Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 5 October 2021

SEARCH RESULTS FROM

Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
Select the database to search:
GENERA   SPECIES   REFERENCES
Include unavailable names

         Comments: ,

    Please look in Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes for authorships of sections, Families of Fishes (all), and related information.

Species in the family or subfamily Trachipteridae: [ 56 ] records


altivelis, Trachypterus Kner [R.] 1859:437 [3], Pl. 1 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 34; ref. 18424] West coast of America; Valparaíso, Chile. Syntypes: NMW 22046 (1). On p. 3 of separate. Genus should have been Trachipterus. •Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Savinykh & Baitalyuk 2011:588 [ref. 31580] as Trachypterus). •Valid as Trachipterus altivelis Kner 1859 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:121 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:246 [ref. 26885], Pequeño 1989:55 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:129 [ref. 14674], Cortes et al. 1995:271 [ref. 22255], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:114, 135 [ref. 24555], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:261 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:89 [ref. 27807], Roberts 2012:55 [ref. 32187], Page et al. 2013:91 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:26 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:108 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:48 [ref. 37205], Martin & Hilton 2021:307 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Valid as Trachipterus altivelis Kner 1859. Trachipteridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: southeastern Bering Sea south to Chile. Habitat: marine.

arawatae, Trachypterus Clarke [F. E.] 1881:197, Fig. [Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute v. 13 (art. 21); ref. 18007] Hominy Cove, 3-4 miles south from Jackson's Bay, New Zealand. Holotype: NMNZ P.1008. Type catalog: Hardy 1990:9 [ref. 18942]. Original genus should have been Trachipterus. •Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Heemstra & Kannemeyer 1984:20 [ref. 5349]). •Uncertain in genus Trachipterus -- (Martin & Hilton 2021:307 [ref. 38678]). •Valid as Trachipterus arawatae Clarke 1881 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:400 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:432 [ref. 22532], Johnson 1999:725 [ref. 25471], Bray 2008:299 [ref. 30620], Roberts 2012:55 [ref. 32187], Hoschke et al. 2019:154 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Trachipterus arawatae Clarke 1881. Trachipteridae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia, southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

arcticus, Gymnogaster Brünnich [M. T.] 1788:408, Pl. B [Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Skrivter, Nye Samling af det v. 3; ref. 5131] Iceland. No types known. •Valid as Trachipterus arcticus (Brünnich 1788) -- (Palmer 1973:331 [ref. 7195], Palmer in Whitehead et al. 1986:730 [ref. 13676], Robins & Ray 1986:119 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:90 [ref. 23239], Santos et al. 1997:51 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:73 [ref. 24952] as articus, McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:690 [ref. 23897], Olney 2003:958 [ref. 27007], Moore et al. 2003:203 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:89 [ref. 27807], Møller et al. 2010:35 [ref. 31169], Savinykh & Baitalyuk 2011:581 [ref. 31580], Roberts 2012:55 [ref. 32187], Psomadakis et al. 2012:16 [ref. 33457], Page et al. 2013:91 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:162 [ref. 33547], Olney & Hartel 2016:1938 [ref. 34580], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:112 [ref. 36370] see remarks, Carneiro et al. 2019:128 [ref. 37250], Martin & Hilton 2021:307 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Valid as Trachipterus arcticus (Brünnich 1788). Trachipteridae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: North Sea south to South Africa; Indo-Pacific oceans. Habitat: marine.

aristoteli, Brogmarus Risso [A.] 1820:249 [Journal de Physique, de Chimie et d'Histoire Naturelle v. 91; ref. 18636] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. As Bogmarus aristotelis in Risso 1827:297 [ref. 3757]. •Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Palmer 1973:330 [ref. 7195], Aguiar & Quéro 1990:648 [ref. 17478]). Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

bogmarus, Bogmarus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:LVIII (index) [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] An unexplained new name for Gymnogaster arcticus Brünnich 1771 or 1788; as Bogmarus islandicus on Pl. 101. •Synonym of Trachipterus arcticus (Brünnich 1788) -- (Palmer 1973:331 [ref. 7195], Martin & Hilton 2021:307 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus arcticus (Brünnich 1788). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

