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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Narcinidae: [ 49 ] records


altenai, Diplobatis Boeseman [M.] 1963:296, Fig. 1 [Zoologische Mededeelingen (Leiden) v. 38 (no. 18); ref. 4211] 20 miles east of lightship, off Suriname River outlet, Suriname, depth 70-72 feet. Holotype (unique): RMNH 24706. •Synonym of Diplobatis picta Palmer 1950 -- (Fechhelm & McEachran 1984:188 [ref. 5227] as pictus). Current status: Synonym of Diplobatis picta Palmer 1950. Narcinidae. Habitat: marine.

atzi, Narcine Carvalho [M. R. de] & Randall [J. E.] 2003:60, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Research v. 50 (no. 1); ref. 26773] Gulf of Oman, 4.8 kilometers north of Khalil, Oman, 28°38'N, 0.58°21.7'E, depth 27 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 21418. Additional material: CAS 58398 (1), 98157 (1); WAM 25996-004 (3). Type catalog: Not treated by Moore et al. 2008 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Narcine atzi Carvalho & Randall 2003 -- (Weigmann 2016:73 [ref. 34211], Carvalho & White 2016:157 [ref. 34504], Carvalho & Last 2016:150 [ref. 34996], Psomadakis et al. 2020:198 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Narcine atzi Carvalho & Randall 2003. Narcinidae. Distribution: Northern Indian Ocean: southern Oman east to Myanmar. Habitat: marine.

baliensis, Narcine Carvalho [M. R. de] & White [W. T.] 2016:150, Figs. 1-6 [Zootaxa 4127 (no. 1); ref. 34504] Between the islands of Bali and Lombok, Indonesia, 8°37'S, 115°59'E, depth 60-63 meters. Holotype: BMNH (as NHM) 1984.4.11.2. Paratypes: CSIRO, MZB. •Valid as Narcine baliensis Carvalho & White 2016 -- (Carvalho & Last 2016:151 [ref. 34996]). Current status: Valid as Narcine baliensis Carvalho & White 2016. Narcinidae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

bancroftii, Torpedo Griffith [E.] & Smith [C. H.] 1834:649, Pl. 34 [The class Pisces, arranged by the Baron Cuvier; ref. 1908] Locality not stated [Jamaica]. No types preserved. Based on a drawing by Bancroft. •Valid as Narcine bancroftii (Griffith & Smith 1834) -- (Carvalho 2001:561 [ref. 25603], Gomes & Carvalho in Menezes et al. 2003:28 [ref. 27192] as bancrofti, McEachran & Carvalho 2003:521 [ref. 26985], Nelson et al. 2004:54 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:15 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:54 [ref. 32708], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:101 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:73 [ref. 34211], Jones et al. 2016:249 [ref. 34818] as bancrofti, Carvalho & Last 2016:152 [ref. 34996], Ehemann et al. 2018:25 [ref. 36194], Ehemann et al. 2019:[6] [ref. 36861], Jones et al. 2020:285 [ref. 37610], Robertson et al. 2020:159 [ref. 38098], Blanco-Parra & Niño-Torres 2022:Correction, p. 4 [ref. 38986]). Current status: Valid as Narcine bancroftii (Griffith & Smith 1834). Narcinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina (U.S.A.) south to Guyana, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

bicolor, Raja Shaw [G.] 1804:316 [General zoology or systematic natural history; ref. 4015] Indian Seas. Based on Russell 1803: Pl. 2. Family placement from M. Carvalho (pers. comm.). •Questionably valid as Narcine bicolor (Shaw 1804) -- (Compagno 1999:486 [ref. 25589]). Current status: Uncertain as Narcine bicolor (Shaw 1804). Narcinidae. Habitat: marine.

brachypleura, Narcine Miranda Ribeiro [A. de] 1923:36, Pls. 16-17 [Fauna Brasiliense. Peixes; ref. 15412] Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNRJ 548. Type catalog: Miranda Ribeiro 1955:406 [ref. 12732], Miranda Ribeiro 1959:11 [ref. 22036]. Narcinidae. Habitat: marine.

brasiliensis, Torpedo Olfers [J. F. M. von] 1831:19, Pl. 2 (fig. 4) [Die Gattung Torpedo; ref. 18462] Brazil. Syntypes: (2) ZMB 4577 (1). Type catalog: Paepke & Schmidt 1988:171 [ref. 21041]. •Valid as Narcine brasiliensis (Olfers 1831) -- (Uyeno & Miyake in Uyeno et al. 1983:71 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:36 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:25 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:208 [ref. 23827], Bussing & López S. 1994:32 [ref. 23101], Castro-Aguirre & Espinosa Pérez 1996:23 [ref. 22793], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:132 [ref. 23897], Aguilera 1998:45 [ref. 24221], Cervigón & Alcalá 1999:151 [ref. 24490], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:61 [ref. 24550], Compagno 1999:486 [ref. 25589], Menni & Stehmann 2000:75 [ref. 24909], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:146 [ref. 27754], Carvalho 2001:571 [ref. 25603], Camargo & Isaac 2001:144 [ref. 27639], Carvalho et al. 2002:135 [ref. 26196], Carvalho & Randall 2003:59 [ref. 26773], Gomes & Carvalho in Menezes et al. 2003:28 [ref. 27192], Menni et al. 2009:170 [ref. 30218], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:102 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:73 [ref. 34211], Carvalho & Last 2016:153 [ref. 34996], Nión et al. 2016:22 [ref. 35565], Ehemann et al. 2018:25 [ref. 36194], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:344 [ref. 36407], Spier et al. 2018:5 [ref. 36103], Ribeiro et al. 2019:9 [ref. 36717], Araujo & Gomes 2021:42 [ref. 39130], Blanco-Parra & Niño-Torres 2022:Correction, p. 4 [ref. 38986]). Current status: Valid as Narcine brasiliensis (Olfers 1831). Narcinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: eastern Brazil south to northern Argentina. Habitat: marine.

