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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Lebiasinidae: [ 93 ] records


amazona, Cyprinodon Eigenmann [C. H.] 1894:627 [Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences v. 7 (art. 5); ref. 1214] Lower Amazonas, Brazil. Syntypes: (18) BMNH 1894.5.18.52 (1), CAS 29351 (5). •Questionably a synonym of Nannostomus trifasciatus Steindachner 1876 or the same as Nannostomus marginatus Eigenmann 1909 -- (Weitzman 1966:27 [ref. 12368]). Current status: Uncertain as Nannostomus trifasciatus Steindachner 1876. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Habitat: freshwater.

anduzei, Nannostomus Fernandez [J. M.] & Weitzman [S. H.] 1987:165, Figs. 1-7 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 100 (no. 1); ref. 5981] Laguna Provincial, about 20 kilometers north of Puerto Ayacucho, about 5°50'N, 67°30'W, Depto. de Ature, Amazonas, Venezuela. Holotype: MBUCV-V-15141. Paratypes: AMNH 57009-10 (15, 4); ANSP 157486 (4); BMNH 1985.12.31.4-8 (4); CAS 57819 (4); MAC-PAY-0389 (10), -1200 (13); MBUCV-V-15600 (16, 14 c&s), V-15601 (12); MZUSP 35433 (4); UMMZ 213449 (4); USNM 277695 (6, c&s), 277696-97 (43, 102). Type catalog: Vari & Howe 1991:31 [ref. 19022], Oyakawa 1996:483 [ref. 23140], Provenzano et al. 1998:13 [ref. 24196]. •Valid as Nannostomus anduzei Fernandez & Weitzman 1987 -- (Géry & Römer 1997:70 [ref. 23712], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:243 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Nannostomus anduzei Fernandez & Weitzman 1987. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Upper Orinoco and Ereré River, a tributary Of the Negro River: Brazil and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

anomalus, Nannostomus Steindachner [F.] 1876:129 [81] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 74 (1. Abth.); ref. 4225] Rio Negro mouth; Amazon River at Obidos, Brazil. Syntypes: (several) not found at NMW. On p. 81 of separate. •Synonym of Nannostomus beckfordi Günther 1872 -- (Weitzman 1966:12 [ref. 12368], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:244 [ref. 27061], Zarske 2011:292 [ref. 31670]). Current status: Synonym of Nannostomus beckfordi Günther 1872. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Habitat: freshwater.

ardilai, Lebiasina Netto-Ferreira [A. L.], Lopez-Fernandez [H.], Taphorn [D. C.] & Liverpool [E. A.] 2013:563, Fig. 1 [Zootaxa 3652 (no. 5); ref. 32711] Essequibo River System, Mazaruni River drainage, Wanuma Creek at campsite, 5°28'40.3'N, 60°46'45.3"W, Guyana. Holotype: UG/CSBD 1663 [ex. ROM 83872]. Paratypes: AMNH, BMNH 1976.6.18.5 (1), ROM. •Valid as Lebiasina ardilai Netto-Ferreira, Lopez-Fernandez, Taphorn & Liverpool 2013. Current status: Valid as Lebiasina ardilai Netto-Ferreira, Lopez-Fernandez, Taphorn & Liverpool 2013. Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: Upper Mazaruni River drainage, Guyana. Habitat: freshwater.

argyrops, Pyrrhulina Cope [E. D.] 1878:694 [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 17 (no. 101); ref. 945] Pebas, Peru. Lectotype: ANSP 21441. Paralectotypes: ANSP 21442 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:118 [ref. 13621]. Lectotype established by Fowler 1906:295, Fig. 2 [ref. 1373]. •Synonym of Copeina guttata (Steindachner 1876) -- (Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:241 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Copeina guttata (Steindachner 1876). Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Habitat: freshwater.

aripirangensis, Nannostomus Meinken [H.] 1931:553, Fig. [Wochenschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 28 (no. 34); ref. 16307] Aripiranga Island, northeast of Belé, do Pará, Pará, Brazil. Neotype: ZMB 33973. Syntypes: destroyed during WWII. Also published as a separate without pagination. Neotype selected by Zarske 2011:287 [ref. 31670]. •Synonym of Nannostomus beckfordi Günther 1872 -- (Weitzman 1966:13 [ref. 12368], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:244 [ref. 27061], Zarske 2011:287 [ref. 31670]). Current status: Synonym of Nannostomus beckfordi Günther 1872. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Habitat: freshwater.

arnoldi, Copeina Regan [C. T.] 1912:393 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 10 (no. 58); ref. 14866] Amazon River. Syntypes: BMNH 1909.4.2.25-26 (2). See Planquette et al. 1996:178 [ref. 22818]. •Valid as Copella arnoldi (Regan 1912) -- (Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:241 [ref. 27061], Zarske & Géry 2006:44 [ref. 29030], Zarske 2011:24 [ref. 30374], Mol et al. 2012:287 [ref. 32867], Phillip et al. 2013:15 [ref. 32896], Melo et al. 2016:133 [ref. 34701] as aff. arnoldi, Marinho & Menezes 2017:6 [ref. 35572], Urbano-Bonilla et al. 2018:86 [ref. 35773], Brosse et al. 2019:134 [ref. 38320]). Current status: Valid as Copella arnoldi (Regan 1912). Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: South America: lower Amazon River and coastal Guianas to mouth of Orinoco River: Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela, and Trinidad and Tobago (introduced). Habitat: freshwater.

astrigata, Piabucina Regan [C. T.] 1903:622 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 12 (no. 72) (art. 64); ref. 13401] St. Javier, Paramba and Río Sapayo, northwestern Ecuador. Syntypes: BMNH 1898.4.28.164-166 (3), 1901.3.29.71 (1), 1902.7.29.59 (1). •Valid as Piabucina astrigata Regan 1903 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:27 [ref. 37559], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:246 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Lebiasina astrigata (Regan 1903) -- (Ardila Rodríguez 2008:21 [ref. 30121], Ardila Rodríguez 2008:27 [ref. 30122], Netto-Ferreira et al. 2011:772 [ref. 31718], Barriga Salazar 2014:110 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:108 [ref. 34894], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:43 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Lebiasina astrigata (Regan 1903). Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: South America: northern Ecuador and southern Colombia west of the Andes (Colombia and Ecuador). Habitat: freshwater.

auratus, Poecilobrycon Eigenmann [C. H.] 1909:43 [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 1222] Konawaruk, Guyana. Holotype: FMNH 52768 [ex CM 1161]. Paratypes: (27, CM and IU) BMNH 1911.10.31.381-382 (2); CAS 62313-15 [ex IU 11688-90] (4, 3, 5); FMNH 7339 (1), 52769-70 (1, 2), 53549 (4); MCZ 29944 (1). Type catalog: Henn 1928:56 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:68 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Poecilobrycon eques (Steindachner 1876) -- (Weitzman 1966:47 [ref. 12368]). •Synonym of Nannostomus eques Steindachner 1876 -- (Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:244 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Nannostomus eques Steindachner 1876. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Habitat: freshwater.

aureoguttata, Piabucina Fowler [H. W.] 1911:513, Fig. 6 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 63; ref. 1384] Affluent of the Río Chimbo near Bucay, Guayas Province, western Ecuador. Holotype (unique): ANSP 39103. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:118 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Piabucina aureoguttata Fowler 1911 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:27 [ref. 37559], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:246 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Lebiasina aureoguttata (Fowler 1911) -- (Rodríguez 2002:13 [ref. 26233], Ardila Rodríguez 2008:27 [ref. 30122], Netto-Ferreira et al. 2011:773 [ref. 31718], Barriga Salazar 2014:110 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:110 [ref. 34894], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:[5] [ref. 35679]). Current status: Valid as Lebiasina aureoguttata (Fowler 1911). Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: South America: Ecuador west of the Andes. Habitat: freshwater.

australe, Pyrrhulina Eigenmann [C. H.] & Kennedy [C. H.] 1903:508 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 55; ref. 1260] Arroyo Trementina, Paraguay. Holotype: CAS 60490 [ex IU 9901]. Paratypes: (34) AMNH 1231 (1), 1474 (3); CAS 60491 [ex IU 9900] (13), 60492 [ex IU 9901] (orig. 21, now 11); FMNH 52671 (2); NMW 56957 (1); ZMB 16929-30 (1, 1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:74 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Pyrrhulina australis Eigenmann & Kennedy 1903 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:10 [ref. 9708] as australe, Fernández & Butí 1996:253 [ref. 22775], Britski et al. 1999:83 [ref. 24147], Zarske & Géry 2001:16 [ref. 25157] as australe, Lasso et al. 2001:97 [ref. 25928], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:247 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:35 [ref. 27366] as australe, Zarske & Géry 2004:42 [ref. 28037], Casciotta et al. 2003:122 [ref. 28130], Menni 2004:72 [ref. 28131], Koerber 2011:4 [ref. 31122], Netto-Ferreira & Marinho 2013:373 [ref. 32716], Koerber 2014:2 [ref. 33621] not in Argentina, Litz & Koerber 2014:9 [ref. 33622], Sarmiento et al. 2014:186 [ref. 35004], Mirande & Koerber 2015:14 [ref. 35117], Bertaco et al. 2016:415 [ref. 34561], Zarske 2016:63 [ref. 35241], Nión et al. 2016:29 [ref. 35565], Koerber et al. 2017:21 [ref. 35267], Dickens 2019:166 [ref. 37135], Vieira & Netto-Ferreira 2019:7 [ref. 36867], Careaga et al. 2020:76 [ref. 37774], Reis et al. 2020:462 [ref. 38364]). Current status: Valid as Pyrrhulina australis Eigenmann & Kennedy 1903. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: South America: La Plata and Paraguay River basins north into the Guaporé River basin (Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Peru). Habitat: freshwater.

