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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Gambusia: [ 68 ] records


aestiputeus, Gambusia Fowler [H. W.] 1950:87, Figs. 42-43 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 102; ref. 12949] Freshwater well 1/2 miles from San Andres city, St. Andrews [San Andres] Island, West Indies. Holotype: ANSP 71772. Paratypes: ANSP 71773-75 (3, with holotype), 71776 (1, c&s), 71777 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:143 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Gambusia nicaraguensis Günther 1866 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:94 [ref. 7067], Fink 1971:54 [ref. 7671], Greenfield et al. 1982:131 [ref. 21395], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:560 [ref. 27061], Meyer 2015:88 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:58 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Gambusia nicaraguensis Günther 1866. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

affinis, Heterandria Baird [S. F.] & Girard [C. F.] 1853:390 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 6; ref. 15636] Rio Medina and Rio Salado, Texas, U.S.A. Lectotype: ANSP 6974 [ex 6974-6975]. Paralectotype: ANSP 6975 (1). Additional material (probably Gambusia patruelis): MCZ 41141 (1), 41150 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:143 [ref. 13621]. Lectotype selected by Huber 2019:59 [ref. 36941]. •Valid as Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard 1853), subspecies affinis (Baird & Girard 1853) -- (Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:430 [ref. 25598], Sakai et al. 2001:89 [ref. 25693]). •Valid as Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard 1853) -- (Berg 1949:990 [ref. 20662], Okada 1961:741 [ref. 6363], Rosen & Bailey 1963:94 [ref. 7067], Lee et al. 1980:538 [ref. 22416], Alkahem & Behnke 1983:564 [ref. 8384], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:171 [ref. 25473], Greenfield & Wildrick 1984:931 [ref. 11453], Uyeno & Arai in Masuda et al. 1984:83 [ref. 6441], Chen in Kuang et al. 1986:184 [ref. 26639], Robins & Ray 1986:110 [ref. 23100], Smith 1986:267 [ref. 22186], Wildrick et al. 1985:1054 [ref. 11519], Robison & Buchanan 1988:338 [ref. 23393], Wooten et al. 1988:283 [ref. 22447], Paxton et al. 1989:347 [ref. 12442], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Paulin et al. 1989:146 [ref. 24556], Zheng 1989:294 [ref. 21202], McAllister 1990:126 [ref. 14674], Allen & Coates 1990:69 [ref. 25561], Page & Burr 1991:235 [ref. 18983], Coad 1991:20 [ref. 15702], Pethiyagoda 1991:190 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:756 [ref. 20764], Pan et al. in Pan et al. 1991:326 [ref. 23876], Allen et al. 1992:299 [ref. 21400], Boschung 1992:89 [ref. 23239], Mitrofanov et al. 1992:242 [ref. 37756], Singh & Yazdani 1993:200 [ref. 24022], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:45 [ref. 22290], Skelton 1993:278 [ref. 24071], Etnier & Starnes 1993:372 [ref. 22809], La Rivers 1994:532 [ref. 23389], Warren et al. 1994:133 [ref. 25557], Knight & Hastings 1994:150 [ref. 25560], Baxter & Stone 1995:216 [ref. 23374], Yang & Chen 1995:106 [ref. 23555], Coad 1995:26 [ref. 23608], Cross & Collins 1995:179 [ref. 23394], Zhu 1995:160 [ref. 25213], Mrakovcic et al. 1995:185 [ref. 23079], Angus & Howell 1996:2 [ref. 39839], Haro et al. 1996:6 [ref. 25004], Chilcott & Humphries 1996:147 [ref. 25528], Mettee et al. 1996:479 [ref. 25836], Sigler & Sigler 1996:227 [ref. 25943], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:746 [ref. 24702], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:922 [ref. 23897], Castro et al. 1998:79 [ref. 24271], Sato et al. 1998:38 [ref. 24972], Manimekalan 1998:440 [ref. 24989], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:157 [ref. 24759], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:172 [ref. 24760], Walters & Freeman 2000:555 [ref. 24473], Rema Devi et al. 1999:160 [ref. 24758], Parenti 1999:2200 [ref. 24784], Fuller et al. 1999:304 [ref. 25838], Ruiz-Campos et al. 2000:77 [ref. 24940], Nakabo 2000:546 [ref. 25086], Rafique 2000:326 [ref. 25220], Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366], Lyons et al. 2000:67 [ref. 26594], Matsuura et al. 2000:193 [ref. 26000], Ghedotti 2000:38 [ref. 27228], Kottelat 2001:144 [ref. 25780], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Gabrielyan 2001:28 [ref. 25867], Ross et al. 2001:376 [ref. 25978], Skelton 2001:278 [ref. 27406], Keith et al. 2002:96 [ref. 31473], Nakabo 2002:546 [ref. 26001], Moyle 2002:317 [ref. 26449], Ghedotti & Wiley 2003:1157 [ref. 27019], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:558 [ref. 27061], Garrett & Edwards 2003:783 [ref. 27258], Mirza 2003:22 [ref. 27265], López et al. 2003:71 [ref. 27366], Yadav 2003:23 [ref. 27711], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:163 [ref. 27816], Nelson et al. 2004:103 [ref. 27807], Miller & Robison 2004:277 [ref. 27931], Seegers et al. 2003:41 [ref. 28087], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:196 [ref. 28107], Menni 2004:86 [ref. 28131], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:178 [ref. 28183], Mundy 2005:293 [ref. 28379], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Miller 2006:220 [ref. 28615], Shrestha 2008:206 [ref. 29923], Fricke et al. 2007:72 [ref. 29533], Scharpf 2007:16 [ref. 30398], Minckley & Marsh 2009:253 [ref. 31114], Coad 2010:251 [ref. 36620], Meyer et al. 2010:13 [ref. 30817], Page & Burr 2011:445 [ref. 31215], Marshall 2011:195 [ref. 31755], Langerhans et al. 2012:1530 [ref. 32308], Khalaf 2013:5 [ref. 37897], Kottelat 2013:300 [ref. 32989], Page et al. 2013:108 [ref. 32708], Barriga Salazar 2014:117 [ref. 35745], Sarmiento et al. 2014:187 [ref. 35004], McDowall & Stewart 2015:971 [ref. 34275], Meyer 2015:54 [ref. 34698], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:296 [ref. 34894], Mirande & Koerber 2015:53 [ref. 35117], Miesen et al. 2016:87 [ref. 34492], Zhang et al. 2016:212 [ref. 34477], Neumann et al. 2016:306 [ref. 35036], Koeda et al. 2016:15 [ref. 35333], Labatos 2017:4 [ref. 36239], Bruton et al. 2018:109 [ref. 36373], Huber 2019:58 [ref. 36941], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:252 [ref. 37108] with question, Zhang et al. 2019:513 [ref. 36699], Rodríguez-Barrera et al. 2020:45 [ref. 37800], Fu et al. 2021:9572 [ref. 39347], Guo 2021:844 [ref. 38618], Love et al. 2021:97 [ref. 39279], Taki et al. 2021:323 [ref. 39830], Jamaluddin et al. 2022:[8] [ref. 39245], Meza-Vargas et al. 2022:4 [ref. 39566], Tudu et al. 2022:44 [ref. 40484], Chan et al. 2023:149 [ref. 40365], Çiçek et al. 2023:54 [ref. 40326], Jamandre 2023:166 [ref. 40455], Nagy et al. 2023:358 [ref. 40348]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard 1853). Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: North America: Alabama, Indiana, Louisiana, Mississippi and Texas, U.S.A. and Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas and Veracruz, Mexico. Introduced widely elsewhere for mosquito control. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

alvarezi, Gambusia Hubbs [Clark L.] & Springer [V. G.] 1957:310, Figs. 3g, 14 [Texas Journal of Science v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 12145] El Ojo de San Gregorio, Chihuahua, Mexico. Holotype: UMMZ 168979. Paratypes: (650) ENCB P 349 (?), FMNH 61605 (34), CAS-SU 48134 (?), THNC 4207 (?), UMMZ 168980 (40), USNM 164253 (39). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:36 [ref. 12367], Parenti et al. 1999:5 [ref. 24072]. •Synonym of Gambusia gaigei Hubbs 1929 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:104 [ref. 7067]). •Valid as Gambusia alvarezi Hubbs & Springer 1957 -- (Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:45 [ref. 22290], Parenti et al. 1999:5 [ref. 24072], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:558 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:103 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:221 [ref. 28615], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Scharpf 2007:16 [ref. 30398], Meyer et al. 2010:13 [ref. 30817], Page et al. 2013:108 [ref. 32708], Meyer 2015:56 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:59 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia alvarezi Hubbs & Springer 1957. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Ojo de San Gregoria and adjacent creek, Chihuahua, Atlantic slope of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