brevilabiata, Narcine Bessednov [L. N.] 1966:81, Fig. 8 [Zoologicheskii Zhurnal v. 45 (no. 1) (for 30 Dec. 1965); ref. 8011] Gulf of Tonkin, South China Sea, 17°30'N, 107°00'E, depth 49 meters. Holotype (unique): Mus. Fish. Inst. Vladyvostok 3602 (lost). •Valid as Narcine brevilabiata Bessednov 1966 -- (Compagno et al. 1999:1407 [ref. 24636], Compagno 1999:487 [ref. 25589], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:581 [ref. 25122], Carvalho 2001:571 [ref. 25603], Carvalho et al. 2002:143 [ref. 25894], Carvalho et al. 2002:144 [ref. 26196], Carvalho & Randall 2003:62 [ref. 26773], Last el al. 2010:160 [ref. 32461], Ebert et al. 2013:343 [ref. 33045], Yoshida et al. 2013:12 [ref. 34464], Weigmann 2016:73 [ref. 34211], Carvalho & White 2016:157 [ref. 34504], Carvalho & Last 2016:154 [ref. 34996], Psomadakis et al. 2020:199 [ref. 37272], Sureandiran et al. 2022:[3] [ref. 39280]). Current status: Valid as Narcine brevilabiata Bessednov 1966. Narcinidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Bay of Bengal (India), Bangladesh and Myanmar east to southern China and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

brunnea, Narcine Annandale [N.] 1909:45, Pl. 3a (figs. 2, 2a) [Memoirs of the Indian Museum v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 126] Bay of Bengal. Syntypes: (7) BMNH 1909.7.12.11 (1); ZMA 112827 (1); ZSI F2349/1 (1), F2350/1 (1), F11577-78 (1, 1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:98 [ref. 20743], Nijssen et al. 1982:7 [ref. 19236]. Also based on literature sources. •Valid as Narcine brunnea Annandale 1909 -- (Monkolprasit 1990:390 [ref. 20064], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:211 [ref. 24016], Carvalho et al. 1999:1438 [ref. 24638], Compagno 1999:487 [ref. 25589], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:581 [ref. 25122], Sujatha 2002:157 [ref. 26899], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S93 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:17 [ref. 27712], Weigmann 2016:73 [ref. 34211], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 2 [ref. 38321], Haroon & Kibria 2021:99 [ref. 39241]). Current status: Valid as Narcine brunnea Annandale 1909. Narcinidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

castelloi, Discopyge Menni [R. C.], Rincón [G.] & García [M. L.] 2008:162, Figs. 1-6 [Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales, n.s.; ref. 30218] Frente a Necochea, 38°44'S, 58°44'W, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. Holotype: MACN-Ict. 8930. Paratypes: MACN-Ict. 6398 (3). •Valid as Discopyge castelloi Menni, Rincón & García 2008 -- (Weigmann 2016:73 [ref. 34211], Carvalho & Last 2016:148 [ref. 34996]). Current status: Valid as Discopyge castelloi Menni, Rincón & García 2008. Narcinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: off South America. Habitat: marine.

cervina, Benthobatis Bean [B. A.] & Weed [A. C.] 1909:679 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 36 (no. 1694); ref. 11653] Northeastern Atlantic off Florida, U.S.A., 29°41'N, 79°55'W, Albatross station 2664, depth 373 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 62917. •Synonym of Benthobatis marcida Bean & Weed 1909 -- (Carvalho 1999:245 [ref. 23940], Rincon et al. 2001:46 [ref. 25509], Carvalho et al. 2003:927 [ref. 27551]). Current status: Synonym of Benthobatis marcida Bean & Weed 1909. Narcinidae. Habitat: marine.

chilensis, Torpedo Guichenot [A.] 1848:368 [Fauna Chilena.... in Gay.; ref. 1939] Coquimbo and Valparaíso, Chile. No types known. •Synonym of Discopyge tschudii Heckel 1846 -- (Pequeño et al. 1988;43 [ref. 12550]). Current status: Synonym of Discopyge tschudii Heckel 1846. Narcinidae. Habitat: marine.

colombiensis, Diplobatis pictus Fechhelm [J. D.] & McEachran [J. D.] 1984:195, Fig. 12 [Bulletin of the Florida State Museum v. 29 (no. 5); ref. 5227] Off northwestern Colombia, 9°51'N, 76°09'W, Oregon II station 10211, depth 54 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 232494. Paratypes: USNM 232929 (2). •Valid as Diplobatis colombiensis Fechhelm & McEachran 1984 -- (McEachran & Carvalho 2003:522 [ref. 26985], Weigmann 2016:73 [ref. 34211], Carvalho & Last 2016:144 [ref. 34996]). Current status: Valid as Diplobatis colombiensis Fechhelm & McEachran 1984. Narcinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Colombia. Habitat: marine.

corallina, Narcine brasiliensis var. Garman [S.] 1881:234 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 8 (no. 11); ref. 14294] Key West, Florida, U.S.A. Syntypes: MCZ 44-S (2). Type catalog: Hartel & Dingerkus 1997:xliii [ref. 23119]. •Synonym of Narcine brasiliensis (Olfers 1831) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:61 [ref. 24550]). •Synonym of Narcine bancroftii (Griffith & Smith 1834) -- (Jones et al. 2020:285 [ref. 37610]). Current status: Synonym of Narcine bancroftii (Griffith & Smith 1834). Narcinidae. Habitat: marine.

