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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Plesiopidae: [ 74 ] records


abulati, Calloplesiops Roux-Estève [R.] 1956:77, Fig. 2 [Annales de l'Institut Océanographique, Monaco (Nouvelle Série) v. 32 (no. 22); ref. 12223] Abu Latt/Alith Island, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea, 19°58.0'N, 40°07.6'E. Holotype: MNHN 1952-0301. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:83 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Calloplesiops altivelis (Steindachner 1903) -- (Dor 1984:107 [ref. 29757]). Current status: Synonym of Calloplesiops altivelis (Steindachner 1903). Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Habitat: marine.

alisonae, Paraplesiops Hoese [D. F.] & Kuiter [R. H.] 1984:11, Figs. 1-3 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 36 (no. 1); ref. 5300] Portsea Pier, Port Phillip Bay, Victoria, Australia [southeastern Indian Ocean]. Holotype: AMS I.19921-013. Paratypes: AMS I.19921-014 (1), I.20078-002 (1), I.20089-003 (1), I.20174-001 (1), I.21706-001 (1); NMV A3145 (2); SAMA F4730 (1); WAM P.27136-005 [not 21736-005] (3). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:21 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:22 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Paraplesiops alisonae Hoese & Kuiter 1984 -- (Hutchins 1987:236 [ref. 11465], Paxton et al. 1989:525 [ref. 12442] as alisoniae, Kuiter 1993:144 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:553 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:130 [ref. 25488], Hoese & Gates 2006:1054 [ref. 28997], Mooi 2008:552 [ref. 30652]). Current status: Valid as Paraplesiops alisonae Hoese & Kuiter 1984. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Southern Australia: Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia. Habitat: marine.

altivelis, Plesiops Steindachner [F.] 1903:17 [Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse v. 40 (no. 3) (for 22 Jan. 1903); ref. 19244] Nias Island, off western coast of Sumatra [Pulau Nias, Sumatera Utara Province, Indonesia, eastern Indian Ocean]. Holotype (unique): NMW 71398. Described in more detail in Steindachner 1903:17 [ref. 4240]. •Valid as Calloplesiops altivelis (Steindachner 1903) -- (Dor 1984:107 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:141 [ref. 6441], Heemstra 1986:542 [ref. 5660], Allen & Swainston 1988:60 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:525 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:28 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:133 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:29 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:94 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:132 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:133 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:123 [ref. 23965], Mooi 1999:2585 [ref. 24831], Nakabo 2000:739 [ref. 25086], Mooi in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:99 [ref. 25868], Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:739 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:190 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Gates 2006:1053 [ref. 28997], Motomura 2009:97 [ref. 30446], Motomura et al. 2010:103 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:347 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:67 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2018:161 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:69 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Calloplesiops altivelis (Steindachner 1903). Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to Line Islands, Tuamotu and Tonga islands, north to southern Japan, south to Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

apoda, Plesiops nigricans var. Kner [R.] 1868:346 [54] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 58 (nos 3-4); ref. 2646] Savai'i, Samoa; Kandavu, Fiji Islands. No types known. On p. 54 of separate. •Synonym of Plesiops coeruleolineatus Rüppell 1835 -- (Mooi 1995:18 [ref. 22053]). Current status: Synonym of Plesiops coeruleolineatus Rüppell 1835. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Habitat: marine.

argus, Calloplesiops Fowler [H. W.] & Bean [B. A.] 1930:318 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 10; ref. 1477] Gane Road, Gillolo Island, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): USNM 89987. •Valid as Calloplesiops argus Fowler & Bean 1930. Current status: Valid as Calloplesiops argus Fowler & Bean 1930. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

auritus, Plesiops Mooi [R. D.] 1995:12, Fig. 8 [Royal Ontario Museum Life Science Contributions No. 159; ref. 22053] Weligami, 180 meters offshore from the east of resthouse, Sri Lanka, depth 0.5-3 meters. Holotype: USNM 295539. Paratypes: ANSP 166921 (2); BPBM 22790 (2), 28697 (1); ROM 60180 (12); USNM 274552 (15), 274556 (2), 295538 (2), 295540 (2), 295545 (3), 295549-50 (1, 1), 313025 (7). •Valid as Plesiops auritus Mooi 1995 -- (Mooi 1999:2585 [ref. 24831], Mooi in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:347 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Plesiops auritus Mooi 1995. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Sri Lanka and Andaman Sea to Indonesia, including western Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

barrosi, Barrosia Smith [J. L. B.] 1952:149, Fig. 2 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 5 (no. 50) (art. 16); ref. 4083] Barrier reef at Baixo Pinda, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 45. •Synonym of Calloplesiops altivelis (Steindachner 1903) -- (Heemstra 1986:542 [ref. 5660]). Current status: Synonym of Calloplesiops altivelis (Steindachner 1903). Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Habitat: marine.

batanensis, Beliops Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Johnson [G. D.] 1990:232, Figs. 1F-2F, 7-8 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 142; ref. 16561] Chawa Point, Batan Island, Batanes Province, Philippines, 20°25'45"N, 121°56'40"E, depth 9-12 meters. Holotype: USNM 288976. Paratypes: USNM 309905 (1). •Valid as Beliops batanensis Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 1990 -- (Mooi 1999:2585 [ref. 24831], Mooi in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Mooi & Gill 2004:181 [ref. 27890]). Current status: Valid as Beliops batanensis Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 1990. Plesiopidae: Acanthoclininae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

bleekeri, Plesiops Günther [A.] 1861:364 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Norfolk Island [probably erroneous, is eastern Australia]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.9.19.443. •Valid as Paraplesiops bleekeri (Günther 1861) -- (Hoese & Kuiter 1984:12 [ref. 5300], Hutchins 1987:236 [ref. 11465], Paxton et al. 1989:525 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:145 [ref. 23929], Kuiter 1997:132 [ref. 25488], Mooi 1999:2585 [ref. 24831], Hoese & Gates 2006:1054 [ref. 28997]). Current status: Valid as Paraplesiops bleekeri (Günther 1861). Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: eastern Australia (southern Queensland, northern New South Wales). Habitat: marine.

brauni, Trachinops (Paratrachinops) Allen [G. R.] 1977:62, Figs. 1a, 2 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 5 (pt 1); ref. 98] Off Rottnest Island, Western Australia, about 32°01'S, 115°26'E, depth 3-10 meters. Holotype: WAM P.25545-001. Paratypes: AMS I.18843-001 (3); BMNH 1976.5.27.1-2 (2); MNHN 1976-0039 (2); USNM 215917 (3); WAM P.4894 (4), P.25164-005 (1), P.25197-004 (2), P.25251-010 (2), P.25308-004 (4), P.25315-005 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:83 [ref. 12478], Hutchins & Smith 1991:21 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:23 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Trachinops brauni Allen 1977 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:527 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:556 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:130 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Gates 2006:1057 [ref. 28997], Mooi 2008:555 [ref. 30652], Hoschke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Trachinops brauni Allen 1977. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia endemic. Habitat: marine.

