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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Rineloricaria: [ 74 ] records


aequalicuspis, Rineloricaria Reis [R. E.] & Cardoso [A. R.] 2001:324, Figs. 3-5 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 12 (no. 4); ref. 25718] Rio Três Forquilhas, opposite to church of Vila Itati, 29°30'43"S, 50°05'31"W, Terra de Areia, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Holotype: MCP 25852. Paratypes: MCP 10794-95 (1, 24), 14154 (3), 14238 (4), 14262 (3), 14817 (5), 21083 (4), 21086 (16), 21104 (7), 21338 (26), 23684 (24), 25299 (15), 25309 (28), 25318 (55), 25342 (11); MZUSP 27654-56 (1, 1, 1); UMMZ 143278-80 (6, 5, 4), 143288 (3); ZMA 119086 (7), 119088 (2). Plus additional material. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:293 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Rineloricaria aequalicuspis Reis & Cardoso 2001 -- (Isbrücker 2002:29 [ref. 27178], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:341 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:293 [ref. 29155], Ghazzi 2008:101 [ref. 29636], Bertaco et al. 2016:419 [ref. 34561]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria aequalicuspis Reis & Cardoso 2001. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Três Forquilhas and Maquiné River basins, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

altipinnis, Loricaria Breder [C. M., Jr.] 1925:1, Figs. 1-2 [American Museum Novitates No. 180; ref. 15531] Río Chico, Darien, Panama. Holotype: AMNH 8404. Paratypes: AMNH 22720-23 (2, 1, 1, 7). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:245 [ref. 29155]. Genus is correctly Rineloricaria. •Valid as Hemiloricaria altipinnis (Breder 1925) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:23 [ref. 25649], Isbrücker 2001:27, 29 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:17 [ref. 27178], Ferraris 2007:245 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Rineloricaria altipinnis (Breder 1925) -- (Isbrücker 1980:103 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:87 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:441 [ref. 12860], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:341 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria altipinnis (Breder 1925). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Chico River basin, Panama. Habitat: freshwater.

anhaguapitan, Rineloricaria Ghazzi [M. S.] 2008:106, Fig. 4 [Iheringia, Série Zoologia (Porto Alegre) v. 98 (no. 1); ref. 29636] Coxilha, rio Butiá na Granja, Tagliari, afluente do rio Passo Fundo, entre Rios, ca 28°05;'S, 52°28'W, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Holotype: MCP 21070. Paratypes: many at MCP. •Valid as Rineloricaria anhaguapitan Ghazzi 2008 -- (Bertaco et al. 2016:419 [ref. 34561]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria anhaguapitan Ghazzi 2008. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Tributaries of the Passo Fundo River, upper Uruguay River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

anitae, Rineloricaria Ghazzi [M. S.] 2008:105, Fig. 3 [Iheringia, Série Zoologia (Porto Alegre) v. 98 (no. 1); ref. 29636] Campos Novos, rio Canoas entre Vargem Grande e São José do Cerrito, 27°33'S, 50°53'W, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Holotype: MCP 19685. Paratypes: MCP 12342 (4), 12764 (1). •Valid as Rineloricaria anitae Ghazzi 2008 -- (Bertaco et al. 2016:419 [ref. 34561]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria anitae Ghazzi 2008. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Tributaries of the Canoas River, Uruguay River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

aurata, Hemiloricaria Knaack [J.] 2002:56, Figs. [Aquaristik aktuell (Germany) 1/2002; ref. 27493] Mouth of a small branch of Rio Aquidaban, stretch Loreto - San Carlos, at the border to Brazil, Depto. de Concepcion, Paraguray, 23°03.693'S, 57°23.572'W. Holotype: ZMA 123591 or 123592. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:245 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Hemiloricaria aurata Knaack 2003 -- (Ferraris 2007:245 [ref. 29155] dated 2002). •Valid as Rineloricaria aurata (Knaack 2002) -- (Vera-Alcaraz et al. 2012:288 [ref. 32034], Koerber et al. 2017:66 [ref. 35267], Dickens 2019:172 [ref. 37135]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria aurata (Knaack 2002). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: South America: Paraguay. Habitat: freshwater.

baliola, Rineloricaria Rodriguez [M. S.] & Reis [R. E.] 2008:344, Fig. 11 [Copeia 2008 (no. 2); ref. 29630] Fortaleza dos Valos, creek tributary to Ro Ingaí about 300 meters southwest of Fazenda Colorados, 28°54'29"S, 53°17'08"W, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Holotype: MCP 39922. Paratypes: many at MAPA, MCP, MLP, MACN-Ict. Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Miquelarena & Nadalin 2014:13 [ref. 33466], Loureiro et al. 2016:412 [ref. 35150] with a paratype. •Valid as Rineloricaria baliola Rodriguez & Reis 2008 -- (Litz & Koerber 2014:27 [ref. 33622], Bertaco et al. 2016:419 [ref. 34561]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria baliola Rodriguez & Reis 2008. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Laguna dos Patos drainage, southern Brazil, and Uruguay. Habitat: freshwater.

beni, Loricaria Pearson [N. E.] 1924:25, Pl. 5 (fig. 4) [Indiana University Studies v. 11 (no. 64); ref. 3396] Lake Rogoagua, Río Beni Basin, upper Amazon River basin, Bolivia. Holotype: CAS 28772 [ex IU 17016]. Paratypes: CAS 61029 [ex IU 17016] (now 1), UMMZ 66482 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:245 [ref. 29155]. Holotype established in caption to Pl. 5, type, no. 17016, 78 mm. •Valid as Hemiloricaria beni (Pearson 1924) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:23 [ref. 25649], Isbrücker 2001:27, 29 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:17 [ref. 27178], Knaack 2002:59 [ref. 27493], Ferraris 2007:245 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Rineloricaria beni (Pearson 1924) -- (Isbrücker 1980:103 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:87 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:441 [ref. 12860], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:341 [ref. 27061], Sarmiento et al. 2014:192 [ref. 35004]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria beni (Pearson 1924). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Beni River basin, Bolivia. Habitat: freshwater.

bransfordi, Loricaria Gill [T. N.] 1877:338 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 28 (for 1876); ref. 17633] Empire Station, Panama. Holotype (unique): USNM 16673. Type catalog: Ferraris & Vari 1992:28 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:240 [ref.29155]. •Synonym of Fonchiiichthys uracanthus (Kner & Steindachner 1863) -- (Isbrücker 2001:29 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:21 [ref. 27178], Ferraris 2007:240 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Rineloricaria uracantha (Kner 1863) -- (Isbrücker 1980:110 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:87 [ref. 5522], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:344 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Rineloricaria uracantha (Kner 1863). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Habitat: freshwater.

cacerensis, Loricaria Miranda Ribeiro [A. de] 1912:11 [Loricariidae, Callichthyidae, Doradidae e Trichomycteridae Annexo no. 5; ref. 3718] Caceres, Matto Grosso, Rio Paraguay drainage, Brazil. Lectotype: MNRJ 645A. Paralectotypes: MNRJ 645 (2). Type catalog: Miranda Ribeiro 1955:400 [ref. 12732], Ferraris 2007:245 [ref. 29155]. Lectotype selected by Miranda Ribeiro 1953:400 [ref. 12732] [but perhaps specimen not isolated]. •Valid as Hemiloricaria cacerensis (Miranda Ribeiro 1912) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:23 [ref. 25649], Isbrücker 2001:27, 29 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:17 [ref. 27178], Ferraris 2007:245 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Rineloricaria cacerensis (Miranda Ribeiro 1912) -- (Isbrücker 1980:104 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:87 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Britski et al. 1999:130 [ref. 24147], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:341 [ref. 27061], Ghazzi 2008:102 [ref. 29636], Vera-Alcaraz et al. 2012:294 [ref. 32034]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria cacerensis (Miranda Ribeiro 1912). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Paraguay River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

cadeae, Loricaria Hensel [R.] 1868:369 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 34 (pt 1); ref. 14075] Rio Cadéa [Cadeia], Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Lectotype: ZMB 7430. Paralectotypes: ZMB 22437 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:294 [ref. 29155]. Lectotype selected by Isbrücker 1979:112 [ref. 2302]. •Valid as Rineloricaria cadeae (Hensel 1868) -- (Isbrücker 1980:104 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:87 [ref. 5522], Malabarba 1989:155 [ref. 14217], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Isbrücker 2001:29, 32 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:29 [ref. 27178], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:341 [ref. 27061], Rodriguez & Miquelarena 2005:3 [ref. 28173], Ferraris 2007:293-294 [ref. 29155], Rodriguez & Reis 2008:335 [ref. 29630], Ghazzi 2008:101 [ref. 29636], Litz & Koerber 2014:27 [ref. 33622], Bertaco et al. 2016:419 [ref. 34561]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria cadeae (Hensel 1868). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Laguna dos Patos basin, Brazil and Uruguay. Habitat: freshwater.

