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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Perca: [ 27 ] records


acuta, Perca Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:49, Pl. 10 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Lake Ontario, North America. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-6578 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:81 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Perca flavescens (Mitchill 1814) -- (Smith 1986:338 [ref. 22186], La Rivers 1994:538 [ref. 23389], Scott & Crossman 1998:761 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Perca flavescens (Mitchill 1814). Percidae: Percinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

americana, Perca Schrank [F. von P.] (ex Schoepf) 1792:100 [Abhandlungen einer Privatgesellschaft von Naturforschern und Oekonomen in Oberdeutschland, München v. 1 (art. 6); ref. 18709] New York, U.S.A. Syntypes: (at least 20) whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:278 [ref. 28925]. Based on a literature source. Preoccupied by Perca americana Gmein 1789. Reference may be incorrect. •In the synonymy of Perca flavescens (Mitchill 1814) -- (La Rivers 1994:538 [ref. 23389]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Perca flavescens (Mitchill 1814). Percidae: Percinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

aurata, Perca vulgaris var. Fitzinger [L. J. F. J.] 1832:331 [Beiträge zur Landeskunde Österreichs unter der Enns, Wien v. 1; ref. 5019] Not available, no distinguishing features; from rivers Danube, Leytha and Schwarza, Lake Traunsee, Austria. •In the synonymy of Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:173 [ref. 22952]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758. Percidae: Percinae.

aurea, Perca fluviatilis var. Smitt [F. A.] 1892:30 [A history of Scandinavian fishes; ref. 4146] Lake Mälaren basin, Sweden. Holotype: NRM 35750. Possibly can be treated as infrasubspecific and not available (see Kottelat 1997:172 [ref. 22952]). •In the synonymy of Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:173 [ref. 22952]). Infrasubspecific. Current status: Synonym of Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758. Percidae: Percinae.

fasciatus, Lutianus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:328 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] No locality. Based on "Perca maxilla inferiore longiore; albescens cum lineis transversis ..." of Seba 1759:78, Pl. 27 (fig. 14) [ref. 18716]. •Uncertain in genus Perca Linnaeus 1758. Percidae. Habitat: freshwater.

flavescens, Morone Mitchill [S. L.] 1814:18 [Report, in part, of Samuel L. Mitchill; ref. 3030] New York, U.S.A. No types known. Also in Mitchill 1815:421 [ref. 13292] as Bodianus flavescens. •Valid as Perca flavescens (Mitchill 1814) -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1452 [ref. 5845], Lee et al. 1980:713 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:337 [ref. 22186], McAllister 1990:143 [ref. 14674], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:200 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:275 [ref. 18983], Boschung 1992:122 [ref. 23239], Shcherbuka 1992:25 [ref. 21089], Etnier & Starnes 1993:558 [ref. 22809], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:775 [ref. 21581], La Rivers 1994:538 [ref. 23389], Baxter & Stone 1995:250 [ref. 23374], Stauffer et al. 1995:318 [ref. 23376], Cross & Collins 1995:234 [ref. 23394], Chereshnev 1996:606 [ref. 24659], Mettee et al. 1996:689 [ref. 25836], Sigler & Sigler 1996:280 [ref. 25943], Murdy et al. 1997:221 [ref. 23144], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:749 [ref. 24702], Popova 1998:118 [ref. 23588], Scott & Crossman 1998:755 [ref. 24570], Fuller et al. 1999:386 [ref. 25838], Lyons et al. 2000:45 [ref. 26594], Ross et al. 2001:496 [ref. 25978], Moyle 2002:411 [ref. 26449], Roe et al. 2002:903 [ref. 26504], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:193 [ref. 27816], Bailey et al. 2004:200 [ref. 27882], Nelson et al. 2004:136 [ref. 27807], Miller & Robison 2004:380 [ref. 27931], Boschung & Mayden 2004:569 [ref. 27995], McPhail 2007:524 [ref. 31199], Scharpf 2008:35 [ref. 30399], Page & Burr 2011:511 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:140 [ref. 32708], Stephens et al. 2014:545 [ref. 33552], Robins et al. 2018:333 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Perca flavescens (Mitchill 1814). Percidae: Percinae. Distribution: North America, introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