beckfordi, Nannostomus Günther [A.] 1872:146 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1872 (pt 1) (art. 5) (for 6 Feb. 1872); ref. 2000] Coast of Demerara, Guyana. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1871.12.28.10. •Valid as Nannostomus beckfordi Günther 1872 -- (Weitzman 1966:12 [ref. 12368], Weitzman & Cobb 1975:14 [ref. 7134], Planquette et al. 1996:174 [ref. 22818], Keith et al. 2000:14 [ref. 24547], Géry & Zarske 2002:36 [ref. 26555], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:244 [ref. 27061], Zarske 2009:11 [ref. 30197], Zarske 2011:287 [ref. 31670], Melo et al. 2016:133 [ref. 34701], Guimarães et al. 2020:1 [ref. 37521], Silva et al. 2020:8 [ref. 37809]). Current status: Valid as Nannostomus beckfordi Günther 1872. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: South America: rivers of Guiana south to Amazon River basin and Amazon River up to Negro River (Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana and Suriname); coastal watersheds of Maranhão (Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

beni, Pyrrhulina Pearson [N. E.] 1924:32 [Indiana University Studies v. 11 (no. 64); ref. 3396] Lower Río Beni, Amazon system, Bolivia. Syntypes: (3) CAS 60493 [ex IU 17346] (now 2), UMMZ 66489 (1). •Valid as Pyrrhulina beni Pearson 1924 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:10 [ref. 9708], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:247 [ref. 27061], Netto-Ferreira & Marinho 2013:374 [ref. 32716], Sarmiento et al. 2014:186 [ref. 35004]). Current status: Valid as Pyrrhulina beni Pearson 1924. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Southwestern Amazon River basin: Bolivia, Brazil and Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

bifasciatus, Nannostomus Hoedeman [J. J.] 1954:85, Fig. [Beaufortia v. 4 (no. 39); ref. 12647] Berg en Dal at Suriname River, Suriname. Holotype: ZMA 100513 (apparently lost). Paratypes: ZMA 100513 (3, with holotype). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:23 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Nannostomus bifasciatus Hoedeman 1954 -- (Weitzman 1966:19 [ref. 12368], Weitzman & Cobb 1975:16 [ref. 7134], Planquette et al. 1996:176 [ref. 22818], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:244 [ref. 27061], Zarske 2011:292 [ref. 31670], Melo et al. 2016:133 [ref. 34701]). Current status: Valid as Nannostomus bifasciatus Hoedeman 1954. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Coastal rivers of Suriname, French Guiana and Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

bimaculata, Lebiasina Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:531, Pl. 587 [not 553] [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] Río Rimac, near Lima, Peru. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-0141. •Valid as Lebiasina bimaculata Valenciennes 1847 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:27 [ref. 37559], Ortega & Vari 1986:10 [ref. 9708], Castro et al. 1998:79 [ref. 24271], Rodríguez 2002:13 [ref. 26233], Géry & Zarske 2002:43 [ref. 26555], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:243 [ref. 27061], Netto-Ferreira et al. 2011:773 [ref. 31718], Barriga Salazar 2014:110 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:112 [ref. 34894]). Current status: Valid as Lebiasina bimaculata Valenciennes 1847. Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: South America: Ecuador and Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

boruca, Piabucina Bussing [W. A.] 1967:218, Fig. 3 [Revista de Biología Tropical v. 14 (no. 2) (1966); ref. 7946] Stream 7.5 kilometers south of Interamerican Highway on road to Golfito, Puntarenas, southeastern Costa Rica, elevation 20 meters. Holotype: LACM 9239-1. Paratypes: LACM 2714 (2), 2926 (1), 2957 (2), 4743 (6), 4871 (1); UCR 42-2 (4). Type catalog: Angulo et al. 2015:377 [ref. 35212]. •Valid as Piabucina boruca Bussing 1967 -- (Bussing 1987:96 [ref. 22927], Bussing 1998:125 [ref. 24179], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:246 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Lebiasina boruca (Bussing 1967) -- (Netto-Ferreira et al. 2011:773 [ref. 31718], Angulo et al. 2013:991 [ref. 33194], Angulo et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37425]). Current status: Valid as Lebiasina boruca (Bussing 1967). Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: Central America: Grande de Térraba and Cato River basins (Costa Rica) endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

brevis, Pyrrhulina Steindachner [F.] 1876:11 [6], Pl. 1 (figs. 3-4) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 72 (1. Abth.); ref. 14212] Mouth of Rio Negro; Cudajas, Tabatinga, and Rio Negro at Manaos [Manaus], Brazil. Lectotype: NMW 76177.2. Paralectotypes: ?MCZ 6338 (2) Lago Cudajas, ?35801 (3) Tabatinga; NMW 56963-65 (6, 1, 3), 50321 (2), 76177.1 (1). On p. 6 of separate. Lectotype selected by Zarske & Géry 2001:16 [ref. 25157]. •Valid as Pyrrhulina brevis Steindachner 1876 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:11 [ref. 9708], Gómez & Chebez 1996:52 [ref. 23791], Zarske & Géry 1997:15 [ref. 22797], Zarske & Géry 2001:16 [ref. 25157], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:247 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:36 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:72 [ref. 28131], Netto-Ferreira & Marinho 2013:374 [ref. 32716], Barriga Salazar 2014:110 [ref. 35745], Sarmiento et al. 2014:186 [ref. 35004], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35633], Urbano-Bonilla et al. 2018:92 [ref. 35773] not Colombia, Vieira & Netto-Ferreira 2019:7 [ref. 36867]). Current status: Valid as Pyrrhulina brevis Steindachner 1876. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Amazon and Orinoco River basin: Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, Bolivia and Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

britskii, Nannostomus Weitzman [S. H.] 1978:5, Figs. 3-4 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 263; ref. 7040] Igarapé of Lago José-Açu, Parantins, Amazon River, Amazonas, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 7795. Paratypes: MZUSP 13072 (1), USNM 216203 (1). Type catalog: Vari & Howe 1991:31 [ref. 19022], Oyakawa 1996:483 [ref. 23140]. •Valid as Nannostomus britskii Weitzman 1978 -- (Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:244 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Nannostomus britskii Weitzman 1978. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

callolepis, Copeina Regan [C. T.] 1912:393 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 10 (no. 58); ref. 14866] Amazon River. Lectotype: BMNH 1909.4.2.27. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1909.4.2.28 (1). Lectotype selected by Zarske & Géry 2006:19 [ref. 29030]. •Synonym of Copella nattereri (Steindachner 1876) -- (Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:242 [ref. 27061], Zarske & Géry 2006:19 [ref. 29030]). •Valid as Copella callolepis (Regan 1912) -- (Zarske 2011:37 [ref. 30374], Marinho & Menezes 2017:16 [ref. 35572]). Current status: Valid as Copella callolepis (Regan 1912). Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Amazon River basin, Peru and Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

capim, Pyrrhulina Vieira [L. S.] & Netto-Ferreira [A. L.] 2019:2, Fig. 1 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 17 (no. 2): e190013; ref. 36867] Rio São José, Bragança, Pará, Brazil, 01°07'47"S, 46°49'13"W. Holotype: UFRGS 27300. Paratypes: MPEG, UFRGS. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Pyrrhulina capim Vieira & Netto-Ferreira 2019. Current status: Valid as Pyrrhulina capim Vieira & Netto-Ferreira 2019. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Eastern Amazon basin and coastal drainages, Pará, northern Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

carsevennensis, Copeina Regan [C. T.] 1912:394 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 10 (no. 58); ref. 14866] Carsevenne, French Guiana. Syntypes: BMNH 1899.7.26.1-5 [ex MNHN] (5). •Valid as Copella carsevennensis (Regan 1912) -- (Planquette et al. 1996:178 [ref. 22818], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:241 [ref. 27061], Zarske & Géry 2006:44 [ref. 29030], Zarske 2011:32 [ref. 30374], Melo et al. 2016:133 [ref. 34701]). •Synonym of Copella arnoldi (Regan 1912) -- (Mol et al. 2012:287 [ref. 32867], Marinho & Menezes 2017:10 [ref. 35572]). Current status: Synonym of Copella arnoldi (Regan 1912). Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Habitat: freshwater.

