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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Archosargus: [ 19 ] records


aries, Sargus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:58 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-8568 (1) Rio de Janeiro, 0000-8574 (1) Lake Maracaibo. Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:57-58 [ref. 20898] as holotype and paratype. •Synonym of Archosargus probatocephalus (Walbaum 1792), but a valid subspecies -- (Lee et al. 1980:754 [ref. 22416], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:177 [ref. 22947], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:352 [ref. 24550]). •Synonym of Archosargus probatocephalus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Carpenter 2003:1559 [ref. 27092]). •Valid as Archosargus aries (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:85 [ref. 27192], Parenti 2019:71 [ref. 36892], Carvalho-Filho 2023:169 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Archosargus aries (Valenciennes 1830). Sparidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic Belize south to Santa Catarina (Brazil). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

caribaeus, Sargus Poey [F.] 1860:197 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 21713 (3). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:202 [ref. 22926]. •Synonym of Archosargus rhomboidalis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti 2019:72 [ref. 36892]). Current status: Synonym of Archosargus rhomboidalis (Linnaeus 1758). Sparidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

flavolineatus, Sargus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:60 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Cuba. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8573. Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:58-59 [ref. 20898]. •Synonym of Archosargus rhomboidalis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti 2019:72 [ref. 36892]). Current status: Synonym of Archosargus rhomboidalis (Linnaeus 1758). Sparidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

humerimaculatus, Sargus Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:297 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Holotype (unique): not at MNHN. Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:68-69 [ref. 20898]. •Synonym of Archosargus rhomboidalis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bauchot & Daget 1972:68 [ref. 20898], Parenti 2019:72 [ref. 36892]). Current status: Synonym of Archosargus rhomboidalis (Linnaeus 1758). Sparidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

leonina, Perca Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:113 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Near Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Holotype: BMNH 1853.11.12.34 (skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:222 [ref. 13434]. •Synonym of Archosargus probatocephalus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Wheeler 1958:222 [ref. 13434], Parenti 2019:72 [ref. 36892]). Current status: Synonym of Archosargus probatocephalus (Walbaum 1792). Sparidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ovicephalus, Sparus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:280 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] New York, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ZMB 33006 (stuffed). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:142 [ref. 24282]. •Synonym of Archosargus probatocephalus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Parenti 2019:72 [ref. 36892]). Current status: Synonym of Archosargus probatocephalus (Walbaum 1792). Sparidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

oviceps, Archosargus Ginsburg [I.] 1952:94, Fig. 7 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 42 (no. 3); ref. 1805] Barataria Bay, Louisiana, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 144151. Paratypes: (77) FMNH 50101 (2); USNM 726 (1), 727 (1), 728 (2), 730 (1), 19525 (1), 31041 (1), 62282 (3), 144152-55 (1, 5, 2, 14), 144156-60 (1, 1, 30, 10, 1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:11 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Archosargus probatocephalus (Walbaum 1792), but a valid subspecies -- (Lee et al. 1980:754 [ref. 22416], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:352 [ref. 24550], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:389 [ref. 28815], Parenti 2019:72 [ref. 36892]). •Synonym of Archosargus probatocepahlus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Carpenter 2003:1559 [ref. 27092]). Current status: Synonym of Archosargus probatocephalus (Walbaum 1792). Sparidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ovis, Sparus Mitchill [S. L.] 1815:392, Pl. 2 (fig. 5) [Transactions of the Literary and Philosophical Society of New-York v. 1 (art. 5) (for 1814); ref. 13292] Various localities, New York and New Jersey, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Archosargus probatocephalus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Parenti 2019:72 [ref. 36892]). Current status: Synonym of Archosargus probatocephalus (Walbaum 1792). Sparidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

poki, Sparus Walbaum [J. J.] (ex Schöpf) 1792:296 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality stated [New York, U.S.A.]. No types known. Originally Sparus poki vel porgee, as a variety of Sparus argyrops Linnaeus 1766. Name not available, not binominal. Based on 'Sparus, Poki oder Porgee, zu Neu=York' in Schöpf 1788:153 [ref. 18700]. •Apparently a synonym of Archosargus probatocephalus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Parenti 2019:72 [ref. 36892]). Current status: Synonym of Archosargus probatocephalus (Walbaum 1792). Sparidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

poki, Sparus ovicephalus var. Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:280 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Carolinas, U.S.A. Apparently independent of poki Walbaum 1792. •Apparently a synonym of Archosargus probatocephalus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Parenti 2019:72 [ref. 36892]). Current status: Synonym of Archosargus probatocephalus (Walbaum 1792). Sparidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

porgee, Sparus Walbaum [J. J.] (ex Schöpf) 1792:296 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality stated [New York, U.S.A.]. No types known. Originally as Sparus poki vel porgee, as a variety of Sparus argyrops Linnaeus 1766. Name not available, not binominal. Based on 'Sparus, Poki oder Porgee, zu Neu=York' in Schöpf 1788:153 [ref. 18700]. •Apparently a synonym of Archosargus probatocephalus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Parenti 2019:72 [ref. 36892]). Current status: Synonym of Archosargus probatocephalus (Walbaum 1792). Sparidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

porgee, Sparus ovicephalus var. Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:280 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Carolinas, U.S.A. Alternate name for Sparus ovicephalus poki. •Apparently a synonym of Archosargus probatocephalus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Parenti 2019:72 [ref. 36892]). Current status: Synonym of Archosargus probatocephalus (Walbaum 1792). Sparidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

