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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Brama: [ 25 ] records


agassizi, Brama Poey [F.] 1860:204, Pl. 13 (figs. 15-16) [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. No types known. •Possible synonym of Brama dussumieri Cuvier 1831 -- (Mead 1972:62 [ref. 6976], Gomes 1990:759 [ref. 18692]). Current status: Uncertain as Brama dussumieri Cuvier 1831. Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

australis, Brama Valenciennes [A.] 1838:no page number, Pl. 44 (fig. 1) [Le règne animal distribué d'après son organisation; ref. 17868] No types known. •Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Mead 1972:48 [ref. 6976]). •Valid as Lepidotus australis (Valenciennes 1838) -- (Pequeño 1989:61 [ref. 14125]). •Valid as Brama australis Valenciennes 1838 -- (Andrew et al. 1995:20 [ref. 38009], Moteki et al. 1995:425 [ref. 21594], Pequeño 1997:83 [ref. 23536], Cancino et al. 1999:181 [ref. 24264], Last & Moteki 2001:2833 [ref. 26096], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:297 [ref. 28072], Bray et al. 2006:1184 [ref. 29088], Gomon & Last 2008:583 [ref. 30651], Stewart et al. 2015:1265 [ref. 34201], San Martín et al. 2017:408 [ref. 40010]). Current status: Valid as Brama australis Valenciennes 1838. Bramidae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

brama, Sparus Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Pennant) 1788:104, Pl. 50 (fig. 192) [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Near mouth of the River Tees, between Hartlepool and redcar, Northeast coast of England. No types known. Based on 'The lesser sea-bream' of Pennant 1769:200 [ref. 18527]. •Valid as Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Mead 1972:29 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:386 [ref. 7199], Haedrich in Whitehead et al. 1986:848 [ref. 13676], Robins & Ray 1986:166 [ref. 23100], Smith 1986:634 [ref. 5712], Scott & Scott 1988:384 [ref. 25518], Pequeño 1989:61 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:187 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:148 [ref. 14674], Gomes 1990:758 [ref. 18692], Yatsu in Amaoka et al. 1990:270 [ref. 16024], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:159 [ref. 25472], Gomon et al. 1994:592 [ref. 22532], Santos et al. 1997:88 [ref. 23531], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:385 [ref. 24023], Arruda 1997:86 [ref. 24952], Porteiro et al. 1999:42 [ref. 24203], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:248 [ref. 25013], Hutchins 2001:33 [ref. 25847], Last & Moteki 2001:2833 [ref. 26096], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:88 [ref. 26753], Moore et al. 2003:226 [ref. 27076], Thompson 2003:1472 [ref. 27088], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:82 [ref. 27192], Parin 2003:S9 [ref. 28536], Nelson et al. 2004:141 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:297 [ref. 28072], Golani 2005:41 [ref. 37112], Vaske et al. 2005:77 [ref. 36155], Bray et al. 2006:1184 [ref. 29088], Fricke 2007:27 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:85 [ref. 29533], Gomon & Last 2008:583 [ref. 30651], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2009:25 [ref. 30553], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:46 [ref. 36649], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Mytilineou et al. 2013:1650 [ref. 38686], Page et al. 2013:146 [ref. 32708], González-Lorenzo et al. 2014:297 [ref. 33191], Parin et al. 2014:365 [ref. 33547], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:112 [ref. 36167], Stewart et al. 2015:1266 [ref. 34201], Bañón et al. 2016:322 [ref. 34397], Haedrich in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2518 [ref. 34618], Nión et al. 2016:48 [ref. 35565] with author as Bonaterre and dated 1758, Martins & Carneiro 2018:134 [ref. 36550], Akyol & Ulaş 2019:33 [ref. 36719], Carneiro et al. 2019:259 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:97 [ref. 36864], Bariche & Fricke 2020:58 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:21 [ref. 37519], Batjakas & Kampouris in Bo et al. 2020:624 [ref. 37876], Klautau et al. 2020:9 [ref. 37903], Sutton et al. 2020:272 [ref. 37832], Bañón & Maño 2021:84 [ref. 38887], Golani 2021:52 [ref. 38303], Kovačić et al. 2021:33 [ref. 39014], Eduardo et al. 2022:9 [ref. 39574], Fermon et al. 2022:215 [ref. 39448] possible, Carvalho-Filho 2023:152 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in temperate seas (including western Baltic Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea). Habitat: marine.

