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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Osmeridae: [ 53 ] records


abbottii, Osmerus Cope [E. D.] 1870:490 [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 11 (no. 84); ref. 913] Cobessicontic Lake, Kennebec County, southwestern Maine, U.S.A. Syntypes: ANSP (5, not found). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:135 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (McAllister 1963:16 [ref. 8075]). Current status: Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758). Osmeridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

albatrossis, Osmerus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Evermann 1898:2823 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2445] Shelikof Straits, north of Karluk, Kodiak Island, Alaska, U.S.A., Albatross station 3675, depth 109 fathoms. Syntypes: (2) CAS-SU 5750 (1), USNM 48798 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:15 [ref. 12291]. Also in Jordan & Gilbert 1899:439, Pl. 46 [ref. 2478]. •Synonym of Thaleichthys pacificus (Richardson 1836) -- (McAllister 1963:23 [ref. 8075], Scott & Crossman 1998:324 [ref. 24570], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:175 [ref. 25968]). Current status: Synonym of Thaleichthys pacificus (Richardson 1836). Osmeridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

arctivus, Salmo Fabricius [O.] 1780:177 [Fauna groenlandica, systematice sistens animalia Groenlandiae occidentalis, etc.; ref. 17464] Western Greenland. No types known. Original spelling as Salmo arctivus; historical typeset, species name equals arcticus. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Salmo arcticus Pallas 1776. •Synonym of Mallotus villosus (Müller 1776) -- (McAllister 1963:38 [ref. 8075], Kljukanov & McAllister 1973:159 [ref. 7178], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:674 [ref. 34853]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Mallotus villosus (Müller 1776). Osmeridae. Habitat: marine.

attenuatus, Osmerus Lockington [W. N.] 1880:66 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 123); ref. 2817] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: (6). •Synonym of Allosmerus elongatus (Ayres 1854) -- (McAllister 1963:25 [ref. 8075]). Current status: Synonym of Allosmerus elongatus (Ayres 1854). Osmeridae. Habitat: marine.

bergi, Hypomesus olidus Taranetz [A. Ya.] 1936:85 [Vestnik Dal'nevostocnogo Filiala Akademii Nauk SSSR = Bulletin of the Far Eastern Branch of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR No. 15 (for 1935); ref. 21494] Tundra lake along the Tym River, Sakhalin Island, Russia. Syntypes: ZIN 25488 (6+). Also appeared in Taranetz 1937:69 [ref. 13384]. •Synonym of Hypomesus olidus (Pallas 1814), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berg 1948:450 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Hypomesus olidus (Pallas 1814) -- (McAllister 1963:31 [ref. 8075], Saruwatari et al. 1997:74 [ref. 23753], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:343 [ref. 30085], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:673 [ref. 34853] with question). Current status: Synonym of Hypomesus olidus (Pallas 1814). Osmeridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

catervarius, Salmo Pennant [T.] 1784:cxxvii [Arctic zoology; ref. 18530] Kamchatka, Russia. No types known. •Synonym of Mallotus villosus (Müller 1776) -- (McAllister 1963:38 [ref. 8075], Scott & Scott 1988:150 [ref. 25518], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:119 [ref. 31212] with extensive comments, Dyldin & Orlov 2016:674 [ref. 34853]). •Synonym of Mallotus villosus (Müller 1776), but a valid subspecies catervarius -- (Chereshnev 1996:602 [ref. 24659], Dorofeeva 1998:51 [ref. 23573], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:19 [ref. 25650], Chereshnev et al. 2001:54 [ref. 26736], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:171 [ref. 25968], Fedorov et al. 2003:31 [ref. 27579], Parin et al. 2014:115 [ref. 33547]). •Valid as Mallotus catervarius (Pennant 1784) -- (Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:163 [ref. 34033], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:29 [ref. 34440], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:75 [ref. 36370] see remarks). Current status: Valid as Mallotus catervarius (Pennant 1784). Osmeridae. Distribution: North Pacific and adjacent Arctic; also western Atlantic and Arctic. Habitat: marine.

chishimaensis, Hypomesus Saruwatari [T.], López [J. A.] & Pietsch [T. W.] 1997:71, Fig. 4B [Species Diversity v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 23753] Lake Aliger, Kunashir Island, Kuril Islands, 44°02'48"N, 145°44'24"E, Russia. Holotype: UW 41700. Paratypes: UW 29161 (57), 29239 (4), 29253 (5), 29256 (7), 29264 (1). Appeared first with a brief description in abstract of talk [ref. 22277] presented at a meeting. Abstracts from this society meetings are generally not considered part of the permanent scientific record and are rarely subsequently cited. We regard the name as not available, not in a work issued for the purpose of providing a permanent scientific record. The description can date to Sauwatari, López & Pietsch as above. •Valid as Hypomesus chishimaensis Saruwatari, López & Pietsch 1997 -- (Nakabo 2000:296 [ref. 25086], Shed'ko 2001:264 [ref. 25405], Pietsch et al. 2001:141 [ref. 25688], Nakabo 2002:296 [ref. 26001], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:126 [ref. 28183], Parin et al. 2014:113 [ref. 33547] with question). •Synonym of Hypomesus nipponensis McAllister 1963 -- (Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Ilves & Taylor 2007:182 [ref. 29041], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:673 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Hypomesus nipponensis McAllister 1963. Osmeridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

