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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Scyliorhinus: [ 29 ] records


acanthonotum, Scyllium De Filippi [F.] in De Filippi & Verany 1857:193 [9], Fig. 2 [Memorie / Reale accademia delle scienze di Torino (Ser. 2) v. 18; ref. 1329] Near Albenga, Province of Savona, Liguria, northwestern Italy, Gulf of Genoa, Ligurian Sea, western Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Appeared first as Scyllium n. sp. in De Filippi 1853:169 [separate p. 7], Fig. 2 [ref. 17378]. On p. 9 of separate. •Questionably a synonym of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:366 [ref. 6846]). Current status: Uncertain as Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

acutidens, Scyllium Vaillant [L. L.] 1888:60, Pl. 1 (fig. 4) [Expéditions scientifiques du "Travailleur" et du "Talisman"; ref. 4496] Eastern Atlantic. Holotype: MNHN 1884-0385 (poor condition). Paratypes: MNHN 1884-0384 (1), 1884-0385 (1, poor condition), 1884-0386 (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1939:68 [ref. 20739]. Originally Scyllium ? acutidens. •Questionably a synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:358 [ref. 6846], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Soares & Carvalho 2019:21 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Uncertain as Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

albomaculata, Scyliorhinus canicula var. Pietschmann [V.] 1906:98 [Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien v. 21; ref. 15169] West coast of Morocco, eastern Atlantic. No types known. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:358 [ref. 6846], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Soares & Carvalho 2019:21 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

besnardi, Scyliorhinus retifer Springer [S.] & Sadowsky [V.] 1970:95, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 83 (no. 7); ref. 7783] Near continental shelf edge, 33°26'S, 51°21'W, northern Uruguay, southwestern Atlantic, R/V Prof. W. Besnard station 419, depth 190 meters. Holotype: USNM 204376. Paratypes: IOSP 81BS (1, dissected), 82BS (1); USNM 204377 (1). Type catalog: Howe & Springer 1993:4 [ref. 21812]. •Valid species as Scyliorhinus besnardi Springer & Sadowsky 1970 -- (Compagno 1984:357 [ref. 6846], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Nión et al. 2016:20 [ref. 35565]). •Synonym of Scyliorhinus haeckelii (Miranda Ribeiro 1907) -- (Soares et al. 2016:514 [ref. 34158], Soares & Carvalho 2019:68 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus haeckelii (Miranda Ribeiro 1907). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southern Brazil to Argentina (if valid). Habitat: marine.

boa, Scylliorhinus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:17 [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Off Barbados, West Indies, depth 200 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MCZ 1335-S. Correct spelling of original genus is Scyliorhinus. Proposed conditionally, but treated as available. •Valid as Scyliorhinus boa Goode & Bean 1896 -- (Uyeno & Sasaki in Uyeno et al. 1983:51 [ref. 14275], Compagno 1984:357 [ref. 6846], Cervigón 1992:185 [ref. 23827], Cervigón & Alcalá 1999:94 [ref. 24490], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Compagno 2003:454 [ref. 26984], Kiraly et al. 2003:15 [ref. 28226], Castro 2011:336 [ref. 31457], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:31 [ref. 37485], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Soares et al. 2016:532 [ref. 34158], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Ehemann et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36861], Soares & Carvalho 2019:8 [ref. 36701], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus boa Goode & Bean 1896. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bahamas south to Rio Grande do Norte (Brazil), including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

cabofriensis, Scyliorhinus Soares [K. D. A.], Gomes [U. L.] & Carvalho [M. R. de] 2016:503, Figs. 1-7 [Zootaxa 4066 (no. 5); ref. 34158] Off Cabo Frio, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Holotype: MNRJ 40730. Paratypes: MCP, MNRJ, UERJ. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Scyliorhinus cabofriensis Soares, Gomes & Carvalho 2016 -- (Soares & Carvalho 2019:18 [ref. 36701], Lopes et al. 2020:48 [ref. 37494], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus cabofriensis Soares, Gomes & Carvalho 2016. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) endemic. Habitat: marine.

