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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Hemichromis: [ 21 ] records


angolensis, Hemichromis Steindachner [F.] 1865:5 [Memorias da Academia Real das Sciencias de Lisboa Classe de Sciencias Mathematicas e Naturaes. Nova Serie. v. 3 (pt 2); ref. 21707] Duque de Bragança [now Calandula], at the Lucala River, Cuanza drainage, Angola. Holotype (unique): MB [Lisbon Mus.] BC 3 (lost). Type locality from de Brito Capella 1873 [ref. 17970]. Hemichromis angolae is an unjustified emendation (in ref. 17970). Type lost, see Bell-Cross 1975:426 [ref. 6825]. •Uncertain -- (Daget et al. 1991:544 [ref. 20942]). •Valid as Hemichromis angolensis Steindachner 1865 -- (Skelton 2019:236 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Hemichromis angolensis Steindachner 1865. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

auritus, Hemichromis Gill [T. N.] 1862:135 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 14; ref. 1661] Gabon River, West Africa. Syntypes: ANSP 9036 (1), USNM 4096 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:56 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Hemichromis elongatus (Guichenot 1861) -- (Daget & Teugels 1991:189 [ref. 20957], Bitja-Nyom et al. 2021:3796 [ref. 38608]). Current status: Synonym of Hemichromis elongatus (Guichenot 1861). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bimaculatus, Hemichromis Gill [T. N.] 1862:137 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 14; ref. 1661] No locality, probably Liberia. Holotype: USNM 4097. •Valid as Hemichromis bimaculatus Gill 1862 -- (Lee et al. 1980:770 [ref. 22416], Lévêque et al. 1989:122 [ref. 26480], Paugy & Bénech 1989:304 [ref. 26478], McAllister 1990:154 [ref. 14674], Lévêque 1990:43 [ref. 19786], Paugy et al. 1990:342 [ref. 26477], Daget & Teugels 1991:187 [ref. 20957], Page & Burr 1991:330 [ref. 18983], Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde in Lévêque et al. 1992:740 [ref. 21590], Poll & Gosse 1995:265 [ref. 24781], Dankwa et al. 1999:47 [ref. 28023], Carpenter 2001:3336 [ref. 26131], Carpenter 2003:1693 [ref. 27092], Larson et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32988], Schelly & Stiassny in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2709 [ref. 34618], Pezold et al. 2016:106 [ref. 34870]). Current status: Valid as Hemichromis bimaculatus Gill 1862. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Western Africa; also introduced in Florida. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

camerounensis, Hemichromis Bitja-Nyom [A. R.], Agnèse [J. F.], Pariselle [A.], Bilong-Bilong [C. F.], Gilles [A.] & Snoeks [J.] 2021:3787, Fig. 2e-f [Hydrobiologia v. 848; ref. 38608] Avoo River, Sanaga basin, between the villages Batchenga and Ndji, Cameroon, 04°19'36.2"N. 11°40'22.1"E. Holotype: MRAC 2015.019.P.0001. Paratypes: MRAC. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Hemichromis camerounensis Bitja-Nyom, Agnèse, Pariselle, Bilong-Bilong, Gilles & Snoeks 2021. Current status: Valid as Hemichromis camerounensis Bitja-Nyom, Agnèse, Pariselle, Bilong-Bilong, Gilles & Snoeks 2021. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Africa: coastal basins of Cameroon (and upper Chad basin) and southeastern Nigeria. Habitat: freshwater.

