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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Pseudogramma: [ 20 ] records


astigmum, Pseudogramma Randall [J. E.] & Baldwin [C. C.] 1997:14, Pl. 1 (fig. B) [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 26; ref. 22812] Cave in reef at drop-off, western side of Keroy (Rigili) Islet, Enewetak Atoll, Marshall Islands, depth 10-12 meters. Holotype: BPBM 18387. Paratypes: AMS I.37618-001 (2); BMNH 1996.6.27.2 (1); BPBM 9506 (1), 24128 (1), 32466 (1); CAS 33131 (1); ROM 56691 (3), 56692-94 (1, 1, 2); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 35159 (1), 35170 (1), 46036 (1); USNM 223566 (1), 242123 (1), 259005-06 (1, 1), 259063-64 (1, 1), 342818 (1). Pseudogramma is feminine, so name should be astigma. •Valid as Pseudogramma astigmum Randall & Baldwin 1997 -- (Randall & Kunzmann 1998:480 [ref. 23919], Myers 1999:118 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2473 [ref. 24815], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:161 [ref. 25813], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Randall 2005:170 [ref. 28239], Hoese et al. 2006:1028 [ref. 28999], Allen & Erdmann 2012:309 [ref. 31980]). •Valid as Pseudogramma astigma Randall & Baldwin 1997 -- (Fricke et al. 2011:387 [ref. 31242], Prokofiev 2019:425 [ref. 36810], Parenti & Randall 2020:97 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudogramma astigma Randall & Baldwin 1997. Serranidae: Epinephelinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Comoro Islands, Papua New Guinea to Marshall Islands and American Samoa. Habitat: marine.

australis, Pseudogramma Randall [J. E.] & Baldwin [C. C.] 1997:19 [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 26; ref. 22812] Easter Island, offshore from Ahu Akapu, rocky substratum, 21.5 m depth. Holotype: BPBM 6623 [not BPBM 13531]. Paratypes: AMS I.37619-001 (1), BMNH 1996.6.27.1 (1); BPBM 13531 (1), 13974 (2), 16444 (1), 16893 (1), 37393 (4); CAS 13531 (1), 87907 (1); SAIAB 41659 (1); USNM 327795 (3), 303170 (2). The authors listed BPBM 6623 as holotype of the species australis, and then (p. 23) treated that specimen as the type of P. australis pasquensis rather than the nominate subspecies P. australis australis; they selected another specimen (BPBM 13531) as the type of P. australis australis. According to ICZN Art. 61.2.1, the fixation for the taxon at higher rank takes precedence [i.e. BPBM 6623]. P. australis was restricted by Randall et al. 2002 [ref. 26441] to Easter Island populations; some paratypes now belong to P. xantha. •Valid as Pseudogramma australis australis Randall & Baldwin 1997 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1999:2473 [ref. 24815]). •Valid as Pseudogramma australis Randall & Baldwin 1997 -- (Randall 1999:12 [ref. 25829], Prokofiev 2019:425 [ref. 36810], Parenti & Randall 2020:97 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudogramma australis Randall & Baldwin 1997. Serranidae: Epinephelinae. Distribution: South Pacific: Easter Island. Habitat: marine.

axelrodi, Pseudogramma Allen [G. R.] & Robertson [D. R.] 1995:73, Fig. 1 [Tropical Fish Hobbyist v. 44 (no. 1); ref. 21665] Clipperton Island, about 10°18'N, 109°13'W, depth 15-30 meters. Holotype: WAM P.30995-001. Paratypes: USNM 337446 (10), WAM P.30995-002 (5). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:22 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Pseudogramma axelrodi Allen & Robertson 1995 -- (Randall & Baldwin 1997:23 [ref. 22812], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:161 [ref. 25813], Prokofiev 2019:427 [ref. 36810], Parenti & Randall 2020:98 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudogramma axelrodi Allen & Robertson 1995. Serranidae: Epinephelinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Clipperton Island (France). Habitat: marine.

bermudensis, Rhegma Kanazawa [R. H.] 1952:82, Fig. 11 [Fieldiana Zoology v. 34 (no. 7); ref. 12780] South side beaches, Bermuda [washed ashore]. Holotype: FMNH 48924. Paratypes: FMNH 49128 (1), 105535 [ex FMNH 48924] (3); USNM 157365 [ex FMNH 48924] (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:75 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Pseudogramma bermudensis (Kanazawa 1952) -- (Cervigón 1991:380 [ref. 24472]). •Synonym of Pseudogramma gregoryi (Breder 1927) -- (Randall & Baldwin 1997:28 [ref. 22812], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:217 [ref. 25013], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Wirtz et al. 2007:10 [ref. 30263], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2402 [ref. 34618], Parenti & Randall 2020:98 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudogramma gregoryi (Breder 1927). Serranidae: Epinephelinae. Habitat: marine.

