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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Lamnidae: [ 45 ] records


africanus, Isurus tigris Smith [J. L. B.] 1957:96, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 6; ref. 12169] Algoa Bay, Cape Province, South Africa. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 426 (jaws). •Synonym of Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Compagno 1984:242 [ref. 6474], Bass 1986:99 [ref. 5635], Compagno 2001:109 [ref. 26323], Castro 2011:267 [ref. 31457], Dyldin 2015:46 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810. Lamnidae. Habitat: marine.

alatus, Isurus Garrick [J. A. F.] 1967:677, Figs. 7-8; Pls. 1, 3-4 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 118 (no. 3537); ref. 18102] Japan. Holotype: USNM 197427. Paratypes: USNM 197429 (1), 197435 (1). Additional material: USNM 196024 (jaws and skin), 196039 (jaws). Type catalog: Howe & Springer 1993:3 [ref. 21812]. •Synonym of Isurus paucus Guitart Manday 1966 -- (Springer 1973:15 [ref. 7162], Quéro in Whitehead et al. 1984:86 [ref. 13675], Compagno 1984:244 [ref. 6474], Springer 1990:88 [ref. 19319], Compagno et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:705 [ref. 22829], Compagno 1998:1278 [ref. 23785], Ebert 2001:117 [ref. 26003], Compagno 2001:115 [ref. 26323], Compagno 2003:438 [ref. 26984], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:84 [ref. 27705], Compagno et al. 2005:18 [ref. 29145], Castro 2011:274 [ref. 31457], Compagno 2016:1247 [ref. 34544]). Current status: Synonym of Isurus paucus Guitart Manday 1966. Lamnidae. Habitat: marine.

albimors, Carcharodon Whitley [G. P.] 1939:240 [Australian Zoologist v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 4695] Port Jackson, Sydney harbor, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.1723. Based on literature and one specimen cited as type. •Synonym of Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:67 [ref. 12442], Last & Stevens 1994:163 [ref. 23873], Compagno 2001:100 [ref. 26323], Hoese & Gates 2006:77 [ref. 28997], Dyldin 2015:45 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus 1758). Lamnidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

atwoodi, Carcharias Storer [D. H.] 1848:71 [Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 3 (1848-1851); ref. 18843] Provincetown, Massachusetts, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): MCZ 89505 (missing) [jaws may be MCZ 775-S]. •Synonym of Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:238 [ref. 6474], Compagno 2001:100 [ref. 26323], Dyldin 2015:45 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus 1758). Lamnidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

belyaevi, Lamiostoma Glückman [L. S.] 1964:105 [Akuly paleogena i ikh stratigraficheskoe znachenie; ref. 1824] Original not seen. Apparently a fossil species referred to an extant species. See discussion of types (teeth and not figured specimen) in Compagno 1984:246 [ref. 6474]. •Questionably the same as Isurus paucus Guitart Manday 1966 -- (Compagno 1984:244 [ref. 6474], Compagno 2001:115 [ref. 26323]). Current status: Uncertain as Isurus paucus Guitart Manday 1966. Lamnidae. Habitat: marine.

bideni, Isurus Phillipps [W. J.] 1932:227, Fig. 2 [The New Zealand Journal of Science and Technology v. 13 (no. 4); ref. 16393] South Africa. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.4311 (jaws & photographs, still searching). •Synonym of Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Compagno 1984:242 [ref. 6474], Bass 1986:99 [ref. 5635], Compagno et al. 1991:74 [ref. 21083], Compagno 2001:109 [ref. 26323], Dyldin 2015:46 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810. Lamnidae. Habitat: marine.

cambricus, Squalus Turton [W.] 1800:920 [A general system of nature v. 1; ref. 17934] British coasts. No types known. Species description forwarded by J. Pollerspöck Oct. 2012. •Synonym of Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Dyldin 2015:46 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1788). Lamnidae. Habitat: marine.

caninus, Squalus Osbeck [P.] 1765:102 [Reise nach Ostindien und China; ref. 3311] Southeastern Atlantic, southwest of Cape of Good Hope, at 35°15' S. No types known. •Synonym of Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus 1758). Lamnidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

capensis, Carcharodon Smith [A.] 1839:no pagination, Pl. 4 [Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa v. 4; ref. 4035] Cape Seas, South Africa. Holotype: BMNH 1850.9.5.3 (stuffed). •Synonym of Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bass 1986:98 [ref. 5635], Compagno 2001:100 [ref. 26323], Dyldin 2015:45 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus 1758). Lamnidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

