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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Canthigaster: [ 65 ] records


amboinensis, Psilonotus Bleeker [P.] 1864:180 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 2; ref. 13924] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1867.11.28.127 (1), RMNH 7361 (1). •Valid as Canthigaster amboinensis (Bleeker 1864) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:499 [ref. 6714], Smith & Heemstra 1986:898 [ref. 5714], Randall et al. 1990:475 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:417 [ref. 23929], Allen 1997:246 [ref. 23977], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:646 [ref. 24023], Kuiter 1997:418 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:475 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:289 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:606 [ref. 24106], Allen 2000:95 [ref. 37268], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:648 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1419 [ref. 25182], Randall & Earle 2000:22 [ref. 25806], Matsuura 2001:3956 [ref. 26317], Moura & Castro 2002:45 [ref. 25970], Nakabo 2002:1419 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:65 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:651 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:78 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:32 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:648 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:534 [ref. 28379], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:356 [ref. 28867], Hoese et al. 2006:1917 [ref. 29099], Randall 2007:490 [ref. 30952], Shao et al. 2008:266 [ref. 29952], Fricke et al. 2009:121 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:195 [ref. 30957], Williams et al. 2012:84 [ref. 32264], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1091 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:273 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988] dated 1965, Koeda et al. 2016:114 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:385 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:31 [ref. 36883], Mishra et al. 2019:300 [ref. 36950], Matsuura et al. 2020:85 [ref. 37714], Matsuura 2022:462 [ref. 40261], Fricke et al. 2024:88 [ref. 41255]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster amboinensis (Bleeker 1864). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and western Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius) east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.), north to southern Japan, south to Great Barrier Reef (Queensland, Australia), New Caledonia; waifs reaching Galápagos Archipelago (eastern Pacific). Habitat: marine.

asterias, Spheroides Blosser [C. B.] 1909:300, Pl. 12 (fig. 2) [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 1) (art. 5); ref. 14363] St. Croix Island, Virgin Islands, West Indies. Holotype: FMNH 53050 [ex CM 1475]. Paratypes: CAS 44169 [ex IU 11924] (2). Type catalog: Henn 1928:98 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:80 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Canthigaster rostrata (Bloch 1786) -- (Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:88 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Synonym of Canthigaster rostrata (Bloch 1786). Tetraodontidae.

australis, Canthigaster Stead [D. G.] 1907:7, Pl. 2 [Note on a small collection of fishes from Suwarow Island; ref. 15178] Anchorage Island, Suwarrow Islands, Cook Islands, southwestern Pacific. Holotype (unique): N. S. W. Dept. of Fish [apparently lost]. •Synonym of Canthigaster solandri (Richardson 1845) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:481 [ref. 6714]). Current status: Synonym of Canthigaster solandri (Richardson 1845). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

axiologus, Canthigaster Whitley [G. P.] 1931:333 [Australian Zoologist v. 6 (pt 4); ref. 4672] Near the Capricorn Group, Grat Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.3549. Based on Canthigaster cinctus of McCulloch 1922:245. The species epithet axiologus stems from the Greek words αξίος and λόγος, the latter Latinised to logus; it is a noun in apposition and does not change its ending, though Canthigaster is feminine. •Synonym of Canthigaster coronata (Vaillant & Sauvage 1875) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:486 [ref. 6714]). •Valid as Canthigaster axiologus Whitley 1931 (sometimes seen as axiologa) -- (Randall et al. 2008:6 [ref. 29943], Motomura et al. 2010:237 [ref. 31256], Williams et al. 2012:84 [ref. 32264], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1091 [ref. 31980], Motomura et al. 2015:31 [ref. 34709], Matsuura et al. 2020:87 [ref. 37714], Wada et al. 2021:51 [ref. 38521], Gloerfelt-Tarp & Kailola 2022:303 [ref. 41223]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster axiologus Whitley 1931. Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: northern Australia east to French Polynesia, north to Amami Islands (southern Japan). Habitat: marine.

aziz, Canthigaster Matsuura [K.], Bogorodsky [S. V.], Mal [A. O.] & Alpermann [T. J.] 2020:83, Fig. 1 [Zootaxa 4834 (no. 1); ref. 37714] Off Al Wajh, Tabuk, Red Sea, Saudi Arabia, 25°24.910'N, 36°44.200'E, depth 315 meters. Holotype (unique): SMF 35887. •Valid as Canthigaster aziz Matsuura, Bogorodsky, Mal & Alpermann 2020 -- (Fricke et al. 2022:263 [ref. 39016]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster aziz Matsuura, Bogorodsky, Mal & Alpermann 2020. Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Red Sea. Habitat: marine.

bennetti, Tropidichthys Bleeker [P.] 1854:504 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 3); ref. 344] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (9) BMNH 1867.11.28.126 (1), RMNH 7360 (some of 29). Based on specimens and literature. •Valid as Canthigaster bennetti (Bleeker 1854) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:488 [ref. 6714], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:365 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:898 [ref. 5714], Winterbottom et al. 1989:70 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:475 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:168 [ref. 25479], Francis & Randall 1993:125 [ref. 20996], Kuiter 1993:418 [ref. 23929], Allen 1997:246 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:416 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:475 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:290 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:607 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:755 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:95 [ref. 37268], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:648 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1420 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:469 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847], Matsuura 2001:3956 [ref. 26317], Moura & Castro 2002:45 [ref. 25970], Nakabo 2002:1420 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:65 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S124 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:651 [ref. 27495], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:228 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:32 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3332 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:648 [ref. 28239], Hoese et al. 2006:1917 [ref. 29099], Fricke et al. 2009:121 [ref. 30213], Williams et al. 2012:84 [ref. 32264], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1091 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:273 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2018:386 [ref. 35805], Mishra et al. 2019:300 [ref. 36950], Matsuura et al. 2020:87 [ref. 37714], Matsuura 2022:462 [ref. 40261]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster bennetti (Bleeker 1854). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Tuamotu Archipelago (French Polynesia), north to southern Taiwan, south to northern New South Wales (Australia); waifs reaching Galápagos Archipelago (eastern Pacific). Habitat: marine.

bitaeniatus, Eumycterias Jenkins [O. P.] 1901:400, Fig. 12 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 19 (1899); ref. 2340] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 49702. •Synonym of Canthigaster rivulata (Temminck & Schlegel 1850) -- (Mundy 2005:535 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:491 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Synonym of Canthigaster rivulata (Temminck & Schlegel 1850). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

brederi, Canthigaster Whitley [G. P.] 1959:323 [Australian Zoologist v. 12 (pt 4); ref. 4729] Baja California, Mexico. New name for Canthigaster punctatissimus reticulatus of Breder 1936. •Synonym of Canthigaster punctatissima (Günther 1870) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:496 [ref. 6714]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Canthigaster punctatissima (Günther 1870). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

brunneus, Sphoeroides Fowler [H. W.] 1944:404, Fig. 261 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 6; ref. 1448] Maria Madre Island, Tres Marias Islands [Islas Marias], Mexico. Holotype (unique): ANSP 69992. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:160 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Canthigaster punctatissima (Günther 1870). Current status: Synonym of Canthigaster punctatissima (Günther 1870). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

caeruleolineata, Canthigaster Fricke [R.], Wickel [J.], Pinault [M.], Nicet [J.-B.] & Delrieu-Trottin [E.] 2022:260, Figs. 2-5 [Cybium v. 45 (no. 4) [Dec. 2021]; ref. 39016] Anse des Cascades, La Réunion, southwestern Indian Ocean, 21°11'10.68"S, 55°50'4.45"E, found dead in boulder habitat with little coral coverage at 17 meters depth (probably originating from adjacent deep reef habitat in more than 100 meters depth). Holotype (unique): SMNS 27147. •Valid as Canthigaster caeruleolineata Fricke, Wickel, Pinault, Nicet & Delrieu-Trottin 2022. Current status: Valid as Canthigaster caeruleolineata Fricke, Wickel, Pinault, Nicet & Delrieu-Trottin 2022. Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: La Réunion. Habitat: marine.

