Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Monodactylidae: [ 17 ] records


argenteus, Chaetodon Linnaeus [C.] 1758:272 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] India. Holotype (unique): ZMUU Linn. Coll. 103. Type catalog: Lönnberg 1896:30 [ref. 23530], Wheeler 1991:187-188, Fig. 25 [ref. 20102]. Also appeared in Linnaeus 1759:249 [ref. 24770]. •Valid as Monodactylus argenteus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Dor 1984:165 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:165 [ref. 6441], Desoutter 1986:338 [ref. 6212], Heemstra 1986:607 [ref. 5660], Yu & Zhou in Kuang et al. 1986:252 [ref. 26639], Allen & Swainston 1988:92 [ref. 25477], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:521 [ref. 25598] as Monodachtylus, Allen 1991:140 [ref. 21090], Pethiyagoda 1991:222 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:868 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:120 [ref. 23448], Kuiter 1993:208 [ref. 23929], Skelton 1993:358 [ref. 24071], Francis 1993:162 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:46 [ref. 25356], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:287 [ref. 24014], Poll & Gosse 1995:103 [ref. 24781], Randall 1995:245 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:400 [ref. 27969], Rainboth 1996:189 [ref. 22772], Reinthal & Stiassny 1997:354 [ref. 22780], Allen 1997:144 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:362 [ref. 23967], Chen et al. 1997:114 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:198 [ref. 25488], Anderson et al. 1998:25 [ref. 23611], Myers 1999:162 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:324 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:738 [ref. 25471], Krupp et al. 2000:331 [ref. 25117], Kottelat in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:882 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:289 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:152 [ref. 25480], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:186 [ref. 25703], Sakai et al. 2001:101 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:35 [ref. 25847], Kottelat 2001:3218 [ref. 26115], Skelton 2001:358 [ref. 27406], Allen et al. 2002:348 [ref. 25930], Nakabo 2002:882 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S111 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:629 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:115 [ref. 27510], Tan & Lim 2004:110 [ref. 27716] with question, Heemstra et al. 2004:3321 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:255 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:303 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1282 [ref. 29090], Fricke 2008:43 [ref. 30182], Fricke et al. 2009:71 [ref. 30213], Satapoomin 2009:178 [ref. 30463], Motomura et al. 2010:131 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:513 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:261 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:153 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:362 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:98 [ref. 33932], Psomadakis et al. 2015:290 [ref. 34104], Koeda et al. 2016:51 [ref. 35333] as Monodachtylus, Fricke et al. 2018:231 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:105 [ref. 36273], Satapoomin in Kimura et al. 2018:204 [ref. 36460], Suresh et al. 2018:264 [ref. 36495], Arndt & Fricke 2019:21 [ref. 36883], Eagderi et al. 2019:84 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:178 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:82 [ref. 36871], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 22 [ref. 38321], Psomadakis et al. 2020:511 [ref. 37272], Akaike et al. 2021:23 [ref. 38809], Koeda in Motomura et al. 2021:38 [ref. 38121]). Current status: Valid as Monodactylus argenteus (Linnaeus 1758). Monodactylidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Persian Gulf, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Mariana Islands, Caroline Islands (Micronesia) and Samoa, north to Kagoshima Prefecture (southern Japan), south to Western Australia and to New Caledonia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

argenteus, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:224 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] No locality. Not treated by Burgess 1978 [ref. 700] in Chaetodontidae; preoccupied by Chaetodon argenteus Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Monodactylus argenteus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (P. Parenti, pers. comm., 10/17/03). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Monodactylus argenteus (Linnaeus 1758). Monodactylidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

boops, Scorpis Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1866:519 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1866; ref. 3439] New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: ZMB 6209. Monodactylidae.

