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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species related to Mugil cephalus: [ 44 ] records


curtus, Mugil Yarrell [W.] 1836:210, Fig. [A history of British fishes; ref. 4812] Between Brownsey Island and South Haven, at the mouth of Poole Harbor, England. No types known. Also appeared as "Mugil curtus Yarell [sic]" in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:70, Pl. 311 [ref. 1005]. •Tentatively a synonym of Chelon labrosus (Risso 1827) -- (Trewavas 1973:569 [ref. 7201], Kottelat 1997:157 [ref. 22952], Harrison 2003:17 [ref. 27341]). •Status uncertain -- (Thomson 1997:545 [ref. 23428]). • Questionably a synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 2013:281 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ashanteensis, Mugil Bleeker [P.] 1863:91, Pl. 19 (fig. 2) [Natuurkundige Verhandelingen van de Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen te Haarlem (Ser. 2) v. 18 (1862); ref. 395] Ashantee, Guinea [now Ghana]. Holotype (unique): RMNH 1631. Original as ashanteënsis. Holotype figured by Boeseman 1963:Pl. 2 (fig. 4) [ref. 21734]. •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies -- (Trewavas 1973:568 [ref. 7201], Ben-Tuvia in Whitehead et al. 1986:1203 [ref. 13677]). •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Thomson 1986:348 [ref. 6215], Thomson 1990:859 [ref. 19180], Kottelat 1997:158 [ref. 22952], Thomson 1997:485 [ref. 23428], Whitfield et al. 2012:xx [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:282 [ref. 32989], Harrison 2016:2105 [ref. 34599]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

tang, Mugil Bloch [M. E.] 1794:171, Pl. 395 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 8; ref. 463] Red Sea. Lectotype: ZMB 1785. Paralectotypes: ZMB (1, missing). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:102 [ref. 24282]. On p. 134 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 11 [ref. 21381]. Lectotype selected by Paepke 1999:102 [ref. 24282]. •Status uncertain -- (Trewavas 1973:567 [ref. 7201], Thomson 1997:545 [ref. 23428]). •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Okada 1961:628 [ref. 6363], Kottelat 1997:158 [ref. 22952], Kottelat 2013:281 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

dobula, Mugil Günther [A.] 1861:420, Fig. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Australia and Aneiteum, Vanuatu. Syntypes: (at least 11) BMNH 1844.2.15.51-52 (2, dry half skin), 1847.6.17.23 (1, dry half skin), 1848.10.25.30 (1, dry half skin), 1848.10.25.32 (1, stuffed), 1851.2.20.7-8 (2) Australia, Macgillwray coll., 1860.7.18.3 (1). •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Okada 1961:627 [ref. 6363], Liu & Shen 1991:275 [ref. 19215], Thomson 1997:485 [ref. 23428], Harrison & Senou 1999:2096 [ref. 24780], Mundy 2005:278 [ref. 28379], Hoese & Bray 2006:680 [ref. 29000], Whitfield et al. 2012:1 [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:281 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

superficialis, Myxus Klunzinger [C. B.] 1870:831 [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 20; ref. 2621] Al-Qusair, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea. Syntypes: MCZ 3813 (2); SMF 1869 (2 or 3); SMNS 1743 or 1738 (3); ZIN 2640 (2, lost); ZMB 10511 (1), 7999 (3). Type catalog: Fricke 1992:13 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:49 [ref. 29864]. •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Dor 1984:192 [ref. 29757], Thomson 1997:485 [ref. 23428], Whitfield et al. 2012:xx [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:282 [ref. 32989], Golani & Fricke 2018:119 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

mexicanus, Mugil Steindachner [F.] 1875:86 [58], Pl. 8 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 72 (1. Abth.); ref. 4223] Acapulco, western Mexico. Holotype (unique): NMW 67346. On p. 58 of separate. •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Okada 1961:628 [ref. 6363], Thomson 1997:485 [ref. 23428], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:182 [ref. 24550], Minckley & Marsh 2009:273 [ref. 31114], Whitfield et al. 2012:xx [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:282 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

caecutiens, Myxus Günther [A.] 1876:397 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 43); ref. 2007] Rodrigues Island, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: BMNH 1876.3.11.31-32 (2). Clearly as caecutiens on p. 389, unclear if caecutiens or coecutiens on p. 397. •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Thomson 1986:348 [ref. 6215], Kottelat 1997:158 [ref. 22952], Thomson 1997:485 [ref. 23428], Fricke 1999:361 [ref. 24106], Whitfield et al. 2012:xx [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:282 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

