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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Hydrolagus: [ 33 ] records


abbreviata, Chimaera Gill [T. N.] 1883:254 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 6 (no. 380); ref. 1724] Northeastern Atlantic, 40°16'50"N, 66°58'W, Albatross station 2084, depth 1290 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 33435. •Synonym of Hydrolagus affinis (de Brito Capello 1868) -- (Krefft 1973:79 [ref. 7166], Hardy & Stehmann 1990:239 [ref. 16629], Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Weigmann 2016:166 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Synonym of Hydrolagus affinis (de Brito Capello 1868). Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

affinis, Chimaera de Brito Capello [F.] 1868:314, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Jornal do Sciências Mathemáticas, Physicas e Naturaes, Lisboa v. 1 (no. 4) (for Dec. 1867); ref. 718] Setubal, Portugal. Holotype (unique): type lost in fire. Also in French in Brito Capello 1868:320 [ref. 17965]. •Valid as Hydrolagus affinis (de Brito Capello 1868) -- (Krefft 1973:79 [ref. 7166], Stehmann & Bürkel in Whitehead et al. 1984:214 [ref. 13675], Scott & Scott 1988:63 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:27 [ref. 14674], Krefft 1990:112 [ref. 19321], Hardy & Stehmann 1990:239 [ref. 16629], Nakaya in Okamura et al. 1995:46 [ref. 22531], see Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:viii [ref. 21953], Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], McEachran in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:22 [ref. 26158], Moore et al. 2003:166 [ref. 27076], Møller et al. 2004:58 [ref. 27739], Moura et al. 2005:743 [ref. 28380], Møller et al. 2010:18 [ref. 31169], Luchetti et al. 2011:400 [ref. 31442], Kemper et al. 2015:45 [ref. 34214] as cf. affinis, Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:29 [ref. 37485], Afonso et al. 2016:11, 172 [ref. 36199], Bañón et al. 2016:303 [ref. 34397], Didier 2016:1455 [ref. 34546], Nión et al. 2016:19 [ref. 35565], Weigmann 2016:166 [ref. 34211], Walovich et al. 2017:517 [ref. 35113], Biscoito et al. 2018:483 [ref. 37562], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:36 [ref. 37302], Carneiro et al. 2019:54 [ref. 37250], Ebert et al. 2021:103 [ref. 38234], Bañón & Mano 2022:17 [ref. 40121], Simian et al. 2022:374 [ref. 40776], Carvalho-Filho 2023:289 [ref. 40480], Page et al. 2023:48 [ref. 40505], Séret & Quod 2023:4 [ref. 40565]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus affinis (de Brito Capello 1868). Chimaeridae. Distribution: North Atlantic; southwestern Atlantic: Brazil; southeastern Atlantic, southweastern Indian Ocean: South Africa, Mayotte and La Réunion (western Mascarenes); Pacific. Habitat: marine.

africana, Chimaera Gilchrist [J. D. F.] 1922:51, Pl. 8 [Report Fisheries and Marine Biological Survey, Union of South Africa Rep. 2 (art. 3); ref. 1648] South-East Atlantic, 30°04'59.88"S, 14°54'6.12"E, Africa. Neotype: SAM 34420. Neotype designated by Walovich et al. 2015:158 [ref. 33924]. •Valid as Hydrolagus africanus (Gilchrist 1922) -- (Compagno 1986:145 [ref. 5648], Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Novikov 2002:279 [ref. 26020], Kemper et al. 2010:55 [ref. 30883], Walovich et al. 2015:158 [ref. 33924], Weigmann 2016:166 [ref. 34211], Walovich et al. 2017:517 [ref. 35113], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:35 [ref. 37302], Psomadakis et al. 2020:218 [ref. 37272] as cf. africanus, Ebert et al. 2021:103 [ref. 38234], Séret & Quod 2023:3 [ref. 40565]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus africanus (Gilchrist 1922). Chimaeridae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic: Angola south to South Africa; western Indian Ocean: Kenya south to South Africa. Habitat: marine.

