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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Nothobranchius: [ 106 ] records


albertinensis, Nothobranchius Nagy [B.], Watters [B. R.] & Bellstedt [D. U.] in Nagy, Watters, van der Merwe, Cotterill & Bellstedt 2020:11, Figs. 3-4 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 30 (no. 1): IEF-1129; ref. 37462] Shallow remnant pools in seasonal riverbed, 20 km north of Pakwach, Albert Nile drainage, Uganda, 02°36'19"N, 31°23'04"E. Holotype: MRAC 2019.016.P.0017. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius albertinensis Nagy, Watters & Bellstedt 2020. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius albertinensis Nagy, Watters & Bellstedt 2020. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Lake Albert and Nile drainage, northwestern Uganda. Habitat: freshwater.

albimarginatus, Nothobranchius Watters [B. R.], Wildekamp [R. H.] & Cooper [B. J.] 1998:52, Figs. [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal v. 30 (no. 3); ref. 24178] Kiparanganda, in pools on both sides of the road B2 from Dar-es-Salaam to Ikwiriri, ca. 0.5 kilometers south of Lukwale River, Tanzania, 7°11.40'S, 39°10.31'E. Holotype: MRAC 97-82-P-9. Paratypes: MRAC 97-82-P-10-21 (12). •Valid as Nothobranchius albimarginatus Watters, Wildekamp & Cooper 1998 -- (Lazara 2001:218 [ref. 25711], Wildekamp et al. 2002:9 [ref. 26060], Neumann 2008:48 [ref. 30291], Costa 2009:122 [ref. 30421]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius albimarginatus Watters, Wildekamp & Cooper 1998. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

angelae, Nothobranchius Watters [B. R.], Nagy [B.] & Bellstedt [D. U.] in Watters, Nagy, Van der Merwe, Cotterill & Bellstedt 2019:250 [13], Figs. 5-6 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 29 (no. 3) IEF-1110; ref. 37232] Shallow pools on both sides of the road at a culvert, 1 km southwest of the railroad at Itigi, upper Ruaha drainage, Tanzania, 05°41.9'S, 34°28.8'E. Holotype: MRAC 2018.015.P.0007. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius angelae Watters, Nagy & Bellstedt 2019. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius angelae Watters, Nagy & Bellstedt 2019. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Bubu River system, north-central Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

annectens, Nothobranchius Watters [B. R.], Wildekamp [R. H.] & Cooper [B. J.] 1998:55, Figs. [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal v. 30 (no. 3); ref. 24178] 5.5 kilometers south of Kitonga, pool in a ditch on western side of the road from Rufiji River Ferry, in Rufiji River floodplain, Tanzania. Holotype: MRAC 97-82-P-22. Paratypes: MRAC 97-82-P-23-26 (4). •Valid as Nothobranchius annectens Watters, Wildekamp & Cooper 1998 -- (Lazara 2001:218 [ref. 25711], Watters et al. 2008:130 [ref. 29473], Neumann 2008:56 [ref. 30291], Costa 2009:123 [ref. 30421]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius annectens Watters, Wildekamp & Cooper 1998. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

attenboroughi, Nothobranchius Nagy [B.], Watters [B. R.] & Bellstedt [D. U.] in Nagy, Watters, van der Merwe, Cotterill & Bellstedt 2020:16, Figs. 7-8 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 30 (no. 1): IEF-1129; ref. 37462] Pools on both sides of the road at a culvert, 56 km west of Ikoma Gate in the direction of Bunda, 7 km west of Nata, Grumeti River system, Lake Victoria basin, Tanzania, 02°00'41"S, 34°23'47"E. Holotype: MRAC 2019.016.P.0048. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius attenboroughi Nagy, Watters & Bellstedt 2020. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius attenboroughi Nagy, Watters & Bellstedt 2020. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Eastern Lake Victoria tributaries, northern Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

bellemansi, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] 2014:7, Fig. 3 [Killi-Data Series 2014; ref. 33527] Southern Kordofan, Wad el Mileisa, 10°45'44"N, 31°07'12"E, Sudan. Holotype: MRAC B4-18-P-1. Paratypes: MSNG 57815 (11, 2 c&s). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Nothobranchius bellemansi Valdesalici 2014 -- (Nagy 2021:145 [ref. 38078]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius bellemansi Valdesalici 2014. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Wad el Mileisa system, southeast of the Nuba mountains, southern Sudan. Habitat: freshwater.

bojiensis, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.] & Haas [R.] 1992:13, Fig. 12 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 14383] Waterholes on a journey across the Boji plains, on the way to Merti, about 1°30'N, 39°10'E, Kenya, elevation 100-130 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1957.11.22.5. Paratypes: BMNH 1957.11.22.6-19 (14), 1957.11.22.20-54 (35). •Valid as Nothobranchius bojiensis Wildekamp & Haas 1992 -- (Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:218 [ref. 25711], Seegers et al. 2003:40 [ref. 28087], Neumann 2008:91 [ref. 30291], Nagy 2010:15 [ref. 33749], Nagy 2012:61 [ref. 34192], Nagy et al. 2017:208 [ref. 35665]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius bojiensis Wildekamp & Haas 1992. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Kenya. Habitat: freshwater.

boklundi, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] 2010:52, Figs. 1-7 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 16 (no. 2); ref. 30802] Seasonal pool in the eastern bank floodplains of the Luangwa River, about 650 meters south-east of Kapani Lodge and 1500 meters from the river, near South Luangwa National Park main gate, 13°06'31.1"S, 31°47'35.2"E, eastern Province, Zambia. Holotype: SAIAB 85540. Paratypes: SAIAB 85539 (1), 85541 (2),; MRAC 2009-33-P-1-2-3 (3); MSNG 55322 (3). •Valid as Nothobranchius boklundi Valdesalici 2010 -- (Valdesalici & Amato 2011:118 [ref. 31284], Nagy 2014:358 [ref. 33245], Nagy 2014:181 [ref. 33512], Nagy 2014:274 [ref. 33623], Nagy et al. 2016:250 [ref. 34906], Nagy 2018:130 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius boklundi Valdesalici 2010. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Luangwa River basin, uooer Luapula drainage, Zambia. Habitat: freshwater.

brieni, Nothobranchius Poll [M.] 1938:409, Fig. 11 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 30 (no. 4); ref. 17167] Bukama, Lualaba River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Lectotype: MRAC 50016. Paralectotypes: MRAC 50017-27 (11), 50028-39 (12); CAS-SU 17484 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:53-54 [ref. 12291], Derijst 1991:58 [ref. 21528]. •Synonym of Nothobranchius malaissei Wildekamp 1978 -- (Lazara 2001:224 [ref. 25711] as aff. brieni). •Valid as Nothobranchius brieni Poll 1938 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:263 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:218 [ref. 25711], Valdesalici & Wildekamp 2004:249 [ref. 28097], Neumann 2008:74 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici 2010:51 [ref. 30802], Valdesalici & Amato 2011:118 [ref. 31284], Nagy 2014:358 [ref. 33245], Nagy 2014:181 [ref. 33512], Nagy 2014:274 [ref. 33623], Watters et al. 2015:128 [ref. 33955], Nagy et al. 2016:250 [ref. 34906], Nagy et al. 2017:208 [ref. 35665], Nagy 2018:130 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius brieni Poll 1938. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Middle Lualaba drainage, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

capriviensis, Nothobranchius Watters [B. R.], Wildekamp [R. H.] & Shidlovskiy [K. M.] 2015:102, Figs. 2-8 [Journal of the American Killifish Association v. 47 (no. 4-6) (July-Dec. 2014); ref. 33955] Sakamanduna Pan, Gunkwe district, eastern Zambezi Region, Namibia, 17°38.654'S, 24°17.664'E. Holotype: SAIAB 200550. Paratypes: SAIAB, MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius capriviensis Watters, Wildekamp & Shidlovskiy 2015 -- (Tweddle et al. 2015:134 [ref. 34444], Nagy et al. 2016:250 [ref. 34906], Nagy 2018:130 [ref. 35736], Bruton et al. 2018:105 [ref. 36373]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius capriviensis Watters, Wildekamp & Shidlovskiy 2015. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Upper Zambezi floodplains, Namibia. Habitat: freshwater.

cardinalis, Nothobranchius Watters [B. R.], Cooper [B. J.] & Wildekamp [R. H.] 2008:131, Figs. 1-4 [Journal of the American Killifish Association v. 40 (nos 5 & 6) [for 2007]; ref. 29473] Pool in the course of the seasonal Lisinjiri River, a tributary of the Mbwemkuru River, 91 kilometers northwest of the town of Nachingwea, the direction of village of Liwale and near Mtawatawa village, 9°54.102'S, 38°15.384'E, Tanzania. Holotype: MRAC 2007-37-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC 2007-37-P-2-3 (2). Plus additional non-preserved material. Apparently published in Jan. 2008, not in 2007. •Valid as Nothobranchius cardinalis Watters, Cooper & Wildekamp 2008 -- (Neumann 2008:59 [ref. 30291]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius cardinalis Watters, Cooper & Wildekamp 2008. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Mbwemkuru River basin, coastal floodplains of Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

chochamandai, Nothobranchius Nagy [B.] 2014:173, Figs. 2-5 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 25 (no. 2); ref. 33512] Ephemeral swamp, Kinikabwimba River, about 1 km south of Kasomeno village, Democratic Republic of Congo, 10°46.03'S, 28°17.00'E. Holotype: MRAC B3-022-P-0194. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius chochamandai Nagy 2014 -- (Nagy 2014:274 [ref. 33623], Nagy et al. 2016:250 [ref. 34906], Nagy et al. 2017:208 [ref. 35665], Nagy 2018:130 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius chochamandai Nagy 2014. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Ephemeral swamp, Kinikabwimba River, middle Luapula draingae, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

cooperi, Nothobranchius Nagy [B.], Watters [B. R.] & Bellstedt [D. U.] in Nagy, Watters, Van der Merwe, Cotterill & Bellstedt 2017:209, Figs. 4-8 [African Journal of Aquatic Science v. 42 (no. 3); ref. 35665] Seasonal streams and associated seasonal pools in the upper Mansa River system, 20 km east of Mansa town on the road to Samfya, middle Luapula drainage, Luapula province, Zambia, 11°15.85'S, 29°02.57'E. Holotype: MRAC B3-028-P-0035. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius cooperi Nagy, Watters & Bellstedt 2017 -- (Nagy 2018:130 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius cooperi Nagy, Watters & Bellstedt 2017. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Middle Luapula River drainage, northern Zambia. Habitat: freshwater.

