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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Serranidae: [ 197 ] records


aberrans, Hypoplectrus Poey [F.] 1868:291 [Repertorio Fisico-Natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3505] Havana, Cuba. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •See Aguilar-Perera & González-Salas 2010:377 [ref. 30878]. •Valid as Hypoplectrus aberrans Poey 1868 -- (Cervigón 1992:435 [ref. 23827], Domeier 1994:104 [ref. 21359], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:157 [ref. 27754], Heemstra et al. 2003:1365 [ref. 27060], Smith et al. 2003:22 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:128 [ref. 27807], Lobel 2011:11 [ref. 31606], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2012:4 [ref. 31860], Victor 2012:15 [ref. 32153], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:39 [ref. 33341], Robertson et al. 2016:144 [ref. 34961], Parenti & Randall 2020:117 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Hypoplectrus aberrans Poey 1868. Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida Keys (U.S.A.) south to Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

acanthophorus, Serranus Bocourt [F.] 1868:223 [Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Paris (Zoologie et Paléontologie) (Sér. 5) v. 10; ref. 14069] Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-4935. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:23 [ref. 19232]. •Synonym of Paralabrax maculatofasciatus (Steindachner 1868) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:121 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Paralabrax maculatofasciatus (Steindachner 1868). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

accensum, Plectropoma Poey [F.] 1852:72, 75 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 1; ref. 3497] Havana, Cuba. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Published Apr. 1852. •Synonym of Hypoplectrus guttavarius (Poey 1852) -- (Domeier 1994:105 [ref. 21359]). •Synonym of Hypoplectrus indigo (Poey 1851) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:118 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Hypoplectrus guttavarius (Poey 1852). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

accraensis, Neanthias Norman [J. R.] 1931:354, Fig. 2 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 7 (no. 40); ref. 3220] Accra, Ghana, western Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1930.8.26.28. •Valid as Serranus accraensis (Norman 1931) -- (Smith 1990:703 [ref. 18227], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:166 [ref. 25813], Wirtz & Iwamoto 2016:192 [ref. 34418], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2406 [ref. 34618], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:4 [ref. 36189], Reiner 2019:176 [ref. 38139], Parenti & Randall 2020:122 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus accraensis (Norman 1931). Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal south to Angola, including São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

adriaticus, Holocentrus Nardo [G. D.] 1827:31, 38 (no. 107) [Giornale di fisica, chimica e storia naturale, medicina, ed arti. (series 2) Dec. II, v. 10; ref. 3146] Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. Also in Nardo 1827:col. 480 and 486 [ref. 19740]. Perhaps not intended as a new name but a new combination for Labrus adriaticus of authors. •Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Tortonese 1973:356 [ref. 7192], Smith 1990:705 [ref. 18227], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:13 [ref. 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

adriaticus, Labrus Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1297 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. Based on Labrus no. 11 of Brünnich 1768:98 [ref. 17290]. •Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

aegyptiaca, Perca Hasselquist [F.] 1762:401 [Reise nach Palästina; ref. 18250] [Damiatae] Domyät, Egypt, Mediterranean Sea. Not available, published in a rejected work (ICZN, Opinion 57). Based on Hasselquist 1757:356 [ref. 30181] (also a rejected work in ICZN Opinion 57). Suppressed. Serranidae.

aequidens, Serranus Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:61 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Gulf of California, Mexico, 24°30'15"N, 110°29'W, Albatross station 2996, depth 112 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 44277. •Valid as Serranus aequidens Gilbert 1890 -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1993:83 [ref. 21807], Bussing & López S. 1994:94 [ref. 23101], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1577 [ref. 22830], Thomson et al. 2000:74 [ref. 25640], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:165 [ref. 25813], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:812 [ref. 33030], Fourriére et al. 2016:444 [ref. 34668], Kells et al. 2016:350 [ref. 35888], Robertson et al. 2017:85 [ref. 35676], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:122 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus aequidens Gilbert 1890. Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: southern California (U.S.A.) and Gulf of California south to Panama, including Cocos and Galápagos islands. Habitat: marine.

affine, Plectropoma Poey [F.] 1861:427 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. No types known. •Synonym of Hypoplectrus chlorurus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Domeier 1994:105 [ref. 21359]). •Synonym of Hypoplectrus unicolor (Walbaum 1792) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:119 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Hypoplectrus chlorurus (Cuvier 1828). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

africana, Chelidoperca Cadenat [J.] 1960:1395 [Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire (Sér A) Sciences Naturelles v. 22 (no. 4); ref. 18228] Coast of Benin [Dahomey] - Nigeria, depth 50 fathoms. Syntypes: IFAN. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:40 [ref. 19232]. Based on literature sources and specimens. •Valid as Serranus africanus (Cadenat 1960) -- (Smith 1990:704 [ref. 18227], Wirtz & Iwamoto 2016:192 [ref. 34418], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2407 [ref. 34618], Matsunuma et al. 2017:[2] [ref. 35700]). •Valid as Chelidoperca africana Cadenat 1960 -- (Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:30 [ref. 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:111 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Chelidoperca africana Cadenat 1960. Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania south to Angola. Habitat: marine.

agassizii, Cratinus Steindachner [F.] 1878:395 [19] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 78 (1. Abth.); ref. 4226] Galápagos Islands. Syntypes: (several) ?MCZ 9801 (3), 9803 (1), 25738 (1); NMW 39649 (1), 42523 (1), 42526 (1). On p. 19 of separate. •Valid as Cratinus agassizii Steindachner 1878 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:107 [ref. 22193], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1577 [ref. 22830], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:314 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:356 [ref. 24555], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Parenti & Randall 2020:113 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Cratinus agassizii Steindachner 1878. Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Peru and Galápagos Islands (Ecuador). Habitat: marine.

albomaculatus, Serranus Jenyns [L.] 1840:3, Pl. 2 [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Beagle; ref. 2344] Santa María Island [Charles Island], Galápagos Islands. Syntypes: BMNH 1917.7.25.6 (left half skin attached to wood). Originally albo-maculatus, correction mandatory. •Valid as Paralabrax albomaculatus (Jenyns 1840) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:113 [ref. 22193], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:326 [ref. 24023], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:164 [ref. 25813], Pondella et al. 2003:182 [ref. 29770], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Parenti & Randall 2020:120 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Paralabrax albomaculatus (Jenyns 1840). Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands endemic. Habitat: marine.

aliceae, Serranus Carvalho Filho [A.] & Ferreira [C. E. L.] 2013:810, Figs. 1-2 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 11 (no. 4); ref. 33030] Rio de Janeiro, Arraial do Cabo, Ilha de Cabo Frio, Saco dos Ingleses, 23°00’25"S, 42°00’19"W, Brazil, depth 30 meters. Holotype: MNRJ 38911. Paratypes: CIUFES 2368 (1), 2370 (2); MNRJ 38912 (1), 38913 (2); MZUSP 109159 (2); ZUEC 6354 (1), 6355 (1), 6356 (1). Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Serranus aliceae Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013 -- (Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:122 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus aliceae Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013. Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Brazil (between 8°N and 28°S). Habitat: marine.

annularis, Centropristis Günther [A.] 1880:6, Pl. 1 (fig. C) [Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger in the years 1873-1876 v. 1 (pt 6); ref. 2011] Off Pernambuco, Brazil, Challenger station 122, depth 30 or 350 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1879.5.14.181. •Valid as Serranus annularis (Günther 1880) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:138 [ref. 23100], Bullock & Smith 1991:64 [ref. 36591], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:219 [ref. 25013], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:166 [ref. 25813], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:77 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:183 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:809 [ref. 33030], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:153 [ref. 37485], Pinheiro et al. 2015:12 [ref. 34324], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354], Robertson et al. 2020:162 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Serranus annularis (Günther 1880). Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bermuda and Georgia (U.S.A.) south to Brazil, including northwestern Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

annularis, Mesoprion Cuvier [G.] in Guérin-Méneville 1828:no page number, Livraison 13 [Planches de Seba v. 3; ref. 29508] No types known. Text applies to Pl. 27 (no. 10) published in 1827. Described in the same year as Mesopiron annularis Cuvier 1828 in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828 [ref. 997]. •Synonym of Hypoplectrus unicolor (Walbaum 1792) -- (Parenti & Desoutter-Meniger 2007:397, 399 [ref. 29507], Parenti & Randall 2020:119 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Hypoplectrus unicolor (Walbaum 1792). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

arcuarium, Diplectrum Ginsburg [I.] 1948:268 [Copeia 1948 (no. 4); ref. 13054] Off Breton Sound, Louisiana, U.S.A., 29°29'30"N, 88°41'W, depth 15 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 144213. Paratypes: (37) CAS-SU 50185 (1); USNM 118535 (18, now 11), 118536 (1), 129817 (1), 144213-16 (1, 1, 9, 1), 155173-77 (1, 1, 2, 2, 2). Appeared as "Diplectrum arcuarium, new subspecies," but the author states, "...Therefore, for nomenclatural purposes, the Gulf population is tentatively treated as though it were a full species." •Synonym of Diplectrum bivittatum (Valenciennes 1828) -- (Bortone 1977:22 [ref. 7064], Bullock & Smith 1991:46 [ref. 36591], Parenti & Randall 2020:114 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Diplectrum bivittatum (Valenciennes 1828). Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Caribbean Sea south to Brazil [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

argentinus, Holocentrus Bloch [M. E.] 1790:73, Pl. 235 (fig. 2) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 4; ref. 469] Unknown locality. Holotype (unique): ZMB 127. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:136 [ref. 24282]. On p. 55 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 7 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Paepke 1999:136 [ref. 24282], Parenti & Randall 2020:124 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

argus, Holocentrus Spinola [M.] 1807:372 [Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 10; ref. 18741] Gulf of Genoa, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Tortonese 1973:356 [ref. 7192], Smith 1990:706 [ref. 18227], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:27 [ref. 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:127 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

atlahua, Hypoplectrus Tavera [J. J.] & Acero P. [A.] 2013:30, Fig. 1 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 19 (no. 1); ref. 32434] Bajo de Tuxpan 21°8' N, 97°16'W, Tuxpan, Veracruz, Mexico. Holotype: CICIMAR-CI 8371. Paratypes: CICIMAR-CI 8372. •Valid as Hypoplectrus atlahua Tavera & Acero P. 2013 -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:117 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Hypoplectrus atlahua Tavera & Acero P. 2013. Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: marine.

atraria, Perca Linnaeus [C.] (ex Garden) 1766:485 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] Carolina [South Carolina, U.S.A.]. Holotype: Linn. Soc. Lond. 91 (right half-skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1985:48 [ref. 20705]. Type information: Goode & Bean 1885:202 [ref. 1841]. Based on 'Blackfish' in manuscript description and 1 specimen sent by A. Garden [South Carolina]. •Synonym of Centropristis striata (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:111 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Centropristis striata (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

atrarius, Lutjanus Suckow [G. A.] 1799:547 [Naturgeschichte der Thiere v. 4, pt. 1; ref. 18858] New combination for Perca atraria Linnaeus 1766; not an original description. •In the synonymy of Centropristis striata (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:111 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Centropristis striata (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae.

atricauda, Serranus Günther [A.] 1874:230 [1] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 13 (no. 75) (art. 32); ref. 18200] [Mogador] Essaouira, Morocco, eastern Atlantic. Lectotype: BMNH 1874.1.30.7. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1840.12.9.41 (right half skin), 1840.12.9.45 (right half skin), 1840.12.9.51 (left half skin), 1860.7.14.18-20 (3), 1860.7.14.22-24 (3), 1860.7.14.32 (1); SMF 1769 (1); ZMB 8710 (1). On p. 1 of separate. Lectotype not researched, not designated here. •Valid as Serranus atricauda Günther 1874 -- (Tortonese 1973:355 [ref. 7192], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:789 [ref. 13676], Smith 1990:704 [ref. 18227], Santos et al. 1997:81 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:80 [ref. 24952], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:165 [ref. 25813], Wirtz et al. 2013:122 [ref. 32972], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2408 [ref. 34618], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:6 [ref. 36189], Carneiro et al. 2019:245 [ref. 37250], Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354], González-Lorenzo et al. 2021:143 [ref. 38374]). Current status: Valid as Serranus atricauda Günther 1874. Serranidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; eastern Atlantic: Spain and Portugal south to Guinea Bissau, including Azores, Madeira, Canary Islands and Cape Verde Islands. Habitat: marine.

atrimanus, Parasphyraenops Bean [T. H.] 1912:124 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 25; ref. 232] Argus Bank, Bermuda, depth 43 fathoms (stomach content). Holotype: USNM 74085. Paratypes: ?Mus. of Bermuda Nat. Hist. Soc. (1). •Valid as Parasphyraenops atrimanus Bean 1912 -- (Johnson & Smith-Vaniz 1987:49 [ref. 9235], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:216 [ref. 25013], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Smith-Vaniz & Collette 2013:172 [ref. 32953], Parenti & Randall 2020:121 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Parasphyraenops atrimanus Bean 1912. Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bermuda and Venezuela. Habitat: marine.

atrobranchus, Centropristes Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:45 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6980. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:12 [ref. 19232]. Original genus should have been Centropristis. •Valid as Serranus atrobranchus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:140 [ref. 23100], Bullock & Smith 1991:65 [ref. 36591], Cervigón 1991:359 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:109 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:436 [ref. 23827], Aguilera 1998:48 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:267 [ref. 24550], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:165 [ref. 25813], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:77 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:184 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:809 [ref. 33030], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:154 [ref. 37485], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus atrobranchus (Cuvier 1829). Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida (U.S.A.) and northern Gulf of Mexico south to Santa Catarina (Brazil). Habitat: marine.

auriga, Dules Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:112, Pl. 51 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Brazil. Syntypes: MNHN A-3003 (2), SMF 1082 [ex MNHN] (1). •Valid as Serranus auriga (Cuvier 1829) -- (Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:166 [ref. 25813], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800]). •Valid as Dules auriga Cuvier 1829 -- (Inada in Nakamura et al. 1986:198 [ref. 14235], Andreata & Séret 1996:585 [ref. 16204], López et al. 2002:65 [ref. 26808], Camargo & Isaac 2001:143 [ref. 27639], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:75 [ref. 27192], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:809 [ref. 33030], Fabiano et al. 2014:8 [ref. 33530], Nión et al. 2016:46 [ref. 35565] with author as (Cuvier 1829), Spier et al. 2018:9 [ref. 36103], Parenti & Randall 2020:116 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Dules auriga Cuvier 1829. Serranidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: Brazil and Uruguay. Habitat: marine.

