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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Triportheidae: [ 35 ] records


albus, Triportheus Cope [E. D.] 1872:264, Pls. 8 (fig. 3), 14 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 23; ref. 921] Río Ambyiacu, Peru. Holotype (unique): ANSP 21234 (damaged young specimen). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:42 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Triportheus albus Cope 1872 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:30 [ref. 37559], Ortega & Vari 1986:10 [ref. 9708], Taphorn 1992:346 [ref. 23654], Malabarba 1998:76 [ref. 23840], Malabarba & Lima in Reis et al. 2003:157 [ref. 27061], Malabarba 2004:184 [ref. 28150], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Sarmiento et al. 2014:54, 185 [ref. 35004], Mariguela et al. 2016:132 [ref. 34141], DoNascimiento 2016:538 [ref. 34727], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633], Silvano et al. 2020:84 [ref. 38133]). Current status: Valid as Triportheus albus Cope 1872. Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Distribution: South America: Amazon River basin (Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and ?Venezuela). Habitat: freshwater.

amazonensis, Chalcinus Miranda Ribeiro [P. de] 1941:174 [Papéis Avulsos do Departamento de Zoologia, Secretaria da Agricultura, São Paulo v. 1 (no. 18); ref. 10388] Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNRJ 2771. •Synonym of Triportheus elongatus (Günther 1864) -- (Malabarba & Lima in Reis et al. 2003:157 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Triportheus auritus (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Malabarba 2004:178 [ref. 28150]). Current status: Synonym of Triportheus auritus (Valenciennes 1850). Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Habitat: freshwater.

anchoveoides, Clupeacharax Pearson [N. E.] 1924:47, Pls. 7 (fig. 3), 11 (fig. 2) [Indiana University Studies v. 11 (no. 64); ref. 3396] Cachuela Esperanza, Amazon River system, Bolivia. Holotype (unique): CAS 41312 [ex IU 17356]. •Valid as Clupeacharax anchoveoides Pearson 1924 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:28 [ref. 37559], Ortega & Vari 1986:8 [ref. 9708], Zarske & Géry 1997:174 [ref. 23736], Britski et al. 1999:49 [ref. 24147], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:171 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:19 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:74 [ref. 28131], Mirande 2009:11 [ref. 30267] as not a Characidae, Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Sarmiento et al. 2014:184 [ref. 35004], Mirande & Koerber 2015:20 [ref. 35117], Vera-Alcaraz et al. 2017:4 [ref. 35082], Koerber et al. 2017:31 [ref. 35267], see DoNascimiento et al. 2017:[13] [ref. 35679]). Current status: Valid as Clupeacharax anchoveoides Pearson 1924. Triportheidae: Clupeacharacinae. Distribution: South America: upper Amazon River basin; Paraná and Paraguay River basins (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Paraguay and Peru). Habitat: freshwater.

anchovia, Agoniates Eigenmann [C. H.] 1914:46 [Indiana University Studies No. 20; ref. 1230] Villa Bella, Rio Beni, upper Amazon system, Brazil. Holotype: FMNH 56401 [ex CM 5216]. Paratypes: (9) FMNH 14918 (1), 56402 (7). Type catalog: Henn 1928:60 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:6 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Agoniates anchovia Eigenmann 1914 -- (Zarske & Géry 1997:180 [ref. 23736], Lima & Zanata in Reis et al. 2003:170 [ref. 27061], Mirande 2010:479 [ref. 31006], Dagosta & Datovo 2013:165 [ref. 32564], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Sarmiento et al. 2014:183 [ref. 35004], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Agoniates anchovia Eigenmann 1914. Triportheidae: Agoniatinae. Distribution: Amazon River basin: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

