Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Gymnomuraena: [ 5 ] records


doliata, Gymnomuraena Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:648, 649, Pl. 19 (fig. 4) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] New Britain, Bismarck Archipelago. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-2376. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:98 [ref. 20810], Böhlke & Smith 2002:106 [ref. 26380]. •Synonym of Gymnomuraena zebra (Shaw 1797) -- (Böhlke & Randall 2000:224 [ref. 24493], Böhlke & Smith 2002:106 [ref. 26380], Allen et al. 2006:247 [ref. 29005], Smith 2012:10 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnomuraena zebra (Shaw 1797). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Habitat: marine.

fasciata, Gymnomuraena Kaup [J. J.] 1856:68 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 22 (pt. 1); ref. 2572] Muscat, Oman, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-4425. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1952.9.13.100 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:98 [ref. 20810], Böhlke & Smith 2002:109 [ref. 26380] with type as 445. Also in Kaup 1856:103, Pl. 14 (fig. 69) [ref. 2573]. Lectotype selected by Böhlke & Randall 2000:225 [ref. 24493]. •Synonym of Gymnomuraena zebra (Shaw 1797) -- (Böhlke & Randall 2000:224 [ref. 24493], Böhlke & Smith 2002:109 [ref. 26380], Smith 2012:10 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnomuraena zebra (Shaw 1797). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Muraenophis Hardwicke [T.] in Kaup 1857:103 [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:110 [ref. 26380]. Not available, name mentioned in synonymy of Gymnomuraena fasciata Kaup. •In the synonymy of Gymnomuraena zebra (Shaw 1797) -- (Böhlke & Randall 2000:224 [ref. 24493]). •Nomen nudum, not available -- (Smith 2012:55 [ref. 32155]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Gymnomuraena zebra (Shaw 1797). Muraenidae: Muraeninae.

molendinaris, Muraena Bennett [E. T.] 1833:32 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1833 (pt 1); ref. 16786] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1852.9.13.100 [ex Zool. Soc.]. Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:128 [ref. 26380]. •Synonym of Gymnomuraena zebra (Shaw 1797) -- (Fricke 1999:43 [ref. 24106], Böhlke & Randall 2000:224 [ref. 24493], Böhlke & Smith 2002:128 [ref. 26380], Smith 2012:10 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnomuraena zebra (Shaw 1797). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Habitat: marine.

zebra, Gymnothorax Shaw [G.] in Shaw & Nodder 1797:4 unnum. pp., Pl. 322 [The Naturalist's Miscellany; ref. 4013] Sumatra, Indonesia [originally American seas]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1977.4.22.4 [ex Royal Coll. Surgons]. Description at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/40319202 •Valid as Echidna zebra (Shaw 1797) -- (Dor 1984:27 [ref. 29757], Castle & McCosker 1986:167 [ref. 5645], Allen & Swainston 1988:32 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:127 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Gymnomuraena zebra (Shaw 1797) -- (Hatooka in Masuda et al. 1984:25 [ref. 6441], Winterbottom et al. 1989:8 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:35 [ref. 15987], Randall et al. 1994:224 [ref. 21645], Chen et al. 1994:48 [ref. 22258], Allen & Robertson 1994:44 [ref. 22193], Goren & Dor 1994:7 [ref. 25356], Quéro & Saldanha 1995:66 [ref. 22017], McCosker & Rosenblatt in Fischer et al. 1995:1308 [ref. 22830], Randall & Golani 1995:853 [ref. 21744], Randall 1995:55 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:52 [ref. 23977], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:224 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:149 [ref. 24023], Carpenter et al. 1997:107 [ref. 23922], Randall et al. 1997:35 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:46 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:43 [ref. 24106], Böhlke et al. 1999:1656 [ref. 24692], Allen 2000:84 [ref. 37268], Böhlke & Randall 2000:224 [ref. 24493], Nakabo 2000:199 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:585 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:110 [ref. 25191], Thomson et al. 2000:45 [ref. 25640], Randall & Earle 2000:6 [ref. 25806], Böhlke & McCosker 2001:73 [ref. 25226], Hutchins 2001:16 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:199 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:22 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S95 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:610 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:68 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:6 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:118 [ref. 27715], Nelson et al. 2004:60 [ref. 27807], Heemstra et al. 2004:3316 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:102 [ref. 28072], Love et al. 2005:17 [ref. 37547], Mundy 2005:116 [ref. 28379], Randall 2005:38 [ref. 28239], Smith & Böhlke 2006:38 [ref. 28678], Allen et al. 2006:247 [ref. 29005], Randall 2007:83 [ref. 30952], Imamura 2009:17 [ref. 30434], Fricke et al. 2009:15 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:188 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:70 [ref. 31256], Zhang et al. 2010:241 [ref. 31511], Caratini & Soriano 2011:62 [ref. 39915], Fricke et al. 2011:349 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:80 [ref. 31980], Smith 2012:10 [ref. 32155], Page et al. 2013:61 [ref. 32708], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988], Ho et al. 2015:154 [ref. 34130], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:144 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:441 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:606 [ref. 34923], Koeda et al. 2016:6 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:34 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:20 [ref. 36273], Huang et al. 2018:[2] [ref. 35898], Dalleau-Coudert et al. 2019:115 [ref. 40104], Eagderi et al. 2019:17 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:61 [ref. 36871], Smith et al. 2019:16 [ref. 37159], Ramos-Castro et al. 2020:83 [ref. 37651], Dale et al. 2021:313 [ref. 38298], Love et al. 2021:33 [ref. 39279], Eudeline 2022:135 [ref. 39191], Smith & Böhlke 2022:43 [ref. 39681], Page et al. 2023:51 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Gymnomuraena zebra (Shaw 1797). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Persian Gulf, Socotra (Yemen), Seychelles, Comoros, Mayotte (France), Madagascar and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.), north to Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands (Japan) and Ogasawara Islands (Japan), south to North West Cape (Western Australia) and New Caledonia; eastern Pacific: Pacific coast of southern Baja California Sur (Mexico) south to Peru, including Gulf of California (Mexico), Revillagiogedo Islands (Mexico), Malpelo Island (Colombia) and Galápagos Islands (Ecuador) Habitat: marine.


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