dentex, Osmerus Steindachner [F.] & Kner [R.] 1870:429 [9] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 61 (1. Abth.); ref. 4250] Decastris Bay, Tatar Strait, northern Sea of Japan. Syntypes: (several) NMW [ex MGH 1404]. On p. 9 of separate. •Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (McAllister 1963:16 [ref. 8075]). •Synonym of Osmerus mordax (Mitchill 1814), but usually as a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1948:437 [ref. 12882], Kljukanov & McAllister 1973:158 [ref. 7178], Lee et al. 1980:124 [ref. 22416], McAllister in Whitehead et al. 1984:402 [ref. 13675], Uyeno in Masuda et al. 1984:33 [ref. 6441], Lelek 1987:130 [ref. 22962], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:733 [ref. 24702], McAllister 1990:77 [ref. 14674], Chereshnev 1996:602 [ref. 24659], Nikiforov et al. 1997:330 [ref. 24694], Dorofeeva 1998:51 [ref. 23573], Scott & Crossman 1998:313 [ref. 24570], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:8 [ref. 24670], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:19 [ref. 25650], Chereshnev et al. 2001:55 [ref. 26736], Zemnukhov et al. 2001:420 [ref. 25412], Fedorov et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27579], Alekseyev et al. 2004:53 [ref. 27625], Scharpf 2006:22 [ref. 30386], Dolgov 2013:915 [ref. 33112]). •Valid as Osmerus dentex Steindachner & Kner 1870 -- (Okada 1961:345 [ref. 6363], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:128 [ref. 28183], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:347 [ref. 29996], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:343 [ref. 30085], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:124 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:116 [ref. 33547], Tohkairin et al. 2015:5 [ref. 35331], Afonso et al. 2016:17, 242 [ref. 36199], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:675 [ref. 34853], Kells et al. 2016:96 [ref. 35888], Dyldin et al. 2020:82 [ref. 37569]). Current status: Valid as Osmerus dentex Steindachner & Kner 1870. Osmeridae. Distribution: Arctic Ocean and North Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

dilatus, Spirinchus Schultz [L. P.] & Chapman [W. M.] 1934:68, Pls. 2-3 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 13 (no. 73) (art. 3); ref. 10159] 3-5 miles above mouth of Nooksack River near Ferndale, Washington, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 104493 [ex UW 2336]. Paratypes: FMNH 32759 (1); CAS-SU 26768 (2); UMMZ 64462-63 (1, 6); USNM 92817 (2), 104961 [ex UW 2337], 202534 [ex UW 2336]. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:16 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:81 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Spirinchus thaleichthys (Ayres 1860) -- (McAllister 1963:10 [ref. 8075], Lee et al. 1980:125 [ref. 22416], Scott & Crossman 1998:320 [ref. 24570], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:176 [ref. 25968], McPhail 2007:220 [ref. 31199]). Current status: Synonym of Spirinchus thaleichthys (Ayres 1860). Osmeridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

drjagini, Hypomesus olidus Taranetz [A. Ya.] 1936:84 [Vestnik Dal'nevostocnogo Filiala Akademii Nauk SSSR = Bulletin of the Far Eastern Branch of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR No. 15 (for 1935); ref. 21494] Kolyma River system, Arctic Ocean basin, Siberia, Russia. •Synonym of Hypomesus olidus (Pallas 1814) -- (Berg 1948:449 [ref. 12882], McAllister 1963:31 [ref. 8075], Saruwatari et al. 1997:74 [ref. 23753], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:343 [ref. 30085], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:673 [ref. 34853] with question). Current status: Synonym of Hypomesus olidus (Pallas 1814). Osmeridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

dvinensis, Osmerus Smitt [F. A.] 1883:34 [Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens förhandlingar, Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien. v. 39 (no. 8) [for 1882]; ref. 18729] Dvina River, Russia. No types known. •Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758), subspecies dentex Steindachner 1870 -- (Berg 1948:439 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Osmerus mordax (Mitchill 1814) -- (Kljukanov & McAllister 1973:158 [ref. 7178]). •Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (McAllister 1963:16 [ref. 8075], Parin et al. 2014:116 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758). Osmeridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

elongatus, Mallotus Mori [T.] 1930:43 [5] [Journal of the Chosen Natural History Society No. 11; ref. 16505] Kei-ko, Korea. Holotype: whereabouts unknown. On p. 5 of separate. Synonym of Mallotus villosus (Müller 1776) -- (Berg 1948:452 [ref. 12882], McAllister 1963:38 [ref. 8075], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:674 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Mallotus villosus (Müller 1776). Osmeridae. Habitat: marine.

