Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 8 June 2021

SEARCH RESULTS FROM

Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
Select the database to search:
GENERA   SPECIES   REFERENCES
Include unavailable names

         Comments: ,

    Please look in Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes for authorships of sections, Families of Fishes (all), and related information.

Species in the genus Cyprinodon: [ 68 ] records


albivelis, Cyprinodon Minckley [W. L.] & Miller [R. R.] in Minckley, Miller & Norris 2002:697, Fig. 4 [Copeia 2002 (no. 3); ref. 26222] Río Papigóchic at Yepomera, 28°32'W, 107°29'N, Chihuahua, Mexico, elevation 2048 meters. Holotype: UMMZ 235040. Paratypes: ASU 806 (76), 9524 (16), 9938 (121); UANL 15049 [ex UMMZ 211597] (30); UMMZ 211597 (225), 211628 (237); UNAM 12923 [ex UMMZ 211597] (30). •Valid as Cyprinodon albivelis Minckley & Miller 2002 -- (Nelson et al. 2004:108 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:295 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:30 [ref. 30398], Minckley & Marsh 2009:234 [ref. 31114], Page et al. 2013:106 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:14 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:10 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon albivelis Minckley & Miller 2002. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Río Papigóchic, Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

alvarezi, Cyprinodon Miller [R. R.] 1976:72, Fig. 1D [Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences v. 75 (no. 2); ref. 7032] Spring-fed pond at El Potosí, Nuevo León, Mexico, 24°51'N, 100°19'W, elevation 1900 meters. Holotype: UMMZ 179638. Paratypes: ENCB P.890 (27); UMMZ 179639 (314, now 299), 189021 (217, 8 c&s); USNM 217526 (1). •Valid as Cyprinodon alvarezi Miller 1976 -- (Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:32 [ref. 22290], Lozano-Vilano & Contreras Balderas 1993:307 [ref. 21105], Contreras-Balderas & Lozano-Vilano 1996:34 [ref. 22301], Echelle & Echelle 1998:854 [ref. 23614], Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas 1999:382 [ref. 23796], Lazara 2001:81 [ref. 25711], Lozano-Vilano 2002:21 [ref. 27832], Nelson et al. 2004:108 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:296 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:30 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:106 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:15 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:10 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon alvarezi Miller 1976. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Southern North America: El Potosí spring, northwest of Galeana (Veracruz, Mexico) endemic [now extinct in the wild]. Habitat: freshwater.

amargosae, Cyprinodon nevadensis Miller [R. R.] 1948:28, Pl. 3 [Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan No. 68; ref. 13064] Amargosa River near Acme, San Bernardino County, California, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 141777. Paratypes: UMMZ 139006 (930), 139011 (1128); USNM 112068 [ex UMMZ 139006] (176). •Synonym of Cyprinodon nevadensis Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1889, but a valid subspecies amargosae Miller 1948 as described -- (Lee et al. 1980:498 [ref. 22416], Swift et al. 1993:121 [ref. 22379], Lazara 2001:89 [ref. 25711], Moyle 2002:332 [ref. 26449], Scharpf 2007:32 [ref. 30398], Page & Burr 2011:458 [ref. 31215]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinodon nevadensis Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1889. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Amargosa River, California [this subspecies]. Habitat: freshwater.

arcuatus, Cyprinodon Minckley [W. L.] & Miller [R. R.] in Minckley, Miller & Norris 2002:699, Fig. 5 [Copeia 2002 (no. 3); ref. 26222] Pond fed by Monkey Spring, tributary to Santa Cruz River, (Gila River basin), 12 kilometers north-northeast of Patagonia, Santa Cruz County, Arizona, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 162700. Paratypes: AMNH 232395 [ex UMMZ 125050] (20); ASU 600 (96), 729 (82), 4672 (7); CAS 18561 (2), 214579 [ex UMMZ 125050] (20); UMMZ 125050 (223), 162701 (41); USNM 21315 (2), 44096 (1), 45441 (2), 130002 (54). •Valid as Cyprinodon arcuatus Minckley & Miller 2002 -- (Nelson et al. 2004:108 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:296 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:30 [ref. 30398], Minckley & Marsh 2009:236 [ref. 31114], Page & Burr 2011:458 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:106 [ref. 32708], Esmaeili et al. 2018:10 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon arcuatus Minckley & Miller 2002. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Arizona (U.S.A.) and possibly northern Mexico [extinct in the wild]. Habitat: freshwater.

artatus, Cyprinodon Hubbs [C. L.] This unpublished Hubbs' manuscript/museum name is mentioned in Minckley et al. 2002:703 [ref. 26222]. It is an unavailable name and should be forgotten. •In the synonymy of Cyprinodon pisteri Miller & Minckley 2002. Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Cyprinodon pisteri Miller & Minckley 2002. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae.

artifrons, Cyprinodon variegatus Hubbs [C. L.] 1936:223, Pl. 6 (figs. 1-5) [Carnegie Institution of Washington Publications No. 457 (art. 17); ref. 2247] Small streams surrounding Progreso, Yucatán, Mexico. Holotype: UMMZ 102082. Paratypes: UMMZ 102083 (4), 102150 (57), 102162 (1), 102168 (8); USNM 117513 (2); ZMA 101006 (5). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:70 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Cyprinodon artifrons Hubbs 1936 -- (Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:103 [ref. 22947], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:224 [ref. 24550], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:154 [ref. 27754], Lazara 2001:82 [ref. 25711], Strecker 2002:301 [ref. 26655], Wiley & Ghedotti 2003:1160 [ref. 27020], Costa in Reis et al. 2003:549, 550 [ref. 27061], Smith et al. 2003:16 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:108 [ref. 27807], Strecker 2005:107 [ref. 28252], Miller 2006:297 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:30 [ref. 30398], García-Hernández et al. 2009:92 [ref. 37265], Page et al. 2013:106 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:16 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:10 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon artifrons Hubbs 1936. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: coastal areas of Yucatán Peninsula (Mexico and Belize). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

atrorus, Cyprinodon Miller [R. R.] 1968:7, Fig. 2 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 659; ref. 7905] South of Cuatro Ciénegas, Coahuila, Mexico (specific locality unkown). Holotype: UMMZ 130380. Paratypes: MCZ 38004 [ex UMMZ 130391] (6); UMMZ 130381 (575, 5 c&s), 130391 (368). •Valid as Cyprinodon atrorus Miller 1968 -- (Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:32 [ref. 22290], Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas 1993:307 [ref. 21105], Echelle & Echelle 1998:855 [ref. 23614], Lazara 2001:82 [ref. 25711], Lozano-Vilano 2002:21 [ref. 27832], Nelson et al. 2004:108 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:298 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:31 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:16 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:10 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon atrorus Miller 1968. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Coahuila, Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

baconi, Cyprinodon Breder [C. M., Jr.] 1932:1, Fig. 1 [American Museum Novitates No. 551; ref. 16362] Lake Forsyth, Andros Island, Bahamas. Holotype: AMNH 10107. Paratypes: (46) AMNH 14233 (8, 1 c&s). •Synonym of Cyprinodon variegatus Lacepède 1803, but a valid subspecies -- (Lee et al. 1983:54 [ref. 22527], Lazara 2001:95 [ref. 25711], Wiley & Ghedotti 2003:1160 [ref. 27020]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinodon variegatus Lacepède 1803. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Bahamas. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

beltrani, Cyprinodon Álvarez [J.] 1949:236, Fig. 1 [Revista de la Sociedad Mexicana de Historia Natural v. 10 (nos 1-4); ref. 12995] Lake Chichancanab, Quintana Roo, Mexico. Holotype: whereabouts unknown. Paratypes: (64 or 65) BMNH 1951.12.3.1-4 (4), UMMZ 160743 (6 or 7). •Valid as Cyprinodon beltrani Álvarez 1949 -- (Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:33 [ref. 22290], Lazara 2001:82 [ref. 25711], Strecker 2002:302 [ref. 26655], Costa in Reis et al. 2003:549 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:108 [ref. 27807], Strecker 2005:107 [ref. 28252], Miller 2006:298 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:30 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:17 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:10 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon beltrani Álvarez 1949. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Atlantic slope, Lake Chichancanab, Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

