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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Procatopodidae: [ 114 ] records


abbreviatus, Procatopus Pellegrin [J.] 1929:367 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 54; ref. 15941] Wuri River, Yabassi, Cameroon. Syntypes: MNHN 1929-0088 (7). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:28 [ref. 19576]. •Synonym of Procatopus similis Ahl 1927 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:195 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:260 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Procatopus abbreviatus Pellegrin 1929 -- (Huber 2011:5 [ref. 32018]). Current status: Valid as Procatopus abbreviatus Pellegrin 1929. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

aberrans, Procatopus Ahl [E.] 1927:80 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1927 (for Apr.-July); ref. 15834] Ossidinge, Cameroon. Lectotype: ZMB 21042 [ex ZMB 17774]. Paralectotypes: (should be 3) ZMB 31335 [ex ZMB 17774 and 21042] (5), MNHN 1936-0037 [ex ZMB] (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:22 [ref. 19576], Paepke & Seegers 1986:153 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:95 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Procatopus aberrans Ahl 1927 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:193 [ref. 6198], Lévèque et al. 1991:145 [ref. 31367], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:618 [ref. 21590], Poll & Gosse 1995:209 [ref. 24781], Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835], Lazara 2001:259 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:71 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Procatopus aberrans Ahl 1927. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon and Nigeria. Habitat: freshwater.

analis, Haplochilichthys Worthington [E. B.] 1932:130, Fig. 4 [The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 38 (no. 258); ref. 16405] Niamweru and Ruampuno rivers flowing into Lake Edward from the east. Syntypes: (14) BMNH 1932.6.13.290-299 (?). Additional material (6). •Synonym of Hypsopanchax modestus (Pappenheim 1914) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:189 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Hypsopanchax deprimozi (Pellegrin 1928) -- (Lazara 2001:171 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Platypanchax modestus (Pappenheim 1914). Current status: Synonym of Platypanchax modestus (Pappenheim 1914). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

andreaseni, Procatopus (Andreasenius) Clausen [H. S.] 1959:283, Fig. 10 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 121; ref. 843] Owe River between Anambra Crossing and Adoru, east of Idah (Niger), northern Nigeria. Holotype: ZMUC P353854 [ex W. Afr. Exped. 1085]. Paratypes: BMNH 1962.5.3.19-20 (2); UI (2); West Afr. Exp. 1086; ZMB 21534 (2); ZMUC P353855 (1), P353856-60 (5). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:56 [ref. 9588], Paepke & Seegers 1986:153 [ref. 19981]. •Synonym of Procatopus aberrans Ahl 1927 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:194 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:618 [ref. 21590], Lazara 2001:259 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Procatopus aberrans Ahl 1927. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

antinorii, Haplochilus Vinciguerra [D.] 1883:693 [5], Figured [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova v. 18; ref. 17887] Lake Arsadé, Adda, Ethiopia. Syntypes: (many) BMNH 1903.8.10.17-18 [ex MSNG] (2); MSNG 9244 (5). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:313 [ref. 10351]. On p. 5 of separate. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys antinorii (Vinciguerra 1883) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:170 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:36 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Micropanchax antinorii (Vinciguerra 1883) -- (Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835]). Current status: Valid as Micropanchax antinorii (Vinciguerra 1883). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

atripinna, Haplochilus Pfeffer [G. J.] 1896:46 [Die Thierwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete v. 3; ref. 14617] Tanzania. Lectotype: ZMB 13212. Paralectotypes: NMW 83346 (2), ZMB 31492 [ex ZMB 13212] (52). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:152 [ref. 19981]. Lectotype selected by Paepke & Seegers 1986:152 [ref. 19981]. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys atripinna (Pfeffer 1896) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:171 [ref. 6198] as atripinnis, Lazara 2001:36 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Lacustricola atripinna (Pfeffer 1896) -- (Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835]). Current status: Valid as Lacustricola atripinna (Pfeffer 1896). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

baudoni, Micropanchax Myers [G. S.] 1924:1, Pl. 1 [American Museum Novitates No. 122; ref. 15456] Fort Crampel, Gribingi River, Chad basin, Ubangi Sari, Central African Republic. Holotype: AMNH 8151. Paratypes: AMNH 20936 (1). •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys hutereaui (Boulenger 1913) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:172 [ref. 6198], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Lazara 2001:38 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Micropanchax hutereaui (Boulenger 1913) -- (Nagy & Vreven 2018:166 [ref. 35737]). Current status: Synonym of Lacustricola hutereaui (Boulenger 1913). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bensonii, Poecilia Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1864:395 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1864; ref. 3437] Liberia. Syntypes: ZMB 5408 (1, missing). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:153 [ref. 19981]. Lectotype selected by Paepke & Seegers 1986:153 [ref. 19981]. •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys spilauchen (Duméril 1861) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:185 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:620 [ref. 21590], Ghedotti 2000:38 [ref. 27228], Lazara 2001:46 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Aplocheilichthys spilauchen (Duméril 1861). Procatopodidae: Aplocheilichthyinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

bracheti, Aplocheilichthys Berkenkamp [H. O.] 1983:293, Figs. [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 36 (no. 8); ref. 8372] 8 kilometers southeast of Lama-Kara, northern Togo, 9°30'N, 1°15'W. Holotype: SMF 17712. Paratypes: MRAC 73-11-P-847-850 (4); SMF 17713-14 (9, 5). •Valid as Aplocheilichthys bracheti Berkenkamp 1983 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:186 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:36 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Micropanchax bracheti (Berkenkamp 1983) -- (Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835]). Current status: Valid as Micropanchax bracheti (Berkenkamp 1983). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Togo. Habitat: freshwater.

bragancai, Lacustricola Huber [J. H.] 2020:7, Fig. 1 [Killi-Data Series 2020; ref. 37934] Vissabenguila River, PK 215 West Luena (ex-Vila Luso, capital city of Moxico Province), about 25 km east of Cuemba, tributary of rio Coemba, rio Cuanza basin, Angola, 12.167°S, 18.250°E. Holotype: MRAC P-162427. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Lacustricola bragancai Huber 2020. Current status: Valid as Lacustricola bragancai Huber 2020. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Cuanza River basin, plateau of central Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

brichardi, Congopanchax Poll [M.] 1971:304, Figs. A-E [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 83 (no. 3-4); ref. 3530] Liyeke, dead arm of Tshuapa River, between Boende and Watsi, 2 kilometers from Boende, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 168566. Paratypes: MRAC 168567 (1), 168568-73 (6). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:37 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Poropanchax brichardi (Poll 1971) -- (Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835]). •Valid as Aplocheilichthys brichardi (Poll 1971) -- (Lazara 2001:36 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Congopanchax brichardi Poll 1971 -- (Radda 1981:10 [ref. 31276], Wildekamp et al. 1986:187 [ref. 6198], Poll & Gosse 1995:209 [ref. 24781], Bragança & Costa 2019:[7] [ref. 36577]). Current status: Valid as Congopanchax brichardi Poll 1971. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Central Congo River basin, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

bukobanus, Haplochilichthys Ahl [E.] 1924:137 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 61(nos 5/6); ref. 15437] Bukoba, northwestern Tanzania. Lectotype: ZMB 14481. Paralectotypes: ZMB 24167 (1), 31467 (4). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:150 [ref. 19981]. Lectotype selected by Seegers in Paepke & Seegers 1986:150 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:95 [ref. 21847] as bucobanus. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys bukobanus Ahl 1924 -- (Seegers 1997:15 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:36 [ref. 25711], Seegers et al. 2003:40 [ref. 28087]). •Valid as Cynopanchax bukobanus (Ahl 1924) -- (Parenti 1981:513 [ref. 7066], Wildekamp et al. 1986:187 [ref. 6198], Poll & Gosse 1995:211 [ref. 24781]). •Valid as Lacustricola bukobanus (Ahl 1924) -- (Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835]). Current status: Valid as Lacustricola bukobanus (Ahl 1924). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

cabindae, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:264 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 8 (no. 44); ref. 578] Lucola River, near Cabinda, Angola. Syntypes: BMNH 1912.4.1.459-460 (2); ?MRAC 1783 (1), ?MRAC 1684-85 (2). •Valid as Procatopus cabindae (Boulenger 1911) -- (Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835]). •Valid as Plataplochilus cabindae (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:191 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:255 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:69 [ref. 30034], Huber 2011:5 [ref. 32018]). Current status: Valid as Plataplochilus cabindae (Boulenger 1911). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

camerunensis, Aplocheilichthys Radda [A. C.] 1971:163, Figs. 11, 12a [Aquaria: Österreichische Zeitschrift für Vivaristik v. 5 (no. 11); ref. 20423] East Cameroon, 2°03'N, 11°59'E. Holotype: NMW 5968. Paratypes: NMW 5969 (1). Later misspelled in an English translation as Aplocheilichthys cameronensis Radda 1972:9 [ref. 34848]. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys camerunensis Radda 1971 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:171 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:37 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Lacustricola camerunensis (Radda 1971) -- (Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835]). •Valid as Micropanchax camerunensus (Radda 1971) -- (van der Zee et al. 2007:59 [ref. 30034]). Current status: Valid as Micropanchax camerunensis (Radda 1971). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: West-Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

carlislei, Haplochilus van der Horst [C. J.] 1934:282, Figured [Annals of the Transvaal Museum v. 15 (pt 3); ref. 16465] Aapies River [Apies River], near Petronella, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Syntypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 31913 [ex TMP 15025] (3). The original description lacks a diagnosis, so the name could be treated as unavailable, Huber 2017:21 [ref. 35720]. •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys katangae (Boulenger 1912) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:174 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys johnstoni (Günther 1894) -- (Lazara 2001:38 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Micropanchax johnstoni (Günther 1894). Current status: Synonym of Micropanchax johnstoni (Günther 1894). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

catenatus, Hypsopanchax Radda [A. C.] 1981:3, Figs. 1-3 [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal v. 13 (no. 1); ref. 20436] 61 kilometers south from Franceville on way to Boumango, between Madziba and Mboki, Ogooué, southeastern Gabon. Holotype: MRAC 80-54-P-1503. Paratypes: MRAC 80-54-P-1504-526 (23), 80-54-P-1527-35 (9). •Valid as Hypsopanchax catenatus Radda 1981 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:188 [ref. 6198], Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835], Lazara 2001:171 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:77 [ref. 30034], van der Zee et al. 2015:94 [ref. 33870]). Current status: Valid as Hypsopanchax catenatus Radda 1981. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

centralis, Aplocheilichthys Seegers [L.] 1996:259, Figs. 192-196, 198 [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques v. 278; ref. 23725] Wogo River, Rungwa drainage, 26 kilometers southwest of Inyonga on track to Lake Rukwa, Tabora Region, Tanzania, 6°51'S, 32°01'E. Holotype: MRAC 94-34-P-1100. Paratypes: MRAC 94-34-P-1101-1104 (4), -1105-1106 (2), -1107 (1); ZMB 32615 (2); ZMH 8600 (4). •Valid as Aplocheilichthys centralis Seegers 1996 -- (Lazara 2001:37 [ref. 25711], De Vos et al. 2001:131 [ref. 26059]). •Valid as Lacustricola centralis (Seegers 1996) -- (Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835]). Current status: Valid as Lacustricola centralis (Seegers 1996). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Tanzania and Uganda. Habitat: freshwater.

