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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Atherinella: [ 38 ] records


alvarezi, Thyrinops Díaz-Pardo [E.] 1972:146, Fig. [Anales de la Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, México v. 19 (no. 1/4); ref. 7608] Río Tacotalpa, tributary of Rio Grijalva, 40 kilometers south of Villahermosa, Tabasco, Mexico. Holotype: not researched. Paratypes: (104). •Valid as Atherinella alvarezi (Díaz-Pardo 1972) -- (Chernoff 1986:244 [ref. 5847], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:57 [ref. 22290], Chernoff 2003:1097 [ref. 27017], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:515 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:97 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:187 [ref. 28615], Page et al. 2013:99 [ref. 32708], Barrientos et al. 2015:4 [ref. 37653]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella alvarezi (Díaz-Pardo 1972). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Southern North America and Central America: southern Mexico and northeastern Guatemala. Habitat: freshwater.

ammophila, Atherinella Chernoff [B.] & Miller [R. R.] 1984:4, Figs. 2-4 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 462; ref. 8175] Río de la Palma at La Palma, 8 kilometers north-northwest of Sontecomapan, Veracruz, Mexico. Holotype: UMMZ 210808. Paratypes: ANSP 153218 (4), 153307 (3); TU 134878 (3); UMMZ 210809 (now 10, 2 c&s); USNM 266554 (3). Type catalog: Bart & Taylor 1993:53 [ref. 20906]. •Valid as Atherinella ammophila Chernoff & Miller 1984 -- (Chernoff 1986:244 [ref. 5847], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:57 [ref. 22290], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:515 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:97 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:187 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:6 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:99 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella ammophila Chernoff & Miller 1984. Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Río de la Plata basin, Atlantic Slope of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

argentea, Atherinella Chernoff [B.] 1986:100, Figs. 9, 10, 34 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 138 (no. 1); ref. 5848] Lagoon behind hotel Vinar del Mar, Quepos, Puntareñas, Costa Rica. Holotype: FMNH 85223. Paratypes: ANSP 158311 [ex FMNH 85223] (5), 158700 (3); FMNH 85220 (10), 85224 (10), 96907 [FMNH 85223] (42, 4 c&s), 85216 (1); GCRL 5492 (7), 5584 (5), 5924 (2), 6466 (1), 8986 (3), 22515 (5), 22516 (3). •Valid as Atherinella argentea Chernoff 1986 -- (Chernoff 1986:243 [ref. 5847], Lavenberg & Chernoff in Fischer et al. 1995:895 [ref. 22829], Bussing 1998:237 [ref. 24179], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:515 [ref. 27061], Matamoros et al. 2009:12 [ref. 31241], McMahan et al. 2013:446 [ref. 32422], Angulo et al. 2013:995 [ref. 33194], González-Murcia et al. 2019:296 [ref. 36544], Angulo et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37425]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella argentea Chernoff 1986. Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

balsanus, Melaniris Meek [S. E.] 1902:117, Pl. 28 lower [Field Columbian Museum, Zoölogical Series v. 3 (no. 6); ref. 2957] Río Balsas at Balsas, Guerrero, Mexico. Holotype: FMNH 3706. Paratypes: ANSP 90844 (5); FMNH 3707 (92), 72562 (7); CAS-SU 21444 (9); UMMZ 162469 (10, 1 c&s), USNM 55793 (10). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:55 [ref. 12367], Böhlke 1984:23 [ref. 13621]. Whether balsanus is a noun or adjective not researched. •Valid as Atherinella balsanus (Meek 1902) -- (Chernoff 1986:149 [ref. 5848], Chernoff 1986:242 [ref. 5847], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:57 [ref. 22290], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:193 [ref. 24550] as balsana, Dyer 2000:104 [ref. 26677], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:515 [ref. 27061] as balsana, Nelson et al. 2004:97 [ref. 27807] as balsana, Miller 2006:188 [ref. 28615] as balsana, Scharpf 2007:6 [ref. 30398] as balsana, Page et al. 2013:99 [ref. 32708] as balsama). Current status: Valid as Atherinella balsana (Meek 1902). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Balsas River basin, Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

beani, Kirtlandia Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1923:270, Pl. 21 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 15 (publ. 215); ref. 2963] Fox Bay, Colón, (Atlantic) Panama. Holotype: USNM 79741. Additional material: (39) UCR 0365-007 (16); USNM 79740 (20), 81765 (1). Type catalog: Angulo et al. 2015:368 [ref. 35212]. •Valid as Atherinella beani (Meek & Hildebrand 1923) -- (Chernoff 1986:144 [ref. 5848], Chernoff 1986:243 [ref. 5847], Chernoff 2003:1097 [ref. 27017]). •Synonym of Atherinella brasiliensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Chernoff 1986:241 [ref. 5847], Aguilera 1998:47 [ref. 24221], Dyer 2000:104 [ref. 26677], Malabarba & Dyer 2002:259 [ref. 26538], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:516 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella beani (Meek & Hildebrand 1923). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: (Atlantic) Panama. Habitat: marine.

