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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Bodianus: [ 100 ] records


albomaculatus, Cossyphus Gudger [E. W.] 1929:517 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 58 (art. 9); ref. 11187] Not available; as Cossyphus (ablomaculatus?), name only in Index to Pike's paintings from Mauritius; possibly based on USNM 13217. •In the synonymy of Bodianus axillaris (Bennett 1832) -- (Fricke 1999:395 [ref. 24106]). •Name only, not available -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:64 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus axillaris (Bennett 1832). Labridae.

albomaculatus, Lepidaplois Smith [J. L. B.] 1957:101, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 7; ref. 4113] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Possible types: USNM 13217 (1) Mauritius, coll. Pike. Based on a painting (No. 163) by Nicholas Pike 1870. •Synonym of Bodianus axillaris (Bennett 1832) -- (Randall 1986:687 [ref. 5706], Allen & Swainston 1988:110 [ref. 25477], Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:64 [ref. 28730]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus axillaris (Bennett 1832). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

albotaeniatus, Cossyphus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:141 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Hawaiian Islands. Lectotype: MNHN A-3699. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1987-0150 [ex MNHN A-3699] (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:26 [ref. 19171]. Original as albo-tæniatus. Lectotype selected by Gomon & Randall 1978:40 [ref. 5481]. •Synonym of Bodianus bilunulatus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Gomon & Randall 1978:34 [ref. 5481], Randall 1986:687 [ref. 5706], Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943]). •Synonym of Bodianus bilunulatus (Lacepède 1801), but a valid subspecies -- (Myers 1999:188 [ref. 23965], Mundy 2005:432 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Bodianus albotaeniatus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Gomon 2006:73 [ref. 28730], Randall 2007:320 [ref. 30952], Kuiter 2010:33 [ref. 35285], Parenti & Randall 2011:30 [ref. 31299]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus albotaeniatus (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Johnston Atoll and Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

aldabrensis, Lepidaplois Smith [J. L. B.] 1956:932, Pl. 24 (fig. A) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 8 (no. 96) (art. 107); ref. 12527] Aldabra Island, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 281. •Synonym of Bodianus diana (Lacepède 1801) -- (Dor 1984:196 [ref. 29757], Randall 1986:688 [ref. 5706], Randall et al. 1990:299 [ref. 15987], Randall 1995:271 [ref. 22896], Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:56 [ref. 28730], Golani & Fricke 2018:122 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus diana (Lacepède 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

anthioides, Crenilabrus Bennett [E. T.] 1832:167 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 4944] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (?): BMNH 1978.10.10.2 (stuffed). •Valid as Bodianus anthioides (Bennett 1832) -- (Dor 1984:196 [ref. 29757], Yamakawa in Masuda et al. 1984:203 [ref. 6441], Randall 1986:687 [ref. 5706], Winterbottom et al. 1989:51 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:298 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:53 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:180 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:298 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:188 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:394 [ref. 24106], Randall 1999:21 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:90 [ref. 37268], Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:627 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:973 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:350 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:268 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:38 [ref. 25847], Westneat 2001:3400 [ref. 26277] dated 1830, Nakabo 2002:973 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:47 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:633 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:73 [ref. 27576] dated 1831, Randall et al. 2004:21 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3325 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:338 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:391 [ref. 28239], Gomon 2006:71 [ref. 28730], Allen et al. 2006:1373 [ref. 29095], Fricke et al. 2009:83 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:160 [ref. 31256], Kuiter 2010:41 [ref. 35285], Allen & Erdmann 2012:635 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:265 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:126 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2018:277 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:122 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:223 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus anthioides (Bennett 1832). Labridae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Mozambique Channel, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Wake Atoll, Marshall Islands and Henderson Island (Pitcairn Group), north to southern Japan, south to Australia, New Caledonia and Austral Islands. Habitat: marine.

atrolumbus, Cossyphus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:123 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN A-7397 (1), A-8262 [dry, primary spec.], A-8263 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:27 [ref. 19171] as holotype and paratypes. •Synonym of Bodianus perditio (Quoy & Gaimard 1834) -- (Fricke 1999:400 [ref. 24106], Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:87 [ref. 28730]). •Valid as Bodianus atrolumbus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Kuiter 2010:36 [ref. 35285], Randall & Victor 2013:46 [ref. 35087], Parenti & Randall 2018:12 [ref. 35964]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus atrolumbus (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) to southern Mozambique, Saint Brandon's Shoals and Réunion, Mauritius and Rodrigues (Mascarenes). Habitat: marine.

atrorubens, Lepidaplois Jordan [E. K.] 1925:23, Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 66 (no. 2570); ref. 2544] Honolulu market, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 87421. Paratypes: CAS-SU 13407-08 (1, 1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:86 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Bodianus bilunulatus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Gomon & Randall 1978:34 [ref. 5481], Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943]). •Synonym of Bodianus bilunulatus (Lacepède 1801) subspecies albotaeniatus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Mundy 2005:432 [ref. 28379]). •Synonym of Bodianus albotaeniatus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Gomon 2006:74 [ref. 28730], Parenti & Randall 2011:30 [ref. 31299]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus albotaeniatus (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

aurifer, Cossyphus De Vis [C. W.] 1884:146 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 17384] Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.3094 (skin). •Synonym of Bodianus perditio (Quoy & Gaimard 1834) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:87 [ref. 28730], Allen et al. 2006:1375 [ref. 29095]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus perditio (Quoy & Gaimard 1834). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

axillaris, Cossyphus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:131, Pl. 371 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN 0010 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:27 [ref. 19171]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Bodianus by Labrus axillaris Bennett 1832. •Synonym of Bodianus axillaris (Bennett 1832) -- (Randall 1995:270 [ref. 22896], Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:64 [ref. 28730]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus axillaris (Bennett 1832). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

axillaris, Labrus Bennett [E. T.] 1832:166 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 4944] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1856.2.15.13 [ex Zool. Soc.]. •Valid as Bodianus axillaris (Bennett 1832) -- (Dor 1984:196 [ref. 29757], Yamakawa in Masuda et al. 1984:203 [ref. 6441], Randall 1986:687 [ref. 5706], Allen & Swainston 1988:112 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:51 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:298 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:269 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:164 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:53 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:178 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:270 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:298 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:188 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:395 [ref. 24106], Randall 1999:21 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:90 [ref. 37268], Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:627 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:974 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:350 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:17 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:111 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:268 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:38 [ref. 25847], Westneat 2001:3408 [ref. 26277] dated 1831, Nakabo 2002:974 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:48 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S114 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:633 [ref. 27495] dated 1831, Randall et al. 2004:21 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:124 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3325 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:338 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:392 [ref. 28239], Gomon 2006:64 [ref. 28730], Allen et al. 2006:1373 [ref. 29095], Fricke et al. 2009:83 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:160 [ref. 31256], Kuiter 2010:42 [ref. 35285], Allen & Erdmann 2012:636 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:265 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:126 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988] dated as 1831, Koeda et al. 2016:73 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:13 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2018:277 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:122 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:223 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:87 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus axillaris (Bennett 1832). Labridae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Line Islands, Marquesas Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan and Marshall Islands, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), New Caledonia, Lord Howe Island and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

bathycapros, Bodianus Gomon [M. F.] 2006:39, Fig. 22, Pl. 3C [Records of the Australian Museum Suppl. 30; ref. 28730] Tamashiro Market, Nihoa, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: BOBM 17245. Paratypes: BPBM 4713 (1), 20464 (1), 24809 (1), 28814 (1); USNM 51199 (1). •Valid as Bodianus bathycapros Gomon 2006 -- (Randall 2007:321 [ref. 30952], Kuiter 2010:23 [ref. 35285], Parenti & Randall 2011:31 [ref. 31299]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus bathycapros Gomon 2006. Labridae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

bellis, Cossyphus Ramsay [E. P.] & Ogilby [J. D.] 1887:561 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (Series 2) v. 2 (pt 2, 3); ref. 14476] Shoalhaven, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.1362. •Synonym of Bodianus vulpinus (Richardson 1850) -- (Gomon & Randall 1978:40 [ref. 5481]). •Synonym of Bodianus unimaculatus (Günther 1862) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:7 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:46 [ref. 28730], Allen et al. 2006:1375 [ref. 29095]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus unimaculatus (Günther 1862). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

bennetti, Bodianus Gomon [M. F.] & Walsh [F.] 2016:13, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 23; ref. 34844] Coral Sea, Flora Reef off Queensland, Australia, 16°46'30"S, 147°46'53"E, depth 97 meters. Holotype: NMV A 31528-001. •Valid as Bodianus bennetti Gomon & Walsh 2016 -- (Parenti & Randall 2018:14 [ref. 35964]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus bennetti Gomon & Walsh 2016. Labridae. Distribution: Queensland, Australia and Moorea, French Polynesia. Habitat: marine.

