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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Scomberomorus: [ 36 ] records


acervum, Cybium Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:186 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Lectotype: MNHN A-5781. Paralectotypes: MNHN A.5782 (1) Martinique, B.2508 [ex A.5781] (2). Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:369-370 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:443, Fig. 1 [ref. 20804], Collette 1966:365-366 [ref. 14641]. Lectotype selected by Collette 1966:365 [ref. 14641]. •Synonym of Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier 1829) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:61 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:616 [ref. 5221], Collette 2003:10 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier 1829). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

argyreus, Scomberomorus Fowler [H. W.] 1905:764, Pl. 51 (lower fig.) [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 56 (for 1904); ref. 1368] Cape Palmas, Liberia. Holotype (unique): ANSP 11400. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:152 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Scomberomorus tritor (Cuvier 1832) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:79 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:669 [ref. 5221], Collette 1990:989 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:13 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus tritor (Cuvier 1832). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

brasiliensis, Scomberomorus Collette [B. B.], Russo [J. L.] & Zavala-Camin [L. A.] 1978:274, Fig. 2 [United States National Marine Fisheries Service Fishery Bulletin v. 76 (no. 1); ref. 8942] Belém market, Brazil. Holotype: USNM 217550. Paratypes: BMNH 1892.6.29.9 (1), 1923.7.30.305 (1); MCZ (20, 7 lots); MPIP [Mus. Pesca. Inst. Pesca. Santos] (14, 14 lots); MZUSP (36, 36 lots); NMW (9, 5 lots); CAS-SU (11, 11 lots); USNM 188424 (3), 217550-57 (1 ea.); ZMH 4029 (1). Plus additional non-type material. Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:419 [ref. 21161]. •Valid as Scomberomorus brasiliensis Collette, Russo & Zavala-Camin 1978 -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:60 [ref. 5375], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:419 [ref. 14275], Collette & Russo 1985:612 [ref. 5221], Cervigón 1992:417 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1994:250 [ref. 24488], Aguilera 1998:53 [ref. 24221], Banford et al. 1999:597 [ref. 23912], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Rocha & Rosa 2001:992 [ref. 25909], Camargo & Isaac 2001:143 [ref. 27639], Collette 2003:1849 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:10 [ref. 27312], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:103 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32708], Nión et al. 2016:53 [ref. 35565], Marceniuk et al. 2017:42 [ref. 35324], Spier et al. 2018:16 [ref. 36103], Ribeiro et al. 2019:8 [ref. 36717], Collette & Graves 2019:146 [ref. 37341]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus brasiliensis Collette, Russo & Zavala-Camin 1978. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

caballa, Cybium Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:187 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Brazil and Antilles. Syntypes: MNHN A-5521 (1, dry) Antilles, A-5567 (1, dry) Brazil, A-5575 (1, dry) Brazil, A-5610 (1, dry) Puerto Rico. Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:371 [ref. 20733] and Blanc & Bauchot 1964:445-446, Figs. 8-10 [ref. 20804] for caballa. Appeared first and is available from Cuvier 1829 as Cybium cavalla. •Synonym of Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier 1829) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:61 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:616 [ref. 5221], Collette 2003:10 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier 1829). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

cambodgiense, Cybium Durand [J.] 1940:37, Pl. 6 [Institut Océanographic de l'Indochine Note 36; ref. 13008] Phnom-Penh, Cambodia. Holotype (unique): apparently lost. •Synonym of Scomberomorus sinensis (Lacepède 1800) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:78 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:666 [ref. 5221], Collette 2001:3751 [ref. 26305], Kottelat 2001:158 [ref. 25780], Collette 2003:12 [ref. 27312], Kottelat 2013:446 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus sinensis (Lacepède 1800). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cavalla, Cybium Cuvier [G.] 1829:200 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Brazil. No types known. Type catalog: Collette 1966:365 [ref. 14641]. Available from footnote as, "C. cavalla, ou Guarapuca, Margr., 173." Spelled caballa in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831 [ref. 1000]. •Valid as Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier 1829) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:58 [ref. 5375], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:418 [ref. 14275], Collette & Russo 1985:616 [ref. 5221], Robins & Ray 1986:259 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:455 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:179 [ref. 14674], Boschung 1992:169 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:417 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1994:252 [ref. 24488], Murdy et al. 1997:181 [ref. 23144], Aguilera 1998:53 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:332 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:169 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1645 [ref. 25634], Rocha & Rosa 2001:992 [ref. 25909], Camargo & Isaac 2001:143 [ref. 27639], Collette in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:529 [ref. 26158], Alvarez-León 2002:228 [ref. 26373], Collette 2003:1850 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:10 [ref. 27312], Smith et al. 2003:67 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:781 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:83 [ref. 33341], Pinheiro et al. 2015:32 [ref. 34324], Spier et al. 2018:16 [ref. 36103], Collette & Graves 2019:151 [ref. 37341], Robertson et al. 2020:161 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier 1829). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

