Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 6 November 2023

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Catalog of Fishes

Species that contain: Balistes and niger [ 16 ] records

caerulescens, Balistes Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1829:32, Pl. 7 (fig. 2) [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 105. Paralectotypes: SMF 2936-37 (2), 2950 (1). Lectotype established by Dor 1984:276 [ref. 29757] if not designated earlier. Same types as Xenodon (Balistes) niger Rüppell. •Synonym of Pseudobalistes fuscus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Dor 1984:276 [ref. 29757], Golani & Fricke 2018:178 [ref. 36273], Parenti 2021:655 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudobalistes fuscus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

erythrodon, Balistes Günther [A.] 1870:228 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 8; ref. 1995] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Replacement name for Xenodon niger Rüppell, secondarily preoccupied by Balistes niger Park 1797 when both species are in Balistes. •Synonym of Odonus niger (Rüppell 1836) -- (Dor 1984:276 [ref. 29757], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:355 [ref. 28867], Fricke et al. 2018:377 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:177 [ref. 36273], Parenti 2021:656 [ref. 38921], Matsuura 2022:421 [ref. 40250]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Odonus niger (Rüppell 1836). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

frenata, Cotilla Billberg [G. J.] 1833:52 [Linnéska Samfundets Handlingar v. 1 (for 1832); ref. 34146] No locality stated. No types at MNHN. Based on "Le Baliste Bridé" of Lacepède 1798:378 [ref.2708], which is based on the "Balistes totus niger" of Commerson 1767-1771 [ref. 34154]; see Kullander 2016:113 [ref. 34147]. •Synonym of Sufflamen fraenatum (Latreille 1804) -- (Kullander 2016:113 [ref. 34147] as fraenatus, Parenti 2021:661 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Sufflamen fraenatum (Latreille 1804). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

fuscolineatus, Balistes Seale [A.] 1901:9, Fig. 4 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 14358] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: BPBM 664. Paratypes: ANSP 88511 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:26 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:447 [ref. 20607], Moore 1967:693 [ref. 22820], Randall & Klausewitz 1973:60 [ref. 7581], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1059 [ref. 19527], Mundy 2005:524 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:470 [ref. 30952], Parenti 2021:655 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

kibitar, Balistes Montrouzier [X.] 1857:494 [216] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, South Pacific. No types known. Type catalog: Beaunier et al. 2009:297 [ref. 28887]. On p. 216 of reprint. •Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:447 [ref. 20607], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1059 [ref. 19527], Parenti 2021:655 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

mauritianus, Balistes Regan [C. T.] 1903:414, Pl. 13 (fig. 4) [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 11 (no. 2); ref. 3620] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MHNG 665.43. Type catalog: Mahnert 1976:472 [ref. 21535], Weber 1998:13 [ref. 32707]. •Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786) -- (Fricke 1999:580 [ref. 24106], Parenti 2021:655 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

mungopark, Balistes Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:681, 682 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Sumatra, Indonesia. Type catalog: Beaunier et al. 2009:297 [ref. 28887]. Originally as Mungo-Park. New name for Balistes niger Park 1797. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:288 [ref. 30464]. •Synonym of Sufflamen chrysopterum (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Beaunier et al. 2009:297 [ref. 28887], Parenti 2021:660 [ref. 38921]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Sufflamen chrysopterum (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