blackburni, Coleotropis Schultz [L. P.] 1949:108, Fig. 15 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 99 (no. 3235); ref. 3967] Jacuque Point, Gulf of Venezuela, Venezuela. Holotype: USNM 123205. Paratypes: MCZ 37293 [ex USNM 123207] (1); USNM 123206 (2), 123207 (orig. 4, now 3). •Valid as Coleotropis blackburni Schultz 1949 -- (Gilbert & Caldwell 1967:7 [ref. 21336], Cervigón 1991:234 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:263 [ref. 23827]). •Valid as Atherinella blackburni (Schultz 1949) -- (Chernoff 1986:245 [ref. 5847], Aguilera 1998:47 [ref. 24221], Chernoff 2003:1097 [ref. 27017], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:516 [ref. 27061], Mattox et al. 2008:308 [ref. 29765], Matamoros et al. 2009:12 [ref. 31241], Angulo et al. 2013:995 [ref. 33194], Carvalho-Filho 2023:94 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella blackburni (Schultz 1949). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Quintana Roo (Mexico) south to São Paulo (Brazil), including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bolivari, Archomenidia Álvarez [J.] & Carranza [J.] 1952:287 [Ciencia (Mexico City) v. 11 (nos 10-12) 1951; ref. 12633] Near Matías Romero, Río Grande or Río Almoloya, Oaxaca, southeastern Mexico. Paratypes: (565) CAS-SU 17489 (6), UANL 1008 [ex IPN P225] (6), UMMZ 163238 (7), USNM 162503 (27). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:64 [ref. 12291], Contreras-Balderas et al. 1998:5 [ref. 23752]. Not treated by Dyer in Reis et al. 2003 [ref. 27061]. •Synonym of Atherinella sallei (Regan 1903) -- (Miller 2006:190 [ref. 28615]). Current status: Synonym of Atherinella sallei (Regan 1903). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brasiliensis, Atherina Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1825:332 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Syntypes: MNHN A-4374 (2). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1971:703-704 [ref. 21541]. •Valid as Menidia brasiliensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Herrera 1896:42 [ref. 39336]). •Valid as Xenomelaniris brasiliensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Cervigón 1991:237 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:263 [ref. 23827], González Bencomo et al. 1997:158 [ref. 24960], Chernoff 2003:1098 [ref. 27017] as cf. brasiliensis). •Valid as Atherinella brasiliensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Chernoff 1986:241 [ref. 5847], Aguilera 1998:47 [ref. 24221], Dyer 2000:104 [ref. 26677], Camargo & Isaac 2001:141 [ref. 27639] dated 1824, Malabarba & Dyer 2002:259 [ref. 26538], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:516 [ref. 27061], Menezes et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:65 [ref. 27192] dated 1824, França et al. 2007:370 [ref. 29284], Di Dario et al. 2013:263 [ref. 37503], Catelani et al. 2014:932 [ref. 37496], Nión et al. 2016:42 [ref. 35565], Marceniuk et al. 2017:39 [ref. 35324] as aff. brasiliensis, Costa et al. 2017:45 [ref. 35684], Spier et al. 2018:8 [ref. 36103], Ribeiro et al. 2019:4 [ref. 36717], Marceniuk in Marceniuk et al. 2021:294 [ref. 38945], Carvalho-Filho 2023:94 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella brasiliensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1825). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Colombia to Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil), including southern Caribbean Sea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

callida, Atherinella Chernoff [B.] 1986:155, Figs. 39-41 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 138 (no. 1); ref. 5848] Refugio, Veracruz, Mexico. Holotype: LACM 9626-1. Paratypes: ANSP 158698 (3), 158699 (2, c&s); LACM 9626-2 (21). •Valid as Atherinella callida Chernoff 1986 -- (Chernoff 1986:242 [ref. 5847], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:57 [ref. 22290], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:516 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:97 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:188 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:6 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:99 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella callida Chernoff 1986. Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Río Papaloapan basin, Atlantic Slope of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