cerasogaster, Paratilapia Boulenger [G. A.] 1899:118, Pl. 45 (fig. 1) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoology) v. 1 (fasc. 5); ref. 589] Utanda and Kutu, Lake Leopold II [Mai-Ndombe], Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1899.11.27.67-68 (2) Utanda; MRAC 1050-56 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1). •Valid as Hemichromis cerasogaster (Boulenger 1899) -- (Daget & Teugels 1991:189 [ref. 20957]). Current status: Valid as Hemichromis cerasogaster (Boulenger 1899). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

cristatus, Hemichromis Loiselle [P. V.] 1979:54, Figs. 13-14 [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 228; ref. 8810] Ogha River, Nigeria. Holotype: BMNH 1969.3.26.76. Paratypes: CAS 63145 (1); MNHN 1908-0124 to -0126 (3), 1935-0237 (1). •Synonym of Hemichromis bimaculatus Gill 1862 -- (Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde in Lévêque et al. 1992:740 [ref. 21590]). •Valid as Hemichromis cristatus Loiselle 1979 -- (Daget & Teugels 1991:189 [ref. 20957], Schelly & Stiassny in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2709 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Hemichromis cristatus Loiselle 1979. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Guinea to Sierra Leone. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

desguezii, Hemichromis Rochebrune [A. T. de] 1880:168 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3790] Casamance River and Gambia River, western Africa. No types known. •Synonym of Hemichromis fasciatus Peters 1857 -- (Daget & Teugels 1991:191 [ref. 20957], Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde in Lévêque et al. 1992:739 [ref. 21590] with uncertainty, Bitja-Nyom et al. 2021:3793 [ref. 38608]). Current status: Synonym of Hemichromis fasciatus Peters 1857. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

elongatus, Chromichthys Guichenot [A.] in Duméril 1861:257, Pl. 22 (fig. 3) [Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 10 [for 1858]; ref. 1149] Gabon. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1111. Type catalog: Blanc 1962:204 [ref. 20868]. •Valid as Hemichromis elongatus (Guichenot 1861) -- (Daget & Teugels 1991:189 [ref. 20957], Skelton 1993:294 [ref. 24071], Fuller et al. 1999:431 [ref. 25838], Skelton 2001:294 [ref. 27406], Mundy 2005:420 [ref. 28379], Stiassny et al. 2007:341 [ref. 30045], Marshall 2011:210 [ref. 31755] dated 1859, Bruton et al. 2018:87 [ref. 36373], Skelton 2019:229, 236 [ref. 36564], Kisekelwa et al. 2020:[11] 710 [ref. 38315], Bitja-Nyom et al. 2021:3796 [ref. 38608]). Current status: Valid as Hemichromis elongatus (Guichenot 1861). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Central Africa: coastal rivers of Lower Guinea and middle Congo basin; introduced in Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: freshwater.

exsul, Pelmatochromis Trewavas [E.] 1933:320, Fig. 4 [The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 38 (no. 259); ref. 16530] Lake Rudolf [Lake Turkana], Kenya. Syntypes: BMNH 1933.2.23.134-136 (3). •Synonym of Hemichromis letourneuxi Sauvage 1880 -- (Daget & Teugels 1991:193 [ref. 20957]). •Valid as Hemichromis exsul (Trewavas 1933) -- (Seegers et al. 2003:43 [ref. 28087]). Current status: Valid as Hemichromis exsul (Trewavas 1933). Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Rudolf. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciatus, Hemichromis Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1857:403 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1857; ref. 3450] "Africa occidentalis, Guinea" (Ghana according to Loiselle 1979). Syntypes: ZMB 4287 (2); RMNH 2278 (3). •Valid as Hemichromis fasciatus Peters 1857 -- (Lévêque et al. 1989:122 [ref. 26480], Paugy & Bénech 1989:304 [ref. 26478], Paugy et al. 1990:342 [ref. 26477], Daget & Teugels 1991:190 [ref. 20957], Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde in Lévêque et al. 1992:739 [ref. 21590], Poll & Gosse 1995:265 [ref. 24781], Dankwa et al. 1999:47 [ref. 28023], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:541 [ref. 29996], Schelly & Stiassny in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2709 [ref. 34618], Pezold et al. 2016:106 [ref. 34870], Neumann et al. 2016:307 [ref. 35036] as cf. fasciatus, Bitja-Nyom et al. 2021:3793 [ref. 38608] dated 1858). Current status: Valid as Hemichromis fasciatus Peters 1857. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: West Africa; Austria (introduced). Habitat: freshwater.