angulatus, Chalceus Spix [J. B. von] & Agassiz [L.] 1829:67, Pl. 34 [Selecta genera et species piscium quos in itinere per Brasiliam; ref. 13] Rio Solimões, ilha do Prego, opposite to Alvarães Amazonas, Brazil, 3°10'37"S, 64°48.1'W [lower Amazon basin]. Neotype: MCP 29943. Name first published in Cuvier 1829 [ref. 995]. Neotype designated by Malabarba 2004:172 [ref. 28150]. See Malabarba 2004:172 [ref. 28150] for original locality information; syntypes (2) lost. •Valid as Triportheus angulatus (Spix & Agassiz 1829) -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:30 [ref. 37559], Ortega & Vari 1986:10 [ref. 9708], Taphorn 1992:349 [ref. 23654], Lasso et al. 2001:96 [ref. 25928], Malabarba & Lima in Reis et al. 2003:157 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:19 [ref. 27366], Malabarba 2004:171 [ref. 28150], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Sarmiento et al. 2014:54, 185 [ref. 35004], Mariguela et al. 2016:132 [ref. 34141], DoNascimiento 2016:530 [ref. 34727], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633], Careaga et al. 2020:76 [ref. 37774], Silvano et al. 2020:84 [ref. 38133]). Current status: Valid as Triportheus angulatus (Spix & Agassiz 1829). Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Distribution: South America: Amazon River basin (Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela). Habitat: freshwater.

auritus, Chalcinus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1850:262 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 22; ref. 1014] Anavilhanas, rio Negro, Amazonas, Brazil, 2°42'S, 60°45'W. Neotype: MZUSP 58859. Neotype designated by Malabarba 2004:179 [ref. 28150]. •Incertae inquirenda in Triportheus -- (Malabarba & Lima in Reis et al. 2003:158 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Triportheus auritus (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Malabarba 2004:178 [ref. 28150], Phillip et al. 2013:17 [ref. 32896], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Sarmiento et al. 2014:54, 185 [ref. 35004], Mariguela et al. 2016:132 [ref. 34141], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633], Silvano et al. 2020:85 [ref. 38133]). Current status: Valid as Triportheus auritus (Valenciennes 1850). Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Distribution: South America: Orinoco and Amazon River basins (Brazil, Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador, Guiana, Peru, Venezuela; introduced in Trinidad). Habitat: freshwater.

brachipomus, Chalcinus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1850:259 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 22; ref. 1014] Mana, Essequibo River, French Guyana, 5°44'N, 53°54'W. Lectotype: MNHN 2004-3095 [ex MNHN 0000-5042]. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-5402 (2, now 1), A-9836 (1), A-9916 (5). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:9 [ref. 19577]. Lectotype selected by Malabarba 2004:177 [ref. 28150]. •Synonym of Triportheus rotundatus (Jardine 1841) -- (Malabarba & Lima in Reis et al. 2003:158 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Triportheus brachipomus (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Malabarba 2004:176 [ref. 28150], Mariguela et al. 2016:132 [ref. 34141], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:64 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Triportheus brachipomus (Valenciennes 1850). Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Distribution: Orinoco River basin: Brazil, Colombia, Suriname, Venezuela and the Guianas. Habitat: freshwater.

clupeoides, Salmo Kner [R.] (ex Natterer) 1860:15 [7] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 18; ref. 7130] On p. 7 of separate. Not available, name mentioned in passing under Chalcinus nematurus Kner. •In the synonymy of Triportheus nematurus (Kner 1858) -- (Malabarba & Lima in Reis et al. 2003:158 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:11 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:17 [ref. 35117], Koerber et al. 2017:27 [ref. 35267]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Triportheus nematurus (Kner 1858). Triportheidae: Triportheinae.

cruzi, Chalcinus Miranda Ribeiro [P. de] 1941:173, Fig. 5 [Papéis Avulsos do Departamento de Zoologia, Secretaria da Agricultura, São Paulo v. 1 (no. 18); ref. 10388] Amazon River, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNRJ 2775. •Synonym of Triportheus elongatus (Günther 1864) -- (Malabarba & Lima in Reis et al. 2003:157 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Triportheus auritus (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Malabarba 2004:178 [ref. 28150]). Current status: Synonym of Triportheus auritus (Valenciennes 1850). Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Habitat: freshwater.

culter, Chalcinus Cope [E. D.] 1872:265, Pl. 14 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 23; ref. 921] Río Ambyiacu, Peru. Holotype (unique): ANSP 16672 (damaged). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:45 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Triportheus culter (Cope 1872) -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:10 [ref. 9708], Malabarba & Lima in Reis et al. 2003:157 [ref. 27061], Malabarba 2004:186 [ref. 28150], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], Sarmiento et al. 2014:54, 185 [ref. 35004], Mariguela et al. 2016:132 [ref. 34141], DoNascimiento 2016:538 [ref. 34727], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:64 [ref. 35633], Careaga et al. 2020:76 [ref. 37774]). Current status: Valid as Triportheus culter (Cope 1872). Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Distribution: South America: Amazon River basin (Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, Bolivia, Peru and ? Venezuela). Habitat: freshwater.