cappuccino, Acanthoplesiops Gill [A. C.], Bogorodsky [S. V.] & Mal [A. O.] 2013:217, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa 3750 (no. 3); ref. 33020] Saudi Arabia, Jeddah, Sharm Obhur, 21°42'30"N, 39°05'44"E. Red Sea, depth 17 meters. Holotype (unique): SMF 34909. •Valid as Acanthoplesiops cappuccino Gill, Bogorodsky & Mal 2013 -- (DiBattista et al. 2015:19 [ref. 35706], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[5] 243 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:69 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Acanthoplesiops cappuccino Gill, Bogorodsky & Mal 2013. Plesiopidae: Acanthoclininae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

carassiops, Fraudella Whitley [G. P.] 1935:229, Pl. 18 (fig. 3) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 19 (no. 4); ref. 4683] In a sponge dredged north of North-West Islet, Capricorn Group, Queensland, Australia, depth 20 fathoms. Holotype: AMS IA.5093. Paratypes: AMS E.2682 (3), IA.4788 (5), IA.5094 (2), IA.6302 (7); QM I.10783. •Valid as Fraudella carassiops Whitley 1935 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:525 [ref. 12442], Mooi 1999:2585 [ref. 24831], Hoese & Gates 2006:1054 [ref. 28997]). Current status: Valid as Fraudella carassiops Whitley 1935. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Queensland, Australia. Habitat: marine.

catafracta, Bleeckeria Castelnau [F. L.] 1873:14 [International Exhibition Essays, 1872-3. No. 5; ref. 759] Victoria, Australia. Holotype: MNHN A-8028 (skin) or A-5591 (dry). •Synonym of Paraplesiops meleagris (Peters 1869) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:525 [ref. 12442], Hoese & Gates 2006:1054 [ref. 28997]). Current status: Synonym of Paraplesiops meleagris (Peters 1869). Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Habitat: marine.

caudimaculatus, Trachinops McCoy [F.] 1890:341, Pl. 194 [Prodromus of the zoology of Victoria; figures and descriptions of the living species of all classes of the Victorial indigenous animals.; ref. 17756] Probably from Williamstown, Hobson's Bay, Victoria, Australia. Syntypes: NMV A12898 (4). •Valid as Trachinops caudimaculatus McCoy 1890 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:527 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:146 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:557 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:128 [ref. 25488], Hoese & Gates 2006:1057 [ref. 28997], Mooi 2008:555 [ref. 30652]). Current status: Valid as Trachinops caudimaculatus McCoy 1890. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Australia: Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia. Habitat: marine.

cephalotaenia, Plesiops Inger [R. F.] 1955:272, Fig. 4 [Pacific Science v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 12275] Sitankai, Sulu Archipelago, Philippines. Holotype: FMNH 44708. Paratypes: FMNH 47293 (3); USNM 123384 (1), 146460 (1) 146462 (1), 146464 (1), 146466-67 (7, 1), 146469 (1), 151323 (1), 162704 (2). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:67 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Plesiops cephalotaenia Inger 1955 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:141 [ref. 6441], Sano et al. 1984:15 [ref. 21465], Paxton et al. 1989:526 [ref. 12442], Mooi 1995:14 [ref. 22053], Myers 1999:123 [ref. 23965], Mooi 1999:2585 [ref. 24831], Nakabo 2000:740 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:740 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:348 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:67 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:130 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Plesiops cephalotaenia Inger 1955. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Palau and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

coeruleolineatus, Plesiops Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1835:5, Pl. 2 (fig. 5) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Syntypes: SMF 1696 (1). Originally coeruleo-lineatus. •Valid as Plesiops coeruleolineatus Rüppell 1835 -- (Dor 1984:107 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:140 [ref. 6441], Heemstra 1986:543 [ref. 5660], Allen & Swainston 1988:60 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:526 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:133 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:29 [ref. 25356], Mooi 1995:18 [ref. 22053], Randall 1995:146 [ref. 22896], Kuiter 1997:130 [ref. 25488] as caeruleolineatus, Randall et al. 1997:133 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:123 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:215 [ref. 24106], Mooi 1999:2585 [ref. 24831], Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:739 [ref. 25086], Mooi in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:99 [ref. 25868], Shinohara et al. 2000:177 [ref. 25987], Sakai et al. 2001:94 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:739 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:317, 595 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830] as caeruleolineatus, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495] as caeruleolineatus, Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3320 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:179 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:190 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Gates 2006:1055 [ref. 28997], Fricke et al. 2009:49 [ref. 30213], Motomura 2009:98 [ref. 30446], Motomura et al. 2010:104 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:348 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:104 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:68 [ref. 33932], Motomura et al. 2015:22 [ref. 34709], Koeda et al. 2016:31 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:4 [ref. 35354], Kwun et al. 2017:141 [ref. 37287], Fricke et al. 2018:162 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:69 [ref. 36273], Arndt & Fricke 2019:25 [ref. 36883], Zajonz et al. 2019:72 [ref. 36871], Koreeda in Motomura et al. 2021:21 [ref. 38121]). Current status: Valid as Plesiops coeruleolineatus Rüppell 1835. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Socotra, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands, Samoa and Tonga, north to southern Korea and southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

corallicola, Plesiops Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] (ex Kuhl) 1835:5 [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Not available, name mentioned in passing; from Java -- (see Mooi 1995:29 [ref. 22053]). Nomen Nudum. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae.

corallicola, Plesiops Bleeker [P.] 1853:280 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12580] Priaman [Pariaman, Sumatra, Indonesia, eastern Indian Ocean]. Lectotype: RMNH 6352. Paralectotypes: RMNH 32450 [ex 6352] (1). Lectotype selected by Mooi 1995:25 [ref. 22053]. •Valid as Plesiops corallicola Bleeker 1853 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:141 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:526 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:133 [ref. 15987], Mooi 1995:25 [ref. 22053], Myers 1999:123 [ref. 23965], Mooi 1999:2585 [ref. 24831], Johnson 1999:731 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:740 [ref. 25086], Mooi in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:740 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:191 [ref. 28239], Motomura 2009:98 [ref. 30446], Allen & Erdmann 2012:348 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2019:130 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Plesiops corallicola Bleeker 1853. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Andaman Sea, Christmas Island and Cocos-Keeling Islands east to Howland and Baker islands and Suwarrow (Cook Islands), north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

