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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Apristurus: [ 51 ] records


abbreviatus, Apristurus Deng [S.-M.], Xiong [G.-Q.] & Zhan [H.-X.] 1985:102 (English p. 105), Fig. 1 [Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 8166] East China Sea, 31°34'04"N, 129°06'00"E, depth 692 meters. Holotype: ECSFI E-1547. Paratypes: ECSFI E-1000 (1), E-1001 (1), E-1417 (1), E-1418 (1), E-1548 (1), E-1597 (1). •Synonym of Apristurus herklotsi (Fowler 1934) -- (Nakaya 1991:999 [ref. 19774], Compagno et al. 2005:24 [ref. 29145], Sato et al. 2008:118 [ref. 29680], Sato et al. 2013:759 [ref. 32718], Nakaya & Kawauchi 2013:131 [ref. 33037], Weigmann 2016:30 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Synonym of Apristurus herklotsi (Fowler 1934). Pentanchidae. Distribution: East China sea (if valid). Habitat: marine.

acanutus, Apristurus Zhu [Y.-D.], Meng [Q.-W.] & Li [S.] in Meng, Zhu & Li 1985:46 (English p. 49), Fig. 3 [Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 8136] Off Zhujiang, South China Sea, depth 594 meters. Holotype: SCSFRI D 0172. Paratypes: SFCFRI D 0161 (1). •Valid as Apristurus acanutus Zhu, Meng & Li 1985 -- (Compagno & Niem 1998:1285 [ref. 23787], Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589]). •Synonym of Apristurus platyrhynchus (Tanaka 1909) -- (Nakaya & Sato 2000:224 [ref. 24800], Kawauchi et al. 2008:76 [ref. 29712], Nakaya & Kawauchi 2013:162 [ref. 33037], White & Last 2013:241 [ref. 33042], Kawauchi et al. 2014:12 [ref. 33554], Weigmann 2016:33 [ref. 34211] with first author as Chu). Current status: Synonym of Apristurus platyrhynchus (Tanaka 1909). Pentanchidae. Habitat: marine.

albisoma, Apristurus Nakaya [K.] & Séret [B.] 1999:301, Figs. 1-5 [Cybium v. 23 (no. 3); ref. 24247] New Caledonia, 25°47'77"S, 167°11'52"E to 25°50'65"S, 167°12'47"E, depth 1317-1383 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1997-3366. Paratypes: MNHN 1997-3337 (1), 3350 (1), 3358-3361 (1, 1, 1, 1), 3365 (1), 3368-3370 (1, 1, 1), 3372-3373 (1, 1), 3375-3376 (1, 1), 3379 (3), 3380 (1), 3382-3383 (1, 1). •Valid as Apristurus albisoma Nakaya & Séret 1999 -- (Iglésias 2012:511 [ref. 32534], Fricke et al. 2011:345 [ref. 31242], Nakaya et al. 2015:78 [ref. 34218], Weigmann 2016:30 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus albisoma Nakaya & Séret 1999. Pentanchidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia and New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

ampliceps, Apristurus Sasahara [R.], Sato [K.] & Nakaya [K.] 2008:93, Figs. 1-5, 8, 14 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29678] Off Urry Bank, New Zealand, 44°56'S, 174°06'E, depth 1052-1105 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P 27063. Paratypes: 9 specimens at CSIRO and HUMZ. Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Apristurus ampliceps Sasahara, Sato & Nakaya 2008 -- (Naylor et al. 2012:43 [ref. 32267] see remarks, Iglésias 2013:511 [ref. 32534], Nakaya et al. 2015:79 [ref. 34218], Weigmann 2016:30 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:25 [ref. 35594]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus ampliceps Sasahara, Sato & Nakaya 2008. Pentanchidae. Distribution: Southern Australia to New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

aphyodes, Apristurus Nakaya [K.] & Stehmann [M. F. W.] 1998:79, Figs. 1-4 [Archive of Fishery and Marine Research v. 46 (no. 1); ref. 23495] George Blight Bank [Rockall Rise], 58°42.8'N, 13°37.6'W, eastern North Atlantic, Walther Herwig cruise 47, station 599/81, depth 1200-1240 meters. Holotype: ZMH 25397 [ex ISH 71-1981]. Paratypes: BMNH 1998.1.22.1 (1); HUMZ 152329-30 (1, 1); MNHN 1998-0041 (1); USNM 347837 (1); ZMH 24872 [ex ISH 17-1974] (1), 24875 [ex 24-1981] (1), 24876 [ex 36-1981] (1), 24877 [ex 49-1981] (1), 24881 [ex 84-1981] (6), 24870 [ex 124-1981] (1), 24871 [ex 138-1974] (6), 24873 [ex 184-1983] (2), 24874 [ex 187-1983] (1), 24879 [ex 739-1974] (1), 24880 [ex 807-1974] (1); ZIN N51551 (1); ZMH 24878 [ex ISH 71-1981] (1); ZMUB 10171 (1). Type catalog: Thiel et al. 2009:14 [ref. 30918]. •Valid as Apristurus aphyodes Nakaya & Stehmann 1998 -- (Nakaya & Sato 1998:155 [ref. 23477], Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Iglésias et al. 2004:355 [ref. 28061], George 2009:54 [ref. 30539], Rodríguez-Cabello et al. 2014:1 [ref. 33675], Weigmann 2016:30 [ref. 34211], Bañón et al. 2016:300 [ref. 34397], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:65 [ref. 37302], Bañón & Mano 2022:9 [ref. 40121]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus aphyodes Nakaya & Stehmann 1998. Pentanchidae. Distribution: Northeastern Atlantic: Iceland, Rockall Trough and Bay of Biscay south to Galicia (Spain). Habitat: marine.

atlanticus, Scylliorhinus Koefoed [E.] 1927:18, Pl. 3 (fig. 3) [Scientific Results of the Michael Sars North Atlantic Deep-Sea Expedition 1910 v. 4 (pt 1); ref. 2650] Off Canary Islands, 28°08'N, 13°35'W, station 41, depth 1365 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMUB 3203. Type catalog: Frøiland 1979:144 [ref. 21547]. This name was conserved in Opinion 1732 and placed on the Official List by suppression of the unused senior syonym Scyllium? spinacipellitum Vaillant 1888. •Valid as Apristurus atlanticus (Koefoed 1927) -- (Compagno 1984:261 [ref. 6846] [but see Nakaya & Sato 1998:156 [ref. 23477]], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:221 [ref. 36138], Springer 1990:90 [ref. 19319]). •Synonym, but to be submitted to ICZN -- (Nakaya & Séret 1989:977 [ref. 16198]). •Valid as Apristurus atlanticus after Opinion 1732 suppressed Scyllium? spinacipellitum Vaillant 1888. •Valid as Apristurus atlanticus (Koefoed 1927) -- (Nakaya & Stehmann 1998:78 [ref. 23495], Nakaya & Sato 1998:156 [ref. 23477], Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589]). •Synonym of Apristurus laurussonii (Saemundsson 1922) -- (Iglésias & Nakaya 2004:221 [ref. 27975], Compagno 2016:1264 [ref. 34544]). Current status: Synonym of Apristurus laurussonii (Saemundsson 1922). Pentanchidae. Habitat: marine.