carcharias, Squalus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:235 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea, northeastern Atlantic, western Atlantic [original: "in Europa"]; localities include Bayonne, France, Bay of Biscay; Spain; Marseille and Nice, France; Italy; Malta; Lesbos Island, Greece; Syria; Brazil. No types known. Lectotype or neotype fixation needed: the type locality should be restricted to Mediterranean Sea or Northeastern Atlantic Ocean, according to current usage. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:15 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Originally based on multiple species and at least 30 pre-Linnaean sources including Artedi 1738:70 [ref. 30578] and Artedi 1738:98 [ref. 30349] as Squalus dorso plano, dentibus serratis; Rondelet 1554:390 [ref. 30354] as Lamia, Markgraf von Liebstadt 1648:181 [ref. 30347] as Tiburo, Jonston 1649:209, Pl. 39 [ref. 30579] as Tiburone, Charleton 1668:127 [ref. 30580] as Canis carcharias, Willughby 1686:47 [ref. 30164] and Ray 1713:18 [ref. 30231] as Canis carcharias seu lamia. •Valid as Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Springer 1973:13 [ref. 7162], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:29 [ref. 9277], Compagno 1984:238 [ref. 6474], Quéro in Whitehead et al. 1984:84 [ref. 13675], Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:9 [ref. 6441], Bass 1986:98 [ref. 5635], Menni 1986:433 [ref. 11487], Robins & Ray 1986:19 [ref. 23100], Nakano & Nakaya 1987:414 [ref. 12620], Scott & Scott 1988:14 [ref. 25518], Gubanov & Timokhin 1989:220 [ref. 36138], Paxton et al. 1989:67 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:12 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:20 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:29 [ref. 14674], Springer 1990:87 [ref. 19319], Randall et al. 1990:17 [ref. 15987], Cervigón 1992:180 [ref. 23827], Francis 1993:157 [ref. 25479], Francis & Randall 1993:125 [ref. 20996], Kuiter 1993:14 [ref. 23929], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:73 [ref. 25472], Gomon et al. 1994:142 [ref. 22532], Last & Stevens 1994:162 [ref. 23873], Goren & Dor 1994:1 [ref. 25356], Andrew et al. 1995:9 [ref. 38009], Compagno et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:703 [ref. 22829], Randall 1995:24 [ref. 22896], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:57 [ref. 24023] [but see McCosker 1998:809 [ref. 24025]], Santos et al. 1997:10 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:15 [ref. 24952], Cheng & Zhou 1997:20 [ref. 26385], Compagno 1998:1276 [ref. 23785], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:54 [ref. 23897], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:44 [ref. 24555], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:7 [ref. 24670], Fricke 1999:14 [ref. 24106], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:120 [ref. 25013], Johnson 1999:719 [ref. 25471], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Musick et al. 2000:8 [ref. 24959], Nakabo 2000:125 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:578 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:87 [ref. 25191], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:14 [ref. 25650], Storai et al. 2001:139 [ref. 25325], Hutchins 2001:13 [ref. 25847], Compagno 2001:100 [ref. 26323], Soto 2001:65, 89 [ref. 26637], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:9 [ref. 26753], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:77 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:125 [ref. 26001], Branstetter in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:27 [ref. 26158], Choi et al. 2003:58, 476 [ref. 26218], Compagno 2003:436 [ref. 26984], Gadig & Gomes in Menezes et al. 2003:25 [ref. 27192], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:83 [ref. 27705], Nelson et al. 2004:52 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:70 [ref. 28072], Compagno et al. 2005:18 [ref. 29145], Golani 2005:8 [ref. 37112], Love et al. 2005:5 [ref. 37547], Mundy 2005:97 [ref. 28379], Hoese & Gates 2006:77 [ref. 28997], Moore et al. 2007:67 [ref. 29311], Fricke et al. 2007:12 [ref. 29533], Randall 2007:40 [ref. 30952], White 2008:40 [ref. 30617], Fricke et al. 2009:8 [ref. 30213], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:56 [ref. 35264], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:6 [ref. 36649], Castro 2011:258 [ref. 31457], Fricke et al. 2011:345 [ref. 31242], Mollen et al. 2012:30 [ref. 32005], Ebert et al. 2013:311 [ref. 33045], Page et al. 2013:50 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Collette 2013:168 [ref. 32953], Wirtz et al. 2013:115 [ref. 32972], Parin et al. 2014:19 [ref. 33547], Duffy 2015:71 [ref. 34217], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:106 [ref. 36167], Dyldin 2015:45 [ref. 34524], Pinheiro et al. 2015:2 [ref. 34324], Compagno 2016:1243 [ref. 34544], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:75 [ref. 34398], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:605 [ref. 34923], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:545 [ref. 34656], Fourriére et al. 2016:440 [ref. 34668], Kells et al. 2016:66 [ref. 35888], Koeda et al. 2016:4 [ref. 35333], Nión et al. 2016:20 [ref. 35565], Weigmann 2016:14 [ref. 34211], Ebert et al. 2017:54 [ref. 35618], Biscoito et al. 2018:463 [ref. 37562], Dyldin & Orlov 2018:163 [ref. 35920], Fricke et al. 2018:9 [ref. 35805], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:58 [ref. 37302], Burton & Lea 2019:28 [ref. 37205], Carneiro et al. 2019:18 [ref. 37250], Ehemann et al. 2018:21 [ref. 36194], Hoschke et al. 2019:153 [ref. 36626], Reiner 2019:25 [ref. 38139], Stone & Shimada 2019:633 [ref. 37195], Calle-Morán et al. 2020:241 [ref. 37881], Kabasakal 2020:69 [ref. 37952], Kovačić et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37519], Serena et al. 2020:502 [ref. 37963], Sonoyama et al. 2020:8 [ref. 37637], Dyldin & Orlov 2021:55 [ref. 38158], Ebert et al. 2021:43 [ref. 38234], Golani 2021:6 [ref. 38303], González-Acosta et al. 2021:5 [ref. 38361]). Current status: Valid as Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus 1758). Lamnidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas (including Gulf of California/Mexico, Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Japan). Habitat: brackish, marine.