grandis, Mugil Castelnau [F. L.] 1879:386 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 3 (pt 4); ref. 764] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Liu & Shen 1991:275 [ref. 19215], Thomson 1997:485 [ref. 23428], Hoese & Bray 2006:680 [ref. 29000], Whitfield et al. 2012:xx1 [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:282 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hypselosoma, Mugil Ogilby [J. D.] 1897:74 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 22 (pt 1); ref. 3272] Port Jackson and Botany Bay, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: (2) QM. •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Whitfield et al. 2012:1 [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:282 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

barnardi, Myxus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1914:83 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 13 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 14155] Durban Bay, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAM 12428. •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Smith & Smith 1986:718 [ref. 5717], Thomson 1997:485 [ref. 23428], Whitfield et al. 2012:xx [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:282 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gelatinosus, Mugil Klunzinger [C. B.] 1872:35 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 38 (pt. 1); ref. 2623] Murray River [Hobson's Bay, Victoria, Australia]. Holotype (unique): SMNS 1563. Type catalog: Fricke 1992:13 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:49 [ref. 29864]. •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Liu & Shen 1991:275 [ref. 19215], Thomson 1997:485 [ref. 23428], Hoese & Bray 2006:680 [ref. 29000], Whitfield et al. 2012:xx [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:282 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

marginalis, Mugil De Vis [C. W.] 1885:870 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 4); ref. 1091] Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: ?QM I.121 (1), I.9774 (1). •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Thomson 1997:485 [ref. 23428], Hoese & Bray 2006:681 [ref. 29000], Whitfield et al. 2012:xx [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:282 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

peruanus, Mugil Hildebrand [S. F.] 1946:424, Fig. 82 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 189; ref. 2161] Independencia Bay, near La Lagunilla, Peru. Holotype: USNM 127877. Paratypes: (more than 100) BMNH 1949.5.18.5-8 [ex USNM] (4?), USNM 77563 (21), 775876 (5), 127877-84 (1, 51, 32, 9, 5, 1, 17, 9). •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Thomson 1997:485 [ref. 23428], Whitfield et al. 2012:xx [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:282 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

muelleri, Mugil Klunzinger [C. B.] 1879:259 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 16 (no. 22); ref. 18913] King George Sound, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): SMNS 2572 (not found, probably lost). Type catalog: Fricke 1992:13 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:49 [ref. 29864] dated 1880. Name appeared as Mülleri in original. Also appeared in Klunzinger 1880:395 [671 of separate] [ref. 2624]. •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Liu & Shen 1991:275 [ref. 19215] as mulleri, Thomson 1997:485 [ref. 23428], Hoese & Bray 2006:681 [ref. 29000], Whitfield et al. 2012:xx [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:282 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

tongae, Mugil Günther [A.] 1880:58 [Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger in the years 1873-1876 v. 1 (pt 6); ref. 2011] Tongatabu, Tonga Islands, Polynesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1879.4.14.497. Also published as new in Günther 1881:217 [ref. 14286]. •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Thomson 1997:485 [ref. 23428], Whitfield et al. 2012:xx [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:282 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ciliilabis, Mugil Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:151 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Lima, Peru. Syntypes: MNHN A-3627 (7), A-3628 (6, poor condition). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1972:687-688 [ref. 21541]. •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Thomson 1997:484 [ref. 23428], Whitfield et al. 2012:xx [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:281 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

flavus, Myxus Mohr [E.] 1927:182, Figs. 4a-b [Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere (Jena) v. 54; ref. 15800] Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Lectotype: ZMH H58. Paralectotypes: (4) ZMH H395 (1). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:162 [ref. 19181], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:405 [ref. 21161] as syntypes. Lectotype selected by Ladiges et al. 1958:162 [ref. 19181]. •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Thomson 1997:485 [ref. 23428], Whitfield et al. 2012:xx [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:282 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