brederi, Rhegma Hildebrand [S. F.] in Longley & Hildebrand 1940:244, Fig. 11 [Papers Tortugas Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington v. 32; ref. 2822] Western Indian Ocean. Incorrect: Exact locality unknown, evidently from a bird rookery, Tortugas, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 108865. •Synonym of Pseudogramma polyacanthum (Bleeker 1856) -- (Randall & Baldwin 1997:39 [ref. 22812]). •Synonym of Pseudogramma polyacantha (Bleeker 1856). •Valid as Pseudogramma brederi (Hildebrand 1940) -- (Williams & Viviani 2016:253 [ref. 34442], Parenti & Randall 2020:98 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudogramma brederi (Hildebrand 1940). Serranidae: Epinephelinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Agalega Islands, Mauritius and Reunion; western Pacific: Taiwan, Ogasawara Islands, Hawaii, Johnston Island, Marquesas Islands, Tuamotu Archipelago, Rapa, Tonga, Royalty Islands, Vanuatu. Habitat: marine.

cernunnos, Pseudogramma Prokofiev [A. M.] 2019:425, Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 59 (no. 3); ref. 36810] Bay of Bengal, 6°40'04"N, 93°52'06"E, depth 52 meters. Holotype (unique): IOM 3582. •Valid as Pseudogramma cernunnos Prokofiev 2019 -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:98 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudogramma cernunnos Prokofiev 2019. Serranidae: Epinephelinae. Distribution: Northeastern Indian Ocean: Bay of Bengal. Habitat: marine.

diagramma, Pseudorhegma Schultz [L. P.] 1966:193, Fig. (p. 193) [Ichthyologica, the Aquarium Journal v. 37 (no. 4); ref. 3973] Hawaii Islands, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 160672. •Synonym of Pseudogramma polyacanthum (Bleeker 1856) -- (Randall & Baldwin 1997:39 [ref. 22812]). •Synonym of Pseudogramma brederi (Hildebrand 1940) -- (Williams & Viviani 2016:253 [ref. 34442], Parenti & Randall 2020:98 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudogramma brederi (Hildebrand 1940). Serranidae: Epinephelinae. Habitat: marine.

erythreum, Pseudogramma Randall [J. E.] & Baldwin [C. C.] 1997:25, Pl. 1 (fig. D) [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 26; ref. 22812] Northern side, Caban Island [off southwestern Luzon, Batangas], Philippines, 13°39'N 120°50'E. Holotype (unique): BPBM 22233. Pseudogramma is feminine, so name should be erythrea. •Valid as Pseudogramma erythreum Randall & Baldwin 1997 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1999:2473 [ref. 24815], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:161 [ref. 25813], Allen & Erdmann 2012:310 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33932]). •Valid as Pseudogramma erythrea Randall & Baldwin 1997 -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:98 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudogramma erythrea Randall & Baldwin 1997. Serranidae: Epinephelinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines to Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

galzini, Pseudogramma Williams [J. T.] & Viviani [J.] 2016:256, Fig. 8 [Zootaxa 4111 (no. 3); ref. 34442] Kouaku Island, on SE side of archipelago, small surge channel in outer reef, Gambier Archipelago, depth 15-20 meters. Holotype: USNM 402553. Paratypes: USNM. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Pseudogramma galzini Williams & Viviani 2016 -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:98 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudogramma galzini Williams & Viviani 2016. Serranidae: Epinephelinae. Distribution: South Pacific: Gambier, Rapa and Austral Islands. Habitat: marine.

gregoryi, Caribrhegma Breder [C. M., Jr.] 1927:44, Fig. 22 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 1 (art. 1); ref. 635] Glovers Reef, Belize. Holotype: YPM 476. Paratypes: USNM 117797 (1), YPM 221 (orig. 2, now 1). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:25 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Pseudogramma gregoryi (Breder 1927) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:146 [ref. 23100], Randall & Baldwin 1997:28 [ref. 22812], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:217 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:157 [ref. 27754], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:161 [ref. 25813], Collette et al. 2003:107 [ref. 26784], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Smith et al. 2003:24 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], Wirtz et al. 2007:10 [ref. 30263], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:42 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:6 [ref. 33516], Pinheiro et al. 2015:15 [ref. 34324], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2402 [ref. 34618], Prokofiev 2019:425 [ref. 36810], Parenti & Randall 2020:98 [ref. 37354], Pimentel et al. 2020:6 [ref. 38051]). Current status: Valid as Pseudogramma gregoryi (Breder 1927). Serranidae: Epinephelinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bermuda south to Colombia, including Fernando de Noronho Archipelago (Brazil); southern-central Atlantic: Ascension Island. Habitat: marine.