chagresi, Menidia Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] in Meek 1914:119 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 10 (no. 10); ref. 2961] Río Chagres at Gorgona Island, Panama Canal Zone, Panama. Lectotype: USNM 81761. Paralectotypes: ANSP 90845 (2); FMNH 7859-60 (29, 6), 31913-20 (8), 31921-40 (20), 31942-44 (3), 31945-48 (4); UCR 0444-15 (3), 1013-004 (8), 1100-001 (8), 1101-001 (9), 1126-024 (53), 1144-01 (now 26, was 31); USNM 79726 (20), 79728 (3). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:56 [ref. 12367], Böhlke 1984:23 [ref. 13621], Angulo et al. 2015:368 [ref. 35212]. •Valid as Melaniris chagresi (Meek & Hildebrand 1914) -- (Bussing 1987:157 [ref. 22927]). •Valid as Atherinella chagresi (Meek & Hildebrand 1914) -- (Chernoff 1986:92 [ref. 5848], Chernoff 1986:242 [ref. 5847], Bussing 1998:240 [ref. 24179], Chernoff 2003:1098 [ref. 27017], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:516 [ref. 27061], Angulo et al. 2023:56 [ref. 40676]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella chagresi (Meek & Hildebrand 1914). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

colecanos, Coleotropis Caldwell [D. K.] 1962:3, Figs. 1-2 [Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) No. 51; ref. 5838] Tortuguero, Caribbean Costa Rica, 10°34'N, 83°32'W. Holotype (unique): UF 5652. Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:111 [ref. 21035]. •Synonym of Atherinella blackburni (Schultz 1949) -- (Mattox et al. 2008:308 [ref. 29765]). Current status: Synonym of Atherinella blackburni (Schultz 1949). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Habitat: marine.

colombiensis, Thyrina Hubbs [C. L.] 1920:4 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 88; ref. 15239] Río Telembi, a tributary of Río Patia, Pacific slope of southern Colombia. Holotype: CAS 47433 [ex IU 13871]. Paratypes: ANSP 92433 (1); BMNH 1920.12.20.149-150 [from Eigenman] (2?); CAS 47431-32 [ex IU 13869-70] (6, 9), 47435 [ex IU 13871] (11) 47436 [ex IU 13868] (11); ?CM 7485, ?7486, ?7487; FMNH 58483-84 (3, 5), 69728 (16); UMMZ 55006 (6). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:83 [ref. 12367], Böhlke 1984:23 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Atherinella colombiensis (Hubbs 1920) -- (Chernoff 1986:241 [ref. 5847], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:516 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella colombiensis (Hubbs 1920). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: (Pacific slope) Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

crystallina, Thyrina Jordan [D. S.] & Culver [G. B.] in Jordan 1895:420 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 5; ref. 2394] Río Presidio, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Syntypes: BMNH 1895.5.27.160-165 [from Jordan] (6), CAS-SU 2685 (26), USNM 47440 (3), ZMB 14066 [ex CAS-SU 2876] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:67 [ref. 12291], Paepke & Seegers 1986:177 [ref. 19981]. Original says, "Type, No. 2686 L.S. Jr. Univ. Mus.", but that lot contains many specimens. •Valid as Atherinella crystallina (Jordan & Culver 1895) -- (Chernoff 1986:160 [ref. 5848], Chernoff 1986:242 [ref. 5847] with subspecies, Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:57 [ref. 22290], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:193 [ref. 24550], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:516 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:97 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:189 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:6 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:99 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella crystallina (Jordan & Culver 1895). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Pacific slope of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

elegans, Atherinella crystallina Chernoff [B.] 1986:182, Figs. 46, 53-57 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 138 (no. 1); ref. 5848] Río del Fuerte about 1.6 kilometers below San Blas, Sinaloa, Mexico. Holotype: UMMZ 172286. Paratypes: ANSP 158518 (10); UMMZ 164531 (22), 164605 (6), 164615 (228 or 238), 164625 (93 or 88), 164625-cs (5, c&s), 178282 (182), 178291 (46), 213590 (124). •Valid as Atherinella elegans Chernoff 1986 -- (Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:58 [ref. 22290], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:516 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:97 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2007:6 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:99 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella elegans Chernoff 1986. Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Del Fuerte River basin, Sinaloa, Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