niger, Myxus Mohr [E.] 1927:183, Fig. 5 [Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere (Jena) v. 54; ref. 15800] Lima, Peru. Lectotype: ZMH H174. Paralectotypes: (2). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:162 [ref. 19181], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:405 [ref. 21161] as a syntype. Lectotype selected by Ladiges et al. 1958:162 [ref. 19181]. •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Thomson 1997:485 [ref. 23428], Whitfield et al. 2012:xx [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:282 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

tincoides, Myxus Mohr [E.] 1927:186, Fig. 8 [Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere (Jena) v. 54; ref. 15800] Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, U.S.A. Lectotype: ZMH H72. Paralectotypes: ZMH H172 (1). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:163 [ref. 19181], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:406 [ref. 21161] as syntypes. Lectotype selected by Ladiges et al. 1958:163 [ref. 19181]. •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Thomson 1997:485 [ref. 23428], Whitfield et al. 2012:xx [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:282 [ref. 32989]). •Possibly a synonym of Mugil liza Valenciennes 1836 -- (see Menezes et al. 2010:66 [ref. 30860]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

chaptalii, Mugil Eydoux [J. F. T.] & Souleyet [F. A.] 1850:171, Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 4501] Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8100. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1972:685-686 [ref. 21541]. •Synonym of Neomyxus leuciscus (Günther 1872) -- (Randall 2005:77 [ref. 28239], Randall 2007:136 [ref. 30952]). •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Thomson 1997:484 [ref. 23428], Harrison & Senou 1999:2096 [ref. 24780], Mundy 2005:278 [ref. 28379], Kottelat 2013:281 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pacificus, Myxus Steindachner [F.] 1900:175 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 37 (no. 16) (for 21 June 1900); ref. 20498] Laysan Island, Leeward Islands, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): UMB (not found). Type catalog: Wahlert 1955:326 [ref. 21527]. Species later described in detail in Steindachner 1900:500 [ref. 14892] (p. 18 of separate). •Questionably a synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Mundy 2005:278 [ref. 28379]). •Possibly young of Chaenomugil leuciscus (Günther 1872) -- (Thomson 1997:545 [ref. 23428]). Current status: Uncertain as Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

trichilus, Mugil Vaillant [L. L.] & Sauvage [H.-E.] 1875:281 [Revue et Magasin de Zoologie (Sér. 3) v. 3; ref. 17853] Hawaiian Islands. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-8073 (3), 0000-8074 (3), A-0467 (2). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1972:699-700 [ref. 21541]. •Synonym of Chaenomugil leuciscus (Günther 1872) -- (Thomson 1997:477 [ref. 23428], Kottelat 2013:282 [ref. 32989] with question). •Synonym of Neomyxus leuciscus (Günther 1872). •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758, but available as a Hawaiian subspecies if needed -- (Randall 2007:135 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

albula, Mugil Linnaeus [C.] 1766:520 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] Carolina [South Carolina, U.S.A.], Jamaica and Bahamas. Syntypes: Linn. Soc. Lond. 139 (left half-skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1985:63 [ref. 20705]. Type information: Goode & Bean 1885:206 [ref. 1841]. Based on multiple sources, including the the 'Albula bahamensis' of Catesby 1743:6, Pl. 6 (v. 2) [ref. 774] [Bahamas], the Mugil argenteus minor ... of Browne 1756:450 [ref. 30188] [Jamaica], and a manuscript description and 1 specimen sent by A. Garden [South Carolina]. •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Okada 1961:628 [ref. 6363], Smith 1986:437 [ref. 22186], Thomson 1997:484 [ref. 23428], Mundy 2005:278 [ref. 28379], Whitfield et al. 2012:xx [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:281 [ref. 32989]). •Possibly a synonym of Mugil liza Valenciennes 1836 -- (see Menezes et al. 2010:66 [ref. 30860]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