echinatus, Acanthoplesiops Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] & Johnson [G. D.] 1990:239, Figs. 1H, 2H, 11 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 142; ref. 16561] Ambon Bay, Ambon, Molucca Islands, Indonesia, 3°43'S, 128°04.5'E, depth 8 meters. Holotype: BPBM 34177. Paratypes: ANSP 166316 (1), USNM 146453 (1). •Valid as Acanthoplesiops echinatus Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 1990 -- (Mooi 1999:2585 [ref. 24831], Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830], Mooi & Gill 2004:6 [ref. 27574], Mooi & Gill 2004:181 [ref. 27890], Allen & Erdmann 2012:345 [ref. 31980], Gill et al. 2013:216 [ref. 33020]). Current status: Valid as Acanthoplesiops echinatus Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 1990. Plesiopidae: Acanthoclininae. Distribution: Indonesia and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

facicavus, Plesiops Mooi [R. D.] 1995:29, Figs. 17-18 [Royal Ontario Museum Life Science Contributions No. 159; ref. 22053] Togian Bay, Togian Island, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype: USNM 146471. Paratypes: USNM 315538 (1). •Valid as Plesiops facicavus Mooi 1995 -- (Mooi 1999:2585 [ref. 24831], Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:349 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Plesiops facicavus Mooi 1995. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Sulawesi [2 specimens]. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Ernogrammoides Chen [J. T. F.] & Liang [Y.-S.] 1948:32, Fig. 1 [Quarterly Journal of the Taiwan Museum (Taipei) v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 823] Keelung, Taiwan. Holotype (unique): ASIZP 2. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:43 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Ernogrmmoides fasciatus Chen & Liang 1948 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:141 [ref. 6441]). •Synonym of Belonepterygion fasciolatum (Ogilby 1889) -- (Hardy 1985:375 [ref. 5184], Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 1990:229 [ref. 16561], Motomura et al. 2010:103 [ref. 31256], Ho & Shao 2011:43 [ref. 31432]). Current status: Synonym of Belonepterygion fasciolatum (Ogilby 1889). Plesiopidae: Acanthoclininae. Habitat: marine.

fasciolatus, Acanthoclinus Ogilby [J. D.] 1889:63, Pl. 3 (fig. 3) [Memoirs of the Australian Museum, Sydney No. 2 (art. no. 3); ref. 18489] Lord Howe Island. Lectotype: AMS I.1876. Paralectotypes: AMS I.1877-79 (1, 1, 1), BMNH 1914.2.28.1-2. Lectotype selected by Hardy 1985:377 [ref. 5184]. •Valid as Belonepterygion fasciolatum (Ogilby 1889) -- (Hardy 1985:375 [ref. 5184], Allen & Swainston 1988:60 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:528 [ref. 12442], Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 1990:229 [ref. 16561], Randall et al. 1990:134 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:160 [ref. 25479], Allen 1997:94 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:128 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:134 [ref. 25919], Mooi 1999:2585 [ref. 24831], Johnson 1999:731 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:738 [ref. 25086], Mooi in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:738 [ref. 26001], Gill & Edwards 2002:25 [ref. 26562], Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830], Hoese & Gates 2006:1050 [ref. 28997], Ho & Shao 2011: 43 [ref. 31432], Yerman & Leis 2011:79 [ref. 31400], Allen & Erdmann 2012:347 [ref. 31980], Motomura et al. 2015:20 [ref. 34709], Koeda et al. 2016:4 [ref. 35354], Hoschke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36626], Wada et al. 2021:39 [ref. 38521]). Current status: Valid as Belonepterygion fasciolatum (Ogilby 1889). Plesiopidae: Acanthoclininae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines and New Caledonia, north to Amami Islands (southern Japan), south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and Lord Howe Island. Habitat: marine.

flavissimus, Assessor Allen [G. R.] & Kuiter [R. H.] 1976:(204) 211, Fig. 5 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 4 (pt 3); ref. 7331] Pixie Reef, Great Barrier Reef, off Cairns, Queensland, Australia, depth 12 meters. Holotype: WAM P.25322-001. Paratypes: AMS I.18460-001 (4), BMNH 1975.8.27.1-3 (3), BPBM 18861 (3), USNM 214680 (2), WAM P.25323-001 (8). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:20 [ref. 19335] with genus as Assesor, Moore et al. 2008:22 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Assessor flavissimus Allen & Kuiter 1976 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:524 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:132 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:96 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:128 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:132 [ref. 25919], Mooi 1999:2585 [ref. 24831], Hoese & Gates 2006:1053 [ref. 28997], Allen & Erdmann 2012:346 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2019:130 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Assessor flavissimus Allen & Kuiter 1976. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Papua New Guinea and northern Great Barrier Reef (Australia). Habitat: marine.

fuscus, Acanthoclinus Jenyns [L.] 1841:92, Pl. 18 (fig. 2) [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Beagle; ref. 2344] Bay of Islands, New Zealand. Lectotype: BMNH 1917.7.14.37. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1917.7.14.38-40 (3). Lectotype selected by Hardy 1985:364 [ref. 5184]. •Valid as Acanthoclinus fuscus Jenyns 1841 -- (Hardy 1985:360 [ref. 5184], Paulin et al. 1989:177 [ref. 24556], Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 1990:224 [ref. 16561], Paulin & Roberts 1992:57 [ref. 24625], Mooi & Gill 2004:181 [ref. 27890], Stewart 2015:1208 [ref. 34196]). Current status: Valid as Acanthoclinus fuscus Jenyns 1841. Plesiopidae: Acanthoclininae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

genaricus, Plesiops Mooi [R. D.] & Randall [J. E.] 1991:384, Figs. 3, 5B, 6B, 8-9 [Copeia 1991 (no. 2); ref. 19340] Outside lagoon, One Tree Island, Queensland, Australia, depth 6 meters. Holotype: CAS 13808. Paratypes: AMS I.19483-026 (25), I.19483-086 (1), I.20464-001 (5); ANSP 135402 (1); BPBM 15941 (4); CAS 67424 (4); LACM 39986-11 (10); ROM 58239-40 (4, 18); USNM 274563 (5), 274570 (orig. 69, now 68), 274573 (5), 299024 (2), 297027 (3), 299029 (49), 299031 (28), 299034-37 (1, 6, 12, 1), 313013 (1). Plus additional material. •Valid as Plesiops genaricus Mooi & Randall 1991 -- (Mooi 1995:31 [ref. 22053], Mooi 1999:2585 [ref. 24831], Johnson 1999:731 [ref. 25471], Hoese & Gates 2006:1056 [ref. 28997]). Current status: Valid as Plesiops genaricus Mooi & Randall 1991. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

gigas, Plesiops Steindachner [F.] 1883:196 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse v. 20 (no. 22); ref. 20488] St. Vincent Gulf, South Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Species later described in more detail in Steindachner 1884:1089 [p. 25 of separate] [ref. 4234]. •Synonym of Paraplesiops meleagris (Peters 1869) -- (Hoese & Kuiter 1984:14 [ref. 5300], Paxton et al. 1989:525 [ref. 12442], Hoese & Gates 2006:1055 [ref. 28997]). Current status: Synonym of Paraplesiops meleagris (Peters 1869). Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Habitat: marine.