cepedii, Squalus (Lamna) Lesson [R. P.] 1831:93 [Voyage autour du monde Zool. v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 2776] Atlantic, 6°S, 27°W. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Compagno 1984:242 [ref. 6474], Compagno 2001:109 [ref. 26323], Castro 2011:267 [ref. 31457] dated 1830, Dyldin 2015:46 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810. Lamnidae. Habitat: marine.

cornubicus, Squalus Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1497 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Cornwall, England, Northeastern Atlantic. No types known. Spelled cornubiensis in Pennant 1812:186 [ref. 18529]. Spelled Lamna cornutica in Morris 1898:412 [ref. 30215]. •Synonym of Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Springer 1973:13 [ref. 7162], Quéro in Whitehead et al. 1984:87 [ref. 13675], Compagno 1984:248 [ref. 6474], Springer 1990:88 [ref. 19319], Compagno 2001:121 [ref. 26323], Hoese & Gates 2006:79 [ref. 28997], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:6 [ref. 36649], Castro 2011:284 [ref. 31457], Parin et al. 2014:20 [ref. 33547], Dyldin 2015:46 [ref. 34524], Biscoito et al. 2018:464 [ref. 37562]). Current status: Synonym of Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1788). Lamnidae. Habitat: marine.

cornubiensis, Squalus Pennant [T.] 1812:186 [British zoology. 5th edition. v. 3; ref. 18529] Incorrect subsequent spelling of Squalus cornubicus Gmelin. •In the synonymy of Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Compagno 1984:248 [ref. 6474]). Misspelling. Current status: Synonym of Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1788). Lamnidae.

daekayi, Oxyrhina Gill [T. N.] 1861:60 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 13 (Suppl.); ref. 1766] Based on Lamna punctata (non Mitchill) of Storer 1846:252 [ref. 18840]. •Synonym of Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Compagno 1984:248 [ref. 6474], Compagno 2001:122 [ref. 26323], Castro 2011:284 [ref. 31457], Dyldin 2015:46 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1788). Lamnidae. Habitat: marine.

dekayi, Isuropsis Gill [T. N.] 1862:409 [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 7 (art. 33); ref. 4974] Based on Lamna punctata of DeKay 1842 (not of Storer). •Also synonym of Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Compagno 2001:122 [ref. 26323]). •Synonym of Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Compagno 1984:242 [ref. 6474], Compagno 2001:109 [ref. 26323], Dyldin 2015:46 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810. Lamnidae. Habitat: marine.

ditropis, Lamna Hubbs [C. L.] & Follett [W. I.] 1947:194 [Copeia 1947 (no. 3); ref. 10858] 3.5 miles off Beach Club, at La Jolla, California, U.S.A., depth 300-350 feet. Holotype: MCZ 36471 (partial specimen). Paratypes: USNM 27368 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:8 [ref. 12291] with paratypes that are not types. Type catalog: Howe & Springer 1993:6 [ref. 21812]. •Valid as Lamna ditropis Hubbs & Follett 1947 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:30 [ref. 9277], Compagno 1984:246 [ref. 6474], Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:9 [ref. 6441], McAllister 1990:29 [ref. 14674], Compagno et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:706 [ref. 22829], Randall 1995:24 [ref. 22896], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:7 [ref. 24670], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:125 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:14 [ref. 25650], Compagno 2001:119 [ref. 26323], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:76 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:125 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:58, 477 [ref. 26218], Fedorov et al. 2003:12 [ref. 27579], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:85 [ref. 27705], Nelson et al. 2004:52 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:6 [ref. 37547], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:115 [ref. 31212], Castro 2011:278 [ref. 31457], Mollen et al. 2012:32 [ref. 32005], Page et al. 2013:50 [ref. 32708], Ebert et al. 2013:313 [ref. 33045], Shinohara et al. 2014:231 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:20 [ref. 33547], Dyldin 2015:46 [ref. 34524], Pietsch & Orr 2015:13 [ref. 34694], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:77 [ref. 34398], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:163 [ref. 34033], Weigmann 2016:15 [ref. 34211], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:13 [ref. 34440], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:545 [ref. 34656], Kells et al. 2016:66 [ref. 35888], Ebert et al. 2017:54 [ref. 35618] with authors as Hubbs and Follet, Dyldin & Orlov 2018:163 [ref. 35920], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:21 [ref. 36370], Burton & Lea 2019:28 [ref. 37205], Stone & Shimada 2019:633 [ref. 37195], Dyldin & Orlov 2021:55 [ref. 38158], González-Acosta et al. 2021:5 [ref. 38361]). Current status: Valid as Lamna ditropis Hubbs & Follett 1947. Lamnidae. Distribution: North Pacific: Taiwan north to Bering Sea, then south to Pacific coast of Baja California (Mexico). Habitat: brackish, marine.

