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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Gobiesox: [ 54 ] records


adustus, Gobiesox Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:360 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 237); ref. 2470] Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Syntypes: USNM 29249 (3). •Valid as Gobiesox adustus Jordan & Gilbert 1882 -- (Briggs 1955:118 [ref. 637], Allen & Robertson 1994:86 [ref. 22193], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:151 [ref. 24545], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:469 [ref. 24550], Thomson et al. 2000:265 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:172 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:145 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:449 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:608 [ref. 34923], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox adustus Jordan & Gilbert 1882. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

aethus, Cotylis Briggs [J. C.] 1951:91, Figs. 17-18 [Proceedings of the California Zoological Club v. 1 (no. 11); ref. 9770] Clarion Island, Revillagigedo Islands, off western Mexico. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 5898. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:145 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Gobiesox aethus (Briggs 1951) -- (Briggs 1955:113 [ref. 637], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:449 [ref. 34668], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox aethus (Briggs 1951). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

barbatulus, Gobiesox Starks [E. C.] 1913:73, Pl. 14 [Leland Stanford Jr. University Publications, University Series; ref. 4197] Tide pools at Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. Holotype: CAS-SU 22210. Paratypes: (3) AMNH 3858 (1), CAS-SU 22521 (orig. 3). Type specimen established in Pl. 14. •Synonym of Gobiesox strumosus Cope 1870 -- (Briggs 1955:115 [ref. 637]). •Mention as Gobiesox barbatulus with Cope as author -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:310 [ref. 25013]). •Valid as Gobiesox barbatulus Starks 1913 -- (Johnson & Greenfield 1983:43 [ref. 28991], Cervigón 1991:200 [ref. 24472], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:469 [ref. 24550], McEachran 2003:1774 [ref. 27089], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:96 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:57 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287], Ribeiro et al. 2019:6 [ref. 36717]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox barbatulus Starks 1913. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

boreus, Gobiesox daedaleus Briggs [J. C.] 1955:111, Fig. 104 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Conchaguita Island, Gulf of Fonseca, El Salvador. Holotype: CAS-SU 17392 [ex NYZS 27550]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 17393-94 (12, 25). Type catalog: Mead 1958:133 [ref. 20648]. •Synonym of Gobiesox daedaleus Briggs 1951, but a valid subspecies as described. Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox daedaleus Briggs 1951. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

brachysoma, Cotylis Briggs [J. C.] 1951:83, Figs. 11-12 [Proceedings of the California Zoological Club v. 1 (no. 11); ref. 9770] Braxatillo Bay, Costa Rica. Holotype: CAS 20440. Paratypes: CAS 20441 (3), CAS-SU 16415 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:145 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Gobiesox daedaleus Briggs 1951, but a valid subspecies -- (Briggs 1955:109 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox daedaleus Briggs 1951. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

canidens, Cotylis Briggs [J. C.] 1951:88, Figs. 15-16 [Proceedings of the California Zoological Club v. 1 (no. 11); ref. 9770] Socorro Island, Revillagigedo Islands, off western Mexico. Holotype: CAS 20442. Paratypes: CAS 1655 (1, missing), ?2130 (1), 2135 (1); CAS-SU 16416 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:146 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Gobiesox canidens (Briggs 1951) -- (Briggs 1955:114 [ref. 637], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:449 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:608 [ref. 34923], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox canidens (Briggs 1951). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

cephalus, Gobiesox Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Plumier) 1800:595, 596, Pl. 19 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] Amérique méridionale [Central America]. No types known. Based on the 'Cephalus fluviatilis major' in manuscript description of Plumier (Charles Plumier, 1646-1704, French explorer and botanist). Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:279, 280 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. See account of Cyclopterus nudus Linnaeus 1758. •Wrongly a synonym of Gobiesox nudus (Linnaeus 1758) based on misapplication by Briggs -- (Briggs 1955:94 [ref. 637], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:512 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Gobiesox cephalus Lacepède 1800 -- (Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:271 [ref. 20707], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox cephalus Lacepède 1800. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Caribbean drainages of South America: Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Honduras, Jamaica, Panama, Venezuela; islands of the Caribbean. Habitat: freshwater.