chinense, Cybium Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:180 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] No locality. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:373 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:449 [ref. 20804]. Based on Scombre chinois of Lacepède. •Synonym of Scomberomorus sinensis (Lacepède 1800) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:288 [ref. 7348] with author Schlegel, Collette & Nauen 1983:78 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:665 [ref. 5221], Collette 2003:12 [ref. 27312], Kottelat 2013:446 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus sinensis (Lacepède 1800). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

clupeoideum, Cybium Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:178 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Norfolk Island, southern Pacific [probably in error for western Atlantic]. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-5784. Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:370 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:444, Fig. 3 [ref. 20804], Collette 1966:369 [ref. 14641], Bauchot 1969:140 [ref. 20807]. •Questionably a synonym of Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier 1829) -- (Collette & Russo 1985:616 [ref. 5221]). •Synonym of Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier 1829) -- (Collette 2003:10 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier 1829). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

commerson, Scomber Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1800:598, 600, Pl. 20 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] No locality stated. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961 [ref. 20733] and Blanc & Bauchot 1964:444, Figs. 4-7 [ref. 20804] as "neosyntypes"; Collette 1966:369 [ref. 14641] recognized that they were not types. Based on a Commerson drawing. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:283, 287 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. As Scomber commersoni in Bloch & Schneider 1801:545 [ref. 471], Scomber commersonii in Shaw 1803:589, and Cybium commersonii in Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831. •Valid as Scomberomorus commerson (Lacepède 1800) -- (Postel 1973:473 [ref. 7208], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:286 [ref. 7348] and Kyushin et al. 1977:316 [ref. 19756] as commersoni, Collette & Russo 1980:249 [ref. 8727], Kyushin et al. 1982:248 [ref. 19754], Collette & Nauen 1983:63 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:622 [ref. 5221], Dor 1984:264 [ref. 29757], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:225 [ref. 6441], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:992 [ref. 13676], Collette 1986:836 [ref. 5647], Allen & Swainston 1988:144 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:65 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:448 [ref. 15987], Gomon et al. 1994:825 [ref. 22532], Goren & Dor 1994:70 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:375 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:515 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:232 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:225 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:159 [ref. 26476] as commersoni, Randall et al. 1997:448 [ref. 25919], Golani 1998:97 [ref. 27567], Myers 1999:278 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:565 [ref. 24106], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:252 [ref. 24754], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1351 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:447 [ref. 25191], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:104 [ref. 26368], Collette 2001:3743 [ref. 26305] dated 1801, Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:145 [ref. 26753], Nakabo 2002:1351 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:418, 674 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:63 [ref. 26830], Collette 2003:10 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:212 [ref. 27510] dated 1801, Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:419 [ref. 28072], Randall et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27624], Golani 2005:61 [ref. 37112], Randall 2005:611 [ref. 28239], Bray et al. 2006:1775 [ref. 29091], Fricke et al. 2007:111 [ref. 29533], Gomon 2008:787 [ref. 30616], Fricke et al. 2009:112 [ref. 30213], Kimura 2009:312 [ref. 30426], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1041 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:218 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:204 [ref. 34464], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:430 [ref. 33460], Fricke et al. 2014:188 [ref. 33932], Psomadakis et al. 2015:316 [ref. 34104], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2915 [ref. 34618], Koeda et al. 2016:106 [ref. 35333], Motomura et al. 2017:215 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:341 [ref. 36183], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[22] 260 [ref. 36492], Fricke et al. 2018:363 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:171 [ref. 36273], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:278 [ref. 36460], Brown et al. 2019:173 [ref. 36444], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:100 [ref. 36864], Eagderi et al. 2019:104 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:312 [ref. 36673], Hoschke et al. 2019:160 [ref. 36626], Zajonz et al. 2019:100 [ref. 36871], Collette & Graves 2019:157 [ref. 37341], Bariche & Fricke 2020:137 [ref. 37515], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 18 [ref. 38321], Psomadakis et al. 2020:573 [ref. 37272], Golani 2021:83 [ref. 38303]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus commerson (Lacepède 1800). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar, western Mascarenes and Persian Gulf, east to Palau and Fiji, north to Korea and southern Japan, south to Rottnest Island (Western Australia), New South Wales (Australia), New Caledonia and Lord Howe Island; southern central Atlantic: Saint Helena Island; Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