bifasciatus, Cyprinodon Miller [R. R.] 1968:1, Fig. 1 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 659; ref. 7905] Río Puente Colorado, about 11 kilometers south of Cuatro Ciénegas, Río Mesquites system, Coahuila, Mexico. Holotype: UMMZ 179835. Paratypes: FMNH 69520 (20); UMMZ 179836 (149. now 132), 177863 (100), 179197 (128), 179204 (178), 179212 (16), 179222 (130), 179830 (581), 179857 (53), 179879 (226), 181068 (88), 186303 (176); USNM 203255 (147). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:31 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Cyprinodon bifasciatus Miller 1968 -- (Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:33 [ref. 22290], Echelle & Echelle 1998:854 [ref. 23614], Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas 1999:385 [ref. 23796], Lazara 2001:82 [ref. 25711], Nelson et al. 2004:108 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:299 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:31 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:17 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon bifasciatus Miller 1968. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Thermal springs in Bolsón de Cuatro Ciénegas, Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

bobmilleri, Cyprinodon Lozano-Vilano [M. de L.] & Contreras-Balderas [S.] 1999:383, Figs. 1 A-B, 2 [Copeia 1999 (no. 2); ref. 23796] Manantial Baño de San Ignacio, near Linares, San Fernando basin, Nuevo León, Mexico. Holotype: UANL 11143. Paratypes :IPN P4635 (2); TNHC 24987 (2); TUMNH 183237 (2); UANL 6189 (40), 9030 (234), 11145 (93); UMMZ 233239 (2); USNM 345506 (2). •Valid as Cyprinodon bobmilleri Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas 1999 -- (Lazara 2001:82 [ref. 25711], Nelson et al. 2004:108 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:300 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:31 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:18 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon bobmilleri Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas 1999. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Manantial Baño de San Ignacio, Atlantic Slope of Mexico. Habitat: brackish.

bondi, Cyprinodon Myers [G. S.] 1935:303 [Zoologica, Scientific Contributions of the New York Zoological Society v. 10 (no. 3); ref. 3110] Étang Saumâtre, Haiti, West Indies. Holotype: USNM 100960 [ex NYZS]. Paratypes: USNM 100961 (10), and numerous other paratypes (no depository listed). Type catalog: Mead 1958:132 [ref. 20648]. •Valid as Cyprinodon bondi Myers 1935 -- (Lee et al. 1983:52 [ref. 22527], Smith 1989:7 [ref. 20182], Lazara 2001:83 [ref. 25711], Costa in Reis et al. 2003:549 [ref. 27061], Esmaeili et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon bondi Myers 1935. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: River basins of Hispaniola: Dominican Republic and Haiti. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

bovinus, Cyprinodon Baird [S. F.] & Girard [C. F.] 1853:389 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 6; ref. 15636] Leon Springs, about 7 kilometers north of Fort Stockton, Rio Grande del Norte, Texas, U.S.A. Syntypes: MCZ 1297 [ex USNM] (3), MNHN 0000-0448 [ex USNM] (1), USNM 154785 (1). •Valid as Cyprinodon bovinus Baird & Girard 1853 -- (Lee et al. 1980:493 [ref. 22416], Echelle et al. 1987:668 [ref. 22451], Page & Burr 1991:227 [ref. 18983], Lazara 2001:83 [ref. 25711], Nelson et al. 2004:108 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2007:31 [ref. 30398], Page & Burr 2011:455 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32708], Esmaeili et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon bovinus Baird & Girard 1853. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Texas, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater.

brontotheroides, Cyprinodon Martin [C. H.] & Wainwright [P. C.] 2013:237, Figs. 2B, 3B, 4B [Bulletin of the Peabody Museum of Natural History v. 54 (no. 2); ref. 32978] San Salvador Island, Cresent Pond, 1 km SE of the Gerace Research Center, 24°06'45"N, 74°27'28"W, Bahamas. Holotype: YBM ICH 025878. Paratypes: AMNH 258813, CAS 235268, UMMZ 249831, YPM ICH 025879. Additional cleared and stained specimens obtained. •Valid as Cyprinodon brontotheroides Martin & Wainwright 2013 -- (Esmaeili et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon brontotheroides Martin & Wainwright 2013. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: San Salvador Island, Bahamas. Habitat: freshwater.

browni, Lucania Jordan [D. S.] & Richardson [R. E.] 1907:319, Fig. [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 33 (no. 1572); ref. 10642] Hot spring, 40 miles south of Calexico, Baja California. Holotype: USNM 57838. Paratypes: CAS-SU 20176 [not 20171 as published] (5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:53 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Cyprinodon macularius Baird & Girard 1853 -- (Lazara 2001:88 [ref. 25711], Minckley & Marsh 2009:241 [ref. 31114]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinodon macularius Baird & Girard 1853. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Habitat: freshwater.

calidae, Cyprinodon nevadensis Miller [R. R.] 1948:36 [Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan No. 68; ref. 13064] Outlet ditch of South Tecopa Hot Spring, 1/4-1/2 miles below spring source, Inyo County, Nevada, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 141778. Paratypes: UMMZ 139014 (orig. 145, now 144), 139015 (34, now 0); USNM 112076 [ex UMMZ 139015] (34). Now extinct -- (Lazara 2001:89 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Cyprinodon nevadensis Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1889, but a valid subspecies calidae Miller 1948 as described -- (Lee et al. 1980:498 [ref. 22416], Swift et al. 1993:122 [ref. 22379], Lazara 2001:89 [ref. 25711], Moyle 2002:332 [ref. 26449], Scharpf 2007:32 [ref. 30398], Page & Burr 2011:458 [ref. 31215]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinodon nevadensis Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1889. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Tecopa Hot Springs, Inyo County, California, U.S.A. [extinct]. Habitat: freshwater.

californiensis, Cyprinodon Girard [C. F.] 1859:157 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 11 (nos. 60-77); ref. 18087] Neighborhood of San Diego, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: ANSP 7220 (1), MCZ 1314 (1), MNHN 0000-0447 [ex USNM 311] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:95 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Cyprinodon macularius Baird & Girard 1853 -- (Lazara 2001:88 [ref. 25711], Minckley & Marsh 2009:241 [ref. 31114]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinodon macularius Baird & Girard 1853. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Habitat: freshwater.

ceciliae, Cyprinodon Lozano-Vilano [M. de L.] & Contreras-Balderas [S.] 1993:305, Figs. 3d, 4c [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 4 (no. 4); ref. 21105] Ojo de Agua la Presa, at San Juan de Avilés, 24°11'87"N, 100°04'34"W, Aramberri, Nuevo León, Mexico. Holotype: UANL 8287. Paratypes: AMNH 47837 (2); IBUNAM-P 3237 (2); IPN P4434 (2); TNHC 17462 (2); TU 157270 (2); UAIC 9350.1 (2); UANL 8288-90 (24, 19, 4); UMMZ 215483 (2); USNM 308114 (2). Type catalog: Contreras-Balderas et al. 1998:4 [ref. 23752]. Now extinct -- (Lazara 2001:83 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Cyprinodon ceciliae Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas 1993 [now extinct] -- (Contreras-Balderas & Lozano-Vilano 1996:36 [ref. 22301], Echelle & Echelle 1998:854 [ref. 23614], Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas 1999:382 [ref. 23796], Lazara 2001:83 [ref. 25711], Lozano-Vilano 2002:22 [ref. 27832], Nelson et al. 2004:108 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:300 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:31 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:18 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon ceciliae Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas 1993. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Ojo de Agua La Presa spring, Mexico [extinct in the wild]. Habitat: freshwater.

