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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Pimelodus: [ 53 ] records


absconditus, Pimelodus Azpelicueta [M. de las M.] 1995:72, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 21673] Uruguay River, San Javier, Misiones, Argentina. Holotype: MLP 8781. Paratypes: FMNH 104890 (1); IML 439-1a (1), 1597 (1); MACN 514 (1); MLP (12 lots, 23, 3 c&s); MZUSP 49078 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:336 [ref. 29155], Miquelarena & Nadalin 2014:16 [ref. 33466]. •Valid as Pimelodus absconditus Azpelicueta 1995 -- (Burgess & Finley 1996:166 [ref. 22901], Vidal & Lucena 1999:122 [ref. 24269], Azpelicueta 2001:198 [ref. 25639], López et al. 2002:60 [ref. 26808], Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:438 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:58 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:83 [ref. 28131], Ribeiro & Lucena 2006:326 [ref. 28962], Ferraris 2007:336 [ref. 29155], Souza-Filhol & Shibatta 2007:478 [ref. 29504], Azpelicueta et al. 2008:155 [ref. 29736], Ribeiro & Lucena 2010:277 [ref. 30865], Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Litz & Koerber 2014:19 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:32 [ref. 35117], Bertaco et al. 2016:420 [ref. 34561], Nión et al. 2016:34 [ref. 35565], Costa e Silva et al. 2018:105 [ref. 35734]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus absconditus Azpelicueta 1995. Pimelodidae. Distribution: Paraná River basin, Rio Uruguay drainage: Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay. Habitat: freshwater.

albicans, Arius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:80 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Buenos Aires, Argentina. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9400 (dry). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:54 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:337 [ref. 29155] Based on one specimen and literature sources. As Arius albidus Valenciennes 1835: Pl. 3 (fig. 2). Unneeded new name for Arius albidus Valenciennes 1835, but following recent authors, Arius albidus Valenciennes 1835 is regarded as a forgotten name and Arius albicans is retained in use. •Valid as Pimelodus albicans (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Burgess 1989:279 [ref. 12860], Gómez & Chebez 1996:58 [ref. 23791], Haro et al. 1996:6 [ref. 25004], Azpelicueta 1998:92 [ref. 24175], Sverlij et al. 1998:55 [ref. 27632], Vidal & Lucena 1999:122 [ref. 24269], Butí & Cancino 1999:71 [ref. 25277], Azpelicueta 2001:198 [ref. 25639], López et al. 2002:63 [ref. 26808], Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:438 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:58 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:83 [ref. 28131], Ribeiro & Lucena 2006:326 [ref. 28962], Ferraris 2007:337 [ref. 29155], Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Litz & Koerber 2014:19 [ref. 33622], Sarmiento et al. 2014:170, 192 [ref. 35004], Mirande & Koerber 2015:32 [ref. 35117], Nión et al. 2016:34 [ref. 35565], Koerber et al. 2017:48 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus albicans (Valenciennes 1840). Pimelodidae. Distribution: Paraná River basin: Bolivia, Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay. Habitat: freshwater.

albidus, Arius Valenciennes [A.] 1834:Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Voyage dans l'Amérique méridionale; ref. 20720] Buenos Aires, Argentina. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9400. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950 [ref. 19575]. Name available from plate, description in Valenciennes 1847:6 [ref. 5010], as Arius moroti. See also Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:80 [ref. 1008] as Arius albicans. The name albicans is retained for stability over albidus by Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:438 [ref. 27061]. Pl. 3 was published in 1834. •Synonym of Pimelodus albicans (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:438 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:337 [ref. 29155], Litz & Koerber 2014:19 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:32 [ref. 35117], Koerber et al. 2017:48 [ref. 35267]). Nomen Oblitum. Current status: Synonym of Pimelodus albicans (Valenciennes 1840). Pimelodidae. Habitat: freshwater.

albofasciatus, Pimelodus Mees [G. F.] 1974:137, Pl. 4 [Zoologische Verhandelingen (Leiden) No. 132; ref. 2969] Sipaliwini, Suriname. Holotype: RMNH 26516. Paratypes: RMNH 26514-15 (35, 1), 26517 (13), 26518-20 (10, 7, 2); ZMA 106839 (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:60 [ref. 19236], Ferraris 2007:337 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pimelodus albofasciatus Mees 1974 -- (Burgess 1989:279 [ref. 12860], Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:439 [ref. 27061], Ribeiro & Lucena 2006:326 [ref. 28962], Ferraris 2007:337 [ref. 29155], Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Lucinda et al. 2016:343 [ref. 34916], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:93 [ref. 35633], Koerber et al. 2022:61 [ref. 39235]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus albofasciatus Mees 1974. Pimelodidae. Distribution: South America: Amazon, Orinoco, upper Corantijn and Sipaliwini River basins (Brazil, Colombia, Suriname and Venezuela). Habitat: freshwater.

altissimus, Pimelodus Eigenmann [C. H.] & Pearson [N. E.] in Eigenmann & Allen 1942:106, Pl. 5 (fig. 5) [Fishes of western South America; ref. 1246] Río Ucayali near Orellana, Amazon system, Peru. Holotype (unique): CAS 55369 [ex IU 15797]. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:337 [ref. 29155]. •See Le Bail et al. 2000:100 [ref. 24549]. •Valid as Pimelodus altissimus Eigenmann & Pearson 1942 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:15 [ref. 9708], Burgess 1989:279 [ref. 12860], Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:439 [ref. 27061], Ribeiro & Lucena 2006:326 [ref. 28962], Ferraris 2007:337 [ref. 29155], Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Sarmiento et al. 2014:170, 192 [ref. 35004], Costa e Silva et al. 2018:105 [ref. 35734], Grant 2021:85 [ref. 38702] as cf. altissimus, Meza-Vargas et al. 2021:23 [ref. 39298]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus altissimus Eigenmann & Pearson 1942. Pimelodidae. Distribution: South America: Amazon River basin (Brazil, Bolivia, ?Colombia and Peru). Habitat: freshwater.

