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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Melamphaes: [ 40 ] records


acanthomus, Melamphaes Ebeling [A. W.] 1962:51, Fig. 22 [Dana Report No. 58; ref. 5896] Off San Diego, California, U.S.A., 32°46'N, 117°32.5'W, depth 0-840 meters over bottom depth of 1040 meters. Holotype: SIO 54-86 [spec. 1]. Paratypes: SIO 50-269 (1), 50-286 (1), 51-16 (1), 51-74 (1), 51-80 (1), 51-92 (1), 51-392 (1), 52-39 (1), 54-83 (1), 54-86 [spec. 2] (1), 54-123 to 124 (1, 1), 54-126 (1), 57-96 (2), 59-200 (3), 59-202 to 203 (3, 1); CAS-SU 46480 (1); ZMUC P41118 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:58 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Melamphaes acanthomus Ebeling 1962 -- (Pequeño 1989:52 [ref. 14125], Kotlyar 1996:273 [ref. 23292], Kotlyar 2004:1 [ref. 27590], Love et al. 2005:67 [ref. 37547], Kotlyar 2012:145 [ref. 31963] as acanthmus once on p. 145, Kotlyar 2012:254 [ref. 32009]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes acanthomus Ebeling 1962. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: southern California (U.S.A.) south to northern Chile, including Gulf of California (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

brachysomus, Melamphaes Kimura [K.], Kawai [T.] & Aungtonya [C.] 2019:86, Figs. 1-2 [Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin v. 76; ref. 37116] Off southern Thailand, Andaman Sea, eastern Indian Ocean, 7°20'N, 97°14'E - 7°22'N, 97°13'E, depth 651-655 meters. Holotype (unique): PMBC 30251. •Valid as Melamphaes brachysomus Kimura, Kawai & Aungtonya 2019. Current status: Valid as Melamphaes brachysomus Kimura, Kawai & Aungtonya 2019. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Andaman Sea, eastern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

cavernosus, Melamphaes Chapman [W. M.] 1939:533, Fig. 68 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 86 (no. 3062); ref. 817] Northeastern Pacific, Gulf of Alaska, 56°06'N, 152°09'W, 800-600 meters wire out. Holotype: USNM 108147. Paratypes: USNM 108157 (3). •Synonym of Melamphaes lugubris Gilbert 1890 -- (Ebeling 1962:37 [ref. 5896], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:319 [ref. 25968], Kotlyar 2004:3 [ref. 27590], Kotlyar 2011:559 [ref. 31578]). Current status: Synonym of Melamphaes lugubris Gilbert 1890. Melamphaidae. Habitat: marine.

contradictorius, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2015:515, Fig. 3 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 55 (no. 5); ref. 33995] Southwestern Pacific Ocean (boundary area of Fiji and Tasman Sea). Holotype: ZMMU P-23458. Paratypes: ZMMU. •Valid as Melamphaes contradictorius Kotlyar 2015 -- (Kotlyar 2016:22 [ref. 34170], Kotlyar 2016:388 [ref. 35038]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes contradictorius Kotlyar 2015. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific Ocean. Habitat: marine.

crassicauda, Melamphaes Koefoed [E.] 1953:17, Pl. 4 (fig. A) [Scientific Results of the Michael Sars North Atlantic Deep-Sea Expedition 1910 v. 4 (pt 2, no. 3); ref. 6486] North Atlantic, 34°59'N, 33°01'W, station 53, 300 meters wire out; 35°36'N, 8°25'W, station 25A, 3000 meters wire out. Syntypes: ZMUB 4345 (?), 4378 (?). Type catalog: Frøiland 1979:148 [ref. 21547]. •Synonym of Melamphaes typhlops (Lowe 1843) -- (Maul 1973:343 [ref. 7171], Maul 1990:615 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 2004:4 [ref. 27590], Kotlyar 2016:30 [ref. 34170]). Current status: Synonym of Melamphaes typhlops (Lowe 1843). Melamphaidae. Habitat: marine.

danae, Melamphaes Ebeling [A. W.] 1962:102, Fig. 37 [Dana Report No. 58; ref. 5896] Sulawesi Sea, 4°03'N, 123°26'E, Dana station D3683, depth about 2500 meters (about 5000 meters wire out) over bottom depth of 4940 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P41119. Paratypes: SIO 56-127 (1), ZMUC P41120-140 (60). Plus additional material. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:59 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Melamphaes danae Ebeling 1962 -- (Ebeling 1986:428 [ref. 5651], Kotlyar 1996:273 [ref. 23292], Moore & Paxton 1999:2202 [ref. 24787], Kotlyar 2004:2 [ref. 27590], Mundy 2005:296 [ref. 28379], Fricke et al. 2011:371 [ref. 31242], Kotlyar 2016:379, 389 [ref. 35038], Fricke et al. 2018:109 [ref. 35805], Fermon et al. 2022:201 [ref. 39448] with question). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes danae Ebeling 1962. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Tropical Indo-Pacific: Between 25°N and 25°S, southeastward to 110°W (including Hawaiian Islands). Habitat: marine.

