Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 January 2022

SEARCH RESULTS FROM

Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
Select the database to search:
GENERA   SPECIES   REFERENCES
Include unavailable names

         Comments: ,

    Please look in Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes for authorships of sections, Families of Fishes (all), and related information.

Species in the family or subfamily Toxotidae: [ 17 ] records


asium, Archer Montrouzier [X.] 1857:449 [171] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] On p. 171 of reprint. Not available, manuscript name mentioned in synonymy of Toxotes jaculator; from Woodlark I., South Pacific. Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Toxotes. Toxotidae.

blythii, Toxotes Boulenger [G. A.] 1892:143 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 9 (no. 50) (art. 21); ref. 17042] Sittang River, Tenasserim provinces, Myanmar. No types known. Replacement name for Toxotes microlepis Blyth 1860, preoccupied by Toxotes microlepis Günther 1860; Boulenger also had specimens (BMNH 1891.11.30.20-26). •Valid as Toxotes blythii Boulenger 1892 -- (Allen 1978:360 [ref. 6922], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:870 [ref. 20764], Allen 2001:3214 [ref. 26114], Allen 2004:225 [ref. 27779], Kottelat & Tan 2018:227 [ref. 36201]). Replacement Name. Current status: Valid as Toxotes blythii Boulenger 1892. Toxotidae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

carpentariensis, Toxotes Castelnau [F. L.] 1878:47 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 3 (pt 1); ref. 762] Norman River, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: MNHN A-4294 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:152 [ref. 20718] as holotype.. •Synonym of Toxotes chatareus (Hamilton 1822) -- (Allen 1978:363 [ref. 6922], Allen et al. 2006:1285 [ref. 29090], Kottelat 2013:363 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Toxotes chatareus (Hamilton 1822). Toxotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

chatareus, Coius Hamilton [F.] 1822:101, 370, Pl. 14 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Ganges River estuaries, India. No types known. Hamilton's original illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 58 [ref. 37532]. •In Toxotes -- (Kottelat 2000:91 [ref. 25865]). •Valid as Toxotes chatareus (Hamilton 1822) -- (Allen 1978:363 [ref. 6922], Roberts 1978:59 [ref. 8886], Allen & Swainston 1988:96 [ref. 25477], Ataur Rahman 1989:332 [ref. 24860], Allen & Leggett 1990:539 [ref. 20887], Larson & Martin 1990:58 [ref. 16606], Pethiyagoda 1991:225 [ref. 20075], Allen 1991:141 [ref. 21090], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:871 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:120 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:189 [ref. 22772], Allen 1997:146 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:362 [ref. 23967], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:592 [ref. 23647], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466] as chatereus, Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Allen et al. 2000:113 [ref. 27467], Kottelat 2001:152 [ref. 25780], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:35 [ref. 25847], Allen 2001:3215 [ref. 26114], Allen et al. 2002:249 [ref. 25930], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S111 [ref. 27377], Ataur Rahman 2003:360 [ref. 31338], Allen 2004:225 [ref. 27779], Allen et al. 2006:1285 [ref. 29090], Allen et al. 2008:140 [ref. 30265], Satapoomin 2009:179 [ref. 30463], Morgan et al. 2011:17 [ref. 31262], Larson et al. 2013:153 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:363 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:161 [ref. 34464], Satapoomin in Kimura et al. 2015:67 [ref. 34319], Miesen et al. 2016:90 [ref. 34492], Pusey et al. 2017:65 [ref. 35250], Kottelat & Tan 2018:227 [ref. 36201]). Current status: Valid as Toxotes chatareus (Hamilton 1822). Toxotidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India and Sri Lanka and Bangladesh east to New Guinea and northern Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

dorsalis, Toxotes Whitley [G. P.] 1950:242, Fig. 5 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 22 (no. 3); ref. 4712] Flinders River, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.13056. Paratypes: AMS I.4758-62 (1 ea.), I.13057-58 (1, 1), IA.4365 (1), IA.4373-74 (1, 1), IB.1348-49 (1, 1), IB.1926-33 (1 ea.). •Synonym of Toxotes chatareus (Hamilton 1822) -- (Allen 1978:363 [ref. 6922], Allen et al. 2006:1285 [ref. 29090], Larson et al. 2013:153 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:363 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Toxotes chatareus (Hamilton 1822). Toxotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