chalcopyrus, Plataplochilus Lambert [J. G.] 1963:309, Figs. 1-2 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 68 (no. 3-4); ref. 2417] Diala River, Lambaréné-Mouila, Gabon. Holotype: MRAC 140288. Paratypes: MRAC 140289 (1), 140290-94 (5), 140295-300 (6), 14301-302 (2), 14303-306 (4), 14307-311 (5). •Synonym of Plataplochilus ngaensis (Ahl 1924) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:192 [ref. 6198]). •Valid as Plataplochilus chalcopyrus Lambert 1963 -- (Lazara 2001:255 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:63 [ref. 30034], Huber 2011:5 [ref. 32018], Eberl et al. 2020:238 [ref. 37863]). Current status: Valid as Plataplochilus chalcopyrus Lambert 1963. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

chobensis, Aplocheilus Fowler [H. W.] 1935:276, Fig. 13 [Annals of the Transvaal Museum v. 16 (pt 2); ref. 1423] Chobe River, below rapids, 3 miles from Kasane, Botswana. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 30007 [ex TMP 15277]. Paratypes: (22) ANSP 54340-42 (3), FMNH 33267-70 (4), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 30008 [ex TMP 15278] (5), plus 1 other. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:95 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:10 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys hutereaui (Boulenger 1913) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:172 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:38 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Micropanchax hutereaui (Boulenger 1913) -- (Nagy & Vreven 2018:167 [ref. 35737]). •Valid as Lacustricola chobensis (Fowler 1935) -- (Bragança et al. 2021:124 [ref. 38199] in "Lacustricola") Current status: Valid as Lacustricola chobensis (Fowler 1935). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Southern Africa: Okavango, Cuando, upper and lower Zambesi River basin (Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia). Habitat: freshwater.

curtianalis, Lamprichthys David [L.] 1936:153 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 28 (no. 2); ref. 13689] Nyanza and Rumonge, Lake Tanganyika. Syntypes: (4) MRAC 38986-87 (2), 43046 (1). •Synonym of Lamprichthys tanganicanus (Boulenger 1898) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:191 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:177 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Lamprichthys tanganicanus (Boulenger 1898). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

deprimozi, Haplochilus (Hypsopanchax) Pellegrin [J.] 1928:83, Fig. 2 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 34 (no. 1); ref. 15873] Rutchuru River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: MNHN 1927-0339 (4). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:22 [ref. 19576]. •Synonym of Hypsopanchax modestus (Pappenheim 1914) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:189 [ref. 6198]). •Valid as Hypsopanchax deprimozi (Pellegrin 1928) -- (Lazara 2001:171 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Platypanchax modestus (Pappenheim 1914). Current status: Synonym of Platypanchax modestus (Pappenheim 1914). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

dhonti, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1919:17, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1919 (pts 1-2) (art. 3); ref. 15205] Lukuga River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: (210) BMNH 1919.1.16.32-33 (2), 1919.2.25.1-20 (20); MRAC 6994-98 (5), 6999 (1). •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys pumilus (Boulenger 1906) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:182 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:44 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Lacustricola pumilus (Boulenger 1906). Current status: Synonym of Lacustricola pumilus (Boulenger 1906). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

dispar, Aplocheilichthys Gras [R.] 1961:408, Fig. 4 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 32 (no. 5) (1960); ref. 1876] Near Bokoutou train station, a few kilometers east of Sakété, near the Nigeria border, Benin [Dahomey]. Syntypes: (59) MNHN 1960-0393 (50). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:272 [ref. 20870]. •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys macrophthalmus Meinken 1932 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:177 [ref. 6198], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:623 [ref. 21590], Lazara 2001:41 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Poropanchax luxophthalmus (Brüning 1929). Current status: Synonym of Poropanchax luxophthalmus (Brüning 1929). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

eduardensis, Haplochilichthys David [L.] & Poll [M.] 1937:255, Fig. 29 [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 3 (fasc. 5); ref. 1043] Vitshumbi, Lake Albert [Lake Albert Nyanza], Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: (7) MRAC 38836-40 (5). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:43 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys eduardensis David & Poll 1937 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:171 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys vitschumbaensis Ahl 1924 -- (Seegers 1997:15 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:47 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Lacustricola vitschumbaensis (Ahl 1924). Current status: Synonym of Lacustricola vitschumbaensis (Ahl 1924). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

ehrichi, Aplocheilichthys Berkenkamp [H. O.] & Etzel [V.] 1994:1, Fig. [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal v. 26 (no. 1); ref. 21417] Mali, southwest of Bamako near Samalofila [Samalofira], 12°15'N, 8°72'W [coordinates corrected]. Holotype: SMF 18447. Paratypes: SMF 18448 (15). •Valid as Aplocheilichthys ehrichi Berkenkamp & Etzel 1994 -- (Lazara 2001:37 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Micropanchax ehrichi (Berkenkamp & Etzel 1994) -- (Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835]). Current status: Valid as Micropanchax ehrichi (Berkenkamp & Etzel 1994). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Mali. Habitat: freshwater.

ericae, Micropanchax Meinken [H.] 1971:434, Figs. 6-8 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 52 (no. 6); ref. 19866] 8 miles southwest of Kampala, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda. Holotype: SMF 11184. Paratypes: SMF 11185 (5). •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys meyburgi Meinken 1971 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:178 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys bukobanus Ahl 1924 -- (Seegers 1997:15 [ref. 23895] as erikae, Lazara 2001:37 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Lacustricola bukobanus (Ahl 1924). Current status: Synonym of Lacustricola bukobanus (Ahl 1924). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fuelleborni, Haplochilichthys Ahl [E.] 1924:138 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 61(nos 5/6); ref. 15437] Lake Rukwa, southwestern Tanzania. Lectotype: ZMB 16321. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1929-0213 (3); ZMB 31413 (now 30), 31468 [ex ZMB 16321] (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:21 [ref. 19576], Paepke & Seegers 1986:150-151 [ref. 19981] as fuellebornis. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:95 [ref. 21847] as fuellebornis. Lectotype selected (by Seegers) in Paepke & Seegers 1986:150 [ref. 19981]. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys fuelleborni Ahl 1924 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:187 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1996:264 [ref. 23725], Lazara 2001:37 [ref. 25711], De Vos et al. 2001:131 [ref. 26059]). •Valid as Micropanchax fuellebroni (Ahl 1924) -- (Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835]). Current status: Valid as Micropanchax fuelleborni (Ahl 1924). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

gambiensis, Aplocheilichthys Svensson [G. S. O.] 1933:86, Pl. 7 (fig. 1); Fig. 27 [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 16524] Swamps and banks along Gambia River, western Africa. Syntypes: NRM 10240 (12), 11147 (7), 13833 (2), 13906 (6), 13919 (6), 13950-55 (20, 8, 67, 63, 20, 27), ?13956 (4), 13965-66 (190, 137). Type catalog: Wildekamp et al. 1986:180 [ref. 6198]. •Synonym of Micropanchax normani (Ahl 1928) -- (Huber 1982:70 [ref. 20638]). •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys normani Ahl 1928 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:180 [ref. 6198], Lévêque et al. 1989:121 [ref. 26480], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:621 [ref. 21590], Lazara 2001:43 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Poropanchax normani (Ahl 1928). Current status: Synonym of Poropanchax normani (Ahl 1928). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

glaucicaudis, Procatopus (Procatopus) Clausen [H. S.] 1959:268, Figs. 1-2 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 121; ref. 843] Small stream, 58 miles north of Kumba, Cameroon. Holotype: ZMUC P353861 [ex W. Afr. Exped. 412]. Paratypes: BMNH 1962.5.3.4-5 (2), UI (2), West Afr. Exp. 413 (10), ZMB 21532 (2), ZMUC P353862 (1, allotype), ZMUC P353863-69. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:56 [ref. 9588], Paepke & Seegers 1986:153 [ref. 19981]. •Synonym of Procatopus similis Ahl 1927 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:195 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:260 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Procatopus similis Ahl 1927. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

gracilis, Procatopus (Andreasenius) Clausen [H. S.] 1959:280, Figs. 8-9 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 121; ref. 843] Small stream at Iperin, a few miles north of Ijebu Ode, Ijebu Province, western Nigeria. Holotype: ZMUC P353870 [ex W. Afr. Exped. 802]. Paratypes: BMNH 1962.5.3.14-15 (2); UI (2), West Afr. Exp. 803; ZMB 21408-09 (2, 1); ZMUC P353871 (1, allotype), ZMUC uncat. (35). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:56 [ref. 9588], Paepke & Seegers 1986:153 [ref. 19981]. •Synonym of Procatopus aberrans Ahl 1927 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:194 [ref. 6198], Lévèque et al. 1991:145 [ref. 31367], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:618 [ref. 21590], Lazara 2001:259 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Procatopus aberrans Ahl 1927. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

hannerzi, Aplocheilichthys macrophthalmus Scheel [J. J.] 1968:16, Fig. 10 [Journal of the American Killifish Association v. 5 (no. 2); ref. 19475] Small brook crossing road between Port Harcourt and Abá, eastern Nigeria. Holotype: ZMUC P352574. Paratypes: ZMUC P352575-81 (6). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:55 [ref. 9588]. •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys macrophthalmus Meinken 1932 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:177 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys macrophthalmus Meinken 1932, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:624 [ref. 21590], Lazara 2001:41 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Poropanchax hannerzi (Scheel 1968) -- (Huber 1999:61 [ref. 25500], Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835]). •Synonym of Poropanchax luxophthalmus (Brüning 1929). Current status: Synonym of Poropanchax luxophthalmus (Brüning 1929). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

hutereaui, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1913:159 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 2 (fasc. 2); ref. 14944] Dungu, upper Uelé River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1912.12.6.14 (1); MRAC 1822-23 (1, 1). •Valid as Aplocheilichthys hutereaui (Boulenger 1913) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:171 [ref. 6198], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Skelton 1993:275 [ref. 24071], Lazara 2001:37 [ref. 25711], Skelton 2001:275 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Micropanchax hutereaui (Boulenger 1913) -- (Marshall 2011:197 [ref. 31755], Tweddle et al. 2015:147 [ref. 34444], Nagy & Vreven 2018:167 [ref. 35737], Bruton et al. 2018:107 [ref. 36373], Skelton 2019:236 [ref. 36564]). •Valid as Lacustricola hutereaui (Boulenger 1913) -- (Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835], Huber 2020:5 [ref. 37934], Bragança et al. 2021:134 [ref. 38199] in "Lacustricola"). Current status: Valid as Lacustricola hutereaui (Boulenger 1913). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Central Africa: Central African Republic and Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

jeanneli, Haplochilichthys Pellegrin [J.] 1935:136, Fig. 3 [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 13918] Delta of the Omo River, Ethiopia. Syntypes: MNHN 1933-0112 (5). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:23 [ref. 19576]. Possibly published earlier in Pellegrin 1935:416 [ref. 13732] but in name only. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys jeanneli Pellegrin 1935 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:172 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:38 [ref. 25711], Seegers et al. 2003:40 [ref. 28087]). •Valid as Lacustricola jeanneli (Pellegrin 1935) -- (Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835]). Current status: Valid as Lacustricola jeanneli (Pellegrin 1935). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Turkana basin. Habitat: freshwater.