ebelingi, Melamphaes Keene [M. J.] 1973:795, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1973 (no. 4); ref. 7570] North Atlantic, 31°45'N, 63°30 [?39]'W, depth 0-310 meters. Holotype: USNM 207408. Paratypes: ISH 2265 (1); CAS-SU 42318 (1); USNM 207409-10 (1, 1), 207416-23 (1 each); YPM 2832 (1). Type catalog: Krefft 1987:83 [ref. 20751]. •Valid as Melamphaes ebelingi Keene 1973 -- (Kotlyar 1996:273 [ref. 23292], Moore 2003:1163 [ref. 27002], Kotlyar 2004:2 [ref. 27590], Kotlyar 2012:247 [ref. 32009], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570], Carneiro et al. 2019:150 [ref. 37250], Sutton et al. 2020:240 [ref. 37832]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes ebelingi Keene 1973. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Atlantic, mostly northern part. Habitat: marine.

eulepis, Melamphaes Ebeling [A. W.] 1962:70, Fig. 27 [Dana Report No. 58; ref. 5896] Off Ghana, 0°31'S, 11°02'W, Dana station D4000, depth about 200 meters (600 meters wire out) over bottom depth of 3760 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P41141. Paratypes: SIO 60-239 (1); ZMUC P412 (1), P41142-151 (10). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:59 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Melamphaes eulepis Ebeling 1962 -- (Ebeling 1986:428 [ref. 5651], Maul 1990:612 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 1996:273 [ref. 23292], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:969 [ref. 23897], Moore & Paxton 1999:2202 [ref. 24787], Moore 2003:1163 [ref. 27002], Kotlyar 2004:2 [ref. 27590], Fricke et al. 2011:371 [ref. 31242], Kotlyar 2014:640 [ref. 33889], Kotlyar 2016:22 [ref. 34170], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570], Kotlyar 2016:387 [ref. 35038], Sutton et al. 2020:237 [ref. 37832], Afonso et al. 2021:468 [ref. 38384], Eduardo et al. 2022:9 [ref. 39574], Fermon et al. 2022:201 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes eulepis Ebeling 1962. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical oceans, except for eastern Pacific Habitat: marine.

eurous, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2016:28, Fig. 3 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 56 (no. 1); ref. 34170] Station 84, Baikal cruise three, 6°01′N, 100°00′W, trawling depth 0-155 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-23473. Paratypes: ZMMU. •Valid as Melamphaes eurous Kotlyar 2016 -- (Kotlyar 2016:389 [ref. 35038]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes eurous Kotlyar 2016. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Equatorial zone of the eastern part of the Pacific Ocean, depth 0-1300 meters. Habitat: marine.

falsidicus, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2011:573, Fig. 3 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 51 (no. 8); ref. 31579] Northern slope of the Grand Bank, off Newfoundland, northwestern Atlantic, depth about 700 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-10537. Paratypes: ZMMU P-22664 (1), P-22665 (1). Non-type material: North Atlantic specimens of microps, non Günther 1878 may be variants of this species (p. 573). •Valid as Melamphaes falsidicus Kotlyar 2011 -- (Kotlyar 2012:253 [ref. 32009], Carneiro et al. 2019:150 [ref. 37250], Sutton et al. 2020:242 [ref. 37832]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes falsidicus Kotlyar 2011. Melamphaidae. Distribution: North Atlantic Ocean: ca. 34°N-58°N. Habitat: marine.

hubbsi, Melamphaes Ebeling [A. W.] 1962:99, Fig. 36 [Dana Report No. 58; ref. 5896] Southeast of St. Helena, 19°16'S, 1°48'W, Dana station D3981, depth 100 meters (300 meters wire out) over bottom depth of 5070 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P41152. Paratypes: (5) ZMUC P41153-55 (3). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:59 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Melamphaes hubbsi Ebeling 1962 -- (Maul 1990:612 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 1996:273 [ref. 23292], Kotlyar 2004:2 [ref. 27590], Kotlyar 2016:256 [ref. 34507], Kotlyar 2016:389 [ref. 35038], Sutton et al. 2020:239 [ref. 37832]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes hubbsi Ebeling 1962. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Southern-central Atlantic: near Saint Helena Island. Habitat: marine.