canicula, Squalus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:234 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea and northeastern Atlantic [original: "in Oceano Europe"]; localities include Penzance, Cornwall, England, Northeastern Atlantic; Rome and Venice, Italy; Lesbos Island, Greece; Syria, Mediterranean Sea. Neotype: BMNH 1866.9.12.4. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:15 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Neotype designated by Soares & Carvalho 2019:31 [ref. 36701] with collection as NHMUK. Originally based on at least 18 pre-Linnaean sources including Artedi 1738:68 [ref. 30578] and Artedi 1738:97 [ref. 30349] as Squalus ex rufo varius; Rondelet 1554:380 [ref. 30354] as Cabicula (Canicula) Aristotelis, Salviani 1558:Pl. (p. 137) [ref. 30229] as Maior Catulus, Jonston 1649:25, Pl. 8 (fig. 1) [ref. 30579] as Catulus maior, Willughby 1686:62 [ref. 30164] and Ray 1713:20 [ref. 30231] as Catulus major vulgaris. •Valid as Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Springer 1973:19 [ref. 7162], Quéro in Whitehead et al. 1984:99 [ref. 13675], Compagno 1984:358 [ref. 6846], Capapé 1987:22 [ref. 39326], Springer 1990:93 [ref. 19319], Santos et al. 1997:117 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:17 [ref. 24952], Capapé et al. 1999:48 [ref. 25276], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Fricke 1999:15 [ref. 24101], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:11 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:9 [ref. 37112], Fricke 2007:25 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:13 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:15 [ref. 30517], George 2009:55 [ref. 30539], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:7 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:21 [ref. 33547], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Compagno 2016:1262 [ref. 34544], Gordon et al. 2016:272 [ref. 34661], Biscoito et al. 2018:484 [ref. 37562], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:62 [ref. 37302], Carneiro et al. 2019:21 [ref. 37250], Soares & Carvalho 2019:20 [ref. 36701], Bariche & Fricke 2020:12 [ref. 37515], Kabasakal 2020:77 [ref. 37952], Kovačić et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37519], Serena et al. 2020:502 [ref. 37963], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Arroyo Martínez 2021:44 [ref. 38962], Giovos et al. 2021:5 [ref. 38895], Golani 2021:7 [ref. 38303], Kovačić et al. 2021:10 [ref. 39014], Barone et al. 2022:28 [ref. 39527], Fermon et al. 2022:93 [ref. 39448] misidentified). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea; North Sea; Mediterranean Sea; northeastern Atlantic: Shetland Islands and southern Norway south to Senegal, including Canary Islands. Habitat: marine.

capense, Scyllium Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] 1838:11 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Lectotype: BMNH 1845.7.3.141. Paralectottypes: BMNH 1845.7.3.144 (1), 1953.5.10.2 (1), 1953.5.10.3 (1); RMNH incat. (1, whereabouts unknown); SMNS 4360 [ex UTZI] (1). Lectotype designated by Soares & Carvalho 2019:42 [ref. 36701]. Appeared first as name only and not available in Smith 1838:85 [ref. 4034]. Based on multiple sources, including manuscript name by A. Smith (BMNH). Also based on a specimen and drawing by Wilhelm von Rapp (UTZI), named Scyllium capense, specimen now in SMNS. •Valid as Scyliorhinus capensis (Müller & Henle 1838) -- (Compagno 1984:359 [ref. 6846], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:221 [ref. 36138], Shirai et al. 1992:13 [ref. 19241], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:75 [ref. 25472], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:63 [ref. 37302], Soares & Carvalho 2019:32 [ref. 36701], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Russell & van Oijen 2021:437 [ref. 38177], Ebert et al. 2021:54 [ref. 38234], Human & Ebert 2022:492 [ref. 39666]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus capensis (Müller & Henle 1838). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic, southwestern Indian Ocean: southern Namibia south to Cape of Good Hope(South Africa), then to KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa). Habitat: marine.

catulus, Scyllium Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] 1838:9 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] [Im mittelländischen Meer und Ocean] Mediterranean Sea, Northeastern Atlantic. No types known. Based on many literature sources; name from Cuvier; not Squalus catulus Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Springer 1973:19 [ref. 7162], Springer 1990:93 [ref. 19319], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:12 [ref. 26753], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:8 [ref. 36649], Soares & Carvalho 2019:97 [ref. 36701], Bariche & Fricke 2020:12 [ref. 37515]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

catulus, Squalus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:235 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European seas. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:15 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:358 [ref. 6846], Fricke 1999:15 [ref. 24101], Fricke 2008:8 [ref. 30182], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Biscoito et al. 2018:484 [ref. 37562], Soares & Carvalho 2019:21 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