jobaerti, Hypsopanchax Poll [M.] & Lambert [J. G.] 1965:620, Fig. 2 [Bulletin des séances. Académie royale des sciences d'Outre-Mer. Nouv. sér. 1965; ref. 3535] Mosanji River, Lula, Central Africa. Holotype: MRAC 142638. Paratypes: MRAC 142639 (1), 142640-46 (7), 142647-59 (13). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:47 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Hypsopanchax jobaerti Poll & Lambert 1965 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:189 [ref. 6198], Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835], Lazara 2001:171 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2015:94 [ref. 33870]). Current status: Valid as Hypsopanchax jobaerti Poll & Lambert 1965. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

johnstoni, Haplochilus Günther [A.] 1894:627 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1893 (pt 4); ref. 2018] Fort Johnston [= Mangochi], Malawi. Lectotype: BMNH 1893.11.15.95. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1893.11.15.92-93, 96-99 (now 6), 1893.11.15.94 (1, c&s). Lectotype selected by Bragança et al. 2020:98 [ref. 37557]. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys johnstoni (Günther 1894) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:172 [ref. 6198], Skelton 1993:274 [ref. 24071], Lazara 2001:38 [ref. 25711], Skelton 2001:274 [ref. 27406], Snoeks 2004:24 [ref. 28111]). •Valid as Lacustricola johnstoni (Günther 1894) -- (Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835], Huber 2020:5 [ref. 37934]). •Valid as "Lacustricola" johnstoni (Günther 1894) -- (Bragança et al. 2020:98 [ref. 37557]). •Valid as Micropanchax johnstoni (Günther 1894) -- (Ghedotti 2000:38 [ref. 27228], Marshall 2011:195 [ref. 31755], Tweddle et al. 2015:147 [ref. 34444], Bruton et al. 2018:100 [ref. 36373], Skelton 2019:236 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Micropanchax johnstoni (Günther 1894). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Southern Africa: Zambezi and Okavango River basins. Habitat: freshwater.

jubbi, Hypsopanchax Poll [M.] & Lambert [J. G.] 1965:616, Fig. 1 [Bulletin des séances. Académie royale des sciences d'Outre-Mer. Nouv. sér. 1965; ref. 3535] Upper Zambezi River near its origin, Mwinilunga District, Zambia [n. Rhodesia], 11°07'S, 24°06'E. Holotype: MRAC 142114. Paratypes: MRAC 142115 (1), 142116-28 (13), 142129-36 (8). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:47 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Hypsopanchax jubbi Poll & Lambert 1965 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:189 [ref. 6198], Skelton 1993:277 [ref. 24071], Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835], Lazara 2001:171 [ref. 25711], Skelton 2001:277 [ref. 27406], van der Zee et al. 2015:94 [ref. 33870]). Current status: Valid as Hypsopanchax jubbi Poll & Lambert 1965. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Central Africa: Zambia. Habitat: freshwater.

kabae, Aplocheilichthys Daget [J.] 1962:139, Fig. 44; Pl. 12 (fig. 29) [Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire No. 65; ref. 5866] Tributary streams of Mamou, Guinea. Syntypes: MNHN 1959-0116 (9). •Valid as Procatopus kabae (Daget 1962) -- (Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835], Huber 1999:73 [ref. 23835] in subgenus Rhexipanchax). •Valid as Aplocheilichthys kabae Daget 1962 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:173 [ref. 6198], Lévêque et al. 1989:121 [ref. 26480], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:621 [ref. 21590], Lazara 2001:38 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Rhexipanchax kabae (Daget 1962). Current status: Valid as Rhexipanchax kabae (Daget 1962). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

kassenjiensis, Haplochilichthys Ahl [E.] 1924:137 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 61(nos 5/6); ref. 15437] Kassenji, Lake Albert [Lake Albert Nyanza]. Lectotype: ZMB 21932. Paralectotypes: ZMB 31469 [ex ZMB 21932] (3). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:151 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:95 [ref. 21847]. Lectotype selected by Seegers in Paepke & Seegers 1986:151 [ref. 19981]. •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys loati (Boulenger 1901) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:176 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:40 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Lacustricola kassenjiensis (Ahl 1924) -- (Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835]). Current status: Valid as Lacustricola kassenjiensis (Ahl 1924). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Albert Nyanza. Habitat: freshwater.

katangae, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1912:47 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 2 (fasc. 1); ref. 14830] Lubumbashi River near Elisabethville [Lubumbashi], Katanga [Shaba Province], Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1912.7.10.3-4 (2), MRAC 1785087 (3). •Valid as Aplocheilichthys katangae (Boulenger 1912) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:173 [ref. 6198], Skelton 1993:276 [ref. 24071], Lazara 2001:39 [ref. 25711], Skelton 2001:276 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Lacustricola katangae (Boulenger 1912) -- (Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835], Huber 2020:5 [ref. 37934]). •Valid as Micropanchax katangae (Boulenger 1912) -- (Marshall 2011:197 [ref. 31755], Tweddle et al. 2015:147 [ref. 34444], Bruton et al. 2018:107 [ref. 36373], Skelton 2019:236 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Micropanchax katangae (Boulenger 1912). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo to southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

keilhacki, Aplocheilichthys Ahl [E.] 1928:114, Fig. 1 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 79 (nos 3/4) (art. 8); ref. 78] Near Anecho, Togoland, Benin [Dahomey]. Syntypes: (2) ZMB (not found). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:94 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys keilhacki Ahl 1928 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:174 [ref. 6198], Paugy & Bénech 1989:303 [ref. 26478], Lazara 2001:39 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys macrophthalmus Meinken 1932 -- (Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367] as keilacki, Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:623 [ref. 21590]). •Valid as Micropanchax keilhacki (Ahl 1928) -- (Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835], Wildekamp & Malumbres 2004:66 [ref. 27740]). Current status: Valid as Micropanchax keilhacki (Ahl 1928). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Benin. Habitat: freshwater.

kingii, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1913:566 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 12 (no. 72); ref. 14950] Khor on Sobat River, eastern Africa. Syntypes: BMNH 1913.11.12.18 (1, c&s, missing), 1913.11.112.17 and 19 (now 2), 1913.11.12.20-21 (2). •Valid as Aplocheilichthys kingii (Boulenger 1913) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:175 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:39 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Micropanchax kingii (Boulenger 1913) -- (Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835]). Current status: Valid as Micropanchax kingii (Boulenger 1913). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Northern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

kongoranensis, Haplochilichthys Ahl [E.] 1924:139 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 61(nos 5/6); ref. 15437] Dar es Salaam-Kibiti, Tanzania. Neotype: ZMB 31318. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:151 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:95 [ref. 21847]. Neotype designated by Seegers 1984 [ref. 8975]; original specimen is ZMB 14484 (missing). •Valid as Aplocheilichthys kongoranensis Ahl 1924 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:175 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:39 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Lacustricola kongoranensis (Ahl 1924) -- (Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835]). Current status: Valid as Lacustricola kongoranensis (Ahl 1924). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

lacustris, Aplocheilichthys maculatus Seegers [L.] 1984:75, Fig. 1 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 98 (no. 1); ref. 8975] North of Kibiti, 140 kilometers south-east of Das-es-Salaam, Tanzania. Holotype: ZFMK 12323. Paratypes: BMNH 1982.6.9.1-5 (5); MRAC 83-21-P-1-4 (4), 83-21-P-5 (1); SMF 17689-90 (2, 1); ZFMK 12324-26 (3), 12327-34 (8); ZMB 31319 (4). Type catalog: Busse 1984:220 [ref. 28342], Paepke & Seegers 1986:150 [ref. 19981], Herder et al. 2010:126 [ref. 31087]. •Valid as Lacustricola lacustris (Seegers 1984) -- (Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835]). •Valid as Aplocheilichthys lacustris Seegers 1984 -- (Lazara 2001:40 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Valid as Lacustricola lacustris (Seegers 1984). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

lacustris, Procatopus Trewavas [E.] 1974:386, Figs. 11-13 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 26 (no. 5); ref. 7546] Lake Soden, Cameroon. Holotype: BMNH 1973.5.14.456. Paratypes: BMNH 1973.5.14.457 (1, allotype), 1973.5.15.458-507 (50). •Synonym of Procatopus similis Ahl 1927 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:195 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:260 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Procatopus similis Ahl 1927. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

lamberti, Aplocheilichthys Daget [J.] 1962:136, Fig. 43; Pl. 12 (figs. 27-28) [Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire No. 65; ref. 5866] Bafing River, Upper Guinea. Syntypes: MNHN 1959-0118 (37). Additional material: MNHN 1958-0017 (3), 1958-0023 (8), 1958-0025 (19), 1959-0096 to 0098 (110), plus more at MNHN. •Valid as Procatopus lamberti (Daget 1962) -- (Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835], Huber 1999:73 [ref. 23835] in subgenus Rhexipanchax). •Valid as Aplocheilichthys lamberti Daget 1962 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:175 [ref. 6198], Lévêque et al. 1989:121 [ref. 26480], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:625 [ref. 21590], Lazara 2001:40 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Rhexipanchax lamberti (Daget 1962) -- (Huber 2011:5 [ref. 32018]). Current status: Valid as Rhexipanchax lamberti (Daget 1962). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

leki, Hylopanchax van der Zee [J. R.], Sonnenberg [R.] & Schliewen [U. K.] 2013:40, Figs. 6-8 [Zootaxa 3701 (no. 1); ref. 32863] Stream at Lampolé and Yaka (2°34'S, 20°14'E), Province Bandundu, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: ZSM 40764 [ex ZSM 29615]. Paratypes: ZSM 40765 [ex ZSM 29615] (9). •Valid as Hylopanchax leki van der Zee, Sonnenberg & Schliewen 2013 -- (Sonnenberg et al. 2014:582 [ref. 33430], Bragança et al. 2020:4 [ref. 37950]). Current status: Valid as Hylopanchax leki van der Zee, Sonnenberg & Schliewen 2013. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Congo basin, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

loati, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1901:446 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 8 (no. 47) (art. 55); ref. 557] Lake No, White Nile River, Sudan. Syntypes: (numerous) BMNH 1907.12.2.9-10 (2, c&s), 1907.12.2.2709-2758 (many); MNHN 1907-0237 (3); ZMB 16358 (6). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:19 [ref. 19576], Paepke & Seegers 1986:152 [ref. 19981]. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys loati (Boulenger 1901) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:175 [ref. 6198], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Lazara 2001:40 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Micropanchax loati (Boulenger 1901) -- (Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835], Ghedotti 2000:38 [ref. 27228], Neumann et al. 2016:306 [ref. 35036] as cf. loati). Current status: Valid as Micropanchax loati (Boulenger 1901). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Northern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

