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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Kuhliidae: [ 39 ] records


arge, Kuhlia Jordan [D. S.] & Bollman [C. H.] 1890:159 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 12 (no. 770); ref. 2433] San Cristóbal Island [Chatham Island], Galápagos Islands. Syntypes: USNM 41169 (2). •Synonym of Kuhlia mugil (Forster 1801) -- (Thomson et al. 2000:106 [ref. 25640], Randall & Randall 2001:235 [ref. 25399], Kottelat 2013:372 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Kuhlia mugil (Forster 1801). Kuhliidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

argentea, Perca Bennett [J. W.] 1830:unnum. p., Pl. 22 [A selection from the most remarkable and interesting fishes found on the coast of Ceylon First Edition; ref. 16785] South coast of Sri Lanka. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Perca argentea Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Kuhlia taeniura (Cuvier 1829) -- (Maugé 1986:307 [ref. 6218]). •Synonym of Kulia mugil (Forster 1801) -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 1994:43-44 [ref. 21456], Randall & Randall 2001:235 [ref. 25399], Kottelat 2013:372 [ref. 32989], Golani & Fricke 2018:70 [ref. 36273]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Kuhlia mugil (Forster 1801). Kuhliidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bennetti, Dules Bleeker [P.] 1853:32 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 25 (art. 8); ref. 341] Sri Lanka. Syntypes: ZMB (2). Based in part on Perca argentea Bennett 1830, Pl. 22 [ref. 16785], perhaps can be regarded as a replacement name for Perca argentea Bennett 1830. •Synonym of Kuhlia taeniura (Cuvier 1829) -- (Maugé 1986:307 [ref. 6218]). •Synonym of Kuhlia mugil (Forster 1801) -- (Randall & Randall 2001:235 [ref. 25399], Kottelat 2013:372 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2018:245 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Kuhlia mugil (Forster 1801). Kuhliidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bilunulata, Kuhlia Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:404 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 18 (no. 12); ref. 2109] River flowing into Suva Harbor, Viti Levu Island, Fiji Islands. Holotype: FMNH 17313. Paratypes (17) and non-types: FMNH 17314-24 (9 spec. total), SU 24427 (12), USNM 109857 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:70-71 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:50 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Kuhlia munda (De Vis 1884) -- (Randall & Randall 2001:238 [ref. 25399]). Current status: Synonym of Kuhlia munda (De Vis 1884). Kuhliidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

boninensis, Dules marginatus Fowler [H. W.] 1907:510, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 58 (for 1906); ref. 1375] Bonin Islands, Pacific, 26°30' to 27°44'N, 140° to 143°E. Holotype (unique): ANSP 11556 [ex USNM 347]. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:116 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Kuhlia boninensis (Fowler 1907) -- (Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:142 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:493 [ref. 25598], Nakabo 2000:955 [ref. 25182], Sakai et al. 2001:95 [ref. 25693], Carpenter 2001:3319 [ref. 26127], Nakabo 2002:955 [ref. 26193]). •Synonym of Kuhlia munda (De Vis 1884) -- (Sato et al. 2004:72 [ref. 27598], Yoshigou 2019:5 [ref. 36711]). Current status: Synonym of Kuhlia munda (De Vis 1884). Kuhliidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

caerulescens, Kuhlia Regan [C. T.] 1913:376, Fig. 68 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1913 (pt 3); ref. 14975] Stirling Island, Solomon Islands. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1884.3.24.95. •Synonym of Kuhlia rupestris (Lacepède 1802) -- (Randall & Randall 2001:243 [ref. 25399], Loiselle & Stiassny 2007:3 [ref. 31576], Kottelat 2013:372 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Kuhlia rupestris (Lacepède 1802). Kuhliidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

caudavittata, Holocentrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1802:332, 367 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-2163 (dry). Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:48 [ref. 20740], Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:102 [ref. 12478] but they did not treat MNHN B.2163 as type. Originally caudâ vittatâ. Based on description in manuscript by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist), with one underlaying specimen in MNHN, and which in fact is the type contrary to Bauchot & Desoutter's interpretation. •Valid as Kuhlia caudavittata (Lacepède 1802) -- (Maugé 1986:307 [ref. 6218], Fricke 1999:217 [ref. 24106], Heemstra et al. 2004:3318 [ref. 27945], Loiselle & Stiassny 2007:2 [ref. 31576], Fricke et al. 2009:50 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2018:245 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:18 [ref. 36883]). Current status: Valid as Kuhlia caudavittata (Lacepède 1802). Kuhliidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues (Mascarenes). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