amistadensis, Gambusia Peden [A. E.] 1973:211, Fig. 3 [Copeia 1973 (no. 2); ref. 7579] Goodenough Spring, Val Verde County, Texas, U.S.A., 29°32'10"N, 101°15'10"W. Holotype: UMMZ 190407. Paratypes: (250) NMC 70-373, TNHC 7247, UMMZ 190408 (65, 3 c&s), USNM 205858 (62); UMMZ 190407 (3?). Additional material: (23). Type catalog: Parenti et al. 1999:5 [ref. 24072]. •Valid as Gambusia amistadensis Peden 1973 -- (Lee et al. 1980:539 [ref. 22416], Hubbs & Jensen 1984:529 [ref. 25571], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Parenti et al. 1999:5 [ref. 24072], Garrett & Edwards 2003:783 [ref. 27258], Nelson et al. 2004:103 [ref. 27807], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Scharpf 2007:16 [ref. 30398], Meyer et al. 2010:13 [ref. 30817], Page & Burr 2011:449 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:108 [ref. 32708], Meyer 2015:57 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:59 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia amistadensis Peden 1973. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Goodenough Spring and its outflow, Texas, U.S.A. [extinct]. Habitat: freshwater.

atrilatus, Zygonectes Jordan [D. S.] & Brayton [A. W.] 1878:84 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 12; ref. 2436] Neuse River near Goldsboro, North Carolina, U.S.A. Syntypes: BMNH 1880.1.21.48 (1), USNM 23464 (1). Type catalog: Parenti et al. 1999:19 [ref. 24072]. •Synonym of Gambusia holbrooki Girard 1859 -- (Parenti et al. 1999:19 [ref. 24072], Meyer 2015:74 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:59 [ref. 36941]). •Synonym of Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard 1853) -- (Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:558 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Gambusia holbrooki Girard 1859. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

atrora, Gambusia Rosen [D. E.] & Bailey [R. M.] 1963:102, Figs. 40C, 43, Pl. 2 (f. 2) [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 126 (art. 1); ref. 7067] Río Axtla, Xilitla, San Luis Potosí, Mexico, elevation 300 feet. Holotype: UMMZ 179999. Paratypes: UMMZ 169499 (537), 124172 (1), 124335 (8), 124348-49 (13), 124361 (5). •Valid as Gambusia atrora Rosen & Bailey 1963 -- (Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:45 [ref. 22290], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:558 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:103 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:221 [ref. 28615], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Scharpf 2007:17 [ref. 30398], Meyer et al. 2010:13 [ref. 30817], Page et al. 2013:108 [ref. 32708], Meyer 2015:59 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:60 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia atrora Rosen & Bailey 1963. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Atlantic Slope of northeast Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

aurata, Gambusia Miller [R. R.] & Minckley [W. L.] 1970:249, Fig. 1 [Southwestern Naturalist v. 15 (no. 2); ref. 7782] Lateral canal flowing north off main canal from Río Mante, southern Ciudad Mante, Río Tamesi basin, Tamaulipas, Mexico. Holotype: UMMZ 188736. Paratypes: ASU 36 (7), 68 (5), 501 (1), 515 (2), 519 (5), 521 (18), 741 (1), 756 (2); UMMZ 97544 (3), 97545 (1), 97546 (3), 186498 (93 or 94, 2 c&s), 188737 (1, allotype); USNM 212231 (19). Type catalog: Parenti et al. 1999:5 [ref. 24072]. •Valid as Gambusia aurata Miller & Minckley 1970 -- (Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:45 [ref. 22290], Parenti et al. 1999:5 [ref. 24072], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:558 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:103 [ref. 27807], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Miller 2006:222 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:17 [ref. 30398], Langerhans et al. 2012:1530 [ref. 32308], Page et al. 2013:108 [ref. 32708], Meyer 2015:60 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:60 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia aurata Miller & Minckley 1970. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Tamesí River basin, Taumalipas, Atlantic slope of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

australis, Gambusia yucatana Greenfield [D. W.] 1985:375 [Copeia 1985 (no. 2); ref. 8971] Saint George's Cay, Barrier Reef, Belize. Holotype: FMNH 94901. Paratypes: FMNH 93919 (20), 94896 (9), 94898 (11), 94900 (18). Other material: FMNH (9 lots, 359 specimens), UMMZ (7 lots, 95 specimens). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:38 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Gambusia yucatana Regan 1914, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:121 [ref. 22947], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:561 [ref. 27061], Scharpf 2007:17 [ref. 30398], Meyer 2015:108 [ref. 34698]). •Synonym of Gambusia yucatana Regan 1914 -- (Pérez-León & Schmitter-Soto 2007: 171 [ref. 32537], Huber 2019:60 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Gambusia yucatana Regan 1914. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Habitat: freshwater.

baracoana, Gambusia Rivas [L. R.] 1944:46 [Proceedings of the New England Zoölogical Club v. 23; ref. 13184] Small freshwater pond, near mouth of Río Miel, vicinity of Baracoa, Oriente Province, Cuba. Holotype: USNM 203150 [ex Rivas coll. 134]. Paratypes: (several) Rivas coll. (? now 0); MCZ 36178 (6); UHMP 456 (?); UMMZ 143375 (6, 3 C&S); USNM 130214 (6), 204442 (539). Type catalog: Parenti et al. 1999:5-6 [ref. 24072], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:3 [ref. 35177]. Type information: Rivas 1969:202 [ref. 25092]. •Synonym of Gambusia puncticulata Poey 1854, but a valid subspecies -- (Fink 1971:31 [ref. 21211], Lee et al. 1983:17 [ref. 22527]). •Status uncertain -- (Parenti et al. 1999:5 [ref. 24072]). •Species inquirenda in Poeciliidae -- (Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:575 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Gambusia bucheri Rivas 1944 but a valid subspecies as described -- (Meyer 2015:64 [ref. 34698]). •Valid as Gambusia baracoana Rivas 1944 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:98 [ref. 7067], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:3 [ref. 35177], Huber 2019:60 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia baracoana Rivas 1944. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Eastern Cuba. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

beebei, Gambusia Myers [G. S.] 1935:305, Figs. 273-274 [Zoologica, Scientific Contributions of the New York Zoological Society v. 10 (no. 3); ref. 3110] Southwestern end of Lake Miragoâne, from Aux Cayes road, southwestern peninsula, Dépt. du Sud, Haiti, West Indies. Neotype: USNM 203161. Type catalog: Mead 1958:132 [ref. 20648], Parenti et al. 1999:6 [ref. 24072]. Original specimens (NYZS 7168 (holotype) and 7299 (paratype) missing). Neotype designated by Rivas 1969:782 [ref. 7839]. •Valid as Gambusia beebei Myers 1935 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:101 [ref. 7067], Greenfield 1983:457 [ref. 8337], Lee et al. 1983:11 [ref. 22527], Wildrick et al. 1985:1055 [ref. 11519], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Parenti et al. 1999:6 [ref. 24072], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:559 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Meyer 2015:61 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:60 [ref. 36941], Rodrigues-Silva et al. 2021:151 [ref. 38097]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia beebei Myers 1935. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Central America/West Indies: Tiburon peninsula (Haiti). Habitat: freshwater.

brachypterus, Zygonectes Cope [E. D.] 1880:34 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 17; ref. 14285] Trinity River at Fort Worth, Texas, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP 20446. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:95 [ref. 13621]. Appeared first without description as Cope in Jordan 1878:433 [ref. 2379]. •Synonym of Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard 1853) -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:95 [ref. 7067], La Rivers 1994:532 [ref. 23389], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:558 [ref. 27061], Meyer 2015:54 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:61 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard 1853). Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

bucheri, Gambusia Rivas [L. R.] 1944:42 [Proceedings of the New England Zoölogical Club v. 23; ref. 13184] Río Jicotea, of Moa system, at bridge of road between Aserrio de Moa and Punta Gorda, Province of Oriente, Cuba. Holotype: USNM 203149 [ex Rivas coll. 132]. Paratypes: Rivas coll. 133 (? now 0); MCZ 36175 (6); UHMP 455 (?); UMMZ 143373 (6, 3 c&s); USNM 130213 (6), 204443 (392, 2 c&s). Type catalog: Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:4 [ref. 35177]. Type information: Rivas 1969:202 [ref. 25092]. •Synonym of Gambusia puncticulata Poey 1854, but a valid subspecies -- (Fink 1971:29 [ref. 21211], Lee et al. 1983:17 [ref. 22527]). •Valid as Gambusia bucheri Rivas 1944 -- (Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Parenti et al. 1999:6 [ref. 24072], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:559 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Meyer 2015:62 [ref. 34698], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:4 [ref. 35177], Huber 2019:61 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia bucheri Rivas 1944. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Oriente [Holguin] province, eastern Cuba. Habitat: freshwater.

