis Ahl 1924 -- (Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832]). •Synonym of Esomus malayensis (Matte & Reichelt 1908) -- (Kottelat 2013:102 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Esomus malayensis (Matte & Reichelt 1908). Danionidae: Esominae. Habitat: freshwater.

malayensis, Nuria danrica var. Matte [P.] & Reichelt [B.] 1908:19 [ ref. 33183] Hinterindien [Indochina]. No types known. Senior secondary homonym of Esomus malayensis Ahl 1924. •Valid as Esomus malayensis (Matte & Reichelt 1908) -- (Kottelat 2013:102 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Esomus malayensis (Matte & Reichelt 1908). Danionidae: Esominae. Distribution: Indochina (? Malayan subspecies). Habitat: freshwater.

maninjau, Rasbora Lumbantobing [D. N.] 2014:11, Figs. 2c. 5A & B, 9B [Zootaxa 3764 (no. 1); ref. 33163] Province of Sumatera Barat (West Sumatra), Kabupaten Agam, Kecamata Tanjung Riya, by hotel Dan Maninjau, Sumatra. Holotype: MZB 17890. Paratypes: MZB 21120 (1), USNM 406859 (1, c&s). Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Rasbora maninjau Lumbantobing 2014. Current status: Valid as Rasbora maninjau Lumbantobing 2014. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Lake Maninjau, Sumatra, draining to the Indian Ocean. Habitat: freshwater.

manipurensis, Danio Barman [R. P.] 1987:173, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 84 (pt 1); ref. 16157] Manipur, India. Holotype: ZSI FF 1999. Paratypes: ZSI FF 2000 (17). •Synonym of Danio naganensis Chaudario 1912 -- (Barman 1991:50 [ref. 22192], Menon 1999:43 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Devario naganensis (Chaudario 1912) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Kottelat 2013:99 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Devario manipurensis (Barman 1987) -- (Ramananda & Vishwanath 2014:84 [ref. 33388]). Current status: Valid as Devario manipurensis (Barman 1987). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater.

manipurensis, Esomus Tilak [R.] & Jain [S.] 1990:408, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 86 (pt 3) [1989]; ref. 20186] Stream near Imphal, Manipur, India. Holotype: NRS/ZSI F434. Paratypes: NRS/ZSI F435 (4). See Das 2003:357 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Esomus danricus (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:377 [ref. 20764]). •Valid as Esomus manipurensis Tilak & Jain 1990 -- (Menon 1999:48 [ref. 24904], Bhakat & Sinha 2020:48 [ref. 37263]). •Synonym of Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1922) -- (Kottelat 2013:102 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Esominae. Habitat: freshwater.

margaritatus, Celestichthys Roberts [T. R.] 2007:132, Figs. 1-3, 4a [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 55 (no. 1); ref. 29033] Pools at foot of mountain near Hopong town 30 kilometers east of Taunggyi, Myanmar, elevation 1040 meters. Holotype: ZRC 50706. Paratypes: CAS 224434 (40); ZRC 50707 (1), 50708 (303); USNM 388753 (40). The species name is a noun in apposition. •Valid as Celestichthys margaritatus Roberts 2007 -- (Kottelat 2013:86 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Danio margaritatus (Roberts 2007) -- (Conway et al. 2008:25 [ref. 29468], Fang et al. 2009:7,16 [ref. 29983], Kullander & Fang 2009:41 [ref. 30285], Kullander et al. 2009:193 [ref. 30704], Kullander & Fang 2009:223 [ref. 30706], Kullander 2012:245 [ref. 32309], Kullander & Britz 2015:246 [ref. 33764], Kullander et al. 2015:64 [ref. 33907], Kullander et al. 2015:64 [ref. 33907], Kullander & Norén 2016:544 [ref. 34857]). Current status: Valid as Danio margaritatus (Roberts 2007). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

margarodes, Leuciscus McClelland [J.] 1839:294, 411 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Assam, India. No types known. •Status uncertain -- (Coad 1981:9 [ref. 22348]). •Synonym of Aspidoparia jaya (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:10 [ref. 24904] as margarodis). •Synonym of Cabdio jaya (Hamilton 1822). Current status: Synonym of Cabdio jaya (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

marinae, Rasbora Tan [H. H.] & Kottelat [M.] 2020:751, Figs. 1-2 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 68; ref. 37794] Sungai Ingei, tributary of Sungai Belait, Belait district, Brunei Darussalam, 4°09'42.6"N, 114°42'59.5"E. Holotype: ZRC 51189. Paratypes: CMK, USNM, ZRC. •Valid as Rasbora marinae Tan & Kottelat 2020. Current status: Valid as Rasbora marinae Tan & Kottelat 2020. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Brunei Darussalam and Sarawak, northwest Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

marqueti, Raiamas Manda [B. K.], Snoeks [J.], Manda [A. C.] & Vreven [E. J.] 2018:352, Figs. 3b, 4b, 5b [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 28 (no. 4) [no. IEF-1066]; ref. 36210] Kalule Nord River at the bridge on the road Mukulakula-Lubudi, Upembe National Park, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of Congo, 9°41'37"S, 25°50'53"E, elevation 780 meters. Holotype: MRAC 2015-0005-P-0075. Paratypes: AMNH, BMNH 2018.5.9.2-3 (2), MRAC, ZSM. •Valid as Raiamas marqueti Manda, Snoeks, Manda & Vreven 2018 -- (Kiselkewa et al. 2020:[8] 707 [ref. 38315]). Current status: Valid as Raiamas marqueti Manda, Snoeks, Manda & Vreven 2018. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Central Africa: upper Congo River basin and Malagarazi and Ruzizi Rivers, affluents of Lake Tanganyika (Democratic Republic of Congo) Habitat: freshwater.

megastomus, Opsarius McClelland [J.] 1839:298, 420, Pl. 48 (fig. 5) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Brahmaputra River, India. No types known. •Synonym of Raiamas bola (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:22 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:150 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Raiamas bola (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

meghalayensis, Danio Sen [N.] & Dey [S. C.] 1985:63, Fig. 2 [Journal Assam Scientific Society v. 27 (no. 2); ref. 17277] Rheophilic torrent near Barapani, Khasi Hills, Meghalaya, India. Holotype: ZSI?. Paratypes: (2) ZSI?. Additional material: (9) ZSI? See Das 2003:356 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Danio dangila (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:367 [ref. 20764], Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Kullander & Fang 2009:47 [ref. 30285], Kottelat 2013:96 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Danio meghalayensis Sen & Dey 1985 -- (Kullander et al. 2009:193 [ref. 30704], Kullander 2015:372 [ref. 33743], Kullander & Britz 2015:246 [ref. 33764], Kullander et al. 2015:64 [ref. 33907], Kullander et al. 2017:29 [ref. 35685], Bleher 2018:396 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Danio meghalayensis Sen & Dey 1985. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Khasi Hills, Meghalaya, India and adjacent Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

meinkeni, Rasbora de Beaufort [L. F.] 1931:8, Figs. [Das Aquarium: eine Zeitschrift mit Bildern für Liebhaber, Schulen und Naturfreunde, Berlin 1931 (no. 1); ref. 16352] Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: ZMA 100259 (2). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:34 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Rasbora meinkeni de Beaufort 1931 -- (Brittan 1954:91 [ref. 646], Kottelat et al. 1993:47 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Liao et al. 2009:[12] [ref. 30521], Lumbantobing 2010:645, 656 [ref. 31097], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:153 [ref. 32989], Lumbantobing 2014:23 [ref. 33163]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora meinkeni de Beaufort 1931. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Sumatra, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

melanochir, Chela Castelnau [F. L.] in Bleeker 1860:298 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 7 (art. 2); ref. 380] Not available, Castelnau manuscript name mentioned in passing; from Thailand. Nomen Nudum. Danionidae: Danioninae.

melanopus, Chela Bleeker [P.] 1872:119, Pl. 4 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 6; ref. 17071] China. No types known. Based on a drawing. Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

melettina, Leuciscus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:304, Pl. 501 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 17; ref. 1010] Bombay [= ? Mumbai or Bombay Presidency], India. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3812 (5). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:51 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Amblypharyngodon melettinus (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:55 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:336 [ref. 20764], Indra 1994:410 [ref. 24015], Rema Devi et al. 1996:130 [ref. 24021], Menon 1999:31 [ref. 24904], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Sudasinghe et al. 2019:41 [ref. 36481]). Current status: Valid as Amblypharyngodon melettinus (Valenciennes 1844). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

memorialis, Devario Sudasinghe [H.], Pethiyagoda [R.] & Meegaskumbura [M.] 2020:Fig. 6 [Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution v. 149; ref. 37530] Aranayake, Ma Oyo basin, Sri Lanka, 7°08'14"N, 80°28'18"E, elevation 238 meters. Holotype: NMSL 2020.03.06. Paratypes: DZ 3147 (1), 3619 (4); NMSL 2020.03.07-10 (4). •Valid as Devario memorialis Sudasinghe, Pethiyagoda & Meegaskumbura 2020. Current status: Valid as Devario memorialis Sudasinghe, Pethiyagoda & Meegaskumbura 2020. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Ma Oyo basin, Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

menglaensis, Danio He [S.] & Chen [Y.] 1994:375 [English p. 376], Fig. 1 [Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica v. 19 (no. 3); ref. 22651] Manzhuang, Mengla County, 21°30'N, 101°30'E, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: IHASW 8810131. Paratypes: IHASW 8810132 (1). •Valid but probably in Barilius -- (Fang & Kottelat 1999:293 [ref. 24228]). •Synonym of Barilius koratensis Smith 1931 -- (Fang 2001:18 [ref. 25285], Kottelat 2013:132 [ref. 32989]). •Questionably a synonym of Opsarius koratensis (Smith 1931) -- (Kottelat 2001:65 [ref. 25780]). Current status: Synonym of Opsarius koratensis (Smith 1931). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

menoni, Barilius Sen [T. K.] 1976:59, Fig. 1 [Current Science v. 45 (no. 2); ref. 7390] Gomatidhara, Madhepura, Saharsa District, northern Bihar, India. Holotype (unique): ZSI FF750. See Das 2003:355 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Barilius tileo (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:352 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:20 [ref. 24904], Ataur Rahman 2003:111 [ref. 31338], Kottelat 2013:133 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Opsarius tileo (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

menoni, Danio (Danio) Barman [R. P.] 1986:602, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 82 (pt 3) [1985]; ref. 8107] Stream near Mosampet village, Mahbubnagar District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Holotype: ZSI FF2282. Paratypes: ZSI FF2283 (2). See Das 2003:356 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Chela laubuca (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:316 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:37 [ref. 24904], Arunkumar 2000:121 [ref. 30363], Fang 2001:18 [ref. 25285]). •In genus Laubuca -- (Fang et al. 2009:7 [ref. 29983]). •Synonym of Laubuka laubuca (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:119 [ref. 32989]). •Possibly valid as Laubuka menoni (Barman 1986) -- (Kullander et al. 2018:119 [ref. 35843]). Current status: Synonym of Laubuka laubuca (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

merah, Rasbora Kottelat [M.] 1991:183, Fig. 4 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 13597] Sungei Jelai Bila basin, 2°41'S, 111°13'E, Nataik Sedawak, about 30 kilometers south of Sukamara, Kalimantan Tengah, Borneo. Holotype: ZSM 27975 [ex ZSM 26717]. Paratypes: LIPI [ex MZB 15183, 26971] (6); CMK 6651 (1), 7433 (2, c&s); ZSM 26717 (4), 26971 (13 now 7). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:256 [ref. 31652]. See discurrion in Kottelat 2013:82 [ref. 32989]. •Valid as Rasbora merah Kottelat 1991 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:47 [ref. 23448]). •Valid as Boraras merah (Kottelat 1991) -- (Kottelat & Vidthayanon 1993:170 [ref. 20833], Doi 1997:4 [ref. 22832], Conway & Kottelat 2011:45 [ref. 31480], Kottelat 2013:82 [ref. 32989], Petsut et al. 2013:411 [ref. 33424]). Current status: Valid as Boraras merah (Kottelat 1991). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

mesopotamicus, Barilius Berg [L. S.] 1932:333, Fig. 1 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 100 (nos 11/12); ref. 16358] Gawi River, Tigris River basin, 33°20'N, 46°20'E, Iraq. Holotype (unique): ZIN 23955. Type catalog: Bianco & Banarescu 1982 [ref. 8508]. •Valid as Barilius mesopotamicus Berg 1932 -- (Bianco & Bănărescu 1982:76 [ref. 8508], Coad & Krupp 1983 [ref. 11623], Coad 1991:15 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:13 [ref. 23608], Coad 1996:71 [ref. 25297], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Coad 2010:142 [ref. 36620], Esmaeili et al. 2010:368 [ref. 33391], Tang et al. 2010:189 [ref. 31204], Liao et al. 2011:31 [ref. 31306], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:867 [ref. 34062], Çiçek et al. 2015:147 [ref. 35151], Esmaeili et al. 2017:38 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:17 [ref. 36089], Çiçek et al. 2020:249 [ref. 37644], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:95 [ref. 37983]). Current status: Valid as Barilius mesopotamicus Berg 1932. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Asia Minor and Middle East: Tigris and Persis River basins (Turkey, Iraq and Iran). Habitat: freshwater.

metallicus, Esomus Ahl [E.] 1924:42 [Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin v. 11 (no. 1); ref. 19932] Phet Buri [Petchaburi], Thailand. Syntypes: ZMB 7686 (1), 21913 [ex ZMB 7686] (6). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:6 [ref. 25088]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:90 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Esomus metallicus Ahl 1924 -- (Rainboth 1996:74 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:29 [ref. 23436], Freyhof et al. 2000:94 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:50 [ref. 25780], Grinang & Lim 2004:288 [ref. 28551], Arbsuwan et al. 2013:59 [ref. 32712], Kottelat 2013:102 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:41 [ref. 33971], Ng et al. 2019:526 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Esomus metallicus Ahl 1924. Danionidae: Esominae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

microcephalus, Leuciscus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:321 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Mamallapuram, Tamil Nadu, India [original locality near Madras [present day Chennai], Tamil Nadu State, southern India]. Neotype: WHT 7671A. Neotype selected by Silva et al. 2010:33 [ref. 30779]. Specimen AMS B.7593, previously regarded as a non-type or syntype is not in this genus (Silva et al. 2010:45 [ref. 30779] ) •Synonym of Rasbora rasbora (Hamilton 1822) -- (Brittan 1954:42 [ref. 646] with question, Menon 1999:53 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Rasbora microcephalus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Silva et al. 2010:33 [ref. 30779], Plamoottil 2016:24 [ref. 34948], Bleher 2018:752 [ref. 36647], Sudasinghe et al. 2020:22 [ref. 37702]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora microcephalus (Jerdon 1849). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeastern India and western Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

microcephalus, Pelotrophus Günther [A.] 1864:314 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1864 (pt 2); ref. 1979] Lake Malawi [Lake Nyasa], southeastern Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1863.10.12.35 (skin). •Valid as Opsaridium microcephalum (Günther 1864) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:328 [ref. 6186], Snoeks 2004:21 [ref. 28111]). Current status: Valid as Opsaridium microcephalum (Günther 1864). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Malawi. Habitat: freshwater.

microlepis, Leuciscus Bleeker [P.] 1853:141, Pl. 4 (fig. 3) [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 25 (art. 8); ref. 341] Hooghly River, Calcutta, India. Syntypes: (5) BMNH 1866.5.2.57 (1). •Valid as Amblypharyngodon microlepis (Bleeker 1853) -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:106 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:337 [ref. 20764], Indra 1991:235 [ref. 24005], Indra 1993:181 [ref. 24009], Rema Devi 1993:353 [ref. 24007], Rema Devi & Ilango 1993:243 [ref. 24017], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:149 [ref. 24759], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:166 [ref. 24760], Rema Devi et al. 1999:153 [ref. 24758], Menon 1999:32 [ref. 24904], Arunachalam et al. 2001:128 [ref. 25692], Ataur Rahman 2003:123 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:91 [ref. 29923], Bleher 2018:324 [ref. 36647], Sudasinghe et al. 2019:42 [ref. 36481]). Current status: Valid as Amblypharyngodon microlepis (Bleeker 1853). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: South Asia: Ganges and Brahmaputra River basins (Nepal, India, Pakistan and Bangladesh). Habitat: freshwater.

microlepis, Pelotrophus Günther [A.] 1864:314 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1864 (pt 2); ref. 1979] Lake Malawi [Lake Nyasa], southeastern Africa. Syntypes: BMNH 1864.1.9.67 (1, skin), 1864.6.28.22 (1, skin). •Valid as Opsaridium microlepis (Günther 1864) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:328 [ref. 6186], Snoeks 2004:21 [ref. 28111]). Current status: Valid as Opsaridium microlepis (Günther 1864). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Malawi. Habitat: freshwater.

micromysticetus, Pectenocypris Tan [H. H.] & Kottelat [M.] 2009:45, Figs. 35a-c [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 20 (no. 1); ref. 30261] Danau Semangkat, a lake connected to Batang Hari by Sungai Bangko, opposite Kampung Senaning, Jambi, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 10093 [? 10993]. Paratypes: CMK 11248 (40); MZB 6001 (10); ZRC 38675 (48), 51758 (46). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Pectenocypris micromysticetus Tan & Kottelat 2009 - (Kottelat 2013:140 [ref. 32989], Wibowo et al. 2016:138 [ref. 34796], Ahnelt et al. 2019:7 [ref. 37025]). Current status: Valid as Pectenocypris micromysticetus Tan & Kottelat 2009. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Batang Hari drainage, Sumatra, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

micronema, Danio Bleeker [P.] 1863:250 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeling Natuurkunde. v. 15; ref. 17011] Ceylon, probably western Sri Lanka. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Also appeared in Bleeker 1864:21, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [ref. 13925]. •Synonym of Danio malabaricus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Menon 1999:43 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Devario malabaricus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Fang 2001:16 [ref. 25285]). •Valid as Devario micronema (Bleeker 1863) -- (Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120], Batuwita et al. 2017:165 [ref. 35544], Kullander et al. 2017:29 [ref. 35685], Sudasinghe & Pethiyagoda 2019:423 [ref. 36449] with uncertainty, Sudasinghe et al. 2020:[12] [ref. 37530]). Current status: Valid as Devario micronema (Bleeker 1863). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Kelani, Kalu, Bentara and Gin River basins, Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

microphthalma, Microrasbora Jiang [Y.-E.], Chen [X.-Y.] & Yang [J.-X.] 2008:300, Fig. 1 [Environmental Biology of Fishes v. 83; ref. 29546] Nanwan River, a tributary of the upper Irrawaddy, 1 kilometer from Simenkan Village, Qingping Township, Longchuan County, Yunnan Province, People's Republic of China, 24°16'32.5"N, 97°54'06.6"E, elevation 946 meters. Holotype: KIZ 2006003337. Paratypes: KIZ 2006003323-36 (15), ? 2006003338 (1). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:346 [ref. 32939]. •Valid as Microrasbora microphthalma Jiang, Chen & Yang 2008 -- (Zhang et al. 2016:50 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Microdevario microphthalma (Jiang, Chen & Yang 2008) -- (Kottelat 2013:124 [ref. 32989] as microphthalmus). Current status: Valid as Microdevario microphthalma (Jiang, Chen & Yang 2008). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Upper Irrawaddy drainage, Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

micros, Boraras Kottelat [M.] & Vidthayanon [C.] 1993:169, Figs. 7-8 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 20833] Swamp 6 kilometers north of Udon Thani where road no. 2 crosses railway, Mekong basin, Udon Thani Province, 17°28"N, 102°48"E, Thailand. Holotype: ZRC 37718. Paratypes: CMK 5047 (4), 5902 (1, c&s); NIFI 2384 (9), 2421 (27, 4 c&s). •Valid as Boraras micros Kottelat & Vidthayanon 1993 -- (Doi 1997:4 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2001:40 [ref. 25780], Conway & Kottelat 2011:45 [ref. 31480], Kottelat 2013:82 [ref. 32989], Petsut et al. 2013:411 [ref. 33424], Kottelat 2015:40 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Boraras micros Kottelat & Vidthayanon 1993. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Mekong basin and Xe Bangfai. Habitat: freshwater.

minuta, Neobola Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:549, Pl. 32 (fig. 1) [Transactions of the Zoological Society of London v. 17 (pt 6, no. 1); ref. 573] Mbete, Zambia, Lake Tanganyika. Syntypes: (several) BMNH 1906.9.8.55-60 (6). •Valid as Chelaethiops minutus (Boulenger 1906) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:300 [ref. 6186], Kullander & Roberts 2012:363, 368 [ref. 31751]). Current status: Valid as Chelaethiops minutus (Boulenger 1906). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Tanganyika and Niemba River. Habitat: freshwater.

mirifica, Danionella Britz [R.] 2003:219, Figs. 1a-c [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 14 (no. 3); ref. 27388] Hill stream, 8 miles from Kamaing on the road to Tanai, Kachin Division, Myitkina district, Myanmar. Holotype: USNM 372847. Paratypes: USNM 372848 (36), 372849 (20, c&s). •Valid as Danionella mirifica Britz 2003 -- (Britz 2009:53 [ref. 30543], Kottelat 2013:97 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Danionella mirifica Britz 2003. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Northern Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

modestus, Barilius (Pachystomus) Day [F.] 1872:4 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 41 (pt 2, nos 1-4); ref. 14133] Ravi River at Lahore, Pakistan. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7884-85 (1, 1) Punjab; BMNH 1889.2.1.1028-37 (10), 1889.2.1.1185-90 (6); RMNH 2709 (1); ZIN 8326 (2); ZSI 2424 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:156 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:300 [ref. 25110]. •Valid as Barilius modestus Day 1872 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:349 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:18 [ref. 24904], Rafique 2000:323 [ref. 25220], Mirza 2000:355 [ref. 25207], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662], Mirza 2003:4 [ref. 27265], Nath et al. 2010:24 [ref. 33488]). Current status: Valid as Barilius modestus Day 1872. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Pakistan and India. Habitat: freshwater.

modestus, Leptocypris Boulenger [G. A.] 1900:134, Pl. 49 (fig. 3) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 6); ref. 555] Between New Antwerp and Stanley [Boyoma] Falls, Upper Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1900.12.13.29 (1), MRAC 261 (1). •Valid as Leptocypris modestus Boulenger 1900 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:324 [ref. 6186], Howes & Teugels 1989:901 [ref. 13624], Poll & Gosse 1995:167 [ref. 24781], Stiassny et al. 2006:371 [ref. 28790]). Current status: Valid as Leptocypris modestus Boulenger 1900. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

moeruensis, Engraulicypris Boulenger [G. A.] 1915:168 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 4 (fasc. 2); ref. 15086] Lake Moero [Lake Mweru], Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1920.5.26.84 (1), MRAC 12127-28 (2). •Valid as Neobola moeruensis (Boulenger 1915) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:326 [ref. 6186]). Current status: Valid as Neobola moeruensis (Boulenger 1915). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Lake Mweru, Democratic Republic of Congo, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

mola, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:334, 392, Pl. 38 (fig. 92) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Gangetic provinces. No types known. Hamilton's original illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 203 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Amblypharyngodon mola (Hamilton 1822) -- (Shrestha 1978:34 [ref. 15970], Ataur Rahman 1989:105 [ref. 24860], Coad 1981:9 [ref. 22348], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:338 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:523 [ref. 23778], Banik & Choudhury 1996:579 [ref. 24736], Menon 1999:33 [ref. 24904], Rafique 2000:323 [ref. 25220], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662], Rafique et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27173], Mirza 2003:4 [ref. 27265], Yadav 2003:7 [ref. 27711], Ataur Rahman 2003:122 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:92 [ref. 29923], Ahmed et al. 2013:285 [ref. 32872], Kottelat 2013:73 [ref. 32989], Narasimhaiah et al. 2016:69 [ref. 34975], Bleher 2018:326 [ref. 36647], Sudasinghe et al. 2019:42 [ref. 36481], Suresh et al. 2018:93 [ref. 36495]). Current status: Valid as Amblypharyngodon mola (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Pakistan, northern India, Nepal and Bangladesh [used in aquaculture]. Habitat: freshwater.