ciliata, Perca Cuvier [G.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:52 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH (apparently lost). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:102 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Kuhlia rupestris (Lacepède 1802) -- (Maugé 1986:306 [ref. 6218], Randall & Randall 2001:243 [ref. 25399], Allen et al. 2006:1142 [ref. 29004], Loiselle & Stiassny 2007:3 [ref. 31576], Kottelat 2013:372 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Kuhlia rupestris (Lacepède 1802). Kuhliidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fuscus, Dules Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:118 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-0862 (1), 2006-0811 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:74 [ref. 12478]. One syntype has be selected by Loiselle & Stiassny 2007:3 [ref. 31576] as the neotype of Kuhlia rupestris (Lacepède 1802). •Synonym of Kuhlia rupestris (Lacepède 1802) -- (Maugé 1986:306 [ref. 6218], Fricke 1999:220 [ref. 24106], Loiselle & Stiassny 2007:3 [ref. 31576], Kottelat 2013:372 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2018:246 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Kuhlia rupestris (Lacepède 1802). Kuhliidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

guamensis, Dules Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:474 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: MNHN A-3060. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:75 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Kuhlia rupestris (Lacepède 1802) -- (Randall & Randall 2001:243 [ref. 25399], Loiselle & Stiassny 2007:3 [ref. 31576], Kottelat 2013:372 [ref. 32989], Yoshigou 2019:5 [ref. 36711]). Current status: Synonym of Kuhlia rupestris (Lacepède 1802). Kuhliidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

haswellii, Dules Macleay [W.] 1881:359 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 5 (pt 3); ref. 17577] Rockingham Bay, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.16325-001 [ex MAMU F908] or I.6325 (orig 3, now 2). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:207 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Kuhlia rupestris (Lacepède 1802) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:540 [ref. 12442], Randall & Randall 2001:243 [ref. 25399], Allen et al. 2006:1142 [ref. 29004], Loiselle & Stiassny 2007:3 [ref. 31576], Kottelat 2013:372 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Kuhlia rupestris (Lacepède 1802). Kuhliidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hedleyi, Kuhlia rupestris Ogilby [J. D.] 1898:767 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 22 (pt 4); ref. 3275] New Caledonia. Syntypes: (11) lost. •Synonym of Kuhlia rupestris (Lacepède 1802) -- (Randall & Randall 2001:243 [ref. 25399], Loiselle & Stiassny 2007:3 [ref. 31576], Kottelat 2013:372 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Kuhlia rupestris (Lacepède 1802). Kuhliidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

humilis, Dules De Vis [C. W.] 1884:396 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 2); ref. 1090] Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.22. •Synonym of Kuhlia munda (De Vis 1884) -- (Randall & Randall 2001:238 [ref. 25399], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:338 [ref. 28867] dated 1885, Allen et al. 2006:1142 [ref. 29004]). Current status: Synonym of Kuhlia munda (De Vis 1884). Kuhliidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

leuciscus, Dules Jenyns [L.] 1840:17 [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Beagle; ref. 2344] Matavai River, Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. •Synonym of Kuhlia malo (Valenciennes 1831) -- (Randall & Randall 2001:231 [ref. 25399]). Current status: Synonym of Kuhlia malo (Valenciennes 1831). Kuhliidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

maculatus, Dules Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:475 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Sulawesi, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN A-0990 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:75 [ref. 12478] wrongly as holotype (A.3006) and paratypes. •Synonym of Kuhlia marginata (Cuvier 1829) -- (Okada 1961:631 [ref. 6363], Randall & Randall 2001:233 [ref. 25399], Kottelat 2013:372 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Kuhlia marginata (Cuvier 1829). Kuhliidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

malo, Dules Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:479 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Little river of Matovai, Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:102 [ref. 12478]. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:218 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Based on a drawing. •Synonym of Kuhlia marginata (Cuvier 1829) -- (Okada 1961:631 [ref. 6363], Fricke 1999:218 [ref. 24106]). •Valid as Kuhlia malo (Valenciennes 1831) -- (Randall & Randall 2001:231 [ref. 25399], Randall 2005:182 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Valid as Kuhlia malo (Valenciennes 1831). Kuhliidae. Distribution: Society Islands. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