fluviatilis, Perca Linnaeus [C.] 1758:289 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Europe. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.3 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin), LS 1 (right half-skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:219 [ref. 13434], Wheeler 1985:52 [ref. 20705]. Perhaps intentionally shortened to fluvialis by Cuvier 1829:132 [ref. 995]. See remarks on systematics in Kottelat 2006:59-60 [ref. 28831]. •Valid as Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1949:1032 [ref. 20662], Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1452 [ref. 5845], Coad 1981:16 [ref. 22348], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:174 [ref. 25473], Mitrofanov & Dukravec 1989:127 [ref. 37748], Oliva et al. 1989:214 [ref. 26138], Paxton et al. 1989:561 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:179 [ref. 24556], Shcherbuka 1992:25 [ref. 21089], Skelton 1993:289 [ref. 24071], Coad 1995:27 [ref. 23608], Zhu 1995:172 [ref. 25213], McDowall in McDowall 1996:183 [ref. 22909], Chereshnev 1996:606 [ref. 24659], Coad 1996:86 [ref. 25304], Chilcott & Humphries 1996:147 [ref. 25528], Kottelat 1997:172 [ref. 22952], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:749 [ref. 24702], Coad 1998:103 [ref. 23869], Morgan et al. 1998:43 [ref. 24611], Popova 1998:118 [ref. 23588], Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:47 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:123 [ref. 26736], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:201 [ref. 26728], Sideleva 2001:56 [ref. 26181], Skelton 2001:289 [ref. 27406], Allen et al. 2002:368 [ref. 25930], Fedorov et al. 2003:132 [ref. 27579], Sideleva 2003:11 [ref. 27815], Hanel 2003:63 [ref. 27894], Parin 2003:S4 [ref. 28536], Hammer & Walker 2004:91 [ref. 28129], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:205 [ref. 28183], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:177 [ref. 28369], Hanel & Lusk 2005:355 [ref. 28804], Kottelat 2006:59 [ref. 28831], Ocock et al. 2006:59 [ref. 28933], Paxton et al. 2006:1080 [ref. 28994], Fricke 2007:29 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:81 [ref. 29533], McPhail 2007:000 [ref. 31199], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:171 [ref. 31251], Esmaeili et al. 2010:375 [ref. 33391], Marshall 2011:209 [ref. 31755], Hammer et al. 2012:66 [ref. 32389], Parin et al. 2014:355 [ref. 33547], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:895 [ref. 34062], Roberts & McDowall 2015:1215 [ref. 34197], Barbieri et al. 2015:103 [ref. 35029], Çiçek et al. 2015:151 [ref. 35151], Zhang et al. 2016:195 [ref. 34477], Esmaeili et al. 2017:94 [ref. 35254], Romanov et al. 2017:826 [ref. 35687], Esmaeili et al. 2018:76 [ref. 36089], Kuiter 2018:100 [ref. 36369], Ćaleta et al. 2019:188 [ref. 37026], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:253 [ref. 37108], Özuluğ & Saç 2019:32 [ref. 36599]), Çiçek et al. 2020:259 [ref. 37644], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:281 [ref. 37983], Kuljanishvili et al. 2020:[6] [ref. 37535]. Current status: Valid as Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758. Percidae: Percinae. Distribution: Europe. Introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

gibba, Perca fluviatilis var. Smitt [F. A.] 1892:29, 30, Figs. 3-4 [A history of Scandinavian fishes; ref. 4146] Regarded as infrasubspecific, not available. •In the synonymy of Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:173 [ref. 22952]). Infrasubspecific. Current status: Synonym of Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758. Percidae: Percinae.