capitonia, Rineloricaria Ghazzi [M. S.] 2008:110, Figs. 6-7 [Iheringia, Série Zoologia (Porto Alegre) v. 98 (no. 1); ref. 29636] Condor, rio Alegre estrada Condor/Colônia Cash, 28°11'S, 53°27'W, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Holotype: MCP 19687. Paratypes: MCN 11846 (4); MCP 18739 (24), 18740 (8), 19911 (3), 26900 (5), 31717 (8). Plus additional material. •Valid as Rineloricaria capitonia Ghazzi 2008 -- (Bertaco et al. 2016:419 [ref. 34561]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria capitonia Ghazzi 2008. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Alegre, Palmeira and Passo Fundo rivers, upper Ijuí River, Uruguay River system, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

caracasensis, Hemiloricaria Bleeker [P.] 1862:3 [Atlas ichthyologique des Indes Orientales Néêrlandaises; ref. 393] Caracas, Venezuela. Holotype (unique): RMNH 3120. Type information: Van der Stigchel 1947:177 [ref. 13094], Boeseman 1972:312 and pl. 1 [ref. 19698]. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:245 [ref. 29155]. Also appeared in Bleeker 1863:81 [ref. 401]. For locality information see Boeseman 1972:312 [ref. 19698]. •Valid as Hemiloricaria caracasensis Bleeker 1862 -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:23 [ref. 25649], Isbrücker 2001:27 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:17 [ref. 27178], Ferraris 2007:245 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Rineloricaria caracasensis (Bleeker 1862) -- (Isbrücker 1980:104 [ref. 2303], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:341 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria caracasensis (Bleeker 1862). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Caribbean coastal drainages, Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

castroi, Rineloricaria Isbrücker [I. J. H.] & Nijssen [H.] 1984:93, Fig. 1 [Beaufortia v. 34 (no. 3); ref. 9845] Rio Trombetas, Trapiche da Reserva Biológica de Trombetas, Pará State, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MZUSP 15731. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:245 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Hemiloricaria castroi (Isbrücker & Nijssen 1984) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:23 [ref. 25649], Isbrücker 2001:27, 32 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:17 [ref. 27178], Ferraris 2007:245 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Rineloricaria castroi Isbrücker & Nijssen 1984 -- (Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:341 [ref. 27061], Sarmiento et al. 2014:192 [ref. 35004], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:78 [ref. 35633], Londoño-Burbano & Urbano-Bonilla 2018:382 [ref. 36212], Careaga et al. 2020:78 [ref. 37774]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria castroi Isbrücker & Nijssen 1984. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: South America: Amazon River basin (Brazil, Colombia and Bolivia). Habitat: freshwater.

catamarcensis, Loricaria Berg [C.] 1895:137 [Anales del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Buenos Aires v. 4; ref. 14575] Arroyo El Tala, Catamarca Province, Argentina. Syntypes: MACN 3585 (1), 5171 (1). Type catalog: Braga & Piacentino 1994:100 [ref. 23697], Ferraris 2007:294 [ref. 29155]. Ferraris 2007:294 [ref. 29155] indicates types were not found at MACN. •Valid as Rineloricaria catamarcensis (Berg 1895) -- (Isbrücker 1980:104 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:87 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Haro et al. 1996:6 [ref. 25004], Isbrücker 2001:29, 32 [ref. 25653], López et al. 2002:60 [ref. 26808], Isbrücker 2002:29 [ref. 27178], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:341 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:48 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:81 [ref. 28131], Rodriguez & Miquelarena 2005:2 [ref. 28173], Ferraris 2007:294 [ref. 29155], Mirande & Koerber 2015:46 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria catamarcensis (Berg 1895). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Tala and Salí River basins in Catamarca Province, Argentina. Habitat: freshwater.

cubataonis, Loricaria Steindachner [F.] 1907:489 [15] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse v. 116 (1. Abth.); ref. 18797] Cubatao River, Santa Catarina State, near Theoresopolis, Brazil. Holotype (unique): NMW (not found). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:294 [ref. 29155]. On p. 15 of separate. Types not found (Isbrücker 1979:113 [ref. 2302]). For information regarding the type locality see Lucena & Lucena 1990 [ref. 16142]. •Valid as Rineloricaria cubataonis (Steindachner 1907) -- (Isbrücker 1980:104 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:87 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Isbrücker 2001:29, 32 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:29 [ref. 27178], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:342 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:294 [ref. 29155], Ghazzi 2008:102 [ref. 29636]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria cubataonis (Steindachner 1907). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Coastal Atlantic rivers of southeastern Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

daraha, Rineloricaria Rapp Py-Daniel [L. H.] & Fichberg [I.] 2008:340, Figs. 1-3 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 6 (no. 3); ref. 29840] Rio Daraã, cachoeira do Aracu, 0°25'00"S, 64°46'59"W, Amazonas, Brazil. Holotype: INPA 28579. Paratypes: INPA 6586 (4), 6587 (2), 12045 (7), 17939 (3), 28780 (1); MZUSP 31396 (1 c&s), 35094 (2). •Valid as Rineloricaria daraha Rapp Py-Daniel & Fichberg 2008 -- (DoNascimiento et al. 2017:78 [ref. 35633], Londoño-Burbano & Urbano-Bonilla 2018:382 [ref. 36212], Silvano et al. 2020:273 [ref. 38135]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria daraha Rapp Py-Daniel & Fichberg 2008. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: South America: Amazon River basin (Brazil and Colombia). Habitat: freshwater.

eigenmanni, Loricaria Pellegrin [J.] 1908:125 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 33 (for 25 June 1908); ref. 14331] Sarare, Venezuela. Lectotype: MNHN 1899-0118 (101.5 mm SL). Paralectotypes: MNHN 1899-0119 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:75 [ref. 19575], Ferraris 2007:245 [ref. 29155]. Lectotype selected by Isbrücker 1979:113 [ref. 2302]. •Valid as Hemiloricaria eigenmanni (Pellegrin 1908) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:23 [ref. 25649], Isbrücker 2001:27 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:17 [ref. 27178], Ferraris 2007:245 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Rineloricaria eigenmanni (Pellegrin 1908) -- (Isbrücker 1980:104 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:87 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:342 [ref. 27061], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:78 [ref. 35633], Urbano-Bonilla et al. 2018:74 [ref. 35773]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria eigenmanni (Pellegrin 1908). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Orinoco River basin: Venezuela and Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

fallax, Loricaria (Loricariichthys) Steindachner [F.] 1915:101 [87], Pl. 13 (figs. 1-4) [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse. v. 93; ref. 4244] Igarapé de Carauná, Amazon River basin, Est. Rpraía, Brazil, elevation 200 meters. Lectotype: NMW 44864. Paralectotypes: NMW 44865-69 (2, 5, 3 now 2, 1, 1), 45046 (1), 46157 (2), 46159 (2), 84990 (1); ZMA 114349 (1); ZSM 4869 [ex NMW 44867] (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:58 [ref. 19236], Ferraris 2007:245 [ref. 29155], Neumann 2011:264 [ref. 31652]. On p. 87 of separate; also in Steindachner 1917 [ref. 15259]. Species not listed in earlier abstract [ref. 18909]. Lectotype selected by Isbrücker & Nijssen 1979:198 [ref. 8822]. •Valid as Hemiloricaria fallax (Steindachner 1915) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:23 [ref. 25649], Isbrücker 2001:27, 29 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:17 [ref. 27178], Ferraris 2007:245 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Rineloricaria fallax (Steindachner 1915) -- (Isbrücker 1980:105 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:88 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:342 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria fallax (Steindachner 1915). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Upper Rupununi and Branco River basins: Brazil and Guyana. Habitat: freshwater.

felipponei, Loricaria Fowler [H. W.] 1943:319, Figs. 7-9 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 95; ref. 1444] Uruguay. Holotype: ANSP 70324. Paratypes: ANSP 67777-82 (6). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:122 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:294 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Rineloricaria felipponei (Fowler 1943) -- (Isbrücker 1980:105 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:88 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Isbrücker 2001:29, 32 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:29 [ref. 27178], López et al. 2003:48 [ref. 27366], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:342 [ref. 27061], Menni 2004:81 [ref. 28131], Rodriguez & Miquelarena 2005:2 [ref. 28173], Ferraris 2007:294 [ref. 29155], Ghazzi 2008:102 [ref. 29636], Litz & Koerber 2014:27 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:46 [ref. 35117], Nión et al. 2016:31 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria felipponei (Fowler 1943). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Lower La Plata River basin: Argentina and Uruguay. Habitat: freshwater.