entemedor, Narcine Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] in Jordan 1895:387 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 5; ref. 2394] Estuary at Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Holotype: CAS-SU 11699 [not 1699 as published]. Paratypes: BMNH 1895.5.27.340 [from Jordan] (1), NMW (1) not seen. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:11 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Narcine brasiliensis (Olfers 1831) -- (Castro-Aguirre & Espinosa Pérez 1996:23 [ref. 22793]). •Valid as Narcine entemedor Jordan & Starks 1895 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:32 [ref. 22193], McEachran in Fischer et al. 1995:771 [ref. 22829], Cota-Gómez et al. 1998:104 [ref. 24503], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:81 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:62 [ref. 24550], Compagno 1999:487 [ref. 25589], Thomson et al. 2000:282 [ref. 25640], Carvalho 2001:572 [ref. 25603], Nelson et al. 2004:54 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:10 [ref. 37547], Page et al. 2013:54 [ref. 32708], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:103 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:73 [ref. 34211], Fourriére et al. 2016:441 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:605 [ref. 34923], Carvalho & Last 2016:155 [ref. 34996], Ehemann et al. 2018:26 [ref. 36194], Calle-Morán et al. 2020:244 [ref. 37881], González-Acosta et al. 2021:7 [ref. 38361], Love et al. 2021:23 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Narcine entemedor Jordan & Starks 1895. Narcinidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Pacific coast of central Baja California (Mexico) south to Peru, including Gulf of California (Mexico). IUCN (2020): Vulnerable. Habitat: brackish, marine.

firma, Narcine Garman [S.] 1913:301 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 36; ref. 1545] Colombo, Sri Lanka. Holotype (unique): MCZ 75-S. Type catalog: Hartel & Dingerkus 1997:xliii [ref. 23119]. •Questionably valid as Narcine firma Garman 1913 -- (Compagno 1999:487 [ref. 25589]). Current status: Valid as Narcine firma Garman 1913. Narcinidae. Distribution: Sri Lanka. Habitat: marine.

guamachensis, Diplobatis Martín Salazar [F. J.] 1957:2, Fig. 1 [Novedades Cientificas, Contribuciones Ocasionales del Museo de Historia Natural La Salle, Serie Zoológica No. 21; ref. 12085] El Guamache, Gulf of Cariaco, Sucre, Venezuela, depth 18 fathoms. Holotype: MHNLS 14351. Paratypes: MHNLS 14402 (1). •Synonym of Diplobatis pictus Palmer 1950, but a valid subspecies -- (Fechhelm & McEachran 1984:188 [ref. 5227], Cervigón & Alcalá 1999:157 [ref. 24490]). •Valid as Diplobatis guamachensis Martín Salazar 1957 -- (Cervigón 1992:208 [ref. 23827], McEachran & Carvalho 2003:522 [ref. 26985], Weigmann 2016:73 [ref. 34211], Carvalho & Last 2016:145 [ref. 34996], Ehemann et al. 2019:[6] [ref. 36861]). Current status: Valid as Diplobatis guamachensis Martín Salazar 1957. Narcinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Colombia and Venezuela to Trinidad Islands (southern Caribbean Sea). Habitat: marine.

indica, Narcine Henle [F. G. J.] 1834:315 [35], Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Ueber Narcine, eine neue Gattung electrischer Rochen nebst einer Synopsis der electrischen Rochen.; ref. 2092] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi] coast, India. Holotype (unique): ZMB 5482. Type catalog: Paepke & Schmidt 1988:171 [ref. 21041]. Also appeared in Henle 1834:315 [ref. 21447]. •Valid as Narcine indica Henle 1834 -- (Monkolprasit 1990:391 [ref. 20064], Carvalho et al. 1999:1439 [ref. 24638], Compagno 1999:487 [ref. 25589], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:581 [ref. 25122]). •Synonym of Narcine timlei (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Carvalho et al. 2002:135 [ref. 26196], Carvalho & Randall 2003:59 [ref. 26773]). Current status: Synonym of Narcine timlei (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Narcinidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

insolita, Narcine Carvalho [M. R. de], Séret [B.] & Compagno [L. J. V.] 2002:140, Figs. 1-5 [South African Journal of Marine Science v. 24; ref. 26196] Northwestern Madagascar, 15°20'S, 46°11.5'E, depth 170-175 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1996-1555. Paratypes: MNHN 1996-1549 to 1554 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1). •Valid as Narcine insolita Carvalho, Séret & Compagno 2002 -- (Carvalho & Randall 2003:62 [ref. 26773], Weigmann 2016:73 [ref. 34211], Carvalho & Last 2016:156 [ref. 34996], Fricke et al. 2018:22 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Narcine insolita Carvalho, Séret & Compagno 2002. Narcinidae. Distribution: Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