curtus, Chalcinus angulatus Garman [S.] 1890:4 [Bulletin of the Essex Institute v. 22 (nos 1-3); ref. 17893] Pará and Arary, Brazil. Syntypes: MCZ 21264 (1), 21272 (2). •Valid as Triportheus curtus (Garman 1890) -- (Malabarba & Lima in Reis et al. 2003:157 [ref. 27061], Malabarba 2004:191 [ref. 28150]). Current status: Valid as Triportheus curtus (Garman 1890). Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Distribution: Amazon River basin: Brazil and Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

elongatus, Chalcinus Günther [A.] 1864:342 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 5; ref. 1974] No locality. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1852.9.13.10. •Valid as Triportheus elongatus (Günther 1864) -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:30 [ref. 37559], Maxwell et al. 1984:262 [ref. 25570], Ortega & Vari 1986:10 [ref. 9708], Malabarba 1998:76 [ref. 23840], Malabarba & Lima in Reis et al. 2003:157-158 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Triportheus auritus (Valenciennes 1850) -- (Malabarba 2004:178 [ref. 28150], DoNascimiento 2016:538 [ref. 34727], see DoNascimiento et al. 2017:[13] [ref. 35679]). Current status: Synonym of Triportheus auritus (Valenciennes 1850). Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Habitat: freshwater.

flavus, Triportheus Cope [E. D.] 1872:264, Pl. 14 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 23; ref. 921] Río Ambyiacu, Peru. Lectotype: ANSP 8077. Paralectotypes: ANSP 8074-75 (2), 8078-80 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:46 [ref. 13621]. Lectotype established by Fowler 1907:448 [ref. 1374]. •Valid as Triportheus flavus Cope 1872 -- (Malabarba 1998:76 [ref. 23840]). •Synonym of Triportheus angulatus (Spix & Agassiz 1829) -- (Malabarba & Lima in Reis et al. 2003:157 [ref. 27061], Malabarba 2004:171 [ref. 28150]). Current status: Synonym of Triportheus angulatus (Spix & Agassiz 1829). Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fuscus, Chalcinus angulatus Garman [S.] 1890:4 [Bulletin of the Essex Institute v. 22 (nos 1-3); ref. 17893] Villa Bella and Lake Hyanuary, Brazil. Syntypes: MCZ 21175 + 21202 + 21239 + 21201 + 21241 (22), 21183 + 21187 + 21189 (10), 21190 + 21186 + 21191 (now 15), 21224 (33), 21216 (3), 21270 (18); USNM 120253 [ex MCZ 21190] (3). Type catalog: Vari & Howe 1991:11 [ref. 19022]. •Synonym of Triportheus angulatus (Spix & Agassiz 1829) -- (Malabarba & Lima in Reis et al. 2003:157 [ref. 27061], Malabarba 2004:171 [ref. 28150]). Current status: Synonym of Triportheus angulatus (Spix & Agassiz 1829). Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Habitat: freshwater.

guentheri, Chalcinus Garman [S.] 1890:4 [Bulletin of the Essex Institute v. 22 (nos 1-3); ref. 17893] Essequibo River; Rio São Francisco, below falls, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Holotype: MCZ 21173. Non-types: BMNH (2 + 1). Originally as C. güntheri. Based on Chalcinus brachypomus of Günther 1864:341 [ref. 1974]; Garman mentions a typical specimen from R. San Francisco, but that does not technically establish it as the holotype, but it apparently was the only specimen he saved. •Valid as Triportheus guentheri (Garman 1890) -- (Malabarba 1998:76 [ref. 23840], Malabarba & Lima in Reis et al. 2003:158 [ref. 27061], Malabarba 2004:188 [ref. 28150], Mariguela et al. 2016:132 [ref. 34141], Silva et al. 2020:9 [ref. 37809]). Current status: Valid as Triportheus guentheri (Garman 1890). Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Distribution: South America: São Francisco River basin (Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

halecinus, Agoniates Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] 1845:33, Pl. 7 (fig. 2) [Horae Ichthyologicae Nos 1 & 2; ref. 3071] Guiana. Holotype (unique): ZMB 3618. •Valid as Agoniates halecinus Müller & Troschel 1845 -- (Zarske & Géry 1997:175 [ref. 23736] with locality as probably Cuyuni river, Lima & Zanata in Reis et al. 2003:170 [ref. 27061], Dagosta & Datovo 2013:165 [ref. 32564], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35633], Silvano et al. 2020:60 [ref. 38133]). Current status: Valid as Agoniates halecinus Müller & Troschel 1845. Triportheidae: Agoniatinae. Distribution: South America: Amazon and Orinoco river basins (Brazil, Colombia, Guyana and Venezuela). Habitat: freshwater.

