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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Xanthichthys: [ 20 ] records


auromarginatus, Balistes Bennett [E. T.] 1832:168 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 4944] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1856.2.15.15 [ex Zool. Soc.]. •Valid as Xanthichthys auromarginatus (Bennett 1832) -- (Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:359 [ref. 6441], Winterbottom et al. 1989:69 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:459 [ref. 15987], Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:xiv [ref. 21953], Allen 1997:240 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:386 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:459 [ref. 25919], Randall & Mundy 1998:332 [ref. 24063], Myers 1999:283 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:588 [ref. 24106], Allen 2000:94 [ref. 37268], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:647 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1402 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:458 [ref. 25191], Matsuura 2001:3927 [ref. 26315] dated 1831, Randall et al. 2002:163 [ref. 26192], Nakabo 2002:1402 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:64 [ref. 26830] dated 1831, Myers & Donaldson 2003:650 [ref. 27495] dated 1831, Randall et al. 2004:32 [ref. 27624] dated 1831, Randall 2005:629 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:526 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1876 [ref. 29098], Randall 2007:473 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:117 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1067 [ref. 31980], Pyle & Earle 2013:11 [ref. 32891], Matsuura 2014:7 [ref. 33576], Fricke et al. 2014:194 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988], Koeda et al. 2016:112 [ref. 35333], Durville et al. 2021:315 [ref. 38802], Parenti 2021:661 [ref. 38921], Matsuura 2022:427 [ref. 40250], Galbraith et al. 2024:7 [ref. 40930]). Current status: Valid as Xanthichthys auromarginatus (Bennett 1832). Balistidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), western Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius), Maldives and Chagos Archipelago east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.), north to Ryukyu Islands (Japan), south to southern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

caeruleolineatus, Xanthichthys Randall [J. E.], Matsuura [K.] & Zama [A.] 1978:701, Figs. 2D, 7 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 28 (no. 4); ref. 5532] 4 kilometers southeast of pass, Manihi Atoll, Tuamotu Archipelago [French Polynesia, South Pacific], depth 350 feet. Holotype: BPBM 13211. Paratypes: AMS IB.1889 (1); BPBM 10016 (1); CAS 38035 (1); HUMZ 35534 (1), 40586-87 (2), 41474-75 (2), 42302 (1); MTUF 21837-38 (2); TUFIL 958 (1); USNM 202851 (3), 216524 (2). •Valid as Xanthichthys caeruleolineatus Randall, Matsuura & Zama 1978 -- (Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:359 [ref. 6441], Garrison 1996:863 [ref. 21337], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:635 [ref. 24023], Randall et al. 1997:540 [ref. 25919], Randall & Mundy 1998:327 [ref. 24063], Myers 1999:283 [ref. 23965], Allen 2000:94 [ref. 37268], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:647 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1401 [ref. 25182], Randall & Earle 2000:22 [ref. 25806], Matsuura 2001:3927 [ref. 26315], Nakabo 2002:1401 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:64 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:650 [ref. 27495], Randall 2005:629 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:527 [ref. 28379], Randall et al. 2005:132 [ref. 28745], Allen et al. 2006:1876 [ref. 29098], Randall 2007:474 [ref. 30952], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1067 [ref. 31980], Pyle & Earle 2013:11 [ref. 32891], Matsuura 2014:7 [ref. 33576], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988], Durville et al. 2021:315 [ref. 38802], Parenti 2021:661 [ref. 38921], Matsuura 2022:428 [ref. 40250]). Current status: Valid as Xanthichthys caeruleolineatus Randall, Matsuura & Zama 1978. Balistidae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Eastern Cape (South Africa), Saint Brandon's Shoals (Cargados Carajos), Agalega Islands (Seychelles), La Pérouse Seamount (western Mascarenes) and Maldives east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.), north to Ryukyu Islands (Japan), Ogasawara Islands and Hawaiian Islands, south to northern Australia; eastern Pacific: Galapagos Islands (Ecuador). Habitat: marine.

