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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Nemichthyidae: [ 32 ] records


acanthonotus, Nemichthys Alcock [A. W.] 1894:136 [22] [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 63 (pt 2); ref. 90] Bay of Bengal, 13°39'N, 80°34'E, Investigator station 165, depth 475 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZSI F13643. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:135 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:37 [ref. 22148]. On p. 22 of separate. Figured in Alcock 1895: Pl. 14 (fig. 5) [ref. 20532]. •Synonym of Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848 -- (Smith & Nielsen 1989:454 [ref. 13290], Smith 1990:201 [ref. 13759]). Current status: Synonym of Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848. Nemichthyidae. Habitat: marine.

acuticeps, Leptocephalus Regan [C. T.] 1916:140, Fig. 5 [British Antarctic ("Terra Nova") Expedition (1910-1913). Zoology v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 15063] South Atlantic off Brazil, 21°00'S, 37°50'W at surface. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1916.3.20.106. Described from a leptocephalus larva. •Valid as Avocettina acuticeps (Regan 1916) -- (Castle 1986:193 [ref. 5644], Paxton et al. 1989:134 [ref. 12442], Smith & Nielsen 1989:448 [ref. 13290], Smith 1990:199 [ref. 13759], Trunov 1999:461 [ref. 24579] as cf. acuticeps, Smith 1999:1679 [ref. 24661], Menezes et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:36 [ref. 27192], Paxton et al. 2006:285 [ref. 28995], Smith 2008:170 [ref. 30621], Melo et al. 2009:8 [ref. 30460], Smith & Stewart 2015:264 [ref. 34234], Smith 2016:1678 [ref. 34556], Sutton et al. 2020:23 [ref. 37832]). Current status: Valid as Avocettina acuticeps (Regan 1916). Nemichthyidae. Distribution: Southern Hemisphere, except eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

andreae, Leptocephalus Schmidt [E. J.] 1912:50 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 64; ref. 18702] North Atlantic. Holotype: ZMUC P31510. •Synonym of Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848 -- (Smith & Nielsen 1989:454 [ref. 13290], Smith 1989:926 [ref. 13285], Smith 1990:201 [ref. 13759]). Current status: Synonym of Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848. Nemichthyidae. Habitat: marine.

avocetta, Nemichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1881:409 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 170); ref. 18355] Harbor of Port Gamble, Puget Sound, Washington, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 27399. Type catalog: Smith 1994:26 [ref. 21917]. •Synonym of Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848 -- (Smith & Nielsen 1989:454 [ref. 13290], Smith 1990:201 [ref. 13759], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:126 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2014:50 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848. Nemichthyidae. Habitat: marine.

bowersii, Labichthys Garman [S.] 1899:323, Pl. 64 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Off (Pacific) Panama, 6°10'N, 83°06'W, Albatross station 3361, depth 1471 fathoms. Lectotype: MCZ 50076 (in 4 pieces). Paralectotypes: MCZ 28432 (1), ?50072 (1), 50077 (2). •Valid as Avocettina bowersii (Garman 1899) -- (Smith & Nielsen 1989:448 [ref. 13290] as bowersi, Pequeño 1989:25 [ref. 14125] as bowersi, De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:239 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:126 [ref. 24555] as bowersi, Mecklenburg et al. 2002:125 [ref. 25968], Love et al. 2005:21 [ref. 37547], Mundy 2005:137 [ref. 28379], Fourriére et al. 2016:453 [ref. 34668], Cruz-Mena & Angulo 2016:1 [ref. 34749], Robertson et al. 2017:35 [ref. 35676]). Current status: Valid as Avocettina bowersii (Garman 1899). Nemichthyidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: California (U.S.A.) south to central Chile; possibly south of the Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

canaricus, Leptocephalus Lea [E.] 1913:33, Pl. 6 (no. 1) [Scientific Results of the Michael Sars North Atlantic Deep-Sea Expedition 1910 v. 3 (pt 1, no. 7); ref. 14158] North Atlantic, 28°42'N, 20°00'W, station 45, 50 m; 31°20'N, 35°07'W, station 51, surface. Syntypes: ZMUB 2506 (3), 5112 (1). Type catalog: Frøiland 1979:146 [ref. 21547]. •Synonym of Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848 -- (Smith & Nielsen 1989:454 [ref. 13290], Smith 1989:926 [ref. 13285], Smith 1990:202 [ref. 13759]). Current status: Synonym of Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848. Nemichthyidae. Habitat: marine.

