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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Lepidopus: [ 19 ] records


altifrons, Lepidopus Parin [N. V.] & Collette [B. B.] 1993:189, Fig. 1 [Archiv für Fischereiwissenschaft v. 41 (no. 3); ref. 20649] Gulf of Mexico, 28°49'N, 86°38'W, depth 443 meters. Holotype: USNM 317977. Paratypes: FMNH 64102 (1), 64490 (1), 64493 (1); ISH 30-1970 (2), 1015-1966 (1), 1733-1968 (4), 1882-1968 (2). 1925-1968, 1947-1968 (2), 2022-1968 (1); MCZ 41518 (1), 57374 (2), 63115 (1), 64835-36 (1, 1), 75996 (3), 99449 (4); ROM 64548 (1); SIO 92-16 (1); USNM 150381 (1), 159241 (1), 265891 (1), 317978-82 (1, 2, 1, 1, 4), 320001-05 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1); ZMUC P73196-98 (3). •Valid as Lepidopus altifrons Parin & Collette 1993 -- (Nakamura & Parin 1993:92 [ref. 21769] as Lepidopus sp. pending description, Gago 1998:10 [ref. 25565], Moore et al. 2003:230 [ref. 27076], Parin & Nakamura 2003:1834 [ref. 27115], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:102 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:175 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:769 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32708], Nión et al. 2016:53 [ref. 35565] with authors as (Parin & Collette 1993)). Current status: Valid as Lepidopus altifrons Parin & Collette 1993. Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

argenteus, Lepidopus Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Goüan) 1788:58, Pl. 87 (fig. 364) [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Montpellier, France, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Based on 'Lepidopus; Le Jarretiere' of Goüan 1770:185, Pl. 1, fig. 4 [ref. 1863]. •Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788) -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:464 [ref. 7206], Parin 1990:975 [ref. 19382], Nakamura & Parin 1993:94 [ref. 21769]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.

argyrea, Scarcina Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:20, Pl. 7 (fig. 1) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:38 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788) -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:464 [ref. 7206], Parin 1990:975 [ref. 19382], Nakamura & Parin 1993:94 [ref. 21769], Parenti 2019:103 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.

argyreus, Lepidopus Cuvier [G.] 1829:217 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Eastern Atlantic, from England to Cape of Good Hope. Also in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:223, Pl. 223 [ref. 1000]. •Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Current status: Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.

calcar, Lepidopus Parin [N. V.] & Mikhailin [S. V.] 1982:27, Figs. 1-2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 29 (no. 1); ref. 8433] Colahan [Kolahan] Seamount, Hawaiian Ridge, central Pacific, 31°01'N, 175°53'E, depth 270 meters. Holotype: ZIN 45723. Paratypes: ZMMU P-15675 (2). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:85-86 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Lepidopus calcar Parin & Mikhailin 1982 -- (Parin & Collette 1993:194 [ref. 20649], Nakamura & Parin 1993:93 [ref. 21769], Mundy 2005:503 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Lepidopus calcar Parin & Mikhailin 1982. Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Hawaiian Ridge endemic. Habitat: marine.

