Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Alphestes: [ 10 ] records


afer, Epinephelus Bloch [M. E.] 1793:12, Pl. 327 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 7; ref. 4868] Guinea, West Africa. Holotype (unique): ZMB 143. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:135 [ref. 24282]. On p. 10 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 10 [ref. 21381]. Treated as Plectropoma afrum by Günther 1868:411 [ref. 1994]. See Craig et al. 2006:327 [ref. 29772] for locality information. •Valid as Epinephelus afer Bloch 1793 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:131 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1991:321 [ref. 24472]). •Valid as Alphestes afer (Bloch 1793) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1993:20 [ref. 21042], Cervigón 1992:425 [ref. 23827], Grace et al. 1994:11 [ref. 25512], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:314 [ref. 24023], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:203 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:156 [ref. 27754], Heemstra et al. 2003:1329 [ref. 27060], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:75 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:128 [ref. 28815], Craig et al. 2006:328 [ref. 29772], Wirtz et al. 2007:8, 29 [ref. 30263], Craig et al. 2011:4 [ref. 31786], Page et al. 2013:130 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:38 [ref. 33341], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2378 [ref. 34618], Nión et al. 2016:46 [ref. 35565], Ma & Craig 2018:454 [ref. 36100], Padovani-Ferreira et al. 2018:4 [ref. 37309], Reiner 2019:165 [ref. 38139], Parenti & Randall 2020:49 [ref. 37354], Robertson et al. 2020:161 [ref. 38098], Carvalho-Filho et al. in Marceniuk et al. 2021:511 [ref. 38945], Carvalho-Filho 2023:115 [ref. 40480], Martínez-Servín et al. 2023:116 [ref. 40726]). Current status: Valid as Alphestes afer (Bloch 1793). Epinephelidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bermuda and North Carolina (U.S.A.) south to Uruguay, including southern Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea; eastern Atlantic: Guinea; São Tome and Principe. Habitat: marine.

apiarius, Prospinus Poey [F.] 1962:55, Pl. 47 (fig. P) [Ictiologia Cubana. Posthumous transcription of original unpublished manuscript (1884) by M. Sánchez Roig and F. Gómez de la Maza v. 1; ref. 26395] Posthumous publication. •Synonym of Alphestes afer (Bloch 1793) -- (Poey 2000:903 [ref. 26366], Parenti & Randall 2020:49 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Alphestes afer (Bloch 1793). Epinephelidae. Habitat: marine.

armatus, Serranus Osório [B.] 1893:174 [Jornal de Sciências Mathemáticas, Physicas e Naturaes, Lisboa (Ser. 2) v. 3 (no. 11); ref. 20571] São Tomé Island, eastern Atlantic. Syntypes: MB (lost in fire in 1978). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Serranus armatus Castelnau 1875. •Questionably a synonym of Mycteroperca rubra (Bloch 1793) -- (Heemstra 1991:53 [ref. 19323], Heemstra & Randall 1993:275 [ref. 21042]). •Synonym of Mycteroperca rubra (Bloch 1793) -- (Smith 1990:702 [ref. 18227]). •Synonym of Alphestes afer (Bloch 1793) -- (Craig et al. 2006:329 [ref. 29772], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2378 [ref. 34618], Parenti & Randall 2020:49 [ref. 37354]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Alphestes afer (Bloch 1793). Epinephelidae. Habitat: marine.

chloropterum, Plectropoma Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:398 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] San Domingo; Martinique Island, West Indies. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-7782 (1) and 0000-7783 (1) San Domingo, 0000-4907 (1) Martinique; ?ZMB 282 (1) San Domingo. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:20 [ref. 19232]. •Synonym of Alphestes afer (Bloch 1793) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1993:20 [ref. 21042], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:203 [ref. 25013], Craig et al. 2006:329 [ref. 29772], Parenti & Randall 2020:49 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Alphestes afer (Bloch 1793). Epinephelidae. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Alphestes Hildebrand [S. F.] 1946:163, Fig. 36 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 189; ref. 2161] Lobos de Afuera Bay, Peru. Holotype: USNM 127950. Paratypes: (10 + 1) USNM 127951-54 (1, now 4, 1, 2); Gov't Peru [ex USNM 127952] (1). Two additional specimens (USNM 107069, USNM 119771) not regarded as types -- questionably referred to species. •Synonym of Alphestes immaculatus Breder 1936 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1993:21 [ref. 21042], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1578 [ref. 22830], Parenti & Randall 2020:50 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Alphestes immaculatus Breder 1936. Epinephelidae. Habitat: marine.