alberti, Hydrolagus Bigelow [H. B.] & Schroeder [W. C.] 1951:390, Fig. 4 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 41 (no. 12); ref. 12883] Off Pensacola, Florida, U.S.A., 29°11'N, 86°52'W, depth 305 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 153558. Paratypes: MCZ 37199 (1), USNM 153559 (1). •Valid as Hydrolagus alberti Bigelow & Schroeder 1951 -- (Uyeno & Sasaki in Uyeno et al. 1983:87 [ref. 14275], Krefft 1990:112 [ref. 19321], Boschung 1992:18 [ref. 23239], Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:39 [ref. 23897], Cervigón & Alcalá 1999:211 [ref. 24490], Didier 2003:599 [ref. 26986], Gadig & Gomes in Menezes et al. 2003:21 [ref. 27192], Soto & Vooren 2004:6 [ref. 27918], Kemper et al. 2010:649 [ref. 30873], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:52 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:166 [ref. 34211], Ehemann et al. 2018:20 [ref. 36194], Ehemann et al. 2019:[5] [ref. 36861], Robertson et al. 2020:153 [ref. 38098], Carvalho-Filho 2023:289 [ref. 40480], Page et al. 2023:48 [ref. 40505], Séret & Quod 2023:3 [ref. 40565]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus alberti Bigelow & Schroeder 1951. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: North carolina (U.S.A.) south to Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

alphus, Hydrolagus Quaranta [K. L.], Didier [D. A.], Long [D. J.] & Ebert [D. A.] 2006:36, Figs. 2-3 [Zootaxa No. 1377; ref. 28889] North end of Seymour Island, 0°21'42"S, 90°15'00"W, Galápagos Islands, depth 648 meters. Holotype: CAS 201902. Paratypes: CAS 86425 (1). Additional specimen seen but not collected. •Valid as Hydrolagus alphus Quaranta, Didier, Long & Ebert 2006 -- (James et al. 2009:65 [ref. 30401], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:187 [ref. 30957], Weigmann 2016:166 [ref. 34211], Walovich et al. 2017:516 [ref. 35113], Jew et al. 2018:[3] [ref. 36022], Calle-Morán et al. 2020:248 [ref. 37881], Séret & Quod 2023:3 [ref. 40565]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus alphus Quaranta, Didier, Long & Ebert 2006. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands (Ecuador) endemic. Habitat: marine.

australis, Chimaera monstrosa var. Hector [J.] 1902:239, Pl. 14 (fig. C-D) [Transactions of the New Zealand Institute v. 34 (art. 26); ref. 14878] Wairau Bar, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): NMNZ P.206. Type catalog: Hardy 1990:6 [ref. 18942]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Chimaera australis Shaw 1804, replaced by Chimaera novaezelandiae Fowler 1911. Plate is labeled Chimaera colliei (= C. monstrosa var. australis?). •Synonym of Hydrolagus novaezealandiae (Fowler 1911). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Hydrolagus novaezealandiae (Fowler 1911). Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

barbouri, Chimaera Garman [S.] 1908:255 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 51 (no. 9); ref. 1543] Aomori, near Tsugaru Strait, Japan. Holotype (unique): MCZ 1281-S [ex Owston #21256]. Type catalog: Hartel & Dingerkus 1997:xxxvi [ref. 23119]. •Valid as Hydrolagus barbouri (Garman 1908) -- (Shirai in Amaoka et al. 1983:61, 171, 229, 314 [ref. 8379], Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:17 [ref. 6441], Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Nakabo 2000:114 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:15 [ref. 25650], Nakabo 2002:114 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2014:231 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:17 [ref. 33547], Dyldin 2015:77 [ref. 34524], Weigmann 2016:166 [ref. 34211], Dyldin & Orlov 2018:173 [ref. 35920], Dyldin & Orlov 2021:60 [ref. 38158], Séret & Quod 2023:3 [ref. 40565]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus barbouri (Garman 1908). Chimaeridae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

bemisi, Hydrolagus Didier [D. A.] 2002:303, Figs. 5-7 [Ichthyological Research v. 49 (no. 4); ref. 26493] North of Mernoo Bank, 45°53.7'S, 175°14.6'E, New Zealand, depth 620 meters. Holotype: NMNZ P6986. Paratypes: ANSP 178021 [ex NMNZ P.7380] (2), 178024 [ex NMNZ P.6905] (2); BMNH 1992.9.8:4 (1); CSIRO H 2948-03 (1); NMNZ P.6986 (1), P.7405 (3), P.25087 (2), P.25118 (2), P.31252 (1); NSMT P43061 (1), P43396 (1). •Valid as Hydrolagus bemisi Didier 2002 -- (Didier 2008:354 [ref. 29700], Kemper et al. 2014:2 [ref. 33599], Kemper et al. 2015:46 [ref. 34214], Weigmann 2016:166 [ref. 34211], Séret & Quod 2023:3 [ref. 40565]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus bemisi Didier 2002. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