eriarcha, Atherinella Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:348 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 237); ref. 2470] Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Holotype (unique): USNM 29243. •Valid as Eurostole eriarcha (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:91 [ref. 22193]). •Valid as Atherinella eriarcha Jordan & Gilbert 1882 -- (Chernoff 1986:245 [ref. 5847], Lavenberg & Chernoff in Fischer et al. 1995:895 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:60 [ref. 24545], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:194 [ref. 24550], Dyer 2000:104 [ref. 26677], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:516 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:97 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:63 [ref. 37547], Page et al. 2013:99 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:145 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:442 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:607 [ref. 34923], González-Murcia et al. 2019:296 [ref. 36544], Love et al. 2021:92 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella eriarcha Jordan & Gilbert 1882. Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Pacific coast of southern Baja California Sur (Mexico) south to Colombia, including Revillagigedo Islands (Mexico) and southern Gulf of California (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

evermanni, Thyrina Jordan [D. S.] & Culver [G. B.] in Jordan 1895:419, Pl. 33 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 5; ref. 2394] Estuary at Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Lectotype: CAS-SU 2688 (1 of 9). Paralectotypes: BMNH 1895.5.27.158-159 [from Jordan] (2), CAS=SU 2688 (12, now 8 plus lectotype), USNM 47494 (1), ZMB 14065 [ex CAS-SU 2688] (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:67 [ref. 12291], Paepke & Seegers 1986:177 [ref. 19981]. Lectotype established (as figured specimen) in caption to Pl. 124, p. 3260 in Jordan & Evermann 1900 [ref. 2446] if figured specimen is identifiable. •Valid as Atherinella evermanni (Jordan & Culver 1895) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:193 [ref. 24550], Dyer 2000:104 [ref. 26677]). •Synonym of Atherinella crystallina (Jordan & Culver 1895) -- (Chernoff 1986:177 [ref. 5848], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:516 [ref. 27061], Miller 2006:189 [ref. 28615]). Current status: Synonym of Atherinella crystallina (Jordan & Culver 1895). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

guatemalensis, Atherinichthys Günther [A.] 1864:151 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1864 (pt 1) (art. 3) (for 22 Mar. 1864); ref. 13930] Lakes of Huamuchal, Retalhuleu, Guatemala. Syntypes: BMNH 1864.1.26.367 (5). •Valid as Melaniris guatemalensis (Günther 1864) -- (Villa 1982:139 [ref. 36708], Bussing 1987:158 [ref. 22927]). •Valid as Atherinella guatemalensis (Günther 1864) -- (Chernoff 1986:136 [ref. 5848], Chernoff 1986:243 [ref. 5847], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:58 [ref. 22290], Lavenberg & Chernoff in Fischer et al. 1995:895 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:60 [ref. 24545], Bussing 1998:238 [ref. 24179], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:194 [ref. 24550], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:516 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:97 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:189 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:6 [ref. 30398], McMahan et al. 2013:446 [ref. 32422], Page et al. 2013:99 [ref. 32708], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:89 [ref. 35859], Barraza et al. 2022:209 [ref. 40101], Angulo et al. 2023:57 [ref. 40676]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella guatemalensis (Günther 1864). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Southern North America, central America: Pacific Slope of Mexico, Guatemala and El Salvador. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

guija, Thyrina Hildebrand [S. F.] 1925:264, Fig. 18 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 41 (no. 985); ref. 15590] Lake Guija, Santa Ana, El Salvador. Holotype: USNM 87273. Paratypes: FMNH 12118-22 (5), 12123-26 (4), 12127-30 (4); USNM 87274-77 (11, 14, 5, 8). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:83 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Atherinella guija (Hildebrand 1925) -- (Chernoff 1986:128 [ref. 5848], Chernoff 1986:243 [ref. 5847], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:516 [ref. 27061], McMahan et al. 2013:446 [ref. 32422], Barraza et al. 2022:210 [ref. 40101]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella guija (Hildebrand 1925). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Central America: Pacific slope (El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras). Habitat: freshwater.