glauca, Oxyrhina Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] 1839:69, [Pl. 29] [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Java, Indonesia [actual is Japan]. Lectotype: RMNH 2529. Paralectotypes: RMNH 2533 (1), 2587 (1) Type information: Boeseman 1947:230 [ref. 12876]; see also Garrick 1967:672, 675 [18102]. Lectotype selected by Garrick 1967:672 [ref. 18102]. •Valid as Isurus glaucus (Müller & Henle 1839) -- (Cheng & Zhou 1997:19 [ref. 26385] dated 1841). •Synonym of Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Dor 1984:2 [ref. 29757], Compagno 1984:242 [ref. 6474], Compagno 1998:1277 [ref. 23785], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:14 [ref. 25650], Compagno 2001:109 [ref. 26323], Compagno 2003:437 [ref. 26984], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:84 [ref. 27705], Bonfil & Abdallah 2004:20 [ref. 27735], Last el al. 2010:65 [ref. 32461], Castro 2011:267 [ref. 31457], Parin et al. 2014:19 [ref. 33547], Dyldin 2015:46 [ref. 34524], Compagno 2016:1245 [ref. 34544]). Hybrid. Current status: Synonym of Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810. Lamnidae. Habitat: marine.

glaucus, Squalus Gunnerus [J. E.] 1768:1 [Skrifter, det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab v. 4; ref. 30280] Norway, Northeastern Atlantic. No types known. Objectively invalid, preoccupied by Squalus glaucus Linnaeus 1758. Not an independent species description, but a misidentification of Squalus glaucus (non Linnaeus 1758). Named 'Sqvalus glaucus' in historical typesetting. . •In the synonymy of Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Compagno 2001:121 [ref. 26323], Castro 2011:284 [ref. 31457]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1788). Lamnidae.

gomphodon, Oxyrhina Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] 1839:68, [Pl. 28] [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] No locality stated. Holotype (unique): ZMB 4528. Type catalog: Paepke & Schmidt 1988:163-164 [ref. 21041]. Unneeded replacement name for Lamna oxyrhina (Cuvier & Valenciennes in Agassiz 1835); also based on ZMB specimen. •Synonym of Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Springer 1973:14 [ref. 7162], Compagno 1984:242 [ref. 6474], Compagno 2001:109 [ref. 26323], Dyldin 2015:46 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810. Lamnidae. Habitat: marine.

guentheri, Lamna Murray [J. A.] 1884:349 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 13 (no. 77); ref. 17804] Karachi, Pakistan. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Originally as güntheri. •Synonym of Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Compagno 1984:242 [ref. 6474], Compagno 2001:109 [ref. 26323], Dyldin 2015:46 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810. Lamnidae. Habitat: marine.

huidobrii, Lamna Philippi [R. A.] 1887:548 [16], Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Anales de la Universidad de Chile Sec. 1, v. 71; ref. 3464] Santiago Province, Chile. Holotype (unique): DBCUCH (possibly lost). On p. 16 of separate. •Synonym of Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Compagno 1984:242 [ref. 6474], Compagno 2001:109 [ref. 26323], Dyldin 2015:46 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810. Lamnidae. Habitat: marine.

lamia, Carcharias Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:44 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] New name for Squalus carcharias Linnaeus 1758. Not available, on Official Index (Opinion 723). •Synonym of Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Springer 1973:13 [ref. 7162], Springer 1990:87 [ref. 19319], Compagno 2001:100 [ref. 26323], Hoese & Gates 2006:77 [ref. 28997], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:6 [ref. 36649], Dyldin 2015:45 [ref. 34524], Parenti 2019:102 [ref. 37117]). Suppressed. Current status: Synonym of Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus 1758). Lamnidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lamia, Squalus Forsskål [P. S.] in Niebuhr 1775:xviii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Melita (La Valletta, Malta, Mediterranean Sea). No types known. Not available, name only. Authorship according to Fricke 2008:8 [ref. 30182]. •Synonym of Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758) -- (Fricke 2008:8 [ref. 30182]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus 1758). Lamnidae.

latro, Lamna Owen [R.] 1853:96 [Descriptive catalogue of the osteological series; ref. 4988] No types known. •Questionably a synonym of Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Compagno 1984:242 [ref. 6474]). •Synonym of Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Compagno 2001:109 [ref. 26323], Dyldin 2015:46 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810. Lamnidae. Habitat: marine.

mako, Isurus Whitley [G. P.] 1929:101 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 17 (no. 3); ref. 4665] Manukau Bar, off Auckland, New Zealand. No types known. A new name for a specimen of Isurus originally described and figured as Isurus glaucus by Phillipps 1926:530, Pl. 87 [ref. 6447]. •Synonym of Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Compagno 1984:242 [ref. 6474], Paxton et al. 1989:67 [ref. 12442], Last & Stevens 1994:164 [ref. 23873], Compagno 2001:109 [ref. 26323], Hoese & Gates 2006:78 [ref. 28997], Dyldin 2015:46 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810. Lamnidae. Habitat: marine.