malpeloensis, Dules taeniurus Fowler [H. W.] 1944:301, Fig. 176 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 6; ref. 1448] Malpelo Island, eastern Pacific west of Colombia. Holotype (unique): ANSP 70250. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:116 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Kuhlia mugil (Forster 1801) -- (Randall & Randall 2001:235 [ref. 25399], Kottelat 2013:372 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Kuhlia mugil (Forster 1801). Kuhliidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

marginatus, Dules Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:116, Pl. 52 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-9002. Kuhl & van Hasselt specimens: MNHN A-3006 (1), A-3007 (2); ?SMF 1100 (2) and 3063 (1) [ex RMNH in 1829]. •Valid as Kuhlia marginata (Cuvier 1829) -- (Okada 1961:631 [ref. 6363], Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:142 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:492 [ref. 25598], Allen & Coates 1990:83 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:129 [ref. 21090], Pethiyagoda 1991:213 [ref. 20075], Kottelat et al. 1993:108 [ref. 23448], Takahashi & Senou 1995:2 [ref. 24354], Sato et al. 1998:39 [ref. 24972], Marquet & Mary 1999:31 [ref. 23933], Marquet et al. 1999:43 [ref. 23934], Myers 1999:174 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:218 [ref. 24106], Randall 1999:12 [ref. 25829], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:955 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:58 [ref. 25191], Randall & Randall 2001:233 [ref. 25399], Sakai et al. 2001:95 [ref. 25693], Carpenter 2001:3319 [ref. 26127], Keith et al. 2002:114 [ref. 31473], Nakabo 2002:955 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:359, 628 [ref. 26218], Myers & Donaldson 2003:631 [ref. 27495], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:197 [ref. 28107], Randall 2005:182 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1142 [ref. 29004], Randall 2007:207 [ref. 30952], Yonezawa et al. 2010:252 [ref. 30902], Motomura et al. 2010:142 [ref. 31256], Kottelat 2013:372 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:108 [ref. 33932], Miesen et al. 2016:91 [ref. 34492], Koeda et al. 2016:61 [ref. 35333], Pusey et al. 2017:57 [ref. 35250], Fricke et al. 2019:200 [ref. 36673], Yoshigou 2019:4 [ref. 36711], Amick & Toko 2021:10 [ref. 38599], Keith et al. 2021:56 [ref. 38257]). Current status: Valid as Kuhlia marginata (Cuvier 1829). Kuhliidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Andaman Islands east to Caroline Islands and Wallis and Futuna, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

marquesensis, Dules taeniurus Fowler [H. W.] 1944:326, Fig. 177 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 6; ref. 1448] Nuku Hiva, Marquesas Islands, South Pacific. Holotype: ANSP 70063 (with paratypes). Paratypes: ANSP 70064-69 (6). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:116 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Kuhlia petiti Schultz 1943 -- (Randall & Randall 2001:242 [ref. 25399]). Current status: Synonym of Kuhlia petiti Schultz 1943. Kuhliidae. Habitat: marine.

mato, Dules Lesson [R. P.] 1831:223 [Voyage autour du monde Zool. v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 2776] Matavai, Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. Apparently not available, unneeded new spelling for Dules malo Valenciennes 1831; Lesson cites malo in synonymy [this also supports the argument that at least this part of the Lesson text was issued in 1831]. •In the synonymy of Kuhlia malo (Valenciennes 1831) -- (Randall & Randall 2001:231 [ref. 25399]). Misspelling. Current status: Synonym of Kuhlia malo (Valenciennes 1831). Kuhliidae.