gracilis, Plesiops Mooi [R. D.] & Randall [J. E.] 1991:374, Pl. 1A; Figs. 1-3 [Copeia 1991 (no. 2); ref. 19340] Auluptagel Island, southeastern end, eastern side of T-shaped peninsula, Palau Islands, 7°18'50"N, 134°29'52"E, depth 6-14 meters. Holotype: BPBM 31410. Paratypes: AMS I.17089-006 (5); BPBM 9732 (2); CAS 13985 (4, missing), 13988-89 (5, 2), 67419-22 (3, 5, 8, 1), 67423 (2, c&s); ROM: 56860-61 (2, 2); USNM 226939-40 (1, 1); WAM P.27654-027 (2). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:21 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:22 [ref. 30117] •Valid as Plesiops gracilis Mooi & Randall 1991 -- (Mooi 1995:35 [ref. 22053], Myers 1999:123 [ref. 23965], Mooi 1999:2585 [ref. 24831], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830], Hoese & Gates 2006:1056 [ref. 28997], Allen & Erdmann 2012:349 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:68 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:130 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Plesiops gracilis Mooi & Randall 1991. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia east to Caroline Islands, south to Western Australia and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

gregoryi, Notograptus Whitley [G. P.] 1941:39, Pl. 1 (fig. 26) [Australian Zoologist v. 10 (pt 1); ref. 4701] Useless Inlet, Shark Bay, Western Australia, depth 2-3 fathoms. Holotype (unique): AMS IB.344. •Valid as Notograptus gregoryi Whitley 1941 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:108 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:174 [ref. 23977], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Gates 2006:1051 [ref. 28997], Moore et al. 2020:109 [ref. 37357]). Current status: Valid as Notograptus gregoryi Whitley 1941. Plesiopidae: Acanthoclininae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia endemic. Habitat: marine.

guttatus, Notograptus Günther [A.] 1867:64 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 3) v. 20 (no. 115); ref. 1988] Cape York, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: BMNH 1867.5.6.42 (1), BMNH 1867.5.13.16 (1). •Valid as Notograptus guttatus Günther 1867 -- (Tyler & Smith 1970:6 [ref. 7789], Allen & Swainston 1988:108 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:174 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:366 [ref. 23967], Mooi 1999:2587 [ref. 24831], Hutchins 2001:41 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830], Hoese & Gates 2006:1051 [ref. 28997], Larson et al. 2013:104 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Notograptus guttatus Günther 1867. Plesiopidae: Acanthoclininae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea and Australia. Habitat: marine.

hiatti, Acanthoplesiops Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:407, Fig. 68 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] Ocean reef in surf off Eniwetok Island, Rongerik Atoll, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 140758. Paratypes: FMNH 62618 [ex USNM 140753] (1); USNM 140754-57 (1, 1, 1, 3), 141730 [not 141370] (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:4 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Acanthoplesiops hiatti Schultz 1953 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:141 [ref. 6441], Hardy 1985:382 [ref. 5184], Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 1990:237 [ref. 16561], Myers 1999:123 [ref. 23965], Mooi 1999:2585 [ref. 24831], Mooi in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830], Mooi & Gill 2004:6 [ref. 27574], Mooi & Gill 2004:181 [ref. 27890], Allen & Erdmann 2012:345 [ref. 31980], Gill at al. 2013:216 [ref. 33020]) Current status: Valid as Acanthoplesiops hiatti Schultz 1953. Plesiopidae: Acanthoclininae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia and Philippines to Marshall Islands. Habitat: marine.

indicus, Acanthoclinus Day [F.] 1888:264 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1888 (pt 3) (art. 4) (for 1 May 1888); ref. 14480] Madras, India. Holotype (unique): ?BMNH 1889,8,17,5. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762]. •Valid as Acanthoplesiops indicus (Day 1888) -- (Hardy 1985:381 [ref. 5184], Smith 1986:541 [ref. 5712], Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 1990:234 [ref. 16561], Randall 1995:147 [ref. 22896], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Mooi & Gill 2004:6 [ref. 27574], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624], Mooi & Gill 2004:181 [ref. 27890], Gill at al. 2013:216 [ref. 33020]). Current status: Valid as Acanthoplesiops indicus (Day 1888). Plesiopidae: Acanthoclininae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

insularis, Plesiops Mooi [R. D.] & Randall [J. E.] 1991:379, Pl. 1B-C; Figs. 3-4, 5A, 6A, 7-8 [Copeia 1991 (no. 2); ref. 19340] Reef west of Mt. Lidgbird, Lord Howe Island, New South Wales, Australia, depth 25 meters. Holotype: BPBM 14762. Paratypes: AMS I.1482 (1), I.17363-004 (18), I.17363-015 (1 c&s), I.27142-012 (20), I.27149-006 (10), I.20271-024 (18); BPBM 11433 (1), 14828 (1), 14924 (1), 33527 (1), 33913 (2); 33944-46 (1, 1, 4); CAS 68316-17 (3, 2); LACM 30615-27 (2), 30615-28 (2); NMNZ P.11767 (1); ROM 58237-38 (7, 1); USNM 274558 (2), 274562 (3); WAM P.25650-003 (3). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:21 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:22 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Plesiops insularis Mooi & Randall 1991 -- (Francis 1993:160 [ref. 25479], Mooi 1995:37 [ref. 22053], Randall et al. 1997:133 [ref. 25919], Mooi 1999:2585 [ref. 24831], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:191 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Gates 2006:1056 [ref. 28997]). Current status: Valid as Plesiops insularis Mooi & Randall 1991. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

jessicae, Acanthoplesiops Allen [G. R.], Erdmann [M. V.] & Brooks [W. M.] 2020:58, Figs. [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 26 (no. 2); ref. 38028] Ka Point, Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: WAM P.34856-001. Paratypes: 3 •Valid as Acanthoplesiops jessicae Allen, Erdmann & Brooks 2020. Current status: Valid as Acanthoplesiops jessicae Allen, Erdmann & Brooks 2020. Plesiopidae: Acanthoclininae. Distribution: Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

jolliffei, Paraplesiops Ogilby [J. D.] 1916:112 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 28; ref. 15124] Green Island, Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.2652. •Synonym of Paraplesiops poweri Ogilby 1908 -- (Hoese & Kuiter 1984:14 [ref. 5300], Paxton et al. 1989:526 [ref. 12442] as powleri once and joliffei, Hoese & Gates 2006:1055 [ref. 28997]). Current status: Synonym of Paraplesiops poweri Ogilby 1908. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Habitat: marine.

kauffmani, Notograptus Tyler [J. C.] & Smith [C. L.] 1970:2, Fig. 1 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 431; ref. 7789] Little Hope Island, about 5 miles off the coast of northern Queensland, Australia, depth 0-2 feet. Holotype (unique): ANSP 109652. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:132 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Notograptus kauffmani Tyler & Smith 1970 -- (Mooi 1999:2587 [ref. 24831]). •Synonym of Notograptus guttatus Günther 1867 -- (Hoese & Gates 2006:1051 [ref. 28997]). Current status: Synonym of Notograptus guttatus Günther 1867. Plesiopidae: Acanthoclininae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea and Australia. Habitat: marine.