caudatus, Trichiurus Euphrasen [B. A.] 1788:52, Pl. 9 (fig. 2) [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm v. 9 (for 1788); ref. 17466] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. No types known. Also described by Euphrasen 1788:48 [ref. 30155]. •Valid as Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788) -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:464 [ref. 7206], Parin in Whitehead et al. 1986:979 [ref. 13676], Nakamura 1986:830 [ref. 5696], Rosenblatt & Wilson 1987:343 [ref. 6711], Paulin et al. 1989:228 [ref. 24556], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:167 [ref. 36134], Nakamura in Amaoka et al. 1990:308 [ref. 16024], Parin 1990:975 [ref. 19382], Parin & Collette 1993:194 [ref. 20649], Nakamura & Parin 1993:94 [ref. 21769], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:171 [ref. 25472], Gomon et al. 1994:818 [ref. 22532], Andrew et al. 1995:25 [ref. 38009], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:299 [ref. 24545], Santos et al. 1997:106 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:99 [ref. 24952], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:117 [ref. 24555], Gago 1998:10 [ref. 25565], Uiblein et al. 1999:66 [ref. 24045], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:139 [ref. 26753], Falcón et al. 2003:146 [ref. 39343], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:412 [ref. 28072], Golani 2005:59 [ref. 37112], Bray et al. 2006:1764 [ref. 29091], Fricke et al. 2007:109 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:177 [ref. 30517], Gomon 2008:780 [ref. 30616], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:69 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:510 [ref. 33547], Goren & Galil 2015:521 [ref. 33910], Stewart 2015:1622 [ref. 34196], Parin & Nakamura in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2893 [ref. 34618], Fricke et al. 2018:361 [ref. 35805], Martins & Carneiro 2018:55 [ref. 36550], Carneiro et al. 2019:165 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:100 [ref. 36864], Bariche & Fricke 2020:97 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:22 [ref. 37519], Bañón & Maño 2021:93 [ref. 38887], Golani 2021:82 [ref. 38303], Kovačić et al. 2021:36 [ref. 39014], Fermon et al. 2022:217 [ref. 39448] possible, Holleman 2022:266 [ref. 40163]). Current status: Valid as Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas (including Mediterranean Sea). Habitat: marine.

dubius, Lepidopus Parin [N. V.] & Mikhailin [S. V.] 1981:404 [2], Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 21 (no. 3); ref. 8564] Southeastern Atlantic, off Angola, 6°38'S, 11°38'E, depth 490-495 meters. Holotype: ZIN 45496. Paratypes: IOM uncat. (9); VNIRO uncat. (orig. 3); USNM 224260 (1), ZMMU P-15574-75 (1, 1). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:86 [ref. 25714]. On p. 2 of English translation. •Valid as Lepidopus dubius Parin & Mikhailin 1981 -- (Rosenblatt & Wilson 1987:343 [ref. 6711], Parin 1990:976 [ref. 19382], Parin & Collette 1993:194 [ref. 20649], Nakamura & Parin 1993:96 [ref. 21769], Parin 2000:842 [ref. 25082], Parin & Nakamura in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2894 [ref. 34618], Reiner 2019:276 [ref. 38139], Fermon et al. 2022:217 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Lepidopus dubius Parin & Mikhailin 1981. Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Gabon south to Angola, including São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

ensiformis, Trichiurus Vandelli [D.] 1797:70 [Memorias da Academia Real das Sciencias de Lisboa v. 1; ref. 17880] Lisbon, Portugal. No types known. •Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788) -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:464 [ref. 7206], Parin 1990:975 [ref. 19382], Nakamura & Parin 1993:94 [ref. 21769]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.

fitchi, Lepidopus Rosenblatt [R. H.] & Wilson [R. R., Jr.] 1987:348, Fig. 6 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 33 (no. 4); ref. 6711] Baja California Norte, about 1.5 kilometers northern of North Coronado Island, Mexico. Holotype: SIO 62-171. Paratypes: CAS 63248 [SIO 55-53] (1); SIO 48-270 (1), 49-134 (1), 50-128 (1), 54-31 (), 54-34 (1), 55-12 (1), 55-29 (1), 55-53 (1), 55-82 (1), 57-142 (1), 58-52 (1), 58-221 (1), 60-58 (1), 60-65 (2), 60-74 (), 60-148 (2), 60-177 (1), 61-5 (3), 62-171 (1), 63-398 (2), 64-325 (1), 65-275 (1), 70-126 (1), 71-69 (1), 72-209 (4), 73-58 (1), 75-394 (1), 81-71 (1). •Valid as Lepidopus fitchi Rosenblatt & Wilson 1987 -- (Parin & Collette 1993:194 [ref. 20649], Nakamura & Parin 1993:97 [ref. 21769], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1993:84 [ref. 21807], Nakamura in Fischer et al. 1995:1640 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:299 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:117 [ref. 24555], Gago 1998:10 [ref. 25565], Nelson et al. 2004:175 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:166 [ref. 37547], Page et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:459 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:611 [ref. 34923], Burton & Lea 2019:92 [ref. 37205], Love et al. 2021:210 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Lepidopus fitchi Rosenblatt & Wilson 1987. Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Oregon (U.S.A.) south to southern Peru, including Gulf of California (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

gladius, Trichiurus Holten [H. S. von] 1802:23, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Skrivter af Naturhistorie-Selskabet Kiøbenhavn v. 5; ref. 18306] Portugal. No types known. •Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788) -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:464 [ref. 7206], Parin 1990:975 [ref. 19382], Nakamura & Parin 1993:94 [ref. 21769]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.