monshiensis, Danio Yang [Y.-J.] & Hwang [H.-C.] in Wu & et al. 1964:56, Fig. 1-44 [The cyprinid fishes of China v. 1; ref. 4806] Mon Shi, Yunnan Province, China. Syntypes: IHB (7). •In genus Barilius -- (Kottelat 1984:796-797 [ref. 11440]). •Synonym of Barilius barila (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kuang in Chu & Chen 1989:21 [ref. 13584], Chen & Chu in Chen et al. 1998:29 [ref. 23878], Zhang et al. 2016:48 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Barilius barnoides Vinciguerra 1890 -- (Fang 2001:18 [ref. 25285]). •Valid as Barilius monshiensis (Yang & Hwang 1964) -- (Vishwanath & Monojkumar 2002:89 [ref. 26360]). •Synonym of Opsarius barnoides (Vinciguerra 1890) -- (Kottelat 2013:131 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barilius barila (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

monticola, Devario Batuwita [S.], de Silva [M.] & Udugampala [S.] 2017:170, Fig. 7 [FishTaxa v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 35544] Ceylon, presumed to be Agarapatana, Nuwara Eliya District, Sri Lanka. Syntypes (3), presumably lost. Replacement name for Danio lineolatus Bleeker 1863, secondarily preoccupied in Devario by Leuciscus lineolatus Blyth 1858. See Sudasinghe & Pethiyagoda 2019:423 [ref. 36449] for comments on the validity of the taxon. •Valid as Devario monticola Batuwita, de Silva & Udugampala 2017 -- (Sudasinghe & Pethiyagoda 2019:423 [ref. 36449], Sudasinghe et al. 2020:[12] [ref. 37530]). Current status: Valid as Devario monticola Batuwita, de Silva & Udugampala 2017. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Mahaweli River basin, central Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

moorii, Barilius Boulenger [G. A.] 1900:480 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 6 (no. 35); ref. 14721] North end of Lake Tanganyika, Burundi. Lectotype: BMNH 1906.6.69.22 [?1906.9.6.22]. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1906.9.6.23-25 [?1906.6.69.23-25](3). Original is moorii, named for J. E. S. Moore; often emended to moorei but Boulenger named several species after Moore as moorii, and this is consistent with formation of the name by dropping the "e" and adding "ii". The change to moorei is not a mandatory one, and the spelling moorei is determined not to have attained prevailing usage status, so we suggest using moorii. Lectotype selected by Seegers 1996:160 [ref. 23725]. •Valid as Raiamas moorii (Boulenger 1900) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:334 [ref. 6186] as moorei, Seegers 1996:160 [ref. 23725], Taverne & De Vos 1997:298 [ref. 23730], De Vos et al. 2001:130, 131 [ref. 26059], Kullander & Roberts 2012:368 [ref. 31751], Manda et al. 2018:359 [ref. 36210]). Current status: Valid as Raiamas moorii (Boulenger 1900). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

morar, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:264, 384, Pl. 31 (fig. 75) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Maynayi, India. No types known. Information on type locality see Britz 2019:44 [ref. 37532]. Hamilton's original illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 149 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Aspidoparia morar (Hamilton 1822) -- (Shrestha 1978:34 [ref. 15970], Coad 1981:9 [ref. 22348], Kuang in Chu & Chen 1989:33 [ref. 13584], Ataur Rahman 1989:86 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:340 [ref. 20764], Coad 1995:11 [ref. 23608], Zhu 1995:26 [ref. 25213], Coad 1996:3 [ref. 23831], Coad 1996:71 [ref. 25297], Doi 1997:3 [ref. 22832], Chen & Chu in Chen et al. 1998:52 [ref. 23878], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Sen 1999:194 [ref. 24750], Menon 1999:11 [ref. 24904], Rafique 2000:323 [ref. 25220], Mirza 2000:355 [ref. 25207], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662], Kottelat 2001:18 [ref. 25482], Selim & Vishwanath 2001:254 [ref. 25882], Wang & He 2002:253 [ref. 26245], Rafique et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27173], Mirza 2003:4 [ref. 27265], Yadav 2003:7 [ref. 27711] as Aspidopayia, Ataur Rahman 2003:103 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:93 [ref. 29923], Conway et al. 2011:1755 [ref. 31594], Gurung et al. 2013:4882 [ref. 32969]). •Valid as Cabdio morar (Hamilton 1822) -- (Liao et al. 2011:31 [ref. 31306], Ahmed et al. 2013:285 [ref. 32872], Kottelat 2013:84 [ref. 32989], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:867 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2015:119 [ref. 35030], Zhang et al. 2016:48 [ref. 34477], Esmaeili et al. 2017:38 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:18 [ref. 36089], Bleher 2018:370 [ref. 36647], Lalramliana et al. 2019:168 [ref. 36904], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:96 [ref. 37983]). Current status: Valid as Cabdio morar (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Asia: Ganga-Brahmaputra basin, Nepal, India, Iran, Bhutan, China, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Pakistan. Habitat: freshwater.

morarensis, Barilius Günther [A.] 1868:290 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Morar River, Gwalior, India. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1867.5.12.18. •Synonym of Barilius barila (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:82 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barilius barila (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

mouhoti, Chela Smith [H. M.] 1945:80, Fig. 4 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 188; ref. 4056] Pasak River at Pechabun, central Thailand. Holotype (unique): USNM 107959. Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:4 [ref. 25088], Vilasri et al. 2018:45 [ref. 36451]. •Synonym of Chela caeruleostigmata (Smith 1931) -- (Bănărescu 1968:57 [ref. 215] as coeruleostigmata, Bănărescu 1971:17 [ref. 20612] as coeruleostigmata, Kottelat 2001:42 [ref. 25780]). •In genus Laubuca -- (Fang et al. 2009:7 [ref. 29983]). •Synonym of Laubuka caeruleostigma Smith 1931 -- (Kottelat 2013:119 [ref. 32989], Vilasri et al. 2018:45 [ref. 36451]). Current status: Synonym of Laubuka caeruleostigmata Smith 1931. Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

muongthanhensis, Danio Nguyen [V. H.] in Nguyen & Ngô 2001:53, Fig. 14 [Freshwater fishes of Viet Nam. Volume I. Family Cyprinidae v. 1; ref. 28301] Suôi Muòng Thanh, Diên Biên County, Lai Châu Province, Dien Bien Phu city, Muongthanh, Viêt Nam, 21°23'09"N, 103°01'15"W. Holotype: VNCNTTS I: H.01.09.01.01. Paratypes: VNCNTTS I: H.01.09.01.02 (1). •Synonym of Devario laoensis (Pellegrin & Fang 1940) -- (Kottelat 2013:99 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Devario laoensis (Pellegrin & Fang 1940). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

myersi, Daniops Smith [H. M.] 1945:92, Fig. 6 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 188; ref. 4056] Huey Me Lao [Maelao], a mountain stream on Doi Hua Mot, northern Thailand. Holotype: USNM 107961. Paratypes: USNM 107806 (7), 107893 (8), 107921 (7), 107961 (1), 108130 (8), 108863 (4), 117725-28 (3, 4, 2, 7), 117756 (1), 119448-49 (6, 5), 119525 (4), 119526 (5). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:5 [ref. 25088], Vilasri et al. 2018:46 [ref. 36451]. •Valid as Danio myersi (Smith 1945) -- (Chu 1981:149 [ref. 5248], Kuang in Chu & Chen 1989:14 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:24 [ref. 25213], Chen & Chu in Chen et al. 1998:22 [ref. 23878]). •Synonym of Danio laoensis (Pellegrin & Fang 1940) -- (Fang & Kottelat 1999:289 [ref. 24228], Fang 2000:224 [ref. 25107], Kottelat 2001:49 [ref. 25780]). •Synonym of Devario laoensis (Pellegrin & Fang 1940) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Kottelat 2013:99 [ref. 32989], Vilasri et al. 2018:46 [ref. 36451]). Current status: Synonym of Devario laoensis (Pellegrin & Fang 1940). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

myersi, Rasbora Brittan [M. R.] 1954:117, Fig. 25 [Monographs of the Institute of Science and Technology, Manila Monograph 3; ref. 646] Potoes Sibau, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: CAS-SU 17342. Paratypes: CAS-SU 17345 (2) [not 17343 (3)]. Other material: ANSP uncat. (4); USNM 101273 (3), 108120 (1). •Synonym of Rasbora dusonensis (Bleeker 1850) -- (Kottelat 2000:51 [ref. 25040], Kottelat 2001:78 [ref. 25780]). •Valid as Rasbora myersi Brittan 1954 -- (Rainboth & Kottelat 1987:418 [ref. 9123], Kuang in Chu & Chen 1989:25 [ref. 13584], Roberts 1989:74 [ref. 6439], Lim et al. 1990:36 [ref. 16753], Zhu 1995:25 [ref. 25213], Rainboth 1996:78 [ref. 22772], Chen & Chu in Chen et al. 1998:35 [ref. 23878], Wang & He 2002:253 [ref. 26245], Kottelat 2012:81 [ref. 31848], Ng & Kottelat 2013:63 [ref. 32565], Kottelat 2015:153 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:43 [ref. 33971], Zhang et al. 2016:51 [ref. 34477], Ng et al. 2019:527 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora myersi Brittan 1954. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

myitkyinae, Devario Kullander [S. O.] 2017:414, Fig. 5 [Zootaxa 4227 (no. 3); ref. 35120] Hpa Lap stream, circa 3 km north of Yuzana Myaing (8 km to left from Myitkyina-Myitzon road km 11), Ayeyarwaddy River drainage, Kachin State, Myanmar, 25°32'3"N, 97°23'22"E. Holotype: NRM 69501. Paratypes: CUMV, NRM. •Valid as Devario myitkyinae Kullander 2017. Current status: Valid as Devario myitkyinae Kullander 2017. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Ayeyarwaddy River drainage, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

mysoricus, Perilampus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:325 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Chalakudy River, Panamkulam, 26 km from Chalakudy, on road to Valparai, Kerala, India. Neotype [AMS I.46342-001] designated by Batuwita et al. 2017:177 [ref. 35544], invalid, see Kullander et al. 2017:33 [ref. 35685] and Sudasinghe & Pethiyagoda 2019:422 [ref. 36449]. •Synonym of Devario malabaricus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Fang 2001:16 [ref. 25285], Batuwita et al. 2017:158 [ref. 35544]). Current status: Synonym of Devario malabaricus (Jerdon 1849). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

naevus, Boraras Conway [K. W.] & Kottelat [M.] 2011:46, Fig. 1 [Zootaxa No. 3002; ref. 31480] Swamp, east of road north of Amphoe Tha Chana, 83 km before Surat Thani on road from Lang Suan, Surat Thani Province, Thailand. Holotype: ZRC 53120. Paratypes: BMNH 2011.8.3.1-20 (20), CMK 16459 (255), NRM 61765 (20), TCWC 15185.01 (4, c&s). •Valid as Boraras naevus Conway & Kottelat 2011 -- (Kottelat 2013:83 [ref. 32989], Petsut et al. 2013:411 [ref. 33424]). Current status: Valid as Boraras naevus Conway & Kottelat 2011. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Swampy area north of Surat Thani and and lower Tapi drainage, Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

naganensis, Danio Chaudhuri [B. L.] 1912:441, Pl. 40 (figs. 1, 1a-b) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 7 (pt. 5) (art. 35); ref. 14837] Lungting River, Naga Hills, Manipur, India. Syntypes: ZSI F5297/1 to 5302/1 (6) Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:108 [ref. 20743]. •Valid as Danio naganensis Chaudhuri 1912 -- (Barman 1991:52 [ref. 22192], Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 1998:3 [ref. 24126], Menon 1999:44 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662]). •Valid as Devario naganensis (Chaudhuri 1912) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Kottelat 2013:99 [ref. 32989], Ramananda & Vishwanath 2014:84 [ref. 33388]). Current status: Valid as Devario naganensis (Chaudhuri 1912). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater.

naggsi, Rasbora Silva [A.], Maduwage [K.] & Pethiyagoda [R.] 2010:40, Figs. 12-13 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 21 (no. 1); ref. 30779] Walawe River basin at Pambahinna, near Belihul-Oya, 6°45'N, 80°45'E, Sri Lanka. Holotype: WHT 7659. Paratypes: WHT 7660 (9), 7841 (2 c&s). Plus one non-type specimen. •Valid as Rasbora naggsi Silva, Maduwage & Pethiyagoda 2010 -- (Sudasinghe et al. 2020:22 [ref. 37702]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora naggsi Silva, Maduwage & Pethiyagoda 2010. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southern central Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

nammuensis, Daniops Mai [D. Y.] (ex Hao & Hoa) 1978:123, Fig. 52 [Identification of the fresh-water fishes of North Viet Nam v. 1; ref. 13511] Creeks of the Lai-Châu River system, northern Vietnam. Syntypes: DVZUT. Apparently unavailable from Hao & Hoa 1969 according to Kottelat 1989:1102 [ref. 14361], but Kottelat 2001 [ref. 25482] reversed this interpretation and dated to Nguyen & Doan [= Hao & Hoa] 1969. See account of Daniops nammuensis Nguyen & Doan 1969. •See the account of Daniops nammuensis Nguyen & Doan 1969. •In the synonymy of Opsarius pulchellus (Smith 1931) -- (Kottelat 2001:33 [ref. 25482]). Current status: Synonym of Opsarius pulchellus (Smith 1931). Danionidae: Chedrinae.

nammuensis, Daniops Nguyen [V. H.] & Doan [L. H.] 1969:11, Fig. 4 in ref. 29795 (missing) [Some data on composition, origin, and distribution of cyprinid species in northern Vietnam; ref. 25483] Nam Mu (stream), Phong Tho District, Lai Chau Province, Vietnam. Lectotype: RIAH 1036. Paralectotypes: (1) lost. See Kottelat 2001:113, 117 [ref. 25482] for availability issues. Spelled several ways in the original description; Kottelat 2001:117 [ref. 25482] as first reviser selected the spelling nammuensis; as first reviser he also selected Daniops macropterus over its simultaneous synonym Daniops nammuensis. See Nguyen & Doan 2008 [ref. 29793] for an English translation of ref. 25483. Lectotype selected by Roberts & Catania 2008:90 [ref. 29794] [apparently not part type of type series accordong to Kottelat 2013.]. •Probably not conspecific with Opsarius pulchellus (Smith 1931) -- (Roberts & Catania 2008:94 [ref. 29794]). •Synonym of Opsarius pulchellus (Smith 1931) -- (Kottelat 2001:33 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2013:132 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Opsarius pulchellus (Smith 1931). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

nana, Microrasbora Kottelat [M.] & Witte [K.-E.] 1999:52, Figs. 6-7 [Journal of South Asian Natural History v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 23898] Kyauk Tan Chaung stream, 2.5 kilometers from Daik U, Sittang River basin, Myanmar. Holotype: ZRC 43429. Paratypes: CAS 60817 (22), CMK 12871 (5), KEW 3375 (2), NRM 43014 (8), SMNS 18992 (4), ZRC 43430 (5). •Valid as Microrasbora nana Kottelat & Witte 1999 -- (Roberts 2007:136 [ref. 29033], Jiang et al. 2008:300 [ref. 29546]). •Valid as Microdevario nana (Kullander & Witte 1999) -- (Fang et al. 2009:11 [ref. 29983]). •Valid as Microdevario nanus (Kottelat & Witte 1999) -- (Kottelat 2013:124 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Microdevario nanus (Kottelat & Witte 1999). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

nanensis, Barilius Smith [H. M.] 1945:155, Fig. 23 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 188; ref. 4056] Nan River at Ban Pa-Khwang, northern Thailand. Holotype: USNM 107940. Paratypes: USNM 107939-40 (4, 1), 119474-76 (1, 1, 6). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:3 [ref. 25088]. •Mention -- (Kottelat 1984:797 [ref. 11440]). •Valid as Barilius nanensis Smith 1945 -- (Roberts 1989:31 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Opsarius koratensis (Smith 1931) -- (Kottelat 2001:65 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:131 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Opsarius koratensis (Smith 1931). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

naseeri, Barilius shacra Mirza [M. R.], Rafiq [M.] & Awan [F. A.] 1986:67, Fig. 1 [Pakistan Journal of Zoology v. 18 (no. 1); ref. 8967] Nullah Seel near Tehsil Pindi Gheb, 52 kilometers from Attock toward south, Pakistan. Holotype: GCM F-12. Paratypes: (10). •Valid as Barilius naseeri Mirza, Rafiq & Awan 1986 -- (Rafique 2000:323 [ref. 25220], Rafique et al. 2000:337 [ref. 25221], Mirza 2003:5 [ref. 27265]). Current status: Valid as Barilius naseeri Mirza, Rafiq & Awan 1986. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Pakistan. Habitat: freshwater.

neavii, Barilius Boulenger [G. A.] 1907:3 [Memoirs and Proceedings of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society v. 51 (no. 12); ref. 15140] Mountain stream near Petauke, Zambia. Syntypes: (11) BMNH 1906.11.22.30-34 (5). •Synonym of Opsaridium zambezense (Peters 1852) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:329 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1996:68 [ref. 22213]). Current status: Synonym of Opsaridium zambezense (Peters 1852). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

neilgherriensis, Paradanio Day [F.] 1867:296 [16] [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867 (pt 2) (art. 5); ref. 14043] Ootacamund Lake, Pykara, Avelanche and Kaity streams, Neilgherry Hills, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7724-25 [syntypes] (1, 1); BMNH 1867.7.24.15-18 (4?), 1975.9.30.7 (1); FMNH 2347 (6); MZUF 2374 (1); NMW 53103 (2); ZIN 8322 (6); ZSI 2483 (1), 2492 (1), A.825 (1, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:156 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:300 [ref. 25110]. On p. 16 of separate. Emended to nilgherriensis by Günther 1868:283 [ref. 1990]. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Valid as Danio neilgherriensis (Day 1867) -- (Barman 1991:54 [ref. 22192], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:371 [ref. 20764], Manimekalan 1998:438 [ref. 24989], Menon 1999:44 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Devario neilgherriensis (Day 1867) -- (Fang 2001:16 [ref. 25285], Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120], Bleher 2018:440 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Devario neilgherriensis (Day 1867). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Western Ghats, southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

neilgherriensis, Rasbora Day [F.] 1867:298 [18] [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867 (pt 2) (art. 5); ref. 14043] Bowany and Seegoor rivers; Billicul Lake, Neilgherry Hills, Madras, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: BMNH 1867.7.24.9-10 (2); ZMB 11134 (1) Wynaad, ZSI 2665 (1), A.817 (2, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:156 [ref. 23762]. On p. 18 of separate. Emended to nilgherriensis by Günther 1868:197 [ref. 1990]. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Synonym of Rasbora daniconius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Brittan 1954:136 [ref. 646], Menon 1999:51 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Rasbora neilgherriensis Day 1867 -- (Bleher 2018:754 [ref. 36647], Thampy et al. 2020:262 [ref. 38007]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora neilgherriensis Day 1867. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: South Asia: Nilgiri Hills, Western Ghats (southern India) endemic. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

nelsoni, Barilius Barman [R. P.] 1988:26, Fig. 14 [Records of the Zoological Survey of India, Occasional Paper No. 119; ref. 17641] Gumti River, Udaypur subdivision, South Tripura District, northeastern India. Holotype: ZSI FF2396. Paratypes: ZSI FF2397 (8). See Das 2003:355 [ref. 27706]. This description appeared first as above with citation to Barman in press; also appeared in Barman 1989:213, Fig. 1 [ref. 20118] where types were designated. •Valid as Barilius nelsoni Barman 1988 -- (Menon 1999:19 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Barilius radiolatus Günther 1868 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:350 [ref. 20764], Nath et al. 2010:32 [ref. 33488]). •Synonym of Opsarius radiolatus (Günther 1866) -- (Qin et al. 2019:590 [ref. 36784]). Current status: Synonym of Opsarius radiolatus (Günther 1868). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

nematotaenia, Rasbora elegans Hubbs [C. L.] & Brittan [M. R.] in Brittan 1954:68, Fig. 10 [Monographs of the Institute of Science and Technology, Manila Monograph 3; ref. 646] Moesi River at Moera Klingi, southeastern Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype: UMMZ 157138. Paratypes: UMMZ 157147 (1). •Valid as Rasbora nematotaenia Hubbs & Brittan 1954 -- (Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat & Tan 2011:218 [ref. 31695], Kottelat 2013:153 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora nematotaenia Hubbs & Brittan 1954. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Sumatra, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

ngalala, Engraulicypris Riddin [M. A.], Villet [M. H.] & Bills [I. R.] in Riddin, Bills & Villet 2016:145, Figs. 6-8 [ZooKeys No. 641; ref. 34973] Lucheringo River, Singa Hunting Camp, Mozambique, 11°48'56"S, 36°13'15"E. Holotype: SAIAB 74087. Paratypes: SAIAB. •Valid as Engraulicypris ngalala Riddin, Villet & Bills 2016. Current status: Valid as Engraulicypris ngalala Riddin, Villet & Bills 2016. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Rovuma River system, Malawi and Mozambique. Habitat: freshwater.