iquitensis, Chalcinus elongatus Nakashima [S.] 1941:63, Fig. [Boletín del Museo de Historia Natural "Javier Prado" v. 5 (no. 16); ref. 13189] Iquitos, Amazon system, northeastern Peru. Syntypes: (lost). Objectively invalid; preoccupied in same article by Chalcinus rotundatus iquitensis Nakashima 1941:65 [ref. 13189]; first reviser apparently Malabarba 2004:186 [ref. 28150] selecting C. e. iquitensis. •In the synonymy of Triportheus elongatus (Günther 1864) -- (Malabarba & Lima in Reis et al. 2003:157-158 [ref. 27061]). •In the synonymy of Triportheus culter (Cope 1872) -- (Malabarba 2004:186 [ref. 28150]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Triportheus culter (Cope 1872). Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Habitat: freshwater.

iquitensis, Chalcinus rotundatus Nakashima [S.] 1941:65 [Boletín del Museo de Historia Natural "Javier Prado" v. 5 (no. 16); ref. 13189] Iquitos, Amazon system, northeastern Peru. Syntypes: (lost). Preoccupied in same article by Chalcinus elongatus iquitensis Nakashima 1941:63 [ref. 13189]; first reviser Malabarba 2004:186 selecting C. e. iquitensis. •Synonym of Triportheus rotundatus (Jardine 1841) -- (Malabarba & Lima in Reis et al. 2003:158 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Triportheus albus Cope 1872 -- (Malabarba 2004:184 [ref. 28150]). Current status: Synonym of Triportheus rotundatus (Jardine 1841). Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Habitat: freshwater.

knerii, Chalcinus Steindachner [F.] 1876:98 [50], Pl. 12 (fig. 4) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 74 (1. Abth.); ref. 4225] Amazon River, questionably from Tefé, Brazil. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown, not at NMW. On p. 50 of separate. •Species inquirenda in Triportheus, possibly a synonym of T. albus Cope 1872 -- (Malabarba & Lima in Reis et al. 2003:158 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Triportheus albus Cope 1872 -- (Malabarba 2004:184 [ref. 28150]). Current status: Synonym of Triportheus albus Cope 1872. Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Habitat: freshwater.

ladigesi, Agoniates Géry [J.] 1963:266, Fig. 1; Pl. 4 [Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut v. 60 [1962]; ref. 4853] Loreto District near Iquitos and Leticia, Peruvian Amazon. Holotype: ZMH H1565. Paratypes: Géry coll. M.302.1 (1). Type catalog: Wilkens 1977:156 [ref. 22013]. •Valid as Agoniates ladigesi Géry 1963 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:7 [ref. 9708]). •Synonym of Agoniates anchovia Eigenmann 1914 -- (Zarske & Géry 1997:180 [ref. 23736], Lima & Zanata in Reis et al. 2003:170 [ref. 27061], Dagosta & Datovo 2013:165 [ref. 32564]). Current status: Synonym of Agoniates anchovia Eigenmann 1914. Triportheidae: Agoniatinae. Habitat: freshwater.

magdalenae, Chalcinus Steindachner [F.] 1878:91 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 15 (no. 12) (for 9 May 1878); ref. 20476] Río Magdalena, Cienaga, Colombia. Syntypes: (several) NMW 69151-54 (7, 2, 4, 2); ZMUC 87 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:45 [ref. 9588]. Species later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1879:60 [p. 44 of separate], Pl. 11 (figs. 1-2) [ref. 4227]. •Valid as Triportheus magdalenae (Steindachner 1878) -- (Malabarba & Lima in Reis et al. 2003:158 [ref. 27061], Malabarba 2004:193 [ref. 28150], Mariguela et al. 2016:132 [ref. 34141], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:64 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Triportheus magdalenae (Steindachner 1878). Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Distribution: Magdalena River basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