colliei, Chimaera Lay [G. T.] & Bennett [E. T.] 1839:71, Pl. 23 (fig. 1) [The zoology of Captain Beechey's voyage; ref. 2730] Monterey, California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): not preserved. •Valid as Hydrolagus colliei (Lay & Bennett 1839) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:59 [ref. 9277], McAllister 1990:27 [ref. 14674], Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Krupp & Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:795 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:34 [ref. 24545], González-Acosta & De la Cruz-Agüero 1999:40 [ref. 24505], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:68 [ref. 25968], Didier & Rosenberger 2002:116 [ref. 26936], Nelson et al. 2004:49 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:2 [ref. 37547], Barnett et al. 2006:35 [ref. 28820], James et al. 2009:65 [ref. 30401], Ruiz-Campos et al. 2010:364 [ref. 37373], Page et al. 2013:49 [ref. 32708], Arturo et al. 2014:566 [ref. 33497], Dyldin 2015:78 [ref. 34524], Pietsch & Orr 2015:13 [ref. 34694], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:52 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:166 [ref. 34211], Kells et al. 2016:60 [ref. 35888], Ebert et al. 2017:61 [ref. 35618], Ehemann et al. 2018:20 [ref. 36194], Burton & Lea 2019:26 [ref. 37205], González-Acosta et al. 2021:5 [ref. 38361], Love et al. 2021:12 [ref. 39279], Page et al. 2023:48 [ref. 40505], Séret & Quod 2023:3 [ref. 40565]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus colliei (Lay & Bennett 1839). Chimaeridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: western Gulf of Alaska (U. S. A.) south to Costa Rica, including Gulf of California (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

deani, Chimaera Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Smith 1912:232, Pl. 29 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 42 (no. 1899); ref. 18248] 13°45'15"N, 120°46'30"E, off Sombrero Island, Philippines, Albatross station 5111, depth 236 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 72284. First author is H. M. Smith. •Probably a synonym of Hydrolagus mitsukurii Jordan & Snyder 1904 -- (Didier, pers. comm., 1998). •Synonym of Hydrolagus mitsukurii Jordan & Snyder 1904 -- (Compagno et al. 2005:14 [ref. 29145] with author as Dean). •Valid as Hydrolagus deani (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Compagno 1999:1537 [ref. 24657], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:583 [ref. 25122], Iwamoto & McCosker 2014:270 [ref. 33298], Krajangdara et al. 2021:227 [ref. 38473] as cf. deani, Séret & Quod 2023:3 [ref. 40565]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus deani (Smith & Radcliffe 1912). Chimaeridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

eidolon, Psychichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1925:117, Pl. 5 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 10 (no. 2); ref. 2486] Off Mishima, Izu, Sagami Bay, Japan. Holotype (unique): FMNH 5951[ex CM 7779] [not CAS-SU 12902]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:51 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:71 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Hydrolagus eidolon (Jordan & Hubbs 1925) -- (Shirai in Amaoka et al. 1983:63, 172 [ref. 8379], Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:17 [ref. 6441], Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Nakabo 2000:114 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:114 [ref. 26001]). •Probably a synonym of Hydrolagus purpurescens (Gilbert 1905) -- (Didier, pers. comm., 1998). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus eidolon (Jordan & Hubbs 1925). Chimaeridae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

erithacus, Hydrolagus Walovich [K. A.], Ebert [D. A.] & Kemper [J. M.] 2017:511, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa 4226 (no. 4); ref. 35113] Southeastern Atlantic Ocean, Discovery Seamont, 43°46'S, 01°21'W. Holotype: SAIAB 200578. Paratypes: SAIAB, SAM. •Valid as Hydrolagus erithacus Walovich, Ebert & Kemper 2017 -- (Ebert et al. 2021:104 [ref. 38234], Séret & Quod 2023:3 [ref. 40565]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus erithacus Walovich, Ebert & Kemper 2017. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic Ocean and southwestern Indian Ocean: near Marion Island and Prince Edward Islands. Habitat: marine.