kreffti, Benthobatis Rincón [G.], Stehmann [M. F. W.] & Vooren [C. M.] 2001:49, Figs. 1-3, 6-8 [Archive of Fishery and Marine Research v. 49 (no. 1); ref. 25509] Off Cabo de Santa Marta Grande, southern Brazil, 27°25'S, 47°05'W, depth 504-527 meters. Holotype: MZUSP 51293. Paratypes: AMS I.39784-001 (2); DZVU P 3673-74 (1, 1); FURG 920009-10 (3, 7); HUMZ 162796-97 (1, 1 ); ZMH 24941 [ex ISH 1989-1968] (2); MNHN 1997-852 to 853 (1, 1); MOVI 10210 (1); MZUSP 51294 (10); UF 102494 (4), 111667 (2); USNM 343645 (6); ZIN N 51291 (2); ZMH 8866-67 (5, 1). Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Soto & Mincarone 2004:88 [ref. 37067], Thiel et al. 2009:15 [ref. 30918]. •Valid as Benthobatis kreffti Rincón, Stehmann & Vooren 2001 -- (Gomes & Carvalho in Menezes et al. 2003:28 [ref. 27192], Carvalho et al. 2003:927 [ref. 27551], Menni et al. 2009:170 [ref. 30218], Weigmann 2016:72 [ref. 34211], Carvalho & Last 2016:140 [ref. 34996]). Current status: Valid as Benthobatis kreffti Rincón, Stehmann & Vooren 2001. Narcinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: off southern Brazil. Habitat: marine.

lasti, Narcine Carvalho [M. R. de] & Séret [B.] 2002:396, Figs. 1-6 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 20 (pt 4); ref. 25996] North of Cape Lambert, Western Australia, 19°06'S, 117°08'E, depth 178-183 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 1036-03. Paratypes: AMS I.31174-010 (1); CSIRO H 1035-01 (1), H 1035-02 (1), H 1035-03 (1), H 1036-01 (1), H 1036-02 (1), H 2597-08 (1), H 2597-09 (1), H 3222-06 (1), H 4070-06 (1), H 4070-07 (1), H 4070-08 (1); MNHN 1996-1556 (3); NMV A1798 (2); WAM P.26208-025 (4). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:4 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Narcine lasti Carvalho & Séret 2002 -- (Paxton et al. 2006:167 [ref. 28995], Carvalho 2008:258 [ref. 29690], Larson et al. 2013:15 [ref. 32988], Weigmann 2016:73 [ref. 34211]). •Valid as Narcinops lasti (Carvalho & Séret 2002) -- (Carvalho & Last 2016:165 [ref. 34996], White et al. 2017:213 [ref. 35860]). Current status: Valid as Narcinops lasti (Carvalho & Séret 2002). Narcinidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean off western and northwestern Australia and Arafura Sea. Habitat: marine.

leoparda, Narcine Carvalho [M. R. de] 2001:563, Figs. 1-4 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 114 (no. 3); ref. 25603] Eastern Pacific, South of Buenaventura, Colombia, 2°56'N, 78°07'W, depth 0-16.6 meters. Holotype: USNM 222200. Paratypes: USNM 222198 (7, 1 c&s, 1 dissected), 222199 (6), 222498 (1), 222500 (1), 235919 (1). •Valid as Narcine leoparda Carvalho 2001 -- (Weigmann 2016:74 [ref. 34211], Carvalho & Last 2016:157 [ref. 34996], Calle-Morán et al. 2020:244 [ref. 37881]). Current status: Valid as Narcine leoparda Carvalho 2001. Narcinidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Colombia south to Ecuador. Habitat: marine.

lingula, Narcine Richardson [J.] 1846:196 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] China seas, Canton; Indian Ocean, Madras. Syntypes: BMNH 1848.3.18.178 (1), 1848.3.18.179 (1). Type information: Whitehead 1970:208, Pl. 11b [ref. 11606]. •Valid as Narcine lingula Richardson 1846 -- (Carvalho et al. 1999:1439 [ref. 24638], Compagno 1999:487 [ref. 25589], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:581 [ref. 25122], Carvalho 2001:571 [ref. 25603], Carvalho & Randall 2003:65 [ref. 26773], Compagno et al. 2005:63 [ref. 29145], Last el al. 2010:162 [ref. 32461], Ebert et al. 2013:344 [ref. 33045], Weigmann 2016:74 [ref. 34211] see remarks, Carvalho & White 2016:157 [ref. 34504], Carvalho & Last 2016:158 [ref. 34996], Psomadakis et al. 2020:199 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Narcine lingula Richardson 1846. Narcinidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Pakistan east to northern Philippines, north to southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

macrura, Narcine Valenciennes [A.] in Duméril 1852:277 [Revue et Magasin de Zoologie (Sér. 2) v. 4; ref. 1148] Sea of the Indies. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-2095 (poor condition). Type catalog: Bertin 1939:82 [ref. 20739], Séret & McEachran 1987:28 [ref. 9312]. •Synonym of Narcine timlei (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Current status: Synonym of Narcine timlei (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Narcinidae. Habitat: marine.

maculata, Narcine Duméril [A. H. A.] 1852:274 [Revue et Magasin de Zoologie (Sér. 2) v. 4; ref. 1148] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-1336 [ex RMNH]. Type catalog: Bertin 1939:82 [ref. 20739], Séret & McEachran 1987:28 [ref. 9312]. Preoccupied by Raja maculata Shaw 1804 when both genera are in Narcine. •Synonym of Narcine timlei (Bloch & Schneider 1801). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Narcine timlei (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Narcinidae. Habitat: marine.