cervigoni, Scylliorhinus Maurin [C.] & Bonnet [M.] 1970:129, Fig. 3 [Revue des Travaux de l'Institut des Pêches Maritimes v. 34 (no. 2); ref. 18878] Fosse de Cayar, off Cap Vert, Senegal, depth 270-430 meters. Neotype: ZMH 102563. Neotype selected by Soares & Carvalho 2019:49 [ref. 36701]. Genus should have been Scyliorhinus. •Valid as Scyliorhinus cervigoni Maurin & Bonnet 1970 -- (Compagno 1984:361 [ref. 6846], Springer 1990:93 [ref. 19319], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Compagno 2016:1266 [ref. 34544], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:64 [ref. 37302], Reiner 2019:28 [ref. 38139], Soares & Carvalho 2019:42 [ref. 36701], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Fermon et al. 2022:93 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus cervigoni Maurin & Bonnet 1970. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania south to Angola, including São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

comoroensis, Scyliorhinus Compagno [L. J. V.] 1988:609, Figs. 1, 3-5, 6A, 7A, 8A-B [Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Série 4: Section A: Zoologie, Biologie et Écologie Animales v. 10 (no. 3); ref. 16229] Moroni, Grande Comore, Comoro Islands, 11°40'S, 43°15'E, depth 400 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1984-0701. •Valid as Scyliorhinus comoroensis Compagno 1988 -- (Shirai et al. 1992:13 [ref. 19241], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Fricke et al. 2018:11 [ref. 35805], Soares & Carvalho 2019:50 [ref. 36701], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Human & Ebert 2022:493 [ref. 39666]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus comoroensis Compagno 1988. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Comoro Islands and Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

duhamelii, Catulus Garman [S.] 1913:73 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 36; ref. 1545] Mediterranean Sea (Adriatic Sea and off Nice, France) and Atlantic coasts of Europe. Lectotype: MCZ 63-S. Paralectotype: MCZ 60-S (1). Type catalog: Hartel & Dingerkus 1997:xxxviii [ref. 23119]. Lectotype designated by Soares & Carvalho 2019:65 [ref. 36701]. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Springer 1973:19 [ref. 7162], Compagno 1984:358 [ref. 6846], Springer 1990:93 [ref. 19319], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Soares & Carvalho 2019:20 [ref. 36701]). •Valid as Scyliorhinus duhamelii (Garman 1913) -- (Almeida & Biscoito 2019:62 [ref. 37302], Soares & Carvalho 2019:57 [ref. 36701], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Kovačić et al. 2021:10 [ref. 39014]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus duhamelii (Garman 1913). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Central Mediterranean Sea: eastern Algeria and Tunisia to Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea (western Greece). Habitat: marine.

elegans, Squalus Blainville [H. de] 1825:73, Pl. 18 (fig. 1) [Faune Française; ou histoire naturelle Livr. 13 & 14; ref. 4991] Marseille, France, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:358 [ref. 6846], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Soares & Carvalho 2019:20 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

fernandezi, Scyliorhinus Weibezahn [F. H.] 1953:3, Fig. 1 [Novedades Cientificas, Contribuciones Ocasionales del Museo de Historia Natural La Salle, Serie Zoológica No. 9; ref. 12670] Three miles north of the port of La Guaira, Distrito Federal, Venezuela, depth 20 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MHNLS 3052 [not MHNLS 7717, ex. AFY 149]. Type catalog: Lasso et al. 1997:41 [ref. 23639]. Species epithet appeared in original description as fernándezi. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus haeckelii (Miranda Ribeiro 1907) -- (Compagno 1984:362 [ref. 6846], Soares et al. 2016:513 [ref. 34158]). •Synonym of Scyliorhinus boa Goode & Bean 1896 -- (Soares & Carvalho 2019:9 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus boa Goode & Bean 1896. Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

garmani, Halaelurus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:235, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] East Indies [possibly in error]. Holotype (unique): USNM 43749. Type catalog: Howe & Springer 1993:7 [ref. 21812]. •Valid as Scyliorhinus garmani (Fowler 1934) -- (Compagno 1984:362 [ref. 6846], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:221 [ref. 36138], Compagno & Niem 1998:1292 [ref. 23787], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122], Compagno et al. 2005:27 [ref. 29145], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Soares & Carvalho 2019:65 [ref. 36701], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus garmani (Fowler 1934). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines Habitat: marine.

