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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Apogon: [ 71 ] records


americana, Apogon rexmullorum var. Pictet [F.-J.] 1836:185 [Bibliothèque Universelle de Genève. Nouvelle Sér. v. 1; ref. 26136] Syntypes: MHNG 1060.89 (1). Type catalog: Weber 1998:12 [ref. 23532]. Species originally as rex mullorum. Species apparently predates Apogon americanus Castelnau 1855; a species currently recognized as valid. Current usage should be maintained. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

americanum, Apogon Castelnau [F. L.] 1855:3, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Animaux nouveaux or rares v. 2; ref. 766] Bahia, Brazil. Holotype: MNHN 0000-8688. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:59 [ref. 12478]. Apparently preoccupied by Apogon rexmullorum var americana Pictet 1836 -- an unused name; current usage should be continued. •Valid as Apogon americanus Castelnau 1855 -- (Gilbert 1977:27 [ref. 21333], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1644 [ref. 25634], Rocha & Rosa 2001:990 [ref. 25909], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Feitoza et al. 2003:68 [ref. 26943], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:78 [ref. 27192], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Pinheiro et al. 2015:16 [ref. 34324], Vaske et al. 2005:77 [ref. 36155], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:24 [ref. 36965], Guabiroba et al. 2020:701 [ref. 37571]). Current status: Valid as Apogon americanus Castelnau 1855. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Brazil, including Fernando Noronha Archipelago, Saint Paul's Rocks and Vitória-Trinidade Seamount Chain. Habitat: marine.

atradorsatus, Apogon Heller [E.] & Snodgrass [R. E.] 1903:192, Pl. 3 [Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 5; ref. 2089] Santa María Island [Charles Island], Galápagos Islands. Holotype: CAS-SU 6357. Paratypes: numerous from Cocos Island, and several Galápagos islands. BMNH 1901.6.28.56-65 (10?), 1901.6.28.66-70 (5); CAS-SU 6405 (28), 6423 (12). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:71 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Apogon atradorsatus Heller & Snodgrass 1903 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:122 [ref. 22193], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:54 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:346 [ref. 24023], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Sánchez-Jiménez et al. 2018:7 [ref. 36248], Piñeros et al. 2018:234 [ref. 36377], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:28 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon atradorsatus Heller & Snodgrass 1903. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands, Cocos and Malpelo islands. Habitat: marine.

atricaudus, Apogon Jordan [D. S.] & McGregor [E. A.] in Jordan & Evermann 1898:2853 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2445] Benedicto Island, Socorro Island and Clarian Island, western coast of Mexico. Syntypes: BMNH 1898.10.29.22-25 (4), NMW 34670-74 (5), CAS-SU 5708 (12), USNM 48527 (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:71 [ref. 12291]. Appeared first as above although unintended, with citation to [as yet unpublished] Jordan and McGregor 1898 [published 1899]; Jordan & McGregor 1899:277 [ref. 2488]. •Valid as Apogon atricaudus Jordan & McGregor 1898 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:202 [ref. 9277], Allen & Robertson 1994:122 [ref. 22193], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:54 [ref. 24545], Thomson et al. 2000:112 [ref. 25640], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], Béarez & Séret 2009:147 [ref. 36646], Page et al. 2013:142 [ref. 32708], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Fourriére et al. 2016:445 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:609 [ref. 34923], Kells et al. 2016:228 [ref. 35888], Piñeros et al. 2018:234 [ref. 36377], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:28 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon atricaudus Jordan & McGregor 1898. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Revillagigedo Islands, Clipperton Island. Habitat: marine.

aurolineatum, Amia Mowbray [L. L.] in Breder 1927:35, Fig. 18 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 1 (art. 1); ref. 635] Siguanea Bay, Isle of Pines, south of western Cuba, depth 3 fathoms. Holotype: YPM 461. Paratypes: YPM 462 (1), plus one missing. Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:7 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Apogon aurolineatus (Mowbray 1927) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:152 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:126 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1993:13 [ref. 24474], Gilbert & Tyler 1997:773 [ref. 22974], Villamizar 1996:40 [ref. 23496], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Smith et al. 2003:27 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:221 [ref. 28815], Baldwin et al. 2011:21 [ref. 31688], Page et al. 2013:142 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:45 [ref. 33341], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:30 [ref. 36965], Robertson et al. 2020:150 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Apogon aurolineatus (Mowbray 1927). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

axillaris, Apogon Valenciennes [A.] 1832:56, Pl. 4 (fig. 3) [Nouvelles Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle (Paris) v. 1; ref. 17863] Ascension Island. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8687. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:59 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Apogon axillaris Valencienens 1832 -- (Edwards & Glass 1987:639 [ref. 9166], Maugé 1990:714 [ref. 17126], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Wirtz et al. 2014:6 [ref. 33516], Gon in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2427 [ref. 34618], Brown et al. 2019:163 [ref. 36444], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:25 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon axillaris Valenciennes 1832. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southern central Atlantic: Ascension and Saint Helena islands. Habitat: marine.

binotata, Amia Poey [F.] 1867:234 [Repertorio Fisico-Natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 14078] Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 9750 (3). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:188 [ref. 22926]. •Valid as Apogon binotatus (Poey 1867) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:150 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1993:14 [ref. 24474], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:224 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:158 [ref. 27754], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Smith et al. 2003:27 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:222 [ref. 28815], Baldwin et al. 2011:3 [ref. 31688], Page et al. 2013:142 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:45 [ref. 33341], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:25 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon binotatus (Poey 1867). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

brasilianus, Apogon Gilbert [C. H.] 1900:168, Pl. 9 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 2; ref. 1630] Stone reef at Mamanguape, Brazil. Holotype: CAS-SU 6309. Paratypes: CAS-SU 6310 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:71 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Apogon americanus Castelnau 1855 -- (Gilbert 1977:27 [ref. 21333]). Current status: Synonym of Apogon americanus Castelnau 1855. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

campbelli, Apogon Smith [J. L. B.] 1949:100 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 2 (no. 14) (art. 13); ref. 4077] Reefs off Delagoa Bay, Mozambique, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 348 (primary specimen), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] (not researched); USNM 112207 (1). •Synonym of Apogon coccineus Rüppell 1838 -- (Gon 1986:549 [ref. 5657]). •See Greenfield 2001:461 [ref. 25234]. •Valid as Apogon campbelli Smith 1949 -- (Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Gon & Randall 2003:8 [ref. 26750], Heemstra et al. 2004:3320 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:186 [ref. 28072], Greenfield & Randall 2004:564 [ref. 28162], Greenfield 2007:364 [ref. 29402], Yoshida et al. 2010:33 [ref. 31255], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Golani & Fricke 2018:71 [ref. 36273], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:36 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon campbelli Smith 1949. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: East Africa south to Delagoa Bay. Habitat: marine.