maculata, Raja Shaw [G.] 1804:316 [General zoology or systematic natural history; ref. 4015] Vizagapatam, India. No types known. •Questionably valid as Narcine maculata (Shaw 1804) -- (Compagno 1999:487 [ref. 25589]). •Valid as Narcine maculata (Shaw 1804) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:24 [ref. 19754], Monkolprasit 1990:391 [ref. 20064], Chen et al. 1997:11 [ref. 26476], Carvalho et al. 1999:1440 [ref. 24638], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:581 [ref. 25122], Carvalho 2001:571 [ref. 25603], Carvalho & Randall 2003:62 [ref. 26773], Sujatha 2002:157 [ref. 26899], Last el al. 2010:164 [ref. 32461], Weigmann 2016:74 [ref. 34211] see remarks, Carvalho & White 2016:158 [ref. 34504], Carvalho & Last 2016:159 [ref. 34996], Psomadakis et al. 2020:199 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Narcine maculata (Shaw 1804). Narcinidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Sri Lanka and eastern India east to Philippines, north to southern China and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

marcida, Benthobatis Bean [B. A.] & Weed [A. C.] 1909:677, Fig. [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 36 (no. 1694); ref. 11653] Off southern Atlantic coast of the United States, 28°40'N, 78°46'W, Albatross station 2660, depth 504 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 62916. •Valid as Benthobatis marcida Bean & Weed 1909 -- (Cervigón 1992:208 [ref. 23827], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:131 [ref. 23897], Carvalho 1999:245 [ref. 23940], Compagno 1999:486 [ref. 25589], Rincon et al. 2001:59 [ref. 25509], McEachran & Carvalho 2003:522 [ref. 26985], Carvalho et al. 2003:927 [ref. 27551], Menni et al. 2009:170 [ref. 30218], Weigmann 2016:72 [ref. 34211], Carvalho & Last 2016:141 [ref. 34996], Ehemann et al. 2019:[6] [ref. 36861]). Current status: Valid as Benthobatis marcida Bean & Weed 1909. Narcinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina (U.S.A.) to Cuba; Venezuela (southern Caribbean Sea). Habitat: marine.

microphthalma, Narcine Duméril [A. H. A.] (ex Valenciennes) 1852:275 [Revue et Magasin de Zoologie (Sér. 2) v. 4; ref. 1148] Malabar coast, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-1342. Type catalog: Bertin 1939:82 [ref. 20739], Séret & McEachran 1987:29 [ref. 9312]. •Synonym of Narcine timlei (Bloch & Schneider 1801) Current status: Synonym of Narcine timlei (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Narcinidae. Habitat: marine.

moresbyi, Benthobatis Alcock [A. W.] 1898:145 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 2 (no. 8) (art. 22); ref. 92] Laccadive Sea, off Travancore coast, 7°17'30"N, 76°54'30"E, Investigator station 232, depth 430 fathoms. Lectotype: BMNH 1898.7.13.22 [ex ZSI F233/1]. Paralectotypes: ZSI F232/1 (1), 234/1 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:98 [ref. 20743], Menon and Rama-Rao 1970:377 [ref. 27516], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:33 [ref. 22148]. Figured in Alcock 1899: Pl. 26 (fig. 1) [ref. 20535]. Lectotype selected by Carvalho 1999:237 [ref. 23940]. •Valid as Benthobatis moresbyi Alcock 1898 -- (Carvalho 1999:237 [ref. 23940], Compagno 1999:486 [ref. 25589], Rincon et al. 2001:59 [ref. 25509], Carvalho et al. 2003:927 [ref. 27551], Weigmann 2016:72 [ref. 34211], Carvalho & Last 2016:142 [ref. 34996], Kumar et al. 2018:297 [ref. 36178], Psomadakis et al. 2020:198 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Benthobatis moresbyi Alcock 1898. Narcinidae. Distribution: Northern Indian Ocean: Somalia and Yemen east to Myanmar. Habitat: marine.

nelsoni, Narcine Carvalho [M. R. de] 2008:250, Figs. 8-11 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29690] South of Saumerez Reef, Capricorn Channel, Queensland, Australia, 22°43'-57'S, 152°59'-153°01'E, depth 25-338 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 719-06. Paratypes: 16 specimens at CSIRO and QM. Plus many non-type specimens. •Valid as Narcine nelsoni Carvalho 2008 -- (Fricke et al. 2014:14 [ref. 33932], Weigmann 2016:74 [ref. 34211]). •Valid as Narcinops nelsoni (Carvalho 2008) -- (Carvalho & Last 2016:166 [ref. 34996], White et al. 2017:212 [ref. 35860] as cf. nelsoni, White & Ko'ou 2018:52 [ref. 35922] as cf. nelsoni). Current status: Valid as Narcinops nelsoni (Carvalho 2008). Narcinidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Queensland, Australia and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

nigra, Narcine Duméril [A. H. A.] 1852:276 [Revue et Magasin de Zoologie (Sér. 2) v. 4; ref. 1148] Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-1337. Type catalog: Bertin 1939:82 [ref. 20739], Séret & McEachran 1987:28 [ref. 9312]. •Questionably valid as Narcine nigra Duméril 1852 -- (Compagno 1999:487 [ref. 25589], Weigmann 2016:74 [ref. 34211] see remarks). Current status: Uncertain as Narcine nigra Duméril 1852. Narcinidae. Habitat: marine.

ocellata, Torpedo Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:199 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Table Bay, South Africa. Syntypes: MNHN A-7516 (1), A-7891 (2). Type catalog: Bertin 1939:81 [ref. 20739]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Torpedo ocellata Rafinesque 1810. 1°Homonym. Narcinidae. Habitat: marine.