plumieri, Mugil Bloch [M. E.] 1794:173, Pl. 396 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 8; ref. 463] St. Vincent Island, West Indies. No types known. On p. 136 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 11 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Okada 1961:628 [ref. 6363], Thomson 1997:484 [ref. 23428], Ross et al. 2001:347 [ref. 25978], Whitfield et al. 2012:xx [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:281 [ref. 32989]). •This was treated by de Sylva 1975:84 [ref. 6302] as a sphyraenid and dating to Bloch & Schneider and placed in the synonymy of Sphyraena barracuda. •Possibly a synonym of Mugil liza Valenciennes 1836 -- (see Menezes et al. 2010:66 [ref. 30860]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lineatus, Mugil Valenciennes [A.] (ex Mitchill) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:96 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] New York, U.S.A. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-5485 (3). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1972:694 [ref. 21541]. •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Okada 1961:628 [ref. 6363], Smith 1986:437 [ref. 22186], Whitfield et al. 2012:xx [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:181 [ref. 32989]). •Possibly a synonym of Mugil liza Valenciennes 1836 -- (see Menezes et al. 2010:66 [ref. 30860]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cephalotus, Mugil Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:110 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Malabar and Puducherry, India. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-8102 (1) Malabar, A-4645 (1, dry) Puducherry, A-4698 (1, dry) Puducherry. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1972:685 [ref. 21541]. •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Okada 1961:627 [ref. 6363], Trewavas 1973:567 [ref. 7201], Thomson 1986:348 [ref. 6215], Skelton 1993:351 [ref. 24071], Coad 1996:6 [ref. 23831], Kottelat 1997:158 [ref. 22952], Thomson 1997:484 [ref. 23428], Harrison & Senou 1999:2096 [ref. 24780], Mundy 2005:278 [ref. 28379], Whitfield et al. 2012:xx [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:281 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

borbonicus, Mugil Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:113 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-3660. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1972:681 [ref. 21541]. •Synonym of Valamugil seheli with author as Cantor 1850 [= Cantor 1849]; perhaps a misidentification -- (Harrison & Senou 1999:2107 [ref. 24780]). •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Thomson 1997:484 [ref. 23428], Fricke 1999:360 [ref. 24106], Whitfield et al. 2012:xx [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:281 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

japonicus, Mugil Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1845:134, Pl. 72 (fig. 1) [Fauna Japonica Parts 7-9; ref. 4373] Nagasaki, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D1166 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: RMNH D1161-1165 (5, dry), ?ZMB 7193 (1). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:116 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Mugil japonicus Temminck & Schlegel 1845 -- (Kim et al. 2020:77 [ref. 39118]). •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1949:992 [ref. 20662], Okada 1961:627 [ref. 6363], Thomson 1997:484 [ref. 23428], Harrison & Senou 1999:2096 [ref. 24780], Whitfield et al. 2012:xx [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:181 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rammelsbergii, Mugil Tschudi [J. J. von] 1846:20 [Untersuchungen über die Fauna Peruana; ref. 4469] San Lorenzo Island, Peru. Syntypes: ?MSNG 13911 [ex ZMB] (2); ZMB 1853-54 (1, 1). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:334 [ref. 10350], Kottelat 1987:51 [ref. 25858]. •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Okada 1961:628 [ref. 6363], Thomson 1997:484 [ref. 23428], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:463 [ref. 24023], Whitfield et al. 2012:xx [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:281 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