chocoensis, Lebiasina Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2010:5, Figs. 1-8 [Peces del Departmento del Chocó No. 1; ref. 31719] Quibdó, affluent of río Tutunendo, 5°46'56"N, 77°24'45"W, Chacó, Colombia. Holotype: CAR 315 [ex CAR 185]. Paratypes: CAR 185 (6), ICNMHN 6872 [not 6772] (4). Type catalog: DoNascimiento et al. 2016:407 [ref. 34787], Mojica & Agudelo-Zamora 2018:23 [ref. 36127]. •Valid as Lebiasina chocoensis Ardila Rodríguez 2010 -- (Netto-Ferreira et al. 2011:768, 773 [ref. 31718], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Lebiasina chocoensis Ardila Rodríguez 2010. Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: Caribbean slope, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

chucuriensis, Lebiasina Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2001:[2], Figs. [Revista Unimetro v. 13 (no. 27-28); ref. 25626] Quebrada La Carbonera, affluence of Río La Llana, San Vicente de Chucurí, Depto de Santader, Colombia. Holotype: CAR 150424. Paratypes: CAR 150423 (1 ex 2), 150425 (6); ICN-MHN 5313 [ex CAR 150423] (1). Type catalog: Mojica & Agudelo-Zamora 2018:23 [ref. 36127]. •Valid as Lebiasina chucuriensis Ardila Rodríguez 2001 -- (Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:243 [ref. 27061], Ardila Rodríguez 2008:23 [ref. 30121], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Lebiasina chucuriensis Ardila Rodríguez 2001. Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: Northern Colombia between Magdalena River and the Andes: Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

colombia, Lebiasina Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2008:27, Figs. 1-3, 4 upper, 5 [Dahlia (Revista de la Asociación Colombiana de Ictiólogos, ACICTIOS). v. 10; ref. 30122] Quebarba El Higuerón, afluente del Río Sinú, Tierralta, Departamento de Córdoba, Colombia. Holotype: CAS 190. Paratypes: CAR 191 (8), 192 (10); ICNMHN 5314 (1). Type catalog: Mojica & Agudelo-Zamora 2018:22 [ref. 36127]. •Valid as Lebiasina colombia Ardila Rodríguez 2008 -- (Ardila Rodríguez 2010:6 [ref. 31719], Netto-Ferreira et al. 2011:773 [ref. 31718], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Lebiasina colombia Ardila Rodríguez 2008. Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: Upper Río Sinú, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

compta, Copeina Myers [G. S.] 1927:110 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 68 (no. 3); ref. 3096] Creek above São Gabriel Rapids, Rio Negro, Brazil. Holotype: CAS 60496 [ex IU 17693] (missing). Paratypes: CAS 60497 [ex IU 17694] (17), CAS-SU 18070 (11), MCZ 31568 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:23 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Copella compta (Myers 1927) -- (Zarske & Géry 2001:17 [ref. 25157], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:242 [ref. 27061], Zarske & Géry 2006:45 [ref. 29030], Marinho & Menezes 2017:24 [ref. 35572]). Current status: Valid as Copella compta (Myers 1927). Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Upper Negro River basin, Brazil and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

cumuni, Nannostomous Arnold [J. P.] 1950:72 [Taschenkalender für Aquarien-und Terrarienfreunde v. 34 (1950); ref. 22892] British Guyana. No types known. Not available, described in synonymy of Nannostomus harrisoni (Eigenmann 1909). •Questionably a synonym of Poecilobrycon harrisoni Eigenmann 1909 -- (Weitzman 1966:38 [ref. 12368]). •Questionably a synonym of Nannostomus harrisonsi (Eigenmann 1909). Current status: Uncertain as Nannostomus harrisoni (Eigenmann 1909). Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Habitat: freshwater.

digrammus, Poecilobrycon Fowler [H. W.] 1913:525, Fig. 5 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 65; ref. 1389] Rio Madeira about 200 miles east of 62°20'W, Brazil. Holotype: ANSP 39189. Paratypes: ANSP 39190-91 (2), CAS-SU [ex ANSP 39192] (1, missing), USNM 92954 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:118 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Nannostomus digrammus (Fowler 1913) -- (Weitzman 1966:22 [ref. 12368], Weitzman & Cobb 1975:9 [ref. 7134], Ortega & Vari 1986:10 [ref. 9708], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:244 [ref. 27061], Zarske 2011:296 [ref. 31670], Sarmiento et al. 2014:81, 186 [ref. 35004], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35633], Careaga et al. 2020:76 [ref. 37774]). Current status: Valid as Nannostomus digrammus (Fowler 1913). Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: South America: Amazon River basin (Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia and Guyana). Habitat: freshwater.

eigenmanni, Copeina Regan [C. T.] 1912:393 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 10 (no. 58); ref. 14866] Bogota, Colombia [probably from Rio Meta]. Lectotype: BMNH 1869.7.25.6. Paralectotype: BMNH 1869.7.25.7 (1). Other specimens:1911.10.31.140 (7). Lectotype designation by Zarske 2011:29 [ref. 31374], see also Marinho & Menezes 2017:35 [ref. 35572]. •Synonym of Copella arnoldi (Regan 1912) -- (Mol et al. 2012:287 [ref. 32867]). •Valid as Copella eigenmanni (Regan 1912) -- (Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:242 [ref. 27061], Zarske & Géry 2006:44 [ref. 29030], Zarske 2011:29 [ref. 30374], Marinho & Menezes 2017:29 [ref. 35572], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Copella eigenmanni (Regan 1912). Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Orinoco River basin: Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

eleanorae, Pyrrhulina Fowler [H. W.] 1940:262, Fig. 59 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 91 (for 1939); ref. 1432] Contamana, Río Ucayali basin, Peru. Holotype: ANSP 68676. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:118 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Pyrrhulina eleanorae Fowler 1940 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:11 [ref. 9708], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:247 [ref. 27061], Barriga Salazar 2014:110 [ref. 35745], Netto-Ferreira & Marinho 2013:374 [ref. 32716], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Pyrrhulina eleanorae Fowler 1940. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Orinoco River basin: Ecuador, Peru and Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

elongata, Piabucina Boulenger [G. A.] 1887:280, Pl. 23 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1887 (pt 2) (art. 2) (for 1 Mar. 1887); ref. 532] Canelos and Sarayacu, eastern Ecuador. Syntypes: BMNH 1880.12.8.123-124 (2), 1880.12.5.255-257 (3). •Valid as Piabucina elongata Boulenger 1887 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:27 [ref. 37559], Ortega & Vari 1986:10 [ref. 9708], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:246 [ref. 27061], Barriga Salazar 2014:110 [ref. 35745]). •Valid as Lebiasina elongata (Boulenger 1887) -- (Ardila Rodríguez 2008:21 [ref. 30121], Netto-Ferreira et al. 2011:773 [ref. 31718], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Lebiasina elongata (Boulenger 1887). Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: South America: Amazon River basin (Ecuador, Colombia and Peru). Habitat: freshwater.

elongata, Pyrrhulina Zarske [A.] & Géry [J.] 2001:16, Fig. 1 [Zoologische Abhandlungen; Staatliches Museum für Tierkunde in Dresden v. 51 (no. 2); ref. 25157] Brook and small pond about 25 kilometers southwest of Itaituba on road Itaituba-Vila Nova, entrance to rio Tapajós, Para, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 52731. Paratypes: MHNG 2610.05 (3). •Valid as Pyrrhulina elongata Zarske & Géry 2001 -- (Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:247 [ref. 27061], Netto-Ferreira & Marinho 2013:374 [ref. 32716], Vieira & Netto-Ferreira 2019:7 [ref. 36867]). Current status: Valid as Pyrrhulina elongata Zarske & Géry 2001. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Tapajós River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

eques, Nannostomus Steindachner [F.] 1876:126 [78], Pl. 9 (fig. 3) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 74 (1. Abth.); ref. 4225] Peruvian Amazon; Tabatinga, Amazon, Brazil. Syntypes: (several) NMW 56513 (5). On p. 78 of separate. •Valid as Poecilobrycon eques (Steindachner 1876) -- (Weitzman 1966:47 [ref. 12368]). •Valid as Nannostomus eques Steindachner 1876 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:10 [ref. 9708], Weitzman & Cobb 1975:33 [ref. 7134], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:244 [ref. 27061], Barriga Salazar 2014:110 [ref. 35745], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:45 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Nannostomus eques Steindachner 1876. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Amazon and Orinoco river basins: Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia and Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

erythrinoides, Piabucina Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1850:161, Pl. 640 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 22; ref. 1014] Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela. Holotype: MNHN 0000-4014. •Valid as Piabucina erythrinoides Valenciennes 1850 -- (Taphorn & Lilyestrom 1980:335 [ref. 30064], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:246 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Lebiasina erythrinoides (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Taphorn 1992:468 [ref. 23654], Ardila Rodríguez 1999:[5] [ref. 25624] as erytrinoides, Ardila Rodríguez 2001:[10] [ref. 25626] as erithrynoides, Ardila Rodríguez 2008:21 [ref. 30121], Netto-Ferreira et al. 2011:773 [ref. 31718], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35633], Urbano-Bonilla et al. 2018:85 [ref. 35773]). Current status: Valid as Lebiasina erythrinoides (Valenciennes 1850). Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: Northeastern Venezuela in Lake Maracaibo basin and along coast of Andes, northwestern Colombia, and Venezuelan llanos: Colombia and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

erythrurus, Poecilobrycon Eigenmann [C. H.] 1909:44 [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 1222] Rockstone sand-bank, Guyana. Holotype: FMNH 52774 [ex CM 1168]. Paratypes: (14, CM and IU) BMNH 1911.10.31.383 (1); CAS 62316-18 [ex IU 11693-95] (2, 1, 1); FMNH 7340 (1), 52775 (1), 52787-88 (1, 1), 52974 (2); MCZ 29936 (1); CAS-SU 21918 (1). Type catalog: Henn 1928:56 [ref. 12305], Böhlke 1953:26 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:68 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Nannostomus trifasciatus Steindachner 1876 -- (Weitzman 1966:27 [ref. 12368], Paepke & Arendt 2001:152 [ref. 26010], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:246 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Nannostomus erythrurus (Eigenmann 1909) -- (Zarske 2013:125 [ref. 32773]). Current status: Valid as Nannostomus erythrurus (Eigenmann 1909). Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Guyana, Brazil and Bolivia. Habitat: freshwater.