littoreus, Blennius Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:177 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] New Zealand. AIM MA. Based on description in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). Manuscript name, as litoreus, mentioned under account of Blennius quadridactylus [name in synonymy]; made available back to Forster as above by later use as valid by Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:389 [ref. 1005] but spelled littoreus. •Valid as Taumakoides littoreus (Forster 1801) -- (Hardy 1985:364 [ref. 5184], Paulin et al. 1989:178 [ref. 24556]). •Valid as Acanthoclinus littoreus (Forster 1801) -- (Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 1990:225 [ref. 16561], Paulin & Roberts 1992:54 [ref. 24625], Mooi & Gill 2004:181 [ref. 27890], Stewart 2015:1209 [ref. 34196]). Current status: Valid as Acanthoclinus littoreus (Forster 1801). Plesiopidae: Acanthoclininae. Distribution: New Zealand and offshore islands. Habitat: marine.

livingstonei, Notograptus Whitley [G. P.] 1931:120 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 18 (no. 3); ref. 4673] Between tide marks at Broome, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.4124. •Valid as Notograptus livingstonei Whitley 1931 -- (Mooi 1999:2587 [ref. 24831]). •Synonym of Notograptus guttatus Günther 1867 -- (Hoese & Gates 2006:1051 [ref. 28997]). Current status: Synonym of Notograptus guttatus Günther 1867. Plesiopidae: Acanthoclininae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

macneilli, Assessor Whitley [G. P.] 1935:231 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 19 (no. 4); ref. 4683] Hayman Island, Whitsunday Passage, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.6383. •Valid as Assessor macneilli Whitley 1935 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:524 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:132 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:96 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:128 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:132 [ref. 25919], Mooi 1999:2585 [ref. 24831], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:205 [ref. 25191], Randall 2005:190 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Gates 2006:1053 [ref. 28997]). Current status: Valid as Assessor macneilli Whitley 1935. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

maculata, Blanchardia Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:47 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Report and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Castelnau specimens: ?QM I.875 (1). •Synonym of Notograptus guttatus Günther 1867 -- (Tyler & Smith 1970:7 [ref. 7789], Mooi 1999:2586 [ref. 24831], Hoese & Gates 2006:1051 [ref. 28997]). Current status: Synonym of Notograptus guttatus Günther 1867. Plesiopidae: Acanthoclininae. Habitat: marine.

malalaxus, Plesiops Mooi [R. D.] 1995:40, Fig. 24 [Royal Ontario Museum Life Science Contributions No. 159; ref. 22053] Tuléar, outside barrier reef, Madagascar, 23°S, 44°E. Holotype: UMMZ 186072. Paratypes: MMNH 71-PE3 (1), ROM 60179 (1), USNM 320020 (1). Type catalog: Fricke et al. 2018:162 [ref. 35805]. •Valid as Plesiops malalaxus Mooi 1995 -- (Fricke et al. 2018:162 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Plesiops malalaxus Mooi 1995. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar endemic. Habitat: marine.

marilynae, Taumakoides Hardy [G. S.] 1985:370, Fig. 7 [New Zealand Journal of Zoology v. 11; ref. 5184] Scorching Bay, Wellington, New Zealand. Holotype: NMNZ P.14134. Paratypes: AIM 4344 (3); BMNH 1983.9.14.3 (1); NMNZ (63, 15 lots); USNM 261311 (1). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:10 [ref. 18942]. •Valid as Taumakoides marilynae Hardy 1985 -- (Paulin et al. 1989:178 [ref. 24556]). •Valid as Acanthoclinus marilynae (Hardy 1985) -- (Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 1990:226 [ref. 16561], Paulin & Roberts 1992:58 [ref. 24625], Mooi & Gill 2004:181 [ref. 27890], Stewart 2015:1210 [ref. 34196]). Current status: Valid as Acanthoclinus marilynae (Hardy 1985). Plesiopidae: Acanthoclininae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

matti, Taumakoides Hardy [G. S.] 1985:373, Fig. 8 [New Zealand Journal of Zoology v. 11; ref. 5184] Sentinal Rock, Cook Strait, outer Marlborough Sounds, New Zealand, depth 17 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.15332. Paratypes: NMNZ P.1932 (1), P.2216 (1), P.7185 (1). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:10 [ref. 18942]. •Valid as Taumakoides matti Hardy 1985 -- (Paulin et al. 1989:178 [ref. 24556]). •Valid as Acanthoclinus matti (Hardy 1985) -- (Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 1990:227 [ref. 16561], Mooi & Gill 2004:181 [ref. 27890], Stewart 2015:1211 [ref. 34196]). Current status: Valid as Acanthoclinus matti (Hardy 1985). Plesiopidae: Acanthoclininae. Distribution: New Zealand and offshore islands. Habitat: marine.

melas, Plesiops Bleeker [P.] 1849:9 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [7]; ref. 321] Boleling, northern Bali, Indonesia. Holotype: RMNH 23432 [ex RMNH 6352]. •Synonym of Plesiops coeruleolineatus Rüppell 1835 -- (Mooi 1995:18 [ref. 22053], Randall 2005:190 [ref. 28239], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:329 [ref. 28867]). Current status: Synonym of Plesiops coeruleolineatus Rüppell 1835. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Habitat: marine.

meleagris, Plesiops Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1869:708 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1869; ref. 14098] Adelaide, South Australia [southeastern Indian Ocean]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 7075. •Valid as Paraplesiops meleagris (Peters 1869) -- (Hoese & Kuiter 1984:14 [ref. 5300], Hutchins 1987:236 [ref. 11465], Paxton et al. 1989:525 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:145 [ref. 23929], Kuiter 1997:130 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Gates 2006:1054 [ref. 28997], Mooi 2008:553 [ref. 30652], Hoschke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Paraplesiops meleagris (Peters 1869). Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia, South Australia, Victoria (Australia). Habitat: marine.

multisquamata, Plesiops Inger [R. F.] 1955:264 [Pacific Science v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 12275] KwaZulu-Natal Coast, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 723. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] (1, apparently lost). •Valid as Plesiops multisquamatus Inger 1955 -- (Heemstra 1986:543 [ref. 5660], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:179 [ref. 28072]). •Valid as Plesiops multisquamata Inger 1955 -- (Mooi 1995:42 [ref. 22053]). Current status: Valid as Plesiops multisquamata Inger 1955. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: southern Africa. Habitat: marine.

