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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Lotidae: [ 55 ] records


abyssorum, Gadus Nilsson [S.] 1832:46 [Prodromus ichthyologiae Scandinavicae; ref. 3204] Norway. No types known. •Synonym of Molva dypterygia (Pennant 1784) -- (Svetovidov 1973:313 [ref. 7169], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:63 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Molva dypterygia (Pennant 1784). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

americanus, Brosmius Gill [T. N.] 1863:242 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 15; ref. 1687] New name for Brosmius vulgaris of Storer (not Fleming). •Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772) -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:29 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

argentea, Hypsiptera Günther [A.] 1860:386 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] Open sea. Syntypes: (7) BMNH. Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

asiatica, Lota lota Kirillov [F. N.] 1972:279 [Fishes of Yakutia; ref. 7259] Several localities in Yakutia, Russia. No types known. Syntypes: (many) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:157 [ref. 22952], Kottelat 2006:59 [ref. 28831], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:54 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

brosma, Enchura Minding [J.] 1832:84 [Lehrbuch der Naturgeschichte der Fische; ref. 3022] Northern part of North Sea. No types known. Apparently not an original description, but brosme of earlier authors. Misspelling. Lotidae.

brosme, Gadus Ascanius [P.] 1772:7, Pl. 17 [Icones rerum naturalium, ou figures enluminées d'histoire naturelle du Nord; ref. 5115] Denmark. No types known. Also appeared in Müller 1776:41 [ref. 17808]. •Valid as Trisopterus brosme (Ascanius 1772) -- (Svetovidov 1973:311 [ref. 7169]). •Valid as Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772) -- (Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:697 [ref. 13676], Robins & Ray 1986:96 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:262 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:118 [ref. 14674], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:29 [ref. 18936], Endo in Okamura et al. 1995:118 [ref. 22531], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:158 [ref. 25013], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:223 [ref. 26158], Moore et al. 2003:212 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:94 [ref. 27807], Møller et al. 2010:42 [ref. 31169], Page et al. 2013:93 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:180 [ref. 33547], Afonso et al. 2016:36, 113 [ref. 36199], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:121 [ref. 36370], Carneiro et al. 2019:144 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772). Lotidae. Distribution: North Atlantic and adjacent Arctic Ocean. Habitat: marine.

brosmiana, Lota Storer [D. H.] 1842:58, Pl. 5 (fig. 1) [Boston Journal of Natural History v. 4 (no. 1) (art. 7); ref. 18833] Winnipissogee Lake, New Hampshire, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:53 [ref. 18936] as brosmina, Dyldin & Orlov 2017:54 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

communis, Lota Rapp [W. L. von] 1854:172 [Jahreshefte des Vereins für Vaterländische Naturkunde in Württemberg v. 10 (no. 2); ref. 3608] Original not seen. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:157 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

communis, Motella Costa [O. G.] 1844:Gadoides p. 17 [Fauna del regno di Napoli Part 1; ref. 976] Gulf of Salerno, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Published 19 July 1844. Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

compressus, Gadus Lesueur [C. A.] 1817:84 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 1 (pt 1, no. 5) (26 Aug.); ref. 17512] Connecticut River, U.S.A. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Smith 1986:263 [ref. 22186], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:53 [ref. 18936], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:54 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

danicus, Gadus Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Müller) 1788:49 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Norway. No types known. Based on Gadus dipterygius, cirratus, maxilla inferiore longiore ... of Müller 1776:42 [ref. 17808], which was based on the 'Bürkelange' of Strøm 1767:400 [ref. 21098]. •Synonym of Molva dypterygia (Pennant 1784). Current status: Synonym of Molva dypterygia (Pennant 1784). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

digitata, Lota DeKay [J. E.] 1840:11, 29 [N.Y. Assembly Document 50; ref. 29723] Original not seen. Not available, name only; from New York, U.S.A. Nomen Nudum. Lotidae.