espei, Poecilobrycon Meinken [H.] 1956:31, Fig. [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 9 (no. 2); ref. 12211] South America. Lectotype: CAS-SU 51593. Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 51592 (2); ZMH H1188 (2). Type catalog: Wilkens 1977:156 [ref. 22013]. Lectotype selected by Weitzman 1966:11 [ref. 12368]. •Valid as Nannostomus espei (Meinken 1956) -- (Weitzman 1966:9 [ref. 12368], Weitzman & Cobb 1975:7 [ref. 7134], Géry & Zarske 2002:36 [ref. 26555], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:244 [ref. 27061], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:[6] [ref. 35679]). Current status: Valid as Nannostomus espei (Meinken 1956). Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Mazaruni River basin in Guyana. Habitat: freshwater.

festae, Piabucina Boulenger [G. A.] 1899:1 [Bollettino dei Musei di Zoologia ed Anatomia Comparata della R. Università di Torino v. 14 (no. 346); ref. 14698] Laguna della Pita, Darien, Panama. Holotype (unique): ZMUT 1591. Type catalog: Tortonese 1940:139 [ref. 21559]. •Valid as Piabucina festae Boulenger 1899 -- (Bussing 1998:125 [ref. 24179], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:247 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Lebiasina festae (Boulenger 1899) -- (Ardila Rodríguez 2010:6 [ref. 31719], Netto-Ferreira et al. 2011:773 [ref. 31718], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Lebiasina festae (Boulenger 1899). Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: Pacific drainages of Panama and Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

filamentosa, Pyrrhulina Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:535, Pl. 589 [not 555] [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] Suriname. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-4408. Type catalog: Bertin 1948:9-10 [ref. 19577]. •Valid as Pyrrhulina filamentosa Valenciennes 1847 -- (Planquette et al. 1996:180 [ref. 22818], Géry & Zarske 2002:43 [ref. 26555], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:247 [ref. 27061], Zarske 2011:15 [ref. 31374], Netto-Ferreira & Marinho 2013:374 [ref. 32716], Melo et al. 2016:133 [ref. 34701], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35633], Vieira & Netto-Ferreira 2019:7 [ref. 36867]). Current status: Valid as Pyrrhulina filamentosa Valenciennes 1847. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Orinoco River basin: Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

floridablancaensis, Lebiasina Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 1994:[2], Figs. [Revista Unimetro v. 10 (no. 19); ref. 22525] El Gaque, Tributary to Río Aranzoque, Municipio de Flordablanca, Dept. Santander, Colombia, elevation 1000 meters. Holotype: CAR 15-04-01. Paratypes: MBUCV-V-26713 [ex CAR 15-04-02 and 03] (2); ICNMNH 1837 (3, only 2 found), CAR (orig. 8, now 6). Type catalog: Provenzano et al. 1998:12 [ref. 24196], Mojica & Agudelo-Zamora 2018:23 [ref. 36127]. •Valid as Lebiasina floridablancaensis Ardila Rodríguez 1994 -- (Ardila Rodríguez 1999:[5] [ref. 25624], Ardila Rodríguez 2001:[10] [ref. 25626], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:243 [ref. 27061], Ardila Rodríguez 2008:23 [ref. 30121], Netto-Ferreira et al. 2011:773 [ref. 31718], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Lebiasina floridablancaensis Ardila Rodríguez 1994. Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: Northeastern Colombia between Magdalena River and the Andes. Habitat: freshwater.

grandis, Nannostomus Zarske [A.] 2011:285, Figs. 1-3, 10-14 [Vertebrate Zoology v. 61 (no. 3); ref. 31670] (Import) Para, Brazil. Holotype: MTD F 32459. Paratypes: MTD F 32460-32461 (2) •Valid as Nannostomus grandis Zarske 2011. Current status: Valid as Nannostomus grandis Zarske 2011. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

guttata, Pyrrhulina Steindachner [F.] 1876:15 [10], Pl. 2 (figs. 6-6a) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 72 (1. Abth.); ref. 14212] Amazon River at Obidos, Cudajas, and Tabatinga; Rio Negro, Brazil. Syntypes: (several) MCZ 6333 (9), 433 + 6447 (93), 6833 + 6409 (orig. 25, now 8, mixed), 6857 (27); NMW 56966-71 (2, 2, 6, 3, 3, 2); USNM 120282 [ex MCZ 6429] (4) Obidos; ZMB 10425 (1); ZMUC 143 (1) and ZMUC 143x (1) Amazonas. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:44 [ref. 9588], Vari & Howe 1991:36 [ref. 19022]. On p. 10 of separate. •Valid as Copeina guttata (Steindachner 1876) -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:10 [ref. 9708], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:241 [ref. 27061], Barriga Salazar 2014:110 [ref. 35745], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Copeina guttata (Steindachner 1876). Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Middle Amazon River basin: Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

harrisoni, Poecilobrycon Eigenmann [C. H.] 1909:43 [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 1222] Canal at Christianburg, Guyana. Holotype: FMNH 52767 [ex CM 1160]. Paratypes: CAS 62376 [ex IU 11709] (2). Type catalog: Henn 1928:56 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:68 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Poeciloberycon harrisoni Eigenmann 1909 -- (Weitzman 1966:12 [ref. 12368]). •Valid as Nannostomus harrisoni (Eigenmann 1909) -- (Weitzman & Cobb 1975:11 [ref. 7134], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:244 [ref. 27061], Zarske 2011:293 [ref. 31670], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:45 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Nannostomus harrisoni (Eigenmann 1909). Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Amazon and Orinoco river basins, Guyana and Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

hoffmannorum, Derhamia Géry [J.] & Zarske [A.] 2002:39, Figs. 1-6, 8, 11 [Zoologische Abhandlungen; Staatliches Museum für Tierkunde in Dresden v. 52; ref. 26555] Sand bank at the confluence of the Kamarang River and the Mazaruni River, north of the Roraima, northwestern part of Guyana. Holotype: MTD F 26491. Paratypes: MTD F 26492-93 (2), 26494 (1), 26495-97 (3, 1 c&s), MHNG 2630.86 (5), Géry Priv. Coll. 1055.1.2002 (1), 1055.2-3.2002 (2). Type catalog: Zarske 2003:19 [ref. 27474]. •Valid as Derhamia hoffmannorum Géry & Zarske 2002 -- (Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:242 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Derhamia hoffmannorum Géry & Zarske 2002. Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: Mazaruni River basin, Guyana. Habitat: freshwater.

intermedia, Lebiasina Meinken [H.] 1936:49, Fig. [Blätter für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 47 (no. 3); ref. 13723] Santarém, Amazon River, Pará. Brazil. Holotype (unique): ?KHMM 2156. According to Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:243 [ref. 27061], the type locality is probably incorrect [described from an aquarium specimen]. •Valid as Lebiasina intermedia Meinken 1936 -- (Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:243 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Lebiasina intermedia Meinken 1936. Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

laetus, Holotaxis Cope [E. D.] 1872:257 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 23; ref. 921] Río Ambyiacu, Peru. Holotype (unique): ANSP 8029. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:118 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Pyrrhulina laeta (Cope 1872) -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:11 [ref. 9708], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:248 [ref. 27061], Phillip et al. 2013:15 [ref. 32896], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35633], Vieira & Netto-Ferreira 2019:7 [ref. 36867]). Current status: Valid as Pyrrhulina laeta (Cope 1872). Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Amazon River basin: Brazil (?), Peru, Colombia and Trinidad and Tobago (introduced). Habitat: freshwater.

limatus, Nannostomus Weitzman [S. H.] 1978:9, Figs. 6-8 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 263; ref. 7040] Tributary to Lago Mapará, near Santarém, Pará, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 8486. Paratypes: ANSP 137389 (2); BMNH 1976.11.8.6-7 (2); MZUSP 8203 (1), 9192 (1), 12939-12945 (7), 12951-12963 (14); USNM 216200-01 (1, 7), 216202 (6, not 5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:119 [ref. 13621], Vari & Howe 1991:31 [ref. 19022], Oyakawa 1996:483-484 [ref. 23140]. •Valid as Nannostomus limatus Weitzman 1978 -- (Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:245 [ref. 27061], Zarske 2011:293 [ref. 31670]). Current status: Valid as Nannostomus limatus Weitzman 1978. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Amazon River basin near Santarém, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

lugubris, Pyrrhulina Eigenmann [C. H.] 1922:231, Pl. 21 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 9 (no. 1); ref. 1243] Barrigón, Colombia. Holotype: CAS 78888 [ex IU 15041a] (1 of 13). Paratypes: CAS 78888 [ex IU 15041] (12 of 13). Additional original material: CAS 78889 [IU 15042] (2), CM 3868 (2), CAS 71033 [ex IU 13791] (4). Also appeared at same time in Eigenmann 1922:164 [ref. 12408] as Pirrhulina lugubris. •Valid as Pyrrhulina lugubris Eigenmann 1922 -- (Taphorn 1992:472 [ref. 23654], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:248 [ref. 27061], Zarske 2011:21 [ref. 30374], Netto-Ferreira & Marinho 2013:373 [ref. 32716], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35633], Urbano-Bonilla et al. 2018:86 [ref. 35773], Vieira & Netto-Ferreira 2019:7 [ref. 36867]). Current status: Valid as Pyrrhulina lugubris Eigenmann 1922. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Meta River basin and Venezuelan llanos: Colombia and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

macrolepis, Pyrrhulina Ahl [E.] & Schindler [O.] 1937:140 [Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse v. 74 (no. 16) (for 1 July 1937); ref. 17130] San Jose, Río Pilcomayo, Formosa, Argentina. Holotype (unique): ZSM 5866. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:91 [ref. 21847]. Type catalog: Neumann 2011:261 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Pyrrhulina macrolepis Ahl & Schindler 1937 -- (Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:248 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:36 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:72 [ref. 28131]). •Synonym of Pyrrhulina australis Eigenmann & Kennedy 1903 -- (Zarske & Géry 2004:47 [ref. 28037], Litz & Koerber 2014:9 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:14 [ref. 35117], Koerber et al. 2017:21 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Synonym of Pyrrhulina australis Eigenmann & Kennedy 1903. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Habitat: freshwater.