formosa, Rineloricaria Isbrücker [I. J. H.] & Nijssen [H.] 1979:192, Figs. 1-3 [Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde v. 48 (no. 2); ref. 8822] Lagoon about 1 kilometer upriver from Puerto Inírida, Río Orinoco basin, Colombia. Holotype: FMNH 83713. Paratypes: FMNH 83714-15 (22, 8); IRSNB 608-609 (now 3, now 7); MZUSP (8), MZUSP [ex IRSNB 608 (2), MZUSP ex IRSNB 609] (5); ZMA 114922-23 (5, 2), 115182 (1), 115196-97 (1, 1); ZSM 25821 (2). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:62 [ref. 19236], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:76 [ref. 12367], Walschaerts 1987:21 [ref. 20755], Ferraris 2007:245 [ref. 29155], Neumann 2011:268 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Hemiloricaria formosa (Isbrücker & Nijssen 1979) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:23 [ref. 25649], Isbrücker 2001:27, 32 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:17 [ref. 27178], Ferraris 2007:245 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Rineloricaria formosa Isbrücker & Nijssen 1979 -- (Isbrücker 1980:105 [ref. 2303], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:342 [ref. 27061], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:78 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria formosa Isbrücker & Nijssen 1979. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Western Orinoco and upper Amazon River basins: Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

hasemani, Rineloricaria Isbrücker [I. J. H.] & Nijssen [H.] 1979:200, Figs. 4-5 [Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde v. 48 (no. 2); ref. 8822] Forest streams along Bragança railroad (Bragança, 1°02'S, 46°46'W), Maguary near Belém, Pará State, Brazil. Holotype: NMW 45133 or 44865. Paratypes: NMW 44865 (2, now 1), ZSM 19732 [ex NMW 44865] (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:245 [ref. 29155], Neumann 2011:268 [ref. 31652]. Original says holotype is NMW 44865, so needs research. •Valid as Hemiloricaria hasemani (Isbrücker & Nijssen 1979) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:23 [ref. 25649], Isbrücker 2001:27, 32 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:17 [ref. 27178], Ferraris 2007:245 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Rineloricaria hasemani Isbrücker & Nijssen 1979 -- (Isbrücker 1980:105 [ref. 2303], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:342 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria hasemani Isbrücker & Nijssen 1979. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Lower Amazon or Tocantins River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

henselii, Loricaria Steindachner [F.] 1907:488 [14] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse v. 116 (1. Abth.); ref. 18797] Rio Cubatao, Santa Catherina near Theresopolis, Brazil. Holotype (unique): NMW (not found). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:294 [ref. 29155]. On p. 14 of separate. Types not located (Isbrücker 1979:113 [ref. 2302]). For information regarding the type locality see Lucena & Lucena 1990 [ref. 16142]. •Valid as Rineloricaria henselii (Steindachner 1907) -- (Isbrücker 1980:105 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:88 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Isbrücker 2001:29, 32 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:29 [ref. 27178], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:342 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:294 [ref. 29155], Ghazzi 2008:102 [ref. 29636]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria henselii (Steindachner 1907). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Cubatão River in southern Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

heteroptera, Rineloricaria Isbrücker [I. J. H.] & Nijssen [H.] 1976:112, Figs. 1-4 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 196 (no. 1-2); ref. 7340] Near Manaus, Amazon River, Brazil. Holotype: IRSNB 555. Paratypes: IRSNB 556 (1), 557 (orig. 19, now 11); MZUSP [ex IRSNB 557] (7); ZMA 114504 to 506 (4). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:62 [ref. 19236], Walschaerts 1987:21 [ref. 20755], Ferraris 2007:294 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Leliella heteroptera (Isbrücker & Nijssen 1976) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:20 [ref. 25649], Isbrücker 2001:29, 32 [ref. 25653]). •Valid as Rineloricaria heteroptera Isbrücker & Nijssen 1976 -- (Isbrücker 1980:106 [ref. 2303], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Isbrücker 2002:20 [ref. 27178], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:342 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:294 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria heteroptera Isbrücker & Nijssen 1976. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Amazon River basin near Manaus, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

hoehnei, Loricaria Miranda Ribeiro [A. de] 1912:11 [Loricariidae, Callichthyidae, Doradidae e Trichomycteridae Annexo no. 5; ref. 3718] Coxim, Rio Paraguay drainage, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNRJ 650. Type catalog: Miranda Ribeiro 1955:400 [ref. 12732], Ferraris 2007:245 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Hemiloricaria hoehnei (Miranda Ribeiro 1912) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:23 [ref. 25649], Isbrücker 2001:27, 29 [ref. 25653], Knaack 2002:59 [ref. 27493], Isbrücker 2002:17 [ref. 27178], Ferraris 2007:245 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Rineloricaria hoehnei (Miranda Ribeiro 1912) -- (Isbrücker 1980:106 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:88 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Britski et al. 1999:130 [ref. 24147], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:342 [ref. 27061], Rodriguez & Miquelarena 2005:2 [ref. 28173], Ghazzi 2008:102 [ref. 29636]). •Synonym of Rineloricaria lanceolata (Günther 1868) -- (Vera-Alcaraz et al. 2012:297 [ref. 32034], Covain et al. 2015:514 [23] [ref. 34066], Mirande & Koerber 2015:46 [ref. 35117], Koerber et al. 2017:66 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Synonym of Rineloricaria lanceolata (Günther 1868). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Habitat: freshwater.

isaaci, Rineloricaria Rodriguez [M. S.] & Miquelarena [A. M.] 2008:1436, Fig. 1, 2c, 3a, 4, 5, 6. [Journal of Fish Biology v. 73; ref. 29906] Los Loros stream, about 31°52'S, 58°14'W, Uruguay River drainage, Entre Ríos Province, Argentina. Holotype: MACN-Ict 8969. Paratypes: CFA-IC 11716 [ex ILPLA 1716] (3), 11717 (1); ILPLA 1715 (1 c&s); MCP 9670 (1), 10380 (1), 35147 (1), 35255 (1), 40602 (1); MLP 9668 (1). Type catalog: Miquelarena & Nadalin 2014:14 [ref. 33466], Bogan et al. 2019:19 [ref. 37088]. •Valid as Rineloricaria isaaci Rodriguez & Miquelarena 2008 -- (Koerber 2011:5 [ref. 31122], Koerber 2014:10 [ref. 33621], Litz & Koerber 2014:27 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:46 [ref. 35117], Bertaco et al. 2016:420 [ref. 34561]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria isaaci Rodriguez & Miquelarena 2008. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: South America: Uruguay River drainage (Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay). Habitat: freshwater.

jaraguensis, Loricaria Steindachner [F.] 1909:196 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse v. 46 (no. 12) (for 13 May 1909); ref. 18808] Rio Jaraguá, Brazil. Lectotype: NMW 44886. Paralectotypes: (several) MNHN 1910-0156 to 0157 [ex NMW] (1, 1); NMW 44882-85 (3, 1, 1, 1); ZMA 112292 (1). Porential pralectotypes: ZSM 4848 [ex NMW 44906] (1), 4849 [ex NMW 44912] (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:75 [ref. 19575], Nijssen et al. 1982:57 [ref. 19236], Ferraris 2007:294 [ref. 29155], Neumann 2011:264 [ref. 31652]. Species described in more detail in Steindachner 1910:57 [p. 1 of separate] [ref. 14813]. Lectotype selected by Isbrücker 1979:113 [ref. 2302]. •Valid as Rineloricaria jaraguensis (Steindachner 1909) -- (Isbrücker 1980:106 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:88 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Isbrücker 2001:29, 32 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:29 [ref. 27178], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:342 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:294 [ref. 29155], Ghazzi 2008:102 [ref. 29636]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria jaraguensis (Steindachner 1909). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Jaraguá River basin in Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

jubata, Loricaria Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:70 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 9 (no. 49) (art. 15); ref. 14844] St. Javier, elevation 60 feet, and Río Durango, northwestern Ecuador, elevation 350 feet. Lectotype: BMNH 1902.5.27.45. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1901.3.29.74-76 (3?). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:246 [ref. 29155]. Lectotype selected by Isbrücker 1979:112 [ref. 2302]. •Valid as Loricaria jubata Boulenger 1902 -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:38 [ref. 37559]). •Valid as Hemiloricaria jubata (Boulenger 1902) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:23 [ref. 25649], Isbrücker 2001:27, 29 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:17 [ref. 27178], Ferraris 2007:246 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Rineloricaria jubata (Boulenger 1902) -- (Isbrücker 1980:106 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:88 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:342 [ref. 27061], Barriga Salazar 2014:112 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:231 [ref. 34894], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:78 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria jubata (Boulenger 1902). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: South America: Colombia and Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