gilberti, Chimaera Garman [S.] 1911:90 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 40 (no. 3); ref. 17947] Off Kauai, Hawaiian Islands, depth 957-1067 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 51592. Based on Chimaera purpurescens Gilbert 1905, not regarded as preoccupied by C. purpurascens Jordan & Snyder 1904:235 [ref. 2519] -- the later without distinguishing features. Therefore an unneeded replacement name. •Objective synonym of Hydrolagus purpurescens (Gilbert 1905) -- (Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Mundy 2005:86 [ref. 28379], Dyldin 2015:78 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Hydrolagus purpurescens (Gilbert 1905). Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

homonycteris, Hydrolagus Didier [D. A.] 2008:350, Fig. 1 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29700] West of Point Hinns, Tasmania, Australia, 42°38'S, 144°49'E, depth 1085-1140 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 2291-01. Paratypes: 11 specimens at CSIRO, NMNZ, NSMT. Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Hydrolagus homonycteris Didier 2008 -- (Kemper et al. 2014:2 [ref. 33599], Kemper et al. 2015:47 [ref. 34214], Weigmann 2016:167 [ref. 34211], Finucci et al. 2018:191 [ref. 35768], Séret & Quod 2023:3 [ref. 40565]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus homonycteris Didier 2008. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: southeastern Australia and New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

lusitanicus, Hydrolagus Moura [T.], Figueiredo [I.], Bordalo-Machado [P.], Almeida [C.] & Gordo [L. S.] 2005:744, Figs. 1-4 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 67 (no. 3); ref. 28380] Northeastern Atlantic, off Portugal, 36°35'N, 8°35'W. Holotype: MB 4666. Paratypes: MB 4666 (1). Plus 11 non-type specimens. •Valid as Hydrolagus lusitanicus Moura, Figueiredo, Bordalo-Machado, Almeida & Gordo 2005 -- (Barnett et al. 2006:35 [ref. 28820], Weigmann 2016:167 [ref. 34211] see remarks, Walovich et al. 2017:515 [ref. 35113], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:34 [ref. 37302], Carneiro et al. 2019:54 [ref. 37250], Séret & Quod 2023:3 [ref. 40565]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus lusitanicus Moura, Figueiredo, Bordalo-Machado, Almeida & Gordo 2005. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Northeastern Atlantic: Portugal endemic. Habitat: marine.

macrophthalmus, Hydrolagus de Buen [F.] 1959:186 [Boletim do Museu Nacional de Chile v. 27 (no. 3); ref. 697] Off Valparaíso, Chile. Holotype: MNHNC P. 7282 [ex EBMC 10192]. Paratypes: (1). Type catalog: Jew et al. 2018:[3] [ref. 36022]. Holotype figured in de Buen 1960: Fig. 16 [ref. 11965] and in Quaranta et al. 2006, Fig. 1 [ref. 28889]. •Valid as Hydrolagus macrophthalmus de Buen 1959 -- (Pequeño 1989:19 [ref. 14125] as macrophathalmus, Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:96 [ref. 24555], Barnett et al. 2006:35 [ref. 28820], Quaranta et al. 2006:43 [ref. 28889], James et al. 2009:65 [ref. 30401], Arturo et al. 2014:568 [ref. 33497], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:53 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:167 [ref. 34211], Walovich et al. 2017:516 [ref. 35113], Ehemann et al. 2018:20 [ref. 36194], Jew et al. 2018:[3] [ref. 36022], Calle-Morán et al. 2020:248 [ref. 37881], Séret & Quod 2023:3 [ref. 40565]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus macrophthalmus de Buen 1959. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Mexico south to Chile. Habitat: marine.

marmoratus, Hydrolagus Didier [D. A.] 2008:352, Fig. 2 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29700] East of Hawks Nest, New South Wales, Australia, 32°45-41'S, 152°49-50'E, depth 796 meters. Holotype: AMS I 29762-003. Paratypes: 8 at AMS and CSIRO. Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Hydrolagus marmoratus Didier 2008 -- (Weigmann 2016:167 [ref. 34211], Finucci et al. 2018:191 [ref. 35768], Séret & Quod 2023:3 [ref. 40565]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus marmoratus Didier 2008. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: eastern Australia. Habitat: marine.

matallanasi, Hydrolagus Soto [J. M. R.] & Vooren [C. M.] 2004:3, Figs. 104 [Zootaxa No. 687; ref. 27918] Off Santa Catarina, 29°52.08'S, 47°48.39'W, depth 517 meters, Brazil. Holotype: MOVI 24304. Paratypes: MOVI 24304-05 (1, 1), 24291-302 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1); NUPEC 1782--87 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Soto & Mincarone 2004:117 [ref. 37067]. •Valid as Hydrolagus matallanasi Soto & Vooren 2004 -- (Weigmann 2016:167 [ref. 34211], Carvalho-Filho 2023:289 [ref. 40480], Séret & Quod 2023:3 [ref. 40565]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus matallanasi Soto & Vooren 2004. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: Rio de Janeiro south to Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil) endemic. Habitat: marine.