chilensis, Gobiesox Guichenot [A.] 1848:334 [Fauna Chilena.... in Gay.; ref. 1939] Coast of Chile. •Unknown in Gobiesox? Current status: Unknown. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

costaricensis, Gobiesox Meek [S. E.] 1912:74 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 10 (no. 7); ref. 2960] Zent River, Atlantic drainage, Costa Rica. Holotype: FMNH 7677. Paratypes: FMNH 7813 (2), ?7814 (1), 7815 (1), 96026 (1); USNM 74246 (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:41 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Gobiesox nudus (Linnaeus 1758) [based on Briggs] -- (Briggs 1955:94 [ref. 637], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:512 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Gobiesox cephalus Lacepède 1800. Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox cephalus Lacepède 1800. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: freshwater.

crassicorpus, Cotylis Briggs [J. C.] 1951:81, Figs. 9-10, 19 [Proceedings of the California Zoological Club v. 1 (no. 11); ref. 9770] Between Gulf of Nicaya and 30 miles south of Cape Corrientes, Jalisco, Mexico. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 39309. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:146 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Gobiesox crassicorpus (Briggs 1951) -- (Briggs 1955:120 [ref. 637], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox crassicorpus (Briggs 1951). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

daedaleus, Gobiesox Briggs [J. C.] 1951:63, Figs. 1-2 [Proceedings of the California Zoological Club v. 1 (no. 11); ref. 9770] Near mouth of small stream entering Watering Bay, Gorgona Island, (Pacific) Colombia. Holotype (unique): LACM 21562 [ex AHF 1190]. •Valid as Gobiesox daedaleus Briggs 1951 -- (Briggs 1955:108 [ref. 637], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287], González-Murcia et al. 2019:296 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox daedaleus Briggs 1951. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

eugrammus, Gobiesox Briggs [J. C.] 1955:100, Fig. 101 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Guadalupe Island, Baja California, Mexico, depth 40-45 fathoms. Holotype: CAS-SU 17402. Paratypes: SIO 50-42 (11); CAS-SU 17403-04 (1, 2). •Valid as Gobiesox eugrammus Briggs 1955 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:109 [ref. 9277], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:351 [ref. 35888], Hastings & Conway 2017:396 [ref. 35062], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox eugrammus Briggs 1955. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

fimbriata, Cotylis Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] 1849:18 [Horae Ichthyologicae No. 3; ref. 3073] Red Sea? [error]. Syntypes: (2) ZMB 2171 (1). See Goren & Dor 1994:13 [ref. 25356]. Type locality probably in error (Dor 1985:54 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Cotylis fimbriata Müller & Troschel 1849 -- (Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:61 [ref. 35264] locality in error). •Perhaps the same as Gobiesox strumosus Cope 1870 with a locality as w. Atlantic -- (Briggs 1955:115 [ref. 637]). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

fluviatilis, Gobiesox Briggs [J. C.] & Miller [R. R.] 1960:2, Pls. 1-2 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 616; ref. 11899] Barranca de Barranquitas below Barranquitas, Jalisco, 69 miles by highway 15 southeast of Tepic, Nayarit, Mexico. Holotype: UMMZ 177314. Paratypes: ANSP 91025 (1); FMNH 62807 (1); CAS-SU 53206 (1); UBC 59-650 (1); UMMZ 172233 (1), 177315-16 (12, 1); USNM 179686 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:41 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Gobiesox fluviatilis Briggs & Miller 1960 -- (Espinosa Pérez et al. 1988:728 [ref. 19198], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:31 [ref. 22290], Espinosa Pérez & Castro-Aguirre 1996:125 [ref. 21635], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:470 [ref. 24550], Guzmán e al. 2001:97 [ref. 37488], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:511 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:387 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2009:11 [ref. 30400], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox fluviatilis Briggs & Miller 1960. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Southern North America: mountain streams, Pacific Slope and central highlands of Chihuahua, Durango, Zacatecas and Jalisco states (Mexico). Habitat: freshwater.

fulvus, Gobiesox Meek [S. E.] 1907:149 [Field Columbian Museum, Zoölogical Series v. 7 (no. 5); ref. 15159] Cocos Island, eastern Pacific. Holotype (unique): FMNH 6035. Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:41 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Gobiesox fulvus Meek 1907 -- (Briggs 1955:97 [ref. 637], Bussing 1998:250 [ref. 24179], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:511 [ref. 27061], Angulo et al. 2013:994 [ref. 33194], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox fulvus Meek 1907. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Cocos I, eastern Pacific. Habitat: freshwater.