hachijoensis, Scyliorhinus Ito [N.], Fujii [M.], Nohara [K.] & Tanaka [S.] 2022:333, Figs. 1-3, 4A-B, 5-6, 8A-B [Zootaxa 5092 (no. 3); ref. 38987] Off the east coast of Hachijojima Island, Tokyo, Japan, depth 200 - 300 meters. Holotype: NSMT P135960. Paratypes: MSM, NSMT, SPMN. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Scyliorhinus hachijoensis Ito, Fujii, Nohara & Tanaka 2022. Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus hachijoensis Ito, Fujii, Nohara & Tanaka 2022. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Izu Islands, Japan. Habitat: marine.

haeckelii, Catulus Miranda Ribeiro [A. de] 1907:163, Pl. 8 (figs. 1-2) [Arquivos do Museu Nacional de Rio de Janeiro v. 14; ref. 17763] Near Rio de Janeiro, 25-30 miles east-southeast of ilha Rasa, Brazil, depth 80 meters. Holotype (unique): MNRJ 494. Type catalog: Miranda Ribeiro 1955:406 [ref. 12732], Miranda Ribeiro 1961:4 [ref. 22041 or 22040]. Genus spelled Catulus on plate and in index (p. 214). As Catulos haeckelli on pp. 390 and 391, as Catulus haeckellii on p. 406 in Miranda Ribeiro 1953 [ref. 12732]. •Valid as Scyliorhinus haeckelii (Miranda Ribeiro 1907) -- (Compagno 1984:362 [ref. 6846] as haeckeli, Cervigón 1992:185 [ref. 23827], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Soto 2001:63 [ref. 26637], Gadig & Gomes in Menezes et al. 2003:22 [ref. 27192], Compagno 2003:454 [ref. 26984], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Soares et al. 2016:513 [ref. 34158], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Nión et al. 2016:20 [ref. 35565], Ehemann et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36861], Soares & Carvalho 2019:68 [ref. 36701], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus haeckelii (Miranda Ribeiro 1907). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: southern Brazil south to Uruguay. Habitat: marine.

hesperius, Scyliorhinus Springer [S.] 1966:603, Figs. 7d, 9a, 15b, 27d [United States Fish and Wildlife Service Fishery Bulletin v. 65 (no. 3) (for 1965); ref. 4174] Eastern coast of Panama, 9°03'N, 81°22'W, Oregon station 3598, Caribbean Sea, depth 360-400 meters. Holotype: USNM 187732. Additional material: (12) USNM. Type catalog: Howe & Springer 1993:7 [ref. 21812]. •Valid as Scyliorhinus hesperius Springer 1966 -- (Compagno 1984:363 [ref. 6846], Shirai et al. 1992:13 [ref. 19241], Cervigón 1992:185 [ref. 23827], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Compagno 2003:454 [ref. 26984], Gadig & Gomes in Menezes et al. 2003:22 [ref. 27192], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:36 [ref. 27705], Castro 2011:338 [ref. 31457], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:83 [ref. 34398], Soares et al. 2016:533 [ref. 34158], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Hacohen-Domené et al. 2016:1 [ref. 35107], Ehemann et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36194], Ehemann et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36861], Soares & Carvalho 2019:70 [ref. 36701], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Blanco-Parra & Niño-Torres 2022:Correction, p. 3 [ref. 38986]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus hesperius Springer 1966. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Caribbean Sea from Mexico and Guatemala south to Colombia and Venezuela. Habitat: marine.

meadi, Scyliorhinus Springer [S.] 1966:600, Fig. 14 [United States Fish and Wildlife Service Fishery Bulletin v. 65 (no. 3) (for 1965); ref. 4174] Off Cape Kennedy, Florida, U.S.A., 28°21'N, 78°51'W, Silver Bay station 3711, depth 329 meters. Holotype (unique): USNM 188049. •Valid as Scyliorhinus meadi Springer 1966 -- (Espinosa Pérez & Huidobro Campos 1995:114 [ref. 22757], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Compagno 2003:455 [ref. 26984], Kiraly et al. 2003:15 [ref. 28226], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:36 [ref. 27705], McLaughlin & Morrissey 2004:482 [ref. 28052], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:14 [ref. 28815], Castro 2011:340 [ref. 31457], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:83 [ref. 34398], Soares et al. 2016:533 [ref. 34158], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211], Ehemann et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36194], Soares & Carvalho 2019:78 [ref. 36701], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Blanco-Parra & Niño-Torres 2022:Correction, p. 3 [ref. 38986]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus meadi Springer 1966. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northwestern Atlantic: South Carolina and Florida (U.S.A.), Bahamas; Mexico (northwestern Caribbean Sea). Habitat: marine.