cardinalis, Amia Seale [A.] 1910:509 [The Philippine Journal of Science Section A v. 4 (no. 6) (for 1909); ref. 4000] Puerto Princesa, Palawan Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): BSMP 5463 (apparently destroyed). •Status uncertain -- (Greenfield 2001:461 [ref. 25234], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426]). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

caudicinctus, Apogon Randall [J. E.] & Smith [C. L.] 1988:2, Fig. 1 [American Museum Novitates No. 2926; ref. 9278] South side of Mei Point, Rapa, South Pacific, depth 0-10 feet. Holotype: BPBM 13002. Paratypes: AMNH 72756 (1), 72759-60 (6, 3); BPBM 7398 (1), 16799 (2), 20068 (2); CAS 60678 (1); MNHN 1987-1249 (1); NSMT-P 44622 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 27055 (1); USNM 288237 (2); WAM P.29385-001 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:23 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:24 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Apogon caudicinctus Randall & Smith 1988 -- (Fricke 1999:226 [ref. 24106], Allen 1999:2605 [ref. 24812], Randall 1999:14 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:763 [ref. 25086], Randall & Earle 2000:12 [ref. 25806], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Allen & Randall 2002:126 [ref. 26188], Nakabo 2002:763 [ref. 26001], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624], Greenfield & Randall 2004:566 [ref. 28162], Randall 2005:193 [ref. 28239], Greenfield 2007:604 [ref. 29453], Fricke et al. 2009:51 [ref. 30213], Yoshida et al. 2010:30 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:105 [ref. 31256], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Arndt & Fricke 2019:10 [ref. 36883], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:38 [ref. 36965], Yoshida & Motomura 2020:1 [ref. 37470], Gon et al. 2020:502 [ref. 38029]). Current status: Valid as Apogon caudicinctus Randall & Smith 1988. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: western Mascarenes east to Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia, Tonga and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

ceramensis, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1852:256 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 16825] Wahai, northern Ceram, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) RMNH 5578 (2 of 9). •Synonym of Apogon lateralis Valenciennes 1832 -- (Allen et al. 2006:1090 [ref. 29004]). •Synonym of Ostorhinchus lateralis (Valenciennes 1832) -- (Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:331 [ref. 28867], Kottelat 2013:330 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Apogon ceramensis Bleeker 1852 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:546 [ref. 12442], Allen 1999:2605 [ref. 24812], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:212 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:99 [ref. 25868], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:388 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Apogon ceramensis Bleeker 1852. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea to Philippines. Habitat: marine.

coccineus, Apogon Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1838:88, Pl. 22 (fig. 5) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 973. Paralectotypes: SMF 4704-06 (3, poor condition). Lectotype established by Dor 1984:110 [ref. 29757] if not designated earlier. •See Johnson 2001:732 [ref. 25471]. •Valid as Apogon coccineus Rüppell 1838 -- (Dor 1984:110 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:145 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:68 [ref. 25477], Pequeño 1989:60 [ref. 14125], Gon 1986:549 [ref. 5657], Paxton et al. 1989:546 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:29 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:139 [ref. 15987], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Kuiter 1993:161 [ref. 23929], Goren & Dor 1994:30 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:154 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:104 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:150 [ref. 23922], Myers 1999:125 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:226 [ref. 24106], Allen 1999:2605 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:764 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Greenfield 2001:460 [ref. 25234], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Nakabo 2002:764 [ref. 26001], Gon & Randall 2003:9 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:61 [ref. 27510], Lobel & Lobel 2004:71 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624] as cf. coccineus, Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:186 [ref. 28072], Greenfield & Randall 2004:563 [ref. 28162], Randall 2005:193 [ref. 28239], Yoshida et al. 2010:33 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:108 [ref. 31256], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Golani & Fricke 2018:71 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:35 [ref. 37020], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:35 [ref. 36965], Zajonz et al. 2019:73 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Apogon coccineus Rüppell 1838. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: Socotra, Gulf of Oman, Persian Gulf. Habitat: marine.

crassiceps, Apogon Garman [S.] 1903:230 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 39 (no. 8); ref. 15030] Suva Reef, Viti Levu, Fiji Islands. Holotype (unique): MCZ 28314. •Valid as Apogon crassiceps Garman 1903 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:149 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:68 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:546 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:29 [ref. 13251], Francis 1993:160 [ref. 25479], Francis & Randall 1993:130 [ref. 20996], Randall et al. 1997:139 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:125 [ref. 23965], Allen 1999:2605 [ref. 24812], Johnson 1999:732 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:761 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Greenfield 2001:461 [ref. 25234], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Nakabo 2002:761 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:8 [ref. 26750], Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:62 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Greenfield & Randall 2004:564 [ref. 28162], Randall 2005:193 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1086 [ref. 29004], Greenfield 2007:364 [ref. 29402], Shibukawa 2009:104 [ref. 30449], Yoshida et al. 2010:33 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:105 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:368 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:69 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2019:131 [ref. 36673], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:37 [ref. 36965], Yoshida in Motomura et al. 2021:22 [ref. 38121]). Current status: Valid as Apogon crassiceps Garman 1903. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Easter Island, north to Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), Lord Howe Island, New Caledonia, Tonga and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

dammermani, Apogon Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1929:338 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 5; ref. 16063] Coast of northern New Guinea. Holotype (unique): ZMA 101144. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:85 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Nectamia dammermani (Weber & de Beaufort 1929) -- (Fricke et al. 2014:72 [ref. 33932]). •Valid as Apogon dammermani Weber & de Beaufort 1929 -- (T. Fraser pers. com. 9/2000, Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:33 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon dammermani Weber & de Beaufort 1929. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: eastern Indonesia and Papua New Guinea east to Rapa. Habitat: marine.

deetsie, Apogon Randall [J. E.] 1998:30, Fig. 4 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 23433] Small cave off entrance to channel at northeastern end of Kaneohe Bay, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, depth 29 meters. Holotype: BPBM 37400. Paratypes: AMS I.37828-001 (1); BMNH 1997.2.4.2 (1); BPBM 10217 (1), 13983 (1), 14004 (1); CAS 91614 (1); USNM 343982 (1). •Valid as Apogon deetsie Randall 1998 -- (Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Allen & Randall 2002:126 [ref. 26188], Greenfield & Randall 2004:566 [ref. 28162], Randall 2005:193 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:354 [ref. 28379], Greenfield 2007:604 [ref. 29453], Randall 2007:212 [ref. 30952], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:39 [ref. 36965], Gon et al. 2020:502 [ref. 38029]). Current status: Valid as Apogon deetsie Randall 1998. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Hawaiian Islands; Tuamotu Archipelago. Habitat: marine.