caymanensis, Gambusia Regan [C. T.] 1913:990 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1913 (pt 4) (art. 58); ref. 3653] Grand Cayman Island, West Indies. Syntypes: BMNH 1911.3.2.3-4 (2). •Valid as Gambusia caymanensis Regan 1913 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:98 [ref. 7067], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687]). •Synonym of Gambusia puncticulata Poey 1854 but a valid subspecies as described -- (Meyer 2015:95 [ref. 34698]). •Synonym of Gambusia puncticulata Poey 1854 -- (Fink 1971:18 [ref. 21211], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:560 [ref. 27061], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:3 [ref. 35177], Huber 2019:61 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Gambusia puncticulata Poey 1854. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

clarkhubbsi, Gambusia Garrett [G. P.] & Edwards [R. J.] 2003:783, Figs. 1-2 [Copeia 2003 (no. 4); ref. 27258] San Felipe spring run near Canal Street in Del Rio, Val Verde County, Texas, U.S.A. Holotype: TNHC 29073. Paratypes: TNHC 29076 (1, allotype), 29077-83 (33, 92, 31, 13, 2, 17, 41). •Valid as Gambusia clarkhubbsi Garrett & Edwards 2003 -- (Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Scharpf 2007:17 [ref. 30398], Meyer et al. 2010:13 [ref. 30817], Page & Burr 2011:446 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:108 [ref. 32708], Huber 2019:61 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia clarkhubbsi Garrett & Edwards 2003. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: San Felipe creek, Val Verde County, Texas, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater.

dominicensis, Gambusia Regan [C. T.] 1913:989, Pl. 99 (fig. 7); Fig. 169c [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1913 (pt 4) (art. 58); ref. 3653] Haiti, West Indies. Syntypes: BMNH 1913.1.22.10-11 (3 or 4). •Valid as Gambusia dominicensis Regan 1913 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:96 [ref. 7067], Lee et al. 1983:12 [ref. 22527], Allen et al. 2002:364 [ref. 25930], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:559 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Meyer 2015:65 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:61 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia dominicensis Regan 1913. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Dominican Republic and Haiti, introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

dovii, Gambusia Regan [C. T.] 1913:986 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1913 (pt 4) (art. 58); ref. 3653] Lake Nicaragua, Nicaragua. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1952.12.31.7. •Synonym of Gambusia nicaraguensis Günther 1866 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:94 [ref. 7067], Fink 1971:54 [ref. 7671], Greenfield et al. 1982:131 [ref. 21395], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:560 [ref. 27061], Meyer 2015:87 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:62 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Gambusia nicaraguensis Günther 1866. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

eurystoma, Gambusia Miller [R. R.] 1975:19, Fig. 5 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 672; ref. 9272] Arroyo del Azufre, Baños de Azufre, 10 kilometers west of of Teapa, Tabasco, Mexico, 17°34'N, 93°01'W, elevation 150 meters. Holotype: UMMZ 197600. Paratypes: UMMZ 197601 (1, allotype), 184717 (290, now 260, 3 c&s); USNM 211263 [ex UMMZ 184717] (30). Type catalog: Parenti et al. 1999:6 [ref. 24072]. •Valid as Gambusia eurystoma Miller 1975 -- (Greenfield 1983:457 [ref. 8337], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:45 [ref. 22290], Parenti et al. 1999:6 [ref. 24072], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:559 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:103 [ref. 27807], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Miller 2006:222 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:17 [ref. 30398], Meyer et al. 2010:13 [ref. 30817], Page et al. 2013:108 [ref. 32708], Meyer 2015:66 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:62 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia eurystoma Miller 1975. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Baños de Azufre, Tabasco, Atlantic slope of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

finlayi, Gambusia Santa Maria [M. A. de] 1956:96 [Acuario v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 19810] Camagüey, Cuba. No types known. Apparently not available, name assigned to figures only (one male and one female), and based on an unpublished manuscript by Torre; no text or distinguishing features included (see also Rosen & Bailey 1963:101 [ref. 7067]). •In the synonymy of Gambusia punctata Poey 1854 -- (Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:560 [ref. 27061], Meyer 2015:93 [ref. 34698], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:3 [ref. 35177]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Gambusia punctata Poey 1854. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

gaigei, Gambusia Hubbs [C. L.] 1929:3 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 198; ref. 15900] A slough close to the Rio Grande at Boquillas, Brewster County, Texas, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 84527. Paratypes: UMMZ 84528 (orig. 62, now 59, 5 c&s), USNM 117534 [ex UMMZ 84528] (3). Type catalog: Parenti et al. 1999:7 [ref. 24072]. •Valid as Gambusia gaigei Hubbs 1929 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:104 [ref. 7067], Lee et al. 1980:540 [ref. 22416], Wildrick et al. 1985:1054 [ref. 11519], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Page & Burr 1991:238 [ref. 18983], Parenti et al. 1999:7 [ref. 24072], Garrett & Edwards 2003:783 [ref. 27258], Nelson et al. 2004:103 [ref. 27807], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Miller 2006:221 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:17 [ref. 30398], Meyer et al. 2010:13 [ref. 30817], Page & Burr 2011:448 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32708], Meyer 2015:67 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:62 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia gaigei Hubbs 1929. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Rio Grande drainage, Texas, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater.

geiseri, Gambusia Hubbs [Clark L.] & Hubbs [C. L.] in Hubbs & Springer 1957:285, Figs. 2a-b, 4-5 [Texas Journal of Science v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 12145] San Marcos River just downstream from the Rio Vista Dam, San Marcos, Texas, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 168974. Paratypes: (435) TNHC 5 (?), 19 (?), 60 (?), 2651 (?); UMMZ 72565 (11), 72570-71 (179, 128), 108090 (1), 111005 (12), 1220247 (130, 3 c&s), 166018 (33, 5 c&s), 166043 (51). Additional material: (3,627 specimens) TNHC (10 lots); UMMZ (5 lots). •Valid as Gambusia geiseri Hubbs & Hubbs 1957 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:104 [ref. 7067], Lee et al. 1980:541 [ref. 22416], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Page & Burr 1991:238 [ref. 18983], Fuller et al. 1999:306 [ref. 25838], Garrett & Edwards 2003:783 [ref. 27258], Nelson et al. 2004:103 [ref. 27807], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Scharpf 2007:17 [ref. 30398], Meyer et al. 2010:13 [ref. 30817], Page & Burr 2011:449 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32708], Meyer 2015:69 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:63 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia geiseri Hubbs & Hubbs 1957. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Texas, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater.

georgei, Gambusia Hubbs [Clark L.] & Peden [A. E.] 1969:357, Figs. 1-2 [Copeia 1969 (no. 2); ref. 7818] San Marcos River at highway I-35 bridge, Hays County, Texas, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 187447. Paratypes: UMMZ 187448 (44, 3 c&s). Other material (97 specimens): TNHC 7195-7197, 7199, 7201-7207 and 7212; also UMMZ 65250 (2); plus hybrids. •Valid as Gambusia georgei Hubbs & Peden 1969 -- (Lee et al. 1980:542 [ref. 22416], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Garrett & Edwards 2003:783 [ref. 27258], Nelson et al. 2004:103 [ref. 27807], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Scharpf 2007:17 [ref. 30398], Meyer et al. 2010:13 [ref. 30817], Page & Burr 2011:448 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32708], Meyer 2015:70 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:63 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia georgei Hubbs & Peden 1969. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: San Marcos Spring and river, Texas, U.S.A. [probably extinct]. Habitat: freshwater.