australis, Apristurus Sato [K.], Nakaya [K.] & Yorozu [M.] 2008:114, Figs. 1-7 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29680] East of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 33°44'-43'S, 151°53-54'E, depth 486-509 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 953-07. Paratypes: 28 specimens at AMS, CSIRO, HUMZ. •Valid as Apristurus australis Sato, Nakaya & Yorozu 2008 -- (Iglésias 2012:511 [ref. 32534], Sato et al. 2013:759 [ref. 32718], Weigmann 2016:30 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:25 [ref. 35594], White et al. 2017:107 [ref. 35860]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus australis Sato, Nakaya & Yorozu 2008. Pentanchidae. Distribution: Coasts of Australia: Queensland to Tasmania and to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

brevicaudatus, Apristurus Chu [Y.-T.], Meng [Q.-W.] & Li [S.] 1986:269 [English p. 274], Fig. 1 [Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica v. 17 (no. 4); ref. 8017] South China Sea, depth 864 meters. Holotype: SCSFRI D-1125. Paratypes: Shanghai Fish. Coll. D-32 (1), D-1126 (1). •Synonym of Apristurus herklotsi (Fowler 1934) -- (Nakaya 1991:999 [ref. 19774], Compagno et al. 2005:24 [ref. 29145], Nakaya & Kawauchi 2013:131 [ref. 33037], White & Last 2013:241 [ref. 33042], Weigmann 2016:30 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Synonym of Apristurus herklotsi (Fowler 1934). Pentanchidae. Habitat: marine.

breviventralis, Apristurus Kawauchi [J.], Weigmann [S.] & Nakaya [K.] 2014:2, Figs. 1-5 [Zootaxa 3881 (no. 1); ref. 33554] Off Socotra Islands, 12°22’08"N, 53°02’07"E to 12°21’02"N, 53°01’'03"E, depth 1000-1120 meters. Holotype: ZMH 25600. Paratypes: HUMZ 221300 (1), 221301 (1); ZMH 25601(6). •Valid as Apristurus breviventralis Kawauchi, Weigmann & Nakaya 2014 -- (Weigmann 2016:30 [ref. 34211], Cordova & Ebert 2021:23 [ref. 38414]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus breviventralis Kawauchi, Weigmann & Nakaya 2014. Pentanchidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Socotra Islands, Gulf of Aden. Habitat: marine.

brunneus, Catulus Gilbert [C. H.] 1892:542 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 14 (no. 880); ref. 1626] Off La Jolla, California, U.S.A., 32°49'00"N, 117°27'30"W, Albatross station 2396, depth 359 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 51708. Type catalog: Howe & Springer 1993:4 [ref. 21812]. •Valid as Apristurus brunneus (Gilbert 1892) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:32 [ref. 9277], Compagno 1984:262 [ref. 6846], Pequeño 1989:13 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:30 [ref. 14674], Compagno et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:928 [ref. 22829], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:36 [ref. 24555], Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Sato et al. 1999:334 [ref. 24607], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:74 [ref. 25968], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:29 [ref. 27705], Nelson et al. 2004:52 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:6 [ref. 37547], Nakaya et al. 2008:68 [ref. 29711], Castro 2011:296 [ref. 31457], Ingésias 2012:517 [ref. 32534], Page et al. 2013:50 [ref. 32708], Kawauchi et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33554], Pietsch & Orr 2015:15 [ref. 34694], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:78 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:30 [ref. 34211], Kells et al. 2016:66 [ref. 35888], White et al. 2017:25 [ref. 35594], Ebert et al. 2017:54 [ref. 35618], Ehemann et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36194], Burton & Lea 2019:28 [ref. 37205], Calle-Morán et al. 2020:241 [ref. 37881], González-Acosta et al. 2021:5 [ref. 38361], Love et al. 2021:16 [ref. 39279], Page et al. 2023:38 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus brunneus (Gilbert 1892). Pentanchidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: southeastern Alaska south to Pacific coast of northern Baja California (Mexico), including Revillagigedo Islands (Mexico); Panama south to Chile. Habitat: marine.

bucephalus, Apristurus White [W. T.], Last [P. R.] & Pogonoski [J. J.] 2008:106, Figs. 1-3 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29679] West of Mandurah, Western Australia, 32°33'S, 114°25'E, depth 1030-1140 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 261-01. Other non-type material: CSIRO H 3111-06 (1). •Valid as Apristurus bucephalus White, Last & Pogonoski 2008 -- (Iglésias 2013:511 [ref. 32534], Weigmann 2016:30 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus bucephalus White, Last & Pogonoski 2008. Pentanchidae. Distribution: Southwestern Australia. Habitat: marine.

canutus, Apristurus Springer [S.] & Heemstra [P. C.] in Springer 1979:16, Figs. 10-13 [NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) Technical Report NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service) Circular No. 422; ref. 4175] Leeward Islands near Anguilla, Lesser Antilles, 18°18'N, 63°23'W, Caribbean Sea, Oregon II station 10834, depth 687 meters. Holotype: USNM 206176. Paratypes: USNM 206180 (5). Type catalog: Howe & Springer 1993:5 [ref. 21812]. •Valid as Apristurus canutus Springer & Heemstra 1979 -- (Compagno 1984:263 [ref. 6846], Nakaya & Sato 1998:155 [ref. 23477], Nakaya & Stehmann 1998:78 [ref. 23495], Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Compagno 2003:450 [ref. 26984], Kiraly et al. 2003:13 [ref. 28226], Iglésias & Nakaya 2004:218 [ref. 27975], Iglésias et al. 2004:355 [ref. 28061], Nakaya et al. 2008:68 [ref. 29711], Castro 2011:299 [ref. 31457], Kawauchi et al. 2014:12 [ref. 33554], Weigmann 2016:30 [ref. 34211], Ehemann et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36861], Robertson et al. 2020:160 [ref. 38098], Page et al. 2023:38 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus canutus Springer & Heemstra 1979. Pentanchidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

