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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Peprilus: [ 16 ] records


alepidotus, Chaetodon Linnaeus [C.] (ex Garden) 1766:460 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] Carolina [South Carolina, U.S.A.]. Syntypes: LS 137-138 (2, left half-skins). Type catalog: Wheeler 1985:69 [ref. 20705]. Type information: Goode & Bean 1885:198 [ref. 1841]. Based on manuscript description and specimens sent by A. Garden [South Carolina]. •Valid as Peprilus alepidotus (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Haedrich 1967:106 [ref. 5357], Robins & Ray 1986:267 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:172 [ref. 23239], Murdy et al. 1997:153 [ref. 23144], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:169 [ref. 27754]). •Synonym of Peprilus paru (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Horn 1970:202 [ref. 7749], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:465 [ref. 24550], Haedrich 2003:1883 [ref. 27117]). Current status: Synonym of Peprilus paru (Linnaeus 1758). Stromateidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

argentipinnis, Rhombus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:405 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 9; ref. 1002] Montevideo, Uruguay. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-4061 (3, poor condition). Type catalog: Le Danois 1963:232 [ref. 21543]. •Synonym of Peprilus paru (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Horn 1970:202 [ref. 7749]). •Synonym of Peprilus crenulatus Cuvier 1829 -- (Marceniuk et al. 2016:316 [ref. 34358]). Current status: Synonym of Peprilus crenulatus Cuvier 1829. Stromateidae. Habitat: marine.

burti, Peprilus Fowler [H. W.] 1944:1, Fig. 1 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 142; ref. 1447] Breton Island, Louisiana, U.S.A. Holotype: ANSP 55841. Paratypes: ANSP 55842-43 (2), 70943-45 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:158 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Poronotus burti (Fowler 1944) -- (Collette 1963 [ref. 21054]). •Valid as Peprilus burti Fowler 1944 -- (Haedrich 1967:108 [ref. 5357], Horn 1970:192 [ref. 7749], Robins & Ray 1986:267 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:172 [ref. 23239], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:466 [ref. 24550], Haedrich 2003:1882 [ref. 27117], Nelson et al. 2004:178 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:183 [ref. 32708], Marceniuk et al. 2016:314 [ref. 34358], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:345 [ref. 36407]). Current status: Valid as Peprilus burti Fowler 1944. Stromateidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

crenulatus, Peprilus Cuvier [G.] 1829:214 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Cayenne, French Guinea. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-4060 (1), A-5326 (1), 6828 (1). Type catalog: Le Danois 1963:232 [ref. 21543]. Also in Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:410, Pl. 275 [ref. 1002] as Rhombus crenulatus. See Rhombus crenulatus. •Synonym of Peprilus paru (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Horn 1970:202 [ref. 7749]). •Valid as Peprilus crenulatus Cuvier 1829 -- (Marceniuk et al. 2016:316 [ref. 34358], Marceniuk et al. 2017:42 [ref. 35324], Marceniuk et al. in Marceniuk et al. 2021:447 [ref. 38945], Carvalho-Filho 2023:262 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Peprilus crenulatus Cuvier 1829. Stromateidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: French Guiana south to Argentina. Habitat: marine.

cryptosus, Stromateus Mitchill [S. L.] 1814:3 [Report, in part, of Samuel L. Mitchill; ref. 3030] New York Bay, New York, U.S.A. No types known. Also in Mitchill 1815:365 [ref. 13292]. •Synonym of Peprilus triacanthus (Peck 1804) -- (Haedrich 1967:106 [ref. 5357], Horn 1970:197 [ref. 7749], Smith 1986:446 [ref. 22186]). Current status: Synonym of Peprilus triacanthus (Peck 1804). Stromateidae. Habitat: marine.

gardenii, Sternoptyx Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:494 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Carolina, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Peprilus paru (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Horn 1970:202 [ref. 7749]). Current status: Synonym of Peprilus paru (Linnaeus 1758). Stromateidae. Habitat: marine.

longipinnis, Stromateus Mitchill [S. L.] 1815:366 [Transactions of the Literary and Philosophical Society of New-York v. 1 (art. 5) (for 1814); ref. 13292] New York Bay, New York, U.S.A. No types known. Appeared as "Rhombus longipinnis, nob." Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:401, Pl. 274 [ref. 1002]. •Synonym of Peprilus alepidotus (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Haedrich 1967:106 [ref. 5357]). •Synonym of Peprilus paru (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Horn 1970:202 [ref. 7749]). Current status: Synonym of Peprilus paru (Linnaeus 1758). Stromateidae. Habitat: marine.