guineensis, Rhegma Norman [J. R.] 1935:10, Fig. 2 [Discovery Reports v. 12; ref. 13911] Off Annobón Island, Equatorial Guinea, Gulf of Guinea. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1935.5.11.50. •Valid as Pseudogramma guineensis (Norman 1935) -- (Randall & Baldwin 1997:31 [ref. 22812], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:161 [ref. 25813], Wirtz et al. 2007:10, 30 [ref. 30263], Wirtz et al. 2013:122 [ref. 32972], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2403 [ref. 34618], Reiner 2019:174 [ref. 38139], Parenti & Randall 2020:98 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudogramma guineensis (Norman 1935). Serranidae: Epinephelinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Cape Verde Islands, and São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

hawaiiensis, Pseudogramma polyacanthum Randall [J. E.] & Baldwin [C. C.] 1997:42 [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 26; ref. 22812] Ke'ei, Hawaii Islands. Holotype: BPBM 28742. Pseudogramma is feminine, so name should be polyacantha. •Synonym of Pseudogramma polyacantha (Bleeker 1856), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Mundy 2005:350 [ref. 28379] as polyacantha). •Synonym of Pseudogramma brederi (Hildebrand 1940) -- (Williams & Viviani 2016:253 [ref. 34442], Parenti & Randall 2020:98 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudogramma brederi (Hildebrand 1940). Serranidae: Epinephelinae. Habitat: marine.

megamycterum, Pseudogramma Randall [J. E.] & Baldwin [C. C.] 1997:32, Pl. 1 (fig. F) [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 26; ref. 22812] Off desalination plant, Eilat, Israel, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea, depth 15 meters. Holotype: BPBM 18289. Paratypes: BPBM 37115 (1), USNM 231347 (1). Pseudogramma is feminine, so name should be megamyctera. •Valid as Pseudogramma megamycterum Randall & Baldwin 1997 -- (Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:161 [ref. 25813], Allen & Erdmann 2012:310 [ref. 31980], DiBattista et al. 2015:19 [ref. 35706]). •Valid as Pseudogramma megamyctera Randall & Baldwin 1997 -- (Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[4] 242 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:66 [ref. 36273], Prokofiev 2019:425 [ref. 36810], Parenti & Randall 2020:99 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudogramma megamyctera Randall & Baldwin 1997. Serranidae: Epinephelinae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Pacific: West Papua (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

pasquensis, Pseudogramma australis Randall [J. E.] & Baldwin [C. C.] 1997:23, Pl. 1 (fig. C) [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 26; ref. 22812] Easter Island, offshore from Ahu Akapu, rocky substratum, 21.5 m depth. Holotype: BPBM 6623. Additional non-type material: AMS I.37619-001 (1); BPBM 6620-21 (2, 1), 13531 (1); CAS 87907 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 41659 (1); USNM 303170 (2). The holotype listed on p. 19 and all additional specimens from Easter Island on p. 19 belong to pasquensis but are not types of Pseudogramma australis australis. Instead of naming the Easter Island subspecies, P. a. australis, Randall & Baldwin named it P. a. pasquensis. •Synonym of Pseudogramma australis Randall & Baldwin 1997, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:160 [ref. 25813]). •Synonym of Pseudogramma australis Randall & Baldwin 1997 -- (Randall et al. 2002:2 [ref. 26441], Parenti & Randall 2020:97 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudogramma australis Randall & Baldwin 1997. Serranidae: Epinephelinae. Habitat: marine.

paucilepis, Pseudogramma Williams [J. T.] & Viviani [J.] 2016:254, Fig. 7 [Zootaxa 4111 (no. 3); ref. 34442] Tubuai south end, outer reef slope with dense coral, Austral Islands, depth 18-22 meters. Holotype: USNM 423375. Paratypes: USNM. •Valid as Pseudogramma paucilepis Williams & Viviani 2016 -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:99 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudogramma paucilepis Williams & Viviani 2016. Serranidae: Epinephelinae. Distribution: South Pacific: Gambier Archipelago and Austral Islands. Habitat: marine.

pectoralis, Pseudogramma Randall [J. E.] & Baldwin [C. C.] 1997:35, Pl. 1 (fig. G) [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 26; ref. 22812] Augulpelu Reef, 7°16'N, 134°32'E, Palau Islands, depth 34-52 meters. Holotype: BPBM 9447. Paratypes: USNM 3242077 (1). •Valid as Pseudogramma pectoralis Randall & Baldwin 1997 -- (Myers 1999:118 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2473 [ref. 24815], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:161 [ref. 25813], Allen & Erdmann 2012:310 [ref. 31980], Parenti & Randall 2020:99 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudogramma pectoralis Randall & Baldwin 1997. Serranidae: Epinephelinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines and Palau. Habitat: marine.