dypterygius, Gadus Pennant [T.] (ex Müller) 1784:lxxvi [Arctic zoology; ref. 18530] [No locality]. No types known. Pennant 1784 proposed name G.[adus] dypterygius and referred to Müller sp. no. 346 where description appeared; therefore, name is available from Pennant 1784 by indication. In Müller 1776:42 [ref. 17808] as "Gadus dipterygius, cirratus..." but not proposed as a binominal and not available. Also not available from Strøm 1767; see Gadus dipterygius Strøm 1767. •Valid as Molva dypterygia (Pennant 1784),, subspecies dypterygia (Pennant 1784) -- (Ehrich 1983:140 [ref. 37253]). •Valid as Molva dypterygia (Pennant 1784) -- (Svetovidov 1973:313 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:702 [ref. 13676] as dipterygia, McAllister 1990:119 [ref. 14674], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:63 [ref. 18936], Endo in Okamura et al. 1995:119 [ref. 22531], Fricke 2007:26 [ref. 30577], Møller et al. 2010:42 [ref. 31169] as dipterygius, Parin et al. 2014:182 [ref. 33547], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2027 [ref. 34586] as dipterygia, Mecklenburg et al. 2018:131 [ref. 36370], Martins & Carneiro 2018:47 [ref. 36550], Carneiro et al. 2019:146 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Molva dypterygia (Pennant 1784). Lotidae. Distribution: North Atlantic and adjacent Arctic Region. Habitat: marine.

elongatus, Gadus Otto [A. W.] 1821:6 [Conspectus animalium quorundam maritimorum; ref. 4987] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Molva dypterygius (Pennant 1784), subspecies macrophthalma (Rafinesque 1810) -- (Svetovidov 1973:314 [ref. 7169]). •Synonym of Molva macrophthalma (Rafinesque 1810) -- (Cohen 1990:529 [ref. 15766], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:52 [ref. 26753], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2028 [ref. 34586]). Current status: Synonym of Molva macrophthalma (Rafinesque 1810). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

exiguus, Brosmius Costa [O. G.] 1829-53:Gadoides p. 21, Pl. 39 (fig. 1) [Fauna del regno di Napoli Part 1; ref. 976] Cape of Posillipo. Still researching. Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

fischeri, Gadus Boerner [J. C. H.] 1778:75 [Oekonomische Nachrichten der Patriotischen Gesellschaft in Schlesien v. 6; ref. 19954] Distelwitz (Dziesławice), Wartenberg County (Województwo dolnośląskie), Schlesien (Silesia), Poland. No types known. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

flavescens, Brosmius Lesueur [C. A.] 1819:158, Pl. 16 [Mémoires du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 5; ref. 12573] Newfoundland Banks, northwestern Atlantic. No types known. •Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772) -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:29 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

flavesny, Brosmerus Lesueur [C. A.] 1819:158 [Mémoires du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 5; ref. 12573] Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

fluviatilis, Lota Perty [J. A. M.] 1832:717 [Isis (Oken) v. 25 (no. 7); ref. 18534] Unneeded new name for Gadus lota Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:157 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

fluviatilis, Mostella Dralet [É.-F.] 1821:40 [Considérations sur l'histoire naturelle des poissons, sur la pêche et les lois qui la régissent.; ref. 17418] No locality. No types known. Based on Gesner. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

fusca, Motella Swainson [W.] 1838:321, Fig. 74 [The natural history and classification of fishes, amphibians, & reptiles, or monocardian animals. v. 1; ref. 4302] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also in Swainson 1839:391 [ref. 4303]. Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

fuscus, Gadus Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Pennant) 1788:50 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Iceland seas. Based on Pennant 1784:202, No. 88 [ref. 18530]. Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

huntia, Molva Lesueur [C. A.] 1819:161 [Mémoires du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 5; ref. 12573] Connecticut River, at Northampton, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

inornata, Lota DeKay [J. E.] 1842:283, Pl. 45 (fig. 145) [Zoology of New-York; ref. 1098] Hudson River at Lansingburgh, New York, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): Cabinet of the Albany Inst. (whereabouts unknown). •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Smith 1986:263 [ref. 22186], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:53 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

kamensis, Lota lota Markun [M. I.] 1936:214 [Bulletin de l'Institut des Recherches Biologiques de Perm. v. 10 (pt 6); ref. 13717] Kama River at Okhansk, Russia. No types known. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1949:943 [ref. 20662], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:53 [ref. 18936], Kottelat 1997:157 [ref. 22952], Bogutskaya 1998:110 [ref. 23589], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:54 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

kumunikar, Lota Montrouzier [X.] 1857:430 [152] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

lacustris, Gadus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:144 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Hudson Bay region, Canada. No types known. See Gilbert 1998:216 [ref. 23395]. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (McAllister 1990:119 [ref. 14674], McPhail 2007:418 [ref. 31199], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:55 [ref. 35138]). •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Smith 1986:262 [ref. 22186], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:53 [ref. 18936], Baxter & Stone 1995:207 [ref. 23374], Scott & Crossman 1998:645 [ref. 24570], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:54 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

