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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Gaidropsaridae: [ 47 ] records


argentata, Motella Reinhardt [J. C. H.] 1837:116 [34] [Det Kongelige Danske videnskabernes selskabs naturvidenskabelige og mathematiske afhandlinger v. 7; ref. 3691] Greenland. Syntypes: ZMUC 132-136 (5). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:57 [ref. 9588]. On p. 34 of separate. Name in list and possibly just a nomen nudum. also appeared in Reinhardt 1836:cx [ref. 6587], possibly as a nomen nudum. •Valid as Onogadus argentatus (Reinhardt 1837) -- (Svetovidov 1973:319 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:704 [ref. 13676]). •Valid as Gaidropsarus argentatus (Reinhardt 1837) -- (Svetovidov 1986:14 [ref. 8033], Scott & Scott 1988:272 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:118 [ref. 14674], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:49 [ref. 18936], Endo in Okamura et al. 1995:120 [ref. 22531], Moore et al. 2003:212 [ref. 27076], Møller et al. 2010:39 [ref. 31169], Page et al. 2013:93 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:181 [ref. 33547], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447], Afonso et al. 2016:31, 153 [ref. 36199], Barros-García et al. 2017:10 [ref. 35659], Biscoito & Saldanha 2018:310 [ref. 36066], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:127 [ref. 36370], Bañón et al. 2022:14 [ref. 39324]). Current status: Valid as Gaidropsarus argentatus (Reinhardt 1837). Gaidropsaridae. Distribution: North Atlantic to Arctic Ocean. Habitat: marine.

argenteola, Motella Düben [M. W. von] & Koren [J.] 1846:92 [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm for 1844; ref. 17420] Outside Christiansund, western Norway. •Synonym of Ciliata mustela (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:312 [ref. 7169], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:32 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Ciliata mustela (Linnaeus 1758). Gaidropsaridae. Habitat: marine.

argenteolus, Gadus Montagu [G.] 1818:449 [Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society, Edinburgh v. 2 (Pt. 2, art. 27); ref. 17785] South coast of Devonshire, England. No types known. •Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:318 [ref. 7169], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:50 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2020 [ref. 34586]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758). Gaidropsaridae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

barbatus, Blennius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:9 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Unexplained new name for Blennius mediterraneus of Lacepède and Gadus mediterraneus Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti 2019:104 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758). Gaidropsaridae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

barbatus, Gaidropsarus de Buen [F.] 1934:502, Fig. 1 [Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural. Madrid v. 34; ref. 687] Off Malagueña, Spain, depth 70 fathoms. Holotype (unique): Inst. Esp. Oceanogr. •Synonym of Antonogadus megalokynodon (Kolombatovic 1894) -- (Svetovidov 1973:317 [ref. 7169]). •Synonym of Gaidropsarus biscayensis (Collett 1890) -- (Svetovidov 1986:14 [ref. 8033], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:49 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2019 [ref. 34586]). •Synonym of Gaidropsarus macrophthalmus (Günther 1867). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus macrophthalmus (Günther 1867). Gaidropsaridae. Habitat: marine.

biscayensis, Onus Collett [R.] 1890:107 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 15; ref. 18024] Gulf of Gascony, near Cape Finisterre, 46°24'N, 3°35'W, depth 155 meters. Syntypes: MOM 0091-0019 (2, 1 in poor condition), ?0091-0035 (1). Type catalog: Belloc 1949:16 [ref. 21544]. •Synonym of Antonogadus macrophthalmus (Günther 1867) -- (Svetovidov 1973:317 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:696 [ref. 13676]). •Valid as Gaidropsarus biscayensis (Collett 1890) -- (Svetovidov 1986:14 [ref. 8033], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:49 [ref. 18936], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:51 [ref. 26753], Fricke et al. 2007:64 [ref. 29533], Pais et al. 2008:462 [ref. 30211], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:29 [ref. 36649], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2019 [ref. 34586], Biscoito & Saldanha 2018:310 [ref. 36066], Artüz & Fricke 2019:554 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36864]). •Synonym of Gaidropsarus macrophthalmus (Günther 1867) -- (Barros-García et al. 2017:9 [ref. 35659]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus macrophthalmus (Günther 1867). Gaidropsaridae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, eastern Atlantic: Spain and Portugal to Madeira and Morocco [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