elongatus, Osmerus Ayres [W. O.] 1854:170 [The Pacific [newspaper] v. 3 and 4 (thru no. 6); ref. 157] San Francisco markets, California, U.S.A. Holotype: whereabouts unknown. Appeared first as above on 1 Sept.; then in Ayres 1854:17 [ref. 18923]. •Valid as Allosmerus elongatus (Ayres 1854) -- (McAllister 1963:25 [ref. 8075], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:80 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:75 [ref. 14674], Nelson et al. 2004:85 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:85 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:20 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:94 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:40 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Allosmerus elongatus (Ayres 1854). Osmeridae. Distribution: Northeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

eperlanomarinus, Salmo Bloch [M. E.] 1782:182, Pl. 28 (fig. 1) [M. Marcus Elieser Bloch's ..., ausübenden Arztes zu Berlin, Oeconomische Naturgeschichte der Fische Deutschlands v. 1; ref. 19643] North Sea and Baltic Sea. Syntypes: ZMB 3736 (2). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:108 [ref. 24282]. Spelled eperlano-marinus originally. Name available from plate. On p. 145 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 1 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758), subspecies dentex Steindachner 1870 -- (Berg 1948:441 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (McAllister 1963:21 [ref. 8075], Kljukanov & McAllister 1973:158 [ref. 7178], Kottelat 1997:96 [ref. 22952], Dorofeeva 1998:51 [ref. 23573]). Current status: Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758). Osmeridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

eperlanus, Salmo Linnaeus [C.] 1758:310 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Europe. Syntypes: LS 45 (1, left half-skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1985:29 [ref. 20705]. •Valid as Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:441 [ref. 12882], McAllister 1963:21 [ref. 8075], Kljukanov & McAllister 1973:158 [ref. 7178], McAllister in Whitehead et al. 1984:401 [ref. 13675], Lelek 1987:130 [ref. 22962], Chereshnev 1996:602 [ref. 24659], Kottelat 1997:96 [ref. 22952], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:733 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva 1998:51 [ref. 23573], Scott & Crossman 1998:312 [ref. 24570], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:129 [ref. 28183], Fricke 2007:26 [ref. 30577], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:348 [ref. 29996], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:118 [ref. 31212], Parin et al. 2014:116 [ref. 33547], Dyldin et al. 2020:82 [ref. 37569]). Current status: Valid as Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758). Osmeridae. Distribution: North Atlantic and adjacent Arctic Ocean, including North Sea and Baltic Sea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

groenlandicus, Salmo Bloch [M. E.] 1794:99, Pl. 381 (fig. 1) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 8; ref. 463] Iceland; Greenland; Norway. Syntypes: ZMB 3741 (1). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:108 [ref. 24282] with 1 syntype. On p. 80 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 11 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Mallotus villosus (Müller 1776) -- (McAllister 1963:38 [ref. 8075], Kljukanov & McAllister 1973:159 [ref. 7178], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:674 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Mallotus villosus (Müller 1776). Osmeridae. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Osmerus Brevoort [J. C.] 1856:no page number, Pl. 10 (fig. 2) [Notes on some figures of Japanese fish taken from recent specimens by the artists of the U. S. Japan Expedition. Pp. 253-288, Pls. 3-12 (color) In: M. C. Perry, Narrative of the Expedition of an American Squadron to the China Seas and Japan.; ref. 17284] Hakodate, Oshima Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan. No types known. Named on plate; described as Osmerus olidus? on p. 278 [p. 26 of separate]. Based on a drawing. •Synonym of Hypomesus pretiosus (Girard 1854), but a valid subspecies -- (McAllister 1963:30 [ref. 8075], Lee et al. 1980:122 [ref. 22416], Uyeno in Masuda et al. 1984:33 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:64 [ref. 25598]). •Valid as Hypomesus japonicus (Brevoort 1856) -- (Okada 1961:350 [ref. 6363], Chereshnev 1996:602 [ref. 24659], Saruwatari et al. 1997:76 [ref. 23753], Dorofeeva 1998:50 [ref. 23573], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:8 [ref. 24670], Youn et al. 1999:152 [ref. 25173], Nakabo 2000:295 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:18 [ref. 25650], Chereshnev et al. 2001:52 [ref. 26736] dated 1855, Shedko 2001:263 [ref. 25405], Pietsch et al. 2001:141 [ref. 25688], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:173 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:295 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:190, 526 [ref. 26218], Fedorov et al. 2003:30 [ref. 27579], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:126 [ref. 28183], Parin et al. 2014:113 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:673 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Valid as Hypomesus japonicus (Brevoort 1856). Osmeridae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

jenisseensis, Osmerus eperlanus dentex natio Petrov [V. V.] 1925:108 [Izvestiya Otdeleniya Prikladnoi Ikhtiologii, Leningrad v. 3; ref. 15564] Based on Tyurin 1925. Not available, infrasubspecific; from the Yenisey River, Siberia (see McAllister 1963:16 [ref. 8075]). •In the synonymy of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:437 [ref. 12882]). Infrasubspecific. Current status: Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758). Osmeridae.

kamtschaticus, Coregonus sardinella Kurenkov [I. I.] & Ostroumov [A. G.] 1965:560 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 25651] Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. No types known. •Synonym of Coregonus sardinella Valenciennes 1848, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Chereshnev 1996:603 [ref. 24659]). •Questionably a synonym of Hypomesus olidus (Pallas 1814) -- (Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:18 [ref. 25650]). •Synonym of Hypomesus olidus (Pallas 1814) -- (Bogutskaya et al. 2008:343 [ref. 30085] as kamtschaticum, Parin et al. 2014:115 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:673 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Hypomesus olidus (Pallas 1814). Osmeridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

kaninensis, Osmerus eperlanus dentex natio Petrov [V. V.] 1927:82 [Trudy Instituta po Izucheniya Severa, Nauchno-Technicheskoe Upravlenie VSNC, Moskva v. 34; ref. 21472] Also appeared in Berg 1932:279 [ref. 278]. Not available, infrasubspecific; from Cheshskaya Bay, s. Barents Sea, Russia. •In the synonymy of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:440 [ref. 12882]). Infrasubspecific. Current status: Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758). Osmeridae.