mccoskeri, Hydrolagus Barnett [L. A. K.], Didier [D. A.], Long [D. J.] & Ebert [D. A.] 2006:30, Figs. 1-4 [Zootaxa No. 1328; ref. 28820] Southeast of San Cristóbal Island, Galápagos Islands, 1°5.98'S, 89°12.235'W, depth 396 meters. Holotype: CAS 86558. Paratypes: CAS 223971 (1). •Valid as Hydrolagus mccoskeri Barnett, Didier, Long & Ebert 2006 -- (Quaranta et al. 2006:43 [ref. 28889], James et al. 2009:65 [ref. 30401], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:187 [ref. 30957], Arturo et al. 2014:571 [ref. 33497], Weigmann 2016:167 [ref. 34211], Walovich et al. 2017:516 [ref. 35113], Jew et al. 2018:[4] [ref. 36022], Calle-Morán et al. 2020:248 [ref. 37881], Séret & Quod 2023:3 [ref. 40565]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus mccoskeri Barnett, Didier, Long & Ebert 2006. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands (Ecuador) endemic. Habitat: marine.

media, Chimaera Garman [S.] 1911:91 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 40 (no. 3); ref. 17947] Locality uncertain [eastern Pacific]. Syntypes: MCZ 330-S (2). Type catalog: Hartel & Dingerkus 1997:xxxvii [ref. 23119]. •Valid as Hydrolagus media (Garman 1911) -- (Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713]). •Synonym of Hydrolagus colliei (Lay & Bennett 1859) -- (Didier & Rosenberger 2002:116, 121 [ref. 26936], Dyldin 2015:78 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Hydrolagus colliei (Lay & Bennett 1839). Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

melanophasma, Hydrolagus James [K. C.], Ebert [D. A.], Long [D. J.] & Didier [D. A.] 2009:60, Figs.1-4 [Zootaxa No. 2218; ref. 30401] Punta Pescadera, Baja California, Mexico, 23°48'N, 109°42'W, depth 30.5 meters. Holotype: SIO 77-211. Paratypes: LACM39805-1 (1). Plus non-type specimens and ROV observations. •Valid as Hydrolagus melanophasma James, Ebert, Long & Didier 2009 -- (Aguirre-Villaseñor et al. 2013:[3] 716 [ref. 38881], Page et al. 2013:49 [ref. 32708], Arturo et al. 2014:571 [ref. 33497], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:54 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:167 [ref. 34211], Walovich et al. 2017:516 [ref. 35113], Ebert et al. 2017:61 [ref. 35618], Ehemann et al. 2018:20 [ref. 36194], Jew et al. 2018:[4] [ref. 36022], Calle-Morán et al. 2020:248 [ref. 37881], González-Acosta et al. 2021:5 [ref. 38361], Love et al. 2021:12 [ref. 39279], Page et al. 2023:48 [ref. 40505], Séret & Quod 2023:3 [ref. 40565]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus melanophasma James, Ebert, Long & Didier 2009. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: off southern California (U.S.A.) and Pacific coast of Baja California (Mexico) south to Chile, including Gulf of California (Mexico) and Galapagos Islands (Ecuador). Habitat: marine.