inconspicuus, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2015:264, Fig. 3 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 55 (no. 3); ref. 33882] North Atlantic, 31°24'N, 21°24'W, depth 175-196 meters over bottom depth of ca. 5000 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P.23453. Paratypes: ZMMU P.23453 (1), P.23454 (3). •Valid as Melamphaes inconspicuus Kotlyar 2015 -- (Kotlyar 2016:22 [ref. 34170], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570], Kotlyar 2016:388 [ref. 35038], Sutton et al. 2020:238 [ref. 37832]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes inconspicuus Kotlyar 2015. Melamphaidae. Distribution: North Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

indicus, Melamphaes Ebeling [A. W.] 1962:85, Fig. 32 [Dana Report No. 58; ref. 5896] Sulawesi Sea [ca. 47 kilometers northwest of Manado, Sulawesi Utara, Indonesia, western Pacific], 1°42'N, 124°29'E, Dana station D3682, depth about 350 meters (1000 meters wire out) over bottom depth of 3660 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P41156. Paratypes: (3) ZMUC P41157-58, plus additional material. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:59 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Melamphaes indicus Ebeling 1962 -- (Pequeño 1989:52 [ref. 14125], Kotlyar 1996:273 [ref. 23292], Kotlyar 2004:2 [ref. 27590], Love et al. 2005:67 [ref. 37547], Mundy 2005:296 [ref. 28379], Fricke et al. 2011:371 [ref. 31242], Kotlyar 2016:24 [ref. 34170], Kotlyar 2016:389 [ref. 35038], Fricke et al. 2018:109 [ref. 35805], Carneiro et al. 2019:150 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes indicus Ebeling 1962. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Madagascar east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.); eastern Pacific: southern California (U.S.A.) south to northern Chile. Habitat: marine.

janae, Melamphaes Ebeling [A. W.] 1962:81, Fig. 30 [Dana Report No. 58; ref. 5896] Eastern tropical Pacific, off Colombia, 4°04'N, 78°43'W, depth 1335 meters over bottom depth of 3810 meters. Holotype: SIO 55-244. Paratypes: SIO 52-355 (1), 55-221 (1), 55-244 (21), 55-246 (1), 55-249 (4); YPM 3745 (1); ZMUC P41159-167 (9); plus additional material. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:59 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Melamphaes janae Ebeling 1962 -- (Kotlyar 1996:273 [ref. 23292], Moore & Paxton 1999:2202 [ref. 24787], Kotlyar 2004:2 [ref. 27590], Mundy 2005:297 [ref. 28379], Fricke et al. 2011:371 [ref. 31242], Kotlyar 2015:637 [ref. 34100], Kotlyar 2016:22 [ref. 34170], Kotlyar 2016:252 [ref. 34507], Kotlyar 2016:388 [ref. 35038], Kimura et al. 2019:90 [ref. 37116]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes janae Ebeling 1962. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: East Africa east to Hawaiian Islands, Gulf of Panama to Peru. Habitat: marine.

kobylyanskyi, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2015:265, Fig. 4 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 55 (no. 3); ref. 33882] Walvis Ridge, southeastern Atlantic, 29°28'S, 0°11'E, trawling depth 2000-0 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMMU P-23455. •Valid as Melamphaes kobylyanskyi Kotlyar 2015 -- (Kotlyar 2015:517 [ref. 33995], Kotlyar 2016:22 [ref. 34170], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570], Kotlyar 2016:388 [ref. 35038], Sutton et al. 2020:238 [ref. 37832]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes kobylyanskyi Kotlyar 2015. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic: Walvis Ridge. Habitat: marine.

laeviceps, Melamphaes Ebeling [A. W.] 1962:63, Fig. 25 [Dana Report No. 58; ref. 5896] North of the Galápagos Islands, 1°01.5'N, 91°45.7'W, depth 939-1109 meters over botttom at 2288 meters. Holotype: SIO 52-409 [spec. 1]. Paratypes: SIO 52-338 (2), 52-363 (1), 52-409 [spec. 2] (1); CAS-SU 46355 (1); ZMUC P41168-71 (4). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:59 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Melamphaes laeviceps Ebeling 1962 -- (Pequeño 1989:52 [ref. 14125], Kotlyar 1996:273 [ref. 23292], Kotlyar 1999:452 [ref. 24875], Kotlyar 2004:2 [ref. 27590], Love et al. 2005:67 [ref. 37547], Mundy 2005:297 [ref. 28379], Kotlyar 2014:633 [ref. 33889], Kotlyar 2016:252 [ref. 34507], Kotlyar 2016:388 [ref. 35038]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes laeviceps Ebeling 1962. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Tropical central and eastern Pacific: central California (U.S.A.) south to Chile. Habitat: marine.

lentiginosus, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2015:646, Fig. 3 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 55 (no. 6); ref. 34100] Walvis Ridge, 25°42'S, 2°21'W, 250-0 meters over 1600 meters bottom depth. Holotype: ZMMU P-23466. Paratypes: ZMMU. •Valid as Melamphaes lentiginosus Kotlyar 2015 -- (Kotlyar 2016:22 [ref. 34170], Kotlyar 2016:252 [ref. 34507], Kotlyar 2016:388 [ref. 35038], Sutton et al. 2020:237 [ref. 37832]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes lentiginosus Kotlyar 2015. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic Ocean: mid-Atlantic Ridge, Walvis Ridge. Habitat: marine.