marginatus, Nannostomus Eigenmann [C. H.] 1909:41 [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 1222] Maduni Creek, Guyana. Holotype: FMNH 53550 [ex CM 1171]. Paratypes: (45, CM and IU) BMNH 1911.10.31.167-168 (2), 1912.1.31.5 (1); CAS 62108-14 [ex IU 11696-702] (4, 2, 1, 1, 2, 1, 5); FMNH 7562 (1), 52776-80 (4, 2, 2, 0, 6), 52790 (1), 53551 (1); MCZ 29933 (1), 29937 (1); CAS-SU 21941 (1); USNM 66252 (1), 165450 (1); ZMA 100991 (1). Type catalog: Henn 1928:56 [ref. 12305], Böhlke 1953:25 [ref. 12291], Nijssen et al. 1982:23 [ref. 19236], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:59 [ref. 12367], Vari & Howe 1991:31 [ref. 19022]. •Valid as Nannostomus marginatus Eigenmann 1909 -- (Weitzman 1966:32 [ref. 12368], Weitzman & Cobb 1975:25 [ref. 7134], Paepke & Arendt 2001:147 [ref. 26010], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:245 [ref. 27061], Zarske 2009:11 [ref. 30197], Zarske 2011:296 [ref. 31670], Barriga Salazar 2014:110 [ref. 35745], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:45 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Nannostomus marginatus Eigenmann 1909. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Amazon and Orinoco river basins: Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, Guyana, Peru, Suriname and Venezula. Habitat: freshwater.

marilynae, Lebiasina Netto-Ferreira [A. L.] 2012:488, Fig. 1, 3a [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 10 (no. 3); ref. 32207] Rio Xingu drainage, unnamed tributary of rio Curuá, rio Iriri basin, near BR-163 road, 8°49'12"S, 54°58'11"W, Altamira, Pará, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 101375. Paratypes: MZUSP 99607 (3), 99608 (1). •Valid as Lebiasina marilynae Netto-Ferreira 2012 -- (Netto-Ferreira et al. 2013:567 [ref. 32711]). Current status: Valid as Lebiasina marilynae Netto-Ferreira 2012. Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: Rio Curuá, Rio Xingu basin, Pará, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

marilynae, Nannostomus Weitzman [S. H.] & Cobb [J. S.] 1975:29, Figs. 28-30 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 186; ref. 7134] Rio Negro, Brazil. Holotype: CAS-SU 50238. Paratypes: CAS-SU 50239 (now 23). Non-type material: CAS-SU 50240-41 (1, 3), USNM 209227 (8). •Valid as Nannostomus marilynae Weitzman & Cobb 1975 -- (Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:245 [ref. 27061], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:45 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Nannostomus marilynae Weitzman & Cobb 1975. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Negro and Vichada River basins: Brazil and Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

marilynae, Pyrrhulina Netto-Ferreira [A. L.] & Marinho [M. M. F.] 2013:370, Fig. 1 [Zootaxa 3664 (no. 3); ref. 32716] Stream crossing MT-338 road, 62 km north of Tapurah, 12°15'29"S, 56°38'59"W, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Holotype: MCP 47420 (ex. MCP 30227). Paratypes: ANSP, UF, MCP, MNRJ, MZUSP, USNM. •Valid as Pyrrhulina marilynae Netto-Ferreira & Marinho 2013 -- (Vieira & Netto-Ferreira 2019:7 [ref. 36867]). •Possible synonym of Pyrrhulina rachoviana Myers 1926 -- (Zarske 2016:71 [ref. 35241]). Current status: Valid as Pyrrhulina marilynae Netto-Ferreira & Marinho 2013. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Rio Tapajós and Rio Xingu, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

maxima, Pyrrhulina Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1889:111, Pl. 1 (fig. 4) [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 2; ref. 12497] Rio Solimões at Tabatinga, Amazon system, Brazil. Possible holotype in USNM 120283 [ex MCZ 6343] (3) or in MCZ 6343 (now 11); originally given as "Type No. 6343; one specimen." Type catalog: Vari & Howe 1991:36 [ref. 19022]. •Valid as Pyrrhulina maxima Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1889 -- (Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:248 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Pyrrhulina maxima Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1889. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Upper Amazon River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

meinkeni, Copella Zarske [A.] & Géry [J.] 2006:27, Figs. 12-15, 18; Pl. 1 [Zoologische Abhandlungen, Staatliche Naturhistorische Sammlungen Dresden, Museum für Tierkunde. v. 56; ref. 29030] Rio Negro, Brazil. Holotype: MTD F 30587. Paratypes: Géry coll. (2); MHNG 2205.96 (15), 2577.32 (1), 2577.48 (19); MTD F 17133-36 (4), 30588-92 (5); NMW 56973 (7). Zarske & Géry 2006:31 [ref. 29030] described a species as Copella aff. meinkeni, also a synonym of Copella nattereri (Steindachner 1876). •Valid as Copella meinkeni Zarske & Géry 2006 -- (Zarske & Géry 2007:50 [ref. 38363]). •Synonym of Copella nattereri (Steindachner 1876) -- (Marinho & Menezes 2017:36 [ref. 35572]). Current status: Synonym of Copella nattereri (Steindachner 1876). Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Habitat: freshwater.

melanoguttata, Lebiasina Netto-Ferreira [A. L.] 2012:491, Figs. 5, 2a [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 10 (no. 3); ref. 32207] Rio Xingu drainage, unnamed tributary of rio Curuá, rio Iriri basin, near BR-163 road, 8°49'12"S, 54°58'11"W, Altamira, Pará, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 99609. Paratypes: ANSP 192061 (5); MZUSP 99610 (22 = 3 c&s), 99611 (12)101382 (9). •Valid as Lebiasina melanoguttata Netto-Ferreira 2012 -- (Netto-Ferreira et al. 2013:567 [ref. 32711]). Current status: Valid as Lebiasina melanoguttata Netto-Ferreira 2012. Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: Rio Curuá, rio Xingu basin, Pará, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

melanostomus, Holotaxis Cope [E. D.] 1870:563 [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 11; ref. 914] Pebas, Peru. Syntypes: not found. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:119 [ref. 13621]. Apparently not treated by Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003 [ref. 27061] except to list as the type species of Holotaxis. •Valid as Pyrrhulina melanostoma (Cope 1870) -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:29 [ref. 37559], Ortega & Vari 1986:11 [ref. 9708], Menni 2004:72 [ref. 28131], Sarmiento et al. 2014:186 [ref. 35004]). •Valid as Pyrrhulina melanostomus (Cope 1870) -- (López et al. 2003:36 [ref. 27366]). Current status: Valid as Pyrrhulina melanostomus (Cope 1870). Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: South America: Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia. Habitat: freshwater.

metae, Copeina Eigenmann [C. H.] 1914:229 [Indiana University Studies v. 2 (no. 23); ref. 11065] Barrigona, Río Meta, Colombia. Holotype: CAS 60494 [ex IU 13251a]. Paratypes: (34) CAS 60495 [ex IU 13251] (26), CAS-SU 24656 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:23 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Copella metae (Eigenmann 1914) -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:10 [ref. 9708], Taphorn 1992:465 [ref. 23654], Zarske & Géry 1997:15 [ref. 22797], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:242 [ref. 27061], Zarske & Géry 2006:44 [ref. 29030]). •Synonym of Copella eigenmanni (Regan 1912) -- (Zarske 2011:29 [ref. 30374], Marinho & Menezes 2017:29 [ref. 35572]). Current status: Synonym of Copella eigenmanni (Regan 1912). Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Habitat: freshwater.

minimus, Nannostomus Eigenmann [C. H.] 1909:42 [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 1222] Erukin, Guyana. Holotype: FMNH 52771 [ex CM 1165]. Paratypes: (3, CM and IU) BMNH 1911.10.31.166 (1), CAS 29350 [ex IU 11691] (1), FMNH 52772 (1). Type catalog: Henn 1928:56 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:59 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Nannostomus beckfordi Günther 1872 -- (Weitzman 1966:13 [ref. 12368]). •Valid as Nannostomus minimus Eigenmann 1909 -- (Weitzman & Cobb 1975:21 [ref. 7134], Géry & Zarske 2002:36 [ref. 26555], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:245 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Nannostomus minimus Eigenmann 1909. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Potaro and Mazaruni River basins, Guyana. Habitat: freshwater.