berlandieri, Mugil Girard [C. F.] 1858:167 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 10; ref. 1813] St. Joseph Island, Indianola, Brazos Santiago, Brazos, Galveston, Texas, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 763 to 767 (4, 12, 5, 8, 12). See also Girard 1859:20, Pl. 10 (figs 1-4) [ref. 13405]. •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Okada 1961:628 [ref. 6363], Thomson 1997:485 [ref. 23428], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:182 [ref. 24550], Kottelat 2013:281 [ref. 32989]). •Possibly a synonym of Mugil liza Valenciennes 1836 -- (see Menezes et al. 2010:66 [ref. 30860]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cephalus, Mugil Linnaeus [C.] 1758:316 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European sea, Europe. Possible syntypes: NRM 43 (1), 44 (2), 143 (1). Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:257-258 [ref. 20707]. May be replaced in the western Atlantic by Mugil liza', see ref. 30860 but this is not so [ref. 34431]. Probably an apparent species complex [ref. 32710]. •Valid as Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758, subspecies cephalus -- (Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:458 [ref. 25598], Cheng & Zhou 1997:241 [ref. 26385], Nakabo 2000:538 [ref. 25086], Pietsch et al. 2001:143 [ref. 25688], Sakai et al. 2001:104 [ref. 25693], Shimizu 2001:33 [ref. 25799], Shimizu 2001:34 [ref. 25799], Keith et al. 2002:110 [ref. 31473], Nakabo 2002:538 [ref. 26001], Hagiwara 2003:37 [ref. 27188], Ataur Rahman 2003:301 [ref. 31338], Motomura et al. 2010:80 [ref. 31256], Koeda et al. 2016:13 [ref. 35333], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2018:225 [ref. 36460], Murase et al. 2023:38 [ref. 40935], Sato et al. 2023:8 [ref. 40949]). •Valid as Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Herrera 1896:40 [ref. 39336], Berg 1949:992 [ref. 20662], Okada 1961:627 [ref. 6363], Trewavas 1973:567 [ref. 7201], Lee et al. 1980:779 [ref. 22416], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:234 [ref. 9277], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:129 [ref. 25473], Dor 1984:192 [ref. 29757], Yoshino & Senou in Masuda et al. 1984:119 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:437 [ref. 22186], Ben-Tuvia in Whitehead et al. 1986:1202 [ref. 13677], Robins & Ray 1986:212 [ref. 23100], Thomson 1986:348 [ref. 6215], Ortega & Vari 1986:19 [ref. 9708], Smith & Smith 1986:718 [ref. 5717], Wu & Lu in Kuang et al. 1986:203 [ref. 26639], Allen & Swainston 1988:110 [ref. 25477], Robison & Buchanan 1988:472 [ref. 23393], Scott & Scott 1988:400 [ref. 25518], Pequeño 1989:63 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:205 [ref. 24556], Winterbottom et al. 1989:50 [ref. 13251], McAllister 1990:154 [ref. 14674], Thomson 1990:859 [ref. 19180], Allen 1991:147 [ref. 21090], Coad 1991:26 [ref. 15702], Liu & Shen 1991:275 [ref. 19215], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:896 [ref. 20764], Liang in Pan et al. 1991:345 [ref. 23876], Albaret in Lévêque et al. 1992:783 [ref. 21590], Boschung 1992:153 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:361 [ref. 23827], Gamboa Pérez 1992:327 [ref. 38704], Indra 1993:189 [ref. 24009], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:230 [ref. 24016], Etnier & Starnes 1993:379 [ref. 22809], Kuiter 1993:263 [ref. 23929], Kottelat et al. 1993:125 [ref. 23448], Swift et al. 1993:132 [ref. 22379], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:167 [ref. 25472], Francis 1993:164 [ref. 25479], Gomon et al. 1994:662 [ref. 22532], Poll & Gosse 1995:107 [ref. 24781], Allen & Robertson 1994:194 [ref. 22193], Goren & Dor 1994:51 [ref. 25356], Knight & Hastings 1994:150 [ref. 25560], Harrison in Fischer et al. 1995:1297 [ref. 22830], Coad 1995:29 [ref. 23608], Zhu 1995:166 [ref. 25213], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:202 [ref. 27969], Thomson in McDowall 1996:193 [ref. 22909], Coad 1996:86 [ref. 25304], Mettee et al. 1996:745 [ref. 25836], Chen et al. 1997:37 [ref. 26476], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:460 [ref. 24023], Kottelat 1997:158 [ref. 22952], Murdy et al. 1997:186 [ref. 23144], Allen 1997:176 [ref. 23977], Thomson 1997:483 [ref. 23428], Larson & Williams 1997:364 [ref. 23967], Carpenter et al. 1997:204 [ref. 23922], Kim 1997:372 [ref. 24032], Arruda 1997:114 [ref. 24952], Takahashi et al. 1997:46 [ref. 24971], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:748 [ref. 24702], Sokolov 1998:115 [ref. 23571], Coad 1998:103 [ref. 23869], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:875 [ref. 23897], Castro et al. 1998:79 [ref. 24271], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:198 [ref. 24555], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:12 [ref. 24670], Sato et al. 1998:40 [ref. 24972], Marquet et al. 1999:43 [ref. 23934], Chang et al. 1999:39 [ref. 24091], Fricke 1999:360 [ref. 24106], Keith et al. 1999:82 [ref. 24548], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:181 [ref. 24550], Harrison & Senou 1999:2096 [ref. 24780], Mizuno et al. 1999:10 [ref. 25311], Mishra et al. 1999:87 [ref. 25315], Afonso et al. 1999:83 [ref. 25466], Johnson 1999:742 [ref. 25471], Fuller et al. 1999:277 [ref. 25838], Allen 2000:90 [ref. 37268], Dyer 2000:85 [ref. 26678], Keith et al. 2000:20 [ref. 24547], Ruiz-Campos et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24940], Koutrakis & Economidis 2000:299 [ref. 25056], Senou in Randall & Lim 2000:625 [ref. 25122], Rafique 2000:327 [ref. 25220], Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:48 [ref. 25480], Thomson et al. 2000:288 [ref. 25640], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:187 [ref. 25703], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:103 [ref. 26368], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:153 [ref. 27754], Chereshnev & Shestakov 2001:382 [ref. 25410], Hutchins 2001:38 [ref. 25847], Ross et al. 2001:345 [ref. 25978], Wang et al. 2001:204 [ref. 26566], Skelton 2001:351 [ref. 27406], Camargo & Isaac 2001:141 [ref. 27639], Kim & Park 2002:294 [ref. 25913], Allen et al. 2002:255 [ref. 25930], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:107 [ref. 26753], Moyle 2002:441 [ref. 26449], Thompson in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:277 [ref. 