exsanguis, Apristurus Sato [K.], Nakaya [K.] & Stewart [A. L.] 1999:326, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 29 (no. 4); ref. 24607] Eastern Chatham Rise, 43°52.0'-50.9'S, 178°12.1'-50.8'W, depth 560-573 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P.21417. Paratypes: AMS I.35885-001 (1), I.35886-001 (1); HUMZ 135345-46 (1, 1); NMNZ P.11406 (1), P.13143 (1), P.15064 (1), P.20257 (1), P.20341 (1), P.21455 (1), P.22072 (1), P.26833 (1); NSMT-P.42809 (1), 42810 (1). •Valid as Apristurus exsanguis Sato, Nakaya & Stewart 1999 -- (Nakaya et al. 2008:68 [ref. 29711], Iglésius 2012:517 [ref. 32534], Sato et al. 2013: 758 [ref. 32718], Nakaya et al. 2015:80 [ref. 34218], Weigmann 2016:30 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:25 [ref. 35594]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus exsanguis Sato, Nakaya & Stewart 1999. Pentanchidae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

fedorovi, Apristurus Dolganov [V. N.] 1983:74 (in key), Fig. 101 [Rukovodstvo po opredeleniyu khryashchevykh ryb dal'nevostochnykh morei SSSR i sopredel'nykh vod.; ref. 27960] North Pacific, off Japan, 39°50'N, 142°48'E, depth 1200 meters. Holotype: ZIN 46980. Paratypes: MT 752 (1). Also appeared in Dolganov 1985:64, Fig. [ref. 8093]. Types are from ref. 8093. •Questionably valid as Apristurus fedorovi Dolganov 1983 -- (Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589]). •Valid as Apristurus fedorovi Dolganov 1983 -- (Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Nakabo 2000:131 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:14 [ref. 25650], Nakabo 2002:131 [ref. 26001], Parin et al. 2014:20 [ref. 33547], Dyldin 2015:48 [ref. 34524], Weigmann 2016:30 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus fedorovi Dolganov 1983. Pentanchidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan and Kuril Islands. Habitat: marine.

garricki, Apristurus Sato [K.], Stewart [A. L.] & Nakaya [K.] 2013:760, Figs. 1-6, 8-10 [Marine Biology Research v. 9 (no. 8); ref. 32718] Hikurangi Trench off Hawk's Bay, North Island, 39°57.51'S, 178°10.88'E, depth 834 - 1109 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P 027943. Paratypes: AIM MA, CSIRO, NMNZ, HUMZ, MNHN, NMV, USNM. Plus other non-type material. •Valid as Apristurus garricki Sato, Stewart & Nakaya 2013 -- (Nakaya et al. 2015:81 [ref. 34218], Weigmann 2016:30 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:25 [ref. 35594], White et al. 2017:107 [ref. 35860]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus garricki Sato, Stewart & Nakaya 2013. Pentanchidae. Distribution: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

gibbosus, Apristurus Meng [Q.-W.], Zhu [Y.-D.] & Li [S.] 1985:43 (English p. 49), Fig. 1 [Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 8136] Off Zhujiang, South China Sea, depth 913 meters. Holotype: SCSFRI D01121. Paratypes: SFC D0084 (1), D01133 (1). •Valid as Apristurus gibbosus Meng, Zhu & Li 1985 -- (Compagno & Niem 1998:1285 [ref. 23787], Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122], Nakaya et al. 2008:68 [ref. 29711], Nakaya & Kawauchi 2013:131, 145 [ref. 33037], White & Last 2013:241 [ref. 33042], Ebert et al. 2013:314 [ref. 33045], Weigmann 2016:30 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35594]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus gibbosus Meng, Zhu & Li 1985. Pentanchidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: South China Sea to East China Sea. Habitat: marine.

herklotsi, Pentanchus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:238, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Cagayan Island, Jolo Sea, Philippines, Albatross station D.5424, 9°37'05"N, 121°12'37"E. Holotype (unique): USNM 93134 (head damaged). •Valid as Apristurus herklotsi (Fowler 1934) -- (Compagno 1984:264 [ref. 6846], Nakaya 1988:437 [ref. 6855], Nakaya 1991:999 [ref. 19774], Compagno & Niem 1998:1286 [ref. 23787], Nakaya & Sato 1999:315 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:130 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:287 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:130 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:392 [ref. 28370], Compagno et al. 2005:23 [ref. 29145], Sato et al. 2008:118 [ref. 29680], Sato et al. 2013:758 [ref. 23718], Nakaya & Kawauchi 2013:131 [ref. 33037], Ebert et al. 2013:314 [ref. 33045], Weigmann 2016:30 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:33 [ref. 35594], White et al. 2017:107 [ref. 35860]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus herklotsi (Fowler 1934). Pentanchidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Southern Japan, East China Sea, Taiwan to Philippines. Habitat: marine.

indicus, Scylliorhinus Brauer [A.] 1906:8, Pl. 14 (fig. 1) [Die Tiefsee-Fische v. 15; ref. 632] Indian Ocean, off eastern African coast, 2°58'08"N, 47°06'01"E, depth 1289 meters. Lectotype: ZMB 22424. Paralectotypes: ZMB 17411 (1), ZMH 8234 (1). Type catalog: Paepke & Schmidt 1988:169 [ref. 21041], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:410 [ref. 21161], Thiel et al. 2009:14 [ref. 30918]. Lectotype selected by Springer 1979:19 [ref. 4175]. •Valid as Apristurus indicus (Brauer 1906) -- (Compagno 1984:265 [ref. 6846], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:221 [ref. 36138], Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Bonfil & Abdallah 2004:22 [ref. 27735], Nakaya et al. 2008:68 [ref. 29711], Kawauchi et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33554], Weigmann 2016:31 [ref. 34211], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:64 [ref. 37302], Cordova & Ebert 2021:23 [ref. 38414]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus indicus (Brauer 1906). Pentanchidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic, western Indian Ocean: South Africa and East Africa (Somalia, Gulf of Aden). Habitat: marine.

internatus, Apristurus Deng [S.-M.], Xiong [G.-Q.] & Zhan [H.-X.] 1988:32 [33], Fig. 28 [The deep water fishes of the east China Sea; ref. 23956] East China Sea, depth 200-1000 meters. Holotype: East China Sea Fisheries Inst. SH80D-0316. Paratypes: East China Sea Fisheries Inst. E-1226 (1). •Valid as Apristurus internatus Deng, Xiong & Zhan 1988 -- (Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Nakaya et al. 2008:68 [ref. 29711] as possibly a synonym of A. gibbosus, Weigmann 2016:31 [ref. 34211] as possibly a synonym of A. gibbosus). Current status: Valid as Apristurus internatus Deng, Xiong & Zhan 1988. Pentanchidae. Distribution: East China Sea. Habitat: marine.