bicolor, Cossyphus Liénard [F.] in Sauvage 1891:453 [Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar; ref. 14503] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:31 [ref. 19171]. Based on 'Cossyphe bicolore' of Liénard 1843:78 [ref. 20927]; description quoted from Liénard. •Synonym of Bodianus anthioides (Bennett 1832) -- (Fricke 1999:395 [ref. 24106], Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus anthioides (Bennett 1832). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

bilunulatus, Labrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1801:454, 526, Pl. 31 (fig. 2) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8267 (dry). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:80 [ref. 19171]. Based on description and illustration in manuscript by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist). •Valid as Bodianus bilunulatus (Lacepède 1801), subspecies bilunulatus -- (Winterbottom et al. 1989:51 [ref. 13251], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S114 [ref. 27377]). •Valid as Bodianus bilunulatus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Yamakawa in Masuda et al. 1984:203 [ref. 6441], Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1985:527, 697 [ref. 8056], Randall 1986:687 [ref. 5706], Allen & Swainston 1988:112 [ref. 25477], Lee & Kim 1996:35 [ref. 25726], Allen 1997:178 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:132 [ref. 26476] dated 1802, Kuiter 1997:268 [ref. 25488], Anderson et al. 1998:26 [ref. 23611], Myers 1999:188 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:396 [ref. 24106], Randall 1999:21 [ref. 25829], Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:627 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:975 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:350 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:17 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:268 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:38 [ref. 25847], Westneat 2001:3409 [ref. 26277], Nakabo 2002:975 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:368, 635 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:48 [ref. 26830], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:144 [ref. 27510], Heemstra et al. 2004:3325 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:339 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:392 [ref. 28239], Gomon 2006:77 [ref. 28730], Allen et al. 2006:1373 [ref. 29095], Fricke et al. 2009:83 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:161 [ref. 31256], Kuiter 2010:34 [ref. 35285], Parenti & Randall 2011:31 [ref. 31299] dated 1802, Allen & Erdmann 2012:636 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:265 [ref. 32706], Koeda et al. 2016:73 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:13 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2018:277 [ref. 35805], Zajonz et al. 2019:87 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus bilunulatus (Lacepède 1801). Labridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

bimaculatus, Bodianus Allen [G. R.] 1973:386, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 86 (no. 32); ref. 7552] Vertical dropoff at Bairakaseru Island, Ngemelis Islands, Palau Archipelago, Philippine Sea, depth 42 meters. Holotype: BPBM 12444. Paratypes: AMS I.16763-001 (2), BPBM 12445 (2), USNM 208347 (1). •Valid as Bodianus bimaculatus Allen 1973 -- (Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1982:247 [ref. 8256], Yamakawa in Masuda et al. 1984:203 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:299 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:180 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:299 [ref. 25919], Randall 1999:248 [ref. 24083], Myers 1999:188 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:397 [ref. 24106], Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:627 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:973 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:38 [ref. 25847], Westneat 2001:3400 [ref. 26277], Nakabo 2002:973 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:48 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2005:126 [ref. 28745], Gomon 2006:24 [ref. 28730], Allen et al. 2006:1373 [ref. 29095], Fricke et al. 2009:83 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:161 [ref. 31256], Kuiter 2010:47 [ref. 35285], Bogorodsky et al. 2011:53 [ref. 31559], Allen & Erdmann 2012:637 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:126 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2018:278 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:122 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:223 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus bimaculatus Allen 1973. Labridae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Madagascar, Mauritius (Mascarenes); eastern Indonesia east to Palau and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia and northern New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

bivittatus, Cheiliopsis Steindachner [F.] 1863:1113, Pl. 24 (figs. 1-1c) [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 13; ref. 4206] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): NMW 25195. •Synonym of Bodianus opercularis (Guichenot 1847) -- (Gomon & Madden 1981:122 [ref. 5482], Fricke 1999:399 [ref. 24106], Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:30 [ref. 28730]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus opercularis (Guichenot 1847). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

blochii, Bodianus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:279, 287 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Brazil. No types known. •Synonym of Bodianus rufus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:103 [ref. 28730] as blochi). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus rufus (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

bodianus, Bodianus Bloch [M. E.] 1790:33, Pl. 223 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 4; ref. 469] Brazil. No types known. On p. 24 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 7 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Bodianus rufus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:103 [ref. 28730]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus rufus (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

bodianus, Cossyphus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:103 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Treated by Bauchot & Daget 1996:243 [ref. 22899] as an original description rather than a new combination for Bodianus bodianus Bloch 1790, with a holotype MNHN A-8260. If treated as an independent description, then the name is subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Bodianus by Bodianus bodianus Bloch 1790. •In the synonymy of Bodianus rufus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus rufus (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae.

bourboni, Lepidaplois Fourmanoir [P.] & Guézé [P.] 1961:7, Fig. 1 [Publications de l'Institut de Recherche Scientifique de Madagascar.; ref. 19993] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 421. Also treated in Fourmanoir & Guézé 1967:54 [ref. 7890]. •Synonym of Bodianus leucosticticus (Bennett 1832) -- (Randall 1986:688 [ref. 5706] as leucostictus, Fricke 1999:398 [ref. 24106], Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943] as bourbon, Gomon 2006:49 [ref. 28730]). •Valid as Bodianus bourboni (Fourmanoir & Guézé 1961) -- (Baranes et al. 2017:281 [ref. 35028], Parenti & Randall 2018:14 [ref. 35964]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus leucosticticus (Bennett 1832). Labridae. Distribution: Réunion, Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

boutoni, Cossyphus Liénard [F.] in Sauvage 1891:452 [Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar; ref. 14503] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:31 [ref. 19171]. Based on 'Cossyphe de Bouton' of Liénard 1843:76 [ref. 20927]; description quoted from Liénard. •Synonym of Bodianus anthioides (Bennett 1832) -- (Fricke 1999:395 [ref. 24106], Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:71 [ref. 28730]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus anthioides (Bennett 1832). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

brachyrhynus, Bodianus Miranda Ribeiro [A. de] 1918:787 [3] [Revista do Museu Paulista v. 10; ref. 3724] Estado da Bahia, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP [ex DZSASP] 2398. Type catalog: Britski 1969:210 [ref. 12401]. On p. 3 of separate. •Synonym of Bodianus rufus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus rufus (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

busellatus, Bodianus Gomon [M. F.] 2006:79, Fig. 49. Pl. 7J, 8 A [Records of the Australian Museum Suppl. 30; ref. 28730] Northeast of Matakumu Point, Fatu Hiva, Marquesas Islands, depth 13-16 meters. Holotype: BPBM 11760. Paratypes: BPBM 11062 (1), 12235 (1), 12338 (1), 16588 (1), 17133 (4); CAS 41735 (1); NMNZ P.31385 (1); USNM 218892 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Bodianus busellatus Gomon 2006 -- (Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:341 [ref. 28867], Kuiter 2010:38 [ref. 35285], Parenti & Randall 2011:32 [ref. 31299], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus busellatus Gomon 2006. Labridae. Distribution: South Pacific: New Caledonia, Marquesas Islands, Herson and Ducie (Pitcairn Group); possibly more widespread. Habitat: marine.

caeruleoaureus, Harpe Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:426, 427, Pl. 8 (fig. 2) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Martinique Island, West Indies. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:44 [ref. 19171]. Originally caeruleo-aureus. •Synonym of Bodianus rufus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:103 [ref. 28730]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus rufus (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

caninus, Crenilabrus Lowe [R. T.] 1839:84 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1839 (pt 7); ref. 2829] Off Madeira. Holotype: whereabouts unknown. May have appeared earlier in Lowe 1838 [date uncertain], p. 186 [ref. 2831]. •Synonym of Pseudolepidaplois scrofa (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Bauchot & Quignard 1973:434 [ref. 7204], Quignard & Pras in Whitehead et al. 1986:929 [ref. 13676]). •Synonym of Bodianus scrofa (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Gomon & Forsyth 1990:869 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:7 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:37 [ref. 28730]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus scrofa (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

chabrolii, Crenilabrus Lesson [R. P.] 1829:(133), Poissons Pl. 38 [Voyage autour du monde Zool. v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 2776] Tombeau Bay, Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Lectotype: MNHN A-7418. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:33 [ref. 19171] with a holotype (but original with specimens from 2 localities); lectotype designated by Eschmeyer 1998:355 [ref. 23416]. Dates to plate which appeared on 30 May 1829; description dated to 13 Oct. 1831 (Cretella 2010 [ref. 34236]). •Objective synonym of Crenilabrus croceus Lesson 1828. •Synonym of Bodianus macrourus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Fricke 1999:398 [ref. 24106], Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:85 [ref. 28730]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus macrourus (Lacepède 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