concolor, Chriomitra Lockington [W. N.] 1879:134 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 31; ref. 2816] San Francisco market; probably from Monterey, California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): CAS (lost in 1906). Boeseman 1964:468 [ref. 20805] mentions a topotype in Leiden from Lockington. •Valid as Scomberomorus concolor (Lockington 1879) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:64 [ref. 5375], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:273 [ref. 9277], Collette & Russo 1985:628 [ref. 5221], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1537 [ref. 22830], Banford et al. 1999:597 [ref. 23912], Fuller et al. 1999:466 [ref. 25838], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Collette 2003:11 [ref. 27312], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:316 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:93 [ref. 37205], Collette & Graves 2019:164 [ref. 37341]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus concolor (Lockington 1879). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: central California (U.S.A.) south to Baja California and Gulf of California (Mexico). Habitat: brackish, marine.

croockewitii, Cybium Bleeker [P.] 1850:161 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 324] Strait near Muntok, Bangka, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6054. Type catalog: Boeseman 1964:467, Fig. 17 [ref. 20805]. Spelled crockewiti by authors, and misspelled crookewitii in the Catalog of Fishes before 21 Aug. 2010. •Synonym of Scomberomorus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:65 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:631 [ref. 5221], Collette 2003:11 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

gracile, Cybium Günther [A.] 1873:378 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 12 (no. 71); ref. 18198] Chefoo, Shantung Province, China. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1873.9.23.4. •Synonym of Scomberomorus niphonius (Cuvier 1832) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:72 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:650 [ref. 5221], Collette 2003:11 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus niphonius (Cuvier 1832). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

guttatus, Scomber Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:23, Pl. 5 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India. Lectotype: ZMB 8759 (dry). Paralectotypes: ZMB 8758 (1, dry, missing). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:130 [ref. 24282]. Lectotype selected by Paepke 1999:130 [ref. 24282]. •Valid as Scomberomorus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:289 [ref. 7348], Kyushin et al. 1977:314 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:248 [ref. 19754], Collette & Nauen 1983:65 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:630 [ref. 5221], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:225 [ref. 6441], Randall 1995:375 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:517 [ref. 27969], Carpenter et al. 1997:226 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:159 [ref. 26476], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1351 [ref. 25182], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:187 [ref. 25703], Collette 2001:3744 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Nakabo 2002:1351 [ref. 26193], Collette 2003:11 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Psomadakis et al. 2015:316 [ref. 34104], Ali et al. 2018:341 [ref. 36183], Matsuo & Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:278 [ref. 36460], Eagderi et al. 2019:105 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:100 [ref. 36871], Collette & Graves 2019:168 [ref. 37341], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 18 [ref. 38321], Psomadakis et al. 2020:573 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Socotra and Persian Gulf east to Philippines, north to southern Japan. Habitat: brackish, marine.

immaculatum, Cybium Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:191 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Martinique Island, West Indies. Lectotype: MNHN A-5720 (poor condition). Paralectotypes: MNHN B-2509 [ex MNHN A-5720] (1, poor condition), A-5780 (1, poor condition). Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:371 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:446, Fig. 12 [ref. 20804], Collette 1966:366-367 [ref. 14641]. Lectotype selected by Collette 1966:366-367 [ref. 14641]. •Synonym of Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier 1829) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:61 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:10 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier 1829). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