argenteus, Pimelodus Perugia [A.] 1891:631 [31] [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 10; ref. 3431] Río de la Plata; Río Paraná, Argentina. Syntypes: MSNG 14570 (2). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:310 [ref. 10351]. On p. 31 of separate. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Pimelodus argenteus Lacepède 1803, but retained as valid under Art. 23.9.5; see Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:439 [ref. 27061]. Not treated in Ferraris 2007 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pimelodus argenteus Perugia 1891 -- (Burgess 1989:279 [ref. 12860], Gómez & Chebez 1996:58 [ref. 23791], Azpelicueta 1998:94 [ref. 24175], Britski et al. 1999:102 [ref. 24147], Vidal & Lucena 1999:122 [ref. 24269], Azpelicueta 2001:198 [ref. 25639], Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:439 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:58 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:83 [ref. 28131], Souza-Filhol & Shibatta 2007:478 [ref. 29504], Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Sarmiento et al. 2014:170, 192 [ref. 35004], Mirande & Koerber 2015:32 [ref. 35117], Koerber & Litz 2016:4 [ref. 35098], Koerber et al. 2017:49 [ref. 35267], Costa e Silva et al. 2018:105 [ref. 35734], Koerber et al. 2020:7 [ref. 37480], Koerber et al. 2021:8 [ref. 38894]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Valid as Pimelodus argenteus Perugia 1891. Pimelodidae. Distribution: South America: Paraná River basin (Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil and Uruguay). Habitat: freshwater.

ascita, Mystus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:661 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality stated. No types known. •Synonym of Pimelodus maculatus Lacepède 1803 -- (Litz & Koerber 2014:19 [ref. 33622] with question, Mirande & Koerber 2015:32 [ref. 35117] with question, Koerber et al. 2017:49 [ref. 35267] with question). Current status: Synonym of Pimelodus maculatus Lacepède 1803. Pimelodidae. Habitat: freshwater.

ascita, Pseudorhamdia Bleeker [P.] 1862:384 [14] [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeling Natuurkunde. v. 14; ref. 390] Suriname. Syntypes: (4). On p. 14 of separate. •Species inquirenda in Pimelodus -- (Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:440 [ref. 27061]). Pimelodidae. Habitat: freshwater.

atrobrunneus, Pimelodus Vidal [E. S.] & Lucena [C. A. S. de] 1999:123, Figs. 103 [Biociências, Porto Alegre v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 24269] Rio Ligeiro ne estrada entre Marcelino Ramos e Maximiliano de Almeida, Marcelino Ramos, 27°38'S, 51°52'W, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Holotype: MCP 19678. Paratypes: MCP 13340 (11), 12354-55 (1, 1), 13422 (12), 12481 (1), 12859 (2), 12904 (5, 1 c&s), 13398 (9), 18866 (2), 21152 (1). Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:337 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pimelodus atrobrunneus Vidal & Lucena 1999 -- (Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:439 [ref. 27061], Ribeiro & Lucena 2006:326 [ref. 28962], Ferraris 2007:337 [ref. 29155], Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Bertaco et al. 2016:420 [ref. 34561], Costa e Silva et al. 2018:105 [ref. 35734]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus atrobrunneus Vidal & Lucena 1999. Pimelodidae. Distribution: Upper Uruguay River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

blochii, Pimelodus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:188 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Suriname. Lectotype: MNHN B-0072. Paralectotype: ZMB 2995 (1). Type catalog: Silfvergrip & Paepke 1997:168 [ref. 24006], Paepke 1999:113 [ref. 24282], Ferraris 2007:337 [ref. 29155]. Based in part on Silurus clarias of Bloch, Pl. 35 (figs. 1-2). •Valid as Pimelodus blochii Valenciennes 1840 -- (Mees 1986:313 [ref. 5693], Burgess 1989:279 [ref. 12860], Cervigón 1992:379 [ref. 23827], Le Bail et al. 2000:96, 98 [ref. 24549], Azpelicueta 2001:198 [ref. 25639], Camargo & Isaac 2001:145 [ref. 27639], Ferraris 2003:858 [ref. 26999], Ribeiro & Lucena 2006:326 [ref. 28962], Ribeiro & Lucena 2006:411 [ref. 28899], Ferraris 2007:337 [ref. 29155], Ribeiro et al. 2008:464 [ref. 29855], Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Barriga Salazar 2014:114 [ref. 35745], Ramos et al. 2014:4 [ref. 35321], Sarmiento et al. 2014:170, 192 [ref. 35004], Lucinda et al. 2016:343 [ref. 34916], Melo et al. 2016:376 [ref. 35317], Marceniuk et al. 2017:39 [ref. 35324], Villa-Navarro et al. 2017:356 [ref. 35495], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:93 [ref. 35633], Costa e Silva et al. 2018:105 [ref. 35734], Urbano-Bonilla et al. 2018:80 [ref. 35773], Careaga et al. 2020:78 [ref. 37774], Silvano et al. 2020:297 [ref. 38135], Grant 2021:86 [ref. 38702], Meza-Vargas et al. 2021:23 [ref. 39298], Koerber et al. 2022:61 [ref. 39235], Martínez et al. 2022:3 [ref. 39275]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus blochii Valenciennes 1840. Pimelodidae. Distribution: South America: Amazon, Corantijn, Essequibo and Orinoco River basins (Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

brevis, Pimelodus Marini [T. L.], Nichols [J. T.] & LaMonte [F. R.] 1933:1, Fig. 1 [American Museum Novitates No. 618; ref. 2889] Río Durazno, Río de la Plata, San Fernando, Argentina. Holotype (unique): AMNH 12240 (missing since 1960s). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:337 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pimelodus brevis Marini, Nichols & LaMonte 1933 -- (Burgess 1989:279 [ref. 12860], Azpelicueta 1995:75 [ref. 21673], Vidal & Lucena 1999:122 [ref. 24269], Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:439 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:58 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:83 [ref. 28131], Ferraris 2007:337 [ref. 29155], Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Litz & Koerber 2014:19 [ref. 33622], Nión et al. 2016:34 [ref. 35565]). •Synonym of Pimelodus argenteus Perugia 1891 -- (Mirande & Koerber 2015:32 [ref. 35117], Koerber & Litz 2016:4 [ref. 35098], Koerber et al. 2017:49 [ref. 35267], Koerber et al. 2020:7 [ref. 37480]). Current status: Synonym of Pimelodus argenteus Perugia 1891. Pimelodidae. Habitat: freshwater.

britskii, Pimelodus Garavello [J. C.] & Shibatta [O. A.] 2007:287, Figs. 4-5 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 29282] União da Vitória, rio Iguaço, Paraná, Brazil. Holotype: FMNH 105098 [ex FMNH 54241 and CM 2858]. Paratypes: many at FMNH, MZUEL and MZUSP. •Valid as Pimelodus britskii Garavello & Shibatta 2007 -- (Azpelicueta et al. 2008:155 [ref. 29736], Koerber 2011:6 [ref. 31122], Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Koerber 2014:6 [ref. 33621], Mirande & Koerber 2015:32 [ref. 35117], Costa e Silva et al. 2018:105 [ref. 35734], Reis et al. 2020:469 [ref. 38364]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus britskii Garavello & Shibatta 2007. Pimelodidae. Distribution: South America: Iguaçu River basin (Brazil and Argentina). Habitat: freshwater.