borealis, Molvella Kaup [J. J.] 1858:90 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 24 (pt. 1); ref. 2576] North Cape [Nordkapp], Norway. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1996-1381. Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:236 [ref. 24244]. •Synonym of Ciliata mustela (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:312 [ref. 7169], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:32 [ref. 18936], Bailly et al. 1999:236 [ref. 24244]). Current status: Synonym of Ciliata mustela (Linnaeus 1758). Gaidropsaridae. Habitat: marine.

capensis, Lotella Kaup [J. J.] 1858:90, Pl. 13 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 24 (pt. 1); ref. 2576] No locality [Cape of Good Hope?]. •Valid as Gaidropsarus capensis (Kaup 1858) -- (Svetovidov 1986:8 [ref. 8033], Cohen 1986:324 [ref. 5646], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:49 [ref. 18936], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:117 [ref. 28072], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447], Biscoito & Saldanha 2018:311 [ref. 36066], Bañón et al. 2022:13 [ref. 39324]). Current status: Valid as Gaidropsarus capensis (Kaup 1858). Gaidropsaridae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic and southwestern Indian Ocean: southern Africa. Habitat: marine.

carpenteri, Onus Günther [A.] 1887:97, Pl. 42 (fig. D) [Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger v. 22 (pt 57); ref. 2013] Between Shetland and Faröe islands, depth 180 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1874.1.10.16. •Synonym of Antonogadus macrophthalmus (Günther 1867) -- (Svetovidov 1973:317 [ref. 7169]). •Synonym of Gaidropsarus macrophthalmus (Günther 1867) -- (Svetovidov 1986:12 [ref. 8033], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:50 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus macrophthalmus (Günther 1867). Gaidropsaridae. Habitat: marine.

caudacuta, Motella Storer [D. H.] 1858:361, Pl. 29 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (new series) v. 6 (pt 2, art. 7); ref. 18849] Long Point, Provincetown, Massachusetts, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Appeared first without clear distinguishing features in Storer 1848:5 [ref. 18842]; later illutrated and described in above reference. •Synonym of Rhinonemus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Svetovidov 1973:316 [ref. 7169]). •Synonym of Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Cohen 1990:526 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:38 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766). Gaidropsaridae. Habitat: marine.

cimbricus, Enchelyopus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:50, Pl. 9 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Not available; an incorrect subsequent spelling of Gadus cimbrius Linnaeus 1766, which was referred to as "Gadus cimbricus, Linn. n. 16." •In the synonymy of Rhinonemus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Paepke 1999: errata on inside of back cover [ref. 24282]). •In the synonymy of Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766) -- (authors). Misspelling. Current status: Synonym of Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766). Gaidropsaridae.

cimbrius, Gadus Linnaeus [C.] (ex Strussenfelt) 1766:440 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] Kattegat, northwestern Scania, Sweden, western Baltic Sea. No types known. Based on manuscript description by A. M. von Strussenfelt. Also in Strussenfelt 1773:22, Pl. 2, fig. A [ref. 30356] and Strussenfelt 1780:21, pl. 2, fig. A [ref. 30357]. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:30 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Sometimes placed in the family Gaidropsaridae, such as by Iwamoto & Cohen 2003:1015 [ref. 27011]. •Valid as Rhinonemus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Svetovidov 1973:316 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:708 [ref. 13676], Nakabo 2000:414 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:414 [ref. 26001], Fricke 2007:26 [ref. 30577] as cimbricus). •Valid as Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Cohen & Russo 1979 [ref. 6975], Smith 1986:403 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:94 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:264 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:119 [ref. 14674], Cohen 1990:526 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:38 [ref. 18936], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:756 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:30 [ref. 24101], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:226 [ref. 26158], Gibson & Myers 2002:134 [ref. 26567], Iwamoto & Cohen 2003:1015 [ref. 27011], Moore et al. 2003:212 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:93 [ref. 27807], Møller et al. 2010:39 [ref. 31169], Page et al. 2013:93 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:180 [ref. 33547], Afonso et al. 2016:31, 145 [ref. 36199], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2018 [ref. 34586], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:125 [ref. 36370]). Current status: Valid as Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766). Gaidropsaridae. Distribution: Baltic Sea, North Sea, northeastern Atlantic: Barents Sea south to Bay of Biscay; northwestern Atlantic: Newfoundland (Canada) and western Greenland south to northern Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: marine.