gouanianus, Lepidopus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:519, 520 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] Mediterranean Sea (is Montpellier, Languedoc-Roussillon Region, France). No types known. Unnecessary replacement name for Lepidopus argenteus Bonnaterre 1788. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:70, 1719 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473] •Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788) -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:464 [ref. 7206], Parin 1990:975 [ref. 19382], Nakamura & Parin 1993:94 [ref. 21769], Bray et al. 2006:1764 [ref. 29091]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.

goueani, Lepidopus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:694 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Originally goüani, but the 'ü' should be treated as a vocal separate from the 'o', spoken 'go-u-an. Name is correctly gouani (R. Fricke, pers. comm., 22 Mar. 2008). •Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788) -- (P. Parenti, pers. comm.). Current status: Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.

lex, Lepidopus Phillipps [W. J.] 1932:232 [The New Zealand Journal of Science and Technology v. 13 (no. 4); ref. 16393] New Zealand. No types known. •Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788) -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:464 [ref. 7206], Parin 1990:976 [ref. 19382], Nakamura & Parin 1993:94 [ref. 21769], Gomon et al. 1994:818 [ref. 22532], Parin & Nakamura in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2893 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.

lusitanicus, Vandellius Shaw [G.] 1803:199 [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] Portugal. Holotype (unique): BMNH spec. h (stuffed). New name for Trichurus ensiformis Vandelli 1797. •Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788) -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:464 [ref. 7206], Parin 1990:975 [ref. 19382], Nakamura & Parin 1993:94 [ref. 21769]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.

manis, Lepidopus Rosenblatt [R. H.] & Wilson [R. R., Jr.] 1987:344, Fig. 5 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 33 (no. 4); ref. 6711] Webb Cove, Isabela Island, Galápagos Islands (found dead). Holotype (unique): SIO 62-624. •Valid as Lepidopus manis Rosenblatt & Wilson 1987 -- (Parin & Collette 1993:194 [ref. 20649], Nakamura & Parin 1993:98 [ref. 21769], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:578 [ref. 24023], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957]). Current status: Valid as Lepidopus manis Rosenblatt & Wilson 1987. Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

peronii, Lepidopus Risso [A.] 1810:148, Pl. 5 (fig. 18) [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: ?MNHN 0000-6489 (1). •Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788) -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:464 [ref. 7206], Parin 1990:975 [ref. 19382], Nakamura & Parin 1993:94 [ref. 21769]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.

punctata, Scarcina Rafinesque [C. S.] (ex Cupani) 1810:20 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Based on the "Serpens marinus tenie species" of Cupani 1713:Pl. 77 [= Pl. 692] [ref. 37141]. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:38 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788) -- (Parenti 2019:116 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.

tetradens, Ziphotheca Montagu [G.] 1811:82, Pls. 2-3 [Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society, Edinburgh v. 1 [1809]; ref. 3038] Britain. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1955.6.2.1. •Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788) -- (Parin & Bekker 1973:464 [ref. 7206], Parin 1990:975 [ref. 19382], Nakamura & Parin 1993:94 [ref. 21769]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.

xantusi, Lepidopus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:519, Pl. 58 (fig. 213) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Cape San Lucas, Baja California. Holotype: USNM 10115. Based on specimen from Cape San Lucas identified as Lepidopus caudatus on p. 203 and figured in Pl. 58 (fig. 213). •Valid as Lepidopus xantusi Goode & Bean 1896 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:266 [ref. 9277]). •Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788) -- (Rosenblatt & Wilson 1987:343 [ref. 6711], Nakamura & Parin 1993:94 [ref. 21769], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:117 [ref. 24555]). Current status: Synonym of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen 1788). Trichiuridae: Lepidopodinae. Habitat: marine.


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