coprophagus, Pimelodus clarias Schultz [L. P.] 1944:203, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 94 (no. 3172); ref. 3959] Río Agua Caliente, 2-3 kilometers above southwestern corner of Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela, depth 15 feet. Holotype: USNM 121150. Paratypes: FMNH 84585 [ex USNM 121147] (3), 95495 (1, c&s); MCZ 36212 [ex USNM 121148] (5); UMMZ 142494 [ex USNM 121147] (2); USNM 121145-46 (6, 1), 121147 (25, now 19), 121148-49 (31, 5), 121151 (11, now 9, 2 to G. Dahl), 121152-53 (1, 6), 121154 (10, now 8), 121155 (7), 121156 (9, not 15), 121157-59 (5, 2, 2); ZMA 102124 (2). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:60 [ref. 19236], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:66 [ref. 12367], Ferraris & Vari 1992:36 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:337 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Pimelodus clarias [but see that account], but a valid subspecies as described -- (Burgess 1989:279 [ref. 12860], Galvis et al. 1997:62 [ref. 23651]). •Valid as Pimelodus coprophagus Schultz 1944 -- (Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:439 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:337 [ref. 29155], Azpelicueta et al. 2008:159 [ref. 29736], Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Villa-Navarro et al. 2017:339 [ref. 35495], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:94 [ref. 35633], Costa e Silva et al. 2018:105 [ref. 35734]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus coprophagus Schultz 1944. Pimelodidae. Distribution: Lake Maracaibo basin: Colombia and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

crypticus, Pimelodus Villa-Navarro [F. A.] & Cala [P.] in Villa-Navarro, Acero P. & Cala 2017:354, Fig. 14 [Zootaxa 4299 (no. 3); ref. 35495] Cauca River, La Balastrera sector, Timba, Departament of Cauca, Colombia, 03°03'03"N, 76°39'56"’W. Holotype: CZUT-IC 1986. Paratypes: CZUT-IC; ICNMHN 16391 (1); IMCN. Type catalog: Mojica & Agudelo-Zamora 2018:48 [ref. 36127]. •Valid as Pimelodus crypticus Villa-Navarro & Cala 2017 -- (DoNascimiento et al. 2017:94 [ref. 35633], Martínez et al. 2022:3 [ref. 39275]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus crypticus Villa-Navarro & Cala 2017. Pimelodidae. Distribution: South America: upper Cauca River drainage (Cauca, Colombia). Habitat: freshwater.

fluviatilis, Barbatus Feuillée [L.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:177 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 15; ref. 1008] Not available, name mentioned in passing in account of Pimelodus pati. Nomen Nudum. Pimelodidae.

fur, Pseudorhamdia Lütken [C. F.] (ex Reinhardt) 1874:33 [5] [Oversigt over det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Forhandlinger og dets Medlemmers Arbeider (Kjøbenhavn) 1874 (no. 1); ref. 2855] Rio das Velhas, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Syntypes: NMW 44443 (3), 45765 (2); SMNS 2026 (1); ZMB 9181 (2); ZMUC P 29643-51 (1 ea.) -- previously ZMUC 285-286 (2), 289 (1), 291 (1), 297 (1), 300 (1), 302-303 (2), 306 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:50 [ref. 9588], Fricke 1995:17 [ref. 28100], Silfvergrip & Paepke 1997:171 [ref. 24006], Fricke 2005:42 [ref. 29864] On p. 5 of separate. Also described in Lütken 1875:169 (and p. VI of summary), Pl. 2 (fig. 3), Pl. 3 (fig. 3a) [ref. 19674]. •Valid as Pimelodus fur (Lütken 1874) -- (Burgess 1989:279 [ref. 12860], Azpelicueta 1995:75 [ref. 21673], Britski et al. 1999:99 [ref. 24147] as cf. fur, Azpelicueta 2001:198 [ref. 25639], Britski 2001:20 [ref. 26046], Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:439 [ref. 27061], Ribeiro & Lucena 2006:326 [ref. 28962], Ribeiro & Lucena 2006:411 [ref. 28899], Ferraris 2007:337 [ref. 29155] with author as Reinhardt, Azpelicueta et al. 2008:155 [ref. 29736], Ribeiro & Lucena 2010:277 [ref. 30865], Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Azpelicueta & Britski 2012:51 [ref. 31850], Costa e Silva et al. 2018:105 [ref. 35734], Silva et al. 2020:12 [ref. 37809]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus fur (Lütken 1874). Pimelodidae. Distribution: South America: Rio Das Velhas basin in São Francisco River drainage (Minas Gerais and Bahia, Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

garciabarrigai, Pimelodus Dahl [G.] 1961:494, Fig. [Novedades Colombianas v. 1 (no. 6); ref. 1027] Deep pool in Caño Lozada, about 11 kilometers above its junction with Río Guayabero, Colombia. Holotype: ICNMHN 744. Paratypes: ICNMHN 410 (5). Type catalog: Cala 1981:4 [ref. 23525], Ferraris 2007:337 [ref. 29155], Mojica & Agudelo-Zamora 2018:49 [ref. 36127]. Originally as garcia-barrigai. •Valid as Pimelodus garciabarrigai Dahl 1961 -- (Burgess 1989:279 [ref. 12860] as garciabarringi, Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:439 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:337 [ref. 29155], Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:94 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus garciabarrigai Dahl 1961. Pimelodidae. Distribution: Guayabero River basin in Orinoco River drainage, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

grosskopfii, Pimelodus (Pimelodus) Steindachner [F.] 1879:194 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 16 (no. 18) (for 17 July 1879); ref. 20479] Río Cauca, Colombia. Syntypes: (several) NMW 45781-82 (4, 1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:338 [ref. 29155]. Species later described in more detail in Steindachner 1879:186 [p. 68 of separate] [ref. 4229]. •Valid as Pimelodus grosskopfii Steindachner 1879 -- (Burgess 1989:279 [ref. 12860], Galvis et al. 1997:62 [ref. 23651], González Bencomo et al. 1997:159 [ref. 24960], Azpelicueta 1998:94 [ref. 24175], Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:439 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:338 [ref. 29155], Azpelicueta et al. 2008:159 [ref. 29736], Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Villa-Navarro et al. 2017:344 [ref. 35495], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:94 [ref. 35633], Martínez et al. 2022:3 [ref. 39275]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus grosskopfii Steindachner 1879. Pimelodidae. Distribution: South America: Magdalena, Cauca and San Jorge River basins (Colombia). Habitat: freshwater.