funebris, Gobiesox Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:95 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Puerto Refugio (Angel Island) and La Paz, Mexico, Gulf of California. Lectotype: USNM 44378. Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 20 (9), USNM 124955 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:146 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype established by Schultz 1944:77 [ref. 3961]. •Valid as Pherallodiscus funebris (Gilbert 1890) -- (Briggs 1955:129 [ref. 637], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:151 [ref. 24545], Thomson et al. 2000:266 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708]). •Valid as Gobiesox funebris Gilbert 1890 -- (Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox funebris Gilbert 1890. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

gyrinus, Gobiesox Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1898:2331 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2445] South Africa. Appeared as name only in Jordan & Evermann 1896:491 [ref. 2442]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Gobiesox gyrinus Valenciennes 1837; apparently not replaced. •Synonym of Gobiesox punctulatus (Poey 1876) -- (Briggs 1955:106 [ref. 637]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox punctulatus (Poey 1876). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

haeres, Gobiesox Jordan [D. S.] & Bollman [C. H.] 1889:552 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 11 (no. 752); ref. 2432] Green Turtle Cay, Bahamas. Holotype (unique): USNM 41733. •Synonym of Gobiesox punctulatus (Poey 1876) -- (Briggs 1955:106 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox punctulatus (Poey 1876). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

juniperoserrai, Gobiesox Espinosa Pérez [H.] & Castro-Aguirre [J. L.] 1996:121, Figs 1-2 [Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences v. 95 (no. 3); ref. 21635] Pozas del Vado creek, near Pocitas, southwest of Sierra le Giganta, Baja California Sur, Mexico. Holotype: IBUNAM-P 7606. Paratypes: IBUNAM-P 7607 (2, c&s). Not treated by Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003 [ref. 27061]. •Valid as Gobiesox juniperoserrai Espinosa Pérez & Castro-Aguirre 1996 -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:470 [ref. 24550], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:388 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2009:11 [ref. 30400], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox juniperoserrai Espinosa Pérez & Castro-Aguirre 1996. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Arroyo Las Pocitas, Baja California Sur, Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

juradoensis, Gobiesox Fowler [H. W.] 1944:247, Figs. 24-25 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 96; ref. 1452] Río Juradó, Chocó Province, Colombia, elevation 600 feet. Holotype: ANSP 71451. Paratypes: ANSP 71452-65 (14), CAS-SU 17394 [ex ANSP 71466] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:146 [ref. 12291], Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Gobiesox juradoensis Fowler 1944 -- (Briggs 1955:96 [ref. 637], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:511 [ref. 27061], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox juradoensis Fowler 1944. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: (Pacific slope) Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

lanceolatus, Gobiesox Hastings [P. A.] & Conway [K. W.] 2017:393, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa 4221 (no. 3); ref. 35062] Los Frailes submarine canyon, just south of Punta Los Frailes, Baja California, Gulf of California, Mexico, approx. 23°22.3'N, 109°25.0'W, depth 300 meters. Holotype (unique): SIO 65-34. •Valid as Gobiesox lanceolatus Hastings & Conway 2017 -- (Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox lanceolatus Hastings & Conway 2017. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Los Frailes submarine canyon, Gulf of California, Mexico. Habitat: marine.

lucayanus, Gobiesox Briggs [J. C.] 1963:604, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1963 (no. 4); ref. 4252] 5 miles west of Nassau, New Providence Island, Bahamas. Holotype: UF 5898. Paratypes: ANSP 72200 (1), 81322 (2), 81323 (1, larva), 81324 (1); UF 5899 (1), 9059 (3). Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:113 [ref. 21035], Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Gobiesox lucayanus Briggs 1963 -- (Collette et al. 2003:101 [ref. 26784], McEachran 2003:1774 [ref. 27089], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox lucayanus Briggs 1963. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bahamas. Habitat: marine.