carinatus, Labichthys Gill [T. N.] & Ryder [J. A.] 1883:261 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 6 (no. 381); ref. 1746] Off Georges Bank, northwestern Atlantic, 41°13'00"N, 65°00'50"W, Albatross station 2076, depth 0-906 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 33369. Type catalog: Smith 1994:26 [ref. 21917]. •Valid as Labichthys carinatus Gill & Ryder 1883 -- (Smith & Nielsen 1989:451 [ref. 13290], Smith 1989:931 [ref. 13285], McAllister 1990:47 [ref. 14674], Smith 1990:200 [ref. 13759], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:288 [ref. 23897], Smith 1999:1679 [ref. 24661], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:149 [ref. 27754], Menezes et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:36 [ref. 27192], Smith 2003:742 [ref. 26989], Moore et al. 2003:174 [ref. 27076], Mundy 2005:137 [ref. 28379], Smith 2016:1678 [ref. 34556], Fricke et al. 2018:48 [ref. 35805], Carneiro et al. 2019:68 [ref. 37250], Sutton et al. 2020:22 [ref. 37832]). Current status: Valid as Labichthys carinatus Gill & Ryder 1883. Nemichthyidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and temperate waters. Habitat: marine.

curvirostris, Leptocephalus Strömman [P. H.] 1896:41, Pl. 5 (figs. 1-2) [Leptocephalids in the University Zoological Museum at Upsala; ref. 4294] Western Atlantic, north of Puerto Rico, 22°N, 65°W. Holotype (unique): ZMUU 410. Type catalog: Wallin 1996:61 [ref. 32133]. •Valid as Nemichthys curvirostris (Strömman 1896) -- (Nielsen in Whitehead et al. 1986:552 [ref. 13676], Castle 1986:194 [ref. 5644], Paxton et al. 1989:134 [ref. 12442], Smith & Nielsen 1989:457 [ref. 13290], Smith 1989:927 [ref. 13285], Paulin et al. 1989:70 [ref. 24556], Smith 1990:201 [ref. 13759], Santos et al. 1997:22 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:57 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:289 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:71 [ref. 24106], Porteiro et al. 1999:27 [ref. 24203], Trunov 1999:461 [ref. 24579], Smith 1999:1679 [ref. 24661], Hutchins 2001:18 [ref. 25847], Menezes et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:36 [ref. 27192], Smith 2003:742 [ref. 26989], Paxton et al. 2006:286 [ref. 28995], Smith 2008:172 [ref. 30621], Fricke et al. 2009:21 [ref. 30213], Melo et al. 2009:8 [ref. 30460], Smith & Stewart 2015:267 [ref. 34234], Smith 2016:1679 [ref. 34556], Cruz-Mena & Angulo 2016:5 [ref. 34749], Fricke et al. 2018:48 [ref. 35805], Carneiro et al. 2019:68 [ref. 37250], Reiner 2019:74 [ref. 38139], Iglésias et al. 2020:289 [ref. 37987], Sutton et al. 2020:24 [ref. 37832], Kovačić et al. 2021:20 [ref. 39014]). Current status: Valid as Nemichthys curvirostris (Strömman 1896). Nemichthyidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas (including western Mediterranean Sea), but not in North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

elongatus, Labichthys Gill [T. N.] & Ryder [J. A.] 1883:262 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 6 (no. 381); ref. 1746] Off Massachusetts, U.S.A., 39°22'00"N, 68°34'30"W, Albatross station 2100, depth 0-1628 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 33577. Type catalog: Smith 1994:26 [ref. 21917]. •Synonym of Borodinula infans (Günther 1878) -- (Larsen 1973:232 [ref. 7187]). •Synonym of Avocettina infans (Günther 1878) -- (Smith & Nielsen 1989:448 [ref. 13290], Smith 1990:199 [ref. 13759]). Current status: Synonym of Avocettina infans (Günther 1878). Nemichthyidae. Habitat: marine.