leprus, Melamphaes Ebeling [A. W.] 1962:60, Fig. 24 [Dana Report No. 58; ref. 5896] North of Ascension Island, 3°45'S, 10°00'W, Dana station D3999, depth about 350 meters (1000 meters wire out) over bottom depth of 3719 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P41172. Paratypes: (9) ZMUC P41173-75 (3), plus additional material. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:59 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Melamphaes leprus Ebeling 1962 -- (Maul 1990:612 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 1996:273 [ref. 23292], Kotlyar 2004:2 [ref. 27590], Kotlyar 2011:578 [ref. 31579], Kotlyar 2012:253 [ref. 32009], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570], Sutton et al. 2020:241 [ref. 37832], Afonso et al. 2021:470 [ref. 38384], Eduardo et al. 2022:9 [ref. 39574], Fermon et al. 2022:201 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes leprus Ebeling 1962. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: off northern Brazil; eastern Atlantic: Guinea Bissau south to Gabon. Habitat: marine.

longivelis, Melamphaes microps Parr [A. E.] 1933:16, Fig. 6 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (art. 6); ref. 3373] Off Acklins Island, Bahama, western Atlantic, 22°31'N, 74°26'W, Pawnee station 41,10000 feet wire out. Holotype: YPM 2833. Paratypes: YPM 2834 (1). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:15-16 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Melamphaes longivelis Parr 1933 -- (Ebeling 1962:73 [ref. 5896], Maul 1973:343 [ref. 7171], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:111 [ref. 6441], Maul in Whitehead et al. 1986:757 [ref. 13676], Ebeling 1986:428 [ref. 5651], Paxton et al. 1989:371 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:52 [ref. 14125], Maul 1990:613 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 1996:273 [ref. 23292], Santos et al. 1997:126 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:75 [ref. 24952], Moore & Paxton 1999:2202 [ref. 24787], Nakabo 2000:480 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Moore in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:480 [ref. 26001], Moore 2003:1163 [ref. 27002], Moore et al. 2003:217 [ref. 27076], Kotlyar 2004:3 [ref. 27590], Love et al. 2005:67 [ref. 37547], Paxton et al. 2006:748 [ref. 28995], Bray 2008:410 [ref. 30620], Kotlyar 2015:260 [ref. 33882], Kotlyar 2015:518 [ref. 33995], Kotlyar 2016:22 [ref. 34170], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570], Kotlyar 2016:388 [ref. 35038], Carneiro et al. 2019:150 [ref. 37250], Kimura et al. 2019:90 [ref. 37116], Sutton et al. 2020:238 [ref. 37832], Afonso et al. 2021:471 [ref. 38384], Eduardo et al. 2022:9 [ref. 39574], Fermon et al. 2022:201 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes longivelis Parr 1933. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through warm temperate seas. But now only the Atlantic Ocean [ref. 33882]. Habitat: marine.

lugubris, Melamphaes Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:59 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] California coast south of Point Conception, 32°40'30"N, 117°31'30"W, U.S.A., Albatross station 2923, depth 822 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 44287 (poor condition). Non-types: MCZ 28754-55 (2). Originally as Melamphaës lugubris. •Valid as Melamphaes lugubris Gilbert 1890 -- (Ebeling 1962:36 [ref. 5896], Amaoka in Amaoka et al. 1983:253, 326 [ref. 8379], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:111 [ref. 6441], Peden et al. 1985:11 [ref. 24081], Matarese et al. 1989:254 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:130 [ref. 14674], Shinohara et al. 1994:77 [ref. 22800], Kotlyar 1996:273 [ref. 23292], Nakabo 2000:480 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:24 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:319 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:480 [ref. 26001], Fedorov et al. 2003:56 [ref. 27579], Kotlyar 2004:3 [ref. 27590], Love et al. 2005:67 [ref. 37547], Mundy 2005:297 [ref. 28379], Kotlyar 2011:558 [ref. 31578], Kotlyar 2012:253 [ref. 32009], Parin et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33547], Burton & Lea 2019:55 [ref. 37205]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes lugubris Gilbert 1890. Melamphaidae. Distribution: North Pacific: Japan and Sea of Okhotsk north to Bering Sea, then Gulf of Alaska (U.S.A.) south to Pacific coast of central Baja California (Mexico), including Hawaiian Ridge. Habitat: marine.