cyaneus, Nothobranchius Seegers [L.] 1981:367, Figs. 1-2, 4 [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 34 (no. 11); ref. 8549] Kenya. Holotype: SMF 16397. Paratypes: BMNH 1981.9.30.2-5 (4); SMF 16398 (1), 16399-402 (4). Also appeared in Lung & Seegers 1981:185 [ref. 33707]. •Valid as Nothobranchius cyaneus Seegers 1981 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:263 [ref. 6198]). •Synonym of Nothobranchius jubbi Wildekamp & Berkenkamp 1979 -- (Lazara 2001:221 [ref. 25711], Seegers et al. 2003:41 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Nothobranchius jubbi Wildekamp & Berkenkamp 1979, but a valid subspecies cyaneus -- (Neumann 2008:34 [ref. 30291]). Current status: Synonym of Nothobranchius jubbi Wildekamp & Berkenkamp 1979. Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

derhami, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] & Amato [G.] 2019:113, Figs. 1-2 + fig. p.124 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 25 (no. 3); ref. 36960] Temporary ditch associated with Nyando River floodplain, Lake Victoria basin, Kenya, 0°09'00.0"S, 35°00'18.0"E, elevation 1178 meters. Holotype: MSNG 61237. Paratypes: MSNG 61238 (8). Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Nothobranchius derhami Valdesalici & Amato 2019 -- (Nagy et al. 2020:37 [ref. 37462]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius derhami Valdesalici & Amato 2019. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Nyando River drainage, Lake Victoria basin, Kenya. Habitat: freshwater.

ditte, Nothobranchius Nagy [B.] 2018:124, Figs. 4-7 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 28 (no. 2); ref. 35736] Ephemeral swamps of the Katate system, about 9.5 km northwest of Kilwa village, Lake Mweru basin, Democratic Republic of Congo, 09°12'33"S, 28°17'01"E. Holotype: MRAC 2016-027-P-0001. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius ditte Nagy 2018. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius ditte Nagy 2018. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Katate River drainage, Lake Mweru basin, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

eggersi, Nothobranchius Seegers [L.] 1982:540, Figs. 1-2 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 96 (no. 3); ref. 8421] Rufiji River near Utete, eastern Tanzania. Holotype: MRAC 81-59-P-1. Paratypes: BMNH 1981.9.4.1-5 (5); MRAC 81-59-P-2-5 (4); SMF 16369-73 (5). •Valid as Nothobranchius eggersi Seegers 1982 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:264 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:218 [ref. 25711], Neumann 2008:48 [ref. 30291], Nagy et al. 2021:118 [ref. 38200]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius eggersi Seegers 1982. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Ruvu and Rufiji River basins, Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

elongatus, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.] 1982:338, Fig. [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 35 (no. 9); ref. 8395] Along the Mombasa-Kaioleni road, near Kaioleni, southern Kenya. Holotype: MRAC 82-10-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC 82-10-P-2-6 (5). •Valid as Nothobranchius elongatus Wildekamp 1982 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:264 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:218 [ref. 25711], Seegers et al. 2003:40 [ref. 28087], Valdesalici 2007:61 [ref. 29287], Neumann 2008:30 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici & Hengstler 2008:190 [ref. 29898], Wildekamp et al. 2009:251 [ref. 30677], Costa 2017:42 [ref. 35059]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius elongatus Wildekamp 1982. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Kenya. Habitat: freshwater.

elucens, Nothobranchius Nagy [B.] 2021:139, Figs. 2-4 [Zootaxa 4915 (no. 1); ref. 38078] Ephemeral swamp in the Aringa system, about 2.6 km south of Madi Opei township, Achwa drainage, upper Nile drainage, Uganda, 3.575556°N, 33.079167°E. Holotype: MRAC 2020.007.P.0001. Paratypes: MRAC 2020.007.P.0002-7 (6), 2020.007.P.0008 (1). •Valid as Nothobranchius elucens Nagy 2021. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius elucens Nagy 2021. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Aringa River system, upper Nile basin, northern Uganda, Habitat: freshwater.

emini, Nothobranchius Ahl [E.] 1935:125 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 112 (nos 5/6); ref. 13867] Ikongoro, eastern Tanzania, 6°59'S, 39°97'E. Holotype (unique): ZMB 21392. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:162-163 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. Misspelled eiminki in Anonymous 1975:15 [ref. 30567]. •Synonym of Nothobranchius melanospilus (Pfeffer 1896) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:269 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp et al. 1998:289 [ref. 23323], Lazara 2001:224 [ref. 25711], Wildekamp et al. 2009:240 [ref. 30677], Costa 2017:8 [ref. 35350], Costa 2019:82 [ref. 36530]). Current status: Synonym of Nothobranchius melanospilus (Pfeffer 1896). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciatus, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.] & Haas [R.] 1992:10, Figs. 9-10 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 14383] Flood pool on the road from Kisimayo over Badada to Kolbio, about 107.8 kilometers from Kisimayo, about 0°43'S, 41°52'E, Somalia. Holotype: BMNH 1986.11.24.7. Paratypes: BMNH 1986.11.24.8-12 (5); MRAC 86-48-P-11-24 (14), 86-48-P-25 (1). •Valid as Nothobranchius fasciatus Wildekamp & Haas 1992 -- (Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:219 [ref. 25711], Wildekamp et al. 2002:9 [ref. 26060], Neumann 2008:92 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici 2010:60 [ref. 30802], Nagy 2010:15 [ref. 33749], Nagy 2012:71 [ref. 34192]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius fasciatus Wildekamp & Haas 1992. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: East Africa: Somalia. Habitat: freshwater.

flagrans, Nothobranchius Nagy [B.] 2014:264, Figs. 4-6 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 25 (no. 3); ref. 33623] Mufufya River, about 2.5 km north of Pande village, 10°36.481'S, 26°50.567'E, Lufira drainage, Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC B4-019-P-0001. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius flagrans Nagy 2014 -- (Nagy et al. 2016:250 [ref. 34906], Nagy et al. 2017:208 [ref. 35665], Nagy 2018:131 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius flagrans Nagy 2014. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Lower Lufira drainage, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

flammicomantis, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.], Watters [B. R.] & Sainthouse [I. F. N.] 1998:781, Fig. [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 51 (no. 12); ref. 24132] Dutumi area, Kisaki to Morogoro roadside pond, Tanzania. Original not yet seen. •Valid as Nothobranchius flammicomantis Wildekamp, Watters & Sainthouse 1998 -- (Lazara 2001:219 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius flammicomantis Wildekamp, Watters & Sainthouse 1998. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

foerschi, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.] & Berkenkamp [H. O.] 1979:146, Fig. [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal v. 11 (no. 11); ref. 17837] Tanzania, 6°43'S, 38°49'E. Holotype: SMF 4356. Paratypes: ZMH 344 (6), 972 (2); ZSM 15433 (1), 18763-70 (8). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:271 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Nothobranchius foerschi Wildekamp & Berkenkamp 1979 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:264 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:219 [ref. 25711], Neumann 2008:60 [ref. 30291], Watters et al. 2008:130 [ref. 29473], Costa 2009:123 [ref. 30421]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius foerschi Wildekamp & Berkenkamp 1979. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

furzeri, Nothobranchius Jubb [R. A.] 1971:14, Figs. 2-4 [Journal of the American Killifish Association v. 8 (no. 1); ref. 8000] Sazale Pan, Gona-re-Zhou Game Reserve, Rhodesia, about 21°40'S, 31°45'E. Holotype: AMG P1239. Paratypes: AMG P1240 (9). Type catalog: Skelton & Stuart 1987:186 [ref. 12628]. •Valid as Nothobranchius furzeri Jubb 1971 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:265 [ref. 6198], Skelton 1993:270 [ref. 24071], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:219 [ref. 25711], Skelton 2001:270 [ref. 27406], Valdesalici 2007:61 [ref. 29287], Neumann 2008:39 [ref. 30291], Reichard 2010:49 [ref. 30694], Shidlovskiy et al. 2010:37 [ref. 31079], Marshall 2011:192 [ref. 31755]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius furzeri Jubb 1971. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Southeastern Africa: Zimbabwe and southern Mozambique. Habitat: freshwater.

fuscotaeniatus, Nothobranchius Seegers [L.] 1997:12 [Killifishes of the World. Old World Killis II; ref. 23895] Lower Rufiji drainage, about 2 kilometers south of Ndundu Ferry across Rufiji River on road from Nyamwage to Kibiti, Tanzania. Holotype: ZMB 32781. Paratypes: ZMB 32782 (3), 32783 (6). •Valid as Nothobranchius fuscotaeniatus Seegers 1997 -- (Lazara 2001:220 [ref. 25711], Neumann 2008:39 [ref. 30291]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius fuscotaeniatus Seegers 1997. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

geminus, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.], Watters [B. R.] & Sainthouse [I. F. N.] 2002:2, Figs. 2-3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 13 (no. 1); ref. 26060] Interconnected pools in a flooded grassy area, 2 kilometers south of Ifakara, on the east side of the road to the ferry across the Kilombero River, 8°10'S, 36°42'E, Ifakara, Tanzania. Holotype: MRAC 97-83-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC 97-83-P-2-17 (16). •Valid as Nothobranchius geminus Wildekamp, Watters & Sainthouse 2002 -- (Neumann 2008:70 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici 2010:60 [ref. 30802]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius geminus Wildekamp, Watters & Sainthouse 2002. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: East Africa: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

guentheri, Fundulus Pfeffer [G. J.] 1893:167 [39] [Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten v. 10; ref. 3461] Zanzibar, Tanzania, East Africa. Lectotype: ZMH H440. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1857.3.9.507-508 (2), 1864.2.10.9 (1); ZMH H441 (3), H442 (28). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:161 [ref. 19181], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:404 [ref. 21161] as syntypes. On p. 39 of separate. Lectotype selected by Ladiges et al. 1958:161 [ref. 19181]. •Valid as Nothobranchius guentheri (Pfeffer 1893) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:265 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Wildekamp et al. 1998:293 [ref. 23323], Fuller et al. 1999:289 [ref. 25838], Lazara 2001:220 [ref. 25711], Wildekamp et al. 2002:9 [ref. 26060], Seegers et al. 2003:41 [ref. 28087], Mundy 2005:292 [ref. 28379], Neumann 2008:61 [ref. 30291], Watters et al. 2008:130 [ref. 29473], Costa 2017:5 [ref. 35350]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius guentheri (Pfeffer 1893). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Unguja Island, Zanzibar archipelago, eastern Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