exophthalma, Avocettina Parr [A. E.] 1932:16, Fig. 8 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (no. 5); ref. 16512] Tongue of the Ocean, Bahamas, 23°42'20"N, 76°43'20"W, 7000 feet wire out. Holotype: YPM 2656. Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:22 [ref. 16741]. •Synonym of Avocettina infans (Günther 1878) -- (Smith & Nielsen 1989:448 [ref. 13290], Smith 1990:200 [ref. 13759]). Current status: Synonym of Avocettina infans (Günther 1878). Nemichthyidae. Habitat: marine.

flagellifer, Cercomitus Weber [M.] 1913:55, Pl. 6 (fig. 1) [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Savu Sea, 9°03.4'S, 119°00.7'E, Siboga station 52, depth 959 meters. Lectotype: ZMA 112625. Paralectotypes: ZMA 112624 (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:8 [ref. 19236]. Lectotype selected by Nielsen & Smith 1978:66 [ref. 8901]. •Synonym of Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848 -- (Smith 1990:202 [ref. 13759]). Current status: Synonym of Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848. Nemichthyidae. Habitat: marine.

fronto, Nemichthys Garman [S.] 1899:324, Pl. 65 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Gulf of Panama, eastern Pacific, 7°31'30"N, 79°14'W, Albatross station 3384, depth 0-458 fathoms. Lectotype: USNM 153591. Paralectotypes: MCZ 28431 (1), 50074 (1). Lectotype selected by Nielsen & Smith 1978:69 [ref. 8901]. •Valid as Nemichthys fronto Garman 1899 -- (Pequeño 1989:25 [ref. 14125]). •Synonym of Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848 -- (Smith & Nielsen 1989:454 [ref. 13290], Smith 1990:201 [ref. 13759]). Current status: Synonym of Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848. Nemichthyidae. Habitat: marine.

gaussiana, Tilurella Pappenheim [P.] 1914:187, Pl. 10 (figs. 3-3a) [Deutsche Südpolar-Expedition 1901-1903 v. 15 (Zoologie v. 7); ref. 3361] Atlantic, 30°21'S, 14°02'W. Holotype (unique): ZMB 19332 (nearly disintegrated). •Questionably a synonym of Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848 -- (Smith & Nielsen 1989:454 [ref. 13290], Smith 1990:202 [ref. 13759]). Current status: Uncertain as Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848. Nemichthyidae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

gilli, Labichthys Bean [T. H.] 1890:45 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 795); ref. 229] East of Prince of Wales Island, Alaska, U.S.A., 55°20'N, 136°20'W, Albatross station 2859, depth 0-1569 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 44239. Type catalog: Smith 1994:26 [ref. 21917]. •Synonym of Avocettina infans (Günther 1878) -- (Smith & Nielsen 1989:448 [ref. 13290], Smith 1990:199 [ref. 13759], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:16 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:125 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2014:49 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Avocettina infans (Günther 1878). Nemichthyidae. Habitat: marine.

hjorti, Leptocephalus Blegvad [H.] 1913:136, Figs. 1-3 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn v. 64; ref. 21816] Atlantic, 21°34'N, 29°50'W. Holotype. See also Leptocephalus hjorti Weber 1913, earliest not researched. •Synonym of Labichthys carinatus Gill & Ryder 1883 -- (Smith & Nielsen 1989:451 [ref. 13290], Smith 1989:931 [ref. 13285]). Current status: Synonym of Labichthys carinatus Gill & Ryder 1883. Nemichthyidae. Habitat: marine.