investigatoris, Pentanchus (Parapristurus) Misra [K. S.] 1962:636, Pl. 1 (figs. 1-6) [Proceedings of the All-India Congress of Zoology 1959; ref. 2620] Andaman Sea, 11°46'30"N, 93°16'25"E, Investigator station 331, depth 569 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZSI F1627/2. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:95 [ref. 20743] as Pentachus (Parapristis), Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:32 [ref. 22148]. See Das 2003:370 [ref. 27706] with author as Mishra. •Valid as Apristurus investigatoris (Misra 1962) -- (Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:221 [ref. 36138], Weigmann 2016:30 [ref. 34211], Kumar et al. 2018:295 [ref. 36178], Psomadakis et al. 2020:167 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus investigatoris (Misra 1962). Pentanchidae. Distribution: Northeastern Indian Ocean: Myanmar, Andaman Sea. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Apristurus Nakaya [K.] 1975:24, Figs. 10-11 [Memoirs of the Faculty of Fisheries Hokkaido University v. 23 (no. 1); ref. 7083] Sea of Japan, off Cape Daito, Chiba Prefecture, Honshu, Japan. Holotype: HUMZ 40082. Paratypes: HUMZ 39961 (1), 40075-81 (7). •Valid as Apristurus japonicus Nakaya 1975 -- (Compagno 1984:168 [ref. 6846], Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:4 [ref. 6441], Nakaya in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:41, 295 [ref. 8057], Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Sato et al. 1999:334 [ref. 24607], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:131 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:131 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:392 [ref. 28370], Nakaya et al. 2008:68 [ref. 29711], Dyldin 2015:48 [ref. 34524], Weigmann 2016:31 [ref. 34211], Misawa et al. 2020:268 [ref. 38138]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus japonicus Nakaya 1975. Pentanchidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

kampae, Apristurus Taylor [L. R., Jr.] 1972:73, Figs. 1-5 [Copeia 1972 (no. 1); ref. 7650] Gulf of California, Mexico, 27°22.4'N, 111°20.5'W to 27°10.1'N, 111°29.6'W, depth 1830-1888 meters. Holotype: SIO 70-248. Additional material: SIO 70-299 (1). See Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:36 [ref. 24555]. •Valid as Apristurus kampae Taylor 1972 -- (Anderson et al. 1979:259 [ref. 16035], Shirai in Amaoka et al. 1983:47, 164 [ref. 8379], Compagno 1984:269 [ref. 6846], Compagno et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:928 [ref. 22829], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:69 [ref. 24023], Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:29 [ref. 27705], Love et al. 2005:6 [ref. 37547], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:187 [ref. 30957], Ruiz-Campos et al. 2010:366 [ref. 37373], Castro 2011:301 [ref. 31457], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:78 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:31 [ref. 34211], Ebert et al. 2017:54 [ref. 35618], Ehemann et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36194], Burton & Lea 2019:28 [ref. 37205], Calle-Morán et al. 2020:241 [ref. 37881], Bessudo et al. 2021:[3] 1771 [ref. 39107], González-Acosta et al. 2021:5 [ref. 38361], Love et al. 2021:16 [ref. 39279], Page et al. 2023:38 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus kampae Taylor 1972. Pentanchidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Oregon (U.S.A.) south to Peru, including Gulf of California (Mexico) and Malpelo Island (Colombia). Habitat: marine.

laurussonii, Scyllium Saemundsson [B.] 1922:173, Pl. 4 (fig. 2), Pl. 5 (fig. 4) [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn v. 74; ref. 18652] Near Vestmannaeyjar Island, off southern Iceland [North Atlantic], depth 560 meters. Holotype (unique): NHMR. •Valid as Apristurus laurussonii (Saemundsson 1922) -- (Springer 1973:20 [ref. 7162], Quéro in Whitehead et al. 1984:96 [ref. 13675], Compagno 1984:270 [ref. 6846], Robins & Ray 1986:22 [ref. 23100] as laurussoni, Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:221 [ref. 36138], Springer 1990:90 [ref. 19319], Nakaya & Sato 1998:149 [ref. 23477], Nakaya & Stehmann 1998:78 [ref. 23495] as laurussoni, McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:62 [ref. 23897], Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Sato et al. 1999:334 [ref. 24607], Pakhorukov 1999:655 [ref. 24883] as laurissoni, Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589] as laurussoni, Compagno 2003:450 [ref. 26984], Kiraly et al. 2003:14 [ref. 28226] as cf. laurussoni, Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27705] as laurussoni, Iglésias & Nakaya 2004:221 [ref. 27975], Iglésias et al. 2004:355 [ref. 28061], Nakaya et al. 2008:68 [ref. 29711], George 2009:54 [ref. 30539], Møller et al. 2010:14 [ref. 31169], Castro 2011:303 [ref. 31457], Kawauchi et al. 2014:12 [ref. 33554], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:78 [ref. 34398] as laurussoni, Weigmann 2016:31 [ref. 34211], Compagno 2016:1264 [ref. 34544], Biscoito et al. 2018:468 [ref. 37562], Ehemann et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36194], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:67 [ref. 37302], Carneiro et al. 2019:20 [ref. 37250], Ehemann et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36861], Fermon et al. 2022:93 [ref. 39448], Page et al. 2023:38 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus laurussonii (Saemundsson 1922). Pentanchidae. Distribution: Northwestern Atlantic: Canada south to Mexico, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea; North Atlantic: Greenland, Iceland; eastern Atlantic: Norway south to Gabon. Southern populations aparently based on distinct, undescribed species. Habitat: marine.

longianalis, Apristurus Chu [Y.-T.], Meng [Q.-W.] & Li [S.] 1986:271 [English p. 275], Fig. 3 [Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica v. 17 (no. 4); ref. 8017] South China Sea, depth 533 meters. Holotype: SCSFRI S 06530. Paratypes: Shanghai Fish. College D 0571 (1). Catalog numbers and depths in English summary are incorrect. •Synonym of Apristurus herklotsi (Fowler 1934) -- (Nakaya 1991:999 [ref. 19774], Compagno et al. 2005:24 [ref. 29145], Weigmann 2016:30 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Synonym of Apristurus herklotsi (Fowler 1934). Pentanchidae. Habitat: marine.

longicaudatus, Apristurus Li [S.], Meng [Q.-W.] & Chu [Y.-T.] in Chu, Meng & Li 1986:272 [English p. 275], Fig. 4 [Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica v. 17 (no. 4); ref. 8017] South China Sea, depth 840 meters. Holotype: South China Sea Fish. Res. Inst. Guangzhau D00811. Paratypes: SFC D0564 (1). •Valid as Apristurus longicaudatus Li, Meng & Chu 1986 -- (Okamura & Machida 1986:17 [ref. 22278]). •Synonym of Apristurus herklotsi (Fowler 1934) -- (Nakaya 1991:999 [ref. 19774], Compagno et al. 2005:24 [ref. 29145], Sato et al. 2013:759 [ref. 32718], Nakaya & Kawauchi 2013:131 [ref. 33037], Weigmann 2016:30 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Synonym of Apristurus herklotsi (Fowler 1934). Pentanchidae. Habitat: marine.