oculifera, Narcine Carvalho [M. R. de], Compagno [L. J. V.] & Mee [J. K. L.] 2002:137, Figs. 1-4 [Copeia 2002 (no. 1); ref. 25894] North Point, Fahal Island, near Muscat, Oman, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: CAS 66838. Paratypes: CAS 58368 (1), NHM 1939.5.24.15 (1), TCWC 8863.01 (1). •Valid as Narcine oculifera Carvalho, Compagno & Mee 2002 -- (Carvalho et al. 2002:144 [ref. 26196], Carvalho & Randall 2003:65 [ref. 26773], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S93 [ref. 27377], Weigmann 2016:75 [ref. 34211], Carvalho & Last 2016:160 [ref. 34996], Eagderi et al. 2019:16 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Narcine oculifera Carvalho, Compagno & Mee 2002. Narcinidae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden, Gulf of Oman and Persian Gulf. Habitat: marine.

ommata, Discopyge Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Bollman 1890:151 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 12 (no. 770); ref. 2433] Off Pacific coast of Colombia, 8°06'30"N, 78°51'W, Albatross station 2797, depth 33 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 41133. Paratypes: (1, destroyed). •Valid as Diplobatis ommata (Jordan & Gilbert 1890) -- (Fechhelm & McEachran 1984:197 [ref. 5227], Allen & Robertson 1994:32 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:32 [ref. 23101], McEachran in Fischer et al. 1995:771 [ref. 22829], Castro-Aguirre & Espinosa Pérez 1996:24 [ref. 22793], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:38 [ref. 24545], Compagno 1999:486 [ref. 25589], Thomson et al. 2000:282 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:54 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:9 [ref. 37547], Page et al. 2013:54 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:143 [ref. 34871], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:101 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:73 [ref. 34211], Carvalho & Last 2016:146 [ref. 34996], Ehemann et al. 2018:25 [ref. 36194], Calle-Morán et al. 2020:244 [ref. 37881], Bessudo et al. 2021:[3] 1771 [ref. 39107], González-Acosta et al. 2021:7 [ref. 38361], Love et al. 2021:23 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Diplobatis ommata (Jordan & Gilbert 1890). Narcinidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Pacific coast of Baja California Sur (Mexico) south to Ecuador, including Gulf of California (Mexico) and Malpelo Island (Colombia). Habitat: marine.

ommata, Narcine Clark [H. W.] 1936:383 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 21 (no. 29); ref. 839] Pacific coast of Central America (exact locality unknown). Holotype (unique): CAS 5444. Narcinidae. Habitat: marine.

ornata, Narcine Carvalho [M. R. de] 2008:242, Figs. 1-5 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29690] Gulf of Carpentaria, Queensland, Australia, 12°58'S, 139°10'E, depth 56 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 3946-02. Paratypes: AMS I 15557-015 (1); CSIRO CA 2273 (1), H 1115-01 (1), H 3646-05 (1); QM I 27854 (1), 28005 (1). Pluys non-type material. •Valid as Narcine ornata Carvalho 2008 -- (Larson et al. 2013:15 [ref. 32988], Weigmann 2016:75 [ref. 34211]). •Valid as Narcinops ornata (Carvalho 2008) -- (Carvalho & Last 2016:167 [ref. 34996]). •Valid as Narcinops ornatus (Carvalho 2008). Current status: Valid as Narcinops ornatus (Carvalho 2008). Narcinidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Timor and Arafura seas (Queensland, Northern Territory and Western Australia). Habitat: marine.

pictus, Diplobatis Palmer [G.] 1950:480, Fig. 1 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 3 (no. 30) (art. 41); ref. 12968] Off Georgetown, Guyana. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1950.5.15.4. Diplobatis is feminine and pictus/picta an adjective. •Valid as Diplobatis picta Palmer 1950 -- (Uyeno & Miyake in Uyeno et al. 1983:72 [ref. 14275], Fechhelm & McEachran 1984:188 [ref. 5227] as pictus, Cervigón 1992:208 [ref. 23827] as pictus, Aguilera 1998:45 [ref. 24221] as pictus, Cervigón & Alcalá 1999:159 [ref. 24490] as pictus, Compagno 1999:486 [ref. 25589] as pictus, Menni & Stehmann 2000:73 [ref. 24909] as pictus, Camargo & Isaac 2001:144 [ref. 27639] as pictus, Gomes & Carvalho in Menezes et al. 2003:28 [ref. 27192] as pictus, McEachran & Carvalho 2003:523 [ref. 26985] as pictus, Weigmann 2016:[73] 909 [ref. 34211] as pictus). •Valid as Diplobatis picta Palmer 1950 -- (Carvalho & Last 2016:147 [ref. 34996], Ehemann et al. 2019:[6] [ref. 36861]). Current status: Valid as Diplobatis picta Palmer 1950. Narcinidae. Distribution: Western central Atlantic: Colombia south to Amazon estuary, Brazil (including southern Caribbean Sea). Habitat: brackish, marine.

pictus, Torpedo Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:13 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Antilles and American Ocean. No types known. Based on Gronow 1763:35, Pl. 9 (fig. 3) [ref. 1910]. •Synonym of Narcine bancroftii (Griffith & Smith 1834) -- (Jones et al. 2020:285 [ref. 37610]). Current status: Synonym of Narcine bancroftii (Griffith & Smith 1834). Narcinidae. Habitat: marine.