gracilior, Gambusia Regan [C. T.] 1913:989, Pl. 99 (fig. 5-6); Fig. 168c [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1913 (pt 4) (art. 58); ref. 3653] Jamaica. Syntypes: (13) BMNH 1969.9.8.1-14 (14 now 6); CAS-SU 24179 [ex BMNH] (2). •Valid as Gambusia gracilior Regan 1913 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:96 [ref. 7067]). •Synonym of Gambusia wrayi Regan 1913 -- (Fink 1971:61 [ref. 7671], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:561 [ref. 27061], Meyer 2015:105 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:63 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Gambusia wrayi Regan 1913. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

gracilis, Gambusia Girard [C. F.] 1859:121 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 11; ref. 27410] Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Atlantic slope of Mexico. Syntypes: ANSP 6973 (1), MCZ 1309 (1), MNHN [ex USNM 3506] (1), ?USNM 3506 (7, not found). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:143 [ref. 13621], Parenti et al. 1999:7 [ref. 24072]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Xiphophorus gracilis Heckel 1848, replaced by Gambusia humilis Günther 1866. •Synonym of Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard 1853) -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:95 [ref. 7067], La Rivers 1994:532 [ref. 23389], Parenti et al. 1999:7 [ref. 24072], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:558 [ref. 27061], Meyer 2015:54 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:63 [ref. 36941]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard 1853). Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

heterochir, Gambusia Hubbs [Clark L.] 1957:3, Figs. 1, 3a, 4, 5a [Tulane Studies in Zoology v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 12146] Headwater spring of Clear Creek, 10.4 miles west of Menard, Menard County, Texas, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 170936. Paratypes: (125) FMNH 61805 (7); MCZ 39684 (7); CAS-SU 46445-51 (1 ea. = 7); TNHC 3065 (?), 4652 (1); UMMZ 170937 (6); USNM 164573 (7). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:37 [ref. 12367], Parenti et al. 1999:7 [ref. 24072]. •Valid as Gambusia heterochir Hubbs 1957 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:104 [ref. 7067], Lee et al. 1980:543 [ref. 22416], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Page & Burr 1991:238 [ref. 18983], Parenti et al. 1999:7 [ref. 24072], Garrett & Edwards 2003:783 [ref. 27258], Nelson et al. 2004:103 [ref. 27807], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Scharpf 2007:18 [ref. 30398], Meyer et al. 2010:13 [ref. 30817], Page & Burr 2011:449 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32708], Meyer 2015:71 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:64 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia heterochir Hubbs 1957. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Headwater springs of Clear Creek, Texas, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

hispaniolae, Gambusia Fink [W. L.] 1971:57, Fig. 4 [Publications of the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Museum No. 2; ref. 7671] Source Trou-Caiman, Cul-de-Sac Plain, Dept. de l'Ouest, Haiti, West Indies. Holotype: USNM 204865. Paratypes: ?UMMZ 136377 (1), USNM 204866-67 (1, 366). Type catalog: Parenti et al. 1999:7 [ref. 24072]. •Valid as Gambusia hispaniolae Fink 1971 -- (Lee et al. 1983:13 [ref. 22527], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Parenti et al. 1999:7 [ref. 24072], Ghedotti & Wiley 2003:1157 [ref. 27019], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:559 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Meyer 2015:73 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:64 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia hispaniolae Fink 1971. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Western Dominican Republic and Haiti. Habitat: freshwater.

holbrooki, Gambusia Girard [C. F.] (ex Agassiz) 1859:62 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 11; ref. 1821] Palatka, eastern Florida, [Palatka, eastern Florida and Charleston, South Carolina], U.S.A. Lectotype: ANSP 6976. Paralectotypes: ANSP 6977 (1) Palatka, MCZ 35999 [ex USNM 8301] (5) Charleston, USNM 8301 (45). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:143 [ref. 13621], Parenti et al. 1999:7 [ref. 24072]. Name taken from Agassiz manuscript (as Heterandria holbrookii), but author of description is Girard. Name spelled holbrooki by Girard on p. 62. Lectotype selected by Huber 2019:64 [ref. 36941]. •Synonym of Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard 1853), but a valid subspecies holbrookii Girard 1859 -- (Mitrofanov et al. 1992:242 [ref. 37756], La Rivers 1994:532 [ref. 23389], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:746 [ref. 24702], Seegers et al. 2003:41 [ref. 28087], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:174 [ref. 28369], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:169 [ref. 31251]). •Synonym of Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard 1853) -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:95 [ref. 7067], Lee et al. 1980:538 [ref. 22416], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:214 [ref. 25473], Pequeño 1989:51 [ref. 14125], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:558 [ref. 27061], Heemstra et al. 2004:3317 [ref. 27945], Hammer & Walker 2004:91 [ref. 28129], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:178 [ref. 28183], Miller 2006:227 [ref. 28615], Hoese & Gates 2006:742 [ref. 28997], Fricke et al. 2007:72 [ref. 29533], Scharpf 2007:18 [ref. 30398]). •Valid as Gambusia holbrooki Girard 1859 -- (Wooten et al. 1988:283 [ref. 22447], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Hernandez-Martich & Smith 1990:619 [ref. 21032], Coad 1991:20 [ref. 15702], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:618 [ref. 21581], Coad 1995:26 [ref. 23608], Angus & Howell 1996:2 [ref. 39839], McDowall in McDowall 1996:116 [ref. 22909], Coad 1996:85 [ref. 25304], Mettee et al. 1996:479 [ref. 25836], Murdy et al. 1997:129 [ref. 23144], Savvaitova & Reshetnikov 1998:107 [ref. 23592], Kullander et al. 1999:151 [ref. 23689], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:924 [ref. 23897], Morgan et al. 1998:41 [ref. 24611], Fuller et al. 1999:304 [ref. 25838], Parenti et al. 1999:7 [ref. 24072], Fricke 1999:114 [ref. 24106], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:180 [ref. 25013], Dyer 2000:89 [ref. 26678], Walters & Freeman 2000:555 [ref. 24473], Freyhof et al. 2000:96 [ref. 25184], Gabrielyan 2001:28 [ref. 25867], Ross et al. 2001:378 [ref. 25978], Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:201 [ref. 26728], Allen et al. 2002:365 [ref. 25930], Doadrio et al. 2002:78 [ref. 26616], Ghedotti & Wiley 2003:1157 [ref. 27019], Nelson et al. 2004:103 [ref. 27807], Boschung & Mayden 2004:410 [ref. 27995], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:482 [ref. 29996], Fricke et al. 2009:32 [ref. 30213], Meyer et al. 2010:13 [ref. 30817] as holbrookii, Minckley & Marsh 2009:254 [ref. 31114], Coad 2010:251 [ref. 36620], Esmaeili et al. 2010:375 [ref. 33391], Page & Burr 2011:446 [ref. 31215], Morgan et al. 2011:22 [ref. 31262], Hammer et al. 2012:66 [ref. 32389], Langerhans et al. 2012:1530 [ref. 32308], Page et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32708], Larson et al. 2013:70 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:300 [ref. 32989], Morgan et al. 2014:40 [ref. 36567], Sarmiento et al. 2014:187 [ref. 35004], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:894 [ref. 34062], Meyer 2015:74 [ref. 34698] as holbrookii, Barbieri et al. 2015:92 [ref. 35029], Esmaeili et al. 2015:122 [ref. 35030], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Miesen et al. 2016:87 [ref. 34492], Esmaeili et al. 2017:92 [ref. 35254], Koerber et al. 2017:9 [ref. 35632], Saygun et al. 2017:187 [ref. 38891], Esmaeili et al. 2018:74 [ref. 36089], Fricke et al. 2018:108 [ref. 35805], Kuiter 2018:101 [ref. 36369], Robins et al. 2018:228 [ref. 35886], Ćaleta et al. 2019:184 [ref. 37026], Koerber et al. 2019:10 [ref. 36736], Özuluğ & Saç 2019:32 [ref. 36599], Huber 2019:64 [ref. 36941], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:252 [ref. 37108], Bayçelebi 2020:761 [ref. 37964], Çiçek et al. 2020:258 [ref. 37644], Dyldin et al. 2020:99 [ref. 37569], Freyhof et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37614], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:270 [ref. 37983], Kaya et al. 2020:328 [ref. 37582], Kuljanishvili et al. 2020:[6] [ref. 37535], Mirande & Koerber 2020:2 [ref. 37594], Baikeche et al. 2021:959 [ref. 39080], Kelleci et al. 2021:282 [ref. 38359], Al-Faisal et al. 2022:1408 [ref. 39565], Çiçek et al. 2022:4 [ref. 38985], Çiçek et al. 2023:47 [ref. 40326], Çiçek et al. 2023:469 [ref. 40601], Çiçek et al. 2023:30 [ref. 40616], Çiçek et al. 2023:437 [ref. 40625], Çiçek et al. 2023:152 [ref. 40728], Epitashvili et al. 2023:1113 [ref. 40627], Esmaeili & Hamidan 2023:218 [ref. 40377], Mousavi-Sabet et al. 2023:34 [ref. 40667], Saad et al. 2023:42 [ref. 40501], Shumka et al. 2023:38 [ref. 40747] as Gambusiaholbrooki). Current status: Valid as Gambusia holbrooki Girard 1859. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: North America: Atlantic and Gulf Coast drainages, eastern U.S.A. Widely introduced elsewhere for mosquito control. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