mystaxus, Plesiops Mooi [R. D.] 1995:44, Fig. 26 [Royal Ontario Museum Life Science Contributions No. 159; ref. 22053] Moheli, reef crest off middle of bay at northeastern tip of Ouenefou Island, 100 meters offshore, Comoro Islands, western Indian Ocean, 12°23'25"S, 43°42'30"E, depth 0-1 meters. Holotype: ROM 60181. Paratypes: AMS I.28113-065 (4); BPBM 18358 (1), 33953 (5); MMNH CI-76 (1); ROM 58400 (1), 60182-83 (1, 8); TAU [= SMNHTAU] P.6391 (1); UMMZ 219202 [ex UMMZ 185567] (1); USNM 274545-46 (1, 3), 274554-55 (2, 1), 274557 (2), 274559 (2), 313009 (1), 313012 (7). •Valid as Plesiops mystaxus Mooi 1995 -- (Randall 1995:146 [ref. 22896], Fricke 1999:216 [ref. 24106], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Fricke et al. 2018:162 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:69 [ref. 36273], Arndt & Fricke 2019:25 [ref. 36883], Zajonz et al. 2019:73 [ref. 36871] as cf. mystaxus). Current status: Valid as Plesiops mystaxus Mooi 1995. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: Oman, Comoro Islands, Madagascar, Mauritius (Mascarenes). Habitat: marine.

naka, Acanthoplesiops Mooi [R. D.] & Gill [A. C.] 2004:3, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa No. 432; ref. 27574] Ofolanga Island, Ha' Apai Group, Tonga, 19°36'15"S, 174°28'15"W, off southwestern side of island, depth 21-32 meters. Holotype (unique): USNM 327794. •Valid as Acanthoplesiops naka Mooi & Gill 2004 -- (Gill at al. 2013:216 [ref. 33020]). Current status: Valid as Acanthoplesiops naka Mooi & Gill 2004. Plesiopidae: Acanthoclininae. Distribution: Tonga. Habitat: marine.

nakaharae, Plesiops Tanaka [S.] 1917:199 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 29 (no. 345); ref. 4330] Tomita, Ise Province, probably from the coast of either Shima or Kii (Kisyu), Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 8128. Originally typesetting used the diphthong "oe" which would be nakaharoe -- regarded as a misspelling for nakaharae as corrected by Tanaka in 1918. The spelling nakaharae is acceptable; early workers almost certainly Latinized the name first, and then added an 'e' (Art. 31.1.1) [WNE, 12 Mar. 2012] -- we now suggest using nakaharae. Species later illustrated and described in more detail in English and Japanese as Pharopteryx nakaharae in Tanaka 1918:497, Pl. 137 (fig. 383) [ref. 6037]. •Valid as Plesiops nakaharai Tanaka 1917 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:140 [ref. 6441] as nakaharae, Sano et al. 1984:12 [ref. 21465], Nakabo 2000:740 [ref. 25086] as nakaharae, Nakabo 2002:740 [ref. 26001] as nakaharae). Current status: Valid as Plesiops nakaharae Tanaka 1917. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

nativitatus, Steeneichthys Allen [G. R.] 1987:13, Fig. 1 [Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria v. 48 (no. 1); ref. 13386] Near Smith Point, Christmas Island, Indian Ocean, 10°26'S, 105°40'E, depth 30-40 meters. Holotype (unique): WAM P.29016-001. Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:21 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:22 [ref. 30117]. Species spelled originally nativiatus twice and nativitatus twice; etymology is nativitatus so nativiatus is regarded as a misspelling. •Valid as Steeneichthys nativitatus Allen 1987 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:350 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Steeneichthys nativitatus Allen 1987. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Christmas Island (Indian Ocean) and Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

nigricans, Pharopteryx Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1828:15, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Mohila [Al Muwaylih], Tabuk Province, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 1779. Paralectotypes: SMF 9502 (1), SMF uncat. (1, skeleton). Lectotype established by Dor 1984:107 [ref. 29757] if not designated earlier. •Valid as Plesiops nigricans (Rüppell 1828) -- (Dor 1984:107 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:29 [ref. 25356], Mooi 1995:48 [ref. 22053], Randall 1995:146 [ref. 22896], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Golani & Fricke 2018:69 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Plesiops nigricans (Rüppell 1828). Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden. Habitat: marine.

niveus, Calloplesiops Fowler [H. W.] & Bean [B. A.] 1930:317 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 10; ref. 1477] Gomomo Island, Pitt Passage, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 89986. Paratypes: (15) USNM 146404-15 (1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1). •Synonym of Calloplesiops altivelis (Steindachner 1903) -- (Hoese & Gates 2006:1053 [ref. 28997]). Current status: Synonym of Calloplesiops altivelis (Steindachner 1903). Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Habitat: marine.

noarlungae, Trachinops Glover [C. J. M.] in Scott, Glover & Southcott 1974:225, Fig. [Marine and freshwater fishes of South Australia; ref. 8422] Port Noarlunga, St. Vincent Gulf, South Australia, 35°09'S, 138°29'E. Holotype: SAMA F3721. Paratypes: SAMA F3676 (8). Type catalog: Glover 1976:172 [ref. 19449]. •Valid as Trachinops noarlungae Glover 1974 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:527 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:558 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:130 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Gates 2006:1057 [ref. 28997], Mooi 2008:556 [ref. 30652], Hoschke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Trachinops noarlungae Glover 1974. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia, South Australia. Habitat: marine.

okinawaensis, Plesiops oxycephalus Aoyagi [H.] 1941:429, Fig. 1 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 53 (no. 8); ref. 12679] Itoman, Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Syntypes: (many, 18 in Table 1) YCM-P 6883 (3). Type catalog: Shibata et al. 2011:13 [ref. 31469]. Type information: Hayashi 1995:14 [ref. 22717]. •Synonym of Plesiops oxycephalus Bleeker 1855 -- (Mooi 1995:51 [ref. 22053]). Current status: Synonym of Plesiops oxycephalus Bleeker 1855. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Habitat: marine.

oxycephalus, Plesiops Bleeker [P.] 1855:320 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 8 (no. 2); ref. 348] Batu Islands, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 6353. Paralectotypes: RMNH 32451 [ex 6353] (1). •Valid as Plesiops oxycephalus Bleeker 1855 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:141 [ref. 6441], Mooi 1995:51 [ref. 22053], Myers 1999:124 [ref. 23965], Mooi 1999:2585 [ref. 24831], Nakabo 2000:740 [ref. 25086], Mooi in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:740 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:349 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:68 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Plesiops oxycephalus Bleeker 1855. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia and Papua New Guinea to the Philippines, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Palau and north to Vietnam and Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: marine.