cyaneostriga, Cyprinodon Ahl [E.] 1938:58 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 124 (no. 3-4); ref. 17128] Curaçao, Netherlands Antilles. Holotype (unique): ZMB 21152. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:148 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:94 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Cyprinodon dearborni Meek 1909 -- (Lazara 2001:83 [ref. 25711], Costa in Reis et al. 2003:549 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinodon dearborni Meek 1909. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Habitat: freshwater.

dearborni, Cyprinodon Meek [S. E.] 1909:208 [Field Columbian Museum, Zoölogical Series v. 7 (no. 7); ref. 14388] Willemstad, Curaçao, Dutch West Indies. Holotype: FMNH 6484. Paratypes: FMNH 6485 (13, 1 c&s). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:31 [ref. 12367]. •Status uncertain -- (Lee et al. 1983:54 [ref. 22527]). •Valid as Cyprinodon dearborni Meek 1909 -- (Cervigón 1991:206 [ref. 24472], Aguilera 1998:47 [ref. 24221], Marín 2000:70 [ref. 26252], Lazara 2001:83 [ref. 25711], Wiley & Ghedotti 2003:1160 [ref. 27020], Costa in Reis et al. 2003:550 [ref. 27061], Esmaeili et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon dearborni Meek 1909. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Coastal habitats of northern South America: Colombia, Netherland Antilles and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

desquamator, Cyprinodon Martin [H. C.] & Wainwright [P. C.] 2013:233, Figs. 3A, 4A, 5A. [Bulletin of the Peabody Museum of Natural History v. 54 (no. 2); ref. 32978] San Salvador Island, Cresent Pond, 1 km SE of the Gerace Research Center, 24°06'45"N, 74°27'28"W, Bahamas. Holotype: YPM ICH 025880. Paratypes: AMNH 258812, CAS 235267, UMMZ 249830, YPB ICH O25881. Plus additional cleared and stained material. Name is a noun in apposition. •Valid as Cyprinodon desquamator Martin & Wainwright 2013 -- (Esmaeili et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon desquamator Martin & Wainwright 2013. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: San Salvador Island, Bahamas. Habitat: freshwater.

diabolis, Cyprinodon Wales [J. H.] 1930:68 [Copeia 1930 (no. 3); ref. 16238] Devils Hole, Ash Meadows, Nevada, U.S.A. Holotype: CAS-SU 23928. Paratypes: CAS-SU 23929 (8), UMMZ 95025 (6), USNM 94266 (42). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:53 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Cyprinodon diabolis Wales 1930 -- (Lee et al. 1980:494 [ref. 22416], Page & Burr 1991:230 [ref. 18983], La Rivers 1994:507 [ref. 23389], Fuller et al. 1999:325 [ref. 25838], Lazara 2001:84 [ref. 25711], Minckley et al. 2002:691 [ref. 26222], Nelson et al. 2004:108 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2007:31 [ref. 30398], Page & Burr 2011:460 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32708], Esmaeili et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon diabolis Wales 1930. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Devils Hole, Ash Meadows, Nye County, Nevada, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater.

elegans, Cyprinodon Baird [S. F.] & Girard [C. F.] 1853:389 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 6; ref. 15636] Camanche Springs, Rio Grande del Norte, Texas, U.S.A. Syntypes: ANSP 7222 (1); BMNH 1883.12.14.198 [ex USNM] (1); MCZ 1299 (3), 1473 (2), 36009 [ex USNM 21321] (1); MNHN 0000-0450 [ex USNM 686] (1); UMMZ 56903 [ex USNM 686, old UMMZ 4047] (1); USNM 21320 [orig. 686] (1), 21321 [orig. 687] (18). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:95 [ref. 13621]; type information: Suttkus & Williams 2008:20 [ref. 30361]. •Valid as Cyprinodon elegans Baird & Girard 1853 -- (Lee et al. 1980:495 [ref. 22416], Echelle et al. 1987:668 [ref. 22451], Page & Burr 1991:227 [ref. 18983], Echelle & Echelle 1998:854 [ref. 23614], Lazara 2001:84 [ref. 25711], Nelson et al. 2004:108 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2007:31 [ref. 30398], Page & Burr 2011:456 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32708], Esmaeili et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon elegans Baird & Girard 1853. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Texas, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater.

ellipsoidea, Lebia Lesueur [C. A.] 1821:6, Pl. 2 (figs. 1-3) [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 2736] Eastern Florida, U.S.A. No types known. Lesueur specimens: MNHN B-0909 (6). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:15 [ref. 19576]. •Synonym of Cyprinodon variegatus Lacepède 1803 -- (Lazara 2001:94 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinodon variegatus Lacepède 1803. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

eremus, Cyprinodon macularius Miller [R. R.] & Fuiman [L. A.] 1987:596, Figs. 3-4 [Copeia 1987 (no. 3); ref. 9180] Spring-fed pond, Quitobaquito, Organ Pipe Cactus Natl. Monument, Pima County, Arizona, U.S.A., elevation 332 meters. Holotype: UMMZ 162661. Paratypes: AMNH 57133 (10); ANSP 158520 (10); FMNH 97069 (10); SIO 59-43 (27); UMMZ 162662 (386), 211156 (4); USNM 279473 (10). •Synonym of Cyprinodon macularius Baird & Girard 1853 but a valid subspecies as described -- (Douglas et al. 2001:141 [ref. 25435]). •Valid as Cyprinodon eremus Miller & Fuiman 1987 -- (Lazara 2001:84 [ref. 25711], Minckley et al. 2002:691 [ref. 26222], Nelson et al. 2004:108 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:301 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:31 [ref. 30398], Minckley & Marsh 2009:234 [ref. 31114], Page & Burr 2011:458 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:19 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon eremus Miller & Fuiman 1987. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Border area between Arizona, U.S.A. and northern Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

esconditus, Cyprinodon Strecker [U.] 2002:302, Figs. 3-4 [Cybium v. 26 (no. 4); ref. 26655] Southern end of Laguna Chichancanab at its broadest part, 19°51'10"N, 88°45'58"W, Yucatan Peninsula, Quintana Roo, Mexico. Holotype: IBUNAM-9488. Paratypes: ECO-CH 4766-67 (1, 1); ZMH 23905-27 (1 ea.), 23929-41 (1 ea.); UMMZ 201752 (1). •Valid as Cyprinodon esconditus Strecker 2002 -- (Costa in Reis et al. 2003:550 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:108 [ref. 27807], Strecker 2005:107 [ref. 28252], Miller 2006:302 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:30 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:19 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon esconditus Strecker 2002. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Lake Chichancanab, Mexico. Habitat: marine.