maso, Carcharias Morris [E. F.] 1898:412 [Australian English; ref. 30215] New Zealand. No types known. Name only, not available. •In the synonymy of Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:238 [ref. 6474], Compagno 2001:100 [ref. 26323], Dyldin 2015:45 [ref. 34524]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus 1758). Lamnidae.

monensis, Squalus Shaw [G.] 1804:350 [General zoology or systematic natural history; ref. 4015] Beaumaris, Anglesea Island, England. No types known. Based on literature sources. •Synonym of Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Compagno 1984:248 [ref. 6474], Compagno 2001:121 [ref. 26323], Dyldin 2015:46 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1788). Lamnidae. Habitat: marine.

nasus, Squalus Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Pennant) 1788:10, Pl. 85 (fig. 350) [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Cornwall, England, northeastern Atlantic. No types known. Based on the 'Porbeagle' of Pennant 1769:92 [ref. 18527]. •Valid as Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Springer 1973:13 [ref. 7162], Quéro in Whitehead et al. 1984:87 [ref. 13675], Compagno 1984:248 [ref. 6474], Bass 1986:100 [ref. 5635], Menni 1986:434 [ref. 11487], Robins & Ray 1986:20 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:20 [ref. 25518], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:220 [ref. 36138], Paxton et al. 1989:68 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:13 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:21 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:29 [ref. 14674], Nakaya in Amaoka et al. 1990:57 [ref. 16024], Springer 1990:88 [ref. 19319], Compagno 1990:82 [ref. 21678], Miller 1993:467 [ref. 21297], Last & Stevens 1994:165 [ref. 23873], Randall 1995:24 [ref. 22896], Santos et al. 1997:11 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:16 [ref. 24952], Lucifora & Menni 1998:87 [ref. 24056], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:121 [ref. 25013], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Hutchins 2001:13 [ref. 25847], Compagno 2001:121 [ref. 26323], Soto 2001:65, 90 [ref. 26637], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:10 [ref. 26753], Branstetter in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:30 [ref. 26158], Compagno 2003:439 [ref. 26984], Gadig & Gomes in Menezes et al. 2003:25 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:52 [ref. 27807], Duhamel et al. 2005:58 [ref. 32059], Golani 2005:9 [ref. 37112], Hoese & Gates 2006:79 [ref. 28997], Fricke 2007:25 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:12 [ref. 29533], White 2008:42 [ref. 30617], George 2009:34 [ref. 30539], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:6 [ref. 36649], Møller et al. 2010:16 [ref. 31169], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:115 [ref. 31212], Castro 2011:284 [ref. 31457], Mollen et al. 2012:32 [ref. 32005], Naylor et al. 2012:50 [ref. 32267] see remarks, Page et al. 2013:50 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:115 [ref. 32972] needs confirmation, Parin et al. 2014:20 [ref. 33547], Duffy 2015:73 [ref. 34217], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:106 [ref. 36167], Dyldin 2015:46 [ref. 34524], Compagno 2016:1249 [ref. 34544], Nión et al. 2016:20 [ref. 35565], Weigmann 2016:15 [ref. 34211], Biscoito et al. 2018:464 [ref. 37562], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36370], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:59 [ref. 37302], Carneiro et al. 2019:19 [ref. 37250], Stone & Shimada 2019:633 [ref. 37195], Kabasakal 2020:73 [ref. 37952], Kovačić et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37519], Serena et al. 2020:502 [ref. 37963], Ebert et al. 2021:45 [ref. 38234], Golani 2021:6 [ref. 38303]). Current status: Valid as Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1788). Lamnidae. Distribution: Nearly circumglobal in temperate seas (including Mediterranean Sea, Baltic Sea, North Sea). Habitat: marine.

oxyrhina, Lamna Cuvier [G.] & Valenciennes [A.] in Agassiz 1835:71 [Recherches sur les poissons fossiles; ref. 13390] Still researching, original not seen; perhaps not available. •Synonym of Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Compagno 1984:242 [ref. 6474], Compagno 2001:109 [ref. 26323], Dyldin 2015:46 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810. Lamnidae. Habitat: marine.

