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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Diodon: [ 29 ] records


armillatus, Diodon Whitley [G. P.] 1933:107, Pls. 12 (fig. 1), 15 (figs. 2-3) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 19 (no. 1); ref. 4677] Northwest Islet, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS IA.2585 [? = I.34179-001]. Paratypes: AMS IA.4776 (1) [or I.4776]. •Synonym of Diodon hystrix Linnaeus 1758 -- (Duron & Quéro 1990:1074 [ref. 19530], Bray et al. 2006:1933 [ref. 29091]). Current status: Synonym of Diodon hystrix Linnaeus 1758. Diodontidae. Habitat: marine.

atinga, Diodon Bloch [M. E.] 1785:67, Pl. 125 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 1; ref. 4866] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India. Lectotype: ZMB 6812. Paralectotypes: lost. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:76 [ref. 24282]. Based in part on Diodon hystrix Linnaeus 1758, but not D. atringa Linnaeus 1758:334 [ref. 2787]. On p. 75 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 4 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Diodon hystrix Linnaeus 1758 -- (Paepke 1999:76 [ref. 24282]). Current status: Synonym of Diodon hystrix Linnaeus 1758. Diodontidae. Habitat: marine.

bertolettii, Diodon de Lema [T.], Lucena [C. A. S. de], Saenger [S.] & de Oliveira [M. F. T.] 1979:35, Figs. 18-19 [Comunicações do Museu de Ciências da PUCRGS (Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio Grande do Sul) No. 20; ref. 8836] Barra da lagoa da Conceiçao, Florianópolis, Ilha de Santa Catarina, Brazil. Holotype: MCP 5061. Paratypes: MCP 5300 (1). •Synonym of Diodon eydouxii Brisout de Barneville 1846 -- (Leis 1986:905 [ref. 5686], Leis 2006:87 [ref. 28932]). Current status: Synonym of Diodon eydouxii Brisout de Barneville 1846. Diodontidae. Habitat: marine.

bleekeri, Diodon Günther [A.] 1910:475, Pl. 178 [Journal des Museum Godeffroy v. 6 (no. 17); ref. 14460] East Indies; Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia; Society Islands. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Based on literature sources and specimens. •Synonym of Diodon liturosus Shaw 1804 -- (Randall 1995:408 [ref. 22896], Randall 2005:654 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Synonym of Diodon liturosus Shaw 1804. Diodontidae. Habitat: marine.

blochii, Diodon Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:210 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Melbourne fish market, Victoria, Australia. Holotype (unique): not found at MNHN, AMS or NMV. Type catalog: Leis & Bauchot 1984:93 [ref. 12539]. •Synonym of Diodon nicthemerus Cuvier 1818 -- (Bray et al. 2006:1934 [ref. 29091]). Current status: Synonym of Diodon nicthemerus Cuvier 1818. Diodontidae. Habitat: marine.

bocagei, Atopomycterus Steindachner [F.] 1866:53 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe v. 3 (no. 7); ref. 20460] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): NMW 63848. Appeared first in the abstract as above, then in Steindachner 1866:477, Pl. 6 (fig. 3) [ref. 4210]; also on p. 54 of separate. •Synonym of Diodon holocanthus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Duron & Quéro 1990:1073 [ref. 19530], Bray et al. 2006:1933 [ref. 29091]). •Valid as Diodon bocagei (Steindachner 1866) -- (Randall & Johnson 2019:47 [ref. 36831]). Current status: Valid as Diodon bocagei (Steindachner 1866). Diodontidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific Ocean: New South Wales (Australia). Habitat: marine.

brachiatus, Diodon Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] (ex Parra) 1801:513 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Locality not stated [Havana, Cuba]. No types known. Based on the 'Erizo' of Parra 1787:60, Pl. 29 (fig. 1) [ref. 6840]. •Synonym of Diodon hystrix Linnaeus 1758 -- (Duron & Quéro 1990:1074 [ref. 19530]). Current status: Synonym of Diodon hystrix Linnaeus 1758. Diodontidae. Habitat: marine.

echinus, Diodon Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:40, 58 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Status uncertain -- (Tortonese 1973:648 [ref. 7192]). •Questionable synonym of Diodon hystrix Linnaeus 1758 -- (Parenti 2019:109 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Uncertain as Diodon hystrix Linnaeus 1758. Diodontidae. Habitat: marine.