ocellaris, Squalus Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] 1817:11 [Lista de los peces del mar de Andalucía; ref. 17319] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only, not available. Possibly an unpublished work. See also Squalus ocellaris Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler in Graells 1887:185 [ref. 30438]. Author erroneously given as 'Lin.' (Linnaeus). •In the synonymy of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

ocellaris, Squalus Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] in Graells 1887:185 [Revista de los Progresos de las Ciencias Exactas, Fisicas y Naturales, Madrid v. 22 (no. 3); ref. 30438] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only; not available. Name from Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler 1817:11 [ref. 17319], possibly an unpublished work. •In the synonymy of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

retiferum, Scyllium Garman [S.] 1881:233 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 8 (no. 11); ref. 14294] Off Delaware, U.S.A., 38°22'35"N, 73°33'40"W, depth 89 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MCZ 825-S. Type catalog: Hartel & Dingerkus 1997:xxxviii [ref. 23119]. •Valid as Scyliorhinus retifer (Garman 1881) -- (Compagno 1984:365 [ref. 6846], Robins & Ray 1986:22 [ref. 23100], Able & Flescher 1991:231 [ref. 22443], Boschung 1992:20 [ref. 23239], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:67 [ref. 23897], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Branstetter in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:36 [ref. 26158], Compagno 2003:455 [ref. 26984], Moore et al. 2003:167 [ref. 27076], Kiraly et al. 2003:16 [ref. 28226], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:36 [ref. 27705], Nelson et al. 2004:52 [ref. 27807], Castro 2011:342 [ref. 31457], Page et al. 2013:50 [ref. 32708], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:83 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211], Moral-Flores & Paleo-Delgado 2018:97 [ref. 36431], Ehemann et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36194], Ehemann et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36861], Soares & Carvalho 2019:87 [ref. 36701], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Blanco-Parra & Niño-Torres 2022:Correction, p. 3 [ref. 38986]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus retifer (Garman 1881). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Connecticut south to Florida (U.S.A.), and Gulf of Mexico (Mexico, U.S.A.); Caribbean Sea off Mexico and Venezuela. Habitat: marine.

rudis, Scyliorhinus Pietschmann [V.] 1908:133 [2] [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 45 (no. 10); ref. 18555] Japan. Syntypes: (6) NMW 76980-81 (1, 2), 78638 (1). On p. 2 of separate. Apparently appeared first as above, and later illustrated and described in more detail in Pietschmann 1908:699, Figs. 9-14, Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [ref. 14332]. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus torazame (Tanaka 1908) -- (Compagno 1984:367 [ref. 6846], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Soares & Carvalho 2019:106 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus torazame (Tanaka 1908). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

stellaris, Squalus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:235 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea and North Sea [original: "in Mari Europæo"]; localities include North Sea; Marseille, France, Mediterranean Sea. Neotype: BMNH 1976.7.30.10. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:16 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Neotype designated by Soares & Carvalho 2019:106 [ref. 36701]. Originally based on at least 12 pre-Linnaean sources including Artedi 1738:69 [ref. 30578] and Artedi 1738:97 [ref. 30349] as Squalus cinereus, pinnis ventralibus discretis; Rondelet 1554:383 [ref. 30354] and Gesner 1558:199 [ref. 30350] as Canicula saxatil(is), Willughby 1686:63 [ref. 30164] and Ray 1713:22 [ref. 30231] as Catulus maximus, Gronovius 1756:45 (v. 2) [ref. 20783] as Squalus dorso vario inermi, pinnis ventralibus discretis. •Valid as Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Springer 1973:19 [ref. 7162], Quéro in Whitehead et al. 1984:100 [ref. 13675], Compagno 1984:366 [ref. 6846], Capapé 1987:22 [ref. 39326], Springer 1990:93 [ref. 19319], Arruda 1997:17 [ref. 24952], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Fricke 1999:15 [ref. 24101], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:12 [ref. 26753], Fricke et al. 2007:13 [ref. 29533], George 2009:55 [ref. 30539], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:8 [ref. 36649], Wirtz et al. 2013:115 [ref. 32972] needs confirmation, Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211], Compagno 2016:1263 [ref. 34544], Gordon et al. 2016:272 [ref. 34661], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:63 [ref. 37302], Carneiro et al. 2019:22 [ref. 37250], Soares & Carvalho 2019:97 [ref. 36701], Bariche & Fricke 2020:12 [ref. 37515], Kabasakal 2020:79 [ref. 37952], Kovačić et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37519], Serena et al. 2020:502 [ref. 37963], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Arroyo Martínez 2021:46 [ref. 38962], Giovos et al. 2021:5 [ref. 38895], Kovačić et al. 2021:10 [ref. 39014], Barone et al. 2022:28 [ref. 39527], Fermon et al. 2022:93 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: North Sea; Mediterranean Sea; northeastern Atlantic: Shetland Islands and southern Norway south to Gabon. Habitat: marine.