halisodous, Pimelodus Ribeiro [F. R. V.], Lucena [C. A. S. de] & Lucinda [P. H. F.] 2008:458, Fig. 3, 5 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 6 (no. 3); ref. 29855] Rio Paranã, 12°30'S, 48°12'W, fazenda Traçadal, Paranã, Tocantins, Brazil. Holotype: MCP 41738. Paratypes: MCP 41921 (2); UNT 3438 (2, 1 c&s), 3443 (1), 3449 (1), 3450 (1), 3452 (1), 3455 (1), 3899 (1), 3900 (2), 5837 (1). •Valid as Pimelodus halisodous Ribeiro, Lucena & Lucinda 2008 -- (Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Costa e Silva et al. 2018:105 [ref. 35734]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus halisodous Ribeiro, Lucena & Lucinda 2008. Pimelodidae. Distribution: Rio Tocantins drainage, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

heraldoi, Pimelodus Azpelicueta [M. de las M.] 2001:194, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 25639] Rio Mogi-Guaçu in Emas, Município de Pirassununga, Estado de São Paulo, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 22713. Paratypes: MLP 9186 (1, c&s); MZUSP 21637 (3), 22695-96 (7, 18), 22712 (29), 38915 (6). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:338 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pimelodus heraldoi Azpelicueta 2001 -- (Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:439 [ref. 27061], Ribeiro & Lucena 2006:326 [ref. 28962], Ribeiro & Lucena 2007:77 [ref. 29174], Ferraris 2007:338 [ref. 29155], Azpelicueta et al. 2008:155 [ref. 29736]). •Synonym of Pimelodus microstoma Steindachner 1877 -- (Ribeiro & Lucena 2010:277 [ref. 30865]). Current status: Synonym of Pimelodus microstoma Steindachner 1877. Pimelodidae. Distribution: Upper Paraná River basin, Brazil [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

jivaro, Pimelodus Eigenmann [C. H.] & Pearson [N. E.] in Eigenmann & Allen 1942:105, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Fishes of western South America; ref. 1246] Río Morona, upper Amazon River system. Syntypes: (5) CAS 55891 [ex IU 15813a and 15859] (3). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:338 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pimelodus jivaro Eigenmann & Pearson 1942 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:34 [ref. 37559], Ortega & Vari 1986:15 [ref. 9708], Burgess 1989:279 [ref. 12860], Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:439 [ref. 27061], Ribeiro & Lucena 2006:326 [ref. 28962], Ferraris 2007:338 [ref. 29155], Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Barriga Salazar 2014:114 [ref. 35745], Grant 2021:88 [ref. 38702], Meza-Vargas et al. 2021:23 [ref. 39298]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus jivaro Eigenmann & Pearson 1942. Pimelodidae. Distribution: South America: upper Amazon River basin (Ecuador and Peru). Habitat: freshwater.

joannis, Pimelodus Ribeiro [F. R. V.], Lucena [C. A. S. de] & Lucinda [P. H. F.] 2008:460, Figs. 4, 6 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 6 (no. 3); ref. 29855] Ipueiras, rio Tocantins near the confluence with rio Manoel Alves, about 11°19'S, 48°38'W, Tocantins State, Brazil. Holotype: MCP 41739. Paratypes: MCP 41919 (5); UNT 5641 (1 c&s), 5644 (1), 5655 (15), 5751 (1), 5760 (1), 5790 (1), 8241 (1). •Valid as Pimelodus joannis Ribeiro, Lucena & Lucinda 2008 -- (Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Costa e Silva et al. 2018:105 [ref. 35734]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus joannis Ribeiro, Lucena & Lucinda 2008. Pimelodidae. Distribution: Tocantins River drainage, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

lima, Silurus Natterer [J.] in Kner 1858:414 [44] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 26 (s. 373); ref. 2630] On p. 44 of separate. Not available, Natterer manuscript name mentioned in passing under Pimelodus maculatus. •In the synonymy of Pimelodus maculatus Lacepède 1803 -- (Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:439 [ref. 27061], Mirande & Koerber 2015:32 [ref. 35117], Koerber et al. 2017:49 [ref. 35267], Grant 2021:88 [ref. 38702]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Pimelodus maculatus Lacepède 1803. Pimelodidae.

longifilis, Pimelodus Posada [A.] 1909:294 [Los peces del norte de Colombia; ref. 5005] Río Cauca, Colombia. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:338 [ref. 29155]. Originally "Pimelodus ?". •Synonym of Pimelodus grosskopfii Steindachner 1879 -- (Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:439 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:338 [ref. 29155], Villa-Navarro et al. 2017:344 [ref. 35495]). Current status: Synonym of Pimelodus grosskopfii Steindachner 1879. Pimelodidae. Habitat: freshwater.

luciae, Pimelodus Rocha [M. S.] & Ribeiro [F. R. V.] 2010:58, Figs.1-2 [Zootaxa No. 2343; ref. 30700] Rio Itacaiúnas, Cachoeira Carroeira Comprida, Caldeirão, Poço de Pedral, Serra dos Carajás, municipality of Parauapeba, rio Tocantins basin, state of Pará, Brazil. Holotype: MPEG 3174. Paratypes: INPA 33831 (1). •Valid as Pimelodus luciae Rocha & Ribeiro 2010 -- (Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Lucinda et al. 2016:344 [ref. 34916], Costa e Silva et al. 2018:105 [ref. 35734]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus luciae Rocha & Ribeiro 2010. Pimelodidae. Distribution: Rio Itacaiúnas, rio Tocantins basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

macronema, Pseudorhamdia Bleeker [P.] 1864:79, Pls. 13 (fig 7), 14 [Natuurkundige Verhandelingen van de Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen te Haarlem (Ser. 2) v. 20; ref. 14181] Suriname. Lectotype: RMNH 3069. Paralectotypes: RMNH 3070-72 (1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:337 [ref. 29155]. Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1972:317 [ref. 19698]. •Synonym of Pimelodus blochii Valenciennes 1840 -- (Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:439 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:337 [ref. 29155], Grant 2021:86 [ref. 38702]). Current status: Synonym of Pimelodus blochii Valenciennes 1840. Pimelodidae. Habitat: freshwater.