edwardii, Couchia Couch [J.] 1866:38, 41, Fig. [The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 9 (no. 33); ref. 14053] Moray Firth, England. No types known. •Synonym of Rhinonemus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Svetovidov 1973:316 [ref. 7169]). •Synonym of Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Cohen 1990:526 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:38 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766). Gaidropsaridae. Habitat: marine.

ensis, Motella Reinhardt [J. C. H.] 1837:116 [34] [Det Kongelige Danske videnskabernes selskabs naturvidenskabelige og mathematiske afhandlinger v. 7; ref. 3691] Greenland. Syntypes: ZMUC 125-126 (2). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:57 [ref. 9588]. On p. 34 of separate. Name in list and possibly just a nomen nudum. Also may have appeared in Reinhardt 1836:11 [ref. 6587], possibly as a nomen nudum. •Valid as Onogadus ensis (Reinhardt 1837) -- (Svetovidov 1973:319 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:704 [ref. 13676]). •Valid as Gaidropsarus ensis (Reinhardt 1837) -- (Svetovidov 1986:15 [ref. 8033], Scott & Scott 1988:272 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:118 [ref. 14674], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:49 [ref. 18936], Endo in Okamura et al. 1995:121 [ref. 22531], Moore et al. 2003:213 [ref. 27076], Møller et al. 2010:39 [ref. 31169], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:120 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:93 [ref. 32708], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447], Afonso et al. 2016:31, 154 [ref. 36199], Barros-García et al. 2017:10 [ref. 35659], Biscoito & Saldanha 2018:310 [ref. 36066], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:129 [ref. 36370], Bañón et al. 2022:7 [ref. 39324]). Current status: Valid as Gaidropsarus ensis (Reinhardt 1837). Gaidropsaridae. Distribution: North Atlantic and Arctic Ocean. Habitat: marine.

fuscus, Gadus Risso [A.] 1810:121 [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. •Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:318 [ref. 7169], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:50 [ref. 18936], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:51 [ref. 26753], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2020 [ref. 34586]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758). Gaidropsaridae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

fuscus, Phycis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:67 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Questionable synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti 2019:114 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Uncertain as Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758). Gaidropsaridae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

gallaeciae, Gaidropsarus Bañón [R.], Baldó [F.], Serrano [A.], Barros-García [D.] & Carlos [A. de] 2022:4, Figs. 2-4 [Biology v. 11; ref. 39324] Galicia Bank, northeast Atlantic, 42.751°N, -11.4549°W, depth 788 meters. Holotype: MHNUSC 10126-1. Paratypes: MHNUSC. •Valid as Gaidropsarus gallaeciae Bañón, Baldó, Serrano, Barros-García & Carlos 2022. Current status: Valid as Gaidropsarus gallaeciae Bañón, Baldó, Serrano, Barros-García & Carlos 2022. Gaidropsaridae. Distribution: Northeast Atlantic: Galicia Bank and Porcupine Bank. Habitat: marine.

glauca, Ciliata Couch [J.] 1832:15, Fig. 2 [Magazine of Natural History and Journal of Zoology, Botany, Minerology, Gelology, and Meterology v. 5 (no. 23, art. 4); ref. 5557] Cornwall, England. No types known. See also Couch 1832:741 [ref. 18048]. •Synonym of Ciliata mustela (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:312 [ref. 7169], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:32 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Ciliata mustela (Linnaeus 1758). Gaidropsaridae. Habitat: marine.