tokubee, Scyliorhinus Shirai [S.], Hagiwara [S.] & Nakaya [K.] 1992:9, Figs. 1-3 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 39 (no. 1); ref. 19241] Off Shirahama, Izu Peninsula, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: HUMZ 107358. Paratypes: HUMZ 113574 (1), 113578 (1), 117472 (1), 117496 (1); NSMT-P 34976 (1). Additional material: HUMZ 111034 (1, poor condition). •Valid as Scyliorhinus tokubee Shirai, Hagiwara & Nakaya 1992 -- (Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:129 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:129 [ref. 26001], Ebert et al. 2013:320 [ref. 33045], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211]). •Synonym of Scyliorhinus torazame (Tanaka 1908) -- (Soares & Carvalho 2019:106 [ref. 46701]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus torazame (Tanaka 1908). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Taiwan to Japan [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

torazame, Catulus Tanaka [S.] 1908:6, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Journal of the College of Science. Imperial University, Tokyo v. 23 (art. 7); ref. 6032] Misaki, Sagami Sea, Japan. Holotype: ZUMT 953 (lost). Paratypes: ZUMT (1, lost). Type catalog: Aizawa et al. 2022:194 [ref. 39648]. •Valid as Scyliorhinus torazame (Tanaka 1908) -- (Compagno 1984:367 [ref. 6846], Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:4 [ref. 6441], Nakaya in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:41, 295 [ref. 8057], Shirai et al. 1992:13 [ref. 19241], Compagno & Niem 1998:1292 [ref. 23787], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:129 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:287 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:129 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:51, 470 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:393 [ref. 28370], Compagno et al. 2005:28 [ref. 29145] with question, Shinohara et al. 2011:38 [ref. 31715], Yamashita et al. 2012:122 [ref. 32408], Shinohara et al. 2014:232 [ref. 33330], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Motomura et al. 2015:12 [ref. 34709], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211], Soares & Carvalho 2019:106 [ref. 36701], Kim et al. 2020:37 [ref. 39118], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Sonoyama et al. 2020:8 [ref. 37637], Ito et al. 2022:345 [ref. 38987]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus torazame (Tanaka 1908). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Taiwan north to southern Korea and Japan, including southern Sea of Japan. Habitat: marine.

torrei, Scylliorhinus Howell Rivero [L.] 1936:43, Pl. 9 [Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 41 (no. 4); ref. 12257] Off Havana, Cuba. Holotype (unique): MCZ 1457-S. Type catalog: Gutiérrez de los Reyes et al. 2015:44 [ref. 36079]. Original genus should have been spelled Scyliorhinus. •Valid as Scyliorhinus torrei Howell Rivero 1936 -- (Compagno 1984:368 [ref. 6846], Shirai et al. 1992:13 [ref. 19241], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Compagno 2003:455 [ref. 26984], Kiraly et al. 2003:16 [ref. 28226], Bunkley-Williams & Williams 2004:95 [ref. 27795], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211], Soares & Carvalho 2019:118 [ref. 36701], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus torrei Howell Rivero 1936. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bahamas and Cuba south to Porto Rico. Habitat: marine.

ugoi, Scyliorhinus Soares [K. D. A.], Gadig [O. B. F.] & Gomes [U. L.] 2015:348, Figs. 1-8 [Zootaxa 3937 (no. 2); ref. 33716] Southern Bahia, central Brazilian coast. Holotype: MNRJ 42619. Paratypes: MZUSP, UERJ. •Valid as Scyliorhinus ugoi Soares, Gadig & Gomes 2015 -- (Soares et al. 2016:530 [ref. 34158], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211], Soares & Carvalho 2019:126 [ref. 36701], Lopes et al. 2020:48 [ref. 37494], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus ugoi Soares, Gadig & Gomes 2015. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Puerto Rico south to Santa Catarina (Brazil). Habitat: marine.


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