Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Myrophis: [ 18 ] records


anterodorsalis, Myrophis McCosker [J. E.], Böhlke [E. B.] & Böhlke [J. E.] 1989:281, Figs. 261-265 [Memoirs of the Sears Foundation of Marine Research Mem. 1 (pt 9); ref. 13288] Outside Cartagena Bay, Baru Island, Colombia, 10°12'35"N, 75°37'30"W, depth 0-1.3 meters. Holotype: ANSP 153670. Paratypes: ANSP 98472 (1), 153671 (1), 117563 (6), 117574 (5); CAS 55913 (1). •Valid as Myrophis anterodorsalis McCosker, Böhlke & Böhlke 1989 -- (Leiby in Smith 1989:770 [ref. 13285], McCosker 2003:733 [ref. 26993], Smith et al. 2003:7 [ref. 27621]). Current status: Valid as Myrophis anterodorsalis McCosker, Böhlke & Böhlke 1989. Ophichthidae: Myrophinae. Distribution: Colombia (Atlantic). Habitat: marine.

australis, Myrophis Castelnau [F. L.] 1879:396 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 3 (pt 4); ref. 764] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:129 [ref. 20810]. Originally as Myrophis? australis. •Mention -- (McCosker 1977:60 [ref. 6836]). •Status uncertain, in Ophichthidae -- (Paxton et al. 1989:121 [ref. 12442], McCosker et al. 2006:277 [ref. 29006]). Ophichthidae: Myrophinae. Habitat: marine.

dolichorhynchus, Myrophis Parr [A. E.] 1930:13, Fig. 1 (center) [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (art. 4); ref. 3370] Washerwoman Cay, Bahamas. Holotype (unique): YPM 2602. Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:22 [ref. 16741]. •Synonym of Myrophis punctatus Lütken 1852 -- (McCosker et al. 1989:287 [ref. 13288], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:140 [ref. 25013]). Current status: Synonym of Myrophis punctatus Lütken 1852. Ophichthidae: Myrophinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

emmae, Myrophis Howell Rivero [L.] 1934:341, Fig. 2 [Memorias de la Sociedad Cubana de Historia Natural v. 8 (no. 6); ref. 3767] Havana, Cuba. Holotype (unique): MCZ 33454. •Synonym of Myrophis platyrhynchus Breder 1927 -- (McCosker et al. 1989:283 [ref. 13288]). Current status: Synonym of Myrophis platyrhynchus Breder 1927. Ophichthidae: Myrophinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

fryi, Hesperomyrus Myers [G. S.] & Storey [M. H.] 1939:157 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 3132] Near breakwater, San Pedro, southern California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 25251. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:49 [ref. 12291]. •Status uncertain, in Myrophis -- (McCosker 1977:60 [ref. 6836]). •Synonym of Myrophis vafer Jordan & Gilbert 1883 -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:100 [ref. 24550]). Current status: Synonym of Myrophis vafer Jordan & Gilbert 1883. Ophichthidae: Myrophinae. Habitat: marine.

iguapensis, Myrophis Miranda Ribeiro [A. de] 1908:[4], Fig. 7 [Kosmos, Rio de Janeiro [Rev. Art. Sci. Litt.] v. 5 (no. 2) (for 1907); ref. 3715] Rio Ribeiro, Brazil. No types known. •Synonym of Myrophis punctatus Lütken 1852 -- (McCosker et al. 1989:286 [ref. 13288]). Current status: Synonym of Myrophis punctatus Lütken 1852. Ophichthidae: Myrophinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lepturus, Myrophis Kotthaus [A.] 1968:40, Figs. 145-147 [Meteor Forschungsergebnisse. Reihe D, Biologie No. 3; ref. 2669] Gulf of Aden, 12°25'N, 53°54.5'E to 12°26'N, 43°52'E, depth 60 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMH 4967 [ex IOES 64]. Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:414 [ref. 21161]. •Valid as Myrophis lepturus Kotthaus 1968 -- (Castle 1975:26 [ref. 25984]). •Mention -- (McCosker 1977:60 [ref. 6836], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S95 [ref. 27377]). Current status: Valid as Myrophis lepturus Kotthaus 1968. Ophichthidae: Myrophinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

longicollis, Myrophis Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1864:397 (footnote) [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1864; ref. 3437] Liberia. Treated by Leiby as separate from Muraena longicollis Cuvier 1816, but Peters' treatment perhaps a misidentification as Cuvier is cited. •Synonym of Myrophis plumbeus (Cope 1871) -- (Leiby 1990:186 [ref. 13652]). Current status: Synonym of Myrophis plumbeus (Cope 1871). Ophichthidae: Myrophinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