caribbea, Brama Mead [G. W.] 1972:63, Figs. 28-30 [Dana Report No. 81; ref. 6976] Off Suriname, 7°46'N, 54°36'W, depth 400 fathoms. Holotype: MCZ 44950. Paratypes: (21) MCZ 47335-36 (3, 1), 47338 (1); USNM 254385 (2). •Valid as Brama caribbea Mead 1972 -- (Shimizu in Uyeno et al. 1983:340 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:166 [ref. 23100] as caribbaea, Gomes 1990:759 [ref. 18692], Cervigón 1993:116 [ref. 24474], Moteki et al. 1995:421 [ref. 21594], Thompson & Russell 1996:195 [ref. 23156], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:248 [ref. 25013], Thompson 2003:1472 [ref. 27088], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:82 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:306 [ref. 28815], Vaske et al. 2005:77 [ref. 36155] as caribea, Carvalho-Filho et al. 2009:25 [ref. 30553], Page et al. 2013:146 [ref. 32708], Sutton et al. 2020:272 [ref. 37832], Eduardo et al. 2022:9 [ref. 39574], Carvalho-Filho 2023:152 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Brama caribbea Mead 1972. Bramidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic; eastern tropical Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

castaneola, Sparus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:33, 111 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Atlantic. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:87 [ref. 20898]. •Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788), but with castaneola dated to Shaw -- (Mead 1972:47 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:387 [ref. 7199]). Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

catalonicus, Lepidotus Asso y del Rio [I. J. de] 1801:38, Pl. 35 (fig. 2) [Anales de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid. v. 4 (no. 10); ref. 6523] Mar de Cataluna, Zaragoza, Spain, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Mead 1972:47 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:387 [ref. 7199], Gomes 1990:758 [ref. 18692]). Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

chilensis, Brama Guichenot [A.] 1848:218 [Fauna Chilena.... in Gay.; ref. 1939] Valparaíso, Chile. No types known. •Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Mead 1972:48 [ref. 6976], Gomes 1990:758 [ref. 18692]). Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

dentatus, Sparus Berkenhout [J.] 1789:74 [Synopsis of the natural history of Great-Britain and Ireland v. 1; ref. 12437] United Kingdom. No types known. •Possible a synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Mead 1972:44 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:386 [ref. 7199], Gomes 1990:758 [ref. 18692]). Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

drachme, Collybus Snyder [J. O.] 1904:525, Pl. 9 (fig. 16) [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 4149] Off Niihau Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 50875. Paratypes: CAS-SU 7737 (4), USNM 126085 [ex USFC 1420] (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:76 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Collybus drachme Snyder 1904 -- (Shao in Randall & Lim 2000:617 [ref. 25122]). •Synonym of Brama orcini Cuvier 1831 -- (Mead 1972:48 [ref. 6976], Last & Moteki 2001:2832 [ref. 26096], Mundy 2005:375 [ref. 28379], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:333 [ref. 28867], Anderson 2022:21 [ref. 39875]). Current status: Synonym of Brama orcini Cuvier 1831. Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