longicephalus, Apristurus Nakaya [K.] 1975:32, Figs. 15-16 [Memoirs of the Faculty of Fisheries Hokkaido University v. 23 (no. 1); ref. 7083] Sea of Japan, Tosa Bay, 33°13'N, 133°44'E, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): HUMZ 42399. •Valid as Apristurus longicephalus Nakaya 1975 -- (Compagno 1984:271 [ref. 6846], Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:4 [ref. 6441], Nakaya in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:43, 296 [ref. 8057], Ivanov 1986:147 [ref. 19451], Nakaya 1988:134 [ref. 6855], Nakaya 1988 [ref. 6696], Nakaya 1991:999 [ref. 19774], Last & Stevens 1994:180 [ref. 23873], Compagno & Niem 1998:1286 [ref. 23787], Nakaya & Sato 1999:315 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:130 [ref. 25086], Hutchins 2001:14 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:287 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:130 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:392 [ref. 28370], Hoese et al. 2006:82 [ref. 28999], Sato et al. 2008:118 [ref. 29680], Iglésias 2012:511 [ref. 32534], Sato et al. 2013:759 [ref. 32718], Nakaya & Kawauchi 2013:131, 138 [ref. 33037], Ebert et al. 2013:314 [ref. 33045], Kawauchi et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33554], Weigmann 2016:32 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:25 [ref. 35594], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Cordova & Ebert 2021:23 [ref. 38414]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus longicephalus Nakaya 1975. Pentanchidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

macrorhynchus, Scyliorhinus Tanaka [S.] 1909:1 [Journal of the College of Science. Imperial University, Tokyo v. 27 (art. 8); ref. 4322] Near Misaki, Sagami Province, Japan. Holotype: ZUMT 2153. Paratypes: ZUMT uncat. (1, skin, lost). Type catalog: Aizawa et al. 2022:195 [ref. 39648]. •Valid as Apristurus macrorhynchus (Tanaka 1909) -- (Compagno 1984:272 [ref. 6846], Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:4 [ref. 6441], Nakaya in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:43, 296 [ref. 8057], Nakaya 1988:437 [ref. 6696], Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:130 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:130 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:392 [ref. 28370], Nakaya et al. 2008:68 [ref. 29711], Weigmann 2016:32 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus macrorhynchus (Tanaka 1909). Pentanchidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

macrostomus, Apristurus Zhu [Y.-D.], Meng [Q.-W.] & Li [S.] in Meng, Zhu & Meng 1985:45 (English p. 49), Fig. 2 [Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 8136] Off Zhujiang, South China Sea, depth 913 meters. Holotype (unique): SCSFRI D 00807. •Valid as Apristurus macrostomus Zhu, Meng & Li 1985 -- (Compagno & Niem 1998:1285 [ref. 23787], Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122], Nakaya et al. 2008:68 [ref. 29711], Nakaya & Kawauchi 2013:131,153 [ref. 33037], White & Last 2013:243 [ref. 33042], Ebert et al. 2013:315 [ref. 33045] as Chu, Meng & Li, Weigmann 2016:32 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:38 [ref. 35594], White et al. 2017:102 [ref. 35860], White & Ko'ou 2018:26 [ref. 35922], Psomadakis et al. 2020:168 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus macrostomus Zhu, Meng & Li 1985. Pentanchidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Myanmar east to South China Sea. Habitat: marine.

maderensis, Apristurus Cadenat [J.] & Maul [G. E.] 1966:769, Figs. 1-4 [Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire v. 28 (no. 2); ref. 8014] Camara de Lobos, Madeira, eastern Atlantic, depth 600-1000 meters. Holotype (unique): MMF 18750. See also Santos et al. 1997:117 [ref. 23531]. •Valid as Apristutus maderensis Cadenat & Maul 1966 -- (Springer 1973:20 [ref. 7162], Quéro in Whitehead et al. 1984:97 [ref. 13675], Compagno 1984:272 [ref. 6846], Saldanha & Biscoito 1997:192 [ref. 24962]). •Synonym of Apristurus laurussonii (Saemundsson 1922) -- (Nakaya & Sato 1998:150 [ref. 23477], Nakaya & Stehmann 1998:78 [ref. 23495], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Iglésias & Nakaya 2004:221 [ref. 27975], Castro 2011:303 [ref. 31457], Compagno 2016:1264 [ref. 34544], Biscoito et al. 2018:468 [ref. 37562]). Current status: Synonym of Apristurus laurussonii (Saemundsson 1922). Pentanchidae. Habitat: marine.

manis, Parmaturus Springer [S.] 1979:102, Figs. 60-63 [NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) Technical Report NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service) Circular No. 422; ref. 4175] Southwest of Nantucket, Massachusetts, U.S.A., 39°52'N, 70°50'W, western North Atlantic, depth 731-841 meters. Holotype: MCZ 38299. Paratypes: MCZ 37416 (2), 37512 (1), 37535 (1). •Valid as Apristurus manis (Springer 1979) -- (Compagno 1984:273 [ref. 6846], Scott & Scott 1988:23 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:30 [ref. 14674], Nakaya & Sato 1998:155 [ref. 23477], Nakaya & Stehmann 1998:78 [ref. 23495], Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Pakhorukov 2001:376 [ref. 25409], Moore et al. 2003:167 [ref. 27076], Kiraly et al. 2003:13 [ref. 28226], Iglésias et al. 2004:355 [ref. 28061], George 2009:54 [ref. 30539], Castro 2011:305 [ref. 31457], Weigmann 2016:32 [ref. 34211], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:68 [ref. 37302], Carneiro et al. 2019:20 [ref. 37250], Ebert et al. 2021:45 [ref. 38234] as cf. manis, Page et al. 2023:38 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus manis (Springer 1979). Pentanchidae. Distribution: North Atlantic; southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

manocheriani, Apristurus Cordova [J. A.] & Ebert [D. A.] 2021:15, Figs. 1-5 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 38; ref. 38414] Southwest Indian Ridge, Indian Ocean, -35.133°, 53.700°, depth 89 - 1,240 meters. Holotype: CAS-ICH 247255. Paratypes: (7) CAS-ICH. •Valid as Apristurus manocheriani Cordova & Ebert 2021. Current status: Valid as Apristurus manocheriani Cordova & Ebert 2021. Pentanchidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: southwest Indian Ridge (Madagascar ridge at Walters Shoal). Habitat: marine.