callisternus, Tetrodon Ogilby [J. D.] 1889:74, Pl. 3 (fig. 5) [Memoirs of the Australian Museum, Sydney No. 2 (art. no. 3); ref. 18489] Lord Howe Island. Syntypes: AMS I.1485 (1), I.1965 (1). •Valid as Canthigaster callisterna (Ogilby 1889) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:442 [ref. 6714], Matsuura 1986:224 [ref. 6715], Paulin et al. 1989:245 [ref. 24556], Kuiter 1993:418 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:168 [ref. 25479], Matsuura & Tyler 1997:200 [ref. 23219], Kuiter 1997:416 [ref. 25488], Johnson 1999:755 [ref. 25471], Matsuura 2001:3956 [ref. 26317], Hoese et al. 2006:1917 [ref. 29099], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:119 [ref. 36167], Stewart & Roberts 2015:1734 [ref. 34322], Matsuura et al. 2020:85 [ref. 37714], Fricke et al. 2022:263 [ref. 39016]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster callisterna (Ogilby 1889). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: southeastern Australia and New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

capistratus, Tetrodon Lowe [R. T.] 1839:90 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1839 (pt 7); ref. 2829] Off Madeira. Syntypes: (2) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Canthigaster rostrata (Bloch 1786) -- (Tortonese 1973:647 [ref. 7192], Shipp 1990:1069 [ref. 19531]). •Valid as Canthigaster capistrata (Lowe 1839) -- (Moura & Castro 2002:39 [ref. 25970], Wirtz et al. 2013:136 [ref. 32972], Carneiro et al. 2019:224 [ref. 37250], Baptista et al. 2021:[7] [ref. 38204]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster capistrata (Lowe 1839). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Azores, Madeira, Canary Islands, Cape Verde Islands; central Angola. Habitat: marine.

caudacinctus, Prilonotus Richardson [J.] 1854:162, Pl. 31 (figs. 1-3) [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Herald; ref. 3746] Unknown locality. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Appeared as Prilonotus vel Anchisomus caudacinctus. •Synonym of Canthigaster rostrata (Bloch 1786) -- (W. Smith-Vaniz, pers. comm. Dec. 2000). Current status: Synonym of Canthigaster rostrata (Bloch 1786). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

caudofasciatus, Tetrodon Günther [A.] 1870:304 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 8; ref. 1995] No locality. Holotype (unique): BMNH 2004.8.4.1. Original genus should have been spelled Tetraodon. •Synonym of Canthigaster rivulata (Temminck & Schlegel 1850) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:492 [ref. 6714], Randall 1995:405 [ref. 22896], Mundy 2005:535 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:492 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Synonym of Canthigaster rivulata (Temminck & Schlegel 1850). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

cinctus, Canthigaster Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1905:433, Fig. 189 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 1) (1903); ref. 2451] Hawaiian Islands. Based on Solander manuscript name and other Polynesian references and one specimen from Hawaii. Perhaps validates Solander name in synonymy and should not be attributed to Jordan & Evermann. •Synonym of Canthigaster coronata (Vaillant & Sauvage 1875) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:486 [ref. 6714], Randall et al. 1990:476 [ref. 15987], Randall 1995:405 [ref. 22896], Randall 2005:649 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:534 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:490 [ref. 30952], Randall et al. 2008:4 [ref. 29943], Williams et al. 2012:87 [ref. 32264]). Current status: Synonym of Canthigaster coronata (Vaillant & Sauvage 1875). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

cinctus, Tetrodon Solander [D. C.] in Richardson 1845:125 [Ichthyology.--Part 3. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur.; ref. 20575] Not available, name mentioned in text and synonymy of Tetrodon solandri. Later named Canthigaster cinctus Jordan & Evermann. Original genus should have been spelled Tetraodon. Nomen Nudum. Tetraodontidae.

compressus, Tetrodon Marion de Procé [P.-M.] 1822:130 [Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomathique de Paris [Sér. 3] [v. 9] (for 1822); ref. 17601] Manila Bay, Philippines. No types known. Original genus should have been spelled Tetraodon. •Valid as Canthigaster compressa (Marion de Procé 1822) [sometimes seen as Procé] -- (Allen & Randall 1977:483 [ref. 6714], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:365 [ref. 6441], Allen 1997:246 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:290 [ref. 23965], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:648 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1420 [ref. 25182] with author as Procé, Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:469 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:125 [ref. 25868], Matsuura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:329 [ref. 27511], Ebert 2001:74 [ref. 25494], Matsuura 2001:3956 [ref. 26317], Moura & Castro 2002:45 [ref. 25970], Nakabo 2002:1420 [ref. 26193] with author as Procé, Allen & Adrim 2003:65 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:651 [ref. 27495], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:228 [ref. 27510], Randall 2005:648 [ref. 28239] with author as Procé, Hoese et al. 2006:1917 [ref. 29099] with author as Procé, Allen & Erdmann 2012:1092 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:474 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:114 [ref. 35333], Motomura et al. 2017:236 [ref. 35490], Matsuura et al. 2020:86 [ref. 37714], Gloerfelt-Tarp & Kailola 2022:303 [ref. 41223]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster compressa (Marion de Procé 1822). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: central Indonesia east to Palau and Vanuatu, north to Ryukyu Islands and Ogasawara Islands (Japan), south to New Caledonia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

constellatus, Canthigaster Kendall [W. C.] & Goldsborough [E. L.] 1911:336, Pl. 7 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 26 (pt 7); ref. 2594] Takarava, Paumotu Is, French Polynesia, southern Pacific. Holotype: USNM 65767. Paratypes: MCZ 29396 (2), CAS-SU 7164 (2). •Synonym of Canthigaster bennetti (Bleeker 1854) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:488 [ref. 6714]). Current status: Synonym of Canthigaster bennetti (Bleeker 1854). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