macrocephalus, Melamphaes Parr [A. E.] 1931:41, Fig. 16 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 2 (art. 4); ref. 3371] Pacific coast off Mexico, 16°14'00"N, 99°36'30"W, 3750 feet wire out over bottom depth of 1800 fathoms. Holotype: YPM 2697. Paratypes: YPM 2698 (now 14), 2699 (now 3), 8040 [ex 2698] (4), 8041 [ex 2699] (2); USNM 92125 (1). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:15 [ref. 16741]; YPM 8040 and 8041 are also paratypes of M. spinifer. •Valid as Melamphaes macrocephalus Parr 1931 -- (Ebeling 1962:48 [ref. 5896], Pequeño 1989:52 [ref. 14125], Kotlyar 1996:274 [ref. 23292], Love et al. 2005:68 [ref. 37547], Kotlyar 2011:576 [ref. 31579], Kotlyar 2012:253 [ref. 32009]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes macrocephalus Parr 1931. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: California (U.S.A.) (ca 30°N) south to Chile (ca. 23°S), west to 130°W. Habitat: marine.

manifestus, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2011:566, Fig. 5 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 51 (no. 8); ref. 31578] Off West Africa, 4°40'N, 12°00'W, depth 780 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-22661 (84.0 mm SL). Paratypes: ZMMU P-22661 (5). •Valid as Melamphaes manifestus Kotlyar 2011 -- (Kotlyar 2012:253 [ref. 32009], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570], Sutton et al. 2020:241 [ref. 37832]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes manifestus Kotlyar 2011. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: off tropical West Africa (types). Habitat: marine.

microps, Scopelus Günther [A.] 1878:186 [19] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 2 (nos 7/8/9)(art. 2/22/28); ref. 2010] Between Cape of Good Hope and Kerguelen Island, 46°46'S, 45°31'E, Challenger station 146, depth 1375 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.12.7.5. On p. 19 of separate. See also Günther 1887:26 [ref. 2013]. See Kotlyar 2011:566 [ref. 31578] for discussion of separate species represented in this complex., •Valid as Melamphaes microps (Günther 1878) -- (Ebeling 1962:32 [ref. 5896], Maul 1973:343 [ref. 7171], Maul in Whitehead et al. 1986:758 [ref. 13676], Ebeling 1986:428 [ref. 5651], Scott & Scott 1988:319 [ref. 25518], Pequeño 1989:52 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:157 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:130 [ref. 14674], Gon 1990:218 [ref. 21680], Kotlyar 1996:274 [ref. 23292], Santos et al. 1997:126 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:76 [ref. 24952], Trunov 1999:465 [ref. 24579], Moore et al. 2003:217 [ref. 27076], Kotlyar 2004:3 [ref. 27590], Duhamel et al. 2005:284 [ref. 32059], Møller et al. 2010:48 [ref. 31169], Kotlyar 2011:564 [ref. 31578], Kotlyar 2012:253 [ref. 32009], Stewart & Bray 2015:980 [ref. 34276], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570], Carneiro et al. 2019:150 [ref. 37250], Sutton et al. 2020:240 [ref. 37832], Bañón & Maño 2021:63 [ref. 38883]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes microps (Günther 1878). Melamphaidae. Distribution: North Atlantic between 30°N and 64°N; South Atlantic between 27°S and 46°S (off southwest tip of Africa); southern Indian Ocean, western South Pacific off New Zealand, southeastern Pacific [but possibly only the southern Indian Ocean and the southeastern Atlantic on ref. 31578]. Habitat: marine.

nikolayi, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2012:251, Fig. 4 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 52 (no. 4); ref. 32009] Subtropical Northwestern Pacific, 29°20'N, 142°41'E, trawling depth 1000 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMMU 22672. •Valid as Melamphaes nikolayi Kotlyar 2012. Current status: Valid as Melamphaes nikolayi Kotlyar 2012. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Subtropical Northwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

occlusus, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2012:249, Fig. 3 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 52 (no. 4); ref. 32009] Madagascar Ridge, 33°06'S, 45°28'E, southwestern Indian Ocean, bottom trawling depth 1500-1610 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMMU P-22671. One additional record questionably included. •Valid as Melamphaes occlusus Kotlyar 2012. Current status: Valid as Melamphaes occlusus Kotlyar 2012. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Subtropical southwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

pachystomus, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2011:575, Fig. 4 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 51 (no. 8); ref. 31579] Off northern Peru, southeastern Pacific Ocean, 7°51'S, 80°57'W, depth 900-1000 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-22666 (62.0 mm SL). Paratypes: ZMMU P-22666 (2). Non-types: Parin et al. 1990 specimen doubtfully included. •Valid as Melamphaes pachystomus Kotlyar 2011 -- (Kotlyar 2012:253 [ref. 32009], Kotlyar 2016:238 [319] [ref. 38816]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes pachystomus Kotlyar 2011. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Northeastern Pacific Ocean: off Baja California (Mexico); southeastern Pacific Ocean: off Peru. Habitat: marine.