prodorsalis, Narcine Bessednov [L. N.] 1966:80, Fig. 5 [Zoologicheskii Zhurnal v. 45 (no. 1) (for 30 Dec. 1965); ref. 8011] Gulf of Tonkin, South China Sea, 20°49.7'N, 108°00'E, depth 49 meters. Holotype (unique): Mus. Fish. Inst. Vladyvostok 3601, not ZIN. •Valid as Narcine prodorsalis Bessednov 1966 -- (Monkolprasit 1990:390 [ref. 20064], Carvalho et al. 1999:1440 [ref. 24638], Compagno 1999:487 [ref. 25589], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:581 [ref. 25122], Weigmann 2016:75 [ref. 34211], Carvalho & White 2016:158 [ref. 34504], Carvalho & Last 2016:161 [ref. 34996], Roy et al. 2019:482 [ref. 37256], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 2 [ref. 38321], Haroon & Kibria 2021:100 [ref. 39241], Srinivasan et al. 2021:2 [ref. 38695]). Current status: Valid as Narcine prodorsalis Bessednov 1966. Narcinidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India and Bangladesh east to Indonesia, north to southern China. Habitat: marine.

punctata, Narcine brasiliensis var. Garman [S.] 1881:233 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 8 (no. 11); ref. 14294] Kingstown, St. Vincent Island, West Indies. Syntypes: MCZ 752-S (1). Type catalog: Hartel & Dingerkus 1997:xliii [ref. 23119]. •Synonym of Narcine bancroftii (Griffith & Smith 1834) -- (Jones et al. 2020:285 [ref. 37610]). Current status: Synonym of Narcine bancroftii (Griffith & Smith 1834). Narcinidae. Habitat: marine.

rierai, Heteronarce Lloris [D.] & Rucabado [J. A.] 1991:327, Figs. 1-3 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 37 (no. 4); ref. 20056] Mozambique, 21°10'S, 35°37'E, depth 169-188 meters. Holotype: IIPB 82/1987. Paratypes: IIPB 527/1986 (1), 528/1986 (1), 577/1986 (1), 578/1986 (1), 579/1986 (1). Type catalog: Allué et al. 2000:25 [ref. 30499]. •Valid as Narcine rierai (Lloris & Rucabado 1991) -- (Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:vii [ref. 21953], Compagno 1999:487 [ref. 25589], Carvalho 2001:571 [ref. 25603], Carvalho et al. 2002:144 [ref. 25894], Carvalho & Séret 2002:405 [ref. 25996], Carvalho et al. 2002:145 [ref. 26196], Carvalho & Randall 2003:65 [ref. 26773], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S93 [ref. 27377], Compagno & Heemstra 2007:43 [ref. 29194] as reirai and rierai, Weigmann 2016:75 [ref. 34211], Carvalho & Last 2016:162 [ref. 34996]). Current status: Valid as Narcine rierai (Lloris & Rucabado 1991). Narcinidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

schmitti, Narcine Hildebrand [S. F.] 1948:1, Fig. 1 [Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections v. 110 (no. 9); ref. 2162] White Friars Island, off the mouth of the Gulf of California, Mexico. Holotype (unique): USNM 94044. •Valid as Narcine schmitti Hildebrand 1948 -- (Castro-Aguirre & Espinosa Pérez 1996:24 [ref. 22793]). •Synonym of Narcine vermiculata Breder 1928 -- (Carvalho 2001:561 [ref. 25603] as vermiculatus, Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:104 [ref. 34398] as vermiculatus). Current status: Synonym of Narcine vermiculata Breder 1928. Narcinidae. Habitat: marine.

tasmaniensis, Narcine Richardson [J.] 1841:22 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1841 (pt 9); ref. 18626] Port Arthur, Tasmania, Australia, ca. 43°09'S, 147°51'E. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1953.8.10.8. Appeared first as name only in Richardson 1840:29 [ref. 3733]. Also described in Richardson 1844:178, Pl. 11 (fig. 2) [ref. 20295]. •Valid as Narcine tasmaniensis Richardson 1841 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:61 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:15 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:155 [ref. 22532], Last & Stevens 1994:378 [ref. 23873], Compagno 1999:487 [ref. 25589], Carvalho 2001:571 [ref. 25603], Carvalho & Séret 2002:405 [ref. 25996], Paxton et al. 2006:168 [ref. 28995], Carvalho 2008:258 [ref. 29690], Gomon 2008:102 [ref. 30616], Weigmann 2016:75 [ref. 34211]). •Valid as Narcinops tasmaniensis (Richardson 1841) -- (Carvalho & Last 2016:168 [ref. 34996]). Current status: Valid as Narcinops tasmaniensis (Richardson 1841). Narcinidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

timlei, Raja Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:359 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India. Lectotype: ZMB 4581 or 4582. Paralectotypes:: ZMB 4581 (1) or 4582 (1), 7588 (1, stuffed). Type catalog: Paepke & Schmidt 1988:171 [ref. 21041], Paepke 1999:105, and errata on inside of back cover [ref. 24282]. Lectotype designated by Carvalho 1999. •Valid as Narcine timlei (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:12 [ref. 6441], Monkolprasit 1990:390 [ref. 20064], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:212 [ref. 24016], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:84 [ref. 27969], Morón et al. 1999:154 [ref. 24253], Carvalho et al. 1999:1441 [ref. 24638], Compagno 1999:487 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:162 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:581 [ref. 25122], Carvalho 2001:571 [ref. 25603], Nakabo 2002:162 [ref. 26001], Carvalho et al. 2002:135 [ref. 26196], Sujatha 2002:157 [ref. 26899], Carvalho & Randall 2003:65 [ref. 26773], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S93 [ref. 27377], Compagno et al. 2005:63 [ref. 29145], Psomadakis et al. 2015:96 [ref. 34104], Weigmann 2016:75 [ref. 34211], Carvalho & Last 2016:163 [ref. 34996], Suresh et al. 2018:46 [ref. 36495], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 3 [ref. 38321], Psomadakis et al. 2020:200 [ref. 37272], Haroon & Kibria 2021:101 [ref. 39241], Srinivasan et al. 2021:2 [ref. 38695]). Current status: Valid as Narcine timlei (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Narcinidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Pakistan east to Vietnam and Hainan (China). Habitat: marine.