oxyrinchus, Isurus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:12, Pl. 13 (fig. 1) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] [Sicilia] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:45 [ref. 3595]. Sometimes seen as Isurus oxyrhinchus or oxyrhynchus. •Valid as Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Springer 1973:14 [ref. 7162], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:29 [ref. 9277], Dor 1984:2 [ref. 29757], Quéro in Whitehead et al. 1984:85 [ref. 13675], Compagno 1984:242 [ref. 6474], Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:9 [ref. 6441], Menni 1986:434 [ref. 11487], Bass 1986:99 [ref. 5635], Robins & Ray 1986:20 [ref. 23100], Allen & Swainston 1988:20 [ref. 25477], Scott & Scott 1988:19 [ref. 25518], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:220 [ref. 36138] as oxyrhinchus, Paxton et al. 1989:67 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:13 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:21 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:29 [ref. 14674], Springer 1990:87 [ref. 19319], Randall et al. 1990:17 [ref. 15987], Compagno et al. 1991:74 [ref. 21083], Boschung 1992:19 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:180 [ref. 23827], Francis & Randall 1993:125 [ref. 20996], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:74 [ref. 25472], Allen & Robertson 1994:20 [ref. 22193], Gomon et al. 1994:143 [ref. 22532], Last & Stevens 1994:163 [ref. 23873], Goren & Dor 1994:1 [ref. 25356], Andrew et al. 1995:8 [ref. 38009], Compagno et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:704 [ref. 22829], Randall 1995:24 [ref. 22896], Santos et al. 1997:10 [ref. 23531], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:59 [ref. 24023], Allen 1997:40 [ref. 23977], Arruda 1997:16 [ref. 24952], Randall et al. 1997:17 [ref. 25919], Compagno 1998:1277 [ref. 23785], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:55 [ref. 23897], Senou & Masuda 1998:2 [ref. 24388], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:44 [ref. 24555], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:7 [ref. 24670], Aguilera 1998:45 [ref. 24221], Fricke 1999:15 [ref. 24106], Morón et al. 1999:145 [ref. 24253], Cervigón & Alcalá 1999:38 [ref. 24490], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:120 [ref. 25013], Johnson 1999:719 [ref. 25471], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:125 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:578 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:88 [ref. 25191], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:14 [ref. 25650], Hutchins 2001:13 [ref. 25847], Ebert 2001:117 [ref. 26003], Compagno 2001:109 [ref. 26323], Soto 2001:65, 89 [ref. 26637], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:10 [ref. 26753], Branstetter in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:29 [ref. 26158], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:78 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:125 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:58, 476 [ref. 26218], Compagno 2003:437 [ref. 26984], Gadig & Gomes in Menezes et al. 2003:25 [ref. 27192], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S91 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:609 [ref. 27495] as oxyrhynchus, Randall et al. 2004:5 [ref. 27624] dated 1809, Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:84 [ref. 27705], Bonfil & Abdallah 2004:20 [ref. 27735], Nelson et al. 2004:52 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:71 [ref. 28072], Compagno et al. 2005:18 [ref. 29145], Golani 2005:8 [ref. 37112], Love et al. 2005:6 [ref. 37547], Mundy 2005:97 [ref. 28379], Vaske et al. 2005:77 [ref. 36155], Hoese & Gates 2006:78 [ref. 28997], Fricke et al. 2007:12 [ref. 29533], Randall 2007:40 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:8 [ref. 30213], White 2008:41 [ref. 30617], George 2009:34 [ref. 30539], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:187 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:68 [ref. 31256], Last el al. 2010:64 [ref. 32461], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:6 [ref. 36649], Castro 2011:267 [ref. 31457], Fricke et al. 2011:345 [ref. 31242], Mollen et al. 2012:31 [ref. 32005], Yamashita et al. 2012:121 [ref. 32408], Page et al. 2013:50 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Collette 2013:168 [ref. 32953], Wirtz et al. 2013:115 [ref. 32972], Ebert et al. 2013:312 [ref. 33045], Shinohara et al. 2014:231 [ref. 33330], Wirtz et al. 2014:2 [ref. 33516], Parin et al. 2014:19 [ref. 33547], Duffy 2015:72 [ref. 34217], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:106 [ref. 36167], Dyldin 2015:46 [ref. 34524], Pinheiro et al. 2015:2 [ref. 34324], Psomadakis et al. 2015:75 [ref. 34104], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:77 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:14 [ref. 34211], Bañón et al. 2016:301 [ref. 34397], Compagno 2016:1245 [ref. 34544], Fourriére et al. 2016:452 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:605 [ref. 34923], Nión et al. 2016:20 [ref. 35565], Kells et al. 2016:66 [ref. 35888], Ebert et al. 2017:54 [ref. 35618], White et al. 2017:88 [ref. 35860], Biscoito et al. 2018:463 [ref. 37562], Dyldin & Orlov 2018:163 [ref. 35920], Ehemann et al. 2018:21 [ref. 36194], Fricke et al. 2018:9 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:8 [ref. 36273], Kumar et al. 2018:295 [ref. 36178], White & Ko'ou 2018:24 [ref. 35922], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:59 [ref. 37302], Brown et al. 2019:153 [ref. 36444], Burton & Lea 2019:28 [ref. 37205], Carneiro et al. 2019:18 [ref. 37250], Ehemann et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36861], Fricke et al. 2019:38 [ref. 36673], Hoschke et al. 2019:153 [ref. 36626], Parenti 2019:101 [ref. 37117], Reiner 2019:26 [ref. 38139], Stone & Shimada 2019:633 [ref. 37195], Zajonz et al. 2019:58 [ref. 36871], Bariche & Fricke 2020:16 [ref. 37515], Calle-Morán et al. 2020:241 [ref. 37881], Kabasakal 2020:71 [ref. 37952], Kovačić et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37519], Psomadakis et al. 2020:164 [ref. 37272], Serena et al. 2020:502 [ref. 37963], Sonoyama et al. 2020:8 [ref. 37637], Dyldin & Orlov 2021:55 [ref. 38158], Ebert et al. 2021:44 [ref. 38234], Golani 2021:6 [ref. 38303], González-Acosta et al. 2021:5 [ref. 38361]). Current status: Valid as Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810. Lamnidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through temperate seas (including Caribbean Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea, Sea of Japan). Habitat: marine.