plesiopsus, Steeneichthys Allen [G. R.] & Randall [J. E.] 1985:187, Figs. 1-2 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 12 (pt 2); ref. 6106] Outer reef slope 4 kilometers west of Bedwell Island, Clerke Reef, Rowley Shoals, Western Australia, about 17°18'S, 119°19'E, depth 35 meters. Holotype: WAM P.28031-018. Paratypes: BPBM 17524 (2), 20012 (3, 1 c&s), 24110 (2); ROM 46183 (2); USNM 242118 (1); WAM P.28027-005 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:21 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:22 [ref. 30117] •Valid as Steeneichthys plesiopsus Allen & Randall 1985 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:526 [ref. 12442], Mooi 1999:2585 [ref. 24831], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:191 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Gates 2006:1056 [ref. 28997], Allen & Erdmann 2012:351 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:68 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Steeneichthys plesiopsus Allen & Randall 1985. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Papua New Guinea, Western Australia and to Fiji, Tonga and Samoa. Habitat: marine.

polydactylus, Plesiops Mooi [R. D.] 1995:53, Fig. 30 [Royal Ontario Museum Life Science Contributions No. 159; ref. 22053] Northwestern side of Naviti Island, Fiji Islands, 17°06'S, 177°13'E, depth 80-100 feet. Holotype: USNM 242117. Paratypes: CAS 79532 (1), MPM 31022 (1), ROM 66146 (1), USNM 324960 (5). •Valid as Plesiops polydactylus Mooi 1995 -- (Mooi 1999:2585 [ref. 24831], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:190 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Valid as Plesiops polydactylus Mooi 1995. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

poweri, Paraplesiops Ogilby [J. D.] 1908:17 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 21; ref. 3286] Mud Island, Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.1548 [ex AFAQ 224]. •Valid as Paraplesiops poweri Ogilby 1908 -- (Hoese & Kuiter 1984:14 [ref. 5300], Hutchins 1987:236 [ref. 11465], Paxton et al. 1989:526 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:133 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:146 [ref. 23929], Randall et al. 1997:133 [ref. 25919], Mooi 1999:2585 [ref. 24831], Johnson 1999:731 [ref. 25471], Hoese & Gates 2006:1055 [ref. 28997]). Current status: Valid as Paraplesiops poweri Ogilby 1908. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: eastern Australia (Queensland to northern New South Wales). Habitat: marine.

prolongata, Ruppelia Castelnau [F. L.] 1873:51 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 2; ref. 758] Victoria, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8028 (dry). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:83 [ref. 12478]. Based on same material as Bleekeria catafracta Castelnau 1873. •Synonym of Paraplesiops meleagris (Peters 1869) -- (Hoese & Kuiter 1984:14 [ref. 5300], Paxton et al. 1989:525 [ref. 12442], Hoese & Gates 2006:1054 [ref. 28997]). Current status: Synonym of Paraplesiops meleagris (Peters 1869). Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Habitat: marine.

psilogaster, Acanthoplesiops Hardy [G. S.] 1985:384, Fig. 13 [New Zealand Journal of Zoology v. 11; ref. 5184] Cut between large outstanding rock and Ch'uan-fan-shih, southern Taiwan. Holotype: USNM 257872. Paratypes: BPBM 23296 (2); NMNZ P.14813 (1); USNM 257871 (2, 1 c&s), 257872-73 (1, 1), 276528 (1). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:10 [ref. 18942], Ho & Shao 2011:43 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Acanthoplesiops psilogaster Hardy 1985 -- (Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 1990:237 [ref. 16561], Mooi 1999:2585 [ref. 24831], Nakabo 2000:738 [ref. 25086], Mooi in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:738 [ref. 26001], Mooi & Gill 2004:6 [ref. 27574], Mooi & Gill 2004:181 [ref. 27890], Motomura et al. 2010:102 [ref. 31256], Ho & Shao 2011:43 [ref. 31432], Allen & Erdmann 2012:346 [ref. 31980], Gill at al. 2013:216 [ref. 33020], Motomura et al. 2015:20 [ref. 34709], Koeda et al. 2016:31 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Acanthoplesiops psilogaster Hardy 1985. Plesiopidae: Acanthoclininae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands (southern Japan) and Japan. Habitat: marine.

quadridactylus, Blennius Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:177 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] New Zealand. No types known. •Synonym of Taumakoides littoreus (Forster 1801) -- (Hardy 1985:360 [ref. 5184]). •Synonym of Acanthoclinus littoreus (Forster 1801) -- (Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 1990:225 [ref. 16561]). Current status: Synonym of Acanthoclinus littoreus (Forster 1801). Plesiopidae: Acanthoclininae. Habitat: marine.

randalli, Assessor Allen [G. R.] & Kuiter [R. H.] 1976:(204) 208, Fig. 4 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 4 (pt 3); ref. 7331] Ishigaki Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, depth 6-23 meters. Holotype: BPBM 19261. Paratypes: AMS I.18503-001 (2), BPBM 11542 (4), USNM 214832 (3), WAM P.25469-001 [not 25419-001] (3). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:20 [ref. 19335] with genus as Assesor, Moore et al. 2008:22 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Assessor randalli Allen & Kuiter 1976 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:141 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:739 [ref. 25086], Mooi in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:739 [ref. 26001], Motomura et al. 2010:103 [ref. 31256]). Current status: Valid as Assessor randalli Allen & Kuiter 1976. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

riukianus, Pseudochromichthys Schmidt [P. Yu.] 1931:180, Fig. 1 [Transactions of the Pacific Committee of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. v. 2; ref. 3938] Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZIN 23413. •Synonym of Plesiops coeruleolineatus Rüppell 1835 -- (Mooi 1995:18 [ref. 22053]). Current status: Synonym of Plesiops coeruleolineatus Rüppell 1835. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Habitat: marine.

rodwayi, Pseudochromis Johnston [R. M.] 1902:6 [Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1902; ref. 19330] Macquarie harbor, Tasmania, Australia. Holotype (unique): ?TMH (not found). Apparently published earlier in the same year in the newspaper the Hobart "Mercury" (not seen). •Synonym of Trachinops caudimaculatus McCoy 1890 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:527 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:557 [ref. 22532], Hoese & Gates 2006:1057 [ref. 28997]). Current status: Synonym of Trachinops caudimaculatus McCoy 1890. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Habitat: marine.

rua, Taumakoides Hardy [G. S.] 1985:367, Fig. 6 [New Zealand Journal of Zoology v. 11; ref. 5184] Off Barrett's Reef, Wellington harbor entrance, New Zealand, depth 12 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.13852. Paratypes: AIM 2462 (1), BMNH 1983.9.14.2 (1), NMNZ (34, 16 lots), USNM 261312 (1). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:10 [ref. 18942]. •Valid as Taumakoides rua Hardy 1985 -- (Paulin et al. 1989:178 [ref. 24556]). •Valid as Acanthoclinus rua (Hardy 1985) -- (Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 1990:226 [ref. 16561], Paulin & Roberts 1992:56 [ref. 24625], Mooi & Gill 2004:181 [ref. 27890], Stewart 2015:1212 [ref. 34196]). Current status: Valid as Acanthoclinus rua (Hardy 1985). Plesiopidae: Acanthoclininae. Distribution: New Zealand and offshore islands. Habitat: marine.