ladogensis, Osmerus eperlanus eperlanus natio Berg [L. S.] 1932:281 [Les poissons des eaux douces de l'U.R.S.S. Part 1; ref. 278] Appeared as name only and not available in Berg 1932:133 [ref. 21141]. Not available, infrasubspecific; from Lake Ladoga, Russia. •In the synonymy of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:441 [ref. 12882], McAllister 1963:21 [ref. 8075], Kottelat 1997:96 [ref. 22952]). Infrasubspecific. Current status: Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758). Osmeridae.

lanceolatus, Osmerus Hikita [T.] 1913:127, Pl. 4 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 25 (no. 293); ref. 14959] Hokkaido, Japan. No types known. Author's name also seen as Hikida. •Valid as Spirinchus lanceolatus (Hikita 1913) -- (Okada 1961:352 [ref. 6363], McAllister 1963:8 [ref. 8075], Uyeno in Masuda et al. 1984:33 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:56 [ref. 25598], Nakabo 2000:295 [ref. 25086], Pietsch et al. 2001:141 [ref. 25688], Nakabo 2002:295 [ref. 26001]). Current status: Valid as Spirinchus lanceolatus (Hikita 1913). Osmeridae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lodde, Salmo Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:156, 219 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Norwegian Islands; Greenland. No types known. •Synonym of Mallotus villosus (Müller 1776) -- (McAllister 1963:38 [ref. 8075], Kljukanov & McAllister 1973:159 [ref. 7178], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:674 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Mallotus villosus (Müller 1776). Osmeridae. Habitat: marine.

lodna, Clupea Hermann [J.] (ex Olafsen & Povelsen) 1804:316 [Observationes zoologicae; ref. 2146] Iceland. See lodna Olafsen. Not an original description by Hermann. •Synonym of Mallotus villosus (Müller 1776) -- (McAllister 1963:38 [ref. 8075], Kljukanov & McAllister 1973:159 [ref. 7178], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:674 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Mallotus villosus (Müller 1776). Osmeridae. Habitat: marine.

major, Osmerus Siemssen [A. C.] 1794:57 [Die Fische Meklenburgs; ref. 36056] Baltic Sea and Elbe River, Germany. No types known. Unneeded replacement name for Salmo eperlanomarinus Bloch 1782. •In the synonymy of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758). Osmeridae.

marinus, Salmo eperlanus var. Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:410 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] North Sea. No types known. Unnecessary replacement for Salmo eperlanomarinus Bloch 1782. •Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758). Osmeridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

microdon, Osmerus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:385, Pl. 621 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] From Museum of Bergen; no locality. •Synonym of Mallotus villosus (Müller 1776) -- (McAllister 1963:38 [ref. 8075], Kljukanov & McAllister 1973:159 [ref. 7178]). Current status: Synonym of Mallotus villosus (Müller 1776). Osmeridae. Habitat: marine.

mordax, Atherina Mitchill [S. L.] 1814:15 [Report, in part, of Samuel L. Mitchill; ref. 3030] New York, U.S.A. No types known. Also in Mitchill 1915:446 [ref. 13292]. •Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (McAllister 1963:15 [ref. 8075], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:52 [ref. 25598], Nakabo 2000:295 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:295 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:190, 527 [ref. 26218]). •Valid as Osmerus mordax (Mitchill 1814) -- (Kljukanov & McAllister 1973:158 [ref. 7178], Lee et al. 1980:124 [ref. 22416], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:82 [ref. 9277], McAllister in Whitehead et al. 1984:402 [ref. 13675], Smith 1986:239 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:78 [ref. 23100], Mayden et al. 1987:1051 [ref. 22450], Robison & Buchanan 1988:134 [ref. 23393], Scott & Scott 1988:150 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:77 [ref. 14674], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:59 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:56 [ref. 18983], Etnier & Starnes 1993:342 [ref. 22809], Cross & Collins 1995:166 [ref. 23394], Zhu 1995:13 [ref. 25213] as mordas, Chereshnev 1996:602 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:733 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva 1998:51 [ref. 23573], Scott & Crossman 1998:310 [ref. 24570], Fuller et al. 1999:237 [ref. 25838], Lyons et al. 2000:47 [ref. 26594], Remnant et al. 2000:660 [ref. 24997], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:19 [ref. 25650], Pietsch et al. 2001:141 [ref. 25688], Ross et al. 2001:341 [ref. 25978], Taylor 2001:131 [ref. 25424], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:166 [ref. 26158], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:174 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:85 [ref. 27807], Bailey et al. 2004:141 [ref. 27882], Scharpf 2006:22 [ref. 30386] with subspecies, Mecklenburg et al. 2007:183 [ref. 29448], Minckley & Marsh 2009:100 [ref. 31114], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:118 [ref. 31212], Page & Burr 2011:378 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708], Afonso et al. 2016:18, 243 [ref. 36199], Zhang et al. 2016:187 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Osmerus mordax (Mitchill 1814). Osmeridae. Distribution: North Atlantic, North Pacific and adjacent Arctic Ocean. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