muellerii, Chalcinus De Filippi [F.] 1853:165 [3] [Revue et Magasin de Zoologie (Sér. 2) v. 5; ref. 17378] Rio Napo, Amazon system, Peru. Holotype (unique): MZUT 92641 [ex 160]. Type catalog: Tortonese 1940:138 [ref. 21559], Conci & Michelangeli 1974:219 [ref. 21560]. Original as Mülleri. On p. 3 of separate. •Species inquirenda in Triportheus , possibly a synonym of T. angulatus (Spix & Agassiz 1829) -- (Malabarba & Lima in Reis et al. 2003:158 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Triportheus angulatus (Spix & Agassiz 1829) -- (Malabarba 2004:171 [ref. 28150]). Current status: Synonym of Triportheus angulatus (Spix & Agassiz 1829). Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Habitat: freshwater.

myersi, Moojenichthys Miranda Ribeiro [P. de] 1956:546, Fig. [Proceedings / ...International Congress of Zoology v. 14 (1953); ref. 3729] Rio Braço, Ilhéos [Ilhéus], Bahia, Brazil. Holotype: MNRJ 4127. Paratypes: MNRJ 4128 (1). •Valid as Moojenichthys myersi Miranda Ribeiro 1956 -- (Castro & Vari 1990:535 [ref. 15521]). •Valid in the fossil genus Lignobrycon as Lignobrycon myersi (Miranda Ribeiro 1956) -- (Malabarba 1998:76 [ref. 23840], Lima in Reis et al. 2003:144 [ref. 27061], Reis et al. 2016:15 [ref. 34496], Silva et al. 2020:9 [ref. 37809]). Current status: Valid as Lignobrycon myersi (Miranda Ribeiro 1956). Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Distribution: South America: Do Braço River basin (Bahia State, Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

nematurus, Chalcinus Kner [R.] 1858:163 [3] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 32 (no. 22); ref. 18871] Rio Cuiabá [Cujaba], Brazil. Lectotype: NMW 69034. Paralectotypes: NMW 16171 (1, dry), 62689 (2), 62694 (2), 69034 (1). Appeared in more detail in Kner 1860:13 [p. 5 in separate], Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [ref. 7130]. Lectotype selected by Malabarba 2004:182 [ref. 28150]. •Valid as Triportheus nematurus (Kner 1858) -- (Malabarba 1998:76 [ref. 23840], Britski et al. 1999:29 [ref. 24147], Malabarba & Lima in Reis et al. 2003:158 [ref. 27061], Malabarba 2004:182 [ref. 28150], Mirande 2010:485 [ref. 31006], Koerber 2011:2 [ref. 31122], Koerber 2014:3 [ref. 33621], Litz & Koerber 2014:10 [ref. 33622], Sarmiento et al. 2014:54, 185 [ref. 35004], Mirande & Koerber 2015:17 [ref. 35117], Mariguela et al. 2016:132 [ref. 34141], Koerber et al. 2017:27 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Valid as Triportheus nematurus (Kner 1858). Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Distribution: Paraná-Paraguay River basin: Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay. Habitat: freshwater.

orinocensis, Triportheus Malabarba [M. C. S. L.] 2004:198, Fig. 25 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 28150] Guarico, caño to west of road from Calabozo to San Fernando, about 35 kilometers south to Fundo Masaguaral, caño Falcon, Venezuela. Holotype: MZUSP 85804. Paratypes: ANSP 189379 (1); INHS 32014 (1), 35635 (1), 35870 (2), 69510 (1), 98929 (5), 98930 (2); MBUCV-V-32265 (3); MCP 35825 (1); MZUSP 27968 (7); UNELLEZ 51999 (3); USNM 233225 (1), 233640 (12), 257992 (2), 258037 (7), 258120 (4), 260134 (7), 348707 (5). •Valid as Triportheus orinocensis Malabarba 2004 -- (Mariguela et al. 2016:132 [ref. 34141], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:64 [ref. 35633], Urbano-Bonilla et al. 2018:85 [ref. 35773]). Current status: Valid as Triportheus orinocensis Malabarba 2004. Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Distribution: Orinoco River basin: Venezuela and Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

pantanensis, Triportheus Malabarba [M. C. S. L.] 2004:197, Fig. 24 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 28150] Pond under bridge along Transpantaneira road, 70 kilometers south of Poconé, rio Paraguay, Mato Grosso, Brazil, 16°51'S, 56°50'W. Holotype: MCP 35006. Paratypes: MCP 10751 (6), 10733 (3), 15741 (1), 35824 (4); MZUSP 27187 (2); NRM 31456 (11); USNM 181682 (2), 181689 (2). •Valid as Triportheus pantanensis Malabarba 2004 -- (Mirande 2010:485 [ref. 31006], Koerber 2014:3 [ref. 33621], Mirande & Koerber 2015:18 [ref. 35117], Mariguela et al. 2016:132 [ref. 34141], Koerber et al. 2017:27 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Valid as Triportheus pantanensis Malabarba 2004. Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Distribution: Paraguay River and lower Paraná River, Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay. Habitat: freshwater.