longleii, Myrophis Silvester [C. F.] 1915:214 [Carnegie Institution of Washington Year Book No. 14; ref. 4027] Sand flats west of Guanica Harbor, Puerto Rico. Holotype (unique): PU 3083. Also published and figured as new in Silvester 1918:20, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [ref. 15257]. •Synonym of Myrophis punctatus Lütken 1852 -- (McCosker et al. 1989:286 [ref. 13288]). Current status: Synonym of Myrophis punctatus Lütken 1852. Ophichthidae: Myrophinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lumbricus, Myrophis Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:261 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 5 (no. 282); ref. 2472] Galveston, Texas, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 30896. Type catalog: Smith 1994:33 [ref. 21917]. •Synonym of Myrophis punctatus Lütken 1852 -- (McCosker et al. 1989:286 [ref. 13288]). Current status: Synonym of Myrophis punctatus Lütken 1852. Ophichthidae: Myrophinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

microchir, Echelus Bleeker [P.] 1864:40 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 2; ref. 408] Makassar, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1867.11.28.319 (1) Sulawesi. •Valid as Myrophis microchir (Bleeker 1864) -- (Dor 1984:37 [ref. 29757], Asano in Masuda et al. 1984:30 [ref. 6441], Goren & Dor 1994:9 [ref. 25356], Smith & McCosker 1999:1668 [ref. 24715], Nakabo 2000:217 [ref. 25086], Hutchins 2001:17 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:217 [ref. 26001], McCosker et al. 2006:270 [ref. 29006], Fricke et al. 2011:352 [ref. 31342], Allen & Erdmann 2012:108 [ref. 31980], Yoshida et al. 2013:23 [ref. 34464], McCosker 2014:339 [ref. 33288], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988], Hibino et al. 2015:47 [ref. 34119], Fricke et al. 2018:45 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:28 [ref. 36273], McCosker 2022:117 [ref. 39686]). Current status: Valid as Myrophis microchir (Bleeker 1864). Ophichthidae: Myrophinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Aldabra (Seychelles), Seychelles and Madagascar east to Marshall Islands and Marquesas Islands (French Polynesia), north to suthern Japan, south to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

microstigmius, Myrophis Poey [F.] 1867:250, Pl. 3 (fig. 4) [Repertorio Fisico-Natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 14079] Cuba. Holotype: MCZ 33440. Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:173 [ref. 22926]. •Synonym of Myrophis punctatus Lütken 1852 -- (McCosker et al. 1989:286 [ref. 13288]). Current status: Synonym of Myrophis punctatus Lütken 1852. Ophichthidae: Myrophinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

mollis, Leptocephalus Fowler [H. W.] 1944:126, Fig. 47 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 6; ref. 1448] Old Providence Key [Providencia Island], Caribbean Sea. Holotype (unique): ANSP 70118. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:120 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Myrophis punctatus Lütken 1852 -- (McCosker et al. 1989:287 [ref. 13288], Leiby in Smith 1989:791 [ref. 13285]). Current status: Synonym of Myrophis punctatus Lütken 1852. Ophichthidae: Myrophinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

perlongus, Neoconger Poey [F.] 1875:67, Pl. 9 (figs. 3-4) [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 11 (nos 3-4) (art. 6); ref. 18564] Matanzas, Cuba. Holotype (unique): USNM 37478. Type catalog: Smith 1994:33 [ref. 21917]. •Synonym of Myrophis punctatus Lütken 1852 -- (McCosker et al. 1989:286 [ref. 13288]). Current status: Synonym of Myrophis punctatus Lütken 1852. Ophichthidae: Myrophinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

platyrhynchus, Myrophis Breder [C. M., Jr.] 1927:8, Figs. 3-4 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 1 (art. 1); ref. 635] Glovers Reef, Belize, surface. Holotype: YPM 30. Paratypes: YPM 31-33 (5, 1, 2). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:23 [ref. 16741]. •Mention -- (McCosker 1977:60 [ref. 6836]). •Valid as Myrophis platyrhynchus Breder 1927 -- (Scott & Scott 1988:86 [ref. 25518], McCosker et al. 1989:283 [ref. 13288], Leiby in Smith 1989:770 [ref. 13285], McAllister 1990:48 [ref. 14674], Cervigón 1992:370 [ref. 23827], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:139 [ref. 25013], Claro et al. 2000:20 [ref. 26458] as platyrhinchus, Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:149 [ref. 27754], McCosker 2003:733 [ref. 26993], Smith et al. 2003:8 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:63 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:63 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:25 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Myrophis platyrhynchus Breder 1927. Ophichthidae: Myrophinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

