Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Echelus: [ 8 ] records


longicollis, Muraena Cuvier [G.] 1816:231 [Le Règne Animal v. 2; ref. 993] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:128 [ref. 20810]. Based on Muraena myrus of Lacepède, v. 2, Pl. 3 (fig. 3). •Synonym of Echelus mirus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (P. Parenti, pers. comm.). Current status: Synonym of Echelus myrus (Linnaeus 1758). Ophichthidae: Ophichthinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

myrus, Muraena Linnaeus [C.] 1758:245 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea [original: "in Mari Mediterraneo"]; localities include southern France; Lesbos Island, Greece. Syntypes: NRM 47 (1), 147 (1). Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:211-212 [ref. 20707]. Originally based on at least 16 pre-Linnaean sources including Artedi 1738:24 [ref. 30578] and Artedi 1738:40 [ref. 30349] as Muræna rostro acuto lituris albidis vario, margine pinnæ dorsalis nigro; Rondelet 1554:407 [ref. 30354] as Myrus, Gesner 1558:681 [ref. 30350] as Myrus, Charleton 1668:126 [ref. 30580] as Myrus, Willughby 1686:109 [ref. 30164] and Ray 1713:37 [ref. 30231] as Myrus. Misspelled mirus by Cabrera et al. 1817 [ref. 17319], see Graells 1887:175 [ref. 30438]. •Valid as Echelus myrus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (McCosker 1977:76 [ref. 6836], Blache et al. 1973:245 [ref. 7185], Bauchot in Whitehead et al. 1986:581 [ref. 13676], Leiby 1990:182 [ref. 13652], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:32 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:17 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:24 [ref. 29533], Fricke 2008:15 [ref. 30182], Wirtz et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32972], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:18 [ref. 36649], Goren & Galil 2015:521 [ref. 33910], McCosker 2016:1664 [ref. 34558], Artüz & Fricke 2019:553 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:64 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:92 [ref. 36864], Reiner 2019:67 [ref. 38139], Bariche & Fricke 2020:36 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:12 [ref. 37519], Golani 2021:15 [ref. 38303], Kovačić et al. 2021:21 [ref. 39014], Fermon et al. 2022:117 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Echelus myrus (Linnaeus 1758). Ophichthidae: Ophichthinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay south to Congo, including Madeira and São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: brackish, marine.

pachyrhynchus, Myrus Vaillant [L. L.] 1888:81, Pl. 5 (fig. 1, 1a-b) [Expéditions scientifiques du "Travailleur" et du "Talisman"; ref. 4496] Off Morocco (depth 1435 meters); Cape Verde Islands (depth 460 meters). Lectotype: MNHN 1884-0432. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1884-0431 (1), 1884-0435 (1), 1884-0438 (1). Type information: Bauchot et al. 1993:108-109, 116 [ref. 20810] with MNHN 1884-431 as holotype. Lectotype selected by Poll 1953:140-143 [?ref. 12713]. •Valid as Echelus pachyrhynchus (Vaillant 1888) -- (McCosker 1977:76 [ref. 6836], Leiby 1990:182 [ref. 13652], McCosker 2016:1664 [ref. 34558], Reiner 2019:68 [ref. 38139], Fermon et al. 2022:117 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Echelus pachyrhynchus (Vaillant 1888). Ophichthidae: Ophichthinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Morocco south to central Namibia, including Cape Verde Islands and São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

polyrinus, Echelus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:69 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Echelus myrus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti 2019:110 [ref. 37117]), Current status: Synonym of Echelus myrus (Linnaeus 1758). Ophichthidae: Ophichthinae. Habitat: marine.

polyspondylus, Echelus McCosker [J. E.] & Ho [H.-C.] 2015:73, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa 4060 (no. 1); ref. 34123] Dong-gang, Pingtung, southwestern Taiwan, South China Sea, depth ca. 200 meters. Holotype: NMMB-P 14218. Paratypes: ASIZP, CAS, NMMB-P. •Valid as Echelus polyspondylus McCosker & Ho 2015 -- (Ho et al. 2015:8 [ref. 34116], Ho et al. 2015:168 [ref. 34130], Vo & Ho 2021:77 [ref. 38193]). Current status: Valid as Echelus polyspondylus McCosker & Ho 2015. Ophichthidae: Ophichthinae. Distribution: South China Sea: Taiwan and off Nha Trang, Vietnam. Habitat: marine.

punctatus, Echelus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:65 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:42 [ref. 3595]. •Valid as Echelus punctatus Rafinesque 1810 -- (McCosker 1977:77 [ref. 6836]). •Synonym of Echelus myrus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Leiby 1990:182 [ref. 13652], Parenti 2019:102 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Echelus myrus (Linnaeus 1758). Ophichthidae: Ophichthinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

uropterus, Conger Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1846:261 [Fauna Japonica Parts 10-14; ref. 4374] Nagasaki, Japan. Holotype (unique): RMNH 3689. Type information: Boeseman 1947:188 [ref. 12876]. •Mention -- (McCosker 1977:60 [ref. 6836]). •Valid as Myrophis uropterus (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Machida in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:101, 322 [ref. 8057], Myers 1999:56 [ref. 23965]). •Valid as Echelus uropterus (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Asano in Masuda et al. 1984:30 [ref. 6441], Smith & McCosker 1999:1668 [ref. 24715], Nakabo 2000:224 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:293 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:224 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:143, 491 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:400 [ref. 28370], McCosker et al. 2006:268 [ref. 29006], Shao et al. 2008:238 [ref. 29952], Ho et al. 2010:27 [ref. 31218], Zhang et al. 2010:327 [ref. 31511], Shinohara et al. 2011:39 [ref. 31715], Shinohara et al. 2014:236 [ref. 33330], McCosker & Ho 2015:72 [ref. 34123], Ho et al. 2015:168 [ref. 34130], Fricke et al. 2018:43 [ref. 35805], Kim et al. 2020:53 [ref. 39118], Sonoyama et al. 2020:17 [ref. 37637], Ji et al. 2021:241 [ref. 39406], Ramos-Castro et al. 2021:523 [ref. 38842]). Current status: Valid as Echelus uropterus (Temminck & Schlegel 1846). Ophichthidae: Ophichthinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Madagascar; China and Taiwan to Korea and Japan. Habitat: marine.

vulgaris, Muraena Kaup [J. J.] 1856:53 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 22 (pt. 1); ref. 2572] New name for Muraena myrus Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Echelus myrus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:245 [ref. 7185]). Current status: Synonym of Echelus myrus (Linnaeus 1758). Ophichthidae: Ophichthinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.


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