eydouxii, Diodon Brisout de Barneville [C. N. F.] 1846:142 [Revue Zoologique par la Société Cuvierienne (Paris) 1846; ref. 296] Eastern Pacific. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-2153 (2). Type catalog: Le Danois 1962:475 [ref. 21440] with authors as Eydoux & Souleyet, Leis & Bauchot 1984:88 [ref. 12539]. •Valid as Diodon eydouxii Brisout de Barneville 1846 -- (Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:366 [ref. 6441], Leis 1986:905 [ref. 5686], Duron & Quéro 1990:1073 [ref. 19530], Randall 1995:406 [ref. 22896], Lindberg et al. 1997:175 [ref. 23547], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:657 [ref. 24023], Leis in Randall & Lim 2000:649 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1433 [ref. 25182] with author as Brissout & Barneville, Leis 2001:3963 [ref. 26318], Nakabo 2002:1433 [ref. 26193] with author as Brissout & Barneville, Leis 2003:2013 [ref. 27121], Myers & Donaldson 2003:651 [ref. 27495], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:111 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:185 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:538 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:936 [ref. 28815], Leis 2006:87 [ref. 28932], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:195 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:239 [ref. 31256], Page et al. 2013:191 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2014:12 [ref. 33516], Matsuura 2014:24 [ref. 33576], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:193 [ref. 37485], Leis in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:3078 [ref. 34618], Fourriére et al. 2016:451 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:612 [ref. 34923], Fricke et al. 2018:390 [ref. 35805], Carneiro et al. 2019:223 [ref. 37250], Psomadakis et al. 2020:626 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Diodon eydouxii Brisout de Barneville 1846. Diodontidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas. Habitat: marine.

holocanthus, Diodon Linnaeus [C.] 1758:335 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] India. Holotype: ?BMNH 1962.12.17.12. •Valid as Diodon holocanthus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:300 [ref. 9277], Dor 1984:287 [ref. 29757] as holacanthus, Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:365 [ref. 6441], Leis 1986:905 [ref. 5686], Robins & Ray 1986:308 [ref. 23100], Edwards & Glass 1987:671 [ref. 9166], Allen & Swainston 1988:156 [ref. 25477], Scott & Scott 1988:570 [ref. 25518], Pequeño 1989:78 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:227 [ref. 14674], Duron & Quéro 1990:1073 [ref. 19530], Randall et al. 1990:479 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:425 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:168 [ref. 25479], Allen & Robertson 1994:302 [ref. 22193], Goren & Dor 1994:75 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:407 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:628 [ref. 27969], Andreata & Séret 1996:590 [ref. 16204] dated 1757, Cervigón 1996:84 [ref. 24489], Lindberg et al. 1997:175 [ref. 23547], Allen 1997:248 [ref. 23977] as holacanthus, Chen et al. 1997:187 [ref. 26476], Cheng & Zhou 1997:494 [ref. 26385] as holacanthus, De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:124 [ref. 24545] as holacanthus, Grove & Lavenberg 1997:658 [ref. 24023], Kuiter 1997:422 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:479 [ref. 25919], Aguilera 1998:54 [ref. 24221], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:145 [ref. 24555] as holacanthus, Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:14 [ref. 24670], Myers 1999:291 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:613 [ref. 24106], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:357 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:81 [ref. 25466], Johnson 1999:755 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:30 [ref. 25829], Leis in Randall & Lim 2000:649 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1432 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:471 [ref. 25191], Lea & Rosenblatt 2000:127 [ref. 25206], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:290 [ref. 25480], Thomson et al. 2000:280 [ref. 25640], Matsuura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:333 [ref. 27511], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:171 [ref. 27754], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1647 [ref. 25634], Sakai et al. 2001:124 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847], Leis 2001:3964 [ref. 26318], Nakabo 2002:1432 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:461, 702 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:65 [ref. 26830], Collette et al. 2003:127 [ref. 26784], Leis 2003:2013 [ref. 27121], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S124 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:651 [ref. 27495], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:111 [ref. 27192], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:230 [ref. 27510], Smith et al. 2003:72 [ref. 27621], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:51 [ref. 27712], Parin 2003:S35 [ref. 28536], Randall et al. 2004:32 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:127 [ref. 27715], Nelson et al. 2004:185 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:456 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:653 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:538 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:937 [ref. 28815], Leis 2006:87 [ref. 28932], Bray et al. 2006:1933 [ref. 29091], Wirtz et al. 2007:43 [ref. 30263], Randall 2007:498 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:123 [ref. 30213], García-Hernández et al. 2009:94 [ref. 37265], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:195 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:239 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1098 [ref. 31980] as holacanthus, Page et al. 2013:191 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:137 [ref. 32972], Larson et al. 2013:240 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:234 [ref. 34464], Fricke et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33932], Matsuura 2014:25 [ref. 33576], Parin et al. 2014:555 [ref. 33547], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:89 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:12 [ref. 33516], Francis & Duffy 2015:483 [ref. 36161], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:194 [ref. 37485], Psomadakis et al. 2015:339 [ref. 34104], Pinheiro et al. 2015:36 [ref. 34324], Motomura et al. 2015:31 [ref. 34709], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:151 [ref. 34871], Leis in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:3079 [ref. 34618], Fourriére et al. 2016:451 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:612 [ref. 34923], Koeda et al. 2016:19 [ref. 35354], Kells et al. 2016:342 [ref. 35888], Motomura et al. 2017:239 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:390 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:183 [ref. 36273], Brown et al. 2019:184 [ref. 36444], Burton & Lea 2019:98 [ref. 37205], Carneiro et al. 2019:223 [ref. 37250], González-Murcia et al. 2019:309 [ref. 36544], Randall et al. 2019:56 [ref. 36853], Zajonz et al. 2019:103 [ref. 36871], Reiner 2019:311 [ref. 38139], Psomadakis et al. 2020:627 [ref. 37272], Robertson et al. 2020:154 [ref. 38098], Sonoyama et al. 2020:135 [ref. 37637], Matsuura in Motomura et al. 2021:78 [ref. 38121]). Current status: Valid as Diodon holocanthus Linnaeus 1758. Diodontidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas (including Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, Red Sea, Sea of Japan). Habitat: marine.