hassoni, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] & Wildekamp [R. H.] 2004:242, Figs. 1-2 [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova v. 96; ref. 28097] Kanvungwe, ephemeral pool in Lufwa river floodplain, 9°28'39.4"S, 27°17'04.9"E. Katanga Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MSNG 51837. Paratypes: MRAC A3-28-P-1 (1), A3-28-P-2 to P-3 (2), A3-28-P-4 (1); MSNG 51838-40 (3), 51841-42 (2), 51843-44 (1, 1). •Valid as Nothobranchius hassoni Valdesalici & Wildekamp 2004 -- (Neumann 2008:62 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici & Amato 2011:118 [ref. 31284], Nagy 2014:358 [ref. 33245], Nagy 2014:274 [ref. 33623], Watters et al. 2015:101 [ref. 33955], Nagy et al. 2016:251 [ref. 34906], Nagy et al. 2017:208 [ref. 35665], Nagy 2018:131 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius hassoni Valdesalici & Wildekamp 2004. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Lufwa River basin, lower Lufira drainage, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

hengstleri, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] 2007:62, Figs. 1-4 [Zootaxa No. 1587; ref. 29287] Cabo Delgado, about 5 kilometers north of Nassoro village, temporary pools, 10°53.222'S, 40°22.094'E, Mozambique. Holotype: ZSM 34483. Paratypes: ZSM 34484 (1), 34485 (1), 34486 (1). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:271 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Nothobranchius hengstleri Valdesalici 2007 -- (Neumann 2008:62 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici & Hengstler 2008:191 [ref. 29898], Reichard 2010:50 [ref. 30694], Wildekamp et al. 2009:251 [ref. 30677], Valdesalici et al. 2012:19 [ref. 32064], Costa 2017:42 [ref. 35059]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius hengstleri Valdesalici 2007. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Cabo Delgado, northeastern Mozambique. Habitat: freshwater.

hoermanni, Nothobranchius Nagy [B.], Watters [B. R.] & Bellstedt [D. U.] in Nagy, Watters, van der Merwe, Cotterill & Bellstedt 2020:21, Figs. 10-11 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 30 (no. 1): IEF-1129; ref. 37462] Seasonal pool on the road between Tabora and Itigi, Mhwala River system, upper Wembere drainage, Tanzania, 05°18'14"S, 33°26'04"E. Holotype: MRAC 2019.016.P.0036. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius hoermanni Nagy, Watters & Bellstedt 2020. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius hoermanni Nagy, Watters & Bellstedt 2020. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Upper Wembere and Malagarasi River drainages, central Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

insularis, Nothobranchius Costa [W. J. E. M.] 2017:39, Figs. 3, 5B, 6B [Zoosystematics and Evolution v. 93 (no. 1); ref. 35059] Mafia Island, approximately 3 km south of Kirongwe, Tanzania, 7°49.58'S, 39°48.87'E, elevation about 15 meters. Holotype: MRAC A7-02-P-33. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius insularis Costa 2017. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius insularis Costa 2017. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Northern part of Mafia Island, Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

interruptus, Nothobranchius jubbi Wildekamp [R. H.] & Berkenkamp [H. O.] 1979:72, Fig. [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal v. 11 (no. 5); ref. 20540] Swamp west of Kikambala, about 15 kilometers north of Mombasa, in the lowlands of eastern Kenya by the Indian Ocean, ca. 3°48'33.3"S, 39°46'13.5"E. Holotype: BMNH 1979.6.12.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1979.6.12.2-5 (4); MRAC 74-48-P-24 (1), 79-07-P-163-171 (9); ZSM 24531 (5). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:271 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Nothobranchius interruptus Wildekamp & Berkenkamp 1979 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:266 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:221 [ref. 25711], Seegers et al. 2003:40 [ref. 28087], Valdesalici 2007:61 [ref. 29287], Neumann 2008:31 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici & Hengstler 2008:190 [ref. 29898], Costa 2017:42 [ref. 35059]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius interruptus Wildekamp & Berkenkamp 1979. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Kenya. Habitat: freshwater.

itigiensis, Nothobranchius Nagy [B.], Watters [B. R.] & Bellstedt [D. U.] in Nagy, Watters, van der Merwe, Cotterill & Bellstedt 2020:25, Figs. 13-14 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 30 (no. 1): IEF-1129; ref. 37462] Shallow pools on both sides of the road at a culvert, 1 km southwest of the railroad at Itigi, upper Ruaha drainage, Tanzania, 05°41'56"S, 34°28'48"E. Holotype: MRAC 2019.016.P.0027. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius itigiensis Nagy, Watters & Bellstedt 2020. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius itigiensis Nagy, Watters & Bellstedt 2020. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Upper Ruaha drainage and Bahi swamp, central Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

ivanovae, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] 2012:195, Figs. 5-6 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 18 (no. 4); ref. 32258] Pond on left side of the road from Kabungo to Iloba, Karira stream, Katuma river drainage, Tanzania, 6°22.061’S, 30°56.161'E, elevation 1023 meters. Holotype: MRAC B2-09-P-6. Paratypes: MRAC B2-09-P-7-12 (6), B2-09-P-13-15 (3, c&s): MSNG 56890 (3). •Valid as Nothobranchius ivanovae Valdesalici 2012 -- (Watters et al. 2019:274 [ref. 37232]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius ivanovae Valdesalici 2012. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Katuma River drainage, south-western Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

janpapi, Nothobranchius (Aphyobranchius) Wildekamp [R. H.] 1977:330, Fig. [Das Aquarium, Zeitschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienfreunde v. 11 (no. 98); ref. 6449] Pool along the Morogoro to Dar es Salaam road, between Ruvu and Kwazara, 6°41'S, 38°41'E, Tanzania. Holotype: MRAC 77-16-P-19. Paratypes: MRAC 77-16-P-20 (1), 77-16-P-21-23 (3). •Valid as Nothobranchius janpapi Wildekamp 1977 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:266 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:221 [ref. 25711], Wildekamp et al. 2002:8 [ref. 26060], Neumann 2008:70 [ref. 30291], Costa 2009:123 [ref. 30421]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius janpapi Wildekamp 1977. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

jubbi, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.] & Berkenkamp [H. O.] 1979:71, Fig. [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal v. 11 (no. 5); ref. 20540] Pool on road to Garsen, 17 miles north of Malindi, 3°02'S, 40°08'E, eastern Kenya. Holotype: BMNH 1962.7.9.4. Paratypes: BMNH 1962.7.9.5-14 (10), 1965.8.14.1 (1). •Valid as Nothobranchius jubbi Wildekamp & Berkenkamp 1979 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:266 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1992:187 [ref. 20006], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:221 [ref. 25711], Seegers et al. 2003:41 [ref. 28087], Valdesalici 2007:61 [ref. 29287], Neumann 2008:33 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici & Hengstler 2008:190 [ref. 29898], Wildekamp et al. 2009:251 [ref. 30677], Costa 2017:42 [ref. 35059]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius jubbi Wildekamp & Berkenkamp 1979. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Kenya and southern Somalia. Habitat: freshwater.

kadleci, Nothobranchius Reichard [M.] 2010:51, Figs. 1-2, 3A, C [Zootaxa No. 2332; ref. 30694] Temporary pool, about 100 meters from main road EN 1, 20°41.3'S, 34°06.4'E, Sofala Province, Mozambique. Holotype: ZMB 33909. Paratypes: MZUSP 2009-12-P-1 (1), 2009-12-P-2 (1), 2009-12-P-2; NMP P6V 86687 (1); P6V 86688 (1); ZMB 33910 (1). Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Mlíkovský et al. 2011:155 [ref. 33498]. •Valid as Nothobranchius kadleci Reichard 2010 -- (Valdesalici 2010:60 [ref. 30802], Shidlovskiy et al. 2010:37 [ref. 31079]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius kadleci Reichard 2010. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: East Africa: central Mozambique. Habitat: freshwater.

kafuensis, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.] & Rosenstock [J.] 1989:417, Figs. 7-9 [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 42 (no. 7); ref. 17735] Seasonal pool in Kafue National park, 5 kilometers south of Chunga-Lager, 100 meters from Kafue River, 15°03'S, 26°00'E, Zambia. Holotype: ZFMK 13951. Paratypes: AMG PF 1542 (5), MRAC 89-07-P-1 (1), ZFMK 13952 (1). Type catalog: Herder et al. 2010:124 [ref. 31087]. •Valid as Nothobranchius kafuensis Wildekamp & Rosenstock 1989 -- (Skelton 1993:270 [ref. 24071], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Murphy & Collier 1997:797 [ref. 25585], Lazara 2001:221 [ref. 25711], Skelton 2001:270 [ref. 27406], Neumann 2008:75 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici 2010:51 [ref. 30802], Valdesalici & Amato 2011:118 [ref. 31284], Nagy 2014:358 [ref. 33245], Nagy 2014:274 [ref. 33623], Watters et al. 2015:110 [ref. 33955], Nagy et al. 2016:250 [ref. 34906], Nagy 2018:130 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius kafuensis Wildekamp & Rosenstock 1989. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Kafue River and upper Zambesi River basins, Zambia. Habitat: freshwater.

kardashevi, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] 2012:192, Figs. 1-2 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 18 (no. 4); ref. 32258] Pond on left side of the road from Kabungo to Iloba, Karira stream, Katuma river drainage, Tanzania, 6°22.061’S, 30°56.161’E, elevation 1023 meters. Holotype: MRAC B2-09-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC B2-09-P-2-5 (4, 1 c&s), MSNG 56889 (1). •Valid as Nothobranchius kardashevi Valdesalici 2012 -- (Valdesalici 2015:18 [ref. 34043], Valdesalici 2016:160 [ref. 34901], Valdesalici & Amato 2019:120 [ref. 36960], Nagy et al. 2020:48 [ref. 37462]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius kardashevi Valdesalici 2012. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Katuma River drainage, southwestern Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

kilomberoensis, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.], Watters [B. R.] & Sainthouse [I. F. N.] 2002:5, Figs. 5-6 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 13 (no. 1); ref. 26060] Interconnected pools in a flooded grassy area, 2 kilometers south of Ifakara, on the east side of the road to the ferry across the Kilombero River, 8°10'S, 36°42'E, Ifakara, Tanzania. Holotype: MRAC 97-83-P-18. Paratypes: MRAC 97-83-P-19-21(3). •Valid as Nothobranchius kilomberoensis Wildekamp, Watters & Sainthouse 2002 -- (Valdesalici 2010:60 [ref. 30802]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius kilomberoensis Wildekamp, Watters & Sainthouse 2002. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: East Africa: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

kirki, Nothobranchius Jubb [R. A.] 1969:4, Figs. 2-4 [Annals of the Cape Provincial Museums (Natural History) v. 8 (pt 1); ref. 19235] Pool adjacent to Likangala River which forms part of Lake Chilwa endoreic drainage basin, Malawi, 15°40'S, 35°30'E. Holotype: AMG P994. Paratypes: AMG P995 [incl. AMG P784] (9). Type catalog: Skelton & Stuart 1987:186 [ref. 12628]. •Valid as Nothobranchius kirki Jubb 1969 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:267 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Murphy & Collier 1997:797 [ref. 25585], Lazara 2001:222 [ref. 25711], Neumann 2008:78 [ref. 30291], Watters et al. 2015:101 [ref. 33955]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius kirki Jubb 1969. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Malawi. Habitat: freshwater.