macrurus, Gobiesox Briggs [J. C.] 1951:70, Figs. 5-6 [Proceedings of the California Zoological Club v. 1 (no. 11); ref. 9770] About 100 yards south of Punta Penasco, Sonora, Mexico. Holotype: CAS-SU 16419. Paratypes: ANSP 91021 [ex CAS-SU 16420] (1); CAS-SU 16420-21 (81, 23); USNM 112754 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:146 [ref. 12291], Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Pherallodiscus funebris (Gilbert 1890) -- (Briggs 1955:129 [ref. 637]). •Synonym of Gobiesox funebris Gilbert 1890. Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox funebris Gilbert 1890. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

maeandricus, Lepadogaster Girard [C. F.] 1858:130 [General report upon zoology of the several Pacific railroad routes, 1857; ref. 4911] San Luis Obispo, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: ?USNM 516 to 518 (1, 1, 1). Replacement name for Lepadogaster reticulatus Girard 1854, preoccupied by Lepadogaster reticulatus Risso 1810. •Valid as Gobiesox maeandricus (Girard 1858) -- (Briggs 1955:101 [ref. 637], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:109 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:230 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:228 [ref. 14674], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:798 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:66 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:300 [ref. 35888], Hastings & Conway 2017:396 [ref. 35062] as meandricus, Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287], Burton & Lea 2019:90 [ref. 37205]). Replacement Name. Current status: Valid as Gobiesox maeandricus (Girard 1858). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: southeastern Alaska (U.S.A.) south to central Baja California (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

marijeanae, Gobiesox Briggs [J. C.] 1960:215, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1960 (no. 3); ref. 11898] San Juanito Island, Tres Marias Islands, eastern Pacific. Holotype: UBC 59-270 (54 mm). Paratypes: ANSP 90849 (1), FMNH 62806 (1), CAS-SU 53184 (1), UBC 59-270 (5), UMMZ 175894 (1), USNM 179685 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:41 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Gobiesox marijeanae Briggs 1960 -- (Nelson et al. 2004:167 [ref. 27807], Erisman et al. 2011:34 [ref. 31460], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox marijeanae Briggs 1960. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Islas Marías archipelago endemic. Habitat: marine.

marmoratus, Gobiesox Jenyns [L.] 1842:140, Pl. 27 (figs. 1, 1a, 1b) [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Beagle; ref. 2344] Off Lemuy Island, Chiloé Archipelago, Chile. Syntypes: BMNH 1917.7.14.71-72 (2). •Valid as Gobiesox marmoratus Jenyns 1842 -- (Briggs 1955:98 [ref. 637], Pequeño 1989:41 [ref. 14125], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:156 [ref. 24555], Dyer & Westneat 2010:601 [ref. 31446], Nión et al. 2016:52 [ref. 35565], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox marmoratus Jenyns 1842. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic and southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

mexicanus, Gobiesox Briggs [J. C.] & Miller [R. R.] 1960:7, Pls. 2-3 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 616; ref. 11899] Río Coyuquilla, 60 miles by road southeast of Zihuatenejo, Guerrero, Mexico. Holotype: UMMZ 177318. Paratypes: ANSP 91026 (1); FMNH 62808 (1); CAS-SU 53205 (1); UBC 59-651 (1); UMMZ 177317 (2), 177319-21 (3); USNM 179687 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:41 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Gobiesox mexicanus Briggs & Miller 1960 -- (Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:31 [ref. 22290], Espinosa Pérez & Castro-Aguirre 1996:125 [ref. 21635], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:471 [ref. 24550], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:511 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:388 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2009:11 [ref. 30400], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox mexicanus Briggs & Miller 1960. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Pacific Slope of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

microspilus, Gobiesox Fowler [H. W.] 1916:412, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 68; ref. 15056] Panama. Holotype (unique): ANSP 45213. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Gobiesox papillifer Gilbert 1890, but a valid subspecies -- (Briggs 1955:124 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox papillifer Gilbert 1890. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

milleri, Gobiesox Briggs [J. C.] 1955:119, Fig. 107 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Cabello Island, Gulf of Nicoya, Costa Rica. Holotype: UMMZ 162460. Paratypes: CAS-SU 17396 [ex NYZS 28325] (1), 17397 [ex NYZS] (1, c&s); SIO 15-626 (1) (ex UCLA W54-48), 15-2404 (1) (ex UCLA W54-174). •Valid as Gobiesox milleri Briggs 1955 -- (Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox milleri Briggs 1955. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Costa Rica. Habitat: marine.