calolepis, Balistes Hollard [H. L. G. M.] in Guichenot 1853:183 [Sagra, R. de la, Histoire physique, politique et naturelle de l'Ile de Cuba; ref. 18164] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Lectotype: MNHN B-1868. Type catalog: Le Danois 1961:519 [ref. 21538] for 1854 publication, Beaunier et al. 2009:287, 295 [ref. 28887]. Appeared first as above with citation to Hollard [manuscript] and to Parra citation taken from Hollard; original localities therefore are Mauritius, Réunion, and Cuba. Also described as new in Hollard 1854:67, Pl. 3 (fig. 5) [ref. 18300]. Lectotype as MNHN B-1868 from Mauritius selected by Randall 1978:698. •Synonym of Xanthichthys auromarginatus (Bennett 1832) -- (Fricke 1999:588 [ref. 24106]). •Synonym of Xanthichthys ringens (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Beaunier et al. 2009:295 [ref. 28887]). Current status: Synonym of Xanthichthys auromarginatus (Bennett 1832). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

cicatricosus, Balistes Poey [F.] 1860:327 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Holotype: MCZ 11953. Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:219 [ref. 22926] with a holotype. •Synonym of Xanthichthys ringens (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Moore 1967:695 [ref. 22820], Parenti 2021:662 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Xanthichthys ringens (Linnaeus 1758). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

curassavicus, Balistes Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1472 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Curaçao. No types known. •Synonym of Xanthichthys ringens (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Moore 1967:695 [ref. 22820], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1060 [ref. 19527], Parenti 2021:662 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Xanthichthys ringens (Linnaeus 1758). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

elongatus, Balistes Hollard [H. L. G. M.] 1854:69 [Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Paris (Zoologie) (Sér. 4) v. 1; ref. 18300] Azores, northeastern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): MNHN (not found). Type catalog: Beaunier et al. 2009:296 [ref. 28887]. •Synonym of Xanthichthys ringens (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Moore 1967:695 [ref. 22820], Beaunier et al. 2009:296 [ref. 28887], Parenti 2021:662 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Xanthichthys ringens (Linnaeus 1758). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

gotonis, Xanthichthys Tanaka [S.] 1918:481, Pl. 131 (fig. 372) [Figures and descriptions of the fishes of Japan v. 27; ref. 14911] Tokyo market, said to have come from Idzu [Izu], Japan. Holotype: ZUMT 7626 (lost). Paratypes: 7627-29 (3, lost). •Synonym of Xanthichthys mento (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:456 [ref. 20607], Parenti 2021:662 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Xanthichthys mento (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

greenei, Xanthichthys Pyle [R. L.] & Earle [J. L.] 2013:3, Figs. 1-2 [Biodiversity Data Journal 1.e994; ref. 32891] Kiribati Atoll, directly off fuel tanks near London, outside of freighter ship,1°59'7884'N, 157.29'10.32"W, depth 300 feet (90 meters), Line Atoll. Holotype: BPBM 40262. Paratypes: CAS 236267 [ex BPBM 40342] (1); BPBM 40228 (1), 40342 (2), 40342 (1). •Valid as Xanthichthys greenei Pyle & Earle 2013 -- (Parenti 2021:661 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Valid as Xanthichthys greenei Pyle & Earle 2013. Balistidae. Distribution: South Pacific: Kiribati Atoll (Line Islands). Habitat: marine.

gutturosus, Balistes Hollard [H. L. G. M.] 1854:63 [Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Paris (Zoologie) (Sér. 4) v. 1; ref. 18300] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): Not found at MNHN. Type catalog: Beaunier et al. 2009:296 [ref. 28887]. •Synonym of Xanthichthys auromarginatus (Bennett 1832) -- (Fricke 1999:588 [ref. 24106], Parenti 2021:661 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Xanthichthys auromarginatus (Bennett 1832). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

heckelii, Balistes Müller [J. W. von] 1864:183 (v. 1) [Reisen in den Vereinigten Staaten, Canada und Mexico; ref. 14184] Mexico. No types known. Originally spelling was Heckelii. Also appeared in Müller 1865:643 (v. 3) [ref. 14184] with reference to 'Reise in Mexico, I, 183'. •Synonym of Xanthichthys ringens (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Moore 1967:695 [ref. 22820], Parenti 2021:662 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Xanthichthys ringens (Linnaeus 1758). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