papavereus, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2016:251, Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 56 (no. 3); ref. 34507] Bay of Bengal, Indian Ocean, 12°59'N, 82°25'E, depth 1000-0 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMMU P-23866. •Valid as Melamphaes papavereus Kotlyar 2016 -- (Kotlyar 2016:389 [ref. 35038]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes papavereus Kotlyar 2016. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Bay of Bengal, Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

parini, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 1999:456 [428], Fig. 4b [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 39 (no. 4); ref. 24875] Okhotsk Sea, 48°59'N, 152°00'E, depth 1000-50 meters. Holotype (unique): ZIN 47771. On p. 428 of English translation. •Valid as Melamphaes parini Kotlyar 1999 -- (Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:25 [ref. 25650], Kotlyar 2004:3 [ref. 27590], Kotlyar 2012:142 [ref. 31963], Kotlyar 2012:254 [ref. 32009], Parin et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes parini Kotlyar 1999. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Temperate North Pacific: Sea of Okhotsk and northeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

parvus, Melamphaes Ebeling [A. W.] 1962:77, Fig. 29 [Dana Report No. 58; ref. 5896] Off Mexico, southeast of Guadalupe Island, 28°37'N, 118°13'W, depth 0-860 meters over bottom depth of more than 1830 meters. Holotype: SIO 57-216. Paratypes: SIO 51-354, -377 (2, 1), 53-305A (1), 54-100, -102 (3, 1); UW 14519 (1), 14521 (1), 14523-25 (1, 2, 1), 14532 (1), 14534-35 (1, 3), 14537-38 (2, 1), 14541 (3), 14543 (1), 14545-46 (3, 3), 14548 (1). •Valid as Melamphaes parvus Ebeling 1962 -- (Kotlyar 1996:274 [ref. 23292], Kotlyar 2004:3 [ref. 27590], Love et al. 2005:68 [ref. 37547], Kotlyar 2015:636 [ref. 34100], Kotlyar 2016:22 [ref. 34170], Kotlyar 2016:252 [ref. 34507], Kotlyar 2016:388 [ref. 35038], Kimura et al. 2019:90 [ref. 37116]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes parvus Ebeling 1962. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Northeastern Pacific: Northern California (U.S.A.) south to Pacific coast of Baja California (Mexico), west to about 145°W. Habitat: marine.

polylepis, Melamphaes Ebeling [A. W.] 1962:43, Fig. 20 [Dana Report No. 58; ref. 5896] South of Sri Lanka, 5°21'N, 80°38'E, Dana station D3909, depth about 2250 meters (4500 meters wire out) over bottom depth of 4120 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P41178. Paratypes: ZMA 100442 (1), ZMUC P41179-81 (3). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:60 [ref. 9588], Nijssen et al. 1982:78 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Melamphaes polylepis Ebeling 1962 -- (Amaoka in Amaoka et al. 1983:253, 326 [ref. 8379], Uyeno & Sato in Uyeno et al. 1983:277 [ref. 14275], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:111 [ref. 6441], Pequeño 1989:52 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:157 [ref. 24556], Maul 1990:613 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 1996:274 [ref. 23292], Shinohara et al. 1996:173 [ref. 26605], Moore & Paxton 1999:2202 [ref. 24787], Nakabo 2000:480 [ref. 25086], Paxton & Moore in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:480 [ref. 26001], Moore 2003:1163 [ref. 27002], Kotlyar 2004:3 [ref. 27590], Mundy 2005:298 [ref. 28379], Fricke et al. 2011:371 [ref. 31242], Kotlyar 2011:560 [ref. 31578], Kotlyar 2011:569 [ref. 31579], Kotlyar 2012:253 [ref. 32009], Mincarone et al. 2014:1548 [ref. 33546], Stewart & Bray 2015:981 [ref. 34276], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570], Carneiro et al. 2019:151 [ref. 37250], Kimura et al. 2019:5 [ref. 37790], Sutton et al. 2020:241 [ref. 37832], Afonso et al. 2021:471 [ref. 38384], Eduardo et al. 2022:9 [ref. 39574], Fermon et al. 2022:201 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes polylepis Ebeling 1962. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas; Atlantic between the equator and 20°N, Indian Ocean between 15°N and 15°S, Pacific between 34°N and 31°S eastward to about 109°W; northern central Pacific: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

proximus, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2015:509, Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 55 (no. 5); ref. 33995] Indian Ocean and western Pacific, 30°50'S, 93°08'E, depth 1162 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-17331. Paratypes: IORAS, ZMMU. •Valid as Melamphaes proximus Kotlyar 2015 -- (Kotlyar 2016:22 [ref. 34170], Kotlyar 2016:388 [ref. 35038]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes proximus Kotlyar 2015. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean and western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