croceus, Crenilabrus Lesson [R. P.] 1828:407 [Mémoires de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle Paris (sér. 2) v. 4; ref. 2775] Tombau Bay, Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: MNHN A-7418. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:29, 33 [ref. 19171]. •Synonym of Bodianus macrourus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:85 [ref. 28730]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus macrourus (Lacepède 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

cylindriatus, Verreo Tanaka [S.] 1930:941, Pl. 187 (fig. 513) [Figures and descriptions of the fishes of Japan v. 47; ref. 14931] Tokyo fish market, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 19933. •Valid as Bodianus cylindriatus (Tanaka 1930) -- (Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1982:247 [ref. 8256], Yamakawa in Masuda et al. 1984:202 [ref. 6441], Chave & Mundy 1994:367 [ref. 22375], Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943], Nakabo 2000:974 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:974 [ref. 26193], Mundy 2005:432 [ref. 28379], Gomon 2006:22 [ref. 28730], Randall 2007:322 [ref. 30952], Kuiter 2010:48 [ref. 35285]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus cylindriatus (Tanaka 1930). Labridae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: Taiwan north to southern Japan; Hawaiian Ridge, Hawaiian Islands; Chesterfield Islands (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

diana, Labrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1801:450, 522, Pl. 32 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Grand Océan équatorial [Indian Ocean]. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:94 [ref. 19171]. Based on description and illustration in manuscript by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist). See Randall 2005:393 [ref. 28239] for change in range. •Valid as Bodianus diana (Lacepède 1801) -- (Dor 1984:196 [ref. 29757], Yamakawa in Masuda et al. 1984:203 [ref. 6441], Randall 1986:688 [ref. 5706], Winterbottom et al. 1989:52 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:299 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:270 [ref. 23929], Goren & Dor 1994:53 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:271 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:180 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:299 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:188 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:397 [ref. 24106], Allen 2000:90 [ref. 37268], Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:627 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:974 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:350 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:268 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:38 [ref. 25847], Westneat 2001:3410 [ref. 26277], Nakabo 2002:974 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:48 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S114 [ref. 27377], Adrim et al. 2004:124 [ref. 27715], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:340 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:393 [ref. 28239], Gomon 2006:56 [ref. 28730], Allen et al. 2006:1374 [ref. 29095], Fricke et al. 2009:83 [ref. 30213], Satapoomin 2009:218 [ref. 30463], Motomura et al. 2010:161 [ref. 31256], Kuiter 2010:40 [ref. 35285], Allen & Erdmann 2012:637 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:265 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2018:278 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:122 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:87 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus diana (Lacepède 1801). Labridae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indian Ocean: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Nicobar Islands, Christmas Islands and Cocos-Keeling Islands and Sumatra (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

dictynna, Bodianus Gomon [M. F.] 2006:59, Figs. 1c, 5d, 38, Pls. 5J, 6A-B [Records of the Australian Museum Suppl. 30; ref. 28730] Maru, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 217870. Paratypes: BPBM 16092 (2); MNHN 1965-247 (1); NMV A15672 (1), A15673 (1); ROM 52964 (4); USNM 217863 (1), 336613 (2). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:49 [ref. 31432]. Name appeared first in Randall 2005:395 [ref. 28239]; not available; not intended as new. •Valid as Bodianus dictynna Gomon 2006 -- (Kuiter 2010:40 [ref. 35285], Parenti & Randall 2011:32 [ref. 31299], Ho & Shao 2011:49 [ref. 31432], Allen & Erdmann 2012:638 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:126 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:73 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2019:223 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus dictynna Gomon 2006. Labridae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Vietnam and Western Australia east to Palau, New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) and Solomon Islands, north to southern Taiwan and southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia), Grande Terre and Loyalty Islands (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

diplotaenia, Harpe Gill [T. N.] 1862:140 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 14 (nos 3-4); ref. 1662] Cape San Lucas, Baja California, Mexico [eastern Pacific]. Lectotype: USNM 2986 (dry). Paralectotypes: USNM 4441 (1). Lectotype selected by Gomon 2006:96 [ref. 28730]. •Valid as Bodianus diplotaenia (Gill 1862) -- (Bussing 1987:95 [ref. 21800], Pequeño 1989:63 [ref. 14125], Allen & Robertson 1994:197 [ref. 22193], Gomon in Fischer et al. 1995:1206 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:196 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:489 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:330 [ref. 24555], Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943], Thomson et al. 2000:171 [ref. 25640], Victor et al. 2001:282 [ref. 25613], Baldwin & McCosker 2001:92 [ref. 25779], Nelson et al. 2004:155 [ref. 27807], Gomon 2006:94 [ref. 28730], Béarez & Séret 2009:150 [ref. 36646], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193 [ref. 30957], Kuiter 2010:31 [ref. 35285], Page et al. 2013:159 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:148 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:448 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:610 [ref. 34923], Sánchez-Jiménez et al. 2018:S8 [ref. 36248]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus diplotaenia (Gill 1862). Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California (Mexico) south to Peru, including Clipperton Island and Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

eclancheri, Cossyphus Valenciennes [A.] 1846:no p., Pl. 8 (fig. 2) [Voyage autour du monde sur la frégate "la Vénus"; ref. 6165] Galápagos Islands. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8255 (dry). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:27-28 [ref. 19171]. Dates to publication in plate; corresponding text published as Valenciennes 1855:340 [ref. 4504]. •Valid as Bodianus eclancheri (Valenciennes 1846) -- (Pequeño 1989:63 [ref. 14125], Allen & Robertson 1994:197 [ref. 22193], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:490 [ref. 24023], Vargas et al. 1998:198 [ref. 23988], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:333 [ref. 24555], Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943], Victor et al. 2001:282 [ref. 25613], Baldwin & McCosker 2001:92 [ref. 25779], Gomon 2006:97 [ref. 28730], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193 [ref. 30957] dated 1855, Kuiter 2010:31 [ref. 35285]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus eclancheri (Valenciennes 1846). Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Peru to Chile, west to Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

elegans, Crenilabrus Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:130 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Not available, name mentioned in synonymy of Cossyphus mesothorax (Bloch & Schneider 1801); from Java. •In the synonymy of Bodianus mesothorax (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Gomon 2006:67 [ref. 28730]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus mesothorax (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae.

elegans, Crenilabrus Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in Bleeker 1849:13 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [3]; ref. 317] Not available, nomen nudum. •In the synonymy of Cossyphus mesothorax (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:64 [ref. 24943]). •In the synonymy of Bodianus mesothorax (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (authors). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus mesothorax (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae.

falcatus, Sparus Bloch [M. E.] 1791:20, Pl. 258 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 5; ref. 4867] Martinique Island, West Indies. No types known. On p. 17 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 8 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Bodianus rufus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:103 [ref. 28730]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus rufus (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

flavifrons, Bodianus Gomon [M. F.] 2001:411, Figs. 2-3 [New Zealand Journal of Zoology v. 28; ref. 25905] Sud Iles-des-Pins, New Caledonia, 22°58.5'S, 167°16.5'E, depth 320-340 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1995-0006. Paratypes: AMS I.40442-001 (1); CSIRO CA 3772 (1); NMNZ P.34380 (1), P.34402 (1), P.34410 (1), P.34413 (1), P.34416 (1), P.34420-21 (1, 1), P.34425 (1), P.34438 (1); NMV A15091 (1); ORSTOM 88-307 (1). •Valid as Bodianus flavifrons Gomon 2001 -- (Gomon 2006:41 [ref. 28730], Allen et al. 2006:1374 [ref. 29095], Kuiter 2010:21 [ref. 35285], Parenti & Randall 2011:32 [ref. 31299], Gomon et al. 2015:1369 [ref. 34207]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus flavifrons Gomon 2001. Labridae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Chesterfield Islands and Île des Pins (New Caledonia), Lord Howe Island, Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

flavipinnis, Bodianus Gomon [M. F.] 2001:408, Fig. 1 [New Zealand Journal of Zoology v. 28; ref. 25905] Off Ulladulla, New South Wales, Australia (Sydney fish market). Holotype: NMV A15092. Paratypes: AMS E.5253-54 (1, 1), E.5258 (1), I.17235-001 (1), I.24627-001 (2), IA.3477 (1); CSIRO CA 50 (1), CA 158 (1); NMNZ P.7467 (1), P.10728 (1), P.13168 (1); NMV A2066 (1), A4235 (2), A15093 (1). •Valid as Bodianus flavipinnis Gomon 2001 -- (Gomon 2006:42 [ref. 28730], Allen et al. 2006:1374 [ref. 29095], Russell & Gomon 2008:641 [ref. 30655], Kuiter 2010:21 [ref. 35285], Parenti & Randall 2011:32 [ref. 31299], Gomon et al. 2015:1370 [ref. 34207]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus flavipinnis Gomon 2001. Labridae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: southern Queensland to Tasmania (Australia); New Zealand EEZ. Habitat: marine.