hystrix, Diodon Linnaeus [C.] 1758:335 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] India. Syntypes: ?ZMUU Linn. Coll. 57 (1, dry). Type catalog: Wheeler 1991:192-193 [ref. 20102]. Misspelled hixtris by Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler 1817:10 [ref. 17319], see Graells 1887:184 [ref. 30438]. •Valid as Diodon hystrix Linnaeus 1758 -- (Tortonese 1973:648 [ref. 7192], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:300 [ref. 9277], Dor 1984:287 [ref. 29757], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:366 [ref. 6441], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:1347 [ref. 13677], Leis 1986:906 [ref. 5686], Robins & Ray 1986:309 [ref. 23100], Pequeño 1989:78 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:246 [ref. 24556], Winterbottom et al. 1989:70 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:479 [ref. 15987], Duron & Quéro 1990:1074 [ref. 19530], Boschung 1992:184 [ref. 23239], Francis 1993:168 [ref. 25479], Allen & Robertson 1994:302 [ref. 22193], Goren & Dor 1994:75 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:408 [ref. 22896], Cervigón 1996:85 [ref. 24489], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:629 [ref. 27969], Santos et al. 1997:116 [ref. 23531], Lindberg et al. 1997:175 [ref. 23547], Allen 1997:246 [ref. 23977], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:125 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:659 [ref. 24023], Arruda 1997:123 [ref. 24952], Randall et al. 1997:479 [ref. 25919], Aguilera 1998:54 [ref. 24221], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:145 [ref. 24555], Myers 1999:291 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:613 [ref. 24106], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:519 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:357 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:81 [ref. 25466], Randall 1999:30 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:95 [ref. 37268], Leis in Randall & Lim 2000:649 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1433 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:471 [ref. 25191], Lea & Rosenblatt 2000:127 [ref. 25206], Thomson et al. 2000:280 [ref. 25640], Randall & Earle 2000:22 [ref. 25806], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:171 [ref. 27754], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1647 [ref. 25634], Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847], Leis 2001:3964 [ref. 26318], Rocha & Rosa 2001:992 [ref. 25909], Camargo & Isaac 2001:146 [ref. 27639], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:179 [ref. 26753], Nakabo 2002:1433 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:65 [ref. 26830], Collette et al. 2003:128 [ref. 26784], Feitoza et al. 2003:69 [ref. 26943], Leis 2003:2013 [ref. 27121], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S124 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:651 [ref. 27495], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:111 [ref. 27192], Parin 2003:S35 [ref. 28536], Lobel & Lobel 2004:78 [ref. 27576], Smith et al. 2003:72 [ref. 27621], Randall et al. 2004:32 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:127 [ref. 27715], Nelson et al. 2004:185 [ref. 27807], Heemstra et al. 2004:3332 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:456 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:653 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:538 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:938 [ref. 28815], Vaske et al. 2005:77 [ref. 36155], Leis 2006:88 [ref. 28932], Bray et al. 2006:1933 [ref. 29091], Wirtz et al. 2007:43 [ref. 30263], Randall 2007:499 [ref. 30952], Fricke 2008:59 [ref. 30182], Fricke et al. 2009:123 [ref. 30213], Matsuura 2009:338 [ref. 31171], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:195 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:240 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1099 [ref. 31980], Page et al. 2013:191 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:137 [ref. 32972], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:89 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:12 [ref. 33516], Matsuura 2014:25 [ref. 33576], Parin et al. 2014:555 [ref. 33547], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:119 [ref. 36167], Leis 2015:1744 [ref. 34323], Pinheiro et al. 2015:36 [ref. 34324], Psomadakis et al. 2015:340 [ref. 34104], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:612 [ref. 34923], Fourriére et al. 2016:451 [ref. 34668], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:151 [ref. 34871], Kells et al. 2016:342 [ref. 35888], Koeda et al. 2016:115 [ref. 35333], Leis in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:3079 [ref. 34618], Robertson et al. 2016:148 [ref. 34961], Fricke et al. 2018:390 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:183 [ref. 36273], Ordines et al. 2018:404 [ref. 36402], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36407], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:93 [ref. 35859], Suresh et al. 2018:330 [ref. 36495], Arndt & Fricke 2019:15 [ref. 36883], Brown et al. 2019:184 [ref. 36444], Carneiro et al. 2019:224 [ref. 37250], Eagderi et al. 2019:135 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:335 [ref. 36673], González-Murcia et al. 2019:309 [ref. 36544], Reiner 2019:311 [ref. 38139], Zajonz et al. 2019:103 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:627 [ref. 37272], Robertson et al. 2020:154 [ref. 38098], Sonoyama et al. 2020:135 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Diodon hystrix Linnaeus 1758. Diodontidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas (including Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, western Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea, Persian Gulf, Sea of Japan). Habitat: marine.