hubbsi, Melaniris Bussing [W. A.] 1979:400, Fig. 1D [Revista de Biología Tropical v. 26 (no. 2); ref. 6973] Río Zapote, tributary of Lake Nicaragua, .4 kilometers south of Upala, Alajuela Province, Costa Rica, elevation 50 meters. Holotype: LACM 37506-1. Paratypes: LACM 37506-2 (5), 37507-1 (5); UCR (17 lots); UF 25174 (5); UMMZ 202343 (5, 1 c&s), 202344 (5, 1 c&s), 202345 (5); USNM 218529-30 (5, 5). Type catalog: Angulo et al. 2015:368 [ref. 35212]. •Valid as Melaniris hubbsi Bussing 1979 -- (Villa 1982:139 [ref. 36708], Bussing 1987:159 [ref. 22927], Bussing 1998:241 [ref. 24179]). •Valid as Atherinella hubbsi (Bussing 1979) -- (Chernoff 1986:244 [ref. 5847], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:516 [ref. 27061], Angulo et al. 2013:995 [ref. 33194], Angulo et al. 2023:57 [ref. 40676]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella hubbsi (Bussing 1979). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Central America: Lake Nicaragua basin (Costa Rica and Nicaragua). Habitat: freshwater.

jiloaensis, Melaniris Bussing [W. A.] 1979:406, Fig. 1F [Revista de Biología Tropical v. 26 (no. 2); ref. 6973] Lake Jiloá on Chiltepe Peninsula, Dept. of Managua, Nicaragua. Holotype: LACM 37350-1. Paratypes: LACM 37350-2 (20); UCR 185-5 (13), 596-1 (60, plus 3 c&s); UMMZ 201962 (6); USNM 218374 (6). Type catalog: Angulo et al. 2015:368 [ref. 35212]. •Valid as Melaniris jiloaensis Bussing 1979 -- (Villa 1982:139 [ref. 36708]). •Valid as Atherinella jiloaensis (Bussing 1979) -- (Chernoff 1986:243 [ref. 5847], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:516 [ref. 27061], Angulo et al. 2023:57 [ref. 40676]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella jiloaensis (Bussing 1979). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Central America: Lake Jiloá (Nicaragua) endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

lisa, Menidia Meek [S. E.] 1904:182, Fig. 63 [Field Columbian Museum, Zoölogical Series v. 5; ref. 2958] Refugio, Veracruz, Río Papaloapam basin, Mexico. Holotype: FMNH 4633. Paratypes: ANSP 90843 (2); CAS 45352 [ex 10960] (6); FMNH 4634 (1), 4651 (6), 72561 (3); UMMZ 162470 (8, 3 c&s); USNM 55851 (6), 82178 (4); ? BMNH 1905.12.6.678-682 (5). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:56 [ref. 12367], Böhlke 1984:23 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Atherinella lisa (Meek 1904) -- (Chernoff 1986:244 [ref. 5847], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:58 [ref. 22290], Dyer 2000:104 [ref. 26677], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:516 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:97 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:189 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:6 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:99 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella lisa (Meek 1904). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Río Tonto drainage, Atlantic Slope of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

marvelae, Archomenidia Chernoff [B.] & Miller [R. R.] 1982:430, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 95 (no. 3); ref. 8494] Río Bravo just below barrier falls, Salto de Eyipantla, Veracruz, Mexico. Holotype: UMMZ 209012 [ex TCWC 1848.5]. Paratypes: UMMZ 179892 (41, 5 c&s), 209013 (2), 209850 (17). •Valid as Atherinella marvelae (Chernoff & Miller 1982) -- (Chernoff 1986:244 [ref. 5847], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:58 [ref. 22290], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:516 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:97 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:190 [ref. 28615], Page et al. 2013:99 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella marvelae (Chernoff & Miller 1982). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Río Papaloapan basin, Atlantic Slope of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

meeki, Thyrina Miller [N.] 1907:110, Fig. 2 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 23 (art. 2); ref. 15160] Río Montagua, eastern coast of Guatemala. Holotype: CAS 47404 [ex IU 11214]. Paratypes: AMNH 1329 (1), 1385 (4), 1394 (2), 1414 (2); CAS 47434 [ex IU 11218] (4); FMNH 7934-35 (3, 4), 7963 (6), 7969 (1), 56177-80 (4, 5, 1, 3); NMW 84462-64 (3, 2, 2), 87599-603 (1, 5, 2, 4, 3); USNM 73935 (2), 73954-56 (1, 1, 5), 73965 (4); ZSM 10156 [ex NMW 87559] (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:83 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Atherinella meeki (Miller 1907) -- (Chernoff 1986:244 [ref. 5847], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:516 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella meeki (Miller 1907). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Central America: Atlantic slope, Guatemala and Honduas. Habitat: freshwater.