dianthus, Apogon Fraser [T. H.] & Randall [J. E.] 2002:27, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 115 (no. 1); ref. 25969] Cave at base of coral head on 60° slope, 420 meters southwest of Malakal Pass, Palau Islands, depth 18 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 9360. •Valid as Apogon dianthus Fraser & Randall 2002 -- (Greenfield 2007:601 [ref. 29453], Fricke et al. 2014:69 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:39 [ref. 36965], Gon et al. 2020:502 [ref. 38029]). Current status: Valid as Apogon dianthus Fraser & Randall 2002. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Comoro Islands; Indonesia east to Palau and Fiji, south to Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

diencaea, Amia Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:431, Pl. 34 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 41 (no. 1868); ref. 3576] Sulade Island, Jolo, Philippines. Holotype (unique): USNM 70243. •Synonym of Apogon semiornatus Peters 1876 -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). Current status: Synonym of Apogon semiornatus Peters 1876. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

doryssa, Amia Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:245, Fig. 39 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Apia, Upolu Island, Samoa. Holotype: USNM 51812. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8684 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:71 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Apogon doryssa (Jordan & Seale 1906) -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:145 [ref. 6441], Kuiter 1997:146 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:508 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:125 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:227 [ref. 24106], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Johnson 1999:732 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:763 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:100 [ref. 25868], Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Greenfield 2001:460 [ref. 25234], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Nakabo 2002:763 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:71 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3320 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:193 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1087 [ref. 29004], Greenfield 2007:365 [ref. 29402], Allen & Erdmann 2012:368 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:69 [ref. 33932], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:35 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon doryssa (Jordan & Seale 1906). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Rodrigues (Mascarenes); Maldives and Christmas Island (Indian Ocean) east to Indonesia, Papua New Guinea to Wake Atoll, Marshall Islands and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia, Tonga and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

dovii, Apogon Günther [A.] 1862:371 [2] [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1861 (pt 3); ref. 1968] Panama (Pacific). Syntypes: BMNH 1861.8.13.13 (1), ZMB 6796 (3). On p. 2 of separate. Named for Capt. Dow, but Günther used this name in this form many times; perhaps that is the name he wanted; incorrectly emended to dowii by some authors. •Valid as Apogon dovii Günther 1862 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:122 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:98 [ref. 23101], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:54 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:348 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:336 [ref. 24555], Thomson et al. 2000:112 [ref. 25640], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807] dating 1861, McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957] dated 1861, Page et al. 2013:142 [ref. 32708], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Fourriére et al. 2016:445 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:609 [ref. 34923], Piñeros et al. 2018:234 [ref. 36377], González-Murcia et al. 2019:301 [ref. 36544], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:29 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon dovii Günther 1862. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: El Salvador south to northern Peru. Habitat: marine.

erythrinus, Apogon Snyder [J. O.] 1904:526, Pl. 9 (fig. 17) [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 4149] Puako Bay, Hawaii Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 50876. Paratypes: CAS-SU 7733-74 (1, 2); USNM 55316 (1), 55321 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:71 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Apogon coccineus Rüppell 1838 -- (Dor 1984:110 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Apogon erythrinus Snyder 1904 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:145 [ref. 6441], Winterbottom et al. 1989:29 [ref. 13251], Randall 1998:32 [ref. 23433], Myers 1999:125 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:732 [ref. 25471] as cf erythrinus, Nakabo 2000:764 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Greenfield 2001:462 [ref. 25234], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Nakabo 2002:764 [ref. 26001], Greenfield & Randall 2004:563 [ref. 28162], Randall 2005:194 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:354 [ref. 28379], Greenfield 2007:364 [ref. 29402], Randall 2007:213 [ref. 30952], Yoshida et al. 2010:38 [ref. 31255], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:37 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon erythrinus Snyder 1904. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Johnston Atoll and Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

erythrosoma, Apogon Gon [O.] & Randall [J. E.] 2003:12, Fig. 5; Pl. 1G [Smithiana. Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity Bull. 1; ref. 26750] Marsa Ktana, Egypt, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Holotype: HUJ 18626. Paratypes: BPBM 18194 (1); HUJ 11202 (6); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 63555 (1), 63557 (1); TAU [= SMNHTAU] P.3395 (1), P.7558 (4), P.7773 (1), P.7774 (15), P.8667 (2), P.10025 (1), 11328 (3), P.11333 (1); USNM 364594 (1). Type catalog: Golani 2006:26 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Apogon erythrosoma Gon & Randall 2003 -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Golani & Fricke 2018:72 [ref. 36273], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:36 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon erythrosoma Gon & Randall 2003. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: Maldives. Habitat: marine.

fugax, Apogon Gon [O.], Bogorodsky [S. V.], Mal [A. O.] & Alpermann [T. J.] 2020:487, Fig. 1 [Zootaxa 4896 (no. 4); ref. 38029] Off Jizan, Red Sea, Saudi Arabia, 16°53.052'N, 42°21.122'E, depth 60 - 67 meters. Holotype: SMF 35884. Paratypes: CSIRO, SAIAB. •Valid as Apogon fugax Gon, Bogorodsky, Mal & Alpermann 2020. Current status: Valid as Apogon fugax Gon, Bogorodsky, Mal & Alpermann 2020. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Red Sea, Myanmar and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

gouldi, Apogon Smith-Vaniz [W. F.] 1977:3, Figs. 1-3a, 4a [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 452; ref. 7285] Northwestern edge of Bermuda Plateau, 64°53.4'N, 32°27.7'W, Bermuda, depth 55-56 meters. Holotype (unique): ANSP 134040. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:20 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Apogon gouldi Smith-Vaniz 1977 -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:224 [ref. 25013], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:142 [ref. 32708], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:27 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon gouldi Smith-Vaniz 1977. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bermuda south to Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

guadalupensis, Amia Osburn [R. C.] & Nichols [J. T.] 1916:160, Fig. 9 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 35 (art. 16); ref. 15062] Guadalupe Island, Baja California, Mexico. Holotype (unique): USNM 87545 [ex AMNH 5204]. •Synonym of Apogon atricaudus Jordan & McGregor 1898 -- (Fraser in Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:28 [ref. 36965]). •Valid as Apogon guadalupensis (Osburn & Nichols 1916) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:122 [ref. 22193], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:54 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:345 [ref. 24023], Lea & Rosenblatt 2000:122 [ref. 25206], Thomson et al. 2000:112 [ref. 25640], Richards & Engle 2001:179 [ref. 25759], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:142 [ref. 32708], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426] with question, Fourriére et al. 2016:445 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:609 [ref. 34923], Kells et al. 2016:228 [ref. 35888], Piñeros et al. 2018:234 [ref. 36377], Walker et al. 2020:4 [ref. 37499]). Current status: Valid as Apogon guadalupensis (Osburn & Nichols 1916). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Pacific coast of Baja California (Mexico), straying to southern alifornia (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

hypselonotus, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1855:309 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 8 (no. 2); ref. 348] Batu Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5571 (1 of 16, probably the 39-mm TL spec.). •Status uncertain -- (Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426]). •SValid as Apogon hypselonotus Bleeker 1855 -- (Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:34 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon hypselonotus Bleeker 1855. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: eastern Indonesia east to American Samoa. Habitat: marine.