minuta, Lebiasina Netto-Ferreira [A. L.] 2012:494, Fig. 6 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 10 (no. 3); ref. 32207] Rio Xingu drainage, rio Treze de Maio, rio Iriri basin, near BR-163 road, 8°47'03"S, 54°58'29"W, Altamira, Pará, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 110693. Paratypes: ANSP 192062 (5), MZUSP 101423 (94 + 2 c&s), 101412 (1) •Valid as Lebiasina minuta Netto-Ferreira 2012 -- (Netto-Ferreira et al. 2013:567 [ref. 32711]). Current status: Valid as Lebiasina minuta Netto-Ferreira 2012. Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: Rio Curuá drainage, Rio Xingu basin, Pará, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

minutus, Archicheir Eigenmann [C. H.] 1909:46 [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 1222] Canal at Christianburg, Guyana. Holotype (unique): FMNH 52786 [ex CM 1186]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:55 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:11 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Poecilobrycon harrisoni Eigenmann 1909 -- (Weitzman 1966:38 [ref. 12368]). •Synonym of Nannostomus harrisoni (Eigenmann 1909) -- (Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:244 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Nannostomus harrisoni (Eigenmann 1909). Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Habitat: freshwater.

mortenthaleri, Nannostomus marginatus Paepke [H.-J.] & Arendt [K.] 2001:144, Figs. 1-6, 10-13, 15 [Verhandlungen der Gesellschaft für Ichthyologie 2001; ref. 26010] Small tributary of Rio Nanay at the village of Alvarenga, Loreto, Province of Maynas (=Iquitos), 3°31'10"S, 74°25'40"W, Peru. Holotype: MUSM 17719. Paratypes: MUSM 17720 (3); MTD F 24773 (3); ZMB 33228 (4), 33229 (6, stained and partially damaged). Type catalog: Zarske 2003:19 [ref. 27474]. •Synonym of Nannostomus marginatus Eigenmann 1909, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Paepke & Arendt 2001:143 [ref. 26010]). •Valid as Nannostomus mortenthaleri Paepke & Arendt 2001 -- (Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:245 [ref. 27061], Zarske 2009:11 [ref. 30197]). Current status: Valid as Nannostomus mortenthaleri Paepke & Arendt 2001. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Nanay River near Albarenga and apparently Tigre River near Santa Elena in Loreto Department, Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

multimaculata, Lebiasina Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:212 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 7 (no. 38); ref. 14777] Río Condoto at Condoto, Chocó Dept., southwestern Colombia, elevation 150 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1910.7.11.167-169 (3). •Valid as Lebiasina multimaculata Boulenger 1911 -- (Ardila Rodríguez 2000:[4] [ref. 25625], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:243 [ref. 27061], Ardila Rodríguez 2008:21 [ref. 30121], Ardila Rodríguez 2008:27 [ref. 30122], Ardila Rodríguez 2010:2 [ref. 31719], Netto-Ferreira et al. 2011:774 [ref. 31718], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Lebiasina multimaculata Boulenger 1911. Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

narinensis, Lebiasina Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2002:11-18, Figs. 1-3 [Dahlia (Revista de la Asociación Colombiana de Ictiólogos, ACICTIOS). No. 5; ref. 26233] Quebrada Angostura, vía Tumaco-Pasto, Dept. Nariño, Colombia. Holotype: ICNMEN 2340. Paratypes: ICNMHN 2340-1 (2). Type catalog: Mojica & Agudelo-Zamora 2018:25 [ref. 36127]. Originally as nariñensis, but that spelling is incorrect. •Valid as Lebiasina narinensis Ardila Rodríguez 2002 -- (Ardila Rodríguez 2008:21 [ref. 30121], Ardila Rodríguez 2010:6 [ref. 31719], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Lebiasina narinensis Ardila Rodríguez 2002. Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

nattereri, Pyrrhulina Steindachner [F.] 1876:13 [8], Pl. 2 (figs. 5-5a) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 72 (1. Abth.); ref. 14212] Mouth of Río Negro; Amazon River at Obidos, Brazil. Lectotype: NMW 95055 [ex NMW 57148]. Paralectotypes: NMW 56974 (5), 57148 (4); MSNG 9239 (1); ZMUC P241264, P241265. Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:182 [ref. 10343]. On p. 13 of separate. Lectotype designatead by Zarske & Géry 2006:19 [ref. 29030]. •Valid as Copella nattereri (Steindachner 1876) -- (Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:242 [ref. 27061], Zarske & Géry 2006:19 [ref. 29030], Zarske & Géry 2007:50 [ref. 38363], DoNascimiento 2016:529 [ref. 34727], Marinho & Menezes 2017:36 [ref. 35572], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Copella nattereri (Steindachner 1876). Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: South America: Amazon, Negro and upper Orinoco River basins (Brazil, Colombia, Guyana and Venezuela). Habitat: freshwater.

nigrofasciata, Pyrrhulina Meinken [H.] 1952:115, Figs. 1-3 [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 5 (no. 5); ref. 12790] Amazon River, Peru. Syntypes: (3) ZMH 1211 (1), 1212 (3?). Type catalog: Wilkens 1977:156 [ref. 22013]. Originally 3 syntypes. •Valid as Copella nigrofasciata (Meinken 1952) -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:10 [ref. 9708], Zarske & Géry 1997:15 [ref. 22797], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:242 [ref. 27061], Zarske & Géry 2006:25 [ref. 29030], Zarske & Géry 2007:50 [ref. 38363], Barriga Salazar 2014:110 [ref. 35745]). •Synonym of Copella callolepis (Regan 1912) -- (Marinho & Menezes 2017:18 [ref. 35572]). Current status: Synonym of Copella callolepis (Regan 1912). Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Habitat: freshwater.

nigrotaeniatus, Nannostomus Zarske [A.] 2013:127, Figs. 1, 10-13 [Vertebrate Zoology v. 63 (no. 2); ref. 32773] Río Ventuari, Venezuela (Imported). Holotype: MTD F 32993. Paratypes: MTD F 32994-32998 (5), 32999-33002 (5). •Valid as Nannostomus nigrotaeniatus Zarske 2013. Current status: Valid as Nannostomus nigrotaeniatus Zarske 2013. Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: Río Ventuari, Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

nitidus, Nannostomus Weitzman [S. H.] 1978:3, Figs. 1-2 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 263; ref. 7040] Igarapé Candiru-Mirim, Rio Capim, Pará, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 12920. Paratypes: ANSP 137388 (4, published as 5), BMNH 1976.11.8.1-5 (5), MZUSP 12921-38 (18), USNM 216204 (8). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:119 [ref. 13621], Vari & Howe 1991:31 [ref. 19022], Oyakawa 1996:484 [ref. 23140]. •Valid as Nannostomus nitidus Weitzman 1978 -- (Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:245 [ref. 27061], Zarske 2011:293 [ref. 31670], Guimarães et al. 2020:1 [ref. 37521]). Current status: Valid as Nannostomus nitidus Weitzman 1978. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: South America: Capim River basin in Pará State, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

obermulleri, Pyrrhulina Myers [G. S.] 1926:150 [Copeia No. 156; ref. 12337] Amazon basin. Syntypes: CAS 60498 [ex IU uncat.] (4). •Synonym of Pyrrhuylina lugubris Eigenmann 1822 -- (Taphorn 1992:472 [ref. 23654]). •Valid as Pyrrhulina obermulleri Myers 1926 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:11 [ref. 9708], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:248 [ref. 27061] as obermuelleri, Netto-Ferreira & Marinho 2013:374 [ref. 32716], Barriga Salazar 2014:110 [ref. 35745] as obermuelleri, DoNascimiento et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35633], Vieira & Netto-Ferreira 2019:7 [ref. 36867]). Current status: Valid as Pyrrhulina obermulleri Myers 1926. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Upper Amazon River basin: Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

ocellatus, Poecilobrycon Eigenmann [C. H.] 1909:45 [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 1222] Wismar, Guyana. Holotype: FMNH 52975 [ex CM 1179]. Paratypes: (111, CM and IU) BMNH 1911.10.31.384-385 (2); CAS 62377-82 [ex IU 11703-08] (2, 10, 3, 3, 1, 5); FMNH 52781-85 (10, 3, 3, 1, 5), 53552 (1); MCZ 29931 (2); ZMA 100519 (1). Type catalog: Henn 1928:57 [ref. 12305], Nijssen et al. 1982:23 [ref. 19236], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:68 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Poecilobrycon unifasciatus (Steindachner 1876) -- (Weitzman 1966:42 [ref. 12368]). •Synonym of Nannostomus unifasciatus Steindachner 1876 -- (Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:246 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Nannostomus unifasciatus Steindachner 1876. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Habitat: freshwater.