ngawa, Barilius Vishwanath [W.] & Manojkumar [W.] 2002:86, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 99 (pt 1); ref. 26360] Sherou River, tributary of Manipur River, 24°18'N, 93°54'E, 83 kilometers south of Imphal, Manipur, India. Holotype: MUFM 149. Paratypes: MUFM 150 (40). •Valid as Barilius ngawa Vishwanath & Manojkumar 2002 -- (Nath et al. 2010:24 [ref. 33488] with author as Manoj Kumar, Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2012:2363 [ref. 31817]). •Questionably a synonym of Opsarius barnoides (Vinciguerra 1890) -- (Kottelat 2013:131 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Opsarius ngawa (Vishwanath & Manojkumar 2002) -- (Arunkumar & Moyon 2017:167 [ref. 35774], Bleher 2018:618 [ref. 36647], Moyon & Arunkumar 2019:6 [ref. 37054]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius ngawa (Vishwanath & Manojkumar 2002). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Manipur River basin, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

nigeriensis, Barilius Daget [J.] 1959:675, Fig. 2 [Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire (Sér A) Sciences Naturelles v. 21 (no. 2); ref. 11987] Ouéyanko, near Bamako, Upper Niger. Syntypes: MNHN 1959-0150 (3). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:268 [ref. 20870]. •Valid as Raiamas nigeriensis (Daget 1959) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:334 [ref. 6186], Howes & Teugels 1989:901 [ref. 13624], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:280 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:339 [ref. 26477], Lévèque et al. 1991:142 [ref. 31367], Dankwa et al. 1999:25 [ref. 28023], De Weirdt et al. 2007:567 [ref. 30024]). Current status: Valid as Raiamas nigeriensis (Daget 1959). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

nigra, Pectenocypris Wibowo [A.], Ahnelt [H.] & Kertamihardja [E. S.] 2016:138, Figs. 2-4 [Acta Biologica Turcica v. 29 (no. 4); ref. 34796] Peat swamp, river and peat lakes ‘Teluk Kapal’, Serkap river system, aproximately 90 km east of Pelalawan, Riau province, Central Sumatra, Indonesia, 00°25'42''N, 102°38'45''E. Holotype: MZB 22149. Paratypes: MZB, NMW. •Valid as Pectenocypris nigra Wibowo, Ahnelt & Kertamihardja 2016 -- (Ahnelt et al. 2019:7 [ref. 37025]). Current status: Valid as Pectenocypris nigra Wibowo, Ahnelt & Kertamihardja 2016. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Serkap River system, Central Sumatra, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

nigrofasciatus, Barilius Day [F.] 1870:620 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869 (pt 3) (art. 3) (for 9 Dec. 1869); ref. 14093] Pegu and Moulmein, Myanmar. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: (20) AMS B.7558 (1, syntype, poor condidtion) Pegu; NMW 53104 (2); RMNH 2573 (1); ZSI A.877 (1), A.878 (1, lost or exchanged), 2476 (1, lost or exchanged). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:156 [ref. 23762]. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Valid as Brachydanio nigrofasciatus (Day 1870) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:359 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:4 [ref. 22832], Sen 2007:27 [ref. 29657], Sen 2007:27 [ref. 29657], Kottelat 2013:83 [ref. 32989] as nigrofasciata). •Valid as Danio nigrofasciatus (Day 1870) -- (Barman 1991:56 [ref. 22192], Fang 1998:276 [ref. 23299], Fang 2000:25 [ref. 24479], Fang 2001:16 [ref. 25285], Fang 2003:717 [ref. 27255] once as nigrogasciatus, Fang et al. 2009:16 [ref. 29983], Kullander & Fang 2009:47 [ref. 30285], Kullander & Fang 2009:223 [ref. 30706], Kullander 2012:245 [ref. 32309], Kullander & Britz 2015:246 [ref. 33764]). Current status: Valid as Danio nigrofasciatus (Day 1870). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

nigromarginata, Rasbora Meinken [H.] 1957:66, Fig. 1 [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 10 (no. 3); ref. 12157] Sri Lanka. Holotype: ZMH H1207. Paratypes : ZMH H1208 (4 of 8). •Valid as Rasbora nigromarginata Meinken 1957 -- (Brittan 1972:192-29 [ref. 12245]). •Synonym of Rasbora vaterifloris Deraniyagala 1930 -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:129 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:390 [ref. 20764]). •In genus Rasboroides -- (Silva et al. 2010:27 [ref. 30779]). •Valid as Rasboroides nigromarginatus (Meinken 1957) -- (Batuwita et al. 2013:126 [ref. 33007]). •Synonym of Rasboroides vaterifloris (Deraniyagala 1930) -- (Sudasinghe et al. 2018:14 [ref. 36411]). Current status: Synonym of Rasboroides vaterifloris (Deraniyagala 1930). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

nilotica, Neobola Werner [F.] 1919:445, Fig. 4 [Denkschriften, Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschafliche Klasse. v. 96; ref. 15260] Sudan. Holotype (unique): NMW 1707. •Valid as Neobola nilotica Werner 1919 -- (Bart et al. 2019:533 [ref. 36898]). Current status: Uncertain as Neobola nilotica Werner 1919. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: White Nile River, Sudan. Habitat: freshwater.

niloticus, Leuciscus Joannis [L. de] 1835:no page number, Pl. 3 [Magasin de Zoologie 1835 (5 anneé); ref. 2355] Nile River at Thebes, Egypt. No types known. •Valid as Leptocypris niloticus (Joannis 1835) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:324 [ref. 6186], Howes & Teugels 1989:901 [ref. 13624], Lévêque et al. 1989:118 [ref. 26480], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:274 [ref. 21589], Dankwa et al. 1999:24 [ref. 28023], Lévèque et al. 1991:142 [ref. 31367], Seegers et al. 2003:34 [ref. 28087], De Weirdt et al. 2007:563 [ref. 30024], Neumann et al. 2016:304 [ref. 35036]). Current status: Valid as Leptocypris niloticus (Joannis 1835). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

nodulosa, Rasbora Lumbantobing [D. N.] 2010:659, Figs. 6D, 10A [Copeia 2010 (no. 4); ref. 31097] Tangantangan River on road between Blang Pidie and Tapaktuan, 3°39'09"N, 96°54'83"E, Province of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 16465. Paratypes: ANSP 189275 (4)MZB 16466 (27), 16468 (10); USNM 391731 (51), 391743 (36); ZRC 51792 (5). •Valid as Rasbora nodulosa Lumbantobing 2010 -- (Kottelat 2013:153 [ref. 32989], Lumbantobing 2014:23 [ref. 33163]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora nodulosa Lumbantobing 2010. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Northwestern Sumatra, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

notura, Rasbora Kottelat [M.] 2005:265, Fig. 2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 16 (no. 3); ref. 28335] Sekayu waterfalls, 4°57'50"N, 102°57'14"E, Terengganu, Malaysia. Holotype: ZRC 21684. Paratypes: CMK 8169 (19), 8222 (1); ZRC 9313 (1), 19489 (1), 21685 (14), 23501 (10), 24555 (1), 38747 (3), 40238 (2), 41863 (2), 41888 (4), 41924 (1), 43779 (8), 43803 (1). •Valid as Rasbora notura Kottelat 2005 -- (Tan & Kottelat 2009:49 [ref. 30261], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat & Tan 2011:217 [ref. 31695], Kottelat 2013:153 [ref. 32989], Lumbantobing 2014:23 [ref. 33163]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora notura Kottelat 2005. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Terengganu drainage on Gulf of Thailand slope of Peninsula Malaysia. Habitat: freshwater.

novacula, Cyprinus Valenciennes [A.] in Jacquemont 1838:no p., Pl. 15 (fig. 2-2a) [Voyage dans l'Inde pendant les années 1828 à 1832; ref. 17872] Madras, India. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-3895. Paralectotypes: MNHN B-2535 [ex MNHN 0000-3895] (8). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:84 [ref. 19574]. Type information: Daget 1984:512 [ref. 23265]. Also appeared in Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:345 [ref. 1010] as Leuciscus novacula. Lectotype selected by Bănărescu 1968:7 [ref. 7866]. Plate probably dates to 1838, see Britz et al. 2017:540 [ref. 35498]. •Valid as Salmostoma novacula (Valenciennes 1838) (often dated 1840) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:324 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:28 [ref. 24904], Yadav 2003:7 [ref. 27711]). Current status: Valid as Salmostoma novacula (Valenciennes 1838). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater.

oblonga, Cyprinus (Salmophasia) Swainson [W.] 1839:284 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Rivers of India. No types known. Based on Hamilton, fig. 76 (Cyp. bacaila) -- which is Hamilton 1822:Pl. 8 (fig. 76) [ref. 2031]. Unneeded new name for Cyprinus bacaila Hamilton 1822. •Synonym of Salmostoma bacaila (Hamilton 1822). Current status: Synonym of Salmostoma bacaila (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

occidentalis, Barilius niloticus Blache [J.] & Miton [F.] 1961:397 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 32 (no. 5) (1960); ref. 7449] Taf-taf at Nganatir, Chad. Syntypes: MNHN 1959-0412 (5, as "types"); as "paratypes": MNHN 1959-0425 (6) and CEPFL (?). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:268 [ref. 20870]. •Synonym of Leptocypris niloticus (Joannis 1835) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:325 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:274 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:142 [ref. 31367]). Current status: Synonym of Leptocypris niloticus (Joannis 1835). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

orientalis, Barilius senegalensis Blache [J.] & Miton [F.] 1961:397 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 32 (no. 5) (1960); ref. 7449] Chari delta, Chad basin, Chad. Syntypes: MNHN 1959-0424 (3, as "types"); as "paratypes": MNHN 1959-0422 (1), 1959-0496 (1), 1959-0503 (2); CEPFL (?). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:268 [ref. 20870]. •Synonym of Raiamas senegalensis (Steindachner 1870) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:334 [ref. 6186], Lévèque et al. 1991:142 [ref. 31367]). Current status: Synonym of Raiamas senegalensis (Steindachner 1870). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

orissaensis, Salmostoma phulo Bănărescu [P. M.] 1968:5, Fig. 4 [Revue Roumaine de Biologie, Série de Zoologie v. 13 (no. 1); ref. 7866] Lower Mahannadi, Orissa Province, India. Holotype: BMNH 1889.2.1.1403. Paratypes: BMNH 1889.2.1.1404 (1). Salmostoma is neuter, therefore mandatory correction to orissaense. •Synonym of Salmostoma phulo (Hamilton 1822), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Bănărescu 1971:16 [ref. 20612]). •Valid as Salmostoma orissaense Bănărescu 1968 (often as orissaensis) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:325 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:29 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Valid as Salmostoma orissaense Bănărescu 1968. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater.

ornatus, Barilius Sauvage [H.-E.] 1883:153 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 7; ref. 14348] Mé-Nam River, Thailand. Lectotype: MNHN A-5074. Paralectotypes: MNHN B-2981 [ex MNHN A-5074] (1) Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:69 [ref. 19574], Monkolprasit 1969:4 [ref. 25088] [in error]. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1984:794 [ref. 11440]. See discussion in Kottelat 2013:132 [ref. 32989] that questions the locality. •Valid as Barilius ornatus Sauvage 1883 -- (Kottelat 1984:794 [ref. 11440], Doi 1997:4 [ref. 22832], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662], Vishwanath & Monojkumar 2002:89 [ref. 26360], Tejavej 2012:140 [ref. 32328], Tejavej 2012:149 [ref. 32353]). •Valid as Opsarius ornatus (Sauvage 1883) -- (Kottelat 2013:132 [ref. 32989], Arunkumar & Moyon 2017:168 [ref. 35774], Moyon & Arunkumar 2019:6 [ref. 37054]). •Not Opsarius ornatus (Sauvage 1883) -- (A. Tejavej pers. comm., 17 Nov. 2014 and probably a Devario). Current status: Valid as Opsarius ornatus (Sauvage 1883). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Rivers of Chumphon Province, southern Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

ornatus, Rasbora Vishwanath [W.] & Laisram [J.] 2005:429, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 101 (pt 3) [2004]; ref. 28249] Lokchao River, a tributary of the Yu River (Chindwin drainage), Moreh, Manipur State, India, Holotype: MUMF 3032. Paratypes: MUMF 1210-1212 (3), 3033/10 (10). •Valid as Rasbora ornata Vishwanath & Laisram 2005 -- (Liao et al. 2009:[4] [ref. 30521], Silva et al. 2010:47 [ref. 30779], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:153 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora ornata Vishwanath & Laisram 2005. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

ornithostoma, Thryssocypris Kottelat [M.] 1991:277, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 13588] Kapuas River at Nibung, between Jongkong and Selimbau, 0°40'N, 112°17'E - 0°37'N, 112°08'E, Kalimantan Barat, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB uncat. Paratypes: MZB uncat. (1), CMK 6842 (3). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:257 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Thryssocypris ornithostoma Kottelat 1991 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:49 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:13 [ref. 22832], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:155 [ref. 28284], Grudpan & Grudpan 2012:234 [ref. 32333], Kottelat 2013:167 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Thryssocypris ornithostoma Kottelat 1991. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Kalimantan Barat, Borneo, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

ostreographus, Perilampus McClelland [J.] 1839:289, 392, Pl. 45 (fig. 9) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Assam, India. No types known. Original figure reproduced in Conway et al. 2009:57 [ref. 30224]. •Synonym of Danio devario (Hamilton 1822) -- (Coad 1981:10 [ref. 22348], Barman 1991:41 [ref. 22192], Fang 2001:16 [ref. 25285]). •Valid as Devario ostreographus (McClelland 1839) -- (Conway et al. 2009:55 [ref. 30224], Bleher 2018:442 [ref. 36647]). •Probably a synonym of Devario aequipinnatus (McClelland 1839) -- (Kullander et al. 2017:32 [ref. 35685]). Current status: Synonym of Devario aequipinnatus (McClelland 1839). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

oweni, Chela Sykes [W. H.] 1839:160 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1838 (pt 6) (for 27 Nov. 1838); ref. 18720] Deccan, India. No information on types provided in original description. Appeared first as above, then in Sykes 1839:57 [ref. 4306]; more complete treatment in Sykes 1841:361, Pl. 63 (fig. 1) [ref. 18868]. •Genus apparently should be Salmostoma. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

pakistanicus, Barilius vagra Mirza [M. R.] & Sadiq [M.] 1978:1, Fig. [Biologia (Lahore) v. 24 (no. 1); ref. 22849] Reservoir in Fort Monro, D. G. Khan District, Pakistan, elevation 1909 meters. Holotype: GCM F 9. Paratypes: (7). •Synonym of Barilius vagra (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:353 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:22 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Barilius pakistanicus Mirza & Sadiq 1978 -- (Rafique 2000:323 [ref. 25220], Mirza 2000:355 [ref. 25207], Rafique et al. 2000:337 [ref. 25221], Rafique et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27173], Mirza 2003:5 [ref. 27265]). Current status: Valid as Barilius pakistanicus Mirza & Sadiq 1978. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Asia: Pakistan and Kashmir. Habitat: freshwater.

pallida, Rasbora vaterifloris race Deraniyagala [P. E. P.] 1958:136 [Spolia Zeylanica v. 28 (pt 2); ref. 11990] Sri Lanka. No types known. Type information: Pethiyagoda 1991:336 [ref. 20075]. Described as a race [but not infrasubspecific following ICZN Art. 45.6]; Batuwita et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33007] regard it as an available name. •In the synonymy of Rasbora vaterifloris Deraniyagala 1930 -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:129 [ref. 20075]). •Valid as Rasboroides pallidus (Deraniyagala 1958) -- (Batuwita et al. 2013:129 [ref. 33007], Sudasinghe et al. 2018:17 [ref. 36411]). Current status: Valid as Rasboroides pallidus (Deraniyagala 1958). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Bentara, Gin, Walawe and Mahaweli basins, Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

pallopinna, Rasbora volzi Lin [S.-Y.] 1932:382 [Lingnan Science Journal, Canton v. 11 (no. 3); ref. 2780] White Cloud Mountain, Kwangtung, China. Holotype: FESC (now at PRFRI) 1100. Paratypes: (9) USNM 94885 (2). •Synonym of Rasbora volzii Popta 1905, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Yang & Hwang 1964:36 [ref. 13497], Ye & Song in Pan et al. 1991:68 [ref. 23876] as volzi, Zhu 1995:24 [ref. 25213] as volzi). •Synonym of Rasbora steineri Nichols & Pope 1927 -- (Brittan 1954:47 [ref. 646], Zheng et al. 1989:73 [ref. 21202], Chen & Chu in Chen et al. 1998:34 [ref. 23878], Kottelat 2013:155 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:51 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora steineri Nichols & Pope 1927. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

palustris, Rasbora Smith [H. M.] 1945:108, Fig. 10 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 188; ref. 4056] Bung Borapet, Nakorn-Sawan, central Thailand. Holotype (unique): USNM 107956. Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:14 [ref. 25088], Vilasri et al. 2018:54 [ref. 36451]. •Valid as Rasbora palustris Smith 1945 -- (Brittan 1954:181 [ref. 646], Donoso-Büchner & Schmidt 1997:93 [ref. 23479]). •Synonym of Rasbora daniconius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2001:76 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:152 [ref. 32989], Vilasri et al. 2018:54 [ref. 36451]). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora daniconius (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

panjabensis, Chela Day [F.] 1872:25 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 41 (pt 2, nos 1-4); ref. 14133] Ravi River at Lahore, Pakistan. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7732 (1, syntype) Lahore, BMNH 1889.2.1.1393-1402 (10), NMW 54141 (1), RMNH 2718 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:156 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:301 [ref. 25110]. Species originally spelled as above, but prevailing usage as punjabensis. •Valid as Salmophasia punjabensis (Day 1872) -- (Mirza 2003:4 [ref. 27265]). •Valid as Salmostoma punjabense (Day 1872) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:326 [ref. 20764] as punjabensis, Rafique et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27173] as punjabensis). Current status: Valid as Salmostoma punjabense (Day 1872). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: India and Pakistan. Habitat: freshwater.

papillatus, Barilius (Barilius) Day [F.] 1869:378 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869 (pt 2) (art. 3) (for 27 May 1869); ref. 18823] Cossye River, Orissa, India. Syntypes (11) and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7909 (2, 1 syntype, 1 non-type), NMW 54891 (1), RMNH 2677 (1), ZSI A.876 (1, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:156 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:301 [ref. 25110]. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Synonym of Opsarius barna (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:131 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Opsarius papillatus (Day 1869) -- (Bleher 2018:620 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Synonym of Opsarius barna (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

parafasciata, Laubuka Lalramliana [no initials], Vanlalhlimpuia [D.] & Singh [M.] 2017:270, Figs. 1, 2A-B, 3 [Zootaxa 4244 (no. 2); ref. 35204] Sala River, a tributary of Kaladan River, in the vicinity of Lungpuk, Siaha District, Mizoram, India, 22°04'38"N, 92°54'57"E. Holotype: ZSI FF 6032. Paratypes: PUCMF, ZSI. •Valid as Laubuka parafasciata Lalramliana, Vanlalhlimpuia & Singh 2017 -- (Kullander et al. 2018:108 [ref. 35843], Bleher 2018:599 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Laubuka parafasciata Lalramliana, Vanlalhlimpuia & Singh 2017. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Kaladan River basin, Mizoram, north-eastern India and Rakhine State, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

pathirana, Danio Kottelat [M.] & Pethiyagoda [R.] 1990:247, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 16751] Tributary of Opatha Ela, descending from Kanneliya Forest Reserve to Opatha, 6°15'40"N, 80°23'45"E, Sri Lanka. Holotype: ZSM 27768 [now ZMC 38456]. Paratypes: ZMA 120454 (2); CMK 7138 (9), 7179 (19). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:254 [ref. 31652]. Holotype still at ZMC. •Valid as Danio pathirana Kottelat & Pethiyagoda 1990 -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:69 [ref. 20075]). •Valid as Devario pathirana (Kottelat & Pethiyagoda 1990) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Fang et al. 2009:17 [ref. 29983], Fang & Kullander 2009:39 [ref. 30284], Batuwita et al. 2017:162 [ref. 35544], Sudasinghe et al. 2020:[12] [ref. 37530]). Current status: Valid as Devario pathirana (Kottelat & Pethiyagoda 1990). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Nilwala River basin, southwest Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

patrickyapi, Rasbora Tan [H. H.] 2009:505, Fig. 1 (A-D) [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 57 (no. 2); ref. 30389] Sungei Rijak, kilometer 84 along road from Palangkaraya to Telakin, Rungan-Kahayan basin, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia, 01°37.319’S 113°37.560’E. Holotype: MZB 10707. Paratypes: CMK 21508 (5); MZB 5334 (11), 10708 (4); ZRC 51748 (11), 51749 (20), 51750 (5). •Valid as Rasbora patrickyapi Tan 2009 -- (Kottelat & Tan 2012:321 [ref. 31753], Kottelat 2013:153 [ref. 32989], Britz & Tan 2018:343 [ref. 36209], Sholihah et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37317]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora patrickyapi Tan 2009. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Rungan-Kahayan Basin (central Kalimantan, Indonesia) endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

pauciperforata, Rasbora Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1916:78, Fig. 28 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 3; ref. 4604] Gunung Sahilan and Deli, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype: ZMA 123590. Paratypes: CAS-SU 15335 [ex ZMA] (4); ZMA 250150 (117). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:37 [ref. 12291], Nijssen et al. 1982:34 [ref. 19236]. Kottelat 2013:170 did not accept the holotype designation. •Valid as Rasbora pauciperforata Weber & de Beaufort 1916 -- (Brittan 1954:164 [ref. 646], Rainboth & Kottelat 1987:419 [ref. 9123], Roberts 1989:74 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 1991:178 [ref. 13597], Kottelat et al. 1993:47 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:234 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:78 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:12 [ref. 22832], Ng & Tan 1999:354 [ref. 24159], Tan & Lim 2004:109 [ref. 27716], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:155 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:184 [ref. 28285]). •Valid as Trigonopoma pauciperforatum (Weber & de Beaufort 1916) -- (Liao et al. 2009:[4] [ref. 30521], Kottelat & Tan 2012:321 [ref. 31753], Sulaiman et al. 2018:30 [ref. 35802], Ng et al. 2019:527 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Trigonopoma pauciperforatum (Weber & de Beaufort 1916). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

paucisqualis, Rasbora Ahl [E.] in Schreitmüller 1935:97, Abb. 2 [Wochenschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 32 (no. 7); ref. 21413] Malay Peninsula [based on Collection Härtel, an aquarium import from Malaya]. Lectotype: ZMB 20873. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:91 [ref. 21847]. Author is E. Ahl. Appeared as Rasbora paucisquamis in Ahl 1935:144 [ref. 13866]. See Kottelat 1989:11 [ref. 13605] for discussion of first publication and name. Lectotype selected by Siebert 1997:31 [ref. 23918]. •Mention as Rasbora cf. paucisquamis Ahl 1935 -- (Rainboth & Kottelat 1987:419 [ref. 9123]). •Valid as Rasbora paucisqualis Ahl 1935 -- (Brittan 1954:101 [ref. 646] as paucisquamis, Rainboth 1996:79 [ref. 22772] as paucisquamis). •Valid as Rasbora paucisqualis Ahl 1935 -- (Kottelat 1991:184 [ref. 13597], Doi 1997:13 [ref. 22832], Siebert 1997:31 [ref. 23918], Ng & Tan 1999:354 [ref. 24159], Kottelat 2000:50 [ref. 25040], Liao et al. 2009:[4] [ref. 30521], Lumbantobing 2010:645 [ref. 31097], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:154 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2019:527 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora paucisqualis Ahl 1935. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Malaya (Malaysia). Habitat: freshwater.

