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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Canthidermis: [ 28 ] records


adspersus, Balistes Tschudi [J. J. von] 1846:31 [Untersuchungen über die Fauna Peruana; ref. 4469] Huacho, Peru. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Kottelat 1987:52 [ref. 25858]. •Synonym of Canthidermis maculatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:461 [ref. 20607], Moore 1967:695 [ref. 22820], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1058 [ref. 19527]). •See Grove & Lavenberg 1997:630 [ref. 24023]. •Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786) -- (Parenti 2021:654 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

americanus, Balistes Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1473 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] American seas. No types known. •Synonym of Canthidermis maculatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:460 [ref. 20607], Moore 1967:695 [ref. 22820], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1058 [ref. 19527]). •Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786) -- (Parenti 2021:653 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

angulosus, Balistes Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:210 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: MNHN B-1921. Paratypes: MNHN B-1804 (1) Hawaii, B-1867 (1) no locality, MNHN B-1869 Waigou. Type catalog: Le Danois 1961:518 [ref. 21538] with holotype and paratypes, Beaunier et al. 2009:287 [ref. 28887]. •Synonym of Canthidermis maculatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:460 [ref. 20607], Moore 1967:695 [ref. 22820], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1058 [ref. 19527], Mundy 2005:523 [ref. 28379]). •Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786) -- (Parenti 2021:653 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

asperrimus, Balistes Cope [E. D.] 1871:478 [Transactions of the American Philosophical Society (New Series) v. 14 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 920] Probably St. Martin Island, West Indies. Holotype (unique): ANSP 800. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:25 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Canthidermis sufflamen (Mitchill 1815) -- (Moore 1967:699 [ref. 22820], Parenti 2021:654 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Canthidermis sufflamen (Mitchill 1815). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

aureolus, Balistes Richardson [J.] 1845:126, Pl. 59 (figs. 1-4) [Ichthyology.--Part 3. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur.; ref. 20575] No locality. Syntypes: BMNH 1978.2.1.3-4 (2). •Synonym of Canthidermis maculatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Mundy 2005:523 [ref. 28379]). •Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786) -- (Parenti 2021:653 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

azureus, Balistes Lesson [R. P.] 1831:121, Poissons Pl. 10 (fig. 2) [Voyage autour du monde Zool. v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 2776] New Guinea. Holotype (unique): lost. Non-types (too small): MNHN B-1809 (1) Nouvelle-Guinés, A-8520 (1, dry mounted) Bora Bora. Type catalog: Le Danois 1961:518 [ref. 21538] incorrectly with a paratype from Bara Bora, Beaunier et al. 2009:295 [ref. 28887]. •Synonym of Canthidermis maculatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:460 [ref. 20607], Moore 1967:695 [ref. 22820], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1058 [ref. 19527]). •Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786) -- (Beaunier et al. 2009:295 [ref. 28887], Parenti 2021:653 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

bicolor, Balistes Shaw [G.] 1804:407, Pl. 168 (top) [General zoology or systematic natural history; ref. 4015] Indian Seas. Based on Balistes americanus Gmelin 1789 and one specimen. •Synonym of Canthidermis maculatus (Bloch 1786) based on placement of Balistes americanus Gmelin 1789. •Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786) -- (Parenti 2021:653 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

brevissimus, Balistes Hollard [H. L. G. M.] 1854:56, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Paris (Zoologie) (Sér. 4) v. 1; ref. 18300] New Guinea and Australia. Syntypes: not found at MNHN. Type catalog: Beaunier et al. 2009:295 [ref. 28887]. •Synonym of Canthidermis maculatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:461 [ref. 20607], Moore 1967:695 [ref. 22820], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1058 [ref. 19527]). •Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786) -- (Allen et al. 2006:1872 [ref. 29098] as maculatus, Parenti 2021:654 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

gaimardii, Balistes (Canthidermis) Swainson [W.] 1839:325 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Based on Frey. Zool. p. 210 -- which is Quoy & Gaimard [ref. 3574]. •Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786) -- (Parenti 2021:653 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