flavus, Labrus Forster [J. R.] 1771:21 [A catalogue of the animals of North America; ref. 1352] No locality stated [Carolinas, U.S.A.]. Based on the Turdus flavus of Catesby 1771:11, pl. 11 (upper figure) [ref. 774]. •In the synonymy of Bodianus rufus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2011:39 [ref. 31299] with question). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus rufus (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

frenchii, Cossyphus Klunzinger [C. B.] 1879:259 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 16 (no. 22); ref. 18913] King George Sound, Western Australia, Australia. Holotype (unique): SMNS 2685. Type catalog: Fricke 1992:12 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:44 [ref. 29864] dated to 1880. Also appeared in Klunzinger 1880:400 [76 of separate] [ref. 2624]. •Valid as Bodianus frenchii (Klunzinger 1879) -- (Kuiter 1993:268 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:680 [ref. 22532], Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943], Hutchins 2001:268 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:38 [ref. 25847], Gomon 2001:407 [ref. 25905], Gomon 2006:43 [ref. 28730], Allen et al. 2006:1374 [ref. 29095], Russell & Gomon 2008:642 [ref. 30655], Kuiter 2010:23 [ref. 35285], Hoschke et al. 2019:158 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus frenchii (Klunzinger 1879). Labridae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: Queensland (Australia); South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

hemichrysus, Labrus Commerson [P.] in Lacepède 1801:473 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Not available, name only listed in the synonymy of Labrus semiruber -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:64 [ref. 24943]). Labridae.

hirsutus, Labrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1801:429, 473, Pl. 20 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8268 (dry). Type information: Bauchot 1963:29 [ref. 19171]. Based on Commerson description and figure; type specimen is also holotype of Labrus macrourus Lacepède 1802 and Labrus rubrolineolatus Lacepède 1802. •Valid as Bodianus hirsutus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:298 [ref. 19756], Yamakawa in Masuda et al. 1984:203 [ref. 6441], Chen et al. 1997:133 [ref. 26476] dated 1802). •Synonym of Bodianus macrourus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Fricke 1999:398 [ref. 24106], Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:339 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:393 [ref. 28239], Gomon 2006:85 [ref. 28730]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus macrourus (Lacepède 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

iagonensis, Labrus Bowdich [S. L.] 1825:234, Fig. 47 [Fishes of Madeira; ref. 590] Porta Praya, St. Jago Island, and River Gambia, western Africa. No types known. Emended to jagonensis apparently to agree with locality by Troschell 1866:229 [ref. 4465]. •Synonym of Bodianus speciosus (Bowdich 1825) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:7 [ref. 24943], Parenti 2019:7 [ref. 36934]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus speciosus (Bowdich 1825). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

insularis, Bodianus Gomon [M. F.] & Lubbock [R.] 1980:106, Figs. 1-3 [Northeast Gulf Science v. 3 (no. 2) [for Dec. 1979]; ref. 8717] English Bay, Ascension Island [eastern Atlantic], depth 15 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1979.6.19.10. Paratypes: BMNH 1867.10.8.17-18 (2), 1879.5.14.29 (1), 1910.9.9.16 (1), 1927.12.7.72 (1), 1932.2.19.47-49 (3), 1965.12.1.96-97 (1, 1), 1979.6.19.11-17 (7); MNHN A-7413 (1), 1963-0224 (1); USNM 218885 (1), 218891 (1). •Possibly a synonym of Bodianus pulchellus (Poey 1860) -- (Motta-Neto et al. 2020:43 [ref. 37436]). •Valid as Bodianus insularis Gomon & Lubbock 1980 -- (Edwards & Glass 1987:654 [ref. 9166], Gomon & Forsyth 1990:869 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943], Feitoza et al. 2003:69 [ref. 26943], Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:92 [ref. 27192], Vaske et al. 2005:77 [ref. 36155], Gomon 2006:98 [ref. 28730], Kuiter 2010:29 [ref. 35285], Wirtz et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33516], Westneat in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2745 [ref. 34618], Brown et al. 2019:174 [ref. 36444]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus insularis Gomon & Lubbock 1980. Labridae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Saint Paul's Rocks; southern central Atlantic: Ascension and Saint Helena islands. Habitat: marine.

izuensis, Bodianus Araga [C.] & Yoshino [T.] in Masuda, Araga & Yoshino 1975:296, Pl. 103 (fig. G) [Coastal fishes of southern Japan; ref. 2902] Reef off the Izu Oceanic Park, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan, depth about 35 meters. Holotype: FAKU 62191 [ex SMBL 73001]. Paratypes: MSM 73-446 (1), 74-261 (1); FAKU 62192-94 [ex SMBL 72101 to 72103] (3), 62195 [ex IOPM 342] (1). •Valid as Bodianus izuensis Araga & Yoshino 1975 -- (Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1982:247 [ref. 8256], Yamakawa in Masuda et al. 1984:203 [ref. 6441], Kuiter 1993:271 [ref. 23929], Randall 1999:248 [ref. 24083], Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943], Nakabo 2000:972 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:972 [ref. 26193], Gomon 2006:26 [ref. 28730], Allen et al. 2006:1374 [ref. 29095], Kuiter 2010:46 [ref. 35285], Allen & Erdmann 2012:638 [ref. 31980], Peristiwady et al. 2012:2 [ref. 36221]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus izuensis Araga & Yoshino 1975. Labridae. Distribution: Western Pacific, antitropical: Shizuoka Prefecture (Japan); Indonesia, New South Wales (Australia), New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

javensis, Labrus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:243 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] No locality. •Probably a species of Bodianus -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:62 [ref. 24943]). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

latro, Cossyphus De Vis [C. W.] 1885:878 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 4); ref. 1091] Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. No types known. •Synonym of Bodianus perditio (Quoy & Gaimard 1834) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:87 [ref. 28730], Allen et al. 2006:1375 [ref. 29095]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus perditio (Quoy & Gaimard 1834). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

leucosticticus, Labrus Bennett [E. T.] 1832:166 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 4944] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1856.2.15.? [ex Zool. Soc.]. •Valid as Bodianus leucostictus (Bennett 1832) -- (Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:627 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:972 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:972 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:48 [ref. 26830], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:341 [ref. 28072], Gomon 2006:49 [ref. 28730], Kuiter 2010:25 [ref. 35285], Allen & Erdmann 2012:639 [ref. 31980], Psomadakis et al. 2020:523 [ref. 37272]). •Valid as Bodianus leucosticticus (Bennett 1832) -- (Randall 1986:688 [ref. 5706], Baranes & Golani 1993:310 [ref. 22372], Khalaf et al. 1996:404 [ref. 23175], Fricke 1999:397 [ref. 24106], Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:145 [ref. 27510], Fricke et al. 2009:83 [ref. 30213], Baranes et al. 2017:281 [ref. 35028], Cabebe et al. 2019:129 [ref. 37816]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus leucosticticus (Bennett 1832). Labridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Réunion, Mauritius (western Mascarenes); Myanmar east to Indonesia and Taiwan, north to southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

loxozonus, Lepidaplois Snyder [J. O.] 1908:95 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 35 (no. 1635); ref. 4150] Naha market, Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: USNM 62233. Paratypes: CAS-SU 21102 (1). Additional material: USNM 74580 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:86 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Bodianus loxozonus (Snyder 1908) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:238 [ref. 19754], Randall et al. 1990:300 [ref. 15987], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:474 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:180 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:270 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:300 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:189 [ref. 23965], Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:627 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:973 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:351 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:111 [ref. 25868], Westneat 2001:3411 [ref. 26277], Nakabo 2002:973 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:48 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:633 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:21 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:393 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1375 [ref. 29095], Gomon 2006:82 [ref. 28730], Motomura et al. 2010:161 [ref. 31256], Kuiter 2010:39 [ref. 35285], Allen & Erdmann 2012:639 [ref. 31980], Motomura et al. 2017:181 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus loxozonus (Snyder 1908). Labridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Queensland (Australia) east to Marshall Islands, Marquesas Islands, Tuamotu Archipelago and Austral Islands, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

luteopunctatus, Lepidaplois Smith [J. L. B.] 1957:102, Pl. 1 (fig. A) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 7; ref. 4113] Off Delagoa Bay, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean, depth about 10 fathoms. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 64. •Valid as Bodianus luteopunctatus (Smith 1957) -- (Yamakawa in Masuda et al. 1984:204 [ref. 6441]). •Synonym of Bodianus leucosticticus (Bennett 1831) -- (Shen & Lin 1984:14 [ref. 13822], Randall 1986:688 [ref. 5706] as leucostictus). •Synonym of Bodianus trilineatus (Fowler 1934) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:7 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:55 [ref. 28730]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus trilineatus (Fowler 1934). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

macrognathos, Lepidaplois Morris [R. E.] 1974:632, Figs. 1-2 [Copeia 1974 (no. 3); ref. 7524] Off Kanyika Island, Kenya, 2°27'S, 40°52'E, depth 65 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMZ [Mus.Zanzibar] C.14. •Valid as Bodianus macrognathos (Morris 1974) -- (Randall 1995:271 [ref. 22896], Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S114 [ref. 27377], Gomon 2006:84 [ref. 28730], Kuiter 2010:32 [ref. 35285], Ali et al. 2018:336 [ref. 36183], Jawad et al. 2018:119 [ref. 36262], Eagderi et al. 2019:71 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:87 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus macrognathos (Morris 1974). Labridae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: East Africa, Socotra, Gulf of Oman and Persian Gulf east to Pakistan. Habitat: marine.