bogmarus, Trachypterus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:346 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Norway. Syntypes: MNHN A-7452 (1, apparently lost). Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:34, 44 [ref. 20740]. Perhaps just a new combination for Bogmarus bogmarus Bloch & Schneider 1801. Based on literature sources and specimens. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Bogmarus bogmarus Bloch & Schneider 1801. •Synonym of Trachipterus arcticus (Brünnich 1788) -- (Palmer 1973:331 [ref. 7195]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus arcticus (Brünnich 1788). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

bonnellii, Trachypterus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:331 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:44 [ref. 20740]. Unneeded new name for Trachypterus cristatus Bonelli 1819. Spelled consistently as bonnellii (and bonnelli in heading) by Valenciennes, but that author's name is usually spelled Bonelli. •Synonym of Zu cristatus (Bonelli 1820) -- (Palmer 1973:331 [ref. 7195], Heemstra & Kannemeyer 1984:23 [ref. 5349] as bonelli, Palmer in Whitehead et al. 1986:731 [ref. 13676] as bonelli, Martin & Hilton 2021:307 [ref. 38678] as boneli). Current status: Synonym of Zu cristatus (Bonelli 1820). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

cepedianus, Gymnetrus Risso [A.] 1810:146, Pl. 5 (fig. 17) [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype: MNHN A-7117. Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:9 [ref. 20740]. •Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Palmer 1973:330 [ref. 7195], Aguiar & Quéro 1990:648 [ref. 17478]). Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

costae, Trachypterus Cocco [A.] 1838:4, Figs. 1a-b [Il Faro Anno 6, v. 4 (no. 15); ref. 20278] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Palmer 1973:330 [ref. 7195], Aguiar & Quéro 1990:648 [ref. 17478], Martin & Hilton 2021:307 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

cristatus, Trachypterus Bonelli [F. A.] 1820:487, Pl. 9 [Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze di Torino v. 24 (for 31 May 1819); ref. 16978] Lerici, Gulf of La Spezia, Italy (purchased at Genoa fish market), Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MZUT 1190. Type catalog: Tortonese 1940:142 [ref. 21559]. •Valid as Zu cristatus (Bonelli 1820) -- (Palmer 1973:331 [ref. 7195], Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1982:211, 369 [ref. 8256], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:122 [ref. 9277], Shimizu in Uyeno et al. 1983:285 [ref. 14275], Heemstra & Kannemeyer 1984:23 [ref. 5349], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:116 [ref. 6441], Heemstra & Kannemeyer 1986:401 [ref. 5666], Robins & Ray 1986:119 [ref. 23100], Paxton et al. 1989:400 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:55 [ref. 14125], Aguiar & Quéro 1990:649 [ref. 17478], Boschung 1992:91 [ref. 23239], Kuiter 1993:78 [ref. 23929], Santos et al. 1997:52 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:73 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:691 [ref. 23897], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:113, 134 [ref. 24555], Porteiro et al. 1999:41 [ref. 24203], Olney 1999:1974 [ref. 24751], Nakabo 2000:404 [ref. 25086], Olney in Randall & Lim 2000:594 [ref. 25122], Shimizu 2001:23 [ref. 25799], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:47 [ref. 26753], Nakabo 2002:404 [ref. 26001], Menezes et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:58 [ref. 27192], Olney 2003:958 [ref. 27007], Moore et al. 2003:204 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:89 [ref. 27807], Golani 2005:24 [ref. 37112], Mundy 2005:238 [ref. 28379], Shinohara et al. 2005:413 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:542 [ref. 28995], Fricke et al. 2007:62 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:27 [ref. 36649], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:189 [ref. 30957], Fricke et al. 2011:362 [ref. 31242], Roberts 2012:55 [ref. 32187], Page et al. 2013:91 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32972], Shinohara et al. 2014:240 [ref. 33330], Olney & Hartel 2016:1938 [ref. 34580], Kells et al. 2016:349 [ref. 35888], Shirke et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35146], Angulo & López-Sánchez 2017:584, 587 [ref. 35166], Bañón et al. 2019:192 [ref. 36706], Carneiro et al. 2019:128 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36864], Kovačić et al. 2020:17 [ref. 37519], Sonoyama et al. 2020:28 [ref. 37637], Sutton et al. 2020:228 [ref. 37832], Golani 2021:26 [ref. 38303], Martin & Hilton 2021:334 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Valid as Zu cristatus (Bonelli 1820). Trachipteridae. Distribution: Probably circumglobal in tropical through temperate seas (including Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Japan). Habitat: marine.