gracilis, Perca Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:50 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Skaneateles Lake, New York, U.S.A. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-6533 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:82 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Perca flavescens (Mitchill 1814) -- (Smith 1986:338 [ref. 22186], La Rivers 1994:538 [ref. 23389]). Current status: Synonym of Perca flavescens (Mitchill 1814). Percidae: Percinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

gracilis, Perca fluviatilis infra. Pokrovsky [V. V.] 1951 [Trudy Karelo-finskogo otdeleniya VNIORKH v. 3; ref. 23067] Not available, infrasubspecific; also preoccupied by Perca gracilis Cuvier 1828. Infrasubspecific. Percidae: Percinae.

granulata, Perca Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:48, Pl. 9 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Waters from Blue Mountains to the Atlantic, U.S.A. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-4175 (2) Philadelphia, 0000-6575 (2) New York, A-5741 (1, dry) U.S.A. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:82 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Perca flavescens (Mitchill 1814) -- (La Rivers 1994:538 [ref. 23389]). Current status: Synonym of Perca flavescens (Mitchill 1814). Percidae: Percinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

helvetica, Perca Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:113 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Near Basil, Switzerland. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.2 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:219 [ref. 13434] but as holotype. •Synonym of Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758 -- (Wheeler 1958:219 [ref. 13434], Kottelat 1997:173 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758. Percidae: Percinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

intermedius, Perca fluviatilis Svetovidov [A. N.] & Dorofeeva [E. A.] 1963:638 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 3 (4, 29); ref. 23069] Kolyma River, Siberia, Russia. Holotype: ZIN 23998. Diagnosis and new name in key, holoype mentioned in footnate. •Synonym of Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:173 [ref. 22952], Kottelat 2006:59 [ref. 28831]). Current status: Synonym of Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758. Percidae: Percinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

italica, Perca Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:45 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] Bologna, Italy. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-6570 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:82 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:173 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758. Percidae: Percinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

luteus, Centropomus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1814:19 [Précis des découvertes et travaux somiologiques de Mr. C. S. Rafinesque-Schmaltz; ref. 3582] Rivers of U.S.A., including Chesapeake Bay, etc. No types known. •Synonym of Perca flavescens (Mitchill 1814) -- (La Rivers 1994:538 [ref. 23389], Parenti 2019:102 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Perca flavescens (Mitchill 1814). Percidae: Percinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

macedonica, Perca fluviatilis var. Karaman [S.] 1924:79 [Pisces Macedoniae; ref. 15902] Vadar River at Veles, Lake Dojran, Republic of Macedonia. Syntypes: (several) IEBMT. •Synonym of Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:173 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758. Percidae: Percinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

maculata, Perca fluviatilis var. Smitt [F. A.] 1892:29, 30, Fig. 5 [A history of Scandinavian fishes; ref. 4146] Lake Tisaren, Nerike [Närke], Sweden. No types known. Syntypes: ?NRM 35749 (1). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Perca maculata Bloch 1792. Possibly can be treated as infrasubspecific and not available (see Kottelat 1997:172 [ref. 22952]). If regarded as available, then objectively invalid; preoccupied by Perca maculata Bloch 1792. •In the synonymy of Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:173 [ref. 22952]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758. Percidae: Percinae.

nigrescens, Perca fluviatilis var. Heckel [J. J.] 1839:155 [Annalen des Wiener Museums der Naturgeschichte v. 2 (no. 1) (for 1840); ref. 2079] Not available, no distinguishing features; from Marizza R. near Philippoli in Rumelia, s. Bulgaria. •In the synonymy of Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:173 [ref. 22952]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758. Percidae: Percinae.

notata, Perca Rafinesque [C. S.] 1818:205 [American Monthly Magazine and Critical Review v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 13337] Lake Erie, North America. No types known. •Synonym of Perca flavescens (Mitchill 1814) -- (Smith 1986:338 [ref. 22186], La Rivers 1994:538 [ref. 23389], Scott & Crossman 1998:761 [ref. 24570]). Current status: Synonym of Perca flavescens (Mitchill 1814). Percidae: Percinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

phragmiteti, Perca fluviatilis morpha Berg [L. S.] 1933:635 [Les poissons des eaux douces de l'U.R.S.S. Part 2; ref. 279] Original not seen. Not available, infrasubspecific. Infrasubspecific. Percidae: Percinae.