longirostris, Canthidermis Tortonese [E.] 1956:77, Fig. 1 [Rivista di Biologia Coloniale v. 14 (for 1954); ref. 12230] Dahlak Island, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): MCZR [Dahlak. Mus. Civ. Zool. Roma] 20162. •Synonym of Canthidermis maculatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:461 [ref. 20607], Moore 1967:695 [ref. 22820], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1059 [ref. 19527], Gill & Randall et al. 1997:28 [ref. 22948], Parenti 2021:654 [ref. 38921]). •Synonym of Canthidermis macrolepis (Boulenger 1888) -- (Randall 1995:393 [ref. 22896], Matsunuma et al. 2020:136 [ref. 37727], Matsuura 2022:418 [ref. 40250]). Current status: Synonym of Canthidermis macrolepis (Boulenger 1888). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

longissimus, Balistes Hollard [H. L. G. M.] 1854:60, Pl. 3 (fig. 3) [Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Paris (Zoologie) (Sér. 4) v. 1; ref. 18300] Vanikoro Island, Santa Cruz Islands, southwestern Pacific; Society Islands. Syntypes: ?MNHN B-1806 (1). Type catalog: Le Danois 1961:519 [ref. 21538] as holotype, Beaunier et al. 2009:290 [ref. 28887]. •Synonym of Canthidermis maculatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:461 [ref. 20607], Moore 1967:695 [ref. 22820], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1058 [ref. 19527]). •Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786) -- (Parenti 2021:654 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

longus, Balistes Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:37 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] American Ocean. No types known. •Synonym of Canthidermis maculatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:461 [ref. 20607], Moore 1967:695 [ref. 22820], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1058 [ref. 19527]). •Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786) -- (Parenti 2021:654 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

macrolepis, Balistes Boulenger [G. A.] 1888:666 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1887 (pt 4); ref. 14479] Muscat, Oman, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean. Lectotype: BMNH 1887.11.11.334 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: BMNH 1887.121.11.335 (1, stuffed). Lectotype selected by Gill & Randall 1997:27 [ref. 22948]. •Valid as Canthidermis macrolepis (Boulenger 1888) -- (Randall 1995:393 [ref. 22896], Gill & Randall et al. 1997:27 [ref. 22948], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S123 [ref. 27377], Fricke 2008:58 [ref. 30182], Matsuura 2014:7 [ref. 33576], Psomadakis et al. 2015:332 [ref. 34104], Golani & Fricke 2018:177 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:101 [ref. 36871], Matsunuma et al. 2020:136 [ref. 37727], Parenti 2021:653 [ref. 38921], Matsuura 2022:418 [ref. 40250], Moazzam & Osmany 2022:331 [ref. 39925]). Current status: Valid as Canthidermis macrolepis (Boulenger 1888). Balistidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: Gulf of Aden, Socotra (Yemen), southern Oman and Pakistan; Philippines east to Micronesia, north to Japan. Habitat: marine.

macrops, Balistes Poey [F.] 1860:326 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. No types known. •Synonym of Canthidermis sufflamen (Mitchill 1815) -- (Moore 1967:699 [ref. 22820], Parenti 2021:654 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Canthidermis sufflamen (Mitchill 1815). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