igneus, Apogon Ehrenberg [C. G.] in Klunzinger 1870:710, footnote [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 20; ref. 2621] Not available, name mentioned in synonymy in footnote and with no distinguishing features [on two specimens in ZMB 71]. •In the synonymy of Apogon coccineus Rüppell 1838 -- (Dor 1984:110 [ref. 29757], Gon & Randall 2003:9 [ref. 26750]). •Status uncertain -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). Apogonidae: Apogoninae.

imberbis, Mullus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:300 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Malta [Melita], Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Spelled Mullus inberbis by Sonnini 1801:257 [ref. 30163]. •Valid as Apogon imberbis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Fraser & Robins 1970:306 [ref. 1485], Tortonese 1973:365 [ref. 7192], Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:804 [ref. 13676], Maugé 1990:714 [ref. 17126], Santos et al. 1997:83 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:82 [ref. 24952], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:225 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:73 [ref. 25466], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:80 [ref. 26753], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Golani 2005:37 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:81 [ref. 29533], Wirtz et al. 2007:10, 31 [ref. 30263], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:43 [ref. 36649], Wirtz et al. 2013:123 [ref. 32972], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Gon in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2428 [ref. 34618], Carneiro et al. 2019:248 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:96 [ref. 36864], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:23 [ref. 36965], Reiner 2019:181 [ref. 38139], Bariche & Fricke 2020:54 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:35 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Apogon imberbis (Linnaeus 1758). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; eastern Atlantic: Portugal south to Angola, including Azores, Madeira, Canary Islands and São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

indicus, Apogon Greenfield [D. W.] 2001:465, Figs. 2B-C [Copeia 2001 (no. 2); ref. 25234] Mauritius, southwestern coast, Passe de L'Ambulante, off le Morne, outside lagoon, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean, 20°26'10"S, 57°17'40"E, depth 6-8 meters. Holotype: USNM 341643. Paratypes: USNM 359989 (1). •Valid as Apogon indicus Greenfield 2001 -- (Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Myers & Donaldson 2003:623 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:194 [ref. 28239], Greenfield 2007:364 [ref. 29402], Fricke et al. 2009:51 [ref. 30213], Yoshida et al. 2010:37 [ref. 31255], Yoshida et al. 2010:37 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:107 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:368 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2018:164 [ref. 35805], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:36 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon indicus Greenfield 2001. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Comoros, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Palau and southern Line Islands, north to southern Japan and the Philippines, south to New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

kautamea, Apogon Greenfield [D. W.] & Randall [J. E.] 2004:562, Figs. 1-2 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 55 (no. 29); ref. 28162] West coast of Tahai, Easter Island, southeastern Pacific, depth 18-20 meters. Holotype: CAS 219899. Paratypes: AMS I.4330-001 (1); BMNH 2004.6.18.1 (1); BPBM 6634-35 (1, 1), 39186 (2); CAS 219900 (3); FMNH 113713 (1); NSMT-P 68772 (1); SAIAB 74299 (1); USNM 378013 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Apogon kautamea Greenfield & Randall 2004 -- (Greenfield 2007:365 [ref. 29402] as kauteamea [typo]). •Valid as Apogon kautamea Greenfield & Randall 2004 -- (Yoshida et al. 2010:33 [ref. 31255], Yoshida et al. 2010:33 [ref. 31255], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:39 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon kautamea Greenfield & Randall 2004. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Easter Island endemic. Habitat: marine.

kominatoensis, Apogon Ebina [K.] 1935:211, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Imperial Fisheries Institute Tokyo v. 30 (no. 3); ref. 13879] Tidepools at Kominato, Chiba, Japan. Holotype: Zool. Lab., Imp. Fish. Inst. Tokyo (lost). Paratypes: (2). •Status uncertain -- (Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969]). •Valid as Apogon kominatoensis Ebina 1935 -- (Yoshida et al. 2010:33, 39 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:108 [ref. 31256], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Motomura et al. 2015:22 [ref. 34709], Koeda et al. 2016:4 [ref. 35354], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:38 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon kominatoensis Ebina 1935. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

lachneri, Apogon Böhlke [J. E.] 1959:1, Fig. 1 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 319; ref. 11979] About 1/3 mile north of the center of Green Cay, Bahamas, 25°07'08"N, 77°11'17"W. Holotype: ANSP 83827. Paratypes: ANSP 83828-31 (1, 2, 1, 49). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:20 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Apogon lachneri Böhlke 1959 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:152 [ref. 23100], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:158 [ref. 27754], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Collette et al. 2003:108 [ref. 26784], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Smith et al. 2003:28 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:223 [ref. 28815], Baldwin et al. 2011:14 [ref. 31688], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:45 [ref. 33341], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:30 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon lachneri Böhlke 1959. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

lativittatus, Apogon Randall [J. E.] 2001:49, Figs. 1-2 [Pacific Science v. 55 (no. 1); ref. 25215] Fatu Hiva, northeast of Matahumu Point, Marquesas Islands, depth 6 meters. Holotype: BPBM 11665. Paratypes: AMS I.39939-001 (1); ANSP 177853 (1); BPBM 11032 (5), 11677 (4), 12102 (1), 28069 (1), 38526 (1); CAS 211280 (1); FMNH 108688 (1); MNHN 2000-350 (2); NSMT-P59105 (1); USNM 360018 (1). •Valid as Apogon lativittatus Randall 2001 -- (Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Randall 2005:194 [ref. 28239], Greenfield 2007:364 [ref. 29402], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:34 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon lativittatus Randall 2001. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southern-central Pacific: Marquesas Islands. Habitat: marine.