26158], Choi et al. 2003:362, 630 [ref. 26218], López et al. 2002:64 [ref. 26808], Falcón et al. 2003:145 [ref. 39343], Harrison 2003:1079 [ref. 27016], Mirza 2003:21 [ref. 27265], Harrison 2003:7 [ref. 27341], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S113 [ref. 27377], Fedorov et al. 2003:131 [ref. 27579], Jang et al. 2003:119 [ref. 27681], Parin 2003:S16 [ref. 28536], Ghasemzadeh et al. 2004:9 [ref. 28614], Randall et al. 2004:8 [ref. 27624], Khan 2003:10 [ref. 27710], Nelson et al. 2004:97 [ref. 27807], Heemstra et al. 2004:3327 [ref. 27945], Miller & Robison 2004:279 [ref. 27931], Boschung & Mayden 2004:368 [ref. 27995], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:367 [ref. 28072], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:174 [ref. 28183], Golani 2005:49 [ref. 37112], Randall 2005:77 [ref. 28239], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:176 [ref. 28369], Ibáñez & Gallardo-Cabello 2005:305 [ref. 28373], Love et al. 2005:62 [ref. 37547], Mundy 2005:278 [ref. 28379], Hoese & Bray 2006:680 [ref. 29000], Miller 2006:183 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2006:37 [ref. 30386], Fricke et al. 2007:67 [ref. 29533], Harrison 2007:459 [ref. 30081], Harrison et al. 2007:91 [ref. 29185], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:468 [ref. 29996], Randall 2007:135 [ref. 30952], Vasil'eva 2007:63 [ref. 30517], Wirtz et al. 2007:27 [ref. 30263], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:347 [ref. 30085], Fricke 2008:21 [ref. 30182], Gomon 2008:393 [ref. 30616], González Castro et al. 2008:319 [ref. 29811], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:169 [ref. 31251], Fricke et al. 2009:30 [ref. 30213], García-Hernández et al. 2009:92 [ref. 37265], Minckley & Marsh 2009:272 [ref. 31114], Esmaeili et al. 2010:374 [ref. 33391], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:52 [ref. 36649], Matsunuma et al. 2010:82 [ref. 31558], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:190 [ref. 30957], Menezes et al. 2010:59 [ref. 30860], Fricke et al. 2011:369 [ref. 31242], Page & Burr 2011:607 [ref. 31215], Durand et al. 2012:692 [ref. 32366], Trape et al. 2012:126 [ref. 31792], Whitfield et al. 2012:xx [ref. 32710], Angulo et al. 2013:1003 [ref. 33194], Kottelat 2013:281 [ref. 32989], McMahan et al. 2013:446 [ref. 32422], Page et al. 2013:99 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:120 [ref. 32972] needs confirmation, Barriga Salazar 2014:118 [ref. 35745], Fricke et al. 2014:36 [ref. 33932], Morgan et al. 2014:36 [ref. 36567], Parin et al. 2014:191 [ref. 33547], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:30 [ref. 33341], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:892 [ref. 34062], Psomadakis et al. 2015:297 [ref. 34104], Trnski 2015:944 [ref. 34273], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:406 [ref. 34894], Barbieri et al. 2015:87 [ref. 35029], Esmaeili et al. 2015:122 [ref. 35030], Çiçek et al. 2015:151 [ref. 35151], Kramer et al. 2016:unnumbered p. [ref. 34331], Pacheco-Almanzar et al. 2016:385 [ref. 34431], Miesen et al. 2016:83 [ref. 34492], Harrison 2016:2105 [ref. 34599], Durand 2016:32 [ref. 35589], Shen & Durand 2016:80 [ref. 35591], Durand & Whitfield 2016:107 [ref. 35590], Kells et al. 2016:116 [ref. 35888], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:73 [ref. 35138], Esmaeili et al. 2017:87 [ref. 35254], Kwun et al. 2017:141 [ref. 37287], Labatos 2017:4 [ref. 36239], Pusey et al. 2017:48 [ref. 35250], Ali et al. 2018:341 [ref. 36183], Esmaeili et al. 2018:69 [ref. 36089], Freitas et al. 2018:77 [ref. 36259], Fricke et al. 2018:95 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:119 [ref. 36273], Kuiter 2018:67 [ref. 36369], Martins & Carneiro 2018:98 [ref. 36550], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:345 [ref. 36407], Robins et al. 2018:181 [ref. 35886], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:89 [ref. 35859], Suresh et al. 2018:152 [ref. 36495], Arndt & Fricke 2019:22 [ref. 36883], Artüz & Fricke 2019:557 [ref. 36612], Burton & Lea 2019:53 [ref. 37205], Ćaleta et al. 2019:185 [ref. 37026], Carneiro et al. 2019:204 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:98 [ref. 36864], Eagderi et al. 2019:86 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:76 [ref. 36673], Hoschke et al. 2019:154 [ref. 36626], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:253 [ref. 37108], Reiner 2019:129 [ref. 38139], Zajonz et al. 2019:65 [ref. 36871], Bariche & Fricke 2020:51 [ref. 37515], Çiçek et al. 2020:257 [ref. 37644], Freyhof et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37614], Freyhof et al. 2020:188 [ref. 37658], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 10 [ref. 38321], Hasan et al. 2020:134 [ref. 37945], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:275 [ref. 37983], Kovačić et al. 2020:30 [ref. 37519], Kuljanishvili et al. 2020:[6] [ref. 37535], Neves et al. 2020:[7] [ref. 37442], Psomadakis et al. 2020:520 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:37 [ref. 37637], Abliazov et al. 2021:8 [ref. 38576], Akaike et al. 2021:19 [ref. 38809], Baikeche et al. 2021:959 [ref. 39080], Bañón & Maño 2021:88 [ref. 38887], Dyldin et al. 2021:45 [ref. 38804], Golani 2021:65 [ref. 38303], Love et al. 2021:91 [ref. 39279], Kovačić et al. 2021:54 [ref. 39014], Taki et al. 2021:316 [ref. 39830], Fermon et al. 2022:272 [ref. 39448], Ghasamzadeh 2022:323 [ref. 39712], Meza-Vargas et al. 2022:4 [ref. 39566], Niță et al. 2022:55 [ref. 40471], Zajonz et al. 2022:48 [ref. 40522], Angulo et al. 2023:67 [ref. 40676], Çiçek et al. 2023:473 [ref. 40601], Çiçek et al. 2023:31 [ref. 40616], Çiçek et al. 2023:446 [ref. 40625], Esmaeili & Hamidan 2023:215 [ref. 40377], Jamandre 2023:171 [ref. 40455], Mousavi-Sabet et al. 2023:34 [ref. 40667], Saad et al. 2023:45 [ref. 40501], Shumka et al. 2023:38 [ref. 40747], Siccha-Ramirez et al. 2023:171, Valenzuela et al. 2023:96 [ref. 40815], Vela-Espinosa et al. 2023:9 [ref. 40981], Çiçek et al. 2024:366 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Distribution: Nearly circumglobal in temperate and tropical seas and estuaries (including Gulf of Mexico, Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, Red Sea, Persian Gulf, Sea of Japan); introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