paranensis, Chalcinus Günther [A.] 1874:454 [7] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 14 (no. 84) (art. 55); ref. 5753] Rio Paraná, Brazil. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1872.5.6.32. •Valid as Triportheus paranensis (Günther 1874) -- (Fernández & Butí 1996:252 [ref. 22775], Gómez & Chebez 1996:48 [ref. 23791], Malabarba 1998:76 [ref. 23840], Britski et al. 1999:27 [ref. 24147], Malabarba & Lima in Reis et al. 2003:158 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:19 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:74 [ref. 28131], Nión et al. 2016:30 [ref. 35565]). •Synonym of Triportheus nematurus (Kner 1858) -- (Malabarba 2004:182 [ref. 28150], Koerber 2014:3 [ref. 33621], Litz & Koerber 2014:11 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:17 [ref. 35117], Koerber et al. 2017:27 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Synonym of Triportheus nematurus (Kner 1858). Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Habitat: freshwater.

pictus, Chalcinus Garman [S.] 1890:5 [Bulletin of the Essex Institute v. 22 (nos 1-3); ref. 17893] Rio Jutahy [Jutaí], tributary of Rio Solimões, Amazonas, Brazil, about 2°43'S, 66°57'W. Holotype (unique): MCZ 21261. •Valid as Triportheus pictus (Garman 1890) -- (Malabarba & Lima in Reis et al. 2003:158 [ref. 27061], Malabarba 2004:190 [ref. 28150], Barriga Salazar 2014:108 [ref. 35745], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:64 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Triportheus pictus (Garman 1890). Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Distribution: Amazon River basin: Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia and Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

rotundatus, Chalceus Jardine [W.] in Schomburgk 1841:209 [The Natural history of fishes of Guiana; ref. 18707] Lago Amapá, Rio Purus drainage, Acre, Brazil, 10°02'36"S, 67°50'24"W. Neotype: MCP 34863. Neotype designated by Malabarba 2004:175 [ref. 28150] •Valid as Triportheus rotundatus (Jardine 1841) -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:10 [ref. 9708], Planquette et al. 1996:232 [ref. 22818], Malabarba 1998:76 [ref. 23840], Malabarba & Lima in Reis et al. 2003:158 [ref. 27061], Malabarba 2004:174 [ref. 28150], Sarmiento et al. 2014:54, 185 [ref. 35004], Mariguela et al. 2016:132 [ref. 34141], DoNascimiento 2016:538 [ref. 34727], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:64 [ref. 35633], Careaga et al. 2020:76 [ref. 37774], Silvano et al. 2020:85 [ref. 38133]). Current status: Valid as Triportheus rotundatus (Jardine 1841). Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Distribution: South America: Amazon River basin and coastal rivers of the Guianas (Brazil, Colombia, Bolivia, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname and ? Venezuela). Habitat: freshwater.

rotundatus, Chalcinus Nakashima [S.] 1941:64, Fig. [Boletín del Museo de Historia Natural "Javier Prado" v. 5 (no. 16); ref. 13189] Iquitos, Amazon system, northeastern Peru. Appeared as above in main heading (apparently in error) and as Chalcinus rotundatus iquitensis in caption to figure; intention of author unclear. As a subspecies, the name is in competition with Chalcinus elongatus iquitensis in the same work. •Synonym of Triportheus rotundatus (Jardine 1841) -- (Malabarba & Lima in Reis et al. 2003:158 [ref. 27061]) 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Triportheus rotundatus (Jardine 1841). Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Habitat: freshwater.

