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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Pegasidae: [ 16 ] records


anceps, Cataphractus Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:144 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Indian Ocean. No types known. •Synonym of Pegasus volitans Linnaeus 1758 -- (Palsson & Pietsch 1989:25 [ref. 13536], Lindberg et al. 1997:252 [ref. 23547], Osterhage et al. 2016:12 [ref. 34325]). Current status: Synonym of Pegasus volitans Linnaeus 1758. Pegasidae. Habitat: marine.

draco, Cataphractus Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:144 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Indian Ocean. No types known. Perhaps can be regarded as an emendation of Pegasus draconis Linnaeus 1766. •Cannot be used (invalid); secondarily preoccupied by Pegasus draco Shaw 1803. •Synonym of Eurypegasus draconis (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Palsson & Pietsch 1989:10 [ref. 13536]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Eurypegasus draconis (Linnaeus 1766). Pegasidae. Habitat: marine.

draco, Pegasus Shaw [G.] 1804:461, Pl. 182 [General zoology or systematic natural history; ref. 4015] Indian Seas. No types known. Based on Pegasus draconis Linnaeus and other sources. Not in Palsson & Pietsch 1989:10 [ref. 13536]. •Synonym of Eurypegasus draconis (Linnaeus 1766) -- (inferred from Palsson & Pietsch 1989:25 [ref. 13536]). Unjustified Emend.. Current status: Synonym of Eurypegasus draconis (Linnaeus 1766). Pegasidae. Habitat: marine.

draconis, Pegasus Linnaeus [C.] 1766:418 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] India [Indonesia]. Syntypes: ZMUC P8430 (1, formerly dry). Type information: Wheeler 1989:217 [ref. 21873]. •Valid as Pegasus draconis Linnaeus 1766 -- (Dor 1984:93 [ref. 29757], Lindberg et al. 1997:250 [ref. 23547]). •Valid as Zalises draconis (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:90 [ref. 6441]). •Valid as Eurypegasus draconis (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Smith 1986:443 [ref. 5712], Allen & Swainston 1988:44 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:434 [ref. 12442], Palsson & Pietsch 1989:9 [ref. 13536], Kuiter 1993:99 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:159 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:23 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:97 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:70 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:70 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:502 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:86 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:142 [ref. 24106], Pietsch & Palsson 1999:2262 [ref. 24792], Nakabo 2000:515 [ref. 25086], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:603 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:159 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:11 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:29 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:515 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:27 [ref. 26830] dated to 1758, Manilo & Bo/gorodsky 2003:S101 [ref. 27377] as Euripegasus, Myers & Donaldson 2003:617 [ref. 27495] dated 1758, Randall 2005:102 [ref. 28239], Paxton et al. 2006:805 [ref. 28995], Kuiter 2009:320 [ref. 30404], Fricke et al. 2009:36 [ref. 30213], Satapoomin 2009:55 [ref. 30463], Fricke et al. 2011:374 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:180 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:74 [ref. 32988], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33988], Koeda et al. 2016:18 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:119 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:60 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:88 [ref. 36673], Silambarasan et al. 2020:357 [ref. 38069]). Current status: Valid as Eurypegasus draconis (Linnaeus 1766). Pegasidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands and Marquesas Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), Lord Howe Island and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

lancifer, Pegassus Kaup [J. J.] 1861:117 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 27 (pt 1); ref. 18374] Southern Australia or Tasmania, Australia [not Java]. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-9224 (1, dry). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:59 [ref. 20738]. The original genus is correctly Pegasus. •Valid as Pegasus lancifer Kaup 1861 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:434 [ref. 12442], Palsson & Pietsch 1989:30 [ref. 13536], Kuiter 1993:99 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:476 [ref. 22532], Lindberg et al. 1997:249 [ref. 23547], Kuiter 1997:70 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:29 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:806 [ref. 28995], Pietsch 2008:485 [ref. 30637], Kuiter 2009:318 [ref. 30404], Osterhage et al. 2016:11 [ref. 34325], Hoschke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Pegasus lancifer Kaup 1861. Pegasidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