dussumieri, Brama Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:294 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Pris sous l'équateur, par 85° de longitude à l'orient de Paris [eastern Indian Ocean, ca. 0°N, 87°20'E]. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-0703. Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:31-32 [ref. 20740]. •Valid as Brama dussumieri Cuvier 1831 -- (Mead 1972:55 [ref. 6976], Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:159 [ref. 6441], Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:214 [ref. 14235], Robins & Ray 1986:166 [ref. 23100], Pequeño 1989:61 [ref. 14125], Winterbottom et al. 1989:35 [ref. 13251], Gomes 1990:759 [ref. 18692], Cervigón 1993:117 [ref. 24474], Suzuki & Hosokawa 1994:4 [ref. 24339], Moteki et al. 1995:421 [ref. 21594], Sommer in Fischer et al. 1995:939 [ref. 22829], Thompson & Russell 1996:194 [ref. 23156], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:384 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:293 [ref. 24555], Fricke 1999:262 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:815 [ref. 25086], Hutchins 2001:33 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:324 [ref. 25995], Last & Moteki 2001:2831 [ref. 26096], Nakabo 2002:815 [ref. 26001], Thompson 2003:1472 [ref. 27088], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:82 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:375 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:307 [ref. 28815], Bray et al. 2006:1184 [ref. 29088], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2009:25 [ref. 30553], Fricke et al. 2009:59 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:192 [ref. 30957], Shinohara et al. 2011:49 [ref. 31715], Page et al. 2013:146 [ref. 32708], Shinohara et al. 2014:261 [ref. 33330], Psomadakis et al. 2015:238 [ref. 34104], Haedrich in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2518 [ref. 34618], Motomura et al. 2017:125 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:192 [ref. 35805], Kim et al. 2020:129 [ref. 39118], Misawa et al. 2020:276 [ref. 38138], Psomadakis et al. 2020:442 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:66 [ref. 37637], Love et al. 2021:157 [ref. 39279], Fermon et al. 2022:215 [ref. 39448] possible, Sutton et al. 2020:272 [ref. 37832], Anderson 2022:20 [ref. 39875], Carvalho-Filho 2023:152 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Brama dussumieri Cuvier 1831. Bramidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas (including Sea of Japan). Habitat: marine.

japonica, Brama Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1878:1 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1878 (for 15 Jan.); ref. 2171] Sea of Japan. Holotype (unique): ZMB 9905. •Valid as Brama japonica Hilgendorf 1878 -- (Mead 1972:49 [ref. 6976], Akazaki in Okamura et al. 1982:233, 379 [ref. 8256], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:213 [ref. 9277], Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:159 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura et al. 1985:499, 683 [ref. 8056], Matarese et al. 1989:488 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:148 [ref. 14674], Seki & Mundy 1991:63 [ref. 20441], Shinohara et al. 1996:179 [ref. 26605], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:385 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:293 [ref. 24555], Izmyatinskii et al. 1999:557 [ref. 24914], Nakabo 2000:815 [ref. 25086], Shao in Randall & Lim 2000:617 [ref. 25122], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:34 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:652 [ref. 25968], Shinohara et al. 2001:324 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:815 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:335, 609 [ref. 26218], Parin 2003:S9 [ref. 28536], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:120 [ref. 37547], Shinohara et al. 2005:433 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:375 [ref. 28379], Shinohara et al. 2011:49 [ref. 31715], Page et al. 2013:146 [ref. 32708], Shinohara et al. 2014:261 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:365 [ref. 33547], Pietsch & Orr 2015:55 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:240 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:76 [ref. 37205], Kim et al. 2020:129 [ref. 39118], Sonoyama et al. 2020:67 [ref. 37637], Kim et al. 2021:156 [ref. 39117], Love et al. 2021:157 [ref. 39279], Hashimoto et al. 2022:54 [ref. 39889]). Current status: Valid as Brama japonica Hilgendorf 1878. Bramidae. Distribution: Pacific: Korea, Japan, Kuril Islands and Aleutian Islands; Hawaiian Ridge; California (U.S.A.) south to Chile. Habitat: marine.