paucus, Isurus Guitart Manday [D. J.] 1966:3, Figs. 1, 2a, 3a,c [Poeyana, Series A, Instituto de Biologia No. 15; ref. 19761] Cuba, western Atlantic. No types known. Based on Lamna punctata of DeKay 1842:362, Pl. 63 (fig. 206) and on 3 specimens. •Valid as Isurus paucus Guitart Manday 1966 -- (Springer 1973:15 [ref. 7162], Compagno 1984:244 [ref. 6474], Quéro in Whitehead et al. 1984:86 [ref. 13675], Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:9 [ref. 6441], Bass 1986:99 [ref. 5635], Robins & Ray 1986:20 [ref. 23100], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:220 [ref. 36138], McAllister 1990:29 [ref. 14674], Springer 1990:88 [ref. 19319], Cervigón 1992:181 [ref. 23827], Gomon et al. 1994:143 [ref. 22532], Compagno et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:705 [ref. 22829], Randall 1995:00 [ref. 22896] as paulus, Grove & Lavenberg 1997:61 [ref. 24023], Compagno 1998:1278 [ref. 23785], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:56 [ref. 23897], Morón et al. 1999:145 [ref. 24253], Cervigón & Alcalá 1999:42 [ref. 24490], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:121 [ref. 25013], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:125 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:578 [ref. 25122], Ebert 2001:117 [ref. 26003], Compagno 2001:115 [ref. 26323], Soto 2001:65, 89 [ref. 26637], Nakabo 2002:125 [ref. 26001], Compagno 2003:438 [ref. 26984], Gadig & Gomes in Menezes et al. 2003:25 [ref. 27192], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:84 [ref. 27705], Nelson et al. 2004:52 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:71 [ref. 28072], Love et al. 2005:6 [ref. 37547], Mundy 2005:98 [ref. 28379], Compagno et al. 2005:18 [ref. 29145], Hoese & Gates 2006:79 [ref. 28997], Randall 2007:40 [ref. 30952], Hemida & Capapé 2008:187 [ref. 37200], White 2008:41 [ref. 30617], Ruiz-Campos et al. 2010:365 [ref. 37373], Fricke et al. 2011:345 [ref. 31242], Castro 2011:274 [ref. 31457], Mollen et al. 2012:32 [ref. 32005], Page et al. 2013:50 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:115 [ref. 32972] as doubtful, Ebert et al. 2013:313 [ref. 33045], Psomadakis et al. 2015:75 [ref. 34104], Pinheiro et al. 2015:2 [ref. 34324], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:77 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:14 [ref. 34211] with authorship as Guitart, Compagno 2016:1247 [ref. 34544], Nión et al. 2016:20 [ref. 35565], White et al. 2017:90 [ref. 35860], Ehemann et al. 2018:21 [ref. 36194], Fricke et al. 2018:9 [ref. 35805], White & Ko'ou 2018:24 [ref. 35922], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:60 [ref. 37302], Carneiro et al. 2019:18 [ref. 37250], Ehemann et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36861], Fernando et al. 2019:229 [ref. 36642], Stone & Shimada 2019:633 [ref. 37195], Calle-Morán et al. 2020:241 [ref. 37881], Serena et al. 2020:502 [ref. 37963], Ebert et al. 2021:44 [ref. 38234]). Current status: Valid as Isurus paucus Guitart Manday 1966. Lamnidae. Distribution: Nearly circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas (including Caribbean Sea, Mediterranean Sea). Habitat: marine.

pennanti, Squalus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:517 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Atlantic. No types known. •Synonym of Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Compagno 1984:248 [ref. 6474], Compagno 2001:121 [ref. 26323], Dyldin 2015:46 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1788). Lamnidae. Habitat: marine.

philippii, Lamna Pérez Canto [C.] 1886:1 [Anales de la Universidad de Chile Sec. 1, v. 69; ref. 18531] Chile. ?MHNV (possibly lost). See also Philippi 1887:549 [17 of separate], Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [ref. 3464]. •Synonym of Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Compagno 1984:248 [ref. 6474], Compagno 2001:122 [ref. 26323], Castro 2011:284 [ref. 31457], Dyldin 2015:46 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1788). Lamnidae. Habitat: marine.

punctata, Lamna Storer [D. H.] 1839:534 [185], Pl. 8 [Pl. 3] (fig. 2) [Boston Journal of Natural History v. 2 (nos 3-4) (art. 12); ref. 4278] On p. 185 and Pl. 2 (fig. 2) in separate publication. Not an original description but a new combination for and misidentification of Squalus punctatus Mitchill 1815. •In the synonymy of Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Compagno 1984:248 [ref. 6474], Compagno 2001:122 [ref. 26323], Castro 2011:284 [ref. 31457]). Current status: Synonym of Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1788). Lamnidae.