auroguttatus, Paralabrax Walford [L. A.] 1936:1 [Occasional Papers of the Santa Barbara Museum v. 4; ref. 13272] Guaymas, western coast of Mexico. Holotype (unique): USNM 100981. •Valid as Paralabrax auroguttatus Walford 1936 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:200 [ref. 9277], Allen & Robertson 1994:113 [ref. 22193], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1604 [ref. 22830], Thomson et al. 2000:76 [ref. 25640], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:164 [ref. 25813], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], Pondella et al. 2003:181 [ref. 29770], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], Parenti & Randall 2020:120 [ref. 37354], Walker et al. 2020:4 [ref. 37499]). Current status: Valid as Paralabrax auroguttatus Walford 1936. Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Pacific coast of Baja California and Gulf of California (Mexico) endemic; straying to southern California (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

ayresi, Centropristes Steindachner [F.] 1868:965 [1], Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 57; ref. 14081] Santos, Brazil. Syntypes: (several) CAS 79615 [ex IU 7711, ex MCZ 761] (1), MCZ 31072 (1). Species listed as name only in earlier abstract [ref. 20463]. On p. 1 of separate. Original genus should have been Centropristis. •Synonym of Diplectrum radiale (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Bortone 1977:26 [ref. 7064], Parenti & Randall 2020:116 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Diplectrum radiale (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Serranidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

baldwini, Prionodes Evermann [B. W.] & Marsh [M. C.] 1899:353 [United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report of the Commissioner v. 25 (for 1899) Appendix 7; ref. 1283] Off Culebra Island, 5.25 miles southwest of Culebritas light-house, Puerto Rico, Fish Hawk station 6093, depth 15 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 49361. Paratypes: (34) FMNH 3233 (3), 3260 (2); CAS-SU 8612 (2); USNM 50159-60 (3, 15), 125564 [ex USBF 874] (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:70 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:69 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Serranus baldwini (Evermann & Marsh 1899) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:138 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1991:360 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:436 [ref. 23827], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:158 [ref. 27754], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:166 [ref. 25813], Rocha & Rosa 2001:989 [ref. 25909], Camargo & Isaac 2001:143 [ref. 27639], López et al. 2002:65 [ref. 26808], Collette et al. 2003:107 [ref. 26784], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:77 [ref. 27192] dated 1900, Smith et al. 2003:25 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:185 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:809 [ref. 33030], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:43 [ref. 33341], Pinheiro et al. 2015:13 [ref. 34324], Robertson et al. 2016:145 [ref. 34961], Nión et al. 2016:46 [ref. 35565], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354], Robertson et al. 2020:162 [ref. 38098], Escobar-Sierra et al. 2021:79 [ref. 38844]). Current status: Valid as Serranus baldwini (Evermann & Marsh 1899). Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: southern Florida (U.S.A.) south to Santa Catarina (Brazil), including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

barazeri, Chelidoperca Lee [S.-H.], Lee [M.-Y.], Matsunuma [M.] & Chen [W.-J.] 2019:18, Fig. 7 [Frontiers in Marine Science v. 6: 465; ref. 36888] Gazelle Channel, New Ireland, Bismarck Sea, 2°54′S, 151°07′E, depth 150 - 160 meters. Holotype: NTUM 15639. Paratype: NTUM 15635 (1). •Valid as Chelidoperca barazeri Lee, Lee, Matsunuma & Chen 2019 -- (Matsunuma & Tashiro 2020:154 [ref. 37726], Parenti & Randall 2020:111 [ref. 37354], Tang & Ho 2021:4 [ref. 38370]). Current status: Valid as Chelidoperca barazeri Lee, Lee, Matsunuma & Chen 2019. Serranidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: New Ireland, Bismarck Sea (Papua New Guinea). Habitat: marine.

beta, Serranus Hildebrand [S. F.] in Longley & Hildebrand 1940:239, Fig. 9 [Papers Tortugas Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington v. 32; ref. 2822] South of Tortugas, Florida, U.S.A., depth 30 or more fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 108878. •Valid as Schultzea beta (Hildebrand 1940) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:142 [ref. 23100], Bullock & Smith 1991: 59 [ref. 36591], Collette et al. 2003:107 [ref. 26784], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:181 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:43 [ref. 33341], Parenti & Randall 2020:121 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Schultzea beta (Hildebrand 1940). Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida Keys (U.S.A.) and Caribbean Sea, Habitat: marine.

bicolor, Pseudoserranus Kossmann [R.] & Räuber [H.] 1877:384, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Verhandlungen des Naturhistorisch-Medizinischen Vereins zu Heidelberg. v. 1; ref. 18432] Red Sea. Apparently no type material. Also in Kossmann & Räuber 1877:7, Pisces Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [ref. 14246]. •Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Dor 1984:102 [ref. 29757], Golani & Fricke 2018:66 [ref. 36273], Parenti & Randall 2020:124 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

bivittatus, Serranus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:241 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Martinique Island, West Indies; Havana, Cuba. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-6988 (1) Martinique, 0000-5889 (1) Havana. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:24 [ref. 19232]. •Valid as Diplectrum bivittatum (Valenciennes 1828) -- (Bortone 1977:22 [ref. 7064], Robins & Ray 1986:141 [ref. 23100], Bullock & Smith 1991:46 [ref. 36591], Cervigón 1991:317 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:104 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:434 [ref. 23827], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:268 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:205 [ref. 25013], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:162 [ref. 25813], Heemstra et al. 2003:1326 [ref. 27060], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:75 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:21 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:127 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:140 [ref. 28815], García-Hernández et al. 2009:92 [ref. 37265], Page et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32708], Parenti & Randall 2020:114 [ref. 37354], Robertson et al. 2020:162 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Diplectrum bivittatum (Valenciennes 1828). Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida (U.S.A.) south to Brazil, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

bovinum, Plectropoma Poey [F.] 1852:69, 75 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 1; ref. 3497] Havana, Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 9795 (2). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:195 [ref. 22926]. •Synonym of Hypoplectrus indigo (Poey 1851) -- (Domeier 1994:105 [ref. 21359], Parenti & Randall 2020:118 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Hypoplectrus indigo (Poey 1851). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

brasiliensis, Centropristis Brisout de Barneville [C. N. F.] 1847:131 [Revue Zoologique par la Société Cuvierienne (Paris) v. 10; ref. 643] Bahia, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-7612. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:114 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Serranus flaviventris (Cuvier 1829) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:124 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus flaviventris (Cuvier 1829). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

bulleri, Serranus Boulenger [G. A.] 1895:288, Pl. 10 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum 2nd edition v. 1; ref. 537] Las Peñas, Jalisco, Mexico. Holotype: BMNH 1892.9.5.139. •Questionably a synonym of Serranus psittacinus Valenciennes 1846 -- (Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1613 [ref. 22830], Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Uncertain as Serranus psittacinus Valenciennes 1846. Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

cabrilla, Perca Linnaeus [C.] 1758:294 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] No locality stated (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:39 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. On the Official List as type species of Serranus Cuvier 1816. •Valid as Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Tortonese 1973:355 [ref. 7192], Dor 1984:102 [ref. 29757], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:790 [ref. 13676], Heemstra & Randall 1986:536 [ref. 5667], Smith 1990:704 [ref. 18227], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:155 [ref. 25472], Goren & Dor 1994:27 [ref. 25356], Evseenko 1996:727 [ref. 24666], Santos et al. 1997:82 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:81 [ref. 24952], Afonso et al. 1999:84 [ref. 25466], Fricke 1999:39 [ref. 24101], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:166 [ref. 25813], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:76 [ref. 26753], Parin 2003:S3 [ref. 28536], Golani 2005:37 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:80 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:85 [ref. 30517], Fricke 2008:29 [ref. 30182], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:42 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:353 [ref. 33547], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2409 [ref. 34618], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[22] 260 [ref. 36492], Freitas et al. 2018:73 [ref. 36259], Golani & Fricke 2018:66 [ref. 36273], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:8 [ref. 36189], Martins & Carneiro 2018:125 [ref. 36550], Almeida & Alves 2019:272 [ref. 37509], Artüz & Fricke 2019:556 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:246 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:96 [ref. 36864], Iglésias et al. 2019:280 [ref. 37098], Reiner 2019:176 [ref. 38139], Bariche & Fricke 2020:88 [ref. 37515], Bos et al. 2020:4 [ref. 37709], Iglésias et al. 2020:294 [ref. 37987], Kovačić et al. 2020:41 [ref. 37519], Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354], Akhilesh et al. 2021:56 [ref. 38701], Bañón & Maño 2021:81 [ref. 38887], Golani 2021:42 [ref. 38303], González-Lorenzo et al. 2021:143 [ref. 38374], Iglésias et al. 2021:176 [ref. 38818]). Current status: Valid as Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; Black Sea; eastern Atlantic: English Channel south to Angola, including Azores, Madeira, Canary Islands, Cape Verde Islands, São Tomé and Principe; Red Sea: Gulf of Suez. South Africa north to KwaZulu-Natal is Serranus knysnaensis -- Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2409 [ref. 34618]. Habitat: marine.

callaensis, Paralabrax Starks [E. C.] 1906:787, Pl. 65 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 30 (no. 1468); ref. 10101] Callao, Peru. Holotype (unique): USNM 53471. •Valid as Paralabrax callaensis Starks 1906 -- (Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:359 [ref. 24555], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:164 [ref. 25813], Pondella et al. 2003:182 [ref. 29770], Parenti & Randall 2020:120 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Paralabrax callaensis Starks 1906. Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Peru. Habitat: marine.

calopteryx, Serranus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:350 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 237); ref. 2470] Astillero estuary at Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Syntypes: USNM 28123 (5 or 6, now 2). •Synonym of Serranus psittacinus Valenciennes 1846 -- (Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1613 [ref. 22830], Parenti & Randall 2020:126 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus psittacinus Valenciennes 1846. Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

campechanus, Schultzea Woods [L. P.] 1958:250, Fig. 40 [Fieldiana Zoology v. 39 (no. 22); ref. 4761] Off Campeche Bank, 23°39'48"N, 88°01'00"W, Yucatán, Mexico, Oregon station 592-A, depth 45 fathoms (stomach content). Holotype (unique): USNM 174973. •Synonym of Schultzea beta (Hildebrand 1940) -- (Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Parenti & Randall 2020:121 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Schultzea beta (Hildebrand 1940). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

caprulensis, Labrus Nardo [G. D.] 1824:251 [Giornale di fisica, chimica e storia naturale, medicina, ed arti. (series 2) v. 7; ref. 3144] Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. Based on common name; Nardo 1827:31 [ref. 3146] treated this species as Holocentrus chana (evidently on chanus Lacepède). •Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:124 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

capurri, Serranus Perugia [A.] 1896:15 [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 16; ref. 14615] St. Pierre, Martinique Island, West Indies. Holotype (unique): MSNG 13496. Type catalog: Tortonese 1959:2 [ref. 31669] as capurrii, Tortonese 1963:335-336 [ref. 10350]. •Synonym of Serranus tigrinus (Bloch 1790) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:128 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus tigrinus (Bloch 1790). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

caribbaeus, Bullisichthys Rivas [L. R.] 1971:719, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1971 (no. 4); ref. 3762] Lesser Antilles, off Dominica, West Indies, depth 60 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 204938. Paratypes: UF 24457 [ex USNM 204939] (1), USNM 204939 (2). •Valid as Bullisichthys caribbaeus Rivas 1971 -- (Claro et al. 2000:22 [ref. 26458], Heemstra et al. 2003:1325 [ref. 27060], Dennis et al. 2004:74 [ref. 31601], Parenti & Randall 2020:110 [ref. 37354], Robertson et al. 2020:162 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Bullisichthys caribbaeus Rivas 1971. Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

castroaguirrei, Hypoplectrus Del Moral-Flores [L. F.], Tello-Musi [J. L.] & Martínez-Pérez [J. A.] 2012:2, Figs. 1-4 [Revista de Zoología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México v. 22 (for 2011); ref. 31860] Arrecife de Isla Verde, 19°12'00.0"N, 96°04'04.4"W, Veracruz Reef System, Mexico, Gulf of Mexico, depth 3 meters. Holotype: CNIP-IBUNAM 16846. Paratypes: CNIP-IBUNAM 16847 (1). •Valid as Hypoplectrus castroaguirrei Del Moral-Flores, Tello-Musi & Martínez-Pérez 2012 -- (Tavera & Acero P. 2013:33 [ref. 32434], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], Parenti & Randall 2020:117 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Hypoplectrus castroaguirrei Del Moral-Flores, Tello-Musi & Martínez-Pérez 2012. Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: marine.

cerasina, Chelidoperca Ogino [A.], Lee [S.-H.], Chen [W.-J.] & Matsunuma [M.] 2019:2, Figs. 1a-b, 2-5, 6a-b, 9a-b, 10a-d [Ichthyological Research v. 67 (no. 1); ref. 37056] Kelso Bank on Lord Howe Rise, Coral Sea, southwest of New Caledonia, 24°11'00"S, 159°41'00"E, depth 270-280 meters. Holotype: MNHN 2019-0021. Paratypes: MNHN, NSMT, NTUM. •Valid as Chelidoperca cerasina Ogino, Lee, Chen & Matsunuma 2019 -- (Matsunuma & Tashiro 2020:154 [ref. 37726], Parenti & Randall 2020:111 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Chelidoperca cerasina Ogino, Lee, Chen & Matsunuma 2019. Serranidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Gifford Guyot Seamount (east of Australia) and Coral Sea (off New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

chanus, Labrus Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:36 [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Istanbul, Turkey, Marmara Sea (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. •Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Fricke 2008:29 [ref. 30182], Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

chionaraia, Serranus Robins [C. R.] & Starck [W. A., II] 1961:270, Fig. 1c [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 113 (no. 11); ref. 3789] 2.5 miles south-southwest of Alligator Reef Light, Monroe County, Florida, U.S.A., depth 150 feet. Holotype: ANSP 93808. Paratypes: FMNH 64994 (1); UF 207803 [ex UMML 7803] (1); USNM 108389 (1), 150115 (1), 191120 [ex UMML 7044] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:154 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:79 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Serranus chionaraia Robins & Starck 1961 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:138 [ref. 23100], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:166 [ref. 25813], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:186 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:809 [ref. 33030], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:43 [ref. 33341], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:124 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus chionaraia Robins & Starck 1961. Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida Keys (U.S.A.), Honduras, Puerto Rico. Habitat: marine.

chlorurum, Plectropoma Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:406 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Caribbean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-7785 (1) Martinique, 0000-7586 (1) Antilles, 0000-7787 (1) Martinique. •Valid as Hypoplectrus chlorurus (Cuvier 1828) -- (Cervigón 1992:435 [ref. 23827], Domeier 1994:104 [ref. 21359], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:157 [ref. 27754], Heemstra et al. 2003:1365 [ref. 27060], Smith et al. 2003:22 [ref. 27621], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:157 [ref. 28815], Aguilar-Perera & González-Salas 2010:377 [ref. 30878], Lobel 2011:11 [ref. 31606], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2012:4 [ref. 31860], Tavera & Acero P. 2013:33 [ref. 32434], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:40 [ref. 33341], Parenti & Randall 2020:117 [ref. 37354], Robertson et al. 2020:162 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Hypoplectrus chlorurus (Cuvier 1828). Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Texas (U.S.A.) south to Venezuela, including western and southern Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

clathratus, Labrax Girard [C. F.] 1854:143 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 5769] San Diego, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 283 (orig. 2, now 1) •Valid as Paralabrax clathratus (Girard 1854) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:200 [ref. 9277], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1605 [ref. 22830], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:164 [ref. 25813], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], Pondella et al. 2003:181 [ref. 29770], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:222 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:74 [ref. 37205], Parenti & Randall 2020:120 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Paralabrax clathratus (Girard 1854). Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Washington (U.S.A.) south to Pacific coast of southern Baja California (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

conceptionis, Serranus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:246 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Concepción, Chile. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-1023 [or 0000-7023]. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:26 [ref. 19232]. •Valid as Diplectrum conceptione (Valenciennes 1828) -- (Bortone 1977:32 [ref. 7064], Pequeño 1989:59 [ref. 14125], Allen & Robertson 1994:108 [ref. 22193], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:361 [ref. 24555], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:162 [ref. 25813], Parenti & Randall 2020:114 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Diplectrum conceptione (Valenciennes 1828). Serranidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Peru south to Chile. Habitat: marine.