polyacanthus, Pseudochromis Bleeker [P.] 1856:375 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 10; ref. 16853] Ternate, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH (not found). •Valid as Pseudogramma polyacantha [sometimes as polyacanthum or polyacanthus, and sometimes as a valid subspecies] (Bleeker 1856) -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:140 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:542 [ref. 5712], Allen & Swainston 1988:60 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:523 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:27 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:123 [ref. 15987], Randall & Baldwin 1997:39 [ref. 22812], Allen 1997:94 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:123 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:118 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:214 [ref. 24106], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2473 [ref. 24815], Randall 1999:12 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:731 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Randall & Earle 2000:12 [ref. 25806], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:161 [ref. 25813], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:731 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:622 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:55 [ref. 27510], Lobel & Lobel 2004:70 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:12 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3319 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:170 [ref. 28239], Hoese et al. 2006:1028 [ref. 28999], Randall 2007:198 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:49 [ref. 30213], Motomura in Motomura & Satapoomin 2009:94 [ref. 30492] as polyacanthum, Fricke et al. 2011:387 [ref. 31242], Hubert et al. 2012:4 [ref. 31846], Allen & Erdmann 2012:310 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:103 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33932], Williams & Viviani 2016:247 [ref. 34442], Koeda et al. 2016:29 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:158 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:29 [ref. 36883], Fricke et al. 2019:126 [ref. 36673], Prokofiev 2019:425 [ref. 36810], Parenti & Randall 2020:99 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudogramma polyacantha (Bleeker 1856). Serranidae: Epinephelinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, East Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands, northern Line Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to Ryukyu Islands (Japan), south to Western Australia, New Caledonia, Lord Howe Island and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

samoensis, Gnathypops Fowler [H. W.] & Silvester [C. F.] 1922:118, Fig. 1 [Carnegie Institution of Washington Publications v. 18 (no. 312); ref. 15447] Cove south of Aua village, 100 feet northwest of Dr. Mayor's "Aua line", Pago Pago, American Samoa. Holotype: ANSP 50563. Paratypes: ANSP 50564 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:135 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Pseudogramma polyacantha (Bleeker 1856) -- (Randall & Baldwin 1997:39 [ref. 22812] as polyacanthum, Williams & Viviani 2016:247 [ref. 34442], Parenti & Randall 2020:99 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudogramma polyacantha (Bleeker 1856). Serranidae: Epinephelinae. Habitat: marine.

thaumasium, Rhegma Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Evermann 1900:3170 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2446] Panama (Pacific). Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 5978. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:70 [ref. 12291]. Author is C. H. Gilbert. Holotype figured in Gilbert & Starks 1904, Pl. 15 (fig. 31) [ref. 1639]. •Valid as Pseudogramma thaumasium (Gilbert 1900) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:118 [ref. 22193], Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1577 [ref. 22830], Randall & Baldwin 1997:45 [ref. 22812], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:332 [ref. 24023], Thomson et al. 2000:102 [ref. 25640], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:161 [ref. 25813], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708]). •Valid as Pseudogramma thaumasia (Gilbert 1900) -- (Fourriére et al. 2016:444 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:608 [ref. 34923], Prokofiev 2019:427 [ref. 36810], Parenti & Randall 2020:99 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudogramma thaumasia (Gilbert 1900). Serranidae: Epinephelinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California (Mexico) south to Colombia. Habitat: marine.

xanthum, Pseudogramma Randall [J. E.], Baldwin [C. C.] & Williams [J. T.] 2002:3 [Zootaxa No. 40; ref. 26441] Small cave on northern side, Temoe Atoll, Gambier Group, Tuamotu Archipelago, depth 41 meters. Holotype: BPBM 13531. Additional non-type material: BMNH 1996.6.27.1 (1); BPBM 13974 (2), 16444 (1), 16893 (1), 37393 (4); CAS 13531 (1); USNM 327795 (3). Proposed as a replacement name for Pseudogramma australis australis Randall & Baldwin 1997, preoccupied by Pseudogramma australis Randall & Baldwin 1997; see also remarks under Pseudogramma australis. Pseudogramma is feminine, so name should be xantha. •Valid as Pseudogramma xanthum Randall, Baldwin & Williams 2002 -- (Randall et al. 2004:12 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:171 [ref. 28239]). •Valid as Pseudogramma xantha Randall, Baldwin & Williams 2002 -- (Williams & Viviani 2016:258 [ref. 34442], Prokofiev 2019:425 [ref. 36810], Parenti & Randall 2020:99 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudogramma xantha Randall, Baldwin & Williams 2002. Serranidae: Epinephelinae. Distribution: Western Pacific, South Pacific: Ha'apai Group, Tonga; Cook Islands, Gambier and Austral Islands, Temoe Atoll and Pitcairn. Habitat: marine.