macrourus, Labrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1801:438, 493, Pl. 9 (fig. 3) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8268 (dry). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:29, 85, 88 [ref. 19171]. Based on description and illustration in manuscript by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist). Günther 1862:104 [ref. 1969] serves as first reviser selecting macrourus over rubrolineatus and hirsutus; all three regarded as synonyms and occurring in the same work. •Valid as Bodianus macrourus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Myers 1999:189 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:398 [ref. 24106], Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Heemstra et al. 2004:3325 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:339 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:393 [ref. 28239], Gomon 2006:85 [ref. 28730], Fricke et al. 2009:83 [ref. 30213], Kuiter 2010:38 [ref. 35285], Fricke et al. 2018:278 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus macrourus (Lacepède 1801). Labridae. Distribution: Madagascar, Saint Brandon's Shoals, Réunion, Mauritius and Rodrigues (Mascarenes). Habitat: marine.

macrurus, Cossyphus Günther [A.] 1862:104 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 4; ref. 1969] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Unjustified emendation of Labrus macrourus Lacepède 1801. •In the synonymy of Bodianus macrourus (Lacepède 1801) Current status: Synonym of Bodianus macrourus (Lacepède 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

maldat, Cossyphus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:114 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN A-7408 (1), MNHN A-7409 (1, "holotype" of Bauchot), A-7415 to 7418 (1, 1, 1, 1), A-8268 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:28-29, 85 [ref. 19171] wrongly with a holotype and paratypes. •Synonym of Bodianus macrourus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:85 [ref. 28730]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus macrourus (Lacepède 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

masudai, Bodianus Araga [C.] & Yoshino [T.] in Masuda, Araga & Yoshino 1975:297, Pl. 103 (fig. H) [Coastal fishes of southern Japan; ref. 2902] Off the Izu Ocean Park, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan, depth about 40 meters. Holotype: FAKU 121981 [ex SMBL 72080]. Paratypes: FAKU 121982 [ex SMBL 72081] (1). •Valid as Bodianus masudai Araga & Yoshino 1975 -- (Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1982:247 [ref. 8256], Yamakawa in Masuda et al. 1984:203 [ref. 6441], Randall 1999:248 [ref. 24083], Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Nakabo 2000:972 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:972 [ref. 26193], Gomon 2006:27 [ref. 28730], Kuiter 2010:45 [ref. 35285], Peristiwady et al. 2012:3 [ref. 36221], Gomon & Walsh 2016:15 [ref. 34844]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus masudai Araga & Yoshino 1975. Labridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: eastern Indonesia, Ryukyu Islands to southern Japan; New Caledonia and Norfolk Island. Habitat: marine.

mesothorax, Labrus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] (ex Renard) 1801:254 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ZMB 2470. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:90 [ref. 24282]. Based on "Schut by Nacht, Renard I. t. 26, f 143". •Valid as Bodianus mesothorax (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Yamakawa in Masuda et al. 1984:203 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:300 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:270 [ref. 23929], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:475 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:180 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:270 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:300 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:189 [ref. 23965], Allen 2000:90 [ref. 37268], Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:628 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:976 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:112 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:268 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:38 [ref. 25847], Westneat 2001:3400 [ref. 26277], Nakabo 2002:976 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:48 [ref. 26830], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:145 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:21 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:124 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:394 [ref. 28239], Gomon 2006:67 [ref. 28730], Randall et al. 2005:126 [ref. 28745], Allen et al. 2006:1375 [ref. 29095], Satapoomin 2009:218 [ref. 30463], Motomura et al. 2010:161 [ref. 31256], Kuiter 2010:43 [ref. 35285], Allen & Erdmann 2012:640 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:127 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:224 [ref. 36673], Psomadakis et al. 2020:523 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus mesothorax (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Myanmar; Christmas Island (Indian Ocean); eastern Indonesia and Philippines east to Palau and Fiji, north to southern Taiwan and southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

modestus, Crenilabrus Garrett [A.] 1864:106 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 1) v. 3; ref. 18276] Honolulu fish market, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Syntypes: (2, probably destroyed in 1906 fire). •Synonym of Bodianus bilunulatus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Gomon & Randall 1978:34 [ref. 5481], Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943]). •Synonym of Bodianus bilunulatus (Lacepède 1801) subspecies albotaeniatus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Mundy 2005:432 [ref. 28379]). •Synonym of Bodianus albotaeniatus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Gomon 2006:74 [ref. 28730], Parenti & Randall 2011:30 [ref. 31299]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus albotaeniatus (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

mordax, Scarus Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:64 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Indian Ocean. Holotype: BMNH 1853.11.12.89 [Gronovius coll.] (skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:229 [ref. 13434]. •Synonym of Bodianus mesothorax (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Wheeler 1958:229 [ref. 13434], Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:67 [ref. 28730]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus mesothorax (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

naevius, Harpe Eigenmann [C. H.] 1894:630 [Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences v. 7 (art. 5); ref. 1214] Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Holotype (unique): CUMV 1263. •Synonym of Bodianus pulchellus (Poey 1860) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:101 [ref. 28730]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus pulchellus (Poey 1860). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

neilli, Cossyphus Day [F.] 1867:560 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867 (pt 2) (art. 7); ref. 1075] Madras, India. Syntypes: BMNH 1868.5.14.1 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762]. •Valid as Bodianus neilli (Day 1867) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:69 [ref. 28730], Satapoomin 2009:218 [ref. 30463], Kuiter 2010:43 [ref. 35285], Allen & Erdmann 2012:640 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus neilli (Day 1867). Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Maldives, eastern India and Sri Lanka east to Nicobar Islands, Myanmar and Thailand. Habitat: marine.

neopercularis, Bodianus Gomon [M. F.] 2006:28, Fig. 15, Pl. 2A-B [Records of the Australian Museum Suppl. 30; ref. 28730] Oceanside west reef between islands Ennubuj and Annylabegan, 9°15'N, 167°30'E, Kwajalein Atoll [Ralik Chain], Marshall Islands, western Pacific, depth 50 meters. Holotype: NMV A21610. Paratypes: NMV A21611 (1). •Valid as Bodianus neopercularis Gomon 2006 -- (Kuiter 2010:45 [ref. 35285], Parenti & Randall 2011:32 [ref. 31299], Gomon & Walsh 2016:15 [ref. 34844]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus neopercularis Gomon 2006. Labridae. Distribution: Southern Japan to northern Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

nigromaculatus, Cossyphus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1908:197 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 6 (pt 2); ref. 14320] Outside of harbor at Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAM 9930. •Synonym of Bodianus perditio (Quoy & Gaimard 1834) -- (Randall 1986:688 [ref. 5706], Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:87 [ref. 28730]). •Synonym of Bodianus atrolumbus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Parenti & Randall 2018:12 [ref. 35964]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus atrolumbus (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

octomaculatus, Cossyphus Liénard [F.] in Sauvage 1891:454 [Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar; ref. 14503] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:31 [ref. 19171]. Based on 'Cossyphe à 8 taches' of Liénard 1843:77 [ref. 20927]; description quoted from Liénard. •Synonym of Bodianus axillaris (Bennett 1832) -- (Randall 1986:687 [ref. 5706], Fricke 1999:395 [ref. 24106], Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:64 [ref. 28730]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus axillaris (Bennett 1832). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

opercularis, Cossyphus Guichenot [A.] 1847:283 [Revue Zoologique par la Société Cuvierienne (Paris) v. 10; ref. 20279] Madagascar. Lectotype: MNHN A-8271 (dry). Paralectotypes: MNHN A-8272 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:30 [ref. 19171]. Lectotype selected by Gomon 2006:32 [ref. 28730] but wrongly as MNHN A.81 [A-0081]; correctly given in his material examined category. •Valid as Bodianus opercularis (Guichenot 1847) -- (Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1982:247 [ref. 8256], Dor 1984:196 [ref. 29757], Gomon & Madden 1981:122 [ref. 5482], Goren & Dor 1994:53 [ref. 25356], Randall 1999:248 [ref. 24083], Myers 1999:189 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:399 [ref. 24106], Allen 2000:90 [ref. 37268], Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:30 [ref. 28730], Fricke et al. 2009:83 [ref. 30213], Kuiter 2010:44 [ref. 35285], Allen & Erdmann 2012:640 [ref. 31980], Gomon & Walsh 2016:15 [ref. 34844], Fricke et al. 2018:278 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:122 [ref. 36273], Tea et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37258]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus opercularis (Guichenot 1847). Labridae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indian Ocean: East Africa to Comoros, Madagascar and western Mascarenes; Christmas Island. Habitat: marine.