frempongi, Hemichromis Loiselle [P. V.] 1979:23, Fig. 6b [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 228; ref. 8810] Lake Bosumptwi at Abono, Ghana. Holotype: MRAC 173001. Paratypes: MRAC 153296-308 (13), 173002-012 (11). •Valid as Hemichromis frempongi Loiselle 1979 -- (Daget & Teugels 1991:192 [ref. 20957]). •Synonym of Hemichromis fasciatus Peters 1857 -- (Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde in Lévêque et al. 1992:739 [ref. 21590]). Current status: Synonym of Hemichromis fasciatus Peters 1857. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fugax, Hemichromis Payne [A. I.] & Trewavas [E.] 1976:159, Figs. 1-2; Pl. 1 (figs. b-c) [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 30 (no. 5); ref. 7381] Kassewe Forest Reserve, Sierra Leone. Holotype: BMNH 1976.1.28.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1976.1.28.2-3 (2); 1976.1.28.6-7 (2); 1971.8.12.24 (1). •Synonym of Hemichromis bimaculatus Gill 1862 -- (Paugy et al. 1990:342 [ref. 26477], Daget & Teugels 1991:188 [ref. 20957], Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde in Lévêque et al. 1992:740 [ref. 21590]). Current status: Synonym of Hemichromis bimaculatus Gill 1862. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

guttatus, Hemichromis Günther [A.] 1862:275 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 4; ref. 1969] Apparently not Cape Colony, South Africa. Syntypes: BMNH 1860.4.17 [or 19].3-4 (2). •Synonym of Hemichromis bimaculatus Gill 1862 -- (Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde in Lévêque et al. 1992:740 [ref. 21590]). •Mention -- (Paugy & Bénech 1989:304 [ref. 26478]). •Valid as Hemichromis guttatus Günther 1862 -- (Daget & Teugels 1991:192 [ref. 20957], Nelson et al. 2004:153 [ref. 27807], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:542 [ref. 29996], Stiassny et al. 2007:341 [ref. 30045], Scharpf 2009:6 [ref. 30400], Page et al. 2013:156 [ref. 32708], Schelly & Stiassny in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2710 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Hemichromis guttatus Günther 1862. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Africa; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

leiguardii, Hemichromis de Brito Capello [F.] 1873:85 [Jornal do Sciências Mathemáticas, Physicas e Naturaes, Lisboa v. 4; ref. 17970] Guinea-Bissau. Syntypes: (5). •Synonym of Hemichromis fasciatus Peters 1857 -- (Daget & Teugels 1991:191 [ref. 20957], Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde in Lévêque et al. 1992:739 [ref. 21590], Bitja-Nyom et al. 2021:3793 [ref. 38608]). Current status: Synonym of Hemichromis fasciatus Peters 1857. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

letourneuxi, Hemichromis Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:212 [2] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 19969] Lake Mareotis, Egypt. Syntypes: BMNH 1898.2.15.1 [ex MNHN] (1), MNHN A-5250 (3). Type catalog: Blanc 1962:212 [ref. 20868]. On p. 2 of separate. •Valid as Hemichromis letourneuxi Sauvage 1880 -- (Daget & Teugels 1991:192 [ref. 20957], Fuller et al. 1999:431 [ref. 25838], Nelson et al. 2004:153 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2009:6 [ref. 30400], Page & Burr 2011:608 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:156 [ref. 32708], Schelly & Stiassny in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2710 [ref. 34618], Neumann et al. 2016:307 [ref. 35036] and as cf. letourneuxi, Robins et al. 2018:375 [ref. 35886], İnnal & Sungur 2019:91 [ref. 36862]). Current status: Valid as Hemichromis letourneuxi Sauvage 1880. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Northern and central Africa; established in Florida (U.S.A.) and Turkey. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