deltoideus, Trachypterus Clark [H. W.] 1938:180 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 22 (no. 7); ref. 12316] Rurutu Island, Austral Islands. Holotype (unique): CAS 5532. •Synonym of Desmodema polystictum (Ogilby 1898) -- (Aguiar & Quéro 1990:647 [ref. 17478], Martin & Hilton 2021:307 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Synonym of Desmodema polystictum (Ogilby 1898). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

elongatus, Zu Heemstra [P. C.] & Kannemeyer [S. X.] 1984:29, Figs. 9A-11B [Annals of the South African Museum v. 94 (pt 2); ref. 5349] Southwest by west of Cape Columbine, northwestern Cape Province, South Africa, bottom depth 225 fathoms. Holotype: SAM 24704. Paratypes: SAM 19870 (1), 24414 (1), 29392 (1). •Valid as Zu elongatus Heemstra & Kannemeyer 1984 -- (Heemstra & Kannemeyer 1986:402 [ref. 5666], Paulin et al. 1989:149 [ref. 24556], Olney 1999:1974 [ref. 24751], Roberts 2012:55 [ref. 32187], Stewart 2015:693 [ref. 34254], Shirke et al. 2017:43 [ref. 35146], Sutton et al. 2020:228 [ref. 37832], Martin & Hilton 2021:335 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Valid as Zu elongatus Heemstra & Kannemeyer 1984. Trachipteridae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic, southwestern Pacific and Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

erythropterus, Nemochirus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1814:100 [Specchio delle scienze, o giornale enciclopedico de Sicilia v. 2; ref. 3583] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Parenti 2019:113 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

falx, Gymnetrus Griffith [E.] & Smith [C. H.] 1834:209, Pl. 56 (opp. p. 210) [The class Pisces, arranged by the Baron Cuvier; ref. 1908] No locality stated. No types known. Name available from Pl. 56. Unnecessary replacement name for Cepola trachyptera Gmelin 1789. See also Trachypterus falx Valenciennes 1835. •Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Martin & Hilton 2021:307 [ref. 38678]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

falx, Trachypterus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:333 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Bay of Gibraltar, Spain, western Mediterranean Sea; Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea; Venice, Italy, Adriatic Sea, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN A-7117 (1), A-7118 (1) Sicily, A-7119 (1) Nice, A-7122 (2) Algésiras. Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:7-8 [ref. 20740]. The same as Gymnetrus falx Griffith & Smith 1834 (reference to that name on p. 340). Unnecessary replacement name for Cepola trachyptera Gmelin 1789. Based on specimens and historical references. •Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Palmer 1973:330 [ref. 7195], Aguiar & Quéro 1990:648 [ref. 17478]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

filicauda, Trachypterus Costa [O. G.] 1842:Trachypterus, Pl. 9 [Fauna del regno di Napoli v. 3 (pt 2); ref. 980] [Napoli] Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Also appeared as new in Costa 1862:51, Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [ref. 21852]. •Uncertain in family Trachipteridae -- (Martin & Hilton 2021:307 [ref. 38678]). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

fukuzakii, Trachipterus Fitch [J. E.] 1964:236, Fig. 5 [California Fish and Game v. 50 (no. 4); ref. 1794] Ceralbo Island, Gulf of California, Mexico. Holotype: USNM 175344. Paratypes: FMNH 62162 (1), CAS-SU 50172 (1), USNM 175345 (1), plus other material. Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:83 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Trachipterus fukuzakii Fitch 1964 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:121 [ref. 9277], Pequeño 1989:55 [ref. 14125] as fukusakii, Cortes et al. 1995:271 [ref. 22255], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:114, 135 [ref. 24555], Nelson et al. 2004:89 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:237 [ref. 28379], Savinykh & Baitalyuk 2011:581 [ref. 31580], Roberts 2012:55 [ref. 32187], Kells et al. 2016:108 [ref. 35888], Angulo & López-Sánchez 2017:582, 587 [ref. 35166], Martin & Hilton 2021:307 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Valid as Trachipterus fukuzakii Fitch 1964. Trachipteridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