leptura, Lota lota Hubbs [C. L.] & Schultz [L. P.] 1941:17 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 431; ref. 10913] Kotlik, near one of the mouths of the Yukon River, Norton Sound, Alaska, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 29916. Paratypes: USNM 76847-48 (134, 69). Additional material: many lots at USNM not specifically listed as types, also UMML 126329-31 (1, 1, 5). •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies leptura Hubbs & Schultz 1941 as described -- (Chereshnev 1996:605 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:747 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya 1998:111 [ref. 23589], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:23 [ref. 25650], Chereshnev et al. 2001:109 [ref. 26736], Fedorov et al. 2003:54 [ref. 27579], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:171 [ref. 28183]). •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1949:948 [ref. 20662], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:53 [ref. 18936], Kottelat 1997:157 [ref. 22952], Scott & Crossman 1998:628 [ref. 24570], Sideleva 2001:55 [ref. 26181], Sideleva 2003:14 [ref. 27815], McPhail 2007:418 [ref. 31199], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:54 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

linnei, Lota Malm [A. W.] 1877:491 [ ref. 2881] Original as Linnéi. Tentatively regarded as an unneeded replacement name for Gadus lota Linnaeus 1758 (to avoid "Strickland tautonomy"). Locality Sweden. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:53 [ref. 18936], Kottelat 1997:157 [ref. 22952]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

linnei, Molva Malm [A. W.] 1877:491 [ ref. 2881] Original as Linnéi. Tentatively regarded as an unneeded replacement name for Gadus molva Linnaeus 1758 (to avoid "Strickland tautonomy"). Locality Sweden. •Synonym of Molva molva (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:313 [ref. 7169]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Molva molva (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

lota, Gadus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:255 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European lakes. Linnaean specimens: LS 37 and 38 (2, left half-skins). Type catalog: Wheeler 1985:37-38 [ref. 20705], and see Wheeler 1991:164-165 [ref. 20102]. North American and eastern Siberian populations are now considered to be Lota maculosa. •Valid as Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1949:943 [ref. 20662], Lee et al. 1980:487 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:261 [ref. 22186], Lelek 1987:263 [ref. 22962], Mitrofanov & Dukravec 1989:99 [ref. 37748], McAllister 1990:118 [ref. 14674], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:53 [ref. 18936], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:137 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:214 [ref. 18983], Etnier & Starnes 1993:358 [ref. 22809], Baxter & Stone 1995:206 [ref. 23374], Cross & Collins 1995:171 [ref. 23394], Coad 1995:25 [ref. 23608], Zhu 1995:164 [ref. 25213], Bogutskaya & Naseka 1996:55 [ref. 22798], Chereshnev 1996:605 [ref. 24659], Kottelat 1997:157 [ref. 22952], Kim 1997:369 [ref. 24032], Nikiforov et al. 1997:330 [ref. 24694], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:747 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya 1998:110 [ref. 23589], Coad 1998:103 [ref. 23869], Scott & Crossman 1998:641 [ref. 24570], Fuller et al. 1999:275 [ref. 25838], Lyons et al. 2000:41 [ref. 26594], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:23 [ref. 25650], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Pietsch et al. 2001:143 [ref. 25688], Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:201 [ref. 26728], Sideleva 2001:55 [ref. 26181], Kim & Park 2002:292 [ref. 25913], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:289 [ref. 25968], Choi et al. 2003:210, 540 [ref. 26218], Sideleva 2003:14 [ref. 27815], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:164 [ref. 27816], Hanel 2003:60 [ref. 27894], Alekseyev et al. 2004:54 [ref. 27625], Nelson et al. 2004:94 [ref. 27807], Bailey et al. 2004:162 [ref. 27882], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:170 [ref. 28183], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:174 [ref. 28369], Hanel & Lusk 2005:331 [ref. 28804], Kottelat 2006:58 [ref. 28831], Ocock et al. 2006:56 [ref. 28933], Scharpf 2006:36 [ref. 30386], Fricke 2007:28 [ref. 30577], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:462 [ref. 29996], McPhail 2007:418 [ref. 31199], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:348 [ref. 30085], Esmaeili et al. 2010:374 [ref. 33391], Bianco & Delmastro 2011:6 [ref. 31648], Page & Burr 2011:420 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:93 [ref. 32708], Bianco 2013:9 [ref. 32897], Dolgov 2013:917 [ref. 33112], Parin et al. 2014:182 [ref. 33547] subspecies lota, Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:891 [ref. 34062], Afonso et al. 2016:38, 188 [ref. 36199], Zhang et al. 2016:190 [ref. 34477], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:54 [ref. 35138], Esmaeili et al. 2017:78 [ref. 35254], Romanov et al. 2017:825 [ref. 35687], Esmaeili et al. 2018:58 [ref. 36089], Ćaleta et al. 2019:181 [ref. 37026], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:252 [ref. 37108], Kuljanishvili et al. 2020:[6] [ref. 37535], Dyldin et al. 2021:32 [ref. 38804]). Current status: Valid as Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Distribution: Europe to Asia and North America; northern U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