jaculatrix, Sciaena Pallas [P. S.] 1767:186, Pl. 8 (fig. 6) [Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London v. 56 (art. 21) (for 1766); ref. 18508] New locality: Raffes Marina at Tuas, (western entrance of Johor Straights), Singapore. Original locality: Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Neotype: ZRC 49266. Neotype designated by Kottelat (2013:363). Recorded as Pallas in Schlosser, 1767. Specific name jaculatrix is a feminine noun and undeclinable. •Valid as Toxotes jaculator (Pallas 1767) -- (Allen 1978:369 [ref. 6922], Senou et al. 1987:231 [ref. 22506], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:522 [ref. 25598], Allen 1991:140 [ref. 21090], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:871 [ref. 20764], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:392 [ref. 27969]). •Valid as Toxotes jaculatrix (Pallas 1767) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:120 [ref. 23448], Allen 1997:146 [ref. 23977], Allen & Swainston 1988:94 [ref. 25477], Myers 1999:162 [ref. 23965], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:882 [ref. 25182] as jaculatorix, Allen 2000:105 [ref. 25868], Sakai et al. 2001:101 [ref. 25693] as jaculatorix, Hutchins 2001:35 [ref. 25847], Allen 2001:3215 [ref. 26114], Allen et al. 2002:252 [ref. 25930], Nakabo 2002:882 [ref. 26193], Suzuki et al. 2002:2 [ref. 26578], Allen & Adrim 2003:41 [ref. 26830], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:115 [ref. 27510] as jaculatorix, Tan & Lim 2004:110 [ref. 27716], Allen 2004:225 [ref. 27779], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:197 [ref. 28107], Allen et al. 2006:1285 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:514 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:154 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:363 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:97 [ref. 33932], Miesen et al. 2016:90 [ref. 34492], Sulaiman et al. 2018:45 [ref. 35802], Kottelat & Tan 2018:227 [ref. 36201], Fricke et al. 2019:178 [ref. 36673], Keith et al. 2021:66 [ref. 38257]). Current status: Valid as Toxotes jaculatrix (Pallas 1767). Toxotidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India east to Philippines, New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) and Solomon Islands, south to northern Australia and Vanuatu. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

kimberleyensis, Toxotes Allen [G. R.] 2004:226, Figs. 1-2 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 56 (no. 2); ref. 27779] Plain Creek Gorge, Beverley Spings Station, 16°35'S, 125°30'E, West Kimberley District, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.25039. Paratypes: AMS I.42570-001 (1); NTM S.15530-001 (1), WAM P.25039-001 (3), P.25437-001 (1), P.25440-006 (15). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:30 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Toxotes kimberleyensis Allen 2004 -- (Allen et al. 2006:1285 [ref. 29090], Morgan et al. 2011:18 [ref. 31262]). Current status: Valid as Toxotes kimberleyensis Allen 2004. Toxotidae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

lorentzi, Toxotes Weber [M.] 1910:232 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 32 (pt. 4) (art. 28); ref. 14597] Pool near Merauke, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Lectotype: ZMA 112449. Paralectotypes: ZMA 114451 (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:91 [ref. 19236]. Lectotype selected by Allen 1978:372 [ref. 6922]. •Valid as Toxotes lorentzi Weber 1910 -- (Allen 1978:371 [ref. 6922], Larson & Martin 1990:59 [ref. 16606], Allen 1991:142 [ref. 21090], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Allen 2001:3213 [ref. 26114], Allen et al. 2002:250 [ref. 25930], Allen 2004:225 [ref. 27779], Allen et al. 2006:1285 [ref. 29090], Allen et al. 2008:141 [ref. 30265], Larson et al. 2013:154 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:66 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Toxotes lorentzi Weber 1910. Toxotidae. Distribution: Northern Territory, Australia and New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

malaccensis, Toxotes jaculator Cantor [T. E.] 1849:1159 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 18 (pt 2); ref. 715] Singapore, Malay Peninsula, Malaysia. No types known. Specimen in Cuvier, in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:320. Taken from Kottelat (2013). •Synonym of Toxotes chatareus (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:363 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Toxotes chatareus (Hamilton 1822). Toxotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

mekongensis, Toxotes Kottelat [M.] & Tan [H. H.] 2018:220, Figs. 7b, 8 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 28 (no. 3); ref. 36201] Nam Xe-Noy (a tributary of Xe Bangfai entering it upriver of Ban Khouaxe) from mouth to about 2 km upriver, Khammouan Province, Laos, 17°05'09"N, 105°02'12"E. Holotype: MHNG 2772.041. Paratypes: CMK. •Valid as Toxotes mekongensis Kottelat & Tan 2018. Current status: Valid as Toxotes mekongensis Kottelat & Tan 2018. Toxotidae. Distribution: Mekong drainage, from Vietnam upstream to at least Vientiane (Laos). Habitat: freshwater.