laternarius, Pegasus Cuvier [G.] 1829:364 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Indian seas. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-6018 (dry). Paralectotypes: MNHN 1989-1268 [ex MNHN 0000-6018] (3, dry). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1968:59 [ref. 20738]. Lectotype selected by Palsson & Pietsch 1989:19 [ref. 13536]. Also appeared as new in Valenciennes in Cuvier 1836-1849:332 [ref. 4980]. •Valid as Spinipegasus laternarius (Cuvier 1829) -- (Prokofiev 2017:646 [809] [ref. 35721] dated 1816). •Valid as Pegasus laternarius Cuvier 1829 (often dated 1816) -- (Palsson & Pietsch 1989:19 [ref. 13536] dated 1816, Lindberg et al. 1997:249 [ref. 23547] dated 1816, Pietsch & Palsson 1999:2262 [ref. 24792] dated 1816, Nakabo 2000:515 [ref. 25086] dated 1816, Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:603 [ref. 25122] dated 1816, Nakabo 2002:515 [ref. 26001] dated 1816, Adrim et al. 2004:119 [ref. 27715], Kuiter 2009:317 [ref. 30404] dated 1816, Yoshida et al. 2013:68 [ref. 34464] dated 1816, Osterhage et al. 2016:2 [ref. 34325], Zhang et al. 2020:532 [ref. 38003], Hibino in Motomura et al. 2021:14 [ref. 38121]). Current status: Valid as Pegasus laternarius Cuvier 1829. Pegasidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Sri Lanka east to Indonesia, north to Japan. Habitat: marine.

latirostris, Pegasus Richardson [J.] 1846:203 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Sea of China. Syntypes: BMNH (several, perhaps lost). •Synonym of Eurypegasus draconis (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Palsson & Pietsch 1989:10 [ref. 13536]). Current status: Synonym of Eurypegasus draconis (Linnaeus 1766). Pegasidae. Habitat: marine.

nanhaiensis, Pegasus Zhang [R.], Wang [X.] & Lin [Q.] in Zhang, Wang, Wan, Ma & Lin 2020:523, Figs. 1, 3A, 3C, 4A [Zootaxa 4894 (no. 4); ref. 38003] Yangjiang, northern South China Sea, China, 21°27'21"N, 112°28'22"E, depth 20 meters. Holotype: TMBC 030695. Paratypes: TMBC. •Valid as Pegasus nanhaiensis Zhang, Wang & Lin 2020. Current status: Valid as Pegasus nanhaiensis Zhang, Wang & Lin 2020. Pegasidae. Distribution: Off Yangjiang and Beihai, northern South China Sea, China. Habitat: marine.

natans, Pegasus Linnaeus [C.] (ex Gronow) 1766:418 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] In Indiis [Indonesia]. No types known. Based on the 'Cataphractus corpore oblongo plagioplateo ...' of Gronow 1763:115 [ref. 1910]. •Valid as Parapegasus natans (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:90 [ref. 6441]). •Synonym of Pegasus volitans Linnaeus 1758 -- (Palsson & Pietsch 1989:25 [ref. 13536], Lindberg et al. 1997:251 [ref. 23547], Johnson 1999:727 [ref. 25471], Osterhage et al. 2016:12 [ref. 34325], Eagderi et al. 2019:32 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Synonym of Pegasus volitans Linnaeus 1758. Pegasidae. Habitat: marine.

papilio, Pegasus Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:614, Fig. 239 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Near Bird Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 4149, depth 33-71 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 51549. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8646 (2), USNM 51665 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:148 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Eurypegasus papilio (Gilbert 1905) -- (Palsson & Pietsch 1989:15 [ref. 13536], Randall 2005:102 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:317 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:158 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Eurypegasus papilio (Gilbert 1905). Pegasidae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

pauciradiatus, Pegasus Ogilby [J. D.] 1886:34 [Catalogue of the fishes of New South Wales, with their principal synonyms; ref. 13268] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS B.9207. Proposed conditionally but regarded as available. •Synonym of Eurypegasus draconis (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:434 [ref. 12442], Palsson & Pietsch 1989:10 [ref. 13536], Paxton et al. 2006:806 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Eurypegasus draconis (Linnaeus 1766). Pegasidae. Habitat: marine.