liturosus, Diodon Shaw [G.] (ex Lacepède) 1804:436 [General zoology or systematic natural history; ref. 4015] Indian Seas. No types known. Based on the "Diodon tacheté" of Lacepède 1800. •Valid as Diodon liturosus Shaw 1804 -- (Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:366 [ref. 6441], Leis 1986:906 [ref. 5686], Allen & Swainston 1988:156 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:480 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:425 [ref. 23929], Randall 1994:272 [ref. 21644], Randall 1995:408 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:629 [ref. 27969], Lindberg et al. 1997:175 [ref. 23547], Allen 1997:248 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:422 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:480 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:291 [ref. 23965], Allen 2000:95 [ref. 37268], Leis in Randall & Lim 2000:649 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1432 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:471 [ref. 25191], Matsuura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:334 [ref. 27511], Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847], Leis 2001:3964 [ref. 26318], Nakabo 2002:1432 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:65 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S124 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:651 [ref. 27495], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:230 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:32 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:127 [ref. 27715], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:457 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:654 [ref. 28239], Leis 2006:88 [ref. 28932], Bray et al. 2006:1934 [ref. 29091], Fricke et al. 2009:123 [ref. 30213], Matsuura 2009:338 [ref. 31171], Motomura et al. 2010:240 [ref. 31256], Bogorodsky et al. 2011:57 [ref. 31559], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1099 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:240 [ref. 32988], Matsuura 2014:25 [ref. 33576], Fricke et al. 2014:200 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:19 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2018:390 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:183 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:336 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:103 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:627 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:135 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Diodon liturosus Shaw 1804. Diodontidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Society Islands, north to central Japan, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Diodon Günther [A.] 1870:307 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 8; ref. 1995] Unexplained new name for Diodon novemmaculatus and other species in synonymy. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Diodon maculatus Hermann 1804 and Diodon maculatus Duméril 1855. •Synonym of Diodon holocanthus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:357 [ref. 25013], Mundy 2005:538 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Diodon holocanthus Linnaeus 1758. Diodontidae. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Diodon Duméril [A. H. A.] 1855:278 [Revue et Magasin de Zoologie (Sér. 2) v. 7; ref. 297] No types known. Type catalog: Leis & Bauchot 1984:93 [ref. 12539]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Diodon maculatus Hermann 1804. •Synonym of Diodon liturosus Shaw 1804 -- (Leis & Bauchot 1984:93 [ref. 12539], Randall 1995:408 [ref. 22896], Randall 2005:654 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Synonym of Diodon liturosus Shaw 1804. Diodontidae. Habitat: marine.

