Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Microcanthidae: [ 14 ] records


australis, Tilodon Thominot [A.] (ex Guichenot) 1881:140 [1] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 5; ref. 4384] Australia. Holotype: MNHN A-3925. On p. 1 of separate. •Synonym of Tilodon sexfasciatus (Richardson 1842) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1326 [ref. 29000], Knudsen & Clements 2013:78 [ref. 33031]). Current status: Synonym of Tilodon sexfasciatus (Richardson 1842). Microcanthidae. Habitat: marine.

hawaiiensis, Microcanthus Fowler [H. W.] 1941:254, Figs. 6-7 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 93; ref. 1438] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: ANSP 69740. Paratypes: ANSP 69741-43 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:41 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Microcanthus strigatus (Cuvier 1831) -- (Mundy 2005:411 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:274 [ref. 30952], Tea et al. 2020:50 [ref. 37595]). Current status: Synonym of Microcanthus strigatus (Cuvier 1831). Microcanthidae. Habitat: marine.

howensis, Microcanthus Whitley [G. P.] 1931:112, Pl. 13 (fig. 2) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 18 (no. 3); ref. 4673] Lord Howe Island. Holotype: AMS IA.4018. •Possibly valid -- (Kuiter 1993:215 [ref. 23929]). •Synonym of Microcanthus striigatus (Cuvier 1831) -- (Knudsen & Clements 2013:78 [ref. 33031]). •Synonym of Microcanthus joyceae Whitley 1931 -- (Tea et al. 2020:53 [ref. 37595]). Current status: Synonym of Microcanthus joyceae Whitley 1931. Microcanthidae. Habitat: marine.

joyceae, Microcanthus Whitley [G. P.] 1931:111, Pl. 13 (figs. 4-5) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 18 (no. 3); ref. 4673] Shellharbour, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.4012. •Synonym of Microcanthus strigatus (Cuvier 1831) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1324 [ref. 29000], Knudsen & Clements 2013:78 [ref. 33031]). •Valid as Microcanthus joyceae Whitley 1931 -- (Tea et al. 2020:53 [ref. 37595]). Current status: Valid as Microcanthus joyceae Whitley 1931. Microcanthidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: central Queensland south to southern New South Wales (Australia), Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

kershawi, Vinculum Whitley [G. P.] 1931:321 [Australian Zoologist v. 6 (pt 4); ref. 4672] Victoria, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.12168. Based on a specimen of "Vinculum sexfasciatum" figured by McCulloch 1914: 110, Pl. 22 [ref. 2940]. •Synonym of Tilodon sexfasciatus (Richardson 1842) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1326 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Tilodon sexfasciatus (Richardson 1842). Microcanthidae. Habitat: marine.

latus, Atypichthys McCulloch [A. R.] & Waite [E. R.] 1916:442, Pl. 40 (fig. 3) [Transactions Royal Society of South Australia v. 40; ref. 15058] Lord Howe Island. Holotype: AMS I.1817. Paratypes: AMS I.1496 (1), I.6004 (1), I.10758 (1). •Valid as Atypichthys latus McCulloch & Waite 1916 -- (Paulin et al. 1989:193 [ref. 24556], Kuiter 1993:215 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:162 [ref. 25479], Hoese & Bray 2006:1318 [ref. 29000], Knudsen & Clements 2013:78 [ref. 33031], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:114 [ref. 36167], Trnski & Knudsen 2015:1330 [ref. 34205]). Current status: Valid as Atypichthys latus McCulloch & Waite 1916. Microcanthidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: southeastern Australia, Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island, New Zealand, Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

mado, Atypichthys Whitley [G. P.] 1931:319 [Australian Zoologist v. 6 (pt 4); ref. 4672] Manly, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.4334. •Synonym of Atypichthys strigatus (Günther 1860) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:619 [ref. 22532], Hoese & Bray 2006:1319 [ref. 29000], Knudsen & Clements 2013:78 [ref. 33031]). Current status: Synonym of Atypichthys strigatus (Günther 1860). Microcanthidae. Habitat: marine.

obliquus, Neatypus Waite [E. R.] 1905:65, Pl. 10 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 4562] Houtman Abrolhos, Western Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.7034 (1), WAM P.13256-001 (1, presumed lost). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:27 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:30 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Neatypus obliquus Waite 1905 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:620 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:204 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:264 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Bray 2006:1325 [ref. 29000], Gomon 2008:604 [ref. 30616], Knudsen & Clements 2013:78 [ref. 33031], Hoschke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Neatypus obliquus Waite 1905. Microcanthidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia, South Australia. Habitat: marine.

ocellipinnis, Chaetodon Macleay [W.] 1878:33, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 3 (pt 1); ref. 2868] King George Sound, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS 16351-001 [ex MAMU F692]. Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:207 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Tilodon sexfasciatum (Richardson 1842) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:624 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:206 [ref. 25488], Knudsen & Clements 2013:78 [ref. 33031]). •Synonym of Tilodon sexfasciatus (Richardson 1842) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1326 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Tilodon sexfasciatus (Richardson 1842). Microcanthidae. Habitat: marine.