jurupari, Rineloricaria Londoño-Burbano [A.] & Urbano-Bonilla [A.] 2018:377, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 28 (no. 4); ref. 36212] Unilla River drainage, tributary to the upper Vaupés River subbasin, Amazon basin, Caño La Tigra, Calamar, Guaviare Department, Colombia, 2°10'56"N, 72°50'15"W, elevation 249 meters. Holotype: MPUJ 12520. Paratypes: MPUJ. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Rineloricaria jurupari Londoño-Burbano & Urbano-Bonilla 2018. Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria jurupari Londoño-Burbano & Urbano-Bonilla 2018. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Upper Vaupés River drainage, Amazon basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

konopickyi, Loricaria Steindachner [F.] 1879:34 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 16 (no. 4); ref. 20480] Amazon River. Holotype (unique): NMW 44934. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:246 [ref. 29155]. Species later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1879:45, Pl. 6 (fig. 3) [ref. 4228]. •Valid as Hemiloricaria konopickyi (Steindachner 1879) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:23 [ref. 25649], Isbrücker 2001:27, 29 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:17 [ref. 27178], Ferraris 2007:246 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Rineloricaria konopickyi (Steindachner 1879) -- (Isbrücker 1980:106 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:88 [ref. 5522], Ortega & Vari 1986:18 [ref. 9708], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:342 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria konopickyi (Steindachner 1879). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Amazon River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

kronei, Loricaria Miranda Ribeiro [A. de] 1911:132, Pl. 34 (fig. 2) [Arquivos do Museu Nacional de Rio de Janeiro v. 16; ref. 3716] Rio Iporanga, São Paulo, Brazil. Holotype: MNRJ (not found). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:294 [ref. 29155]. Citation to illustration on pl. 34 (fig. 2) may be for this species, but caption states "[Loricaria] latirostris Boul." which is the next species discussed. In the account of latirostris, reference is made to Pl. 35, which does not include any loricariids. Thus, an illustration of one of these two species was omitted from publication. •Valid as Rineloricaria kronei (Miranda Ribeiro 1911) -- (Isbrücker 1980:107 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:88 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Isbrücker 2001:29, 32 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:29 [ref. 27178], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:342 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:294 [ref. 29155], Ghazzi 2008:102 [ref. 29636] dated 1912, Reis et al. 2020:468 [ref. 38364]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria kronei (Miranda Ribeiro 1911). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: South America: Ribeira de Iguapé River basin (Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

lanceolata, Loricaria Günther [A.] 1868:477 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 1 (no. 6) (art. 56); ref. 1992] Xeberos, upper Amazon River, Peru. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1867.6.13.79. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:246 [ref. 29155]. Also published in Günther (Sept.) 1868:235, Fig. 3 [ref. 5756]. •Valid as Hemiloricaria lanceolata (Günther 1868) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:23 [ref. 25649], Isbrücker 2001:27, 29 [ref. 25653], Rodriguez & Miquelarena 2002:159 [ref. 27892], Isbrücker 2002:17 [ref. 27178], López et al. 2003:45 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:79 [ref. 28131], Ferraris 2007:246 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Rineloricaria lanceolata (Günther 1868) -- (Ovchynnyk 1967:38 [ref. 37559], Isbrücker 1973:77 [ref. 34745], Isbrücker 1980:107 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:88 [ref. 5522], Ortega & Vari 1986:18 [ref. 9708], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:342 [ref. 27061], Rodriguez & Miquelarena 2005:2 [ref. 28173], Vera-Alcaraz et al. 2012:285 [ref. 32034], Barriga Salazar 2014:112 [ref. 35745], Sarmiento et al. 2014:192 [ref. 35004], Mirande & Koerber 2015:46 [ref. 35117], Koerber et al. 2017:66 [ref. 35267], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:78 [ref. 35633], Londoño-Burbano & Urbano-Bonilla 2018:382 [ref. 36212]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria lanceolata (Günther 1868). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: South America: Amazon River basin (Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Guyana, Colombia and Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

langei, Rineloricaria Ingenito [L. F. S.], Ghazzi [M. S.], Duboc [L. F.] & Abilhoa [V.] 2008:356, Figs. 1-2 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 6 (no. 3); ref. 29842] Quatro Varras, rio Iraí, at Fazenda Moura-Daz, downstream Reservoir of rio Iraí - SANEPAR, 49°05'26"W, 25°29'23"S, Paraná, Brazil. Holotype: MCP 42506. Paratypes: MCP 23459 (4); MHNCI 8937 (10); MNRJ 31157 (5, 1 c&s). •Valid as Rineloricaria langei Ingenito, Ghazzi, Duboc & Abilhoa 2008 -- (Reis et al. 2020:468 [ref. 38364]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria langei Ingenito, Ghazzi, Duboc & Abilhoa 2008. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: South America: upper Iguaçu River basin (southern Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

latirostris, Loricaria Boulenger [G. A.] 1900:165 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 5 (no. 26) (art. 19); ref. 14718] Rio Mogi Guaçu, about 250 miles inland of Santos, Brazil. Lectotype: BMNH 1899.12.18.6 (228 mm SL). Paralectotypes: BMNH 1899.12.18.7 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:294 [ref. 29155]. Lectotype selected by Isbrücker 1979:112 [ref. 2302]. Regan (1904:283) serves as first reviser selecting latirostris over paulina. •Valid as Rineloricaria latirostris (Boulenger 1900) -- (Isbrücker 1980:107 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:88 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Langeani & de Araujo 1994:158 [ref. 22095], Isbrücker 2001:29, 32 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:29 [ref. 27178], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:342 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:294 [ref. 29155], Ghazzi 2008:102 [ref. 29636], Rosa et al. 2014:59 [ref. 33228] as Rineloricara, Reis et al. 2020:468 [ref. 38364], Costa-Silva et al. 2021:537 [ref. 38838]), Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria latirostris (Boulenger 1900). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: South America: upper Paraná River basin (Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

lima, Loricaria Kner [R.] 1853:89 [25], Pl. 6 (fig. 1a-b) [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 6; ref. 2627] Brazil. Holotype (unique): NMW (probably lost). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:294 [ref. 29155]. On p. 25 of separate. Type probably lost (Isbrücker 1980:107 [ref. 2303]). •Valid as Rineloricaria lima (Kner 1853) -- (Isbrücker 1980:107 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:88 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Isbrücker 2001:29, 32 [ref. 25653], Britski 2001:19 [ref. 26046], Isbrücker 2002:29 [ref. 27178], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:343 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:48 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:81 [ref. 28131], Rodriguez & Miquelarena 2005:2 [ref. 28173], Ferraris 2007:294 [ref. 29155], Litz & Koerber 2014:27 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:46 [ref. 35117], Nión et al. 2016:31 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria lima (Kner 1853). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: River de la Plata: Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay. Habitat: freshwater.

longicauda, Rineloricaria Reis [R. E.] 1983:64, Figs. 4-9, 10-14 [Iheringia, Série Zoologia (Porto Alegre) No. 62; ref. 12857] Canal west of BR-471, Estaçao Ecológia, Banhado do Taim, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 16078. Paratypes: DZUFRGS 0435-43 (8), 0557-66 (10), 0574 (1), 0682 (1), 1629-34 (6); MAPA 1333 (1), 1335-39 (5); MZUSP 15488 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:294 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Rineloricaria longicauda Reis 1983 -- (Malabarba 1989:155 [ref. 14217], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Isbrücker 2001:32 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:29 [ref. 27178], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:343 [ref. 27061], Rodriguez & Miquelarena 2005:2 [ref. 28173], Ferraris 2007:294 [ref. 29155], Rodriguez & Reis 2008:337 [ref. 29630], Ghazzi 2008:101 [ref. 29636], Litz & Koerber 2014:27 [ref. 33622], Bertaco et al. 2016:420 [ref. 34561], Nión et al. 2016:31 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria longicauda Reis 1983. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Coastal drainages of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil and Uruguay. Habitat: freshwater.