catalarum, Mugil Whitley [G. P.] 1951:394 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 22 (no. 4); ref. 4715] La Foa, Bogny River, New Caledonia. Holotype (unique): AMS IB.2242. •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Thomson 1997:485 [ref. 23428], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:321 [ref. 28867], Kottelat 2013:282 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

camptosiensis, Mugil Castelnau [F. L.] 1861:48 [Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe; ref. 767] Gamptoos River, near Algoa Bay, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. •Status uncertain -- (Thomson 1997:544 [ref. 23428]). •Questionably a synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 2013:281 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lepidopterus, Myxus Mohr [E.] 1927:181, Fig. 3 [Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere (Jena) v. 54; ref. 15800] Peru. Holotype (unique): ZMH H127 [ex ZMH 2704]. Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:162 [ref. 19181], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:405 [ref. 21161]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Mugil by Mugil lepidopterus Fowler 1918. •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Thomson 1997:485 [ref. 23428], Whitfield et al. 2012:xx [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:282 [ref. 32989]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cetaceus, Sparus Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] 1817:5 [Lista de los peces del mar de Andalucía; ref. 17319] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only, not available. Possibly appeared in an unpublished work. See also Sparus cetaceus Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler in Graells 1887. •In the synonymy of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cetaceus, Sparus Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] in Graells 1887:179 [Revista de los Progresos de las Ciencias Exactas, Fisicas y Naturales, Madrid v. 22 (no. 3); ref. 30438] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only, not available. See also Sparus cetaceus Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler 1817. •In the synonymy of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 2013:282 [ref. 32989]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