korthausae, Nothobranchius Meinken [H.] 1973:351, Fig. [Das Aquarium, Zeitschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienfreunde v. 7 (no. 51); ref. 7205] Mafia Island, 7°45'S, 39°45'E, Tanzania, East Africa. Holotype: SMF 12273. Paratypes: SMF 12274 (4). •Valid as Nothobranchius korthausae Meinken 1973 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:267 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:223 [ref. 25711], Wildekamp et al. 2002:9 [ref. 26060], Neumann 2008:53 [ref. 30291], Costa 2009:119 [ref. 30421]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius korthausae Meinken 1973. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Mafia Island, Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

krammeri, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] & Hengstler [H.] 2008:188, Figs. 1-5 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 14 (no. 4); ref. 29898] Cape Delgado, temporary pool about 35 kilometers north of Mocimboa da Praia village, Meronvi River basin, 11°09.405'S, 40°19.441'E, Mozambique, elevation 10 meters. Holotype: ZSM 35101. Paratypes: MRAC 2006-41-P-1 (1), 2007-29-P-6 (1), 2007-29-P-7 (1); SAIAB 78304 (1); ZSM 35102 (1). Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Neumann 2011:272 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Nothobranchius krammeri Valdesalici & Hengstler 2008 -- (Neumann 2008:32 [ref. 30291], Wildekamp et al. 2009:251 [ref. 30677], Reichard 2010:50 [ref. 30694], Valdesalici et al. 2012:19 [ref. 32064], Costa 2017:42 [ref. 35059]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius krammeri Valdesalici & Hengstler 2008. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Meronvi River basin, northern Mozambique. Habitat: freshwater.

krysanovi, Nothobranchius Shidlovskiy [K. M.], Watters [B. R.] & Wildekamp [R. H.] 2010:45, Figs. 4-5 [Zootaxa No. 2724; ref. 31079] 12 kilometers south of Nicuadala in direction of Quelimane, Licungo River system, 17°39.5'S, 36°51.5'E, Mozambique. Holotype: MRAC 04-039-P-0078. Paratypes: MRAC 04-039-P-0079-0080 (2), 04-039-P-0073-0077 (5). •Valid as Nothobranchius krysanovi Shidlovskiy, Watters & Wildekamp 2010. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius krysanovi Shidlovskiy, Watters & Wildekamp 2010. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Coastal lowlands of east-central Mozambique. Habitat: freshwater.

kuhntae, Fundulus Ahl [E.] 1926:222 [3], fig. [Blätter für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 37 (no. 9); ref. 15573] Mozambique. Lectotype: ZMB 21479. Paralectotypes: ZMB 21477 (1), 21480 (2). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:160 [ref. 19981]. On p. 3 of separate. Lectotype selected in Paepke & Seegers 1986:160 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Nothobranchius kuhntae (Ahl 1926) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:267 [ref. 6198], Skelton 1993:269 [ref. 24071], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:223 [ref. 25711], Skelton 2001:269 [ref. 27406], Wildekamp et al. 2002:9 [ref. 26060]). •Synonym of Nothobranchius orthonotus (Peters 1844) -- (Neumann 2008:43 [ref. 30291], Reichard 2010:50 [ref. 30694], Shidlovskiy et al. 2010:37 [ref. 31079]). Current status: Synonym of Nothobranchius orthonotus (Peters 1844). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

kwalensis, Nothobranchius Costa [W. J. E. M.] 2019:75, Figs. 1, 7B [Vertebrate Zoology v. 69 (no. 1); ref. 36530] Kikoneni-Mrima road, Ramisi River basin, Kwale, Kenya, 4°28'26"S, 39°17'05"E, elevation about 35 meters. Holotype: MRAC 79-007-P-172. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius kwalensis Costa 2019. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius kwalensis Costa 2019. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Ramisi River basin, southeast Kenya. Habitat: freshwater.

lourensi, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.] 1977:327, Fig. [Das Aquarium, Zeitschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienfreunde v. 11 (no. 98); ref. 6449] Pool along the Morogoro to Dar-es-Salaam road, between Ruvu and Kwazara, 6°41'S, 38°41'E, Tanzania. Holotype: MRAC 77-16-P-28. Paratypes: MRAC 77-16-P-29 (1), 77-16-P-30-33 (4). •Valid as Nothobranchius lourensi Wildekamp 1977 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:268 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:223 [ref. 25711], Wildekamp et al. 2002:9 [ref. 26060]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius lourensi Wildekamp 1977. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

lucius, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.], Shidlovskiy [K. M.] & Watters [B. R.] 2009:230, Figs. 8-9 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 20 (no. 3); ref. 30677] Large pool on west side of road between Ifakara and the Kilombero River ferry, 2 killometers south of Ifakara, 1 kilometer north of Kilombero River, 8°10.30'S, 36°41.54'E, Tanzania. Holotype: MRAC A7-01-P-9. Paratypes: MRAC A7-02-P-10-25 (16), 98-008-P-0007-0012 (6). Plus non-type specimens at MRAC. Costa 2017:36 [ref. 35059] reports MRAC A7-02-P-9 as holotype. •Valid as Nothobranchius lucius Wildekamp, Shidlovskiy & Watters 2009 -- (Valdesalici 2010:60 [ref. 30802], Costa 2017:36 [ref. 35059]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius lucius Wildekamp, Shidlovskiy & Watters 2009. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: East Africa: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

luekei, Nothobranchius Seegers [L.] 1984:250, Figs. (p. 248, 250) [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 37 (no. 7); ref. 17454] Near Kibiti, 40 kilometers south west of Das-es-Salaam, eastern Tanzania. Holotype: ZFMK 13551. Paratypes: BMNH 1984.3.22.1-2 (2); ZFMK 13552 (1), 13553-56 (4). Type catalog: Herder et al. 2010:124 [ref. 31087]. •Valid as Nothobranchius luekei Seegers 1984 -- (Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:224 [ref. 25711], Wildekamp et al. 2002:8 [ref. 26060], Neumann 2008:72 [ref. 30291], Costa 2009:123 [ref. 30421]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius luekei Seegers 1984. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

maculata, Hydrargyra Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1855:269 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 21 (pts 2-3); ref. 13448] Quelimane, Mozambique. Syntypes: ?NMW 79090 (1); ?ZMB 4754 (3), 21481 (10). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:162 [ref. 19981]. •In the synonymy of Nothobranchius orthonotus (Peters 1844) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:270 [ref. 6198]). •Nomen nudum, in the synonymy of Nothobranchius orthonotus (Peters 1844) -- (Lazara 2001:226 [ref. 25711], Neumann 2008:43 [ref. 30291]). Current status: Synonym of Nothobranchius orthonotus (Peters 1844). Nothobranchiidae.

makondorum, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.], Shidlovskiy [K. M.] & Watters [B. R.] 2009:243, Figs. 3-6 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 20 (no. 3); ref. 30677] Mbangara River, pools near bridge just east of Nangomba village, 36 killometers southwest of Masasi in direction of Tunduru, 10°53.85'S, 38°33.02'E, Tanzania. Holotype: MRAC A0 071-P-0227. Paratypes: MRAC A0-0771-P-0209-0226 (17), -0228-0229 (2). Plus much non-type material at MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius makondorum Wildekamp, Shidlovskiy & Watters 2009 -- (Valdesalici 2010:60 [ref. 30802], Valdesalici et al. 2012:19 [ref. 32064], Costa 2017:41 [ref. 35059]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius makondorum Wildekamp, Shidlovskiy & Watters 2009. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: East Africa: coastal plains of Tanzania and Mozambique. Habitat: freshwater.

malaissei, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.] 1978:346, Fig. 1 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 92 (no. 2); ref. 8768] "Dembo Kondale", 1.5 kilometers east of Kabiashia, 10°16'S, 28°08'E, Luapula drainage, south of Lake Moero, Shaba, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 73-24-P-952. Paratypes: MRAC 73-24-P-914-919 (6), 73-24-P-947-951 (5), 73-24-P-953 (1). •Valid as Nothobranchius malaissei Wildekamp 1978 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:268 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:224 [ref. 25711], Valdesalici & Wildekamp 2005:92 [ref. 28176], Valdesalici & Wildekamp 2004:249 [ref. 28097], Neumann 2008:80 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici 2010:53 [ref. 30802], Valdesalici & Amato 2011:118 [ref. 31284], Nagy 2014:358 [ref. 33245], Nagy 2014:181 [ref. 33512], Nagy 2014:274 [ref. 33623], Watters et al. 2015:101 [ref. 33955], Nagy et al. 2016:250 [ref. 34906], Nagy et al. 2017:208 [ref. 35665], Nagy 2018:130 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius malaissei Wildekamp 1978. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Central Africa: lower Luapula drainage (Congo). Habitat: freshwater.