loemensis, Haplochilus Pellegrin [J.] 1924:289, Fig. 3 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 49; ref. 15463] Lombo River, tributary of Loémé River, but probably the Koulombo River, Congo-Brazzaville. Syntypes: MNHN 1924-0086 to -0087 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:21 [ref. 19576]. •Synonym of Plataplochilus cabindae (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:192 [ref. 6198]). •Valid as Procatopus loemensis (Pellegrin 1924) -- (Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835]). •Valid as Plataplochilus loemensis (Pellegrin 1924) -- (Lazara 2001:255 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:65 [ref. 30034], Huber 2011:5 [ref. 32018], Skelton 2019:227 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Plataplochilus loemensis (Pellegrin 1924). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

longicauda, Aplocheilichthys Blache [J.] & Miton [F.] 1960:214 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 32 (no. 3); ref. 11892] Karang, Chad. Syntypes: MNHN 1959-0225 (40, ? now 31), 1959-0410 (1). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:272 [ref. 20870]. •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys pfaffi Daget 1954 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:181 [ref. 6198], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:623 [ref. 21590], Lazara 2001:44 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Micropanchax pfaffi (Daget 1954) -- (Huber 1982:70 [ref. 20638] and authors). Current status: Synonym of Micropanchax pfaffi (Daget 1954). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

lualabaensis, Haplochilichthys Poll [M.] 1938:408, Fig. 10 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 30 (no. 4); ref. 17167] Maka, Sangwa Lake and Kikondja, Lovoi River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: MRAC 49991-98 (8) Maka, 49999-013 (15) Maka, 50014-15 (2) Kikondja. Type catalog: Derijst 1991:43 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys lualabaensis Poll 1938 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:176 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:40 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Lacustricola lualabaensis (Poll 1938) -- (Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835]). Current status: Valid as Lacustricola lualabaensis (Poll 1938). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

luluae, Aplocheilus Fowler [H. W.] 1930:42, Fig. 11 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 82; ref. 1406] Lulua River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: ANSP 51744. Paratypes: ANSP 51745-47 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:96 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys luluae (Fowler 1930) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:176 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:41 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Lacustricola katangae (Boulenger 1912). •Valid as Micropanchax luluae (Fowler 1930) -- (Skelton 2019:236 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Micropanchax luluae (Fowler 1930). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Southern central Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo and Angola [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

luxophthalmus, Fundulopanchax Brüning [C.] 1929:356, Fig. 1 [Wochenschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 26 (no. 23); ref. 21039] West Africa (probably surroundings of Lagos, Nigeria). whereabouts unknown. •In the synonymy of Aplocheilichthys macrophthalmus Meinken 1932 as a forgotten name -- (Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:623 [ref. 21590], Lazara 2001:41 [ref. 25711]). •See Huber 2000:46 [ref. 24475]. •Valid as Poropanchax luxophthalmus (Brüning 1929) -- (Wildekamp & Malumbres 2004:65 [ref. 27740], van der Zee et al. 2007:55 [ref. 30034], van der Zee et al. 2019:8 [ref. 37017]). Current status: Valid as Poropanchax luxophthalmus (Brüning 1929). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Benin and Nigeria, West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

macrophthalmus, Aplocheilichthys Meinken [H.] 1932:53, Fig. 1 [Blätter für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 43 (no. 4); ref. 16502] Near Lagos, Nigeria. Lectotype: ZMB 31418. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1960-0393 (50), ZMB 31419 (1). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:149 [ref. 19981]. Lectotype selected in Paepke & Seegers 1986:149 [ref. 19981]. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys macrophthalmus Meinken 1932 -- (Berkenkamp & Etzel 1982:72 [ref. 30501], Wildekamp et al. 1986:177 [ref. 6198], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:623 [ref. 21590]). •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys luxophthalmus (Brüning 1929) -- (authors). •Valid as Poropanchax macrophthalmus (Meinken 1932) -- (Huber 1999:61 [ref. 25500], Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835]). •Valid as Aplocheilichthys macrophthalmus Meinken 1932, subspecies macrophthalmus Meinken 1932 -- (Lazara 2001:41 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Micropanchax macrophthalmus (Meinken 1932) -- (Ghedotti 2000:38 [ref. 27228]). •Synonym of Poropanchax luxophthalmus (Brüning 1929) -- (Wildekamp & Malumbres 2004:62 [ref. 27740], van der Zee et al. 2019:8 [ref. 37017]). Current status: Synonym of Poropanchax luxophthalmus (Brüning 1929). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

macrurus, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1904:19 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 14 (no. 79) (art. 3); ref. 572] Marimba, Lake Sarmento, Angola. Lectotype: BMNH 1904.5.2.188. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1904.5.2.189 (1, c&s), 1904.5.2.190-195 (6); USNM 92973 (1). Type catalog: Parenti et al. 1999:3 [ref. 24072]. Lectotype selected by Wildekamp et al. 1986:177 [ref. 6198]. •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys schioetzi Scheel 1968 -- (Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477]). •Valid as Aplocheilichthys macrurus (Boulenger 1904) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:177 [ref. 6198], Parenti et al. 1999:3 [ref. 24072], Lazara 2001:41 [ref. 25711], Skelton 2001:371 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Micropanchax macrurus (Boulenger 1904) -- (Skelton 2019:236 [ref. 36564]). •Valid as Lacustricola macrurus (Boulenger 1904) -- (Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835], Huber 2020:5 [ref. 37934]). Current status: Valid as Micropanchax macrurus (Boulenger 1904). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Cuanza (Kwanza) River system and Lake Sarmento, Angola and Namibia. Habitat: freshwater.

maculatus, Aplocheilichthys Klausewitz [W.] 1957:281, Fig. 2 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 38 (nos 5/6); ref. 12151] Soga, near Dar es Salam, Tanganyika. Holotype: SMF 4227. Paratypes: SMF 4228 (14). •Valid as Lacustricola maculatus (Klausewitz 1957) -- (Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835]). •Valid as Aplocheilichthys maculatus Klausewitz 1957 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:178 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:42 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Valid as Lacustricola maculatus (Klausewitz 1957). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

mahagiensis, Haplochilichthys David [L.] & Poll [M.] 1937:250, Fig. 26 [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 3 (fasc. 5); ref. 1043] Mahagi, Lake Albert [Lake Albert Nyanza], Uganda. Syntypes: (2) MRAC 21030 (1). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:43 [ref. 21528] with a holotype. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys mahagiensis David & Poll 1937 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:178 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:42 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Lacustricola kassenjiensis (Ahl 1924). Current status: Synonym of Lacustricola kassenjiensis (Ahl 1924). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

manni, Micropanchax macrurus Schultz [L. P.] 1942:(334) 336, Pl. 36 (fig. 4) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 92 (no. 3152); ref. 3956] Harbel, Liberia. Holotype: USNM 118851 (missing). Paratypes: USNM 118852 (4) missing. Type catalog: Parenti et al. 1999:3 [ref. 24072]. •Synonym of Micropanchax normani (Ahl 1928) -- (Huber 1982:70 [ref. 20638]). •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys normani Ahl 1928 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:180 [ref. 6198], Lévêque et al. 1989:121 [ref. 26480], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:621 [ref. 21590], Parenti et al. 1999:3 [ref. 24072], Lazara 2001:44 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Poropanchax normani (Ahl 1928). Current status: Synonym of Poropanchax normani (Ahl 1928). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

matthesi, Aplocheilichthys Seegers [L.] 1996:267, Figs. 200, 205-206 [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques v. 278; ref. 23725] Kamuzwadsi River near Sunzu, reaches of the Saisi River, Mbala-Tunduma road, Lake Rukwa drainage, northern Zambia, 9°05'S, 31°29'E. Holotype: ZMA 109789. Paratypes: BMNH 1966.2.21.90-135 (46); MRAC 190510-11 (1, 1), 190512-532 (21), 109583-732 (40 ? sic); ZMA 109790-91 (10, 39), 109796 (1), 115029 (3); ZMB 32617 (39 and 4 [sic]); ZMH 8603 (10). •Valid as Aplocheilichthys matthesi Seegers 1996 -- (Lazara 2001:42 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Lacustricola matthesi (Seegers 1996) -- (Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835], Nagy & Manda 2020:209 [ref. 37857]). Current status: Valid as Lacustricola matthesi (Seegers 1996). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Tanzania and Zambia. Habitat: freshwater.

mediolateralis, Aplocheilichthys Poll [M.] 1967:287, Fig. 138 [Publicações Culturais, Companhia de Diamantes de Angola (DIAMANG), Lisboa No. 75; ref. 3528] Cuango-Muquehe River near its source, Angola. Holotype: MD 5531. Paratypes: MD 5531 (1), 2382 (3), 3122.1 (1), 5389 (1), 5445 (1), 5531 (6), 6338 (2), 6345 (2); MRAC 162485-86 (2), 162487-88 (1, 1), 162489-91 (3), 162492-93 (1, 1). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:25 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys mediolateralis Poll 1967 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:178 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:42 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Micropanchax mediolateralis (Poll 1967) -- (Skelton 2019:236 [ref. 36564]). •Valid as Lacustricola mediolateralis (Poll 1967) -- (Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835], Huber 2020:9 [ref. 37934]). Current status: Valid as Micropanchax mediolateralis (Poll 1967). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

meyburgi, Aplocheilichthys Meinken [H.] 1971:429, Figs. 1-3 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 52 (no. 6); ref. 19866] 2.5 kilometers SW of Kamplala, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], Uganda. Holotype: SMF 11181. Paratypes: SMF 11182 (5) •Valid as Aplocheilichthys meyburgi Meinken 1971 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:178 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys bukobanus (Ahl 1924) -- (Seegers 1997:15 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:36 [ref. 25711], Seegers et al. 2003:40 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Lacustricola bukobanus (Ahl 1924). Current status: Synonym of Lacustricola bukobanus (Ahl 1924). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae.