pristis, Pegasus Bleeker [P.] 1852:606 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 334] Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: (5). •Synonym of Pegasus volitans Linnaeus 1758 -- (Palsson & Pietsch 1989:25 [ref. 13536], Lindberg et al. 1997:252 [ref. 23547], Osterhage et al. 2016:12 [ref. 34325]). Current status: Synonym of Pegasus volitans Linnaeus 1758. Pegasidae. Habitat: marine.

tetrabelos, Pegasus Osterhage [D.], Pogonoski [J. J.], Appleyard [S. A.] & White [W. T.] 2016:4, Figs. 2, 3a, 4a, 5a, 6a, 7a [PLoS ONE v. 11 (no. 3): e0149415; ref. 34325] Northeast of Dungeness Island, Torres Strait, Australia, 9°46'9"S, 143°09'19"E, depth 19 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 6553-03. Paratypes: AMS, CSIRO, NTM, QM, WAM. Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Pegasus tetrabelos Osterhage, Pogonoski, Appleyard & White 2016. Current status: Valid as Pegasus tetrabelos Osterhage, Pogonoski, Appleyard & White 2016. Pegasidae. Distribution: Queensland and Northern Australia, Torres Strait. Habitat: marine.

umitengu, Zalises Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1901:2, Pls. 1-2 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 24 (no. 1241); ref. 2510] Wakanoura, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 6518. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:148 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Eurypegasus draconis (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Palsson & Pietsch 1989:10 [ref. 13536]). Current status: Synonym of Eurypegasus draconis (Linnaeus 1766). Pegasidae. Habitat: marine.

volans, Pegasus Linnaeus [C.] 1766:418 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] India. Holotype (unique): NRM LP 30. Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:237 [ref. 20707]. •Synonym of Pegasus volitans Linnaeus 1758 -- (Palsson & Pietsch 1989:25 [ref. 13536], Lindberg et al. 1997:251 [ref. 23547], Larson & Williams 1997:354 [ref. 23967]). Current status: Synonym of Pegasus volitans Linnaeus 1758. Pegasidae. Habitat: marine.

volitans, Pegasus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:338 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Several localities. Lectotype: NRM LP 30. Paralectotypes: ZMUC P8430 (1). Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:237-238 [ref. 20707]. Type information: Wheeler 1989:216-217, Fig. 3B [ref. 21873]. Lectotype selected by Osterhage et al. 2016:2 [ref. 34325]. •Valid as Pegasus volitans Linnaeus 1758 -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:90 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:443 [ref. 5712], Allen & Swainston 1988:44 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:434 [ref. 12442], Palsson & Pietsch 1989:25 [ref. 13536], Kuiter 1993:99 [ref. 23929], Randall 1995:98 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:583 [ref. 27969], Lindberg et al. 1997:251 [ref. 23547], Allen 1997:70 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:132 [ref. 23922], Kuiter 1997:68 [ref. 25488], Pietsch & Palsson 1999:2262 [ref. 24792], Johnson 1999:727 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:515 [ref. 25086], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:603 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:29 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:515 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:27 [ref. 26830], Paxton et al. 2006:806 [ref. 28995], Kuiter 2009:319 [ref. 30404], Allen & Erdmann 2012:180 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:75 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:69 [ref. 34464], Fricke et al. 2014:43 [ref. 33932], Osterhage et al. 2016:2 [ref. 34325], Motomura et al. 2017:60 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:315 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:120 [ref. 35805], Eagderi et al. 2019:32 [ref. 37020], Hoschke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36626], Psomadakis et al. 2020:355 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Pegasus volitans Linnaeus 1758. Pegasidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar and Persian Gulf east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to Mandurah (Western Australia) and Shellharbour (New South Wales, Australia). Habitat: marine.