coronatus, Tetraodon (Anosmius) Vaillant [L. L.] & Sauvage [H.-E.] 1875:286 [Revue et Magasin de Zoologie (Sér. 3) v. 3; ref. 17853] Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-9006. Type catalog: Le Danois 1961:281 [ref. 21439]. •Valid as Canthigaster coronata (Vaillant & Sauvage 1875) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:486 [ref. 6714], Dor 1984:285 [ref. 29757], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:365 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:899 [ref. 5714], Allen & Swainston 1988:156 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:476 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:417 [ref. 23929], Goren & Dor 1994:74 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:405 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:248 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:420 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:476 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:290 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:607 [ref. 24106], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:648 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1419 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:470 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847], Matsuura 2001:3956 [ref. 26317], Nakabo 2002:1419 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:65 [ref. 26830] with author as Vaillant, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S124 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:651 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:32 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:454 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:649 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:534 [ref. 28379], Hoese et al. 2006:1917 [ref. 29099], Randall 2007:490 [ref. 30952], Randall et al. 2008:4 [ref. 29943], Motomura et al. 2010:237 [ref. 31256], Caratini & Soriano 2011:19 [ref. 39915], Williams et al. 2012:87 [ref. 32264], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1091 [ref. 31980], Matsuura et al. 2020:87 [ref. 37714]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster coronata (Vaillant & Sauvage 1875). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Johnston Atoll and Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

criobe, Canthigaster Williams [J. T.], Delrieu-Trottin [E.] & Planes [S.] 2012:82, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa No. 3523; ref. 32264] Kouaku Island, on southeastern side of archipelago, small surge channel in outer reef, 23.22°S, 154.88°W, Gambier Archipelago, depth 15-20 meters.; Holotype (unique): USNM 400521. •Valid as Canthigaster criobe Williams, Delrieu-Trottin & Planes 2012 -- (Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988], Matsuura et al. 2020:87 [ref. 37714]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster criobe Williams, Delrieu-Trottin & Planes 2012. Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Gambier Archipelago (French Polynesia) and Marquesas Islands. Habitat: marine.

cyanetron, Canthigaster Randall [J. E.] & Cea-Egaña [A.] 1989:94, Figs. 1-4 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 15 (no. 3) [for 1988]; ref. 9295] Cave on northern side of Motu Tautara, Easter Island, southeastern Pacific, depth 12 meters. Holotype: BPBM 31799. Paratypes: BPBM 31796-98 (1, 1, 1); CAS 60581 (1); MNHN 1987-1095 (1); NSMT-P 44519 (1); USNM 287594 (1). •Valid as Canthigaster cyanetron Randall & Cea-Egaña 1989 -- (Pequeño 1997:84 [ref. 23536], Moura & Castro 2002:45 [ref. 25970], Matsuura et al. 2020:87 [ref. 37714]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster cyanetron Randall & Cea-Egaña 1989. Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Easter Island. Habitat: marine.

cyanospilota, Canthigaster Randall [J. E.], Williams [J. T.] & Rocha [L. A.] 2008:7, Pl. 2C-H [Smithiana, Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity, Bulletin No. 9; ref. 29943] Off the Interuniversity Institute of Eilat, Israel, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea, depth 12 meters. Holotype: BPBM 13898. Paratypes: BMNH 1951.1.16.700 (1); HUJ 9393 (1); 16669 (1); NSMT-P 77636 (1); SAIAB 79818 (1), USNM 191710 (1), 387501 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Canthigaster cyanospilota Randall, Williams & Rocha 2008 -- (Fricke et al. 2009:121 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:237 [ref. 31256], Williams et al. 2012:87 [ref. 32264], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1092 [ref. 31980], Golani & Fricke 2018:182 [ref. 36273], Mishra et al. 2019:300 [ref. 36950], Zajonz et al. 2019:102 [ref. 36871], Matsuura et al. 2020:87 [ref. 37714], Matsuura 2022:463 [ref. 40261]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster cyanospilota Randall, Williams & Rocha 2008. Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indian Ocean: East Africa, Gulf of Aden, Socotra (Yemen), Seychelles and western Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius) east to western Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

epilamprus, Tropidichthys Jenkins [O. P.] 1903:485, Fig. 33 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2341] Kihei, Maui, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 50853 [= 50722]. •Valid as Canthigaster epilampra (Jenkins 1903) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:491 [ref. 6714], Matsuura 1986:224 [ref. 6715], Randall et al. 1990:476 [ref. 15987], Matsuura & Yoshino 1992:178 [ref. 20431], Allen 1997:246 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:476 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:290 [ref. 23965], Allen 2000:95 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:1420 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:470 [ref. 25191], Matsuura 2001:3956 [ref. 26317], Moura & Castro 2002:45 [ref. 25970], Nakabo 2002:1420 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:65 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:651 [ref. 27495], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:228 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:32 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:649 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:534 [ref. 28379], Hoese et al. 2006:1918 [ref. 29099], Randall 2007:491 [ref. 30952], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1093 [ref. 31980], Matsuura et al. 2020:86 [ref. 37714]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster epilampra (Jenkins 1903). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western and central Pacific: Christmas Island (Indian Ocean); Philippines east to Hawaiian Islands and Society Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands and Ogasawara Islands, south to New Caledonia, Tonga and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

figueiredoi, Canthigaster Moura [R. L. de] & Castro [R. M. C.] 2002:34, Fig. 1A [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 115 (no. 1); ref. 25970] Alcatrazes Archipelago, 24°06'S, 45°42'W, São Paulo State, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 45608. Paratypes: LIRP 1126-27 (1, 1); MZUSP 44594 (1), 44936 (1), 45630 (1), 46327 (1), 52256 (1), 53032 (2), 53044 (1), 55434 (1), 60536 (1); USNM 357498-99 (1, 1). •Valid as Canthigaster figueiredoi Moura & Castro 2002 -- (Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:110 [ref. 27192], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:189 [ref. 37485], Pinheiro et al. 2015:35 [ref. 34324], Rotundo et al. in Marceniuk et al. 2021:708 [ref. 38945], Carvalho-Filho 2023:283 [ref. 40480], Hoff et al. 2023:8 [ref. 40463]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster figueiredoi Moura & Castro 2002. Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Trinidad and Tobago south to Santa Catarina (Brazil). Habitat: marine.

flavoreticulata, Canthigaster Matsuura [K.] 1986:223, Fig. 1 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 33 (no. 3); ref. 6715] Tonga Submarine Ridge, 22°53.1'S, 175°49.4'W, depth 98-111 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 41757. Paratypes: NSMT-P 41758 (1). •Valid as Canthigaster flavoreticulata Matsuura 1986 -- (Matsuura & Tyler 1997:200 [ref. 23219], Matsuura 2001:3956 [ref. 26317], Randall et al. 2004:32 [ref. 27624], Matsuura et al. 2020:86 [ref. 37714], Fricke et al. 2022:263 [ref. 39016]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster flavoreticulata Matsuura 1986. Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Southern Central Pacific: Tonga Ridge. Habitat: marine.

glaucospilotus, Canthigaster Fowler [H. W.] 1944:185, Figs. 33-34 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 96; ref. 1451] Vanuatu. Holotype (unique): ANSP 71403. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:161 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Canthigaster solandri (Richardson 1845) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:481 [ref. 6714]). Current status: Synonym of Canthigaster solandri (Richardson 1845). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

gronovii, Tetraodon Cuvier [G.] 1829:369 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Type catalog: Le Danois 1961:280 [ref. 21439]. Not available, no distinguishing features. •In the synonymy of Canthigaster valentini (Bleeker 1853) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:484 [ref. 6714], Fricke 1999:609 [ref. 24106]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Canthigaster valentini (Bleeker 1853). Tetraodontidae.