nipponensis, Hypomesus transpacificus McAllister [D. E.] 1963:36, Fig. 11 (upper) [Bulletin. National Museum of Canada No. 191; ref. 8075] Lake Onuma, southern Hokkaido, Japan (species apparently introduced into Lake Onuma from Lake Akan, Hokkaido, Japan). Holotype: NMC 60-498A. Paratypes: BC 59-653 (6), 61-28 (10); MCZ 44129 [ex NMC 60-498] (1); NMC 60-498 (orig. 52, now 45); ROM 21391 (1); UMMZ 179973 [ex NMC 60-498] (2); USNM 197500 [ex NMC 60-498] (1); ZIN [ex NMC 60-498] (3, not found in 1996). Type catalog: McAllister 1965:8 [ref. 22019]. •Synonym of Hypomesus transpacificus McAllister 1963, but a valid subspecies -- (Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:60 [ref. 25598], Matsuura et al. 2000:36 [ref. 26000], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178]). •Valid as Hypomesus nipponensis McAllister 1963 -- (Uyeno in Masuda et al. 1984:33 [ref. 6441], Page & Burr 1991:56 [ref. 18983], Nikiforov et al. 1997:330 [ref. 24694], Saruwatari et al. 1997:68 [ref. 23753], Dorofeeva 1998:50 [ref. 23573], Aasen et al. 1998:31 [ref. 24069], Youn et al. 1999:150 [ref. 25173], Fuller et al. 1999:236 [ref. 25838], Nakabo 2000:296 [ref. 25086], Shed'ko 2001:264 [ref. 25405], Pietsch et al. 2001:141 [ref. 25688], Kim & Park 2002:262 [ref. 25913], Nakabo 2002:296 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:190, 527 [ref. 26218], Moyle 2002:232 [ref. 26449], Hagiwara 2003:37 [ref. 27188], Jang et al. 2003:119 [ref. 27681], Nelson et al. 2004:85 [ref. 27807], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:127 [ref. 28183], Ilves & Taylor 2007:182 [ref. 29041], Scharpf 2006:22 [ref. 30386], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:343 [ref. 30085], Page & Burr 2011:378 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:85 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:114 [ref. 33547], Zhang et al. 2016:187 [ref. 34477], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:673 [ref. 34853], Dyldin et al. 2020:81 [ref. 37569]). Current status: Valid as Hypomesus nipponensis McAllister 1963. Osmeridae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

olidus, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:391 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Rivers and lakes of Kamchatka, Russia. No types known. •Valid as Hypomesus olidus (Pallas 1814) -- (Berg 1948:445 [ref. 12882], Okada 1961:347 [ref. 6363], McAllister 1963:31 [ref. 8075], Lee et al. 1980:121 [ref. 22416], Uyeno in Masuda et al. 1984:33 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:64 [ref. 25598], McAllister 1990:75 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:56 [ref. 18983], Zhu 1995:13 [ref. 25213], Chereshnev 1996:602 [ref. 24659], Kim 1997:339 [ref. 24032], Nikiforov et al. 1997:330 [ref. 24694], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:733 [ref. 24702], Saruwatari et al. 1997:68 [ref. 23753], Dorofeeva 1998:50 [ref. 23573], Scott & Crossman 1998:308 [ref. 24570], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:8 [ref. 24670], Nakabo 2000:296 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:18 [ref. 25650], Chereshnev et al. 2001:54 [ref. 26736], Shed'ko 2001:263 [ref. 25405], Zemnukhov et al. 2001:420 [ref. 25412], Pietsch et al. 2001:141 [ref. 25688], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:45 [ref. 26178], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:172 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:296 [ref. 26001], Fedorov et al. 2003:31 [ref. 27579], Alekseyev et al. 2004:53 [ref. 27625], Nelson et al. 2004:85 [ref. 27807], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:127 [ref. 28183], Scharpf 2006:22 [ref. 30386], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:346 [ref. 29996], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:343 [ref. 30085], Page & Burr 2011:377 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:85 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:114 [ref. 33547], Zhang et al. 2016:187 [ref. 34477], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:673 [ref. 34853], Dyldin et al. 2020:81 [ref. 37569]). Current status: Valid as Hypomesus olidus (Pallas 1814). Osmeridae. Distribution: Arctic Ocean and North Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

oligodon, Osmerus Kner [R.] 1865:9, Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 24; ref. 6174] Decastris Bay, Sea of Japan, northern China. Holotype (unique): NMW 58490. •Questionably a synonym of Hypomesus pretiosus (Girard 1854) -- (Berg 1948:450 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Hypomesus pretiosus (Girard 1854) -- (McAllister 1963:30 [ref. 8075], Dorofeeva 1998:50 [ref. 23573]). •Synonym of Hypomesus japonicus (Brevoort 1856) -- (Okada 1961:350 [ref. 6363], Saruwatari et al. 1997:76 [ref. 23753], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:673 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Hypomesus japonicus (Brevoort 1856). Osmeridae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