granti, Onus Regan [C. T.] 1903:346 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 12 (no. 69) (art. 31); ref. 3619] Azores, northeastern Atlantic. Lectotype: BMNH 1903.10.22.1. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1903.10.22.1 (1). Lectotype selected (by Wheeler) in Svetovidov 1973:318 [ref. 7169]. •Valid as Gaidropsarus granti (Regan 1903) -- (Svetovidov 1973:318 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:699 [ref. 13676], Svetovidov 1986:7 [ref. 8033], Cohen 1990:527 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:49 [ref. 18936], Santos et al. 1997:59 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:70 [ref. 24952], Zachariou-Mamalinga 1999:261 [ref. 24296], Bañón et al. 2002:878 [ref. 26949], Pais et al. 2008:462 [ref. 30211], Bañon et al. 2010:11 [ref. 31029], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447], Bañón et al. 2016:316 [ref. 34397], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:201 [ref. 34586], Barros-García et al. 2017:9 [ref. 35659], Biscoito & Saldanha 2018:310 [ref. 36066], Carneiro et al. 2019:144 [ref. 37250], Dragičević & Dulčić 2019:646 [ref. 37191], Spinelli & Castriota 2019:88 [ref. 36837], Bañón et al. 2020:[1] [ref. 37645], Bilan & Grinyó in Bo et al. 2020:613 [ref. 37876], Kovačić et al. 2020:18 [ref. 37519], Kovačić et al. 2021:29 [ref. 39014], Vella et al. in Tsagarakis et al. 2021:636 [ref. 38798], Bañón et al. 2022:13 [ref. 39324]). Current status: Valid as Gaidropsarus granti (Regan 1903). Gaidropsaridae. Distribution: Western Mediterranean Sea: Spain east to Malta and Croatia (Adriatic Sea); eastern Atlantic: Porcupine Bank (southwest of Ireland); Galicia Bank off Spain; Azores, Madeira and Canary Islands. Habitat: marine.

guttatus, Onus Collett [R.] 1890:105 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 15; ref. 18024] Fayal, Azores, northeastern Atlantic, 38°34'N, 28°42'W, station 103, depth 15 meters. Syntypes: (2) MOM 0091-3719 [ex MOM 0091-3906] (now 1). Type catalog: Belloc 1949:16 [ref. 21544], Bailly et al. 1999:237 [ref. 24244]. •Synonym of Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Lloris et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27698]). •Valid as Gaidropsarus guttatus (Collett 1890) -- (Svetovidov 1973:319 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov 1986:8 [ref. 8033], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:700 [ref. 13676], Cohen 1990:527 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:49 [ref. 18936], Santos et al. 1997:60 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:70 [ref. 24952], Bailly et al. 1999:237 [ref. 24244], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2022 [ref. 34586], Biscoito & Saldanha 2018:310 [ref. 36066]). •Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Barros-García et al. 2017:8 [ref. 35659], Bañón et al. 2022:13 [ref. 39324]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758). Gaidropsaridae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic [if valid]. Habitat: brackish, marine.

insularum, Gaidropsarus Sivertsen [E.] 1945:8, Fig. 6 [Results of the Norwegian Scientific Expedition to Tristan da Cunha 1937-1938 No. 12; ref. 13091] Tristan da Cunha, South Atlantic. Syntypes: (3) ZMUO?. Based on literature sources and specimens. •Valid as Gaidropsarus insularum Sivertsen 1945 -- (Svetovidov 1986:9 [ref. 8033], Cohen 1986:324 [ref. 5646], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:49 [ref. 18936], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447], Biscoito & Saldanha 2018:311 [ref. 36066]). Current status: Valid as Gaidropsarus insularum Sivertsen 1945. Gaidropsaridae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic and western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

jubatus, Gadus Pallas [P. S.] 1814:202 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] "Circa saxosa littora Chersonesi tauricae". •Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:318 [ref. 7169], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:50 [ref. 18936], Parin et al. 2014:181 [ref. 33547], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2020 [ref. 34586]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758). Gaidropsaridae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

labrus, Blennius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:28, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:10 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti 2019:105 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758). Gaidropsaridae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lanceolatus, Blennius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1814:17 [Précis des découvertes et travaux somiologiques de Mr. C. S. Rafinesque-Schmaltz; ref. 3582] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Nomen oblitum according to Parenti 2019:106 [ref. 37117]. •In the synonymy of Gaidropsarus vulgaris (Cloquet 1824) -- (Parenti 2019:106 [ref. 37117]). Nomen Oblitum. Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus vulgaris (Cloquet 1824). Gaidropsaridae. Habitat: marine.