maculifer, Diodon Kaup [J. J.] 1855:229 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 21 (pt. 1); ref. 2571] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Holotype: lost. •Synonym of Diodon holocanthus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Leis 1986:905 [ref. 5686]). •Possible synonym of Diodon holocanthus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Duron & Quéro 1990:1073 [ref. 19530]). Current status: Synonym of Diodon holocanthus Linnaeus 1758. Diodontidae. Habitat: marine.

melanopsis, Diodon Kaup [J. J.] 1855:228 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 21 (pt. 1); ref. 2571] No locality. Syntypes: BMNH 1852.3.2.7. •Synonym of Diodon eydouxii Brisout de Barneville 1846 -- (Duron & Quéro 1990:1073 [ref. 19530]). Current status: Synonym of Diodon eydouxii Brisout de Barneville 1846. Diodontidae. Habitat: marine.

multimaculatus, Diodon Cuvier [G.] 1818:137, Pl. 7 (Diodons Pl. 2) [Mémoires du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 4; ref. 18059] No locality. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-1308. Type catalog: Le Danois 1962:475 [ref. 21440], Leis & Bauchot 1984:88-89 [ref. 12539]. •Synonym of Diodon holocanthus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Duron & Quéro 1990:1073 [ref. 19530]). Current status: Synonym of Diodon holocanthus Linnaeus 1758. Diodontidae. Habitat: marine.

nicthemerus, Diodon Cuvier [G.] 1818:135, Pl. 7 (Diodons Pl. 2) [Mémoires du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 4; ref. 18059] Australian seas. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-0051. Non-types: MNHN B-1313 (1). Type catalog: Le Danois 1962:475 [ref. 21440], Leis & Bauchot 1984:89 [ref. 12539]. •Valid as Diodon nicthemerus Cuvier 1818 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:914 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1993:425 [ref. 23929] as nichthemerus, Lindberg et al. 1997:175 [ref. 23547], Kuiter 1997:420 [ref. 25488] as nichthemerus, Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847], Leis 2006:88 [ref. 28932], Bray et al. 2006:1934 [ref. 29091], Gomon 2008:858 [ref. 30616], Matsuura 2014:25 [ref. 33576], Hoschke et al. 2019:161 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Diodon nicthemerus Cuvier 1818. Diodontidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: Queensland to southern Australia and to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

novemmaculatus, Diodon Cuvier [G.] 1818:136, Pl. 6 (Diodons Pl. 1) [Mémoires du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 4; ref. 18059] No locality. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9928. Type catalog: Le Danois 1962:475 [ref. 21440], Leis & Bauchot 1984:89 [ref. 12539]. Original as novem maculatus; as D. 9-maculatus on Pl. 6. •Synonym of Diodon holocanthus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Duron & Quéro 1990:1073 [ref. 19530], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:357 [ref. 25013]). Current status: Synonym of Diodon holocanthus Linnaeus 1758. Diodontidae. Habitat: marine.

nudifrons, Diodon Jenkins [O. P.] 1903:488, Fig. 35 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2341] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 50854 (not found in 1975 or 1980). •Synonym of Diodon hystrix Linnaeus 1758 -- (Duron & Quéro 1990:1074 [ref. 19530], Mundy 2005:538 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Diodon hystrix Linnaeus 1758. Diodontidae. Habitat: marine.

paraholocanthus, Diodon Kotthaus [A.] 1979:39, Fig. 492 [Meteor Forschungsergebnisse. Reihe D, Biologie No. 28; ref. 8818] Bab-el-Mandeb, Arabian Sea, 12°47.5'N, 43°17'E, Meteor station 63, depth 174 meters. Holotype: ZMH 5986. Paratypes: ZMH 5987-89 (8, 2, 6). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:421 [ref. 21161]. •Synonym of Diodon holocanthus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Leis 1986:905 [ref. 5686], Leis 2006:87 [ref. 28932]). Current status: Synonym of Diodon holocanthus Linnaeus 1758. Diodontidae. Habitat: marine.