pacificus, Salmo (Mallotus?) Richardson [J.] (ex Gairdner) 1836:226 [Fauna Boreali-Americana Part 3; ref. 3731] Columbia River, no higher than Katpootl, northwestern U.S.A. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Thaleichthys pacificus (Richardson 1836) -- (McAllister 1963:23 [ref. 8075], Lee et al. 1980:126 [ref. 22416], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:82 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:78 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:57 [ref. 18983], Scott & Crossman 1998:320 [ref. 24570], Musick et al. 2000:11 [ref. 24959], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:175 [ref. 25968], Moyle 2002:239 [ref. 26449], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:106 [ref. 27816], Nelson et al. 2004:85 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2006:23 [ref. 30386], McPhail 2007:225 [ref. 31199], Page & Burr 2011:380 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:21 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:96 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:40 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Thaleichthys pacificus (Richardson 1836). Osmeridae. Distribution: North Pacific: Bering Sea south to southern California (U.S.A.), Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

parri, Lestidium (Bathysudis) Chapman [W. M.] 1939:522, Fig. 64 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 86 (no. 3062); ref. 817] Gulf of Alaska, northeastern Pacific, 59°45'00"N, 147°00'00"W, 130-170 meters wire out. Holotype: USNM 108140. Paratypes: Int. Fish. Comm. coll. (3). •Young of Thaleichthys pacificus (Richardson 1836) and in family Osmeridae -- (Hubbs & Chapman 1951:296 [ref. 10854]). •Synonym of Thaleichthys pacificus (Richardson 1836) -- (McAllister 1963:23 [ref. 8075], Scott & Crossman 1998:324 [ref. 24570], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:175 [ref. 25968]). Current status: Synonym of Thaleichthys pacificus (Richardson 1836). Osmeridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pjaoseri, Osmerus eperlanus eperlanus natio Melyantsev [V. G.] 1946:323 [Trudy Karelo-finskogo otdeleniya VNIORKH v. 2; ref. 19606] Apparently not available, infrasubspecific; from Pyaozero Lake, Karelia, Russia. •Mention -- (Berg 1948:466 [ref. 12882]). Infrasubspecific. Osmeridae.

pretiosa, Argentina Girard [C. F.] 1854:155 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 5769] Presidio, San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: UMMZ 61252 (1). •Valid as Hypomesus pretiosus (Girard 1854) -- (Berg 1948:450 [ref. 12882], McAllister 1963:28 [ref. 8075], Lee et al. 1980:122 [ref. 22416], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:80 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:75 [ref. 14674], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:733 [ref. 24702], Saruwatari et al. 1997:78 [ref. 23753], Dorofeeva 1998:50 [ref. 23573], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:173 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:85 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:85 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:20 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:94 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:40 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Hypomesus pretiosus (Girard 1854). Osmeridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sakhalinus, Hypomesus Hamada [K.] 1957:137, Figs. 1-3 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 5 (nos 3-6); ref. 12141] Lake Taraika, Sakhalin, Russia. Holotype: not researched. Paratypes: (18). •Synonym of Hypomesus olidus (Pallas 1814) -- (McAllister 1963:31 [ref. 8075], Lee et al. 1980:121 [ref. 22416], Saruwatari 1997:74 [ref. 23753], Parin et al. 2014:114 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:673 [ref. 34853] with question). Current status: Synonym of Hypomesus olidus (Pallas 1814). Osmeridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

schonfieldii, Eperlanus Kljukanov [V. A.] & McAllister [D. E.] in Hureau & Monod 1973:158 [CLOFNAM; ref. 7178] Not available, name in synonymy. •In the synonymy of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:96 [ref. 22952]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758). Osmeridae.

schonfoldi, Osmerus eperlanus McAllister [D. E.] in Whitehead et al. 1984:402 [Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean.; ref. 13675] Poland westward to British Isles. No types known. Apparently the first available treatment of Eperlanus schonfoldii of Rutty 1772. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:30 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:96 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies schonfoldi McAllister 1984 as described -- (Fricke 1999:29 [ref. 24101]). •Possibly a valid species -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:348 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758). Osmeridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

schonfoldii, Eperlanus Rutty [J.] 1772:358 [An essay towards a natural history of the county of Dublin v. 1; ref. 7179] Dublin, Ireland. No types known. Regarded by Kottelat 1997:96 [ref. 22952] as unavailable, in a work that is not consistently binominal. See also Fricke 1999:29 [ref. 24101]. •In the synonymy of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (McAllister 1963:21 [ref. 8075], Kljukanov & McAllister 1973:158 [ref. 7178], McAllister in Whitehead et al. 1984:400 [ref. 13675], Kottelat 1997:96 [ref. 22952]). •In the synonymy of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758), subspecies schonfoldi McAllister 1986 -- (Fricke 1999:29 [ref. 24101]). Current status: Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758). Osmeridae.