micrurus, Aplocheilichthys Ahl [E.] 1928:115, Fig. 2 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 79 (nos 3/4) (art. 8); ref. 78] Chinchoxo [mouth of Quillu] Cabinda. Holotype: ZMB 21063. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:150 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:94 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Plataplochilus cabindae (Boulenger 1911) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:192 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:255 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Procatopus loemensis (Pellegrin 1924). Current status: Synonym of Plataplochilus loemensis (Pellegrin 1924). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

miltotaenia, Plataplochilus Lambert [J. G.] 1963:314, Figs. 4-5 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 68 (no. 3-4); ref. 2417] Lambaréne-Mouila, Gabon. Holotype: MRAC 140312. Paratypes: MRAC 140313 (1), 140314-35 (22), 140336-42 (7). •Valid as Procatopus miltotaenia (Lambert 1963) -- (Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835]). •Valid as Plataplochilus miltotaenia Lambert 1963 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:192 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:255 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:63 [ref. 30034], Huber 2011:6 [ref. 32018], Eberl et al. 2020:241 [ref. 37863]). Current status: Valid as Plataplochilus miltotaenia Lambert 1963. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

mimus, Plataplochilus Lambert [J. G.] 1967:364, Figs. 1-2 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 76 (nos 3-4); ref. 7971] Marigot of the N'Koltang, Gabon. Holotype: MRAC 153265. Paratypes: MRAC 153266-78 (13). •Synonym of Plataplochilus ngaensis (Ahl 1924) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:193 [ref. 6198]). •Valid as Plataplochilus mimus Lambert 1967 -- (Lazara 2001:255 [ref. 25711], Huber 2011:6 [ref. 32018], Eberl et al. 2020:189 [ref. 37863]). Current status: Valid as Plataplochilus mimus Lambert 1967. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: northwestern Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

modestus, Haplochilus Pappenheim [P.] in Pappenheim & Boulenger 1914:252 [Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika Expedition, 1907-1908 v. 5 (Zool. 3); ref. 18518] Urwaldback bei Beni, Nile System, northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Lectotype: ZMB 19101. Paralectotypes: ZMB 31471 [ex ZMB 19101] (6). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:152 [ref. 19981]. Lectotype selected by Paepke & Seegers 1986:152 [ref. 19981]. •Valid as Platypanchax modestus (Pappenheim 1914) if Hypsopanchax is treated as valid. •Valid as Hypsopanchax modestus (Pappenheim 1914) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:189 [ref. 6198], Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835], Lazara 2001:171 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2015:87 [ref. 33870]). Current status: Valid as Platypanchax modestus (Pappenheim 1914). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

moeruensis, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1914:447 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 3 (pt 3); ref. 583] Western shore of Lake Moero [Lake Mweru] at Kilwa, Shaba Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Lectotype: MRAC 11856. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1920.5.26.104-108 (5) Nhale, 1920.5.26.109 and 112-114 (6?) Kilug, 1920.5.26.110 (1, c&s); MRAC 11857-66 (10), 11867-961 (95 or 102), 11962-12062 (101 or 107). Lectotype selected by Seegers 1996:271 [ref. 23725]. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys moeruensis (Boulenger 1914) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:178 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1996:271 [ref. 23725], Lazara 2001:42 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Lacustricola moeruensis (Boulenger 1914) -- (Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835], Nagy & Manda 2020:209 [ref. 37857] as 'Lacustricola'). Current status: Valid as Lacustricola moeruensis (Boulenger 1914). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Central Africa: Lake Mweru system, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

moke, Hylopanchax van der Zee [J. R.], Sonnenberg [R.] & Schliewen [U. K.] 2013:46, Figs. 12-14 [Zootaxa 3701 (no. 1); ref. 32863] Streams and small rivers around Liu Kotali (2°45'S, 20°22'E), Bandundu Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: ZSM 40768 [ex ZSM 29750]. Paratypes: MRAC 102524--533 (10); ZSM 40716 (1), 42383 (24). •Valid as Hylopanchax moke van der Zee, Sonnenberg & Schliewen 2013 -- (Bragança et al. 2020:4 [ref. 37950]). Current status: Valid as Hylopanchax moke van der Zee, Sonnenberg & Schliewen 2013. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Congo basin, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

monikae, Aplocheilichthys Berkenkamp [H. O.] & Etzel [V.] 1976:224, Figs. 1-4 [Aquarienfreund v. 5 (no. 12); ref. 7362] End [exit] of Yo ("Ortsausgang von Yo"), Ivory Coast. Holotype: MRAC 77-13-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC 77-13-P-2 (1), 77-13-P-3 (1), 77-13-P-3-9 (6); Berkenkamp coll. HOB 0005-05 (2), 0006-05 (2); ZMH 5863 (5). Type catalog: Wildekamp et al. 1986:184 [ref. 6198], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:415 [ref. 21161]. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys monikae Berkenkamp & Etzel 1976 -- (Berkenkamp & Etzel 1980:34 [ref. 30497], Berkenkamp & Etzel 1982:71 [ref. 30501]). •Synonym of Micropanchax schioetzi (Scheel 1968) -- (Huber 1982:72 [ref. 20638]). •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys schioetzi Scheel 1968 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:184 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Lazara 2001:45 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Poropanchax (Rhexipanchax) schioetzi (Scheel 1968) -- (Huber 1999:73 [ref. 23835]). •Synonym of Rhexipanchax schiotzi (Scheel 1968). Current status: Synonym of Rhexipanchax schiotzi (Scheel 1968). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

multisquamatus, Hylopanchax Bragança [P. H. N.], van der Zee [J. R.], Sonnenberg [R.] & Vreven [E. J.] 2020:6, Figs. 3, 4a, 5 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 98 (no. 3); ref. 37950] Third stream on Route Fang from Makokou to Lambaréné, Ivindo River basin, Ogooué-Ivindo Province, Gabon, 0°33'N, 12°33'E. Holotype: MRAC 1973-002-P-2500. Paratypes: AMNH, MNHN, MRAC, SAIAB. •Valid as Hylopanchax multisquamatus Bragança, van der Zee, Sonnenberg & Vreven 2020. Current status: Valid as Hylopanchax multisquamatus Bragança, van der Zee, Sonnenberg & Vreven 2020. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Ivindo River drainage, Ogowe River basin, Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

myaposae, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1908:232, Fig. 2 [Annals of the Natal Government Museum v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 14308] Myaposa River, Zululand, KwaZulu-Naal, South Africa. Lectotype: BMNH 1907.4.17.88. Paralectotypes: (3) BMNH 1907.4.17.89 (1, one missing). Lectotype established by Bragança et al. 2020:104 [ref. 37557]. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys myaposae (Boulenger 1908) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:179 [ref. 6198], Skelton 1993:276 [ref. 24071], Lazara 2001:42 [ref. 25711], Skelton 2001:276 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Micropanchax myaposae (Boulenger 1908) -- (Skelton 2019:236 [ref. 36564]). •Valid as Lacustricola myaposae (Boulenger 1908) -- (Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835], Huber 2020:9 [ref. 37934]). •Valid as "Lacustricola" myaposae (Boulenger 1908) -- (Bragança et al. 2020:104 [ref. 37557]). Current status: Valid as Micropanchax myaposae (Boulenger 1908). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Southern Africa: eastward draining rivers of Maputaland, South Africa and Mozambique. Habitat: freshwater.

myersi, Aplocheilichthys Poll [M.] 1952:300 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 45 (pts 3-4); ref. 12799] Atena Island, Stanley Pool, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 86801. Paratypes: MRAC 77394 (1), 86802 (1). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:25 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Poropanchax myersi (Poll 1952) -- (Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835]). •Valid as Congopanchax myersi (Poll 1952) -- (Radda 1981:10 [ref. 31276], Wildekamp et al. 1986:187 [ref. 6198], Poll & Gosse 1995:209 [ref. 24781], Lazara 2001:43 [ref. 25711], Bragança & Costa 2019:[7] [ref. 36577]). Current status: Valid as Congopanchax myersi (Poll 1952). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Central Congo River basin, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

ndeko, Hylopanchax van der Zee [J. R.], Sonnenberg [R.] & Schliewen [U. K.] 2013:43, Figs. 9-11 [Zootaxa 3701 (no. 1); ref. 32863] Lokoro River drainage, Salonga National Forest, Lui Kotali (2°45'S, 20°22'E), Bandundu Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: ZSM 29745. Paratypes: ZSM 40766 (ex ZSM 29745) (9). •Valid as Hylopanchax ndeko van der Zee, Sonnenberg & Schliewen 2013 -- (Sonnenberg et al. 2014:582 [ref. 33430], Bragança et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37950]). Current status: Valid as Hylopanchax ndeko van der Zee, Sonnenberg & Schliewen 2013. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Lokoro River drainage, Congo basin, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

ngaensis, Haplochilichthys Ahl [E.] 1924:135 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 61(nos 5/6); ref. 15437] Nga-Zuflüssen bei Attogondema, Cameroon [possibly Noya, Gabon]. Lectotype: ZMB 21041. Paralectotypes: (10) ZMB 21619 (now 8), MNHN 1936-0036 [ex ZMB] (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:21 [ref. 19576], Paepke & Seegers 1986:151 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:95 [ref. 21847]. Lectotype selected by Paepke & Seegers 1986:151 [ref. 19981]; types discussed by Lambert & Clausen 1967:392 [ref. 29217]. •Valid as Procatopus ngaensis (Ahl 1924) -- (Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835]). •Valid as Plataplochilus ngaensis (Ahl 1924) -- (Parenti 1981:513 [ref. 7066], Wildekamp et al. 1986:192 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:256 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:65 [ref. 30034], Huber 2011:6 [ref. 32018], Eberl et al. 2020:235 [ref. 37863]) Current status: Valid as Plataplochilus ngaensis (Ahl 1924). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gabon and southern Equatorial Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

nigrolateralis, Aplocheilichthys Poll [M.] 1967:287, Fig. 137 [Publicações Culturais, Companhia de Diamantes de Angola (DIAMANG), Lisboa No. 75; ref. 3528] Tchimenji River, Angola. Holotype (unique): MRAC 162484 [ex MD 6349]. Type catalog: Derijst 1991:25 [ref. 21528]. Should go in the genus Micropanchax if one follows Ghedotti's 2000 [ref. 27228] placement of the type species of Lacustricola. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys nigrolateralis Poll 1967 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:179 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:43 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Micropanchax nigrolateralis Poll 1967 -- (Skelton 2019:236 [ref. 36564]). •Valid as Lacustricola nigrolateralis (Poll 1967) -- (Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835], Huber 2020:9 [ref. 37934]). Current status: Valid as Micropanchax nigrolateralis (Poll 1967). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

nigromarginatus, Procatopus (Andreasenius) Clausen [H. S.] 1959:275, Figs. 5-6 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 121; ref. 843] Small stream, Cameroon Lowland High Forest, 27 miles west of Mamfe, a few miles east of Eyomojok, Cameroon. Holotype: ZMUC P353885 [ex W. Afr. Exped. 514]. Paratypes: BMNH 1962.5.3.8.11 (4), UI (2), West Afr. Exp. 515, ZMB 21535 (4), ZMUC P353886 (1, allotype), ZMUC uncat. (45). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:56 [ref. 9588], Paepke & Seegers 1986:154 [ref. 19981]. •Synonym of Procatopus aberrans Ahl 1927 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:193 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:618 [ref. 21590], Lazara 2001:259 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Procatopus aberrans Ahl 1927. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