ortegai, Lebiasina Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2008:20, Figs. 2-9, 10A [Dahlia (Revista de la Asociación Colombiana de Ictiólogos, ACICTIOS). v. 10; ref. 30121] Quebradaa afluente de Rio Las Cañas, 200 meters antes de cruzar la via Florida Miranda, Municipio de Florida, Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Holotype: IMCN 4200. Paratypes: CAR 265 (7), 157 (5); CZUT-IC 2586 (1); IAvH-P 9875 (1); IMCN 4201 (3). Type catalog: DoNascimiento et al. 2016:407 [ref. 34787]. •Valid as Lebiasina ortegai Ardila Rodríguez 2008 -- (Ardila Rodríguez 2010:6 [ref. 31719], Netto-Ferreira et al. 2011:774 [ref. 31718], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Lebiasina ortegai Ardila Rodríguez 2008. Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: Río Cauca River system, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

osgoodi, Copeina Eigenmann [C. H.] 1922:232 [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 9 (no. 1); ref. 1243] Mouth of Río Yavary at Nazareth, Amazon system, Peru. Holotype: FMNH 15352. Paratypes: FMNH 15322-30 (9), 15353-58 (6). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:27 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Copeina osgoodi Eigenmann 1922 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:10 [ref. 9708], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:241 [ref. 27061], Barriga Salazar 2014:110 [ref. 35745], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:[6] [ref. 35679]). Current status: Valid as Copeina osgoodi Eigenmann 1922. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Upper Amazon River basin: Peru and Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

panamensis, Lebiasina Gill [T. N.] 1877:336 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 28 (for 1876); ref. 17633] Río Frijoli and a stream emptying into the Atlantic, Panama. Syntypes: USNM 16676 (1), 16677 (now 1), 116372 [ex 16677] (1); 1 specimen apparently missing. Type catalog: Vari & Howe 1991:33 [ref. 19022]. Second specimen ("young") in original USNM 16677 recataloged as different species and different family as USNM 116372; perhaps a specimen switch is involved. •Valid as Piabucina panamensis Gill 1877 -- (Bussing 1998:125 [ref. 24179], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:247 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Lebiasina panamensis (Gill 1877) -- (Géry & Zarske 2002:39 [ref. 26555], Ardila Rodríguez 2010:6 [ref. 31719], Netto-Ferreira et al. 2011:774 [ref. 31718], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Lebiasina panamensis (Gill 1877). Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: Colombia and Panama. Habitat: freshwater.

picturatus, Nannostomus marginatus Hoedeman [J. J.] 1954:87 [Beaufortia v. 4 (no. 39); ref. 12647] Ditch near Zanderij II, Suriname. Holotype: ZMA 100324a. Paratypes: ZMA 100324b (4), 100515 (22). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:23 [ref. 19236]. •Synonym of Nannostomus marginatus Eigenmann 1909 -- (Weitzman 1966:32 [ref. 12368], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:245 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Nannostomus marginatus Eigenmann 1909, but a valid subspecies -- (Paepke & Arendt 2001:152 [ref. 26010]). Current status: Synonym of Nannostomus marginatus Eigenmann 1909. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Habitat: freshwater.

pleurotaenia, Piabucina Regan [C. T.] 1903:623 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 12 (no. 72) (art. 64); ref. 13401] Merida, Venezuela, elevation 1600 meters. Syntypes: (6) BMNH 1903.4.28.39-40 (2). •Synonym of Lebisiana erythrinoides (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Taphorn 1992:468 [ref. 23654], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:[5] [ref. 35679]). •Synonym of Piabucina erythrinoides (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Taphorn & Lilyestrom 1980:335 [ref. 30064]). •Valid as Piabucina pleurotaenia Regan 1903 -- (Galvis et al. 1997:32 [ref. 23651], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:247 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Piabucina pleurotaenia Regan 1903. Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: Mérida and Catatumbo River basins: Colombia and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

provenzanoi, Lebiasina Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 1999:[2], Figs. [Revista Unimetro v. 13 (no. 25-26); ref. 25624] Río Aponwao (Qda. Tarotá), Gran Sabana, Estado Bolívar, Venezuela. Holotype: MBUCV-V-22285. Paratypes: MBUCV 17465 (20), MHNLS 5245 (78). •Valid as Lebiasina provenzanoi Ardila Rodríguez 1999 -- (Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:243 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Lebiasina provenzanoi Ardila Rodríguez 1999. Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: Upper Aponwao River basin, Gran Sabana, Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

rachoviana, Pyrrhulina Myers [G. S.] 1926:441 [Blätter für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 37 (no. 18); ref. 15598] Aquarium specimens bred from stock collected in the lower Amazon River [Unterlauf des Amazonas], Brazil. Syntypes: USNM 92970 (2). Type catalog: Vari & Howe 1991:37 [ref. 19022]. •Synonym of Pyrrhulina australis Eigenmann & Kennedy 1903 -- (Zarske & Géry 2004:44 [ref. 28037] probably, Litz & Koerber 2014:9 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:14 [ref. 35117]). •Valid as Pyrrhulina rachoviana Myers 1926 -- (Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:248 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:36 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:72 [ref. 28131], Netto-Ferreira & Marinho 2013:373 [ref. 32716], Zarske 2016:62 [ref. 35241]). Current status: Valid as Pyrrhulina rachoviana Myers 1926. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Lower Amazon basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

rubrocaudatus, Nannostomus Zarske [A.] 2009:12, Figs. 1-6, 12a-b [Vertebrate Zoology v. 59 (no. 1); ref. 30197] Peru [imported]. Holotype: MTD F 31562. Paratypes: MTD F 31563-64 (2), 31565-70 (6). •Valid as Nannostomus rubrocaudatus Zarske 2009. Current status: Valid as Nannostomus rubrocaudatus Zarske 2009. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

semifasciata, Pyrrhulina Steindachner [F.] 1876:7 [2], Pl. 1 (figs. 1-2a) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 72 (1. Abth.); ref. 14212] Rio Negro mouth; Cudajas, Gurupa and Tabatinga, Brazil. Syntypes: (several) ?MCZ 6317 (8) Gurupa, 6345 (1) Tabatinga, 6367 (20) Tabatinga, 6858 (25) Tabatinga; ZMUC 42 (1?) Amazonas; NMW 56975-78 (3, 2, 1, 3), 56980 (2), 56986 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:44 [ref. 9588]. On p. 2 of separate. •Questionably a synonym of Pyrrhulina lugubris Eigenmann 1922 -- (Taphorn 1992:472 [ref. 23654]).•Valid as Pyrrhulina semifasciata Steindachner 1876 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:11 [ref. 9708], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:248 [ref. 27061], Netto-Ferreira & Marinho 2013:374 [ref. 32716], Barriga Salazar 2014:110 [ref. 35745], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35633], Vieira & Netto-Ferreira 2019:7 [ref. 36867]). Current status: Valid as Pyrrhulina semifasciata Steindachner 1876. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Amazon River basin: Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

simplex, Nannostomus Eigenmann [C. H.] 1909:42 [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 1222] Lama Stop-off, Guyana. Holotype: FMNH 52773 [ex CM 1167]. Paratypes: CAS 62115 [ex IU 11692] (1). Type catalog: Henn 1928:56 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:59 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Nannostomus beckfordi Günther 1872 -- (Weitzman 1966:13 [ref. 12368], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:244 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Nannostomus beckfordi Günther 1872. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Habitat: freshwater.

spilota, Pyrrhulina Weitzman [S. H.] 1960:109, Fig. 1 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 7 (no. 4); ref. 9615] South America [no other data]. Holotype: CAS-SU 52352. Paratypes: CAS-SU 52353 (1). •Valid as Pyrrhulina spilota Weitzman 1960 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:11 [ref. 9708], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:248 [ref. 27061], Sarmiento et al. 2014:186 [ref. 35004], Vieira & Netto-Ferreira 2019:7 [ref. 36867]). Current status: Valid as Pyrrhulina spilota Weitzman 1960. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Upper Amazon River basin, Peru and Bolivia. Habitat: freshwater.

stigmasemion, Nannostomus Fowler [H. W.] 1913:523, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 65; ref. 1389] Tributary of Rio Madeira near Porto Velho, Brazil. Holotype (unique): ANSP 39188. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:119 [ref. 13621]. In genus Pyrrhulina. Not in Reis et al. 2003 [ref. 27061]. Apparently not treated by Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003 [ref. 27061]. Valid as Pyrrhulina stigmasemion (Fowler 1913) -- (Sarmiento et al. 2014:186 [ref. 35004]). •Synonym of Copella callolepis (Regan 1912) -- (Marinho & Menezes 2017:18 [ref. 35572]). Current status: Synonym of Copella callolepis (Regan 1912). Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Habitat: freshwater.

stoli, Pyrrhulina Boeseman [M.] 1953:14, Fig. 1d [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 32 (no. 1); ref. 12684] Marowini River basin (?), Suriname. Holotype: RMNH 20469. Paratypes: (60) RMNH 20470 (12). Additional material: (1+26+1). •Valid as Pyrrhulina stoli Boeseman 1953 -- (Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:248 [ref. 27061], Zarske 2011:20 [ref. 30374], Netto-Ferreira & Marinho 2013:374 [ref. 32716], DoNascimiento 2016:529 [ref. 34727], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:[6] [ref. 35679], Vieira & Netto-Ferreira 2019:7 [ref. 36867]). Current status: Valid as Pyrrhulina stoli Boeseman 1953. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Suriname, Venezuela and Guyana. Habitat: freshwater.

surinami, Nannostomus beckfordi Hoedeman [J. J.] 1954:84 [Beaufortia v. 4 (no. 39); ref. 12647] Berg en Dal at Suriname River, Suriname. Holotype: ZMA 100514a. Paratypes: ZMA 100514b (220). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:22-23 [ref. 19236]. •Synonym of Nannostomus beckfordi Günther 1872 -- (Weitzman 1966:13 [ref. 12368], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:244 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Nannostomus beckfordi Günther 1872. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Habitat: freshwater.