inframacula, Canthigaster Allen [G. R.] & Randall [J. E.] 1977:493, Fig. 7C [Records of the Australian Museum v. 30 (no. 17); ref. 6714] Off northern shore of Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, 21°40'N, 158°07'W, depth 68-86 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 208483. Paratypes: AMS I.16764-001 (1, possibly lost), BPBM 15934 (2). •Valid as Canthigaster inframacula Allen & Randall 1977 -- (Matsuura 1986:224 [ref. 6715], Nakabo 2000:1418 [ref. 25182], Moura & Castro 2002:45 [ref. 25970], Nakabo 2002:1418 [ref. 26193], Mundy 2005:535 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:491 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:121 [ref. 30213], Matsuura et al. 2020:86 [ref. 37714], Matsuura 2022:463 [ref. 40261]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster inframacula Allen & Randall 1977. Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) to Madagascar and western Mascarenes (La Réunion); Vietnam; Ogasawara Islands (Japan); Johnston Atoll, Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

insignitus, Tetrodon Richardson [J.] 1848:20, Pl. 9 (figs. 1-2) [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Samarang; ref. 3744] Sea of China. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1848.3.18.45. Original genus should have been spelled Tetraodon. •Synonym of Canthigaster compressa (Marion de Procé 1822) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:483 [ref. 6714], Ebert 2001:91 [ref. 25494], Mundy 2005:534 [ref. 28379], Kottelat 2013:474 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Canthigaster compressa (Marion de Procé 1822). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

investigatoris, Tropidichthys Annandale [N.] & Jenkins [J. T.] 1910:16, Pl. 1 (fig. 4) [Memoirs of the Indian Museum v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 10427] Andaman Islands, 11°49'30"N, 92°55'E, Investigator station 239, depth 55 fathoms. Syntypes: ZSI F436/1-437/1 (2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:162 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:46 [ref. 22148]. •Valid as Canthigaster investigatoris (Annandale & Jenkins 1910) -- (Matsuura 1986:224 [ref. 6715], Allen & Randall 1977:501 [ref. 6714], Matsuura 2001:3956 [ref. 26317], Mishra et al. 2019:300 [ref. 36950], Matsuura et al. 2020:87 [ref. 37714], Gloerfelt-Tarp & Kailola 2022:303 [ref. 41223]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster investigatoris (Annandale & Jenkins 1910). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Northeastern Indian Ocean: Andaman Islands (India). Habitat: marine.

jactator, Tropidichthys Jenkins [O. P.] 1901:399, Fig. 11 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 19 (1899); ref. 2340] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 49703. Paratypes: CAS-SU 23302 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:145 [ref. 12291]. Type established in caption to Fig. 11 if identifiable. •Valid as Canthigaster jactator (Jenkins 1901) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:496 [ref. 6714], Randall et al. 1990:476 [ref. 15987], Myers 1999:290 [ref. 23965], Thomson et al. 2000:276 [ref. 25640], Moura & Castro 2002:45 [ref. 25970], Randall 2005:649 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:535 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:491 [ref. 30952], Williams et al. 2012:87 [ref. 32264], Matsuura et al. 2020:87 [ref. 37714]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster jactator (Jenkins 1901). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Johnston Atoll and Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

jamestyleri, Canthigaster Moura [R. L. de] & Castro [R. M. C.] 2002:41, Fig. 1D [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 115 (no. 1); ref. 25970] South Carolina, 33°48'N, 76°34'W, U.S.A., depth 100 meters. Holotype: USNM 325810. Paratypes: GMBL 74-147 (1), 78-129 (2). •Valid as Canthigaster jamestyleri Moura & Castro 2002 -- (Nelson et al. 2004:185 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:921 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:190 [ref. 32708], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:190 [ref. 37485], Robertson et al. 2020:163 [ref. 38098], Carvalho-Filho 2023:283 [ref. 40480], Page et al. 2023:168 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster jamestyleri Moura & Castro 2002. Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina (U.S.A.) to Sint Eustatius, including northern Gulf of Mexico; Rio Grande do Norte (Brazil). Habitat: marine.

janthinopterus, Tropidichthys Bleeker [P.] 1855:429 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 8 (no. 3); ref. 350] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 7359 (43-mm TL spec. of 2). Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1867.11.28.125 (1), RMNH 7359 (1 of 2, not 43-mm spec.). •Valid as Canthigaster janthinoptera (Bleeker 1855) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:496 [ref. 6714], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:365 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:899 [ref. 5714], Allen & Swainston 1988:156 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:70 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:476 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:418 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:168 [ref. 25479], Allen 1997:248 [ref. 23977], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:647 [ref. 24023], Kuiter 1997:418 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:476 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:290 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:607 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:755 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:30 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:95 [ref. 37268], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:648 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1419 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:470 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:22 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847], Matsuura 2001:3956 [ref. 26317], Moura & Castro 2002:45 [ref. 25970], Nakabo 2002:1419 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:65 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:651 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:78 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:32 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3332 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:649 [ref. 28239], Hoese et al. 2006:1918 [ref. 29099], Randall 2007:491 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:122 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:195 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:238 [ref. 31256], Williams et al. 2012:84 [ref. 32264], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1093 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:273 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988], Koeda et al. 2016:114 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:386 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:31 [ref. 36883], Mishra et al. 2019:300 [ref. 36950], Matsuura et al. 2020:87 [ref. 37714], Matsuura 2022:463 [ref. 40261], Fricke et al. 2024:88 [ref. 41255]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster janthinoptera (Bleeker 1855). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Marquesas Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to Ogasawara Islands (Japan), south to Lord Howe Island (Australia) and New Caledonia; a waif from Galápagos Islands (eastern Pacific). Habitat: marine.

leoparda, Canthigaster Lubbock [R.] & Allen [G. R.] 1979:88, Figs. 1-2 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 6 (no. 3); ref. 8809] Caves on vertical drop-off, 1/2 kilometer north of Caubyan Daku Island, Camotes Sea, Philippines, depth 35-40 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1979.1.9.41. Paratypes: BMNH 1979.1.9.42 (1): WAM P.25239-010 (1), P.26116-003 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:45 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:53 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Canthigaster leoparda Lubbock & Allen 1979 -- (Allen 1997:246 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:290 [ref. 23965], Moura & Castro 2002:45 [ref. 25970], Randall et al. 2002:163 [ref. 26192], Allen & Adrim 2003:65 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:651 [ref. 27495], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1094 [ref. 31980], Matsuura et al. 2020:86 [ref. 37714]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster leoparda Lubbock & Allen 1979. Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Christmas Island, Indonesia, Philippines, and Guam. Habitat: marine.