commersonii, Psettus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:250 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Vanikoro Island, Santa Cruz Islands, southwestern Pacific. Syntypes: MNHN A-5441 (1, dry), 2790 [or 2970] (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:153-154 [ref. 20718]. •Synonym of Monodactylus falciformis Lacepède 1801 -- (Desoutter 1986:338 [ref. 6212], Fricke 1999:325 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Monodactylus falciformis Lacepède 1801. Monodactylidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

falciformis, Monodactylus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1801:131, 132 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] No locality stated [western Indian Ocean]. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-5441 (dry). Illustrated on Pl. 5 (fig. 4) of v. 2, 1800 [ref. 2709], but with vernacular name. Based on 'Psettus spinis pinnarum ventralium loco duabus' in description and illustration in manuscript by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist). Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:147, 148 (vol. 8) [ref. 30473]. •Valid as Monodactylus falciformis Lacepède 1801 -- (Dor 1984:165 [ref. 29757], Heemstra 1986:607 [ref. 5660], Desoutter 1986:338 [ref. 6212], Allen 1991:140 [ref. 21090], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:868 [ref. 20764], Skelton 1993:359 [ref. 24071], Poll & Gosse 1995:103 [ref. 24781], Goren & Dor 1994:46 [ref. 25356], Fricke 1999:325 [ref. 24106], Skelton 2001:359 [ref. 27406], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S111 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:255 [ref. 28072], Fricke et al. 2009:71 [ref. 30213], Psomadakis et al. 2015:290 [ref. 34104], Fricke et al. 2018:232 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:21 [ref. 36883]). Current status: Valid as Monodactylus falciformis Lacepède 1801. Monodactylidae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: East Africa south to Cape Province (South Africa), Seychelles, Madagascar, Réunion and Mauritius (western Mascarenes), east to Pakistan. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

falcipinnis, Psettus Boulenger [G. A.] 1915:121, Fig. 89 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 3; ref. 584] Not available; a misspelling in figure legend under account of Psettus falciformis Lacepède. Misspelling. Monodactylidae.

kottelati, Monodactylus Pethiyagoda [R.] 1991:164, Fig. 3 [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 44 (no. 3); ref. 21365] Puttalam Lagoon near Kalpitiya, about 8°14'N, 79°47'E, Sri Lanka. Holotype: ZSM 27871 [now ZRC 38484]. Paratypes: CMK 7210 (9). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:270 [ref. 31652]. See Tan & Lim 2004:110 [ref. 27716]. Holotype still at ZRC. •Valid as Monodactylus kottelati Pethiyagoda 1991 -- (Kottelat 2001:3219 [ref. 26115], Kottelat 2013:362 [ref. 32989], Suresh et al. 2018:265 [ref. 36495]). Current status: Valid as Monodactylus kottelati Pethiyagoda 1991. Monodactylidae. Distribution: Northern Indian Ocean and adjacent freshwater habitats: Sri Lanka and eastern India. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

layardi, Stromatoidea Castelnau [F. L.] 1861:44 [Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe; ref. 767] Algoa Bay and Natal, South Africa. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Monodactylus falciformis Lacepède 1801 -- (Heemstra 1986:607 [ref. 5660], Desoutter 1986:338 [ref. 6212]). Current status: Synonym of Monodactylus falciformis Lacepède 1801. Monodactylidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

monodactylus, Trichopus Shaw [G.] 1803:392 [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] •Unneeded new name for, and synonym of Monodactylus falciformis Lacepède 1801. Current status: Synonym of Monodactylus falciformis Lacepède 1801. Monodactylidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