crapa, Lutianus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:52 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:18 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:127 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

crocota, Plectropoma Cope [E. D.] 1871:466 [Transactions of the American Philosophical Society (New Series) v. 14 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 920] St. Martin Island, West Indies. Lectotype: ANSP 13291. Paralectotypes: ANSP 13292 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:154 [ref. 13621] as holotype and paratype. Lectotype established by Fowler 1907:262 (fig. 4) [ref. 1376]. •Synonym of Hypoplectrus unicolor (Walbaum 1792) -- (authors). •Synonym of Hypoplectrus gummigutta (Poey 1851) -- (Domeier 1994:105 [ref. 21359], Parenti & Randall 2020:118 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Hypoplectrus gummigutta (Poey 1851). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

cruentatus, Serranus Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1876:244, Pl. (fig. 1) [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1876 (for 27 Apr. 1876); ref. 10019] Victoria, West Africa. Syntypes: ZMB 9333 (2). •Synonym of Cephalopholis nigri (Günther 1859) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:55 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Cephalopholis nigri (Günther 1859). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

decorata, Perca Günther [A.] 1859:106 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Not available, name on specimen from Madeira mentioned in passing under Serranus cabrilla. Nomen Nudum. Serranidae.

decussatus, Holocentrus Shaw [G.] 1803:557 [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] American Seas. Unneeded replacement name for Epinephelus striatus Bloch 1793. •Synonym of Diplectrum formosum (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:115 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Diplectrum formosum (Linnaeus 1766). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

dewegeri, Serranus (Paralabrax) Metzelaar [J.] 1919:52, Fig. 20 [Report on the fishes; ref. 2982] Guanta, Venezuela. Syntypes: (2) ZMA 113104 (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:90 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Serranus dewegeri Metzelaar 1919 -- (Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:308 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:139 [ref. 23100], Aguilera 1998:48 [ref. 24221], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:77 [ref. 27192]). •Valid as Paralabrax dewegeri (Metzelaar 1919) -- (Cervigón 1991:355 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:435 [ref. 23827], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:164 [ref. 25813], Heemstra et al. 2003:1361 [ref. 27060], Pondella et al. 2003:182 [ref. 29770], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:809 [ref. 33030], Parenti & Randall 2020:120 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Paralabrax dewegeri (Metzelaar 1919). Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Southern Caribbean Sea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dispilurus, Centropristis Günther [A.] 1867:99 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867 (pt 1) (art. 2) (for 24 Jan. 1867); ref. 1986] Trinidad Island, West Indies. Syntypes: BMNH 2013.7.2.1-2 (2). •Synonym of Serranus flaviventris (Cuvier 1829) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:124 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus flaviventris (Cuvier 1829). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

drewesi, Serranus (Paracentropristis) Iwamoto [T.] in Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:11, Fig. 8 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 65 (no. 1); ref. 36189] Santana Islet, submarine cave, São Tomé Island, São Tomé and Principe, 0°14'33.1''N, 6°45'36.1''E, 18.9 m depth. Holotype (unique): CAS 234050. Geographical coordinates of type locality incorrect in original description. •Valid as Serranus drewesi Iwamoto 2018 -- (Reiner 2019:315 [ref. 38139], Parenti & Randall 2020:124 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus drewesi Iwamoto 2018. Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: São Tomé and Principe endemic. Habitat: marine.

ecosur, Hypoplectrus Victor [B. C.] 2012:11, Fig. 10 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 5; ref. 32153] Quintana Roo, off Contoy, 20.49°N, 86.80°W, Yucatan, Mexico. Holotype: ECOCH 7180 (83 mm SL). Paratypes: ECOCH 7150 (1), 7180 (1). •Valid as Hypoplectrus ecosur Victor 2012 -- (Tavera & Acero P. 2013:33 [ref. 32434], Robertson et al. 2016:144 [ref. 34961], Victor & Marks 2018:12 [ref. 36139], Parenti & Randall 2020:117 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Hypoplectrus ecosur Victor 2012. Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: marine.

ephippium, Plectropoma Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:408 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Possibly Java, Indonesia. Holotype: MNHN 0000-7794. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:20, 59 [ref. 19232]. New name for Holocentrus unicolor Bloch & Schneider 1801. •Synonym of Hypoplectrus unicolor (Walbaum 1792) -- (Bauchot et al. 1984:20, 59 [ref. 19232], Parenti & Randall 2020:119 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Hypoplectrus unicolor (Walbaum 1792). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

epinephelus, Holocentrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:330, 357 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Jamaica. Unneeded replacement name for Epinephelus striatus Bloch 1793. •Synonym of Diplectrum formosum (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:115 [ref. 37354]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Diplectrum formosum (Linnaeus 1766). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

eumelum, Diplectrum Rosenblatt [R. H.] & Johnson [G. D.] 1974:185, Fig. 1b [California Fish and Game v. 60 (no. 4); ref. 7537] Bahía de Banderas, Jalisco, Mexico, depth 31-35 meters. Holotype: SIO 65-160. Paratypes: SIO 15-111 (1) (ex UCLA W56-118), 15-181 (54) (ex UCLA W63-148), 65-160 (8), 70-141 (2), 70-218 (24), 71-57 (8), 71-249 (2); UCLA 63-142 (12); USNM 216407 [ex SIO 62-51] (7). •Valid as Diplectrum eumelum Rosenblatt & Johnson 1974 -- (Bortone 1977:39 [ref. 7064], Allen & Robertson 1994:108 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:90 [ref. 23101], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1582 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:282 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:335 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:362 [ref. 24555], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:162 [ref. 25813], Nelson et al. 2004:127 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32708], Parenti & Randall 2020:114 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Diplectrum eumelum Rosenblatt & Johnson 1974. Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Mexico south to Panama. Habitat: marine.

euryplectrum, Diplectrum Jordan [D. S.] & Bollman [C. H.] 1890:157 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 12 (no. 770); ref. 2433] Off Pacific coast of Colombia. Syntypes: CAS-SU 1172 (6), 1458 (7); USNM 41141 (2), 41148 (1), ?41400 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:69 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Diplectrum euryplectrum Jordan & Bollman 1890 -- (Bortone 1977:36 [ref. 7064], Allen & Robertson 1994:108 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:90 [ref. 23101], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1583 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:276 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:335 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:361 [ref. 24555], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:162 [ref. 25813], Nelson et al. 2004:127 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:444 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:608 [ref. 34923], Parenti & Randall 2020:114 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Diplectrum euryplectrum Jordan & Bollman 1890. Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Baja California (Mexico) south to Peru. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Holocentrus Bloch [M. E.] 1790:86, Pl. 240 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 4; ref. 469] No locality. On p. 67 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 7 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:127 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

fasciatus, Labrus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:265 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Labrus fasciatus Bloch 1792. •Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Paralabrax Bleeker [P.] 1872:150 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 4; ref. 431] China. No types known. Original as Paralabrax? fasciatus. Based on a painting. •Incertae asedis -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:129 [ref. 37354]). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Prionodes Jenyns [L.] 1840:47, Pl. 9 (fig. 1) [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Beagle; ref. 2344] San Cristóbal Island [Chatham Island], Galápagos Islands. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:20, 59 [ref. 19232]. •Synonym of Serranus psittacinus Valenciennes 1846 -- (Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1577 [ref. 22830], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:333 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:360 [ref. 24555], Parenti & Randall 2020:126 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus psittacinus Valenciennes 1846. Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

fascicularis, Serranus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:245, Pl. 30 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-7022. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:28 [ref. 19232]. •Synonym of Diplectrum formosum (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Bortone 1977:11 [ref. 7064], Parenti & Randall 2020:115 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Diplectrum formosum (Linnaeus 1766). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

flavescens, Serranus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:506 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Martinique Island, West Indies. Holotype: MNHN 0000-7028. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:28 [ref. 19232]. •Synonym of Serranus tabacarius (Cuvier 1829) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:128 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus tabacarius (Cuvier 1829). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

flavimacula, Chelidoperca Psomadakis [P. N.], Gon [O.] & Htut [T.] 2021:93, Figs. 3B, 4, 5B, 6B, 7B, 8B [Zootaxa 4927 (no. 1); ref. 38144] Off Ayeyarwady coast, Myanmar, Andaman Sea, Indian Ocean, 14°30.76'N, 95°47.22'E, depth 126 - 131 meters. Holotype: SAIAB 209601. Paratypes: (7) KAUM-I, SAIAB, USNM. •Valid as Chelidoperca flavimacula Psomadakis, Gon & Htut 2021. Current status: Valid as Chelidoperca flavimacula Psomadakis, Gon & Htut 2021. Serranidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Andaman Sea. Habitat: marine.

flaviventris, Dules Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:113 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Brazil. Syntypes: MNHN A-3018 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:116 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Serranus flaviventris (Cuvier 1829) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:139 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1991:361 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:436 [ref. 23827], Aguilera 1998:48 [ref. 24221], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:166 [ref. 25813], Rocha & Rosa 2001:989 [ref. 25909], López et al. 2002:65 [ref. 26808], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:77 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:25 [ref. 27621], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:809 [ref. 33030], Nión et al. 2016:46 [ref. 35565], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Spier et al. 2018:9 [ref. 36103], Parenti & Randall 2020:124 [ref. 37354], Robertson et al. 2020:162 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Serranus flaviventris (Cuvier 1829). Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Sint Eustatius, Venezuela, Brazil, Uruguay. Habitat: marine.

flavolineata, Chelidoperca Matsunuma [M.], Tan [H. H.] & Peristiwady [T.] 2020:[2], Figs. 1-3a-d, 4, 6 [Ichthyological Research v. 67 (no. 2); ref. 37367] Off Java, Indonesia, 08°09.1'S, 109°08.1' - 10.1'E, depth 115 - 165 meters. Holotype: MZB 25196 [ex HUMZ 191394]. Paratypes: BMNH 1986.11.28.11 (1), HUMZ, LBRC, ZRC. •Valid as Chelidoperca flavolineata Matsunuma, Tan & Peristiwady 2020 -- (Matsunuma & Tashiro 2020:154 [ref. 37726], Parenti & Randall 2020:112 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Chelidoperca flavolineata Matsunuma, Tan & Peristiwady 2020. Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: South coast of Java (Indonesia); probably the northern continental shelf of Australia. Habitat: marine.

flavus, Holocentrus Risso [A.] 1810:293 [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:41 [ref. 19232]. •Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). (Bauchot et al. 1984:41 [ref. 19232], Parenti & Randall 2020:124 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

floridae, Hypoplectrus Victor [B. C.] 2012:4, Figs. 1-5, 7 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 5; ref. 32153] Ten Thousand Islands, 25.6°N, 81.25°W, off Everglades, southwestern Florida, U.S.A. Holotype: SIO 12-58 (40.3 mm SL). Paratypes: SIO 12-58 (3), 12-59 (1). Plus photographs. •Valid as Hypoplectrus floridae Victor 2012 -- (Tavera & Acero P. 2013:33 [ref. 32434], Victor & Marks 2018:12 [ref. 36139], Parenti & Randall 2020:117 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Hypoplectrus floridae Victor 2012. Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: eastern Gulf of Mexico and southern Florida, U.S.A. Habitat: marine.

formosa, Chelidoperca Tang [C.-N.] & Ho [H.-C.] 2021:3, Figs. 1-4 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 99 (no. 3); ref. 38370] Off Ke-tzu-liao, Kaohsiung, southeastern Taiwan. Holotype: NMMBP 34815. Paratypes: NMMBP 34816 (1), NMMBP 34817 (1), NMMST P002345 (1). •Valid as Chelidoperca formosa Tang & Ho 2021. Current status: Valid as Chelidoperca formosa Tang & Ho 2021. Serranidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: southwestern Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

formosa, Perca Linnaeus [C.] 1766:488 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] Carolina [South Carolina, U.S.A.]. Syntypes: Linn. Soc. Lond. 92 (right half-skin) Type catalog: Wheeler 1985:48-49 [ref. 20705]. Type information: Goode & Bean 1885:203 [ref. 1841]. Based on multiple sources, including the 'Grunt; Perca marina capite striato' of Catesby 1743:6, Pl. 6, fig. 1 (v. 2) [ref. 774] [locality not stated], 'Squirrelfish' in manuscript description and a specimen sent by A. Garden [South Carolina]. •Valid as Diplectrum formosum (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Bortone 1977:11 [ref. 7064], Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:311 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:141 [ref. 23100], Bullock & Smith 1991:47 [ref. 36591], Cervigón 1991:319 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:105 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:434 [ref. 23827], Aguilera 1998:48 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:268 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:206 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:156 [ref. 27754], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:162 [ref. 25813], Rocha & Rosa 2001:989 [ref. 25909], Heemstra et al. 2003:1338 [ref. 27060], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:75 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:127 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:141 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:38 [ref. 33341], Spier et al. 2018:9 [ref. 36103], Ribeiro et al. 2019:7 [ref. 36717], Parenti & Randall 2020:114 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Diplectrum formosum (Linnaeus 1766). Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Virginia (U.S.A.) south to southern Brazil. Habitat: marine.

furva, Perca Walbaum [J. J.] (ex Schöpf) 1792:336 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Nova Eburacum [New York, U.S.A.]. No types known. Based on 'Perca, Blackfish, in Neu York' in Schöpf 1788:164 [ref. 18700]. •Synonym of Centropristis striata (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Smith 1986:420 [ref. 22186] as fulva, Parenti & Randall 2020:111 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Centropristis striata (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

fuscovittatus, Labrus Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Brünnich) 1788:110 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Spalato (Split, Croatia, Adriatic Sea). No types known. Originally as fusco-vittatus. Based on Labrus sp. of Brünnich 1768:98, No. 11 [ref. 17290]. •Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

fusculus, Centropristes Poey [F.] 1861:342 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Havana, Cuba. Holotype (unique): MCZ 10015. Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:193 [ref. 22926]. Original genus should have been Centropristis. •Valid as Serranus fuscula (Poey 1861) -- (Robertson et al. 2020:162 [ref. 38098]). •Valid as Centropristis fuscula Poey 1861 -- (Bortone 1977:24 [ref. 7059], Robins & Ray 1986:138 [ref. 23100], Heemstra et al. 2003:1326 [ref. 27060], Nelson et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32708], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:148 [ref. 37485], Parenti & Randall 2020:110 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Centropristis fuscula Poey 1861. Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Cuba; Sint Eustatius; Rio Grande do Norte (Brazil). Habitat: marine.

gemma, Hypoplectrus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1882:428 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 5 (no. 297); ref. 1840] Garden Key, Dry Tortugas, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 3422. •See Aguilar-Perera & González-Salas 2010:377 [ref. 30878]. •Valid as Hypoplectrus gemma Goode & Bean 1882 -- (Cervigón 1992:435 [ref. 23827], Domeier 1994:104 [ref. 21359], Musick et al. 2000:16 [ref. 24959], Claro et al. 2000:22 [ref. 26458], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:157 [ref. 27754], Heemstra et al. 2003:1365 [ref. 27060], Nelson et al. 2004:128 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:158 [ref. 28815], Aguilar-Perera & Tuz-Sulub 2010:143 [ref. 31684], Lobel 2011:11 [ref. 31606], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2012:4 [ref. 31860], Tavera & Acero P. 2013:33 [ref. 32434], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], Robertson et al. 2016:144 [ref. 34961], Parenti & Randall 2020:117 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Hypoplectrus gemma Goode & Bean 1882. Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida and Bahamas, also Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: marine.