medius, Stromateus Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1869:707 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1869; ref. 14098] Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Holotype (unique): ZMB 7073. •Valid as Peprilus medius or possibly a synonym of Peprilus simillimus (Ayres 1860) -- (Haedrich 1967:107 [ref. 5357]). •Valid as Stromateus medius Peters 1869 -- (Horn 1970:175 [ref. 7749], Allen & Robertson 1994:285 [ref. 22193]). •Valid as Peprilus medius (Peters 1869) -- (Bussing & López S. 1994:116 [ref. 23101], Haedrich & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1623 [ref. 22830], Sielfeld et al. 1995:25 [ref. 22707], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:598 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:141 [ref. 24555], Nelson et al. 2004:178 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:195 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:183 [ref. 32708], Marceniuk et al. 2016:314 [ref. 34358], Robertson et al. 2017:101 [ref. 35676], González-Murcia et al. 2019:300 [ref. 36544], Love et al. 2021:215 [ref. 39279], Siccha-Ramirez et al. 2023:272 [ref. 40816]). Current status: Valid as Peprilus medius (Peters 1869). Stromateidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: southern Baja California (Mexico) south to Chile, including Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

orbicularis, Rhombus Guichenot [A.] 1866:245 [Mémoires de la Société Impériale des Sciences Naturelles de Cherbourg v. 12 (= Ser. 2, v. 2); ref. 18167] Cayenne, French Guiana. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-4306 (8). Type catalog: Le Danois 1963:232 [ref. 21543]. •Synonym of Peprilus paru (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Haedrich 1967:106 [ref. 5357], Horn 1970:202 [ref. 7749]). •Synonym of Peprilus crenulatus Cuvier 1829 -- (Marceniuk et al. 2016:316 [ref. 34358]). Current status: Synonym of Peprilus crenulatus Cuvier 1829. Stromateidae. Habitat: marine.

ovatus, Peprilus Horn [M. H.] 1970:182, Fig. 10 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 140 (no. 5); ref. 7749] About 20 miles southwest of Golfo de Santa Clara, near mouth of Colorado River, Sonora, Mexico, depth 13-27 meters. Holotype: USNM 203304. Paratypes: LACM 30175-1 and 2 (2); MCZ 46202 (2); SIO 15-454 (36) (ex UCLA W49-55). •Valid as Peprilus ovatus Horn 1970 -- (Haedrich & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1624 [ref. 22830], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:142 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:466 [ref. 24550], Fuller et al. 1999:487 [ref. 25838], Nelson et al. 2004:178 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:183 [ref. 32708], Marceniuk et al. 2016:316 [ref. 34358]). Current status: Valid as Peprilus ovatus Horn 1970. Stromateidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Mexico. Habitat: marine.

palometa, Stromateus Jordan [D. S.] & Bollman [C. H.] 1890:156 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 12 (no. 770); ref. 2433] Off Pacific coast of Colombia, 8°16'30"N, 79°37'45"W, Albatross station 2804, depth 47 fathoms. Syntypes: CAS-SU 434 (4); USNM 41136 (5), 41494 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:105 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Palometa palometa (Jordan & Bollman 1890) -- (Hiyama in Kumada 1937:36 [ref. 39147]). •Valid as Peprilus palometa (Jordan & Bollman 1890) -- (Haedrich 1967:107 [ref. 5357]). •Synonym of Peprilus medius (Peters 1869) -- (Horn 1970:175 [ref. 7749]). Current status: Synonym of Peprilus medius (Peters 1869). Stromateidae. Habitat: marine.

paru, Stromateus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:248 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] America [Jamaica]. No types known. See Paepke 1999:56 [ref. 24282] [apparently Bloch's Stromateus paru is a misidentification and not an original description, WNE]. •Valid as Peprilus paru (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Haedrich 1967:106 [ref. 5357], Horn 1970:202 [ref. 7749], Shimizu in Uyeno et al. 1983:429 [ref. 14275], Cervigón 1992:445 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1994:273 [ref. 24488], Andreata & Séret 1996:589 [ref. 16204] in Prepilus, Aguilera 1998:53 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:465 [ref. 24550], Camargo & Isaac 2001:143 [ref. 27639], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:541 [ref. 26158], López et al. 2002:65 [ref. 26808], Haedrich 2003:1883 [ref. 27117], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:104 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:178 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:819 [ref. 28815], see Mabragaña et al. 2011:10 and table S2 [ref. 31800], Page et al. 2013:183 [ref. 32708], Catelani et al. 2014:933 [ref. 37496], Fabiano et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33530], Marceniuk et al. 2016:314 [ref. 34358], Nión et al. 2016:54 [ref. 35565], Spier et al. 2018:16 [ref. 36103], Hoff et al. 2023:8 [ref. 40463], Vieira et al. 2023:21 [ref. 40759]). Current status: Valid as Peprilus paru (Linnaeus 1758). Stromateidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