infans, Nemichthys Günther [A.] 1878:251 [24] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 2 (nos 7/8/9)(art. 2/22/28); ref. 2010] Mid-Atlantic, 5°48'N, 14°20'W, Challenger station 101, depth 2500 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.12.7.259. On p. 24 of separate. See also Günther 1887:264, Pl. 63 (fig. B) [ref. 2013]. •Valid as Borodinula infans (Günther 1878) -- (Larsen 1973:232 [ref. 7187]). •Valid as Avocettina infans (Günther 1878) -- (Ida in Okamura et al. 1982:69, 322 [ref. 8256], Sakamoto in Amaoka et al. 1983:69, 175 [ref. 8379], Asano in Masuda et al. 1984:22 [ref. 6441], Machida in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:109, 326 [ref. 8057], Nielsen in Whitehead et al. 1986:552 [ref. 13676], Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:68 [ref. 14235], Matarese et al. 1989:38 [ref. 26885], Paxton et al. 1989:134 [ref. 12442], Smith & Nielsen 1989:448 [ref. 13290], Smith 1989:929 [ref. 13285], McAllister 1990:47 [ref. 14674], Smith 1990:199 [ref. 13759], Shinohara et al. 1994:53 [ref. 22800], Shinohara et al. 1996:158 [ref. 26605], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:239 [ref. 24545], Santos et al. 1997:22 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:56 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:287 [ref. 23897], Smith 1999:1679 [ref. 24661], Nakabo 2000:237 [ref. 25086], Smith in Randall & Lim 2000:587 [ref. 25122], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:16 [ref. 25650], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:149 [ref. 27754], Hutchins 2001:18 [ref. 25847], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:125 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:237 [ref. 26001], Menezes et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:36 [ref. 27192], Smith 2003:742 [ref. 26989], Moore et al. 2003:174 [ref. 27076], Love et al. 2005:21 [ref. 37547], Mundy 2005:137 [ref. 28379], Shinohara et al. 2005:401 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:285 [ref. 28995], Shao et al. 2008:239 [ref. 29952], Costa & Mincarone 2010:353 [ref. 37483], Møller et al. 2010:21 [ref. 31169], Zhang et al. 2010:310 [ref. 31511], Fricke et al. 2011:353 [ref. 31342], Maslenikov et al. 2013:2 [ref. 37947], Parin et al. 2014:49 [ref. 33547], Ho et al. 2015:164 [ref. 34130], Smith 2016:1678 [ref. 34556], Cruz-Mena & Angulo 2016:5 [ref. 34749], Burton & Lea 2019:35 [ref. 37205], Carneiro et al. 2019:67 [ref. 37250], Fricke et al. 2019:54 [ref. 36673], Psomadakis et al. 2020:286 [ref. 37272], Sutton et al. 2020:23 [ref. 37832], Dyldin & Orlov 2021:61 [ref. 38158]). Current status: Valid as Avocettina infans (Günther 1878). Nemichthyidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas (including Gulf of California/Mexico). Habitat: marine.

larseni, Nemichthys Nielsen [J. G.] & Smith [D. G.] 1978:55, Figs. 34-36 [Dana Report No. 88; ref. 8901] Pacific Mexico, 29°50'30"N, 117°22'W, depth 0-170 meters. Holotype: USNM 217376 [ex SIO 66-266]. Paratypes: ANSP 140465-67 (1, 1, 1); MCZ 49155 (1); OSU MT2109 (1); SIO 51-374 (1), 57-206 (1), 60-459 (3), 62-410 (1), 63-331 (1), 63-408 (1), 66-30 (1), 66-51 (1), 66-414 (1), 67-67 (1), 73-149 (1); USNM 219537-39 (3), 219542-43 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:131 [ref. 13621], Smith 1994:26 [ref. 21917]. •Valid as Nemichthys larseni Nielsen & Smith 1978 -- (Smith & Nielsen 1989:453 [ref. 13290], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:127 [ref. 25968], Love et al. 2005:21 [ref. 37547], Mundy 2005:138 [ref. 28379], Cruz-Mena & Angulo 2016:5 [ref. 34749]). Current status: Valid as Nemichthys larseni Nielsen & Smith 1978. Nemichthyidae. Distribution: Central and eastern Pacific: Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.); Oregon (U.S.A.) south to central Mexico, including Gulf of California (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

leuchtenbergi, Leptorhynchus Lowe [R. T.] 1851:172, pl. [Mémoires de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg v. 7; ref. 9184] Off Madeira. Holotype (unique): lost. Dates to separate of Lowe 1851 [ref. 9184]. Also appeared as new in Lowe [R. T.] 1852:252 [ref. 2835]. •Synonym of Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848 -- (Larsen 1973:231 [ref. 7187], Smith & Nielsen 1989:454 [ref. 13290], Smith 1990:201 [ref. 13759]). Current status: Synonym of Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848. Nemichthyidae. Habitat: marine.