maacki, Rineloricaria Ingenito [L. F. S.], Ghazzi [M. S.], Duboc [L. F.] & Abilhoa [V.] 2008:359, Figs. 3-5 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 6 (no. 3); ref. 29842] União da Victória, rio Iguaçu, 21°10'16"S, 51°10'31"W, Paraná, Brazil. Holotype: MNRJ 31158. Paratypes: MNNCI 11455 (1), 11457 (2), 11682 (1); NUP 2540 (3, 1 c&s), 3059 (1). •Valid as Rineloricaria maacki Ingenito, Ghazzi, Duboc & Abilhoa 2008 -- (Reis et al. 2020:468 [ref. 38364]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria maacki Ingenito, Ghazzi, Duboc & Abilhoa 2008. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: South America: Iguaçu River basin (southern Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

magdalenae, Loricaria Steindachner [F.] 1879:74 [58] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 39; ref. 4227] Río Magdalena, Colombia. Lectotype: NMW 45080. Paralectotypes: NMW 45800 (6). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:246 [ref. 29155]. Species not included in the original abstract [ref. 20476]. On p. 58 of separate. Lectotype selected by Isbrücker 1979:112 [ref. 2302]. •Valid as Loricaria magdalenae Steindachner 1879 -- (Galvis et al. 1997:92 [ref. 23651]). •Valid as Hemiloricaria magdalenae (Steindachner 1879) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:23 [ref. 25649], Isbrücker 2001:27, 29 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:17 [ref. 27178], Ferraris 2007:246 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Rineloricaria magdalenae (Steindachner 1879) -- (Isbrücker 1980:107 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:88 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:343 [ref. 27061], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:78 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria magdalenae (Steindachner 1879). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Sinú, Magdalena and possibly Catatumbo River basins: Colombia and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

malabarbai, Rineloricaria Rodriguez [M. S.] & Reis [R. E.] 2008:338, Fig. 9 [Copeia 2008 (no. 2); ref. 29630] Agudo, Arroio Corupá on road between Agudo and Dona Francisca hydroelectric dam, 29°33'54"S, 53°17'09"W, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Holotype: MCP 39923. Paratypes: many at UF, MCP, MACN-Ict, MAPA, UFRGS. Type catalog: Miquelarena & Nadalin 2014:14 [ref. 33466]. •Valid as Rineloricaria malabarbai Rodriguez & Reis 2008 -- (Bertaco et al. 2016:420 [ref. 34561]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria malabarbai Rodriguez & Reis 2008. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Jacuí and Camaquã rivers, Laguna dos Patos drainage, southern Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

maquinensis, Rineloricaria Reis [R. E.] & Cardoso [A. R.] 2001:321, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 12 (no. 4); ref. 25718] Arroio Agua Parada, tributary to rio Maquiné, about 29°40'S, 50°12'W, Maquiné, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Holotype: MCP 25817. Paratypes: MAPA 1258 (2); MCP 10769 (14), 25336 (1); MZUSP 27347 (1), 27348-55 (8); ZMA 119082 (4). Plus non types. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:294 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Rineloricaria maquinensis Reis & Cardoso 2001 -- (Isbrücker 2002:29 [ref. 27178], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:343 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:294 [ref. 29155], Ghazzi 2008:101 [ref. 29636], Bertaco et al. 2016:420 [ref. 34561]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria maquinensis Reis & Cardoso 2001. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Maquiné and Araranguá River basins, southern Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

melini, Loricariichthys Schindler [O.] 1959:387, Fig. 1 [Arkiv för Zoologi v. 12 (no. 26); ref. 12023] Rio Solimões near Manacapuru, Brazil. Holotype (unique): NRM 10830 [?now 25560]. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:246 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Hemiloricaria melini (Schindler 1959) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:23 [ref. 25649], Isbrücker 2001:27, 30 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:17 [ref. 27178], Ferraris 2007:246 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Rineloricaria melini (Schindler 1959) -- (Isbrücker 1980:108 [ref. 2303], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:343 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria melini (Schindler 1959). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Amazon River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

microlepidogaster, Loricaria Regan [C. T.] 1904:283, Pl. 15 (fig. 4) [Transactions of the Zoological Society of London v. 17 (pt 3, no. 1); ref. 3621] Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1884.2.5.41. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:295 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Rineloricaria microlepidogaster (Regan 1904) -- (Isbrücker 1980:108 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:88 [ref. 5522], Malabarba 1989:155 [ref. 14217], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Gómez & Chebez 1996:63 [ref. 23791], Isbrücker 2001:29, 32 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:29 [ref. 27178], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:343 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:48 [ref. 27366], Rodriguez & Miquelarena 2005:2 [ref. 28173], Ferraris 2007:295 [ref. 29155], Rodriguez & Reis 2008:337 [ref. 29630], Ghazzi 2008:101 [ref. 29636], Koerber & Litz 2014:4 [ref. 34967], Mirande & Koerber 2015:46 [ref. 35117], Bertaco et al. 2016:420 [ref. 34561], Koerber & Litz 2016:6 [ref. 35098], Nión et al. 2016:31 [ref. 35565] as aff. microlepidogaster with author as Reis 1983, Koerber et al. 2020:6 [ref. 37480], Koerber et al. 2021:6 [ref. 38894]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria microlepidogaster (Regan 1904). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: South America: Uruguay, Argentina and Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

microlepidota, Loricaria lima var. Steindachner [F.] 1907:154 [3] [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse v. 44 (no. 10) (for 25 Apr. 1907); ref. 18795] Juruá River, Brazil. Syntypes: (2) NMW (apparently lost). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:295 [ref. 29155]. On p. 3 of separate. No types found (Isbrücker 1979:113 [ref. 2302]). •Valid as Rineloricaria microlepidota (Steindachner 1907) -- (Isbrücker 1980:108 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:88 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Isbrücker 2001:29, 32 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:29 [ref. 27178], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:343 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:295 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria microlepidota (Steindachner 1907). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Juruá River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

misionera, Rineloricaria Rodriguez [M. S.] & Miquelarena [A. M.] 2005:5, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa No. 945; ref. 28173] Arroyo Cuña-Pirú, 27°08'S, 54°54'W, Cainguás Dept., Misiones Province, Argentina. Holotype: CFA-IC 11698 [ex ILPLA 1698]. Paratypes: CFA-IC 11064 [ex ILPLA 1064] (1), 11065 [ex ILPLA 1065] (2, c&s), 11190 [ex ILPLA 1190] (7), 11189 [ex ILPLA 1189] (2), 11191 [ex ILPLA 1191] (6), 11210 [ex ILPLA 1210] (1), 11336 [ex ILPLA 1336] (1), 11546 [ex ILPLA 1546] (2), 11551 [ex ILPLA 1551] (1), 11681 [ex ILPLA 1681] (2), 11684 [ex ILPLA 1684] (1); MCP 35793 (3); MLP 3368 (1), 3370 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:295 [ref. 29155], Koerber 2007:2 [ref. 29776], Miquelarena & Nadalin 2014:14 [ref. 33466], Bogan et al. 2019:20 [ref. 37088]. •Valid as Rineloricaria misionera Rodriguez & Miquelarena 2005 -- (Ferraris 2007:295 [ref. 29155], Ghazzi 2008:101 [ref. 29636], Koerber 2011:5 [ref. 31122], Koerber 2014:10 [ref. 33621], Mirande & Koerber 2015:46 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria misionera Rodriguez & Miquelarena 2005. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: South America: Paraná and Uruguay River basins, Misiones Province (Argentina). Habitat: freshwater.

montebelloi, Canthopomus Fowler [H. W.] 1940:55, Figs. 9-11 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 92; ref. 1436] Monte Bello, Tarija, Bolivia. Holotype (unique): ANSP 68832. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:123 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:263 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Ixinandria montebelloi (Fowler 1940) -- (Isbrücker 1980:103 [ref. 2303], Burgess 1989:441 [ref. 12860], Isbrücker 2001:26, 29 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:20 [ref. 27178], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:336 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:263 [ref. 29155]). •Synonym of Ixinandria steinbachi (Regan 1906) -- (Rodriguez et al. 2008:367 [ref. 29843], Mirande & Koerber 2015:44 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Rineloricaria steinbachi (Regan 1906). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Habitat: freshwater.

morrowi, Rhineloricaria Fowler [H. W.] 1940:244, Figs. 39-41 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 91 (for 1939); ref. 1432] Contamana, Río Ucayali basin, Peru. Holotype (unique): ANSP 68663. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:123 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:246 [ref. 29155]. Genus is correctly Rineloricaria. •Valid as Hemiloricaria morrowi (Fowler 1940) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:23 [ref. 25649], Isbrücker 2001:27, 32 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:17 [ref. 27178], Ferraris 2007:246 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Rineloricaria morrowi Fowler 1940 -- (Isbrücker 1980:108 [ref. 2303], Ortega & Vari 1986:18 [ref. 9708], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:343 [ref. 27061], Barriga Salazar 2014:112 [ref. 35745]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria morrowi Fowler 1940. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Peru and Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater.