multitentaculum, Cotylis Briggs [J. C.] 1951:80 [Proceedings of the California Zoological Club v. 1 (no. 11); ref. 9770] Off coast just north of Paita, Peru. Holotype: USNM 107142. Paratypes: USNM 88822-23 (1, 1). •Valid as Gobiesox multitentaculus (Briggs 1951) -- (Briggs 1955:121 [ref. 637], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:156 [ref. 24555], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:511 [ref. 27061], Barriga Salazar 2014:117 [ref. 35745], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox multitentaculus (Briggs 1951). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Pacific drainages of Ecuador and Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

nigricans, Gobiesox Philippi [R. A.] in Delfin 1899:122 [Revista Chilena de Historia Natural (Santiago) v. 3; ref. 17394] Not available as above; no distinguishing features provided; from Chonos I., off sw. coast of Chile. •In the synonymy of Gobiesox marmoratus Jenyns 1842 -- (Briggs 1955:99 [ref. 637]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox marmoratus Jenyns 1842. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae.

nigripinnis, Cotylis Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1859:412 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1859; ref. 18542] Puerto Cabello, Venezuela. Syntypes: ZMB 2172 (1). •Valid as Gobiesox nigripinnis (Peters 1859) -- (Briggs 1955:104 [ref. 637], Cervigón 1991:201 [ref. 24472], McEachran 2003:1774 [ref. 27089], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:73 [ref. 33341], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox nigripinnis (Peters 1859). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

papillifer, Gobiesox Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:96 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Magdalena Bay, Baja California, Mexico. Holotype (unique): USNM 44376. •Valid as Gobiesox papillifer Gilbert 1890 -- (Briggs 1955:122 [ref. 637], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:109 [ref. 9277], Allen & Robertson 1994:86 [ref. 22193], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:151 [ref. 24545], Thomson et al. 2000:265 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:145 [ref. 34871], Kells et al. 2016:302 [ref. 35888], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287], Conway et al. 2017:547 [ref. 35580]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox papillifer Gilbert 1890. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

pinniger, Gobiesox Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:94 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Puerto Refugio (Angel Island); San Luis Gonzales Bay; and La Paz, Mexico, Gulf of California. Lectotype: ?USNM 44377. Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 44 (24) La Paz; USNM 46694 (4), 126808 (25). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:146 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype established (as figured specimen) in Jordan 1896:244 [ref. 2395] if specimen is identifiable; from Puerto Refugio. •Valid as Gobiesox pinniger Gilbert 1890 -- (Briggs 1955:112 [ref. 637], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:152 [ref. 24545], Thomson et al. 2000:264 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox pinniger Gilbert 1890. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

potamius, Gobiesox Briggs [J. C.] 1955:93, Fig. 99 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Río Turrubares, Pacific drainage, Costa Rica. Holotype: FMNH 7815. Paratypes: FMNH 96026 [ex FMNH 7815] (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:41 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Gobiesox potamius Briggs 1955 -- (Bussing 1987:115 [ref. 22927], Bussing 1998:249 [ref. 24179], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:512 [ref. 27061], McMahan et al. 2013:452 [ref. 32422], Angulo et al. 2013:994 [ref. 33194], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox potamius Briggs 1955. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: (Pacific slope) Costa Rica, El Salvador, and (?) Panama. Habitat: freshwater.

punctulatus, Sicyases Poey [F.] 1876:166 [124] [Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, Madrid v. 5 (for 5 Apr. 1876); ref. 3510] Cuba. No types known. On p. 124 of separate. •Valid as Gobiesox punctulatus (Poey 1876) -- (Briggs 1955:104 [ref. 637], Johnson & Greenfield 1983:46 [ref. 28991], Robins & Ray 1986:86 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1991:201 [ref. 24472], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:167 [ref. 27754], McEachran 2003:1774 [ref. 27089], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:96 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:57 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:644 [ref. 28815], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:73 [ref. 33341], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287], Conway et al. 2017:547 [ref. 35580]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox punctulatus (Poey 1876). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

ramsdeni, Gobiesox Howell Rivero [L.] 1936:73 [Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 41 (no. 4); ref. 12257] Río Toa, 'El Palenque', Yateras, Guantanamo, Oriente Province, Cuba. Holotype (unique): MCZ 34152. •Synonym of Gobiesox nudus (Linnaeus 1758) [based on Briggs] -- (Briggs 1955:94 [ref. 637], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:512 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Gobiesox cephalus Lacepède 1800. Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox cephalus Lacepède 1800. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: freshwater.