rubescens, Calliblennius Aoyagi [H.] 1954:213 [40], Fig. 1 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 63 (no. 5); ref. 130] Kowan, Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Syntypes: (4) YCM-P 31198 (1). Type catalog: Shibata et al. 2011:13 [ref. 31469]. Type information: Hayashi 1995:14 [ref. 22717]. In English on p. 216 (p. 40 also given at bottom of page 213). •Synonym of Belonepterygion fasciolatum (Ogilby 1889) -- (Hardy 1985:375 [ref. 5184], Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 1990:229 [ref. 16561]). Current status: Synonym of Belonepterygion fasciolatum (Ogilby 1889). Plesiopidae: Acanthoclininae. Habitat: marine.

semeion, Plesiops Tanaka [S.] 1917:200 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 29 (no. 345); ref. 4330] Tanabe, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 54367 [not 54386]. Appeared as "Plesims seeion" which apparently was mis-typeset for Plesiops semeion, later illustrated and described in Tanaka 1918:500, Pl. 137 (fig. 382) as Pharopteryx semeion. •Synonym of Plesiops coeruleolineatus Rüppell 1835. Current status: Synonym of Plesiops coeruleolineatus Rüppell 1835. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Habitat: marine.

sinclairi, Paraplesiops Hutchins [J. B.] 1987:231, Figs. 1-2 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 13 (pt 2); ref. 11465] East of Esperance, Lucky Bay, Western Australia, 34°00'S, 122°14'E, depth 24 meters. Holotype: WAM P.28298-008. Paratypes: AMS I.25709-001 (1); WAM P.9257-001 (1), P.26006-001 (2), P.28298-020 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:21 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:22 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Paraplesiops sinclairi Hutchins 1987 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:555 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Gates 2006:1055 [ref. 28997], Mooi 2008:554 [ref. 30652]). Current status: Valid as Paraplesiops sinclairi Hutchins 1987. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

taeniatus, Trachinops Günther [A.] 1861:366 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: BMNH 1854.11.1.6 (1), 1859.6.3.28-29 (2). •Valid as Trachinops taeniatus Günther 1861 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:527 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:146 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:557 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:128 [ref. 25488], Johnson 1999:731 [ref. 25471], Hoese & Gates 2006:1057 [ref. 28997]). Current status: Valid as Trachinops taeniatus Günther 1861. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

taumaka, Acanthoclinus Clarke [F. E.] 1879:293, Pl. 15 (upper right) [Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute v. 11 (art. 25) (for 1878); ref. 18006] Jackson's Bay, New Zealand. Holotype: AIM. Paratypes: (5). •Synonym of Acanthoclinus fuscus Jenyns 1841 -- (Hardy 1985:360 [ref. 5184], Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 1990:224 [ref. 16561]). Current status: Synonym of Acanthoclinus fuscus Jenyns 1841. Plesiopidae: Acanthoclininae. Habitat: marine.

thysanopterus, Plesiops Mooi [R. D.] 1995:55, Figs. 31-32 [Royal Ontario Museum Life Science Contributions No. 159; ref. 22053] Pulo Boenta, off Achen Head, surge channel in coral reef, Sumatra, Indonesia, 5°33'10"N, 95°09'03"E, depth 2-12 feet. Holotype: ANSP 157386. Paratypes: ROM 60178 (1), USNM 315537 (1). •Valid as Plesiops thysanopterus Mooi 1995 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:350 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Plesiops thysanopterus Mooi 1995. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Sumatra, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

trilineatus, Acanthoclinus Griffin [L. T.] 1933:332, Pl. 34 (bottom) [Transactions of the New Zealand Institute v. 63; ref. 16491] Deep-Water Cove, Bay of Islands, New Zealand. Holotype: AIM. Paratypes: AIM (3). •Synonym of Taumakoides littoreus (Forster 1801) -- (Hardy 1985:360 [ref. 5184]). •Synonym of Acanthoclinus littoreus (Forster 1801) -- (Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 1990:225 [ref. 16561]). Current status: Synonym of Acanthoclinus littoreus (Forster 1801). Plesiopidae: Acanthoclininae. Habitat: marine.

verecundus, Plesiops Mooi [R. D.] 1995:57, Fig. 33 [Royal Ontario Museum Life Science Contributions No. 159; ref. 22053] Great Astrolabe Reef, Dravuni Islands, Kandavu, 0-50 meters offshore, Fiji Islands, 18°45'52"S, 178°31'13"E, depth 0-2 meters. Holotype: ROM 60208. Paratypes: AMS I.18361-024 (1); ANSP 157384 (7), 157387 (1), 157391 (5), 157402 (5); CAS 72677 (1); ROM 46746-48 (10, 23, 5); USNM 243989 (1). •Valid as Plesiops verecundus Mooi 1995 -- (Allen 1997:94 [ref. 23977], Mooi 1999:2585 [ref. 24831], Mooi in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:191 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Gates 2006:1056 [ref. 28997], Allen & Erdmann 2012:350 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:68 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:31 [ref. 35333], Wada et al. 2021:40 [ref. 38521]). Current status: Valid as Plesiops verecundus Mooi 1995. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia and Papua New Guinea to the Philippines to Solomon Islands, Fiji, Palau to Australia and north to Taiwan and Amami Islands (southern Japan) and Vietnam. Habitat: marine.

woodlarkensis, Plesiops Thiollière [V. J. de l'I.] in Montrouzier 1857:438 [160] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, South Pacific. No types known. On p. 160 of reprint. Plesiopidae: Plesiopinae. Habitat: marine.

xanthokrossos, Beliops Hardy [G. S.] 1985:378, Fig. 10 [New Zealand Journal of Zoology v. 11; ref. 5184] Kingston Reef, Rottnest Island, Western Australia, depth 8 meters. Holotype: WAM P.26617-008. Paratypes: AMS I.20167-007 (1), I.20174-006 (1), I.20229-032 (3), I.20245-021 (3), I.20247-019 (3); NMNZ P.14146 (1), P.14147 (1, c&s); WAM P.25765-011 (1), P.26006-013 (1), P.26617-021 (3), P.27616-034 (2), P.27953-013 (2), P.27955-013 (1). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:10 [ref. 18942], Hutchins & Smith 1991:21 [ref. 19335] as xanthokrossus, Moore et al. 2008:23 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Beliops xanthokrossos Hardy 1985 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:528 [ref. 12442], Smith-Vaniz & Johnson 1990:230 [ref. 16561], Gomon et al. 1994:559 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Mooi & Gill 2004:181 [ref. 27890], Hoese & Gates 2006:1050 [ref. 28997], Mooi 2008:551 [ref. 30652], Hoschke et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Beliops xanthokrossos Hardy 1985. Plesiopidae: Acanthoclininae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia, South Australia. Habitat: marine.