paucisquamis, Rasbora Ahl [E.] 1935:144 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 111 (no. 5/6); ref. 13866] Malay Peninsula [based on Collection Härtel, an aquarium import from Malaya]. Holotype: ZMB 20873. •Synonym of Rasbora paucisqualis Ahl 1935 -- (Kottelat 2013:154 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora paucisqualis Ahl 1935. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

paviana, Rasbora Tirant [G.] 1885:175 [142] [Excursions et Reconnaissances: Cochinchine française v. 10; ref. 17923] Stream in Thu-dâu-môt, Vietnam. Lectotype: MNHL 4200-0256. Paralectotypes: MNHL 4200-0257 (6). On p. 142 of reprint in Chevey 1929 [ref. 16215]. Original as paviana but named for Mr. Pavié; emended by Chevey 1932:12 [ref. 23060] to paviei. Kottelat 2005:270 [ref. 28335] indicates that the spelling paviana is acceptable on the basis of it being an adjective (Art. 31.1). •Synonym of Rasbora sumatrana (Bleeker 1852) -- (Brittan 1954:53 [ref. 646], Kottelat 1987:17, 21 [ref. 11434]). •Valid as Rasbora paviei Tirant 1885 -- (Kottelat 1991:185 [ref. 13597], Rainboth 1996:79 [ref. 22772], Kottelat 1998:52 [ref. 23436], Freyhof et al. 2000:95 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:78 [ref. 25780]). •Valid as Rasbora paviana Tirant 1885 -- (Kottelat 2005:267 [ref. 28335], Tan & Kottelat 2009:49 [ref. 30261], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat & Tan 2011:217 [ref. 31695], Kottelat 2013:154 [ref. 32989], Lumbantobing 2014:23 [ref. 33163], Kottelat 2015:43 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora paviana Tirant 1885. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

paviei, Rasbora Chevey [P.] 1932:32 [Note, Service Océanographique des Pêches de l'Indochine No. 19; ref. 23060] Stream in Thu-dâu-môt, Vietnam. Lectotype: MNHL 4200-0256. Paralectotypes: MNHL 4200-0257 (6). Unjustified emendation of Rasbora paviana Tirant 1885. •Synonym of Rasbora paviana Tirant 1885 -- (Kottelat 2013:154 [ref. 32989]). Unjustified Emend.. Current status: Synonym of Rasbora paviana Tirant 1885. Danionidae: Rasborinae.

pectoralis, Barilius Husain [A] 2012:21, Fig. 1 [Journal on New Biological Reports v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 32306] Tons river, Haripur near Kalasi, District Dehradun, 30°32'N, 77°51'E, India. Holotype: NRS/ZSI-V-1197. Paratype: NRS/ZSI- V-1198 (1). Status not clear. •Unavailable -- (Raghavan et al. 2014:741 [ref. 34574]). Current status: Uncertain as Barilius pectoralis Husain 2012. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India. Habitat: freshwater.

pellegrini, Barilius Fang [P.-W.] 1938:587 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 10 (no. 6); ref. 17187] Szemao, 22°47'N, 100°58'E, Yunnan Province, China. Lectotype: MNHN 1938-0025 [ex NRIB 6219]. Paralectotypes: NRIBAS 6220 (1), 6223 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:69 [ref. 19574]. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1984:796 [ref. 11440]. •Synonym of Barilius pulchellus Smith 1931 -- (Kottelat 1984:796 [ref. 11440], Kuang in Chu & Chen 1989:19 [ref. 13584], Chen & Chu in Chen et al. 1998:28 [ref. 23878]). •Synonym of Opsarius pulchellus (Smith 1931) -- (Kottelat 2001:65 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:132 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Opsarius pulchellus (Smith 1931). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

pellegrinii, Luciosoma Popta [C. M. L.] 1905:178 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 25 (no. 4) (art. 15); ref. 3549] Bo River, Borneo. Lectotype: RMNH 7625 (1 of 8). Paraypes: (10) RMNH 7625 (ca. 7 or 8), 27679 (1). Lectotype selected by Banarescu 1991:36, fig. 8 [ref. 20021] but RMNH says 27679 (1).. •Valid as Luciosoma pellegrinii Popta 1905 -- (Bănărescu 1991:36 [ref. 20021], Kottelat et al. 1993:37 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:7 [ref. 22832], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:581 [ref. 23647], Kottelat 2013:122 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Luciosoma pellegrinii Popta 1905. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

pellucidus, Leuciscus McClelland [J.] 1839:293, 408 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Ganges and Brahmaputra River, India. No types known. •Questionably the same as Amblypharyngodon microlepis (Bleeker 1854) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:337 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Amblypharyngodon mola (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:33 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Synonym of Amblypharyngodon mola (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

peninsulae, Danio (Danio) Smith [H. M.] 1945:98, Fig. 7 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 188; ref. 4056] Base of Kao Luang, Naka Sritamarat [Nakorn-Sritamarat], Peninsular Thailand, elevation 300 meters. Holotype: USNM 107962. Paratypes: USNM 108131 (2). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:5 [ref. 25088], Vilasri et al. 2018:46 [ref. 36451]. •Valid as Devario peninsulae (Smith 1945) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285]). •Synonym of Devario regina (Fowler 1934) -- (Kottelat 2013:99 [ref. 32989], Vilasri et al. 2018:46 [ref. 36451]). Current status: Synonym of Devario regina (Fowler 1934). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

peringueyi, Barilius Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1913:432, Fig. 90 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 11 (pt 5); ref. 14958] Nels River, Nelspruit, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Lectotype: SAM 10906. Paralectotypes: SAM 10748 [now at AMG] (4). Non-types: BMNH 1910.1.28.4 (1), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 45539. Lectotype selected by Skelton 1996:75 [ref. 22213]. •Synonym of Opsaridium zambezense (Peters 1852) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:329 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Opsaridium peringueyi (Gilchrist & Thompson 1913) -- (Skelton 1996:75 [ref. 22213], Skelton 2001:120 [ref. 27406], Marshall 2011:78 [ref. 31755]). Current status: Valid as Opsaridium peringueyi (Gilchrist & Thompson 1913). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Southeastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

perseus, Perilampus McClelland [J.] 1839:289, 395, Pl. 46 (fig. 5) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Assam and probably Bengal. No types known. •Synonym of Laubuka laubuca (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:119 [ref. 32989] with question, Kullander et al. 2018:119 [ref. 35843]). Current status: Synonym of Laubuka laubuca (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

phacra, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:385 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Apparently a mistake for or alternate spelling for Cyprinus shacra on p. 271. Misspelling. Current status: Synonym of Opsarius shacra (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae.

philippina, Rasbora Günther [A.] 1880:54 [Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger in the years 1873-1876 v. 1 (pt 6); ref. 2011] River at Pasananca near Samboangan [=Zamboanga], Mindanao Island, Philippines. Syntypes: BMNH 1879.5.14.646 (1). •Valid as Rasbora philippina Günther 1880 -- (Brittan 1954:127 [ref. 646], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2012:81 [ref. 31848], Kottelat 2013:154 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora philippina Günther 1880. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Mindanao Island, Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

pholicephalus, Opsarius McClelland [J.] 1839:295, 415, Pl. 47 (fig. 2) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Assam and Bengal. No types known. •Synonym of Securicula gora (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:31 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Synonym of Securicula gora (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

phula, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] in McClelland 1839:220 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Not available, name only. •May be same as Cyprinus phulo Hamilton 1822. Misspelling. Current status: Synonym of Salmostoma phulo (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae.

phulo, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:262, 384 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Brahmaputra River at Gualpara [Goalpara], Assam, India. No types known. Information on type locality see Britz 2019:44 [ref. 37532]. Hamilton's original, unpublished illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 147 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Salmostoma phulo (Hamilton 1822) -- (Bănărescu 1971:16 [ref. 20612], Ataur Rahman 1989:80 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:326 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:522 [ref. 23778], Sen 1999:194 [ref. 24750], Menon 1999:29 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662], Ataur Rahman 2003:96 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:87 [ref. 29923]). •Valid as Salmostoma phulo phulo (Hamilton 1822) -- (Yadav 2003:7 [ref. 27711]). •Valid as Salmophasia phulo (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ahmed et al. 2013:286 [ref. 32872]). Current status: Valid as Salmostoma phulo (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Nepal, India and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

pinguis, Engraulicypris Günther [A.] 1894:626, Fig. [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1893 (pt 4); ref. 2018] Lake Malawi [Lake Nyasa], southeastern Africa. Syntypes: BMNH 1893.1.17.15-16 (2). •Synonym of Engraulicypris sardella (Günther 1868) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:301 [ref. 6186], Riddin et al. 2016:132 [ref. 34973]). Current status: Synonym of Engraulicypris sardella (Günther 1868). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

piscatorius, Opsarius McClelland [J.] 1842:582 [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 2 (no. 8); ref. 2926] Seharanpore, Afghanistan. Syntypes: (10) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Barilius vagra (Hamilton 1822) -- (Coad 1981:9 [ref. 22348], Menon 1999:21 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Synonym of Barilius vagra (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

podonemus, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1849:18 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 23 (no. 12); ref. 16883] Kalimas River, Surabaya, Java, Indonesia. Lost. •Synonym of Luciosoma setigerum (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:43 [ref. 6439]). Current status: Synonym of Luciosoma setigerum (Valenciennes 1842). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

ponticulus, Danio (Allodanio) Smith [H. M.] 1945:100, Fig. 8 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 188; ref. 4056] Chang-mai [Chiengmai], presumably in the Meping [Maeping] River, northern Thailand. Holotype: MCZ 35524. Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:5 [ref. 25088]. •Valid as Barilius ponticulus (Smith 1945) -- (Roberts 1989:31 [ref. 6439], Fang 2001:18 [ref. 25285]). •Questionably a synonym of Opsarius koratensis (Smith 1931) -- (Kottelat 2001:65 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:131 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Opsarius koratensis (Smith 1931). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

poonpuni, Salmostoma sardinella Tilak [R.] 1967:25, Figs. 1-2 [Cheetal v. 20 (no. 4); ref. 22848] Poonpun River near Patna, tributary of Ganga River, Bihar, India. Holotype: ZSI F.6155/2. Paratypes: ZSI F.6156/2 (4). See Das 2003:360 [ref. 27706] dated to 1979. Genus apparently should be Salmophasia -- see that generic account. •Synonym of Salmostoma sardinella (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:327 [ref. 20764], Kottelat 2013:158 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Salmostoma sardinella (Valenciennes 1844). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

presbyter, Leuciscus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:307 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 17; ref. 1010] Mumbai, India. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3893 (3). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:71 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Barbus (Puntius) amphibius (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Guibé & Spillmann 1958:463 [ref. 26589]). •Uncertain in genus Puntius -- (Plamoottil & Johnson 2020:99 [ref. 37958]). •Mention in Rasbora -- (Silva et al. 2010:47 [ref. 30779]). •Synonym of Rasbora rasbora (Hamilton 1822) -- (Brittan 1954:42 [ref. 646] with question, Menon 1999:53 [ref. 24904] as presbiter). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora rasbora (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

priapus, Danionella Britz [R.] 2009:53, Figs. 1-4 [Zootaxa No. 2227; ref. 30543] Outskirts of Barobisha town, 26°28'52.3"N, 89°49'29.8"E, Jorai River, a tributary of the Sankosh at Laskarpara, Bramaputra River drainage, Jalpaiguri District, West Bengal, India. Holotype: BPBM 2009.9.9.1. Paratypes: BPBM 2009.9.2-37 (36), 20090.9.9.38-43 (6, c&s). •Valid as Danionella priapus Britz 2009 -- (Bleher 2018:408 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Danionella priapus Britz 2009. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Jorai River, upper Brahmaputra River basin, East Bengal, India. Habitat: freshwater.

profundus, Barilius Mayanglambam [D.] & Vishwanath [W.] 2012:2364, Fig. 1 [Journal of Threatened Taxa v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 31817] Koladyne River at Kolchaw, 22°23'N, 92°57'E, Lawntlai District, Mizoram, India. Holotype: MUMF 24.xii.2009. Paratypes: MUMF 27002-27005 (4), 27021-27018 (8). •Valid as Opsarius profundus (Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2012) -- (Qin et al. 2019:590 [ref. 36784], Moyon & Arunkumar 2019:5 [ref. 37054]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius profundus (Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2012). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Koladyne River basin, Mizoram, India. Habitat: freshwater.

psilopteromus, Perilampus McClelland [J.] 1839:289, 396, Pl. 46 (fig. 4) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Spelled psilopterus in plate caption (p. 314). Unnecessary replacement for Cyprinus atpar Hamilton 1822. •Synonym of Chela cachius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:35 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:87 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Chela cachius (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

pulchellus, Barilius Smith [H. M.] 1931:17, Fig. 8 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 79 (no. 2873); ref. 4047] Mekong River at Pang Chao, northern Thailand. Holotype: USNM 90299 (?1 of 2). Paratypes: (3) KUMF 0157 (1). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:4 [ref. 23217], Monkolprasit 1969:4 [ref. 25088], Vilasri et al. 2018:44 [ref. 36451]. •Valid as Barilius pulchellus Smith 1931 -- (Kottelat 1984:796 [ref. 11440], Kuang in Chu & Chen 1989:19 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:24 [ref. 25213], Rainboth 1996:71 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:4 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:25 [ref. 23436], Chen & Chu in Chen et al. 1998:28 [ref. 23878], Fang & Kottelat 1999:293 [ref. 24228], Tejavej 2012:148 [ref. 32328], Zhang et al. 2016:48 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Opsarius pulchellus (Smith 1931) -- (Kottelat 2001:33 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2001:65 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:132 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:42 [ref. 33971], Arunkumar & Moyon 2017:168 [ref. 35774], Vilasri et al. 2018:44 [ref. 36451]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius pulchellus (Smith 1931). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Mekong and Chao Phraya basins and Xe Bangfai and Nam Theun, Thailand and Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

pulcher, Danio Smith [H. M.] 1931:8 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 79 (no. 2873); ref. 4047] Waterfall stream at Pliew, Chantaburi, Chantabun Province, southeastern Thailand. Holotype: USNM 90290. Paratypes: (5). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:5 [ref. 25088]. •Status uncertain -- (Fang & Kottelat 2000:154 [ref. 24438]). •Valid as Brachydanio pulchra (Smith 1931) -- (Kottelat 2013:83 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Danio pulcher Smith 1931 -- (Sanger & McCune 2002:531 [ref. 26219]). Current status: Valid as Danio pulcher Smith 1931. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

pullatus, Devario Kottelat [M.] 2020:272, Figs. 1-5 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 30 (no. 3): IEF-1143; ref. 37829] Houay Xo, a hill stream entering Ngam Ngiep, Mekong basin, Laos, confluence at about 18°51'42"N, 103°27'16"E - 18°51'12"N, 103°29'39"E, elevation 402 meters. Holotype: MHNG 2784.086. Paratypes: CMK 24639 (16), ZRC 61313 (4). •Valid as Devario pullatus Kottelat 2020. Current status: Valid as Devario pullatus Kottelat 2020. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: South Asia: Ngam Ngiep, Mekong basin, Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

punctulatus, Rasbora Seale [A.] & Bean [B. A.] 1907:232, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 33 (no. 1568); ref. 4002] Zamboanga, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 57842. Paratypes: USNM 61150 (10). •Synonym of Rasbora philippina Günther 1880 -- (Kottelat 2013:154 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora philippina Günther 1880. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

putaoensis, Opsarius Qin [T.], Maung [K. W.] & Chen [X.-Y.] 2019:586, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa 4615 (no. 3); ref. 36784] Putao Market near Airport, Kachin, Myanmar. Holotype: KIZ QT20170033. Paratypes: SEABRI. •Valid as Opsarius putaoensis Qin, Maung & Chen 2019. Current status: Valid as Opsarius putaoensis Qin, Maung & Chen 2019. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Mali Hka River drainage, Kachin State, northern Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

pycnopeza, Rasbora Wilkinson [C. L.] & Tan [H. H.] 2018:605, Figs. 3-5 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 66; ref. 36226] Brantian drainage near Kalabakan, 120 m stream, Sabah, Malaysia. Holotype: ZRC 56719. Paratypes: ZRC. •Valid as Rasbora pycnopeza Wilkinson & Tan 2018:602 [ref. 36226] Current status: Valid as Rasbora pycnopeza Wilkinson & Tan 2018. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Western Sabah and Kalimantan Timur, Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

quagga, Danio Kullander [S. O.], Liao [T.-Y.] & Fang [F.] 2009:194, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 20 (no. 3); ref. 30704] Kamphat River drainage (to Yu River), small river in Saw Bwa Ye Shan village, 46 kilometers on road from Kalaymyo to Tamu, 23°37'14"N, 94°07'32"E, Sagaing Division, Myanmar. Holotype: NRM 58705. Paratypes: NRM 58787 (2). •Valid as Brachydanio quagga (Kullander, Lian & Fang 2009) -- (Kottelat 2009:83 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Danio quagga Kullander, Liao & Fang 2009 -- (Kullander & Fang 2009:223 [ref. 30706], Kullander 2012:245 [ref. 32309], Kullander & Britz 2015:246 [ref. 33764]). Current status: Valid as Danio quagga Kullander, Liao & Fang 2009. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Yu River drainage, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

quangbinhensis, Chela Nguyen [T. T.], Le [V. T.] & Nguyen [X. K.] 1999:16 [English p.21], Fig. on back cover [Da Dang Sinh Hoc Bac Truong Son; ref. 25287] Phong Nha [upper Chay River, Phong Nha-Kebang National Park], Kebang, Quang Bình Province, Vietnam, 17°20'N, 106°09'E. Holotype: Dai-Hoc Su-Pham Vinh Fish Coll. PN 96079. Paratypes: PN 96060-66 (7), PN 96068 (1). Authorship in English summary as Nguyen, Nguyen & Le; also seen as Tu, Thang & Khoa; species authorship order therefore uncertain. •Valid as Danio quangbinhensis (Nguyen, Le & Nguyen 1999) -- (Sanger & McCune 2002:531 [ref. 26219]). •Valid as Devario quangbinhensis (Nguyen, Le & Nguyen 1999) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Kottelat 2013:99 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:41 [ref. 33971] as aff. quangbinhensis, Kottelat 2020:286 [ref. 37829] as cf. quangbinhensis). Current status: Valid as Devario quangbinhensis (Nguyen, Le & Nguyen 1999). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: upper Chay River, Vietnam and possibly Xe Bangfai watershed, Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

radiolatus, Barilius Günther [A.] 1868:287 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Malva, Madhya Prodesh, India. Syntypes: (several) BMNH 1860.3.19.821-822 (2). •Valid as Barilius radiolatus Günther 1868 -- (Barman 1989:214 [ref. 20118], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:350 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:19 [ref. 24904], Shrestha 2008:95 [ref. 29923], Nath et al. 2010:23 [ref. 33488], Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2012:2363 [ref. 31817], Bleher 2018:358 [ref. 36647]). •Valid as Opsarius radiolatus (Günther 1868) -- (Qin et al. 2019:590 [ref. 36784]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius radiolatus (Günther 1868). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Central India and Nepal. Habitat: freshwater.

ramachandrani, Betadevario Pramod [P. K.], Fang [F.], Rema Devi [K.], Liao [T.-Y.], Indra [T. J.], Jameela Beevi [K. S.] & Kullander [S. O.] 2010:35, Figs. 1-4 [Zootaxa No. 2519; ref. 30874] Agumbe, small stream tributary to Sita River, 2 kilometers upstream from Onake Abbi Fall, 13°30'79"N, 75°04'49"E, Shimoga District, Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka, India, elevation 558 meters. Holotype: ZSI/SRS FD.8147. Paratypes: NRM 44980 (1), 57779 (3), 57780 (1), 57781 (1), 60838 (9); ZSI/SRS F.8147 (10). •Valid as Betadevario ramachandrani Pramod, Fang, Rema Devi, Liao, Indra, Jameela Beevi & Kullander 2010 -- (Bleher 2018:368 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Betadevario ramachandrani Pramod, Fang, Rema Devi, Liao, Indra, Jameela Beevi & Kullander 2010. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Upper Sita River drainage, southwestern coast of India. Habitat: freshwater.

rasbora, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:329, 391, Pl. 2 (fig. 90) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Bengal, India. No types known. Species name misspelled basbora by Cuvier 1831:203 [ref. 30376]. Hamilton's original illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 199 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Rasbora rasbora (Hamilton 1822) -- (Brittan 1954:42 [ref. 646], Ataur Rahman 1989:88 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:390 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:533 [ref. 23778], Doi 1997:13 [ref. 22832], Sen 1999:195 [ref. 24750], Menon 1999:53 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:28 [ref. 25662], Mirza 2003:6 [ref. 27265], Yadav 2003:9 [ref. 27711], Ataur Rahman 2003:105 [ref. 31338], Vishwanath & Laisram 2005:429 [ref. 28249], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Silva et al. 2010:48 [ref. 30779], Ahmed et al. 2013:286 [ref. 32872], Kottelat 2013:154 [ref. 32989], Bleher 2018:756 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora rasbora (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Ganges and Brahmaputra River basins, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar and ? Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

recurvirostris, Perilampus McClelland [J.] 1839:290, 398, Pl. 46 (fig. 2) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Calcutta to Purnea, Bengal, India. No types known. •Synonym of Esomus danricus (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:46 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:102 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Esominae. Habitat: freshwater.

regina, Danio Fowler [H. W.] 1934:342, Fig. 6 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1418] Nakon Sritamarat [Nakorn-Sritamarat], Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 60187. Paratypes: ANSP 60188 (1). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:5 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:88 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Danio regina Fowler 1934 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:372 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Menon 1999:45 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662], Sanger & McCune 2002:531 [ref. 26219]). •Valid as Devario regina (Fowler 1934) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Kottelat 2013:99 [ref. 32989], Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120], Ng et al. 2019:526 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Devario regina (Fowler 1934). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Malaya (Malaysia), Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

rehi, Pogonocharax Regan [C. T.] 1907:261, Fig. [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 19 (no. 111) (art. 31); ref. 3630] Argentina [In error, probably India / southeastern Asia]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1907.6.28.50. •Synonym of Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:102 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Esominae. Habitat: freshwater.