milleri, Melaniris Bussing [W. A.] 1979:395, Fig. 1C [Revista de Biología Tropical v. 26 (no. 2); ref. 6973] Coastal lagoon near mouth of Río Colorado, Barra Colorado, Limón Province, Costa Rica. Holotype: LACM 37508-1. Paratypes: LACM 37508-2 (20), 37509-1 (2), 37510-1 (2); UCR (12 lots, 294, 3 c&s); UF (20 lots, 236), UF 11127 [ex UMML] (8), 216924 [ex UMML 16924] (1); UMMZ 180652 (15), 202346-47 (2, 2); USNM 218528 (20), 218531 (5). Type catalog: Angulo et al. 2015:369 [ref. 35212]. •Valid as Melaniris milleri Bussing 1979 -- (Villa 1982:139 [ref. 36708], Bussing 1987:160 [ref. 22927], Bussing 1998:243 [ref. 24179]). •Valid as Atherinella milleri (Bussing 1979) -- (Chernoff 1986:241 [ref. 5847], Chernoff 2003:1098 [ref. 27017], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:516 [ref. 27061], Matamoros et al. 2009:12 [ref. 31241], Angulo et al. 2013:995 [ref. 33194], Angulo et al. 2023:57 [ref. 40676]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella milleri (Bussing 1979). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Central America, Atlantic slope: Colombia, Costa Rica, Honduras and Nicaragua. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

nepenthe, Nectarges Myers [G. S.] & Wade [C. B.] 1942:130, Pl. 19 [Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition 1932-40, Los Angeles v. 9 (no. 5); ref. 3134] Off Arroyo de San Luis, southern Baja California Sur, Mexico, 23°10'30"N, 109°27'45"W, at surface over bottom depth of 5 fathoms (9.1 meters). Holotype: CAS-SU 37060. Paratypes: LACM 20100 [ex CAS-SU 37061] (2), 21558 (1); CAS-SU 2689 (1), 37061 (orig. 10, now 7), 37062-63 (3, 1); USNM 119020 [ex CAS-SU 37061] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:67 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Atherinella nepenthe (Myers & Wade 1942) -- (Chernoff 1986:245 [ref. 5847], Lavenberg & Chernoff in Fischer et al. 1995:896 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:60 [ref. 24545] as nephente, Pequeño 1997:82 [ref. 23536] as nephente, Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:195 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:195 [ref. 24550] as nephente, Dyer 2000:104 [ref. 26677], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:517 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:97 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:63 [ref. 37547], Page et al. 2013:99 [ref. 32708], Barriga Salazar 2014:117 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:401 [ref. 34894], Love et al. 2021:92 [ref. 39279], Siccha-Ramirez et al. 2023:182 [ref. 40816]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella nepenthe (Myers & Wade 1942). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Pacific coast of Baja California Sur (Mexico) south to Peru, including southern Gulf of California (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

nesiotes, Nectarges Myers [G. S.] & Wade [C. B.] 1942:128, Pl. 18 [Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition 1932-40, Los Angeles v. 9 (no. 5); ref. 3134] Academy Bay, Indefatigable Island [Santa Cruz], Galápagos Islands. Holotype: LACM 21558 [ex AHF 17]. Paratypes: LACM 20036 (3), 30034 (1); CAS-SU 37058-59 (2, 1). Other original material: CAS 6039 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:67 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Atherinella nesiotes (Myers & Wade 1942) -- (Chernoff 1986:245 [ref. 5847], Lavenberg & Chernoff in Fischer et al. 1995:894 [ref. 22829], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:271 [ref. 24023], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:517 [ref. 27061], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:190 [ref. 30957], Barriga Salazar 2014:117 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:400 [ref. 34894]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella nesiotes (Myers & Wade 1942). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Ecuador, Mexico and Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

nocturnus, Nectarges Myers [G. S.] & Wade [C. B.] 1942:133 [Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition 1932-40, Los Angeles v. 9 (no. 5); ref. 3134] Guayaquil, Ecuador. Holotype: USNM 88712. Paratypes: LACM 20037 [ex USNM 119019] (1), 20102 (1); CAS-SU 37064 (2); USNM 88713 (1), 119019 (now 22). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:67 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Nectarges nocturnus Myers & Wade 1942 -- (Pequeño 1989:51 [ref. 14125]). •Valid as Atherinella nocturna (Myers & Wade 1942) -- (Chernoff 1986:245 [ref. 5847], Lavenberg & Chernoff in Fischer et al. 1995:894 [ref. 22829], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:195 [ref. 24555], Dyer 2000:104 [ref. 26677], Barriga Salazar 2014:117 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:401 [ref. 34894] as nocturana). Current status: Valid as Atherinella nocturna (Myers & Wade 1942). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Ecuador, Peru and northern Chile. Habitat: marine.