matanduensis, Nothobranchius Watters [B. R.], Nagy [B.] & Bellstedt [D. U.] in Watters, Nagy, van der Merwe, Cotterill & Bellstedt 2020:15 [165], Figs. 8-10 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 30 (no. 2): IEF-1149; ref. 37621] Small pool on the north side of the road at a culvert, 45 km northeast of Liwale in the direction of Kilwa, floodplane between Liwale and Makubwa tributary systems, Matandu drainage, Tanzania, 09°32.7'S, 38°10.4'E. Holotype: MRAC 2019.016.P.0014. Paratypes: MRAC 2019.016.P.0015-0016 (2). •Valid as Nothobranchius matanduensis Watters, Nagy & Bellstedt 2020. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius matanduensis Watters, Nagy & Bellstedt 2020. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Matandu River drainage, southeastern coastal Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

mayeri, Nothobranchius Ahl [E.] 1935:126 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 112 (nos 5/6); ref. 13867] Beira, eastern Mozambique, 19°50'S, 32°52'E. Holotype (unique): ZMB 21155. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:163 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Nothobranchius orthonotus (Peters 1844) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:270 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:226 [ref. 25711], Neumann 2008:43 [ref. 30291], Reichard 2010:49-50 [ref. 30694], Shidlovskiy et al. 2010:37 [ref. 31079]). Current status: Synonym of Nothobranchius orthonotus (Peters 1844). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

melanospilus, Fundulus Pfeffer [G. J.] 1896:48, Fig. 19a [Die Thierwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete v. 3; ref. 14617] Zanzibar island, eastern Tanzania, 6°47'S, 37°01'E. Syntypes: BMNH 1865.3.18.98-99 (3), BMNH 2016.12.2.1 [ex BMNH 1865.3.18.98-99] (lectotype of Costa 2017), ZMB 12849 (3). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:160 [ref. 19981]. Based on literature and specimens. Lectotype selected by Costa 2017:13 [ref. 35350], illustrated by Playfair & Günther 1867: Plate XV!!, fig. 3 [ref. 3490]. Lectotype invalid according to Wildekamp 2019:47 [ref. 36945]. •Valid as Nothobranchius melanospilus (Pfeffer 1896) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:268 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp et al. 1998:289 [ref. 23323], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:224 [ref. 25711], Wildekamp et al. 2002:9 [ref. 26060], Seegers et al. 2003:41 [ref. 28087], Neumann 2008:35 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici 2007:61 [ref. 29287], Valdesalici & Hengstler 2008:190 [ref. 29898], Costa 2009:123 [ref. 30421], Wildekamp et al. 2009:240 [ref. 30677], Reichard 2010:50 [ref. 30694], Valdesalici 2010:60 [ref. 30802], Valdesalici et al. 2012:19 [ref. 32064], Costa 2017:41 [ref. 35059], Costa 2017:8 [ref. 35350], Costa 2019:81 [ref. 36530], Wildekamp 2019:43 [ref. 36945]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius melanospilus (Pfeffer 1896). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Eastern Tanzania and Kenya: Unguja Island, Zanzibar archipelago and adjacent mainland coastal rivers south of the Wami River (Ruvu, Mbezi, and Rufiji River basins). Habitat: freshwater.

microlepis, Fundulus Vinciguerra [D.] 1897:356 [14] [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 17; ref. 14639] Between Brava and Lugh, at foot of Mt. Egherta, southern Somalia, 2°20'N, 43°20'E. Lectotype: MCSNG 15163 (52.4 mm SL). Paralectotypes: MSNG 15163 (19). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:313 [ref. 10351]. On p. 14 of separate. Lectotype selected by Wildekamp & Haas 1992:3 [ref. 14383]. •Valid as Nothobranchius microlepis (Vinciguerra 1897) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:269 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp & Haas 1992:3 [ref. 14383], Wildekamp 1992:187 [ref. 20006], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:225 [ref. 25711], Seegers et al. 2003:41 [ref. 28087], Neumann 2008:92 [ref. 30291], Nagy 2010:14 [ref. 33749]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius microlepis (Vinciguerra 1897). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Kenya and Somalia. Habitat: freshwater.

milvertzi, Nothobranchius Nagy [B.] 2014:348, Figs. 3-5, 8-9 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 24 (no. 4) [for 2013]; ref. 33245] Luapula Province, ephemeral pools north of Lake Mweru, about 9 km northwest of Chienge village, 8°35.85'S, 29°06.55'E, Zambia. Holotype: MRAC B2-027-P-0001. Paratypes: MRAC B2-027-P-2002 (1), B2-027-P-0003-16 (14). •Valid as Nothobranchius milvertzi Nagy 2014 -- (Nagy 2014:181 [ref. 33512], Nagy 2014:274 [ref. 33623], Nagy et al. 2016:250 [ref. 34906], Nagy et al. 2017:208 [ref. 35665], Nagy 2018:131 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius milvertzi Nagy 2014. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Ephemeral pools of the Lushiba Marsh floodplains, Lake Mweru drainage, northern Zambia. Habitat: freshwater.

mkuziensis, Fundulus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:411, Fig. 4 [Annals of the Natal Museum v. 7 (pt 3); ref. 16422] Mkuzi River, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Holotype: ANSP 53442. Paratypes: ANSP 53443 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:96 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Nothobranchius orthonotus (Peters 1844) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:270 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:226 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Nothobranchius mkuziensis (Fowler 1934) -- (Neumann 2008:43 [ref. 30291]). •Status unclear -- (Shidlovskiy et al. 2010:37 [ref. 31079]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius mkuziensis (Fowler 1934). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: South Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

moameensis, Nothobranchius Nagy [B.], Watters [B. R.] & Bellstedt [D. U.] in Nagy, Watters, van der Merwe, Cotterill & Bellstedt 2020:29, Figs. 16-17 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 30 (no. 1): IEF-1129; ref. 37462] Pools, ditches and flooded grassy areas, 71 km southeast of Mwanza in the direction of Shinyanga on road B6, or 10 km southeast of Mabuki in the direction of Runere, Moame system, Lake Victoria basin, Tanzania, 03°04'13"S, 33°14'33"E. Holotype: MRAC 2019.016.P.0039. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius moameensis Nagy, Watters & Bellstedt 2020. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius moameensis Nagy, Watters & Bellstedt 2020. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Moame River system and smaller river systems south of Lake Victoria, northern Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

neumanni, Fundulus Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1905:417 [Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere (Jena) v. 22 (no. 4); ref. 15364] Between present Itiso and Kwa Mtoro, most probably west of Mbuyuni, about 5°26'S, 31°51'E, East Africa. Lectotype: ZMB 13545 [ex BMNH 1905.7.25.54-56]. Paralectotypes: (34) BMNH 1905.7.25.54-56 (3), FMNH 54290 [ex CM 2921] (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:36 [ref. 12367]; type catalog and lectotype designation (by Seegers): Paepke & Seegers 1986:161 [ref. 19981]. •Valid as Nothobranchius neumanni (Hilgendorf 1905) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:269 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1990:200 [ref. 19788], Seegers 1993:270 [ref. 33655], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:225 [ref. 25711], De Vos et al. 2001:132 [ref. 26059], Neumann 2008:80 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici & Kardashev 2011:89 [ref. 31318], Valdesalici & Amato 2011:118 [ref. 31284], Valdesalici 2012:191 [ref. 32258], Wildekamp et al. 2013:4 [ref. 33613], Wildekamp et al. 2015:181 [ref. 34445]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius neumanni (Hilgendorf 1905). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

niassa, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.], Bills [I. R.], Dorn [A.], Reichwald [K.] & Cellerino [A.] 2012:21, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 23 (no. 1); ref. 32064] Niassa Reserve, Lukombe River drainage: first river crossing the Mbstamila--Mantondovela road, pools in dry river bed; 12°08'17" S 37°32'03" E, Mozambique. Holotype: SAIAB 73777. Paratypes: many at SAIAB. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Nothobranchius niassa Valdesalici, Bills, Dorn, Reichwald & Cellerino 2012. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius niassa Valdesalici, Bills, Dorn, Reichwald & Cellerino 2012. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Rovuma River, Niassa Reserve, northern Mozambique. Habitat: freshwater.

nikiforovi, Nothobranchius Nagy [B.], Watters [B. R.] & Raspopova [A. A.] 2021:113, Fig. 4 [Zootaxa 4950 (no. 1); ref. 38200] Ephemeral pool, about 9 km southeast of Njinjo township, Zinga River system, lower Matandu drainage, Tanzania, 08°51'09"S, 38°57'14"E. Holotype: MRAC 2021.001.P.0001. Paratypes: MRAC 2021.001.P.0002-4 (3), 2021.001.P.0005-6 (2). •Valid as Nothobranchius nikiforovi Nagy, Watters & Raspopova 2021. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius nikiforovi Nagy, Watters & Raspopova 2021. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lower Matandu drainage, southeastern coastal Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

nubaensis, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.], Bellemans [M.], Kardashev [K.] & Golubtsov [A. S.] 2009:143, Figs. 1-6 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 15 (no. 3); ref. 30277] Angarko, 21 kilometers south of Dilling and 100 kilometers north of Kadugli, 11°53'05.23"N, 29°42'31.82"E, Sudan. Holotype: MRAC 2008-05-P-1. Paratypes: BMNH 2008.4.2.11-12 (2); MNHN 2008-1140, 1141 and 1179 (3); MRAC 2008-05-P-2 (1) and P-3 to 4 (2); MSNG 54286 (1); SAIAB 80410 (1). Plus non-type material. See Nothobranchius nubaensis Bellemans 2003. •Valid as Nothobranchius nubaensis Valdesalici, Bellemans, Kardashev & Golubtsov 2009 -- (Valdesalici 2012:191 [ref. 32258], Valdesalici 2014:5 [ref. 33527], Valdesalici 2015:19 [ref. 34043], Valdesalici 2016:160 [ref. 34901], Valdesalici & Amato 2019:123 [ref. 36960], Nagy et al. 2020:48 [ref. 37462]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius nubaensis Valdesalici, Bellemans, Kardashev & Golubtsov 2009. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: White Nile drainage, Ethiopia and Sudan. Habitat: freshwater.

nubaensis, Nothobranchius Bellemans [M.] 2003:1, Figs. (3, unnumbered) [British Killifish Association, Killi News Separatum (June 2003); ref. 26914] Shallow rest pool inside a road culvert along khor (seasonal waterway of 2-3 meters deep and wide), Angarko, Western side of the Kadugli to Dilling road, about 100 kilometers north of Kadugli, 11°53'05.23"N, 29°42'31.82"E, Sudan. Proposed provisionally; specimens were still alive and could not be measured and counted. Original description not considered as valid (Neumann 2008:82 [ref. 30291]). Subsequently described as new in Valdesalici, Bellemans, Kardashev & Golubtsov 2009 [ref. 26914] and we accept that as the valid original description. •Not considered as valid as Nothobranchius nubaensis Bellemans 2003 -- (Neumann 2008:82 [ref. 30291]). •In the synonymy of Nothobranchius nubaensis Valdesalici, Bellemans, Kardashev & Golubtsov 2009. Current status: Synonym of Nothobranchius nubaensis Valdesalici, Bellemans, Kardashev & Golubtsov 2009. Nothobranchiidae.

occultus, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] 2014 [Killi-Data Series 2014; ref. 33527] Khor Morung, 10°32'N, 31°03"E, Sudan. Holotype: BMNH 2006.7.31.82. Paratypes: BMNH 2006.7.31.105 (1), 2006.7.31.79-81, 85-90, 95 (5), 2006.7.31.83-84 (2). •Valid as Nothobranchius occultus Valdesalici 2014. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius occultus Valdesalici 2014. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Sudan. Habitat: freshwater.