mugil, Sciaena Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:541 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Otahaite [Tahiti, Society Islands, French Polynesia]. No types preserved. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:220 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Authored by 'Schn.' (Schneider) based on Forster's manuscript description (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). •Valid as Kuhlia mugil (Forster 1801) (authorship sometimes given as Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Dor 1984:109 [ref. 29757], Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:142 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:508 [ref. 5712], Paulin et al. 1989:178 [ref. 24556], Winterbottom et al. 1989:28 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:135 [ref. 15987], Randall & Wheeler 1991:761 [ref. 15994], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:814 [ref. 20764], Kuiter 1993:148 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:160 [ref. 25479], Allen & Robertson 1994:119 [ref. 22193], Goren & Dor 1994:29 [ref. 25356], Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1194 [ref. 22829], Randall 1995:151 [ref. 22896], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:191 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:339 [ref. 24023], Randall et al. 1997:135 [ref. 25919], Marquet et al. 1999:43 [ref. 23934], Myers 1999:174 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:218 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:731 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:955 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:184 [ref. 25480], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:208 [ref. 25191], Thomson et al. 2000:106 [ref. 25640], Randall & Randall 2001:235 [ref. 25399], Shinohara et al. 2000:180 [ref. 25987], Carpenter 2001:3319 [ref. 26127], Keith et al. 2002:116 [ref. 31473], Nakabo 2002:955 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:359, 628 [ref. 26218], Roe et al. 2002:903 [ref. 26504], Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:627 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624], Nelson et al. 2004:150 [ref. 27807], Heemstra et al. 2004:3318 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:155 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:182 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1142 [ref. 29004], Loiselle & Stiassny 2007:2 [ref. 31576], Béarez & Séret 2009:149 [ref. 36646], Fricke et al. 2009:50 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:143 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:361 [ref. 31980], Page et al. 2013:155 [ref. 32708], Fricke et al. 2013:257 [ref. 32706], Kottelat 2013:372 [ref. 32989], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:115 [ref. 36167], Trnski 2015:1245 [ref. 34198], Knudsen & Clements 2016:259 [ref. 34458], Fourriére et al. 2016:447 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:610 [ref. 34923], Koeda et al. 2016:62 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:12 [ref. 35354], Kwun et al. 2017:142 [ref. 37287], Fricke et al. 2018:245 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:70 [ref. 36273], Arndt & Fricke 2019:18 [ref. 36883], Yoshigou 2019:6 [ref. 36711], Zajonz et al. 2019:73 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Kuhlia mugil (Forster 1801). Kuhliidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Panama, north to southern Korea and southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Lord Howe Island, Kermadec Islands and Rapa; absent from Easter Island, Pitcairn Group, Marquesas and Hawaiian islands; also eastern Pacific from Baja California (Mexico) south to Colombia, including Clipperton Island. Habitat: brackish, marine.

munda, Herops De Vis [C. W.] 1884:392 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 2); ref. 1090] Cardwell, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.421 (1), I.956 (1), I.962 (1). •Valid as Kuhlia munda (De Vis 1884) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:540 [ref. 12442], Marquet & Mary 1999:31 [ref. 23933], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:58 [ref. 25191], Randall & Randall 2001:238 [ref. 25399], Carpenter 2001:3320 [ref. 26127], Sato et al. 2004:70 [ref. 27598], Randall 2005:182 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1142 [ref. 29004], Yonezawa et al. 2010:253 [ref. 30902], Yoshigou 2019:5 [ref. 36711]). Current status: Valid as Kuhlia munda (De Vis 1884). Kuhliidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

nato, Anthias Curtiss [A.] 1938:86 [A short zoology of Tahiti in the Society islands; ref. 18057] Vaitapiha River, near the ford, Tautira township, Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. •Synonym of Dules marginatus Cuvier 1829 by Curtiss 1944:25 [ref. 12574]. •Synonym of Kuhlia marginata (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:372 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Kuhlia marginata (Cuvier 1829). Kuhliidae.

nitens, Dules Ramsay [E. P.] & Ogilby [J. D.] 1887:4 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (Series 2) v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 21661] Southeastern coast of New Guinea. Holotype: AMS I.945. Paratypes: AMS [ex AMS I.945] (2). Kuhliidae.

nutabunda, Kuhlia Kendall [W. C.] & Radcliffe [L.] 1912:105, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 35 (no. 3); ref. 14961] Easter Island, southeastern Pacific. Holotype: USNM 65551. Paratypes: MCZ 29572 (orig. 37, now 32); USNM 65550 (54), 65552 (1). •Valid as Kuhlia nutabunda Kendall & Radcliffe 1912 -- (Pequeño 1989:60 [ref. 14125], Randall & Randall 2001:238 [ref. 25399]). Current status: Valid as Kuhlia nutabunda Kendall & Radcliffe 1912. Kuhliidae. Distribution: Easter Island, southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

papuensis, Dules Macleay [W.] 1883:257 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 2); ref. 17587] Goldie River, Papua New Guinea. Syntypes: AMS I.9139-40 (1, 1). •Synonym of Kuhlia marginata (Cuvier 1829) -- (Randall & Randall 2001:233 [ref. 25399], Kottelat 2013:372 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Kuhlia marginata (Cuvier 1829). Kuhliidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