godeffroyi, Percichthys Günther [A.] 1873:97 [1] [Journal des Museum Godeffroy v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 6423] Iquique, Chile. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1873.4.3.93. On p. 1 of separate. Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

gummigutta, Plectropoma Poey [F.] 1851:[70, 75], Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 1; ref. 3497] Havana, Cuba. Holotype (?): USNM 2667. Originally gummi-gutta. Name dates from plate: Nov. 1851; text published Apr. 1852. •Valid as Hypoplectrus gummigutta (Poey 1851) -- (Cervigón 1992:435 [ref. 23827], Domeier 1994:104 [ref. 21359], Acero P. & Garzón-Ferreira 1994:13 [ref. 22090], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:157 [ref. 27754], Heemstra et al. 2003:1366 [ref. 27060], Aguilar-Perera & González-Salas 2010:377 [ref. 30878], Lobel 2011:11 [ref. 31606], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2012:4 [ref. 31860], Parenti & Randall 2020:118 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Hypoplectrus gummigutta (Poey 1851). Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida (U.S.A.) and Bahamas to Jamaica and Puerto Rico. Habitat: marine.

guttavarium, Plectropoma Poey [F.] 1852:70 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 1; ref. 3497] Havana, Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 9781 (2). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:194 [ref. 22926]. •Valid as Hypoplectrus guttavarius (Poey 1852) -- (Cervigón 1992:435 [ref. 23827], Domeier 1994:104 [ref. 21359], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:157 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2003:107 [ref. 26784], Heemstra et al. 2003:1366 [ref. 27060], Nelson et al. 2004:128 [ref. 27807], Aguilar-Perera & González-Salas 2010:377 [ref. 30878], Lobel 2011:11 [ref. 31606], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2012:4 [ref. 31860], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:40 [ref. 33341], Victor & Marks 2018:13 [ref. 36139], Parenti & Randall 2020:118 [ref. 37354], Robertson et al. 2020:162 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Hypoplectrus guttavarius (Poey 1852). Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida (U.S.A.) and Bahamas south to Panama, including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

hasseltii, Paraserranus Bleeker [P.] 1874:7 [Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Amsterdam) v. 14 (art. 2); ref. 5110] Java, Indonesia [erroneous, should be western Atlantic]. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Diplectrum radiale (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:116 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Diplectrum radiale (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Serranidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

hepatus, Labrus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:282 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Valid as Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Tortonese 1973:356 [ref. 7192], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:791 [ref. 13676], Klausewitz 1989:261 [ref. 13650], Smith 1990:705 [ref. 18227], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:166 [ref. 25813], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:77 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:37 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:80 [ref. 29533], Fricke 2008:29 [ref. 30182], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:42 [ref. 36649], Wirtz & Iwamoto 2016:192 [ref. 34418] Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2410 [ref. 34618], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:13 [ref. 36189], Martins & Carneiro 2018:126 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:556 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:246 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:96 [ref. 36864], Bariche & Fricke 2020:88 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:41 [ref. 37519], Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354], Golani 2021:42 [ref. 38303], González-Lorenzo et al. 2021:143 [ref. 38374]). Current status: Valid as Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; Black Sea; eastern Atlantic: Portugal south to Senegal, including Canary Islands. Habitat: marine.

heterurus, Paracentropristis Cadenat [J.] 1937:456, Figs. 13-14 [Revue des Travaux de l'Institut des Pêches Maritimes v. 10 (fasc. 4, no. 40); ref. 17134] West Africa. Syntypes: MHNLR P.407 (1), 1 lost. Type catalog: Aloncle 1968:686-687 [ref. 20713], Bauchot et al. 1984:43 [ref. 19232]. •Synonym of Serranus sanctaehelenae Boulenger 1895 -- (Smith 1990:706 [ref. 18227]). •Valid as Serranus heterurus (Cadenat 1937) -- (Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:166 [ref. 25813], Wirtz et al. 2013:122 [ref. 32972], Wirtz & Iwamoto 2016:192 [ref. 34418], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2411 [ref. 34618], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:15 [ref. 36189], Reiner 2019:177 [ref. 38139], Parenti & Randall 2020:125 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus heterurus (Cadenat 1937). Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal south to Ghana, including Cape Verde Islands, and São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

hians, Holocentrum Nardo [G. D.] 1827:31, 38 (no. 105) [Giornale di fisica, chimica e storia naturale, medicina, ed arti. (series 2) Dec. II, v. 10; ref. 3146] Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. Also in Nardo 1827:col. 480 and 486 [ref. 19740]. •Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

hiatula, Labrus Bonnaterre [J. P.] 1788:116, Pl. 52 (fig. 198) [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Not an independent species description, but a misidentification of Labrus hiatula (non Linnaeus 1766) (originally from the Western Atlantic), but based on Mediterranean specimens of 'De hiatvla sive channa' of Salviani 1558:229 [ref. 30229] and 'Channa Bondeletii & Bellonii' of Willughby 1686:327 [ref. 30164]. See Labrus salviani Suckow 1799. •In the synonymy of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae.

hirundinaceus, Centropristis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:450 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Japan. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-7428 (1, dry, poor condition), 0000-3061 (1, dry); ZMB 6983 (1, not found), 10282 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:12 [ref. 19232]. •Valid as Chelidoperca hirundinacea (Valenciennes 1831) -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:133 [ref. 6441], Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1985:469, 668 [ref. 8056], Lee 1990:68 [ref. 19830], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:231 [ref. 27969] as hirudinacea, Chen et al. 1997:52 [ref. 26476], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2473 [ref. 24815], Nakabo 2000:692 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:609 [ref. 25122] as hirundacea, Shinohara et al. 2001:321 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:692 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:309, 590 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:430 [ref. 28370], Shinohara et al. 2014:259 [ref. 33330], Bineesh et al. 2014:117 [ref. 33649], Williams & Carpenter 2015:287 [ref. 33647], Matsunuma & Motomura 2016:388, 399 [ref. 34335], Motomura et al. 2017:83 [ref. 35490], Matsunuma et al. 2017:[19] [ref. 35700], Lee et al. 2019:23 [ref. 36888], Matsunuma & Tashiro 2020:154 [ref. 37726], Ogino et al. 2019:14 [ref. 37056], Parenti & Randall 2020:112 [ref. 37354], Sonoyama et al. 2020:53 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Chelidoperca hirundinacea (Valenciennes 1831). Serranidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: eastern Indonesia and Philippines north to Japan, south to Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

huascarii, Serranus Steindachner [F.] 1900:208 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 37 (no. 18) (for 12 July 1900); ref. 14771] Paita, northern Peru. Holotype (unique): ZSM [old collection] destroyed in WWII. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:281 [ref. 28925]. Species illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1902:112, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [ref. 10435]. •Valid as Prionodes huascarii (Steindachner 1900) -- (Pequeño 1989:60 [ref. 14125]). •Valid as Serranus huascarii Steindachner 1900 -- (Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1577 [ref. 22830], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:360 [ref. 24555], Thomson et al. 2000:74 [ref. 25640], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:165 [ref. 25813], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:812 [ref. 33030], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:125 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus huascarii Steindachner 1900. Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: central Gulf of California (Mexico) south to Chile. Habitat: marine.

humeralis, Serranus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:246 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Coast of Chile. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-7072 (poor condition). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:29 [ref. 19232]. •Valid as Paralabrax humeralis (Valenciennes 1828) -- (Pequeño 1989:59 [ref. 14125], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1606 [ref. 22830], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:328 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:356 [ref. 24555], Pequeño & Sáez 2000:32 [ref. 24590], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:163 [ref. 25813], Pondella et al. 2003:182 [ref. 29770], Parenti & Randall 2020:120 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Paralabrax humeralis (Valenciennes 1828). Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Costa Rica south to Chile, including Juan Fernández Islands. Habitat: marine.

incisus, Serranus Colin [P. L.] 1978:191, Figs. 1-3 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 91 (no. 1); ref. 8944] Piedra de Carabinero, Mona Island, Puerto Rico, depth 33 meters. Holotype: ANSP 137657. Paratypes: ANSP 137658 (1), UF 232963 [ex UMML 32963] (1), USNM 216596 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:155 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Parasphyraenops incisus (Colin 1978) -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:217 [ref. 25013], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:42 [ref. 33341], Parenti & Randall 2020:121 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Parasphyraenops incisus (Colin 1978). Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Turks and Caicos Ids, possibly Curaçao. Habitat: marine.

indigo, Plectropoma Poey [F.] 1851:[69, 75], Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 1; ref. 3497] Havana, Cuba. Poey specimens: ZMB 5960 (1). Name dates from plate: Nov. 1851; text published Apr. 1852. •Valid as Hypoplectrus indigo (Poey 1851) -- (Cervigón 1992:435 [ref. 23827], Domeier 1994:104 [ref. 21359], Acero P. & Garzón-Ferreira 1994:13 [ref. 22090], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:157 [ref. 27754], Heemstra et al. 2003:1366 [ref. 27060], Smith et al. 2003:22 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:128 [ref. 27807], Aguilar-Perera & González-Salas 2010:377 [ref. 30878], Lobel 2011:11 [ref. 31606], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2012:4 [ref. 31860], Victor 2012:3 [ref. 32153], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:40 [ref. 33341], Robertson et al. 2016:144 [ref. 34961], Victor & Marks 2018:14 [ref. 36139], Parenti & Randall 2020:118 [ref. 37354], Robertson et al. 2020:162 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Hypoplectrus indigo (Poey 1851). Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida (U.S.A.) and Bahamas south to Honduras and Jamaica, including Gulf of Mexico and northern Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

inexpectatus, Serranus (Paracentropristis) Wirtz [P.] & Iwamoto [T.] in Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:18, Figs. 13-15 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 65 (no. 1); ref. 36189] Angola, 10°49'S, 13°43'E, depth 35-36 meters. Holotype: ZSM 45041. Paratypes: IRSNB 9534 (1); ZSM 32516 (1). •Valid as Serranus inexpectatus Wirtz & Iwamoto 2018 -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:125 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus inexpectatus Wirtz & Iwamoto 2018. Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal south to Angola. Habitat: marine.

inmaculatus, Trisotropis Poey [F.] 1955:119 [Ictiologia Cubana. Posthumous transcription of original unpublished manuscript (1884) by M. Sánchez Roig and F. Gómez de la Maza v. 1; ref. 22481] No types known. Posthumous publication. Also appeared in Poey 1962:27 [ref. 26395] and 2000:46 [ref. 26366] with figures in atlas. Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

investigatoris, Centropristis Alcock [A. W.] 1890:199 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 6 (no. 33) (art. 26); ref. 82] Off Madras coast, India, 18°30'N, 84°46'E, Investigator station 96, depth 98-102 fathoms. Syntypes: ZSI F12820-21 (2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:143 [ref. 20743], Menon and Rama-Rao 1970:377 [ref. 27516], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:39 [ref. 22148]. Figured in Alcock 1894: Pl. 10 (fig. 1) [ref. 17304]. •Valid as Chelidoperca investigatoris (Alcock 1890) -- (Bineesh et al. 2014:117 [ref. 33649], Williams & Carpenter 2015:287 [ref. 33647], Matsunuma & Motomura 2016:388 [ref. 34335], Matsunuma et al. 2017:[1] [ref. 35700], Matsunuma & Tashiro 2020:156 [ref. 37726], Psomadakis et al. 2020:384 [ref. 37272], Parenti & Randall 2020:112 [ref. 37354], Akhilesh et al. 2021:50 [ref. 38701], Psomadakis et al. 2021:102 [ref. 38144]). Current status: Valid as Chelidoperca investigatoris (Alcock 1890). Serranidae. Distribution: Northern Indian Ocean: Arabian Sea east to Myanmar. Habitat: marine.

irradians, Serranus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:244 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Montevideo, Uruguay; Brazil. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-7018 (1, holotype of radians) Rio de Janeiro, A-0461 (1, dry) Brazil, A-0462 (1), A-0464 (1, dry) Brazil. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:29, 60 [ref. 19232]. Based on Serranus radians Quoy & Gaimard 1824 plus specimens. •Synonym of Diplectrum radiale [in part] (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Bortone 1977:26 [ref. 7064] one of 4 syntypes, A.462). •Synonym of Diplectrum formosum (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Bortone 1977:11 [ref. 7064], Parenti & Randall 2020:115 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Diplectrum formosum (Linnaeus 1766). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

jacome, Serranus Poey [F.] 1851:[57, 59], Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 1; ref. 3497] Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 10008 (1), 10067 (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:193-194 [ref. 22926]. Name dates from plate (Nov. 1851); text published Apr. 1852. •Synonym of Serranus tabacarius (Cuvier 1829) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:128 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus tabacarius (Cuvier 1829). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

knysnaensis, Serranus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] 1904:2, Pl. 19 [Marine Investigations in South Africa v. 3; ref. 1646] Knysna, Cape Province, South Africa. Holotype (unique): SAM 11647. Spelled knysnaensis on p. 1 and on plate, Kynsnaensis on p. 2; Corrigenda for vol. III corrects p. 2 to knysnaensis and locality to Knysna. •Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1986:536 [ref. 5667]). •Valid as Serranus knysnaensis Gilchrist 1904 -- (Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:174 [ref. 28072], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:812 [ref. 33030], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2409 [ref. 34618], Fricke et al. 2018:158 [ref. 35805], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:36 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:125 [ref. 37354], Sithole et al. 2021:102 [ref. 38788]). Current status: Valid as Serranus knysnaensis Gilchrist 1904. Serranidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic Ocean, southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa north to Bazaruto (southern Mozambique), east to Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

labarum, Diplectrum Rosenblatt [R. H.] & Johnson [G. D.] 1974:181, Fig. 1a [California Fish and Game v. 60 (no. 4); ref. 7537] Bahía de Banderas, Jalisco, Mexico, depth 31-35 meters. Holotype: SIO 65-160. Paratypes: BMNH 1980.9.5.38 [ex SIO 65-250] (1); CAS 47785 [ex SIO 65-305] (2); 47786 [ex SIO 61-282] (3), 47787 [ex SIO 63-526] (10), 47788 [ex SIO 65-350] (7), 47789 [ex SIO 68-66] (7), 47790 [ex SIO 68-74] (14); FMNH 82963 [ex SIO 68-71] (57); ?to Mexico [ex SIO 68-74] (14); SIO (56 lots, 1503); UCLA 56-118 (1); USNM 216406 [?ex SIO ] (18). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:32 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Diplectrum labarum Rosenblatt & Johnson 1974 -- (Bortone 1977:37 [ref. 7064], Allen & Robertson 1994:108 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:90 [ref. 23101], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1584 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:277 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:360 [ref. 24555], González-Acosta & De la Cruz-Agüero 1999:41 [ref. 24505], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:162 [ref. 25813], Nelson et al. 2004:127 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32708], González-Murcia et al. 2019:306 [ref. 36544], Parenti & Randall 2020:115 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Diplectrum labarum Rosenblatt & Johnson 1974. Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Baja California (Mexico) south to Panama. Habitat: marine.