margaritatus, Tetraodon Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1829:66 [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] El-Tor, Sinai coast, Egypt, Gulf of Suez, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): SMF (lost). •Valid as Canthigaster margaritata (Rüppell 1829) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:483 [ref. 6714], Dor 1984:285 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:74 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:405 [ref. 22896], Myers 1999:291 [ref. 23965], Mishra et al. 1999:89 [ref. 25315], Moura & Castro 2002:45 [ref. 25970], Randall 2005:651 [ref. 28239], Matsuura & Toda 2005:120 [ref. 28613], Randall 2007:492 [ref. 30952], DiBattista et al. 2015:22 [ref. 35706] dated 1826, Fricke et al. 2018:386 [ref. 35805], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[7] 245 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:182 [ref. 36273], Mishra et al. 2019:300 [ref. 36950], Matsuura et al. 2020:86 [ref. 37714], Matsuura 2022:464 [ref. 40261], Noushad K. et al. 2024:46 [ref. 40947]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster margaritata (Rüppell 1829). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Red Sea; northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden. Habitat: marine.

marquesensis, Canthigaster Allen [G. R.] & Randall [J. E.] 1977:487, Fig. 4A [Records of the Australian Museum v. 30 (no. 17); ref. 6714] Northwestern side of Sentinelle de l'Est off Taichae Bay, Nuku Hiva, Marquesas Islands, depth 50-60 feet. Holotype: BPBM 11129. Paratypes: AMS I.11678-001 (1, not found in 1996); BMNH 1972.10.24.1 (1); BPBM 11109 (1), 11113 (1), 11124 (1), 11126 (2), 11146 (2); CAS 15453 (1); USNM 208267 (1). •Valid as Canthigaster marquesensis Allen & Randall 1977 -- (Myers 1999:290 [ref. 23965], Randall & Earle 2000:22 [ref. 25806], Matsuura 2001:3956 [ref. 26317], Moura & Castro 2002:45 [ref. 25970], Randall 2005:650 [ref. 28239], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988], Matsuura et al. 2020:87 [ref. 37714]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster marquesensis Allen & Randall 1977. Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Marquesas Islands. Habitat: marine.

natalensis, Tetrodon amboinensis var. Günther [A.] 1870:303 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 8; ref. 1995] Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1963.12.15.24. Original genus should have been spelled Tetraodon. •Synonym of Canthigaster amboinensis (Bleeker 1864) -- (Smith & Heemstra 1986:898 [ref. 5714], Matsuura 2022:462 [ref. 40261]). •Valid as Canthigaster natalensis (Günther 1870) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:500 [ref. 6714], Winterbottom et al. 1989:70 [ref. 13251], Fricke 1999:608 [ref. 24106], Moura & Castro 2002:45 [ref. 25970], Fricke et al. 2009:122 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2013:273 [ref. 32706], Arndt & Fricke 2019:31 [ref. 36883], Matsuura et al. 2020:85 [ref. 37714], Fricke et al. 2024:88 [ref. 41255]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster natalensis (Günther 1870). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: East Africa and South Africa, Mozambique Channel, western Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius). Habitat: marine.

notospilus, Canthigaster Fowler [H. W.] 1941:278, Fig. 31 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 93; ref. 1438] Off Kaena Point, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands (stomach content). Holotype: ANSP 69850. Paratypes: ANSP 69851-90 (40), 69891 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:161 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Canthigaster rivulata (Temminck & Schlegel 1850) -- (Randall 2007:491 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Synonym of Canthigaster rivulata (Temminck & Schlegel 1850). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

oahuensis, Tropidichthys Jenkins [O. P.] 1903:485, Fig. 32 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2341] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 50690. •Synonym of Canthigaster amboinensis (Bleeker 1864) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:499 [ref. 6714], Mundy 2005:534 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Canthigaster amboinensis (Bleeker 1864). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

ocellatus, Tetrodon Bennett [J. W.] 1830:unnum. p., Pl. 21 [A selection from the most remarkable and interesting fishes found on the coast of Ceylon First Edition; ref. 16785] South coast of Sri Lanka. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Tetraodon ocellatus Linnaeus 1758. Original genus should have been spelled Tetraodon. •Synonym of Canthigaster bennetti (Bleeker 1854) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:488 [ref. 6714], Pethiyagoda et al. 1994:43-44 [ref. 21456]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Canthigaster bennetti (Bleeker 1854). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

ocellicincta, Canthigaster Allen [G. R.] & Randall [J. E.] 1977:485, Fig. 3B [Records of the Australian Museum v. 30 (no. 17); ref. 6714] Off Tanavulu Point near entrance to Sandfly Passage, Florida Island, Solomon Islands, depth 20-30 meters. Holotype: BPBM 15933. Paratypes: AMS I.17500-001 (1), BPBM 18378 (2), MNHN 1975-0002 (1), USNM 211299 (1), WAM P.25283-004 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:45 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:53 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Canthigaster ocellicincta Allen & Randall 1977 -- (Randall et al. 1990:477 [ref. 15987], Matsuura & Yoshino 1992:179 [ref. 20431], Allen 1997:246 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:477 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:290 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:1418 [ref. 25182], Kuiter 1997:420 [ref. 25488] as ocellicauda, Matsuura 2001:3956 [ref. 26317], Moura & Castro 2002:45 [ref. 25970], Randall et al. 2002:164 [ref. 26192], Nakabo 2002:1418 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:65 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:32 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:650 [ref. 28239], Hoese et al. 2006:1918 [ref. 29099], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1094 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33932], Matsuura et al. 2020:86 [ref. 37714]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster ocellicincta Allen & Randall 1977. Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, to Solomon Islands, south to Australia, New Caledonia and Fiji. Habitat: marine.

ornatus, Tetrodon Poey [F.] 1867:244 [Repertorio Fisico-Natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 14078] Cuba. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Original genus should have been spelled Tetraodon. •Synonym of Canthigaster rostrata (Bloch 1786) -- (Moura & Castro 2002:37 [ref. 25970]). Current status: Synonym of Canthigaster rostrata (Bloch 1786). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

oxylophius, Tropidichthys Smith [J. L. B.] 1931:159, Pl. 16 [Records of the Albany Museum Grahamstown v. 4 (pt 1); ref. 4062] Kareiga River mouth, near Port Alfred, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 307 [ex AMG]. •Synonym of Canthigaster bennetti (Bleeker 1854) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:488 [ref. 6714], Smith & Heemstra 1986:898 [ref. 5714], Matsuura 2022:462 [ref. 40261]). Current status: Synonym of Canthigaster bennetti (Bleeker 1854). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

oxyrrhynchus, Tetrodon Lockington [W. N.] 1881:114 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 33; ref. 14288] Angeles Bay, Gulf of California, Mexico. No types known. Lockington believes this to be Tetrodon punctatissimus Günther 1870, but proposes the name if the specimen proves distinct. Original genus should have been spelled Tetraodon. •Synonym of Canthigaster punctatissima (Günther 1870) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:496 [ref. 6714]). Current status: Synonym of Canthigaster punctatissima (Günther 1870). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