howelli, Gambusia Rivas [L. R.] 1944:44 [Proceedings of the New England Zoölogical Club v. 23; ref. 13184] Brackish water lagoon near Punta del Este, Isle of Pines, Cuba. Holotype: UHMP 454. Paratypes: (numerous) Rivas coll. 4 (? now 0); MCZ 36171 [ex USNM 255] (12); UHMP 253-258 (?); UMMZ 143374 (9), USNM 130212 (14, 2 c&s). Type catalog: Parenti et al. 1999:7 [ref. 24072]. •Valid as Gambusia howelii Rivas 1944 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:98 [ref. 7067], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687]). •Synonym of Gambusia puncticulata Poey 1854 -- (Fink 1971:18 [ref. 21211], Parenti et al. 1999:7 [ref. 24072], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:560 [ref. 27061], Meyer 2015:94 [ref. 34698], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:3 [ref. 35177], Huber 2019:65 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Gambusia puncticulata Poey 1854. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

hubbsi, Gambusia Breder [C. M., Jr.] 1934:1, Fig. 1 [American Museum Novitates No. 719; ref. 16413] Southern part of Andros Island, Bahamas. Holotype: AMNH 12454. Paratypes: AMNH 12455 (5). •Valid as Gambusia hubbsi Breder 1934 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:98 [ref. 7067], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Martin & Wainwright 2013:232 [ref. 32978], Meyer 2015:75 [ref. 34698]). •Synonym of Gambusia puncticulata Poey 1854 -- (Fink 1971:18 [ref. 21211], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:560 [ref. 27061], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:3 [ref. 35177], Huber 2019:65 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Gambusia puncticulata Poey 1854. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

humilis, Gambusia Günther [A.] 1866:335 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Atlantic slope of Mexico. Syntypes: ANSP 6973 (1), MCZ 1309 (1), MNHN [ex USNM 3506] (1). Replacement name for Gambusia gracilis Girard 1859, secondarily preoccupied by Xiphophorus gracilis Heckel 1848. •Synonym of Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard 1853) -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:95 [ref. 7067], La Rivers 1994:532 [ref. 23389], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:558 [ref. 27061], Meyer 2015:54 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:65 [ref. 36941]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard 1853). Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

hurtadoi, Gambusia Hubbs [Clark L.] & Springer [V. G.] 1957:307, Figs. 1, 3c-f, 13, 15 [Texas Journal of Science v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 12145] El Ojo de la Hacienda Dolores, 7 miles south of Jiminez, Chihuahua, Mexico. Holotype: UMMZ 168975. Paratypes: (2196) ENCB P 350 (?); FMNH 61604 (30); CAS-SU 48133 (?); TNHC 4204 (278), 4205-06 (?), 4377 (31); UMMZ 168976-77 (25, 38); USNM 164252 (61). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:37 [ref. 12367], Parenti et al. 1999:7 [ref. 24072]. •Synonym of Gambusia gaigei Hubbs 1929 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:104 [ref. 7067]). •Valid as Gambusia hurtadoi Hubbs & Springer 1957 -- (Wildrick et al. 1985:1054 [ref. 11519], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:46 [ref. 22290], Parenti et al. 1999:7 [ref. 24072], Nelson et al. 2004:103 [ref. 27807], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Miller 2006:223 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:18 [ref. 30398], Meyer et al. 2010:13 [ref. 30817], Page et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32708], Meyer 2015:77 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:65 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia hurtadoi Hubbs & Springer 1957. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Conchos River basin, Chihuahua, Atlantic slope of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

inurus, Zygonectes Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:143 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 5 (no. 273); ref. 10612] Cache Creek, southern Illinois, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 29666. Type catalog: Parenti et al. 1999:19 [ref. 24072]. •Synonym of Fundulus dispar (Agassiz 1854) -- (Lazara 2001:146 [ref. 25711]). •Synonym of Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard 1853) -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:95 [ref. 7067], Parenti et al. 1999:19 [ref. 24072], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:558 [ref. 27061], Meyer 2015:54 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:65 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard 1853). Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

krumholzi, Gambusia Minckley [W. L.] 1963:154, Fig. 2 [Southwestern Naturalist v. 8 (no. 3); ref. 5072] Río de Nava, small stream 5.6 miles south-southwest of Nava, Coahuila, Mexico. Holotype: UMMZ 180320. Paratypes: UMMZ 180321 (1, allotype), 180322 (not 101, 87, 3 c&s). •Valid as Gambusia krumholzi Minckley 1963 -- (Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:46 [ref. 22290], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:559 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:103 [ref. 27807], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Miller 2006:223 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:18 [ref. 30398], Meyer et al. 2010:13 [ref. 30817], Page et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32708], Meyer 2015:78 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:66 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia krumholzi Minckley 1963. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: De Nava River, Coahuila, Atlantic slope of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

lemaitrei, Gambusia Fowler [H. W.] 1950:2, Figs. 1-4 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 222; ref. 12947] Totumo Lake, Bolívar state, Colombia. Holotype: ANSP 71938. Paratypes: ANSP 71939-40 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:144 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Gambusia lemaitrei Fowler 1950 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:94 [ref. 7067], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Schiwok & Bork 2002:31 [ref. 25833], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:559 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Meyer et al. 2010:13 [ref. 30817], Langerhans et al. 2012:1530 [ref. 32308], Meyer 2015:79 [ref. 34698], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:102 [ref. 35633], Huber 2019:66 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia lemaitrei Fowler 1950. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Atlantic slope of Colombia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

longispinis, Gambusia Minckley [W. L.] 1962:391, Figs. 1-3 [Copeia 1962 (no. 2); ref. 6259] Small marsh adjacent to La Angostura Canal, about 4 miles west of Cuatro Ciénegas, Coahuila, Mexico. Holotype: UMMZ 179620. Paratypes: UMMZ 130382 (50, 8 c&s), 130393 (1), 130394 (19), 179619 (3), 179621 (15 or 17), 179622 (6). •Valid as Gambusia longispinis Minckley 1962 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:103 [ref. 7067], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:46 [ref. 22290], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:559 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:103 [ref. 27807], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Scharpf 2007:18 [ref. 30398], Meyer et al. 2010:13 [ref. 30817], Page et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32708], Meyer 2015:80 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:66 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia longispinis Minckley 1962. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Cuatro Ciénegas basin, Coahuila, northern Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

luma, Gambusia Rosen [D. E.] & Bailey [R. M.] 1963:99, Figs. 40B, 42, Pl. 2 (f. 3) [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 126 (art. 1); ref. 7067] Puerto Barrios, Izabal, Guatemala. Holotype: UMMZ 143565. Paratypes: UMMZ 134566 (43, 5 c&s), 146087 (1); USNM 114276 (11), 114321 (24), 114343 (15), 134587-90 (9, 3, 2, 3), 134592 (3), 197518 [ex USNM 134591] (5). Type catalog: Parenti et al. 1999:8 [ref. 24072]. •Valid as Gambusia luma Rosen & Bailey 1963 -- (Greenfield et al. 1982:135 [ref. 21395], Greenfield 1983:457 [ref. 8337], Wildrick et al. 1985:1054 [ref. 11519], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:118 [ref. 22947], Parenti et al. 1999:8 [ref. 24072], Ghedotti & Wiley 2003:1157 [ref. 27019], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:559 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Pérez León & Schmitter Soto 2007:169 [ref. 32537], Page et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32708], Meyer 2015:81 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:66 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia luma Rosen & Bailey 1963. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Belize, Guatemala and Honduras. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

manni, Gambusia Hubbs [C. L.] 1927:61 [Copeia No. 164; ref. 15793] Freshwater lake [Lake Cunningham] on New Providence Island, Bahamas. Holotype: UMMZ 72183. Paratypes: UMMZ 72184 (3), USNM 88500 (2). Type catalog: Parenti et al. 1999:8 [ref. 24072]. •Synonym of Gambusia puncticulata Poey 1854, but a valid subspecies -- (Fink 1971:27 [ref. 21211], Lee et al. 1983:17 [ref. 22527]). •Valid as Gambusia manni Hubbs 1927 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:98 [ref. 7067], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Parenti et al. 1999:8 [ref. 24072], Ghedotti & Wiley 2003:1157 [ref. 27019], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:559 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Meyer 2015:83 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:66 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia manni Hubbs 1927. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Bahamas. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