lecromi, Chelidoperca Fourmanoir [P.] 1982:63, Fig. 4 [Cybium 3e série. Bulletin de la Société Française d'Ichtyologie v. 6 (no. 4); ref. 8483] Chesterfield Island, Coral Sea, 19°40'S, 158°31'E, depth 300 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1981-1436. Paratype: MNHN 1981-1437 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:13 [ref. 19232]. •Valid as Chelidoperca lecromi Fourmanoir 1982 -- (Fricke et al. 2011:384 [ref. 31242], Bineesh et al. 2014:117 [ref. 33649], Williams & Carpenter 2015:287 [ref. 33647], Matsunuma & Motomura 2016:388, 399 [ref. 34335], Matsunuma et al. 2017:[19] [ref. 35700], Lee et al. 2019:21 [ref. 36888], Ogino et al. 2019:14 [ref. 37056], Matsunuma & Tashiro 2020:156 [ref. 37726], Parenti & Randall 2020:112 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Chelidoperca lecromi Fourmanoir 1982. Serranidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Chesterfield Islands and Grande Terre (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

leucostigmata, Chelidoperca Lee [S.-H.], Lee [M.-Y.], Matsunuma [M.] & Chen [W.-J.] 2019:8, Fig. 5 [Frontiers in Marine Science v. 6: 465; ref. 36888] North Macclesfield Bank, South China Sea, 16°07′N, 114°20′E, depth 162 - 165 meters. Holotype: NTUM 14721. Paratypes: NTUM. •Valid as Chelidoperca leucostigmata Lee, Lee, Matsunuma & Chen 2019 -- (Ogino et al. 2019:14 [ref. 37056], Matsunuma & Tashiro 2020:156 [ref. 37726], Parenti & Randall 2020:112 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Chelidoperca leucostigmata Lee, Lee, Matsunuma & Chen 2019. Serranidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Macclesfield Bank (Zhongsha), South China Sea. Habitat: marine.

liberte, Hypoplectrus Victor [B. C.] & Marks [K. W.] 2018:10, Figs. 1, 2A [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 31; ref. 36139] Baie de Fort-Liberté, off Fort St. Joseph, Haiti, 19.677°, -71.843°, depth 9 meters. Holotype: UF 239538. Paratypes: UF, USNM. •Valid as Hypoplectrus liberte Victor & Marks 2018 -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:118 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Hypoplectrus liberte Victor & Marks 2018. Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: northeastern Haiti. Habitat: marine.

loeflingii, Labrus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:262 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality stated. •Unidentifiable serranid -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:61 [ref. 24943]). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

loro, Paralabrax Walford [L. A.] 1936:2 [Occasional Papers of the Santa Barbara Museum v. 4; ref. 13272] Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Holotype: USNM 100978 (1). Additional material: (3) USNM. •Valid as Paralabrax loro Walford 1936 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:114 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:94 [ref. 23101], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1607 [ref. 22830], Thomson et al. 2000:76 [ref. 25640], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:163 [ref. 25813], Béarez & Jiménez Prado 2003:110 [ref. 37318], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], Pondella et al. 2003:182 [ref. 29770], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], González-Murcia et al. 2019:306 [ref. 36544], Parenti & Randall 2020:120 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Paralabrax loro Walford 1936. Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California (Mexico) south to Ecuador. Habitat: marine.

luciopercanus, Serranus Poey [F.] 1852:56, 59, Pl. 9 (fig. 1) [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 1; ref. 3497] Havana, Cuba. Poey specimens: ZMB 5965 (1). •Valid as Serranus luciopercanus Poey 1852 -- (Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:187 [ref. 28815], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:43 [ref. 33341], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:125 [ref. 37354], Robertson et al. 2020:162 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Serranus luciopercanus Poey 1852. Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bahamas, West Indies, Honduras. Habitat: marine.

macropoma, Centropristis Günther [A.] 1864:145 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1864 (pt 1) (art. 3) (for 22 Mar. 1864); ref. 13930] Pacific coast of Panama. Syntypes: BMNH 1864.1.26.426 (1), 1977.8.30.1-2 (2); ZMB 6799 (1). •Valid as Diplectrum macropoma (Günther 1864) -- (Bortone 1977:41 [ref. 7064], Allen & Robertson 1994:108 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:90 [ref. 23101], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1585 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:278 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:336 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:362 [ref. 24555], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:162 [ref. 25813], Nelson et al. 2004:127 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32708], Parenti & Randall 2020:115 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Diplectrum macropoma (Günther 1864). Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Baja California (Mexico) south to Peru, including Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

maculata, Paralabrax Howell Rivero [L.] 1936:59 [Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 41 (no. 4); ref. 12257] Matanzas, Cuba. Holotype: MCZ 34040. Paratypes: MCZ 34041 (3). •Synonym of Serranus baldwini (Evermann & Marsh 1899) -- (Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus baldwini (Evermann & Marsh 1899). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

maculatofasciatus, Serranus Steindachner [F.] 1868:120 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 5 (no. 14) (for 22 May 1867); ref. 20463] Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Syntypes: (several) whereabouts unknown. Species originally spelled as maculato-fasciatus, later described in more detail in Steindachner 1868:969 [p. 5 of separate], Pl. 2 [ref. 14081]. •Valid as Paralabrax maculatofasciatus (Steindachner 1868) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:200 [ref. 9277], Allen & Robertson 1994:114 [ref. 22193], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1608 [ref. 22830], Tranah & Allen 1999:103 [ref. 24152], Fuller et al. 1999:352 [ref. 25838], Stepien et al. 2001:1852 [ref. 25601], Thomson et al. 2000:75 [ref. 25640], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:164 [ref. 25813], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], Pondella et al. 2003:181 [ref. 29770], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:222 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:74 [ref. 37205], Franklin et al. 2019:103 [ref. 37345], Parenti & Randall 2020:120 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Paralabrax maculatofasciatus (Steindachner 1868). Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: central California (U.S.A.) south to Pacific coast of Baja California and Gulf of California (Mexico). Introduced at Hawaiian Islands (central Pacific). Habitat: marine.

maculicauda, Chelidoperca Bineesh [K. K.] & Akhilesh [K. V.] In Bineesh et al. 2013:74, Figs. 2-5 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 19 (no. 2); ref. 32687] Off Kollam, Kerala coast, India, southeastern Arabian Sea, depth 180-320 meters. Holotype: CMFRI GB 31.138.14.5. Paratypes: CMFRI GB 31.139.14.5 (1), GB 31.139.5.2 (1). •Valid as Chelidoperca maculicauda Bineesh & Akhilesh 2013 -- (Bineesh et al. 2014:117 [ref. 33649], Williams & Carpenter 2015:287 [ref. 33647], Matsunuma & Motomura 2016:388 [ref. 34335], Matsunuma et al. 2017:[19] [ref. 35700], Ogino et al. 2019:14 [ref. 37056], Matsunuma & Tashiro 2020:156 [ref. 37726], Matsunuma et al. 2020:[10] [ref. 37367], Parenti & Randall 2020:112 [ref. 37354], Akhilesh et al. 2021:50 [ref. 38701]). Current status: Valid as Chelidoperca maculicauda Bineesh & Akhilesh 2013. Serranidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Somalia east to western Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

maculiferus, Hypoplectrus Poey [F.] 1871:78, Pl. 1 (bottom) [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 10 (no. 1-3) (art. 3); ref. 3506] Havana, Cuba. Holotype: MCZ 9783 or USNM 24783. Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:194 [ref. 22926]. •Questionably a synonym of Hypoplectrus aberrans (Poey 1868) -- (Domeier 1994:105 [ref. 21359]). •Valid as Hypoplectrus maculiferus Poey 1871 -- (Heemstra et al. 2003:1367 [ref. 27060] as cf. maculiferus, Lobel 2011:11 [ref. 31606], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2012:4 [ref. 31860], Robertson et al. 2016:144 [ref. 34961], Parenti & Randall 2020:118 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Hypoplectrus maculiferus Poey 1871. Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

margaritifera, Chelidoperca Weber [M.] 1913:207, Fig. 53 [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Between Misool [Misol] Island and New Guinea, 2°28.5'S, 131°3.3'E, Siboga station 166, depth 118 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMA 101029. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:87 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Chelidoperca margaritifera Weber 1913 -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:133 [ref. 6441], Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1985:471, 669 [ref. 8056], Paxton et al. 1989:492 [ref. 12442], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2473 [ref. 24815], Nakabo 2000:692 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:692 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:430 [ref. 28370], Hoese & Bray 2006:1032 [ref. 29000], Fricke et al. 2011:384 [ref. 31242], Larson et al. 2013:98 [ref. 32988], Bineesh et al. 2014:117 [ref. 33649], Williams & Carpenter 2015:287 [ref. 33647], Matsunuma & Motomura 2016:388, 399 [ref. 34335], Matsunuma et al. 2017:[19] [ref. 35700], Lee et al. 2019:23 [ref. 36888], Ogino et al. 2019:14 [ref. 37056], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 21 [ref. 38321], Matsunuma & Tashiro 2020:156 [ref. 37726], Parenti & Randall 2020:112 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Chelidoperca margaritifera Weber 1913. Serranidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India and Bangladesh east to Papua New Guinea, north to Japan. Habitat: marine.

marina, Holocentrus Suckow [G. A.] 1799:536 [Naturgeschichte der Thiere v. 4, pt. 1; ref. 18858] New combination for Perca marina Linnaeus 1758 (serranid). Also see Sebastes norvegicus (Ascanius 1772). •In the synonymy of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:127 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

marina, Perca Linnaeus [C.] 1758:290 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Original localities Norway, northeastern Atlantic Ocean; Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: NRM 9 (1), ?442 (1). Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:238-240 [ref. 20707]. Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:238-240 [ref. 20707] pointed out that the sources for the species description in 1758 were referable to Serranus; Fernholm & Wheeler suggest synonymizing P. marina with P. scriba Linnaeus 1758. NRM 442 is the type of scriba. See Sebastes marinus Linnaeus. •In the synonymy of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:127 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

maroccanus, Holocentrus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:320 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Morocco. Holotype (unique): ZMB 5531 (left skin). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:137 [ref. 24282]. •Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Smith 1990:706 [ref. 18227], Parenti & Randall 2020:127 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

maximum, Diplectrum Hildebrand [S. F.] 1946:185, Fig. 42 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 189; ref. 2161] Paita, Peru. Holotype: USNM 77624. Paratypes: USNM 77698 (1). The specimen in USNM 77698 (1) was included with some question but is regarded as a paratype. •Valid as Diplectrum maximum Hildebrand 1946 -- (Bortone 1977:33 [ref. 7064], Allen & Robertson 1994:108 [ref. 22193], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1586 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:279 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:361 [ref. 24555], Lea & Rosenblatt 2000:121 [ref. 25206], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:162 [ref. 25813], Nelson et al. 2004:127 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32708], González-Acosta et al. 2016:[2] 1626 [ref. 36125], Kells et al. 2016:350 [ref. 35888], González-Murcia et al. 2019:306 [ref. 36544], Parenti & Randall 2020:115 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Diplectrum maximum Hildebrand 1946. Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California (Mexico) south to Peru. Habitat: marine.

maya, Hypoplectrus Lobel [P. S.] 2011:4, Figs. 1, 2, 4 [Zootaxa No. 3096; ref. 31606] Tunicate Cove, Pelican Cays, 16°39.6'N, 88°11.1'W, depth 3 meters. Holotype: MCZ 169196. Paratypes: MCZ 166194 (1), 169195 (1), 169197 (1), 169198 (1), 169199 (1), 169200 (1), 169201 (1), 169202 (1). •Valid as Hypoplectrus maya Lobel 2011 -- (Del Moral-Flores et al. 2012:4 [ref. 31860], Tavera & Acero P. 2013:37 [ref. 32434], Parenti & Randall 2020:118 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Hypoplectrus maya Lobel 2011. Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: western Caribbean Sea (Belize). Habitat: marine.

maytagi, Serranus Robins [C. R.] & Starck [W. A., II] 1961:288, Fig. 5a [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 113 (no. 11); ref. 3789] Caribbean Sea, 16°38'N, 81°39'W, depth 150 fathoms. Holotype: ANSP 95130. Paratypes: FMNH 65004 (1), UF 204795 [ex UMML 4795] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:155 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:79 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Serranus maytagi Robins & Starck 1961 -- (Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:165 [ref. 25813], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:126 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus maytagi Robins & Starck 1961. Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: central Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

melanorhina, Plectropoma Guichenot [A.] 1853:18, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Sagra, R. de la, Histoire physique, politique et naturelle de l'Ile de Cuba; ref. 18164] Havana, Cuba. Holotype: MNHN 0000-7797. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:21 [ref. 19232]. •Synonym of Hypoplectrus guttavarius (Poey 1852) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:118 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Hypoplectrus guttavarius (Poey 1852). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

melanus, Centropristes Ginsburg [I.] 1952:84, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 42 (no. 3); ref. 1805] Newport, near Wakulla, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype: FMNH 33719. Paratypes: FMNH 33717-18 (1, 1), 33720-23 (1, 1, 1, 1); USNM 21483 (1), 73009 (1), 92232 (1), 106990 (2). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:21 [ref. 12367]. Centropristis is feminine, so correct is probably Centropristes melana when recognized. Mentioned as sometimes treated as a subspecies of striata by Heemstra et al. 2003:1334 [ref. 27060]. Original genus should have been Centropristis. •Synonym of Centropristis striata (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Bortone 1977:23 [ref. 7059]). •Synonym of Centropristis striata (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Heemstra et al. 2003:1334 [ref. 27060], Parenti & Randall 2020:111 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Centropristis striata (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

mexicanum, Diplectrum Hildebrand [S. F.] 1948:13, Fig. 6 [Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections v. 110 (no. 9); ref. 2162] Gulf of California, Mexico, 30°18'N, 113°05'W, Albatross station 3018, depth 36 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 46518. •Synonym of Diplectrum macropoma (Günther 1864) -- (Bortone 1977:41 [ref. 7064], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1585 [ref. 22830], Parenti & Randall 2020:115 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Diplectrum macropoma (Günther 1864). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

microdon, Chelidoperca Lee [S.-H.], Lee [M.-Y.], Matsunuma [M.] & Chen [W.-J.] 2019:14, Fig. 6 [Frontiers in Marine Science v. 6: 465; ref. 36888] Off Isle of Pines, New Caledonia, Coral Sea, 22°43′S, 167°16′E, depth 265 - 305 meters. Holotype: MNHN 2019-0020. Paratype: NTUM 15636 (1). •Valid as Chelidoperca microdon Lee, Lee, Matsunuma & Chen 2019 -- (Ogino et al. 2019:14 [ref. 37056], Matsunuma & Tashiro 2020:156 [ref. 37726], Parenti & Randall 2020:112 [ref. 37354], Tang & Ho 2021:10 [ref. 38370]). Current status: Valid as Chelidoperca microdon Lee, Lee, Matsunuma & Chen 2019. Serranidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Chesterfield Plateau and Grande Terre (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

myathantuni, Chelidoperca Psomadakis [P. N.], Gon [O.] & Htut [T.] 2021:88, Figs. 1-3A, 5A, 6A, 7A, 8A [Zootaxa 4927 (no. 1); ref. 38144] Off Tanintharyi coast, Myanmar, Andaman Sea, Indian Ocean, 13°3.21'N, 96°41.62'E, depth 121 - 129 meters. Holotype: SAIAB 203716. Paratypes: (14) KAUM-I, SAIAB, USNM. •Valid as Chelidoperca myathantuni Psomadakis, Gon & Htut 2021. Current status: Valid as Chelidoperca myathantuni Psomadakis, Gon & Htut 2021. Serranidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Andaman Sea. Habitat: marine.