papua, Tetraodon Bleeker [P.] 1848:638 [Journal of the Indian Archipelago and Eastern Asia (Singapore) v. 2 (no. 9); ref. 315] Bima, Sumbawa Island, Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: ?AMS B.7769 (1) Almorrha, BMNH 1867.11.28.122 (1), RMNH 7358 (1 or more of 6). •Synonym of Canthigaster solandri (Richardson 1845) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:481 [ref. 6714], Randall et al. 1990:477 [ref. 15987]). •Valid as Canthigaster papua (Bleeker 1848) -- (Randall 1995:405 [ref. 22896], Kuiter 1997:418 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:477 [ref. 25919], Anderson et al. 1998:29 [ref. 23611], Myers 1999:290 [ref. 23965], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:105 [ref. 26368], Randall 2005:651 [ref. 28239], Hoese et al. 2006:1918 [ref. 29099], Randall 2007:492 [ref. 30952], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1094 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33932], To & Shea 2016:1 [ref. 34792], Fricke et al. 2019:334 [ref. 36673], Mishra et al. 2019:300 [ref. 36950], Psomadakis et al. 2020:619 [ref. 37272], Matsuura et al. 2020:86 [ref. 37714], Kumar et al. 2024:6 [ref. 41064]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster papua (Bleeker 1848). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: eastern India, Myanmar, Andaman Islands and Indonesia east to Palau, New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) and Solomon Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

peronii, Tetraodon Bibron [G.] in Duméril 1855:282 [Revue et Magasin de Zoologie (Sér. 2) v. 7; ref. 297] Indonesia. No types known. Original as Peronii. Possibly available by reference to "De Verkenstop, Valentyn, fig. 498" [= 'De verkenskop' of Valentyn 1726:502, fig. 498 [ref. 30358]]. See Kottelat 2001:615 [ref. 25859]. Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

petersii, Tetrodon Bianconi [G. G.] 1854:68 [Rendiconto delle Sessioni dell'Accademia delle Scienze dell'Instituto dei Bologna 1853-1854 (for 11 May 1854); ref. 17949] Mozambique. No types known. Name also appeared in Bianconi 1854:225 [ref. 295] and Bianconi 1855:147 [ref. 26452] with figure. Original genus should have been spelled Tetraodon. •Synonym of Canthigaster solandri (Richardson 1845) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:481 [ref. 6714]). •Valid as Canthigaster petersii (Bianconi 1854) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:1095 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2018:386 [ref. 35805], Mishra et al. 2019:300 [ref. 36950], Zajonz et al. 2019:103 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:619 [ref. 37272], Matsuura et al. 2020:86 [ref. 37714], Matsuura 2022:464 [ref. 40261], Devi et al. 2023:448 [ref. 40401]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster petersii (Bianconi 1854). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Socotra (Yemen), Seychelles, Comoros, Mozambique Channel, Madagascar and western Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius) east to southern India, Andaman Islands (India) and Myanmar. Habitat: marine.

polyophthalmus, Canthigaster Pietschmann [V.] 1938:51, Pl. 1C [Bulletin of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum No. 156; ref. 17214] Kaupoa, Molokai Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): NMW. •Synonym of Canthigaster amboinensis (Bleeker 1864) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:499 [ref. 6714], Mundy 2005:534 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Canthigaster amboinensis (Bleeker 1864). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

psegma, Tropidichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1903:209 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2449] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 50885. •Synonym of Canthigaster amboinensis (Bleeker 1864) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:499 [ref. 6714], Mundy 2005:534 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Canthigaster amboinensis (Bleeker 1864). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

punctata, Canthigaster Matsuura [K.] 1992:127, Figs. 1-2 [Bulletin of the National Science Museum Series A (Zoology) v. 18 (no. 3); ref. 20989] Mascarene Submarine Ridge, 10°23'S, 61°40'E, depth 92 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 35305. Paratypes: NSMT-P 35306 (1). •Valid as Canthigaster punctata Matsuura 1992 -- (Psomadakis et al. 2020:619 [ref. 37272], Matsuura et al. 2020:86 [ref. 37714], Matsuura 2022:465 [ref. 40261]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster punctata Matsuura 1992. Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Seychelles; northern Mascarene Ridge; Myanmar. Habitat: marine.

punctatissimus, Tetrodon Günther [A.] 1870:302 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 8; ref. 1995] Pacific coast of Panama. Syntypes: (several) BMNH 1863.12.16.7-14 (8?). Original genus should have been spelled Tetraodon. •Valid as Canthigaster punctatissima (Günther 1870) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:496 [ref. 6714], Randall et al. 1990:476 [ref. 15987], Allen & Robertson 1994:300 [ref. 22193], Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:1633 [ref. 22830], Allen & Robertson 1997:835 [ref. 41086], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:304 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:648 [ref. 24023], Myers 1999:290 [ref. 23965], Thomson et al. 2000:276 [ref. 25640], Moura & Castro 2002:45 [ref. 25970], Nelson et al. 2004:185 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:180 [ref. 37547], Randall 2005:649 [ref. 28239], Randall 2007:491 [ref. 30952], Béarez & Séret 2009:152 [ref. 36646], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:195 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:190 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:151 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:451 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:612 [ref. 34923], Matsuura et al. 2020:86 [ref. 37714], Love et al. 2021:225 [ref. 39279], Page et al. 2023:168 [ref. 40505], Vela-Espinosa et al. 2023:12 [ref. 40981]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster punctatissima (Günther 1870). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: southern tip of Baja California Sur (Mexico) south to Ecuador, including Gulf of California (Mexico), Clipperton Island (France) and Galapagos Islands (Ecuador). Habitat: marine.

pygmaea, Canthigaster Allen [G. R.] & Randall [J. E.] 1977:498, Fig. 15 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 30 (no. 17); ref. 6714] About 100 meters south of Marine Laboratory at Eilat, Israel, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea, depth 3 meters. Holotype: BPBM 18012. Paratypes: BMNH 1975.1.13.1-2 (2); BPBM 17875-76 (1, 2); CAS 31792-93 (1, 5); HUJ 4756 (3), 7005-08 (2, 2, 10, 4); MNHN 1975-0003 (1); SMF 13227 (4); USNM 212284 (13), 212286-87 (1, 23); WAM P.25124-001 (1), P.25125-001 (2). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:45 [ref. 19335], Golani 2006:35 [ref. 28840], Moore et al. 2008:53 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Canthigaster pygmaea Allen & Randall 1977 -- (Dor 1984:286 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:75 [ref. 25356], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[7] 245 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:182 [ref. 36273], Matsuura et al. 2020:87 [ref. 37714], Matsuura 2022:465 [ref. 40261]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster pygmaea Allen & Randall 1977. Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Red Sea; northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden. Habitat: marine.

rapaensis, Canthigaster Allen [G. R.] & Randall [J. E.] 1977:492, Fig. 4C [Records of the Australian Museum v. 30 (no. 17); ref. 6714] Off southern side of Ruea Point, Rapa Island, southern Pacific, depth 45 feet. Holotype: BPBM 12952. Paratypes: AMS I.16588-001 (1); BPBM 12662 (1), 12983 (1); USNM 208277 (1), 208346 (1). •Valid as Canthigaster rapaensis Allen & Randall 1977 -- (Myers 1999:290 [ref. 23965], Matsuura 2001:3956 [ref. 26317], Randall 2005:650 [ref. 28239], Williams et al. 2012:84 [ref. 32264], Matsuura et al. 2020:85 [ref. 37714], Fricke et al. 2022:263 [ref. 39016]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster rapaensis Allen & Randall 1977. Tetraodontidae. Distribution: South Central Pacific: Rapa Island, French Polynesia. Habitat: marine.