nimbaensis, Haplochilichthys Daget [J.] 1948:40, Fig. 13 [Catalog. Inst. Franç. D'Afr. Noire No. 3; ref. 19832] Mt. Nimba, Gâ (Cavally), French Guinea, elevation 1100-1250 meters. Holotype: MNHN [ex IFAN] 1949-0057. Paratypes: (3 + 1 + 2 lots). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:23-24 [ref. 19576], Blanc 1961:272 [ref. 20870]. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys nimbaensis Daget 1948 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:179 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Stiassny 1991:7 [ref. 19336], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:621 [ref. 21590], Lazara 2001:43 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Procatopus nimbaensis (Daget 1948) -- (Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835], Huber 1999:73 [ref. 23835] in subgenus Rhexipanchax). •Valid as Aplocheilichthys nimbaensis Daget 1948 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:179 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Stiassny 1991:7 [ref. 19336], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:621 [ref. 21590], Lazara 2001:43 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Rhexipanchax nimbaensis (Daget 1948) -- (Huber 2011:5 [ref. 32018]). Current status: Valid as Rhexipanchax nimbaensis (Daget 1948). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

nitida, Lacustricola Nagy [B.] & Manda [A. C.] 2020:205 [5], Figs. 2-5 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 30 (no. 3): IEF-1154; ref. 37857] Small ephemeral stream in the Lufupa system, 500 meters southeast of Nasondoye village, upper Lualaba River basin, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of Congo, 10°22'15"S, 25°05'40"E. Holotype: MRAC 2020-004-P-0001. Paratypes: MRAC 2020-004-P-0002-5 (4). Combined with a masculine genus, the adjective should be nitidus. •Valid as Lacustricola nitidus Nagy & Manda 2020. Current status: Valid as Lacustricola nitidus Nagy & Manda 2020. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Central Africa: Lufupa River drainage, upper Lualaba River basin, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

normani, Aplocheilichthys Ahl [E.] 1928:600 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 2 (no. 12); ref. 15833] Kiyawa River, near Katagum, northern provinces of Nigeria. Syntypes: BMNH 1928.11.15.3-4 (2). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:94 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys normani Ahl 1928 -- (Berkenkamp & Etzel 1982:72 [ref. 30501], Wildekamp et al. 1986:180 [ref. 6198], Lévêque et al. 1989:121 [ref. 26480], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:621 [ref. 21590], Dankwa et al. 1999:43 [ref. 28023], Lazara 2001:43 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Micropanchax normani (Ahl 1928) -- (Huber 1982:70 [ref. 20638]). •Valid as Poropanchax normani (Ahl 1928) -- (Huber 1999:53 [ref. 25500], Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835], Pezold et al. 2016:106 [ref. 34870], Neumann et al. 2016:306 [ref. 35036] as cf. normani, van der Zee et al. 2019:7 [ref. 37017] in 'Poropanchax'). Current status: Valid as Poropanchax normani (Ahl 1928). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Lake Tchad and Nigeria to Guinea, West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

nototaenia, Procatopus Boulenger [G. A.] 1904:20 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 14 (no. 79) (art. 3); ref. 572] Tributary streams of Lobi River, 15-20 miles southwest of Efulen, reaching the sea at Batanga, southern Cameroon. Syntypes: BMNH 1904.7.1.141-150 (orig. 15), USNM 92967 (2). Type catalog: Parenti et al. 1999:3 [ref. 24072]. •Valid as Procatopus nototaenia Boulenger 1904 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:194 [ref. 6198], Poll & Gosse 1995:209 [ref. 24781], Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835], Ghedotti 2000:38 [ref. 27228], Lazara 2001:259 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:73 [ref. 30034], Huber 2011:6 [ref. 32018]). Current status: Valid as Procatopus nototaenia Boulenger 1904. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

omoculatus, Aplocheilichthys Wildekamp [R. H.] 1977:103, Fig. 1 [Aquarienfreund v. 6 (no. 6); ref. 8769] Swamp west of Mount Sao, 100 kilometers southwest of Iringa, along the way from Mbyea to Iringa, Tanzania, 8°20'S, 35°12'E. Holotype: MRAC 77-16-P-60. Paratypes: MRAC 77-16-P-61-63 (3). •Valid as Lacustricola omoculatus (Wildekamp 1977) -- (Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835]). •Valid as Aplocheilichthys omoculatus Wildekamp 1977 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:181 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:44 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Valid as Lacustricola omoculatus (Wildekamp 1977). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

paucisquamatus, Hylopanchax Sonnenberg [R.], Friel [J. P.] & van der Zee [J. R.] 2014:580, Figs. 2-4 [Zootaxa 3846 (no. 4); ref. 33430] Cuvette-Ouest Province, Mbomo District, small forest stream along trail to Lokoué saline, Odzala-Kokoua National Park, Likouala River drainage, 0.9169444°N, 15.1561108°E, Republic of Congo. Holotype: CUMV 97967. Paratypes: CUMV 87662 (3). •Valid as Hylopanchax paucisquamatus Sonnenberg, Friel & van der Zee 2014 -- (Bragança et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37950]). Current status: Valid as Hylopanchax paucisquamatus Sonnenberg, Friel & van der Zee 2014. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Likoula River drainage, Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

pelagicus, Haplochilichthys Worthington [E. B.] 1932:129, Fig. 3 [The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 38 (no. 258); ref. 16405] Lake Edward, eastern Africa. Syntypes: BMNH 1932.6.13.244-245 and 248-252 (7), 1932.6.13.246-247 (2, c&s); plus 33 specimens as additional material. Laciris is apparently feminine, so specific name should be pelagica. •Valid as Micropanchax pelagicus (Worthington 1932) -- (Ghedotti 2000:38 [ref. 27228]). •Valid as Laciris pelagica (Worthington 1932) (often seen as pelagicus) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:190 [ref. 6198], Poll & Gosse 1995:209 [ref. 24781], Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835], Lazara 2001:175 [ref. 25711], Huber 2006:77 [ref. 30603]). Current status: Valid as Laciris pelagica (Worthington 1932). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Lake Edward, Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

pepo, Poropanchax van der Zee [J. R.], Bernotas [K.], Bragança [P. H. N.] & Stiassny [M. L. J.] 2019:4, Figs. 1-2A, 3A, 4A-B, 5 [American Museum Novitates No. 3941; ref. 37017] Fwamalo river channel adjacent to the right bank of the Congo River, 4.5 km northeast of the village of Inga, Kongo Central Province, Democratic Republic of Congo, 5°28'13"S, 13°35'01"E. Holotype: AMNH 267246. Paratypes: AMNH, MRAC, ZSM. •Valid as Poropanchax pepo van der Zee, Bernotas, Bragança & Stiassny 2019. Current status: Valid as Poropanchax pepo van der Zee, Bernotas, Bragança & Stiassny 2019. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Fwamalo River drainage, lower Congo River basin, Kongo Central Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

petnehazyi, Micropanchax Nagy [B.] & Vreven [E. J.] 2018:161, Figs. 2-4 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 28 (no. 2); ref. 35737] Ephemeral pool in the Tshipokokolo system, about 7 km north of Kyembe village, Upper Lufira drainage, Democratic Republic of Congo, 11°01'49"S, 27°17'58"E. Holotype: MRAC B3-022-P-0229. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Micropanchax petnehazyi Nagy & Vreven 2018. •Valid as Lacustricola petnehazyi (Nagy & Vreven 2018) -- (Nagy & Manda 2020:208 [ref. 37857] as 'Lacustricola', Bragança et al. 2021:135 [ref. 38199] in "Lacustricola"). Current status: Valid as Lacustricola petnehazyi (Nagy & Vreven 2018). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Central Africa: upper Lufira drainage, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

pfaffi, Aplocheilichthys Daget [J.] 1954:324, Fig. 124 [Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire No. 36; ref. 11989] Diafarabé, Upper Niger River, southwest Mali, Africa. Lectotype: MNHN 1960-0417. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1954-0016 (6) Diafarabé, 1959-0225 (31), 1959-0410 (1), 1960-0418 (13) Faranah, 1960-0419 (12) Dabola, 1960-0420 (14) Kouroussa, 1960-0421 (6) Bissikrima, 1960-0422 (42) Kokry, 1960-0423 (30) Siguiri, 1997-0055 [ex MNHN 1960-0417] (6). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:272-273 [ref. 20870]. Lectotype selected by Huber 1998:14 [ref. 23446]. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys pfaffi Daget 1954 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:181 [ref. 6198], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:623 [ref. 21590], Dankwa et al. 1999:43 [ref. 28023], Lazara 2001:44 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Micropanchax pfaffi (Daget 1954) -- (Huber 1982:70 [ref. 20638], Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835]). Current status: Valid as Micropanchax pfaffi (Daget 1954). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

pfefferi, Haplochilichthys Ahl [E.] 1924:136 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 61(nos 5/6); ref. 15437] "Vitschumba" [Vitschumbi, near Lake Edward]. Holotype (unique): ZMB (not found). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:95 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys vitschumbaensis Ahl 1924 -- (Lazara 2001:47 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Lacustricola vitschumbaensis (Ahl 1924). Current status: Synonym of Lacustricola vitschumbaensis (Ahl 1924). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

platysternus, Haplochilus Nichols [J. T.] & Griscom [L.] 1917:724, Fig. 28 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 37 (art. 25); ref. 3185] Kisangani, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: AMNH 6299. Paratypes: (38) AMNH 6078 (orig. 16, now 12), 6256 (orig. 23, now 20); MRAC 15666-68 [ex AMNH] (3). •Valid as Hypsopanchax platysternus (Nichols & Griscom 1917) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:190 [ref. 6198], Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835], Lazara 2001:172 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2015:94 [ref. 33870]). Current status: Valid as Hypsopanchax platysternus (Nichols & Griscom 1917). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

plumosus, Procatopus (Andreasenius) Clausen [H. S.] 1959:278, Fig. 7 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 121; ref. 843] Small stream crossing Ikom-Mamfe roar, 3-4 miles from Ikom, eastern Nigeria. Holotype: ZMUC [ex exped. no. 698]. Paratypes: BMNH 1962.5.3.12-13 (2), UI (2), West Afr. Exp. 689, ZMB 21533 (2), ZMUC P353914 (1, allotype), ZMUC P 353915-25. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:56 [ref. 9588], Paepke & Seegers 1986:154 [ref. 19981]. •Synonym of Procatopus aberrans Ahl 1927 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:194 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:618 [ref. 21590] as plumosis, Lazara 2001:259 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Procatopus aberrans Ahl 1927. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

pulcher, Plataplochilus Lambert [J. G.] 1967:368, Fig. 3 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 76 (nos 3-4); ref. 7971] Marigot of PK 40 along route Lebreville-Kango, Gabon. Holotype: MRAC 164734. Paratypes: MRAC 164735-42 (8). •Synonym of Plataplochilus miltotaenia Lambert 1963 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:192 [ref. 6198]). •Valid as Plataplochilus pulcher Lambert 1967 -- (Lazara 2001:256 [ref. 25711], Huber 2011:6 [ref. 32018], Eberl et al. 2020:242 [ref. 37863]). Current status: Valid as Plataplochilus pulcher Lambert 1967. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: northwestern Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

pumilus, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:554, Pl. 32 (fig. 4) [Transactions of the Zoological Society of London v. 17 (pt 6, no. 1); ref. 573] Kituta, Zambia, Lake Tanganyika. Syntypes: BMNH 1906.9.8.74-76 (3). Additional material or syntypes: BMNH 1906.5.30.192 (1, c&s), 1906.5.30.193-200 (?8); ?USNM 94297 (1). Type catalog: Parenti et al. 1999:3 [ref. 24072]. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys pumilus (Boulenger 1906) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:182 [ref. 6198], Parenti et al. 1999:3 [ref. 24072], Lazara 2001:44 [ref. 25711], De Vos et al. 2001:130, 131 [ref. 26059]). •Valid as Micropanchax pumilus (Boulenger 1906) -- (Ghedotti 2000:38 [ref. 27228]). •Valid as Lacustricola pumilus (Boulenger 1906) -- (Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835], Kullander & Roberts 2012:362, 369 [ref. 31751]). Current status: Valid as Lacustricola pumilus (Boulenger 1906). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Lake Tanganyika and Lukuga River basin. Habitat: freshwater.