sergeanti, Osmerus Norris [T.] 1868:93 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 20; ref. 18480] Schuylkill River below Fairmount dam, Philadelphia; Brandywine Creek, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. Syntypes: ANSP 7751-53 (3) Schuylkill R. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:135 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (McAllister 1963:15 [ref. 8075]). •Synonym of Osmerus mordax (Mitchill 1814) -- (Smith 1986:241 [ref. 22186] as sargenti, Scott & Crossman 1998:317 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Osmerus mordax (Mitchill 1814). Osmeridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

socialis, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:389 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Island between Asia and America; Kamtchatka, Avatscha Strait, Shusanova and Schemaetschik rivers. No types known. •Synonym of Mallotus villosus (Müller 1776), but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1948:452 [ref. 12882], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:733 [ref. 24702], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:8 [ref. 24670], Zemnukhov et al. 2001:420 [ref. 25412]). •Synonym of Mallotus villosus (Müller 1776), subspecies catervarius (Pennant 1784) -- (Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:19 [ref. 25650], Parin et al. 2014:115 [ref. 33547]). •Synonym of Mallotus villosus (Müller 1776) -- (McAllister 1963:38 [ref. 8075], McAllister in Kljukanov & McAllister 1973:159, footnote [ref. 7178], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:674 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Mallotus villosus (Müller 1776). Osmeridae. Habitat: marine.

spectrum, Osmerus Cope [E. D.] 1870:490 [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 11 (no. 84); ref. 913] Wilton Pond, near the head of southwestern branch of Kennebec River, southwestern Maine, U.S.A. Syntypes: (2) whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:136 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (McAllister 1963:16 [ref. 8075]). •Valid as Osmerus spectrum Cope 1870 -- (Scott & Scott 1988:154 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:77 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:57 [ref. 18983], Scott & Crossman 1998:viii [ref. 24570]). •Synonym of Osmerus mordax (Mitchill 1814), but a valid subspecies -- (McAllister in Whitehead et al. 1984:402 [ref. 13675], Dorofeeva 1998:51 [ref. 23573]). •Synonym of Osmerus mordax (Mitchill 1814) -- (Scott & Crossman 1998:317 [ref. 24570], Taylor 2001:131 [ref. 25424]). Current status: Synonym of Osmerus mordax (Mitchill 1814). Osmeridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

spirinchus, Salmo Pallas [P. S.] 1814:387 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Rivers and lakes of Germany, Russia, Livonia [now Estonia and Latvia]. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Hypomesus olidus (Pallas 1814) -- (McAllister 1963:31 [ref. 8075] in part). •Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Lelek 1987:130 [ref. 22962]). •Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:445 [ref. 12882], McAllister 1963:21 [ref. 8075] in part, Kljukanov & McAllister 1973:158 [ref. 7178], Kottelat 1997:96 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758). Osmeridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

squamosa, Sudis Chapman [W. M.] 1939:519, Fig. 63 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 86 (no. 3062); ref. 817] Northeastern Pacific, 56°55'N, 156°11'W. Holotype (unique): USNM 108150. •Synonym of Mallotus catervarius and in family Osmeridae -- (Hubbs & Chapman 1951:296 [ref. 10854]). •Synonym of Mallotus villosus (Müller 1776) -- (McAllister 1963:38 [ref. 8075], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:171 [ref. 25968], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:674 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Mallotus villosus (Müller 1776). Osmeridae. Habitat: marine.

starksi, Osmerus Fisk [M.] 1913:293, Fig. [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 46 (no. 2027); ref. 14953] San Francisco market, California, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 74834. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22613 (6), USNM 74835 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:15 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Spirinchus starksi (Fisk 1913) -- (McAllister 1963:14 [ref. 8075], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:82 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:77 [ref. 14674], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:177 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:85 [ref. , 27807], Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:21 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:96 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:40 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Spirinchus starksi (Fisk 1913). Osmeridae. Distribution: Northeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

stevensi, Thaleichthys Girard [C. F.] 1858:325, Pl. 75 (figs. 1-4) [General report upon zoology of the several Pacific railroad routes, 1857; ref. 4911] Puget Sound, Washington, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 605. Figures are under the name of Osmerus stevensi. Accompanying Pl. 75 appeared in Suckley 1860 [ref. 18856]. •Synonym of Thaleichthys pacificus (Richardson 1836) -- (McAllister 1963:23 [ref. 8075], Scott & Crossman 1998:324 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Thaleichthys pacificus (Richardson 1836). Osmeridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

thaleichthys, Osmerus Ayres [W. O.] 1860:62, Fig. 12 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 1) v. 2; ref. 17943] San Francisco Bay, California, U.S.A. No types known. •Valid as Spirinchus thaleichthys (Ayres 1860) -- (McAllister 1963:10 [ref. 8075], Lee et al. 1980:125 [ref. 22416], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:82 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:78 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:57 [ref. 18983], Chereshnev 1996:602 [ref. 24659], Scott & Crossman 1998:317 [ref. 24570], Musick et al. 2000:11 [ref. 24959], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:176 [ref. 25968], Moyle 2002:234 [ref. 26449], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:104 [ref. 27816], Nelson et al. 2004:85 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2006:23 [ref. 30386], McPhail 2007:219 [ref. 31199], Page & Burr 2011:379 [ref. 31215], Maslenikov et al. 2013:6 [ref. 37947], Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:21 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:96 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:40 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Spirinchus thaleichthys (Ayres 1860). Osmeridae. Distribution: Northeastern Pacific: Alaska (U.S.A.) south to California (U.S.A.); anadromous and resident lake populations. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