signatus, Chalcinus angulatus Garman [S.] 1890:4 [Bulletin of the Essex Institute v. 22 (nos 1-3); ref. 17893] Rio Puty, Brazil about 5°05'S, 42°49'W. Syntypes: MCZ 21267 (17). •Valid as Triportheus signatus (Garman 1890) -- (Malabarba & Lima in Reis et al. 2003:158 [ref. 27061], Malabarba 2004:193 [ref. 28150], Ramos et al. 2014:4 [ref. 35321], Mariguela et al. 2016:132 [ref. 34141], Melo et al. 2016:376 [ref. 35317], Silva et al. 2020:9 [ref. 37809]). Current status: Valid as Triportheus signatus (Garman 1890). Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Distribution: South America: Paraíba River basin and some northeastern coastal drainages (Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

taeniatum, Engraulisoma Castro [R. M. C.] 1981:137, Fig. 1 [Papéis Avulsos do Departamento de Zoologia, Secretaria da Agricultura, São Paulo v. 34 (no. 11); ref. 773] Rio Cuiabá, Municipio de Poconé, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 14704. Paratypes: MZUSP 14705-13 (9), 14714 (1). Type catalog: Oyakawa 1996:466 [ref. 23140]. •Valid as Engraulisoma taeniatum Castro 1981 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:8 [ref. 9708], Taphorn 1992:182 [ref. 23654] as cf taeniatum, Braga 1998:29 [ref. 27760], Britski et al. 1999:43 [ref. 24147], López et al. 2003:20 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:74 [ref. 28131], Mirande 2009:11 [ref. 30267] as not a Characidae, Mirande 2010:467 [ref. 31006] in Gasteropelecidae, Barriga Salazar 2014:106, 107 [ref. 35745], Sarmiento et al. 2014:184 [ref. 35004], Mirande & Koerber 2015:15 [ref. 35117], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:62 [ref. 35633], Urbano-Bonilla et al. 2018:85 [ref. 35773]). Current status: Valid as Engraulisoma taeniatum Castro 1981. Triportheidae: Clupeacharacinae. Distribution: Orinoco, Madeira and upper Paraguay River basins: Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

trifurcatus, Chalcinus Castelnau [F. L.] 1855:70, Pl. 37 (fig. 1) [Animaux nouveaux or rares v. 2; ref. 766] Rio Araguay, Pará, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9837 (dry, poor condition). Type catalog: Bertin 1948:9 [ref. 19577]. •Valid as Triportheus trifurcatus (Castelnau 1855) -- (Malabarba 1998:76 [ref. 23840], Malabarba & Lima in Reis et al. 2003:158 [ref. 27061], Malabarba 2004:180 [ref. 28150]), Mariguela et al. 2016:132 [ref. 34141]. Current status: Valid as Triportheus trifurcatus (Castelnau 1855). Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Distribution: Tocantins-Araguaia River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

venezuelensis, Triportheus Malabarba [M. C. S. L.] 2004:200, Fig. 26 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 28150] Barinas, río Masparro, Apure drainage, 5 kilometers northwest of Libertad on road to Barinas, Venezuela, 8°20'N, 69°39"W. Holotype: INHS 34768. Paratypes: FMNH 85488 (10); INHS 34484 (2), 34573 (3), 35077 (4), 35114 (8), 35294 (3); MCP 35842 (1); UNELLEZ 52000 (3); USNM 233784 (12), 258079 (6), 258223 (5), 270343 (17). •Valid as Triportheus venezuelensis Malabarba 2004 -- (Mariguela et al. 2016:132 [ref. 34141], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:64 [ref. 35633], Urbano-Bonilla et al. 2018:85 [ref. 35773]). Current status: Valid as Triportheus venezuelensis Malabarba 2004. Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Distribution: Orinoco River basin: Venezuela and Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

vittatus, Chalcinus angulatus Garman [S.] 1890:4 [Bulletin of the Essex Institute v. 22 (nos 1-3); ref. 17893] José Fernandez; Villa Bella; Porto de Moz; and Santarém, Brazil. Syntypes: MCZ 21175 (22 [21201, 21202, 21239, 21240]) + 21183 (10), 21186 + 21190 + 21191 (10), 21216 (3), 21270 (18), 21224 (33). •Synonym of Triportheus angulatus (Spix & Agassiz 1829) -- (Malabarba & Lima in Reis et al. 2003:157 [ref. 27061], Malabarba 2004:171 [ref. 28150]). Current status: Synonym of Triportheus angulatus (Spix & Agassiz 1829). Triportheidae: Triportheinae. Habitat: freshwater.