galapagensis, Alphestes Fowler [H. W.] 1944:342, Fig. 186 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 6; ref. 1448] San Cristóbal Island [Chatham Island], Galápagos Islands. Holotype: ANSP 70138. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:154 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Alphestes immaculatus Breder 1936 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1993:21 [ref. 21042], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1578 [ref. 22830], Parenti & Randall 2020:50 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Alphestes immaculatus Breder 1936. Epinephelidae. Habitat: marine.

immaculatus, Alphestes Breder [C. M., Jr.] 1936:22, Fig. 9 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 2 (art. 3); ref. 634] No locality stated (eastern Pacific). Holotype (unique): YPM 596. Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:25 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Alphestes immaculatus Breder 1936 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1993:21 [ref. 21042], Allen & Robertson 1994:107 [ref. 22193], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1578 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:275 [ref. 24545] as inmaculatus, Grove & Lavenberg 1997:312 [ref. 24023], De la Cruz-Agüero & Cota-Gómez 1998:357 [ref. 23520], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:349 [ref. 24555], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:204 [ref. 25013], Thomson et al. 2000:79 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:109 [ref. 37547], Craig et al. 2006:327 [ref. 29772], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Craig et al. 2011:6 [ref. 31786], Page et al. 2013:130 [ref. 32708], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:397 [ref. 34894], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:145 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:444 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:608 [ref. 34923], Ma & Craig 2018:454 [ref. 36100], Parenti & Randall 2020:49 [ref. 37354], Love et al. 2021:145 [ref. 39279], Siccha-Ramirez et al. 2023:305 [ref. 40816], Vela-Espinosa et al. 2023:9 [ref. 40981]). Current status: Valid as Alphestes immaculatus Breder 1936. Epinephelidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Pacific coast of central Baja California (Mexico) to southern Peru, including Gulf of California (Mexico) and Galapagos Islands (Ecuador). Habitat: marine.

lightfooti, Epinephelus Fowler [H. W.] 1907:258, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 59; ref. 1376] Dominican Republic, West Indies. Holotype (unique): ANSP 16514. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:155 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Alphestes afer (Bloch 1793) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1993:20 [ref. 21042], Craig et al. 2006:329 [ref. 29772], Parenti & Randall 2020:49 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Alphestes afer (Bloch 1793). Epinephelidae. Habitat: marine.

monacanthus, Plectropoma Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] in Schomburgk 1848:665 [13] [The history of Barbados; comprising a geographical description of the island and an account of its geology and natural productions.; ref. 17812] Barbados, West Indies. Holotype (unique): ZMB 292. Appeared first as above; reprinted in Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 1848:13. •Synonym of Alphestes afer (Bloch 1793) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1993:20 [ref. 21042], Craig et al. 2006:329 [ref. 29772], Parenti & Randall 2020:49 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Alphestes afer (Bloch 1793). Epinephelidae. Habitat: marine.

multiguttatum, Plectropoma Günther [A.] 1867:600 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866 (pt 3); ref. 1984] Panama. Holotype: BMNH 1866.1.14.3. •Valid as Alphestes multiguttatus (Günther 1867) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1993:22 [ref. 21042], Allen & Robertson 1994:107 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:92 [ref. 23101], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1579 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:275 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:314 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:349 [ref. 24555], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:204 [ref. 25013], Thomson et al. 2000:79 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:109 [ref. 37547], Craig et al. 2006:327 [ref. 29772], Craig et al. 2011:8 [ref. 31786], Page et al. 2013:130 [ref. 32708], Barriga Salazar 2014:119 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:397 [ref. 34894], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:608 [ref. 34923], Fourriére et al. 2016:444 [ref. 34668], Ma & Craig 2018:454 [ref. 36100], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:90 [ref. 35859], González-Murcia et al. 2019:306 [ref. 36544], Parenti & Randall 2020:50 [ref. 37354], Love et al. 2021:145 [ref. 39279], Siccha-Ramirez et al. 2023:306 [ref. 40816], Vela-Espinosa et al. 2023:9 [ref. 40981]). Current status: Valid as Alphestes multiguttatus (Günther 1867). Epinephelidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Pacific coast of southern Baja California Sur (Mexico) south to northern Peru, including Gulf of California (Mexico), Cocos Island (Costa Rica) and Malpelo Island (Colombia). Habitat: marine.


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