reticulatus, Lepadogaster Girard [C. F.] 1854:155 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 5769] San Luis Obispo, California, U.S.A. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Lepadogaster reticulatus Risso 1810, replaced by Lepadogaster maeandricus Girard 1858. •Objective synonym of Gobiesox maeandricus (Girard 1858) -- (Briggs 1955:101 [ref. 637]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox maeandricus (Girard 1858). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

rhessodon, Gobiesox Smith [R.] 1881:140 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 208); ref. 18282] Point Loma, San Diego County, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: BMNH 1884.10.15.4 (1) from Smith, CAS-SU 1403 (1), USNM 28396 (orig. about 50, now 3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:146 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Gobiesox rhessodon Smith 1881 -- (Briggs 1955:102 [ref. 637], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:109 [ref. 9277], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:302 [ref. 35888], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox rhessodon Smith 1881. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

rhyacophilus, Gobiesox Briggs [J. C.] 1951:72, Figs. 7-8 [Proceedings of the California Zoological Club v. 1 (no. 11); ref. 9770] Stream entering Watering Bay, Gorgona Island, (Pacific) Colombia. Holotype: LACM 21696 [ex AHF 1191]. Paratypes: ANSP 141461 [ex CAS-SU 16424] (1); CAS-SU 16424 (orig. 19, now 17), 16425 (1), USNM 112755 [ex CAS-SU 16424] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:146-147 [ref. 12291], Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Gobiesox juradoensis Fowler 1944 -- (Briggs 1955:96 [ref. 637], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:511 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox juradoensis Fowler 1944. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: freshwater.

sanctimartini, Gobiesox Metzelaar [J.] 1919:151, Fig. 48 [Report on the fishes; ref. 2982] Simsonsbay Lagoon, St. Martin Island, West Indies. Holotype: ZMA 104846. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:63 [ref. 19236]. Species originally spelled sancti martini. •Synonym of Gobiesox strumosus Cope 1870 -- (Briggs 1955:115 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox strumosus Cope 1870. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sapoensis, Gobiesox Fowler [H. W.] 1944:235, Fig. 257 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 6; ref. 1448] Death River tide pools at foot of Mount Sapo, Panama. Holotype: ANSP 69989. Paratypes: ANSP 69990 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Gobiesox adustus Jordan & Gilbert 1882 -- (Briggs 1955:118 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox adustus Jordan & Gilbert 1882. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

saxatilis, Cotylis Briggs [J. C.] 1951:84, Figs. 13-14 [Proceedings of the California Zoological Club v. 1 (no. 11); ref. 9770] Port Utria, Colombia. Holotype: LACM 21721 [ex AHF 1192]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 16417 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:146 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Gobiesox adustus Jordan & Gilbert 1882 -- (Briggs 1955:118 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox adustus Jordan & Gilbert 1882. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

schultzi, Gobiesox Briggs [J. C.] 1951:67, Figs. 3-4 [Proceedings of the California Zoological Club v. 1 (no. 11); ref. 9770] Tidepool, outer San Carlos Bay, Sonora, Mexico. Holotype: CAS-SU 16426. Paratypes: ANSP 127233 [ex CAS-SU 36561] (1); CAS-SU 16427 (3), 36561 (orig. 8, now 7); USNM 112753 [ex CAS-SU 16427] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:147 [ref. 12291], Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Gobiesox schultzi Briggs 1951 -- (Briggs 1955:105 [ref. 637], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:153 [ref. 24545], Thomson et al. 2000:265 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox schultzi Briggs 1951. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

stannii, Cotylis Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] 1849 [Horae Ichthyologicae No. 3; ref. 3073] Brazil [probably in error]. No types known. •Synonym of Gobiesox nudus (Linnaeus 1758) [based on Briggs] -- (Briggs 1955:94 [ref. 637] as stanii, Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:512 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Gobiesox cephalus Lacepède 1800. Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox cephalus Lacepède 1800. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: freshwater.