gavardi, Trachypterus Bounhiol [J. P.] in Bounhiol & Gavard 1923:2, Fig. [Bulletin de l'Institut Océanographique (Monaco) No. 432; ref. 15398] Off Bay of Algiers, Algeria, western Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Zu cristatus (Bonelli 1820) -- (Palmer 1973:331 [ref. 7195], Heemstra & Kannemeyer 1984:23 [ref. 5349], Palmer in Whitehead et al. 1986:731 [ref. 13676], Aguiar & Quéro 1990:649 [ref. 17478], Martin & Hilton 2021:307 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Synonym of Zu cristatus (Bonelli 1820). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

goueani, Trachipterus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:695 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality stated. Originally goüani, but the 'ü' should be treated as a vocal separate from the 'o', spoken 'go-u-an. Name is correctly gouani (R. Fricke, pers. comm., 22 Mar. 2008). •Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789). Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

gryphurus, Trachypterus Lowe [R. T.] 1852:248 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1850 (pt 18) (art. 5); ref. 2835] Off Madeira. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1917.7.14.83. •Synonym of Trachipterus arcticus (Brünnich 1788) -- (Martin & Hilton 2021:307 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus arcticus (Brünnich 1788). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

ijimae, Trachypterus Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1901:311, Pl. 17 (fig. 9) [Journal of the College of Science. Imperial University, Tokyo v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 2506] Off mouth of Tokyo Bay, between Misaki and Boshu, Japan. Holotype (unique): NSMT-P 590. •Synonym of Zu cristatus (Bonelli 1820) -- (Heemstra & Kannemeyer 1984:23 [ref. 5349], Martin & Hilton 2021:307 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Synonym of Zu cristatus (Bonelli 1820). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

imperialis, Scarcina Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:21 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:39 [ref. 3595]. •Questionable synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Parenti 2019:116 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Uncertain as Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

iris, Cepola Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:617 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality stated. No types known. •Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Palmer 1973:330 [ref. 7195], Aguiar & Quéro 1990:648 [ref. 17478], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:47 [ref. 26753], Mundy 2005:238 [ref. 28379], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:27 [ref. 36649], Martin & Hilton 2021:307 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

ishikawae, Trachypterus Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1901:310, Pl. 17 (fig. 10) [Journal of the College of Science. Imperial University, Tokyo v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 2506] Off mouth of Tokyo Bay, between Misaki and Boshu, Japan. Holotype: ZUMT 589 (not seen in 1997). Original genus shoud have been Trachipterus. The spelling ishikawae is acceptable; early workers almost certainly Latinized the name first, and then added an 'e' (Art. 31.1.1) [WNE, 12 Mar. 2012]. •Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Savinykh & Baitalyuk 2011:588 [ref. 31580]). •Valid as Trachipterus ishikawae Jordan & Snyder 1901 -- (Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:117 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:406 [ref. 25086], Olney in Randall & Lim 2000:594 [ref. 25122], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:24 [ref. 25650], Shinohara et al. 2001:302 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:406 [ref. 26001], Mundy 2005:238 [ref. 28379], Shinohara et al. 2011:40 [ref. 31715], Roberts 2012:55 [ref. 32187], Shinohara et al. 2014:240 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:163 [ref. 33547], Sonoyama et al. 2020:27 [ref. 37637], Martin & Hilton 2021:307 [ref. 38678] with question). Current status: Valid as Trachipterus ishikawae Jordan & Snyder 1901. Trachipteridae. Distribution: Western and central North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

islandicus, Bogmarus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:[518], Pl. 101 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] North Seas; Iceland. Specific name appeared only on the plate (with genus as Boymarus); as Bogmarus bogmarus in index (p. LVIII). •Synonym of Trachipterus arcticus (Brünnich 1788) -- (Palmer 1973:331 [ref. 7195]). Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus arcticus (Brünnich 1788). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

jacksonensis, Regalaecus Ramsay [E. P.] 1881:631, Pl. 20 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 18589] Manly Beach, Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS A.9114. Original genus should have been Regalecus. •Synonym of Trachipterus arawatae Clarke 1881 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:400 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Trachipterus jacksonensis (Ramsay 1881) -- (Heemstra & Kannemeyer 1984:17 [ref. 5349], Heemstra & Kannemeyer 1986:400 [ref. 5666], Paulin et al. 1989:150 [ref. 24556], Fricke 1999:98 [ref. 24106], Olney 1999:1974 [ref. 24751], Hutchins 2001:26 [ref. 25847], Mincarone et al. 2001:123 [ref. 37066], Menezes et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:58 [ref. 27192], Paxton et al. 2006:541 [ref. 28995], Fricke et al. 2009:26 [ref. 30213], Savinykh & Baitalyuk 2011:581 [ref. 31580], Roberts 2012:55 [ref. 32187], Page et al. 2013:91 [ref. 32708], Stewart 2015:691 [ref. 34254], Sutton et al. 2020:227 [ref. 37832], Martin & Hilton 2021:307 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Valid as Trachipterus jacksonensis (Ramsay 1881). Trachipteridae. Distribution: Southern Hemisphere, probably circumglobal (recorded from Brazil, South Africa, Mascarenes, southern Australia, New Zealand). Habitat: marine.