plumbea, Holopterura Cope [E. D.] 1871:482 [Transactions of the American Philosophical Society (New Series) v. 14 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 920] Liberia. Holotype (unique): ANSP 22964. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:134 [ref. 13621]. •Mention -- (McCosker 1977:60 [ref. 6836]). •Valid as Myrophis plumbeus (Cope 1871) -- (McCosker et al. 1989:285 [ref. 13288], Leiby in Smith 1989:770 [ref. 13285], Leiby 1990:186 [ref. 13652], McCosker 2003:733 [ref. 26993], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:35 [ref. 27192], Vreven & De Vos 2007:185 [ref. 30015], McCosker 2016:1663 [ref. 34558], Carneiro et al. 2019:64 [ref. 37250], Reiner 2019:71 [ref. 38139], Rotundo et al. in Marceniuk et al. 2021:110 [ref. 38945], Fermon et al. 2022:116 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Myrophis plumbeus (Cope 1871). Ophichthidae: Myrophinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic; eastern Atlantic: Azores; Senegal south to Congo, including São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

punctatus, Myrophis Lütken [C. F.] 1852:15, Pl. 2 (figs. 2, 2b-d) [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra den Naturhistoriske Forening i Kjøbenhavn, Aaret 1851 (nos 1-2); ref. 2852] West Indies. No types known. Also in Lütken 1852:270 [ref. 30287]. •Valid as Myrophis punctatus Lütken 1852 -- (McCosker 1977:60 [ref. 6836], Villa 1982:83 [ref. 36708], Robins & Ray 1986:61 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:86 [ref. 25518], McCosker et al. 1989:286 [ref. 13288], Leiby in Smith 1989:770 [ref. 13285], McAllister 1990:48 [ref. 14674], Cervigón 1991:51 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:35 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:370 [ref. 23827], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:55 [ref. 22947], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:272 [ref. 23897], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:99 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:140 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:149 [ref. 27754], Camargo & Isaac 2001:139 [ref. 27639], McCosker 2003:733 [ref. 26993], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:35 [ref. 27192] dated 1851, Smith et al. 2003:8 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:63 [ref. 27807], Boschung & Mayden 2004:131 [ref. 27995], Matamoros et al. 2009:7 [ref. 31241], García-Hernández et al. 2009:91 [ref. 37265], Di Dario et al. 2013:262 [ref. 37503], Page et al. 2013:63 [ref. 32708], Angulo et al. 2013:989 [ref. 33194], Petry et al. 2016:300 [ref. 34966], Marceniuk et al. 2017:38 [ref. 35324], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:344 [ref. 36407], Robins et al. 2018:63 [ref. 35886], Rotundo et al. in Marceniuk et al. 2021:111 [ref. 38945], Robertson et al. 2022:86 [ref. 39353]). Current status: Valid as Myrophis punctatus Lütken 1852. Ophichthidae: Myrophinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina (U.S.A.) and Bermuda south to southern Brazil, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea; larvae reaching Nova Scotia (Canada). IUCN (2015): Least concern. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

vafer, Myrophis Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1883:645 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 5 (no. 334) (for 26 June 1883); ref. 10616] (Pacific) Panama. Syntypes: USNM 29681. Additional material: USNM (many). •Mention -- (McCosker 1977:60 [ref. 6836]). •Valid as Myrophis vafer Jordan & Gilbert 1883 -- (Villa 1982:84 [ref. 36708], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:65 [ref. 9277], Allen & Robertson 1994:54 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:44 [ref. 23101], McCosker & Rosenblatt in Fischer et al. 1995:1337 [ref. 22830], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:124 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:100 [ref. 24550], Lea & Rosenblatt 2000:120 [ref. 25206], Nelson et al. 2004:63 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:20 [ref. 37547], Angulo et al. 2013:990 [ref. 33194], Page et al. 2013:63 [ref. 32708], Barriga Salazar 2014:104 [ref. 35745], Kells et al. 2016:347 [ref. 35888], Love et al. 2021:36 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Myrophis vafer Jordan & Gilbert 1883. Ophichthidae: Myrophinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: southern California (U.S.A.) south to Peru, including Gulf of California (Mexico). Habitat: marine.


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