lima, Balistes Bennett [E. T.] 1832:168 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 4944] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. Senior synonym of Balistes lineopunctatus Hollard 1854, which is obvious from the detailed original description (see Fricke 1989: 589). We are tentatively treating this name in the synonymy of Xanthichthys lineopunctatus (Hollard 1854) due to prevailing usage of the latter name. •Valid as Xanthichthys lima (Bennett 1832) -- (Fricke 1999:589 [ref. 24106], Parenti 2021:662 [ref. 38921]). •In the synonymy of Xanthichthys lineopunctatus (Hollard 1854) -- (see discussion above). Current status: Synonym of Xanthichthys lineopunctatus (Hollard 1854). Balistidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific, antiequatorial: East Africa, South Africa, Comoro Islands and western Mascarenes east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

lineopunctatus, Balistes Hollard [H. L. G. M.] 1854:65 [Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Paris (Zoologie) (Sér. 4) v. 1; ref. 18300] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (?): MNHN A-8529 (dry mounted). Possible type: MNHN 0000-4071 (1). Type catalog: Le Danois 1961:519 [ref. 21538] as holotype and paratype, but perhaps there was only a holotype (A.8529), Beaunier et al. 2009:290 [ref. 28887]. Originally as Lineo-punctatus. •Synonym of Xanthichthys lima (Bennett 1832) -- (Fricke 1999:589 [ref. 24106]). •Valid as Xanthichthys lineopunctatus (Hollard 1854) -- (Fedoryako 1979:993 [ref. 8721], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:359 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:881 [ref. 5714], Allen & Swainston 1988:150 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:238 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:181 [ref. 26476], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:647 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1401 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:47 [ref. 25847], Matsuura 2001:3928 [ref. 26315], Nakabo 2002:1401 [ref. 26193], Allen et al. 2006:1876 [ref. 29098], Fricke et al. 2009:118 [ref. 30213], Pyle & Earle 2013:11 [ref. 32891], Matsuura 2014:8 [ref. 33576], Koeda et al. 2016:113 [ref. 35333], Love et al. 2021:224 [ref. 39279] as XXanthichthys lineopunctatus, Parenti 2021:662 [ref. 38921], Furuhashi & Motomura 2022:17 [ref. 39607], Matsuura 2022:428 [ref. 40250]). Current status: Valid as Xanthichthys lineopunctatus (Hollard 1854). Balistidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific, antiequatorial: Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Aldabra (Seychelles), Comoros and western Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius) east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

mento, Balistes Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:228 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 221); ref. 18348] Clarion Island, Revillagigedo Islands, off western Mexico. Holotype (unique): USNM 28387 (not found in 1980). •Valid as Xanthichthys mento (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:456 [ref. 20607], Fedoryako 1979:992 [ref. 8721], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:296 [ref. 9277], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:359 [ref. 6441], Pequeño 1989:77 [ref. 14125], Allen & Robertson 1994:296 [ref. 22193], Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:909 [ref. 22829], Allen & Robertson 1997:834 [ref. 41086], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:66 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:635 [ref. 24023], Randall & Mundy 1998:332 [ref. 24063], Myers 1999:283 [ref. 23965], Randall 1999:30 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:1402 [ref. 25182], Matsuura 2001:3928 [ref. 26315], Nakabo 2002:1402 [ref. 26193], Lobel & Lobel 2004:78 [ref. 27576], Nelson et al. 2004:184 [ref. 27807], Pequeño 2004:96 [ref. 28123], Love et al. 2005:179 [ref. 37547], Randall 2005:630 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:527 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:475 [ref. 30952], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:195 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:190 [ref. 32708], Matsuura 2014:8 [ref. 33576], Fourriére et al. 2016:451 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:612 [ref. 34923], Kells et al. 2016:338 [ref. 35888], Love et al. 2021:224 [ref. 39279], Parenti 2021:662 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Valid as Xanthichthys mento (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Balistidae. Distribution: Pacific, antitropical: southern Japan east to Hawaiian Island (U.S.A.); Pitcairn and Easter Island (Chile); eastern Pacific: southern California (U.S.A.) south to Chile, including southern Gulf of California (Mexico), Guadalupe Island (Mexico), Revillagiogedo Islands (Mexico), Clipperton Island (France), Cocos Island (Costa Rica), Malpelo Island (Colombia) and Galapagos Islands (Ecuador). Habitat: marine.