pachylepis, Atherinichthys Günther [A.] 1864:25 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1864 (pt 1) (art. 4) (for 26 Jan. 1864); ref. 5752] Pacific coast of Panama. Syntypes: BMNH 1863.12.16.39-40 (2). Also appeared in Günther 1864:229 [ref. 1976]. •Valid as Melaniris pachylepis (Günther 1864) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:91 [ref. 22193]). •Valid as Atherinella pachylepis (Günther 1864) -- (Chernoff 1986:111 [ref. 5848], Chernoff 1986:243 [ref. 5847], Lavenberg & Chernoff in Fischer et al. 1995:896 [ref. 22829], Bussing 1998:238 [ref. 24179], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:195 [ref. 24555], Dyer 2000:104 [ref. 26677], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:517 [ref. 27061], Matamoros et al. 2009:12 [ref. 31241], McMahan et al. 2013:446 [ref. 32422], Barriga Salazar 2014:117 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:401 [ref. 34894]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella pachylepis (Günther 1864). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: El Salvador south to Peru. Habitat: brackish, marine.

pallida, Melaniris Fowler [H. W.] 1944:242, Fig. 130 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 6; ref. 1448] Santelmo Bay, Rey Island, Perlas Islands, (Pacific) Panama. Holotype: ANSP 70033. Paratypes: ANSP 70034-46 (13). Type information: Böhlke 1984:24 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Eurystole pallida (Fowler 1944) -- (authors). •Valid as Atherinella pallida (Fowler 1944) -- (Chernoff 1986:245 [ref. 5847], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:517 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella pallida (Fowler 1944). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: (Pacific) Panama. Habitat: marine.

panamensis, Atherinella Steindachner [F.] 1875:477 [35] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 71 (1. Abth.); ref. 4222] (Pacific) Panama. Holotype (unique): NMW 76439. On p. 35 of separate. •Valid as Atherinella panamensis Steindachner 1875 -- (Chernoff 1986:124 [ref. 5848], Chernoff 1986:243 [ref. 5847], Allen & Robertson 1994:91 [ref. 22193], Lavenberg & Chernoff in Fischer et al. 1995:896 [ref. 22829], Dyer 2000:104 [ref. 26677], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:517 [ref. 27061], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:89 [ref. 35859]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella panamensis Steindachner 1875. Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

pellosemeion, Atherinella crystallina Chernoff [B.] 1986:180, Figs. 45, 53-57 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 138 (no. 1); ref. 5848] Río las Mancuernas 2 kilometers north-northwest of Mecatán on road to San Blas-Tepic highway, Nayarit, Mexico. Holotype: UMMZ 172020. Paratypes: ANSP 158519 (4); UMMZ 213591 (36, 5 c&s). •Valid as Atherinella pellosemeion Chernoff 1986 -- (Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:58 [ref. 22290], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:517 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:97 [ref. 27807] as pellosemion, Scharpf 2007:6 [ref. 30398] as pellosemion, Page et al. 2013:99 [ref. 32708] as pellosemion). •Mention -- (Miller 2006:189 [ref. 28615]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella pellosemeion Chernoff 1986. Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Río las Mancuernas drainage, Nayarit, Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

robbersi, Adenops Fowler [H. W.] 1950:5, Figs. 5-9 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 222; ref. 12947] Totumo Lake, Bolívar state, Colombia. Holotype: ANSP 71941. Paratypes: ANSP 71942 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:24 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Atherinella robbersi (Fowler 1950) -- (Chernoff 1986:241 [ref. 5847], Chernoff 2003:1099 [ref. 27017], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:517 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella robbersi (Fowler 1950). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Totumo Lake, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

sallei, Atherinichthys Regan [C. T.] 1903:60 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1903, v. 2 (pt 1) (art. 4) (for 12 May 1903); ref. 3615] Mexico. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1860.6.17.47. •Valid as Archomenidia sallei (Regan 1903) -- (Chernoff & Miller 1982:436 [ref. 8494]). •Valid as Atherinella sallei (Regan 1903) -- (Chernoff 1986:244 [ref. 5847], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:58 [ref. 22290], Dyer 2000:104 [ref. 26677], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:517 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:97 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:190 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:6 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:99 [ref. 32708], López-Segovia et al. 2020:111 [ref. 38151]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella sallei (Regan 1903). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Southern North America: Atlantic Slope of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