eximius, Cyprinodon Girard [C. F.] 1859:158 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 11 (nos. 60-77); ref. 18087] Río Chihuahua [= Río Chuviscar at Chihuahua City], Mexico. Syntypes: ANSP 7223 (1), MCZ 1308 [ex USNM] (1), MNHN 0000-0452 [ex USNM] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:96 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Cyprinodon eximius Girard 1859 -- (Lee et al. 1980:496 [ref. 22416], Minckley & Minckley 1986:188 [ref. 8066], Page & Burr 1991:230 [ref. 18983], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:33 [ref. 22290], Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas 1993:307 [ref. 21105], Echelle & Echelle 1998:854 [ref. 23614], Lazara 2001:85 [ref. 25711], Lozano-Vilano 2002:21 [ref. 27832], Nelson et al. 2004:108 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:302 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:32 [ref. 30398], De la Maza-Benignos & Vela-Valladares 2009:185 [ref. 30539], Page & Burr 2011:460 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:20 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon eximius Girard 1859. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Texas (U.S.A.) and northern Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

felicianus, Trifarcius Poey [F.] 1868:412 [Repertorio Fisico-Natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3505] Havana, Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 6402 (3), 6410 (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:177 [ref. 22926]. •Synonym of Cyprinodon variegatus Lacepède 1803, subspecies riverendi (Poey 1860) -- (Lazara 2001:95 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Cyprinodon riverendi (Poey 1860) -- (Lee et al. 1983:54 [ref. 22527], Costa in Reis et al. 2003:550 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinodon riverendi (Poey 1860). Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fontinalis, Cyprinodon Smith [M. L.] & Miller [R. R.] 1980:405, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 93 (no. 2); ref. 8663] About 36 kilometers west of Villa Ahumada (30°35'N, 106°51'W), Mexico. Holotype: UMMZ 204189. Paratypes: FMNH 83893 (15); UMMZ 203022 (613), 204190-94 (36, 28, 105, 53, 68); USNM 220601 (15). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:31 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Cyprinodon fontinalis Smith & Miller 1980 -- (Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:33 [ref. 22290], Lazara 2001:85 [ref. 25711], Minckley et al. 2002:691 [ref. 26222], Nelson et al. 2004:108 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:303 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:32 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:20 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon fontinalis Smith & Miller 1980. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Bolsón de los Muertos, Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

gibbosus, Cyprinodon Baird [S. F.] & Girard [C. F.] 1853:390 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 6; ref. 15636] Indianola, Texas, U.S.A. Syntypes: ANSP 7221 (1), MCZ 1294 (4), MNHN 0000-0449 [ex USNM 684] (2). •Synonym of Cyprinodon variegatus Lacepède 1803 -- (Lazara 2001:94 [ref. 25711], Suttkus & Williams 2008:20 [ref. 30361]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinodon variegatus Lacepède 1803. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

higuey, Cyprinodon Rodriguez [C. M.] & Smith [M. L.] in Smith, Rodriguez & Lydeard 1990:3, Figs. 2-4 [American Museum Novitates No. 2990; ref. 20085] Laguna de Bávaro at village of Cabeza de Toro, Altagracia Province, Dominican Republic. Holotype: AMNH 58623. Paratypes: AMNH 58624 (11 or 10, 4 c&s), 58625 (49), UF 80375 (10), UMMZ 216033 (10). •Valid as Cyprinodon higuey Rodriguez & Smith 1990 -- (Lazara 2001:85 [ref. 25711], Costa in Reis et al. 2003:550 [ref. 27061], Esmaeili et al. 2018:13 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon higuey Rodriguez & Smith 1990. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Coastal habitats in eastern Hispaniola: Dominican Republic. Habitat: freshwater.

hubbsi, Cyprinodon Carr [A. F., Jr.] 1936:160 [Copeia 1936 (no. 3); ref. 17973] Southwestern shore, Lake Eustis, Lake County, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 137335. Paratypes: UMMZ 137336 (1, allotype), 13737-38 (15, 11), ?UMMZ (20); UF 177 (7), 543 (14), 1785 (16), UF [ex FSU 6934] (11). Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:112 [ref. 21035]. •Valid as Cyprinodon hubbsi Carr 1936 -- (Lazara 2001:86 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Cyprinodon variegatus Lacepède 1803, but a valid subspecies hubbsi Carr 1936 -- (Lee et al. 1980:504 [ref. 22416], Lee et al. 1983:54 [ref. 22527], Scharpf 2007:33 [ref. 30398], Page & Burr 2011:454 [ref. 31215] with comments, Martin & Wainwright 2013:231 [ref. 32978]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinodon variegatus Lacepède 1803. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Florida, U.S.A. [subspecies hubbsi when treated as valid]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

inmemoriam, Cyprinodon Lozano-Vilano [M. de L.] & Contreras-Balderas [S.] 1993:299, Fig. 3b [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 4 (no. 4); ref. 21105] Ojo la Trinidad, 24°06.3'N, 100°03.3'W, interior basin of Llanos de Salas, Aramberri, Nuevo León, Mexico. Holotype (unique): UANL 8279. Type catalog: Contreras-Balderas et al. 1998:4 [ref. 23752]. Now extinct -- (Contreras-Balderas & Lozano-Vilano 1996:34 [ref. 22301], Lazara 2001:86 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Cyprinodon inmemoriam Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas 1993 -- (Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas 1999:382 [ref. 23796], Lazara 2001:86 [ref. 25711], Lozano-Vilano 2002:21 [ref. 27832], Nelson et al. 2004:108 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:303 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:32 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:21 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:13 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon inmemoriam Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas 1993. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Ojo de Agua La Trinidad, Mexico [extinct]. Habitat: freshwater.

jamaicensis, Cyprinodon Fowler [H. W.] 1939:1, Figs. 1-2 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 35; ref. 1431] Jamaica. Holotype: ANSP 68630. Paratypes: ANSP 68631 (1, missing). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:96 [ref. 13621]. •Status uncertain -- (Lee et al. 1983:54 [ref. 22527]). •Synonym of Cyprinodon variegatus Lacepède 1803, subspecies riverendi (Poey 1860) -- (Lazara 2001:95 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Cyprinodon riverendi (Poey 1860) -- (Costa in Reis et al. 2003:550 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinodon riverendi (Poey 1860). Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Habitat: freshwater.

julimes, Cyprinodon De la Maza-Benignos [M.] & Vela-Valladares [L.] in De la Maza-Benignos 2009:185 [Apéndice D], fig. (p. 183) [Los Peces del Río Conchos; ref. 30589] Thermal Spring, "El Pandeño de los Pando", Rio Conchos Basin, Municipality of Julimes, Chihuahua, Mexico. Holotype: UANL 18721. Paratypes: TNHC 18210 (39), UMMZ 248729 (2), UTA 39729 (2), USNM 391634 (2). •Valid as Cyprinodon julimes De la Maza-Benignos & Vela-Valladares 2009 -- (Page et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:21 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:13 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon julimes De la Maza-Benignos & Vela-Valladares 2009. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Southern North America: thermal spring, Rio Conchos Basin, Chihuahua, Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

labiosus, Cyprinodon Humphries [J. M.] & Miller [R. R.] 1981:55, Figs. 3C, 4A, 5C [Copeia 1981 (no. 1); ref. 8587] Laguna Chichancanab, in lagoon at southern end on northern side of highway 184, Yucatán Peninsula, Quintana Roo, Mexico. Holotype: UMMZ 203907. Paratypes: TU 111575 (6); UMMZ 196546 (64, 5 c&s), 201734 (3), 201749 (77), 201755 (16), 201760 (37, 5 c&s), 203815 (1), 203908 (1, allotype); USNM 220012 (4); plus 3 sent to Mexican Government. Type catalog: Bart & Taylor 1993:51 [ref. 20906]. Also appeared in Humphries & Miller 1981:134 [ref. 8588]. •Valid as Cyprinodon labiosus Humphries & Miller 1981 -- (Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:33 [ref. 22290], Lazara 2001:86 [ref. 25711], Strecker 2002:302 [ref. 26655], Costa in Reis et al. 2003:550 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:108 [ref. 27807], Strecker 2005:107 [ref. 28252], Miller 2006:304 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:30 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:22 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:13 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon labiosus Humphries & Miller 1981. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Southern North America: Endorheic Lake Chichancanab (Quintana Roo, Mexico) endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