mirabilis, Chimaera (Bathyalopex) Collett [R.] 1904:5 [Forhandlinger i Videnskabs-selskabet i Christiania (for 1904) No. 9; ref. 9338] 150 kilometers northwest of the Hebrides, Faroe Bank, depth 1100 meters. Lectotype: ZMUO J133. Paralectotypes: ZMUC 09107 (1); ZMUB 1818; ZMUO J131 (1), J132 (1). Type catalog: Pethon 1969:3 [ref. 19268], Nielsen 1974:9 [ref. 9588], Frøiland 1979:145 [ref. 21547]. Lectotype selected by Pethon 1969:3 [ref. 19268]; lectotype figured in Collett 1905: Pl. 1 (fig. 4) [ref. 19269]. •Valid as Hydrolagus mirabilis (Collett 1904) -- (Krefft 1973:79 [ref. 7166], Uyeno & Sasaki in Uyeno et al. 1983:88 [ref. 14275], Stehmann & Bürkel in Whitehead et al. 1984:215 [ref. 13675], Krefft 1990:112 [ref. 19321], Saldanha 1994:461 [ref. 22325], Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Arruda 1997:25 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:40 [ref. 23897], Didier 2003:599 [ref. 26986], Møller et al. 2004:55 [ref. 27739], Soto & Vooren 2004:6 [ref. 27918], Moura et al. 2005:743 [ref. 28380], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:54 [ref. 34398], Didier 2016:1456 [ref. 34546], Weigmann 2016:167 [ref. 34211], Walovich et al. 2017:509 [ref. 35113], Ehemann et al. 2018:20 [ref. 36194], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:35 [ref. 37302], Carneiro et al. 2019:54 [ref. 37250], Ehemann et al. 2019:[5] [ref. 36861], Serena et al. 2020:502 [ref. 37963], Kovačić et al. 2021:86 [ref. 39014], Bañón & Mano 2022:17 [ref. 40121], Barone et al. 2022:65 [ref. 39527], Carvalho-Filho 2023:289 [ref. 40480], Page et al. 2023:48 [ref. 40505], Séret & Quod 2023:3 [ref. 40565]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus mirabilis (Collett 1904). Chimaeridae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Canada south to northern Brazil, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea; North Atlantic: Iceland; eastern Atlantic: Ireland and Rockall Trough south to Western Sahara; Namibia. Habitat: marine.

mitsukurii, Chimaera Dean [B.] 1904:6, Pl. 1 (figs. 1-2) [Journal of the College of Science. Imperial University, Tokyo v. 19 (no. 3); ref. 15183] Misaki, Sagami Sea, Japan. Holotype: ZUMT 1457. Paratypes: Columbia Univ. [ex Imp. Univ. Tokyo] (1). Appeared first (23 Jan. 1904) in Jordan & Snyder with different specimens. Dean's Chimaera mitsukurii is therefore objectively invalid, preoccupied by Chimaera mitsukurii Jordan & Snyder 1904, and presumably also a junior synonym. See Chimaera mitsukurii Jordan & Snyder. •Synonym of Hydrolagus mitsukurii (Jordan & Snyder 1904) -- (Dyldin 2015:78 [ref. 34524]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Hydrolagus mitsukurii (Jordan & Snyder 1904). Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

mitsukurii, Chimaera Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] (ex Dean) 1904:224, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 27 (no. 1356); ref. 20652] Japan. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 7739 (not found in 1997). Non-type material: ZUMT 1457 (1), 1473 (2 egg cases). Type catalog: Aizawa et al. 2022:210 [ref. 39648] with syntypes. Appeared as above, with a statement, (p. 223), "The latter is a new species, and Dr. Bashford Dean tells us that he has proposed for it, in a paper still unpublished, the name Chimaera mitsukurii. The name we accept in place of one devised by ourselves." Dean's account was published 3 weeks later (Dean 1904:6, Pl. 1 (figs. 1-2) [ref. 15183]) and is based on different specimens; it is a homonym (and presumably a synonym) of Chimaera mitsukurii Jordan & Snyder. •Valid as Hydrolagus mitsukurii but author as Dean -- (Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:17 [ref. 6441], Nakaya in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:75, 312 [ref. 8057], Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Nakabo 2000:114 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:286 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:114 [ref. 26001], Ebert et al. 2013:371 [ref. 33045]). •Valid as Hydrolagus mitsukurii (Jordan & Snyder 1904) -- (Choi et al. 2003:48, 468 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:392 [ref. 28370], Compagno et al. 2005:14 [ref. 29145] with author as Dean in Jordan & Snyder, Shao et al. 2008:236 [ref. 29952], Ebert et al. 2013:371 [ref. 33045], Shinohara et al. 2014:231 [ref. 33330], Dyldin 2015:78 [ref. 34524], Weigmann 2016:167 [ref. 34211] see remarks, Walovich et al. 2017:516 [ref. 35113], White et al. 2017:296 [ref. 35860] as cf. misukurii, White & Ko'ou 2018:69 [ref. 35922] as cf. mitsukurii, Miyazaki et al. 2019:122 [ref. 37957], Séret & Quod 2023:3 [ref. 40565]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus mitsukurii (Jordan & Snyder 1904). Chimaeridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines and Taiwan, north to Japan. Habitat: marine.