sardina, Melaniris Meek [S. E.] 1907:114 [Field Columbian Museum, Zoölogical Series v. 7 (no. 4); ref. 2959] Lake Managua at Managua, Nicaragua. Holotype: FMNH 5937. Paratypes: ANSP 90841 [ex FMNH] (5); FMNH 5936 (orig. 394), 52269 (now 0); UMMZ 162483 [ex FMNH 52269] (12); USNM 133087 (15). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:56 [ref. 12367], Böhlke 1984:24 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Melaniris sardina Meek 1907 -- (Villa 1982:141 [ref. 36708], Bussing 1987:161 [ref. 22927]). •Valid as Atherinella sardina (Meek 1907) -- (Chernoff 1986:243 [ref. 5847], Bussing 1998:244 [ref. 24179], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:517 [ref. 27061], Angulo et al. 2013:995 [ref. 33194], Morgenstern 2018:256 [ref. 36331], Angulo et al. 2023:57 [ref. 40676]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella sardina (Meek 1907). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Central America: Costa Rica and Nicaragua. Habitat: freshwater.

schultzi, Xenatherina Álvarez [J.] & Carranza [J.] 1952:286, Fig. 3 [Ciencia (Mexico City) v. 11 (nos 10-12) 1951; ref. 12633] Santa María Chimalapa, Arroyo El Zacatal, Oaxaca, southeastern Mexico. Holotype: not researched. Paratypes: (154) CAS-SU 17488 (5), UMMZ 163239 (6), USNM 162501 (27). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:68 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Atherinella schultzi (Álvarez & Carranza 1952) -- (Chernoff 1986:244 [ref. 5847], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:58 [ref. 22290], Chernoff 2003:1099 [ref. 27017], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:517 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:97 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:191 [ref. 28615], Page et al. 2013:99 [ref. 32708], López-Segovia et al. 2020:111 [ref. 38151]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella schultzi (Álvarez & Carranza 1952). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Southern North America: Atlantic Slope of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

serrivomer, Atherinella Chernoff [B.] 1986:120, Fig. 20 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 138 (no. 1); ref. 5848] Estero de Puerto Pizarro, opposite Estero Jeli, Tumbes, Peru. Holotype: ANSP 15895. Paratypes: ANSP 15896 (1), 15897 (3 c&s); CAS-SU 9318 (1); GCRL 12605 (32); LACM W51-246 (1); USNM 280196 (5). •Valid as Atherinella serrivomer Chernoff 1986 -- (Chernoff 1986:243 [ref. 5847], Lavenberg & Chernoff in Fischer et al. 1995:897 [ref. 22829], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:195 [ref. 24555], Dyer in Reis et al. 2003:517 [ref. 27061], Barriga Salazar 2014:117 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:401 [ref. 34894], Siccha-Ramirez et al. 2023:183 [ref. 40816]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella serrivomer Chernoff 1986. Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Colombia, Ecuador, Panama and Peru. Habitat: brackish, marine.

starksi, Menidia Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1923:267, Pl. 20 (fig. 2) [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 15 (publ. 215); ref. 2963] Taboga Island, (Pacific) Panama. Holotype: USNM 79732. Paratypes: FMNH 8308 (4); USNM 79733 (3), 81747 (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:56 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Coleotropis starksi (Meek & Hildebrand 1923) -- (Gilbert & Caldwell 1967:5 [ref. 21336]). •Valid as Atherinella starksi (Meek & Hildebrand 1923) -- (Chernoff 1986:244 [ref. 5847], Lavenberg & Chernoff in Fischer et al. 1995:897 [ref. 22829], Dyer 2000:104 [ref. 26677], González-Murcia et al. 2019:296 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella starksi (Meek & Hildebrand 1923). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: El Salvador south to Ecuador. Habitat: marine.

venezuelae, Menidia Eigenmann [C. H.] 1920:12 [Indiana University Studies v. 7 (no. 44); ref. 11120] Río Tapa (tributary of Lake Valencia) at Tapa, Venezuela. Syntypes: CAS 78952 [ex IU 15144] (15, now 12). •Valid as Atherinella venezuelae (Eigenmann 1920) -- (Chernoff 1986:241 [ref. 5847]). Current status: Valid as Atherinella venezuelae (Eigenmann 1920). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Tapa River basin, Venezuela and Trinidad and Tobago. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.


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