pygmaeus, Lacustricola Bragança [P. H. N.], Skelton [P. H.], Bills [R.], Tweddle [D.] & Chakona [A.] 2021:129, Figs. 3D-F, 4A-B, 5B, 6, 9A [Ichthyology & Herpetology v. 109 (no. 1); ref. 38199] Swamp near Cuanavale Lake, Okavango, Província do Moxico, Angola, 13°06'27.0"S, 18°51'39.2"E. Holotype: SAIAB 204197. Paratypes: BMNH, MRAC, SAIAB, UFRJ, USNM. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Lacustricola pygmaeus Bragança, Skelton, Bills, Tweddle & Chakona 2021. Current status: Valid as Lacustricola pygmaeus Bragança, Skelton, Bills, Tweddle & Chakona 2021. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Southern Africa: Cuito, Cuanavale, Okavango and upper Zambesi River drainages (Angola, Zambia, Botswana and Namibia). Habitat: freshwater.

rancureli, Aplocheilichthys Daget [J.] 1965:592 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 36 (no. 5) (1964); ref. 9210] Creek of Banco, near Abidjan, Ivory Coast. Holotype: MNHN 1964-0274. Paratypes: MNHN 1964-0275 to 0280 (1, 4, 14, 7, 2, 7), 1964-0281 (79, 50 dissected). Also in Daget & Iltis 1965:208, Fig. 130 [ref. 13626]. •Valid as Micropanchax rancureli (Daget 1965) -- (Huber 1982:69 [ref. 20638]). •Valid as Aplocheilichthys rancureli Daget 1965 -- (Berkenkamp & Etzel 1982:71 [ref. 30501] dated 1964, Wildekamp et al. 1986:183 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:623 [ref. 21590] as rancurelli, Dankwa et al. 1999:43 [ref. 28023] as rancurelli, Lazara 2001:45 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Poropanchax rancureli (Daget 1965) -- (Huber 1999:53 [ref. 25500], Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835], van der Zee et al. 2019:9 [ref. 37017]). Current status: Valid as Poropanchax rancureli (Daget 1965). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: West Africa: eastern Liberia, Ivory Coast, western Ghana. Habitat: freshwater.

roseipinnis, Procatopus (Andreasenius) Clausen [H. S.] 1959:272, Figs. 3-4 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 121; ref. 843] 6.5 miles from Mamfe, Cameroon. Holotype: ZMUC P353902 [ex W. Afr. Exped. 210]. Paratypes: BMNH 1962.5.3.6-7 (2), UI (2), ZMB 21531 (2), ZMUC P353903 (1, allotype), ZMUC uncat. (18). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:56 [ref. 9588], Paepke & Seegers 1986:154 [ref. 19981]. •Synonym of Procatopus aberrans Ahl 1927 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:193 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:618 [ref. 21590], Lazara 2001:259 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Procatopus aberrans Ahl 1927. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

rudolfianus, Haplochilichthys Worthington [E. B.] 1932:131, Fig. 5 [The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 38 (no. 258); ref. 16405] Lake Rudolf [Lake Turkana], Kenya. Syntypes: BMNH 1930.6.13.98 (1, c&s), 1930.6.13.99-101 (3). •Valid as Aplocheilichthys rudolfianus (Worthington 1932) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:183 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:45 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Micropanchax rudolfianus (Worthington 1932) -- (Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835]). Current status: Valid as Micropanchax rudolfianus (Worthington 1932). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Kenya and Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

schalleri, Aplocheilichthys Scheel [J. J.] & Radda [A. C.] 1974:160, Fig. 4 [Aquaria: Vivaristische Fachzeitschrift für die Schweiz und Oesterreich v. 21 (no. 11); ref. 18681] About 180 kilometers south of Beira, Mozambique. Holotype: NMW 74937. Paratype: NMW 74938 (1). Also appeared as new in Scheel & Radda 1975: 39 [ref. 31324]. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys schalleri Scheel & Radda 1974 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:183 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:38 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys hutereaui (Boulenger 1913) -- (Seegers 1997:15 [ref. 23895]). •Synonym of Micropanchax hutereaui (Boulenger 1913) -- (Nagy & Vreven 2018:167 [ref. 35737]). •Synonym of Lacustricola chobensis (Fowler 1935) -- (Bragança et al. 2021:135 [ref. 38199] in "Lacustricola"). Current status: Synonym of Lacustricola chobensis (Fowler 1935). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

scheeli, Aplocheilichthys macrophthalmus Roman [B.] 1971:19, Fig. 6 [Publicaciones del Instituto de Biología Aplicada Barcelona v. 49 [1970]; ref. 7780] Rio Utonde, western Equatorial Guinea, about 1°56'N, 9°49'E. Holotype: MCSBCN 79. Paratypes: (65) MRAC 164711-721 (11), MCSBCN 79 (now 40, separated from holotype), Scheel coll. (4?). Mistakenly as Aplocheilichthys macrophthalmus n. sp. in description title. See Wildekamp & Malumbres 2004:66 [ref. 27740] for comment on status. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys scheeli Roman 1971 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:183 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:45 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Micropanchax scheeli (Roman 1971) -- (Wildekamp & Malumbres 2004:62 [ref. 27740], van der Zee et al. 2007:59 [ref. 30034]). •Valid as Poropanchax scheeli (Roman 1971) -- (Huber 1999:52 [ref. 25500], Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835], van der Zee et al. 2019:9 [ref. 37017]). Current status: Valid as Poropanchax scheeli (Roman 1971). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: South-western Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon to southern Equatorial Guinea, west-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

schiotzi, Aplocheilichthys Scheel [J. J.] 1968:280, Figs. 1 (rt.), 2 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 78 (nos 3-4); ref. 7914] Bobiri Forest Reserve, Kumasi, Ghana. Holotype: MRAC 164478. Paratypes: MRAC 164479-81 (3), 164482-90 (9). Type catalog: Wildekamp et al. 1986:184 [ref. 6198]. Originally as schiötzi, mandatory change to schiotzi (ICZN Art. 32.5.2.1). •Valid as Micropanchax schiotzi (Scheel 1968) -- (Huber 1982:72 [ref. 20638] as schioetzi, Ghedotti 2000:38 [ref. 27228] as schioetzi). •Valid as Aplocheilichthys schiotzi Scheel 1968 (often seen schioetzi) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:184 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:624 [ref. 21590], Dankwa et al. 1999:43 [ref. 28023], Lazara 2001:45 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Procatopus schiotzi (Huber & Scheel 1981) -- (Huber 1999:73 [ref. 23835] as schioetzi in subgenus Rhexipanchax). •Valid as Rhexipanchax schiotzi (Huber & Scheel 1981) -- (Huber 2011:5 [ref. 32018] as schioetzi). Current status: Valid as Rhexipanchax schiotzi (Scheel 1968). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

schoelleri, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1904:136 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 14 (no. 80) (art. 20); ref. 15115] Near Alexandria and Gheit-el-Nasara, Lake Menzaleh, Egypt. Syntypes: BMNH 1904.6.28.19 and 21-26 (7), 1904.6.28.20 (1, c&s); MNHN 1907-0236 (6); ZMB 16213 (8). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:20 [ref. 19576], Paepke & Seegers 1986:152 [ref. 19981]. •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys loati (Boulenger 1901) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:175 [ref. 6198], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367], Lazara 2001:40 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Micropanchax loati (Boulenger 1901). Current status: Synonym of Micropanchax loati (Boulenger 1901). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

silvestris, Hypsopanchax Poll [M.] & Lambert [J. G.] 1958:328, Figs. [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 58 (nos 3-4); ref. 12102] Lusambila River, Yangambi, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 124004. Paratypes: MRAC (1), MRAC 124005 (1) 124006-09 (4), 124010-13 (4), 124014-24 (11), 124025-50 (24), 124051 (1), 124052-57 (6), 124058 (1), 124059-60 (2), 124061-65 (5), 124066-75 (10) 124076-78 (1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:47 [ref. 21528]. •Synonym of Hylopanchax stictopleuron (Fowler 1949) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:188 [ref. 6198]). •Valid as Hylopanchax silvestris (Poll & Lambert 1958) -- (Radda 1981:9 [ref. 31276], Lazara 2001:169 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2013:51 [ref. 32863], Sonnenberg et al. 2014:582 [ref. 33430], Bragança et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37950]). Current status: Valid as Hylopanchax silvestris (Poll & Lambert 1958). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Middle Congo basin and Cuvette Centrale, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

similis, Procatopus Ahl [E.] 1927:79 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1927 (for Apr.-July); ref. 15834] Logobaba, Cameroon. Lectotype: ZMB 17772. Paralectotypes: ZMB 22712 [ex. ZMB 17772] (1). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:154 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:95 [ref. 21847]. Lectotype selected by Paepke & Seegers 1986:154 [ref. 19981]. •Valid as Procatopus similis Ahl 1927 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:195 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:619 [ref. 21590], Poll & Gosse 1995:209 [ref. 24781], Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835], Lazara 2001:260 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:73 [ref. 30034], Huber 2011:6 [ref. 32018]). Current status: Valid as Procatopus similis Ahl 1927. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

spilauchena, Poecilia Duméril [A. H. A.] 1861:258, Pl. 22 (figs. 6-6a) [Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 10 [for 1858]; ref. 1149] Gabon River [= Ogooué]. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-2936. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1997-4083 [ex MNHN 0000-2936] (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:18 [ref. 19576], Wildekamp et al. 1986:184 [ref. 6198]. See Huber 1998:15 [ref. 23446] for locality information. Lectotype selected by Huber 1998:15 [ref. 23446]. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys spilauchen (Duméril 1861) -- (Huber 1982:57 [ref. 20638], Wildekamp et al. 1986:184 [ref. 6198], Lévêque et al. 1989:121 [ref. 26480], Paugy & Bénech 1989:303 [ref. 26478], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:620 [ref. 21590], Huber 1999:53 [ref. 25500], Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835], Dankwa et al. 1999:43 [ref. 28023], Lazara 2001:46 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:51 [ref. 30034], Huber 2007:112 [ref. 29381], Huber 2011:5 [ref. 32018], Skelton 2019:227, 236 [ref. 36564], Reiner 2019:140 [ref. 38139], Huber 2020:5 [ref. 37934]). Current status: Valid as Aplocheilichthys spilauchen (Duméril 1861). Procatopodidae: Aplocheilichthyinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Guinea south to Angola, including São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