rondeletii, Carcharodon Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] 1839:70 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea); Atlantic; Cape Town, South Africa, southeastern Atlantic; Pacific coast of Australia. Syntypes: BMNH 1850.9.5.3 (1 stuffed) Cape Town, South Africa; RUSM uncat. (2, whereabouts unknown), SMF uncat. (1, whereabouts unknown) Adriatic, ZMB uncat. (1, whereabouts unknown). •Synonym of Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Springer 1973:13 [ref. 7162], Paxton et al. 1989:67 [ref. 12442], Compagno 2001:100 [ref. 26323], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:9 [ref. 26753] dated 1841, Hoese & Gates 2006:77 [ref. 28997], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:6 [ref. 36649], Castro 2011:258 [ref. 31457] as rondeletti, Dyldin 2015:45 [ref. 34524], Ebert et al. 2021:43 [ref. 38234]). Current status: Synonym of Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus 1758). Lamnidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

selanonus, Squalus Leach [W. E.] (ex Walker) 1818:64, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society, Edinburgh v. 2 (art. 5); ref. 12565] Lochfyne and Zetland, Scotland. Syntypes: College of Edinburgh (1, dry) Lochfyne, (1, jaws) Zetland. •Synonym of Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Compagno 1984:248 [ref. 6474], Compagno 2001:122 [ref. 26323], Dyldin 2015:46 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1788). Lamnidae. Habitat: marine.

smithi, Carcharodon Bonaparte [C. L.] 1838:9 [Nuovi annali delle scienze naturali e rendiconto dei lavori dell'Accademia della Scienze dell'Instituto di Bologna con appendice agraria. Bologna v. 2; ref. 4979] No locality stated. Although authorship is credited to Müller & Henle, the name is used first in Bonaparte. •Synonym of Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:238 [ref. 6474], Dyldin 2015:45 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus 1758). Lamnidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

smithii, Carcharodon Agassiz [L.] (ex Müller & Henle) 1838:90, Pl. F (figs. 3, 3a-3c) [Recherches sur les poissons fossiles; ref. 13390] No locality stated. No types known. •Synonym of Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:238 [ref. 6474], Compagno 2001:100 [ref. 26323], Dyldin 2015:45 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus 1758). Lamnidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

spallanzani, Isurus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:45, 60 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] [Sicilia] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Dor 1984:2 [ref. 29757], Compagno 1984:242 [ref. 6474], Compagno 2001:109 [ref. 26323], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:10 [ref. 26753] with wrong author, Lipej & Dulčić 2010:6 [ref. 36649] as Oxyrhina spallanzanii, Castro 2011:267 [ref. 31457], Dyldin 2015:46 [ref. 34524], Biscoito et al. 2018:463 [ref. 37562] as Lamna spallanzanii, Parenti 2019:102 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810. Lamnidae. Habitat: marine.

tigris, Carcharias Atwood [N. E.] 1869:268 [Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 12 (for 1868-1869); ref. 15924] Gulf of Mexico; Provincetown, Massachuttes, U.S.A. No types known. Appeared first in Atwood 1865:81 [ref. 15925] without distinguishing features. •Synonym of Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Compagno 1984:242 [ref. 6474], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:121 [ref. 25013], Compagno 2001:109 [ref. 26323], Castro 2011:267 [ref. 31457] dated 1865, Dyldin 2015:46 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810. Lamnidae. Habitat: marine.

verus, Carcharias Cloquet [H.] 1817:69 (v. 7) [Dictionnaire des sciences Naturelles; ref. 852] The Ocean. No types known. •Synonym of Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:238 [ref. 6474], Compagno 2001:100 [ref. 26323], Dyldin 2015:45 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus 1758). Lamnidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

vorax, Carcharias Owen [R.] 1853:94 [Descriptive catalogue of the osteological series; ref. 4988] No types known. •Synonym of Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:238 [ref. 6474] with question, Compagno 2001:100 [ref. 26323] with question, Dyldin 2015:45 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus 1758). Lamnidae. Habitat: marine.

vulgaris, Squalus (Carcharias) Richardson [J.] 1836:288 [Fauna Boreali-Americana Part 3; ref. 3731] No types known. Unexplained new name. •Synonym of Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:238 [ref. 6474], Compagno 2001:100 [ref. 26323], Dyldin 2015:45 [ref. 34524] dated 1836). Current status: Synonym of Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus 1758). Lamnidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

walkeri, Selanonius Fleming [J.] (ex Walker) 1828:169 [A history of British animals; ref. 1339] Argyleshire, Britain. Based on Squalus selanoneus of Walker 1769:155 (manuscript). •Synonym of Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:248 [ref. 6474], Compagno 2001:122 [ref. 26323], Dyldin 2015:46 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1788). Lamnidae. Habitat: marine.

whitleyi, Lamna Phillipps [W. J.] 1935:239, Fig. 3 [The New Zealand Journal of Science and Technology v. 16 (no. 4); ref. 15671] Island Bay, Wellington, New Zealand. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:68 [ref. 12442], Last & Stevens 1994:166 [ref. 23873], Compagno 2001:122 [ref. 26323], Hoese & Gates 2006:79 [ref. 28997], Castro 2011:284 [ref. 31457], Dyldin 2015:46 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre 1788). Lamnidae. Habitat: marine.