schrenkii, Perca Kessler [K. F.] 1874:50, Pl. 8 (fig. 36-37) [Izvestiia Imperatorskago Obschchestva Liubitelei Estestvozaniia, Antropologii i Etnografii v. 11; ref. 2596] Lake Balchhach, Turkistan. Syntypes: SMNS 2379 (1), ZIN 2326-27 (1, 4). Type catalog: Fricke 1995:17 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:53 [ref. 29864]. Fig. 36 erroneously repeats number 35 from previous plate. •Valid as Perca schrenkii Kessler 1874 -- (Berg 1949:1039 [ref. 20662], Mitrofanov & Dukravec 1989:157 [ref. 37748] as schrenki, Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1453 [ref. 5845], Shcherbuka 1992:25 [ref. 21089], Zhu 1995:172 [ref. 25213], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:749 [ref. 24702], Popova 1998:119 [ref. 23588], Dukravets 1998:373 [ref. 25045], Mamilov 2000:572 [ref. 24624], Zhang et al. 2016:196 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Perca schrenkii Kessler 1874. Percidae: Percinae. Distribution: Central Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

serratogranulata, Perca Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:47 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 2; ref. 997] New York, U.S.A. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-6574 (1), ?A-5742 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:82 [ref. 12478]. Originally as serrato-granulata. Also appeared as serrato granulata in Griffith & Smith 1834:102, Pl. 39 (fig. 1) [ref. 1908]. •Synonym of Perca flavescens (Mitchill 1814) -- (Smith 1986:338 [ref. 22186], La Rivers 1994:538 [ref. 23389]). Current status: Synonym of Perca flavescens (Mitchill 1814). Percidae: Percinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

smirnovi, Perca schrenki var. Nekrashevich [N. G.] 1948:122 [Uchenye Zapinski Tomskogo Universiteta No. 11; ref. 21176] Lake Sasyk-kul', east of Balkhash, Kazakhstan. Nekrashevich's names jevtuchovi and pygmea (on p. 123) are unavailable. •Synonym of Perca schrenkii Kessler 1874 -- (Berg 1949:1329 [ref. 20662] as schrenki). Current status: Synonym of Perca schrenkii Kessler 1874. Percidae: Percinae. Habitat: freshwater.

vulgaris, Perca Schaeffer [J. C.] 1761:1, Pl. 1 (figs 4-7) [Piscium Bavarico-Ratisbonensium pentas; ref. 3910] Danube River, at Regensburg, Batavia, Germany. No types known. Regarded as not available, work judged as non-binominal as was Schaeffer 1760 [ref. 4989]. Species described as "vvlgaris" due to historical typeset (equals Asper vulgaris). •In the synonymy of Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:172 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758. Percidae: Percinae.

vulgaris, Perca Schrank [F. von P.] 1792:99 [Abhandlungen einer Privatgesellschaft von Naturforschern und Oekonomen in Oberdeutschland, München v. 1 (art. 6); ref. 18709] Regensburg, Germany. Syntypes (?): ZSM [old collection] destroyed in WWII if present then. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:278 [ref. 28925]. •Synonym of Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:173 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758. Percidae: Percinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

vulgaris, Perca Fitzinger [L. J. F. J.] 1832:331 [Beiträge zur Landeskunde Österreichs unter der Enns, Wien v. 1; ref. 5019] Regensburg, Germany; Austria; rivers Danube, Leytha and Schwarza; Lake Traunsee; Austria. No types known. Based on literature sources. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Perca vulgaris Schrank 1792. •Synonym of Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:173 [ref. 22952]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758. Percidae: Percinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

zaissanica, Perca fluviatilis Dianov [P. A.] 1955:p. uncertain. [The Lake Zaisan perch; ref. 23068] Lake Zaissan, Kazakhstan. No types known. Original not seen. •Synonym of Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758 -- (Kottelat 1997:173 [ref. 22952], Kottelat 2006:59 [ref. 28831]). •Not a clearly recognized subspecies -- (Reshetnikov et al. 1997:749 [ref. 24702]). Current status: Synonym of Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758. Percidae: Percinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.


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