stiassnyae, Hypsopanchax van der Zee [J. R.], Sonnenberg [R.] & Mbimbi Mayi Munene [J. J.] 2015:90, Figs. 2-4 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 26 (no. 1); ref. 33870] Kasai ["], Occidental Province, Lulua Basin, Kambambe River at village Kazadi, 6°32'56"S, 22°42'16"E, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: AMNH 252441. Paratypes: AMNH 258083 (3), MRAC B3-01-P-1 (1). •Valid as Hypsopanchax stiassnyae van der Zee, Sonnenberg & Mbimbi Mayi Munene 2015. Current status: Valid as Hypsopanchax stiassnyae van der Zee, Sonnenberg & Mbimbi Mayi Munene 2015. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Lulua River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

stictopleuron, Epiplatys Fowler [H. W.] 1949:263, Figs. 59-63 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 101; ref. 1461] Oka, 18 miles north of Eovo, Congo basin, French Equatorial Africa. Holotype: ANSP 71911. Paratypes: ANSP 71912-19 (8). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:97 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Procatopus strictopleuron (Fowler 1949) -- (Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835]). •Valid as Hylopanchax stictopleuron (Fowler 1949) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:188 [ref. 6198], Poll & Gosse 1995:211 [ref. 24781], Lazara 2001:169 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:75 [ref. 30034], van der Zee et al. 2013:51 [ref. 32863], Sonnenberg et al. 2014:582 [ref. 33430], Bragança et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37950]). Current status: Valid as Hylopanchax stictopleuron (Fowler 1949). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Likouala and Alima River drainages, Congo basin, Republic of the Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

stigmatopygus, Poropanchax Wildekamp [R. H.] & Malumbres [F. J.] 2004:63, Fig. 3 [Cybium v. 28 (no. 1); ref. 27740] Lower Sanaga, Cameroon. Holotype: MNHN 1978-742 (largest specimen, with label). Paratypes: MNHN 1978-742 [same number as holotype] (2). Also described as new in Wildekamp & Malumbres 2005:27. •Valid as Poropanchax stigmatopygus Wildekamp & Malumbres 2004 -- (van der Zee et al. 2019:9 [ref. 37017]). Current status: Valid as Poropanchax stigmatopygus Wildekamp & Malumbres 2004. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: West-Central Africa: Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea and northwestern Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

tanganicanus, Haplochilus Boulenger [G. A.] 1898:497 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1898 (pt 3); ref. 20658] Mbity Rocks, Lake Tanganyika. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1898.9.9.82. Appeared first as above, then in more detail in Boulenger 1898:25, Pl. 6 (fig. 3) [ref. 547]. •Valid as Lamprichthys tanganicanus (Boulenger 1898) -- (Parenti 1981:508 [ref. 7066], Wildekamp et al. 1986:191 [ref. 6198], Poll & Gosse 1995:209 [ref. 24781], Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835], Ghedotti 2000:38 [ref. 27228], Lazara 2001:177 [ref. 25711], De Vos et al. 2001:130 [ref. 26059], Kullander & Roberts 2012:362 [ref. 31751], Konings 2019:255 [ref. 36983]). Current status: Valid as Lamprichthys tanganicanus (Boulenger 1898). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Tanganyika and Lukuga River. Habitat: freshwater.

terofali, Aplocheilichthys Berkenkamp [H. O.] & Etzel [V.] 1981:150, Figs. [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal v. 13 (no. 10); ref. 20435] Between Duékoué and Man (Bangolo) in the entrance area of Sassandra River to the western Ivory Coast, 7°02'N, 7°28'W. Holotype: MNHN 1963-0438. Paratypes: MNHN 1963-0437 (1), 1963-0439 to 0440 (1, 12), B-2921 [ex MNHN 1963-0438] (2); SMF 12692 (4), 14451 (4). •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys schioetzi Scheel 1968 -- (Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Lévèque et al. 1991:144 [ref. 31367]). •Valid as Aplocheilichthys terofali Berkenkamp & Etzel 1981 -- (Berkenkamp & Etzel 1982:71 [ref. 30501], Wildekamp et al. 1986:186 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:45 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Poropanchax (Rhexipanchax) schioetzi (Scheel 1968) -- (Huber 1999:73 [ref. 23835]). •Synonym of Rhexipanchax schiotzi (Scheel 1968). Current status: Synonym of Rhexipanchax schiotzi (Scheel 1968). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

terveri, Procatopus Huber [J. H.] 1981:39, Fig. [A review of cyprinodont fauna of the coastal plain; ref. 2271] Mpassa River, upper Ogooué drainage, southeastern Gabon. Holotype: MNHN 1930-0050. Paratypes: MNHN 1930-0051 (8); MRAC 20203-04 (2); Uncat. (5) See Huber 1998:16 [ref. 23446] for locality information. Lazara 2001:256 [ref. 25711] states that publication was not distributed until spring 1982 and uses that date, but the author distributed copies in 1981 (thereby establishing 1981 as the date of publication). •Valid as Procatopus terveri Huber 1981 -- (Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835]). •Valid as Plataplochilus terveri (Huber 1981) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:193 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:256 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:67 [ref. 30034], Huber 2011:6 [ref. 32018]). Current status: Valid as Plataplochilus terveri (Huber 1981). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: southeastern Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

thysi, Hylopanchax Bragança [P. H. N.], van der Zee [J. R.], Sonnenberg [R.] & Vreven [E. J.] 2020:9, Figs. 7, 8 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 98 (no. 3); ref. 37950] Creek at Zoolende, along the R15 road Makokou to Okondja, Ivindo River basin, Ogooué-Ivindo Province, Gabon, 0°06'26"N, 13°42'10"E. Holotype: MRAC 1996-048-P-0144. Paratypes: MNHN, MRAC. •Valid as Hylopanchax thysi Bragança, van der Zee, Sonnenberg & Vreven 2020. Current status: Valid as Hylopanchax thysi Bragança, van der Zee, Sonnenberg & Vreven 2020. Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Ivindo River drainage, Ogowe River basin, Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

tschiloangensis, Aplocheilichthys Ahl [E.] 1928:113 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 79 (nos 3/4) (art. 8); ref. 78] Tschilango-mundung, Angola. Lectotype: ZMB 19102. Paralectotypes: (12) ZMB 31466 [ex ZMB 19102] (now 8). Type catalog:: Paepke & Seegers 1986:150 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:95 [ref. 21847]. Lectotype selected by Seegers in Paepke & Seegers 1986:150 [ref. 19981]. •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys spilauchen (Duméril 1861) -- (Huber 1982:67 [ref. 20638], Wildekamp et al. 1986:185 [ref. 6198], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:620 [ref. 21590], Lazara 2001:46 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Aplocheilichthys spilauchen (Duméril 1861). Procatopodidae: Aplocheilichthyinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

typus, Aplocheilichthys Bleeker [P.] 1863:116, Pl. 24 (fig. 1) [Natuurkundige Verhandelingen van de Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen te Haarlem (Ser. 2) v. 18 (1862); ref. 395] Guinea ("in pharyne Porthmei argentei reperta"). Holotype (unique): RMNH 1982. Holotype figured in Boeseman 1963:Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [ref. 21734]. •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys spilauchen (Duméril 1861) -- (Huber 1982:67 [ref. 20638], Wildekamp et al. 1986:185 [ref. 6198], Lévêque et al. 1989:121 [ref. 26480], Paugy et al. 1990:341 [ref. 26477], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:620 [ref. 21590], Lazara 2001:46 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Aplocheilichthys spilauchen (Duméril 1861). Procatopodidae: Aplocheilichthyinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

usanguensis, Aplocheilichthys Wildekamp [R. H.] 1977:107, Figs. 4-5 [Aquarienfreund v. 6 (no. 6); ref. 8769] Pool along the Mbeya-Iringa main way, near Ilongo, about 45 kilometers east of Mbeya, Tanzania, 8°41'S, 33°43'E. Holotype: MRAC 77-16-P-64. Paratypes: MRAC 77-16-P-65 (1), 77-16-P-66-78 (13). •Valid as Lacustricola usanguensis (Wildekamp 1977) -- (Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835]). •Valid as Aplocheilichthys usanguensis Wildekamp 1977 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:186 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:46 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Valid as Lacustricola usanguensis (Wildekamp 1977). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

vanderbilti, Aplocheilichthys Fowler [H. W.] 1936:318, Figs. 128-129 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 88; ref. 1424] Kitala, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype: ANSP 65900. Paratypes: ANSP 65901 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:98 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys vanderbilti Fowler 1936 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:186 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Aplocheilichthys vitschumbaensis Ahl 1924 -- (Lazara 2001:47 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Lacustricola vitschumbaensis (Ahl 1924). Current status: Synonym of Lacustricola vitschumbaensis (Ahl 1924). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Habitat: freshwater.

vitschumbaensis, Haplochilichthys Ahl [E.] 1924:136 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 61(nos 5/6); ref. 15437] Vitshumbi, northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): ZMB 14483. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:152 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:95 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Aplocheilichthys vitschumbaensis Ahl 1924 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:186 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:47 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Lacustricola vitschumbaensis (Ahl 1924) -- (Huber 1999:59 [ref. 23835]). Current status: Valid as Lacustricola vitschumbaensis (Ahl 1924). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

websteri, Procatopus Huber [J. H.] 2007:111, 3 figs. [Tropical Fish Hobbyist v. 55 (no. 1); ref. 29381] Akaka Camp, western coastal plain, Gabon, ca. 2°14'S, 9°40'E, elevation about sea level. Holotype: MNHN 2007-1652. Paratypes: AMNH 23929 (6), CAS 224489 (6), BMNH 2007.6.14.1-6 (6), MNHN 2007-1653 (5). •Valid as Aapticheilichthys websteri (Huber 2007) -- (Huber 2011:6 [ref. 32018]). Current status: Valid as Aapticheilichthys websteri (Huber 2007). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

zebra, Haplochilus (Hypsopanchax) Pellegrin [J.] 1929:642, Fig. 2 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 54; ref. 16117] Gabon. Syntypes: BMNH 1930.3.4.2 (1) Ogowe R.; MNHN 1929-0228 (orig. 12, now 10) Lebagni R., 1929-229 (5) Loula R.; MRAC 20647-48 (2); USNM 92965 [ex MNHN 1929-228] (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:22 [ref. 19576], Parenti et al. 1999:3 [ref. 24072]. •Valid as Hypsopanchax zebra (Pellegrin 1929) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:190 [ref. 6198], Parenti et al. 1999:3 [ref. 24072], Huber 1999:58 [ref. 23835], Ghedotti 2000:38 [ref. 27228], Lazara 2001:172 [ref. 25711], van der Zee et al. 2007:77 [ref. 30034], van der Zee et al. 2015:94 [ref. 33870]). Current status: Valid as Hypsopanchax zebra (Pellegrin 1929). Procatopodidae: Procatopodinae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.