lupus, Blennius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:27, Pl. 3 (fig. 3) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:10 [ref. 3595]. Nomen oblitum according to Parenti 2019:106 [ref. 37117]. •In the synonymy of Gaidropsarus vulgaris (Cloquet 1824) -- (Parenti 2019:106 [ref. 37117]). Nomen Oblitum. Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus vulgaris (Cloquet 1824). Gaidropsaridae. Habitat: marine.

macrophthalma, Motella Günther [A.] 1867:290 [2], Pl. 5 (fig. B) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 3) v. 20 (no. 118) (art. 37); ref. 14046] Off the Hebrides Islands, North Atlantic, depth 80-90 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1866.12.3.3. On p. 2 of separate. •Valid as Antonogadus macrophthalmus (Günther 1867) -- (Svetovidov 1973:317 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:696 [ref. 13676]). •Valid as Gaidropsarus macrophthalmus (Günther 1867) -- (Svetovidov 1986:12 [ref. 8033], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:50 [ref. 18936], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2022 [ref. 34586], Barros-García et al. 2017:9 [ref. 35659], Biscoito & Saldanha 2018:311 [ref. 36066], Carneiro et al. 2019:145 [ref. 37250], Kovačić et al. 2020:18 [ref. 37519], Bañón & Maño 2021:60 [ref. 38883], Kovačić et al. 2021:29 [ref. 39014], Bañón et al. 2022:13 [ref. 39324]). Current status: Valid as Gaidropsarus macrophthalmus (Günther 1867). Gaidropsaridae. Distribution: Northeastern Atlantic: including Azores and Madeira; Mediterranean Sea: northern Adriatic Sea. Habitat: marine.

maculata, Onos Risso [A.] 1827:215 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-0855. Type catalog: Bertin 1945:376 [ref. 21554], Bailly et al. 1999:236 [ref. 24244]. •Questionably a synonym of Gaidropsarus vulgaris (Cloquet 1824) -- (Svetovidov 1973:319 [ref. 7169], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:51 [ref. 18936]). •Synonym of Gaidropsarus vulgaris (Cloquet 1824) -- (Bailly et al. 1999:236 [ref. 24244]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus vulgaris (Cloquet 1824). Gaidropsaridae. Habitat: marine.

mauli, Gaidropsarus Biscoito [M.] & Saldanha [L.] 2018:303, Figs. 2-7, 8b [Zootaxa 4459 (no. 2); ref. 36066] Lucky Strike hydrothermal vent site, Mid-Atlantic Ridge, 37°17.32'N, 32°16.51'W, depth 1,685 meters. Holotype: MMF 26955. Paratype: CFC. •Valid as Gaidropsarus mauli Biscoito & Saldanha 2018 -- (Carneiro et al. 2019:145 [ref. 37250], Bañón et al. 2022:14 [ref. 39324]). Current status: Valid as Gaidropsarus mauli Biscoito & Saldanha 2018. Gaidropsaridae. Distribution: Northeastern Atlantic: Mid-Atlantic Ridge, including Azores. Habitat: marine.

mediterraneus, Gadus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:255 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European Ocean. Holotype (unique): NRM 5631. Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:225 [ref. 20707]. •Valid as Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:318 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov 1986:6 [ref. 8033], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:700 [ref. 13676], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:50 [ref. 18936], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:50 [ref. 18936], Arruda 1997:70 [ref. 24952], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:51 [ref. 26753], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:175 [ref. 28369], Fricke et al. 2007:65 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:54 [ref. 30517], Fricke 2008:19 [ref. 30182], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:168 [ref. 31251], Pais et al. 2008:462 [ref. 30211], Parin et al. 2014:181 [ref. 33547], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2020 [ref. 34586], Barros-García et al. 2017:8 [ref. 35659], Biscoito & Saldanha 2018:310 [ref. 36066], Artüz & Fricke 2019:554 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:145 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36864], Kovačić et al. 2020:18 [ref. 37519], Abliazov et al. 2021:8 [ref. 38576], Capapé & Rafrafi-Nouira 2021:84 [ref. 38871], Kovačić et al. 2021:29 [ref. 39014], Bañón et al. 2022:7 [ref. 39324]). Current status: Valid as Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758). Gaidropsaridae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; Black Sea; eastern Atlantic: Norway and British Isles south to Morocco, including Azores and Madeira. Habitat: brackish, marine.