marshi, Gambusia Minckley [W. L.] & Craddock [J. E.] in Minckley 1962:393, Figs. 4, 5a-b, 6a-b [Copeia 1962 (no. 2); ref. 6259] Río Salado de los Nadadores, near junction with Río Salado de Monclova, 1 mile south of Hermanas, Coahuila, Mexico. Holotype: UMMZ 179167. Paratypes: UMMZ 179168 (63). Plus additional material. •Valid as Gambusia marshi Minckley & Craddock 1962 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:105 [ref. 7067], Meffe 1985:898 [ref. 22489], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:46 [ref. 22290], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:559 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:103 [ref. 27807], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Miller 2006:224 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:18 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32708], Meyer 2015:84 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:67 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia marshi Minckley & Craddock 1962. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Coahuila, Atlantic slope of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

mcnieli, Gambusia Fowler [H. W.] 1916:433, Fig. 5 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 68; ref. 1394] Panama. Holotype (unique): ANSP 6818 (poor condition). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:144 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Gambusia nicaraguensis Günther 1866 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:94 [ref. 7067] with question, Fink 1971:54 [ref. 7671], Greenfield et al. 1982:131 [ref. 21395], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:560 [ref. 27061], Meyer 2015:87 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:67 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Gambusia nicaraguensis Günther 1866. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

meadi, Gambusia (Toluichthys) Dahl [G.] in Dahl & Medem 1964:80, Figs. [Informe sobre la fauna acuatica del Rio Sinu; ref. 19185] Vicinity of Tolú, Colombia. Holotype: whereabouts unknown. Paratypes: allotype and paratypes (whereabouts unknown). •Species inquirenda in Poeciliidae -- (Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:575 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Gambusia meadi Dahl 1964 -- (Huber 2019:67 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Uncertain as Gambusia meadi Dahl 1964. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Atlantic slope of Colombia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

melanopleurus, Haplochilus Günther [A.] 1866:317 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] See Poecilia melapleura Gosse 1851. •In the synonymy of Gambusia melapleura (Gosse 1851) -- (Meyer 2015:87 [ref. 34698]). Unjustified Emend.. Current status: Synonym of Gambusia melapleura (Gosse 1851). Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae.

melanops, Haplochilus Cope [E. D.] 1870:457 [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 11 (no. 84); ref. 913] Neuse River basin, Wake County, North Carolina, U.S.A. Syntypes: ANSP 7143 (17). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:96 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard 1853) -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:95 [ref. 7067], La Rivers 1994:532 [ref. 23389], Ross et al. 2001:378 [ref. 25978], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:558 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Gambusia holbrooki Girard 1859 -- (Meyer 2015:74 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:67 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Gambusia holbrooki Girard 1859. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

melanosticta, Gambusia Regan [C. T.] 1913:987 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1913 (pt 4) (art. 58); ref. 3653] Havana, Cuba. Syntypes: BMNH 1884.7.7.158-160 (3). •Synonym of Gambusia puncticulata Poey 1854 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:97 [ref. 7067], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:560 [ref. 27061], Meyer 2015:94 [ref. 34698], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:3 [ref. 35177], Huber 2019:67 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Gambusia puncticulata Poey 1854. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

melapleura, Poecilia Gosse [P. H.] 1851:84, Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [A naturalist's sojourn in Jamaica; ref. 18149] Bluefields, Jamaica. Lectotype: BMNH 1847.12.27.90. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1849.12.27.91-95 (6). As Halochilus melanopleurus in Günther 1866: 317 [ref. 1983], also emended to melanopleura by Bleeker 1860:486 [ref. 380]. Lectotype selected by Huber 2019:68 [ref. 36941]. •Valid as Gambusia melapleura (Gosse 1851) -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:95 [ref. 7067], Fink 1971:65 [ref. 7671], Lee et al. 1983:14 [ref. 22527], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:559 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Meyer 2015:87 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:68 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia melapleura (Gosse 1851). Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Western Jamaica. Habitat: freshwater.

modesta, Gambusia Ahl [E.] 1923:220 [Blätter für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 34 (no. 10); ref. 15395] Mexico [erroneous]. Syntypes: ZMB 21004 (8). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:172 [ref. 19981]. •Permanently invalid, preoccupied by Gambusia modesta Troschel 1865, replaced by Gambusia myersi Ahl 1925. •Synonym of Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard 1853) -- (La Rivers 1994:532 [ref. 23389]). •Objective synonym of Gambusia myersi Ahl 1925 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:96 [ref. 7067], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:559 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Gambusia holbrooki Girard 1859 -- (Meyer 2015:74 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:68 [ref. 36941]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Gambusia holbrooki Girard 1859. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Habitat: freshwater.

monticola, Gambusia punctulata Rivas [L. R.] 1971:5, Fig. 1 [Publications of the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Museum v. 2; ref. 19800] Río Yao, a left tributary of Río Cauto, 15 kilometers upstream from Bueycito, Munic. of Bayamo, Oriente Province, Cuba. Holotype: USNM 203913. Paratypes: GCRL 3636, USNM 203914 (6). Type catalog: Parenti et al. 1999:9 [ref. 24072], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:4 [ref. 35177]. •Synonym of Gambusia puncticulata Poey 1854, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Fink 1971:35 [ref. 21211], Lee et al. 1983:17 [ref. 22527]). •Synonym of Gambusia bucheri Rivas 1944 but a valid subspecies as described -- (Meyer 2015:64 [ref. 34698]). •Valid as Gambusia monticola Rivas 1971 -- (Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Parenti et al. 1999:9 [ref. 24072], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:559 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:4 [ref. 35177], Huber 2019:68 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia monticola Rivas 1971. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Eastern Cuba. Habitat: freshwater.

myersi, Gambusia Ahl [E.] 1925:42, Fig. [Blätter für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 36 (no. 2); ref. 17302] Mexico [erroneous]. Syntypes: ZMB 21004 (8). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:173 [ref. 19981]. Replacement name for Gambusia modesta Ahl 1923, preoccupied by Gambusia modesta Troschel 1865. •Synonym of Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard 1853) -- (La Rivers 1994:532 [ref. 23389]). •Valid as Gambusia myersi Ahl 1925 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:96 [ref. 7067], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:559 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205]). •Synonym of Gambusia holbrooki Girard 1859 -- (Miller 2006:222 [ref. 28615], Meyer 2015:74 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:68 [ref. 36941]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Gambusia holbrooki Girard 1859. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Habitat: freshwater.

nicaraguensis, Gambusia Günther [A.] 1866:336 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 6; ref. 1983] Lake Nicaragua, Nicaragua. Syntypes: BMNH 1952.12.31.1-5 (5), USNM 151461 (1), ZMB 6069 (1). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:173 [ref. 19981], Parenti et al. 1999:8 [ref. 24072], Smith 2018:70 [ref. 36061]. •Valid as Gambusia nicaraguensis Günther 1866 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:94 [ref. 7067], Fink 1971:53 [ref. 7671], Greenfield et al. 1982:131 [ref. 21395], Villa 1982:130 [ref. 36708], Bussing 1987:138 [ref. 22927], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:119 [ref. 22947], Bussing 1998:209 [ref. 24179], Parenti et al. 1999:8 [ref. 24072], Ghedotti & Wiley 2003:1157 [ref. 27019], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:560 [ref. 27061], Smith et al. 2003:16 [ref. 27621], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Pérez León & Schmitter Soto 2007:167 [ref. 32537], Matamoros et al. 2009:13 [ref. 31241], Angulo et al. 2013:996 [ref. 33194], Meyer 2015:87 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:69 [ref. 36941], Angulo et al. 2023:60 [ref. 40676]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia nicaraguensis Günther 1866. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Central America: Atlantic slope of Guatemala to Panama (Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

nigropunctata, Gambusia Regan [C. T.] 1913:987, Fig. 168f [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1913 (pt 4) (art. 58); ref. 3653] Fermina, Bemba, Cuba. Syntypes: BMNH 1879.10.20.2-4 (3). •Synonym of Gambusia puncticulata Poey 1854 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:97 [ref. 7067], Fink 1971:17 [ref. 21211], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:560 [ref. 27061], Meyer 2015:94 [ref. 34698], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:3 [ref. 35177], Huber 2019:69 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Gambusia puncticulata Poey 1854. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

nobilis, Heterandria Baird [S. F.] & Girard [C. F.] 1853:390 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 6; ref. 15636] Leona Springs, Valley of the Rio Grande del Norte, Texas, U.S.A. Lectotype: MCZ 1455 [ex MCZ 1298]. Paralectotypes: MCZ 1298 (now 3). Lectotype established by Hubbs & Springer 1957:297 [ref. 12145]. •Valid as Gambusia nobilis (Baird & Girard 1853) -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:103 [ref. 7067], Lee et al. 1980:544 [ref. 22416], Wildrick et al. 1985:1054 [ref. 11519], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Page & Burr 1991:237 [ref. 18983], Fuller et al. 1999:307 [ref. 25838], Garrett & Edwards 2003:783 [ref. 27258], Nelson et al. 2004:103 [ref. 27807], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Scharpf 2007:18 [ref. 30398], Meyer et al. 2010:13 [ref. 30817], Page & Burr 2011:447 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32708], Meyer 2015:89 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:69 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia nobilis (Baird & Girard 1853). Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: New Mexico and Texas, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater.