opercularis, Trochocopus Günther [A.] 1862:100 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 4; ref. 1969] Mauritius? [southwestern Indian Ocean]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1840.12.12.12 (stuffed). Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Bodianus by Cossyphus opercularis Guichenot 1847. •Subjective synonym of Bodianus opercularis (Guichenot 1847) -- (Gomon & Madden 1981:122 [ref. 5482], Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:30 [ref. 28730]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus opercularis (Guichenot 1847). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

oxycephalus, Cossyphus Bleeker [P.] 1862:129 [7] [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeling Natuurkunde. v. 14; ref. 389] Nagasaki, Japan. Holotype (unique): RMNH D1248 (stuffed). On p. 7 of separate. •Synonym of Bodianus vulpinus (Richardson 1850) -- (Gomon & Randall 1978:40 [ref. 5481]). •Valid as Bodianus oxycephalus (Bleeker 1862) -- (Yamakawa in Masuda et al. 1984:204 [ref. 6441], Lee & Kim 1996:35 [ref. 25726], Kuiter 1993:268 [ref. 23929], Chen et al. 1997:133 [ref. 26476], Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Nakabo 2000:975 [ref. 25182], Gomon 2001:407 [ref. 25905], Nakabo 2002:975 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:368, 635 [ref. 26218], Gomon 2006:45 [ref. 28730], Randall 2007:321 [ref. 30952], Motomura et al. 2010:161 [ref. 31256], Kuiter 2010:22 [ref. 35285], Motomura et al. 2015:26 [ref. 34709], Sonoyama et al. 2020:85 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus oxycephalus (Bleeker 1862). Labridae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: northeastern Taiwan to central Japan. Habitat: marine.

paraleucosticticus, Bodianus Gomon [M. F.] 2006:52, Fig. 33, Pl. 4I-J [Records of the Australian Museum Suppl. 30; ref. 28730] Rarotonga. Holotype: BPBM 36449. Paratypes: BPBM 36881(1). •Valid as Bodianus paraleucosticticus Gomon 2006 -- (Kuiter 2010:24 [ref. 35285], Parenti & Randall 2011:32 [ref. 31299], Baranes et al. 2017:282 [ref. 35028]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus paraleucosticticus Gomon 2006. Labridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Papua New Guinea, New Caledonia, Cook Islands; probably more widespread. Habitat: marine.

pectoralis, Harpe Gill [T. N.] 1862:141 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 14 (nos 3-4); ref. 1662] Cape San Lucas, Baja California, Mexico. Syntypes: USNM 2988 (3) [2 specimens moved to USNM 218000 then back to 2988]. Spelled pectorallis in the original description, but that was apparently in error for pectoralis, the spelling used by subsequent workers. •Synonym of Bodianus diplotaenia (Gill 1862) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:94 [ref. 28730]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus diplotaenia (Gill 1862). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

perditio, Labrus Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1834:702, Pl. 20 (fig. 4) [Voyage de découvertes de "l'Astrolabe" Zoologie, v. 3 (Pt 2); ref. 3573] Tongatabu [Tongatapu], Tonga [South Pacific]. Neotype: MNHN A.8262. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:93-94 [ref. 19171]. Neotype designated by Gomon 2006:89 [ref. 28730] (as lectotype). •Valid as Bodianus perditio (Quoy & Gaimard 1834) -- (Yamakawa in Masuda et al. 1984:203 [ref. 6441], Randall 1986:688 [ref. 5706], Allen & Swainston 1988:112 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:301 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:269 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:164 [ref. 25479], Allen 1997:178 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:301 [ref. 25919], Fricke 1999:400 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:743 [ref. 25471], Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Nakabo 2000:975 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:351 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:268 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:38 [ref. 25847], Westneat 2001:3412 [ref. 26277], Nakabo 2002:975 [ref. 26193], Randall et al. 2004:21 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3325 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:339 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:394 [ref. 28239], Gomon 2006:87 [ref. 28730], Allen et al. 2006:1375 [ref. 29095], Fricke et al. 2009:83 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:161 [ref. 31256], Kuiter 2010:37 [ref. 35285], Randall & Victor 2013:51 [ref. 35087] restricting to western Pacific, Koeda et al. 2016:73 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus perditio (Quoy & Gaimard 1834). Labridae. Distribution: Western Pacific, antiequatorial: New South Wales (Australia), New Caledonia, Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island, Tonga and Rapa east to Tuamotu Archipelago and Gambier Islands; Taiwan north to southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

pfaffi, Pseudolepidaplois Bauchot [M.-L.] & Blanc [M.] 1961:54, Fig. 4 [Atlantide Report No. 6; ref. 210] Santa Cruz, Tenerife, Canary Islands. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P5663. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:70 [ref. 9588]. •Synonym of Pseudolepidaplois scrofa (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Bauchot & Quignard 1973:434 [ref. 7204], Quignard & Pras in Whitehead et al. 1986:930 [ref. 13676]). •Synonym of Bodianus scrofa (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Gomon & Forsyth 1990:870 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:7 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:37 [ref. 28730]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus scrofa (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

pictus, Chaeropsodes Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1909:260 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 6 (pt 3, no. 5); ref. 1650] Durban market, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAM 9916 (dry). •Synonym of Bodianus perditio (Quoy & Gaimard 1834) -- (Randall 1986:688 [ref. 5706], Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:87 [ref. 28730]). •Synonym of Bodianus atrolumbus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Parenti & Randall 2018:12 [ref. 35964]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus atrolumbus (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

prognathus, Bodianus Lobel [P. S.] 1981:45, Figs. 1-4 [Pacific Science v. 35 (no. 1); ref. 5536] Tabuaeran [= Fanning Island], Line Islands, central Pacific, 3°55'N, 159°23'W, depth 10-15 meters. Holotype: MCZ 54340. Paratypes: BPBM 20773 (2), 20775 (2), 22963 (1, c&s); MCZ 56322 (1). •Valid as Bodianus prognathus Lobel 1981 -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Westneat 2001:3400 [ref. 26277], Randall 2005:395 [ref. 28239], Gomon 2006:62 [ref. 28730], Mundy et al. 2010:60 [ref. 31155], Kuiter 2010:41 [ref. 35285]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus prognathus Lobel 1981. Labridae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Phoenix Islands and Line Islands (Kiribati). Habitat: marine.

pulchellus, Cossyphus Poey [F.] 1860:208 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Possible syntypes: MCZ 14292 (1), USNM 4752 (1), ZMB 5952 (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:209 [ref. 22926] with MCZ 14292 as holotype. •Valid as Bodianus pulchellus (Poey 1860) -- (Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:397 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:201 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:154 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:345 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:397 [ref. 24474], Sazima & Gasparini 1999:89 [ref. 24144], Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:291 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:77 [ref. 25466], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:164 [ref. 27754], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1645 [ref. 25634], Rocha & Rosa 2001:991 [ref. 25909], Westneat 2003:1706 [ref. 27105], Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:92 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:155 [ref. 27807], Gomon 2006:101 [ref. 28730], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:508 [ref. 28815], Wirtz et al. 2007:14, 37 [ref. 30263], Kuiter 2010:30 [ref. 35285], Page et al. 2013:159 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:62 [ref. 33341], Pinheiro et al. 2015:24 [ref. 34324], Robertson et al. 2016:147 [ref. 34961], Almeida & Alves 2019:270 [ref. 37509], Reiner 2019:241 [ref. 38139]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus pulchellus (Poey 1860). Labridae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina (U.S.A.) and Bermuda south to Santos (Brazil); eastern Atlantic: São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

radiatus, Sparus Forster [J. R.] 1771:21 [A catalogue of the animals of North America; ref. 1352] No locality stated [Carolinas, U.S.A.]. Based on the Turdus oculo radiato of Catesby 1771:12, pl. 12 (upper fig.) [ref. 774]. •In the synonymy of Bodianus rufus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus rufus (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