leiopterus, Trachypterus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:342 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Naples; Nice; Toulon; Florence; Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN A-5115 (1) Messina, A-7130 (1) Naples. Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:8 [ref. 20740]. Trachypterus liopterus Günther 1861 is an unjustified emendation. •Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Palmer 1973:330 [ref. 7195], Aguiar & Quéro 1990:648 [ref. 17478], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:47 [ref. 26753], Martin & Hilton 2021:307 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

liopterus, Trachypterus Günther [A.] 1861:304 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Unjustified emendation of Trachypterus leiopterus Valenciennes 1835. •Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789). Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

longiradiatus, Gymnetrus Risso [A.] 1820:251 [Journal de Physique, de Chimie et d'Histoire Naturelle v. 91; ref. 18636] Nice, France, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. See also Risso 1827:296 Pl. 14 (fig. 43) [ref. 3757]. Spelled longi-radiatus originally. •Synonym of Regalecus glesne Ascanius 1772 -- (Palmer 1973:329 [ref. 7195], Quiniou & Quéro 1990:650 [ref. 17473]). •Description refers to a Trachipterus -- (Roberts 2012:81 [ref. 32187]). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

lorum, Desmodema Rosenblatt [R. H.] & Butler [J. L.] 1977:851, Figs. 3-6 [United States National Marine Fisheries Service Fishery Bulletin v. 75 (no. 4); ref. 7281] North Pacific, 29°05'to 03'N, 126°38' to 42'W, depth 0-220 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 216726 [ex SIO 62-434]. Paratypes: LACM 9726-8 (1), 9890-2 (1), 9982-10 (1), 30217-1 (1), 30597-1 (1), 30998-1 (1), 31678-1 (1), 31800-2 (1), 35237-1 (1); SIO 15-1093 (1) (ex UCLA W61-125), 63-375 (1), 63-429 (1), 74-47 (1), 76-335 (1). •Valid as Desmodema lorum Rosenblatt & Butler 1977 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:121 [ref. 9277], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:117 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:405 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:24 [ref. 25650], Nakabo 2002:404 [ref. 26001], Nelson et al. 2004:89 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:237 [ref. 28379], Page et al. 2013:91 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:162 [ref. 33547], Kells et al. 2016:348 [ref. 35888], Angulo & López-Sánchez 2017:587 [ref. 35166], Burton & Lea 2019:48 [ref. 37205], Martin & Hilton 2021:345 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Valid as Desmodema lorum Rosenblatt & Butler 1977. Trachipteridae. Distribution: North Pacific, eastern Pacific: south to Peru. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Epidesmus Ranzani [C.] 1818:137, Pl. 6 [Opuscoli Scientifici, Bologna v. 2; ref. 3604] Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). Holotype (unique): not found at MZUB. Also appeared in Ranzani 1820:62 [ref. 26408]. •Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Palmer 1973:330 [ref. 7195], Aguiar & Quéro 1990:648 [ref. 17478]). Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Regalecus Nardo [G. D.] 1824:122, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Giornale di fisica, chimica e storia naturale, medicina, ed arti. (series 2) v. 7; ref. 21241] Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). •Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Palmer 1973:330 [ref. 7195]). Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

mediterraneus, Bogmarus Otto [A. W.] 1821:6 [Conspectus animalium quorundam maritimorum; ref. 4987] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Palmer 1973:330 [ref. 7195], Aguiar & Quéro 1990:648 [ref. 17478]). Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