neglecta, Chimaera Ogilby [J. D.] 1888:23 [Catalogue of the fishes in the collection of the Australian Museum. Part I; ref. 14485] No locality. Holotype (unique): AMS I.1757. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Chimaera neglecta Egerton 1843:153, a fossil species (Fowler 1911:603 [ref. 17599]). •Synonym of Hydrolagus colliei (Lay & Bennett 1839) -- (Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Didier & Rosenberger 2002:113 [ref. 26936] with question). •Possibly in the synonymy of Hydrolagus novaezealandiae (Fowler 1911) -- (Didier & Rosenberger 2002:121 [ref. 26936]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Uncertain as Hydrolagus colliei (Lay & Bennett 1839). Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

novaezealandiae, Chimaera Fowler [H. W.] 1911:603 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 62 (for 1910); ref. 17599] ?Wairau Bar, New Zealand. Syntypes: ?NMNZ P.206 (1). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:6 [ref. 18942], for Chimaera monstrosa australis Hector 1902. Original as novae-zealandiae. Replacement name for Chimaera monstrosa australis Hector 1902, preoccupied by Chimaera australis Shaw 1804. •Valid as Hydrolagus novaezealandiae (Fowler 1911) -- (Hardy in Amaoka et al. 1990:91 [ref. 16024] as novaezelandiae, Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Didier 2002:299 [ref. 26493], Barnett et al. 2006:36 [ref. 28820], Didier 2008:354 [ref. 29700], Kemper et al. 2014:2 [ref. 33599], Kemper et al. 2015:48 [ref. 34214], Weigmann 2016:168 [ref. 34211], Walovich et al. 2017:516 [ref. 35113], Séret & Quod 2023:3 [ref. 40565]). Replacement Name. Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus novaezealandiae (Fowler 1911). Chimaeridae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

pallidus, Hydrolagus Hardy [G. S.] & Stehmann [M. F. W.] 1990:231, Figs. 1-4 [Archiv für Fischereiwissenschaft v. 40 (no. 3); ref. 16629] Eastern North Atlantic, 61°06.2'-07.2'N, 11°26.4'-20.2'W, depth 1220 meters. Holotype: ZMH 25389 [ex ISH 33-1981]. Paratypes: BMNH 1988.6.28.1-2 (2); NMSZ P.22162 (1); RSM 1988.025.00001-2 (2); ZMH 25390 [ex ISH 67-1974] (1), 25391 [ex ISH 103-1974] (1), 25392 [ex 118-1974a-d] (4), 25393 [ex ISH 831-1974] (1), 25394 [ex ISH 205-1975] (1). •Valid as Hydrolagus pallidus Hardy & Stehmann 1990 -- (Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Santos et al. 1997:7 [ref. 23531], Saldanha & Biscoito 1997:194 [ref. 24962], Didier & Séret 2002:231 [ref. 26557], Moore et al. 2003:166 [ref. 27076], Møller et al. 2004:59 [ref. 27739], Moura et al. 2005:743 [ref. 28380], Møller et al. 2010:18 [ref. 31169], Luchetti et al. 2011:400 [ref. 31442], Didier 2016:1456 [ref. 34546], Weigmann 2016:168 [ref. 34211], Walovich et al. 2017:517 [ref. 35113], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:36 [ref. 37302], Carneiro et al. 2019:54 [ref. 37250], Page et al. 2023:48 [ref. 40505], Séret & Quod 2023:3 [ref. 40565]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus pallidus Hardy & Stehmann 1990. Chimaeridae. Distribution: North Atlantic and Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Habitat: marine.

plumbea, Chimaera Gill [T. N.] 1878:182 [Bulletin of the Philosophical Society of Washington 1878 [v. 2]; ref. 17622] Southeast of Le Have Bank, 42°40'N, 63°23'W, depth 300 or 350 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 20935. Also appeared as new in Gill 1878:183 [ref. 32425]. •Synonym of Hydrolagus affinis (de Brito Capello 1868) -- (Krefft 1973:79 [ref. 7166], Hardy & Stehmann 1990:239 [ref. 16629], Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Weigmann 2016:166 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Synonym of Hydrolagus affinis (de Brito Capello 1868). Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

purpurascens, Chimaera Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1904:235 [Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections v. 45; ref. 2519] Gilbert MS cited as author, but his description was published in 1905 as purpurescens. Treatment in Jordan & Snyder without clear distinguishing features and regarded as not available; they reported a specimen from Japan (SU 12902). Nomen Nudum. Chimaeridae.