ocellatus, Paranothobranchius Seegers [L.] 1985:1, 5, 6, 47, Figs. [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal Suppl. 1; ref. 14269] Pool 53 km east of Selous Game Reserve east gate (Mtemere), Mkongo village, Rufiji drainage, Tanzania [Swamp between Mtanza and northern entrance of Selous Game Reserve, Rufiji River basin, north of Rufiji, eastern Tanzania]. Neotype: MRAC A0-071-P-0019. Original holotype lost. Additional material: (1, lost). Type catalog: Herder et al. 2010:124 [ref. 31087]. Neotype designated by Watters et al. 2020:172 [ref. 37621]. •Valid as Paranothobranchius ocellatus Seegers 1985 -- (Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895]). •Valid as Nothobranchius ocellatus (Seegers 1985) -- (Lazara 2001:225 [ref. 25711], Neumann 2008:93 [ref. 30291], Wildekamp et al. 2009:251 [ref. 30677], Valdesalici 2010:60 [ref. 30802], Watters et al. 2020:11 [ref. 37621]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius ocellatus (Seegers 1985). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Lower Rufiji and lower Ruvu River basins, coastal Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

oestergaardi, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] & Amato [G.] 2011:112, Figs. 1-4 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 17 (no. 2); ref. 31284] Ephemeral pool in swamps of seasonal Mwawe River, about 5 km west of Kalaba village, 8°25.300'S, 29°50.474'E, Mweru Wantipa Lake drainage basin, northern Zambia. Holotype: BMNH 2010.12.6.1. Paratypes: MRAC 2010-33-P-4 (1), MSNG 56047A-B-C (3, 1 c&s), SAIAB 98224 (1). •Valid as Nothobranchius oestergaardi Valdesalici & Amato 2011 -- (Nagy 2014:358 [ref. 33245], Nagy 2014:181 [ref. 33512], Nagy et al. 2016:250 [ref. 34906], Nagy et al. 2017:208 [ref. 35665], Nagy 2018:130 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius oestergaardi Valdesalici & Amato 2011. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Mweru Wantipa Lake basin, northern Zambia. Habitat: freshwater.

orthonotus, Cyprinodon Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1844:35 [Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1844; ref. 13442] Quelimane, eastern Mozambique, 17°45'S, 36°50"E. Lectotype: ZMB 4754. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1861.5.2.88-89 (2); FMNH 54289 [CM 2920] (1); ZMB 6873 (5), 21481 (10), 31526 [ex ZMB 4754] (2). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:31 [ref. 12367], Paepke & Seegers 1986:157 [ref. 19981]. Lectotype selected by Seegers in Paepke & Seegers 1986:157 [ref. 19981]. •Valid as Nothobranchius orthonotus (Peters 1844) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:270 [ref. 6198], Skelton 1993:268 [ref. 24071], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:225 [ref. 25711], Wildekamp et al. 2002:9 [ref. 26060], Valdesalici 2007:61 [ref. 29287], Neumann 2008:43 [ref. 30291], Wildekamp et al. 2009:251 [ref. 30677], Reichard 2010:49 [ref. 30694], Valdesalici 2010:60 [ref. 30802], Shidlovskiy et al. 2010:37 [ref. 31079], Marshall 2011:194 [ref. 31755]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius orthonotus (Peters 1844). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Southeastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

ottoschmidti, Nothobranchius Watters [B. R.], Nagy [B.] & Bellstedt [D. U.] in Watters, Nagy, Van der Merwe, Cotterill & Bellstedt 2019:254 [17], Figs. 8-9 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 29 (no. 3) IEF-1110; ref. 37232] Residual pool at a bridge over the Manonga River, about 1 km south of Walezo village, 31 km north of Nzenga on Shinyanga-Nzenga road, Tanzania, 03°57.8'S, 33°08.5'E. Holotype: MRAC 2018.015.P.0014. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius ottoschmidti Watters, Nagy & Bellstedt 2019. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius ottoschmidti Watters, Nagy & Bellstedt 2019. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: North-central Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

palmqvisti, Fundulus Lönnberg [E.] 1907:7 [Sjöstedts Kilimandjaro-Meru Expedition; ref. 15155] Tanga, Usambara, northeastern Tanzania, 5°04'S, 39°06'E. Syntypes: BMNH 1907.12.20.3-4 (2), MNHN 1912-0237 [ex NRM] (3), NRM 10002 (22). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:14 [ref. 19576]. •Valid as Nothobranchius palmqvisti (Lönnberg 1907) [sometimes as palmquisti] -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:271 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:226 [ref. 25711], Seegers et al. 2003:41 [ref. 28087], Neumann 2008:63 [ref. 30291], Watters et al. 2008:130 [ref. 29473]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius palmqvisti (Lönnberg 1907). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Kenya and Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

papi, Nothobranchius Axelrod [H. R.] 1976:91 [Tropical Fish Hobbyist v. 25 (no. 3); ref. 21722] Not available, name only. •In the synonymy of Nothobranchius janpapi Wildekamp 1977 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:266 [ref. 6198]). Current status: Synonym of Nothobranchius janpapi Wildekamp 1977. Nothobranchiidae.

patrizii, Fundulus Vinciguerra [D.] 1927:254, Fig. [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 52; ref. 15828] Harenaga swamps, near mouth of Juba River, about 0°04'S, 42°48'E, southern Somalia. Syntypes: (many) MSNG 23260 (9), 33702 (36). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:313 [ref. 10351]. •Valid as Nothobranchius patrizii (Vinciguerra 1927) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:271 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1992:187 [ref. 20006], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:227 [ref. 25711], Seegers et al. 2003:41 [ref. 28087], Neumann 2008:64 [ref. 30291], Watters et al. 2008:130 [ref. 29473]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius patrizii (Vinciguerra 1927). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Kenya and Somalia. Habitat: freshwater.

pienaari, Nothobranchius Shidlovskiy [K. M.], Watters [B. R.] & Wildekamp [R. H.] 2010:49, Figs. 6-8 [Zootaxa No. 2724; ref. 31079] Chokwe to Massingir road, 101 kilometers southeast of Massingir, Mazimechopes River system, 24°24.7'S, 32°46.6'E, Mozambique. Holotype: MRAC 04-039-P-0081. Paratypes: MRAC 04-039-P-0022 (1), 04-039-P-0066-0072 (2), 04-039-P-0082-0083 (2), •Valid as Nothobranchius pienaari Shidlovskiy, Watters & Wildekamp 2010. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius pienaari Shidlovskiy, Watters & Wildekamp 2010. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Coastal lowlands of central and southern Mozambique and northeastern South Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

polli, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.] 1978:348, Fig. 2 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 92 (no. 2); ref. 8768] Dilungu swamp, near Mwadingusha, 10°45'S, 27°15'E, Shaba, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 192399. Paratypes: MRAC 192400-05 (6), 192384-87 (4), 192257-67 (11), 192274-82 (9). •Valid as Nothobranchius polli Wildekamp 1978 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:272 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:227 [ref. 25711], Valdesalici & Wildekamp 2004:249 [ref. 28097], Neumann 2008:83 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici 2010:53 [ref. 30802], Valdesalici & Amato 2011:118 [ref. 31284], Nagy 2014:355 [ref. 33245], Nagy 2014:181 [ref. 33512], Nagy 2014:274 [ref. 33623], Watters et al. 2015:101 [ref. 33955], Nagy et al. 2016:250 [ref. 34906], Nagy et al. 2017:208 [ref. 35665], Nagy 2018:131 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius polli Wildekamp 1978. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Central Africa: upper Lufira drainage (Congo). Habitat: freshwater.

prognathus, Nothobranchius Costa [W. J. E. M.] 2019:76, Figs. 3, 5A, 6A, 7B [Vertebrate Zoology v. 69 (no. 1); ref. 36530] Swamp pool about 7 km from Kimamba in the road Morogoro-Kilosa, Morogoro district, Tanzania, 6°46'30"S, 37°12'30"E, elevation about 425 meters. Holotype: MRAC 76-49-P-55. Paratypes: MRAC. Plus additional non-type material. •Synonym of Nothobranchius melanospilus (Pfeffer 1896) -- (Wildekamp 2019:47 [ref. 36945]). Current status: Synonym of Nothobranchius melanospilus (Pfeffer 1896). Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: East Africa: Tendigo Swamp area, Mkata River floodplains, upper Wami River basin, eastern Tanzania [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

rachovii, Nothobranchius Ahl [E.] 1926:346 [1], Fig. 1 [Blätter für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 37 (no. 14); ref. 19990] Beira, eastern Mozambique, 19°50'S, 34°52'E. Lectotype: ZMB 31417. Paralectotypes: ZMB 21389 (2), 21475 (1). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:163 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. On p. 1 of separate. Lectotype selected by Paepke & Seegers 1986:163 [ref. 19981]. •Valid as Nothobranchius rachovii Ahl 1926 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:272 [ref. 6198], Skelton 1993:272 [ref. 24071], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:227 [ref. 25711], Skelton 2001:272 [ref. 27406], Valdesalici 2007:61 [ref. 29287], Watters et al. 2009:105 [ref. 30572], Reichard 2010:50 [ref. 30694], Shidlovskiy et al. 2010:43 [ref. 31079], Shidlovskiy et al. 2010:37 [ref. 31079]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius rachovii Ahl 1926. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Mozambique and southeastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

robustus, Nothobranchius Ahl [E.] 1935:128 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 112 (nos 5/6); ref. 13867] "Sumpfbay Tschangarra, Nord-Usinja," probably east of Nungwe, northwestern Tanzania, about 2°46'S, 32°01'E. Holotype (unique): ZMB 14485. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:163 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Nothobranchius robustus Ahl 1935 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:273 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1994:197 [ref. 21566], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:228 [ref. 25711], Seegers et al. 2003:41 [ref. 28087], Neumann 2008:83 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici et al. 2009:150 [ref. 30277], Valdesalici & Kardashev 2011:89 [ref. 31318], Valdesalici 2012:191 [ref. 32258], Watters et al. 2019:275 [ref. 37232], Nagy et al. 2020:49 [ref. 37462]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius robustus Ahl 1935. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Lake Victoria drainage system, northwestern Tanzania and Uganda. Habitat: freshwater.