major, Borodinula Karmovskaya [E. S.] 1977:198, Fig. 6 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova v. 109; ref. 13763] 38°59'S, 172°18'E. Holotype (unique): ZIN 43120. •Synonym of Avocettina acuticeps (Regan 1916) -- (Smith 1990:199 [ref. 13759]). Current status: Synonym of Avocettina acuticeps (Regan 1916). Nemichthyidae. Habitat: marine.

mediterraneus, Nemichthys Ariola [V.] 1904:126, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [L'Acquicoltura Lombarda, Bollettino Mensile v. 6 (no. 5); ref. 20563] Gulf of Genoa, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MSNG 6822. Original not seen. •Synonym of Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848 -- (Larsen 1973:231 [ref. 7187], Smith & Nielsen 1989:454 [ref. 13290], Smith 1990:201 [ref. 13759]). Current status: Synonym of Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848. Nemichthyidae. Habitat: marine.

normani, Avocettinops Bertin [L.] 1947:55 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 72 (for 11 Feb. 1947); ref. 13765] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1939.5.24.581. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:130 [ref. 20810]. •Synonym of Avocettina infans (Günther 1878) -- (Smith 1990:200 [ref. 13759]). Current status: Synonym of Avocettina infans (Günther 1878). Nemichthyidae. Habitat: marine.

oxycephalus, Leptocephalus Pappenheim [P.] 1914:190, Pl. 9 (fig. 3) [Deutsche Südpolar-Expedition 1901-1903 v. 15 (Zoologie v. 7); ref. 3361] North of Tristan da Cunha, 30°31'S, 18°57'W, depth 1 m; Indian Ocean, 25°S, 57°7'E, depth 20 meters. Syntypes: ZMB 19343 (1, poor condition), ?19345-49. •Synonym of Avocettina infans (Günther 1878) -- (Smith 1990:199 [ref. 13759]). Current status: Synonym of Avocettina infans (Günther 1878). Nemichthyidae. Habitat: marine.

paucipora, Avocettina Nielsen [J. G.] & Smith [D. G.] 1978:33, Fig. 19 [Dana Report No. 88; ref. 8901] South Pacific, 41°47'S, 176°65'E, 3000 meters wire. Holotype: ZMUC P311128. Paratypes: ISH 1225-1968 (1), 2194-1968 (1), 2195-1968 (1), 768-1976 (1), 453a-1976 (1); LACM 10672 (1), 11451 (1); NMNZ P.2498 (1), P.2499 (2 or 1), P.3981 (1), P.3982 (1), P.10429 (1); ZMUC P311129 (1), P311131-34 (1 ea.). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:7 [ref. 18942]. •Synonym of Avocettina infans (Günther 1878) -- (Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:16 [ref. 25650]). •Valid as Avocettina paucipora Nielsen & Smith 1978 -- (Asano in Masuda et al. 1984:22 [ref. 6441], Castle 1986:193 [ref. 5644], Smith & Nielsen 1989:448 [ref. 13290], Gomon et al. 1994:209 [ref. 22532], Fricke 1999:71 [ref. 24106], Smith 1999:1679 [ref. 24661], Nakabo 2000:237 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:237 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:401 [ref. 28370], Smith 2008:171 [ref. 30621], Smith & Stewart 2015:265 [ref. 34234]). Current status: Valid as Avocettina paucipora Nielsen & Smith 1978. Nemichthyidae. Distribution: Southern Ocean, except eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

polygonifera, Nematoprora Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:587, Fig. 234 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Bird Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 4151, depth 313-800 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 51589. Type catalog: Smith 1994:26 [ref. 21917]. •Synonym of Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848 -- (Smith & Nielsen 1989:454 [ref. 13290], Smith 1990:201 [ref. 13759], Mundy 2005:138 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848. Nemichthyidae. Habitat: marine.