servus, Helotosoma Kaup [J. J.] 1863:162 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 1; ref. 2584] Japan. •Questionable synonym of Microcanthus strigatus (Cuvier 1831) -- (Tea et al. 2020:50 [ref. 37595]). Current status: Uncertain as Microcanthus strigatus (Cuvier 1831). Microcanthidae. Habitat: marine.

sexfasciatus, Chaetodon Richardson [J.] 1842:26 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (New Series) v. 10 (no. 62); ref. 18628] Western Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1840.12.9.59 (stuffed). The gender of Tilodon is masculine. •Valid as Tilodon sexfasciatum (Richardson 1842) -- (Kuiter 1993:215 [ref. 23929], Hutchins 2001:264 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Knudsen & Clements 2013:78 [ref. 33031]). •Valid as Tilodon sexfasciatus (Richardson 1842) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1326 [ref. 29000], Gomon 2008:605 [ref. 30616], Hoschke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Tilodon sexfasciatus (Richardson 1842). Microcanthidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

strigatus, Atypus Günther [A.] 1860:64, 518 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] Swan River, Western Australia [in error]. Lectotype: BMNH 1847.6.17.35. Paralectotypes: (6) BMNH 1847.6.17.34 (right half skin) Holdfast Bay, 1848.10.25.13 (left half skin), 1848.10.25.14 (right half skin). Lectotype selected by Fraser-Brunner 1946 [ref. 31818]. •Valid as Atypichthys strigatus (Günther 1860) -- (Kuiter 1993:214 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:162 [ref. 25479], Gomon et al. 1994:618 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:206 [ref. 25488], Johnson 1999:738 [ref. 25471], Carpenter 2001:3303 [ref. 26124], Hoese & Bray 2006:1318 [ref. 29000], Gomon 2008:603 [ref. 30616], Knudsen & Clements 2013:78 [ref. 33031], Knudsen & Clements 2016:259 [ref. 34458]). Current status: Valid as Atypichthys strigatus (Günther 1860). Microcanthidae. Distribution: Australia: Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania. Habitat: marine.

strigatus, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] (ex Langsdorff) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:25, Pl. 170 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Nagasaki, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZMB 8157 (stuffed). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:137 [ref. 20718]. Based on description in manuscript by "Langsdorf" (Georg Heinrich Freiherr von Langsdorff, 1774-1852, German explorer and scientist). •Valid as Microcanthus strigatus (Cuvier 1831) -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:181 [ref. 6441], Matsuura in Okamura et al. 1985:517, 692 [ref. 8056], Allen & Swainston 1988:92 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:216 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:215 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:162 [ref. 25479], Allen 1997:144 [ref. 23977] as Mirocanthus, Chen et al. 1997:115 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:204 [ref. 25488], Cheng & Zhou 1997:315 [ref. 26385], Randall et al. 1997:216 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:738 [ref. 25471], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:958 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:289 [ref. 25191], Markevich 2001:129 [ref. 25196], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:180 [ref. 25480], Shinohara et al. 2000:180 [ref. 25987], Shimizu 2001:32 [ref. 25799], Hutchins 2001:264 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Carpenter 2001:3303 [ref. 26124], Nakabo 2002:958 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:356, 627 [ref. 26218], Parin 2003:S15 [ref. 28536], Randall 2005:307 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:411 [ref. 28379], Hoese & Bray 2006:1324 [ref. 29000], Randall 2007:274 [ref. 30952], Motomura et al. 2010:133 [ref. 31256], Knudsen & Clements 2013:78 [ref. 33031], Parin et al. 2014:376 [ref. 33547], Knudsen & Clements 2016:259 [ref. 34458], Koeda et al. 2016:13 [ref. 35354], Kwun et al. 2017:142 [ref. 37287], Hoschke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36626], Tea et al. 2019:[9] [ref. 36907], Kim et al. 2020:141 [ref. 39118], Sonoyama et al. 2020:83 [ref. 37637], Tea et al. 2020:50 [ref. 37595]). Current status: Valid as Microcanthus strigatus (Cuvier 1831). Microcanthidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, western and central Pacific, antitropical: Exmouth Gulf to Cape Leeuwin (Western Australia); Taiwan north to southern Korea, central Japan and Ogasawara Islands; Hawaiian Islands. Southwestern Pacific populations belong to M. joyceae Whitrley 1931. Habitat: marine.

vittatum, Neochaetodon Castelnau [F. L.] 1873:130 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 2; ref. 758] Fremantle, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): ?MNHN A-4567 (dry). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:163 [ref. 20718] with locality as Melbourne. •Possibly valid as Microcanthus vittatus (Castelnau 1873) -- (Kuiter 1993:215 [ref. 23929]). •Synonym of Microcanthus strigatus (Cuvier 1831) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1324 [ref. 29000], Knudsen & Clements 2013:78 [ref. 33031], Tea et al. 2020:50 [ref. 37595]). Current status: Synonym of Microcanthus strigatus (Cuvier 1831). Microcanthidae. Habitat: marine.


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