reticulatus, Canthigaster punctatissimus Breder [C. M., Jr.] 1936:50, Figs. 17, 18 (upper) [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 2 (art. 3); ref. 634] San Jose Island, Baja California, Mexico. Holotype: YPM 1067. Paratypes: YPM 1063 (5), 1089 (1), 1277 (2), 1278 (2). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:27 [ref. 16741]. •Synonym of Canthigaster punctatissima (Günther 1870) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:496 [ref. 6714]). Current status: Synonym of Canthigaster punctatissima (Günther 1870). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

rivulatus, Tetraodon Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1850:285, Pl. 124 (fig. 3) [Fauna Japonica Last part (15); ref. 4375] Nagasaki Bay, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH 4653a. Paralectotypes: RMNH D1568-1571 (4, stuffed), 4653b (1). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:205 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Canthigaster rivulata (Temminck & Schlegel 1850) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:492 [ref. 6714], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:365 [ref. 6441], Matsuura in Okamura et al. 1985:637 [ref. 8056], Smith & Heemstra 1986:899 [ref. 5714], Matsuura 1986:224 [ref. 6715], Allen & Swainston 1988:156 [ref. 25477], Manilo 1992:25 [134] [ref. 39140], Suzuki & Uno 1992:4 [ref. 24139], Kuiter 1993:419 [ref. 23929], Randall 1995:405 [ref. 22896], Matsuura & Tyler 1997:201 [ref. 23219], Lindberg et al. 1997:161 [ref. 23547], Allen 1997:248 [ref. 23977], Fricke 1999:608 [ref. 24106], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:648 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1420 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2000:184 [ref. 25987], Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847], Matsuura 2001:3956 [ref. 26317], Shimizu 2001:46 [ref. 25799], Shinohara et al. 2001:337 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1420 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:453, 696 [ref. 26218] as rivulatus, Allen & Adrim 2003:65 [ref. 26830] with author as Schlegel, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S124 [ref. 27377], Shinohara et al. 2005:444 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:535 [ref. 28379], Hoese et al. 2006:1918 [ref. 29099], Randall 2007:492 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:122 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:238 [ref. 31256], Williams et al. 2012:87 [ref. 32264], Larson et al. 2013:236 [ref. 32988], Motomura et al. 2015:31 [ref. 34709], Fricke et al. 2019:334 [ref. 36673], Kim et al. 2020:203 [ref. 39118], Sonoyama et al. 2020:130 [ref. 37637], Matsuura et al. 2020:86 [ref. 37714], Gloerfelt-Tarp & Kailola 2022:303 [ref. 41223], Matsuura 2022:465 [ref. 40261]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster rivulata (Temminck & Schlegel 1850). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Seychelles, Saya de Malha Bank and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.), north to South Korea, central Japan and Ogasawara Islands (Japan), south to Western Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

rostratus, Tetrodon Bloch [M. E.] 1786:8, Pl. 146 (fig. 2) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 2; ref. 465] Twin Cays, Belize. Neotype: USNM 276209. On p. 7 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 5 [ref. 21381]. Original type locality apparently was western Atlantic. Neotype designated by Moura & Castro 2002:38 [ref. 25970]. Original genus should have been spelled Tetraodon. •Valid as Canthigaster rostrata (Bloch 1786) -- (Tortonese 1973:647 [ref. 7192], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:1342 [ref. 13677], Robins & Ray 1986:305 [ref. 23100], Shipp 1990:1069 [ref. 19531], Boschung 1992:182 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:448 [ref. 23827], Azevedo & Heemstra 1995:7 [ref. 22269], Cervigón 1996:115 [ref. 24489], Santos et al. 1997:114 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:122 [ref. 24952], Aguilera 1998:54 [ref. 24221] as rostratum, Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:171 [ref. 27754], Galeote 2001:313 [ref. 26422], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:355 [ref. 25013], Moura & Castro 2002:37 [ref. 25970], Collette et al. 2003:127 [ref. 26784], Shipp 2003:1992 [ref. 27120], Smith et al. 2003:71 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:185 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:922 [ref. 28815], Bañón & Santás 2011:1574 [ref. 31248], Page et al. 2013:191 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:88 [ref. 33341], Robertson et al. 2016:148 [ref. 34961], Carneiro et al. 2019:224 [ref. 37250], Robertson et al. 2020:163 [ref. 38098], Escobar-Sierra et al. 2021:78 [ref. 38844], Bennema & van Moorsel 2022:73 [ref. 39585], Hoff et al. 2023:8 [ref. 40463], Page et al. 2023:168 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster rostrata (Bloch 1786). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina (U.S.A.) and Bermuda south to Trinidad and Tobago, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. IUCN (2014): Least concern. Habitat: marine.

saipanensis, Canthigaster Fowler [H. W.] 1945:73, Fig. 18 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 97; ref. 13142] Saipan Island, western Pacific. Holotype: ANSP 71606 (with paratypes). Paratypes: ANSP 71607-08 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:161 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Canthigaster solandri (Richardson 1845) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:481 [ref. 6714], Myers & Donaldson 2003:651 [ref. 27495]). Current status: Synonym of Canthigaster solandri (Richardson 1845). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

sanctaehelenae, Tetrodon Günther [A.] 1870:304 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 8; ref. 1995] Saint Helena Island, South Atlantic; Japan? Syntypes: (at least 4, including Japan ?) BMNH 1853.1.11.13 (1), 1868.6.15.22-23 (2), 2020.5.25.1 (1). Originally as sanctae helenae. Text somewhat unclear, if Japan material was doubtfully included, then type locality is restricted to St. Helena. Original genus should have been spelled Tetraodon. •Valid as Canthigaster sanctaehelenae (Günther 1870) -- (Tortonese 1973:647 [ref. 7192], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:1342 [ref. 13677], Edwards & Glass 1987:669 [ref. 9166], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:355 [ref. 25013], Moura & Castro 2002:43 [ref. 25970], Wirtz et al. 2014:12 [ref. 33516], Brown et al. 2019:183 [ref. 36444]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster sanctaehelenae (Günther 1870). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Southern-central Atlantic: Ascension and Saint Helena islands endemic. Habitat: marine.