leptocaulus, Apogon Gilbert [C. R.] 1972:421, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 85 (no. 36); ref. 17350] Atlantic, about 3700 yards off Boca Raton, Palm Beach County, Florida, U.S.A., depth 65-70 feet. Holotype: UF 17287. Paratypes: ANSP 117463 (1), FMNH 71014 (1). Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:112 [ref. 21035], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:10 [ref. 12367], Böhlke 1984:20 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Apogon leptocaulus Gilbert 1972 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:152 [ref. 23100], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Smith et al. 2003:28 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:27 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon leptocaulus Gilbert 1972. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

macrophthalmus, Apogonichthys Bleeker [P.] (ex Castelnau) 1860:455 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 20 (no. 3); ref. 14028] Singapore. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Based on a color painting in the Zoological Museum, University of Liège (see Russell et al. 2010:97 [ref. 30735]). •Status uncertain -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). •A forgotten name (nomen oblitum) in the synonymy of Ostorhinchus compressus (Smith & Radcliffe 1911) -- (Russell et al. 2010:97 [ref. 30735]) Current status: Synonym of Apogon compressus (Smith & Radcliffe 1911). Apogonidae: Apogoninae.

maculatus, Monoprion Poey [F.] 1860:123 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 9745 (1), 9755 (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:188 [ref. 22926] wrongly with a holotype and paratype. •Valid as Apogon maculatus (Poey 1860) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:151 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:367 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:141 [ref. 14674], Boschung 1992:126 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1993:16 [ref. 24474], Aguilera 1998:49 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:225 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:158 [ref. 27754], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Collette et al. 2003:108 [ref. 26784], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Smith et al. 2003:28 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:224 [ref. 28815], Baldwin et al. 2011:19 [ref. 31688], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:45 [ref. 33341], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:23 [ref. 36965], Robertson et al. 2020:150 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Apogon maculatus (Poey 1860). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic, including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

marquesensis, Apogon Greenfield [D. W.] 2001:469, Fig. 2F [Copeia 2001 (no. 2); ref. 25234] South side of Vaeho Bay off entrance to large cave, Ua Pou, Marquesas Islands, depth 0-10 meters. Holotype: BPBM 11033. Paratypes: ANSP 177852 (1); BPBM 38694 (4), 10346 (6), 11706 (2); CAS 211155 (1); FMNH 108687 (1); USNM 364355 (1). •Valid as Apogon marquesensis Greenfield 2001 -- (Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Randall 2005:194 [ref. 28239], Greenfield 2007:364 [ref. 29402], Yoshida et al. 2010:38 [ref. 31255], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:37 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon marquesensis Greenfield 2001. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Southern-central Pacific: Marquesas Islands. Habitat: marine.

melanorhynchos, Apogon Bleeker [P.] 1852:255 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 16825] Wahai, northern Ceram, Indonesia. Syntypes: (3) RMNH 5591 (possibly 3 of 12). Original as melanorhijnchos. Fraser & Lachner 1985:25 [ref. 4215] found that RMNH 5591 contained 6 different species, none agreeing with the figure presented in Bleeker's Atlas (which is Apogon fraenatus Valenciennes 1832). •Status uncertain -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). Current status: Synonym of Apogon. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

melas, Amia Fowler [H. W.] 1918:17, Fig. 8 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 70; ref. 1396] Philippines. Holotype (unique): ANSP 47491. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:20 [ref. 13621]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Apogon melas Bleeker 1848 in Amia; replaced by Apogonichthys melanopterus Fowler & Bean 1930. •Synonym of Apogon melanopterus (Fowler & Bean 1930) -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). •Valid as Apogon melas (Fowler 1918) -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:35 [ref. 26830]). Current status: Synonym of Apogon melanopterus (Fowler & Bean 1930). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

mosavi, Apogon Dale [G.] 1977:20, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 90 (no. 1); ref. 7242] Dropoff at Hawks-nest Creek, 1/2 mile from shore, Cat Island, Bahamas, depth 85-105 feet. Holotype: AMNH 35782. Paratypes: AMNH 34481 (orig. 126, now 105), ANSP 137482 [ex AMNH] (5), UF 232962 [ex UMML 32962, ex AMNH] (5), USNM 216595 [ex AMNH] (5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:20 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Apogon mosavi Dale 1977 -- (Gilbert & Tyler 1997:773 [ref. 22974], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Smith et al. 2003:28 [ref. 27621], Baldwin et al. 2011:27 [ref. 31688], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:30 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon mosavi Dale 1977. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

pacificus, Mionorus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:403 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 18 (no. 12); ref. 2109] Tagus Cove, Isabela Island [Albemarle Island], Galápagos Islands, 10 meters or more. Holotype: FMNH 17311. Paratypes: FMNH 17312 (1, in 2 pieces), CAS-SU 24421 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:72 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:57 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Apogon pacificus (Herre 1935) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:123 [ref. 22193] as pacifici, De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:54 [ref. 24545] as pacifici, Grove & Lavenberg 1997:348 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:336 [ref. 24555] as pacifici, Lea & Rosenblatt 2000:122 [ref. 25206], Thomson et al. 2000:112 [ref. 25640], Richards & Engle 2001:176 [ref. 25759], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957] as pacifici, Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:146 [ref. 34871], Kells et al. 2016:228 [ref. 35888], Piñeros et al. 2018:234 [ref. 36377], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:29 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon pacificus (Herre 1935). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California (Mexico) south to northern Peru. Habitat: marine.

parri, Apogon Breder [C. M., Jr.] 1936:18, Fig. 7 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 2 (art. 3); ref. 634] Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur, Mexico. Holotype: YPM 1239 [= BOC 682]. Paratypes: YPM 1240 (4). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:7 [ref. 16741]. •Synonym of Apogon pacificus (Herre 1935) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:123 [ref. 22193] as pacifici, Grove & Lavenberg 1997:348 [ref. 24023] [but see McCosker 1998:810 [ref. 24025]], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:336 [ref. 24555] as pacifici). •Valid as Apogon parri Breder 1936 -- (De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:54 [ref. 24545]). Current status: Synonym of Apogon pacificus (Herre 1935). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

phenax, Apogon Böhlke [J. E.] & Randall [J. E.] 1968:192, Figs. 2d, 5 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 120 (no. 4); ref. 7874] About 1/4 mile north of center of Green Cay, Nassau vicinity, Great Bahama Bank, Bahamas, depth 50 feet. Holotype: ANSP 111766. Paratypes: ANSP 106910 (1), 106912-6 (3, 1, 2, 1, 4), 111767-9 (17, 1, 2), 111770-2 (1, 1, 7); UF 12335-37 (3), 206192 [ex UMML 6192] (1), 206714 [ex UMML 6714] (1), 210777 [ex UMML 10777] (1), 218972 [ex UMML 18972] (1); UPRM uncat. [ex UPRM 1120] (1), 1119 (2), 1121 (7), 1123 (1), 1434 (1), 1440 (1). Type information: Gilbert 1974:114 [ref. 21035], Böhlke 1984:20 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Apogon phenax Böhlke & Randall 1968 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:150 [ref. 23100], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Collette et al. 2003:108 [ref. 26784], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Smith et al. 2003:28 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], Baldwin et al. 2011:12 [ref. 31688], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:27 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon phenax Böhlke & Randall 1968. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida (U.S.A.) and Bahamas south to Brazil, including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