misakiensis, Trachypterus Tanaka [S.] 1908:52, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Journal of the College of Science. Imperial University, Tokyo v. 23 (art. 7); ref. 6032] Misaki, Sagami Sea, Japan. Holotype: ZUMT 960 (lost). Paratypes: ZUMT (3, lost). Original genus should have been spelled Trachipterus. •Synonym of Desmodema polystictum (Ogilby 1898) -- (Aguiar & Quéro 1990:647 [ref. 17478], Martin & Hilton 2021:307 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Synonym of Desmodema polystictum (Ogilby 1898). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

mullerianus, Gymnetrus Risso [A.] 1840:13, Pl. 125 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 6 (pt. 1); ref. 18637] No locality stated [Mediterranean Sea]. Holotype: MNHN B-0875 (dry, poor condition). Type catalog: Bertin 1945:378 [ref. 21554], Bauchot 1970:9 [ref. 20740]. •Synonym of Zu cristatus (Bonelli 1820) -- (Palmer 1973:331 [ref. 7195], Heemstra & Kannemeyer 1984:23 [ref. 5349], Aguiar & Quéro 1990:649 [ref. 17478]). Current status: Synonym of Zu cristatus (Bonelli 1820). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

nigrifrons, Trachypterus Smith [J. L. B.] 1956:449, Fig. 1, Pl. 12 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 9 (no. 102) (Art. 53); ref. 12227] East London, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 52. •Synonym of Trachipterus jacksonensis (Ramsay 1881) -- (Heemstra & Kannemeyer 1984:17 [ref. 5349], Heemstra & Kannemeyer 1986:400 [ref. 5666], Martin & Hilton 2021:307 [ref. 38678] with question). Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus jacksonensis (Ramsay 1881). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

pentastigma, Trachypterus Norman [J. R.] 1922:217 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 10 (no. 56); ref. 3210] Misaki, Japan. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1922.6.7.48. •Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Palmer 1973:330 [ref. 7195], Aguiar & Quéro 1990:649 [ref. 17478], Martin & Hilton 2021:307 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

polystictus, Trachypterus jacksoniensis Ogilby [J. D.] 1898:649 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 22 (pt 3); ref. 14689] Off Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS (presumeably lost). •Valid as Desmodema polystictum (Ogilby 1898) -- (Yabe in Amaoka et al. 1983:127, 202 [ref. 8379], Heemstra & Kannemeyer 1984:15 [ref. 5349], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:117 [ref. 6441], Heemstra & Kannemeyer 1986:400 [ref. 5666], Robins & Ray 1986:119 [ref. 23100], Paxton et al. 1989:399 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:55 [ref. 14125] as polysticta, Paulin et al. 1989:149 [ref. 24556], Aguiar & Quéro 1990:647 [ref. 17478], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:114, 134 [ref. 24555] as polysticta, Olney 1999:1974 [ref. 24751], Nakabo 2000:405 [ref. 25086], Olney in Randall & Lim 2000:594 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:26 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:302 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:404 [ref. 26001], Menezes et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:58 [ref. 27192] dated 1897, Olney 2003:958 [ref. 27007], Moore et al. 2003:203 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:89 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:237 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:541 [ref. 28995], Costa & Mincarone 2010:354 [ref. 37483], Shinohara et al. 2011:40 [ref. 31715], Page et al. 2013:91 [ref. 32708], Shinohara et al. 2014:239 [ref. 33330], Psomadakis et al. 2015:172 [ref. 34104], Stewart 2015:690 [ref. 34254], Olney & Hartel 2016:1938 [ref. 34580], Fourriére et al. 2016:455 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:607 [ref. 34923], Angulo & López-Sánchez 2017:574, 587 [ref. 35166], Deshmukh et al. 2018:379 [ref. 36518], Hoschke et al. 2019:154 [ref. 36626], Sonoyama et al. 2020:27 [ref. 37637], Sutton et al. 2020:226 [ref. 37832], Martin & Hilton 2021:343 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Valid as Desmodema polystictum (Ogilby 1898). Trachipteridae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through temperate seas (including Sea of Japan). Habitat: marine.