macrospila, Piramutana Günther [A.] 1880:10, Pl. 2 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 6 (no. 31) (art. 2); ref. 14279] Rio de la Plata. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1878.9.10.14. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:339 [ref. 29155]. •Species inquirenda in Pimelodus -- (Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:440 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:339 [ref. 29155]). Pimelodidae. Habitat: freshwater.

maculatus, Pimelodus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:94, 103 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Río de La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:338 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Pimelodus clarias (Bloch 1782), but a valid subspecies -- (Gómez & Chebez 1996:59 [ref. 23791]). •Valid as Pimelodus maculatus Lacepède 1803 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:35 [ref. 37559], Ortega & Vari 1986:15 [ref. 9708], Malabarba 1989:142 [ref. 14217], Burgess 1989:280 [ref. 12860], Azpelicueta 1995:75 [ref. 21673], Azpelicueta 1998:90 [ref. 24175], Sverlij et al. 1998:56 [ref. 27632], Britski et al. 1999:99 [ref. 24147], Vidal & Lucena 1999:122 [ref. 24269], Azpelicueta 2001:198 [ref. 25639], Britski 2001:20 [ref. 26046], Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:439 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:58 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:83 [ref. 28131], Ribeiro & Lucena 2006:326 [ref. 28962], Ribeiro & Lucena 2006:411 [ref. 28899], Ribeiro & Lucena 2007:77 [ref. 29174], Ferraris 2007:338 [ref. 29155], Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Litz & Koerber 2014:19 [ref. 33622], Sarmiento et al. 2014:170, 192 [ref. 35004], Ramos et al. 2014:4 [ref. 35321], Mirande & Koerber 2015:32 [ref. 35117], Bertaco et al. 2016:420 [ref. 34561], Nión et al. 2016:34 [ref. 35565] with author in parentheses, Koerber et al. 2017:49 [ref. 35267], see DoNascimiento et al. 2017:[24] [ref. 35679], Costa e Silva et al. 2018:105 [ref. 35734], Azevedo-Santos et al. 2019:5 [ref. 36506], Azevedo-Santos et al. 2020:6 [ref. 39606], Reis et al. 2020:469 [ref. 38364], Grant 2021:88 [ref. 38702], Meza-Vargas et al. 2021:23 [ref. 39298]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus maculatus Lacepède 1803. Pimelodidae. Distribution: South America: Paraná and São Francisco River basins (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia and Uruguay); ?Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

microstoma, Pimelodus Steindachner [F.] 1877:604 [46] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 74 (1. Abth.); ref. 4224] Irisanga, rio Mogi-Guaçu drainage, upper rio Paraná, São Paulo State, Brazil. Syntypes: (several) NMW 45823-24 (1, 2). See Ribeiro & Lucena 2007:77 [ref. 29174] for comments on the type locality. •Valid as Pimelodus microstoma Steindachner 1877 -- (Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:440 [ref. 27061], Ribeiro & Lucena 2006:326 [ref. 28962], Ribeiro & Lucena 2007:75 [ref. 29174], Azpelicueta et al. 2008:155 [ref. 29736], Ribeiro & Lucena 2010:277 [ref. 30865], Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Costa e Silva et al. 2018:105 [ref. 35734], Reis et al. 2020:469 [ref. 38364]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus microstoma Steindachner 1877. Pimelodidae. Distribution: South America: upper Paraná River basin (São Paulo, Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

moroti, Arius Valenciennes [A.] 1847:6 [Voyage dans l'Amérique méridionale v. 5 (art. 2); ref. 5010] No locality (= South America). Proposed as a replacement name for Arius albidus Valenciennes; apparently unneeded, as albidus is apparently not preoccupied by either Pimelodus albidus Spix & Agassiz or Pimelodus albidus Lesueur. •Synonym of Pimelodus albicans (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Litz & Koerber 2014:19 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:32 [ref. 35117], Koerber et al. 2017:48 [ref. 35267]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Pimelodus albicans (Valenciennes 1840). Pimelodidae. Habitat: freshwater.

multicratifer, Pimelodus Ribeiro [F. R. V.], Lucena [C. A. S. de] & Oyakawa [O. T.] 2011:128, Figs. 1-2 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 9 (no. 1); ref. 31238] Confluence of the rios Pariquera and Pariquera-Mirim, near mouth to the rio Ribeira de Iguape, Pariquera-Açú, about 24°37'58"S, 47°44'11"W, São Paulo State, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 91287. Paratypes: many at INPA, MCP, MZUSP. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Pimelodus multicratifer Ribeiro, Lucena & Oyakawa 2011 -- (Lucinda et al. 2016:344 [ref. 34916], Costa e Silva et al. 2018:105 [ref. 35734]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus multicratifer Ribeiro, Lucena & Oyakawa 2011. Pimelodidae. Distribution: Rio Ribeira de Iguape basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

muticus, Silurus Larrañaga [D. A.] 1923:386 [Escritos de Don Dámaso Antonio Larrañaga v. 2; ref. 22561] Uruguay. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:337 [ref. 29155]. Also appeared in Devincenzi 1925:322, 308 [ref. 2032]; Devincenzi treated as a synonym of Pimelodus albicans (C. V.) [= Arius albicans Valenciennes 1840]. •Synonym of Pimelodus albicans (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:439 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:337 [ref. 29155], Litz & Koerber 2014:19 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:32 [ref. 35117], Koerber et al. 2017:48 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Synonym of Pimelodus albicans (Valenciennes 1840). Pimelodidae. Habitat: freshwater.

mysteriosus, Pimelodus Azpelicueta [M. de las M.] 1998:88, Figs. 1-3, 5-6, 8, 10, 12, 14 [Neotrópica (La Plata) v. 44 (no. 111-112); ref. 24175] Arroyo Anselmo, Candelaria, Misiones, Argentina. Holotype: MLP 9191. Paratypes: FML 149 (2), 265 (1), 460 (1), 1997 (1); MLP 9190 (2), 9192-95 (2 ea.), 9196 (1, c&s); MZUSP 44403 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:338 [ref. 29155], Miquelarena & Nadalin 2014:17 [ref. 33466]. •Valid as Pimelodus mysteriosus Azpelicueta 1998 -- (Azpelicueta 2001:198 [ref. 25639], López et al. 2002:60 [ref. 26808], Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:440 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:59 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:83 [ref. 28131], Ribeiro & Lucena 2006:326 [ref. 28962], Ferraris 2007:338 [ref. 29155], Souza-Filhol & Shibatta 2007:478 [ref. 29504], Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Mirande & Koerber 2015:32 [ref. 35117], Koerber et al. 2017:49 [ref. 35267], Costa e Silva et al. 2018:105 [ref. 35734], Reis et al. 2020:469 [ref. 38364]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus mysteriosus Azpelicueta 1998. Pimelodidae. Distribution: South America: Paraná River basin (Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay). Habitat: freshwater.