rerio, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:323, 390 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Nathpur, Kosi River, Uttar Pradesh, India. No types known. Information on type locality see Britz 2019:46 [ref. 37532]. Hamilton's original, unpublished illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 193 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Brachydanio rerio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:360 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:528 [ref. 23778], Sen 1999:195 [ref. 24750], Rafique 2000:323 [ref. 25220], Kundu 2000:95 [ref. 25663], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662], Rafique et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27173], Yadav 2003:8 [ref. 27711], Sen 2007:27 [ref. 29657], Shrestha 2008:97 [ref. 29923]). •Valid as Danio rerio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Shrestha 1978:35 [ref. 15970], Ataur Rahman 1989:101 [ref. 24860], Barman 1991:57 [ref. 22192], Fang 1998:276 [ref. 23299], Fang & Kottelat 1999:294 [ref. 24228], Rema Devi et al. 1999:154 [ref. 24758], Menon 1999:45 [ref. 24904], Fuller et al. 1999:51 [ref. 25838], Fang 2000:25 [ref. 24479], Fang 2000:219 [ref. 25107], Fang 2001:16 [ref. 25285], Sanger & McCune 2002:531 [ref. 26219], Lim et al. 2002:66 [ref. 28310], Fang 2003:717 [ref. 27255], Mirza 2003:5 [ref. 27265], Yadav 2003:8 [ref. 27711], Ataur Rahman 2003:118 [ref. 31338], Britz et al. 2009:1 [ref. 30115], Kullander & Fang 2009:47 [ref. 30285], Kullander et al. 2009:197 [ref. 30704], Britz et al. 2012:332 [ref. 31754], Ahmed et al. 2013:285 [ref. 32872], Gurung et al. 2013:4882 [ref. 32969], Kullander & Britz 2015:246 [ref. 33764], Kullander & Norén 2016:544 [ref. 34857], Bleher 2018:398 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Danio rerio (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Ganges River basin, India, Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

reticulatus, Perilampus McClelland [J.] 1839:290, 397, Pl. 45 (fig. 1) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Rocky streams in Behar and Calcutta, India. No types known. •Synonym of Danio dangila (Hamilton 1822) -- (Barman 1991:38 [ref. 22192], Menon 1999:40 [ref. 24904], Fang 2001:16 [ref. 25285], Kottelat 2013:96 [ref. 32989], Kullander 2015:359 [ref. 33743]). Current status: Synonym of Danio dangila (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

reticulatus, Rasbora Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1915:270 [Fische aus dem Süsswasser von Nias; ref. 12414] Nias Island, Lolowua, about 5 hrs. sw of Gunung Sitoli in chain of mountains, Sumatra, Indonesia. Lectotype: ZMA 109585. Paralectotypes: AMNH uncat. (5); CAS-SU 15336 (3); ZMA 109586-89 (233, now 77, 3, 9); ZRC 43264-68 (5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:37 [ref. 12291], Nijssen et al. 1982:34 [ref. 19236]. Lectotype selected by Tan 1999:111 [ref. 23899]. •Valid as Rasbora reticulata Weber & de Beaufort 1915 -- (Brittan 1954:197 [ref. 646], Kottelat et al. 1993:47 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:13 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2008:305 [ref. 29390], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Lumbantobing 2010:645 [ref. 31097], Kottelat 2013:154 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2013:154 [ref. 32989], Lumbantobing 2014:23 [ref. 33163]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora reticulata Weber & de Beaufort 1915. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Sumatra and Nias Island, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

retrodorsalis, Rasbora Smith [H. M.] 1945:110, Fig. 12 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 188; ref. 4056] Pond in Bangkok, connected with Chao Phya River, Thailand. Holotype: USNM 119520. Paratypes: CAS-SU 15337 [ex USNM 103279] (1), USNM 103729 (1), 108119-20 (2, 1), 118444 (2). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:14 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1953:37 [ref. 12291], Vilasri et al. 2018:54 [ref. 36451]. •Valid as Rasbora retrodorsalis Smith 1945 -- (Rainboth & Kottelat 1987:418 [ref. 9123]). •Synonym of Rasbora dusonensis (Bleeker 1851), but a valid subspecies -- (Brittan 1954:125 [ref. 646]). •Synonym of Rasbora aurotaenia Tirant 1885 -- (Kottelat 1987:16, 21 [ref. 11434], Rainboth 1996:75 [ref. 22772], Kottelat 2001:76 [ref. 25780] Kottelat 2013:151 [ref. 32989], Vilasri et al. 2018:54 [ref. 36451]). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora aurotaenia Tirant 1885. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

rheophila, Rasbora Kottelat [M.] 2012:78, Figs. 1-2 [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 119 (no. 1); ref. 31848] Sungai Pangakatan, a tributary of Sungai Liwagu, near Ranau on road to hot spring, Sabah, Borneo. Holotype: IRSNB 874. Paratypes: CMK 9461 (5), MHNG 2542.37 (9), RSNB 875 (83), ZRC 47505 (1). Species name to be treated as an adjective. •Valid as Rasbora rheophila Kottelat 2012 -- (Kottelat 2013:154 [ref. 32989], Wilkinson & Tan 2018:606 [ref. 36226]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora rheophila Kottelat 2012. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Sabah, Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

rohani, Rasboroides Batuwita [S.], de Silva [M.] & Edirisinghe [U.] 2013:131, Fig. 7 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 24 (no. 2); ref. 33007] Ratnapura District, Walawa River basin, Rakwana Ganga tributary, Suriykanda, 6°26'59"N, 80°37'10"E, Sri Lanka, elevation 980 meters. Holotype: WHT 9710 [NH 2013.22.01]. Paratypes: WHT 9711 (2), 9712 (11), 9720 (4) [now in NH]. Plus non-type material. See Sudasinghe et al. 2018:20 [ref. 36411] for comments on the types. •Synonym of Rasboroides pallidus (Deraniyagala 1958) -- (Sudasinghe et al. 2018:17 [ref. 36411]). Current status: Synonym of Rasboroides pallidus (Deraniyagala 1958). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

roseus, Danio Fang [F.] & Kottelat [M.] 2000:150, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 11 (no. 2); ref. 24438] Nam Tok Than Thip, 3 kilometers off main road at Ban Tad Some, 13 kilometers west of Sam Kon on road Loei - Nong Khai, 18°07'30"N, 102°11'11"E, Mekong basin, Nong Khai Province, Thailand. Holotype: NRM 44798. Paratypes: CMK 5265 (1), 11013 (5), 13905 (1), 15060 (54); NIFI uncat. (10); NRM 44799 (15); ZRC 45297 (10). •Valid as Bachydanio rosea (Fang & Kullander 2000) -- (Kottelat 2013:83 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Danio roseus Fang & Kottelat 2000 -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Kottelat 2001:49 [ref. 25780], Fang et al. 2009:16 [ref. 29983], Kullander & Fang 2009:47 [ref. 30285], Nguyen et al. 2010:66 [ref. 32043], Kullander & Britz 2015:246 [ref. 33764]). Current status: Valid as Danio roseus Fang & Kottelat 2000. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Thailand, Myanmar, Laos and China. Habitat: freshwater.

ruber, Rasbora vaterifloris race Deraniyagala [P. E. P.] 1958:136 [Spolia Zeylanica v. 28 (pt 2); ref. 11990] Type information: Pethiyagoda 1991:336 [ref. 20075]. Described as a race; regarded as infrasubspecific and unavailable. •In the synonymy of Rasbora vaterifloris Deraniyagala 1930 -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:129 [ref. 20075]). •In the synonymy of Rasboroides pallidus (Deraniyagala 1958) -- (Batuwita et al. 2013:129 [ref. 33007], Sudasinghe et al. 2018:17 [ref. 36411]). Infrasubspecific. Current status: Synonym of Rasboroides pallidus (Deraniyagala 1958). Danionidae: Rasborinae.

rubescens, Microrasbora Annandale [N.] 1918:50, Pls. 2 (fig. 3), 4 (fig. 13) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 14; ref. 127] Shan States, Lake Inle and Heca plains, Myanmar. Holotype: ZSI F9386/1. Paratypes: BMNH 1920.1.20.14-21 (8), FAKI P1173 [ex ZSI F9419/1] (7), ZSI F9387 (83). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:113 [ref. 20743] as syntypes. See Das 2003:359 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Microrasbora rubescens Annandale 1918 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:381 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:8 [ref. 22832], Kottelat & Witte 1999:50 [ref. 23898], Roberts 2007:136 [ref. 29033], Conway et al. 2008:25 [ref. 29468], Jiang et al. 2008:300 [ref. 29546], Fang et al. 2009:17 [ref. 29983], Kano et al. 2016:9 [ref. 34887], Fuke et al. 2021:[3] [ref. 38221]). Current status: Valid as Microrasbora rubescens Annandale 1918. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: South Asia: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

rubioculis, Rasbora vaterifloris race Deraniyagala [P. E. P.] 1958:136 [Spolia Zeylanica v. 28 (pt 2); ref. 11990] Type information: Pethiyagoda 1991:336 [ref. 20075]. Described as a race; we regard as infrasubspecific and unavailable. •In the synonymy of Rasbora vaterifloris Deraniyagala 1930 -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:129 [ref. 20075]). •In the synonymy of Rasboroides pallidus (Deraniyagala 1958) -- (Batuwita et al. 2013:129 [ref. 33007], Sudasinghe et al. 2018:17 [ref. 36411]). Infrasubspecific. Current status: Synonym of Rasboroides pallidus (Deraniyagala 1958). Danionidae: Rasborinae.

rubra, Pectenocypris Ahnelt [H.], Wibowo [A.] & Prianto [E.] 2019:2, Figs. 2-5 [Vertebrate Zoology v. 70 (no. 1); ref. 37025] Peat lakes 'Tasik Besar', Serkap river system, Riau province, Central Sumatra, Indonesia, 00°34'42''N, 102°39'17''E. Holotype: MZB 22148. Paratype: NMW 98606 (1). •Valid as Pectenocypris rubra Ahnelt, Wibowo & Prianto 2019. Current status: Valid as Pectenocypris rubra Ahnelt, Wibowo & Prianto 2019. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Peat lakes in upper Serkap River system, Central Sumatra, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

rubripes, Leuciscus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:323 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Bhowany River near Matypolliam, southern India. No types known. Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

rubrodorsalis, Rasbora Donoso-Büchner [R.] & Schmidt [Jü.] 1997:90, Figs. 1, 3, 5 (lower), 6-7, 13-14 [Zeitschrift für Fischkunde v. 4 (no. 1/2); ref. 23479] Cha Am, 208/209 kilometers, highway 4, southern Thailand. Holotype: ZMB 32549. Paratypes: ZFMK 18459-61 (1, 1, 1); ZMB 32420-22 (1, 1, 1), 32550-51 (1, 1). Type catalog: Herder et al. 2010:111 [ref. 31087]. •Valid as Rasbora rubrodorsalis Donoso-Büchner & Schmidt 1997 -- (Kottelat 2001:78 [ref. 25780], Liao et al. 2009:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:154 [ref. 32989], Sholihah et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37317]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora rubrodorsalis Donoso-Büchner & Schmidt 1997. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

rugosus, Barilius Day [F.] 1867:294 [14] [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867 (pt 2) (art. 5); ref. 14043] Bowany and Seegoor rivers, and rapid streams along lower slopes of Neilgherries, India. Syntypes: BMNH 1867.7.24.6-8 (3), 1889.2.1.4367-69 (3); NMW 54895-96 (2); ZSI A.871 (2, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:156 [ref. 23762]. On p. 14 of separate. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Synonym of Barilius gatensis (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Menon 1999:18 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Synonym of Opsarius gatensis (Valenciennes 1844). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

ruhuna, Laubuca Pethiyagoda [R.], Kottelat [M.], Silva [A.], Maduwage [K.] & Meegaskumbura [M.] 2008:19, Figs. 11-12 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 19 (no. 1); ref. 29714] Gin River at Mawanana (near Neluwa), 6°22'N, 80°21'E, Sri Lanka, elevation 84 meters. Holotype: WHT 7524. Paratypes: WHT 7525 (1), 7526 (5), 7527 (3), 7613 (1), 7647 (1). Plus WHT 7609 (2, c&s). •Valid as Laubuca ruhuna Pethiyagoda, Kottelat, Silva, Maduwage & Meegaskumbura 2008 -- (Kulabtong et al. 2012:93 [ref. 32008], Lalramliana et al. 2017:269 [ref. 35204]). •Synonym of Laubuca varuna Pethiyagoda, Kottelat, Silva, Maduwage & Meegaskumbura 2008 -- (Sudasinghe et al. 2020:[11] [ref. 37590]). Current status: Synonym of Laubuka varuna Pethiyagoda, Kottelat, Silva, Maduwage & Meegaskumbura 2008. Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

rukwaensis, Engraulicypris congicus Ricardo [C. K.] 1939:642, Fig. 2 [The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 40 (no. 275); ref. 17221] Lake Rukwa, southwestern Tanzania. BMNH. Syntypes: (28) BMNH 1942.12.31.191-210 (20). •Valid as Chelaethiops rukwaensis (Ricardo 1939) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:300 [ref. 6186], Seegers 1996:146 [ref. 23725]). Current status: Valid as Chelaethiops rukwaensis (Ricardo 1939). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Lake Rukwa, eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

rutteni, Rasbora Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1916:68, Fig. 26 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 3; ref. 4604] Sungi Wain, rivulet near Bontung, Borneo. Syntypes:CAS-SU 15338 (1); ZMA 102360-61 (23, 15), 112589 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:37 [ref. 12291], Nijssen et al. 1982:34 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Rasbora rutteni Weber & de Beaufort 1916 -- (Brittan 1954:94 [ref. 646], Kottelat et al. 1993:47 [ref. 23448], Siebert & Guiry 1996:401 [ref. 22751], Doi 1997:13 [ref. 22832], Tan 2009:508 [ref. 30389], Liao et al. 2009:[12] [ref. 30521], Lumbantobing 2010:645 [ref. 31097], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:154 [ref. 32989], Lumbantobing 2014:23 [ref. 33163], Wilkinson & Tan 2018:599 [ref. 36226], Sholihah et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37317]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora rutteni Weber & de Beaufort 1916. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

sakaiensis, Opsarius Moyon [W. A.] & Arunkumar [L.] 2019:2, Fig. 1 [International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies v. 7 (no. 6); ref. 37054] Kana River at Sajik-Tampak near Molnaum village, Yu river basin, about 43 km towards South from district headquarter Chandel, Chandel Bazar, Chandel district, Manipur, India, 24°0'N - 24°15′N, 93°45′E - 94°0′E. Holotype: MUMF 80/NH. Paratypes: MUMF. Name once spelled sakaiensis in title, otherwise sajikensis. •Valid as Opsarius sajikensis Moyon & Arunkumar 2019. Current status: Valid as Opsarius sajikensis Moyon & Arunkumar 2019. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: South Asia: Yu River drainage, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

salmoides, Leuciscus Blyth [E.] 1858:289 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 27 (no. 3); ref. 476] Alláhabád, Uttar Pradesh, India. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Raiamas bola (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:22 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:150 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Raiamas bola (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

salmolucius, Barilius Nichols [J. T.] & Griscom [L.] 1917:702, Fig. 16 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 37 (art. 25); ref. 3185] Kisangani, Orientale Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: AMNH 6052. Paratypes: (6) AMNH 6217 (1), 6246 (now 2), 6363 (1); MRAC 15526-27 [ex AMNH 6246] (2). •Valid as Raiamas salmolucius (Nichols & Griscom 1917) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:334 [ref. 6186], Taverne & De Vos 1997:298 [ref. 23730], De Vos et al. 2001:130, 131 [ref. 26059], Stiassny et al. 2006:372 [ref. 28790], Kullander & Roberts 2012:361, 368 [ref. 31751], Manda et al. 2018:350 [ref. 36210]). Current status: Valid as Raiamas salmolucius (Nichols & Griscom 1917). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Middle Congo River basin, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

salmonata, Danio Kottelat [M.] 2000:41, Fig. 5 [Journal of South Asian Natural History v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 25040] Huay Makchan-Gnai (Xe Nam Noy basin), south of Ban Taut, at turnoff to Xe Nam Noy Project, on road from Pakse to Attapu, 15°04'14"N, 106°32'33"E, Champasak Province, Laos. Holotype: NRM 44885. Paratypes: CMK 15515 (2), LARRI uncat. (1), ZRC 45302 (1). Specific name is an adjective and ending corrected by Kottelat 2001. •Valid as Danio salmonatus Kottelat 2000 -- (Kottelat 2001:49 [ref. 25780], Nguyen et al. 2010:66[ref. 32043]). •Valid as Devario salmonatus (Kottelat 2000) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285] as salmonata, Kottelat 2013:99 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Devario salmonatus (Kottelat 2000). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

saranensis, Amblypharyngodon Chaudhuri [B. L.] 1912:440, Pl. 39 (fig. 2) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 7 (pt. 5) (art. 35); ref. 14837] Jharai River, Saran, Bihar, India. Syntypes: ZSI F3779/1-3780/1 (2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:104 [ref. 20743]. •Synonym of Amblypharyngodon mola (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:338 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:33 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:73 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Amblypharyngodon mola (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

sarawakensis, Rasbora Brittan [M. R.] 1951:1, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the California Zoological Club v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 12413] Brook, 16 miles east of Kuching, Sarawak state, Borneo, East Malaysia. Holotype: CAS-SU 15375 [ex 15367]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 33567 (9), 33593 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:37 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Rasbora sarawakensis Brittan 1951 -- (Brittan 1954:99 [ref. 646], Roberts 1989:75 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:47 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:234 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:13 [ref. 22832], Doi et al. 2001:16 [ref. 25691], Grinang & Lim 2004:289 [ref. 28551], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:155 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:185 [ref. 28285], Tan 2009:508 [ref. 30389], Liao et al. 2009:[12] [ref. 30521], Lumbantobing 2010:645 [ref. 31097], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Lumbantobing 2014:23 [ref. 33163], Sholihah et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37317]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora sarawakensis Brittan 1951. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

sardella, Barilius Günther [A.] 1868:292 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Shire River, eastern Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1863.11.12.23. •Valid as Engraulicypris sardella (Günther 1868) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:301 [ref. 6186], Poll & Gosse 1995:169 [ref. 24781], Snoeks 2004:21 [ref. 28111], Riddin et al. 2016:124 [ref. 34973]). Current status: Valid as Engraulicypris sardella (Günther 1868). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Eastern central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

sardina, Aspidoparia Heckel [J. J.] 1847:288 [Reisen in Europa, Asien und Africa v. 2 (pt 3); ref. 2068] Assam, India. No types known. •Synonym of Aspidoparia morar (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kuang in Chu & Chen 1989:33 [ref. 13584], Chen & Chu in Chen et al. 1998:52 [ref. 23878], Menon 1999:11 [ref. 24904], Zhang et al. 2016:48 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Cabdio morar (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:84 [ref. 32989], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:97 [ref. 37983]). Current status: Synonym of Cabdio morar (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

sardinella, Leuciscus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:344 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 17; ref. 1010] Irrawaddy River at Rangoon, Myanmar. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3879. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:84 [ref. 19574]. Genus apparently should be Salmophasia -- see that generic account. •Valid as Salmostoma sardinella (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:327 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:13 [ref. 22832], Menon 1999:30 [ref. 24904], Arunachalam et al. 1999:162 [ref. 25262], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662], Kottelat 2013:158 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Salmostoma sardinella (Valenciennes 1844). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: India, Bangladesh and Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

scapellus, Leuciscus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:347 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 17; ref. 1010] Sri Lanka. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-2740. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:85 [ref. 19574]. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

scarciensis, Raiamas Howes [G. J.] & Teugels [G. G.] 1989:878, Figs. 3, 4d, 11c [Journal of Natural History v. 23 (no. 4); ref. 13624] Little Scarcies River between Port Loko (8°46'N, 12°41'W) and Mange (8°55'N, 12°52'W), Sierra Leone. Holotype: BMNH 1977.11.16.39. Paratypes: BMNH 1977.11.16.40-45 (6), MNHN 1988-0003 (2). Additional material: BMNH 1977.11.16.46 (1), 1981.8.17.96 (2); MRAC 73-10-P-3186-87 (2) •Valid as Raiamas scarciensis Howes & Teugels 1989 -- (Lévêque et al. 1989:118 [ref. 26480] dated 1988, Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:279 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:339 [ref. 26477], Manda et al. 2018:361 [ref. 36210]). Current status: Valid as Raiamas scarciensis Howes & Teugels 1989. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

schwenkii, Leuciscus Bleeker [P.] 1857:47 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 3 (art. 9); ref. 359] Trussan, western Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 7036 (1 of many). •Synonym of Rasbora argyrotaenia (Bleeker 1849) -- (Brittan 1954:108 [ref. 646], Kottelat 2013:151 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora argyrotaenia (Bleeker 1849). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

semilineata, Rasbora Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1916:80 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 3; ref. 4604] Upper course of Sungei Wain, Borneo. Syntypes: CAS-SU 15339 [ex ZMA] (1), ZMA 112588 (5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:38 [ref. 12291], Nijssen et al. 1982:34-35 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Rasbora semilineata Weber & de Beaufort 1916 -- (Brittan 1954:184 [ref. 646], Kottelat et al. 1993:47 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:234 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:13 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2008:303 [ref. 29390], Hadiaty & Kottelat 2009:108 [ref. 30422], Liao et al. 2009:166 [ref. 30521]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora semilineata Weber & de Beaufort 1916. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Borneo, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

senegalensis, Barilius Steindachner [F.] 1870:564 [32], Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 61 (1. Abth.); ref. 18768] Dagana, Senegal, western Africa. Syntypes: (several) MNHN 0000-6172; NMW 54897 (2), 54899-900 (1, 5). On p. 32 of separate. •Valid as Raiamas senegalensis (Steindachner 1870) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:334 [ref. 6186], Howes & Teugels 1989:901 [ref. 13624], Lévêque et al. 1989:118 [ref. 26480], Lévêque 1990:43 [ref. 19786], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:278 [ref. 21589], Dankwa et al. 1999:25 [ref. 28023], Lévèque et al. 1991:142 [ref. 31367], Seegers et al. 2003:35 [ref. 28087], De Weirdt et al. 2007:569 [ref. 30024], Neumann et al. 2016:304 [ref. 35036]). Current status: Valid as Raiamas senegalensis (Steindachner 1870). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

septentrionalis, Rasbora Kottelat [M.] 2000:51, Fig. 19 [Journal of South Asian Natural History v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 25040] Stream said to be Nam Sing (but obviously not according to map) near Ban Nakbon (village also said to have another name), 4 kilometers east southeast of Muang Sing, 21°10'47"N, 101°10'50"E, Louangnamtha Province, Laos. Holotype: ZRC 45315. Paratypes: CMK 14318 (2), LARRI uncat. (1), ZRC 45316 (1). •Valid as Rasbora septentrionalis Kottelat 2000 -- (Kottelat 2001:78 [ref. 25780], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:154 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:51 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora septentrionalis Kottelat 2000. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

setigerus, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:203, Pl. 469 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Pebak River, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: none at RMNH or MNHN. Type information: Roberts 1993:18 [ref. 21799]. •Valid as Luciosoma setigerum (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:43 [ref. 6439], Lim et al. 1990:42 [ref. 16753], Bănărescu 1991:35 [ref. 20021], Roberts 1993:18 [ref. 21799], Kottelat et al. 1993:38 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:230 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:75 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:7 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2001:59 [ref. 25780], Parenti & Lim 2005:182 [ref. 28285], Kottelat 2013:122 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2019:526 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Luciosoma setigerum (Valenciennes 1842). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Malaya (Malaysia), western Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

shacra, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:271 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Mainayi, India. No types known. Information on type locality see Britz 2019:44 [ref. 37532]. Hamilton's original, unpublished illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 155 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Barilius shacra (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:93 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:351 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:526 [ref. 23778], Menon 1999:19 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662], Ataur Rahman 2003:110 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:95 [ref. 29923], Nath et al. 2010:23 [ref. 33488], Conway et al. 2011:1755 [ref. 31594], Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2012:2363 [ref. 31817], Husain 2012:23 [ref. 32306], Bleher 2018:360 [ref. 36647]). •Valid as Opsarius shacra (Hamilton 1822) -- (Qin et al. 2019:590 [ref. 36784]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius shacra (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Upper Brahmaputra basin, India, Bangladesh and Nepal. Habitat: freshwater.

shanensis, Barilius Fowler [H. W.] 1958:12 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 310; ref. 1470] Fort Stedman, elevation 3000 feeet, Nampandet, elevation 2000 feet, Myanmar. Intended as a replacement name for Barilius ornatus of Boulenger 1893:203 [ref. 14522], incorrectly treated by Fowler as a junior homynym of Barilius ornatus Sauvage 1882. Fowler does give a clear citation to Boulenger's account, but Boulenger gave no description (unavailable); so Art. 13.1.3 of the Code apparently does not apply and Fowler's name is not available. •In the synonymy of Barilius barnoides Vinciguerra 1890 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:345 [ref. 20764]). •In the synonymy of Opsarius barnoides (Vinciguera 1890) -- (Kottelat 2013:131 [ref. 32989]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Opsarius barnoides (Vinciguerra 1890). Danionidae: Chedrinae.