megalokynodon, Motella Kolombatović [G.] 1894:32 [O navodima vrsti meci (Cephalopoda) i kraljesnjaka (Vertebrata); ref. 18431] Opposite Split, Croatia, Adriatic Sea, Mediterranean Sea. •Valid as Antonogadus megalokynodon (Kolombatović 1894) -- (Svetovidov 1973:317 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:696 [ref. 13676]). •Synonym of Gaidropsarus biscayensis (Collett 1890) -- (Svetovidov 1986:14 [ref. 8033], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:49 [ref. 18936], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:51 [ref. 26753], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2019 [ref. 34586]). •Synonym of Gaidropsarus macrophthalmus (Günther 1867). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus macrophthalmus (Günther 1867). Gaidropsaridae. Habitat: marine.

minor, Couchia Thompson [W.] 1839:411, Pl. 16 (fig. 1) [Annals of Natural History, or Magazine of Zoology, Botany, and Geology v. 2 (no. 12) (art. 47); ref. 17906] Ireland. Syntypes: (several) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Ciliata mustela (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:312 [ref. 7169], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:32 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Ciliata mustela (Linnaeus 1758). Gaidropsaridae. Habitat: marine.

mustela, Gadus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:255 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European Ocean. Syntypes: NRM 5625 (1 of the 2 specimens). Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:224-225 [ref. 20707], Wheeler 1985:37 [ref. 20705]. Spelled mustella by Lacepède 1800:441 [ref. 2709] and Sonnini 1803:267 (vol. 6) [ref. 30473]. •Valid as Ciliata mustela (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:312 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:698 [ref. 13676], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:32 [ref. 18936], Fricke 2007:28 [ref. 30577], Fricke 2008:19 [ref. 30182], Parin et al. 2014:180 [ref. 33547], Martins & Carneiro 2018:48 [ref. 36550], Carneiro et al. 2019:144 [ref. 37250], Bañón & Maño 2021:60 [ref. 38883]). Current status: Valid as Ciliata mustela (Linnaeus 1758). Gaidropsaridae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea; North Sea; northeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

mustelinus, Gadus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:140 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Baltic Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766). (P. Parenti, pers. comm.). Current status: Synonym of Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766). Gaidropsaridae. Habitat: marine.

mustellaris, Gaidropsarus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:11, 51 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. •Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:318 [ref. 7169], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:50 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2020 [ref. 34586], Parenti 2019:102 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758). Gaidropsaridae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

novaezealandiae, Motella Hector [J.] 1874:107, Pl. 18 (fig. 76b) [Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute v. 6 (for 1873) (art. 22); ref. 18267] Cape Campbell, Cook Strait, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): NMNZ P.991 (1). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:8 [ref. 18942]. Original as novae zealandiae. •Valid as Gaidropsarus novaezealandiae (Hector 1874) -- (Svetovidov 1986:10 [ref. 8033], Paxton et al. 1989:307 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:122 [ref. 24556], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:49 [ref. 18936] as novaezelandiae, Paulin & Roberts 1992:62 [ref. 24625], Andrew et al. 1995:13 [ref. 38009], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:117 [ref. 28072], Paxton et al. 2006:624 [ref. 28994], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447], Struthers 2015:875 [ref. 34261], Biscoito & Saldanha 2018:311 [ref. 36066], Bañón et al. 2022:15 [ref. 39324]). Current status: Valid as Gaidropsarus novaezealandiae (Hector 1874). Gaidropsaridae. Distribution: Southern-central Atlantic: Tristan da Cunha Group, Gough Island; southwestern Pacific Ocean: Tasmania and New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