lubb, Gadus Euphrasen [B. A.] 1794:223, Pl. 8 [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm v. 15 (for 1794); ref. 17469] Off Bohuslän, Sweden. Spelled lub in Bloch & Schneider. •Synonym of Trisopterus brosme (Ascanius 1772) -- (Svetovidov 1973:311 [ref. 7169]). •Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772) -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:29 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

lumpenus, Enchelyopus Meuschen [F. C.] 1778:29 [Museum Gronovianum; ref. 17682] Original not seen. Not available, published in a rejected work (Opinion 260). Suppressed. Lotidae.

macrophthalmus, Phycis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:26, Pl. 9 (fig. 3) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:11 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Molva dypterygius (Pennant 1784), but a valid subspecies -- (Svetovidov 1973:314 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:703 [ref. 13676], Arruda 1997:24 [ref. 24952] as microphtalma Pennant 1784 as author, Lipej & Dulčić 2010:30 [ref. 36649] with Svetovidov 1948 as author). •Valid as Molva macrophthalma (Rafinesque 1810) -- (Cohen 1990:529 [ref. 15766], Santos et al. 1997:62 [ref. 23531], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:52 [ref. 26753], Fricke et al. 2007:65 [ref. 29533], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2028 [ref. 34586], Bayhan et al. 2018:[2] 272 [ref. 37040], Martins & Carneiro 2018:47 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:554 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:146 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36864], Parenti 2019:101 [ref. 37117], Kovačić et al. 2020:18 [ref. 37519], Bañón & Maño 2021:61 [ref. 38883]). Current status: Valid as Molva macrophthalma (Rafinesque 1810). Lotidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; northeastern Atlantic: Ireland south to Portugal, including Azores. Habitat: marine.

maculosus, Gadus Lesueur [C. A.] 1817:83 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 1 (pt 1, no. 5) (26 Aug.); ref. 17512] Lake Erie, North America. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Kottelat 2006:59 [ref. 28831] regards the North American population as distinct from Lota lota. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Lelek 1987:263 [ref. 22962], Chereshnev 1996:605 [ref. 24659]). •Valid as Lota maculosa Lesueur 1817 -- (Kottelat 2006:59 [ref. 28831], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:462 [ref. 29996]). •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Smith 1986:262 [ref. 22186], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:53 [ref. 18936], Baxter & Stone 1995:207 [ref. 23374], Bogutskaya 1998:110 [ref. 23589], Scott & Crossman 1998:645 [ref. 24570], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:289 [ref. 25968], McPhail 2007:418 [ref. 31199] as = lacustris, Zhang et al. 2016:190 [ref. 34477], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:54 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Distribution: North America and eastern Siberia [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

marmorata, Lota Koch [C. L.] 1840:42 [Animalia vertebrata. Fauna Ratisbonensis; ref. 18429] Unneeded new name for Gadus lota Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:157 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

mola, Lota Moreau [É.] 1881:258 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Moreau); ref. 3040] Apparently a new spelling for Gadus molva Linnaeus, not intended as a new species. •In the synonymy of Molva molva (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:313 [ref. 7169]). Misspelling. Current status: Synonym of Molva molva (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

molva, Gadus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:254 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European seas. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:32 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Molva molva (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:313 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:703 [ref. 13676], Robins & Ray 1986:94 [ref. 23100], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:64 [ref. 18936], Arruda 1997:71 [ref. 24952], Fricke 1999:32 [ref. 24101], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:175 [ref. 26753], Nelson et al. 2004:94 [ref. 27807], Fricke 2007:28 [ref. 30577], Page et al. 2013:94 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:182 [ref. 33547], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2028 [ref. 34586], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:133 [ref. 36370], Martins & Carneiro 2018:46 [ref. 36550], Carneiro et al. 2019:146 [ref. 37250], Bañón & Maño 2021:61 [ref. 38883]). Current status: Valid as Molva molva (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea; North Sea; western Mediterranean Sea; North Atlantic, and adjacent Arctic regions. Habitat: marine.

molva, Lota Costa [O. G.] 1844:Gadoides p. 15 [Fauna del regno di Napoli Part 1; ref. 976] Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Published 19 July 1844. Based, in part, on Gadus cirrhatus Linnaeus (or Gmelin). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

molva, Lota Jenyns [L.] 1835:448 [A manual of British vertebrate animals; ref. 18335] North Atlantic. No types known. Based on literature sources. Apparently not a new species description. Lotidae.