navarroi, Pimelodus grosskopfii Schultz [L. P.] 1944:207, Pl. 1 (fig. C) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 94 (no. 3172); ref. 3959] Río Palmar at bridge 70 kilometers southwest of Maracaibo, Venezuela. Holotype: USNM 121174. Paratypes: MBUCV-V-10934 [ex USNM 121172] (1); MCZ [ex USNM 121173] (1); UMMZ 142489 [ex USNM 121172] (1); USNM 101614 (1), 121172 (17, now 16), 121173 (4, now 3). Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:36 [ref. 19771], Provenzano et al. 1998:14 [ref. 24196], Ferraris 2007:338 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Pimelodus grosskopfii Steindachner 1879, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Burgess 1989:279 [ref. 12860], Galvis et al. 1997:62 [ref. 23651]). •Valid as Pimelodus navarroi Schultz 1944 -- (Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:440 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:338 [ref. 29155], Azpelicueta et al. 2008:159 [ref. 29736], Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Villa-Navarro et al. 2017:340 [ref. 35495], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:94 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus navarroi Schultz 1944. Pimelodidae. Distribution: Lake Maracaibo basin: Colombia and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

ornatus, Pimelodus Kner [R.] 1858:411 [41], Pl. 6 (fig. 18) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 26 (s. 373); ref. 2630] Suriname; Rio Negro and Cuiabá, Brazil. Syntypes: NMW 45832 (2), 45843 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:338 [ref. 29155]. On p. 41 of separate. •Valid as Pimelodus ornatus Kner 1858 -- (Burgess 1989:280 [ref. 12860], Ortega & Vari 1986:15 [ref. 9708], Gómez & Chebez 1996:59 [ref. 23791], Britski et al. 1999:99 [ref. 24147], Le Bail et al. 2000:102 [ref. 24549], López et al. 2003:59 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:83 [ref. 28131], Ribeiro & Lucena 2006:326 [ref. 28962], Ferraris 2007:338 [ref. 29155] dated 1857, Souza-Filhol & Shibatta 2007:478 [ref. 29504], Ribeiro et al. 2008:464 [ref. 29855], Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Lundberg et al. 2012:109 [ref. 31997] and to be removed from Pimelodus (p. 112), Barriga Salazar 2014:114 [ref. 35745], Ramos et al. 2014:4 [ref. 35321], Sarmiento et al. 2014:170, 192 [ref. 35004], Mirande & Koerber 2015:32 [ref. 35117], Lucinda et al. 2016:344 [ref. 34916], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:94 [ref. 35633], Koerber et al. 2017:49 [ref. 35267], Costa e Silva et al. 2018:106 [ref. 35734], Urbano-Bonilla et al. 2018:80 [ref. 35773], Reis et al. 2020:469 [ref. 38364], Silvano et al. 2020:301 [ref. 38135], Grant 2021:90 [ref. 38702], Meza-Vargas et al. 2021:23 [ref. 39298], Koerber et al. 2022:61 [ref. 39235]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus ornatus Kner 1858. Pimelodidae. Distribution: South America: Guyana, Suriname and Amazon River basin (Brazil, Guyana, Peru and Suriname). Habitat: freshwater.

ortmanni, Pimelodus Haseman [J. D.] 1911:379, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 7 (nos 3-4) (19); ref. 2048] Rio Iguaçú at União da Vitória, Paraná State, Brazil. Holotype: FMNH 54240 [ex CM 2856]. Paratypes: CAS 63723 [ex CM 2860; ex IU 13328] (1), FMNH 54241 (5, now 3), 105098-99 (2). Type catalog: Henn 1928:78 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:66 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:338 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pimelodus ortmanni Haseman 1911 -- (Burgess 1989:280 [ref. 12860], Azpelicueta 1995:75 [ref. 21673], Gómez & Chebez 1996:59 [ref. 23791], Azpelicueta 1998:90 [ref. 24175], Azpelicueta 2001:198 [ref. 25639] as ortmani, Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:440 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:59 [ref. 27366], Garavello & Shibatta 2007:286 [ref. 29282], Ferraris 2007:338 [ref. 29155], Azpelicueta et al. 2008:155 [ref. 29736], Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Mirande & Koerber 2015:32 [ref. 35117], Costa e Silva et al. 2018:106 [ref. 35734], Reis et al. 2020:469 [ref. 38364]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus ortmanni Haseman 1911. Pimelodidae. Distribution: South America: Iguaçu River basin (Argentina and Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

pantaneiro, Pimelodus Souza-Filho [H. S.] & Shibatta [O. A.] 2007:474, Figs. 2A-2B [Iheringia, Série Zoologia (Porto Alegre) v. 97 (no. 4); ref. 29504] Bonito (rio Miranda), Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 87808. Paratypes: MZUSP 87809 (3); MZUL 1912 (3), 3398 (3), 3399 (10), 3554 (1), 3599 (4), 6635 (2); NUP 2225 (5); UEL 3567 (1), 3601 (2). Type catalog: Oliveira et al. 2022:32 [ref. 39255]. •Valid as Pimelodus pantaneiro Souza-Filho & Shibatta 2007 -- (Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Costa e Silva et al. 2018:106 [ref. 35734]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus pantaneiro Souza-Filho & Shibatta 2007. Pimelodidae. Distribution: Upper rio Paraguai basin, region of Pantanal, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

pantherinus, Pseudariodes Lütken [C. F.] 1874:192 [3] [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra den Naturhistoriske Forening i Kjøbenhavn, Aaret 1874 (nos 12-16); ref. 17564] Caracas, Venezuela. Syntypes: BMNH 1876.1.10.10 [ex ZMUC] (1), NMW 45851 (1), USNM 44970 (1), ZMB 9180 [ex ZMUC] (1), ZMUC 228-230 (3). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:50 [ref. 9588], Ferraris & Vari 1992:37 [ref. 19771], Silfvergrip & Paepke 1997:171 [ref. 24006], Ferraris 2007:339 [ref. 29155]. On p. 3 of separate. •Species inquirenda in Pimelodus -- (Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:440 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:339 [ref. 29155]). Pimelodidae. Habitat: freshwater.