johnsoni, Sparus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:302 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] English seas. No types known. •Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (P. Parenti, pers. comm.). Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

leucotaenia, Brama Fowler [H. W.] 1938:44, Fig. 15 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 85 (no. 3032); ref. 1426] Off Balukbaluk Island, near Basilan Island, Sulu Archipelago, 6°44'45"N, 121°48'00"E, Albatross station 5134, depth 25 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 98817. •Synonym of Brama dussumieri Cuvier 1831 -- (Mead 1972:63 [ref. 6976], Gomes 1990:760 [ref. 18692], Last & Moteki 2001:2831 [ref. 26096]). Current status: Synonym of Brama dussumieri Cuvier 1831. Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

marina, Brama Fleming [J.] 1828:210 [A history of British animals; ref. 1339] England. No types known. •Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Mead 1972:48 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:387 [ref. 7199], Gomes 1990:758 [ref. 18692]). Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

myersi, Brama Mead [G. W.] 1972:76, Figs. 35-36 [Dana Report No. 81; ref. 6976] Western Pacific, 15°14'N, 159°55'E. Holotype: USNM 254386. Paratypes: BPBM 26361 (1), MCZ 47337 (2), USNM 254397 (1). •Valid as Brama myersi Mead 1972 -- (Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:159 [ref. 6441], Moteki et al. 1995:421 [ref. 21594], Nakabo 2000:815 [ref. 25086], Shao in Randall & Lim 2000:617 [ref. 25122], Last & Moteki 2001:2833 [ref. 26096], Nakabo 2002:815 [ref. 26001], Myers & Donaldson 2003:626 [ref. 27495] with genus as Bramma, Mundy 2005:375 [ref. 28379], Bray et al. 2006:1184 [ref. 29088], Shao et al. 2008:251 [ref. 29952], Anderson 2022:21 [ref. 39875]). Current status: Valid as Brama myersi Mead 1972. Bramidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa (Tanzania) east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.), north to southern Japan, south to Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

niger, Sparus Turton [W.] 1800:789 [A general system of nature v. 1; ref. 17934] Yorkshire, U.K. No types known. See Sparus niger Lacepède 1802; earliest not researched. Usually dated to Montagu 1804:292 [ref. 17786] (who refers to Turton), but apparently appeared first in Turton 1800. Based on, at least in part, Pennant's Brit. Zool. 3. 243. •Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Mead 1972:48 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:387 [ref. 7199], Gomes 1990:758 [ref. 18692]). Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

orcini, Brama Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:295 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Pris sous l'équateur, par 85° de longitude à l'orient de Paris [eastern Indian Ocean, ca. 0°N, 87°20'E]. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-0415. Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:32 [ref. 20740]. •Valid as Brama orcini Cuvier 1831 -- (Mead 1972:72 [ref. 6976], Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:159 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:634 [ref. 5712], Moteki et al. 1995:421 [ref. 21594], Anderson et al. 1998:24 [ref. 23611], Nakabo 2000:815 [ref. 25086], Last & Moteki 2001:2832 [ref. 26096], Nakabo 2002:815 [ref. 26001], Nelson et al. 2004:142 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:297 [ref. 28072], Love et al. 2005:120 [ref. 37547], Mundy 2005:375 [ref. 28379], Bray et al. 2006:1185 [ref. 29088], Fricke et al. 2009:59 [ref. 30213], Page et al. 2013:146 [ref. 32708], Motomura et al. 2017:126 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:192 [ref. 35805], Kim et al. 2020:131 [ref. 39118], Psomadakis et al. 2020:443 [ref. 37272], Love et al. 2021:157 [ref. 39279], Anderson 2022:21 [ref. 39875]). Current status: Valid as Brama orcini Cuvier 1831. Bramidae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar, Saint Brandon's Shoals, western Mascarenes (La Réunion), Lakshadweep (India), Maldives, Chagos Archipelago and Sri Lanka east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.), north to southern Korea; eastern Pacific: southern California (U.S.A.) south to Mexico. Habitat: marine.