pacifica, Motella Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1846:249 [Fauna Japonica Parts 10-14; ref. 4374] Japan. Holotype (unique): RMNH 3444. Type information: Boeseman 1947:181 [ref. 12876]. •Synonym of Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Balushkin 2009:723 [ref. 31014]). •Valid as Gaidropsarus pacificus (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Svetovidov 1986:12 [ref. 8033], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:49 [ref. 18936], Choi et al. 2003:210, 540 [ref. 26218], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447]). Current status: Valid as Gaidropsarus pacificus (Temminck & Schlegel 1846). Gaidropsaridae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

pakhorukovi, Gaidropsarus Shcherbachev [Yu. N.] 1995:533, Fig. [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 35 (no. 4); ref. 22657] Southwestern Atlantic, Rio Grande Rise, 31°15'S, 34°51'W, depth 690 meters. Holotype: ZMMGU P-18410. •Valid as Gaidropsarus pakhorukovi Shcherbachev 1995 -- (Pakhorukov 2001:378 [ref. 25409], Balushkin 2009:723, 726 [ref. 31014], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447], Biscoito & Saldanha 2018:311 [ref. 36066]). Current status: Valid as Gaidropsarus pakhorukovi Shcherbachev 1995. Gaidropsaridae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

parini, Gaidropsarus Svetovidov [A. N.] 1986:10, Fig. 2 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 26 (no. 1); ref. 8033] Nazca Seamount, 23°36'S, 83°30'W, eastern Pacific, depth 310 meters. Holotype: ZIN 47302. Paratypes: ZIN 47302a (1, skeleton). Type catalog: Balushkin & Prirodina 2008:152 [ref. 33662]. •Valid as Gaidropsarus parini Svetovidov 1986 -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:49 [ref. 18936], Shcherbachev 1995:534 [ref. 22657], Balushkin 2009:723 [ref. 31014], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447], Biscoito & Saldanha 2018:311 [ref. 36066]). Current status: Valid as Gaidropsarus parini Svetovidov 1986. Gaidropsaridae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Nazca Ridge. South Atlantic Ocean [ref. 35447]. Habitat: marine.

punctatus, Phycis Rafinesque [C. S.] (ex Cupani) 1810:26 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Based on the "Mustela sicula" of Cupani 1713:Pl. 72 [= Pl. 643] [ref. 37141]. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:12 [ref. 3595] in account of Onus mustellus. •Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti 2019:115 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758). Gaidropsaridae. Habitat: marine.

reinhardi, Motella Collett [R.] (ex Krøyer) 1879:83, 87 [Forhandlinger i Videnskabs-selskabet i Christiania (for 1878) No. 14; ref. 885] Bear Island, Barents Sea. •Synonym of Onogadus argentatus (Reinhardt 1838) -- (Svetovidov 1973:320 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:704 [ref. 13676]). •Synonym of Gaidropsarus argentatus (Reinhardt 1837) -- (Svetovidov 1986:14 [ref. 8033], Parin et al. 2014:181 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus argentatus (Reinhardt 1837). Gaidropsaridae. Habitat: marine.

rufus, Onos Gill [T. N.] 1883:259 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 6 (no. 380); ref. 1724] East of New Jersey, U.S.A., 39°41'N, 69°20'20"W, Albatross station 2051, depth 1106 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 33297. •Synonym of Onogadus ensis (Reinhardt 1837) -- (Svetovidov 1973:319 [ref. 7169]). •Synoym of Gaidropsarus ensis (Reinhardt 1837). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus ensis (Reinhardt 1837). Gaidropsaridae. Habitat: marine.

sellai, Onos Cipria [G.] 1938:3, Pl. 1 [Note dell'Istituto italo-germanico di biologia marina di Rovigno d'Istria = Notizen des Deutsch-Italienischen Institutes für Meeresbiologie in Rovigno d'Istria v. 2 (no. 10); ref. 17183] Gulf of Rovigno, Istria, Croatia, Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). Holotype (unique): Center Mar. Res., Rovinj (probably lost). Also in Cipria 1939:10 (Mem. R. Com. Talassogr. Ital. 263). •Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:318 [ref. 7169], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:50 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2020 [ref. 34586]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758). Gaidropsaridae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