mysticalis, Serranus De Vis [C. W.] 1884:390 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 2); ref. 1090] Queensland coast, Australia. QM (whereabouts unknown). •Status uncertain -- (Paxton et al. 1989:508 [ref. 12442]). •Incertae sedis in Serraninae -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1033 [ref. 29000]). Parenti & Randall 2020:130 [ref. 37354] Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

nebulifer, Labrax Girard [C. F.] 1854:142 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 5769] Monterey, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 282 (2). •Valid as Paralabrax nebulifer (Girard 1854) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:201 [ref. 9277], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1609 [ref. 22830], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:164 [ref. 25813], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], Pondella et al. 2003:181 [ref. 29770], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:222 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:74 [ref. 37205], Parenti & Randall 2020:121 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Paralabrax nebulifer (Girard 1854). Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: California (U.S.A.) south to Pacific coast of southern Baja California (Mexico); isolated population at Guerrero (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

nigrescens, Coryphaena Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] (ex Schöpf) 1801:297 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] New York, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ZMB 8168 (stuffed). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:134-135 [ref. 24282] with a holotype. Apparently based on Schöpf description and on one specimen; technically ZMB 8168 probably should be selected as the lectotype. •Synonym of Centropristis striata (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Smith 1986:420 [ref. 22186], Parenti & Randall 2020:111 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Centropristis striata (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

nigricans, Centropristis Cuvier [G.] 1829:145 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] U.S.A. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-6974 (1) New York, 0000-6975 (2) New York. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:13, 58 [ref. 19232]. Based on Lutjanus trilobatus Lacepède 1802 and Coryphaena nigrescens Bloch & Schneider 1801. See also Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:37, Pl. 44 [ref. 4879]. Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

nigricans, Plectropoma Poey [F.] 1852:71, 75 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 1; ref. 3497] Havana, Cuba. Holotype: MCZ 34036. Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:194-195 [ref. 22926]. •Valid as Hypoplectrus nigricans (Poey 1852) -- (Cervigón 1992:435 [ref. 23827], Domeier 1994:104 [ref. 21359], Acero P. & Garzón-Ferreira 1994:11 [ref. 22090], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:157 [ref. 27754], Heemstra et al. 2003:1367 [ref. 27060], Smith et al. 2003:23 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:128 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:159 [ref. 28815], Aguilar-Perera & González-Salas 2010:377 [ref. 30878], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2012:4 [ref. 31860], Victor 2012:15 [ref. 32153], Tavera & Acero P. 2013:33 [ref. 32434], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:40 [ref. 33341], Robertson et al. 2016:144, 149 [ref. 34961], Victor & Marks 2018:14 [ref. 36139], Parenti & Randall 2020:119 [ref. 37354], Robertson et al. 2020:162 [ref. 38098], Escobar-Sierra et al. 2021:79 [ref. 38844]). Current status: Valid as Hypoplectrus nigricans (Poey 1852). Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Southern Florida (U.S.A.), Bahamas, Antilles, and Belize south to Panama, including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

nigropunctatus, Prionodes Hildebrand [S. F.] in Longley & Hildebrand 1940:236, Fig. 7 [Papers Tortugas Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington v. 32; ref. 2822] Tortugas, Florida, U.S.A., depth 30 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 108877. •Synonym of Serranus annularis (Günther 1880) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus annularis (Günther 1880). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

notospilus, Serranus Longley [W. H.] 1935:87 [Carnegie Institution of Washington Year Book No. 34; ref. 13714] Tortugas, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 103765. •Valid as Serranus notospilus Longley 1935 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:140 [ref. 23100], Bullock & Smith 1991:66 [ref. 36591], Cervigón 1991:362 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:109 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:436 [ref. 23827], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:165 [ref. 25813], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:188 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:809 [ref. 33030], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:126 [ref. 37354], Robertson et al. 2020:162 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Serranus notospilus Longley 1935. Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Georgia (U.S.A.), Florida Keys (U.S.A.) south to Suriname, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

novemcinctus, Serranus Kner [R.] 1864:483 [3], Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 49; ref. 4927] Cape of Good Hope and St. Paul Island, southern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: ?BMNH 1883.7.4.76 (1); NMW 20562 (1), 39230 (1), 39425-29 (1, 2, 1, 5, 2). On p. 3 of separate. •Valid as Serranus novemcinctus Kner 1864 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1986:536 [ref. 5667], Collette & Parin 1991:9 [ref. 19110], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:165 [ref. 25813], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:812 [ref. 33030], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:36 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:126 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus novemcinctus Kner 1864. Serranidae. Distribution: Southern Indian Ocean: Walters Shoals, Saint Paul and Amsterdam islands. Records from Cape Horn are probably erroneous. Habitat: marine.

occipitalis, Chelidoperca Kotthaus [A.] 1973:30, Fig. 299 [Meteor Forschungsergebnisse. Reihe D, Biologie No. 16; ref. 7572] Southwest of Socotra, Arabian Sea, 11°33.9'N, 52°54'E to 11°38'N, 52°52'E, Meteor station 102, depth 290-190 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMH 5136 [ex IOES 162]. Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:417 [ref. 21161]. •Valid as Chelidoperca occipitalis Kotthaus 1973 -- (Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S104 [ref. 27377], Bineesh et al. 2014:119 [ref. 33649], Williams & Carpenter 2015:287 [ref. 33647], Psomadakis et al. 2015:195 [ref. 34104], Matsunuma & Motomura 2016:388 [ref. 34335], Rao & Naranji 2016:88 [ref. 36356], Matsunuma et al. 2017:[19] [ref. 35700], Ogino et al. 2019:14 [ref. 37056], Matsunuma & Tashiro 2020:149 [ref. 37726], Psomadakis et al. 2020:385 [ref. 37272] as cf. occipitalis, Parenti & Randall 2020:113 [ref. 37354], Akhilesh et al. 2021:50 [ref. 38701], Psomadakis et al. 2021:102 [ref. 38144]). Current status: Valid as Chelidoperca occipitalis Kotthaus 1973. Serranidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indian Ocean: Madagascar, Socotra, Yemen and Oman east to India and Myanmar. Habitat: marine.

ocyurus, Serranus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1887:468 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 9 (no. 586); ref. 2441] Snapper banks off Pensacola, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 37997. Paratypes are probably available based on cited literature reference in the original description. •Valid as Centropristis ocyura (Jordan & Evermann 1887) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:110 [ref. 37354]). •Valid as Centropristis ocyurus (Jordan & Evermann 1887) -- (Bortone 1977:23 [ref. 7059], Robins & Ray 1986:137 [ref. 23100], Bullock & Smith 1991:30 [ref. 36591], Boschung 1992:104 [ref. 23239], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:267 [ref. 24550] as Centropristes, Nakabo 2000:957 [ref. 25182], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:156 [ref. 27754], Nelson et al. 2004:127 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:133 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Centropristis ocyurus (Jordan & Evermann 1887). Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic North Carolina to Florida (U.S.A.), and Gulf of Mexico (U.S.A., Mexico). Habitat: marine.

oxyrhynchus, Serranus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:320 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Malabar, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-7206. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:33 [ref. 19232], Bauchot & Daget 1996:241 [ref. 22899]. •Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

pacificum, Diplectrum Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1925:477, Pl. 46 (fig. 2) [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 15 (publ. 226); ref. 13609] Naos Island, Panama. Holotype: USNM 81756. Paratypes: FMNH 8394 (3), USNM 80228 (3). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:32 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Diplectrum pacificum Meek & Hildebrand 1925 -- (Bortone 1977:28 [ref. 7064], Allen & Robertson 1994:108 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:90 [ref. 23101], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1587 [ref. 22830], Evseenko 1996:727 [ref. 24666], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:280 [ref. 24545], De la Cruz-Agüero & Cota-Gómez 1998:357 [ref. 23520], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:362 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:269 [ref. 24550], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:162 [ref. 25813], Nelson et al. 2004:127 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32708], Barriga Salazar 2014:119 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:397 [ref. 34894], González-Murcia et al. 2019:306 [ref. 36544], Parenti & Randall 2020:115 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Diplectrum pacificum Meek & Hildebrand 1925. Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: California (U.S.A.) south to Panama. Habitat: marine.

papilionaceus, Serranus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:471 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Gorée, Senegal; Canary Islands. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-7279 (2), Senegal. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:33 [ref. 19232]. •Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Smith 1990:706 [ref. 18227], Parenti & Randall 2020:127 [ref. 37354]). •Valid as Serranus papilonaceus Valenciennes 1832 -- (González-Lorenzo et al. 2021:144 [ref. 38374], Vella et al. 2021:115 [ref. 38149]). Current status: Valid as Serranus papilionaceus Valenciennes 1832. Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania south to Senegal, including Canary Islands. Habitat: marine.

paytensis, Plectropoma Lesson [R. P.] 1831:233 [Voyage autour du monde Zool. v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 2776] Payta, Peru. Holotype (unique): not saved. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:43 [ref. 19232]. Based on a drawing, specimen not saved. •Questionably a synonym of Diplectrum conceptione (Valenciennes 1828) -- (Bortone 1977:32 [ref. 7064], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:162 [ref. 25813], Parenti & Randall 2020:114 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Uncertain as Diplectrum conceptione (Valenciennes 1828). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

peruanus, Serranus Lesson [R. P.] 1831:234 [Voyage autour du monde Zool. v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 2776] Paita, Peru. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Status uncertain -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:126 [ref. 37354]). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

phaeton, Serranus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:309, Pl. 34 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-7173 (dry). Type information: Bauchot & Daget 1996:241 [ref. 22899]. Body is a Serranus, with tail of Fistularia artificially attached! A hoax -- see also Heemstra & Randall 1993:26 [ref. 21042]. Spelled phaëton in Griffith & Smith 1834:113 [ref. 1908]. Serranidae.

philadelphica, Perca Linnaeus [C.] 1758:291 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] America. Holotype: Linn. Soc. Lond. 156 (left half-skin). Type catalog: Goode & Bean 1885:202 [ref. 1841], Wheeler 1985:47-48 [ref. 20705]. •Valid as Centropristis philadelphica (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bortone 1977:23 [ref. 7059], Robins & Ray 1986:137 [ref. 23100], Bullock & Smith 1991:37 [ref. 36591], Boschung 1992:104 [ref. 23239], Heemstra et al. 2003:1326 [ref. 27060], Nelson et al. 2004:127 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:134 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32708], Parenti & Randall 2020:110 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Centropristis philadelphica (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina south to Florida (U.S.A.), and northern Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: marine.

phoebe, Serranus Poey [F.] 1851:[55, 59], Pl. 2 (fig. 3) [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 1; ref. 3497] Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 26949 (1), 31437 (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:193 [ref. 22926]. Name dates from plate (Nov. 1851); text published Apr. 1852. •Valid as Serranus phoebe Poey 1851 -- (Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:309 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:139 [ref. 23100], Bullock & Smith 1991:69 [ref. 36591], Cervigón 1991:363 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:109 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:436 [ref. 23827], Andreata & Séret 1996:585 [ref. 16204] as phobe, Aguilera 1998:48 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:219 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:158 [ref. 27754], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1644 [ref. 25634], Camargo & Isaac 2001:143 [ref. 27639], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:77 [ref. 27192], Bunkley-Williams & Williams 2004:106 [ref. 27795], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:189 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:809 [ref. 33030], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:155 [ref. 37485], Pinheiro et al. 2015:13 [ref. 34324], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:126 [ref. 37354], Robertson et al. 2020:162 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Serranus phoebe Poey 1851. Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina (U.S.A.) and Bermuda south to São Paulo (Brazil), including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

pinnivaria, Hypoplectrus Poey [F.] 1868:291 [Repertorio Fisico-Natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3505] Havana, Cuba. Holotype (unique): MCZ 34035. Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:194 [ref. 22926]. •Synonym of Hypoplectrus unicolor (Walbaum 1792) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:119 [ref. 37354]). •Synonym of Hypoplectrus guttavarius (Poey 1852) -- (Domeier 1994:105 [ref. 21359]). Current status: Synonym of Hypoplectrus guttavarius (Poey 1852). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

pleurospilus, Centropristis Günther [A.] 1880:37, Pl. 16 (fig. D) [Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger in the years 1873-1876 v. 1 (pt 6); ref. 2011] Kai Islands, Challenger station 192, Indonesia, Banda Sea, depth 129 fathoms [ca. 236 meters]. Lectotype: BMNH 1879.5.14.153. Lectotype selected by Matsunuma & Tashiro 2020:142 [ref. 37726]. •Valid as Chelidoperca pleurospilus (Günther 1880) -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:133 [ref. 6441], Shen & Lin 1984:10 [ref. 13822], Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1985:469, 668 [ref. 8056], Lee 1990:68 [ref. 19830], Baranes & Golani 1993:307 [ref. 22372], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2473 [ref. 24815] as pleurospilos, Nakabo 2000:692 [ref. 25086] as pleurospila, Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:609 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:321 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:692 [ref. 26001] as pleurospila, Shinohara et al. 2005:430 [ref. 28370] as pleurospila, Larson et al. 2013:98 [ref. 32988] as pleurospilos, Bineesh et al. 2014:117 [ref. 33649], Williams & Carpenter 2015:287 [ref. 33647], Matsunuma & Motomura 2016:388, 399 [ref. 34335], Matsunuma et al. 2017:[19] [ref. 35700], Fricke et al. 2018:147 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:61 [ref. 36273], Lee et al. 2019:23 [ref. 36888], Ogino et al. 2019:14 [ref. 37056], Matsunuma & Tashiro 2020:142 [ref. 37726], Parenti & Randall 2020:113 [ref. 37354], Sonoyama et al. 2020:53 [ref. 37637], Akhilesh et al. 2021:50 [ref. 38701]). Current status: Valid as Chelidoperca pleurospilus (Günther 1880). Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Andaman Sea (Thailand) east to Philippines, north to southern Sea of Japan, south to Cape Leveque (northern Western Australia) and New Caledonia. Records from Red Sea and Madagascar based on Chelidoperca occipitalis Kotthaus 1973. Habitat: marine.