oligosticta, Gambusia Regan [C. T.] 1913:988, Pl. 99 (fig. 1-2); Fig. 169b [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1913 (pt 4) (art. 58); ref. 3653] Jamaica. Syntypes: BMNH 1897.7.1.17-19 (3), 1905.8.16.3-12 (10, now 8); CAS-SU 24178 [ex BMNH] (2); USNM 151460 [ex BMNH 1905.8.16.3-12] (2). Type catalog: Parenti et al. 1999:8 [ref. 24072]. •Valid as Gambusia oligosticta Regan 1913 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:98 [ref. 7067], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687]). •Synonym of Gambusia puncticulata Poey 1854 but a valid subspecies as described -- (Meyer 2015:95 [ref. 34698]). •Synonym of Gambusia puncticulata Poey 1854 -- (Fink 1971:17 [ref. 21211], Parenti et al. 1999:8 [ref. 24072], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:560 [ref. 27061], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:3 [ref. 35177], Huber 2019:69 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Gambusia puncticulata Poey 1854. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

panuco, Gambusia Hubbs [C. L.] 1926:30 [Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan No. 16; ref. 2233] Río Valles, Valles, San Luis Potosí, Mexico. Holotype: FMNH 14060. Paratypes: FMNH 14061-68 (8). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:37 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Gambusia panuco Hubbs 1926 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:105 [ref. 7067], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:46 [ref. 22290], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:560 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:104 [ref. 27807], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Scharpf 2007:18 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32708], Meyer 2015:91 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:70 [ref. 36941]). •Mention as possibly the same as Gambusia regani Hubbs 1926 -- (Miller 2006:225 [ref. 28615]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia panuco Hubbs 1926. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Panuco River basin, Atlantic slope of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

patruelis, Heterandria Baird [S. F.] & Girard [C. F.] 1853:390 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 6; ref. 15636] Rio Sabanal; Rio Leona; Rio Neuces; and Elm Creek, Texas, U.S.A. Syntypes: MCZ 1300 (6, now 5). •Synonym of Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard 1853), but a valid subspecies -- (Indra 1991:241 [ref. 24005], Indra 1993:187 [ref. 24009], Rema Devi & Ilango 1993:248 [ref. 24017], Indra 1994:422 [ref. 24015]). •Synonym of Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard 1853) -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:94 [ref. 7067], La Rivers 1994:532 [ref. 23389], Ross et al. 2001:378 [ref. 25978], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:558 [ref. 27061], Meyer 2015:54 [ref. 34698], Zhang et al. 2016:212 [ref. 34477], Huber 2019:70 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard 1853). Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

picturada, Gambusia Poey [F.] 1868:410 [Repertorio Fisico-Natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3505] San Diego de las Banos, Cuba. No types known. •Synonym of Gambusia puncticulata Poey 1854 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:97 [ref. 7067], Fink 1971:17 [ref. 21211], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:560 [ref. 27061], Meyer 2015:94 [ref. 34698], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:3 [ref. 35177], Huber 2019:70 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Gambusia puncticulata Poey 1854. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

pseudopunctata, Gambusia Rivas [L. R.] 1969:784, Figs. 1C-D, 3B [Copeia 1969 (no. 4); ref. 7839] Spring at Roseaux, 15 kilometers east of Jéremie, Départément du Sud, Haiti, West Indies. Holotype: USNM 203163. Paratypes: GCRL [ex USNM 203164] (4), UMMZ 208139 [ex USNM 203164] (25), USNM 203164 (125, now 96). Type catalog: Parenti et al. 1999:8-9 [ref. 24072]. •Valid as Gambusia pseudopunctata Rivas 1969 -- (Greenfield 1983:457 [ref. 8337], Lee et al. 1983:15 [ref. 22527], Wildrick et al. 1985:1055 [ref. 11519], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Parenti et al. 1999:9 [ref. 24072], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:560 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Meyer 2015:92 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:70 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia pseudopunctata Rivas 1969. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Southern Haiti. Habitat: freshwater.

punctata, Gambusia Poey [F.] 1854:384, 390, Pl. 32 (figs. 5-9) [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 1; ref. 3497] Río Almendares, near Havana, Cuba. Syntypes or Poey specimens: ANSP 6978 (1); MCZ 6424 (3), 6393-94 (5, 53); USNM 4867 (9), 120411 [ex MCZ 6394] (1), plus other USNM lots. Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:177 [ref. 22926], Böhlke 1984:144 [ref. 13621], Parenti et al. 1999:9 [ref. 24072], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:3 [ref. 35177]. Neotype (USNM 203165, fountain at Botanical Garden, Havana) designated by Rivas 1969, but potential syntypes are available and need further study. •Valid as Gambusia punctata Poey 1854 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:101 [ref. 7067], Greenfield 1983:457 [ref. 8337], Lee et al. 1983:16 [ref. 22527], Wildrick et al. 1985:1055 [ref. 11519], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Parenti et al. 1999:9 [ref. 24072], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:560 [ref. 27061], Smith et al. 2003:16 [ref. 27621], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Meyer 2015:93 [ref. 34698], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:3 [ref. 35177], Huber 2019:70 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia punctata Poey 1854. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Cuba. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

puncticulata, Gambusia Poey [F.] 1854:386, 390, Pl. 31 (figs. 6-7) [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 1; ref. 3497] Moats of the old city wall of Havana, Cuba. Lectotype: MCZ 46568 [ex MCZ 6401]. Paralectotypes: MCZ 6391 (5), 6397 (6), 6401 (about 31); USNM 120259 [ex MCZ 6401] (6). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:177 [ref. 22926], Parenti et al. 1999:9 [ref. 24072], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:3 [ref. 35177]. Lectotype selected by Fink 1971:18 [ref. 21211]. •Valid as Gambusia puncticulata Poey 1854 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:97 [ref. 7067], Fink 1971:17 [ref. 21211], Lee et al. 1983:17 [ref. 22527], Greenfield & Wildrick 1984:931 [ref. 11453], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Parenti et al. 1999:9 [ref. 24072], Ghedotti & Wiley 2003:1157 [ref. 27019], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:560 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Meyer 2015:94 [ref. 34698], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:3 [ref. 35177], Huber 2019:71 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia puncticulata Poey 1854. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Caribbean islands: Bahamas, Cayman Islands, Cuba and Jamaica. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

punctulata, Gambusia punctata var. Garman [S.] 1895:87 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 19 (pt 1); ref. 1538] Remedios, Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 1409 (1), 1410 (4) •Synonym of Gambusia punctata Poey 1854 -- (Huber 2019:71 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Synonym of Gambusia punctata Poey 1854. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Habitat: freshwater.

quadruncus, Gambusia Langerhans [R. B.] in Langerhans, Gifford, Domínguez-Domínguez, Garcí-B. & Dewitt 2012:1520, Figs. 2-3 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 81 (issue 5); ref. 32308] Río Guayalejo, El Limón, Tamailipas, 19 km south of Xicoténcati, 22°49'53"N, 99°00'39"W, México. Holotype: UMMZ 248855. Paratypes: TNHC45833 (1), 45834 (22), 457835 (5), 248857 (26), 248858 (2). •Valid as Gambusia quadruncus Langerhans 2012 -- (Meyer 2015:96 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:71 [ref. 36941] as quadrunca). Current status: Valid as Gambusia quadruncus Langerhans 2012. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Atlantic slope of central Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

regani, Gambusia Hubbs [C. L.] 1926:28 [Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan No. 16; ref. 2233] Río Forlón, Forlón, Tamaulipas, Mexico. Holotype: FMNH 14033. Paratypes: FMNH 14034-45 (12). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:37 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Gambusia regani Hubbs 1926 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:105 [ref. 7067], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:46 [ref. 22290], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:560 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:104 [ref. 27807], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Miller 2006:225 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:18 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32708], Meyer 2015:97 [ref. 34698], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:345 [ref. 36407], Huber 2019:71 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia regani Hubbs 1926. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Tamesi River basin, Tamaulipas, Atlantic Slope of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