radiatus, Sparus Linnaeus [C.] 1766:472 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] Carolina [South Carolina, U.S.A.]. No types known. Based on the Turdus oculo radiato of Catesby 1743:12, Pl. 12 (v. 2) [ref. 774] and 'Puddingfish' in manuscript description by A. Garden [South Carolina]. . •Synonym of Bodianus rufus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus rufus (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

richardsoni, Lepidaplois Fowler [H. W.] 1908:433, Fig. 7 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 59; ref. 1377] Victoria, Australia [possibly in error for Hawaiian Islands]. Holotype: ANSP 33125 (dry, in several pieces). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:118 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Bodianus bilunulatus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Gomon & Randall 1978:34 [ref. 5481], Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943]). •Synonym of Bodianus albotaeniatus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Gomon 2006:74 [ref. 28730], Parenti & Randall 2011:30 [ref. 31299]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus albotaeniatus (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

rubrisos, Bodianus Gomon [M. F.] 2006:53, Fig. 34, Pl. 5A-C [Records of the Australian Museum Suppl. 30; ref. 28730] Singaraja fish market, Bali, Indonesia [eastern Indian Ocean]. Holotype: NTM S.1168-001. Paratypes: NTM S.13523-004 (1); URB 78-0154 (1). •Valid as Bodianus rubrisos Gomon 2006 -- (Kuiter 2010:25 [ref. 35285], Parenti & Randall 2011:32 [ref. 31299], Allen & Erdmann 2012:641 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:164 [ref. 32988], Baranes et al. 2017:281 [ref. 35028], Golani & Fricke 2018:122 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus rubrisos Gomon 2006. Labridae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Bali (Indonesia), Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, Northern Territory (Australia); probably more widespread. Habitat: marine.

rubrolineatus, Labrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1801:433, 480 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Madagascar; Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. MNHN A-8268 (dry). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:29, 85, 90 [ref. 19171] with a holotype from Mauritius; but 2 localities were mentioned, implying syntypes. Based on Commerson manuscript. •Synonym of Bodianus macrourus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Fricke 1999:398 [ref. 24106], Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:85 [ref. 28730]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus macrourus (Lacepède 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

rufus, Labrus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:284 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] America. No types known. Type catalog: Goode & Bean 1885:200 [ref. 1841], Wheeler 1985:64 [ref. 20705]. Based on literature source. •Valid as Bodianus rufus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:201 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:154 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:345 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:398 [ref. 24474], Aguilera 1998:52 [ref. 24221], Sazima & Gasparini 1999:89 [ref. 24144], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:291 [ref. 25013], Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:164 [ref. 27754], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1645 [ref. 25634], Rocha & Rosa 2001:991 [ref. 25909], Collette et al. 2003:114 [ref. 26784], Westneat 2003:1707 [ref. 27105], Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:92 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:42 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:155 [ref. 27807], Gomon 2006:103 [ref. 28730], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:509 [ref. 28815], Kuiter 2010:30 [ref. 35285], Page et al. 2013:159 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:62 [ref. 33341], Pinheiro et al. 2015:24 [ref. 34324], Robertson et al. 2016:147 [ref. 34961], Spier et al. 2018:17 [ref. 36103], Robertson et al. 2020:156 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus rufus (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

rufus, Trochocopus Macleay [W.] 1878:35, Pl. 5 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 3 (pt 1); ref. 2868] King George Sound, Western Australia. Syntypes: MAMU F1169 (2). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:208 [ref. 19518]. Preoccupied by Bodianus rufus Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Bodianus frenchii (Klunzinger 1879) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:43 [ref. 28730], Allen et al. 2006:1374 [ref. 29095]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus frenchii (Klunzinger 1879). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

sanguineus, Verriculus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1903:191 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2450] Hilo, Hawaii Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 50677. •Valid as Bodianus sanguineus (Jordan & Evermann 1903) -- (Gomon & Randall 1978:43 [ref. 5481], Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1982:247 [ref. 8256], Randall 1999:248 [ref. 24083], Parenti & Randall 2000:7 [ref. 24943], Mundy 2005:433 [ref. 28379], Gomon 2006:32 [ref. 28730], Kuiter 2010:48 [ref. 35285]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus sanguineus (Jordan & Evermann 1903). Labridae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

sanguinolentus, Trochocopus De Vis [C. W.] 1883:287 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 2); ref. 1088] Hutchinson Shoal, Cape Moreton, Queensland, Australia. No types known. •Synonym of Bodianus perditio (Quoy & Gaimard 1834) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:87 [ref. 28730], Allen et al. 2006:1375 [ref. 29095], Randall 2007:322 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus perditio (Quoy & Gaimard 1834). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

scrofa, Labrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:93 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Cape Verde Islands. Lectotype: MNHN A-8200 (dry, poor condition). Paralectotypes: MNHN A-8195 (1, dry, poor condition). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:91-92 [ref. 19171]. Lectotype designation by Gomon 2006:38 [ref. 28730]. •Valid as Pseudolepidaplois scrofa (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Bauchot & Quignard 1973:434 [ref. 7204], Quignard & Pras in Whitehead et al. 1986:929 [ref. 13676], Porteiro et al. 1996:31 [ref. 23330], Santos et al. 1997:96 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:95 [ref. 24952]). •Valid as Bodianus scrofa (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Gomon & Forsyth 1990:869 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:7 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:37 [ref. 28730], Kuiter 2010:28 [ref. 35285], Wirtz et al. 2013:130 [ref. 32972], Westneat in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2746 [ref. 34618], Martins & Carneiro 2018:171 [ref. 36550], Carneiro et al. 2019:280 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus scrofa (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Azores, Madeira, Canary Islands and Cape Verde Islands. Habitat: marine.

semiruber, Labrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1801:428, 473 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:95 [ref. 19171]. Based on Commerson manuscript. •Synonym of Bodianus rufus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:103 [ref. 28730] with question). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus rufus (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

sepiacaudus, Bodianus Gomon [M. F.] 2006:33, Fig. 16, Pl. 2G-H [Records of the Australian Museum Suppl. 30; ref. 28730] Bali (?), Indonesia. Holotype: NMV A18420. Paratypes: BPBM 37402 (1), 37425 (1); NSMT-P 62459 (1). •Valid as Bodianus sepiacaudus Gomon 2006 -- (Kuiter 2010:44 [ref. 35285], Parenti & Randall 2011:32 [ref. 31299], Allen & Erdmann 2012:641 [ref. 31980], Gomon & Walsh 2016:15 [ref. 34844]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus sepiacaudus Gomon 2006. Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia: Bali, Sulawesi and Flores; Fiji, Line Islands (Kiribati); probably more widespread. Habitat: marine.

solatus, Bodianus Gomon [M. F.] 2006:90, Figs. 7c, 55, Pl. 9C-D [Records of the Australian Museum Suppl. 30; ref. 28730] North of Cape Lambert, 19°43.7'S, 117°16.0'E to 19°43.4'S, 117°14.3'E, Western Australia, Australia [eastern Indian Ocean], depth 64-66 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 1473-02. Paratypes: CSIRO CA 280 (1), CA 2172 (1), H 1472-02 (1); WAM P.25354-025 (1), P.25925-001 (1), P.26687-002 (1), P.27875-001 (1), P.29692-001 (1). Type catalog: Not treated by Moore et al. 2008 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Bodianus solatus Gomon 2006 -- (Kuiter 2010:38 [ref. 35285], Parenti & Randall 2011:32 [ref. 31299], Larson et al. 2013:164 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus solatus Gomon 2006. Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Monte Bello Islands to Houtman Abrolhos (Western Australia) and Northern Territory (Australia). Habitat: marine.

speciosus, Diastodon Bowdich [S. L.] 1825:238, Fig. 41 [Fishes of Madeira; ref. 590] Santiago, Cape Verde Islands. No types known. •Valid as Bodianus speciosus (Bowdich 1825) -- (Bauchot & Quignard 1973:433 [ref. 7204], Quignard & Pras in Whitehead et al. 1986:921 [ref. 13676], Gomon & Forsyth 1990:870 [ref. 19219], Arruda 1997:93 [ref. 24952], Afonso et al. 1999:77 [ref. 25466], Parenti & Randall 2000:7 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:92 [ref. 28730], Wirtz et al. 2007:37 [ref. 30263], Kuiter 2010:29 [ref. 35285], Wirtz et al. 2013:130 [ref. 32972], Westneat in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2747 [ref. 34618], Carneiro et al. 2019:281 [ref. 37250], Filiz et al. 2019:400 [ref. 37180], Parenti 2019:7 [ref. 36934], Reiner 2019:242 [ref. 38139]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus speciosus (Bowdich 1825). Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania south to Angola, including Cape Verde Islands, and São Tomé and Principe; introduced in eastern Mediterranean. Madeira record is erroneous. Habitat: marine.