pilosus, Diodon Mitchill [S. L.] 1815:471, Pl. 6 (fig. 4) [Transactions of the Literary and Philosophical Society of New-York v. 1 (art. 5) (for 1814); ref. 13292] New York, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Diodon holocanthus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Duron & Quéro 1990:1073 [ref. 19530]). Current status: Synonym of Diodon holocanthus Linnaeus 1758. Diodontidae. Habitat: marine.

plumier, Diodon Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:1, 10, Pl. 30 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] Tropical eastern America. No types known. Type catalog: Leis & Bauchot 1984:93 [ref. 12539]. Not available; appeared as Le Diodon Plumier; made available as Diodon plumieri Shaw 1804:435 [ref. 4015]. •Possible in the synonymy of Diodon hystrix Linnaeus 1758 -- (Duron & Quéro 1990:1074 [ref. 19530]). Current status: Synonym of Diodon hystrix Linnaeus 1758. Diodontidae.

punctatus, Diodon Cuvier [G.] 1818:132 [Mémoires du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 4; ref. 18059] No locality. Syntypes: MNHN A-8367 (1, dry), A-8369 (1, dry), A-8373 (1, dry). Type catalog: Le Danois 1962:474-475 [ref. 21440], Leis & Bauchot 1984:90 [ref. 12539]. •Synonym of Diodon hystrix Linnaeus 1758 -- (Duron & Quéro 1990:1074 [ref. 19530]). Current status: Synonym of Diodon hystrix Linnaeus 1758. Diodontidae. Habitat: marine.

quadrimaculatus, Diodon Cuvier [G.] 1818:137, Pl. 6 (Diodons Pl. 1) [Mémoires du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 4; ref. 18059] No locality. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9929. Type catalog: Le Danois 1962:475-476 [ref. 21440], Leis & Bauchot 1984:90 [ref. 12539]. Original as Diodon 4-maculatus. •Synonym of Diodon holocanthus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Duron & Quéro 1990:1073 [ref. 19530]). Current status: Synonym of Diodon holocanthus Linnaeus 1758. Diodontidae. Habitat: marine.

sexmaculatus, Diodon Cuvier [G.] 1818:136, Pl. 7 (Diodons Pl. 2) [Mémoires du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 4; ref. 18059] No locality. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-1305. Type catalog: Le Danois 1962:475 [ref. 21440], Leis & Bauchot 1984:91 [ref. 12539]. Original as sex maculatus; as D. 6-maculatus on Pl. 7. •Synonym of Diodon holocanthus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Duron & Quéro 1990:1073 [ref. 19530]). Current status: Synonym of Diodon holocanthus Linnaeus 1758. Diodontidae. Habitat: marine.

spinosissimus, Diodon Cuvier [G.] 1818:134 [Mémoires du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 4; ref. 18059] Brazil. Lectotype: MNHN B-1294. Non-types: MNHN A-8403 (1). Type catalog: Le Danois 1962:475 [ref. 21440], Leis & Bauchot 1984:91 [ref. 12539]. Lectotype selected by Leis 1978:549 [ref. 5529]. •Synonym of Diodon hystrix Linnaeus 1758 -- (Duron & Quéro 1990:1074 [ref. 19530]). Current status: Synonym of Diodon hystrix Linnaeus 1758. Diodontidae. Habitat: marine.

totara, Diodon Curtiss [A.] 1938:133 [A short zoology of Tahiti in the Society islands; ref. 18057] Lagoon near Tautira, Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. •Synonym of Diodon hystrix Linnaeus 1758 -- (Duron & Quéro 1990:1074 [ref. 19530]). Current status: Synonym of Diodon hystrix Linnaeus 1758. Diodontidae. Habitat: marine.

triedricum, Diodon Cuvier [G.] 1818:133 [Mémoires du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 4; ref. 18059] Syntypes: MNHN A-8375 (1, dry). Type catalog: Le Danois 1962:475 [ref. 21440] with A.8375 as holotype, Leis & Bauchot 1984:92 [ref. 12539]. Based on dried specimens and Seba v. 3, Pl. 23 (fig. 4). •Synonym of Diodon hystrix Linnaeus 1758 -- (Leis & Bauchot 1984:92 [ref. 12539]). Current status: Synonym of Diodon hystrix Linnaeus 1758. Diodontidae. Habitat: marine.