melanoasper, Apristurus Iglésias [S. P.], Nakaya [K. (1)] & Stehmann [M. F. W.] 2004:346, Figs. 1-5 [Cybium v. 28 (no. 4); ref. 28061] Lorien Bank, 54°21.5'-54°22.0'N, 19°28.1'-19°44.4'W, North Atlantic, depth 1243-1260 meters. Holotype: MNHN 2000-1757. Paratypes: ARC 8602997 (3);MCZ 125408 (1); MNHN 1999-0780 (1), 1999-0782 (1), 1999-0783 (1), 2000-1754 (1), 2000-1755 (1), 2000-1756 (1), 2000-1758 (1), 2000-1759-60 (2), 2000-1761-63 (3), 2000-1768 (1), 2001-1111 (1); ZMH 25526 [ex ISH 26-1974] (1), 25527 [ex 49-1974] (1). Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Thiel et al. 2009:13 [ref. 30918]. •Valid as Apristurus melanoasper Iglésias, Nakaya & Stehmann 2004 -- (Nakaya et al. 2008:61 [ref. 29711], Hartel et al. 2008:319 [ref. 29890], Castro 2011:307 [ref. 31457], Naylor et al. 2012:42 [ref. 32267] see remarks, Iglésias 2013:517 [ref. 32534], Kawauchi et al. 2014:12 [ref. 33554], Rodríguez-Cabello et al. 2014:1 [ref. 33675], Nakaya et al. 2015:82 [ref. 34218], Weigmann 2016:32 [ref. 34211], Bañón et al. 2016:301 [ref. 34397], White et al. 2017:25 [ref. 35594], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:65 [ref. 37302], Cordova & Ebert 2021:23 [ref. 38414], Bañón & Mano 2022:9 [ref. 40121], Page et al. 2023:38 [ref. 40505], White et al. 2023:14 [ref. 40185]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus melanoasper Iglésias, Nakaya & Stehmann 2004. Pentanchidae. Distribution: North Atlantic; Indo-West Pacific: South Africa east to Australia, New Zealand region and off New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

microps, Scylliorhinus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] 1922:46, Pl. 7 (fig. 1) [Report Fisheries and Marine Biological Survey, Union of South Africa Rep. 2 (art. 3); ref. 1648] Off Cape Town, South Africa, southeastern Atlantic, 33°45.8'S, 17°17.1'E, Pickle station 253, depth 790 fathoms. Holotype: lost. Additional material (or syntype): (1, lost). Correct spelling of genus is Scyliorhinus. •Valid as Apristurus microps (Gilchrist 1922) -- (Compagno 1984:275 [ref. 6846], Bass 1986:88 [ref. 5635], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:222 [ref. 36138], Compagno et al. 1991:75 [ref. 21083], Nakaya & Stehmann 1998:78 [ref. 23495], Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Moore et al. 2003:167 [ref. 27076], Kiraly et al. 2003:13 [ref. 28226], Iglésias et al. 2004:355 [ref. 28061], George 2009:54 [ref. 30539], Kawauchi et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33554], Kawauchi et al. 2014:12 [ref. 33554], Weigmann 2016:32 [ref. 34211], Kumar et al. 2018:296 [ref. 36178], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:66 [ref. 37302], Carneiro et al. 2019:20 [ref. 37250], Ebert et al. 2021:46 [ref. 38234], Cordova & Ebert 2021:23 [ref. 38414], Page et al. 2023:38 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus microps (Gilchrist 1922). Pentanchidae. Distribution: North Atlantic and southeastern Atlantic (South Africa). Habitat: marine.

micropterygeus, Apristurus Meng [Q.-W.], Chu [Y.-T.] & Li [S.] in Chu, Meng & Li 1986:270 [English p. 275], Fig. 2 [Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica v. 17 (no. 4); ref. 8017] South China Sea, depth 913 meters. Holotype (unique): SCSFRI E01128. •Valid as Apristurus micropterygeus Meng, Chu & Li 1986 -- (Compagno & Niem 1998:1285 [ref. 23787], Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Nakaya & Sato 2000:229 [ref. 24800], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122], Nakaya et al. 2008:68 [ref. 29711], White & Last 2013:243 [ref. 33042], Weigmann 2016:32 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus micropterygeus Meng, Chu & Li 1986. Pentanchidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

nakayai, Apristurus Iglésias [S. P.] 2013:516, Figs. 2-5 [Cybium v. 36 (no. 4) (for 2012); ref. 32534] Coriolis Bank, west of Exclusive Economic Zone of New Caledonia, 21°25.1' - 21°28.2'S, 157°50.5' - 158°06.1'E, depth 935-1022 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 2003-1983. •Valid as Apristurus nakayai Iglésias 2013 -- (Weigmann 2016:32 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:25 [ref. 35594], White et al. 2017:104 [ref. 35860], White & Ko'ou 2018:26 [ref. 35922], Fricke et al. 2019:38 [ref. 36673], Ng et al. 2023:52 [ref. 40018]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus nakayai Iglésias 2013. Pentanchidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: South China Sea (Dongsha Atoll); New Ireland (Papua New Guinea); New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

nasutus, Apristurus de Buen [F.] 1959:176 [Boletim do Museu Nacional de Chile v. 27 (no. 3); ref. 697] Near Valparíso, Chile, depth 400 meters. Holotype (unique): EBMC 10184 (lost?). González-Acosta et al. 2021:5 [ref. 38361] Holotype figured in de Buen 1960: Fig. 4 [ref. 11965]. •Valid as Apristurus nasutus de Buen 1959 -- (Compagno 1984:276 [ref. 6846], Pequeño 1989:13 [ref. 14125], Springer 1990:90 [ref. 19319], Compagno et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:928 [ref. 22829], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:36 [ref. 24555], Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Sato et al. 1999:334 [ref. 24607], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Nakaya et al. 2008:68 [ref. 29711], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:78 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:32 [ref. 34211], Ehemann et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36194], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:67 [ref. 37302], Calle-Morán et al. 2020:241 [ref. 37881], Page et al. 2023:38 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus nasutus de Buen 1959. Pentanchidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific; including Gulf of California/Mexico; eastern Atlantic: Morocco. Habitat: marine.

ovicorrugatus, Apristurus White [W. T.], O’Neill [H. L.], Devloo-Delva [F.], Nakaya [K.] & Iglésias [S. P.] 2023:7, Figs. 2-12 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 103 (no. 1); ref. 40185] Northwest of Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia, 18°51'S, 116°00'E, depth 550 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 3161-01. Paratypes: AMS, CSIRO, WAM. •Valid as Apristurus ovicorrugatus White, O’Neill, Devloo-Delva, Nakaya & Iglésias 2023. Current status: Valid as Apristurus ovicorrugatus White, O’Neill, Devloo-Delva, Nakaya & Iglésias 2023. Pentanchidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: northwestern Australia. Habitat: marine.