macropterus, Balistes Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:465 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] American Ocean. No types known. •Synonym of Canthidermis maculatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:460 [ref. 20607], Moore 1967:695 [ref. 22820], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1058 [ref. 19527]). •Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786) -- (Parenti 2021:653 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Balistes Bloch [M. E.] 1786:25, Pl. 151 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 2; ref. 465] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India. Lectotype: ZMB 5904 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: ZMB 4140-41 (1, 2). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:49 [ref. 24282]. On p. 22 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 5 [ref. 21381]. Lectotype selected by Paepke 1999:49 [ref. 24282]. Canthidermis is feminine, so the correct spelling is maculata. •Valid as Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:460 [ref. 20607], Moore 1967:695 [ref. 22820], Tortonese 1973:642 [ref. 7192], Kyushin et al. 1977:352 [ref. 19756], Fedoryako 1979:986 [ref. 8721], Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:467 [ref. 14275], Dor 1984:275 [ref. 29757], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:359 [ref. 6441], Robins & Ray 1986:302 [ref. 23100], Smith & Heemstra 1986:878 [ref. 5714], Dennis & Bright 1988:12 [ref. 39782] as maculatus, Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1058 [ref. 19527], Boschung 1992:181 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:265 [ref. 23827], Kuiter 1993:392 [ref. 23929], Allen & Robertson 1994:294 [ref. 22193], Goren & Dor 1994:73 [ref. 25356], Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:908 [ref. 22829], Cervigón 1996:77 [ref. 24489], Allen & Robertson 1997:834 [ref. 41086] as maculatus, Gill & Randall et al. 1997:27 [ref. 22948], Santos et al. 1997:113 [ref. 23531], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:66 [ref. 24545], Larson & Williams 1997:374 [ref. 23967], Lindberg et al. 1997:64 [ref. 23547], Allen 1997:240 [ref. 23977], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:629 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:137 [ref. 24555], Myers 1999:281 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:579 [ref. 24106], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:345 [ref. 25013], Johnson 1999:754 [ref. 25471], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:647 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1401 [ref. 25182], Matsuura 2001:3924 [ref. 26315] as maculatus, Shimizu 2001:46 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:1401 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:447, 691 [ref. 26218] as maculatus, Collette et al. 2003:126 [ref. 26784], Matsuura 2003:1969 [ref. 27119], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S123 [ref. 27377] as maculatus, Myers & Donaldson 2003:649 [ref. 27495] as maculatus, Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:108 [ref. 27192] as maculatus, Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:219 [ref. 27510], Parin 2003:S33 [ref. 28536], Randall et al. 2004:31 [ref. 27624] as maculatus, Nelson et al. 2004:184 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:523 [ref. 28379] as maculatus, McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:897 [ref. 28815], Allen et al. 2006:1872 [ref. 29098] as maculatus, Béarez & Séret 2009:151 [ref. 36646], Fricke et al. 2009:116 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:195 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:232 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1062 [ref. 31980] as maculatus, Page et al. 2013:189 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:136 [ref. 32972], Larson et al. 2013:232 [ref. 32988] as maculatus, Sahayak et al. 2014:57 [ref. 37752], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:86 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:12 [ref. 33516], Matsuura 2014:7 [ref. 33576], Parin et al. 2014:550 [ref. 33547], Fricke et al. 2014:192 [ref. 33932], Psomadakis et al. 2015:332 [ref. 34104], Pinheiro et al. 2015:34 [ref. 34324], Matsuura in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:3055 [ref. 34618], Fourriére et al. 2016:450 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:612 [ref. 34923], Koeda et al. 2016:110 [ref. 35333], Nión et al. 2016:55 [ref. 35565] as maculatus, Motomura et al. 2017:230 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:377 [ref. 35805], Brown et al. 2019:182 [ref. 36444], Carneiro et al. 2019:228 [ref. 37250], Fricke et al. 2019:321 [ref. 36673], Reiner 2019:303 [ref. 38139], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2020:172 [ref. 37680], Kim et al. 2020:197 [ref. 39118], Matsunuma et al. 2020:140 [ref. 37727], Psomadakis et al. 2020:607 [ref. 37272] as maculatus, Ray & Mohapatra 2020:104 [ref. 37299], Sonoyama et al. 2020:127 [ref. 37637], Akaike et al. 2021:31 [ref. 38809], Kim et al. 2021:226 [ref. 39117], Love et al. 2021:223 [ref. 39279], Parenti 2021:653 [ref. 38921], Rotundo et al. in Marceniuk et al. 2021:693 [ref. 38945], Fujiwara et al. 2022:93 [ref. 39094], Fermon et al. 2022:309 [ref. 39448], Furuhashi & Motomura 2022:17 [ref. 39607], Matsuura 2022:419 [ref. 40250], Moazzam & Osmany 2022:332 [ref. 39925], Carvalho-Filho 2023:278 [ref. 40480], Siccha-Ramirez et al. 2023:425 [ref. 40816]). Current status: Valid as Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas (including Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, Red Sea, South China Sea, East China Sea, Sea of Japan). Habitat: marine.