polymerus, Leptocephalus Lea [E.] 1913:23, Fig. 17; Pl. 3 (no. 5) [Scientific Results of the Michael Sars North Atlantic Deep-Sea Expedition 1910 v. 3 (pt 1, no. 7); ref. 14158] North Atlantic, station 51, 31°20'N, 35°07'W, at surface and station 52, 31°24'N, 34°47'E, depth 50 meters. Syntypes: ZMUB 2501 (1), 5097 (1). •Synonym of Nemichthys curvirostris (Strömman 1896) -- (Smith & Nielsen 1989:457 [ref. 13290], Smith 1989:927 [ref. 13285], Smith 1990:210 [ref. 13759]). Current status: Synonym of Nemichthys curvirostris (Strömman 1896). Nemichthyidae. Habitat: marine.

pseudoscolopaceus, Nemichthys Grassi [G. B.] 1913:28 [Metamorfosi dei Muraenoidi; ref. 29912] Possibly available as description and indication with reference to Roule's specimen given on p. 152-153. •In the synonymy of Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848 -- (Larsen 1973:231 [ref. 7187]). Current status: Synonym of Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848. Nemichthyidae. Habitat: marine.

rafinesquii, Oxystomus Facciolà [L.] 1882:167 [Naturalista Siciliano [Il Naturalista Siciliano, Giornale di scienze naturali] v. 1 (no. 7); ref. 1291] Straits of Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Appeared again as new in Facciolà 1882:188 [ref. 26419]. •Probably a synonym of Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848 -- (Tortonese 1970:350 [ref. 21384]). Current status: Uncertain as Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848. Nemichthyidae. Habitat: marine.

rissoi, Tilurus Kaup [J. J.] 1856:146, Pl. 17 (fig. 6) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3352 (poor condition). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:123 [ref. 20810]. Possibly a larval Notacanthiform eel. •Probably a synonym of Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848 -- (Tortonese 1970:350 [ref. 21384]). Nemichthyidae. Habitat: marine.

schmidti, Avocettinops Roule [L.] & Bertin [L.] 1924:63 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 30 (no. 1); ref. 3828] Near Cuba, 23°13'N, 82°21'W, depth about 750 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P31193 (c&s). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:53 [ref. 9588], Bauchot et al. 1993:130 [ref. 20810]. Also in Roule & Bertin 1929:30, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [ref. 3829]. •Synonym of Avocettina infans (Günther 1878) -- (Smith & Nielsen 1989:448 [ref. 13290], Smith 1990:199 [ref. 13759]). Current status: Synonym of Avocettina infans (Günther 1878). Nemichthyidae. Habitat: marine.