quadrimaculata, Scarcina Rafinesque [C. S.] (ex Cupani) 1810:20 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Based on the "Tenia Aristotelis" of Cupani 1713:Pl. 65 [= Pl. 629] [ref. 37141]. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:39 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Parenti 2019:116 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

quadrimaculatus, Argyctius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:55, Pl. 1 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:31 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Palmer 1973:330 [ref. 7195], Aguiar & Quéro 1990:648 [ref. 17478], Parenti 2019:102 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

rapandus, Trachypterus Costa [O. G.] 1842:Trachypterus p. 11, Pl. 9 [Fauna del regno di Napoli v. 3 (pt 2); ref. 980] Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Still researching. Published 12 Oct. 1842. May be a subsequent use of Gymnetrus repandus Metaxà 1833. •Uncertain in Trachipteridae -- (Martin & Hilton 2021:308 [ref. 38678]). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

repandus, Gymnetrus Metaxà [T.] 1833:53, Pl. 1 (fig. 7) [Memoire di Zoologia Medica. Roma; ref. 17495] Gulf of Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Zu cristatus (Bonelli 1820) -- (Palmer 1973:331 [ref. 7195], Heemstra & Kannemeyer 1984:23 [ref. 5349], Aguiar & Quéro 1990:649 [ref. 17478]). Current status: Synonym of Zu cristatus (Bonelli 1820). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

rexsalmonorum, Trachypterus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1894:144, Pl. 9 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 4; ref. 14555] Open sea outside San Francisco Bay, California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 1060 [not 11382 and not 1382 as published]. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:62 [ref. 12291]. Originally as rex-salmonorum. •Synonym of Trachipterus altivelis Kner 1859 -- (Mecklenburg et al. 2002:261 [ref. 25968], Martin & Hilton 2021:308 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus altivelis Kner 1859. Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

rondeletii, Trachypterus Costa [O. G.] 1842:Trachypterus p. 10, Fig. 9, bis [Fauna del regno di Napoli v. 3 (pt 2); ref. 980] [Napoli] Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Published 12 Oct. 1842. Based, in part, on Argyctius quadrimaculatus Rafinesque 1810 and Trachypterus spinolae Valenciennes 1835. •Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Palmer 1973:330 [ref. 7195], Aguiar & Quéro 1990:648 [ref. 17478], Martin & Hilton 2021:308 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

rueppellii, Trachypterus Günther [A.] 1861:304 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1860.11.9.7. Original as rüppellii, corrected to rueppellii by Kullander 2016:95 [ref. 34436]. •Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Palmer 1973:330 [ref. 7195], Aguiar & Quéro 1990:648 [ref. 17478], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:47 [ref. 26753], Martin & Hilton 2021:308 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

seleniris, Trachypterus Snyder [J. O.] 1908:319 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 60 (for May 1908); ref. 10249] Monterey, California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 13080. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:62 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Trachipterus altivelis Kner 1859 -- (Mecklenburg et al. 2002:261 [ref. 25968], Martin & Hilton 2021:308 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus altivelis Kner 1859. Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

semiophorus, Trachypterus Bleeker [P.] 1868:279, Pl. 12 (bottom fig.) [Archives néerlandaises des sciences exactes et naturelles v. 3; ref. 17053] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Zu cristatus (Bonelli 1820) -- (Palmer 1973:331 [ref. 7195], Heemstra & Kannemeyer 1984:23 [ref. 5349], Aguiar & Quéro 1990:649 [ref. 17478], Martin & Hilton 2021:308 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Synonym of Zu cristatus (Bonelli 1820). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

spinolae, Trachypterus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:328, Pl. 296 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Mediterranean; Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN A-7109 (1), 7120 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:8-9 [ref. 20740] as holotype and paratype. •Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Palmer 1973:330 [ref. 7195], Aguiar & Quéro 1990:648 [ref. 17478], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:47 [ref. 26753], Martin & Hilton 2021:308 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

swainsonii, Cephalepis Rafinesque [C. S.] in Swainson 1839:404 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Palmer 1973:330 [ref. 7195], Aguiar & Quéro 1990:648 [ref. 17478]). Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

taenia, Trachyterus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:480 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. Genus spelled Trachypterus in index. •Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Palmer 1973:330 [ref. 7195], Palmer in Whitehead et al. 1986:730 [ref. 13676], Aguiar & Quéro 1990:648 [ref. 17478], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:47 [ref. 26753], Martin & Hilton 2021:308 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