stenocephalus, Gobiesox Briggs [J. C.] 1955:92, Fig. 98 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Puerto Parker, (Pacific) Costa Rica. Holotype: CAS-SU 17408 [ex NYZS 27872]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 17409 (3), 67326 [ex CAS-SU 17409] (1, c&s). Type catalog: Mead 1958:133 [ref. 20648]. •Valid as Gobiesox stenocephalus Briggs 1955 -- (Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox stenocephalus Briggs 1955. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

strumosus, Gobiesox Cope [E. D.] 1870:121 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 22; ref. 18030] Hilton Head, South Carolina, U.S.A. Syntypes: ANSP 10349-61 (13), CAS-SU 17410 [ex ANSP 10362] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Gobiesox strumosus Cope 1870 -- (Briggs 1955:115 [ref. 637], Johnson & Greenfield 1983:44 [ref. 28991], Robins & Ray 1986:86 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:81 [ref. 23239], Murdy et al. 1997:107 [ref. 23144], Aguilera 1998:53 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:310 [ref. 25013], Schwartz 2000:14 [ref. 24409], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:167 [ref. 27754], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:468 [ref. 24550], McEachran 2003:1774 [ref. 27089], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:645 [ref. 28815], García-Hernández et al. 2009:93 [ref. 37265], Matamoros et al. 2009:11 [ref. 31241], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:345 [ref. 36407], Spier et al. 2018:8 [ref. 36103]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox strumosus Cope 1870. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: including Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: brackish, marine.

testar, Lepadogaster Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:4, Pl. 1 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] West Indies. No types known. •Synonym of Gobiesox nudus (Linnaeus 1758) [based on Briggs] -- (Briggs 1955:94 [ref. 637], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:512 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Gobiesox cephalus Lacepède 1800. Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox cephalus Lacepède 1800. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: freshwater.

tudes, Gobiesox Richardson [J.] 1845:no p., Pl. 46 (figs. 1-3) [Ichthyology.--Part 2. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur; ref. 20574] Supposed to be China [in error]. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Available from plate. Text in Richardson 1845:103 [ref. 20275]. •Synonym of Gobiesox nudus (Linnaeus 1758) [based on Briggs] -- (Briggs 1955:94 [ref. 637], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:512 [ref. 27061]). •Probably a synonym of Gobiesox cephalus Lacepède 1800 -- (pers. comm. K. Conway 8/2019). Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox cephalus Lacepède 1800. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: freshwater.

varius, Pherallodiscus Briggs [J. C.] 1955:131, Fig. 111 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 6; ref. 637] Passavera Island, Chamela Bay, Jalisco, Mexico. Holotype: CAS-SU 17807 [ex NYSZ]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 17808 (2). Type catalog: Mead 1958:134 [ref. 20648]. •Valid as Pherallodiscus varius Briggs 1955 -- (Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32708]). •Valid as Gobiesox varius (Briggs 1955) -- (Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox varius (Briggs 1955). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

virgatulus, Gobiesox Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:293 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 5 (no. 282); ref. 2472] Pensacola Bay, Florida, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 30861 (orig. 3, now 2). Non-types: CAS-SU 441 (1), 1669 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:147 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Gobiesox strumosus Cope 1870 -- (Briggs 1955:115 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox strumosus Cope 1870. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

vittatus, Gobiesox Metzelaar [J.] 1922:140, Fig. 3 [Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde v. 22; ref. 5741] Caracas Bay, southwestern Curaçao, Netherlands Antilles. Holotype: ZMA 104168. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:64 [ref. 19236]. •Synonym of Gobiesox punctulatus (Poey 1876) -- (Briggs 1955:106 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox punctulatus (Poey 1876). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: marine.

woodsi, Cotylis nigripinnis Schultz [L. P.] 1944:68 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 96 (no. 3187); ref. 3961] Cocos Island at Wafer Bay, eastern Pacific. Holotype (unique): FMNH 41974. Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:28 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Gobiesox woodsi (Schultz 1944) -- (Briggs 1955:117 [ref. 637], Allen & Robertson 1994:87 [ref. 22193], Conway et al. 2017:[9] [ref. 35287]). Current status: Valid as Gobiesox woodsi (Schultz 1944). Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Cocos Island. Habitat: marine.

yuma, Gobiesox Nichols [J. T.] 1917:876, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 37 (art. 37); ref. 15123] About 12 miles south of Sanibel Light, Estero Bay, western Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): AMNH 5737. •Synonym of Gobiesox strumosus Cope 1870 -- (Briggs 1955:115 [ref. 637]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiesox strumosus Cope 1870. Gobiesocidae: Gobiesocinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.