pomospilus, Paracentropristes Ginsburg [I.] 1952:89, Fig. 3 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 42 (no. 3); ref. 1805] Off St. Joseph Island, Texas, U.S.A., 28°03'30"N, 95°41'30"W, depth 26 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 151883. Paratypes: (56) USNM 117183-86 (12, 1, 2, 2), 133790 (7), 154901-21 (1, 1, 1, 1, 3, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 1, 1, 2, 2, 1, 1, 3, 2). •Synonym of Serranus atrobranchus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:267 [ref. 24550], Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus atrobranchus (Cuvier 1829). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

praestigiator, Serranus Poey [F.] 1851:[58, 59], Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 1; ref. 3497] Havana, Cuba. Holotype: USNM 21228. Poey specimens: ZMB 5966 (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:194 [ref. 22926]. Name dates from plate: Nov. 1851; text published Apr. 1852. •Synonym of Serranus tigrinus (Bloch 1790) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:128 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus tigrinus (Bloch 1790). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

providencianus, Hypoplectrus Acero P. [A.] & Garzón-Ferreira [J.] 1994:6, Figs. 1-2 [Anales del Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas de Punta de Betín No. 23; ref. 22090] Near Lawrence Reef, Isla Providencia, Colombia, Caribbean Sea, depth 10 meters. Holotype: INVEMAR-P 0450. Paratypes: USNM (1). •Valid as Hypoplectrus providencianus Acero P. & Garzón-Ferreira 1994 -- (Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:157 [ref. 27754], Heemstra et al. 2003:1367 [ref. 27060], Aguilar-Perera & González-Salas 2010:377 [ref. 30878], Lobel 2011:11 [ref. 31606], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2012:4 [ref. 31860], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], Parenti & Randall 2020:119 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Hypoplectrus providencianus Acero P. & Garzón-Ferreira 1994. Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: western Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

psittacinus, Serranus Valenciennes [A.] 1846:no p., Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Voyage autour du monde sur la frégate "la Vénus"; ref. 6165] Galápagos Islands. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-7546 (dry). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:33 [ref. 19232]. Dates to publication in plate; corresponding text published as Valenciennes 1855:299 [ref. 4504]. •Valid as Serranus psittacinus Valenciennes 1846 -- (Allen & Robertson 1992:39 [ref. 19673], Allen & Robertson 1994:115 [ref. 22193], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1613 [ref. 22830], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:332 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:360 [ref. 24555], Thomson et al. 2000:74 [ref. 25640], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:166 [ref. 25813], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:812 [ref. 33030], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:146 [ref. 34871], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:608 [ref. 34923], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:126 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus psittacinus Valenciennes 1846. Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: central Baja California (Mexico) and Gulf of California south to Peru, including Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

puella, Plectropoma Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:405, Pl. 37 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Martinique Island, West Indies. Holotype: MNHN 0000-5404. Non-types or possible syntypes: ZMB 356 [ex MNHN] (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:21 [ref. 19232]. •Valid as Hypoplectrus puella (Cuvier 1828) -- (Cervigón 1991:340 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:435 [ref. 23827], Acero P. & Garzón-Ferreira 1994:12 [ref. 22090], Domeier 1994:104 [ref. 21359], Aguilera 1998:48 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:212 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:157 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2003:107 [ref. 26784], Heemstra et al. 2003:1368 [ref. 27060], Smith et al. 2003:23 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:128 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:160 [ref. 28815], Aguilar-Perera & González-Salas 2010:377 [ref. 30878], Lobel 2011:11 [ref. 31606], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2012:4 [ref. 31860], Victor 2012:3 [ref. 32153], Tavera & Acero P. 2013:33 [ref. 32434], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Collette 2013:172 [ref. 32953], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:40 [ref. 33341], Robertson et al. 2016:144 [ref. 34961], Victor & Marks 2018:12 [ref. 36139], Parenti & Randall 2020:119 [ref. 37354], Robertson et al. 2020:162 [ref. 38098], Escobar-Sierra et al. 2021:79 [ref. 38844]). Current status: Valid as Hypoplectrus puella (Cuvier 1828). Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida (U.S.A.) south to West Indies, including northeastern Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea, Habitat: marine.

pulcher, Serranus Wirtz [P.] & Iwamoto [T.] 2016:192, Figs. 1-9 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 63 (no. 6); ref. 34418] São Tomé Island (00°25.099'N, 006°41.718'E) near wreck "Mar Vassa" on coral rubble, depth about 6 meters. Holotype: ZSM 43868. Paratypes: CAS, CIUFES, ZSM. •Valid as Serranus pulcher Wirtz & Iwamoto 2016 -- (Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:22 [ref. 36189], Reiner 2019:178 [ref. 38139], Parenti & Randall 2020:126 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus pulcher Wirtz & Iwamoto 2016. Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

pumilio, Serraniculus Ginsburg [I.] 1952:88, Fig. 2 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 42 (no. 3); ref. 1805] Off Cedar Keys, Florida, U.S.A., 29°05'00"N, 83°22'30"W, Fish Hawk station 7177, depth 5.5 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 133791. Paratypes: (20) FMNH 50103 (1); CAS-SU 50183-84 (1, 1); USNM 101521 (1), 131015 (4), 144164-65 (1, 1), 149971 (1), 154939-44 (1, 1, 1, 3, 2, 1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:79 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Serraniculus pumilio Ginsburg 1952 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:140 [ref. 23100], Bullock & Smith 1991:60 [ref. 36591], Cervigón 1991:357 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:109 [ref. 23239], Aguilera 1998:48 [ref. 24221], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:158 [ref. 27754], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:182 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Parenti & Randall 2020:122 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serraniculus pumilio Ginsburg 1952. Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: South Carolina (U.S.A.) south to Venezuela, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

radialis, Serranus Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:316 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-7015 (1), B-3114 [ex MNHN 0000-7015] (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:34 [ref. 19232] as holotype (7015) and paratype. •Valid as Diplectrum radiale (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Bortone 1977:26 [ref. 7064], Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:310 [ref. 14275], Cervigón 1991:320 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:434 [ref. 23827], Aguilera 1998:48 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:205 [ref. 25013], Figueroa et al. 2000:1280 [ref. 37471], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:157 [ref. 27754], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:162 [ref. 25813], Camargo & Isaac 2001:143 [ref. 27639], López et al. 2002:65 [ref. 26808], Heemstra et al. 2003:1326 [ref. 27060], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:75 [ref. 27192], Nión et al. 2016:46 [ref. 35565], Spier et al. 2018:9 [ref. 36103], Ribeiro et al. 2019:7 [ref. 36717], Parenti & Randall 2020:115 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Diplectrum radiale (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Venezuela south to Mar Chiquita lagoon (Argentina). Habitat: brackish, marine.

radians, Serranus Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:313, Pl. 58 (fig. 2) [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-7018. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:34 [ref. 19232]. •Synonym of Diplectrum formosum (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Bortone 1977:11 [ref. 7064], Parenti & Randall 2020:114 [ref. 37354]). •See also Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:205 [ref. 25013]. •Synonym of Diplectrum formosum (Linnaeus 1766), but a valid subspecies radians (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Heemstra et al. 2003:1337 [ref. 27060]). Current status: Synonym of Diplectrum formosum (Linnaeus 1766). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

randallorum, Hypoplectrus Lobel [P. S.] 2011:7, Figs. 5-7 [Zootaxa No. 3096; ref. 31606] Carrie Bow Cay, ridge east of cay, 16°48.2'N, 88°04.5'W, Belize, depth 18 meters. Holotype: MCZ 169250. Paratypes: BPBM 35766 (1); MCZ 169203 (1), 169204 (1). •Valid as Hypoplectrus randallorum Lobel 2011 -- (Del Moral-Flores et al. 2012:4 [ref. 31860], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], Robertson et al. 2016:144 [ref. 34961], Parenti & Randall 2020:119 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Hypoplectrus randallorum Lobel 2011. Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Southern Florida (U.S.A.), Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

rostrum, Diplectrum Bortone [S. A.] 1974:61, Figs. 1-3 [Copeia 1974 (no. 1); ref. 7491] Eastern Pacific off Ecuador, 3°39'S, 80°41'W, depth 22 meters. Holotype: USNM 208196. Paratypes: CAS 15295-96 (1, 1); LACM W64-64 (4); SIO 64-867 (1), 65-160 (6, c&s), 65-257 (1), 65-285 (1), 65-304 (1), 65-349 (2), 70-62 (1); USNM 208197-99 (4, 1, 1). •Valid as Diplectrum rostrum Bortone 1974 -- (Bortone 1977:30 [ref. 7064], Allen & Robertson 1994:108 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:90 [ref. 23101], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1588 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:281 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:362 [ref. 24555], De la Cruz-Agüero & Cota-Gómez 1998:357 [ref. 23520], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:336 [ref. 24023], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:162 [ref. 25813], Nelson et al. 2004:127 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32708], Parenti & Randall 2020:116 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Diplectrum rostrum Bortone 1974. Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California (Mexico) south to Colombia, including Galápagos Islands (Ecuador). Habitat: marine.

rufus, Centropristes Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:47 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Martinique Island, West Indies. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-6977 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:13 [ref. 19232]. Original genus should have been Centropristis. •Valid as Centropristis rufus Cuvier 1829 -- (Bortone 1977:24 [ref. 7059], Heemstra et al. 2003:1326 [ref. 27060] as a doubtful species). •Valid as Centropristis rufa Cuvier 1829 -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:111 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Uncertain as Centropristis rufa Cuvier 1829. Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: (said to be from Martinique) [doubtful species, doubtful location]. Habitat: marine.

salviani, Labrus Suckow [G. A.] 1799:462 [Naturgeschichte der Thiere v. 4, pt. 1; ref. 18858] Based on Labrus hiatula Bonnaterre 1788, which is preoccupied by Labrus hiatula Linnaeus 1766. •Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

sanctaehelenae, Serranus Boulenger [G. A.] 1895:289, Pl. 11 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum 2nd edition v. 1; ref. 537] Saint Helena Island, South Atlantic. Syntypes: BMNH 1867.12.26.6-7 (1), 2004.12.8.1 (stuffed), Originally as sanctae-helenae, correction mandatory. •Valid as Serranus sanctaehelenae Boulenger 1895 -- (Edwards & Glass 1987:637 [ref. 9166], Smith 1990:705 [ref. 18227], Trunov 2006:475 [ref. 28786], Wirtz et al. 2014:6 [ref. 33516], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2412 [ref. 34618], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:26 [ref. 36189], Brown et al. 2019:177 [ref. 36444], Parenti & Randall 2020:127 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus sanctaehelenae Boulenger 1895. Serranidae. Distribution: Southern central Atlantic: Ascension and Saint Helena islands endemic. Habitat: marine.

santosi, Chelidoperca Williams [J. T.] & Carpenter [K. E.] 2015:288, Fig. 1 [Zootaxa 3911 (no. 2); ref. 33647] Philippines, vicinity of Palawan (from Hoilo City fish market; ? from Palawan). Holotype: PNM 15190. Paratypes: NMV A16485, USNM 427531. •Valid as Chelidoperca santosi Williams & Carpenter 2015 -- (Matsunuma & Motomura 2016:388, 399 [ref. 34335], Motomura et al. 2017:83 [ref. 35490], Matsunuma et al. 2017:[19] [ref. 35700], Lee et al. 2019:23 [ref. 36888], Ogino et al. 2019:14 [ref. 37056], Matsunuma & Tashiro 2020:157 [ref. 37726], Parenti & Randall 2020:113 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Chelidoperca santosi Williams & Carpenter 2015. Serranidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India east to Philippijnes and Taiwan, north to Japan. Habitat: marine.

sarnicus, Serranus Griffith [E.] & Smith [C. H.] 1834:276, Pl. 4 (opp. p. 276) [The class Pisces, arranged by the Baron Cuvier; ref. 1908] No locality stated [Guernsey, Channel Islands]. No types known. Based on illustration by. C. H. Smith. See comment on type locality in Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]. •Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:124 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

sciurus, Diplectrum Gilbert [C. H.] 1892:550 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 14 (no. 880); ref. 1626] Gulf of California, Mexico. Syntypes: CAS-SU 216 (14); USNM 46571 (1), 46630 (1), 125348 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:69 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Diplectrum sciurus Gilbert 1892 -- (Bortone 1977:35 [ref. 7064], Allen & Robertson 1994:108 [ref. 22193], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1589 [ref. 22830] as sciuris, De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:282 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:360 [ref. 24555] as sciuris, Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:162 [ref. 25813], Nelson et al. 2004:127 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], Parenti & Randall 2020:116 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Diplectrum sciurus Gilbert 1892. Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

sciurus, Lutjanus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:177, 206 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Molucca Islands, Indonesia; Bahamas; Antilles [incorrect]. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:39 [ref. 21549]. Unneeded replacement name for Perca formosa Linnaeus 1766. Composite species, based in part on Perca scriba Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Diplectrum formosum (Linnaeus 1766) (in part) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:115 [ref. 37354]). Replacement Name. Current status: Uncertain as Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

scriba, Perca Linnaeus [C.] 1758:292 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] No locality. Holotype (unique): NRM 442. Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:240 [ref. 20707]. •Valid as Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Tortonese 1973:356 [ref. 7192], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:791 [ref. 13676], Smith 1990:706 [ref. 18227], Arruda 1997:81 [ref. 24952], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:166 [ref. 25813], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:77 [ref. 26753], Parin 2003:S3 [ref. 28536], Golani 2005:37 [ref. 37112], Vasil'eva 2007:86 [ref. 30517], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:170 [ref. 31251], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:42 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:353 [ref. 33547], Wirtz & Iwamoto 2016:192 [ref. 34418], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2413 [ref. 34618], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:27 [ref. 36189], Martins & Carneiro 2018:127 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:556 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:246 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:96 [ref. 36864], Bariche & Fricke 2020:89 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:41 [ref. 37519], Parenti & Randall 2020:127 [ref. 37354], Abliazov et al. 2021:9 [ref. 38576], Bañón & Maño 2021:81 [ref. 38887], Golani 2021:42 [ref. 38303], Vella et al. 2021:115 [ref. 38149]). Current status: Valid as Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; Black Sea; eastern Atlantic: English Channel south to Morocco, including Azores and Madeira; southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa north to KwaZulu-Natal (rare). West African and Canary Islands populations now classified as Serranus papilionaceus Valenciennes 1832. Habitat: brackish, marine.

scriptura, Lutjanus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:187, 229 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Mediterranean Sea. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:39 [ref. 21549]. Based on Perca scriba Linnaeus and other sources, not regarded as a replacement name. •Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:127 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

semifasciatus, Serranus Guichenot [A.] 1848:151, Pl. 1 bis (fig. 2) [Fauna Chilena.... in Gay.; ref. 1939] Juan Fernández Islands. No types known. •Valid as Paralabrax semifasciatus (Guichenot 1848) -- (Pequeño 1989:59 [ref. 14125]). •Synonym of Paralabrax humeralis (Valenciennes 1828) -- (Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:163 [ref. 25813], Parenti & Randall 2020:120 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Paralabrax humeralis (Valenciennes 1828). Serranidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Juan Fernández Islands [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

serran, Lutjanus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:177, 205 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Mediterranean Sea. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:39 [ref. 21549]. Based on Perca cabrilla Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:124 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

siagonotus, Holocentrus Delaroche [F. E.] 1809:352 [66], Pl. 22 (fig. 8) [Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 13; ref. 17380] [Iviça] Ibiza, Baleares Islands, Spain, western Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: (2, whereabouts unknown). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:41 [ref. 19232]. On p. 66 and Pl. 3 of separate. •Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Tortonese 1973:356 [ref. 7192], Bauchot et al. 1984:41 [ref. 19232], Smith 1990:705 [ref. 18227], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:13 [ref. 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

socorroensis, Serranus Allen [G. R.] & Robertson [D. R.] 1992:38, Fig. 1 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 19 (no. 1/2); ref. 19673] Socorro Island, Revillagigedo Islands, off western Mexico, about 18°48'N, 111°02'W, depth 8 meters. Holotype: USNM 321179. Paratypes: USNM 321180 (1), WAM P.30390-001 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:21 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Serranus socorroensis Allen & Robertson 1992 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:115 [ref. 22193], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1577 [ref. 22830], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:812 [ref. 33030], Fourriére et al. 2016:444 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:608 [ref. 34923], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:36 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:127 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus socorroensis Allen & Robertson 1992. Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Revillagigedo Islands endemic. Habitat: marine.