spilonotus, Labrus Bennett [E. T.] 1836:207 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1835 (pt 3); ref. 16792] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: BMNH 1855.12.26.404-405 [ex Zool. Soc.] (2). •Synonym of Bodianus macrourus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Fricke 1999:398 [ref. 24106], Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus macrourus (Lacepède 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

spilotes, Cossyphus Guichenot [A.] 1863:C-13 [Faune ichthyologique 2nd Partie, Annexe C.; ref. 1943] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-1314. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:30-31 [ref. 19171]. •Synonym of Bodianus diana (Lacepède 1801) -- (Fricke 1999:397 [ref. 24106], Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:56 [ref. 28730]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus diana (Lacepède 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

strophodes, Lepidoplois Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1903:190 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2450] Honolulu market, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 50672. Paratypes: BPBM 1706 (1), FMNH 3963 (1), CAS-SU 7481 (1), USFC 2730 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:86 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:51 [ref. 12367]. Correct spelling for original genus is Lepidaplois. •Synonym of Bodianus bilunulatus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Gomon & Randall 1978:34 [ref. 5481], Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943]). •Synonym of Bodianus bilunulatus (Lacepède 1801) subspecies albotaeniatus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Mundy 2005:432 [ref. 28379]). •Synonym of Bodianus albotaeniatus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Gomon 2006:74 [ref. 28730], Parenti & Randall 2011:30 [ref. 31299]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus albotaeniatus (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

tanyokidus, Bodianus Gomon [M. F.] & Madden [W. D.] 1981:122, Figs. 2-3 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 7 (no. 4); ref. 5482] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: MCZ 5811. Paratypes: BMNH 1878.5.23.8 (1), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 2373 (1), URB 78-0153 (1), URB uncat. (1). •Valid as Bodianus tanyokidus Gomon & Madden 1981 -- (Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1982:247 [ref. 8256], Yamakawa in Masuda et al. 1984:203 [ref. 6441], Randall 1999:248 [ref. 24083], Parenti & Randall 2000:7 [ref. 24943], Nakabo 2000:972 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:972 [ref. 26193], Myers & Donaldson 2003:633 [ref. 27495], Gomon 2006:35 [ref. 28730], Kuiter 2010:48 [ref. 35285]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus tanyokidus Gomon & Madden 1981. Labridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Comoro Islands and Mauritius (Mascarenes); Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: marine.

thoracotaeniatus, Bodianus Yamamoto [E.] in Okamura et al. 1982:245, Pl. 170 [Fishes of the Kyushu-Palau Ridge and Tosa Bay; ref. 8256] Western Pacific, Kyushu-Palau Ridge, 26°45.7'N, 135°19.4'E to 26°44.0'N, 135°24.0'E, depth 345 meters. Holotype: HUMZ 75062. Paratypes: BSKU 29294 (1); HUMZ 75059 (1), 79220 (1), 80293-94 (2), 80397-98 (2), 80565 (1); NSMT-P 19728-29 (1, 1). •Valid as Bodianus thoracotaeniatus Yamamoto 1982 -- (Yamakawa in Masuda et al. 1984:202 [ref. 6441], Parenti & Randall 2000:7 [ref. 24943], Nakabo 2000:973 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:973 [ref. 26193], Shinohara et al. 2005:436 [ref. 28370], Gomon 2006:23 [ref. 28730], Kuiter 2010:48 [ref. 35285]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus thoracotaeniatus Yamamoto 1982. Labridae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Kyushu-Palau Ridge. Habitat: marine.

tredecimspinosus, Cossyphus Günther [A.] 1862:107 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 4; ref. 1969] No locality [eastern tropical Atlantic]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.9.19.915. •Synonym of Bodianus speciosus (Bowdich 1825) -- (Bauchot & Quignard 1973:433 [ref. 7204], Quignard & Pras in Whitehead et al. 1986:921 [ref. 13676], Gomon & Forsyth 1990:870 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:7 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:92 [ref. 28730]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus speciosus (Bowdich 1825). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

trilineatus, Lepidaplois Fowler [H. W.] 1934:492, Fig. 47 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1419] KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): ANSP 55993. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:118 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Bodianus leucosticticus (Bennett 1831) -- (Randall 1986:688 [ref. 5706] as leucostictus). •Valid as Bodianus trilineatus (Fowler 1934) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:7 [ref. 24943], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S114 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:340 [ref. 28072], Gomon 2006:55 [ref. 28730], Khalaf & Zajonz 2007:430 [ref. 31739], Kuiter 2010:24 [ref. 35285], Baranes et al. 2017:282 [ref. 35028], Fricke et al. 2018:278 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus trilineatus (Fowler 1934). Labridae. Distribution: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden and East Africa south to KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), east to Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

trotteri, Lepidaplois Fowler [H. W.] & Bean [B. A.] 1923:20 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 63 (no. 2488); ref. 1474] Tuamotu Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 82970. •Valid as Bodianus trotteri (Fowler & Bean 1923) -- (Condé & Terver 1975:1 [ref. 37210]). •Synonym of Bodianus loxozonus (Snyder 1908) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:82 [ref. 28730]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus loxozonus (Snyder 1908). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

unimaculatus, Cossyphus Günther [A.] 1862:109, 506 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 4; ref. 1969] Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1860.5.25.4 (stuffed). •Synonym of Bodianus vulpinus (Richardson 1850) -- (Gomon & Randall 1978:40 [ref. 5481]). •Valid as Bodianus unimaculatus (Günther 1862) -- (Kuiter 1993:268 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:164 [ref. 25479], Gomon et al. 1994:681 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:268 [ref. 25488], Johnson 1999:743 [ref. 25471], Parenti & Randall 2000:7 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2001:407 [ref. 25905], Gomon 2006:46 [ref. 28730], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:313 [ref. 28867], Allen et al. 2006:1375 [ref. 29095], Randall 2007:321 [ref. 30952], Russell & Gomon 2008:644 [ref. 30655], Kuiter 2010:22 [ref. 35285], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:116 [ref. 36167], Gomon et al. 2015:1371 [ref. 34207]). Current status: Valid as Bodianus unimaculatus (Günther 1862). Labridae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern and South Pacific: southern Queensland to Victoria (Australia), Lord Howe Island, New Zealand and Kermadec Islands east to Easter Island. Habitat: marine.

verres, Lutjanus Bloch [M. E.] 1791:9, Pl. 255 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 5; ref. 4867] Apparently Brazil. Holotype (unique): ZMB 8715 (missing). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:92 [ref. 24282]. Genus name spelled Lutianus on plate. On p. 7 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 8 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Bodianus rufus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:6 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:103 [ref. 28730]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus rufus (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

vulpinus, Cossyphus Richardson [J.] 1850:71 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1850 (pt 18) (art. 1) (for 9 Apr. 1850); ref. 3745] Australia. No types known. •Valid as Bodianus vulpinus (Richardson 1850) -- (Gomon & Randall 1978:40 [ref. 5481], Shen & Lin 1984:15 [ref. 13822], Allen & Swainston 1988:112 [ref. 25477], Allen & Swainston 1988:158 [ref. 25477], Pequeño 1989:63 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:207 [ref. 24556], Matsuura in Amaoka et al. 1990:291 [ref. 16024], Kuiter 1993:268 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:683 [ref. 22532], Allen 1997:178, 250 [ref. 23977], Parenti & Randall 2000:7 [ref. 24943], Hutchins 2001:38 [ref. 25847], Gomon 2001:407 [ref. 25905], Gomon 2006:48 [ref. 28730], Allen et al. 2006:1376 [ref. 29095], Randall 2007:321 [ref. 30952], Russell & Gomon 2008:644 [ref. 30655], Kuiter 2010:21 [ref. 35285], Hoschke et al. 2019:158 [ref. 36626] as vulpinis). Current status: Valid as Bodianus vulpinus (Richardson 1850). Labridae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia, South Australia. Habitat: marine.

yagonensis, Labrus de Brito Capello [F.] 1871:282 [3] [Jornal do Sciências Mathemáticas, Physicas e Naturaes, Lisboa v. 3 (no. 12); ref. 17969] On p. 3 of separate. Incorrect subsequent spelling of Labrus iagonensis Bowdich 1825. •In the synonymy of Bodianus speciosus (Bowdich 1825). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus speciosus (Bowdich 1825). Labridae.

zosterophorus, Cossyphus Bleeker [P.] 1857:75 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 2 (art. 7); ref. 356] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) RMNH 6538 (2 of 3). •Synonym of Bodianus anthioides (Bennett 1832) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:5 [ref. 24943], Gomon 2006:71 [ref. 28730]). Current status: Synonym of Bodianus anthioides (Bennett 1832). Labridae. Habitat: marine.