pillionatus, Apogon Böhlke [J. E.] & Randall [J. E.] 1968:189, Figs. 2c, 4 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 120 (no. 4); ref. 7874] Bay on north side of Cabagua Island, Margarita Island, Venezuela, depth 18 feet. Holotype: ANSP 111761. Paratypes: ANSP 111760 (2), 111762-65 (2, 1, 7, 1); UF 13539 (1), 13583 (1), 13771 (1) 13830 (3), 14268 (2), 207725 [ex UMML 7725] (2), 218823 [ex UMML 18823] (1), 223994-95 [ex UMML 23994-95] (1, 2). Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:114 [ref. 21035], Böhlke 1984:20 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Apogon pillionatus Böhlke & Randall 1968 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:150 [ref. 23100], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Smith et al. 2003:28 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], Baldwin et al. 2011:8 [ref. 31688], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:45 [ref. 33341], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:25 [ref. 36965], Robertson et al. 2020:150 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Apogon pillionatus Böhlke & Randall 1968. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida (U.S.A.) and Bahamas south to Venezuela, including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

planifrons, Apogon Longley [W. H.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1940:232, Fig. 5 [Papers Tortugas Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington v. 32; ref. 2822] Tortugas, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 107326. Paratypes: USNM 108887 (1). •Valid as Apogon planifrons Longley & Hildebrand 1940 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:151 [ref. 23100], Guimarães 1996:61 [ref. 22514], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:225 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:158 [ref. 27754], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Collette et al. 2003:108 [ref. 26784], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:78 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:28 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:225 [ref. 28815], Baldwin et al. 2011:11 [ref. 31688], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:45 [ref. 33341], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:157 [ref. 37485], Pinheiro et al. 2015:16 [ref. 34324], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:26 [ref. 36965], Robertson et al. 2020:150 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Apogon planifrons Longley & Hildebrand 1940. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bermuda, Bahamas and Florida (U.S.A.) south to southeastern Brazil, including Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: marine.

posterofasciatus, Apogon Allen [G. R.] & Randall [J. E.] 2002:124, Fig. 6 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 26188] South side of Tanavula Point, 9°02'44"S, 160°04'07"E, Florida Island, Solomon Islands, depth 18-37 meters. Holotype: BPBM 15669. Paratypes: USNM 349197 (1), 351561 (1). •Valid as Apogon posterofasciatus Allen & Randall 2002 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Greenfield & Randall 2004:566 [ref. 28162], Randall 2005:194 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2012:368 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:38 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon posterofasciatus Allen & Randall 2002. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Fiji, north to Philippines, south to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

powelli, Amia Fowler [H. W.] 1917:123, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 35 (no. 4); ref. 15237] Incorrectly as Newport, Rhode Island, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP 13428. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:20 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Apogon imberbis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Fraser & Robins 1970:310 [ref. 1485] with comments on locality). Current status: Synonym of Apogon imberbis (Linnaeus 1758). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

pseudomaculatus, Apogon Longley [W. H.] 1932:301 [Carnegie Institution of Washington Year Book No. 31; ref. 18451] Tortugas, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 107324. Paratypes: USNM 108886 (18). •Valid as Apogon pseudomaculatus Longley 1932 -- (Gilbert 1977:31 [ref. 21333], Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:321 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:151 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:367 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:141 [ref. 14674], Boschung 1992:126 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1993:17 [ref. 24474], Andreata & Séret 1996:585 [ref. 16204], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:226 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:159 [ref. 27754], Rocha & Rosa 2001:990 [ref. 25909], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:78 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:28 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:226 [ref. 28815], Wirtz et al. 2007:10, 31 [ref. 30263], Baldwin et al. 2011:18 [ref. 31688], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:45 [ref. 33341], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Wirtz et al. 2014:6 [ref. 33516], Pinheiro et al. 2015:16 [ref. 34324], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:24 [ref. 36965], Reiner 2019:181 [ref. 38139], Pimentel et al. 2020:6 [ref. 38051], Robertson et al. 2020:150 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Apogon pseudomaculatus Longley 1932. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic; southern-central Atlantic: Ascension Island; eastern Atlantic: São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

quadrisquamatus, Apogon Longley [W. H.] 1934:257 [Carnegie Institution of Washington Publications No. 33; ref. 13896] Tortugas, Florida, U.S.A. Lectotype: USNM 107325. Paralectotypes: USNM 108888 (25), UW [ex USNM 108888] (1). USNM 107325 is listed as lectotype in USNM files, designation not researched; not designated here. •Valid as Apogon quadrisquamatus Longley 1934 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:152 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1993:18 [ref. 24474], Gilbert & Tyler 1997:764 [ref. 22974], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Collette et al. 2003:109 [ref. 26784], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:78 [ref. 27192] as quadrisquammatus, Smith et al. 2003:29 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:227 [ref. 28815], Allen et al. 2006:1087 [ref. 29004], Baldwin et al. 2011:24 [ref. 31688], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:46 [ref. 33341], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:31 [ref. 36965], Robertson et al. 2020:150 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Apogon quadrisquamatus Longley 1934. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida (U. S. A.) south to Brazil. Habitat: marine.

retrosella, Amia Gill [T. N.] 1862:251 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 14; ref. 4909] Baja California, Mexico. Syntypes: USNM 2454 (orig. 1, now 6), 2997 (3), 4001 (1, not found in 1980), 4002 (?, not found in 1980), 4003 (0, not found in 1980), 4413 (now 3). •Valid as Apogon retrosella (Gill 1862) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:123 [ref. 22193], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:55 [ref. 24545], Thomson et al. 2000:111 [ref. 25640], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:146 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:445 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:609 [ref. 34923], Piñeros et al. 2018:234 [ref. 36377], González-Murcia et al. 2019:301 [ref. 36544], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:28 [ref. 36965], Walker et al. 2020:4 [ref. 37499]). Current status: Valid as Apogon retrosella (Gill 1862). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California and coast of Mexico, straying to southern California (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

rexmullorum, Apogon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:143 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-6498 (1), 0000-8395 to 0000-8399 (1, 3, 3, 1, 2), A-7744 (1, dry). Originally as rex mullorum. •Synonym of Apogon imberbis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Tortonese 1973:365 [ref. 7192], Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:804 [ref. 13676] as rex-mullorum, Maugé 1990:714 [ref. 17126]). Current status: Synonym of Apogon imberbis (Linnaeus 1758). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