simillimus, Poronotus Ayres [W. O.] 1860:84, Fig. 23 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 1) v. 2 (1858-1862); ref. 158] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: (3 or 4, lost). Any types at CAS would have been destroyed in 1906. •Valid as Stromateus simillimus (Ayres 1860) -- (Herrera 1896:48 [ref. 39336]). •Valid as Palometa simillima (Ayres 1860) -- (Hiyama in Kumada 1937:36 [ref. 39147]). •Valid as Peprilus simillimus (Ayres 1860) -- (Haedrich 1967:107 [ref. 5357], Horn 1970:185 [ref. 7749], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:280 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:562 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:183 [ref. 14674], Haedrich & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1624 [ref. 22830], De la Cruz-Agüero & Cota-Gómez 1998:357 [ref. 23520], Fuller et al. 1999:467 [ref. 25838], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:814 [ref. 25968], Nelson et al. 2004:178 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:170 [ref. 37547], Page et al. 2013:183 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:67 [ref. 34694], Marceniuk et al. 2016:314 [ref. 34358], Kells et al. 2016:322 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:94 [ref. 37205], Love et al. 2021:215 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Peprilus simillimus (Ayres 1860). Stromateidae. Distribution: Northeastern Pacific: British Columbia (Canada) south to Pacific coast of southern Baja California Sur (Mexico), including Gulf of California (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

snyderi, Peprilus Gilbert [C. H.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:87, Pl. 12 (fig. 23) [Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences v. 4; ref. 1639] Panama market. Holotype: CAS-SU 6800. Paratypes: BMNH 1903.5.15.190 [from Jordan] (1), CAS-SU 7009 (2), USNM 50448 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:105 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Peprilus snyderi Gilbert & Starks 1904 -- (Haedrich 1967:107 [ref. 5357], Horn 1970:189 [ref. 7749], Allen & Robertson 1994:285 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:116 [ref. 23101], Haedrich & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1624 [ref. 22830], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:142 [ref. 24555], Nelson et al. 2004:178 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:171 [ref. 37547], Page et al. 2013:183 [ref. 32708], Marceniuk et al. 2016:316 [ref. 34358], Robertson et al. 2017:102 [ref. 35676], Love et al. 2021:215 [ref. 39279], Siccha-Ramirez et al. 2023:273 [ref. 40816]). Current status: Valid as Peprilus snyderi Gilbert & Starks 1904. Stromateidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Pacific coast of southerrn Baja California Sur (Mexico) south to Peru, including Gulf of California (Mexico) and Galapagos Islands (Ecuador). Habitat: marine.

triacanthus, Stromateus Peck [W. D.] 1804:51, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences v. 2 (pt. 2) (art. 1); ref. 18525] Piscataqua River, New Hampshire, U.S.A. No types known. •Valid as Poronotus triacanthus (Peck 1804) -- (Herrera 1896:50 [ref. 39336] with author as Gill). •Valid as Stromateus triacanthus Peck 1804 -- (Herrera 1896:48 [ref. 39336]). •Valid as Peprilus triacanthus (Peck 1804) -- (Haedrich 1967:106 [ref. 5357], Horn 1970:197 [ref. 7749], Smith 1986:446 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:267 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:475 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:183 [ref. 14674], Murdy et al. 1997:154 [ref. 23144], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:542 [ref. 26158], Haedrich 2003:1884 [ref. 27117], Nelson et al. 2004:178 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:183 [ref. 32708], Afonso et al. 2016:73, 248 [ref. 36199], Marceniuk et al. 2016:315 [ref. 34358], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:345 [ref. 36407], Simian et al. 2022:376 [ref. 40776]). Current status: Valid as Peprilus triacanthus (Peck 1804). Stromateidae. Distribution: Northwestern Atlantic: Labrador (Canada) south to eastern U.S.A., and Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: marine.

xanthurus, Seserinus Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1825:384 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Rio de Janeiro Bay, Brazil. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-4060 (1), A-5326 (1). Type catalog: Le Danois 1963:232 [ref. 21543]. •Synonym of Peprilus paru (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Haedrich 1967:106 [ref. 5357], Horn 1970:202 [ref. 7749]). •Valid as Peprilus xanthurus (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Marceniuk et al. 2016:323 [ref. 34358], Marceniuk et al. 2016:315 [ref. 34358], Marceniuk et al. 2017:42 [ref. 35324], Marceniuk et al. in Marceniuk et al. 2021:448 [ref. 38945], Carvalho-Filho 2023:262 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Peprilus xanthurus (Quoy & Gaimard 1825). Stromateidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Venezuela south to Argentina. Habitat: marine.


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