shanensis, Danio (Brachydanio) Hora [S. L.] 1928:38, Fig. 1 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 30 (pt 1); ref. 15856] Hsipaw, northern Shan States, Myanmar. Holotype: ZSI F10814/1. Paratypes: lost/not researched. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:108 [ref. 20743]. Hora designated a "Type-specimen" which establishes a holotype (the species was based on more than one specimen); the holotype was designated lectotype by Fang 2000:21 [ref. 24479] but that is apparently unnecessary. See Das 2003:356 [ref. 27706] with date as 1929. •Synonym of Danio interruptus (Day 1870) [but wrongly as interrupta] -- (Chu 1981:150 [ref. 5248], Kuang in Chu & Chen 1989:15 [ref. 13584], Chen & Chu in Chen et al. 1998:24 [ref. 23878], Nguyen et al. 2010:66 [ref. 32043]). •Synonym of Squaliobarbus currivulus (Richardson 1846) -- (Yang & Hwang 1964:55 [ref. 13497], Barman 1991:60 [ref. 22192]). •Valid as Brachydanio shanensis (Hora 1928) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:361 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:4 [ref. 22832], Sen 2007:27 [ref. 29657]). •Valid as Danio shanensis Hora 1928 -- (Fang 1997:42 [ref. 22873], Fang 2000:18 [ref. 24479], Fang 2000:223 [ref. 25107] as cf. shanensis). •Valid as 'Inlecypris" shanensis (Hora 1928) -- (Kottelat 2013:113 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Devario interrupterus (Day 1870) -- (Zhang et al. 2016:49 [ref. 34477]), •Valid as Devario shanensis (Hora 1928) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Fang et al. 2009:17 [ref. 29983], Fang & Kullander 2009:33 [ref. 30284], Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120]). Current status: Valid as Devario shanensis (Hora 1928). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Thanlwin basin, Myanmar and China. Habitat: freshwater.

shariensis, Barilius Fowler [H. W.] 1949:255, Figs. 38-42 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 101; ref. 1461] Bahr Sara, tributary of Shari [Chari] River, near feet. Archambault [Sahr], Chad. Holotype (unique): ANSP 71902. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:90 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Raiamas shariensis (Fowler 1949) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:335 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Barilius shariensis Fowler 1949 -- (Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367]). Current status: Valid as Barilius shariensis Fowler 1949. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Chad. Habitat: freshwater.

siamensis, Chela Castelnau [F. L.] in Bleeker 1860:298 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 7 (art. 2); ref. 380] Not available, Castelnau manuscript name; no description; from Thailand. Nomen Nudum. Danionidae: Danioninae.

siamensis, Laubuca Fowler [H. W.] 1939:64, Fig. 14 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 91; ref. 17188] Waterfall at Trang, Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 68496. Paratypes: ANSP 68497 (1), 68498 (1, c&s). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:90 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Chela laubuca (Hamilton 1822) -- (Bănărescu 1971:16 [ref. 20612], Kottelat 2001:42 [ref. 25780]). •In genus Laubuca -- (Fang et al. 2009:7 [ref. 29983]). •Valid as Laubuka siamensis Fowler 1939 -- (Kulabtong et al. 2012:160 [ref. 32364], Kottelat 2013:119 [ref. 32989], Lalramliana et al. 2017:269 [ref. 35204], Kullander et al. 2018:109 [ref. 35843], Ng et al. 2019:526 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Laubuka siamensis Fowler 1939. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Malaya (Malaysia), Thailand and Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

signicaudus, Barilius Tejavej [A.] 2012:140, Fig. 1, 2A, 3A, 6A [Zootaxa No. 3586; ref. 32328] Sangklaburi District, Maeklong basin, Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand. Holotype: UNMF 07541. Paratypes: UNMF 00575 (21), 0035 (7); RLIKU 1372 (1); THNHM.F.00531 (3). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Opsarius signicaudus (Tejavej 2012) -- (Kottelat 2013:132 [ref. 32989], Arunkumar & Moyon 2017:168 [ref. 35774], Moyon & Arunkumar 2019:6 [ref. 37054]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius signicaudus (Tejavej 2012). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Maeklong basin, western Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

silex, Barilius Schultz [L. P.] 1942:(317) 318, Pl. 35 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 92 (no. 3152); ref. 3956] Bromley, Liberia. Holotype (unique): USNM 118736. •Valid as Raiamas silex (Schultz 1942) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:335 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Raiamas steindachneri (Pellegrin 1908) -- (Lévêque et al. 1989:118 [ref. 26480], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:280 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:339 [ref. 26477]). Current status: Synonym of Raiamas steindachneri (Pellegrin 1908). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Liberia. Habitat: freshwater.

simonbirchi, Rasbora Britz [R.] & Tan [H. H.] 2018:340, Figs. 1a, 2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 28 (no. 4) [no. IEF-1084]; ref. 36209] Desa Karendan, Barito River drainage, Central Kalimantan, Borneo. Holotype: MZB 17227. Paratypes: BMNH 2001.1.15.7359, BMNH 2001.1.15.7322-7353 (32), BMNH 2001.1.15.2000 (1), MZB, ZRC. •Valid as Rasbora simonbirchi Britz & Tan 2018. Current status: Valid as Rasbora simonbirchi Britz & Tan 2018. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Middle Barito River drainage, Central Kalimantan, Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

sladoni, Chela Day [F.] 1870:622 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869 (pt 3) (art. 3) (for 9 Dec. 1869); ref. 14093] Irrawaddy River, as high as Mandalay, Myanmar. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7852 (1, syntype) Prome, Myanmar; BMNH 1889.2.1.259-262 (4); NMW 52151(1); RMNH 8751 [?= 2669] (1) Myanmar; ZSI 2628 (1), 2541 (1), A.916 (2). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:156 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:302 [ref. 25110]. •Valid as Salmostoma sladoni (Day 1870) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:327 [ref. 20764], Kottelat 2013:158 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Salmostoma sladoni (Day 1870). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

smaragdinus, Thryssocypris Roberts [T. R.] & Kottelat [M.] 1984:146, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 43 (no. 11); ref. 5352] Kapuas River, 6 kilometers west of Putussibau, Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia, 0°50.5'N, 112°52'E. Holotype: MZB 3435. Paratypes: CAS 49314 (3, 1 c&s), USNM 230243 (1). •Valid as Thryssocypris smaragdinus Roberts & Kottelat 1984 -- (Roberts 1989:79 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:49 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:13 [ref. 22832], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:155 [ref. 28284], Grudpan & Grudpan 2012:234 [ref. 32333], Kottelat 2013:167 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Thryssocypris smaragdinus Roberts & Kottelat 1984. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Kapuas River, Borneo, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

somphongsi, Rasbora Meinken [H.] 1958:67, Fig. [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 11 (no. 3); ref. 12090] Chao Phraya drainage, Thailand. Lectotype: whereabouts unknown. Paralectotypes: (3) ?ZMH H1190 (3), ZSM 10155 (1). Type catalog: Wilkens 1977:158 [ref. 22013], Neumann 2011:256 [ref. 31652]. Technically dates to reference above [Mar.]; also appeared in Meinken 1958:1 [ref. 26157, 1 Oct.]; technically there were syntypes, although a type was designated in ref. 26157 (and that can serve as lectotype designation) •Valid as Rasbora somphongsi Meinken 1958 -- (Brittan 1972:192-29 [ref. 12245] dated 1956, Doi 1997:13 [ref. 22832]). •Valid as Trigonostigma somphongsi (Meinken 1958) -- (Kottelat & Witte 1999:54 [ref. 23898], Kottelat 2013:170 [ref. 32989], Petsut et al. 2014:471 [ref. 33645], Tan 2020:422 [ref. 37544]). Current status: Valid as Trigonostigma somphongsi (Meinken 1958). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Central Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

sondhii, Danio (Brachydanio) Hora [S. L.] & Mukerji [D. D.] 1934:128, Fig. 1 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 36 (pt 1); ref. 16429] Spring, about 15 3/4 miles east of Taunggyi and about 3 1/2 miles east of Hopong, southern Shan States, Myanmar. Holotype: ZSI F11513/1. Paratypes: ZSI F11514/1 (9). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:108 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:356 [ref. 27706] •Valid as Danio sondhii Hora & Mukerji 1934 -- (Barman 1991:62 [ref. 22192]). •Valid as Brachydanio sondhii (Hora & Mukerji 1934) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:362 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:4 [ref. 22832], Sen 2007:27 [ref. 29657]). •Valid as Devario sondhii (Hora & Mukerji 1934) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Fang & Kullander 2009:33 [ref. 30284], Pramod et al. 2010:39 [ref. 30874], Kottelat 2013:99 [ref. 32989], Ramananda & Vishwanath 2014:84 [ref. 33388], Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120]) Current status: Valid as Devario sondhii (Hora & Mukerji 1934). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Thanlwin basin, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

spilocerca, Rasbora Rainboth [W. J.] & Kottelat [M.] 1987:419, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1987 (no. 2); ref. 9123] Lam Dom Noi Reservoir, Ubon Province, Thailand. Holotype: UMMZ 211200. Paratypes: CMK (M. Kottelat Coll.) 4246 (1), 4345 (3), 5046 (7), 5059 (3), uncat. (18); MNHN uncat. (1), MNHN uncat. (1), MNHN uncat. (12); MHNG 2162.20 (3); UMMZ 211680-82 (1, 1, 62), 211683 (148 or 145), 211684 (17). •Valid as Rasbora spilocerca Rainboth & Kottelat 1987 -- (Rainboth 1996:79 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:13 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2001:78 [ref. 25780]). •Valid as Rasbosoma spilocerca (Rainboth & Kottelat 1987) -- (Liao et al. 2009:[8] [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:156 [ref. 32989], Petsut et al. 2013:411 [ref. 33424]) Current status: Valid as Rasbosoma spilocerca (Rainboth & Kottelat 1987). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Thailand and Cambodia. Habitat: freshwater.

spilopleura, Luciosoma Bleeker [P.] 1855:265 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 9 (no. 2); ref. 351] Lahat, Palembang Province, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1866.5.2.97 (poor condition). Type catalog: Alfred 1963:132 [ref. 20554]. •Valid as Luciosoma spilopleura Bleeker 1855 -- (Roberts 1989:43 [ref. 6439], Bănărescu 1991:36 [ref. 20021], Kottelat et al. 1993:38 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:230 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:8 [ref. 22832], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:151 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:182 [ref. 28285], Kottelat 2013:122 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Luciosoma spilopleura Bleeker 1855. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Western Kalimantan and eastern Sumatera, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

spilotaenia, Rasbora elegans Hubbs [C. L.] & Brittan [M. R.] in Brittan 1954:70, Fig. 11 [Monographs of the Institute of Science and Technology, Manila Monograph 3; ref. 646] Pond near Passangrahan Ranau, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype: UMMZ 157136. Paratypes: UMMZ 157121 (4), 157125 (2), 157129 (6), 157132 (2), 157142 (2). •Valid as Rasbora spilotaenia Hubbs & Brittan 1954 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:47 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:13 [ref. 22832], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat & Tan 2011:218 [ref. 31695], Kottelat 2013:154 [ref. 32989], Lumbantobing 2014:23 [ref. 33163], Sholihah et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37317]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora spilotaenia Hubbs & Brittan 1954. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Sumatra (Indonesia) endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

spinifer, Engraulicypris Bailey [R. G.] & Matthes [H.] 1971:79, Fig. 1 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 83 (nos 1-2); ref. 7664] Kazima Reservoir near Tabora, Malagarasi drainage basin, Tanzania. Holotype: BMNH 1970.3.10.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1970.3.10.2-9 (8), 1970.3.10.10-11 (2); ZMA 109708-09 (1, 1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:28 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Neobola spinifer (Bailey & Matthes 1971) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:326 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Mesobola spinifer (Bailey & Matthes 1971) -- (Seegers 1996:157 [ref. 23725], Snoeks 2004:21 [ref. 28111]). •Valid as Engraulicypris spinifer Bailey & Matthes 1971 -- (Riddin et al. 2016:133 [ref. 34973]). Current status: Valid as Engraulicypris spinifer Bailey & Matthes 1971. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Malagarasi drainage basin, Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

spinosus, Danio Day [F.] 1870:621 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869 (pt 3) (art. 3) (for 9 Dec. 1869); ref. 14093] Pegu, Myanmar. Syntypes (4) and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7503 (1, syntype), BMNH 1889.2.1.1250-51 (2); NMW 53109 (1); RMNH 2687 (1); ZSI 2494-94 (1, 1), A.851 (lost or exchanged). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:156 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:302 [ref. 25110]. •Valid as Danio spinosus Day 1870 -- (Barman 1991:63 [ref. 22192], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:373 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832]). •Valid as Devario spinosus (Day 1870) -- (Fang 2001:16 [ref. 25285], Fang & Kullander 2009:33 [ref. 30284], Kottelat 2013:99 [ref. 32989], Ramananda & Vishwanath 2014:84 [ref. 33388], Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120]). Current status: Valid as Devario spinosus (Day 1870). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

splendens, Opsaridium Taverne [L.] & De Vos [L. D. G.] 1997:290, Figs. 1-10 [Journal of African Zoology v. 111 (no. 4); ref. 23730] River Rumpungwe, tributary to Malagarasi, on route between Kinyinya and Gisuru, just before Gisuru, Burundi. Holotype: MRAC 93-150-P-418. Paratypes: MRAC 91-30-P-448 (1), 91-30-P-450-454 (5), 91-30-P-455-456 (2), 91-62-P-688-702 (15), 91-62-P-1337-1348 (12), 93-068-P-141-144 (4), 93-150-P-417 (1), 93-150-P-419-426 (8), 93-150-P-427-431 (5), 47003-47017 (15), 89993 (1). •Valid as Opsaridium splendens Taverne & De Vos 1997 -- (De Vos et al. 2001:131 [ref. 26059], Banyankimbona et al. 2012:276 [ref. 34113]). Current status: Valid as Opsaridium splendens Taverne & De Vos 1997. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

splendens, Rasbora Ladiges [W.] 1933:97-98, Fig. [Das Aquarium: eine Zeitschrift mit Bildern für Liebhaber, Schulen und Naturfreunde, Berlin 1933; ref. 35903] Aquarium import, Southeast Asia. No types known. Also mentioned by Ladiges 1934:57 [ref. 20522], as coming from India. •Possibly a synonym of Trigonopoma pauciperforatum (Weber & de Beaufort 1916) -- (email T. Litz 21 Apr. 2018). Current status: Uncertain as Trigonopoma pauciperforatum (Weber & de Beaufort 1916). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

steindachneri, Barilius Pellegrin [J.] 1908:208 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 14 (no. 5); ref. 14329] Side channel of Mamou River, French Guinea. Syntypes: BMNH 1908.11.19.2 [ex MNHN] (1), MNHN 1908-0110 to 0114 (5). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:69 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Raiamas steindachneri (Pellegrin 1908) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:335 [ref. 6186], Howes & Teugels 1989:901 [ref. 13624], Lévêque et al. 1989:118 [ref. 26480], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:280 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:339 [ref. 26477], Pezold et al. 2016:105 [ref. 34870]). Current status: Valid as Raiamas steindachneri (Pellegrin 1908). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

steindachnerii, Nematabramis Popta [C. M. L.] 1905:179 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 25 (no. 4) (art. 15); ref. 3549] Kajan River, eastern slope of central Kalimantan. Lectotype: RMNH 7628 (108 mm). Paralectotypes: RMNH 7628 (3). Lectotype selected by Bănărescu 1971:105 [ref. 20618]. •Synonym of Nematabramis everetti Boulenger 1894, but a valid subspecies -- (Bănărescu 1971:105 [ref. 20618]). •Valid as Nematabramis steindachnerii Popta 1905 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:38 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:8 [ref. 22832], Parenti & Lim 2005:182 [ref. 28285] as steindachneri, Kottelat 2013:126 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:28 [ref. 35802] as steindachneri). Current status: Valid as Nematabramis steindachnerii Popta 1905. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

steineri, Rasbora cephalotaenia Nichols [J. T.] & Pope [C. H.] 1927:364, Fig. 30 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 54 (art. 2); ref. 5747] Nodoa, Hainan Island, China. Holotype: AMNH 8375. Paratypes or non-types: MCZ 32670 (1), ZMA 103258 (3). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:33 [ref. 19236]. •Synonym of Rasbora cephalotaenia (Bleeker 1852), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Yang & Hwang 1964:36 [ref. 13497], Mai 1978:126 [ref. 13511], Kuang in Kuang et al. 1986:40 [ref. 26639], Ye & Song in Pan et al. 1991:68 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:25 [ref. 25213]). •Valid as Rasbora steineri Nichols & Pope 1927 -- (Brittan 1954:47 [ref. 646], Zheng et al. 1989:73 [ref. 21202], Chen & Chu in Chen et al. 1998:33 [ref. 23878], Kottelat 2001:37 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2001:78 [ref. 25780], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:155 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:51 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora steineri Nichols & Pope 1927. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Northeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

stellae, Engraulicypris Worthington [E. B.] 1932:128, Fig. 2 [The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 38 (no. 258); ref. 16405] Lake Rudolf [Lake Turkana], Kenya. Syntypes: BMNH 1932.6.13.57-65 (9). Additional material (98). •Valid as Neobola stellae (Worthington 1932) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:327 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:35 [ref. 28087]). Current status: Valid as Neobola stellae (Worthington 1932). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Lake Turkana, Kenya. Habitat: freshwater.

stephensoni, Barilius Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1913:434, Fig. 92 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 11 (pt 5); ref. 14958] Livingstone, Victoria Falls, [Zambia/Zimbabwe]. Syntypes: SAM 10699 [now at AMG] (1 + 1). •Synonym of Opsaridium zambezense (Peters 1852) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:329 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1996:68 [ref. 22213]). Current status: Synonym of Opsaridium zambezense (Peters 1852). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

stigmatura, Rasbora Fowler [H. W.] 1934:341, Fig. 5 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1418] Kratt [trat], southeastern Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 60180. Paratypes: ANSP 60181-86 (6). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:92 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Rasbora trilineata Steindachner 1870 -- (Brittan 1954:81 [ref. 646], Roberts 1989:76 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 2001:79 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:155 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora trilineata Steindachner 1870. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

stoliczkae, Danio Day [F.] 1870:621 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869 (pt 3) (art. 3) (for 9 Dec. 1869); ref. 14093] In tanks and streams, Moulmein, Myanmar. Syntypes: (upwards of 100) AMS B.7646 (1), B.7744 (1); BMNH 1889.2.1.1363-72 (10); NMW 53107-08 (5, 2); ZSI A.852 (1, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:156 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:302 [ref. 25110]. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Synonym of Brachydanio albolineatus (Blyth 1860) -- (Kottelat 2013:83 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Danio albolineatus (Blyth 1860) -- (Fang 2000:219 [ref. 25107], Fang 2001:16 [ref. 25285]). Current status: Synonym of Danio albolineatus (Blyth 1860). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

striatus, Perilampus McClelland [J.] 1839:290, 397, Pl. 46 (fig. 1) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Bengal, particularly Sunderbuns, India. No types known. •Synonym of Danio rerio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Barman 1991:57 [ref. 22192], Menon 1999:45 [ref. 24904], Fang 2001:16 [ref. 25285]). Current status: Synonym of Danio rerio (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

strigillifer, Danio Myers [G. S.] 1924:1 [American Museum Novitates No. 150; ref. 15458] Small stream tributary to Irrawaddy River, Myaing, Upper Myanmar. Syntypes: AMNH 8351 (2). •Synonym of Danio aequipinnatus (McClelland 1839) -- (Barman 1991:23 [ref. 22192], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:364 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:40 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Devario strigillifer (Myers 1924) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Fang & Kullander 2009:33 [ref. 30284], Kottelat 2013:99 [ref. 32989], Ramananda & Vishwanath 2014:84 [ref. 33388], Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120], Kullander et al. 2017:29 [ref. 35685]). Current status: Valid as Devario strigillifer (Myers 1924). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

subtilis, Rasbora Roberts [T. R.] 1989:75, Fig. 54 [Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences No. 14; ref. 6439] Danau Piam near Ketungau, 38 kilometersnorth-northeast of Sintang, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 3407. Paratypes: CAS 49301-02 (1, 2), MZB 3408 (1), USNM 230235 (2). •Valid as Rasbora subtilis Roberts 1989 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:48 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:13 [ref. 22832], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:155 [ref. 28284], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:155 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora subtilis Roberts 1989. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

subviridis, Devario Kottelat [M.] 2020:276, Figs. 8-11 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 30 (no. 3): IEF-1143; ref. 37829] Nam Kathang Yai on Nakai Plateau, near Nan Khon Keng, Xe Bangfai watershed, Mekong basin, Khammouan Province, Laos, 17°37'06"N, 105°17'51"E. Holotype: MHNG 2784.087. Paratypes: CMK, ZRC. •Valid as Devario subviridis Kottelat 2020. Current status: Valid as Devario subviridis Kottelat 2020. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: South Asia: Nam Kathang Gnai, Mekong basin, Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

sumatranus, Leuciscus Bleeker [P.] 1852:601 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 334] Solok, western Sumatra, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 7038. Paralectotypes: (3) BMNH 1866.5.2.161 (1), RMNH 8909 (1). Lectotype selected by Alfred 1963:132 [ref. 20554]. Rasbora sumatrensis Bleeker 1860 is an unjustified emendation and objective synonym of Leuciscus sumatranus. •Valid as Rasbora sumatrana (Bleeker 1852) -- (Brittan 1954:53 [ref. 646], Rainboth & Kottelat 1987:419 [ref. 9123], Kottelat 1991:185 [ref. 13597], Kottelat et al. 1993:48 [ref. 23448], see Kottelat & Lim 1995:234 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:13 [ref. 22832], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:584 [ref. 23647], Ng & Tan 1999:355 [ref. 24159], Doi et al. 2001:16 [ref. 25691], Grinang & Lim 2004:289 [ref. 28551], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:155 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:185 [ref. 28285] as cf. sumatrana, Tan & Kottelat 2009:49 [ref. 30261], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat & Tan 2011:217 [ref. 31695], Kottelat 2012:83 [ref. 31848], Kottelat 2013:155 [ref. 32989], Lumbantobing 2014:23 [ref. 33163], Wilkinson & Tan 2018:606 [ref. 36226], Sholihah et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37317]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora sumatrana (Bleeker 1852). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: highlands of western Sumatra (Indonesia) endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

sumatrensis, Rasbora Bleeker [P.] 1860:54 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 8 (art. 2); ref. 375] Solok, Sumatra, Indonesia. An unjustified emendation and objective synonym of Leuciscus sumatranus Bleeker 1852; appeared as "Rasbora sumatrensis Blkr = Leuciscus sumatranus Blkr...". •Synonym of Rasbora sumatrana (Bleeker 1852) -- (Brittan 1954:53 [ref. 646], Kottelat 2013:155 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora sumatrana (Bleeker 1852). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

sutiha, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:327, 391 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Munsurgunj, Gorakhpur District, India. No types known. Information on type locality see Britz 2019:46 [ref. 37532]. Unpublished figure reproduced in McClelland 1839:pl. 46 (fig, 3); also reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 196 [ref. 37532]. Bleeker 1853:62, 130 gave preference to danrica Hamilton 1822. Kottelat (2013) gives precedence to joglia over suitha. •Synonym of Esomus danricus (Hamilton 1822) -- (see Coad 1981:10 [ref. 22348], Menon 1999:46 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:102 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Esominae. Habitat: freshwater.