tschudii, Discopyge Heckel [J. J.] in Tschudi 1846:33, Pl. 6 [Untersuchungen über die Fauna Peruana; ref. 4469] Heradura, a small bay between Huacho and Chancay, Peru. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Paepke & Schmidt 1988:171 [ref. 21041], Kottelat 1987:52 [ref. 25858]. Authorship follows that suggested by Kottelat 1987:53 [ref. 25858]. •Valid as Discopyge tschudii Heckel 1846 -- (Pequeño et al. 1988 [ref. 12550], Pequeño 1989:17 [ref. 14125], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:81 [ref. 24555], Compagno 1999:486 [ref. 25589], Menni & Stehmann 2000:73 [ref. 24909], Cousseau & Perrotta 2000:40 [ref. 25942], López et al. 2002:62 [ref. 26808], Gomes & Carvalho in Menezes et al. 2003:28 [ref. 27192], Menni et al. 2009:168 [ref. 30218], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Weigmann 2016:73 [ref. 34211], Carvalho & Last 2016:149 [ref. 34996], Nión et al. 2016:22 [ref. 35565], Calle-Morán et al. 2020:244 [ref. 37881]). Current status: Valid as Discopyge tschudii Heckel 1846. Narcinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Ecuador south to Chile; southwestern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

umbrosa, Narcine Jordan [D. S.] 1884:105 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 7 (no. 416); ref. 10463] Key West, Florida, U.S.A. Syntypes: CAS 18246 [ex IU 987] (1), USNM 36940 (1). •Synonym of Narcine bancroftii (Griffith & Smith 1834) -- (Jones et al. 2020:285 [ref. 37610]). Current status: Synonym of Narcine bancroftii (Griffith & Smith 1834). Narcinidae. Habitat: marine.

vermiculatus, Narcine Breder [C. M., Jr.] 1928:6, Figs. 3 (on Pl. 2), 4 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 2 (art. 1); ref. 15841] West of Puerto Madero, Chiapas, Mexico, 14°40'20"N, 92°40'30'W. Holotype (unique): YPM 1143. Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:27 [ref. 16741]. Narcine is feminine and vermiculatus/vermiculata an adjective. •Valid as Narcine vermiculatus Breder 1928 -- (Bussing & López S. 1994:32 [ref. 23101], McEachran in Fischer et al. 1995:771 [ref. 22829], Castro-Aguirre & Espinosa Pérez 1996:23 [ref. 22793], Compagno 1999:487 [ref. 25589], Carvalho 2001:572 [ref. 25603], Nelson et al. 2004:54 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:54 [ref. 32708], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:104 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:[75] 911 [ref. 34211]). •Valid as Narcine vermiculata Breder 1928 -- (Carvalho & Last 2016:164 [ref. 34996], Ehemann et al. 2018:26 [ref. 36194], González-Acosta et al. 2021:7 [ref. 38361] as vermicula). Current status: Valid as Narcine vermiculata Breder 1928. Narcinidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Mexico south to Costa Rica. Habitat: marine.

westraliensis, Narcine McKay [R. J.] 1966:73, Figs. 3, 5a-b, 6 [Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia v. 49 (pt 3) (art. 9); ref. 9043] 8 miles northwest of Cape Peron, Shark Bay, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.6963-001. Paratypes: WAM: P.5027-001 (1), P.6946-001 to P.6962-001 (17), P.6964-001 to P.6975-001 (12), P.6996-001 to P.6999-001 (4), P.7003-001 to P.7005-001 (3), P.7009-001 (1), P.7016-001 (1), P.7018-001 (1), P.7031-001 (1), P.7033-001 (1), P.7035-001 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:5 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:4 [ref. 30117]. P.5027-001 (1). •Valid as Narcine westraliensis McKay 1966 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:26 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:61 [ref. 12442], Last & Stevens 1994:379 [ref. 23873], Allen 1997:46 [ref. 23977], Compagno 1999:487 [ref. 25589], Carvalho 2001:571 [ref. 25603], Hutchins 2001:15 [ref. 25847], Carvalho & Séret 2002:405 [ref. 25996], Paxton et al. 2006:168 [ref. 28995], Carvalho 2008:258 [ref. 29690], Weigmann 2016:75 [ref. 34211]). •Valid as Narcinops westraliensis (McKay 1966) -- (Carvalho & Last 2016:169 [ref. 34996]). Current status: Valid as Narcinops westraliensis (McKay 1966). Narcinidae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

yangi, Benthobatis Carvalho [M. R. de], Compagno [L. J. V.] & Ebert [D. A.] 2003:928, Figs. 1-7 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 72 (no. 3); ref. 27551] Off Tungkang [Tongkang], southwestern Taiwan, 22°28.0'N, 120°26.0'E. Holotype: SIO 70-274. Paratypes: BMNH 1990.7.18.1 (1), SIO 70-274 (2), NTUM 01712 (1). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:20 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Benthobatis yangi Carvalho, Compagno & Ebert 2003 -- (Ho & Shao 2011:20 [ref. 31432], Ebert et al. 2013:342 [ref. 33045], Weigmann 2016:72 [ref. 34211], Carvalho & Last 2016:143 [ref. 34996], Psomadakis et al. 2020:198 [ref. 37272] as cf. yangi). Current status: Valid as Benthobatis yangi Carvalho, Compagno & Ebert 2003. Narcinidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Taiwan. Habitat: marine.


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