lifalili, Hemichromis Loiselle [P. V.] 1979:113, Figs. 27-28 [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 228; ref. 8810] Lake Tumba,Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 100839. Paratypes: AMNH 6151 (7); MNHN A-6305 (1); MRAC 22948 (1), 47842-43 (2), 100840-41 (2), 135935-37 (3). •Valid as Hemichromis lifalili Loiselle 1979 -- (Daget & Teugels 1991:194 [ref. 20957]). Current status: Valid as Hemichromis lifalili Loiselle 1979. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

paynei, Hemichromis Loiselle [P. V.] 1979:59, Fig. 16 [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 228; ref. 8810] Lake Kwarko, Sierra Leone. Holotype: BMNH 1950.9.22.50. Paratypes: BMNH 1950.9.22.51-56 (5), 1950.9.22.57-70 (15); MRAC 178196-202 (6 or 7), 73-10-P-5743-52 (9 or 10); USNM 118833 (2), 193930 (1), 193940 (1), 193943 (1). •Synonym of Hemichromis bimaculatus Gill 1862 -- (Paugy et al. 1990:342 [ref. 26477], Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde in Lévêque et al. 1992:740 [ref. 21590]). •Valid as Hemichromis paynei Loiselle 1979 -- (Daget & Teugels 1991:194 [ref. 20957], Schelly & Stiassny in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2710 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Hemichromis paynei Loiselle 1979. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Guinea to Liberia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

rolandi, Hemichromis Sauvage [H.-E.] 1881:103 [3] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 5; ref. 18664] Zibans, Sahara (Province Constantine). Syntypes: BMNH 1884.5.2.5-7 [ex MNHN] (3), MNHN A-3794 (4). Type catalog: Blanc 1962:213 [ref. 20868] as rollandi. On p. 3 of separate. •Synonym of Hemichromis letourneuxi Sauvage 1880 -- (Daget & Teugels 1991:193 [ref. 20957]). Current status: Synonym of Hemichromis letourneuxi Sauvage 1880. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

saharae, Hemichromis Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:226 [16] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3888] Near Tuggourth, Algerian Sahara. Syntypes: MNHN A-2618 (1), BMNH 1884.5.2.3-4 [ex MNHN] (2). Type catalog: Blanc 1962:213 [ref. 20868] with holotype. On p. 16 of separate. •Synonym of Hemichromis letourneuxi Sauvage 1880 -- (Daget & Teugels 1991:193 [ref. 20957]). •Valid as Hemichromis saharae Sauvage 1880 -- (Geiger et al. 2014:Table S2 [ref. 37408]). Current status: Synonym of Hemichromis letourneuxi Sauvage 1880. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

stellifer, Hemichromis Loiselle [P. V.] 1979:81, Fig. 20 [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 228; ref. 8810] Malembo (Stanley) Pool, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 68036. Paratypes: AMNH 16864 (4 or 3); MNHN A-0897 (1), 1906-0227 (1), 1926-0312 to 0319 (6), 1930-0052 (6), 1958-0131 (1), 1962-0421 (4), 1962-0422 (4). •Synonym of Hemichromis bimaculatus Gill 1862 -- (Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde in Lévêque et al. 1992:740 [ref. 21590]). •Valid as Hemichromis stellifer Loiselle 1979 -- (Daget & Teugels 1991:194 [ref. 20957], Stiassny et al. 2007:343 [ref. 30045], Schelly & Stiassny in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2710 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Hemichromis stellifer Loiselle 1979. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

violacea, Hemichromis fasciatus var. Pellegrin [J.] 1922:269 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 28 (no. 4); ref. 15361] Senegal. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1922-0007. Type catalog: Blanc 1962:212 [ref. 20868]. •Synonym of Hemichromis fasciatus Peters 1857 -- (Daget & Teugels 1991:192 [ref. 20957], Bitja-Nyom et al. 2021:3793 [ref. 38608]). Current status: Synonym of Hemichromis fasciatus Peters 1857. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Habitat: freshwater.