suvatti, Danio Fowler [H. W.] 1939:67, Fig. 16 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 91; ref. 17188] Chong Mountain, waterfall at Trang, Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 68501. Paratypes: ANSP 68502-04 (3). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:5 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:92 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Devario suvatti (Fowler 1939) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285]). •Synonym of Devario regina (Fowler 1934) -- (Kottelat 2013:99 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Devario regina (Fowler 1934). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

sysphigmatus, Danio Kullander [S. O.] 2015:370, Fig. 3c [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 25 (no. 4); ref. 33743] Mon state, Ale village at foot of Malwe mountain, Myanmar (ca. 15°07'43"N, 97°56'09"E). Holotype: NRM 65561. Paratypes: BMNH 2011.3.25.1-4 (4), BMNH 2011.3.24.89-93 (5), NRM, USNM. •Valid as Danio sysphigmatus Kullander 2015 -- (Kullander & Britz 2015:246 [ref. 33764], Kullander et al. 2015:64 [ref. 33907]). Current status: Valid as Danio sysphigmatus Kullander 2015. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

taeniata, Rasbora Ahl [E.] 1922:295 [1] [Blätter für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 33 (no. 17); ref. 19926] Sumatra, Indonesia (?). Holotype (unique): ZMB 20646 (poor condition). On p. 1 of separate. Also described as new in Ahl 1923:181 [ref. 15393] and Ahl in Schreitmüller 1926:113, fig. [ref. 36113]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:91 [ref. 21847]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Rasbora sumatrana var. taeniata Vaillant 1894. •Not a cyprinid, tentatively a cyprinodontiform (Kottelat 1991:185 [ref. 13597]). •Incorrectly treated as valid as Rasbora taeniata Ahl 1922 -- (Brittan 1972:167 [ref. 12245], Doi 1997:13 [ref. 22832]). 1°Homonym. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

taeniata, Rasbora sumatrana var. Vaillant [L. L.] 1893:89 [Nouvelles Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (Série 3) v. 5; ref. 14537] Borneo. Syntypes: MNHM 1891-398 through 402 (5). Apparently availableand older that hostii. •Synonym of Rasbora hosii Boulenger 1895 -- (Kottelat 2013:152 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora hosii Boulenger 1895. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

taiaensis, Leptocypris Howes [G. J.] & Teugels [G. G.] 1989:882, Figs. 5, 13c [Journal of Natural History v. 23 (no. 4); ref. 13624] Taia (or Taye) River at Njala, 8°06'N, 12°04'W, Sierra Leone. Holotype: BMNH 1976.11.12.71. Paratypes: BMNH 1977.11.16.36-38 (3). Additional material: BMNH 1977.11.16.49-50 (2), 1983.6.24.21 (1); MNHN 1988-0006 (2); MRAC 73-10-P-2945-59 (15). •Valid as Leptocypris taiaensis Howes & Teugels 1989 -- (Lévêque et al. 1989:118 [ref. 26480] as taiensis, Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:273 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:339 [ref. 26477]). Current status: Valid as Leptocypris taiaensis Howes & Teugels 1989. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

tanganicae, Barilius Boulenger [G. A.] 1900:480 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 6 (no. 35); ref. 14721] East Africa: northern end of Lake Tanganyika. Syntypes: ?BMNH 1906.9.6.9-10, 1906.9.6.26. •Synonym of Opsaridium microlepis (Günther 1864) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:328 [ref. 6186]). Current status: Synonym of Opsaridium microlepis (Günther 1864). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

tawarensis, Rasbora Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1916:63 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 3; ref. 4604] Lake Tawar, Achin, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype: RMNH 112276. Paratypes: CAS-SU 15340 (1); ZMA 112277-78 (4, 3), 250149 (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:38 [ref. 12291], Nijssen et al. 1982:35 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Rasbora tawarensis Weber & de Beaufort 1916 -- (Brittan 1954:131 [ref. 646], Kottelat et al. 1993:48 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:13 [ref. 22832], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:155 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora tawarensis Weber & de Beaufort 1916. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Sumatra. Habitat: freshwater.

taytayensis, Rasbora Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1924:264 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 24 (no. 3); ref. 2118] Pool in a dry stream between Taytay and Malampaya Sound, Palawan, Philippines. Appeared without description in Herre 1924:1568 [ref. 2120]; available as published above. •Possible synonym of Rasbora semilineata Weber & de Beaufort 1916 -- (Brittan 1954:184 [ref. 646], Liao et al. 2009:[12] [ref. 30521], Lumbantobing 2010:645 [ref. 31097], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521]). •Valid as Rasbora taytayensis Herre 1924 - (Kottelat 2013:155 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Rasbora taytayensis Herre 1924. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

teekanee, Chela Sykes [W. H.] 1839:161 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1838 (pt 6) (for 27 Nov. 1838); ref. 18720] Indian Ocean [original Deccan, India]. Neotype: ZMB 3425. Appeared first as above, then in Sykes 1839:58 [ref. 4306]; more complete treatment in Sykes 1841:362 [ref. 18868]. Neotype designated by Kottelat 1996:61 [ref. 22468]; Kottelat as first reviser selects balookee as having priority over teekanee Sykes in same work and with the same neotype. •Objective synonym of Salmostoma balookee (Sykes 1839) -- (Kottelat 1996:61 [ref. 22468], Menon 1999:27 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:158 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Salmostoma balookee (Sykes 1839). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

tenella, Laubuka Kullander [S. O.], Rahman [Md. M.], Norén [M.] & Mollah [A. R.] 2018:109, Figs. 1, 2, 8 [ZooKeys No. 742; ref. 35843] Domdomia stream, 10 km north of Teknaf town, 70 km south of Cox's Bazar, Naf River drainage, Cox's Bazar District, Chittagong Division, Bangladesh, 20°55'24"N, 92°15'47"E. Holotype: LU 9004. Paratypes: BMNH 2018.2.1.3-5 (3), LU, NRM. •Valid as Laubuka tenella Kullander, Rahman, Norén & Mollah 2018. Current status: Valid as Laubuka tenella Kullander, Rahman, Norén & Mollah 2018. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Small streams in Cox's Bazar District, Bangladesh and in Thandwe, Myanmar, Habitat: freshwater.

thebensis, Leuciscus Joannis [L. de] 1835:no page number, Pl. 11 [Magasin de Zoologie 1835 (5 anneé); ref. 2355] Nile River, Thebes, Egypt. •Synonym of Leptocypris niloticus (Joannis 1835) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:324 [ref. 6186]). Current status: Synonym of Leptocypris niloticus (Joannis 1835). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

thermoicos, Nuria Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:238, Pl. 472 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Cania, Sri Lanka. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3926 (7). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:71-72 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Esomus thermoicos (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:71 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:378 [ref. 20764], Rema Devi 1993:195 [ref. 24010], Indra 1994:411 [ref. 24015], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:149 [ref. 24759], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:166 [ref. 24760], Rema Devi et al. 1999:154 [ref. 24758], Menon 1999:49 [ref. 24904], Raju Thomas et al. 1999:163 [ref. 25290], Arunachalam et al. 2001:128 [ref. 25692], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Sudasinghe et al. 2019:347 [ref. 37047], Bhakat & Sinha 2020:48 [ref. 37263]). Current status: Valid as Esomus thermoicos (Valenciennes 1842). Danionidae: Esominae. Distribution: Sri Lanka and southern Peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

thermophilus, Perilampus McClelland [J.] 1839:291, 399, Pl. 54 (fig. 19) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Hot Springs at Pooree, 112°F [50°C], Assam, India. Syntypes: (2) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Esomus danricus (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:46 [ref. 24904]). •Synoym of Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1822) - (Kottelat 2013:102 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Esominae. Habitat: freshwater.

thermophylos, Nuria Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:240 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] A source of hot water of Pooree, 112°F [50°C], Assam, India. No types known. Unnecessary name change for Perilampus thermophilus McClelland 1839 Pl. 83. Incorrect subsequent spelling; not available. •In the synonymy of Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1822) Misspelling. Current status: Synonym of Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Esominae.

tila, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:274, 385 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Roopgunge, India. No types known. Information on type locality see Britz 2019:44 [ref. 37532]. •Synonym of Barilius bendilisis [bendelisis suggested] (Hamilton 1807) -- (Menon 1999:15 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Synonym of Opsarius bendelisis (Hamilton 1807). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

tileo, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:276, 385 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Nathpur, Kosi River, Uttar Pradesh, India. No types known. Information on type locality see Britz 2019:44 [ref. 37532]. Hamilton's original, unpublished illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 160 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Barilius tileo (Hamilton 1822) -- (Shrestha 1978:34 [ref. 15970], Ataur Rahman 1989:94 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:351 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:526 [ref. 23778], Menon 1999:20 [ref. 24904], Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 2000:249 [ref. 25167], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662] as tilco, Ataur Rahman 2003:111 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:95 [ref. 29923], Nath et al. 2010:24 [ref. 33488], Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2012:2363 [ref. 31817]). •Valid as Opsarius tileo (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:132-133 [ref. 32989], Bleher 2018:622 [ref. 36647], Moyon & Arunkumar 2019:6 [ref. 37054]). Current status: Valid as Opsarius tileo (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Ganges and Brahmaputra River basins, Nepal, India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

tinwini, Danio Kullander [S. O.] & Fang [F.] 2009:224, Figs. 1-3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 20 (no. 3); ref. 30706] Stream from Shatrazyut (Sha Da Zup) village, on road from Mogaung to Tanai, 25°54'54"N, 96°39'48"E, Ayeyarwaddy River drainage, Kachin State, Myanmar. Holotype: NRM 60337. Paratypes: NRM 56838 (63). Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Brachydanio tinwini (Kullander & Fang 2009) -- (Kottelat 2013:83 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Danio tinwini Kullander & Fang 2009 -- (Kullander 2012:245 [ref. 32309], Kullander & Britz 2015:246 [ref. 33764], Kullander et al. 2015:64 [ref. 33907]). Current status: Valid as Danio tinwini Kullander & Fang 2009. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Upper Moguaung Chaung River drainage, Ayeyarwaddy River drainage, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

tobana, Rasbora Ahl [E.] 1934:237 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1934 (nos 4-7); ref. 16408] Porsea, Toba Lake, Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: (58, in 2 lots) CAS 68363 (4); ZMB 20860 (many), 20879 (4 of many). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:91 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Rasbora tobana Ahl 1934 -- (Brittan 1972:192-28 [ref. 12245], Kottelat 1991:186 [ref. 13597], Liao et al. 2009:[12] [ref. 30521], Lumbantobing 2010:645, 657 [ref. 31097], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:155 [ref. 32989] with question, Lumbantobing 2014:23 [ref. 33163]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora tobana Ahl 1934. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Sumatra, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

tonlesapensis, Thryssocypris Roberts [T. R.] & Kottelat [M.] 1984:146, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 43 (no. 11); ref. 5352] Prek Tamen, at or near Snoc Trou, Cambodia [Kampuchea]. Holotype: MNHN 1982-1032. Paratypes: CAS 50946 (2), 55433 (6); MHNG 2119.63-64 (2); MNHN 1982-1033 (3), 1982-1034 (1); UMMZ 210277-79 (1, 1, 58), 210280 (36, now 30). •Valid as Thryssocypris tonlesapensis Roberts & Kottelat 1984 -- (Rainboth 1996:81 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:13 [ref. 22832], Grudpan & Grudpan 2012:234 [ref. 32333], Kottelat 2013:167 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Thryssocypris tonlesapensis Roberts & Kottelat 1984. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia: Cambodia and Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

tornieri, Rasbora Ahl [E.] 1922:32 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1922 (no. 1-2); ref. 15335] Central Sumatra, Indonesia. Lectotype: ZMB 20542. Paralectotypes: ZMB 20543 (4), 32042 [ex ZMB 20542] (81). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:91 [ref. 21847]. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1991:186 [ref. 13597]. •Synonym of Rasbora cephalotaenia (Bleeker 1852) -- (Brittan 1954:154 [ref. 646], Roberts 1989:72 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Rasbora dusonensis (Bleeker 1850) -- (Brittan 1972:192-25 [ref. 12245]). •Valid as Rasbora tornieri Ahl 1922 -- (Kottelat 1991:186 [ref. 13597], Kottelat et al. 1993:48 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:234 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:80 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:13 [ref. 22832], Parenti & Lim 2005:185 [ref. 28285], Tan 2009:508 [ref. 30389], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2012:83 [ref. 31848], Ng & Kottelat 2012:62 [ref. 32565], Kottelat 2013:155 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:30 [ref. 35802], Wilkinson & Tan 2018:606 [ref. 36226], Ng et al. 2019:527 [ref. 36606], Tan & Kottelat 2020:756 [ref. 37794]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora tornieri Ahl 1922. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Mekong River in Cambodia; Malaya (Malaysia), Sumatra (Indonesia) and Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

torsai, Barilius Kumari [K.], Munivenkatappa [M. H.], Sinha [A.], Borah [S.] & Das [B. K.] 2019:14809, Image 1 [Journal of Threatened Taxa v. 11 (no. 14); ref. 37140] Torsa River, Jaldapara, Alipurduar District, West Bengal, India, 26.729°N, 89.325°E. Holotype: ZSI FF5542. Paratypes: CIFRI, ZSI. •Valid as Barilius torsai Kumari, Munivenkatappa, Sinha, Borah & Das 2019. Current status: Valid as Barilius torsai Kumari, Munivenkatappa, Sinha, Borah & Das 2019. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Torsa River drainage, Brahmaputra basin, West Bengal, India. Habitat: freshwater.

trangi, Danio (Danio) Ngô [S. V.] 2003:16 (p.1 in separate), Fig. 1 [Tap Chi Thuy San No. 9 (9/2003); ref. 29823] Quang Binh Province, Bo Trach District, Phong Nha, Tro Muong area [17°34"N, 106°15'E], Vietnam. Holotype: Fisheries Research Inst. 1, Bac Ninh. Paratypes: (19). •Synonym of Devario quangbinhensis (Nguyen, Le & Nguyen 1999) -- (Kottelat 2013:99 [ref. 32989] with question, Kottelat 2020:287 [ref. 37829] still with question). Current status: Synonym of Devario quangbinhensis (Nguyen, Le & Nguyen 1999). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Limestone mountain area of Phong Nha [endorheic basin, on the border of Vietnam and Laos], Ke Bàng, Vietnam (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

translucida, Danionella Roberts [T. R.] 1986:233, Figs. 1-12 [Environmental Biology of Fishes v. 16 (no. 4); ref. 5942] Sittang River basin, Pegu Division, Myanmar. Holotype: NRM 32232. Paratypes: NRM 32233 (5, c&s), 32234 (3, c&s), 32235-36 (24, 1). See Fang 2001:18 [ref. 25288]. •Valid as Danionella translucida Roberts 1986 -- (Fang 2003:717 [ref. 27255], Britz 2003:217 [ref. 27388], Fang et al. 2009:17 [ref. 29983], Britz 2009:53 [ref. 30543], Kottelat 2013:97 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Danionella translucida Roberts 1986. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Bago Yoma, southern Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

trevori, Laubuka Knight [J. D. M.] 2015:519, Fig. 1A, 2, 3, 5 [Zootaxa 4000 (no. 5); ref. 33931] Streams in Yemmemadu, Coorg, Karnataka, India, 12°20'11"N, 75°38'03"E. Holotype: ZSI/SRC F.8903. Paratypes: MKC 428 (3). •Valid as Laubuka trevori Knight 2015 -- (Lalramliana et al. 2017:275 [ref. 35204], Bleher 2018:602 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Laubuka trevori Knight 2015. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Upper Cauvery basin, southern Western Ghats, Karnataka, India. Habitat: freshwater.

trifasciata, Rasbora Popta [C. M. L.] 1905:176 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 25 (no. 4) (art. 15); ref. 3549] Bo River, Borneo. Syntypes: (9) NMW 51457 (1), RMNH 7623 (orig. 9), ZMA 109274 (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:35 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Rasbora trifasciata Popta 1905 -- (Brittan 1954:88 [ref. 646], Kottelat et al. 1993:48 [ref. 23448], Siebert & Guiry 1996:400 [ref. 22751], Doi 1997:13 [ref. 22832], Tan 2009:508 [ref. 30389], Liao et al. 2009:[12] [ref. 30521], Lumbantobing 2010:645 [ref. 31097], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2012:83 [ref. 31848], Kottelat 2013:155 [ref. 32989], Lumbantobing 2014:23 [ref. 33163], Sholihah et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37317]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora trifasciata Popta 1905. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

trilineata, Rasbora Steindachner [F.] 1870:637 [15], Pl. 3 (fig. 3) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 61 (1. Abth.); ref. 4218] Johore, Pengulon Patie, peninsular Malaysia. Lectotype: NMW 51459:9. Syntypes: (several) NMW 51458-61 (12, 34, 8, 3); ?RMNH 8096 (3). On p. 15 of separate. Lectotype selected by Korrelat 2013:155 [ref. 32989]. •Valid as Rasbora trilineata Steindachner 1870 -- (Brittan 1954:81 [ref. 646], Rainboth & Kottelat 1987:418 [ref. 9123], Roberts 1989:76 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:48 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:234 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:80 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:13 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:52 [ref. 23436], Ng & Tan 1999:355 [ref. 24159], Kottelat 2001:78 [ref. 25780], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:155 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:185 [ref. 28285], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:155 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:43 [ref. 33971], Sulaiman et al. 2018:30 [ref. 35802], Ng et al. 2019:527 [ref. 36606], Sholihah et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37317]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora trilineata Steindachner 1870. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

trinema, Leuciscus Bleeker [P.] 1852:600 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 334] Palembang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1866.5.2.98. Type catalog: Alfred 1963:132 [ref. 20554]. •Valid as Luciosoma trinema (Bleeker 1852) -- (Roberts 1989:44 [ref. 6439], Bănărescu 1991:33 [ref. 20021], Kottelat et al. 1993:38 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:230 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:8 [ref. 22832], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:151 [ref. 28284], Kottelat 2013:122 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2019:526 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Luciosoma trinema (Bleeker 1852). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Malaya (Malaysia), Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

truncata, Rasbora Lumbantobing [D. N.] 2010:663, Fig. 10C [Copeia 2010 (no. 4); ref. 31097] Alas River near road between Kutacane and Blangkejeren, 3°42'69"N, 97°38'02"E, Province of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 16678. Paratypes: AMNH 248874 (5), 248875 (5); ANSP 189276 (5, 189277 (5)); MZB 16679 (4), 16680 (40), 16682 (37), 16683 (17); UF 174135 (5); USNM 391744 (37), 391745 (39); ZRC 51794 (10). Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Rasbora truncata Lumbantobing 2010 -- (Kottelat 2013:156 [ref. 32989], Lantobing 2014:23 [ref. 33163]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora truncata Lumbantobing 2010. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Alas River, northwestern Sumatra. Habitat: freshwater.

truncata, Trigonostigma Tan [H. H.] 2020:423, Figs. 2, 3, 4A, 5 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 68; ref. 37544] Stream along road branching West at about 7 km on road from Waeng to Ban Bu Ke Ta, Narathiwat Province, Thailand. Holotype: ZRC 61240. Paratypes: CMK, ZRC. Plus additional aquarium trade material. •Valid as Trigonostigma truncata Tan 2020. Current status: Valid as Trigonostigma truncata Tan 2020. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: East coast of the Malay Peninsula: south of the Isthmus of Kra, Narathiwat Province, Thailand to Terengganu, Malaysia. Habitat: freshwater.

tubbi, Rasbora Brittan [M. R.] 1954:157, Fig. 37 [Monographs of the Institute of Science and Technology, Manila Monograph 3; ref. 646] Brunei, stream above Tasek waterfall near Brunei Town, Borneo. Holotype: CAS-SU 17475. Paratypes: CAS-SU 17476 (6), Brittan coll. (16). •Valid as Rasbora tubbi Brittan 1954 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:48 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:234 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:13 [ref. 22832], Tan 2009:508 [ref. 30389], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:156 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:30 [ref. 35802]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora tubbi Brittan 1954. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Brunei, Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

tuberculata, Rasbora Kottelat [M.] 1995:58, Fig. 3 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 43 (no. 1); ref. 21728] Sungai Pala at Pala Hulu, 0°21'42"N, 111°55'47"E, Kapuas basin, Kalimantan Barat, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 5902. Paratypes: CMK 10540 (16); MZB 5903 (6); ZRC 38691 [43264](5). •Valid as Rasbora tuberculata Kottelat 1995 -- (Doi 1997:13 [ref. 22832], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:155 [ref. 28284], Hadiaty & Kottelat 2009:108 [ref. 30422], Liao et al. 2009:[12] [ref. 30521], Lumbantobing 2010:645 [ref. 31097], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat 2013:156 [ref. 32989], Lumbantobing 2014:23 [ref. 33163]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora tuberculata Kottelat 1995. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Indonesia and Malaysia. Habitat: freshwater.

tweddleorum, Opsaridium Skelton [P. H.] 1996:62, Figs. 1, 4 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 22213] Maperera River, lower Shire River, Zambezi River system, Malawi, 16°05'40"S, 34°54'30"E. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 34324. Paratypes: AMG 8222 (14); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 34853 (10), 35837-38 (6, 1), 49799 (2). •Valid as Opsaridium tweddleorum Skelton 1996 -- (Skelton 2001:121 [ref. 27406], Snoeks 2004:21 [ref. 28111]). Current status: Valid as Opsaridium tweddleorum Skelton 1996. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Southeastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

tweediei, Danio (Brachydanio) Brittan [M. R.] 1956:41, Pl. 3 [Bulletin of the Raffles Museum No. 27; ref. 12182] Sungei Patani, Kedah, Malaysia. Holotype: CAS-SU 48130. Paratypes: CAS-SU 48131 (1), USNM 163996 (2). •Synonym of Danio albolineatus (Blyth 1860) -- (Barman 1991:28 [ref. 22192], Fang 2000:219 [ref. 25107], Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285]). •Status uncertain -- (Fang & Kottelat 2000:154 [ref. 24438]). •Synonym of Brachydanio albolineatus (Blyth 1860) -- (Kottelat 2013:83 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Danio tweediei Brittan 1956 -- (Kullander & Britz 2015:246 [ref. 33764], Ng et al. 2019:526 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Danio tweediei Brittan 1956. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: eastern Myanmar, Malaya (Malaysia). Habitat: freshwater.

typica, Rasbora vaterifloris race Deraniyagala [P. E. P.] 1958:136 [Spolia Zeylanica v. 28 (pt 2); ref. 11990] No types known. Described as a race forma typica; we regard as infrasubspecific and unavailable. •In the synonymy of Rasboroides vaterifloris (Deraniyagala 1930). Infrasubspecific. Current status: Synonym of Rasboroides vaterifloris (Deraniyagala 1930). Danionidae: Rasborinae.