laciniatus, Cyprinodon Hubbs [C. L.] & Miller [R. R.] 1942:5, Figs. 1A, C, E; Pl. 1 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 458; ref. 10893] Lake Cunningham, New Providence Island, Bahamas. Holotype: UMMZ 134565. Paratypes: BMNH 1954.3.27.1-4 [ex UMMZ 72185] (4); UMMZ 72185 (4, now 0), 135464 (24), 134566 (17). •Valid as Cyprinodon laciniatus Hubbs & Miller 1942 -- (Lee et al. 1983:53 [ref. 22527], Smith 1989:6 [ref. 20182], Lazara 2001:86 [ref. 25711], Wiley & Ghedotti 2003:1160 [ref. 27020], Esmaeili et al. 2018:13 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon laciniatus Hubbs & Miller 1942. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Bahamas. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

latifasciatus, Cyprinodon Garman [S.] 1881:92 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 8 (no. 3); ref. 1530] Spring near Parras, Coahuila, Mexico. Lectotype: MCZ 37995 [ex MCZ 24884]. Paralectotypes: MCZ 24883 (2), 24884 (now 9), 37995 (1); SMNS 3035 (1); UMMZ 163091 [ex MCZ 24884] (2); USNM 120254 [ex MCZ 24884] (4), 163091 [ex MCZ 24884] (2). Type catalog: Fricke 1995:12 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:34 [ref. 29864] Lectotype designation not researched, not designated here. Now extinct -- (Lazara 2001:86 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Cyprinodon latifasciatus Garman 1881 -- (Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:33 [ref. 22290], Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas 1993:307 [ref. 21105], Lazara 2001:86 [ref. 25711], Lozano-Vilano 2002:21 [ref. 27832], Nelson et al. 2004:108 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:304 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:32 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:23 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:13 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon latifasciatus Garman 1881. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: North America: Parras, Coahuila, Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

longidorsalis, Cyprinodon Lozano-Vilano [M. de L.] & Contreras-Balderas [S.] 1993:297, Figs. 3a, 4a [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 4 (no. 4); ref. 21105] Charco la Palma, 24°04'N, 100°05.3'W, interior basin of Llanos de Salas, Aramberri, Nuevo León, Mexico. Holotype: UANL 8281. Paratypes: IBUNAM-P 3235 (2); IPN P4437 (2); UANL 8282-86 (1, 4, 5, 1, 2), 8317 (1), 9027 (3); UMMZ 215481 (2); USNM 308116 (2). Type catalog: Contreras-Balderas et al. 1998:4 [ref. 23752] but not UANL 8293. Now extinct -- (Contreras-Balderas & Lozano-Vilano 1996:34 [ref. 22301]). •Valid as Cyprinodon longidorsalis Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas 1993 -- (Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas 1999:382 [ref. 23796], Lazara 2001:87 [ref. 25711], Lozano-Vilano 2002:21 [ref. 27832], Nelson et al. 2004:108 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:304 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:32 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:23 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:13 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon longidorsalis Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas 1993. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Charco la Palma, Mexico [extinct in wild]. Habitat: freshwater.

macrolepis, Cyprinodon Miller [R. R.] 1976:74, Fig. 1F [Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences v. 75 (no. 2); ref. 7032] El Ojo de la Hacienda Dolores, a hot spring 12.5 kilometers south southwest of Jiménez, Chihuahua, Mexico, elevation 1405 meters. Holotype: UMMZ 168982. Paratypes: UMMZ 168981 (40), 168983 (135), 196736 (789, 6 c&s). •Valid as Cyprinodon macrolepis Miller 1976 -- (Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:33 [ref. 22290], Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas 1993:307 [ref. 21105], Echelle & Echelle 1998:854 [ref. 23614], Lazara 2001:87 [ref. 25711], Lozano-Vilano 2002:21 [ref. 27832], Nelson et al. 2004:108 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:305 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:32 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:24 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:14 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon macrolepis Miller 1976. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: El Ojo de la Hacienda Dolores and outlet, Atlantic Slope of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

macularius, Cyprinodon Baird [S. F.] & Girard [C. F.] 1853:389 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 6; ref. 15636] Rio San Pedro, tributary to Gila River, Arizona, U.S.A. Syntypes: ANSP 7219 [ex USNM] (1); ?MCZ 1313 (3), MCZ 1472 (2); USNM 992 (8, missing). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:96 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Cyprinodon macularius Baird & Girard 1853 -- (Lee et al. 1980:497 [ref. 22416], Hendrickson & Romero 1989:478 [ref. 22444], Page & Burr 1991:228 [ref. 18983], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:33 [ref. 22290], Swift et al. 1993:121 [ref. 22379], Zengel & Glenn 1996:73 [ref. 25513], Echelle & Echelle 1998:854 [ref. 23614], Fuller et al. 1999:326 [ref. 25838], Echelle et al. 2000:353 [ref. 24453], Lazara 2001:87 [ref. 25711], Minckley et al. 2002:691 [ref. 26222], Moyle 2002:326 [ref. 26449], Nelson et al. 2004:108 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:305 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:32 [ref. 30398], Minckley & Marsh 2009:239 [ref. 31114], Page & Burr 2011:457 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:24 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:14 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon macularius Baird & Girard 1853. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: North America: southwestern U.S.A. (Arizona and California) and northern Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

maya, Cyprinodon Humphries [J. M.] & Miller [R. R.] 1981:55, Figs. 2B, 3B, 5B [Copeia 1981 (no. 1); ref. 8587] Laguna Chichancanab, in lagoon at southern end on northern side of highway 184, Yucatán, Mexico. Holotype: UMMZ 203903. Paratypes: TU 111576 (5); UMMZ 196547 (65), 201735 (32, now 25), 201748 (108, now 105, 1 skel., 5 c&s), 201756 (18), 201761 (99, 5 c&s), 203904 (1, allotype); USNM 220013 (5); plus 3 sent to Mexican Government. Type catalog: Bart & Taylor 1993:51 [ref. 20906]. Also appeared in Humphries & Miller 1981:133 [ref. 8588]. •Valid as Cyprinodon maya Humphries & Miller 1981 -- (Smith 1989:6 [ref. 20182], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:34 [ref. 22290], Lazara 2001:88 [ref. 25711], Strecker 2002:301 [ref. 26655], Nelson et al. 2004:108 [ref. 27807], Strecker 2005:107 [ref. 28252], Miller 2006:306 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:30 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:24 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:14 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon maya Humphries & Miller 1981. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Lake Chichancanab, Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

meeki, Cyprinodon Miller [R. R.] 1976:73, Fig. 1E [Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences v. 75 (no. 2); ref. 7032] Pond fed by hot springs, tributary to Río del Tunal, about 9 kilometers east of Durango City, Durango, Mexico, elevation about 1880 meters. Holotype: UMMZ 197420. Paratypes: CAS 33901 (169), 33899 (27); FMNH 4388 (68), 9076 (9); UMMZ 166709 (89, 3 c&s), 167727 (13), 179649 (1), 192458 (96), 196789 (4). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:31 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Cyprinodon meeki Miller 1976 -- (Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:34 [ref. 22290], Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas 1993:307 [ref. 21105], Echelle & Echelle 1998:855 [ref. 23614], Lazara 2001:88 [ref. 25711], Lozano-Vilano 2002:21 [ref. 27832], Nelson et al. 2004:108 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2007:32 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:25 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:14 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon meeki Miller 1976. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Headwaters of Mezquital River, Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

milleri, Cyprinodon LaBounty [J. F.] & Deacon [J. E.] 1972:769 [Copeia 1972 (no. 4); ref. 7623] Cottonball Marsh, Death Valley National Monument, Inyo County, California, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 188995. Paratypes: UMMZ 188996 (155). •Synonym of Cyprinodon salinus Miller 1943, but a valid subspecies milleri LaBounty & Deacon 1972 -- (Swift et al. 1993:122 [ref. 22379], Lazara 2001:92 [ref. 25711], Moyle 2002:336 [ref. 26449], Scharpf 2007:33 [ref. 30398], Page & Burr 2011:458 [ref. 31215] as species or subspecies). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinodon salinus Miller 1943. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Cottonball Marsh, Death Valley National Monument, Inyo County, California, U.S.A. [subspecies milleri]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

mionectes, Cyprinodon nevadensis Miller [R. R.] 1948:44, Pl. 5 [Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan No. 68; ref. 13064] Big Spring, north-central Ash Meadows, Nye County, Nevada, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 141775. Paratypes: UMMZ 132900 (17), 140460 (422); USNM 112069 [ex UMMZ 14060] (10). •Synonym of Cyprinodon nevadensis Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1889, but a valid subspecies mionectes Miller 1948 as described -- (Lee et al. 1980:498 [ref. 22416], Baugh et al. 1986:544 [ref. 9759], La Rivers 1994:504 [ref. 23389], Lazara 2001:90 [ref. 25711], Moyle 2002:333 [ref. 26449], Scharpf 2007:33 [ref. 30398], Page & Burr 2011:458 [ref. 31215]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinodon nevadensis Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1889. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Lower Ash Meadows, Nevada, U.S.A. [subspecies mionectes]. Habitat: freshwater.