spalatensis, Labrus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] (ex Brünnich) 1801:256 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Split, Croatia, Adriatic Sea, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Based on "Labrus (sp.) (no. 11)" of Brünnich 1768:98 [ref. 17290]. •Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

sperga, Labrus Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 123 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Not available, Chiereghini name mentioned in synonymy of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758). Nomen Nudum. Serranidae.

springeri, Centropristis Weed [A. C.] 1937:304 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 20 (no. 23); ref. 15305] Gulf of Mexico, 28°45'00"N, 85°02'00"W, Albatross station 3405, depth 30 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 53054. Paratypes: USNM 30192 (1), 86133 (1). •Synonym of Centropristis ocyurus (Jordan & Evermann 1887) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:110 [ref. 37354] as ocyura). Current status: Synonym of Centropristis ocyurus (Jordan & Evermann 1887). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

stella, Chelidoperca Matsunuma [M.] & Motomura [H.] 2016:389, Figs. 1-5 [Zootaxa 4092 (no. 3); ref. 34335] Off Thailand, Andaman Sea, 9°13'12"N, 97°51'00"E, depth 58-60 meters. Holotype: USNM 389093. Paratypes: PMBC, USNM. •Valid as Chelidoperca stella Matsunuma & Motomura 2016 -- (Matsunuma et al. 2017:[16] [ref. 35700], Lee et al. 2019:23 [ref. 36888], Ogino et al. 2019:15 [ref. 37056], Matsunuma & Tashiro 2020:157 [ref. 37726], Parenti & Randall 2020:113 [ref. 37354], Psomadakis et al. 2020:385 [ref. 37272], Psomadakis et al. 2021:102 [ref. 38144], Tang & Ho 2021:4 [ref. 38370]). Current status: Valid as Chelidoperca stella Matsunuma & Motomura 2016. Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Myanmar and Andaman Sea east to Philippines and Coral Sea, north to China and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

stilbostigma, Prionodes Jordan [D. S.] & Bollman [C. H.] 1890:158 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 12 (no. 770); ref. 2433] About 4 kilometers off western side of San Cristól, Galápagos Islands, 0°50'S, 89°36'W, Albatross station 2809, depth 45 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 44278. •Valid as Serranus stilbostigma (Jordan & Bollman 1890) -- (Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1577 [ref. 22830], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:333 [ref. 24023], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:812 [ref. 33030], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:36 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:127 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus stilbostigma (Jordan & Bollman 1890). Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands and Ecuador. Habitat: marine.

striatus, Epinephelus Bloch [M. E.] 1793:20, Pl. 330 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 7; ref. 4868] Jamaica. No type known. On p. 17 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 10 [ref. 21381]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Epinephelus by Anthias striatus Bloch 1792. •Synonym of Diplectrum formosum (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:115 [ref. 37354]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Diplectrum formosum (Linnaeus 1766). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

striatus, Holocentrus Bloch [M. E.] 1790:71, Pl. 235 (fig. 1) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 4; ref. 469] Unknown locality. Holotype (unique): ZMB 123. Genus misspelled Holoncentrus. On p. 53 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 7 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Paepke 1999:138 [ref. 24282], Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

striatus, Labrus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:285 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] America. No types known. •Valid as Centropristis striata (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bortone 1977:23 [ref. 7059], Smith 1986:420 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:137 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:363 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:138 [ref. 14674], Bullock & Smith 1991:39 [ref. 36591], Boschung 1992:104 [ref. 23239], Evseenko 1996:727 [ref. 24666], Murdy et al. 1997:256 [ref. 23144], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:392 [ref. 26158], Heemstra et al. 2003:1334 [ref. 27060], Nelson et al. 2004:127 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:135 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:131 [ref. 32708], Parenti & Randall 2020:111 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Centropristis striata (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Gulf of Maine to northeastern Florida (U.S.A.); northeastern Gulf of Mexico (U.S.A.); reaches southern Florida (U.S.A.) in cold winters. Habitat: marine.

subligarius, Centropristis Cope [E. D.] 1870:120 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 22; ref. 18030] Pensacola, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP 13675. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:156 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Serranus subligarius (Cope 1870) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:139 [ref. 23100], Bullock & Smith 1991:71 [ref. 36591], Boschung 1992:110 [ref. 23239], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:166 [ref. 25813], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Nelson et al. 2004:130 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:190 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:128 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus subligarius (Cope 1870). Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina south to Florida (U.S.A.), including northern Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: marine.

surinamensis, Anthias Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:307 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Suriname rivers. Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

tabacarius, Centropristes Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:44 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Martinique Island, West Indies. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6978. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:13 [ref. 19232]. Original genus should have been Centropristis. •Valid as Serranus tabacarius (Cuvier 1829) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:140 [ref. 23100], Bullock & Smith 1991:75 [ref. 36591], Cervigón 1991:364 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:436 [ref. 23827], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:219 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:158 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2003:107 [ref. 26784], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:77 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:25 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:130 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:191 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:809 [ref. 33030], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:43 [ref. 33341], Robertson et al. 2016:145 [ref. 34961], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:128 [ref. 37354], Robertson et al. 2020:163 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Serranus tabacarius (Cuvier 1829). Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Georgia (U.S.A.) and Bermuda south to Brazil, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

tico, Serranus Allen [G. R.] & Robertson [D. R.] 1998:115, Fig. [Peces del Pacífico Oriental tropical; ref. 31062] Isla del Coco, eastern Pacific. This name was not published in Pacific Science as suggested on the internet and in references. A figure of the species appeared with a common name in Allen & Robertson 1994 (ref. 22193); tico was included in the index, but without a clear connection to the text (hence a nomen nudum). Authorship is given as Meisler & Lavenberg. Apparently appeared first as above (Spanish edition of ref. 22193), but the description was prepared by Allen & Robertson, so they are apparently the authors of the species. No types mentioned; apparently specimens (not types) are at the LACM. •Valid as Serranus tico Allen & Robertson 1998 -- (Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:812 [ref. 33030], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:36 [ref 36189], Sánchez-Jiménez et al. 2018:7 [ref. 36248], Parenti & Randall 2020:128 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Serranus tico Allen & Robertson 1998. Serranidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Cocos Island (Costa Rica) and Malpelo Island (Colombia). Habitat: marine.

tigrina, Perca Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:352 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality [western Atlantic]. Holotype (unique): Whereabouts unknown. Based on Seba 1759, Pl. 27 (fig. 15). Independent of, but a synonym of, and secondary homonym of Holocentrus tigrinus Bloch 1790. •Synonym of Serranus tigrinus (Bloch 1790) -- (Parenti 2003:501 [ref. 27322], Parenti & Randall 2020:128 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus tigrinus (Bloch 1790). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

tigrinus, Holocentrus Bloch [M. E.] 1790:77, Pl. 237 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 4; ref. 469] Indian Ocean [in error]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 165 (lost). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:138 [ref. 24282]. On p. 59 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 7 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Serranus tigrinus (Bloch 1790) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:139 [ref. 23100], Bullock & Smith 1991:77 [ref. 36591], Cervigón 1991:365 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:436 [ref. 23827], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:219 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:158 [ref. 27754], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:166 [ref. 25813], Collette et al. 2003:107 [ref. 26784], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Smith et al. 2003:26 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:130 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:192 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:809 [ref. 33030], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:43 [ref. 33341], Robertson et al. 2016:145 [ref. 34961], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:128 [ref. 37354], Robertson et al. 2020:163 [ref. 38098], Escobar-Sierra et al. 2021:79 [ref. 38844]). Current status: Valid as Serranus tigrinus (Bloch 1790). Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: southern Florida (U.S.A.) and Bermuda south to Venezuela and Curaçao, including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

tortugarum, Serranus Longley [W. H.] 1935:87 [Carnegie Institution of Washington Year Book No. 34; ref. 13714] Tortugas Islands, Florida, U.S.A. Lectotype: USNM 107329. Paralectotypes: USNM 108881 (1). Lectotype from USNM records, not researched and not designated here. •Valid as Serranus tortugarum Longley 1935 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:140 [ref. 23100], Bullock & Smith 1991:78 [ref. 36591], Cervigón 1991:366 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:110 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:436 [ref. 23827], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:158 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2003:107 [ref. 26784], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Smith et al. 2003:26 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:130 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:193 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Carvalho Filho & Ferreira 2013:812 [ref. 33030], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:43 [ref. 33341], Robertson et al. 2016:145 [ref. 34961], Iwamoto & Wirtz 2018:35 [ref 36189], Parenti & Randall 2020:128 [ref. 37354], Robertson et al. 2020:163 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Serranus tortugarum Longley 1935. Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: southern Florida (U.S.A.) south to Venezuela, including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

tosaensis, Chelidoperca Matsunuma [M.], Yamakawa [T.] & Williams [J. T.] 2017:[3], Figs. 1a, 2-5 [Ichthyological Research v. 65 (no. 2); ref. 35700] Off Tosa Bay, Kochi Prefecture (obtained at Mimase Fishing Port). Holotype: BSKU 53312. Paratypes: BSKU, FAKU, KAUM, MSM, NSMT, SPMN, UPVMI, USNM, WMHN. Plus additional non-type specimens. •Valid as Chelidoperca tosaensis Matsunuma, Yamakawa & Williams 2017 -- (Fricke et al. 2019:115 [ref. 36673], Lee et al. 2019:23 [ref. 36888], Ogino et al. 2019:15 [ref. 37056], Matsunuma & Tashiro 2020:157 [ref. 37726], Parenti & Randall 2020:113 [ref. 37354], Sonoyama et al. 2020:53 [ref. 37637], Tang & Ho 2021:11 [ref. 38370]). Current status: Valid as Chelidoperca tosaensis Matsunuma, Yamakawa & Williams 2017. Serranidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to southern Sea of Japan. Habitat: marine.

triacanthus, Holocentrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:337, 377 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Unknown locality. Holotype (unique): ZMB 123. •Unneeded new name for (and objective synonym of) Holocentrus striatus Bloch 1790. •Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

tridens, Lutjanus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:196, 246 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Carolinas, U.S.A. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:39 [ref. 21549], Bauchot et al. 1984:59 [ref. 19232]. Unneeded new name for Perca trifurca Linnaeus 1766. •Synonym of Centropristis philadelphica (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:110 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Centropristis philadelphica (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

trifurca, Perca Linnaeus [C.] (ex Garden) 1766:489 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] Carolina [South Carolina, U.S.A.]. No types known. Based on manuscript description by A. Garden [South Carolina]. •Synonym of Centropristis philadelphica (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:110 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Centropristis philadelphica (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

trilobatus, Lutjanus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:196, 246 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] No locality. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:39 [ref. 21549], Bauchot et al. 1984:42 [ref. 19232]. Figured in Lacepède 1800: Pl. 16 (fig. 3) [ref. 2709] but with vernacular name. •Synonym of Epinephelus striatus (Bloch 1792) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:81 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Epinephelus striatus (Bloch 1792). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

tyfus, Labrus Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 123 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Not available, Chiereghini name mentioned in synonymy. Nomen Nudum. Serranidae.

typus, Odontolabrax Bleeker [P.] 1872:150 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 4; ref. 431] China. No types known. Based on a painting. •Incertae asedis -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:129 [ref. 37354]). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

unicolor, Holocentrus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:322 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] No locality stated. Based on Seba pl. 27, fig. 10. Independent of Perca unicolor Walbaum 1792, which is based on the same figure of Seba (P. Parenti. pers. comm.). •Synonym of Hypoplectrus unicolor (Walbaum 1792) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:119 [ref. 37354]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Hypoplectrus unicolor (Walbaum 1792). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

unicolor, Perca Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:352 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality stated. No types known. Spelled uniculor in main heading, as unicolor in description and in index; uniculor regarded as a misspelling. •Valid as Hypoplectrus unicolor (Walbaum 1792) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:141 [ref. 23100], Bullock & Smith 1991:56 [ref. 36591], Cervigón 1991:339 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:435 [ref. 23827], Acero P. & Garzón-Ferreira 1994:12 [ref. 22090], Domeier 1994:104 [ref. 21359], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:157 [ref. 27754], Heemstra et al. 2003:1369 [ref. 27060], Smith et al. 2003:23 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:128 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:162 [ref. 28815], Aguilar-Perera & González-Salas 2010:377 [ref. 30878], Lobel 2011:11 [ref. 31606], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2012:4 [ref. 31860], Victor 2012:8 [ref. 32153] as a possible hybrid, Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:40 [ref. 33341], Robertson et al. 2016:144 [ref. 34961], Victor & Marks 2018:14 [ref. 36139], Parenti & Randall 2020:119 [ref. 37354], Robertson et al. 2020:162 [ref. 38098], Escobar-Sierra et al. 2021:79 [ref. 38844]). Current status: Valid as Hypoplectrus unicolor (Walbaum 1792). Serranidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida Keys (U.S.A.), Bahamas, and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

vanderbilti, Pristipomoides Borodin [N. A.] 1934:113, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Bulletin Vanderbilt Marine Museum v. 1 (art. 4); ref. 529] Sombrero Light, Florida Keys, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): VMM 1266 (now at AMNH). •Synonym of Hypoplectrus unicolor (Walbaum 1792) -- (Longley 1934:271 [ref. 37639]). •Questionable synonym of Hypoplectrus puella (Cuvier 1828) -- (Longley & Hildebrand 1941:109 [ref. 18452]). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

varia, Perca Mitchill [S. L.] 1814:10 [Report, in part, of Samuel L. Mitchill; ref. 3030] New York; Sandy Hook, New Jersey, U.S.A. No types known. Also in Mitchill 1815:415, Pl. 3 (fig. 6) [ref. 13292]. •Synonym of Centropristis striata (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Smith 1986:420 [ref. 22186], Parenti & Randall 2020:111 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Centropristis striata (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

variegatus, Holocentrus Shaw [G.] 1803:559 [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] Mediterranean Sea, [northern seas] northeastern Atlantic Ocean. No types known. Unneeded new name for Perca marina Linnaeus 1758. See account of Perca marina. •Objective synonym of Perca marina Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:127 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus scriba (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

virescens, Holocentrus Bloch [M. E.] 1790:67, Pl. 233 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 4; ref. 469] West Indies. Holotype (unique): ZMB 5532 (stuffed). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:138 [ref. 24282]. On p. 50 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 7 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:123 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus 1758). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.

vitella, Perca Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] in Machado 1857:24 [Catálogo de los peces que habitán ó frecuentan las costas de Cadiz y Huelva con inclusion de los del Rio Guadalquivir.; ref. 17320] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only; not available. Name from Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler 1817:7 [ref. 17319]. Also appeared as name only in Graells 1887:181 [ref. 30438]. •In genus Serranus Cuvier 1816. Nomen Nudum. Serranidae.

vitella, Perca Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] 1817:7 [Lista de los peces del mar de Andalucía; ref. 17319] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only, not available. Possibly an unpublished work. See also Perca vitella Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler in Machado 1857:24 [ref. 17320]. •In genus Serranus Cuvier 1816. Nomen Nudum. Serranidae.

vitulinum, Plectropoma Poey [F.] 1852:68, 75 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 1; ref. 3497] Havana, Cuba. No types known. •Synonym of Hypoplectrus puella (Cuvier 1828) -- (Domeier 1994:105 [ref. 21359], Victor 2012:10 [ref. 32153], Parenti & Randall 2020:119 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Hypoplectrus puella (Cuvier 1828). Serranidae. Habitat: marine.