rosenstocki, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] & Wildekamp [R. H.] 2005:89, Figs. 1, 5-7 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 28176] Close to Luwombwa lodge, 12°30'S, 30°08'E, Kasanka National Park, Zambia. Holotype: MRAC 97-089-P-0011. Paratypes: MRAC 97-089-P-0012 (1), 97-089-P-0013 (1); MSNG 51933 (1), 51934 (1) •Valid as Nothobranchius rosenstocki Valdesalici & Wildekamp 2005 -- (Neumann 2008:84 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici 2010:51 [ref. 30802], Valdesalici & Amato 2011:118 [ref. 31284], Nagy 2014:358 [ref. 33245], Nagy 2014:181 [ref. 33512], Nagy 2014:274 [ref. 33623], Watters et al. 2015:101 [ref. 33955], Nagy et al. 2016:250 [ref. 34906], Nagy et al. 2017:207 [ref. 35665], Nagy 2018:130 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius rosenstocki Valdesalici & Wildekamp 2005. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Southern Africa: upper Luapula River basin (Zambia). Habitat: freshwater.

rubripinnis, Nothobranchius Seegers [L.] 1986:19, Figs. (p. 19-20) [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 39 (no. 1); ref. 8043] Near Kibiti, 40 kilometers south of Dar-es-Salaam, eastern Tanzania. Holotype: ZFMK 13941. Paratypes: MRAC [KTZ 85/28] (4); NRM (4); ZFMK 13942-46 (5), 13947-49 (3); ZMB 31546-47 (4). Type catalog: Herder et al. 2010:124 [ref. 31087]. •Valid as Nothobranchius rubripinnis Seegers 1986 -- (Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:228 [ref. 25711], Neumann 2008:66 [ref. 30291], Watters et al. 2008:130 [ref. 29473], Costa 2009:123 [ref. 30421]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius rubripinnis Seegers 1986. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

rubroreticulatus, Nothobranchius Blache [J.] & Miton [F.] 1960:215 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 32 (no. 3); ref. 11892] Near Fort Lamy, Chad, 11°58'N, 15°09'E. Lectotype: MNHN 1959.0232 (male, 39 mm SL). Lectotype: MNHN 1959-0232 (2) Koundoul. Type catalog: Blanc 1961:273-274 [ref. 20870]. Lectotype selected bu Valdesalici 2014:14 [ref. 33527] as MNHN 59232. •Valid as Nothobranchius rubroreticulatus Blache & Miton 1960 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:273 [ref. 6198], Romand in Lévêque et al. 1992:617 [ref. 21590], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:228 [ref. 25711], Neumann 2008:84 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici et al. 2009:146 [ref. 30277] as aff. rubroreticulatus, Valdesalici & Amato 2011:118 [ref. 31284], Nagy 2014:355 [ref. 33245], Valdesalici 2014:5 [ref. 33527] as aff. rubroreticulatus, Nagy 2021:145 [ref. 38078]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius rubroreticulatus Blache & Miton 1960. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Wadi Al Ghallah drainage, Sudan and Lake Chad basin, Chad and Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

ruhoi, Nothobranchius McKeel [H.] 1982:26 [Freshwater and Marine Aquarium v. 5 (no. 8); ref. 26038] Nomen nudum, not available. •In the synonymy of Nothobranchius eggersi Seegers 1982 -- (Lazara 2001:218 [ref. 25711]). Current status: Synonym of Nothobranchius eggersi Seegers 1982. Nothobranchiidae.

ruhoi, Nothobranchus Seegers [L.] 1981:412 [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 34 (no. 12); ref. 8550] Tanzania. Apparently the name of the locality [Nothobranchius sp. Ruhoi] and not intended as a new species name. Current status: Synonym of Nothobranchius eggersi Seegers 1982. Nothobranchiidae.

rungwaensis, Nothobranchius Watters [B. R.], Nagy [B.] & Bellstedt [D. U.] in Watters, Nagy, Van der Merwe, Cotterill & Bellstedt 2019:263 [25], Figs. 14-15 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 29 (no. 3) IEF-1110; ref. 37232] Small pool with grassy fringes and associated narrow channel, in the course of the seasonal Rungwa River, 3 km south of Rungwa Village, Tanzania, 06°57.5'S, 33°31.0'E. Holotype: MRAC 2018.015.P.0036. Paratype: MRAC 2018.015.P.0037 (1). •Valid as Nothobranchius rungwaensis Watters, Nagy & Bellstedt 2019. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius rungwaensis Watters, Nagy & Bellstedt 2019. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Upper Rungwa River drainage, western Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

ruudwildekampi, Nothobranchius Costa [W. J. E. M.] 2009:117, Fig. 6 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 20 (no. 2); ref. 30421] Seasonal pool at the left bank of the Mbezi River, road between Mkuranga and Kibiti, near the village of Kitonga, 7°11'14"S, 39°10'18"E, District of Pawani, Tanzania. Holotype: UFRJ 6661. Paratypes: UFRJ 6662 (1), 6663 (2, c&s), 6664 (1), 6665 (1, c&s). •Valid as Nothobranchius ruudwildekampi Costa 2009. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius ruudwildekampi Costa 2009. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Mbezi River basin, Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

sagittae, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.], Watters [B. R.] & Shidlovskiy [K. M.] 2013:16, Figs. 13-16 [Journal of the American Killifish Association 47 (no. 1) (for Jan.-Feb. 2014); ref. 33613] Shallow roadside pools, on east side of road, 100 m south of the turnoff to the Ndabaka Gate (Serengeti) on the Musoma-Mwanza road, lower Mbalageti River system, 2°11.621‘S, 33°52.199‘E, Tanzania. Holotype: MRAC B3-14-P-33. Paratypes: MRAC. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Nothobranchius sagittae Wildekamp, Watters & Shidlovskiy 2013 -- (Wildekamp et al. 2015:181 [ref. 34445]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius sagittae Wildekamp, Watters & Shidlovskiy 2013. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

sainthousei, Nothobranchius Nagy [B.], Cotterill [F. P. D.] & Bellstedt [D. U.] 2016:241, Figs. 3-6 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 27 (no. 3) for Nov.; ref. 34906] Seasonal pools on floodplain of small seasonal Chimbembe River, about 5 km southwest from influx of Luongo into Luapula, near Mweshi village, Luapula Province, Zambia, 10°43.51'S, 28°38.22'E. Holotype: MRAC B5-027-P-0001. Paratypes: MRAC. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Nothobranchius sainthousei Nagy, Cotterill & Bellstedt 2016 -- (Nagy et al. 2017:208 [ref. 35665], Nagy 2018:130 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius sainthousei Nagy, Cotterill & Bellstedt 2016. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Chimbembe River, near the Luongo-Luapula confluence in northern Zambia. Habitat: freshwater.

seegersi, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] & Kardashev [K.] 2011:90, Figs. 1-2 [Bonn zoological Bulletin v. 60 (no. 1); ref. 31318] Seasonal pool on right side of main road T8 from Ipole to Rungwa, near Mabangwe village, close by the bridge over the Limba Limba River, Malagarasi River drainage, Tanzania, 5°59'01"S, 32°48'05"E, elevation 1114 meters. Holotype: ZFMK 41848. Paratypes: MRAC 2010-33-P-1 (1), 2010-33-P-2-3 (2); MSNG 56045 A-B (2), 56046 (1); ZFMK 41849-41850 (2), 41851 (1). Plus one non-type specimen. •Valid as Nothobranchius seegersi Valdesalici & Kardashev 2011 -- (Valdesalici 2012:191 [ref. 32258], Wildekamp et al. 2013:2 [ref. 33613], Wildekamp et al. 2015:181 [ref. 34445]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius seegersi Valdesalici & Kardashev 2011. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Malagarasi River drainage, Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

serengetiensis, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.], Watters [B. R.] & Shidlovskiy [K. M.] 2013:21, Figs. 18-20 [Journal of the American Killifish Association 47 (no. 1) (for Jan.-Feb. 2014); ref. 33613] Roadside ditch, artificially dammed, 49 km east of Mwanza in the direction of Nyalikungu on road B6, 2°35‘S, 33°19‘E, Tanzania. Holotype: MRAC B3-14-P-70. Paratypes: MRAC. Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Nothobranchius serengetiensis Wildekamp, Watters & Shidlovskiy 2013 -- (Wildekamp et al. 2015:181 [ref. 34445], Watters et al. 2019:275 [ref. 37232]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius serengetiensis Wildekamp, Watters & Shidlovskiy 2013. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

seychellensis, Nothobranchius Ahl [E.] 1935:128 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 112 (nos 5/6); ref. 13867] Zanzibar, Tanzania. Syntypes: BMNH 1865.3.18.98-99 (4), BMNH 2016.12.2.1 (1), ZMB (not found). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Nothobranchius melanospilus (Pfeffer 1896) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:269 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:224 [ref. 25711], Wildekamp et al. 2009:240 [ref. 30677], Costa 2012:110 [ref. 32347], Costa 2017:8 [ref. 35350]). Current status: Synonym of Nothobranchius melanospilus (Pfeffer 1896). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

skeltoni, Nothobranchius Watters [B. R.], Nagy [B.] & Bellstedt [D. U.] in Watters, Nagy, Van der Merwe, Cotterill & Bellstedt 2019:266 [28], Figs. 17-18 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 29 (no. 3) IEF-1110; ref. 37232] Flooded grassy area with reeds adjacent to rice fields on southeast side of road B163, 40 km southwest of Sengerema in the direction of Geita, 17 km southwest of Sima, 67 km southwest of Karumo ferry terminal, Tanzania, about 02°48'S, 32°29'E. Holotype: MRAC 2018.015.P.0022. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius skeltoni Watters, Nagy & Bellstedt 2019. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius skeltoni Watters, Nagy & Bellstedt 2019. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Southern tributaries of Lake Victoria, western Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

sonjae, Nothobranchius Watters [B. R.], Nagy [B.] & Bellstedt [D. U.] in Watters, Nagy, Van der Merwe, Cotterill & Bellstedt 2019:258 [21], Figs. 11-12 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 29 (no. 3) IEF-1110; ref. 37232] Remnant pools alongside the road, about 33 km south of Tabora, Tanzania, 05°20.8'S, 32°41.5'E. Holotype: MRAC 2019.005.P.0004. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius sonjae Watters, Nagy & Bellstedt 2019. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius sonjae Watters, Nagy & Bellstedt 2019. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Malagarasi River basin and Moame River drainage, west-central Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

steinforti, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.] 1977:33 [Deutsche Killifisch Gemeinschaft Journal v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 17836] Flacher Sumpf, 8 kilometers from Kimamba, Tanzania, 6°46'S, 37°11'E. Holotype: MRAC 77-16-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC 77-16-P-2 (1, allotype), 77-16-P-3-8 (6). •Valid as Nothobranchius steinforti Wildekamp 1977 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:273 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:228 [ref. 25711], Neumann 2008:66 [ref. 30291]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius steinforti Wildekamp 1977. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