taphorni, Lebiasina Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2004:58, Unnumbered Fig., plus Figs. 1, 3, 5, 6, 7A [Dahlia (Revista de la Asociación Colombiana de Ictiólogos, ACICTIOS). v. 7; ref. 28133] Río Caura, Estado Bolóvar, Venezuela. Holotype: CAR 15-04-47. Paratypes: CAS 15-04-48 (2). •Valid as Lebiasina taphorni Ardila Rodríguez 2004 -- (Netto-Ferreira et al. 2011:774 [ref. 31718]). Current status: Valid as Lebiasina taphorni Ardila Rodríguez 2004. Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: Ráo Caura, Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

trifasciatus, Nannostomus Steindachner [F.] 1876:123 [75], Pl. 9 (fig. 2) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 74 (1. Abth.); ref. 4225] Amazon River near mouth of Rio Negro and Tabatinga, Brazil. Syntypes: NMW 56522-23 (3, 5). On p. 75 of separate. •Valid as nannostomus trifasciatus Steindachner 1876 -- (Weitzman 1966:27 [ref. 12368], Weitzman & Cobb 1975:27 [ref. 7134], Ortega & Vari 1986:10 [ref. 9708], Paepke & Arendt 2001:152 [ref. 26010], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:246 [ref. 27061], Zarske 2013:127 [ref. 32773], Sarmiento et al. 2014:81, 186 [ref. 35004], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:45 [ref. 35633], Careaga et al. 2020:76 [ref. 37774]). Current status: Valid as Nannostomus trifasciatus Steindachner 1876. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: South America: Amazon and Orinoco river basins (Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Guyana and Peru). Habitat: freshwater.

unifasciatus, Nannostomus Steindachner [F.] 1876:127 [79], Pl. 9 (fig. 1) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 74 (1. Abth.); ref. 4225] Near mouth of Rio Negro, Brazil. Syntypes: (several) NMW 56514 (4), 58741 (3). On p. 79 of separate. •Valid as Poecilobrycon unifasciatus (Steindachner 1876) -- (Weitzman 1966:42 [ref. 12368]). •Valid as Nannostomus unifasciatus Steindachner 1876 -- (Weitzman & Cobb 1975:33 [ref. 7134], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:246 [ref. 27061], Sarmiento et al. 2014:81, 186 [ref. 35004], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:45 [ref. 35633], Careaga et al. 2020:76 [ref. 37774], Guimarães et al. 2020:1 [ref. 37521]). Current status: Valid as Nannostomus unifasciatus Steindachner 1876. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: South America: Amazon River basin of Bolivia and Brazil and Colombia; upper Orinoco basin of Venezuela; and Guyana (Bolivia, Brazil, Guyana and Venzuela); introduced in Trinidad and Tobago. Habitat: freshwater.

unitaeniata, Piabucina Günther [A.] 1864:311 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] Guyana. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1988.2.16.1. •Valid as Piabucina unitaeniata Günther 1864 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:27 [ref. 37559], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:247 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Lebiasina unitaeniata (Günther 1864) -- (Ardila Rodríguez 1999:[8] [ref. 25624], Géry & Zarske 2002:45 [ref. 26555], Netto-Ferreira et al. 2011:774 [ref. 31718], Netto-Ferreira et al. 2013:567 [ref. 32711]). Current status: Valid as Lebiasina unitaeniata (Günther 1864). Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: South America: western Guyana in vicinity of Roraima and Gran Sabana (Guyana and Venezuela). Habitat: freshwater.

uruyensis, Lebiasina Fernández-Yépez [A.] 1967:173, Pl. 5 [Acta Biologica Venezuelica v. 5 (art. 10); ref. 7889] Río Uruyén, region of Auyantepui, Cuenca del Caroní, Estado Bolívar, Venezuela. Holotype: MHNLS 789 [ex AFY 56608]. Paratypes: AFY 56609 (1, ? now 0), MBUCV-V-2601 [ex AFY 56609] (1). Type catalog: Lasso et al. 1998:43 [ref. 23639], Provenzano et al. 1998:12 [ref. 24196]. •Valid as Lebiasina uruyensis Fernández-Yépez 1967 -- (Ardila Rodríguez 1999:[8] [ref. 25624], Géry & Zarske 2002:45 [ref. 26555], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:243 [ref. 27061], Ardila Rodríguez 2004:60 [ref. 28133], Netto-Ferreira et al. 2011:774 [ref. 31718]). Current status: Valid as Lebiasina uruyensis Fernández-Yépez 1967. Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: Upper Caroni River basin in western Gran Sabana, Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

vilmae, Copella Géry [J.] 1963:25, Figs. 1-2 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 44 (no. 1); ref. 4854] Igarapé Préto, along upper Amazon, near Belem, about 60 kilometers below Leticia, Peru-Colombia border. Holotype: SMF 5931. Paratypes: SMF 5967-78 (12); USNM 198135 (4); MHNG 2200.018 (4). Type catalog: Vari & Howe 1991:15 [ref. 19022]. •Valid as Copella vilmae Géry 1963 -- (Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:242 [ref. 27061], Zarske & Géry 2006:44 [ref. 29030], Barriga Salazar 2014:110 [ref. 35745], Marinho & Menezes 2017:44 [ref. 35572], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Copella vilmae Géry 1963. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Upper Amazon River basin, Colombia and Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

vittata, Pyrrhulina Regan [C. T.] 1912:391 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 10 (no. 58); ref. 14866] Obidos, Amazon system, Brazil. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1912.8.31.2. •Valid as Pyrrhulina vittata Regan 1912 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:11 [ref. 9708], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:248 [ref. 27061], Netto-Ferreira & Marinho 2013:373 [ref. 32716], Sarmiento et al. 2014:186 [ref. 35004], Careaga et al. 2020:76 [ref. 37774]). Current status: Valid as Pyrrhulina vittata Regan 1912. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: South America: upper Amazon River basin (Bolivia, Brazil and Peru). Habitat: freshwater.

vittatus, Poecilobrycon Ahl [E.] 1934:124 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 106 (no. 5/6); ref. 17303] Pará, Brazil. Syntypes: ZMB 20791 (5). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:91 [ref. 21847]. Mentioned earlier by Ahl 1933:184 [ref. 35902], but with no differential diagnosis. •Synonym of Nannostomus trifasciatus Steindachner 1876 -- (Weitzman 1966:27 [ref. 12368], Paepke & Arendt 2001:152 [ref. 26010], Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:246 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Poecilobrycon vittatus Ahl 1934 -- (Zarske 2013:127 [ref. 32773]). Current status: Synonym of Nannostomus trifasciatus Steindachner 1876. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Habitat: freshwater.

yepezi, Lebiasina Netto-Ferreira [A. L.], Oyakawa [O. T.], Zuanon [J.] & Nolasco [J. C.] 2011:767, Figs. 1, 2b, 3 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 9 (no. 4); ref. 31718] Rio Marari, tributary of rio Padauari, Upper rio Negro drainage, at basecamp between 700-1000 meters elevation, upstream to Missão Marari of Ianomami Village, Serra Tapirapecó, 1°12'26"N, 64°47'18"W, Amazonas State, Brazil. Holotype: MNRJ 39067. Paratypes: many at INPA, MAC-PAY, MBUCV, MHNLS, MNRJ, MPEG, MZUSP, USNM. •Valid as Lebiasina yepezi Netto-Ferreira, Oyakawa, Zuanon & Nolasco 2011. Current status: Valid as Lebiasina yepezi Netto-Ferreira, Oyakawa, Zuanon & Nolasco 2011. Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: Rio Amazonas system and rio Negro drainage, Colombia and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

yuruaniensis, Lebiasina Ardila Rodríguez [C. A.] 2000:[2], Figs. [Revista Unimetro v. 13 (no. 25-26); ref. 25625] Río Yuruaní, Gran Sabana, Estado Bolívar, Venezuela. Holotype: MHNLS 7469. Paratypes: MHNLS 7467-68 (17, 3). •Valid as Lebiasina yuruaniensis Ardila Rodríguez 2000 -- (Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:243 [ref. 27061], Ardila Rodríguez 2008:21 [ref. 30121], Ardila Rodríguez 2008:27 [ref. 30122], Netto-Ferreira et al. 2011:774 [ref. 31718], Netto-Ferreira et al. 2013:567 [ref. 32711]). Current status: Valid as Lebiasina yuruaniensis Ardila Rodríguez 2000. Lebiasinidae: Lebiasininae. Distribution: Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

zigzag, Pyrrhulina Zarske [A.] & Géry [J.] 1997:12, Figs. 1-2 [Das Aquarium, Monatsmagazin für Vivaristik v. 31 (no. 336); ref. 22797] Creek on road from Campo Verde to Nueva Requena, about 8°30'S, 74°35'W, near Pucallpa, Loreto Dept., Peru. Holotype: MTD F17705. Paratypes: MTD F 10963-66 (4), 10967-69 (3), 16150-54 (5), 17247-54 (8), 17318-33 (16), 17414-25 (13), 17660-63 (4); Géry coll. (8); MHNG (7, 1, 9, 3, 15); ZMA (1); ZMB (5, 5, 1); ZMK 19909-12 (4). Type catalog: Zarske 2003:20 [ref. 27474], Herder et al. 2010:115 [ref. 31087]. •Valid as Pyrrhulina zigzag Zarske & Géry 1997 -- (Weitzman & Weitzman in Reis et al. 2003:249 [ref. 27061], Netto-Ferreira & Marinho 2013:373 [ref. 32716], Barriga Salazar 2014:110 [ref. 35745], Zarske 2016:70 [ref. 35241], Vieira & Netto-Ferreira 2019:7 [ref. 36867]). Current status: Valid as Pyrrhulina zigzag Zarske & Géry 1997. Lebiasinidae: Pyrrhulininae. Distribution: Upper Amazon River basin: Brazil, Ecuador and Peru. Habitat: freshwater.