smithae, Canthigaster Allen [G. R.] & Randall [J. E.] 1977:489, Fig. 5C [Records of the Australian Museum v. 30 (no. 17); ref. 6714] Off Flic en Flac, western coast of Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 30 meters. Holotype: BPBM 18009. Paratypes: BPBM 18010 (2), 18041 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 2231 (1); USNM 213575 (1), 215969 (1); WAM P.25126-001 (1, missing). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:45 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:53 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Canthigaster smithae Allen & Randall 1977 -- (Smith & Heemstra 1986:899 [ref. 5714], Fricke 1999:609 [ref. 24106], Allen & Adrim 2003:65 [ref. 26830], Fricke et al. 2009:122 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1095 [ref. 31980], Mishra et al. 2019:300 [ref. 36950], Matsuura et al. 2020:86 [ref. 37714], Tea et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37258], Durville et al. 2021:315 [ref. 38802], Matsuura 2022:466 [ref. 40261]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster smithae Allen & Randall 1977. Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Seychelles, Agalega Islands (Seychelles), Saya de Malha Bank, Comoros, western Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius) and Maldives east to Andaman Sea and coast of Sumatra (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

solandri, Tetrodon Richardson [J.] (ex Solander) 1845:125, Pl. 57 (figs. 4-6) [Ichthyology.--Part 3. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur.; ref. 20575] Polynesia [Society Islands, French Polynesia, South Pacific]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1858.6.6.1. Original genus should have been spelled Tetraodon. •Valid as Canthigaster solandri (Richardson 1845) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:481 [ref. 6714], Smith & Heemstra 1986:899 [ref. 5714], Randall et al. 1990:477 [ref. 15987], Randall 1995:405 [ref. 22896], Kuiter 1997:418 [ref. 25488], Allen 1997:246 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:290 [ref. 23965], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:648 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:125 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847], Matsuura 2001:3956 [ref. 26317] dated 1844, Allen & Adrim 2003:65 [ref. 26830] dated 1844, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S124 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:651 [ref. 27495] dated 1844, Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:229 [ref. 27510] dated 1844, Lobel & Lobel 2004:78 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:32 [ref. 27624] dated 1844, Randall 2005:650 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:536 [ref. 28379], Matsuura & Toda 2005:119 [ref. 28613], Randall 2007:492 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:122 [ref. 30213], Matsuura 2009:336 [ref. 31171], Williams et al. 2012:84 [ref. 32264], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1095 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:273 [ref. 32706], To & Shea 2016:2 [ref. 34792], Arndt & Fricke 2019:31 [ref. 36883], Matsuura et al. 2020:86 [ref. 37714], Kaleshkumar et al. 2021:[4] [ref. 38263], Fricke et al. 2024:88 [ref. 41255], Noushad K. et al. 2024:46 [ref. 40947]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster solandri (Richardson 1845). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: western Indonesia east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A., as a waif only) and Tuamotu Archipelago (French Polynesia), north to Ryukyu Islands (Japan), south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

striolatus, Tetraodon Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:203 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Timor Island, southern Malay Archipelago. No types known. •Synonym of Canthigaster compressa (Marion de Procé 1822) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:483 [ref. 6714], Kottelat 2013:474 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Canthigaster compressa (Marion de Procé 1822). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

supramacula, Canthigaster Moura [R. L. de] & Castro [R. M. C.] 2002:44, Fig. 1F [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 115 (no. 1); ref. 25970] Off Abidjan, about 05°N, 04°W, Ivory Coast. Holotype (unique): ANSP 102312. •Valid as Canthigaster supramacula Moura & Castro 2002 -- (Wirtz et al. 2007:22, 42 [ref. 30263], Wirtz et al. 2013:136 [ref. 32972], Matsuura in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:3068 [ref. 34618], Reiner 2019:310 [ref. 38139], Fermon et al. 2022:306 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster supramacula Moura & Castro 2002. Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Ivory Coast to Gabon, including Cape Verde Islands, and São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

taeniatus, Tetrodon Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1855:462 [Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1855; ref. 3449] Mozambique. Syntypes: ZMB 4219 (1?). Also described as new in Peters 1855:275 [ref. 13448]. Original genus should have been spelled Tetraodon. •Synonym of Canthigaster valentini (Bleeker 1853) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:484 [ref. 6714], Randall 2005:651 [ref. 28239], Matsuura 2022:466 [ref. 40261]). Current status: Synonym of Canthigaster valentini (Bleeker 1853). Tetraodontidae. Habitat: marine.

tyleri, Canthigaster Allen [G. R.] & Randall [J. E.] 1977:497, Fig. 6C [Records of the Australian Museum v. 30 (no. 17); ref. 6714] Off Flic en Flac, western coast of Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 30 meters. Holotype: BPBM 18014. Paratypes: ANSP 109816 (1); BMNH 1974.3.11.8 (1); BPBM 18011 (1), 18042 (1); WAM P.25169-001 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:161 [ref. 13621], Hutchins & Smith 1991:45 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:53 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Canthigaster tyleri Allen & Randall 1977 -- (Winterbottom et al. 1989:70 [ref. 13251], Allen 1997:246 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:290 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:609 [ref. 24106], Allen 2000:95 [ref. 37268], Matsuura 2001:3956 [ref. 26317], Allen & Adrim 2003:65 [ref. 26830], Matsuura et al. 2020:86 [ref. 37714], Matsuura 2022:466 [ref. 40261], Mulochau et al. 2022:269 [ref. 39073]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster tyleri Allen & Randall 1977. Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Seychelles, Comoros, western Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius), Maldives and Chagos Archipelago (British Indian Ocean Territory) east to Christmas Island (Australia) and Banda Sea (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

valentini, Tetraodon Bleeker [P.] 1853:130 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 16900] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1858.4.21.191 (1), 1867.11.28.123 (1); MNHN 0000-2305 (2) Ambon, 0000-2306 (1) Jakarta; NMV 46075 (1). Type catalog: Le Danois 1961:281 [ref. 21439]. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:610 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Based in part on 'Ikan kaskasse' of Valentyn 1726:353, fig. 19 [ref. 30358]. •Valid as Canthigaster valentini (Bleeker 1853) -- (Allen & Randall 1977:484 [ref. 6714], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:365 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:899 [ref. 5714], Winterbottom et al. 1989:70 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:477 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:417 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:168 [ref. 25479], Randall 1995:406 [ref. 22896], Lindberg et al. 1997:163 [ref. 23547], Allen 1997:246 [ref. 23977], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:648 [ref. 24023], Kuiter 1997:420 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:477 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:291 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:609 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:755 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:95 [ref. 37268], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:648 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1419 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:470 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:125 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847], Matsuura 2001:3956 [ref. 26317], Nakabo 2002:1419 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:65 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S124 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:651 [ref. 27495], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:229 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:32 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3332 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:453 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:651 [ref. 28239], Hoese et al. 2006:1919 [ref. 29099], Fricke et al. 2009:122 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:195 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:238 [ref. 31256], Caratini & Soriano 2011:18 [ref. 39915], Williams et al. 2012:87 [ref. 32264], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1096 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:273 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:114 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:18 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2018:387 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:31 [ref. 36883], Fricke et al. 2019:335 [ref. 36673], Mishra et al. 2019:300 [ref. 36950], Zajonz et al. 2019:103 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:620 [ref. 37272], Matsuura et al. 2020:86 [ref. 37714], Matsuura 2022:466 [ref. 40261], Fricke et al. 2024:88 [ref. 41255]). Current status: Valid as Canthigaster valentini (Bleeker 1853). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, East Africa, Socotra (Yemen), Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Tuamotu Archipelago (French Polynesia), north to South Korea, southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands (Japan), south to Australia and Lord Howe Island (Australia); eastern Pacific: waifs reaching Galápagos Archipelago (Ecuador). Habitat: marine.


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