transpacificus, Hypomesus McAllister [D. E.] 1963:34, Fig. 11 (lower) [Bulletin. National Museum of Canada No. 191; ref. 8075] Lower San Joaquin River between Three Mile Slough and False River, California, U.S.A. Holotype: NMC 60-499. Paratypes: BC 61-71 (8); NMC 60-500 (1), 62-166 (32), 62-167 (10); ROM 21930 (1). Type catalog: McAllister 1965:8 [ref. 22019]. As a species and a subspecies with a second subspecies, H. transpacificus nipponensis. •Valid as Hypomesus transpacificus McAllister 1963 -- (Lee et al. 1980:123 [ref. 22416], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:81 [ref. 9277], Page & Burr 1991:56 [ref. 18983], Saruwatari et al. 1997:72 [ref. 23753], Dorofeeva 1998:50 [ref. 23573], Fuller et al. 1999:237 [ref. 25838], Musick et al. 2000:11 [ref. 24959], Moyle 2002:227 [ref. 26449], Nelson et al. 2004:85 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2006:22 [ref. 30386], Page & Burr 2011:377 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Hypomesus transpacificus McAllister 1963. Osmeridae. Distribution: San Francisco Bay Estuary, California, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

verecundus, Spirinchus Jordan [D. S.] & Metz [C. W.] 1913:11, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 2490] Chinnampo, Korea. Holotype: FMNH 55807 [ex CM 4570]. Paratypes: FMNH 55808 (1), CAS-SU 23881 (1). Type catalog: Henn 1928:53 [ref. 12305], Böhlke 1953:16 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:81 [ref. 12367]. •Questionably a synonym of Hypomesus pretiosus (Girard 1854) -- (Berg 1948:450 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Hypomesus pretiosus (Girard 1854) -- (McAllister 1963:30 [ref. 8075]). •Synonym of Hypomesus japonicus (Brevoort 1856) -- (Saruwatari et al. 1997:76 [ref. 23753], Youn et al. 1999:149 [ref. 25173], Choi et al. 2003:526 [ref. 26218], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:673 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Hypomesus japonicus (Brevoort 1856). Osmeridae. Habitat: marine.

villosa, Clupea Müller [O. F.] (ex Olafsen) 1776:50 [Zoologiae Danicae prodromus, seu animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium.; ref. 17808] Iceland. No types known. •Valid as Mallotus villosus (Müller 1776) -- (Berg 1948:451 [ref. 12882], McAllister 1963:38 [ref. 8075], Kljukanov & McAllister 1973:159 [ref. 7178], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:81 [ref. 9277], McAllister in Whitehead et al. 1984:400 [ref. 13675], Uyeno in Masuda et al. 1984:33 [ref. 6441], Robins & Ray 1986:77 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:145 [ref. 25518], Matarese et al. 1989:77 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:77 [ref. 14674], Nielsen & Schwägermann in Okamura et al. 1995:87 [ref. 22531], Zhu 1995:13 [ref. 25213], Chereshnev 1996:602 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:733 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva 1998:51 [ref. 23573], Nakabo 2000:295 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:19 [ref. 25650], Pietsch et al. 2001:141 [ref. 25688], Nakabo 2002:295 [ref. 26001], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:163 [ref. 26158], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:171 [ref. 25968], Choi et al. 2003:190, 527 [ref. 26218] as villosa, Nelson et al. 2004:85 [ref. 27807], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:128 [ref. 28183], Møller et al. 2010:27 [ref. 31169], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:118 [ref. 31212] with comments, Page et al. 2013:86 [ref. 32708], Dolgov 2013:915 [ref. 33112], Parin et al. 2014:115 [ref. 33547] subspecies villosus, Pietsch & Orr 2015:20 [ref. 34694], Tohkairin et al. 2015:5 [ref. 35331], Afonso et al. 2016:17, 219 [ref. 36199], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:674 [ref. 34853], Kells et al. 2016:96 [ref. 35888], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:80 [ref. 36370]). Current status: Valid as Mallotus villosus (Müller 1776). Osmeridae. Distribution: Circumpolar in Northern Hemisphere [when treated as one species]. Habitat: marine.

villosus, Salmo Bonnaterre [J. P.] 1788:167 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Norwegian and Greenland seas. No types known. Unnecessary replacement name for Salmo arcticus Fabricius 1780. •Synonym of Mallotus villosus (Müller 1776) -- (Dyldin & Orlov 2016:674 [ref. 34853]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Mallotus villosus (Müller 1776). Osmeridae. Habitat: marine.

viridescens, Osmerus Lesueur [C. A.] 1818:230 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2735] Boston to Newport, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (McAllister 1963:15 [ref. 8075]). •Synonym of Osmerus mordax (Mitchill 1814) -- (Smith 1986:241 [ref. 22186], Scott & Crossman 1998:317 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Osmerus mordax (Mitchill 1814). Osmeridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

vulgaris, Eperlanus Valenciennes [A.] in Gaimard 1842-56:207, Pl. 18 (fig. 2) [Voyage de la commission scientifique du Nord; ref. 1523] Iceland [probably in error]. No types known. Original not seen; Kottelat 1997:96 [ref. 22952] dates to 1842 with author Gaimard. •Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (McAllister 1963:21 [ref. 8075], Kljukanov & McAllister 1973:158 [ref. 7178], Kottelat 1997:96 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus 1758). Osmeridae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.