ubangiensis, Barilius Pellegrin [J.] 1901:250 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 7 (no. 6); ref. 14766] Ubangi River, Central African Republic. Syntypes: MNHN 1892-0087 to 0090 (4). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:69 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Opsaridium ubangense (Pellegrin 1901) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:328 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Opsaridium ubangiense (Pellegrin 1901) -- (Skelton 1996:80 [ref. 22213], Taverne & De Vos 1997:298 [ref. 23730], De Weirdt et al. 2007:569 [ref. 30024], Kullander & Roberts 2012:361, 368 [ref. 31751], Skelton 2019:227 [ref. 36564], Kiselkewa et al. 2020:[8] 707 [ref. 38315]). Current status: Valid as Opsaridium ubangiense (Pellegrin 1901). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Western and central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

udenii, Devario Batuwita [S.], de Silva [M.] & Udugampala [S.] 2017:167, Fig. 6 [FishTaxa v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 35544] Udugama Ela (stream), Homadola, Galle District, Sri Lanka, 6°13'N, 80°20'E. Holotype: NMSL 2017.26.01.NH [ex WHT 9806]. Paratypes: NMSL 2017.27.01.NH (7) [ex WHT 9807 (9)]. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Devario udenii Batuwita, de Silva & Udugampala 2017. •Uncertain -- (Sudasinghe & Pethiyagoda 2019:425 [ref. 36449]). •Synonym of Devario micronema (Bleeker 1863)-- (Sudasinghe et al. 2020:[12] [ref. 37530]). Current status: Synonym of Devario micronema (Bleeker 1863). Danionidae: Danioninae. Habitat: freshwater.

ukhrulensis, Aspidoparia Selim [K.] & Vishwanath [W.] 2001:254, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 98 (pt 2); ref. 25882] Chatrickong River, Ukhrul District, Manipur, 150 kilometers from Imphal, India. Holotype: MUMF 1025. Paratypes: MUMF 1026-28 (3). •Valid as Cabdio ukhrulensis (Selim & Vishwanath 2001) -- (Kottelat 2013:84 [ref. 32989], Bleher 2018:370 [ref. 36647], Lalramliana et al. 2019:168 [ref. 36904]). Current status: Valid as Cabdio ukhrulensis (Selim & Vishwanath 2001). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Chatrickong River drainage, Chindwin basin, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

unicolor, Rasbora sumatrana var. Vaillant [L. L.] 1893:89 [Nouvelles Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (Série 3) v. 5; ref. 14537] Borneo. Syntypes or holotype: MNHN 1891-0394 to 0397 (4). •Synonym of Rasbora hosii Boulenger 1894 -- (Kottelat 2013:152 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora hosii Boulenger 1895. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

untrahi, Chela Day [F.] 1869:381 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869 (pt 2) (art. 3) (for 27 May 1869); ref. 18823] Mahanuddi, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7901 (1, non-type) Mahanuddi R., 7783-84 (1, 1, non-types) Madras; BMNH 1889.2.1.1746-51 (6), 1975.9.30.10 (1); NMW 76614 (1); ZSI 2174 (1), 2543 (1), A.927 (2). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:156 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:303 [ref. 25110]. •Valid as Salmostoma untrahi (Day 1869) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:328 [ref. 20764] as untrachi, Singh & Yazdani 1993:198 [ref. 24022], Menon 1999:30 [ref. 24904], Bleher 2018:780 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Salmostoma untrahi (Day 1869). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

urophthalmoides, Rasbora Kottelat [M.] 1991:188, Fig. 10 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 13597] Swamp near Sai Buri River, 43 kilometers northwest of Naratiwat on road 42, Ban La Han, Pattani Province, Thailand. Holotype: ZSM 27796 [now ZRC 38455] [ex CMK 5127]. Paratypes: MHNG 2099.84 (1), 2152.80 (2); MNHN 1983-0099 (3); CMK 4264 (1, c&s). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:257 [ref. 31652]. Holotype now at ZRC. •Valid as Rasbora urophthalmoides Kottelat 1991 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:48 [ref. 23448]). •Valid as Boraras urophthalmoides (Kottelat 1991) -- (Kottelat & Vidthayanon 1993:170 [ref. 20833], Rainboth 1996:80 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:4 [ref. 22832], Conway & Kottelat 2011:45 [ref. 31480], Kottelat 2013:83 [ref. 32989], Petsut et al. 2013:411 [ref. 33424], Sholihah et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37317] as Bororas u.). Current status: Valid as Boraras urophthalmoides (Kottelat 1991). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

vagra, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:269, 385 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Ganges River at Patna, India. No types known. Information on type locality see Britz 2019:44 [ref. 37532]. Hamilton's original, unpublished illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 153 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Opsarius vagra (Hamilton 1822) -- (Moyon & Arunkumar 2019:6 [ref. 37054]). •Valid as Barilius vagra (Hamilton 1822) -- (Shrestha 1978:34 [ref. 15970], Ataur Rahman 1989:99 [ref. 24860], Coad 1981:9 [ref. 22348], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:353 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:527 [ref. 23778], Menon 1999:20 [ref. 24904], Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 2000:249 [ref. 25167], Rafique 2000:323 [ref. 25220], Mirza 2000:355 [ref. 25207], Rafique et al. 2000:337 [ref. 25221], Kundu 2000:95 [ref. 25663], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662], Rafique et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27173], Mirza 2003:5 [ref. 27265], Ataur Rahman 2003:116 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:96 [ref. 29923], Nath et al. 2010:24 [ref. 33488], Conway et al. 2011:1755 [ref. 31594], Mayanglambam & Vishwanath 2012:2363 [ref. 31817], Gurung et al. 2013:4882 [ref. 32969], Bleher 2018:364 [ref. 36647], Kumari et al. 2019:14813 [ref. 37140]). Current status: Valid as Barilius vagra (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Himalaya Foothills, Pakistan, India, Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh and Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

vaillantii, Rasbora Popta [C. M. L.] 1905:174 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 25 (no. 4) (art. 15); ref. 3549] Bo River, Borneo. Lectotype: RMNH 7619. Paralectotypes: RMNH 32594 (15), 32595 (4). Lectotype selected by Siebert & Richardson 1997:94 [ref. 22887]. •Synonym of Rasbora argyrotaenia (Bleeker 1849) -- (Brittan 1954:108 [ref. 646] as vaillanti, Siebert & Richardson 1997:94 [ref. 22887]). •Valid as Rasbora vaillantii Popta 1905 -- (Yang & Hwang 1964:38 [ref. 13497], Kottelat 2012:83 [ref. 31848], Wilkinson & Tan 2018:607 [ref. 36226] as vaillanti). Current status: Valid as Rasbora vaillantii Popta 1905. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

varuna, Laubuca Pethiyagoda [R.], Kottelat [M.], Silva [A.], Maduwage [K.] & Meegaskumbura [M.] 2008:17, Figs. 9-10 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 19 (no. 1); ref. 29714] Wak-Oya at Kahahena (near Waga), 6°54'N, 80°07'E, Sri Lanka, elevation 150 meters. Holotype: WHT 7535. Paratypes: WHT 1607 (3), 1654 (4), 7529 (2), 7534 (4), 7615 (3). Plus WHT 7610 (2, c&s). •Valid as Laubuca varuna Pethiyagoda, Kottelat, Silva, Maduwage & Meegaskumbura 2008 -- (Kulabtong et al. 2012:93 [ref. 32008], Lalramliana et al. 2017:269 [ref. 35204], Kullander et al. 2018:109 [ref. 35843], Sudasinghe et al. 2020:[16] [ref. 37590]). Current status: Valid as Laubuka varuna Pethiyagoda, Kottelat, Silva, Maduwage & Meegaskumbura 2008. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Rainforest streams in southern and western foothills of Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

vaterifloris, Rasbora Deraniyagala [P. E. P.] 1930:28, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Spolia Zeylanica (The Ceylon Journal of Science, Section B.--Zoology & Geology) v. 16 (pt 1); ref. 16077] Kaluganga River, near Illukvattai ferry on Ratnapura to Gilimalé road, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka. Holotype: BMNH 1930.10.8.1-2 (27-mm spec.). Paratypes: BMNH 1930.10.8.1-2 (not 27-mm spec.). Type information: Pethiyagoda 1991:336 [ref. 20075]. •Valid as Rasbora vaterifloris Deraniyagala 1930 -- (Brittan 1954:200 [ref. 646], Pethiyagoda 1991:129 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:390 [ref. 20764]). •Valid as Rasboroides vaterifloris (Deraniyagala 1930) -- (Liao et al. 2009:[4] [ref. 30521], Silva et al. 2010:27 [ref. 30779], Batuwita et al. 2013:125 [ref. 33007], Sudasinghe et al. 2018:14 [ref. 36411]). Current status: Valid as Rasboroides vaterifloris (Deraniyagala 1930). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Kalu and Kelani basins, Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

vegae, Rasbora Rendahl [H.] 1926:1 [Arkiv för Zoologi v. 18 B (no. 13); ref. 15606] Labuan Island, Borneo, Malaysia. Syntypes: (20) NRM 8094 (14), 8095 (5). •Valid as Rasbora vegae Rendahl 1926 -- (Brittan 1954:183 [ref. 646]). •Synonym of Rasbora einthovenii (Bleeker 1851) -- (Kottelat 1991:186 [ref. 13597], see Kottelat & Tan 2012:323 [ref. 31753], Kottelat 2013:152 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora einthovenii (Bleeker 1851). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

verecundus, Nematabramis Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1924:259 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 24 (no. 3); ref. 2118] Titunod River, Kolambugan, Lanao Province, Mindanao, Philippines. Holotype (unique): BSMP (presumed destroyed). Appeared without description in Herre 1924:1568 [ref. 2120]; available as published above. •Synonym of Nematabramis alestes (Seale & Bean 1907) -- (Kottelat 2013:126 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Nematabramis alestes (Seale & Bean 1907). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

vietnamensis, Rasbora Vasil'eva [E. D.] & Vasil'ev [V. P.] 2013:323, Fig. 5 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 53 (no. 5); ref. 32739] Vung Bau River, 10°20.760'N, 103°250.879'E, Vietnam. Holotype: ZMUU P-23040. Paratypes: ZMMU P-23402 (14) Plus non-type specimens. •Synonym of Trigonopoma pauciperforatum (Weber & de Beaufort 1916) -- (Kottelat 2013:170 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Trigonopoma pauciperforatum (Weber & de Beaufort 1916). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

vittatus, Leuciscus (Esomus) Swainson [W.] 1839:285 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Based on Ham. fig. 88 -- which is Hamilton 1822:Pl. 16 (fig. 88) [ref. 2031]. •Synonym of Esomus danricus (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:47 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:102 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Esomus danrica (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Esominae. Habitat: freshwater.

voltae, Barilius niloticus Roman [B.] 1966:118 [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 150; ref. 9061] Volta River, West Africa. Syntypes: MRAC 141680-92 (13). •Synonym of Leptocypris niloticus (Joannis 1835) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:325 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:274 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:142 [ref. 31367]). Current status: Synonym of Leptocypris niloticus (Joannis 1835). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

volzii, Rasbora Popta [C. M. L.] 1905:175 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 25 (no. 4) (art. 15); ref. 3549] Bongan and Howong rivers, Central Borneo. Lectotype: RMNH 7621(1 of 6, 74.1 mm SL). Paralectotypes: RMNH 7620 (4), 7621 (5). Lectotype listed in Kottelat & Tan 2011:219 [ref. 31695]. •Valid as Rasbora volzii Popta 1905 [earlier references as volzi] -- (Brittan 1954:61 [ref. 646], Roberts 1989:77 [ref. 6439], Ye & Song in Pan et al. 1991:68 [ref. 23876], Kottelat et al. 1993:48 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:234 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:13 [ref. 22832], Parenti & Lim 2005:185 [ref. 28285], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat & Tan 2011:217 [ref. 31695], Kottelat 2012:83 [ref. 31848], Kottelat & Tan 2012:37 [ref. 32065], Kottelat 2013:156 [ref. 32989], Lumbantobing 2014:23 [ref. 33163], Wilkinson & Tan 2018:607 [ref. 36226]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora volzii Popta 1905. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

vulcanus, Rasbora Tan [H. H.] 1999:113, Figs. 3-4 [Journal of South Asian Natural History v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 23899] Batang Si Joontour, about 53 kilometers to Painan on Padang-Painan road, 1°04'52.8"S, 100°27'26.0"E, Painan, western Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 9317. Paratypes: CMK 14812 (5); MZB 9318, 9325-27 (4); ZRC 43269-88 (20), 43289-313 (25); ZMA 121826-27 (5, 5); plus non-type material. •Valid as Rasbora vulcanus Tan 1999 -- (Kottelat 2008:305 [ref. 29390], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Lumbantobing 2010:645 [ref. 31097], Kottelat 2013:156 [ref. 32989], Lumbantobing 2014:23 [ref. 33163]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora vulcanus Tan 1999. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Sumatra and Nias, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

vulgaris, Rasbora Duncker [G.] 1904:181 [Mitteilungen aus dem Naturhistorischen (Zoologischen) Museum in Hamburg v. 21; ref. 5560] Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Lectotype: ZMH H200. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1905.5.6.4-5 [ex SSMKL] (2) Kuala Lumpur; ZMH H201 (1), H384 (5), H385 (2); ZRC 2312 (6). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:159 [ref. 19181], Alfred 1963:166 [ref. 20555], Alfred 1970:71 [ref. 23931], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:403 [ref. 21161] as syntypes. Lectotype selected by Ladiges et al. 1958:159 [ref. 19181]. •Possible synonym of Rasbora sumatrana (Bleeker 1852) -- (Brittan 1954:54 [ref. 646]). •Valid as Rasbora vulgaris Duncker 1901 -- (Tan & Kottelat 2009:49 [ref. 30261], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Kottelat & Tan 2011:217 [ref. 31695], Kottelat 2013:156 [ref. 32989], Lumbantobing 2014:24 [ref. 33163], Ng et al. 2019:527 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora vulgaris Duncker 1904. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Malaya (Malaysia). Habitat: freshwater.

weberii, Luciosoma Popta [C. M. L.] 1905:177 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 25 (no. 4) (art. 15); ref. 3549] Boelit River, Kalimantum Barat, Kapuas drainage, Borneo. Syntypes: RMNH 7624 (1), 27682 (1). •Synonym of Luciosoma setigerum (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:43 [ref. 6439], Bănărescu 1991:35 [ref. 20021] as weberi, Kottelat 2013:122 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Luciosoma setigerum (Valenciennes 1842). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

weeksii, Barilius Boulenger [G. A.] 1899:102 (in key) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 5); ref. 589] Upper Congo River. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1898.7.9.31. Also appeared in Boulenger 1900:134, Pl. 48 (fig. 4) [ref. 555]. •Valid as Raiamas weeksii (Boulenger 1899) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:335 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Leptocypris weeksii (Boulenger 1899) -- (Stiassny et al. 2006:371 [ref. 28790]). Current status: Valid as Leptocypris weeksii (Boulenger 1899). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

weynsii, Barilius Boulenger [G. A.] 1899:103 (in key) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 5); ref. 589] Upper Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1900.12.13.20[or 30] (1), MRAC 260 (1). Also appeared in Boulenger 1900:134, Pl. 48 (fig. 5) [ref. 555]. •Valid as Leptocypris weynsii (Boulenger 1899) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:325 [ref. 6186], Stiassny et al. 2006:371 [ref. 28790]. Kiselkewa et al. 2020:[8] 707 [ref. 38315]). Current status: Valid as Leptocypris weynsii (Boulenger 1899). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Central Africa: Congo River basin (Democratic Republic of Congo). Habitat: freshwater.

whitei, Engraulicypris van der Horst [C. J.] 1934:281, Figured [Annals of the Transvaal Museum v. 15 (pt 3); ref. 16465] Aaipes River, near Petronella and near Hamanskraal, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Syntypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 30040 [ex TMP 15024] (5) Petronella, 30041 [ex TMP 16022] (4) Hamanskraal. Non-types: BMNH 1936.4.23.5-10 [ex TMP] (6). •Synonym of Neobola brevianalis Boulenger 1908 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:326 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Engraulicypris brevianalis (Boulenger 1908) -- (Riddin et al. 2016:134 [ref. 34973]). Current status: Synonym of Engraulicypris brevianalis (Boulenger 1908). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

wijnbergi, Rasbora Meinken [H.] 1963:142, fig'd [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 16 (no. 5); ref. 19867] Indo-Malay Archipelago. Holotype: ZMH 4365. Paratypes: ZMH 4366 (1). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:412 [ref. 21161]. •Synonym of Rasbora caudimaculata Volz 1903 -- (Brittan 1972:192-29 [ref. 12245]). •Synonym of Rasbora calliura Boulenger 1894 -- (Kottelat 2013:151 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora calliura Boulenger 1894. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

wilpita, Rasbora Kottelat [M.] & Pethiyagoda [R.] 1991:308, Figs. 11-12 [Freshwater fishes of Sri Lanka; ref. 16752] Border of Wilpita estate and Welihena Forest Preserve, Parusella, 6°07'30"N, 80°31'15"E, Nilwala River basin, Sri Lanka. Holotype: ZSM 27967 [now ZRC 38481]. Paratypes: CMK 7122 (3), 7187 (1). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:257 [ref. 31652]. Holotype now at ZRC. •Valid as Rasbora wilpita Kottelat & Pethiyagoda 1991 -- (Liao et al. 2009:[4] [ref. 30521], Silva et al. 2010:32 [ref. 30779], Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521], Bleher 2018:760 [ref. 36647], Sudasinghe et al. 2020:22 [ref. 37702]). Current status: Valid as Rasbora wilpita Kottelat & Pethiyagoda 1991. Danionidae: Rasborinae. Distribution: Southwestern Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

wongrati, Thryssocypris Grudpan [C.] & Grudpan [J.] 2012:229, Fig. 1, 2A, 3A [Zootaxa No. 3586; ref. 32333] Bang Nok Kra-Yang Village, Sap-Phaya, Chai-Nat, Chao Phraya River, 15°08’22.88’’N, 100°08’47.32’’E, Thailand. Holotype: CAS 234133. Paratypes: many at CAS, KUMF, MNHN, RLIKU, UNMF. •Valid as Thryssocypris wongrati Grudpan & Grudpan 2012 -- (Kottelat 2013:167 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Thryssocypris wongrati Grudpan & Grudpan 2012. Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

woolaree, Rasbora Day [F.] 1867:298 [18] [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867 (pt 2) (art. 5); ref. 14043] Bowany River, Neilgherry Hills, Madras, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: BMNH 1867.7.24.31-33 (3), 1889.2.1.4361 (1, dry). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:156 [ref. 23762]. On p. 18 of separate. •Synonym of Rasbora daniconius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Brittan 1954:136 [ref. 646] with question). •Synonym of Parluciosoma daniconius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:51 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Rasbora daniconius (Hamilton 1822) -- (authors). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora daniconius (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

xanthogramme, Leuciscus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:321 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Kaveri River at Srirangapattana, India [original locality: rivers in Mysore and Carnatic [Karnataka], southern India]. No types known. Neotype selected by Silva et al. 2010:46 [ref. 30779] and is the same neotype for Leuciscus flavus, Leuciscu caveri and Leuciscus xanthogramme; they also established relative precedence as first revisers. •Synonym of Rasbora rasbora (Hamilton 1822) -- (Brittan 1954:42 [ref. 646] with question, Menon 1999:53 [ref. 24904] as xanthogrammae). •Synonym of Rasbora dandia (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Silva et al. 2010:30 [ref. 30779]). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora dandia (Valenciennes 1844). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

xyrops, Devario Fang [F.] & Kullander [S. O.] 2009:35, Fig. 1-4 [Zootaxa No. 2164; ref. 30284] Thandwe, Thade River drainage, Taunggok, Yan Khaw Chaung, ca. 4 Kilometers on logging road from Gwetauk village, 23 Kilometers on road Taunggok-Pyay, Rakhine State, Myanmar. Holotype: NRM 45658. Paratypes: BMNH 2009.5.5.20-24 (5); NRM 40835 (6), 40483 (21), 41673 (1)41674 (1), 45596 (10). •Valid as Devario xyrops Fang & Kullander 2009 -- (Pramod et al. 2010:39 [ref. 30874], Kottelat 2013:99 [ref. 32989], Ramananda & Vishwanath 2014:84 [ref. 33388], Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120], Kullander et al. 2017:27 [ref. 35685]). Current status: Valid as Devario xyrops Fang & Kullander 2009. Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Small streams on western slope of Rakhine Yoma, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

yuensis, Danio Arunkumar [L.] & Tombi Singh [H.] 1998:3, Fig. 1 [Journal of Nature Conservation: an International journal devoted to natural resource conservation and environment. v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 24126] Yu River System, Moreh Bazar, near the border areas of Manipur, India and Myanmar. Holotype: MUMF 3000/1A. Paratypes (2): MUMF 3000/5A (2). Original not seen. •Synonym of Danio aequipinnatus (McClelland 1839) -- (Kottelat 2013:98 [ref. 32989] with question). •Valid as Devario yuensis (Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 1998) -- (Fang 2001:17 [ref. 25285], Fang & Kullander 2009:33 [ref. 30284], Kullander 2017:408 [ref. 35120], Bleher 2018:456 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Devario yuensis (Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 1998). Danionidae: Danioninae. Distribution: Border areas of Manipur, India and Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

zambezensis, Barilius Günther [A.] (ex Peters) 1868:292 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Zambezi River. Syntypes: BMNH 1861.3.10.2-4[or 8-9] [from Peters] (3). Based on Peters manuscript and Peters specimens; Peters' name cited as Opsaridium zambezense as cited by Günther but this was published as Leuciscus zambezensis by Peters in 1852. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Leuciscus zambezensis Peters 1852. •Synonym of Opsaridium zambezense (Peters 1852) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:329 [ref. 6186]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Opsaridium zambezense (Peters 1852). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

zambezensis, Leuciscus Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1852:682 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1852; ref. 18539] Lower Zambezi River system, Mozambique. Syntypes: BMNH 1861.3.10.8-9 (3); ZMB 3437 (5), 4739 (6). Also in Peters 1868:49, Pl. 10 (fig. 2) [ref. 3440] as Labeobarbus zambezensis. •Valid as Opsaridium zambezense (Peters 1852) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:329 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:120 [ref. 24071], Skelton 1996:68 [ref. 22213], Taverne & De Vos 1997:298 [ref. 23730], Skelton 2001:369 [ref. 27406], Marshall 2011:77 [ref. 31755], Bruton et al. 2018:54 [ref. 36373], Skelton 2019:233 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Opsaridium zambezense (Peters 1852). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

zanzibarensis, Rasbora Günther [A.] in Playfair & Günther 1867:119, Pl. 17 (fig. 4) [The fishes of Zanzibar; ref. 3490] Rovuma [Ruvuma] River, Tanzania (and border to Mozambique [probably in error]). Holotype (unique): BMNH 1867.3.9.506. •Synonym of Parluciosoma daniconius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:51 [ref. 24904]). •Mention in Rasbora -- (Liao et al. 2010:166 [ref. 30521]). •Synonym of Rasbora daniconius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Brittan 1954:136 [ref. 646], Kottelat 2013:152 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora daniconius (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.