petiti, Kuhlia Schultz [L. P.] 1943:102, Fig. 7 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 180; ref. 3957] Reef at Hull Island, Phoenix Islands. Holotype: USNM 114986. Paratypes: MCZ 37236 [ex USNM 114988] (3); USNM 114987 (2), 114988 (11, now 8), 114989-92 (3, 18, 69, 20). •Valid as Kuhlia petiti Schultz 1943 -- (Randall & Earle 2000:12 [ref. 25806], Randall & Randall 2001:242 [ref. 25399], Randall 2005:182 [ref. 28239], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33988]). Current status: Valid as Kuhlia petiti Schultz 1943. Kuhliidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

produles, Dules Saville-Kent [W.] 1893:369 [The Great Barrier Reef of Australia; its products and potentialities; ref. 13269] Not available, name only; from Queensland, Australia. Nomen Nudum. Kuhliidae.

proxima, Kuhlia Kendall [W. C.] & Goldsborough [E. L.] 1911:282, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 26 (pt 7); ref. 2594] Fiji Islands. Holotype: USNM 65889. Paratypes: MZC 29420 (1). •Synonym of Kuhlia munda (De Vis 1884) -- (Randall & Randall 2001:238 [ref. 25399]). Current status: Synonym of Kuhlia munda (De Vis 1884). Kuhliidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

rupestris, Centropomus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1802:252, 273 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Neotype: MNHN 2006-0811[ex MNHN 0000-0862]. Based on description in manuscript by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist). Neotype selected by Loiselle & Stiassny 2007:3 [ref. 31576], •Valid as Kuhlia rupestris (Lacepède 1802) -- (Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:142 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:508 [ref. 5712], Maugé 1986:306 [ref. 6218], Paxton et al. 1989:540 [ref. 12442], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:492 [ref. 25598], Allen & Coates 1990:84 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:130 [ref. 21090], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:814 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:108 [ref. 23448], Randall 1995:151 [ref. 22896], Takahashi & Senou 1995:2 [ref. 24354], Reinthal & Stiassny 1997:354 [ref. 22780], Marquet & Mary 1999:31 [ref. 23933], Myers 1999:174 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:220 [ref. 24106], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Keith et al. 1999:100 [ref. 24548], Fuller et al. 1999:413 [ref. 25838], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:955 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:58 [ref. 25191], Randall & Randall 2001:243 [ref. 25399], Sakai et al. 2001:95 [ref. 25693], Carpenter 2001:3320 [ref. 26127], Allen et al. 2002:244 [ref. 25930], Nakabo 2002:955 [ref. 26193], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:631 [ref. 27495], Heemstra et al. 2004:3318 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:155 [ref. 28072], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:197 [ref. 28107], Randall 2005:182 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:412 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1142 [ref. 29004], Loiselle & Stiassny 2007:3 [ref. 31576], Fricke et al. 2009:50 [ref. 30213], Yonezawa et al. 2010:253 [ref. 30902], Kottelat 2013:372 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:108 [ref. 33932], Miesen et al. 2016:91 [ref. 34492], Koeda et al. 2016:62 [ref. 35333], Pusey et al. 2017:57 [ref. 35250], Fricke et al. 2018:246 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:18 [ref. 36883], Fricke et al. 2019:200 [ref. 36673], Yoshigou 2019:5 [ref. 36711], Amick & Toko 2021:10 [ref. 38599], Keith et al. 2021:58 [ref. 38257]). Current status: Valid as Kuhlia rupestris (Lacepède 1802). Kuhliidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Caroline Islands and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

salelea, Kuhlia Schultz [L. P.] 1943:100, Fig. 6 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 180; ref. 3957] Small stream at Pago Pago, Tutuila Island, American Samoa. Holotype: USNM 114984. Paratypes: MCZ 37220 [ex USNM 114985] (3); USNM 38291 (9), 52276 (9 or 10), 114985 (37, now 34). •Valid as Kuhlia salelea Schultz 1943 -- (Randall & Randall 2001:246 [ref. 25399]). Current status: Valid as Kuhlia salelea Schultz 1943. Kuhliidae. Distribution: Samoa Islands. Habitat: freshwater.