pumilus, Melamphaes Ebeling [A. W.] 1962:106, Fig. 40 [Dana Report No. 58; ref. 5896] Off Bermuda, 32°12'N, 64°36'W, depth 1829 meters over bottom depth of 2380 meters. Holotype: CAS-SU 42838 [ex NYZS 12988]. Paratypes: BMNH 1931.12.18.2 (1); FMNH 49666-67 (1, 2), 49722-23 (12, 4), 49725 (11), 49728 (1); CAS-SU (now 14, 12 lots); YPM 2830 (14), 2831 (1); ZMUC P41182-203 (74); plus additional material. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:60 [ref. 9588], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:55 [ref. 12367], Moore & Boardman 1991:16 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Melamphaes pumilus Ebeling 1962 -- (Maul 1990:613 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 1996:274 [ref. 23292], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:970 [ref. 23897], Moore 2003:1163 [ref. 27002], Moore et al. 2003:217 [ref. 27076], Kotlyar 2004:4 [ref. 27590], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570], Kotlyar 2016:385, 389 [ref. 35038] as pumilis, Carneiro et al. 2019:151 [ref. 37250], Sutton et al. 2020:239 [ref. 37832], Fermon et al. 2022:201 [ref. 39448] with question). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes pumilus Ebeling 1962. Melamphaidae. Distribution: North Atlantic: between 10°N to 40°N and 25°W to 30°W. Habitat: marine.

shcherbachevi, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2015:648, Fig. 4 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 55 (no. 6); ref. 34100] Mozambique Channel, 23°21'S, 43°22'E, 1200-0 meters depth. Holotype (unique): ZMMU P-23700. Type catalog: Fricke et al. 2018:109 [ref. 35805]. •Valid as Melamphaes shcherbachevi Kotlyar 2015 -- (Kotlyar 2016:22 [ref. 34170], Kotlyar 2016:252 [ref. 34507], Kotlyar 2016:388 [ref. 35038], Fricke et al. 2018:109 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes shcherbachevi Kotlyar 2015. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

simus, Melamphaes Ebeling [A. W.] 1962:94, Fig. 34 [Dana Report No. 58; ref. 5896] South of Canary Islands [eastern Atlantic], 27°19'N, 16°41'W, Dana station D4010, depth about 350 meters (1000 meters wire out) over bottom depth of 3460 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P41204. Paratypes: BMNH 1930.1.12.977-980 (4); ?MCZ [ex Woods Hole] (1), NHMG 1431 (1); ZMUC P41205-220 (40); plus additional material. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:60 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Melamphaes simus Ebeling 1962 -- (Ebeling 1986:429 [ref. 5651], Maul 1973:343 [ref. 7171], Maul in Whitehead et al. 1986:759 [ref. 13676], Pequeño 1989:52 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:156 [ref. 24556], Maul 1990:614 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 1996:274 [ref. 23292], Santos et al. 1997:69 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:76 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:971 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:124 [ref. 24106], Porteiro et al. 1999:41 [ref. 24203], Moore & Paxton 1999:2202 [ref. 24787], Paxton & Moore in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Moore 2003:1163 [ref. 27002], Moore et al. 2003:217 [ref. 27076], Kotlyar 2004:4 [ref. 27590], Love et al. 2005:68 [ref. 37547], Mundy 2005:298 [ref. 28379], Mincarone et al. 2014:1548 [ref. 33546], Stewart & Bray 2015:982 [ref. 34276], Kotlyar 2016:253 [ref. 34507], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570], Kotlyar 2016:389 [ref. 35038], Carneiro et al. 2019:151 [ref. 37250], Sutton et al. 2020:239 [ref. 37832], Fermon et al. 2022:202 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes simus Ebeling 1962. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through temperate seas. Habitat: marine.

spinifer, Melamphaes Ebeling [A. W.] 1962:67, Fig. 26 [Dana Report No. 58; ref. 5896] North of the Galápagos Islands, 1°01.5'N, 91°45.7'W, depth 939-1109 meters over bottom depth of 2288 meters. Holotype: SIO 52-409. Paratypes: SIO 52-419 (1), 54-89 (1), 55-221 (1), 55-244 (1); YPM 8040 (4), 8041 (2); ZMUC P417-11, P41221-235. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:60 [ref. 9588], Moore & Boardman 1991:16 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Melamphaes spinifer Ebeling 1962 -- (Pequeño 1989:52 [ref. 14125], Kotlyar 1996:274 [ref. 23292], Kotlyar 2004:4 [ref. 27590], Love et al. 2005:68 [ref. 37547], Kotlyar 2014:635 [ref. 33889], Kotlyar 2016:22 [ref. 34170], Fourriére et al. 2016:457 [ref. 34668], Kotlyar 2016:387 [ref. 35038]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes spinifer Ebeling 1962. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Pacific coast of southern Baja California Sur (Mexico) south to Chile (34°S), west to about 130°W. Habitat: marine.