melanopterus, Balistes Cope [E. D.] 1871:478 [Transactions of the American Philosophical Society (New Series) v. 14 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 920] Darien, Panama. No types known. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:26 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Canthidermis maculatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:461 [ref. 20607], Moore 1967:695 [ref. 22820], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1058 [ref. 19527] as melanoperus). •Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786) -- (Parenti 2021:654 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

munumum, Balistes Montrouzier [X.] 1857:496 [218] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, South Pacific. No types known. Type catalog: Beaunier et al. 2009:297 [ref. 28887]. On p. 218 of reprint. •Synonym of Canthidermis maculatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:461 [ref. 20607], Moore 1967:695 [ref. 22820] as minimum, Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1058 [ref. 19527]). •Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786) -- (Beaunier et al. 2009:297 [ref. 28887], Parenti 2021:654 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

oculatus, Balistes Gray [J. E.] 1831:no page number, Pl. 90 (fig. 1) [Illustrations of Indian zoology; ref. 1878] India. No types known. Published about 27 July 1831. •Synonym of Canthidermis maculatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:460 [ref. 20607], Moore 1967:695 [ref. 22820], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1058 [ref. 19527]). •Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786) -- (Allen et al. 2006:1872 [ref. 29098] as maculatus, Parenti 2021:653 [ref. 38921], Matsuura 2022:419 [ref. 40250]). Current status: Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

rotundatus, Balistes Marion de Procé [P.-M.] 1822:130 [Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomathique de Paris [Sér. 3] [v. 9] (for 1822); ref. 17601] Manila Bay, Philippines. No types known. Type catalog: Beaunier et al. 2009:298 [ref. 28887]. Genus was originally incorrect as Balistus. •Synonym of Canthidermis maculatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:460 [ref. 20607], Moore 1967:695 [ref. 22820], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1058 [ref. 19527]). •Mention -- (Gill & Randall et al. 1997:27 [ref. 22948]). •Valid as Balistes rotundatus Marion de Procé 1822 -- (Lindberg et al. 1997:61 [ref. 23547]). •Possible synonym of Canthidermis maculatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Sahayak et al. 2014:60 [ref. 37752]). •Valid as Canthidermis rotundatus (Marion de Procé 1822) -- (Fedoryako 1979:989 [24] [ref. 8721], Mundy 2005:523 [ref. 28379] with question). •Valid as Canthidermis rotundata (Marion de Procé 1822) -- (Parenti 2021:654 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Valid as Canthidermis rotundata (Marion de Procé 1822). Balistidae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Sri Lanka east to Society Islands. IUCN (2010): LC. Habitat: marine.

rufus, Balistes Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:36 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] American Ocean. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.193 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:245 [ref. 13434] but as holotype. Based on literature sources and specimen. •Synonym of Canthidermis maculatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:461 [ref. 20607], Moore 1967:695 [ref. 22820], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1058 [ref. 19527]). •Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786) -- (Parenti 2021:654 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

senticosus, Balistes Richardson [J.] 1848:23, Pl. 9 (figs. 5-8) [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Samarang; ref. 3744] Sea of China. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1848.3.8.17 (1). •Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:461 [ref. 20607] as maculatus, Moore 1967:695 [ref. 22820] as maculatus, Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1058 [ref. 19527] as maculatus, Mundy 2005:523 [ref. 28379] as maculatus, Parenti 2021:654 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

sobaco, Balistes Poey [F.] 1860:324 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Havana, Cuba. •Synonym of Canthidermis sufflamen (Mitchill 1815) -- (Moore 1967:699 [ref. 22820], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:346 [ref. 25013], Parenti 2021:654 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Canthidermis sufflamen (Mitchill 1815). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