pauciradiata, Brama Moteki [M.], Fujita [K.] & Last [P. R.] 1995:421, Figs. 1-2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 41 (no. 4); ref. 21594] Southwest of Imperieuse Reef, Rowley Shoals, Australia, 17°52'S, 118°16'E, depth 550 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 3145-43. Paratypes: AMS-I 22822-011 (1); CSIRO H 3145-27 (5); NSMT-P 45796-99 (1, 1, 1, 1), 45800-11 (12, 1 ea.). •Valid as Brama pauciradiata Moteki, Fujita & Last 1995 -- (Last & Moteki 2001:2834 [ref. 26096], Mundy 2005:376 [ref. 28379], Bray et al. 2006:1185 [ref. 29088], Hibino et al. 2014:111 [ref. 35450], Motomura et al. 2017:126 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Brama pauciradiata Moteki, Fujita & Last 1995. Bramidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

pinnasquamata, Brama Couch [J.] 1849:xxvi, Fig. [The Zoologist: a Popular Miscellany of Natural History v. 7 (Appendix, art. 3); ref. 18052] England. No types known. Originally as pinna-squamata. •Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Mead 1972:48 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:387 [ref. 7199], Gomes 1990:758 [ref. 18692]). Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

raii, Sparus Bloch [M. E.] 1791:95, Pl. 273 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 5; ref. 4867] North Atlantic or European seas. Lectotype: ZMB 8575 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: lost. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:52 [ref. 24282]. Lectotype selected by Paepke 1999:52 [ref. 24282]. On p. 75 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 8 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) [usually misspelled raji or rayi] -- (Mead 1972:45 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:387 [ref. 7199], Haedrich in Whitehead et al. 1986:848 [ref. 13676], Scott & Scott 1988:384 [ref. 25518] as rayi, McAllister 1990:148 [ref. 14674], Gomes 1990:758 [ref. 18692], Gomon et al. 1994:592 [ref. 22532], Parin 2003:S9 [ref. 28536], Golani 2005:41 [ref. 37112], Bray et al. 2006:1184 [ref. 29088], Parin et al. 2014:365 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

raji, Brama Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:99 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Northern seas. No types known. Perhaps should not be considered an original description; apparently same as Sparus raii Bloch 1791. •Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Mead 1972:45 [ref. 6976], Gomes 1990:758 [ref. 18692], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:248 [ref. 25013] as rayi, Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:88 [ref. 26753], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:46 [ref. 36649] as rayi). Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

saragus, Lepodus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:54 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Palermo, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:21 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Mead 1972:48 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:387 [ref. 7199], Gomes 1990:758 [ref. 18692], Parenti 2019:103 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

squamosus, Toxotes Hutton [F. W.] 1875:313 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 16 (no. 95) (art. 41); ref. 18317] Cook Strait, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown (stuffed). Type catalog: Russell 1996:226 [ref. 22562]. Also in Hutton 1876:210 [ref. 14210]. •Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Mead 1972:48 [ref. 6976], Gomes 1990:758 [ref. 18692], Gomon et al. 1994:592 [ref. 22532]). Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae. Habitat: marine.

umbratus, Chaetodon Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] in Machado 1857:23 [Catálogo de los peces que habitán ó frecuentan las costas de Cadiz y Huelva con inclusion de los del Rio Guadalquivir.; ref. 17320] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only; not available. Based on Choetodon umbratus Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler 1817 [ref. 17319]. Also appeared as name only, as Choetodon umbratus in Graells 1887:178 [ref. 30438]. •In the synonymy of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Mead 1972:48 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:387 [ref. 7199], Gomes 1990:758 [ref. 18692]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae.

umbratus, Chaetodon Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] 1817:4 [Lista de los peces del mar de Andalucía; ref. 17319] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only, not available. Possiby unpublished. Originally appeared as Choetodon. See also Chaetodon umbratus Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler in Machado 1857. Also appeared as name only, as Choetodon umbratus in Graells 1887:178 [ref. 30438]. •In the synonymy of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Mead 1972:48 [ref. 6976], Mead 1973:387 [ref. 7199], Gomes 1990:758 [ref. 18692]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre 1788). Bramidae.


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