robbyi, Apogon Gilbert [C. R.] & Tyler [J. C.] 1997:768, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 60 (no. 3); ref. 22974] Edge of shot-hole northwest of Carrie Bow Cay (west of South Water Cay and east of northern end of Twin Cays), Belize, depth 6.5 meters. Holotype: USNM 338013. Paratypes: AMNH 99839 (1); FMNH 98241 (3); UF 23552 (1), 100385-86 (6, 3), 229818 [ex UMML 29818] (1); USNM 338014-15 (14, 3). •Valid as Apogon robbyi Gilbert & Tyler 1997 -- (Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Smith et al. 2003:29 [ref. 27621], Baldwin et al. 2011:26 [ref. 31688], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:31 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon robbyi Gilbert & Tyler 1997. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Belize and Jamaica south to Brazil, including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

robinsi, Apogon Böhlke [J. E.] & Randall [J. E.] 1968:186, Figs. 2b, 3 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 120 (no. 4); ref. 7874] About 1/4 mile north of Green Cay, vicinity of Nassau, Great Bahama Bank, Bahamas, depth 45 feet. Holotype: ANSP 97165. Paratypes: ANSP 97163-64 (1, 1), 97166 (6, now 5) 97167 (11), 111753-55 (11, 1, 1), 111756 (1), 111757-59 (1, 1, 1); UF 12338 (1), 212585 [ex UMML 12585] (1), 212804 [ex UMML 12804] (2). Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:114 [ref. 21035], Böhlke 1984:21 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Apogon robinsi Böhlke & Randall 1968 -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:226 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:159 [ref. 27754], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Baldwin et al. 2011:23 [ref. 31688], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:46 [ref. 33341], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:30 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon robinsi Böhlke & Randall 1968. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

rubellus, Asperapogon Smith [J. L. B.] 1961:384, Pl. 47 (fig. H), Pl. 49 (D) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 22; ref. 4128] Matemo Island, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 347. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 347 (1 of 2), 1075 (1, c&s). •Valid as Apogon rubellus (Smith 1961) -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000, Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426]). Current status: Valid as Apogon rubellus (Smith 1961). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Mozambique. Habitat: marine.

rubens, Centropomus Spinola [M.] 1807:370, Pl. 28 (fig. 2) [Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 10; ref. 18741] Ligurian coast, Gulf of Genoa, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:101 [ref. 12478]. Based on Commerson manuscript. •Synonym of Apogon imberbis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Psomadakis et al. 2012:7 [ref. 33457] as Kuhlia rubens). Current status: Synonym of Apogon imberbis (Linnaeus 1758). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

ruber, Apogon Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:411, 412 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Malta, Mediterranean Sea. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:94 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Apogon imberbis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Tortonese 1973:365 [ref. 7192]). Current status: Synonym of Apogon imberbis (Linnaeus 1758). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

ruber, Dipterodon Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:47 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:26 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Apogon imberbis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti 2019:102 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Apogon imberbis (Linnaeus 1758). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

rubrifuscus, Apogon Greenfield [D. W.] & Randall [J. E.] 2004:564, Fig. 3, 4B [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 55 (no. 29); ref. 28162] Cave off Motu Tautara, Easter Island, depth 39 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 39346. •Valid as Apogon rubrifuscus Greenfield & Randall 2004 -- (Greenfield 2007:604 [ref. 29453], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:39 [ref. 36965], Gon et al. 2020:497 [ref. 38029]). Current status: Valid as Apogon rubrifuscus Greenfield & Randall 2004. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: South Pacific: Easter Island and French Polynesia. Habitat: marine.

sabahensis, Apogon Allen [G. R.] & Kuiter [R. H.] 1994:19, Fig. 1 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 21 (no. 1/2); ref. 21601] Police Bay on northern side of Gaya Island, Tunku Abdul Rahman Islands, Sabah, Borneo, West Malaysia, about 6°02'N, 116°01'E, depth 2-5 meters. Holotype: WAM P.30399-012. Paratypes: USNM 328637 (1), WAM P.30399-001 (4). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:25 [ref. 30117]. •Synonym of Apogon griffini (Seale 1910) -- (G. Allen and T. Fraser, pers. comm. 5/2008). Current status: Synonym of Apogon griffini (Seale 1910). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

sellicauda, Apogon Evermann [B. W.] & Marsh [M. C.] 1900:143, Fig. 40 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 20 (pt 1) [for 1900]; ref. 14876] Coral reef at Culebra Island, Puerto Rico. Holotype (unique): USNM 49529. •Synonym of Apogon maculatus (Poey 1860) -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). Current status: Synonym of Apogon maculatus (Poey 1860). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

seminigracaudus, Apogon Greenfield [D. W.] 2007:362, Figs. 1-4 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 58 (no. 17); ref. 29402] North shore of Vanua Levu, 16°30.717'S, 178°38.730'E, Fiji, depth 14 meters. Holotype: CAS 224639. Paratypes: AMS I.44090-001 (1); BMNH 2007.4.4.1 (1); BPBM 40508 (1); CAS 224640 (1), 224641(1); FMNH 117287 (1); NSMT-P 76275 (1); SAIAB 79500 (1); USNM 389555 (1). Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Apogon seminigracaudus Greenfield 2007 -- (Yoshida et al. 2010:44 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:109 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:369 [ref. 31980], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:38 [ref. 36965], Yoshida in Motomura et al. 2021:22 [ref. 38121]). Current status: Valid as Apogon seminigracaudus Greenfield 2007. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: eastern Malaya (Malaysia) east to Philippines, Fiji and Tonga, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands. Habitat: marine.

semiornatus, Apogon Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1876:436 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1876; ref. 18495] Île aux Fouquets, 8 kilometers east of Mahébourg, Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): ZMB 9454. Type locality see Möbius 1880 [ref. 30489]. •Valid as Apogon semiornatus Peters 1876 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:145 [ref. 6441], Gon 1986:552 [ref. 5657], Allen & Swainston 1988:68 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:550 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:30 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:146 [ref. 15987], Collette & Parin 1991:11 [ref. 19110], Kuiter 1993:161 [ref. 23929], Randall 1994:262 [ref. 21644], Randall 1995:160 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:104 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:146 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:146 [ref. 25919], Fricke 1999:230 [ref. 24106], Allen 1999:2606 [ref. 24812], Johnson 1999:732 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:763 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:613 [ref. 25122], Greenfield 2001:460 [ref. 25234], Randall 2001:53 [ref. 25215], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Shinohara et al. 2000:178 [ref. 25987], Nakabo 2002:763 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:23 [ref. 26750], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:185 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:195 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1095 [ref. 29004], Greenfield 2007:365 [ref. 29402], Fricke et al. 2009:51 [ref. 30213], Yoshida et al. 2010:45 [ref. 31255], Motomura et al. 2010:109 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:369 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32988], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Fricke et al. 2018:165 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:72 [ref. 36273], Arndt & Fricke 2019:10 [ref. 36883], •Valid as Apogon dammermani Weber & de Beaufort 1929 -- (T. Fraser pers. com. 9/2000, Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:33 [ref. 36965]). , Zajonz et al. 2019:73 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Apogon semiornatus Peters 1876. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Philippines, Solomon Islands and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