immunis, Apolectus Bennett [E. T.] 1831:146 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 5778] Atlantic coast of North Africa. No types known. Apparently predates Cybium tritor Cuvier 1832, but it is suggested that tritor be used based on current usage; see account of Scomberomorus tritor (Cuvier 1832). •Synonym of Scomberomorus tritor (Cuvier 1832) -- (Postel 1973:473 [ref. 7208], Collette & Nauen 1983:79 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:669 [ref. 5221], Collette 1990:989 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:12 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus tritor (Cuvier 1832). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

interruptum, Cybium Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:172 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Puducherry, India. Holotype: MNHN A-5522 (dry, poor condition). Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:371 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:446-447, Fig. 13 [ref. 20804], Collette 1966:368 [ref. 14641]. •Synonym of Scomberomorus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:65 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:630 [ref. 5221], Collette 2003:11 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

konam, Cybium Bleeker [P.] 1851:357 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 326] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 6051. Paralectotypes: (12) RMNH 8471 (5), ?NMV 46404 (1), RMNH 24087 (some of 12), SMNS 10631 (2). Type catalog: Boeseman 1964:467 [ref. 20805], Fricke 1991:18-19 [ref. 13474], Fricke 2005:57 [ref. 29864]. Also in Bleeker 1851:39 [ref. 332]. Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1964:467, Fig. 16 [ref. 20805]. •Synonym of Scomberomorus commerson (Lacepède 1800) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:63 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:623 [ref. 5221], Collette 2003:10 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus commerson (Lacepède 1800). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

koreanum, Cybium Kishinouye [K.] 1915:11 [6], Pl. 1 (fig. 6) [Suisan Gakkai Ho v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 18416] Yojiro Wakiya, western coast of Korea. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. On p. 6 of English translation. Locality taken from Kishinouye 1923:421 [ref. 2609]. •Valid as Scomberomorus koreanus (Kishinouye 1915) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:290 [ref. 7348], Kyushin et al. 1982:249 [ref. 19754], Collette & Nauen 1983:66 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:636 [ref. 5221], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:225 [ref. 6441], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:518 [ref. 27969], Cheng & Zhou 1997:351 [ref. 26385] dated 1929, Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:644 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1351 [ref. 25182], Collette 2001:3745 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Nakabo 2002:1351 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:418, 674 [ref. 26218], Collette 2003:11 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Psomadakis et al. 2015:316 [ref. 34104], Collette & Graves 2019:173 [ref. 37341], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 18 [ref. 38321], Psomadakis et al. 2020:573 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus koreanus (Kishinouye 1915). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Mumbai (India) east to Singapore, north to Sea of Japan. Habitat: marine.

kuhlii, Cybium Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:178 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: MNHN A-5771. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-5715 (1) Mumbai; RMNH 1239 (1), 1241 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:372 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:447, Fig. 14 [ref. 20804], Boeseman 1964:468, Fig. 18 [ref. 20805], Collette 1966:368-369 [ref. 14641]. Lectotype selected by Collette 1966:368 [ref. 14641]. •Synonym of Scomberomorus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:65 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:630 [ref. 5221], Collette 2003:11 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