septentrionalis, Motella Collett [R.] 1875:82 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 15 (no. 85) (art 12); ref. 18019] Florö, western Norway, depth 38-95 meters. Lectotype: ZMUO J5052. Paralectotypes: ZMUO J5053 (1). Type catalog: Pethon 1969:5 [ref. 19268]. Also in Collett 1875:117, Pl. 2 (fig. 3) [ref. 884] and spelled septemtrionalis. Lectotype figured in Collett 1875:Pl. 2 [ref. 884]. •Valid as Ciliata septentrionalis (Collett 1875) -- (Svetovidov 1973:312 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:698 [ref. 13676], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:33 [ref. 18936], Nelson et al. 2004:93 [ref. 27807], Fricke 2007:28 [ref. 30577], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:120 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:93 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:180 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:123 [ref. 36370]). Current status: Valid as Ciliata septentrionalis (Collett 1875). Gaidropsaridae. Distribution: Eastern North Atlantic and doubtful in Arctic regions, Habitat: marine.

tchangi, Ciliata Li [S.-Z.] 1994:2, Fig. [unnumbered] [Journal of Dalian Fisheries College v. 9 (nos 1-2); ref. 24037] Shandong peninsular coast, China. Holotype: ASZIB [now NZMC] 28595. Type catalog: Zhang 1996:502 [ref. 24036], Ye et al. 2015:91 [ref. 33808].. Name misspelled as tchan twice in English summary. •Valid as Ciliata tchangi Li 1994 -- (Ye et al. 2015:91 [ref. 33808]). Current status: Valid as Ciliata tchangi Li 1994. Gaidropsaridae. Distribution: China. Habitat: marine.

tricirratus, Gadus Brünnich [M. T.] 1768:22 [Ichthyologia Massiliensis, sistens piscium descriptiones eorumque apud incolas nomina; ref. 17290] Marseille, France, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:318 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov 1986:6 [ref. 8033], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:50 [ref. 18936], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:51 [ref. 26753], Parin et al. 2014:181 [ref. 33547], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2020 [ref. 34586]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758). Gaidropsaridae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

vulgaris, Mustela Cloquet [H.] 1824:456 (v. 33) [Dictionnaire des sciences Naturelles; ref. 852] Atlantic and Mediterranean sea. No types known. Lectotype selected by Fricke 1999:31 [ref. 24101] as the illustration by Rajus, 1713, Pl. 2 (fig.9) [specimen not in existence]. Nomen protectum according to Parenti 2019:106 [ref. 37117]. •Valid as Gaidropsarus vulgaris (Cloquet 1824) -- (Svetovidov 1973:319 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov 1986:12 [ref. 8033], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:701 [ref. 13676], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:51 [ref. 18936], Arruda 1997:71 [ref. 24952], Fricke 1999:31 [ref. 24101], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:52 [ref. 26753], Fricke 2007:28 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:65 [ref. 29533], Pais et al. 2008:462 [ref. 30211], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:30 [ref. 36649], Francisco et al. 2014:475 [ref. 35447], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2022 [ref. 34586], Barros-García et al. 2017:9 [ref. 35659], Biscoito & Saldanha 2018:310 [ref. 36066], Martins & Carneiro 2018:48 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:554 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:145 [ref. 37250], Kovačić et al. 2020:18 [ref. 37519], Kovačić et al. 2021:29 [ref. 39014], Bañón et al. 2022:7 [ref. 39324]). Nomen Protectum. Current status: Valid as Gaidropsarus vulgaris (Cloquet 1824). Gaidropsaridae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea; North Sea; Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; northeastern Atlantic: Norway and Iceland south to Gibraltar, including Madeira. Habitat: marine.

zernowi, Gaidropsarus Gratzianov [V. I.] 1907:462, 463 [Trudy Otdela Ichtiologii Imperatorskago Russkago Obshchestva Akklimatizacii Zivotnych' i Rastenii. v. 4; ref. 1871] Sebastopol, Crimea, Ukraine. Holotype (unique): ZMMU (not found in 2002). •Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parin et al. 2014:181 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus 1758). Gaidropsaridae. Habitat: marine.


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