niger, Balistes Bloch [M. E.] 1786:27, Pl. 152 (fig. 2) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 2; ref. 465] No locality [? China]. Lectotype: ZMB 5901 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: lost. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:50 [ref. 24282]. Plate is labeled Balistes ringens. Based in part on Balistes ringens Linnaeus 1758. On p. 24 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 5 [ref. 21381]. Lectotype selected by Paepke 1999:50 [ref. 24282]. •Valid as Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:447 [ref. 20607], Moore 1967:693 [ref. 22820], Randall & Klausewitz 1973:60 [ref. 7581], Kyushin et al. 1977:346 [ref. 19756], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:296 [ref. 9277], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:358 [ref. 6441], Robins & Ray 1986:303 [ref. 23100], Smith & Heemstra 1986:879 [ref. 5714], Edwards & Glass 1987:668 [ref. 9166], Allen & Swainston 1988:150 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:68 [ref. 13251], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1059 [ref. 19527], Randall et al. 1990:454 [ref. 15987], Cervigón 1992:266 [ref. 23827], Allen & Robertson 1994:295 [ref. 22193], Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:908 [ref. 22829], Cervigón 1996:79 [ref. 24489], Lindberg et al. 1997:61 [ref. 23547], Allen 1997:238 [ref. 23977], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:66 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:630 [ref. 24023], Kuiter 1997:386 [ref. 25488], Randall & Mundy 1998:331 [ref. 24063], Myers 1999:281 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:579 [ref. 24106], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:346 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:87 [ref. 25466], Allen 2000:94 [ref. 37268], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:647 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1396 [ref. 25182], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:170 [ref. 27754], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1646 [ref. 25634], Hutchins 2001:47 [ref. 25847], Matsuura 2001:3924 [ref. 26315], Nakabo 2002:1396 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:64 [ref. 26830], Collette et al. 2003:126 [ref. 26784], Feitoza et al. 2003:69 [ref. 26943], Matsuura 2003:1968 [ref. 27119], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S123 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:649 [ref. 27495], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:109 [ref. 27192], Lobel & Lobel 2004:77 [ref. 27576], Smith et al. 2003:69 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:184 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:179 [ref. 37547], Randall 2005:623 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:524 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:899 [ref. 28815], Vaske et al. 2005:77 [ref. 36155], Allen et al. 2006:1872 [ref. 29098], Wirtz et al. 2007:42 [ref. 30263], Randall 2007:470 [ref. 30952], Béarez & Séret 2009:151 [ref. 36646], Fricke et al. 2009:116 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:195 [ref. 30957], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1063 [ref. 31980], Page et al. 2013:189 [ref. 32708], Fricke et al. 2013:272 [ref. 32706], Wirtz et al. 2013:136 [ref. 32972], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:86 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:12 [ref. 33516], Matsuura 2014:7 [ref. 33576], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988], Pinheiro et al. 2015:34 [ref. 34324], Matsuura in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:3054 [ref. 34618], Fourriére et al. 2016:451 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:612 [ref. 34923], Robertson et al. 2016:148 [ref. 34961], Kells et al. 2016:338 [ref. 35888], Fricke et al. 2018:377 [ref. 35805], Brown et al. 2019:182 [ref. 36444], Fricke et al. 2019:321 [ref. 36673], Reiner 2019:303 [ref. 38139], Robertson et al. 2020:151 [ref. 38098], Escobar-Sierra et al. 2021:78 [ref. 38844], Parenti 2021:655 [ref. 38921], Bennema & van Moorsel 2022:73 [ref. 39585], Fermon et al. 2022:310 [ref. 39448] possible, Love et al. 2021:223 [ref. 39279], Matsuura 2022:420 [ref. 40250], Carvalho-Filho 2023:277 [ref. 40480], Vela-Espinosa et al. 2023:12 [ref. 40981]). Current status: Valid as Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas (including Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, southern Gulf of California/Mexico). Habitat: marine.

niger, Balistes Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Sonnerat) 1788:10, Pl. 85 (fig. 152 [?352]) [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. Type catalog: Beaunier et al. 2009:297 [ref. 28887]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Balistes niger Bloch 1786. Based on the 'Baliste tacheté' of Sonnerat 1774:445 (Journal de Physique, v. 3). •Synonym of Balistoides conspicillum (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Fricke 1999:578 [ref. 24106], Parenti 2021:652 [ref. 38921], Matsuura 2022:417 [ref. 40250]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Balistoides conspicillum (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

niger, Balistes Park [M.] 1797:37 [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London v. 3 (art. 9); ref. 17801] Habitat in Sumatræ littore [Bengkulu Province, Sumatra, Indonesia, eastern Indian Ocean]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1863.11.12.10 (dry, right half skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1974:476 [ref. 31545]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Balistes niger Bloch 1786. •Synonym of Sufflamen chrysopterum (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (see Günther 1870:218 [ref. 1995], Parenti 2021:660 [ref. 38921]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Sufflamen chrysopterum (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