leopardus, Scomber Shaw [G.] 1803:591 [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] Coromandel coast of India. No types known. Based on Russell 1803, Pl. 134 [ref. 13862]. •Synonym of Scomberomorus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:65 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:630 [ref. 5221], Collette 2003:11 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lineolatum, Cybium Cuvier [G.] 1829:200 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Vizagapatam, India. No types known. Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes specimens: MNHN A-6866 (1) Malabar, 6357 (1, poor condition). Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:372 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:447, Figs. 15-16 [ref. 20804], Collette 1966:367-368 [ref. 14641], Collette & Russo 1984:638 [ref. 5221]. Available from footnote as, "C. lineolatum, N., Mangelang, Russ., I, vii, 53." Also in Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:170 [ref. 1000], and Griffith & Smith 1834:Pl. 48 (opp. p. 186) [ref. 1908]. Type catalogs have holotype from Malabar (and paratype from Mahé), but these are not Russell specimens so are not types but were used by Cuvier 1832. •Hybrid between Scomberomorus commerson x S. guttatus -- (Srinivasa Rao & Lakshmi 1993:471 [ref. 20560]). •Valid, not a hybrid -- (Collette 1994:1205 [ref. 21631]). •Valid as Scomberomorus lineolatus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:68 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:638 [ref. 5221] who date to Cuvier 1831, Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:644 [ref. 25122], Collette 2001:3746 [ref. 26305] dated 1831, Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Collette 2003:11 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Psomadakis et al. 2015:317 [ref. 34104], Collette & Graves 2019:176 [ref. 37341], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 18 [ref. 38321], Psomadakis et al. 2020:574 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus lineolatus (Cuvier 1829). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Pakistan and India east to the Gulf of Thailand and Java (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Scomber Mitchill [S. L.] 1815:426, Pl. 6 (fig. 8) [Transactions of the Literary and Philosophical Society of New-York v. 1 (art. 5) (for 1814); ref. 13292] New York, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Scomberomorus maculatus (Mitchill 1815) -- (Postel 1973:473 [ref. 7208], Kong 1978 [ref. 21299], Collette & Nauen 1983:65 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:641 [ref. 5221], Robins & Ray 1986:260 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:456 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:180 [ref. 14674], Boschung 1992:169 [ref. 23239], Murdy et al. 1997:182 [ref. 23144], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:587 [ref. 24023], Banford et al. 1999:597 [ref. 23912], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:463 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:332 [ref. 25013], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Camargo & Isaac 2001:143 [ref. 27639], Collette in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:530 [ref. 26158], Collette 2003:1851 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:11 [ref. 27312], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:782 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32708], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:345 [ref. 36407], Collette & Graves 2019:180 [ref. 37341]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus maculatus (Mitchill 1815). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

maculosus, Scomber Shaw [G.] 1803:592 [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] Vizagapatam, India. No types known. •Synonym of Scomberomorus commerson (Lacepède 1800) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:63 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:10 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus commerson (Lacepède 1800). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

multifasciatum, Cybium Kishinouye [K.] 1915:9 [5], Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [Suisan Gakkai Ho v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 18416] Kawajiri, north coast of Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. On p. 5 of English translation. •Synonym of Scomberomorus commerson (Lacepède 1800) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:63 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:624 [ref. 5221], Collette 2003:10 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus commerson (Lacepède 1800). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

multiradiatus, Scomberomorus Munro [I. S. R.] 1964:168, Fig. 12 [Papua New Guinea Agricultural Journal v. 16 (no. 4); ref. 3058] Off northern mouth of Fly River, Gulf of Papua, Papua New Guinea. Holotype (unique): CSIRO C 3172. •Valid as Scomberomorus multiradiatus Munro 1964 -- (Collette & Russo 1980:249 [ref. 8727], Collette & Nauen 1983:70 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:646 [ref. 5221], Collette 2001:3747 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Collette 2003:11 [ref. 27312], Larson et al. 2013:219 [ref. 32988], Collette & Graves 2019:185 [ref. 37341]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus multiradiatus Munro 1964. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Gulf of Papua off the mouth of the Fly River, Papua New Guinea to Arafura and Timor seas and northern Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

munroi, Scomberomorus Collette [B. B.] & Russo [J. L.] 1980:243, Fig. 1a [Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research v. 31 (no. 2); ref. 8727] Deception Bay, north of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.21029-001. Paratypes: AMS I.21030-001 (1); KFRS F.1971 (2); USNM 219372-78 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1). •Valid as Scomberomorus munroi Collette & Russo 1980 -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:71 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:647 [ref. 5221], Allen & Swainston 1988:144 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:448 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:232 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:448 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Collette 2001:3748 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Collette 2003:11 [ref. 27312], Bray et al. 2006:1775 [ref. 29091], Larson et al. 2013:219 [ref. 32988], Collette & Graves 2019:188 [ref. 37341]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus munroi Collette & Russo 1980. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Australia and southern coast of Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