nigricauda, Loricaria Regan [C. T.] 1904:275, Pl. 16 (fig. 2) [Transactions of the Zoological Society of London v. 17 (pt 3, no. 1); ref. 3621] Porto Real, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil. Lectotype: BMNH 1891.6.16.32 (55.4 mm SL). Paralectotypes: BMNH 1891.6.16.33-35 (3). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:246 [ref. 29155]. Lectotype selected by Isbrücker 1979:113 [ref. 2302]. •Valid as Hemiloricaria nigricauda (Regan 1904) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:23 [ref. 25649], Isbrücker 2001:27, 29 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:17 [ref. 27178], Ferraris 2007:246 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Rineloricaria nigricauda (Regan 1904) -- (Isbrücker 1980:108 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:88 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Britski et al. 1999:130 [ref. 24147], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:343 [ref. 27061], Ghazzi 2008:102 [ref. 29636], see DoNascimiento et al. 2017:[18] [ref. 35679]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria nigricauda (Regan 1904). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Coastal streams in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

osvaldoi, Rineloricaria Fichberg [I.] & Chamon [C. C.] 2008:348, Figs. 1-3 [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 6 (no. 3); ref. 29841] Município Goiás, rio Araguaia basin, rio Vermelho at bridge on road GO-164, 15°54'11"S, 50°06'55"W, Goiás, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 89022. Paratypes: ANSP 187421 (4); AUM 47713 (6); MZUSP 4912 (5), 89075 (8), 98544 (10, 1 c&s). •Valid as Rineloricaria osvaldoi Fichberg & Chamon 2008. Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria osvaldoi Fichberg & Chamon 2008. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Vermelho and Bugre rivers, Araguaia River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

pareiacantha, Loricaria Fowler [H. W.] 1943:321, Figs. 10-12 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 95; ref. 1444] Río Santa Lucia, Canelones, Uruguay. Holotype (unique): ANSP 67815. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:124 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:295 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Rineloricaria pareiacantha (Fowler 1943) -- (Isbrücker 1980:108 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:88 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Isbrücker 2001:29, 32 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:29 [ref. 27178], López et al. 2003:48 [ref. 27366], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:343 [ref. 27061], Menni 2004:81 [ref. 28131], Rodriguez & Miquelarena 2005:2 [ref. 28173], Ferraris 2007:295 [ref. 29155], Ghazzi 2008:102 [ref. 29636], Litz & Koerber 2014:27 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:46 [ref. 35117], Nión et al. 2016:31 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria pareiacantha (Fowler 1943). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: De la Plata River basin: Argentina and Uruguay. Habitat: freshwater.

parva, Loricaria Boulenger [G. A.] 1895:527 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1895 (pt 3); ref. 14576] Descalvados, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Lectotype: BMNH 1895.5.17.91 (85.1 mm SL). Paralectotypes: BMNH 1895.5.17.92-96. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:246 [ref. 29155]. Lectotype selected by Isbrücker 1979:112 [ref. 2302]. •Valid as Hemiloricaria parva (Boulenger 1895) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:23 [ref. 25649], Isbrücker 2001:27, 29 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:17 [ref. 27178], López et al. 2003:45 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:81 [ref. 28131], Ferraris 2007:246 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Rineloricaria parva (Boulenger 1895) -- (Isbrücker 1980:108 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:88 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Britski et al. 1999:131 [ref. 24147], Rodriguez 2001:169 [ref. 31034], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:343 [ref. 27061], Casciotta et al. 2003:125 [ref. 28130] as cf. parva, Rodriguez & Miquelarena 2005:2 [ref. 28173], Ghazzi 2008:102 [ref. 29636], Vera-Alcaraz et al. 2012:302 [ref. 32034], Litz & Koerber 2014:27 [ref. 33622], Sarmiento et al. 2014:192 [ref. 35004], Mirande & Koerber 2015:46 [ref. 35117], Bertaco et al. 2016:420 [ref. 34561], Koerber et al. 2017:67 [ref. 35267]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria parva (Boulenger 1895). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Paraguay River basin: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia and Uruguay. Habitat: freshwater.

paulina, Loricaria Boulenger [G. A.] 1900:166 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 5 (no. 26) (art. 19); ref. 14718] Rio Mogi Guaçu, Brazil. Lectotype: BMNH 1899.12.18.8 (184 mm SL). Paralectotypes: BMNH 1899.12.18.9 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:126 [ref. 29155]. Lectotype selected by Isbrücker 1979:112 [ref. 2302]. •Synonym of Rineloricaria latirostris (Boulenger 1900) -- (Isbrücker 1980:107 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:88 [ref. 5522], Langeani & de Araujo 1994:158 [ref. 22095], Isbrücker 2002:22 [ref. 27178], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:343 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:294 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Synonym of Rineloricaria latirostris (Boulenger 1900). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Habitat: freshwater.

pentamaculata, Rineloricaria Langeani [F.] & de Araujo [R. B.] 1994:153, Figs. 2, 2A [Communicações do Museu de Ciências da PUCRS No. 7; ref. 22095] Rio Turvo, Ourinhos, Upper Paraná River drainage, São Paulo, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 43051. Paratypes: MZUSP 35325 (3), 35469 (4), 38892 (2), 43052-53 (1, 2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:295 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Rineloricaria pentamaculata Langeani & de Araujo 1994 -- (Burgess & Finley 1996:170 [ref. 22901], Isbrücker 2001:32 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:29 [ref. 27178], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:343 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:295 [ref. 29155], Ghazzi 2008:102 [ref. 29636], Reis et al. 2020:468 [ref. 38364], Costa-Silva et al. 2021:538 [ref. 38838]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria pentamaculata Langeani & de Araujo 1994. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: South America: Turvo River basin (São Paulo State, Brazil). Habitat: freshwater.

phoxocephala, Loricaria Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1889:37 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 2; ref. 1253] Coary [Curay], Brazil. Lectotype: MCZ 8030. Paralectotypes: MCZ 49057 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:246 [ref. 29155]. Lectotype selected by Isbrücker 1979:112 [ref. 2302]. •Valid as Hemiloricaria phoxocephala (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1889) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:23 [ref. 25649], Isbrücker 2001:27, 29 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:17 [ref. 27178], López et al. 2003:45 [ref. 27366] as cf. phoxocephala, Menni 2004:81 [ref. 28131], Ferraris 2007:246 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Rineloricaria phoxocephala (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1889) -- (Isbrücker 1980:109 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:88 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Gómez & Chebez 1996:63 [ref. 23791], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:343 [ref. 27061], Rodriguez & Miquelarena 2005:4 [ref. 28173], Sarmiento et al. 2014:192 [ref. 35004]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria phoxocephala (Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1889). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Amazon River basin: Argentina (?), Brazil and Bolivia. Habitat: freshwater.

platyura, Loricaria Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] 1849:631 [Reisen in Britisch-Guiana; ref. 3072] Rupununi River, Guyana. Holotype (unique): ZMB 3166. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:246 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Hemiloricaria platyura (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:23 [ref. 25649], Isbrücker 2001:27, 29 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:17 [ref. 27178], Ferraris 2007:246 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Rineloricaria platyura (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Isbrücker 1980:109 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:89 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Le Bail et al. 2000:286 [ref. 24549] as cf. platyura, Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:343 [ref. 27061], DoNascimiento 2016:534 [ref. 34727]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria platyura (Müller & Troschel 1849). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Coastal rivers from near Amazon mouth to Essequibo River: Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana; ? Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

quadrensis, Rineloricaria Reis [R. E.] 1983:66, Figs. 9, 15-19 [Iheringia, Série Zoologia (Porto Alegre) No. 62; ref. 12857] Lagoa dos Quadros, Osório, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 14363. Paratypes: MAPA 1100-02 (3), 1255-56 (2), 1259 (1), 1313-16 (4); MCN 3756-60 (5), 3762-65 (4); MZUSP 14218 (1), 16079-80 (2). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:295 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Rineloricaria quadrensis Reis 1983 -- (Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Isbrücker 2001:32 [ref. 25653], Reis & Cardoso 2001:329 [ref. 25718], Isbrücker 2002:29 [ref. 27178], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:343 [ref. 27061], Rodríguez & Miquelarena 2005:4 [ref. 28173], Ferraris 2007:295 [ref. 29155], Ghazzi 2008:101 [ref. 29636], Bertaco et al. 2016:420 [ref. 34561]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria quadrensis Reis 1983. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Coastal streams and lagoons in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

reisi, Rineloricaria Ghazzi [M. S.] 2008:114, Fig. 9 [Iheringia, Série Zoologia (Porto Alegre) v. 98 (no. 1); ref. 29636] Santo Angelo, rio Piratini na Fazenda Hinz, distrito de Coimbra, 28°42'S, 54°25'W, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 28748. Paratypes: MAPA 2519 (1); MCP 10292 (1), 10293 (1), 10851 (1), 11046 (7); ZMA 119408 (1). •Valid as Rineloricaria reisi Ghazzi 2008 -- (Koerber 2014:10 [ref. 33621], Mirande & Koerber 2015:46 [ref. 35117], Bertaco et al. 2016:420 [ref. 34561]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria reisi Ghazzi 2008. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Pirati River, Uruguay River system, Brazil and Argentina. Habitat: freshwater.