niger, Xenodon (Balistes) Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1836:[53], Pl. 14 (fig. 3) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 5232 (dry). Possible paralectotype: NRM 35986 (1). Dates to publication of Pl. 14 in 1836, p. 53 in 1837. Lectotype selected by Fricke 1999:581 [ref. 24106]. •Valid as Odonus niger (Rüppell 1836) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:348 [ref. 19756], Dor 1984:276 [ref. 29757], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:358 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:879 [ref. 5714], Winterbottom et al. 1989:68 [ref. 13251], Goren & Dor 1994:73 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:393 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:611 [ref. 27969], Lindberg et al. 1997:57 [ref. 23547], Allen 1997:240 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:388 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:454 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:282 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:580 [ref. 24106], Allen 2000:94 [ref. 37268], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:647 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1396 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:455 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:22 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:47 [ref. 25847], Matsuura 2001:3925 [ref. 26315] dated 1835, Nakabo 2002:1396 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:64 [ref. 26830] dated 1837, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S123 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:649 [ref. 27495] dated 1837, Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:220 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:31 [ref. 27624] dated 1837, Randall 2005:624 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1873 [ref. 29098], Fricke et al. 2009:116 [ref. 30213], Matsuura 2009:327 [ref. 31171], Motomura et al. 2010:233 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1063 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:272 [ref. 32706], Matsuura 2014:7 [ref. 33576], Fricke et al. 2014:193 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988] dated 1829, Psomadakis et al. 2015:333 [ref. 34104], Koeda et al. 2016:110 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:18 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2018:377 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:177 [ref. 36273], Jawad et al. 2018:122 [ref. 36262], Fricke et al. 2019:322 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:101 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:608 [ref. 37272], Ray & Mohapatra 2020:105 [ref. 37299], Durville et al. 2021:315 [ref. 38802], Mary et al. 2021:396 [ref. 38693], Parenti 2021:656 [ref. 38921], Matsuura 2022:421 [ref. 40250], Moazzam & Osmany 2022:333 [ref. 39925], Ziyadi et al. 2022:[3] [ref. 39945]). Current status: Valid as Odonus niger (Rüppell 1836). Balistidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Persian Gulf, Socotra (Yemen), Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius) east to Marquesas Islands and Society Islands (French Polynesia), north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands (Japan), south to southern Great Barrier Reef (Queensland, Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

nigra, Balistes monoceros var. Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:463 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Indian Ocean near Coromandel, India. Holotype (unique): ZMB 5906 (left skin). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:100 [ref. 24282]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Balistes niger Bloch 1786. •Synonym of Aluterus scriptus (Osbeck 1765) -- (Paepke 1999:100 [ref. 24282]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Aluterus scriptus (Osbeck 1765). Monacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

pellucidus, Balistes Hermann [J.] 1804:299 [Observationes zoologicae; ref. 2146] Ascension Island. No types known. •Doubtful species; needs redescription if valid -- (Wirtz et al. 2014:11 [ref. 33516]). •Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786) -- (Parenti 2021:655 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

piceus, Balistes Poey [F.] 1863:180 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 15; ref. 18561] Havana, Cuba. Poey specimens and/or syntypes: ZMB 5920 (1), 8192 (1). •Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:447 [ref. 20607], Moore 1967:693 [ref. 22820], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1059 [ref. 19527], Randall 2005:623 [ref. 28239], Randall 2007:470 [ref. 30952], Parenti 2021:655 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

sillone, Balistes Le Danois [Y.] 1961:519 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 32 (no. 6) (1960); ref. 21538] Indian seas. Holotype: MNHN A-8497. Still researching. Appeared as vernacular name Le Baliste Sillonné in Lacepède 1798:370, Pl. 18 (fig. 1). Latinized by Le Danois as silloné [availability from Le Danois needs research]. •Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:447 [ref. 20607]). Current status: Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

verrucosus, Balistes Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:33 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Indian seas. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1853.11.12.194 [Gronovius coll.] (skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:245 [ref. 13434]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Balistes verrucosus Linnaeus 1758. Balistes niger Park 1797 is a preoccupied name of the species currently known as Sufflamen chrysopterum (Bloch & Schneider 1801) (see Günther 1870:218 [ref. 1995]). •Synonym of Balistes niger Park 1797 -- (Wheeler 1958:245 [ref. 13434] dated 1794). •Synonym of Sufflamen chrysopterum (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti 2021:660 [ref. 38921]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Sufflamen chrysopterum (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.


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