niphonium, Cybium Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:180 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Japan. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:373 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:449 [ref. 20804]. Based on a drawing. •Valid as Sawara niphonia (Cuvier 1832) -- (Wang et al. 2001:258 [ref. 26566] dated 1831, authors as Cuvier & Valenciennes). •Valid as Scomberomorus niphonius (Cuvier 1832) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:291 [ref. 7348], Collette & Russo 1980:242 [ref. 8727], Kyushin et al. 1982:249 [ref. 19754], Collette & Nauen 1983:72 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:649 [ref. 5221], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:225 [ref. 6441], Machida in Okamura et al. 1985:545, 706 [ref. 8056], Chen et al. 1997:159 [ref. 26476] with author as Valenciennes, Cheng & Zhou 1997:350 [ref. 26385] dated 1831, Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:14 [ref. 24670], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:644 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1351 [ref. 25182], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Nakabo 2002:1351 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:418, 674 [ref. 26218], Collette 2003:11 [ref. 27312], Parin 2003:S30 [ref. 28536], Shinohara et al. 2005:440 [ref. 28370], Parin et al. 2014:514 [ref. 33547], Matsuo & Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:279 [ref. 36460], Collette & Graves 2019:192 [ref. 37341], Sonoyama et al. 2020:113 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus niphonius (Cuvier 1832). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: northern Vietnam and China to Korea, Russia and Japan. Habitat: marine.

plumierii, Scomberomorus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:292, 293 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Martinique Island, West Indies. No types known. •Synonym of Scomberomorus regalis (Bloch 1793) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:75 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:12 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus regalis (Bloch 1793). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

plurilineatus, Scomberomorus Fourmanoir [P.] 1966:223, Fig. 1 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 38 (no. 3); ref. 9030] Near Nosy Be [Nossi-Bé], Madagascar. Holotype (unique): apparently discarded. •Valid as Scomberomorus plurilineatus Fourmanoir 1966 -- (van der Elst & Collette 1984 [ref. 21057], Collette & Nauen 1983:73 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:652 [ref. 5221], Collette 1986:836 [ref. 5647], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Collette 2003:12 [ref. 27312], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:420 [ref. 28072], Fricke et al. 2018:363 [ref. 35805], Collette & Graves 2019:197 [ref. 37341]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus plurilineatus Fourmanoir 1966. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: East and South Africa east to Seychelles and Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

queenslandicus, Scomberomorus (Cybium) Munro [I. S. R.] 1943:82, Pls. 7 (fig. B), 8 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 12 (pt 2); ref. 3056] Cape Cleveland, northern Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.6588. •Valid as Scomberomorus queenslandicus Munro 1943 -- (Collette & Russo 1980:249 [ref. 8727], Collette & Nauen 1983:74 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:654 [ref. 5221], Allen & Swainston 1988:144 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:448 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:232 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:373 [ref. 23967], Randall et al. 1997:448 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Collette 2001:3749 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Collette 2003:12 [ref. 27312], Bray et al. 2006:1776 [ref. 29091], Larson et al. 2013:219 [ref. 32988], Collette & Graves 2019:201 [ref. 37341]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus queenslandicus Munro 1943. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Australia and southern Papua New Guinea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

regalis, Scomber Bloch [M. E.] 1793:38, Pl. 333 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 7; ref. 4868] Martinique, West Indies. No types known. On p. 31 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 10 [ref. 21381]. Bauchot & Blanc 1961:372 [ref. 20733] list "neosyntypes" based on treatment by Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:184 [ref. 1000]; Bloch's holotype destroyed; Collette 1966:367 [ref. 14641] correctly recognized them as non-types. •Valid as Scomberomorus regalis (Bloch 1793) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:75 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:657 [ref. 5221], Robins & Ray 1986:260 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1992:417 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1994:254 [ref. 24488], Banford et al. 1999:597 [ref. 23912], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:463 [ref. 24550], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:169 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Camargo & Isaac 2001:143 [ref. 27639], Collette in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:531 [ref. 26158], Collette 2003:1852 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:12 [ref. 27312], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:103 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:67 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:783 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32708], Catelani et al. 2014:933 [ref. 37496], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:83 [ref. 33341], Collette & Graves 2019:206 [ref. 37341], Robertson et al. 2020:161 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus regalis (Bloch 1793). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