paranaensis, Pimelodus Britski [H. A.] & Langeani [F.] 1988:410, Figs. 1-2 [Revista Brasileira de Zoologia v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 16222] Ilha Solteira, Rio Paraná, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 23089. Paratypes: MZUSP 2862 (1), 24454 (1), 28422-28430 (9), 28431-28435 (5), 28436-28438 (3). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:338 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pimelodus paranaensis Britski & Langeani 1988 -- (Azpelicueta 1995:75 [ref. 21673] as paranensis, Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:440 [ref. 27061], Ribeiro & Lucena 2006:326 [ref. 28962], Ribeiro & Lucena 2007:77 [ref. 29174], Ferraris 2007:338 [ref. 29155], Azpelicueta et al. 2008:155 [ref. 29736], Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Azpelicueta & Britski 2012:50 [ref. 31850] as paranensis, Costa e Silva et al. 2018:106 [ref. 35734], Reis et al. 2020:469 [ref. 38364]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus paranaensis Britski & Langeani 1988. Pimelodidae. Distribution: South America: upper Paraná River basin (Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

pictus, Pimelodus Steindachner [F.] 1876:144 [96] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 74 (1. Abth.); ref. 4225] Rio Hyavary, Peru-Brazil border. Syntypes: (several) ?MCZ 7204 (2), NMW 45859 (3). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:338 [ref. 29155]. On p. 96 of separate. •Valid as Pimelodus pictus Steindachner 1876 -- (Burgess 1989:280 [ref. 12860], Ortega & Vari 1986:15 [ref. 9708], Ribeiro & Lucena 2006:326 [ref. 28962], Ferraris 2007:338 [ref. 29155], Rocha & Ribeiro 2010:63 [ref. 37000], Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Barriga Salazar 2014:114 [ref. 35745], Sarmiento et al. 2014:170, 192 [ref. 35004], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:94 [ref. 35633], Costa e Silva et al. 2018:106 [ref. 35734], Grant 2021:92 [ref. 38702], Meza-Vargas et al. 2021:23 [ref. 39298], Martínez et al. 2022:3 [ref. 39275]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus pictus Steindachner 1876. Pimelodidae. Distribution: South America: Amazon and Orinoco River basins (Brazil, Ecuador, Bolivia, Colombia, Peru and Venezuela). Habitat: freshwater.

pintado, Pimelodus Azpelicueta [M. de las M.], Lundberg [J. G.] & Loureiro [M.] 2008:150, Figs. 2-3 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 157; ref. 29736] Río Cebollatí in Paso de Averías, close to bridge of Ruta 14, 33°36'49"S, 54°19'50"W, Merín-Patos System, Departamento Rocha, Uruguay. Holotype: ZVC P 6482. Paratypes: AI 225 (1), 224 (1); ANSP 54060 (1), 187381 (3); MHNM 3217 (1); NRM 48001 (4); ZVC-P-6483 (5), P-6484 (1). Plus a non-type skeleton. Type catalog: Loureiro et al. 2016:412, 414 [ref. 35150]. •Valid as Pimelodus pintado Azpelicueta, Lundberg & Loureiro 2008 -- (Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Litz & Koerber 2014:19 [ref. 33622], Bertaco et al. 2016:420 [ref. 34561], Nión et al. 2016:34 [ref. 35565], Costa e Silva et al. 2018:106 [ref. 35734]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus pintado Azpelicueta, Lundberg & Loureiro 2008. Pimelodidae. Distribution: Rivers draining into Laguna Merín, Laguna dos Patos system, Uruguay. Habitat: freshwater.

piscatrix, Pseudorhamdia Cope [E. D.] 1870:569 [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 11; ref. 914] Pebas, Peru. Syntypes: ANSP 8386-87 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:142 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:337 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Pimelodus blochii Valenciennes 1840 -- (Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:439 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:337 [ref. 29155], Grant 2021:86 [ref. 38702]). Current status: Synonym of Pimelodus blochii Valenciennes 1840. Pimelodidae. Habitat: freshwater.

platicirris, Pimelodus Borodin [N. A.] 1927:2 [American Museum Novitates No. 271; ref. 15778] Salto de Pirassunungo, Rio Mogy Guassu, São Paulo Province, Brazil. Holotype (unique): AMNH 8628. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:339 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Pimelodus platicirris Borodin 1927 -- (Burgess 1989:280 [ref. 12860], Azpelicueta 2001:198 [ref. 25639], Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:440 [ref. 27061], Ribeiro & Lucena 2007:77 [ref. 29174], Ferraris 2007:339 [ref. 29155], Azpelicueta et al. 2008:155 [ref. 29736], Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Costa e Silva et al. 2018:106 [ref. 35734]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus platicirris Borodin 1927. Pimelodidae. Distribution: Paraná River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

pohli, Pimelodus Ribeiro [F. R. V.] & Lucena [C. A. S. de] 2006:412, Figs. 1-2 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 4 (no. 4); ref. 28899] Rio São Francisco drainage, rio Pará, 19°13'28"S, 45°56'07"W, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Holotype: MCP 38775. Paratypes: MCP 14061 (1), 16661 (6), 16671 (7, 2 c&s), 16668 (4), 37078 (8), 37339 (1), 38776 (4); MZUSP 24704 (2), 28782 (1), 39320 (6). •Valid as Pimelodus pohli Ribeiro & Lucena 2006 -- (Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Costa e Silva et al. 2018:106 [ref. 35734], Silva et al. 2020:12 [ref. 37809]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus pohli Ribeiro & Lucena 2006. Pimelodidae. Distribution: South America: São Francisco River drainage (Minas Gerais and Bahia, Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

punctatum, Megalonema Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1913:77 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 10 (no. 8); ref. 12295] Río Tuyra, Boca de Cupe, Panama. Holotype: FMNH 7577. Paratypes: USNM 78279 (2). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:55 [ref. 12367], Ferraris & Vari 1992:34 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:339 [ref. 29155].. Ferraris & Vari 1992:34 [ref. 19771] remark: probable paratypes; original description specifically cited only type but is based on more than one specimen. •Valid as Pimelodus punctatus (Meek & Hildebrand 1913) -- (Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:440 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:339 [ref. 29155], Azpelicueta et al. 2008:159 [ref. 29736], Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Villa-Navarro et al. 2017:348 [ref. 35495], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:94 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus punctatus (Meek & Hildebrand 1913). Pimelodidae. Distribution: Colombia and Panama. Habitat: freshwater.