rodriquezae, Rineloricaria Costa-Silva [G. J.], Oliveira [C.] & Silva [G. S. C.] 2021:532, Figs. 1, 2A [Zootaxa 5072 (no. 6); ref. 38838] Paranaíba River, upper Paraná River basin, Rio Paranaíba municipality, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, 19°11'32.00"S, 46°24'44.90"W. Holotype: MZUSP 125901. Paratypes: LBP 11721 (7), 11741 (7). Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Rineloricaria rodriquezae Costa-Silva, Oliveira & Silva 2021. Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria rodriquezae Costa-Silva, Oliveira & Silva 2021. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: South America: Paranaíba River drainage, upper Paraná River basin, Minas Gerais State, central Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

rostrata, Loricaria van der Hoeven [J.] 1855:278 [Handboek der Dierkunde; ref. 2182] Caracas, Venezuela. Holotype: RMNH 3120. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:245 [ref. 29155]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Loricaria rostrata Spix & Agassiz 1829. Named Hemiloricaria caracasensis by Bleeker 1862. •In the synonymy of Hemiloricaria caracasensis (Bleeker 1862) -- (Isbrücker 2002:22 [ref. 27178], Ferraris 2007:245 [ref. 29155]). •In the synonymy of Rineloricaria caracasensis (Bleeker 1862) -- (Isbrücker 1980:104 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker et al. 2001:29 [ref. 25653], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:341 [ref. 27061] dating to 1849). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Rineloricaria caracasensis (Bleeker 1862). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Habitat: freshwater.

rupestre, Loricaria uracantha Schultz [L. P.] 1944:325, Pl. 12 (figs. A-B) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 94 (no. 3172); ref. 3959] Río San Pedro at bridge south of Mene Grande, Río Motatán system, Maracaibo basin, Venezuela. Holotype: USNM 121102. Paratypes: Dahl coll. [ex USNM 121105] (4); FMNH 42794 [ex USNM 121105] (5); MCZ 37275 [ex USNM 121104] (5); UMMZ 141939 [ex USNM 121105] (6); USNM 121103 (4), 121104 (39, now 34), 121105 (67, now 50, 2 unaccounted for), 121106-07 (3, 2). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:54 [ref. 12367], Ferraris & Vari 1992:29 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:240 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Loricaria uracantha Kner 1863, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Galvis et al. 1997:93 [ref. 23651]). •Valid as Rineloricaria rupestris (Schultz 1944) -- (Isbrücker 1980:109 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:89 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:344 [ref. 27061], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:78 [ref. 35633]). •Valid as Fonchiiichthys rupestris (Schultz 1944) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:19 [ref. 25649], Isbrücker 2001:27, 30 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:16 [ref. 27178], Ferraris 2007:240 [ref. 29155]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria rupestris (Schultz 1944). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Lake Maracaibo basin, Venezuela and Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

sanga, Rineloricaria Ghazzi [M. S.] 2008:117, Fig. 11 [Iheringia, Série Zoologia (Porto Alegre) v. 98 (no. 1); ref. 29636] Iraí, Sanga das Aguas Frias, cerca de 100 meters do rio Uruguai, 27°12'S, 53°17'W, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Holotype: MCP 19686. Paratypes: MCP 5712 (1), MZUSP 41045 (1). Plus additional non-type material •Valid as Rineloricaria sanga Ghazzi 2008 -- (Bertaco et al. 2016:420 [ref. 34561]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria sanga Ghazzi 2008. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Vicinity of Iraí, Uruguay River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

setepovos, Rineloricaria Ghazzi [M. S.] 2008:116, Fig. 10 [Iheringia, Série Zoologia (Porto Alegre) v. 98 (no. 1); ref. 29636] Santo Angelo, rio Piratini na Fazenda Hinz, distrito de Coimbra, 28°42'S, 54°25'W, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Holotype: MCP 19680. Paratypes: MCP 19679 (5). •Valid as Rineloricaria setepovos Ghazzi 2008 -- (Bertaco et al. 2016:420 [ref. 34561]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria setepovos Ghazzi 2008. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Piratini River, Uruguay River system, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

sneiderni, Loricaria Fowler [H. W.] 1944:240, Figs. 17-19 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 96; ref. 1452] Río Jurubidá tributary, Nuquí, Colombia. Holotype: ANSP 71433. Paratypes: ANSP 71434 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:125 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:246 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Hemiloricaria sneiderni (Fowler 1944) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:23 [ref. 25649], Isbrücker 2001:27, 30 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:17 [ref. 27178], Ferraris 2007:246 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Rineloricaria sneiderni (Fowler 1944) -- (Isbrücker 1980:109 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:89 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:344 [ref. 27061], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:78 [ref. 35633]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria sneiderni (Fowler 1944). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Jurubidá River basin, Colombia. Habitat: freshwater.

steinbachi, Loricaria Regan [C. T.] 1906:97 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 97); ref. 3627] Departamento Cachi, 25°06'15"S, 66°11'16"W, río Juramento basin, Salta, Argentina, elevation 2500 meters. Lectotype: BMNH 1906.5.31.37 (ca. 85 mm SL). Paralectotypes: BMNH 1906.5.31.38-39 (2). Lectotype selected by Isbrücker 1979:113 [ref. 2302]. •Valid as Ixinandria steinbachi (Regan 1906) -- (Isbrücker 1980:103 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:89 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:441 [ref. 12860], Isbrücker 2001:29, 30 [ref. 25653], López et al. 2002:60 [ref. 26808], Isbrücker 2002:20 [ref. 27178], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:336 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:45 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:81 [ref. 28131], Rodriguez et al. 2008:370 [ref. 29843], Sarmiento et al. 2014:191 [ref. 35004], Mirande & Koerber 2015:44 [ref. 35117]). •See Rineloricaria -- (Covain et al. 2015:513 [22] [ref. 34066]). •Valid as Rineloricaria steinbachi (Regan 1906) -- (Koerber et al. 2017:6 [ref. 35083], Koerber et al. 2017:7 [ref. 35632], Koerber et al. 2019:8 [ref. 36736], Mirande & Koerber 2020:2 [ref. 37594]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria steinbachi (Regan 1906). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: South America: Argentina and Bolivia. Habitat: freshwater.

steindachneri, Loricaria Regan [C. T.] 1904:281 [Transactions of the Zoological Society of London v. 17 (pt 3, no. 1); ref. 3621] Eastern Brazil. Lectotype: NMW 45016:1. Paralectotypes: NMW 45013 (2), 45016:2 (1), 45017 (3), 45029 (4). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:295 [ref. 29155]. Lectotype selected by Isbrücker 1979:113 [ref. 2302]. •Valid as Rineloricaria steindachneri (Regan 1904) -- (Isbrücker 1980:109 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 2002:29 [ref. 27178], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:344 [ref. 27061], Ferraris 2007:295 [ref. 29155], Ghazzi 2008:102 [ref. 29636]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria steindachneri (Regan 1904). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Coastal rivers of northeastern Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

stellata, Rineloricaria Ghazzi [M. S.] 2008:112, Fig. 8 [Iheringia, Série Zoologia (Porto Alegre) v. 98 (no. 1); ref. 29636] Ijuí, arroio afluente do rio Ijuí, estrada de São Luiz Gonzaga/Ituí, 28°23'S, 53°55'W, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Holotype: MCP 19682. Paratypes: many at MAPA, MCP, UFRGS. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Rineloricaria stellata Ghazzi 2008 -- (Koerber 2014:10 [ref. 33621], Mirande & Koerber 2015:46 [ref. 35117], Bertaco et al. 2016:420 [ref. 34561]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria stellata Ghazzi 2008. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Tributaries of the Uruguay River, Brazil and Argentina. Habitat: freshwater.

stewarti, Loricaria Eigenmann [C. H.] 1909:9 [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 1222] Chipoo Creek, Ireng River system, Guyana. Holotype: FMNH 53330 [ex CM 1508]. Paratypes: (11, CM and IU) CAS 77204 [ex IU 11943] (4); FMNH 7418 (1), 53079 (3); BMNH 1911.10.31.115 (1); MCZ 30058 (1). Type catalog: Henn 1928:84 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:54 [ref. 12367], Ferraris 2007:247 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Hemiloricaria stewarti (Eigenmann 1909) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:23 [ref. 25649], Isbrücker 2001:27, 30 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:17 [ref. 27178], Knaack 2002:59 [ref. 27493], Ferraris 2007:246 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Rineloricaria stewarti (Eigenmann 1909) -- (Isbrücker 1980:110 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:89 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Le Bail et al. 2000:288 [ref. 24549], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:344 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria stewarti (Eigenmann 1909). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Coastal rivers of the Guianas and upper Branco River basin: French Guiana, Guyana and Suriname. Habitat: freshwater.