rhizophorae, Gambusia Rivas [L. R.] 1969:791, Figs. 2C-D, 3D [Copeia 1969 (no. 4); ref. 7839] Mangrove swamp at Matheson Hammock, Biscayne Bay, Miami, Dade County, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 203223. Paratypes: GCRL [ex USNM 205493] (4); UMMZ 145059 [ex USNM 203228] (3); USNM 203224 (26, now 25), 205493 [ex UMIM 4792] (59, now 55). Type catalog: Parenti et al. 1999:9 [ref. 24072]. •Valid as Gambusia rhizophorae Rivas 1969 -- (Lee et al. 1980:545 [ref. 22416], Greenfield 1983:457 [ref. 8337], Wildrick et al. 1985:1054 [ref. 11519], Robins & Ray 1986:111 [ref. 23100], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:925 [ref. 23897], Parenti et al. 1999:9 [ref. 24072], Musick et al. 2000:13 [ref. 24959], Ghedotti & Wiley 2003:1157 [ref. 27019], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:560 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:104 [ref. 27807], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Scharpf 2007:17 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32708], Meyer 2015:98 [ref. 34698], Robins et al. 2018:435 [ref. 35886], Huber 2019:71 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia rhizophorae Rivas 1969. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Florida [ U.S.A.] and Cuba. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

senilis, Gambusia Girard [C. F.] 1859:122 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 11; ref. 27410] Río Chihuahua, Río Grande drainage, Mexico. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-0418 [ex USNM 3503]. Lectotype selected by Huber 2019:72 [ref. 36941]. •Valid as Gambusia senilis Girard 1859 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:104 [ref. 7067], Lee et al. 1980:546 [ref. 22416], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Page & Burr 1991:237 [ref. 18983], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:46 [ref. 22290], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:560 [ref. 27061], Garrett & Edwards 2003:783 [ref. 27258], Nelson et al. 2004:104 [ref. 27807], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Miller 2006:225 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:18 [ref. 30398], Meyer et al. 2010:13 [ref. 30817], Meyer et al. 2010:13 [ref. 30817], Page & Burr 2011:447 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32708], Meyer 2015:100 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:72 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia senilis Girard 1859. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Texas (U.S.A.) [now extinct], and Atlantic slope of northern Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

sexradiatus, Gambusia nicaraguensis Hubbs [C. L.] 1936:225 [Carnegie Institution of Washington Publications No. 457 (art. 17); ref. 2247] Río Papaloapan at Papaloapan, Oaxaca, Mexico. Holotype: UMMZ 102989. Paratypes: UMMZ 65278 (1), 92115 (25), 97540 (10, now 9), 97542-43 (4, 5), 108570 (28), 108581-82 (1, 3); USNM 117537 [ex UMMZ 102989] (2). Type catalog: Parenti et al. 1999:8 [ref. 24072]. •Valid as Gambusia sexradiata Hubbs 1936 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:98 [ref. 7067], Greenfield 1983:457 [ref. 8337], Greenfield et al. 1982:137 [ref. 21395], Wildrick et al. 1985:1054 [ref. 11519], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:47 [ref. 22290], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:120 [ref. 22947], Parenti et al. 1999:8 [ref. 24072], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:560 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:104 [ref. 27807], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Miller 2006:226 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:19 [ref. 30398], Meyer et al. 2010:13 [ref. 30817], Pérez León & Schmitter Soto 2007:169 [ref. 32537], Page et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32708], Barrientos et al. 2015:4 [ref. 37653], Meyer 2015:101 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:72 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia sexradiata Hubbs 1936. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Atlantic slope of Southern North America and Central America: Belize, Guatemala and Mexico. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

speciosa, Gambusia Girard [C. F.] 1859:121 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 11; ref. 27410] Río San Diego, near Cadereita, Nuevo León, Mexico. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard 1853) -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:95 [ref. 7067]). •Valid as Gambusia speciosa Girard 1859 -- (Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:47 [ref. 22290], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:560 [ref. 27061], Garrett & Edwards 2003:783 [ref. 27258], Nelson et al. 2004:104 [ref. 27807], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Miller 2006:227 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:19 [ref. 30398], Minckley & Marsh 2009:254 [ref. 31114], Meyer et al. 2010:13 [ref. 30817], Page & Burr 2011:446 [ref. 31215], Langerhans et al. 2012:1530 [ref. 32308], Page et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32708], Meyer 2015:103 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:72 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia speciosa Girard 1859. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Texas (U.S.A.) and Atlantic slope of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

vittata, Gambusia Hubbs [C. L.] 1926:26 [Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan No. 16; ref. 2233] Río Forlón, Forlón, Tamaulipas, Mexico. Holotype: FMNH 14046. Paratypes: FMNH 14047-58 (12); UMMZ 196899 (9). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:38 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Gambusia vittata Hubbs 1926 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:106 [ref. 7067], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:47 [ref. 22290], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:560 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:104 [ref. 27807], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Miller 2006:227 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:19 [ref. 30398], Page et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32708], Meyer 2015:104 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:72 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia vittata Hubbs 1926. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Atlantic slope of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

wrayi, Gambusia Regan [C. T.] 1913:988, Pl. 99 (fig. 3-4); Fig. 168b [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1913 (pt 4) (art. 58); ref. 3653] Jamaica. Lectotype: BMNH 1912.12.20.7. Paralectotypes: (11) BMNH 1912.12.20.8-16 (9). Lectotype selected by Fink 1971:61 [ref. 7671]. •Valid as Gambusia wrayi Regan 1913 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:96 [ref. 7067], Fink 1971:61 [ref. 7671], Lee et al. 1983:18 [ref. 22527], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:561 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Meyer 2015:105 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:73 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia wrayi Regan 1913. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Eastern Jamaica. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

xanthosoma, Gambusia Greenfield [D. W.] 1983:459, Figs. 1-3 [Copeia 1983 (no. 2); ref. 8337] A ditch along road opposite the Taraquin Manor at West Bay, Grand Cayman Island, West Indies. Holotype: FMNH 94188. Paratypes: FMNH 94189 (10), MCZ 58879 (1), UMMZ 210200 (1), USNM 236058 (2). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:38 [ref. 12367], Parenti et al. 1999:9 [ref. 24072]. •Valid as Gambusia xanthosoma Greenfield 1983 -- (Lee et al. 1983:19 [ref. 22527], Wildrick et al. 1985:1054 [ref. 11519], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Parenti et al. 1999:9 [ref. 24072], Ghedotti & Wiley 2003:1157 [ref. 27019], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:561 [ref. 27061], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Meyer 2015:106 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:73 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia xanthosoma Greenfield 1983. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Grand Cayman Island, West Indies. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

yucatana, Gambusia Regan [C. T.] 1914:67, Fig. B [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 14 (no. 79); ref. 3664] Progresso, Yucatán, Mexico. Lectotype: BMNH 1914.3.23.12. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1914.3.23.13-15 (3). Lectotype selected by Fink 1971:23 [ref. 21211]. •Synonym of Gambusia puncticulata Poey 1854, but a valid subspecies -- (Fink 1971:23 [ref. 21211], Lee et al. 1983:17 [ref. 22527]). •Valid as Gambusia yucatana Regan 1914 -- (Rosen & Bailey 1963:97 [ref. 7067], Greenfield et al. 1982:139 [ref. 21395], Greenfield & Wildrick 1984:931 [ref. 11453], Greenfield 1985:374 [ref. 8971], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Gamboa Pérez 1992:316 [ref. 38704], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:47 [ref. 22290], Ghedotti & Wiley 2003:1157 [ref. 27019], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:561 [ref. 27061], Smith et al. 2003:16 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:104 [ref. 27807], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Miller 2006:228 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2007:17 [ref. 30398] with subspecies, Pérez León & Schmitter Soto 2007:169 [ref. 32537], Page et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32708], Barrientos et al. 2015:4 [ref. 37653], Meyer 2015:107 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:73 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia yucatana Regan 1914. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Atlantic slope of southern North America and central America: Belize, Guatemala and Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

zarskei, Gambusia Meyer [M. K.], Schories [S.] & Schartl [M.] 2010:13, Figs. 1-5 [Vertebrate Zoology v. 60 (no. 1); ref. 30817] Outlet of Balneario San Diego de Alcalá, near San Diego de Alcalá, Rio Chuviscar drainage, Rio Conchos system, Chihuahua, Mexico. Holotype: MTD F 31802. Paratypes: MTD F 31803 (1), 31924 (1); SMF 32173 (9). •Valid as Gambusia zarskei Meyer, Schories & Schartl 2010 -- (Page et al. 2013:109 [ref. 32708], Meyer 2015:109 [ref. 34698], Huber 2019:73 [ref. 36941]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia zarskei Meyer, Schories & Schartl 2010. Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Upper Rio Conchos system, Chihuahua, Atlantic slope of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.


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