orbicularis, Psettus Guichenot [A.] 1866:136 [Mémoires de la Société Impériale des Sciences Naturelles de Cherbourg v. 12 (= Ser. 2, v. 2); ref. 14054] Madagascar. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-4174 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:154 [ref. 20718]. •Synonym of Monodactylus falciformis Lacepède 1801 -- (Desoutter 1986:338 [ref. 6212]). Current status: Synonym of Monodactylus falciformis Lacepède 1801. Monodactylidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rhombeus, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:235 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] No locality. Holotype (unique): ZMB. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Scomber rhombeus Forsskål 1775 in Psettus. The name Psettus sebae Cuvier 1829 serves as a replacement name. •Synonym of Monodactylus sebae (Cuvier 1829). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Monodactylus sebae (Cuvier 1829). Monodactylidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rhombeus, Scomber Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:58, xii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P50556 (dry skin). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:68 [ref. 9588], Fricke 2008:43 [ref. 30182]. Holotype figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pl. 29 [ref. 20847]. Authorship according to Fricke 2008:44 [ref. 30182]. •Synonym of Monodactylus argenteus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Dor 1984:165 [ref. 29757], Desoutter 1986:338 [ref. 6212], Fricke 2008:43 [ref. 30182], Kottelat 2013:362 [ref. 32989], Golani & Fricke 2018:105 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Monodactylus argenteus (Linnaeus 1758). Monodactylidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rhombeus, Scorpis Guichenot [A.] 1879:82 [Annales de la Société Linnéenne du Département de Maine-et-Loire v. 17; ref. 18166] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Psettus falciformis (Lacepède 1801) -- (Vaillant 1897:86 [ref. 37988]). •Synonym of Monodactylus falciformis Lacepède 1801. Current status: Synonym of Monodactylus falciformis Lacepède 1801. Monodactylidae. Habitat: marine.

scalaripinnis, Schuettea Steindachner [F.] 1866:53 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe v. 3 (no. 7); ref. 20460] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: NMW 60897 (4). Appeared first in the abstract as above, then in Steindachner 1866:449, Pl. 6 (fig. 1) [ref. 4210]; also on p. 26 of separate. •Valid as Schuettea scalaripinnis Steindachner 1866 -- (Kuiter 1993:208 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:606 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:198 [ref. 25488], Johnson 1999:738 [ref. 25471] as Schuetta, Kottelat 2001:3220 [ref. 26115], Allen et al. 2006:1283 [ref. 29090], Gomon 2008:596 [ref. 30616]). Current status: Valid as Schuettea scalaripinnis Steindachner 1866. Monodactylidae. Distribution: Australia: east coast. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sebae, Psettus Cuvier [G.] 1829:193 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] No locality. Syntypes: MNHN A-3831 (1). Based on Chaetodon rhombeus Bloch & Schneider 1801, preoccupied in Psettus by Scomber rhombeus Forsskal 1775. Available from footnote as, "Psett. Sebae, N., Chaetodon rhombeus, Bl. Schn., Seb. III, xxvi, 21." See also Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:241, pl. 189 [ref. 4881]. We treat as a new species based on Bloch & Schneider and on Seba. Seba's specimen is extant (MNHN A.3831) and could be designated lectotype. •Valid as Monodactylus sebae (Cuvier 1829) -- (Desoutter 1986:339 [ref. 6212], Bauchot in Lévêque et al. 1992:706 [ref. 21590], Poll & Gosse 1995:103 [ref. 24781], Vreven 2007:441 [ref. 30080], Wirtz et al. 2007:13, 36 [ref. 30263], Félix et al. 2016:D [4] [ref. 34346], Desoutter in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2661 [ref. 34618], Reiner 2019:228 [ref. 38139], Skelton 2019:228 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Monodactylus sebae (Cuvier 1829). Monodactylidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal south to Angola, including Canary Islands, São Tomé and Principe; not found at Cape Verde Islands. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sebae, Psettus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:241, Pl. 189 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Saint Louis, Senegal. Syntypes: MNHN A-0255 (2), A-0256 (2), A-0258 (1), A-3831 (1) Bauchot's holotype. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:154-155 [ref. 20718] with holotype and paratypes. This species dates to Psettus sebae Cuvier 1829; see that account. •Valid as Monodactylus sebae (Cuvier 1831) -- (Desoutter 1990:830 [ref. 18967]). •Correctly a synonym of Monodactylus sebae (Cuvier 1829). Current status: Synonym of Monodactylus sebae (Cuvier 1829). Monodactylidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

woodwardi, Bramichthys Waite [E. R.] 1905:72, Pl. 14 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 4562] Mandurah, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): WAM P.13257-001. Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:27 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:29 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Schuettea woodwardi (Waite 1905) -- (Kuiter 1993:208 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:605 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:198 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:35 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:1283 [ref. 29090], Gomon 2008:596 [ref. 30616], Hoschke et al. 2019:156 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Schuettea woodwardi (Waite 1905). Monodactylidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia, South Australia. Habitat: marine.


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