porgy, Sparus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:38, 120 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Carolina, U.S.A. No types known. Apparently an unjustified emendation of Sparus porgee Walbaum 1792. •Apparently a synonym of Archosargus probatocephalus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Parenti 2019:72 [ref. 36892]). Current status: Synonym of Archosargus probatocephalus (Walbaum 1792). Sparidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pourtalesii, Sargus Steindachner [F.] 1881:160 [Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse v. 18 (no. 16) (for 23 June 1881); ref. 20482] Galápagos Islands. Syntypes: (several) MCZ 4886 (4), 25751 (1); NMW 76393-96 (2, 1, 1, 1), 81043 (1); USNM 153618 [ex MCZ 4886] (1). Species illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1881:55 [p. 39 of separate], Pl. 10 (figs. 10-10b) [ref. 13333]. •Valid as Archosargus pourtalesii (Steindachner 1881) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:156 [ref. 22193], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:413 [ref. 24023] as pourtalesi, McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:192 [ref. 30957], Parenti 2019:71 [ref. 36892]). Current status: Valid as Archosargus pourtalesii (Steindachner 1881). Sparidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

probatocephalus, Sparus Walbaum [J. J.] (ex Schöpf) 1792:295 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality stated [New York, U.S.A.]. No types known. Based on 'Sparus, Sheepshead in Neuyork' in Schöpf 1788:152 [ref. 18700]. •Valid as Archosargus probatocephalus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Lee et al. 1980:754 [ref. 22416], Robins & Ray 1986:181 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:389 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:150 [ref. 14674], Boschung 1992:141 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:440 [ref. 23827], Murdy et al. 1997:234 [ref. 23144], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:351 [ref. 24550], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:162 [ref. 27754], Camargo & Isaac 2001:143 [ref. 27639], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:429 [ref. 26158], Smith et al. 2003:36 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:145 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:389 [ref. 28815], García-Hernández et al. 2009:93 [ref. 37265], Di Dario et al. 2013:264 [ref. 37503], Page et al. 2013:150 [ref. 32708], Catelani et al. 2014:933 [ref. 37496], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36407], Robins et al. 2018:350 [ref. 35886], Spier et al. 2018:13 [ref. 36103], Parenti 2019:72 [ref. 36892], Carvalho-Filho et al. in Marceniuk et al. 2021:667 [ref. 38945]). Current status: Valid as Archosargus probatocephalus (Walbaum 1792). Sparidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia (Canada) south to Brazil, including Gulf of Mexico, but except West Indies and Bahamas. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rhomboidalis, Perca Linnaeus [C.] 1758:293 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] America [South Carolina (U.S.A.); Jamaica] No types known. Type catalog: Goode & Bean 1885:201 [ref. 1841], Wheeler 1985:58-59 [ref. 20705] who suggests a putative neotype. Based on the 'Perca marina rhomboidalis fasciata' of Catesby 1743:4, Pl. 4 (upper fig.) [ref. 774], and on the 'Sparus striis longitudinalibus varius ...' of Browne 1756:446 [ref. 30188]. •Valid as Archosargus rhomboidalis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:182 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1992:440 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:223 [ref. 24474], Aguilera 1998:50 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:350 [ref. 24550], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:162 [ref. 27754], Carpenter 2003:1560 [ref. 27092], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:85 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:36 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:145 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:390 [ref. 28815], García-Hernández et al. 2009:93 [ref. 37265], Page et al. 2013:150 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:56 [ref. 33341], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36407], Spier et al. 2018:13 [ref. 36103], Ribeiro et al. 2019:8 [ref. 36717], Parenti 2019:72 [ref. 36892], Carvalho-Filho et al. in Marceniuk et al. 2021:668 [ref. 38945], Carvalho-Filho 2023:170 [ref. 40480], Ceríaco et al. 2023:76 [ref. 40710], Martínez-Servín et al. 2023:117 [ref. 40726]). Current status: Valid as Archosargus rhomboidalis (Linnaeus 1758). Sparidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: New Jersey (U. S. A.) south to Santa Catarina (Brazil), including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. IUCN (2020): Least Concern. Habitat: brackish, marine.

salin, Sparus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:43, 137 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Brazil. No types known. •Synonym of Archosargus rhomboidalis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti 2019:72 [ref. 36892]) Current status: Synonym of Archosargus rhomboidalis (Linnaeus 1758). Sparidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

tridens, Sargus Poey [F.] 1875:131 [57] [Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, Madrid v. 4 (for 13 Jan. 1875); ref. 3509] Cuba. No types known. On p. 57 of separate. •Synonym of Archosargus rhomboidalis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti 2019:72 [ref. 36892]). Current status: Synonym of Archosargus rhomboidalis (Linnaeus 1758). Sparidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

unimaculata, Perca Bloch [M. E.] 1792:75, Pl. 308 (fig. 1) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 6; ref. 470] Brazil. Also as p. 64 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 9 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Archosargus rhomboidalis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:350 [ref. 24550], Carpenter 2003:1560 [ref. 27092], Parenti 2019:72 [ref. 36892]). Current status: Synonym of Archosargus rhomboidalis (Linnaeus 1758). Sparidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.


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