suborbitalis, Plectromus Gill [T. N.] 1883:258 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 6 (no. 380); ref. 1724] East of New Jersey, U.S.A., 38°52'40"N, 69°24'40"W, Albatross station 2036, depth 1735 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 33271. •Valid as Melamphaes suborbitalis (Gill 1883) -- (Ebeling 1962:56 [ref. 5896], Maul 1973:344 [ref. 7171], Fujii in Masuda et al. 1984:111 [ref. 6441], Maul in Whitehead et al. 1986:759 [ref. 13676], Scott & Scott 1988:320 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:371 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:157 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:130 [ref. 14674], Maul 1990:614 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 1996:274 [ref. 23292], Santos et al. 1997:69 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:76 [ref. 24952], Parin & Kotlyar 1998:557 [ref. 24683], Kotlyar 1999:449 [ref. 24875], Nakabo 2000:480 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:480 [ref. 26001], Moore 2003:1163 [ref. 27002], Moore et al. 2003:217 [ref. 27076], Kotlyar 2004:4 [ref. 27590], Love et al. 2005:68 [ref. 37547], Mundy 2005:298 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:748 [ref. 28995], Kotlyar 2012:137 [ref. 31963], Kotlyar 2012:254 [ref. 32009], Stewart & Bray 2015:983 [ref. 34276], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570], Carneiro et al. 2019:151 [ref. 37250], Sutton et al. 2020:240 [ref. 37832], Fermon et al. 2022:202 [ref. 39448] with question). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes suborbitalis (Gill 1883). Melamphaidae. Distribution: Nearly circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas. Habitat: marine.

succedaneus, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2015:517, Fig. 4 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 55 (no. 5); ref. 33995] Eastern Pacific, 0°02'S, 122°04'W, trawling depth 300-0 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-23459. Paratypes: IORAS, ZMMU. Species name once spelled succedanaus in title of English translation, otherwise succedaneus. •Valid as Melamphaes succedaneus Kotlyar 2015 -- (Kotlyar 2016:22 [ref. 34170], Kotlyar 2016:388 [ref. 35038], Kimura et al. 2019:90 [ref. 37116]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes succedaneus Kotlyar 2015. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific, adjoining North and South America. Habitat: marine.

typhlops, Metopias Lowe [R. T.] 1843:90 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1843 (pt 11); ref. 2832] Off Madeira. Neotype: BMNH 1864.11.8.1. Neotype designated by Ebeling 1962:92 [ref. 5896] and confirmed by Maul 1973 [ref. 7171]. •Valid as Melamphaes typhlops (Lowe 1843) -- (Ebeling 1962:88 [ref. 5896], Maul 1973:343 [ref. 7171], Maul in Whitehead et al. 1986:760 [ref. 13676], Maul 1990:614 [ref. 17237], Kotlyar 1996:274 [ref. 23292], Santos et al. 1997:69 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:76 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:972 [ref. 23897], Porteiro et al. 1999:41 [ref. 24203], Moore 2003:1163 [ref. 27002], Moore et al. 2003:217 [ref. 27076], Kotlyar 2004:4 [ref. 27590], Mincarone et al. 2014:1551 [ref. 33546], Kotlyar 2016:30 [ref. 34170], Moore 2016:2165 [ref. 34570], Kotlyar 2016:389 [ref. 35038], Carneiro et al. 2019:151 [ref. 37250], Sutton et al. 2020:237 [ref. 37832], Afonso et al. 2021:472 [ref. 38384], Eduardo et al. 2022:9 [ref. 39574], Fermon et al. 2022:202 [ref. 39448] with question). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes typhlops (Lowe 1843). Melamphaidae. Distribution: Atlantic: between 45°N and 35°S. Habitat: marine.

uniformis, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2013:776, Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 53 (no. 6); ref. 37797] Tasman Sea, southwestern Pacific, 32°30′S, 155°27′E, trawling depth 500 (0) m. Holotype (unique): ZMMU P-23301. •Valid as Melamphaes uniformis Kotlyar 2013 -- (Kotlyar 2018:618 [754] [ref. 38109]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes uniformis Kotlyar 2013. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Walters Seamount, south of Madagascar; southwestern Pacific: Tasman Sea. Habitat: marine.

xestoachidus, Melamphaes Kotlyar [A. N.] 2011:563, Fig. 3 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 51 (no. 8); ref. 31578] Northwestern North Pacific, 44°54'N, 152°14'E, trawling depth 2400-3450 meters, over bottom depth of 8800-9600 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-22660. Paratypes: ZMUU P-22660 (1). •Valid as Melamphaes xestoachidus Kotlyar 2011 -- (Kotlyar 2012:253 [ref. 32009], Parin et al. 2014:199 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Melamphaes xestoachidus Kotlyar 2011. Melamphaidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.


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