strigilata, Loricaria Hensel [R.] 1868:368 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 34 (pt 1); ref. 14075] Stony brook near Santa Cruz, Laguna dos Patos basin, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Holotype (unique): ZMB 7429. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:295 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Rineloricaria strigilata (Hensel 1868) -- (Isbrücker 1980:110 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:89 [ref. 5522], Malabarba 1989:156 [ref. 14217], Burgess 1989:442 [ref. 12860], Isbrücker et al. 2001:30, 32 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:29 [ref. 27178], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:344 [ref. 27061], Rodríguez & Miquelarena 2005:4 [ref. 28173], Ferraris 2007:295 [ref. 29155], Rodriguez & Reis 2008:334 [ref. 29630], Ghazzi 2008:101 [ref. 29636], Litz & Koerber 2014:27 [ref. 33622], Bertaco et al. 2016:420 [ref. 34561], Nión et al. 2016:31 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria strigilata (Hensel 1868). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Laguna dos Patos basin, Brazil and Uruguay. Habitat: freshwater.

submarginatus, Loricaria Eigenmann [C. H.] 1909:10 [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 1222] Creek below Potaro Landing, Guyana. Holotype (unique): FMNH 53080 [ex CM 1510]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:84 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:54 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Rineloricaria submarginatus (Eigenmann 1909) -- (Isbrücker 1981:89 [ref. 5522]). •Synonym of Hemiloricaria platyura (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:30 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:22 [ref. 27178]). •Synonym of Rineloricaria platyura (Müller & Troschel 1849) -- (Isbrücker 1980:109 [ref. 2303], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:343 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Rineloricaria platyura (Müller & Troschel 1849). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Habitat: freshwater.

teffeana, Loricaria Steindachner [F.] 1879:34 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 16 (no. 4); ref. 20480] Amazon River near Teffé, Brazil. Lectotype: NMW 45134:1. Paralectotypes: ?MCZ 8036 (2), 8037 (2), 8038 (1, missing); NMW 45131 (2), 45134:2-3 (2), 45135-36 (4, 2); ZSM 4868 (1). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:247 [ref. 29155], Neumann 2011:266 [ref. 31652] Species later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1879:44, Pl. 6 (fig. 2) [ref. 4228]. Lectotype selected by Isbrücker 1979:112 [ref. 2302]. •Valid as Hemiloricaria teffeana (Steindachner 1879) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:23 [ref. 25649], Isbrücker 2001:27, 30 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:17 [ref. 27178], Ferraris 2007:247 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Rineloricaria teffeana (Steindachner 1879) -- (Isbrücker 1980:110 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:89 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:443 [ref. 12860], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:344 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria teffeana (Steindachner 1879). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Amazon River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

thrissoceps, Loricaria Fowler [H. W.] 1943:322, Figs. 13-15 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 95; ref. 1444] Río Santa Lucia, Canelones, Uruguay. Holotype (unique): ANSP 67796. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:125 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:295 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Rineloricaria thrissoceps (Fowler 1943) -- (Isbrücker 1980:110 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:89 [ref. 5522], Burgess 1989:443 [ref. 12860], Isbrücker et al. 2001:30, 32 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:29 [ref. 27178], López et al. 2003:48 [ref. 27366], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:344 [ref. 27061], Menni 2004:81 [ref. 28131], Rodríguez & Miquelarena 2005:2 [ref. 28173], Ferraris 2007:295 [ref. 29155], Ghazzi 2008:102 [ref. 29636], Litz & Koerber 2014:27 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:46 [ref. 35117], Nión et al. 2016:31 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria thrissoceps (Fowler 1943). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: De la Plata River basin: Argentina and Uruguay. Habitat: freshwater.

tropeira, Rineloricaria Ghazzi [M. S.] 2008:102, Fig. 2 [Iheringia, Série Zoologia (Porto Alegre) v. 98 (no. 1); ref. 29636] Vacaria, arroio Passo do Carro, drenagem do rio Quatis, afluente do rio Pelotas, estrada Vacaria/Bom Jesus, 28°36'S, 50°43'W, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Holotype: MCP 19684. Paratypes: MCP 11530 (6), 11533 (20), 11550 (1), 22379 (1), 22382 (1); MNRJ 19037 (2), 21284 (2). •Valid as Rineloricaria tropeira Ghazzi 2008 -- (Bertaco et al. 2016:420 [ref. 34561]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria tropeira Ghazzi 2008. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Tributaries of the Pelotas River, Uruguay River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

uracantha, Loricaria Kner [R.] 1863:228, "Fig. 18" (unpublished) [Sitzungsberichte der Königlich Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu München 1863, v. 2; ref. 5002] Río Chagres, Panama. Syntypes: ZSM no. 130, 135 [old collection] (2) destroyed in WWII. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:276-277 [ref. 28925], Ferraris 2007:240 [ref. 29155]. Also appeared as new in Kner & Steindachner 1864:56, Pl. 6 (fig. 3) [ref. 2649]. Species name uracantha is a noun in apposition and does not change its ending. •Valid as Loricaria uracantha Kner 1863 -- (Galvis et al. 1997:91 [ref. 23651]). •Valid as Rineloricaria uracantha (Kner 1863) -- (Isbrücker 1980:110 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:89 [ref. 5522], Bussing 1987:112 [ref. 22927], Burgess 1989:443 [ref. 12860], Bussing 1998:162 [ref. 24179], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:344 [ref. 27061], Angulo et al. 2020:8 [ref. 37425]). •Valid as Fonchiiichthys uracantha (Kner 1863) (often as uracanthus) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:18 [ref. 25649], Isbrücker 2001:27, 30 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:16 [ref. 27178], Ferraris 2007:240 [ref. 29155], Angulo et al. 2013:993 [ref. 33194]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria uracantha (Kner 1863). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Central America: Pacific slope of Costa Rica and Panama. Habitat: freshwater.

valenciennesii, Loricaria Vaillant [L. L.] 1880:157 [16] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 17855] Upper Amazon at Calderon, Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1985. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:74 [ref. 19575]. On p. 16 of separate. •Synonym of Hemiloricaria teffeana (Steindachner 1879) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:30 [ref. 25653]). •Synonym of Rineloricaria teffeana (Steindachner 1879) -- (Isbrücker 1980:110 [ref. 2303], Isbrücker 1981:89 [ref. 5522], Isbrücker 2002:23 [ref. 27178], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:344 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Rineloricaria teffeana (Steindachner 1879). Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Habitat: freshwater.

wolfei, Rhineloricaria Fowler [H. W.] 1940:241, Figs. 33-35 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 91 (for 1939); ref. 1432] Contamana, Río Ucayali basin, Peru. Holotype (unique): ANSP 68660. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:126 [ref. 13621], Ferraris 2007:247 [ref. 29155]. Original genus should have been Rineloricaria. •Valid as Hemiloricaria wolfei (Fowler 1940) -- (Isbrücker et al. 2001:23 [ref. 25649], Isbrücker 2001:27, 32 [ref. 25653], Isbrücker 2002:17 [ref. 27178], Ferraris 2007:247 [ref. 29155]). •Valid as Rineloricaria wolfei Fowler 1940 -- (Isbrücker 1980:111 [ref. 2303], Ortega & Vari 1986:18 [ref. 9708], Burgess 1989:443 [ref. 12860], Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:344 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria wolfei Fowler 1940. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Ucayali River basin, Peru. Habitat: freshwater.

zaina, Rineloricaria Ghazzi [M. S.] 2008:108, Fig. 5 [Iheringia, Série Zoologia (Porto Alegre) v. 98 (no. 1); ref. 29636] Independência, rio Buricá, no eixo da barragemm da CERTHIL, about 27°51'S, 54°08'W, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Holotype: MCP 19683. Paratypes: many at MAPA, MCN, MCP, MZUSP, UFRGS. Plus aditional non-type material. •Valid as Rineloricaria zaina Ghazzi 2008 -- (Koerber 2014:10 [ref. 33621], Mirande & Koerber 2015:46 [ref. 35117], Bertaco et al. 2016:420 [ref. 34561]). Current status: Valid as Rineloricaria zaina Ghazzi 2008. Loricariidae: Loricariinae. Distribution: Uruguay River basin, Brazil and Argentina. Habitat: freshwater.