parvipinnis, Apristurus Springer [S.] & Heemstra [P. C.] in Springer 1979:25, Fig. 15 [NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) Technical Report NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service) Circular No. 422; ref. 4175] Gulf of Mexico off Pensacola, Florida, U.S.A., 28°33'N, 87°09'W, Oregon II station 10874, depth 610 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 206178. Paratypes: (10) USNM 206179 (1), 220969 (1). Type catalog: Howe & Springer 1993:10 [ref. 21812]. •Valid as Apristurus parvipinnis Springer & Heemstra 1979 -- (Uyeno & Sasaki in Uyeno et al. 1983:49 [ref. 14275], Compagno 1984:277 [ref. 6846], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:221 [ref. 36138], Cervigón 1992:183 [ref. 23827], Nakaya & Sato 1998:155 [ref. 23477], Nakaya & Stehmann 1998:78 [ref. 23495], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:63 [ref. 23897], Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Compagno 2003:450 [ref. 26984], Gadig & Gomes in Menezes et al. 2003:21 [ref. 27192], Kiraly et al. 2003:13 [ref. 28226], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27705], Iglésias & Nakaya 2004:218 [ref. 27975], Iglésias et al. 2004:355 [ref. 28061], Nakaya et al. 2008:68 [ref. 29711], Castro 2011:309 [ref. 31457], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:80 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:32 [ref. 34211], Ehemann et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36194], Ehemann et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36861], Carvalho-Filho 2023:302 [ref. 40480], Castillo Domínguez et al. 2023:7 [ref. 40663], Page et al. 2023:38 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus parvipinnis Springer & Heemstra 1979. Pentanchidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico south to Espírito Santo (Brazil), including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

pinguis, Apristurus Deng [S.-M.], Xiong [G.-Q.] & Zhan [H.-X.] 1983:64 (English p. 69), Fig. 1 [Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica v. 14 (no. 1); ref. 8354] East China Sea, 26°-31°N, 125°-128°E, depth 200-1000 meters. Holotype: ECSFI SH80D-0312. •Questionably valid as Apristurus pinguis Deng, Xiong & Zhan 1983 -- (Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589]). •Valid as Apristurus pinguis Deng, Xiong & Zhan 1983 -- (Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Kawauchi et al. 2008:76 [ref. 29712], Iglésias 2013:511 [ref. 32534], Nakaya et al. 2015:82 [ref. 34218], Weigmann 2016:32 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:25 [ref. 35594]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus pinguis Deng, Xiong & Zhan 1983. Pentanchidae. Distribution: Western Pacific and se. Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

platyrhynchus, Scyliorhinus Tanaka [S.] 1909:4 [Journal of the College of Science. Imperial University, Tokyo v. 27 (art. 8); ref. 4322] Misaki, Sagami Province, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 2154 (lost). Type catalog: Aizawa et al. 2022:196 [ref. 39648]. •Valid as Apristurus platyrhynchus (Tanaka 1909) -- (Compagno 1984:278 [ref. 6846], Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:4 [ref. 6441], Okamura & Machida 1986:18 [ref. 22278], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:222 [ref. 36138], Nakaya 1989:205 [ref. 19777], Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Nakaya & Sato 2000:224 [ref. 24800], Nakabo 2000:130 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:287 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:130 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:392 [ref. 28370], Nakaya et al. 2008:68 [ref. 29711], Kawauchi et al. 2008:76 [ref. 29712], Shao et al. 2008:236 [ref. 29952], Last el al. 2010:66 [ref. 32461], Iglésias 2012:517 [ref. 32534], Nakaya & Kawauchi 2013:131, 161 [ref. 33037], Ebert et al. 2013:315 [ref. 33045], Kawauchi et al. 2014:12 [ref. 33554], Kawauchi et al. 2014:13 [ref. 33554] as cf. Platyrhynchus, Weigmann 2016:33 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:25 [ref. 35594], Miyazaki et al. 2019:122 [ref. 37957], White et al. 2023:14 [ref. 40185]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus platyrhynchus (Tanaka 1909). Pentanchidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Borneo east to Philippines, north to Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

profundorum, Scylliorhinus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:17, Pl. 5 (fig. 16) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Off Delaware Bay in Gulf Stream, 39°09'00"N, 72°03'15"W, Albatross station 2234, depth 816 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 35646 (disintegrated). Type catalog: Howe & Springer 1993:12 [ref. 21812]. Correct spelling for original genus is Scyliorhinus. •Valid as Apristurus profundorum (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Uyeno & Sasaki in Uyeno et al. 1983:50 [ref. 14275], Compagno 1984:279 [ref. 6846], Scott & Scott 1988:23 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:30 [ref. 14674], Springer 1990:91 [ref. 19319], Nakaya & Sato 1998:155 [ref. 23477], Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Compagno 2003:451 [ref. 26984], Moore et al. 2003:167 [ref. 27076], Kiraly et al. 2003:14 [ref. 28226], Iglésias et al. 2004:355 [ref. 28061], Castro 2011:311 [ref. 31457], Rodríguez-Cabello et al. 2014:1 [ref. 33675], Afonso et al. 2016:11, 94 [ref. 36199], Weigmann 2016:33 [ref. 34211], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:68 [ref. 37302], Carneiro et al. 2019:21 [ref. 37250], Bañón & Mano 2022:9 [ref. 40121], Carvalho-Filho 2023:302 [ref. 40480], Page et al. 2023:38 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus profundorum (Goode & Bean 1896). Pentanchidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: southern Canada south to Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). Habitat: marine.

riveri, Apristurus Bigelow [H. B.] & Schroeder [W. C.] 1944:23, Pl. 7 [Proceedings of the New England Zoölogical Club v. 23; ref. 13163] North coast of Cuba, 23°24'N, 80°44'W, depth 580 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MCZ 36092. Type catalog: Gutiérrez de los Reyes et al. 2015:43 [ref. 36079]. •Valid as Apristurus riveri Bigelow & Schroeder 1944 -- (Compagno 1984:280 [ref. 6846], Nakaya & Sato 1998:155 [ref. 23477], Cervigón 1992:183 [ref. 23827], Nakaya & Stehmann 1998:78 [ref. 23495], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:64 [ref. 23897], Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Compagno 2003:451 [ref. 26984], Kiraly et al. 2003:14 [ref. 28226], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27705], Iglésias et al. 2004:355 [ref. 28061], Castro 2011:314 [ref. 31457], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:80 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:33 [ref. 34211], Ehemann et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36194], Ehemann et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36861], Castillo Domínguez et al. 2023:5 [ref. 40663], Page et al. 2023:38 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus riveri Bigelow & Schroeder 1944. Pentanchidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic (including Caribbean Sea). Habitat: marine.

saldanha, Scylliorhinus Barnard [K. H.] 1925:44 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 21 (pt 1); ref. 192] Off Saldanha Bay, South Africa, southeastern Atlantic, depth 500 fathoms. Holotype (unique): SAM (apparently lost). Correct spelling of original genus is Scyliorhinus. •Valid as Apristurus saldanha (Barnard 1925) -- (Compagno 1984:282 [ref. 6846], Bass 1986:89 [ref. 5635], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:222 [ref. 36138], Springer 1990:91 [ref. 19319], Compagno et al. 1991:77 [ref. 21083], Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Sato et al. 1999:334 [ref. 24607], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Nakaya et al. 2008:68 [ref. 29711], Weigmann 2016:33 [ref. 34211], Compagno 2016:1264 [ref. 34544], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:66 [ref. 37302], Ebert et al. 2021:46 [ref. 38234], Cordova & Ebert 2021:23 [ref. 38414]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus saldanha (Barnard 1925). Pentanchidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic: Namibia south to South Africa. Habitat: marine.