purpurescens, Chimaera Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:582, Fig. 231 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Vicinity of Kauai Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 4183, depth 957-1067 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 51594 [not 51592]. Not regarded as preoccupied by use of this name as purpurascens by Jordan & Snyder 1904:235 [ref. 2519]; Chimaera gilberti Garman 1911 is therefore regarded as an unneeded replacement. Second specimen mentioned as identified as this species by Snyder is not regarded as a type. •Valid as Hydrolagus purpurescens (Gilbert 1905) -- (Shirai in Amaoka et al. 1983:63, 172 [ref. 8379], Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:17 [ref. 6441], Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Nakabo 2000:114 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:114 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:392 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:86 [ref. 28379], Parin et al. 2014:17 [ref. 33547], Dyldin 2015:78 [ref. 34524], Weigmann 2016:168 [ref. 34211], Walovich et al. 2017:517 [ref. 35113], Motomura et al. 2017:19 [ref. 35490], Dyldin & Orlov 2018:173 [ref. 35920], Dyldin & Orlov 2021:60 [ref. 38158], Kurbanov & Michalutin 2022:[2] [ref. 39444], Séret & Quod 2023:3 [ref. 40565]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus purpurescens (Gilbert 1905). Chimaeridae. Distribution: Western Pacific, central Pacific: Japan and Sakhalin (Russia) east to Emperor Seamounts and Hancock and Koko seamounts (Hawaiian Islands). Habitat: marine.

spilota, Chimaera Tanaka [S.] 1908:15 [Journal of the College of Science. Imperial University, Tokyo v. 23 (art. 7); ref. 6032] Off Miyako, Iwate Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: ZUMT 961 (lost). Paratypes: ZUMT 954 (1, lost), uncat. (1, lost). Type catalog: Aizawa et al. 2022:212 [ref. 39648]. •Synonym of Hydrolagus barbouri (Garman 1908) -- (Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713], Dyldin 2015:78 [ref. 34524]). Current status: Synonym of Hydrolagus barbouri (Garman 1908). Chimaeridae. Habitat: marine.

trolli, Hydrolagus Didier [D. A.] & Séret [B.] 2002:227, Figs. 3-6 [Cybium v. 26 (no. 3); ref. 26557] New Caledonia, South Pacific, 24°44.90'S, 167°43'.10'E, depth 1246-1213 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1998-0679. Paratypes: MNHN 1998-0671 (1); 1998-0680 (1); NMNZ P20350-51 (1, 1), P24469-71 (1, 1, 1), P24478-79 (1, 1), P24858 (2), P25932 (1), P25938 (1), P25970 (2), P26953 (1), P28647 (2), P31189 (3). •Valid as Hydrolagus trolli Didier & Séret 2002 -- (Didier 2008:354 [ref. 29700], Fricke et al. 2011:344 [ref. 31242], Kemper et al. 2014:2 [ref. 33599], Walovich et al. 2015:165 [ref. 33924] as cf. trolli, Kemper et al. 2015:49 [ref. 34214], Weigmann 2016:168 [ref. 34211] see remarks, Reichert et al. 2016:1 [ref. 35101] as cf. trolli, Walovich et al. 2017:517 [ref. 35113], Ebert et al. 2017:61 [ref. 35618] as cf. trolli, Finucci et al. 2018:191 [ref. 35768], Jew et al. 2018:[4] [ref. 36022], Burton & Lea 2019:27 [ref. 37205] as cf. trolli, Love et al. 2021:13 [ref. 39279], Page et al. 2023:48 [ref. 40505], Séret & Quod 2023:3 [ref. 40565]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus trolli Didier & Séret 2002. Chimaeridae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia and New Zealand region; eastern Pacific: Chile; central and southern California (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

tsengi, Chimaera Fang [P.-W.] & Wang [K.-F.] 1932:281, Fig. 29 [Contributions from the Biological Laboratory of the Science Society of China. (Zoological Series) v. 8 (no. 8); ref. 16483] Chefoo, Shantung Province, China. Holotype: Mus. Biol. Lab. Sci. Soc. China 10020. Additional material: (several). •Synonym of Hydrolagus ogilbyi (Waite 1898) -- (Didier 1995:15 [ref. 22713]). •Valid as Hydrolagus tsengi (Fang & Wang 1932) -- (Cheng & Zhou 1997:61 [ref. 26385]). Current status: Valid as Hydrolagus tsengi (Fang & Wang 1932). Chimaeridae. Distribution: China. Habitat: marine.


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