scolopacea, Nemichthys Richardson [J.] 1848:25, Pl. 10 (figs. 1-3) [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Samarang; ref. 3744] South Atlantic off Brazil. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1871.7.16.1. •Valid as Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848 -- (Larsen 1973:231 [ref. 7187], Ida in Okamura et al. 1982:69, 322 [ref. 8256], Uyeno & Sasaki in Uyeno et al. 1983:102 [ref. 14275], Asano in Masuda et al. 1984:22 [ref. 6441], Machida in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:107, 326 [ref. 8057], Nielsen in Whitehead et al. 1986:553 [ref. 13676], Castle 1986:194 [ref. 5644], Robins & Ray 1986:50 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:95 [ref. 25518], Matarese et al. 1989:40 [ref. 26885], Paxton et al. 1989:135 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:25 [ref. 14125] as scalopaceus, Smith & Nielsen 1989:454 [ref. 13290], Paulin et al. 1989:70 [ref. 24556], Smith 1989:926 [ref. 13285], McAllister 1990:47 [ref. 14674], Smith 1990:201 [ref. 13759], Shinohara et al. 1994:53 [ref. 22800], Shinohara et al. 1996:158 [ref. 26605], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:239 [ref. 24545], Santos et al. 1997:22 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:57 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:290 [ref. 23897], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:126 [ref. 24555], Fricke 1999:71 [ref. 24106], Porteiro et al. 1999:27 [ref. 24203], Smith 1999:1679 [ref. 24661], Nakabo 2000:237 [ref. 25086], Smith in Randall & Lim 2000:587 [ref. 25122], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:149 [ref. 27754], Hutchins 2001:18 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:293 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:237 [ref. 26001], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:126 [ref. 25968], Smith & Tighe in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:100 [ref. 26158], Menezes et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:36 [ref. 27192], Smith 2003:742 [ref. 26989], Moore et al. 2003:174 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:64 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:21 [ref. 37547], Mundy 2005:138 [ref. 28379], Shinohara et al. 2005:401 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:2856 [ref. 28995], Fricke et al. 2007:25 [ref. 29533], Smith 2008:173 [ref. 30621], Melo et al. 2009:9 [ref. 30460], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:18 [ref. 36649], Møller et al. 2010:21 [ref. 31169], Zhang et al. 2010:309 [ref. 31511], Fricke et al. 2011:353 [ref. 31342], Page et al. 2013:64 [ref. 32708], Larson et al. 2013:29 [ref. 32988], Wirtz et al. 2014:3 [ref. 33516], Parin et al. 2014:49 [ref. 33547], Goren & Galil 2015:516 [ref. 33910], Ho et al. 2015:164 [ref. 34130], Smith & Stewart 2015:268 [ref. 34234], Pietsch & Orr 2015:18 [ref. 34694], Afonso et al. 2016:14, 231 [ref. 36199], Bañón et al. 2016:305 [ref. 34397], Cruz-Mena & Angulo 2016:4 [ref. 34749], Nión et al. 2016:25 [ref. 35565] as scolopaceous, Smith 2016:1679 [ref. 34556], Robertson et al. 2017:36 [ref. 35676], Fricke et al. 2018:48 [ref. 35805], Burton & Lea 2019:35 [ref. 37205], Carneiro et al. 2019:68 [ref. 37250], Fricke et al. 2019:54 [ref. 36673], Reiner 2019:75 [ref. 38139], Bariche & Fricke 2020:34 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:11 [ref. 37519], Psomadakis et al. 2020:287 [ref. 37272], Sutton et al. 2020:24 [ref. 37832], Bañón & Maño 2021:50 [ref. 38883], Dalyan et al. 2021:5 [ref. 38892], Golani 2021:15 [ref. 38303], Kovačić et al. 2021:20 [ref. 39014], Ramos-Castro et al. 2021:521 [ref. 38842]). Current status: Valid as Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848. Nemichthyidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas (including Mediterranean Sea, Gulf of California/Mexico). Habitat: marine.

trilinearis, Paravocettinops Kanazawa [R. H.] & Maul [G. E.] 1967:3, Fig. 1; Pls. 1-2 [Bocagiana. Museu Municipal do Funchal (História Natural) No. 12; ref. 5618] Off coast of Madeira (stomach content). Holotype: MMF 21163. Paratypes: MMF 21181 (1), 22173 (1, partially digested, tip of tail missing); USNM 201410 (1). Type catalog: Smith 1994:26 [ref. 21917]. •Valid as Paravocettinops trilinearis Kanazawa & Maul 1967 -- (Larsen 1973:232 [ref. 7187]). •Synonym of Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848 -- (Nielsen in Whitehead et al. 1986:553 [ref. 13676], Smith & Nielsen 1989:454 [ref. 13290], Smith 1990:202 [ref. 13759]). Current status: Synonym of Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 1848. Nemichthyidae. Habitat: marine.

yanoi, Avocettinops Mead [G. W.] & Rubinoff [I.] 1966:1, Fig. 1 [Breviora No. 241; ref. 9044] Southern Indian Ocean, 28°05'S, 64°58'E to 28°28'S, 65°04'E. Holotype (unique): MCZ 44404. •Valid as Labichthys yanoi (Mead & Rubinoff 1966) -- (Smith & Nielsen 1989:451 [ref. 13290], Paulin et al. 1989:70 [ref. 24556], Paxton et al. 2006:285 [ref. 28995], Smith & Stewart 2015:266 [ref. 34234]). Current status: Valid as Labichthys yanoi (Mead & Rubinoff 1966). Nemichthyidae. Distribution: Southern Indian Ocean and southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.


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