microlepis, Toxotes Günther [A.] 1860:68 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] Thailand [Chao Phraya drainage]. Lectotype: BMNH 1859.7.1.44. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1859.7.1.43 (1), 1859.7.1.45 (1). Lectotype selected by Allen 1978:374. Declared a nomen protectum by Kottelat (2013). •Valid as Toxotes microlepis Günther 1860 -- (Allen 1978:372 [ref. 6922], Roberts 1989:165 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:120 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:245 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:190 [ref. 22772], Kottelat 1998:109 [ref. 23436], Freyhof et al. 2000:97 [ref. 25184], Allen 2001:3214 [ref. 26114], Allen 2004:225 [ref. 27779], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:164 [ref. 28284], Kottelat 2013:364 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:47 [ref. 33971], Kottelat & Tan 2018:212 [ref. 36201]). Current status: Valid as Toxotes microlepis Günther 1860. Toxotidae. Distribution: ? Chao Phraya drainage, Thailand. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

microlepis, Toxotes Blyth [E.] 1860:142 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Sitang River, Tenasserim provinces, Myanmar. No types known. Declared a nomen oblitum by Kottelat (2013:363). •Permanently invalid, preoccupied by Toxotes microlepis Günther 1860, replaced by Toxotes blythii Boulenger 1892. •Not treated by Allen 1978 [ref. 6922]. •Synonym of Toxotes blythii Boulenger 1892 -- (Kottelat 2013:363 [ref. 32989]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Toxotes blythii Boulenger 1892. Toxotidae. Habitat: freshwater.

oligolepis, Toxotes Bleeker [P.] 1876:162 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 9; ref. 17107] Probably Buru or Batjan, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5835. •Valid as Toxotes oligolepis Bleeker 1876 -- (Allen 1978:372 [ref. 6922], Allen & Leggett 1990:540 [ref. 20887], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Allen 2001:3213 [ref. 26114], Allen 2004:225 [ref. 27779], Kottelat 2013:364 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Toxotes oligolepis Bleeker 1876. Toxotidae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

schlosseri, Scarus Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1282 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Raffles Marina at Tuas, Indonesia. Original locality: Java, Batavia, Indonesia. Neotype: ZRC 49266. Neotype designated by Kottelat (2013:363). •Based on, and a synonym of, Toxotes jaculatrix (Pallas 1767) -- (Allen 1978:369 [ref. 6922] as jaculator, Kottelat 2013:363 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Toxotes jaculatrix (Pallas 1767). Toxotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

siamensis, Toxotes Kottelat [M.] & Tan [H. H.] 2018:217, Figs. 4-6, 7a [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 28 (no. 3); ref. 36201] Bung Boraphet, Chao Phraya drainage, Nakhon Sawan Province, Thailand. Holotype: MHNG 2772.040. Paratypes: CMK, RLIKU, ZRC. •Valid as Toxotes siamensis Kottelat & Tan 2018. Current status: Valid as Toxotes siamensis Kottelat & Tan 2018. Toxotidae. Distribution: Chao Phraya drainage, Thailand Habitat: freshwater.

sundaicus, Toxotes Kottelat [M.] & Tan [H. H.] 2018:223, Figs. 9-10 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 28 (no. 3); ref. 36201] Sintang fish market, Kalimantan Barat, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 3789. Paratypes: CMK, MZB, ZRC. •Valid as Toxotes sundaicus Kottelat & Tan 2018. Current status: Valid as Toxotes sundaicus Kottelat & Tan 2018. Toxotidae. Distribution: Sumatra and Borneo, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

ulysses, Protoxotes Whitley [G. P.] 1950:243, Pl. 17 (fig. 3) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 22 (no. 3); ref. 4712] Townsville, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS IA.2220. Paratypes: AMS I.249 (1), IB.43 (1). •Synonym of Toxotes chatareus (Hamilton 1822) -- (Allen 1978:363 [ref. 6922], Allen et al. 2006:1285 [ref. 29090], Kottelat 2013:363 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Toxotes chatareus (Hamilton 1822). Toxotidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.