nazas, Cyprinodon Miller [R. R.] 1976:72, Fig. 1C [Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences v. 75 (no. 2); ref. 7032] Río Nazas near its mouth at San Miguel, near edge of Laguna Mayrán, Coahuila, Mexico, elevation 1092 meters. Holotype: UMMZ 197419. Paratypes: CAS 33902-03 (394, 6); TU 30616 (26); UMMZ 161674 (124), 166707 (175, 2 c&s), 196712 (207, ? now 842, 16 c&s); USNM 132618 (5). Type catalog: Bart & Taylor 1993:51 [ref. 20906]. •Valid as Cyprinodon nazas Miller 1976 -- (Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:34 [ref. 22290], Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas 1993:307 [ref. 21105], Echelle & Echelle 1998:855 [ref. 23614], Lazara 2001:88 [ref. 25711], Lozano-Vilano 2002:21 [ref. 27832], Nelson et al. 2004:108 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:307 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:32 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:26 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:14 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon nazas Miller 1976. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

nevadensis, Cyprinodon Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1889:270 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 1; ref. 19653] Saratoga Spring, south arm of Death Valley, Inyo County, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: CAS 580 (3, lost in 1906). •Valid as Cyprinodon nevadensis Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1889 -- (Lee et al. 1980:498 [ref. 22416], Baugh et al. 1986:544 [ref. 9757], Page & Burr 1991:228 [ref. 18983], Swift et al. 1993:121 [ref. 22379], La Rivers 1994:500 [ref. 23389], Echelle & Echelle 1998:854 [ref. 23614], Fuller et al. 1999:327 [ref. 25838], Minckley et al. 2002:691 [ref. 26222], Nelson et al. 2004:108 [ref. 27807], Page & Burr 2011:458 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32708]). •Valid as Cyprinodon nevadensis Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1889, subspecies nevadensis Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1889 -- (Lazara 2001:88 [ref. 25711], Moyle 2002:332 [ref. 26449], Scharpf 2007:32 [ref. 30398], Esmaeili et al. 2018:14 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon nevadensis Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1889. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Nevada and California, U.S.A.; Saratoga Spring and adjoining lakes, California [subspecies nevadensis]. Habitat: freshwater.

nichollsi, Cyprinodon Smith [M. L.] 1989:3, Fig. 1 [American Museum Novitates No. 2953; ref. 20182] Sandy beach at Laguna de Oviedo, 4 kilometerseast of Oviedo on hyw 44, Jaragua Natl. park, Dominican Republic. Holotype: AMNH 58278. Paratypes: AMNH 58279 (135, 10 c&s), 58280 (10); UF 79181 (10); UMMZ 214865 (107); USNM 300935 (10). •Valid as Cyprinodon nichollsi Smith 1989 -- (Lazara 2001:91 [ref. 25711], Costa in Reis et al. 2003:550 [ref. 27061], Esmaeili et al. 2018:14 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon nichollsi Smith 1989. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Coastal habitats in southern Hispaniola: Dominican Republic. Habitat: freshwater.

ovinus, Esox Mitchill [S. L.] 1815:441, Pl. 4 (fig. 7) [Transactions of the Literary and Philosophical Society of New-York v. 1 (art. 5) (for 1814); ref. 13292] New York, U.S.A. No types known. Apparently misprinted oviceps in Lee et al. 1983 [ref. 22527] or else the species oviceps is unknown to us. •Synonym of Cyprinodon variegatus Lacepède 1803 -- (Lee et al. 1980:504 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:411 [ref. 22186]). •Synonym of Cyprinodon variegatus Lacepède 1803, but a valid subspecies ovinus (Mitchill 1815) -- (Lazara 2001:95 [ref. 25711], Scharpf 2007:33 [ref. 30398]). •Questionably a synonym of Cyprinodon variegatus Lacepède 1803 - (Ross et al. 2001:374 [ref. 25978]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinodon variegatus Lacepède 1803. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Coastal warters from Massachussets to South Carolina, U.S.A. [this subspecies]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pachycephalus, Cyprinodon Minckley [W. L.] & Minckley [C. O.] 1986:184, Figs. 1-2 [Copeia 1986 (no. 1); ref. 8066] Baños de San Diego, east of Chihuahua, Mexico, 28°35.5'N, 105°32.5'W, elevation about 1140 meters. Holotype: UMMZ 213401. Paratypes: ASU 6415 (100), UMMZ 213402 (25). Additional material: UMMZ 203016, 207704, 207705, and other UMMZ uncat. lots. •Valid as Cyprinodon pachycephalus Minckley & Minckley 1986 -- (Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:34 [ref. 22290], Echelle & Echelle 1998:855 [ref. 23614], Lazara 2001:91 [ref. 25711], Lozano-Vilano 2002:20 [ref. 27832], Nelson et al. 2004:109 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:308 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:33 [ref. 30398], De la Maza-Benignos & Vela-Valladares in Maza-Benignos 2009:185 [ref. 30589], Page et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:26 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:15 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon pachycephalus Minckley & Minckley 1986. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Southern North America: San Diego de Alcalá (Atlantic Slope of Mexico). Habitat: freshwater.

pecosensis, Cyprinodon Echelle [A. A.] & Echelle [A. F.] 1978:573, Figs. 2-3 [Copeia 1978 (no. 4); ref. 8937] Oxbow of Pecos River at Bitter Lake National Wildlife Refuge, Chaves County, New Mexico, U.S.A. Holotype: TU 97127. Paratypes: BU 1904 (31), 1905 (45); TNHC 4805 (43), 4812 (45), 4816 (64), 4820 (71), 4847 (73), 4854 (91); TU 97026 (19 lots). Type catalog: Bart & Taylor 1993:51-52 [ref. 20906]. •Valid as Cyprinodon pecosensis Echelle & Echelle 1978 -- (Lee et al. 1980:499 [ref. 22416], Echelle et al. 1987:668 [ref. 22451], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:145 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:227 [ref. 18983], Lazara 2001:91 [ref. 25711], Nelson et al. 2004:109 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2007:33 [ref. 30398], Page & Burr 2011:455 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32708], Esmaeili et al. 2018:15 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon pecosensis Echelle & Echelle 1978. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Texas and New Mexico (reduced range), U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater.

pectoralis, Cyprinodon nevadensis Miller [R. R.] 1948:58, Pl. 6 [Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan No. 68; ref. 13064] Concrete pool just below Lovell's Spring, Ash Meadows, Nye County, Nevada, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 141779. Paratypes: UMMZ 132908 (255, now 245), USNM 112070 [ex UMMZ 132908] (10). •Synonym of Cyprinodon nevadensis Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1889, but a valid subspecies pectoralis Miller 1948 as described -- (Lee et al. 1980:498 [ref. 22416], La Rivers 1994:505 [ref. 23389], Lazara 2001:90 [ref. 25711], Moyle 2002:333 [ref. 26449], Scharpf 2007:33 [ref. 30398], Page & Burr 2011:458 [ref. 31215]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinodon nevadensis Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1889. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Springs around Devils Hole, upper Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge, Nevada, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater.