provensalis, Mugil Risso [A.] 1810:346 [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Also listed as a synonym of Oedalechilus labeo (Cuvier 1829) -- (Trewavas 1973:573 [ref. 7201]). •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Trewavas 1973:567 [ref. 7201], Kottelat 1997:158 [ref. 22952], Thomson 1997:484 [ref. 23428], Harrison 2003:7 [ref. 27341], Whitfield et al. 2012:xx [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:281 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

myxone, Mugil cephalus var. Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:33, 56 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 2013:281 [ref. 32989], Parenti 2019:103 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cestreo, Mugil cephalus var. Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:33, 56 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Mugil cephalus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 2013:281 [ref. 32989], Parenti 2019:103 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

chelone, Mugil cephalus var. Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:33, 56 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Valid as Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 2013:281 [ref. 32989], Parenti 2019:103 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

constantiae, Mugil Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:107 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Freshwaters near Constance. Syntypes: MNHN A-3663 to 3664 (1, 1); ZMB 1832 [ex MNHN] (1). Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1972:688 [ref. 21541]. •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Thomson 1997:484 [ref. 23428], Whitfield et al. 2012:xx [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:281 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

our, Mugil crenilabis Fabricius [J. C.] in Niebuhr (ex Forsskål) 1775:74, xiv [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] [No locality stated] Red Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P71372 (dry skin). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:73 [ref. 9588]. Originally öur on p. 74, öûr on p. xiv; evidently not German so emendation to oeur is not made. Holotype figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pl. 36 [ref. 20847]. Mugil oecur Ogilby 1897 is a misspelling. Kottelat (2013) says Not available, vernacular name. •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1949:992 [ref. 20662], Okada 1961:627 [ref. 6363], Dor 1984:192 [ref. 29757], Thomson 1986:348 [ref. 6215], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:896 [ref. 20764], Coad 1996:6 [ref. 23831] as oeur, Kottelat 1997:158 [ref. 22952], Thomson 1997:484 [ref. 23428], Harrison & Senou 1999:2096 [ref. 24780], as oeur and öur, Harrison 2003:1079 [ref. 27016], Ataur Rahman 2003:301 [ref. 31338] as oeur, Fricke 2008:21 [ref. 30182] with author as Fabricius, Whitfield et al. 2012:xx [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:281 [ref. 32989], Harrison 2016:2105 [ref. 34599], Golani & Fricke 2018:119 [ref. 36273] as oeur). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

vulpinus, Mugil Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 127 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Not available, Chiereghini name mentioned in synonymy. •In the synonymy of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:158 [ref. 22952]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

galapagensis, Mugil Ebeling [A. W.] 1961:296, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1961 (no. 3); ref. 9311] Southeastern corner of Barrington Island, Galápagos Islands. Holotype: USNM 190589. Paratypes: SIO 55-256 (1), UCLA 55-314 (4), USNM 26683 (1). Plus additional material. •Valid as Mugil galapagensis Ebeling 1961 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:194 [ref. 22193], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:462 [ref. 24023]). •Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Thomson 1997:485 [ref. 23428], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:182 [ref. 24550], Whitfield et al. 2012:xx [ref. 32710], Kottelat 2013:282 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758. Mugilidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.


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