sandvicensis, Moronopsis argenteus var. Steindachner [F.] 1876:206 [158] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 74 (1. Abth.); ref. 4225] Hawaiian Islands. Syntypes: NMW 77877 (2). On p. 158 of separate. Species illustrated and described [as new] in Steindachner 1887:230 [ref. 18911] and 1887:56 [p. 1 of separate], Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [ref. 4235]. •Valid as Kuhlia sandvicensis (Steindachner 1876) -- (Thomson et al. 2000:106 [ref. 25640], Randall & Randall 2001:247 [ref. 25399], Lobel & Lobel 2004:72 [ref. 27576], Randall 2005:182 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:412 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:207 [ref. 30952], Yoshigou 2019:6 [ref. 36711]). Current status: Valid as Kuhlia sandvicensis (Steindachner 1876). Kuhliidae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: Marshall Islands and Wake Island east to Hawaiian Islands and Society Islands (French Polynesia). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sauvagii, Kuhlia Regan [C. T.] 1913:377 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1913 (pt 3); ref. 14975] Imerina, Madagascar. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1895.10.29.91. •Synonym of Kuhlia rupestris (Lacepède 1802) -- (Maugé 1986:307 [ref. 6218]). •Valid as Kuhlia sauvagii Regan 1913 -- (Loiselle & Stiassny 2007:3, 8 [ref. 31576], Feutry et al. 2012:493 [ref. 32862], Fricke et al. 2018:246 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Kuhlia sauvagii Regan 1913. Kuhliidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Comoros, Madagascar and Réunion. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

splendens, Kuhlia Regan [C. T.] 1913:379, Fig. 69B [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1913 (pt 3); ref. 14975] Rodrigues Island and Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: BMNH 1861.11.7.49 (1), 1876.3.12.22-24 (3). •Synonym of Kuhlia rupestris (Lacepède 1802) -- (Maugé 1986:307 [ref. 6218]). •Synonym of Kuhlia caudavittata (Lacepède 1802) -- (Fricke 1999:217 [ref. 24106], Fricke et al. 2018:245 [ref. 35805]). •Mention -- (Loiselle & Stiassny 2007:2 [ref. 31576]). Current status: Synonym of Kuhlia caudavittata (Lacepède 1802). Kuhliidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sterneckii, Kuhlia Steindachner [F.] 1898:107 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 35 (no. 11) (for 21 Apr. 1898); ref. 20496] Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Syntypes: (3) NMW 41045 (2). Later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1898:461 [ref. 10016]. •Synonym of Kuhlia mugil (Forster 1801) -- (Randall 1995:151 [ref. 22896], Kottelat 2013:372 [ref. 32989], Golani & Fricke 2018:70 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Kuhlia mugil (Forster 1801). Kuhliidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

taeniurus, Dules Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:114 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 325. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:102 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Kuhlia taeniura (Cuvier 1829) -- (Maugé 1986:307 [ref. 6218], Paxton et al. 1989:540 [ref. 12442], Kottelat et al. 1993:108 [ref. 23448]). •Synonym of Kuhlia mugil (Forster 1801) -- (Dor 1984:109 [ref. 29757], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:340 [ref. 24023], Fricke 1999:218 [ref. 24106], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Randall & Randall 2001:235 [ref. 25399], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Randall 2005:182 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1142 [ref. 29004], Kottelat 2013:372 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Kuhlia mugil (Forster 1801). Kuhliidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

urvillii, Kuhlia Boulenger [G. A.] 1895:38 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum 2nd edition v. 1; ref. 537] Probably some South Pacific island. No types known. Kuhliidae.

vanicolensis, Dules Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:478 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Vanikoro Island, Santa Cruz Islands, southwestern Pacific. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:102 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Kuhlia rupestris (Lacepède 1802) -- (Randall & Randall 2001:243 [ref. 25399], Kottelat 2013:372 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Kuhlia rupestris (Lacepède 1802). Kuhliidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

xenurus, Xenichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:454 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 252) (for 4 Aug. 1882); ref. 10609] Hawaiian Islands [locality San Salvador, El Salvador is in error]. Lectotype: USNM 4356 (1 of 2, 132 mm SL). Type catalog: Smith 2018:74 [ref. 36061]. Lectotype selected by Randall & Randall 2001:247 [ref. 25399]; see also Randall & Randall 2001:247 [ref. 25399] for locality information. •Valid as Kuhlia xenura (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Randall & Randall 2001:250 [ref. 25399], Randall 2005:182 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:413 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:207 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Kuhlia xenura (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Kuhliidae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.