pisteri, Cyprinodon Miller [R. R.] & Minckley [W. L.] in Minckley, Miller & Norris 2002:687, Figs. 1-2 [Copeia 2002 (no. 3); ref. 26222] Ojo de Palomas Viejo (now dry), 5.2 kilometers south of Las Palomas, 31°45'N, 107°40'W, Chihuahua, Mexico. Holotype: UMMZ 162629. Paratypes: ASU 9258 (88); UANL 15048 [ex UMMZ 203024] (?); UMMZ 136126 (50), 162616 (181), 162630 (103, 15 c&s, 2 dry skeletons), 181124 (17), 182395 (305, 10 c&s), 182399 (2), 203017 (206), 203024 (306, 6 c&s), 208225 (2), 208230 (7), 208235 (1), 208241 (21), 209217 (57), 209021 (99), 211147 (51), 211153 (102), 211625 (104), 212314 (45); UNAM 12922 [ex UMMZ 203024] (?). •Valid as Cyprinodon pisteri Miller & Minckley 2002 -- (Nelson et al. 2004:109 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:308 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:33 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:107 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:27 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:15 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon pisteri Miller & Minckley 2002. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Northern Chihuahua, Mexico and southwestern New Mexico (U.S.A.) [introduction]. Habitat: freshwater.

radiosus, Cyprinodon Miller [R. R.] 1948:87, Pl. 9 [Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan No. 68; ref. 13064] Northwestern spring-feeder of Fish Slough, about 10 miles north of Bishop, Mono County, California, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 146653. Paratypes: UMMZ ?65691 (61), 124843 (123), 133155 (34), 138137 (35), 133007 (28 or 378). •Valid as Cyprinodon radiosus Miller 1948 -- (Lee et al. 1980:500 [ref. 22416], Page & Burr 1991:228 [ref. 18983], Fuller et al. 1999:328 [ref. 25838], Lazara 2001:91 [ref. 25711], Minckley et al. 2002:691 [ref. 26222], Moyle 2002:329 [ref. 26449], Nelson et al. 2004:109 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2007:33 [ref. 30398], Page & Burr 2011:458 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:108 [ref. 32708], Esmaeili et al. 2018:15 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon radiosus Miller 1948. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Owens Valley, California, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater.

rhomboidalis, Lebias Valenciennes [A.] in Humboldt & Valenciennes 1821:160, Pl. 51 (figs. 3, 7) [Voyage de Humboldt et Bonpland v. 2 (Title page 1833); ref. 5612] No locality [Lake Ponchatrain, Louisiana, U.S.A.]. •Synonym of Cyprinodon variegatus Lacepède 1803 -- (Lazara 2001:94 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinodon variegatus Lacepède 1803. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

riverendi, Trifarcius Poey [F.] 1860:306 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Havana, Cuba. No types known. •Status uncertain -- (Lee et al. 1983:54 [ref. 22527]). •Synonym of Cyprinodon variegatus Lacepède 1803, but a valid subspecies -- (Lazara 2001:95 [ref. 25711], Wiley & Ghedotti 2003:1160 [ref. 27020]). •Valid as Cyprinodon riverendi (Poey 1860) -- (Costa in Reis et al. 2003:550 [ref. 27061], Scharpf 2007:30 [ref. 30398], Esmaeili et al. 2018:15 [ref. 36738]). •Mention -- (Miller 2006:310 [ref. 28615]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon riverendi (Poey 1860). Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Coastal habitats of Cuba, Hispaniola and adjacent small islands, Grand Cayman Island and Florida Keys. Habitat: freshwater.

rubrofluviatilis, Cyprinodon bovinus Fowler [H. W.] 1916:430, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 68; ref. 1394] Rio Brazos, between Seymour and Authon, Texas, U.S.A. Holotype: ANSP 20266 (missing). Paratypes: ANSP 20267-324 (58, missing). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:97 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Cyprinodon rubrofluviatilis Fowler 1916 -- (Lee et al. 1980:501 [ref. 22416], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:145 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:226 [ref. 18983], Fuller et al. 1999:328 [ref. 25838], Lazara 2001:92 [ref. 25711], Nelson et al. 2004:109 [ref. 27807], Miller & Robison 2004:264 [ref. 27931], Scharpf 2007:33 [ref. 30398], Page & Burr 2011:455 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:108 [ref. 32708], Esmaeili et al. 2018:15 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon rubrofluviatilis Fowler 1916. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Oklahoma and Texas, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater.

salinus, Cyprinodon Miller [R. R.] 1943:69, Fig. 1; Pl. 1 [Copeia 1943 (no. 2); ref. 11761] Salt Creek, Death Valley, Inyo County, California, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 132940. Paratypes: ANSP 77462 [ex UMMZ] (12); MNHN 1953-0034 [ex UMMZ 94444] (9); CAS-SU 23045 (147, now 141); UMMZ 65962 (36), 94444 (9, now 0), 140482 (488), 132941 (orig. 1642, now 1595); ZMA 102216 [ex UMMZ] (35). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:69 [ref. 19236], Böhlke 1984:97 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Cyprinodon salinus Miller 1943 -- (Lee et al. 1980:502 [ref. 22416], Page & Burr 1991:229 [ref. 18983], Swift et al. 1993:122 [ref. 22379], Fuller et al. 1999:329 [ref. 25838], Minckley et al. 2002:691 [ref. 26222], Nelson et al. 2004:109 [ref. 27807], Page & Burr 2011:458 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:108 [ref. 32708]). •Valid as Cyprinodon salinus Miller 1943, subspecies salinus Miller 1943 -- (Lazara 2001:92 [ref. 25711], Moyle 2002:336 [ref. 26449], Scharpf 2007:33 [ref. 30398], Page & Burr 2011:459 [ref. 31215], Esmaeili et al. 2018:15 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon salinus Miller 1943. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Salt Creek, Death Valley, Inyo County, California, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

salvadori, Cyprinodon Lozano-Vilano [M. de L.] 2002:17, Figs. 2 A-B [Libro jubilar en honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas 2002; ref. 27832] Rio Santa Rosa (Bocochic), "a 15.3 kilometers antes de llegar a Carichic" (San Juanito) Chihuahua, Mexico, 27°55'35"N, 107°11'01"W. Holotype: UANL 6999. Paratypes: UANL 14215 (50, now at IPN P4688 (2), TNHC 25026 (2), TU 185675 (2), UMMZ 234193 (2); USNM 357727 (now 1)). The holotype is listed as both UANL 6999 and 14215 on p. 17. •Valid as Cyprinodon salvadori Lozano-Vilano 2002 -- (Nelson et al. 2004:109 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:309 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:33 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:108 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:27 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:16 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon salvadori Lozano-Vilano 2002. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Río Santa Rosa, Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

shoshone, Cyprinodon nevadensis Miller [R. R.] 1948:39, Pl. 4 [Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan No. 68; ref. 13064] Outlet of Shoshone Spring, near Shoshone, Inyo County, California, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 141780. Paratypes: UMMZ 132936 (656). •Synonym of Cyprinodon nevadensis Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1889, but a valid subspecies shoshone Miller 1948 as described -- (Lee et al. 1980:498 [ref. 22416], Swift et al. 1993:122 [ref. 22379], Lazara 2001:90 [ref. 25711], Moyle 2002:333 [ref. 26449], Scharpf 2007:33 [ref. 30398], Page & Burr 2011:458 [ref. 31215]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinodon nevadensis Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1889. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Outlet of Shoshone Spring, Inyo County, California, U.S.A. [subspecies shoshone]. Habitat: freshwater.