quadratus, Pimelodus Lucinda [P. H. F.], Ribeiro [F. R. V.] & Lucena [C. A. S. de] 2016:339, Figs. 1, 2b [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 27 (no. 4) for Dec.; ref. 34916] Porto Nacional, rio Tocantins, Tocantins State, Brazil, 10°35'50"S, 48°24'21"W. Holotype: MCP 42419. Paratypes: MCP, UNT. •Valid as Pimelodus quadratus Lucinda, Ribeiro & Lucena 2016 -- (Costa e Silva et al. 2018:106 [ref. 35734]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus quadratus Lucinda, Ribeiro & Lucena 2016. Pimelodidae. Distribution: Middle Rio Tocantins drainage, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

rhabdostigma, Megalonema Fowler [H. W.] 1914:256, Fig. 10 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 66; ref. 1390] Rupununi River, Guyana, 2°-3°N, 50°20'W. Holotype (unique): ANSP 39338. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:142 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:338 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Pimelodus ornatus Kner 1858 -- (Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:440 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:338 [ref. 29155], Mirande & Koerber 2015:32 [ref. 35117], Koerber et al. 2017:49 [ref. 35267], Grant 2021:90 [ref. 38702]). Current status: Synonym of Pimelodus ornatus Kner 1858. Pimelodidae. Habitat: freshwater.

rigidus, Pimelodus Spix [J. B. von] & Agassiz [L.] 1829:19, Pl. 7 (fig. 2) [Selecta genera et species piscium quos in itinere per Brasiliam; ref. 13] Equatorial Brazil [= lower Amazon basin]. Holotype: No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:339 [ref. 29155]. •Species inquirenda in Pimelodus -- (Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:440 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:339 [ref. 29155]). Pimelodidae. Habitat: freshwater.

robustum, Megalonema Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1913:78 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 10 (no. 8); ref. 12295] Río Tuyra [Tuira], Marriganti, Panama. Holotype: FMNH 7578. Paratypes: FMNH 26657-58 (2), 26659 (1); USNM 78278 (1, tail missing). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:55 [ref. 12367], Ferraris & Vari 1992:34 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:339 [ref. 29155].. •Synonym of Pimelodus punctatus (Meek & Hildebrand 1913) -- (Lundberg & Littmann in Reis et al. 2003:440 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:339 [ref. 29155], Villa-Navarro et al. 2017:348 [ref. 35495]). Current status: Synonym of Pimelodus punctatus (Meek & Hildebrand 1913). Pimelodidae. Habitat: freshwater.

speciosus, Pimelodus Costa e Silva [T.], Ribeiro [F. R. V.], Lucena [C. A. S. de] & Lucinda [P. H. F.] 2018:99, Figs. 1,2, 4 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 28 (no. 2); ref. 35734] Rio Tocantins below confluence with rio Santa Tereza, Peixe, Tocantins, Brazil, 11°46'49"S, 48°37'06"W. Holotype: MCP 51687. Paratypes: MCP, MNRJ, MZUSP, UFOPA, UNT. •Valid as Pimelodus speciosus Costa e Silva, Ribeiro, Lucena & Lucinda 2018. Current status: Valid as Pimelodus speciosus Costa e Silva, Ribeiro, Lucena & Lucinda 2018. Pimelodidae. Distribution: Middle Tocantins River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

stewarti, Pimelodus Ribeiro [F. R. V.], Lucena [C. A. S. de] & Lucinda [P. H. F.] 2008:456, Fig. 1 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 6 (no. 3); ref. 29855] Rio Paranã, near lagoa Verde, about 12°30'S, 48°12'W, Paranã, Tocantins, Brazil. Holotype: MCP 41737. Paratypes: MCP 41920 (5); UNT 5642 (38, 1 c&s), 5649 (2), 5748 (1), 5754 (8), 5756 (2), 5766 (2), 5798 (1), 5801 (1), 5856 (3). •Valid as Pimelodus stewarti Ribeiro, Lucena & Lucinda 2008 -- (Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Costa e Silva et al. 2018:106 [ref. 35734]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus stewarti Ribeiro, Lucena & Lucinda 2008. Pimelodidae. Distribution: Tocantins River drainage, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

tetramerus, Pimelodus Ribeiro [F. R. V.] & Lucena [C. A. S. de] 2006:322, Figs. 1-3 [Iheringia, Série Zoologia (Porto Alegre) v. 96 (no. 3); ref. 28962] Rio Palmeiras, drenagem do rio Tocantins, Ponte Alta do Bom Jesus, 12°15'43"S, 46°53'36"W, Tocantins, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 85809. Paratypes: MZUSP 34514 (2), 24620 (10), 35828 (2), 40439 (2), 54085 (2), 62812 (1), 63045 (3), 83811 (1), 83813 (2 c&s), 84004 (3), 85810 (1); MCP 35830 (2) •Valid as Pimelodus tetramerus Ribeiro & Lucena 2006 -- (Ribeiro et al. 2008:464 [ref. 29855], Ribeiro et al. 2011:128 [ref. 31238], Lucinda et al. 2016:344 [ref. 34916], Costa e Silva et al. 2018:106 [ref. 35734], Silvano et al. 2020:300 [ref. 38135], Grant 2021:94 [ref. 38702] as cf. tetramerus, Meza-Vargas et al. 2021:23 [ref. 39298]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus tetramerus Ribeiro & Lucena 2006. Pimelodidae. Distribution: South America: Tapajós and Tocantins rivers (Brazil); Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

yuma, Pimelodus Villa-Navarro [F. A.] & Acero P. [A.] in Villa-Navarro, Acero P. & Cala 2017:350, Fig. 12 [Zootaxa 4299 (no. 3); ref. 35495] Puerto Caracolí, río Magdalena, Honda, Tolima, Colombia, 05°14'06"N, 74°49'04"W. Holotype: CZUT-IC 8525. Paratypes: AMNH, ANSP, CZUT-IC, FMNH, IAVHP; ICNMHN 11733 (3), 11543 (17); IMCN, USNM. Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Mojica & Agudelo-Zamora 2018:49 [ref. 36127]. •Valid as Pimelodus yuma Villa-Navarro & Acero P. 2017 -- (DoNascimiento et al. 2017:94 [ref. 35633], Martínez et al. 2022:3 [ref. 39275]). Current status: Valid as Pimelodus yuma Villa-Navarro & Acero P. 2017. Pimelodidae. Distribution: South America: Cauca, Magdalena and Sinú River drainages (Colombia). Habitat: freshwater.


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