sufflamen, Balistes Mitchill [S. L.] 1815:467 [Transactions of the Literary and Philosophical Society of New-York v. 1 (art. 5) (for 1814); ref. 13292] New York, U.S.A. No types known. •Valid as Canthidermis sufflamen (Mitchill 1815) -- (Moore 1967:699 [ref. 22820], Robins & Ray 1986:303 [ref. 23100], Edwards & Glass 1987:668 [ref. 9166], Scott & Scott 1988:564 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:225 [ref. 14674], Cervigón 1992:265 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1996:78 [ref. 24489], Gill & Randall et al. 1997:27 [ref. 22948], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:346 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:81 [ref. 25466], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:170 [ref. 27754], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1646 [ref. 25634], Rocha & Rosa 2001:992 [ref. 25909], Collette et al. 2003:126 [ref. 26784], Feitoza et al. 2003:69 [ref. 26943], Matsuura 2003:1969 [ref. 27119], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:108 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:184 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:898 [ref. 28815], Vaske et al. 2005:78 [ref. 36155], Wirtz et al. 2007:42 [ref. 30263], Page et al. 2013:189 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:136 [ref. 32972], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:86 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:12 [ref. 33516], Matsuura 2014:7 [ref. 33576], Pinheiro et al. 2015:34 [ref. 34324], Robertson et al. 2016:148 [ref. 34961], Brown et al. 2019:182 [ref. 36444], Carneiro et al. 2019:228 [ref. 37250], Reiner 2019:304 [ref. 38139] as Canthidermes sufflamen, Matsunuma et al. 2020:140 [ref. 37727], Robertson et al. 2020:151 [ref. 38098], Escobar-Sierra et al. 2021:78 [ref. 38844], Parenti 2021:654 [ref. 38921], Rotundo et al. in Marceniuk et al. 2021:694 [ref. 38945], Bennema & van Moorsel 2022:73 [ref. 39585], Fermon et al. 2022:309 [ref. 39448], Carvalho-Filho 2023:278 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Canthidermis sufflamen (Mitchill 1815). Balistidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Massachusetts (U.S.A.) south to São Paulo (Brazil), including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea; southern central Atlantic: Saint Helena; eastern Atlantic: Gabon, Azores (Portugal), Madeira (Portugal), Canary Islands, Cape Verde Islands, and São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

um, Balistes Montrouzier [X.] 1857:495 [217] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, South Pacific. No types known. Type catalog: Beaunier et al. 2009:299 [ref. 28887]. On p. 217 of reprint. •Synonym of Canthidermis maculatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:461 [ref. 20607], Moore 1967:695 [ref. 22820], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1058 [ref. 19527]). •Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786) -- (Beaunier et al. 2009:299 [ref. 28887], Parenti 2021:653 [ref. 38921] as Balistesum). Current status: Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

villosus, Canthidermis Fedoryako [B. I.] 1979:985 [21], Fig. 1B-C [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 19 (no. 6) (art. 119); ref. 8721] Indian Ocean, 12°29'N, 44°23'E. Holotype: ZMMU P-15097. Paratypes: IOM (7). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:88 [ref. 25714]. On p. 21 of English translation. •Synonym of Canthidermis macrolepis (Boulenger 1888) -- (Randall 1995:393 [ref. 22896], Gill & Randall et al. 1997:27 [ref. 22948], Matsunuma et al. 2020:136 [ref. 37727], Parenti 2021:653 [ref. 38921], Matsuura 2022:418 [ref. 40250]). Current status: Synonym of Canthidermis macrolepis (Boulenger 1888). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

viola, Canthidermis Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1926:534, Pl. 1 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 31 (no. 4); ref. 2122] Manukan, Cagayan Islands, Sulu Sea, Philippines. Holotype (unique): BSMP (presumed destroyed). •Synonym of Canthidermis maculatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:461 [ref. 20607], Moore 1967:695 [ref. 22820], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1059 [ref. 19527]). •Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786) -- (Parenti 2021:654 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

willughbeii, Balistes Lay [G. T.] & Bennett [E. T.] 1839:68, Pl. 21 (fig. 2) [The zoology of Captain Beechey's voyage; ref. 2730] Acapulco (Guerrero, Mexico) [Eastern Pacific Ocean]. Holotype: Zool. Soc. London (whereabouts unknown). Paratypes: whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Balistes willughbeii Lay & Bennett 1839 -- (Fedoryako 1979:990 [ref. 8721], Gill & Randall et al. 1997:27 [ref. 22948], Parenti 2021:651 [ref. 38921]). •Synonym of Canthidermis maculatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:460 [ref. 20607], Moore 1967:695 [ref. 22820], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1058 [ref. 19527]). •Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786). Current status: Synonym of Canthidermis maculata (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.


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