simus, Cyprinodon Humphries [J. M.] & Miller [R. R.] 1981:60, Figs. 3D, 4B, 5D [Copeia 1981 (no. 1); ref. 8587] Chichancanab Lagoon, in lagoon at southern end on northern side of highway 184, Yucatán, Mexico. Holotype: UMMZ 203905. Paratypes: TU 111577 (1); UMMZ 196545 (17), 201736 (2), 201750 (5), 201757 (1), 201762 (18, 5 c&s), 203906 (1, allotype); USNM 220014 (1). Type catalog: Bart & Taylor 1993:52 [ref. 20906]. Also appeared in Humphries & Miller 1981:136 [ref. 8588]. •Valid as Cyprinodon simus Humphries & Miller 1981 -- (Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:34 [ref. 22290], Lazara 2001:93 [ref. 25711], Strecker 2002:301 [ref. 26655], Costa in Reis et al. 2003:550 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:109 [ref. 27807], Strecker 2005:107 [ref. 28252], Miller 2006:309 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:30 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:108 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:28 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:16 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon simus Humphries & Miller 1981. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Laguna Chichancanab, Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

sonoytae, Cyprinodon macularius Peterson [J. S.] 1993:6, Fig. [Arizona Wildlife News Jan. 1993; ref. 20579] Sonoytae River watershed, Arizona, U.S.A. No types. Not intended as a new taxon but perhaps is available for this subspecies [the name sonoytae being a manuscript one given to this subspecies by R. R. Miller]. The only distinguishing features provided are, "The Quitobaquito pupfish differs from the other subspecies by having smaller pelvic fins and fewer fin rays." •Nomen nudum in the synonymy of Cyprinodon eremus Miller & Fuiman 1987 -- (Lazara 2001:85 [ref. 25711] dating to earlier publications, Minckley & Marsh 2009:239 [ref. 31114]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Cyprinodon eremus Miller & Fuiman 1987. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae.

suavium, Cyprinodon Strecker [U.] 2005:109, Figs. 2-3 [Hydrobiologia No. 541; ref. 28252] Dead end of road from Rancho Santa Cruz, 19°56'46"N, 88°45'52"W, Laguna Chichancanab, Yucatan Peninsula, Quintana Roo, Mexico. Holotype: IBUNAM-P13985. Paratypes: ECO-CH 5404 -5405 (1, 1); ZMH 24811-41 (1 ea. lot). •Valid as Cyprinodon suavium Strecker 2005 -- (Scharpf 2007:30 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:108 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:28 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:16 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon suavium Strecker 2005. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Laguna Chichancanab, Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

tularosa, Cyprinodon Miller [R. R.] & Echelle [A. A.] 1975:366, Fig. 1 [Southwestern Naturalist v. 19 (no. 4); ref. 6887] Malpais Spring, about 26 kilometers west-southwest of Three Rivers, Otero County, Tularosa basin, New Mexico, elevation about 1275 meters. Holotype: UMMZ 162610. Paratypes: UMMZ 89492 (241), 121621-22 (85), 155884 (6), 162611 (565, 10 c&s), 162612-13 (308 or 307), 193380 (87). •Valid as Cyprinodon tularosa Miller & Echelle 1975 -- (Lee et al. 1980:503 [ref. 22416], Echelle et al. 1987:668 [ref. 22451], Page & Burr 1991:227 [ref. 18983], Lazara 2001:93 [ref. 25711], Nelson et al. 2004:109 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2007:33 [ref. 30398], Page & Burr 2011:456 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:108 [ref. 32708], Esmaeili et al. 2018:16 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon tularosa Miller & Echelle 1975. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Tularosa Valley, New Mexico, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

variegatus, Cyprinodon Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:486, 487, Pl. 15 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Carolinas, U.S.A. No types known. •Valid as Cyprinodon variegatus Lacepède 1803 , subspecies variegatus Lacepède 1803 -- (Lazara 2001:93 [ref. 25711], Scharpf 2007:33 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:108 [ref. 32708]). •Valid as Cyprinodon variegatus Lacepède 1803 -- (Lee et al. 1980:504 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:411 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:108 [ref. 23100], Smith 1989:6 [ref. 20182], Page & Burr 1991:226 [ref. 18983], Boschung 1992:85 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:306 [ref. 23827], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:34 [ref. 22290], Murdy et al. 1997:122 [ref. 23144], Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas 1999:382 [ref. 23796], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:895 [ref. 23897], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:224 [ref. 24550], Fuller et al. 1999:330 [ref. 25838], Ross et al. 2001:373 [ref. 25978], Wiley & Ghedotti 2003:1160 [ref. 27020], Nelson et al. 2004:109 [ref. 27807], Boschung & Mayden 2004:415 [ref. 27995], Miller 2006:310 [ref. 28615], Page & Burr 2011:454 [ref. 31215], Martin & Wainwright 2013:232 [ref. 32978], Pietsch & Orr 2015:29 [ref. 34694], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:28 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:16 [ref. 36738], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:345 [ref. 36407], Robins et al. 2018:222 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon variegatus Lacepède 1803. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Massachusetts (U.S.A.) to northeastern Mexico; also Antilles. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

variegatus, Cyprinus Bosc [L. A. G.] in Lacepède 1803:486, 487 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Not available, name in footnote in account of Cyprinodon variegatus. Nomen Nudum. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae.

verecundus, Cyprinodon Humphries [J. M.] 1984:62, Fig. 2 [Copeia 1984 (no. 1); ref. 17432] Chichancanab Lagoon, main body of water, about 3.6 kilometers from northern end of basin, Yucatán, Mexico. Holotype: UMMZ 207694. Paratypes: UMMZ 207691 (11), 207695 (12), 207692-93 (1, 7), 207696 (1, allotype); UNO 3413. •Valid as Cyprinodon verecundus Humphries 1984 -- (Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:34 [ref. 22290], Lazara 2001:96 [ref. 25711], Strecker 2002:302 [ref. 26655], Costa in Reis et al. 2003:550 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:109 [ref. 27807], Strecker 2005:107 [ref. 28252], Miller 2006:311 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:30 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:108 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:29 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:16 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon verecundus Humphries 1984. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Laguna Chichancanab, Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

veronicae, Cyprinodon Lozano-Vilano [M. de L.] & Contreras-Balderas [S.] 1993:303, Figs. 3c, 4b [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 4 (no. 4); ref. 21105] Ojo de Agua Charco Azul (= Barreno), 24°09.8'N, 100°03.7'W, Aramberri, Nuevo León, Mexico. Holotype: UANL 8291. Paratypes: AMNH 47838 (2), IBUNAM-P 3236 (2), IPN P4435 (2), TNHC 17463 (2), TU 157271 (2), UAIC 9349.01 (2), UMMZ 215483 (2), UANL 8292-96 (163, 8, 23, 35, 5), USNM 308115 (2). Type catalog: Contreras-Balderas et al. 1998:4 [ref. 23752]. •Valid as Cyprinodon veronicae Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas 1993 -- (Contreras-Balderas & Lozano-Vilano 1996:35 [ref. 22301], Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas 1999:382 [ref. 23796], Lazara 2001:96 [ref. 25711], Lozano-Vilano 2002:22 [ref. 27832], Nelson et al. 2004:109 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:311 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:34 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:108 [ref. 32708], Lozano-Vilano & De la Maza-Benignos 2016:29 [ref. 35401], Esmaeili et al. 2018:16 [ref. 36738]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinodon veronicae Lozano-Vilano & Contreras-Balderas 1993. Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodontinae. Distribution: Ojo de Agua Charco Azul, Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.