simplex, Apogon De Vis [C. W.] 1884:394 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 2); ref. 1090] Cooktown, Queensland, Australia. No types known. •Status uncertain -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). •Incertae sedis in Apogonidae -- (Allen et al. 2006:1112 [ref. 29004]). Current status: Valid as Apogon simplex De Vis 1884. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

soloriens, Apogon Yoshida [T.] & Motomura [H.] 2020:[2], Figs. [Ichthyological Research v. 67 (no. 4); ref. 37470] Bonin Islands, Ogasawara Islands, Japan. Holotype. Paratypes: KAUM-I. •Valid as Apogon soloriens Yoshida & Motomura 2020 -- (Gon et al. 2020:499 [ref. 38029]). Current status: Valid as Apogon soloriens Yoshida & Motomura 2020. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Bonin Islands, Ogasawara Islands, Japan. Habitat: marine.

susanae, Apogon Greenfield [D. W.] 2001:467, Fig. 2D [Copeia 2001 (no. 2); ref. 25234] South end of Ella Islet, about 122 meters off rocky shore, Ifaluk Atoll, Caroline Islands, Micronesia, depth 3-6.1 meters. Holotype: CAS 85037. Paratypes: BPBM 10644 (6); CAS 84823 (4), 84952 (2), 84960 (1), 85041 (1); USNM 360014 (1). •Valid as Apogon susanae Greenfield 2001 -- (Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Myers & Donaldson 2003:624 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:71 [ref. 27576], Randall 2005:195 [ref. 28239], Greenfield 2007:364 [ref. 29402], Yoshida et al. 2010:38 [ref. 31255], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:35 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon susanae Greenfield 2001. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

talboti, Apogon Smith [J. L. B.] 1961:387, Pl. 47 (fig. A) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 22; ref. 4128] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 353. •Valid as Ostorhinchus talboti (Smith 1961) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:404 [ref. 31980]). •Valid as Apogon talboti Smith 1961 -- (Winterbottom et al. 1989:30 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:146 [ref. 15987], Randall et al. 1997:146 [ref. 25919], Allen 2000:88 [ref. 37268], Allen & Adrim 2003:36 [ref. 26830], Gon & Randall 2003:26 [ref. 26750], Randall et al. 2004:14 [ref. 27624] as cf. talboti, Greenfield & Randall 2004:566 [ref. 28162], Allen et al. 2006:1095 [ref. 29004], Greenfield 2007:601 [ref. 29453], Shao et al. 2008:250 [ref. 29952], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Psomadakis et al. 2015:205 [ref. 34104] as cf. talboti, Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Golani & Fricke 2018:72 [ref. 36273], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:32 [ref. 36965], Gon et al. 2020:499 [ref. 38029]). Current status: Valid as Apogon talboti Smith 1961. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Society Islands, north to Taiwan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and Chesterfield Islands (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

townsendi, Amia Breder [C. M., Jr.] 1927:34, Fig. 17 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 1 (art. 1); ref. 635] Saddle Rock, Washerwoman Cut, Bahamas. Holotype: YPM 460. Paratypes: YPM 463 to 465 (1, 1, 2). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:7-8 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Apogon townsendi (Breder 1927) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:151 [ref. 23100], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:226 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:159 [ref. 27754], Fraser & Randall 2002:26 [ref. 25969], Collette et al. 2003:109 [ref. 26784], Gon 2003:1390 [ref. 27085], Smith et al. 2003:29 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:138 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:228 [ref. 28815], Baldwin et al. 2011:16 [ref. 31688], Page et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32708], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:46 [ref. 33341], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:26 [ref. 36965], Robertson et al. 2020:150 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Apogon townsendi (Breder 1927). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

tricinctus, Ostorhinchus Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2012:1114, Figs, 1-2, 4 [Reef fishes of the East Indies.; ref. 31980] Southwestern corner of Entalula Island, 11°07.822'N, 119°19.810'E, Bacuit Bay, Palawan, Philippines, depth 23 meters, Holotype: WAM P.33008-009. Paratypes: WAM P.330080-036 (2). •Valid as Ostorhinchus tricinctus Allen & Erdmann 2012 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:405 [ref. 31980]). •Valid as Apogon tricinctus (Allen & Erdmann 2012) -- (Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:39 [ref. 36965]). Current status: Valid as Apogon tricinctus (Allen & Erdmann 2012). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

trivittata, Amia Bleeker [P.] 1872:150 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 4; ref. 431] China. No types known. Based on a painting. •Status uncertain -- (T. Fraser, pers. comm. 9/2000). Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.

unicolor, Apogon Steindachner [F.] & Döderlein [L.] 1883:2 [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 48 (1. Abth.); ref. 4247] No types known. Appeared first as name in synonymy -- name mentioned in passing in synonymy of Apogon bifasciatus Rüppell 1838. Validated back to Steindachner & Döderlein 1883 based on Jordan & Snyder 1901:749, Pl. 33 [ref. 2504]. The Jordan & Snyder description was based on USNM 49708 from Yokohama, Japan. Since Steindachner & Döderlein were the authors of ref. 4247, they are the authors of Apogon unicolor. •Valid as Apogon unicolor Steindachner & Döderlein 1883 -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:148 [ref. 6441], Allen 1993:16 [ref. 20779], Allen 1997:104 [ref. 23977], Fraser 1998:990 [ref. 23602], Allen 1999:2607 [ref. 24812], Nakabo 2000:760 [ref. 25086], Allen in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:100 [ref. 25480], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:760 [ref. 26001], Allen et al. 2006:1097 [ref. 29004], Greenfield 2007:601 [ref. 29453], Yoshida et al. 2011:121 [ref. 32402], Larson et al. 2013:108 [ref. 32988], Mabuchi et al. 2014:197 [ref. 33426], Mabuchi et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34429], Kuiter & Kozawa 2019:32 [ref. 36965], Gon et al. 2020:499 [ref. 38029]). Current status: Valid as Apogon unicolor Steindachner & Döderlein 1883. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

warreni, Apogon Regan [C. T.] 1908:251, Pl. 42 (fig. 1) [Annals of the Natal Museum v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 14355] Kosi Bay, Zululand, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1906.11.19.50. •Synonym of Apogon semiornatus Peters 1876 -- (Gon 1986:552 [ref. 5657]). Current status: Synonym of Apogon semiornatus Peters 1876. Apogonidae: Apogoninae. Habitat: marine.