semifasciatum, Cybium Macleay [W.] 1883:205 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 2); ref. 14342] Lower Burdekin River, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.18288. •Valid as Scomberomorus semifasciatus (Macleay 1883) -- (Collette & Russo 1980:249 [ref. 8727], Collette & Nauen 1983:76 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:659 [ref. 5221], Allen & Swainston 1988:144 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:448 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:232 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:373 [ref. 23967], Randall et al. 1997:448 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Collette 2001:3750 [ref. 26305] dated 1884, Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Collette 2003:12 [ref. 27312], Bray et al. 2006:1776 [ref. 29091], Larson et al. 2013:219 [ref. 32988], Collette & Graves 2019:210 [ref. 37341]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus semifasciatus (Macleay 1883). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Australia and southern Papua New Guinea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sierra, Scomberomorus Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] in Jordan 1895:428 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 5; ref. 2394] Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Lectotype: CAS-SU 1720. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1895.5.27.104 [from Jordan] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:105 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype selected by Collette & Russo 1984:659 [ref. 5221]. •Valid as Scomberomorus sierra Jordan & Starks 1895 -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:77 [ref. 5375], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:274 [ref. 9277], Collette & Russo 1985:662 [ref. 5221], Pequeño 1989:67 [ref. 14125], Allen & Robertson 1994:277 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:144 [ref. 23101], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1538 [ref. 22830], Banford et al. 1999:597 [ref. 23912], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:586 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:399 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:463 [ref. 24550], Thomson et al. 2000:291 [ref. 25640], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Collette 2003:1851 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:12 [ref. 27312], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:316 [ref. 35888], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:93 [ref. 35859], González-Murcia et al. 2019:300 [ref. 36544], Collette & Graves 2019:215 [ref. 37341]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus sierra Jordan & Starks 1895. Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: central California (U.S.A.) south to northern Chile, including Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

sinensis, Scomber Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:599 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] No locality stated [China]. No types known. Based on a Chinese drawing. Also in Lacepède 1801:23 [ref. 2710]. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:285, 349 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •Valid as Scomberomorus sinensis (Lacepède 1800) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:288 [ref. 7348], Collette & Nauen 1983:78 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:665 [ref. 5221], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:225 [ref. 6441], Rainboth 1996:214 [ref. 22772], Cheng & Zhou 1997:352 [ref. 26385], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:644 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1351 [ref. 25182], Collette 2001:3751 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Kottelat 2001:158 [ref. 25780], Nakabo 2002:1351 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:418, 674 [ref. 26218], Collette 2003:12 [ref. 27312], Kottelat 2013:446 [ref. 32989], Collette & Graves 2019:219 [ref. 37341]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus sinensis (Lacepède 1800). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Western Pacific from Japan and China south to Vietnam and Cambodia where it enters the Mekong River. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

tigris, Cybium De Vis [C. W.] 1884:545 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 4899] Cape York, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.119. •Synonym of Scomberomorus semifasciatus (Macleay 1883) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:76 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:659 [ref. 5221], Collette 2003:12 [ref. 27312], Bray et al. 2006:1776 [ref. 29091]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberomorus semifasciatus (Macleay 1883). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

tritor, Cybium Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:176, Pl. 218 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Gorée, Senegal. Lectotype: MNHN A-6871. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-6868 (1), plus one missing. Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:372-373 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:448, Fig. 18 [ref. 20804], Collette & Russo 1984:669 [ref. 5221], and Collette 1966:367 [ref. 14641] as holotype and paratype. Technicially there were syntypes although the primary description was based mostly on A.6871 (which was designated lectotype by Eschmeyer 1998:1704 [ref. 23416]). Evidently predated by Apolectus immunis Bennett 1831, but believing that Cybium tritor and Apolectus immunis were both described in 1831, Collette & Russo 1985 [ref. 5221] followed common usage and selected Scomberomorus tritor for this species, and current usage should be maintained. •Valid as Scomberomorus tritor (Cuvier 1832) -- (Postel 1973:473 [ref. 7208], Collette & Nauen 1983:78 [ref. 5375], Collette & Russo 1985:668 [ref. 5221], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:993 [ref. 13676], Collette 1990:989 [ref. 19476], Banford et al. 1999:597 [ref. 23912], Afonso et al. 1999:80 [ref. 25466], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Collette 2003:1851 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:12 [ref. 27312], Wirtz et al. 2007:41 [ref. 30263], Wirtz et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32972], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2910 [ref. 34618], Almeida & Alves 2019:272 [ref. 37509], Carneiro et al. 2019:169 [ref. 37250], Collette & Graves 2019:222 [ref. 37341], Reiner 2019:280 [ref. 38139]). Current status: Valid as Scomberomorus tritor (Cuvier 1832). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Western Mediterranean Sea (rare); eastern Atlantic: Canary Islands south to southern Angola, including ?Azores, Madeira, and São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: brackish, marine.