obensis, Lota vulgaris var. Anikin [V. P.] 1902:108 [Izvestiya Tomskogo Imperatorslago Universiteta v. 22; ref. 19629] Ob River, Siberia, Russia. Holotype (unique): ZMTU uncat. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1949:943 [ref. 20662], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:53 [ref. 18936], Kottelat 2006:59 [ref. 28831], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:54 [ref. 35138]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

onegensis, Lota lota infra. Mel'yantsev [I. F.] 1948:96 [Uchenye Zapiski Karelo-Finskogo Universiteta v. 2 (no. 3) (1947); ref. 21763] Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Onega. •In the synonymy of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1949:944 [ref. 20662], Kottelat 1997:157 [ref. 22952]). Infrasubspecific. Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae.

quinquecirrhatus, Gadus Cuvier [G.] 1816:216 [Le Règne Animal v. 2; ref. 993] No locality [Britain]. Based on "..Penn. Brit. Zool. pl. 33, nommé mal à propos mustela per Bloch et Gmel." Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

raii, Blennius Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:171 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Norwegan Sea. No types known. Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

raptor, Gadus Nilsson [S.] 1832:46 [Prodromus ichthyologiae Scandinavicae; ref. 3204] Sweden? •Synonym of Molva molva (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:313 [ref. 7169], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:64 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Molva molva (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

scotica, Brosmius Swainson [W.] 1839:301 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Based on Pennant 1769, Brit. ZOol. iii.pl. 37 [ref. 18527]. •Synonym of Trisopterus brosme (Ascanius 1772) -- (Svetovidov 1973:311 [ref. 7169]). •Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772) -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:29 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

torsk, Blennius Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Strøm) 1800:460, 508 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] Greenland and northern Europe. No types known. Based on the 'Torsk" of Strøm 1762:272 [ref. 21085]. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:86, 155 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772) -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:29 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

torsk, Gadus Bonnaterre [J. P.] 1788:51, Pl. 87 (fig. 362) [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Sondmør (Sunnmøre), Norway. No types known. Based on the 'Torsk' of Strøm 1762:272 [ref. 21085], and of Pennant 1784:203, No. 89 [ref. 18530]. •Synonym of Trisopterus brosme (Ascanius 1772) -- (Svetovidov 1973:311 [ref. 7169]). •Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772) -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:29 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

tridactylus, Blennius Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:459, 484 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] Grande-Bretagne [erroneous, is Arctic Ocean or North Atlantic]. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:20 [ref. 20734]. Unnecessary replacement name for Gadus dypterygius Pennant 1784. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:122 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •Synonym of Molva dypterygia (Pennant 1784). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Molva dypterygia (Pennant 1784). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

trifurcatus, Gadus Suckow [G. A.] 1799:245 [Naturgeschichte der Thiere v. 4, pt. 1; ref. 18858] English Seas. Nomen Oblitum. Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

viviparus, Enchelyopus Meuschen [F. C.] 1778:29 [Museum Gronovianum; ref. 17682] Original not seen. Not available, published in a rejected work (Opinion 260). Suppressed. Lotidae.

vulgaris, Brosmus Fleming [J.] 1828:194 [A history of British animals; ref. 1339] British Isles. No types known. •Synonym of Trisopterus brosme (Ascanius 1772) -- (Svetovidov 1973:311 [ref. 7169]). •Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772) -- (Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:29 [ref. 18936], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:158 [ref. 25013]). Current status: Synonym of Brosme brosme (Ascanius 1772). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

vulgaris, Lota Fitzinger [L. J. F. J.] 1832:331 [Beiträge zur Landeskunde Österreichs unter der Enns, Wien v. 1; ref. 5019] Cuvier 1829:215 only used the name in a vernacular sense. Unneeded new name for Gadus lota Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1949:943 [ref. 20662], Kottelat 1997:157 [ref. 22952], Bogutskaya 1998:110 [ref. 23589]). Current status: Synonym of Lota lota (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

vulgaris, Lota Jenyns [L.] 1835:448 [A manual of British vertebrate animals; ref. 18335] Salcomb and Berwick, England. No types known. Based on literature and specimens. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Lota vulgaris Fitzinger 1832. 1°Homonym. Lotidae. Habitat: marine.

vulgaris, Molva Fleming [J.] 1828:192 [A history of British animals; ref. 1339] British Isles. No types known. Based in part on Gadus molva Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Molva molva (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:313 [ref. 7169], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:64 [ref. 18936]). Current status: Synonym of Molva molva (Linnaeus 1758). Lotidae. Habitat: marine.