streltsovi, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] 2016:156, Figs. 1-5 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 27 (no. 2) for Oct.; ref. 34901] Temporary pool in Nkululu River, Ugalla River drainage, Malagarasi River basin, Tanzania, 6°40'52"S, 33°41'00"E. Holotype: MSNG 57812. Paratypes: MSNG. •Valid as Nothobranchius streltsovi Valdesalici 2016 -- (Valdesalici & Amato 2019:120 [ref. 36960], Nagy et al. 2020:48 [ref. 37462]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius streltsovi Valdesalici 2016. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Ugalla River drainage, Malagarasi River basin, central Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

symoensi, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.] 1978:350, Fig. 3 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 92 (no. 2); ref. 8768] Near Mufumbi, 10°58'S, 28°09'E, Luapula drainage system, Malinde River valley, Shaba, Democratic Republic of Congo, elevation 1260 meters. Holotype: MRAC 73-25-P-1108. Paratypes: MRAC 73-25-P-1109 (1). •Valid as Nothobranchius symoensi Wildekamp 1978 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:273 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:228 [ref. 25711], Valdesalici & Wildekamp 2005:92 [ref. 28176], Valdesalici & Wildekamp 2004:249 [ref. 28097], Neumann 2008:85 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici 2010:51 [ref. 30802], Valdesalici & Amato 2011:118 [ref. 31284], Nagy 2014:355 [ref. 33245], Nagy 2014:181 [ref. 33512], Nagy 2014:274 [ref. 33623], Watters et al. 2015:101 [ref. 33955], Nagy et al. 2016:250 [ref. 34906], Nagy et al. 2017:208 [ref. 35665], Nagy 2018:130 [ref. 35736]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius symoensi Wildekamp 1978. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Central Africa: upper Luapula River basin (Congo and Zambia). Habitat: freshwater.

taeniopygus, Nothobranchius Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1891:20 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1891; ref. 18291] Residual pools of Kaputa creek, about 5 kilometers east of Kazi Kazi railway station, upper Wembere River basin, Tanzania, 5°37'S, 34°04'E. Neotype: ZMB 31905. Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:163 [ref. 19981] as syntypes ZMB 12850 (3, lost). Neotype designated by Wildekamp 1990:194 [ref. 19788]. •Valid as Nothobranchius taeniopygus Hilgendorf 1891 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:273 [ref. 6198], Wildekamp 1990:194 [ref. 19788], Seegers 1993:268 [ref. 33655], see also Wildekamp 1994:194 [ref. 21566], Seegers 1996:275 [ref. 23725], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:229 [ref. 25711], De Vos et al. 2001:132 [ref. 26059], Valdesalici & Wildekamp 2004:250 [ref. 28097], Neumann 2008:87 [ref. 30291], Seegers 2008:185 [ref. 29830] without mention of the neotype designation, Valdesalici & Kardashev 2011:89 [ref. 31318], Valdesalici & Amato 2011:118 [ref. 31284], Valdesalici 2012:191 [ref. 32258], Nagy 2014:355 [ref. 33245], Watters et al. 2019:247 [ref. 37232]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius taeniopygus Hilgendorf 1891. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Wembere River basin, central Tanzania, introduced elsewhere for mosquito control. Habitat: freshwater.

taiti, Nothobranchius Nagy [B.] 2019:22, Figs. 2-5 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 29 (no. 1) IEF-1091; ref. 36513] Ephemeral swamps of the Apapi River system, about 75 km northwest of Soroti town, upper Nile drainage, Uganda, 02°00'05"N, 34°05'40"E. Holotype: MRAC 2018.015.P.0001. Paratypes: BMNH 1970.1.22.1-3 (3), 1971.10.18.75-83 (9); MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius taiti Nagy 2019 -- (Nagy 2021:145 [ref. 38078]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius taiti Nagy 2019. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Lake Kyoga basin, upper Nile system, eastern Uganda. Habitat: freshwater.

torgashevi, Nothobranchius Valdesalici [S.] 2015:19, Figs. 1-3, 6 [Killi-Data Series 2015; ref. 34043] Temporary ditch associated with an unnamed affluent of the Mhwala River, Wembere River drainage, Lake Eyasi basin, Tanzania, 5°53.09'S, 34°17.12'E, elevation 1378 meters. Holotype: MSNG 58043. Paratypes: MSNG. •Valid as Nothobranchius torgashevi Valdesalici 2015 -- (Valdesalici & Amato 2019:120 [ref. 36960], Nagy et al. 2020:49 [ref. 37462]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius torgashevi Valdesalici 2015. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Wembere River drainage, Lake Eyasi basin, central Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

troemneri, Adiniops Myers [G. S.] 1926:91 [The Fish Culturist v. 6; ref. 15599] Beira, Mozambique. Holotype (unique): USNM 92956. •Synonym of Nothobranchius orthonotus (Peters 1844) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:270 [ref. 6198], Lazara 2001:226 [ref. 25711], Neumann 2008:43 [ref. 30291]). Current status: Synonym of Nothobranchius orthonotus (Peters 1844). Nothobranchiidae. Habitat: freshwater.

ugandensis, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.] 1994:199, Figs. 5-7 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 21566] Temporary pool, right side of the road Tororo to Jinja, 1 kilometer west of Busesa, 0°30'N, 33°31'E, southern Uganda. Holotype: MRAC 93-159-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC 93-159-P-2-13 (12). •Valid as Nothobranchius ugandensis Wildekamp 1994 -- (Lazara 2001:229 [ref. 25711], Seegers et al. 2003:41 [ref. 28087], Neumann 2008:88 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici et al. 2009:143 [ref. 30277], Valdesalici 2012:192 [ref. 32258], Valdesalici 2015:19 [ref. 34043], Valdesalici 2016:160 [ref. 34901], Valdesalici & Amato 2019:120 [ref. 36960], Nagy et al. 2020:48 [ref. 37462]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius ugandensis Wildekamp 1994. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Lake Victoria drainage system, Uganda and southwestern Kenya. Habitat: freshwater.

usanguensis, Nothobranchius Wildekamp [R. H.], Watters [B. R.] & Shidlovskiy [K. M.] 2013:12, Figs. 9-11 [Journal of the American Killifish Association 47 (no. 1) (for Jan.-Feb. 2014); ref. 33613] Large pool near Nsuyanga (Sonyanga), ± 50 km east of Mbeya, along the road Zambia to Morogoro, 8°46’S, 33°45’E, Tanzania. Holotype: MRAC 79-07-P-144. Paratypes: MRAC. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Nothobranchius usanguensis Wildekamp, Watters & Shidlovskiy 2013 -- (Wildekamp et al. 2015:181 [ref. 34445], Watters et al. 2019:275 [ref. 37232]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius usanguensis Wildekamp, Watters & Shidlovskiy 2013. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

venustus, Nothobranchius Nagy [B.], Watters [B. R.] & Bellstedt [D. U.] in Nagy, Watters, van der Merwe, Cotterill & Bellstedt 2020:33, Figs. 19-20 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 30 (no. 1): IEF-1129; ref. 37462] Ephemeral pool on east side of road, 11 km southwest of Chato, Lake Victoria basin, Tanzania, 02°42'35"S, 31°43'42"E. Holotype: MRAC 2019.016.P.0068. Paratypes: MRAC. •Valid as Nothobranchius venustus Nagy, Watters & Bellstedt 2020. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius venustus Nagy, Watters & Bellstedt 2020. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Southwestern tributaries of Lake Victoria, northwestern Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

virgatus, Nothobranchius Chambers [J.] 1984:505, Fig. 1 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 25 (no. 5); ref. 8243] Jebel Megeinis, Kordofan Province, Sudan, 11°57'N, 32°06'E. Holotype: BMNH 1983.4.7.3. Paratypes: BMNH 1983.4.7.4-7 (4), .8 (1), .9-12 (4), .13-14 (2), .15 (1), .16 (1), .17 (1), .18 (1), .19-20 (2), .21-25 (5), .26-49 (24). Non-types: (2). •Valid as Nothobranchius virgatus Chambers 1984 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:274 [ref. 6198], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:230 [ref. 25711], Neumann 2008:89 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici et al. 2009:144 [ref. 30277], Valdesalici 2014:5 [ref. 33527], Nagy et al. 2017:208 [ref. 35665]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius virgatus Chambers 1984. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Sudan and Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

vosseleri, Nothobranchius Ahl [E.] 1924:144 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 61(nos 5/6); ref. 15437] Northeastern Tanzania, 4°53'S, 38°18'E. Holotype (unique): ZMB (not found). Type catalog: Paepke & Seegers 1986:164 [ref. 19981]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:93 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Nothobranchius palmquisti (Lönnberg 1907) -- (Wildekamp et al. 1986:271 [ref. 6198]). •Valid as Nothobranchius vosseleri Ahl 1924 -- (Wildekamp et al. 1998:291 [ref. 23323], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:230 [ref. 25711], Valdesalici 2007:61 [ref. 29287], Neumann 2008:38 [ref. 30291], Valdesalici & Hengstler 2008:190 [ref. 29898], Wildekamp et al. 2009:251 [ref. 30677]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius vosseleri Ahl 1924. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

wattersi, Nothobranchius Ng'oma [E.], Valdesalici [S.], Reichwald [K.] & Cellerino [A.] 2013:166 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 82 (issue 1); ref. 32344] Awaiting original description. •Valid as Nothobranchius wattersi Ng'oma, Valdesalici, Reichwald & Cellerino 2013. Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius wattersi Ng'oma, Valdesalici, Reichwald & Cellerino 2013. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Lake Malawi-Shire, West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

willerti, Nothobranchius (Aphyobranchius) Wildekamp [R. H.] 1992:189, Figs. 1-3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 20006] Residual pool of a small stream flowing to the lower Tana River, 1°59'S, 40°08'E, Mnanzini, Kenya. Holotype: MRAC 91-65-P-1. Paratypes: MRAC 91-65-P-2-4 (3). •Valid as Nothobranchius willerti Wildekamp 1992 -- (Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Lazara 2001:230 [ref. 25711], Wildekamp et al. 2002:8 [ref. 26060], Seegers et al. 2003:41 [ref. 28087], Neumann 2008:68 [ref. 30291]). Current status: Valid as Nothobranchius willerti Wildekamp 1992. Nothobranchiidae. Distribution: Kenya. Habitat: freshwater.