trachyptera, Cepola Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1187 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. Should be spelled trachypterus. •Valid as Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Palmer 1973:330 [ref. 7195], Heemstra & Kannemeyer 1984:20 [ref. 5349], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:117 [ref. 6441], Palmer in Whitehead et al. 1986:730 [ref. 13676], Heemstra & Kannemeyer 1986:400 [ref. 5666], Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:162 [ref. 14235] as trachipterus, Pequeño 1989:55 [ref. 14125] as trachipterus, Paulin et al. 1989:150 [ref. 24556], Aguiar & Quéro 1990:648 [ref. 17478], Andrew et al. 1995:30 [ref. 38009] with question, Golani 1996:25 [ref. 22271], Dulĉić 1996:101 [ref. 22305], Imamura & Ishito 1997:2 [ref. 24372], Arruda 1997:73 [ref. 24952], Trunov 1999:465 [ref. 24579] as trachipterus, Olney 1999:1974 [ref. 24751], Nakabo 2000:406 [ref. 25086], Olney in Randall & Lim 2000:594 [ref. 25122], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:24 [ref. 25650], Shinohara et al. 2001:302 [ref. 25995], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:47 [ref. 26753], Nakabo 2002:406 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:205, 536 [ref. 26218], Golani 2005:24 [ref. 37112], Mundy 2005:238 [ref. 28379], Trunov & Kukuev 2005:188 [ref. 28209], Fricke et al. 2007:62 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:27 [ref. 36649], Savinykh & Baitalyuk 2011:581 [ref. 31580], Shinohara et al. 2011:40 [ref. 31715], Roberts 2012:55 [ref. 32187], Mytilineou et al. 2013:1653 [ref. 38686], Shinohara et al. 2014:240 [ref. 33330], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:112 [ref. 36167], Stewart 2015:692 [ref. 34254], Olney & Hartel 2016:1938 [ref. 34580], Angulo & López-Sánchez 2017:587 [ref. 35166], Artüz & Fricke 2019:554 [ref. 36612], Brown et al. 2019:160 [ref. 36444], Carneiro et al. 2019:128 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36864], Yapici 2019:15 [ref. 36891], Bariche & Fricke 2020:64 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:17 [ref. 37519], Psomadakis et al. 2020:319 [ref. 37272] as cf. trachypterus, Sutton et al. 2020:227 [ref. 37832], Golani 2021:26 [ref. 38303], Martin & Hilton 2021:307 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Valid as Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789). Trachipteridae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; eastern Atlantic; southern-central Atlantic: Saint Helena; Indo-Pacific. Habitat: marine.

trachyurus, Trachypterus Poey [F.] 1861:420 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. No types known. Apparently the same as Trachipterus trachipterus (Gmelin 1789) and not an original description. •Synonym of Desmodema polystictum (Ogilby 1898) -- (Martin & Hilton 2021:308 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

trimaculatus, Trichiurus Giovene [G. M.] 1829:25 [7] [Memorie di matematica e di scienze fisiche e naturali della Società Italiana delle Scienze. v. 20; ref. 18122] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. On p. 7 of separate. •Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Palmer 1973:330 [ref. 7195], Aguiar & Quéro 1990:648 [ref. 17478]). Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus trachypterus (Gmelin 1789). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

vogmarus, Trachypterus Reinhardt [J. C. H.] 1838:67 [Det Kongelige Danske videnskabernes selskabs naturvidenskabelige og mathematiske afhandlinger v. 7; ref. 18616] Not an original description but an emendation of Trachipterus bogmarus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). •In the synonymy of Trachipterus arcticus (Brünnich 1788) -- (Palmer 1973:331 [ref. 7195]). Unjustified Emend.. Current status: Synonym of Trachipterus arcticus (Brünnich 1788). Trachipteridae.

weychardti, Trachypterus Philippi [R. A.] 1874:117, Pl. 3 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 40 (pt. 1); ref. 18550] Valparaíso, Chile. Holotype (unique): (lost). Described from a photograph, specimen lost. •Uncertain in family Trachipteridae -- (Martin & Hilton 2021:308 [ref. 38678]). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.

woodi, Trachipterus Smith [J. L. B.] 1953:504, Fig. 264b [The sea fishes of southern Africa. Revised enlarged edition; ref. 19760] Xora River mouth, Transkei, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 133. •Synonym of Desmodema polystictum (Ogilby 1898) -- (Heemstra & Kannemeyer 1984:15 [ref. 5349], Heemstra & Kannemeyer 1986:400 [ref. 5666], Mundy 2005:237 [ref. 28379], Martin & Hilton 2021:307 [ref. 38678]). Current status: Synonym of Desmodema polystictum (Ogilby 1898). Trachipteridae. Habitat: marine.