nigra, Balistes Osbeck [P.] 1771:93 [A voyage to China and the East Indies v. 1-2; ref. 18499] Ascension Island. Unneeded new name for Balistes ringens Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Xanthichthys ringens (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti 2021:662 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Xanthichthys ringens (Linnaeus 1758). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

nitidus, Balistes Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:36 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] American Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1853.11.12.189 [Gronovius coll.] (skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:245 [ref. 13434]. •Synonym of Xanthichthys ringens (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Wheeler 1958:245 [ref. 13434], Moore 1967:695 [ref. 22820], Parenti 2021:662 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Xanthichthys ringens (Linnaeus 1758). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

notatus, Balistes Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:36 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Several localities. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.188 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin) "Utrisque Indiis". Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:245 [ref. 13434] but as holotype. •Synonym of Xanthichthys ringens (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Wheeler 1958:245 [ref. 13434], Moore 1967:695 [ref. 22820], Parenti 2021:662 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Xanthichthys ringens (Linnaeus 1758). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

punctatus, Xenobalistes Heemstra [P. C.] & Smith [M. M.] 1983:1, Figs. 1-3 [The J.L.B Smith Institute of Ichthyology Special Publication No. 26; ref. 5414] Beach at Van Stadens River mouth, eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 17546. •Valid as Xenobalistes punctatus Heemstra & Smith 1983 -- (Smith & Heemstra 1986:881 [ref. 5714], Matsuura 2014:8 [ref. 33576]). •A prejuvenile of and synonym of Xanthichthys caeruleolineatus Randall, Matsuura & Zama 1978 -- (Heemstra and Matsuura in ASIH abstract in 1999, Randall 2007:475 [ref. 30952], Parenti 2021:661 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Xanthichthys caeruleolineatus Randall, Matsuura & Zama 1978. Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

purus, Xanthichthys Tanaka [S.] 1918:484, Pl. 133 (fig. 374) [Figures and descriptions of the fishes of Japan v. 27; ref. 14911] Tokyo market, said to have come from Idzu [Izu], Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 7625 (lost). •Synonym of Xanthichthys mento (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:456 [ref. 20607], Parenti 2021:662 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Xanthichthys mento (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

ringens, Balistes Linnaeus [C.] 1758:329 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Ascension Island. Syntypes: NRM 39 (1). Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:275 [ref. 20707]. Lectotype selected by Randall et al. 1978:694 [ref. 5532]. •Valid as Xanthichthys ringens (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Moore 1967:695 [ref. 22820], Fedoryako 1979:992 [ref. 8721], Robins & Ray 1986:303 [ref. 23100], Dennis & Bright 1988:13 [ref. 39782], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1060 [ref. 19527], Boschung 1992:181 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:266 [ref. 23827], Andreata & Séret 1996:590 [ref. 16204], Arruda 1997:121 [ref. 24952], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:346 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:170 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2003:126 [ref. 26784], Matsuura 2003:1969 [ref. 27119], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:109 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:184 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:900 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:190 [ref. 32708], Pyle & Earle 2013:11 [ref. 32891], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:86 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:12 [ref. 33516], Matsuura 2014:8 [ref. 33576], Pinheiro et al. 2015:34 [ref. 34324], Robertson et al. 2016:148 [ref. 34961], Carneiro et al. 2019:228 [ref. 37250], Robertson et al. 2020:151 [ref. 38098], Parenti 2021:662 [ref. 38921], Rotundo et al. in Marceniuk et al. 2021:695 [ref. 38945], Carvalho-Filho 2023:278 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Xanthichthys ringens (Linnaeus 1758). Balistidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina (U.S.A.) south to Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea; southern-central Atlantic: Ascension Island. Habitat: marine.

surcatus, Xanthichthys de Buen [F.] 1963:63, Fig. 30 [Boletin de la Sociedad de Biologia de Concepción v. 35/36 (1960-61); ref. 4325] Cook Bay, Easter Island, southeastern Pacific. Holotype (unique): CIZ. •Synonym of Xanthichthys mento (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Parenti 2021:662 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Xanthichthys mento (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.


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