sibogae, Scyliorhinus Weber [M.] 1913:595 [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Makassar Strait, Indonesia, 0°32'S, 119°39.8'E, Siboga station 87, depth 655 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMA 111076 (poor condition). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:7 [ref. 19236]; Nakaya 1989:202 [ref. 19777] redescribed holotype. •Valid as Apristurus sibogae (Weber 1913) -- (Compagno 1984:283 [ref. 6846], Nakaya 1989 [ref. 19777], Compagno & Niem 1998:1286 [ref. 23787], Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Nakaya & Sato 2000:229 [ref. 24800], Nakaya et al. 2008:68 [ref. 29711], Weigmann 2016:33 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus sibogae (Weber 1913). Pentanchidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

sinensis, Apristurus Chu [Y.-T.] & Hu [A.-S.] in Chu, Meng, Hu & Li 1981:103 [English p. 115], Fig. 1 (double) [Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica v. 12 (no. 2); ref. 4841] South China Sea, depth 537 meters. Holotype (unique): SCSFRI 99. •Valid as Apristurus sinensis Chu & Hu1981 -- (Compagno 1984:284 [ref. 6846], Compagno & Niem 1998:1285 [ref. 23787], Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122], Nakaya et al. 2008:68 [ref. 29711], Naylor et al. 2012:42 [ref. 32267] as cf. sinensis, see remarks, Iglesias 2013:517 [ref. 32534] as cf. sinensis, Nakaya et al. 2015:84 [ref. 34218] as cf. sinensis, Weigmann 2016:33 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:25 [ref. 35594], White et al. 2023:14 [ref. 40185]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus sinensis Chu & Hu 1981. Pentanchidae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Madagascar, New Caledonia, Australia and New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

spinacipellitum, Scyllium Vaillant [L. L.] 1888:60, Pl. 1 (figs. 3, 3a) [Expéditions scientifiques du "Travailleur" et du "Talisman"; ref. 4496] Off Canary Islands, depth 975 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1884-0384 (poor condition). Type catalog: Bertin 1939:68 [ref. 20739]. This name suppressed in Opinion 1732 and placed on the Official Index to conserve the use of Scylliorhinus atlanticus Koefoed 1927. •Questionably a synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:358 [ref. 6846]). •Valid, but to be submitted to ICZN -- (Nakaya & Séret 1989:977 [ref. 16198]). •In the synonymy of Apristurus atlanticus (Koefoed 1927) -- (Opinion 1732). •In the synonymy of Apristrus laurussonii (Saemundsson 1922). Suppressed. Current status: Synonym of Apristurus laurussonii (Saemundsson 1922). Pentanchidae.

spongiceps, Catulus Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:579 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Vicinity of Bird Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 4151, depth 313-800 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 51590. Type catalog: Howe & Springer 1993:13-14 [ref. 21812]. •Valid as Apristurus spongiceps (Gilbert 1905) -- (Compagno 1984:285 [ref. 6846], Compagno & Niem 1998:1287 [ref. 23787], Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Weigmann 2016:33 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:25 [ref. 35594]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus spongiceps (Gilbert 1905). Pentanchidae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: eastern Indonesia, Hawaiian Islands (probably more widespread). Habitat: marine.

stenseni, Parmaturus Springer [S.] 1979:104, Figs. 64-66 [NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) Technical Report NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service) Circular No. 422; ref. 4175] Gulf of Panama, 7°22'N, 79°32'W, depth 915-975 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P06146 [ex ZMK Galathea 739-1]. Paratypes: (40) HUMZ 138785 [ex ZMUC P 06156] (1), 138786 [ex ZMUC P 06186] (1); ZMUC P 06147-155, 157-185 (38, 1 in each lot). •Valid as Apristurus stenseni (Springer 1979) -- (Compagno 1984:286 [ref. 6846], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:71 [ref. 24023], Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589], Weigmann 2016:33 [ref. 34211], Calle-Morán et al. 2020:242 [ref. 37881]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus stenseni (Springer 1979). Pentanchidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

verweyi, Pentanchus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:237, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Sipadan Island, vicinity of Sibuko Bay, Borneo, Albatross station D.5587, 4°10'35"N, 118°37'12"E, depth 415 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 93135. Type catalog: Howe & Springer 1993:14 [ref. 21812]. •Valid as Apristurus verweyi (Fowler 1934) -- (Compagno 1984:287 [ref. 6846], Compagno & Niem 1998:1287 [ref. 23787], Nakaya & Sato 1999:316 [ref. 23941], Nakaya & Séret 1999:307 [ref. 24247], Compagno 1999:478 [ref. 25589]). •Synonym of Apristurus platyrhynchus (Tanaka 1909) -- (Nakaya & Sato 2000:224 [ref. 24800], Kawauchi et al. 2008:76 [ref. 29712], Last el al. 2010:67 [ref. 32461], Nakaya & Kawauchi 2013:162 [ref. 33037], Weigmann 2016:33 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Synonym of Apristurus platyrhynchus (Tanaka 1909). Pentanchidae. Habitat: marine.

xenolepis, Apristurus Meng [Q.-W.], Zhu [Y.-D.] & Li [S.] 1985:47 (English p. 50), Fig. 4 [Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 8136] Off Zhujiang, South China Sea, depth 546 meters. Holotype (unique): SCSFRI D0042. •Synonym of Apristurus herklotsi (Fowler 1934) -- (Nakaya 1991:999 [ref. 19774], Compagno et al. 2005:24 [ref. 29145], Nakaya & Kawauchi 2013:131 [ref. 33037], White & Last 2013:243 [ref. 33042], Weigmann 2016:30 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Synonym of Apristurus herklotsi (Fowler 1934). Pentanchidae. Habitat: marine.

yangi, Apristurus White [W. T.], Mana [R. R.] & Naylor [G. J. P.] 2017:26, Figs. 1-6 [Zootaxa 4320 (no. 1); ref. 35594] Vitiaz Strait, Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea, 06°02.030'S, 147°37.490'E, depth 700-701 meters. Holotype: ASIZ P0080718. Paratype: NTUM. •Valid as Apristurus yangi White, Mana & Naylor 2017 -- (White et al. 2017:106 [ref. 35860], White & Ko'ou 2018:27 [ref. 35922], Fricke et al. 2019:38 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Apristurus yangi White, Mana & Naylor 2017. Pentanchidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Papua New Guinea endemic. Habitat: marine.


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